Virginia Regulatory Town Hall
Department of Labor and Industry
Safety and Health Codes Board
Construction Industry Standard for Sanitation [16 VAC 25 ‑ 160]
Guidance Documents
Chapter Information
Description The Construction Industry Standard for Sanitation requires employers engaged in construction activities to furnish, without cost to the employees potable water, toilet facilities and hand washing facilities. Potable drinking water containers as well as toilet and hand washing facilities are required to be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition (in accordance with appropriate health sanitation practices). The potable drinking water which must be furnished under the regulation must be suitably cool and in sufficient amounts so that it is not completely consumed during the workday. Drinking water must be dispensed in single-use cups. Also, the regulation requires that toilet and hand washing facilities be provided at a 20:1 (workers:facility) ratio. Toilet facilities shall be adequately ventilated, appropriately screened with self-closing doors that can be closed and latched from the inside, and shall be constructed to ensure privacy.
State Authority Section 40.1-22 (5 ) of the Code of Virginia
Federal Authority Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (P.L. 91-596)
Exempt from APA No, changes to this chapter are subject to the Administrative Process Act.
Text of Regulation Link to Virginia Administrative Code
Goals of Regulation 1. Reduce the incidence of material impairment of health of Virginia workers due to workplace exposure to known hazards.

2. Require sanitary facilities for construction workers equal to those required for agricultural workers.

3. The protection of the public's health, safety, and welfare with the least possible cost and intrusiveness to the citizens and businesses of the Commonwealth.

Contact Information
Name / Title: Cristin Bernhardt  / Regulatory Coordinator / Staff Attorney
Address: Main Street Centre
600 East Main Street
Richmond, VA 23219
Email Address:
Telephone: (804)786-2392    FAX: (804)786-2641    TDD: ()-
Current Actions
Action Title Latest Stage Status

Past Actions
Action Title Latest Stage Status
Correcting Amendments to the Construction Industry Standard for Sanitation; in General; and Field Sanitation Standard
Action is Exempt from Article 2 of the Administrative Process Act
Final Stage complete. This regulation became effective on 09/15/2012.

Periodic Reviews
Last Activity Status
5/4/2022 Filed Pending
7/20/2016 Agency Completed Retain As Is
5/1/2009 Agency Completed Retain As Is
7/16/2004 Agency Completed Retain As Is
7/17/2000 Agency Completed Retain As Is