18VAC110-20-590. Drugs in correctional facilities.
A. All prescription drugs at any correctional facility shall
obtained only on an individual prescription basis from a pharmacy and
subject to the following conditions:
1. Notwithstanding the allowances in subsections B, C, and D of this section, prescription drugs shall be obtained only on an individual prescription basis.
2. All prepared drugs shall be maintained in a suitable locked storage area with only the person responsible for administering the drugs having access.
2. 3. Complete and accurate records shall be
maintained of all drugs received, administered and discontinued. The
administration record shall show the:
a. Patient name;
b. Drug name and strength;
c. Number of dosage units received;
d. Prescriber's name; and
e. Date, time and signature of the person administering the individual dose of drug.
3. 4. All unused or discontinued drugs shall be
sealed and the amount in the container at the time of the sealing shall be
recorded on the drug administration record. Such drugs shall be returned to the
provider pharmacy or to a secondary pharmacy along with the drug administration
record, a copy of the drug administration record, or other form showing
substantially the same information, within 30 days of discontinuance.
a. The provider or secondary pharmacy shall conduct random audits of returned drug administration records for accountability.
b. The drug administration records shall be filed in chronological order by the provider or secondary pharmacy and maintained for a period of one year or, at the option of the facility, the records may be returned by the pharmacy to the facility.
c. Drugs may be returned to pharmacy stock in compliance with the provisions of 18VAC110-20-400.
d. Other drugs shall be disposed of or destroyed by the provider pharmacy in accordance with local, state, and federal regulations.
4. 5. Alternatively, drugs for destruction may be
forwarded by a pharmacist directly from the correctional facility to a returns
company after performing the audit required by subdivision 3 4 a
of this subsection and ensuring the proper maintenance of the administration
B. Emergency and stat-drug box. An emergency box and a stat-drug box may be prepared for a correctional facility served by the pharmacy pursuant to 18VAC110-20-540 and 18VAC110-20-550 provided that the facility employs one or more full-time physicians, registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, or physician assistants.
Prescription A correctional facility may maintain
a stock of intravenous fluids, irrigation fluids, sterile water, and sterile
saline to be accessed only by those persons licensed to administer drugs and
shall be administered only by such persons pursuant to a valid prescription or
lawful order of a prescriber. Such stock shall be limited to a listing to be
determined by the provider pharmacist in consultation with the medical and
nursing staff of the institution.
D. Except for drugs in an emergency box, stat-drug box, or a stock of intravenous fluids, irrigation fluids, sterile water, and sterile saline, prescription drugs, including but not limited to vaccines, may be floor-stocked only at a medical clinic or surgery center that is part of a correctional facility and that is staffed by one or more prescribers during the hours of operation, provided the clinic first obtains a controlled substances registration and complies with the requirements of 18VAC110-20-690, 18VAC110-20-700, 18VAC110-20-710, and 18VAC110-20-720.