Agencies | Governor
Virginia Regulatory Town Hall
Department of Labor and Industry
Safety and Health Codes Board

Construction Industry Standard for Sanitation [16 VAC 25 ‑ 160]
Guidance Documents
Chapter Information
Description The Construction Industry Standard for Sanitation requires employers engaged in construction activities to furnish, without cost to the employees potable water, toilet facilities and hand washing facilities. Potable drinking water containers as well as toilet and hand washing facilities are required to be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition (in accordance with appropriate health sanitation practices). The potable drinking water which must be furnished under the regulation must be suitably cool and in sufficient amounts so that it is not completely consumed during the workday. Drinking water must be dispensed in single-use cups. Also, the regulation requires that toilet and hand washing facilities be provided at a 20:1 (workers:facility) ratio. Toilet facilities shall be adequately ventilated, appropriately screened with self-closing doors that can be closed and latched from the inside, and shall be constructed to ensure privacy.
State Authority Section (40.1-22 )5 of the Code of Virginia
Federal Authority Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (P.L. 91-596)
Exempt from APA No, changes to this chapter are subject to the Administrative Process Act and the standard executive branch review process.
Text of Regulation Link to Virginia Administrative Code
Goals of Regulation 1. Reduce the incidence of material impairment of health of Virginia workers due to workplace exposure to known hazards.

2. Require sanitary facilities for construction workers equal to those required for agricultural workers.

3. The protection of the public's health, safety, and welfare with the least possible cost and intrusiveness to the citizens and businesses of the Commonwealth.
Meetings See all meetings (3) relating to this chapter.

Contact Information
Name / Title: Jay Withrow  / Director, Legal Support, VPP, ORA, OPP, and OWP
Address: Main Street Centre
600 East Main Street, Suite 207
Richmond, VA 23219
Email Address:
Telephone: (804)786-9873    FAX: (804)786-8418    TDD: ()-
Current Actions
Action Title Latest Stage Status

Past Actions
Action Title Latest Stage Status
Correcting Amendments to the Construction Industry Standard for Sanitation; in General; and Field Sanitation Standard
This action is exempt from the executive branch review process.
Final Stage complete. This regulation became effective on 09/15/2012.

Past Periodic Reviews
Date Filed Status
4/21/2016 Retain As Is
12/8/2008 Retain As Is
4/1/2003 Retain As Is
4/24/2000 Retain As Is