Regulations Governing the Practice of Psychology [18 VAC 125 ‑ 20]
|Action||Result of Periodic Review|
|Comment Period||Ends 1/24/2020|
Commenter: Dr. Shana Garrett, Dean of the Walden University School of Psychology
Walden University Comments Re: Regulations Governing the Practice of Psychology [18 VAC 125 ? 20]
Walden University Comments Re: Regulations Governing the Practice of Psychology [18 VAC 125 ? 20]
Virginia Board of Psychology
9960 Maryland Drive, Suite 300
Henrico, Virginia 23233-1463
Attn: Jaime Hoyle, Executive Director
January 24, 2020
RE: Regulations Governing the Practice of Psychology [18 VAC 125 ? 20]
We ask that this letter be submitted for your meeting record on this day.
Walden University (“Walden”) submits this letter in response to the proposed regulatory changes outlined in 18VAC 125-20, particularly the language that would remove the option for graduates of non-APA accredited psychology programs the opportunity to obtain full psychologist licensure in the state of Virginia. We respectfully request the board reconsider the proposed changes and present further information below in support of our position.
Recognizing an Equivalency Pathway Helps Address Virginia’s Mental Health Professional Shortage
The proposed changes to Virginia’s psychology licensure rules will limit or prevent the current pathways that qualify distance education Psychology students to become licensed in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Restricting licensure to only graduates from APA-accredited programs will only exacerbate the behavioral health workforce shortage and deny countless non-traditional students the opportunity to pursue their career and professional development goals.
According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Virginia faces a pervasive shortage of behavioral and mental health professionals. Eighty areas in Virginia are classified as Federally Designated Health Professional Shortage Areas in the latest U.S. quarterly summary.1 Guided by its social change mission,2 Walden is committed to training scholar-practitioners to serve the Virginia’s current mental health needs. In fact, nearly a third of Walden’s PhD in Psychology students overlap with the mental health HPSAs, while many of the others live proximate to these areas of need. Unfortunately, distance education programs in psychology sometimes confront an uneven playing field as requirements of continuous physical presence can be defined too narrowly for students enrolled in hybrid programs. This comes even as many specialized accreditors now embrace this modality, including Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs (“CACREP”) for mental health counseling and Counsel on Social Work Education (“CSWE”) for social work.
Presently, online graduates of licensure-leading programs, including Ph.D. in Psychology, Clinical Specialization; PhD in Psychology, Counseling Psychology; PhD in Clinical Psychology (hereafter referred to as the “Programs”), are eligible to apply for licensure as licensed psychologists in Virginia through an “equivalency” pathway. Currently, there are 48 students in Walden’s PhD in Psychology programs in Virginia. The Virginia Board of Psychology has since 2011 conferred its approval of Walden graduates, along with graduates of hybrid programs at other universities. To date, this Board has approved 13 graduates of Walden’s PhD in Psychology programs for licensure, most recently in winter of 2019. Walden’s School of Psychology faculty include a number of Virginia residents, including Jack Kitaeff, who also serves on the faculty at an on-the-ground Virginia public research university.
Overall, Walden graduates are eligible for licensure as psychologists in 17 states that recognize psychologists equally from substantially online programs. These states, which comprise more than 50 percent of the total U.S. population, recognize the benefits of maintaining licensure standards that assist in addressing the acute shortage of mental health professionals particularly in rural areas. States with this structure, ranging from Arizona, California, Texas, Illinois, and Ohio, all offer a pathway to licensure for competent graduates of doctoral clinical or counseling psychology programs from regionally accredited universities to be eligible for the psychologist license in their states.
Additional Information on Walden University and its Psychology Programs
For the past 50 years, Walden has been a university with curricula that emphasizes a scholar-practitioner philosophy: Applying theoretical and empirical knowledge to professional practice with the goal of improving organizations, educational institutions, and entire communities. Walden University is regionally accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. Walden’s mission and commitment are to positive social change. Accordingly, we celebrate the diversity of our student body. Ethnic minority students comprise more than fifty-two percent (52%) of Walden’s student body, and women account for upwards of seventy-six percent (76%) of all Walden students. Walden is number one among 373 accredited U.S. institutions for awarding doctorates to African Americans, according to the Survey of Earned Doctorates, National Science Foundation (2016).
Walden’s Programs provide an educational pathway for students whose life circumstances prevent them from relocating and attending a traditional brick and mortar institution. Ninety percent (90%) of our students work full-time, part-time or are self-employed. Eighty percent (80%) of our students are 30 years and older. It would be challenging for many of these students to pursue their educational and career goals without programs like those of Walden. Furthermore, many of the mental healthcare providers that we graduate would never have had the opportunity to enter the field and be of service in their many diverse communities.
The one-year, four-consecutive-quarters of Blended Academic Year in Residence (“BAYR”) establishes residency for our students and offers faculty critical opportunities to observe and provide feedback to students regarding professional development and behavior. A majority of coursework occurs in-person and in-residence during the intensive nine days each quarter in Minneapolis, MN. Professional concerns that might not emerge in a few hours in class over each week can be much more apparent in condensed intensives where students must demonstrate professional behavior over an extended period of hours and days.
The faculty believe in the value of person-to-person, face-to-face interaction with students in the Programs. During BAYR, students attend academic classes, practice clinical skills and competencies, participate in professional development sessions, and meet with the psychology faculty for mentoring.
In addition to the four consecutive quarters of BAYR courses, Walden graduate students are required to attend four Ph.D. research residencies, each of which involve four concentrated days of programming over a 5-day period. One or more psychology faculty residency administrators are also present for these residencies. This provides an additional eight to 16 intensive days of in-person, face-to-face interaction beyond the time described above.
Following the completion of BAYR, students in the program are required to complete extensive supervised field training experience. Supervision takes place on-site, in-person, and face-to-face with a licensed doctoral-level licensed Psychologist. Walden requires two quarters of practicum, consisting of a minimum of 750 clock hours. We also require a full year of internship, consisting of a minimum of 2,000 clock hours, with at least 900 clock hours of direct client contact that must be documented. Thus, two and one-half to three years (or 50 to 60 percent) of the 5-year program involves direct, person-to-person, regular contact with core faculty, contributing faculty, and field training supervisors.
Our students’ achievements across the country clearly demonstrate that our graduates are competent in their professional endeavors. Our graduates contribute professionally to the behavioral health community and serve as much needed providers to often under-served populations in urban and rural communities.
Walden’s position in regard to 18 VAC 125-20
If the Board were to adopt the current proposed language, applicants from non-APA accredited program, including those from Walden’s hybrid program, would become ineligible for licensure in Virginia. This move would effectively close the door on your own residents who are seeking to become future psychologists in Virginia through the pathway currently available to them through an equivalency evaluation. Adoption of this regulation will close the path to licensure for 48 students currently enrolled in Walden’s Programs.
Virginia residents who have graduated from Walden University and have been licensed by
this Board now practice successfully in the Commonwealth. These licensed Psychologists serve the needs of residents at a time in which the pervasive behavioral healthcare provider shortage presents continuing peril to public safety and mental health.
Our goal is to continue as a partner with the State to help address this healthcare shortage in Virginia, as we do in many other states across the country. We respectfully ask the Board to retain a licensure equivalency pathway in its consideration of the pending rule change.
Thank you for your time and consideration.
Dr. Shana Garrett, PhD, CRS, LPC, NCC
Dean of the School of Psychology
College of the Social and Behavioral Sciences
1 U.S. Department of Health & Human Services map: https://datawarehouse.hrsa.gov/Tools/MapTool.aspx?tl=HPSA>=State&cd=51&dp=MH
2 Walden 2020: A Vision for Social Change 2017 Report: https://www.waldenu.edu/-/media/Walden/files/about-walden/walden-university-2017-social-change-report-final-v-2.pdf?la=en