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Action:
New Regulation
Stage: Proposed
 
22VAC40-110

CHAPTER 110
MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR LICENSED FAMILY DAY HOMES (REPEALED)

22VAC40-110-10

Part I
General

Article 1
Definitions

22VAC40-110-10. Definitions. (Repealed.)

The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Accessible" means capable of being entered, reached, or used.

"Adult" means any individual 18 years of age or older.

"Age appropriate" means suitable to the chronological ages and developmental characteristics of children.

"Care giver" means the provider, substitute provider or assistant.

"Child" means an individual under 13 years of age for purposes of child day programs.

"Child day program" means a regularly operating service arrangement for children where, during the absence of a parent or guardian, a person or organization has agreed to assume responsibility for the supervision, protection, and well-being of a child under the age of 13 for less than a 24-hour period.

"Child Protective Services Central Registry" means the name index of individuals involved in child abuse and neglect reports maintained by the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Child with special needs" means a child with diagnosed physical, mental, or emotional disabilities such as but not limited to cerebral palsy, sensory impairment, learning disabilities, behavior disorders, chronic illnesses, deficit in social functioning, mental retardation or emotional disturbance and who may require special monitoring or specialized programs, interventions or facilities.

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Social Services, also known as the Director of the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Cooling device" means a mechanism used to cool a room such as an electric fan or air conditioner.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Department's representative" means an employee or designee of the Virginia Department of Social Services, acting as the authorized agent of the commissioner in carrying out the responsibilities and duties specified in Chapter 10 (§ 63.1-195 et seq.) of Title 63.1 of the Code of Virginia.

"Family day home" means a child day program offered in the residence of the provider or the home of any of the children in care for one through 12 children under the age of 13 exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, when at least one child receives care for compensation. From July 1, 1993, until July 1, 1996, family day homes serving nine through 12 children, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, shall be licensed. Effective July 1, 1996, family day homes serving six through 12 children, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, shall be licensed. However, no family day home shall care for more than four children under the age of two, including the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, unless the family day home is licensed or voluntarily registered. However, a family day home where the children in care are all grandchildren of the provider shall not be required to be licensed.

"Family day home assistant" or "assistant" means an individual who is 14 years of age or older and who helps the family day home provider in the care, protection, supervision and guidance of children in the home.

"Family day home provider" or "provider" means an individual who is 18 years of age or older and who is issued the family day home license by the Department of Social Services and has primary responsibility in providing care, protection, supervision and guidance for children in the family home.

"Family day home standards" means the Minimum Standards for Licensed Family Day Homes or the requirements for family day homes subject to licensure.

"Good character and reputation" means findings have been established and knowledgeable and objective people agree that the individual (i) maintains business or professional, family, and community relationships which are characterized by honesty, fairness, truthfulness, and dependability, and (ii) has a history or pattern of behavior that demonstrates that the individual is suitable and able to care for, supervise, and protect children. Relatives by blood or marriage, and persons who are not knowledgeable of the individual, such as recent acquaintances, shall not be considered objective references.

"Inaccessible" means not capable of being entered, reached, or used.

"Infant" means a child from birth through 15 months.

"Licensee" means the person or persons to whom the license is issued.

"Major accident" or "major injury" means an accident or injury that requires emergency care or treatment.

"Minor accident" or "minor injury" means an accident or injury that does not require emergency care or treatment but may require first aid or medical attention.

"Parent" means the biological, foster or adoptive parent, legal guardian, or any individual with responsibility for, or custody of a child enrolled or in the process of being enrolled in a family day home.

"Physician" means an individual licensed to practice medicine.

"Substitute provider" means an individual 18 years of age or older who meets the qualifications for family day providers, is designated by the family day home provider and approved by the department and who is readily available to provide substitute child care in the family day provider's home.

"Time out" means a discipline technique in which a child is moved for a brief time away from the stimulation and reinforcement of ongoing activities and other children in the group to allow the child to regain composure when losing self-control.

"Ventilating device" means a mechanism used to provide fresh air and to circulate air in a room.

22VAC40-110-20

Article 2
Legal Base

22VAC40-110-20. General. (Repealed.)

Section 63.1-196 of the Code of Virginia requires the licensure of certain family day homes. A family day home which is subject to licensure shall be licensed before it begins to provide day care and the license shall be posted in a conspicuous place at the licensed premises as cited in § 63.1-196 C of the Code of Virginia. A family day home is required to be licensed when nine through 12 children, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, are provided care at any one time. Effective July 1, 1996, a family day home is subject to licensure when six through 12 children, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, are provided care at any one time.

22VAC40-110-30

22VAC40-110-30. Exception. (Repealed.)

If 13 or more children, exclusive of the provider's own children and children who reside in the home, are receiving care at any one time in a family day home that is subject to licensure, Child Day Center Standards shall apply.

22VAC40-110-40

Part II
Personnel

Article 1
Qualifications for Family Day Providers and Assistants

22VAC40-110-40. General. (Repealed.)

Care givers shall be able to understand and carry out responsibilities and requirements of the Minimum Standards for Licensed Family Day Homes.

22VAC40-110-50

22VAC40-110-50. Attributes. (Repealed.)

Care givers shall have the following attributes:

1. An understanding of the varying capabilities, interests, needs, and problems of children in care; the ability to relate to children with courtesy, respect, patience, and affection; and an understanding and respect for the families of children in care;

2. The ability to speak, read, and write in English as necessary to meet the requirements of this chapter;

3. The ability to provide activities and experiences daily that reflect the cultural and ethnic diversity of enrolled children, and that will enhance the total development of children; and

4. The ability to understand instructions on prescription and nonprescription medicines, handle emergencies with dependability and sound judgment, and communicate effectively with emergency personnel.

22VAC40-110-60

22VAC40-110-60. Behavior. (Repealed.)

Care givers shall be responsible, of good character and reputation, and shall display behavior that demonstrates emotional stability and maturity.

22VAC40-110-70

22VAC40-110-70. Criminal behavior. (Repealed.)

No person listed in the Child Protective Services Central Registry or convicted of a crime involving child abuse, child neglect, or any other offenses specified in § 63.1-198.1 of the Code of Virginia shall be a care giver.

22VAC40-110-80

22VAC40-110-80. First aid certification. (Repealed.)

Providers and substitute providers shall obtain pediatric first aid certification, including rescue breathing and first aid for choking, within six months of licensure or employment or by May 31, 1994, if currently licensed and shall maintain a current pediatric first aid certificate endorsed by or from:

1. The American Red Cross;

2. The American Heart Association;

3. The National Safety Council for First Aid Training Institute; or

4. Have successfully completed, within the past three years, a pediatric first aid course equivalent to the curriculum which has been approved by the State Board of Health.

EXCEPTION: A provider who is a RN or LPN with a current license from the Board of Nursing shall not be required to obtain first aid certification.

22VAC40-110-90

22VAC40-110-90. Additional training. (Repealed.)

In addition to first aid training, care givers shall obtain a minimum of six hours of training annually in areas such as physical, intellectual, social, and emotional child development, behavior management and discipline techniques, health and safety in the family day home environment, art and music activities for children, nutrition, child abuse detection and prevention, or recognition and prevention of the spread of communicable diseases.

22VAC40-110-100

22VAC40-110-100. Documentation. (Repealed.)

Written documentation of pediatric first aid certification and annual training received by care givers shall be maintained on file in the family day home for the period of licensure. Written documentation shall include the name of the training session, the date and total hours of the session, and the name of the organization or person who sponsored the training.

22VAC40-110-110

Article 2
Ratio of Adults to Children

22VAC40-110-110. Capacity. (Repealed.)

The licensee shall ensure that the total number of children receiving care at any one time does not exceed the maximum licensed capacity of the home. When at least one child receives care for compensation, all children, exclusive of the provider's own children and children who reside in the home, who are in the care and supervision of a care giver shall be included in the licensed capacity.

22VAC40-110-120

22VAC40-110-120. Staffing. (Repealed.)

A. In determining the need for an assistant, the following fixed adult-to-child ratios shall be maintained for children receiving care. This ratio includes the provider's own and resident children under eight years of age:

1. 1:4 children from birth through 15 months of age;

2. 1:5 children from 16 months through 23 months of age;

3. 1:8 children from two years through four years of age;

4. 1:16 children from five years through nine years of age; and

5. Children who are 10 years of age and older shall not count in determining the ratio of adults to children for staffing purposes.

B. When children are in mixed age groups, the provider shall apply the following point system in determining the need for an assistant. Each care giver shall not exceed 16 points. The provider's own and resident children under eight years of age count in point maximums:

1. Children from birth through 15 months of age count as four points each;

2. Children from 16 months through 23 months of age count as three points each;

3. Children from two years through four years of age count as two points each;

4. Children from five years through nine years of age count as one point each; and

5. Children who are 10 years of age and older count as zero points.

EXCEPTION: The point maximums for mixed age groups or the fixed adult-to-child ratios may be exceeded in one age group for no more than one child for up to one month from the date of the child's enrollment during transitional periods when there is turnover in children receiving care and when the ages of the child leaving and the child entering care do not match.

22VAC40-110-130

22VAC40-110-130. Determination of staffing level. (Repealed.)

The provider and parent or parents of a child with special needs shall mutually determine a recommendation for the level of staffing necessary to care for, supervise, and protect a child in care with special needs based on the child's age, type of special need, and degree of disability. If subsidized care is provided for the child, the provider shall consult with the community services board worker or the local department of social services worker to review the recommendation. The provider shall report this recommendation to the department on a form provided by the department. The department's representative shall make a final determination of the level of staffing or any capacity limitations necessary to care for, supervise, and protect all children in care when a child with special needs is receiving care. The recommendation on the level of staffing shall be reviewed annually by all involved parties.

22VAC40-110-140

22VAC40-110-140. Limitations. (Repealed.)

The family day home shall comply with local child day program ordinances, where such exist, and any limitations which may be placed by the Uniform Statewide Building Code on the number of children for whom care may be offered.

22VAC40-110-150

Part III
Household

22VAC40-110-150. Behavior. (Repealed.)

All members of the family day household 14 years of age and older including relatives, lodgers, and employees, shall be responsible, of good character and reputation, and shall display behavior that demonstrates emotional stability.

22VAC40-110-160

22VAC40-110-160. Criminals. (Repealed.)

All adult members of the family day household including relatives, lodgers, care givers, and employees shall not have been convicted of a crime involving child abuse, child neglect or any other offenses specified in § 63.1-198.1 of the Code of Virginia, and shall have a criminal record check conducted no more than 90 days before the date of initial application.

22VAC40-110-170

22VAC40-110-170. Child Protective Services Central Registry. (Repealed.)

All members of the family day household 14 years of age and older including relatives, lodgers, care givers and employees shall not be listed in the Child Protective Services Central Registry, and shall have a Child Protective Services Central Registry clearance conducted no more than 90 days before the date of initial application.

22VAC40-110-180

22VAC40-110-180. Clearance. (Repealed.)

All members of a currently licensed family day household 14 years of age and older including relatives, lodgers, care givers, and employees shall have a Child Protective Services Central Registry clearance conducted no later than January 31, 1994.

22VAC40-110-190

22VAC40-110-190. Smoke-free environment. (Repealed.)

The licensee shall ensure that a smoke-free environment is provided in rooms accessible to children while children are in care.

22VAC40-110-200

Part IV
Physical Environment and Equipment

Article 1
Physical Environment

22VAC40-110-200. Hazards. (Repealed.)

The physical facilities and furnishings of the home and grounds shall be kept clean and safeguarded from open and obvious hazards to the health and safety of children, such as but not limited to loose carpeting, lead paints, choking hazards, sharp objects, plastic bags, and poisonous plants accessible to children.

22VAC40-110-210

22VAC40-110-210. Ventilation. (Repealed.)

All rooms used by children shall be ventilated, heated in winter, and cooled in the summer to maintain adequate air exchange and required temperatures.

1. When windows and doors are used for ventilation, they shall be screened securely.

2. During winter months, a draft-free temperature of 65°F to 75°F at no more than two feet above floor level shall be maintained in all rooms used by children. During summer months, if the temperature in rooms used by children exceeds 80°F, a cooling device shall be used.

22VAC40-110-220

22VAC40-110-220. Lighting. (Repealed.)

All rooms, halls, and stairways used by children in care shall be well lighted.

22VAC40-110-230

22VAC40-110-230. Firearms. (Repealed.)

Firearms shall be stored unloaded and apart from ammunition. Firearms and ammunition shall be stored in a locked area with keys out of reach of children.

22VAC40-110-240

22VAC40-110-240. Barriers. (Repealed.)

Protective barriers including but not limited to safety gates shall be installed securely at the top or bottom of open stairways on the floor where the stairways are accessible to children under two years of age and children over two years of age who are not developmentally ready to climb or descend stairs without supervision. Gates used shall meet the current American Society for Testing Materials standards for juvenile products.

22VAC40-110-250

22VAC40-110-250. Stairways. (Repealed.)

All interior and exterior stairways with over three risers that are used by children shall have handrails within the normal grasp of the children or banisters with vertical posts between the handrails and each step, which can be safely grasped by children.

22VAC40-110-260

22VAC40-110-260. Banisters. (Repealed.)

When stairways have banisters with vertical posts between the handrails and each step and the distance between the vertical posts is greater than 3 ½ inches, these stairways shall be accessible to children only when supervised by a care giver.

22VAC40-110-270

22VAC40-110-270. Doors. (Repealed.)

Doors with clear glass panels that reach within 18 inches of the floor shall be clearly marked with decorative objects such as pictures, art work or decals near the child's eye level to prevent accidents.

22VAC40-110-280

22VAC40-110-280. Vermin. (Repealed.)

The home shall be kept free from rodents and insect infestation.

22VAC40-110-290

22VAC40-110-290. Bathrooms. (Repealed.)

The home shall have indoor running water and a bathroom. The bathroom shall be easily accessible to children two years of age and older. The bathroom shall be kept clean and have a working toilet and sink, tissue, and soap. Either paper towels or individually assigned cloth towels shall be provided. If cloth towels are used, they shall be laundered when soiled and at least once a week.

22VAC40-110-300

22VAC40-110-300. Entrances and exits. (Repealed.)

Entrance and exit ways shall be unobstructed and well lighted.

22VAC40-110-310

22VAC40-110-310. Chemicals. (Repealed.)

Cleaning agents, disinfectants and deodorizers, plant-care chemicals, pesticides, and other poisonous materials or supplies shall be stored in areas inaccessible to children or in a cabinet or drawer with child-resistant locks.

22VAC40-110-320

22VAC40-110-320. Water supply. (Repealed.)

When water is not obtained from a municipal supply and the house is not connected to a municipal sewer line, the water supply and septic system of the family day home shall be inspected and approved by the local health official or a private laboratory if there are open and obvious symptoms of water or sewage system problems, such as evidence of cloudy, murky, or muddy water, or sewage back up. Family day homes that are connected to a municipal water supply and sewer line and have open and obvious symptoms of water or sewage system problems shall have the problems corrected within a time frame agreed upon by the department and the provider.

22VAC40-110-330

Article 2
Fire and Shock Prevention and Emergency Procedures

22VAC40-110-330. Safety plugs. (Repealed.)

Electrical outlet safety plugs shall be placed in all outlets that are accessible to children. These outlets shall be covered with protective or child-resistant receptacle covers or spring-loaded offset cover plates. Protective coverings and outlet plugs shall be larger than 1 ¼ inches in diameter.

22VAC40-110-340

22VAC40-110-340. Electrical devices. (Repealed.)

No electrical device accessible to children shall be placed so that it could be plugged into an electrical outlet while in contact with a water source, such as a sink, tub, shower area, toilet, or swimming or wading pool.

22VAC40-110-350

22VAC40-110-350. Cords and appliances. (Repealed.)

Electrical cords and electrical appliances and equipment with cords that are frayed and have exposed wires shall not be used. Electrical cords shall not be overloaded or placed under carpets or stapled down to be kept in place.

22VAC40-110-360

22VAC40-110-360. Flammable materials. (Repealed.)

All flammable and combustible materials, including matches, lighters, lighter fluid, petroleum distillates, such as kerosene, turpentine and automotive products, aerosol cans, and alcohol shall be stored in an area inaccessible to children or in a cabinet or drawer with child-resistant locks.

22VAC40-110-370

22VAC40-110-370. Alternate heating devices. (Repealed.)

All alternate heating devices such as oil stoves, wood burning stoves, fireplaces, and associated chimneys, and ventilating devices shall be inspected annually by a qualified inspector to verify that the devices are properly installed, maintained and cleaned as needed. Documentation of the completed inspection and cleaning shall be maintained by the licensee.

22VAC40-110-380

22VAC40-110-380. Heating devices. (Repealed.)

Radiators, oil and wood burning stoves, floor furnaces, portable electric space heaters, fireplaces, and similar heating devices used in areas accessible to children shall have barriers or screens and be located at least three feet from combustible materials.

22VAC40-110-390

22VAC40-110-390. Liquid fuel heaters. (Repealed.)

Portable liquid fuel burning heaters shall not be used in areas accessible to children when children are in care.

22VAC40-110-400

22VAC40-110-400. Fire extinguishers. (Repealed.)

An operable type AB, BC, or, multipurpose, 2A10BC rated fire extinguisher shall be kept near the kitchen area, out of the reach of children, away from the stove, and near an exit. Instructions for use of the extinguisher shall be posted on it or be easily accessible.

22VAC40-110-410

22VAC40-110-410. Smoke detectors. (Repealed.)

An operable smoke detector, either battery operated or with battery backup, that has a UL approved or equivalent mark, shall be placed on each floor of the home. Battery operated detectors shall have the batteries tested at least monthly and replaced at least annually. Documentation of the dates when batteries are tested and replaced shall be maintained by the licensee.

22VAC40-110-420

22VAC40-110-420. Escape plans. (Repealed.)

There shall be a written posted emergency escape plan in the event of a fire or natural disaster which shall be taught to all care givers and to children in care who are developmentally able to understand. The escape plan shall be practiced with all care givers and children in care on a monthly basis to the point of exit from the home.

22VAC40-110-430

22VAC40-110-430. Evacuation records. (Repealed.)

Documentation shall be maintained of practiced emergency escape plans, which shall include the date of the event, the number and ages of children involved, and the approximate evacuation time. Records of monthly practiced procedures shall be maintained until the license is renewed.

22VAC40-110-440

22VAC40-110-440. Telephones. (Repealed.)

The home shall have a working telephone. If the telephone number is unlisted, providers shall ensure that parents and the department have been given the unlisted number in writing. When changes of telephone numbers occur, providers shall inform the department within 48 hours and parents within 24 hours of the new telephone number.

22VAC40-110-450

22VAC40-110-450. Posted numbers. (Repealed.)

The following telephone numbers shall be posted in a visible area close to the telephone:

1. A physician or hospital;

2. An ambulance or rescue squad service;

3. The local fire department;

4. The local police department;

NOTE: If there is a generic emergency number such as, but not limited to, 911 operable in the locality, that number may be posted instead of the above numbers.

5. A regional poison control center.

22VAC40-110-460

22VAC40-110-460. Flashlights and radios. (Repealed.)

An operable flashlight and battery operated radio shall be kept in a designated area and available at all times.

22VAC40-110-470

22VAC40-110-470. Fire hazards. (Repealed.)

If there are open and obvious fire hazards, the local fire prevention officials may be contacted by the department's representative. The provider shall comply with the requirements or recommendations made by the fire prevention officials to eliminate fire hazards.

22VAC40-110-480

Article 3
Small Appliances and Kitchen Equipment

22VAC40-110-480. Electrical appliances. (Repealed.)

All small electrical appliances, such as, but not limited to, curling irons, toasters, blenders, can openers, and irons, shall be unplugged and placed in an area inaccessible to children unless being used by the care giver or with children under close supervision, e.g., when children are using these appliances in planned activities.

22VAC40-110-490

22VAC40-110-490. Sharp kitchen utensils. (Repealed.)

Sharp kitchen utensils shall be placed in an area inaccessible to children or in a cabinet or drawer with child-resistant latches, unless being used by the care giver or with children under close supervision, e.g., when children are using these objects in planned activities.

22VAC40-110-500

22VAC40-110-500. Fans. (Repealed.)

Electrical fans used in rooms accessible to children shall have protective shields and be placed out of the reach of children.

22VAC40-110-510

Article 4
Space and Equipment for Children

22VAC40-110-510. Spaces. (Repealed.)

The home shall provide each child with adequate space to allow free movement and active play indoors and outdoors.

22VAC40-110-520

22VAC40-110-520. Individual locations. (Repealed.)

Each child two years of age and older shall have access to an individual location in which to keep clothing, toys, and belongings together. Children under the age of two shall have an individual location that is accessible to the care giver and parent.

22VAC40-110-530

22VAC40-110-530. Rest areas. (Repealed.)

Each child shall be provided with a designated crib, cot, rest mat, or bed for resting or napping. Rest mats that are used shall have at least an inch of cushioning and be sanitized at least weekly and as needed.

1. Clean linen suitable to the season, and assigned for individual use, shall be used each time children sleep on beds of family members.

2. Clean linen suitable to the season shall be used and washed at least weekly and as needed.

22VAC40-110-540

22VAC40-110-540. Cribs. (Repealed.)

Cribs that meet the current Consumer Product Safety Commission standards for cribs, 16 CFR 1508 and 1509, shall be provided for children from birth through 12 months of age and for children over 12 months of age who are not developmentally ready to sleep on a cot, rest mat, or bed.

1. Double decker cribs and play pens shall not be used;

2. Crib slats shall be no more than 2⅜ inches apart;

3. Crib sides shall always be up and the fastenings secured when a child is in the crib, except when the care giver is giving the child immediate attention;

4. Mattresses shall fit snugly next to the crib so that no more than two fingers can be inserted between mattresses and the crib; and

5. Cribs with end panel cut-outs shall be of a size that prevents head entrapment.

22VAC40-110-550

22VAC40-110-550. Infant seats. (Repealed.)

High chairs and infant carrier seats shall meet the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) standards for juvenile products and when occupied by a child a safety strap shall be used and securely fastened.

22VAC40-110-560

22VAC40-110-560. Walkers. (Repealed.)

Infant walkers shall not be used.

22VAC40-110-570

22VAC40-110-570. Swimming pools. (Repealed.)

Outdoor swimming pools shall be enclosed by safety fences and gates with child-resistant locks and wading pools shall be emptied and stored away when not in use during the normal family day home hours of operation.

22VAC40-110-580

22VAC40-110-580. Maintenance. (Repealed.)

Any swimming and wading pools shall be set up and maintained according to manufacturer instructions. No home shall maintain any receptacle or pool, whether natural or artificial, containing water in such condition that insects breeding therein may become a menace to the public health.

22VAC40-110-590

Part V
Care of Children

Article 1
Program and Services

22VAC40-110-590. Routine. (Repealed.)

The provider shall establish a daily routine so that there is sufficient time included to talk with, play with, and offer physical comfort to children in care.

22VAC40-110-600

22VAC40-110-600. Activities. (Repealed.)

Age appropriate activities shall be provided for children in care throughout the day and shall be based on the physical, social, emotional and intellectual needs of the children.

22VAC40-110-610

22VAC40-110-610. Activity opportunities. (Repealed.)

Daily age appropriate activities shall include:

1. Opportunities for alternating periods of indoor active and quiet play depending on the ages of the children;

2. Opportunities for vigorous outdoor play daily, depending upon the weather, the ages, and the health of the children;

3. Opportunities for one or more regularly scheduled rest or nap periods. Children unable to sleep shall be provided time and space for quiet play;

4. Opportunities for children to learn about themselves, others and the world around them;

5. Opportunities for children to exercise initiative and develop independence in accordance with their ages; and

6. Opportunities for structured and unstructured play time and provider-directed and child-initiated learning activities.

22VAC40-110-620

22VAC40-110-620. Play materials. (Repealed.)

A sufficient supply and variety of developmentally appropriate play materials, toys, and equipment shall be available and accessible to children in care.

22VAC40-110-630

22VAC40-110-630. Physical treatment of children. (Repealed.)

Children in care shall not be shaken or bounced vigorously at any time.

22VAC40-110-640

22VAC40-110-640. Television. (Repealed.)

Television shall be used with discretion and not as a substitute for planned activities. The amount of time children watch television and the type of programs viewed shall be monitored closely by care givers.

22VAC40-110-650

Article 2
Supervision

22VAC40-110-650. General. (Repealed.)

Children shall be supervised by a care giver at all times. Children shall not be left alone in the care of an assistant under 18 years of age while in care.

22VAC40-110-660

22VAC40-110-660. Infants' needs. (Repealed.)

Care givers shall promptly respond to infants' needs for food and comfort.

22VAC40-110-670

22VAC40-110-670. Infant seats. (Repealed.)

Children using infant carrier seats or high chairs shall be supervised closely at all times.

22VAC40-110-680

22VAC40-110-680. Play spaces. (Repealed.)

Play spaces for infants shall offer a diversity of experiences for the infant and provide frequent opportunities to creep, crawl, toddle and walk. The designated sleeping space for infants shall be used infrequently as a play space if it is used at any time for this purpose.

22VAC40-110-690

22VAC40-110-690. Movement of sleeping infants. (Repealed.)

An infant who falls asleep in a play space other than his own sleeping space shall be moved promptly to his designated sleeping space if the safety or comfort of the infant is in question.

22VAC40-110-700

22VAC40-110-700. Stimulation. (Repealed.)

Stimulation shall be regularly provided for infants in a variety of ways including, but not limited to, being held, cuddled, talked to, and played with by the family day home provider or assistant.

22VAC40-110-710

22VAC40-110-710. Level of supervision. (Repealed.)

Children shall be supervised in a manner which ensures that the care giver is aware of what the children are doing at all times and can promptly assist or redirect activities when necessary. In deciding how closely to supervise children, providers shall consider the following:

1. Ages of the children;

2. Individual differences and abilities;

3. Layout of the house and play area;

4. Neighborhood circumstances or hazards; and

5. Risk activities children are engaged in.

22VAC40-110-720

22VAC40-110-720. Pool supervision. (Repealed.)

When children are permitted to swim and wade, a care giver shall be present at all times and able to supervise the children and respond immediately to emergencies. A minimum of two care givers shall be present and able to supervise the children when three or more children are in the water, with the exclusion of wading pools.

22VAC40-110-730

Article 3
Diapering, Toileting, and Waste Disposal

22VAC40-110-730. General. (Repealed.)

When a child's clothing or diaper becomes wet or soiled, it shall be changed promptly.

22VAC40-110-740

22VAC40-110-740. Diapering steps. (Repealed.)

The following steps shall be used for diapering:

1. Diapers shall be changed on a nonabsorbent surface. Children shall not be left unattended during diapering.

2. During each diaper change the child's genital area shall be thoroughly cleaned with a moist disposable wipe or a moist, clean individually assigned cloth, if the child is allergic to disposable wipes.

3. Soiled disposable diapers and wipes shall be discarded in a lined container, with a tight-fitting lid, operated by a foot pedal (step can). Soiled cloth diapers and wipes shall be put in a plastic bag and stored in individually labeled diaper bags to be taken home. The container and diaper bags shall be kept clean, free of soil build up and odor, and shall not be accessible to children.

4. Care givers shall wash their hands with soap or germicidal cleansing agents and water after each diaper change and after helping a child with toileting.

5. The diaper changing surface shall be cleaned with soap and water, and disinfected by lightly spraying with a germicidal or water and chlorine bleach solution, i.e., one tablespoon of bleach to one quart of water. The disinfectant shall be spread evenly with a paper towel over the diaper changing surface and the surface shall be allowed to air dry after each diaper change. When a bleach and water solution is used, it shall be made fresh daily and stored out of the reach of children.

6. Surfaces used for children's activities or meals shall not be used for changing diapers.

22VAC40-110-750

22VAC40-110-750. Toilet chairs. (Repealed.)

Toilet chairs shall be emptied promptly, rinsed and disinfected after each use.

22VAC40-110-760

22VAC40-110-760. Sanitation of hands. (Repealed.)

Children's hands shall be washed with soap and water after toileting.

22VAC40-110-770

22VAC40-110-770. Privacy. (Repealed.)

Children five years of age and older shall be permitted privacy when toileting.

22VAC40-110-780

22VAC40-110-780. Garbage. (Repealed.)

Garbage and rubbish shall be removed from rooms occupied by children on a daily basis and removed from the premises at least once weekly. There shall be a sufficient number of waste and diaper containers to hold all of the waste that accumulates between periods of removal.

22VAC40-110-790

22VAC40-110-790. Refuse area access. (Repealed.)

Children shall not be allowed access to refuse storage areas. Such areas shall be free of litter, odor, and uncontained waste.

22VAC40-110-800

Article 4
Transportation

22VAC40-110-800. General. (Repealed.)

Whenever the provider or assistant transports enrolled children they shall:

1. Ensure that any vehicle used to transport children meets the standards set by the Code of Virginia and is equipped with the proper child restraining devices required by law to correspond with the ages of the children being transported;

2. Have a first aid kit, including an ice or chemical cold pack, in the vehicle used for transporting;

3. Have a copy of the parents' written authorization to transport the children;

4. Have the name, address and phone number of the family day home in the vehicle used for transportation; and

5. Have a copy of the children's emergency contact and medical information in their possession.

22VAC40-110-810

Article 5
Behavior and Guidance

22VAC40-110-810. Parental communication. (Repealed.)

The provider shall discuss with each child's parent or parents the rules and limits used to encourage desired behavior and discourage undesired behavior of children in care.

22VAC40-110-820

22VAC40-110-820. Positive methods. (Repealed.)

The care givers shall use positive methods of discipline. Discipline shall be constructive in nature and include techniques such as:

1. Using limits that are fair, consistently applied and appropriate and understandable for the child's level of development;

2. Providing children with reasons for limits;

3. Giving positively worded direction;

4. Modeling and redirecting children to acceptable behavior;

5. Helping children to constructively express their feelings and frustration to resolve conflict; and

6. Arranging equipment, materials, activities, and schedules in a way that promotes desirable behavior.

22VAC40-110-830

22VAC40-110-830. Prohibited behavior. (Repealed.)

The following behavior shall be prohibited as methods of discipline by all care givers;

1. Corporal punishment, including hitting, spanking, beating, shaking, pinching, and other measures that produce physical pain;

2. Forcing, withdrawing, or threatening to force or withdraw food, rest, or bathroom opportunities;

3. Abusive or profane language;

4. Any form of public or private humiliation, including threats of physical punishment; and

5. Any form of emotional abuse, including rejecting, terrorizing, or corrupting a child.

22VAC40-110-840

22VAC40-110-840. Physical restraint. (Repealed.)

Children shall not be physically restrained except as necessary to ensure their own safety or that of others, and then only for as long as is necessary for control of the situation.

22VAC40-110-850

22VAC40-110-850. Time out. (Repealed.)

When time out is used as a discipline technique, it shall be used sparingly and be brief and appropriate to the child's developmental level and circumstances. The child who is separated from the group shall be in a safe, lighted, well-ventilated place and shall be within hearing and vision of the provider or substitute provider. The child shall not be left alone inside or outside of the home while separated from the group.

Note: If time out is enforced by a care giver, it shall not exceed one minute for each year of the child's age. Time out shall not be used with infants.

22VAC40-110-860

22VAC40-110-860. Confinement. (Repealed.)

No child, for punishment or any other reason, shall ever be confined in any space that the child cannot open, such as closets, locked rooms, latched pantries, or containers.

22VAC40-110-870

22VAC40-110-870. Punishment by children. (Repealed.)

The provider or substitute provider shall not give a child authority to punish another child nor shall the provider consent to a child punishing another child.

22VAC40-110-880

22VAC40-110-880. Toileting accidents. (Repealed.)

Children shall not be punished for toileting accidents.

22VAC40-110-890

Article 6
Nutrition and Food Services

22VAC40-110-890. Food groups; lunch and dinner. (Repealed.)

Foods served to children for lunch and dinner shall consist of a variety of items selected from each of the following food groups:

1. Meat or meat alternates;

2. Fruits and vegetables;

3. Bread or bread alternates, e.g., pasta, rice, noodles, and cereal; and

4. Milk unless a child is allergic to milk or milk products.

NOTE: Providers shall supplement meals from homes that do not meet this standard or inform parents who provide meals from home that meals served to children must consist of a variety of foods from the four food groups.

22VAC40-110-900

22VAC40-110-900. Food groups; breakfast and snacks. (Repealed.)

Breakfast and snacks that are served to children shall include a variety of foods from two or more food groups.

22VAC40-110-910

22VAC40-110-910. Choking foods. (Repealed.)

To assist in preventing choking, food that is hard, round, small, thick and sticky, and smooth and slippery such as whole hot dogs or hot dogs sliced into rounds, nuts, seeds, raisins, uncut grapes, uncut raw carrot, peanuts, chunks of peanut butter, hard candy, and popcorn shall not be served to children under four years of age, unless it is prepared before being served in a manner that will reduce the risk of choking, i.e., hot dogs cut lengthwise, grapes cut in small pieces, and carrots cooked or cut lengthwise.

22VAC40-110-920

22VAC40-110-920. Leftovers. (Repealed.)

Leftover food shall be discarded from individual plates following a meal or snack.

22VAC40-110-930

22VAC40-110-930. Portions. (Repealed.)

Children shall be served small size portions and permitted to have additional servings.

22VAC40-110-940

22VAC40-110-940. Water. (Repealed.)

Water shall be available for drinking and shall be offered on a regular basis to all children in care.

22VAC40-110-950

22VAC40-110-950. Time schedules. (Repealed.)

Meals and snacks shall be served in accordance with the times children are in care, which include:

1. Between the hours of 7 a.m. and 6 p.m., breakfast, lunch, and snacks shall be served.

2. Between the hours of 2 p.m. and 10 p.m., an afternoon snack, supper and a bed time snack shall be served.

3. Between the hours of 8 p.m. and 8 a.m. a bed time snack and breakfast shall be served.

22VAC40-110-960

22VAC40-110-960. Menus. (Repealed.)

When meals are provided by the family day home, menus shall be planned, written, dated and placed or posted at least a day in advance in an area accessible to parents.

22VAC40-110-970

22VAC40-110-970. Sanitation of hands. (Repealed.)

Children's hands shall be washed with soap and water before eating meals or snacks.

22VAC40-110-980

22VAC40-110-980. Handling of foods. (Repealed.)

Care givers' hands shall be washed with soap or germicidal cleansing agent and water before handling or serving food. Care givers shall use sanitary practices when handling and preparing foods.

22VAC40-110-990

22VAC40-110-990. Infant feedings. (Repealed.)

Infants shall be fed on demand unless parents provide other written instructions. Infants who cannot hold their own bottles shall be picked up and held when fed. Bottles shall not be propped.

22VAC40-110-1000

22VAC40-110-1000. Formula labeling. (Repealed.)

Prepared infant formula shall be labeled with the individual child's name and kept in the refrigerator when not in use.

22VAC40-110-1010

22VAC40-110-1010. Formula preparation. (Repealed.)

If infant formula is heated in a microwave oven, precautions shall be taken to prevent scalding. Only refrigerated formula shall be heated. When formula is heated in the bottles, the bottles shall be upright and uncovered. Heating time shall be no more than 30 seconds for four ounce bottles and no more than 45 seconds for eight ounce bottles. After heating and replacing nipples, bottles shall be turned up and down 10 times and the temperature tested by dropping milk on the top of the hand. The temperature of the milk shall be cool on the hand.

22VAC40-110-1020

22VAC40-110-1020. Exercising. (Repealed.)

Children shall not be allowed to eat or drink while walking, running, playing, lying down, or riding in vehicles.

22VAC40-110-1030

22VAC40-110-1030. Utensil sizing. (Repealed.)

Eating utensils shall be appropriate in size for children to handle and chipped or cracked dishes shall not be used.

22VAC40-110-1040

22VAC40-110-1040. Utensil cleansing. (Repealed.)

Eating utensils and dishes shall be properly cleaned by prerinsing, washing and air drying or using a dishwasher. Eating utensils and dishes shall be stored in a clean dry place, and protected from contamination.

22VAC40-110-1050

22VAC40-110-1050. Disposable utensils. (Repealed.)

If disposable eating utensils and dishes are used, they shall be sturdy enough to prevent spillage or other health and safety hazards. Disposables shall be used once and discarded.

22VAC40-110-1060

22VAC40-110-1060. Refrigerator temperatures. (Repealed.)

Temperatures shall be maintained at or below 40°F in refrigerator compartments and at or below 0°F in the freezer compartments. The provider shall have an operable thermometer available to monitor these temperatures.

22VAC40-110-1070

22VAC40-110-1070. Perishable refrigeration. (Repealed.)

All perishable foods and drinks used for children in care, except when being prepared and served, shall be kept in the refrigerator.

22VAC40-110-1080

22VAC40-110-1080. Milk. (Repealed.)

All milk and milk products shall be pasteurized. Powdered milk shall be used only for cooking.

22VAC40-110-1090

Part VI
Physical Health

Article 1
Health Requirements for Family Day Household Members and Care Givers

22VAC40-110-1090. Maintenance of health information. (Repealed.)

Health information shall be maintained on the care givers and any other adult household members who come in contact with children or handle food served to children, as described below:

1. Initial tuberculosis examination and report.

a. Within 90 days prior to licensure, employment, or contact with children, each individual shall obtain a tuberculin skin test indicating the absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form.

b. Each individual shall submit a statement that he is free of tuberculosis in a communicable form, including the type of test used, the date the test was given, and the test results.

c. The statement shall be signed and dated by a physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department.

d. The statement shall be filed in the individual's record maintained at the family day home.

EXCEPTION: An individual may delay obtaining the tuberculosis test if a statement from a physician is provided that indicates the test is not advisable for specific health reasons. This statement shall include an estimated date for when the test can be safely administered. The individual shall obtain the test no later than 30 days after this date.

2. Subsequent evaluations.

a. An individual who had a nonsignificant (negative) reaction to an initial tuberculin skin test shall obtain additional screening every two years thereafter.

b. An individual who had a significant (positive) reaction to a tuberculin skin test and whose physician certifies the absence of communicable tuberculosis shall obtain chest x-rays on an annual basis for the following two years.

(1) The individual shall submit statements documenting the date of the chest x-rays and certifying freedom from tuberculosis in a communicable form.

(2) The statements shall be signed and dated by a licensed physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department.

(3) The statements shall be filed in the individual's record maintained at the family day home.

(4) Following the two-year period during which chest x-rays are required annually, additional screening shall be obtained every two years.

c. Any individual who comes in contact with a known case of tuberculosis or develops chronic respiratory symptoms shall, within 30 days of exposure or development, receive an evaluation in accordance with subdivision 1 of this section.

22VAC40-110-1100

22VAC40-110-1100. Request for examination. (Repealed.)

At the request of the provider or the Department of Social Services, a report of examination by an approved physician shall be obtained when there is an indication that the safety of children in care may be jeopardized by the physical or mental health of a specific individual.

22VAC40-110-1110

22VAC40-110-1110. Removal of individual. (Repealed.)

Any individual who, upon examination or as a result of tests, shows indication of physical or mental condition or conditions which may jeopardize the safety of children in care:

1. Shall be removed immediately from contact with children and food served to children; and

2. Shall not be allowed contact with children or food served to children until the condition is cleared to the satisfaction of the examining physician as evidenced by a signed statement from the physician.

22VAC40-110-1120

Article 2
Health Requirements for Children

22VAC40-110-1120. Timing and frequency of medical reports. (Repealed.)

A. Each child accepted for care shall obtain a physical examination and immunization record by or under the direction of a licensed physician prior to enrollment (as outlined below) or within 30 days after enrollment:

1. Within 60 days prior to enrollment for children six months of age or younger;

2. Ninety days prior to enrollment for children aged seven months through 18 months;

3. Six months prior to enrollment for children aged 19 months through 24 months;

4. Twelve months prior to enrollment for children two years of age through five years of age; and

5. Twenty-four months prior to enrollment for children six years of age and above.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. A new physical examination is not required for children transferring from one facility licensed or registered by the Virginia Department of Social Services, certified by a local department of public welfare or social services, or approved by a licensed family day system.

2. Physical examinations are not required for any child whose parent objects on religious grounds. The parent shall submit a statement noting that the parent objects on religious grounds and certifying that, to the best of the parent's knowledge, the child is in good health and free from communicable and contagious disease.

3. A child may delay obtaining immunizations if a statement from a physician is provided that indicates they are not advisable for specific health reasons. This statement shall include an estimated date for when immunizations can be safely administered. The child shall obtain the immunizations no later than 30 days after this date.

B. Medical reports after enrollment.

1. Updated information on immunizations received shall be obtained once every six months for children under the age of two years.

2. Updated information on immunizations received shall be obtained once between each child's fourth and sixth birthdays.

EXCEPTION: Documentation of immunizations received is not required for any child whose parent submits an affidavit to the provider stating that the administration of immunizing agents conflicts with the parent's or child's religious tenets or practices.

22VAC40-110-1130

22VAC40-110-1130. Form and content of medical reports. (Repealed.)

A. The current form approved by the Virginia Department of Health, or any other form which provides all of the same information, shall be used to record immunizations received and the results of the required physical examination.

B. Each report shall include the date of physical examination or dates immunizations were received.

C. Each report shall be signed by a licensed physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department.

22VAC40-110-1140

Article 3
Illness, Injury, and Death

22VAC40-110-1140. Exclusion. (Repealed.)

Unless otherwise approved by a child's health care professional, a child shall be excluded from the family day home if the child exhibits the following symptoms:

1. An oral body temperature of 101°F or greater or an auxiliary (armpit) temperature of 100°F or greater; or

2. Recurrent vomiting or diarrhea; or

3. Symptoms of a communicable disease as delineated in the current Communicable Disease Chart recommendation for the exclusion of sick children.

22VAC40-110-1150

22VAC40-110-1150. Steps for developing symptoms. (Repealed.)

If a child in care develops symptoms of an illness defined in 22VAC40-110-1140, the following shall apply:

1. The parents or designated emergency contact shall be contacted immediately so that arrangements can be made to remove the child from the home as soon as possible; and

2. The child shall remain in a quiet, designated area within sight or sound of the care giver and where the care giver can respond immediately to the child until the child leaves the home.

22VAC40-110-1160

22VAC40-110-1160. Exposure. (Repealed.)

When a child in care has been exposed or is suspected to have been exposed to a reportable communicable disease, all parents of enrolled children shall be informed on the same day contact occurs or is suspected.

22VAC40-110-1170

22VAC40-110-1170. Accident reports. (Repealed.)

Major injuries to the head, other parts of the body, and major accidents shall be reported immediately to the child's parent or parents. Minor injuries and accidents shall be reported to the child's parent or parents on the same day they occur.

22VAC40-110-1180

22VAC40-110-1180. Records. (Repealed.)

An injury or accident sustained by a child while at the family day home that required first aid or medical attention shall be recorded in the child's record. Information recorded shall include the date and nature of injury or accident, action taken and verification of parental notification.

22VAC40-110-1190

22VAC40-110-1190. Written reports. (Repealed.)

The provider shall report to the department within 24 hours any accident, injury or illness that occurred while a child was in care which results in death. A written report shall be completed and submitted to the department within five working days.

22VAC40-110-1200

22VAC40-110-1200. Missing children. (Repealed.)

The provider shall report a lost or missing child to the department within 24 hours when it was necessary to seek assistance from local emergency or police personnel.

22VAC40-110-1210

22VAC40-110-1210. Abuse. (Repealed.)

The provider shall verbally notify the local department of social services or call the toll free number for the Bureau of Child Protective Services (1-800-552-7096/TDD) immediately whenever there is reason to suspect that a child has been or is being subjected to any kind of child abuse or neglect by any person.

22VAC40-110-1220

Article 4
Medication and First Aid Supplies

22VAC40-110-1220. Dosing and consent. (Repealed.)

Prescription and nonprescription drugs shall only be given to a child as directed by the prescription label or by the instructions on the original container and when the provider has the parent's written consent.

22VAC40-110-1230

22VAC40-110-1230. Storage. (Repealed.)

All medicines shall be stored in an area inaccessible to children. All medicine shall be returned to parents when no longer needed. Prescription medicines shall be dated and kept in the original container with the prescription label and the child's first and last names attached.

22VAC40-110-1240

22VAC40-110-1240. Labeling. (Repealed.)

Any over-the-counter medication brought into the home for use by a specific child shall be kept in the original container and shall be labeled with the following information: the date; the child's first and last names; and specific, legible instructions for administration and storage.

22VAC40-110-1250

22VAC40-110-1250. Usage and precautions. (Repealed.)

All medications, refrigerated or unrefrigerated, shall be kept out of reach of children, shall be kept in an orderly fashion, and shall be stored at the proper temperature. Medication shall not be used beyond the date of expiration.

22VAC40-110-1260

22VAC40-110-1260. Records. (Repealed.)

The provider shall keep a medication record on each child which shall include:

1. A statement acknowledging parental consent to administer medication to the child;

2. The amount and name of medication administered to the child;

3. The day and time the medication was administered to the child; and

4. The name of the provider or adult assistant administering the medication. (Assistants under the age of 18 shall not administer medication.)

22VAC40-110-1270

22VAC40-110-1270. First aid supplies. (Repealed.)

First aid supplies shall be readily accessible to the care giver or care givers and inaccessible to children. The required first aid supplies which shall be available are:

1. Scissors;

2. Tweezers;

3. Sterile nonstick gauze pads;

4. Adhesive or bandage tape;

5. Band-aids, assorted sizes;

6. Sealed packages of alcohol wipes or an antiseptic cleaning agent;

7. An anti-bacterial ointment;

8. Thermometer;

9. Chemical cold pack, if ice pack not available;

10. First aid instructional manual or cards;

11. Insect bite or sting preparation;

12. One triangular bandage;

13. Syrup of Ipecac, to be used only when instructed by the regional poison control center or children's physician and before the expiration date;

14. Flexible roller or stretch gauze;

15. Disposable nonporous gloves; and

16. Eye dressing or pad.

22VAC40-110-1280

Article 5

Animals

22VAC40-110-1280. Food surfaces. (Repealed.)

Family pets shall not be allowed on any surfaces where food is prepared or served.

22VAC40-110-1290

22VAC40-110-1290. Health. (Repealed.)

Any pet or animal present at the home, indoors or outdoors, shall be in good health, and show no evidence of carrying any disease.

22VAC40-110-1300

22VAC40-110-1300. Immunization. (Repealed.)

Dogs or cats, where allowed, shall be immunized for rabies and shall be treated for fleas, ticks, or worms as needed.

22VAC40-110-1310

22VAC40-110-1310. Supervision. (Repealed.)

Care givers shall closely supervise children when children are exposed to animals at the home. Children shall be instructed on safe procedures to follow when in close proximity to these animals, e.g., not to provoke or startle them or remove their food. Potentially dangerous animals shall not be in contact with children.

22VAC40-110-1320

22VAC40-110-1320. Litter boxes. (Repealed.)

Animal litter boxes shall not be located in areas accessible to children. All animal litter must be removed promptly from children's areas and disposed of properly.

22VAC40-110-1330

22VAC40-110-1330. Sanitation of hands. (Repealed.)

Care givers' and children's hands shall be washed after handling animals or animal wastes.

22VAC40-110-1340

Part VII
Record Keeping Responsibility

22VAC40-110-1340. Inspection. (Repealed.)

The provider's records shall be open for inspection by authorized representatives of the department.

22VAC40-110-1350

22VAC40-110-1350. Record per child. (Repealed.)

The family day home shall maintain a record for each enrolled child.

22VAC40-110-1360

22VAC40-110-1360. Information. (Repealed.)

Each child's record shall include:

1. The following identifying information:

a. The child's full name, nickname (if any), address and birthdate;

b. The name, address and telephone number of each parent;

c. The name, address, and telephone number of each parent's place of employment and work hours;

d. The name, office address, and telephone number of the child's physician;

e. The name, address and telephone number of one or more designated person or persons to contact in case of an emergency if the parent cannot be reached;

f. The names of persons authorized to visit, call or pick up the child as well as those who are not to visit, call or pick up the child. Appropriate custodial paperwork shall be requested and maintained when a parent requests that the provider not release the child to the other parent;

g. The date of enrollment and withdrawal, when appropriate;

h. Any known or suspected allergies and any chronic or recurrent diseases or disabilities;

i. The name of the parent's hospitalization plan and number or medical assistance plan and number, if applicable;

j. Results of the health examination and up-to-date immunization records of the child or a record of medical or religious exemption from these requirements; and

k. A record of any accidents or injuries sustained by the child while at the family day home that required first aid or medical attention.

2. The parent's signed authorization to use a substitute provider as necessary.

3. Completed written agreements.

a. Written agreements shall be made between the provider and the parent or parents for each child in care. A signed copy shall be maintained with the record and one copy shall be given to the parent or parents.

b. Agreements shall cover:

(1) Hours of care per day, week, or month; cost of care per day, week, or month; frequency and amount of payment per day, week, or month; general daily routine; and any special services to be provided by either party to the agreement;

(2) Provisions that the care giver will notify the parent whenever the child becomes ill and the child will be picked up as soon as it is feasible for the parent or other responsible person to do so;

(3) Procedures for emergency care in case of illness or injury, written authorization to provide or arrange for emergency transportation, and written authorization for emergency medical treatment if parents cannot be located immediately;

(4) A statement acknowledging a review of the discipline policy including acceptable and unacceptable discipline methods;

(5) Written authorization for the child to participate in specific classes, clubs, field trips, including trips outside of the immediate community, or other activities, when feasible, indicating the activity, time of departure and estimated time for returning, method of transportation to the activity, and written consent for a designated person other than the provider to transport the child; and

(6) A statement acknowledging that there shall be an open-door policy which permits parents to visit and pick up their children at any time.

22VAC40-110-1370

22VAC40-110-1370. Disclosure. (Repealed.)

The provider shall not disclose or permit the use of information pertaining to an individual child or family unless the parent or parents of the child has granted written permission to do so.

22VAC40-110-1380

22VAC40-110-1380. Emergencies. (Repealed.)

The emergency contact information listed in subdivision 1 e of 22VAC40-110-1360 shall be made available to a physician, hospital, or emergency care unit in the event of a child's illness or injury.

22VAC40-110-1390

22VAC40-110-1390. Information to accompany child. (Repealed.)

Whenever the provider leaves the home with the children, the provider shall have copies of the emergency contact and medical information listed in subdivisions 1 b through 1 e and 1 h through 1 j of 22VAC40-110-1360.

22VAC40-110-1400

22VAC40-110-1400. Communication with parents. (Repealed.)

The provider shall agree to share information daily with parents about their children's health, development, behavior, adjustment, or needs.

22VAC40-110-9998

FORMS (22VAC40-110) (Repealed.)

Staffing Recommendation for Children with Special Needs (eff. 9/93).

Information and Agreement, 032-05-011/5 (rev. 6/99).

New Application for a State License to Operate a Family Day Home, 032-05-335/6 (rev. 4/00).

Application for Renewal of a State License to Operate a Family Day Home, 032-05-336/5 (rev. 4/00).

22VAC40-110-9999

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE (22VAC40-110) (Repealed.)

ASTM Standards for Safety Gate, American Society for Testing Materials.

ASTM Standards for High Chair and Infant Carrier Seats, American Society for Testing Materials.

22VAC40-111

CHAPTER 111

STANDARDS FOR LICENSED FAMILY DAY HOMES

22VAC40-111-10

22VAC40-111-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Accessible" means capable of being entered, reached, or used.

"Adult" means any individual 18 years of age or older.

"Age-appropriate" means suitable to the chronological age and individual needs of a child.

"Assistant" means an individual who helps the provider or substitute provider in the care, protection, supervision, ] and guidance to children in the home.

"Body fluids" means urine, feces, vomit, blood, saliva, nasal discharge, and tissue discharge.

"Caregiver" means an individual who provides care, protection, supervision, ] and guidance to children in the home and includes the provider, substitute provider, ] and assistant.

"Child" means an individual under 18 years of age.

"Child day program" means a regularly operating service arrangement for children where, during the absence of a parent or guardian, a person or organization has agreed to assume responsibility for the supervision, protection, and well-being of a child under the age of 13 for less than a 24-hour period.

"Child with special needs" means a child with developmental disabilities, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, sensory or motor impairment, or significant chronic illness who requires special health surveillance or specialized programs, interventions, technologies, or facilities.

"Cleaned" means treated in such a way as to remove dirt and debris by scrubbing and washing with soap and water or detergent solution and rinsing with water.

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Department's representative" means an employee or designee of the Virginia Department of Social Services, acting as the authorized agent of the commissioner.

"Evacuation" means movement of occupants out of the building to a safe area near the building.

"Family day home" means a child day program offered in the residence of the provider or the home of any of the children in care for one through 12 children under the age of 13, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, when at least one child receives care for compensation.

"Good character and reputation" means knowledgeable and objective people agree that the individual (i) maintains business, professional, family, and community relationships that are characterized by honesty, fairness, and truthfulness; and (ii) demonstrates a concern for the well-being of others to the extent that the individual is considered suitable to be entrusted with the care, guidance, and protection of children. Relatives by blood or marriage, and people who are not knowledgeable of the individual, such as recent acquaintances, shall not be considered objective references.

"High school program completion or the equivalent" means an individual has earned a high school diploma or General Education Development (G.E.D.) certificate, or has completed a program of home instruction equivalent to high school completion.

"Inaccessible" means not capable of being entered, reached, or used.

"Infant" means a child from birth up to 16 months of age.

"Nighttime care" means care provided between 7 p.m. and 6 a.m.

"Parent" means the biological, foster or adoptive parent, legal guardian, or any individual with responsibility for, or custody of a child enrolled in or in the process of being enrolled in a family day home.

"Physician" means an individual licensed to practice medicine in any of the 50 states or the District of Columbia.

"Preschool" means children from two years up to the age of eligibility to attend public school, age five by September 30 of that same year.

"Programmatic experience" means time spent working directly with children in a group that is located away from the child's home. Work time shall be computed on the basis of full-time work experience during the period prescribed or equivalent work time over a longer period. Experience settings may include, but not be limited to, a child day program, family day home, child day center, boys and girls club, field placement, elementary school, or a faith-based organization.

"Provider" means an individual who is issued the family day home license by the Department of Social Services and who has primary responsibility in providing care, protection, supervision, and guidance of children in the family home.

"Relocation" means movement of occupants of the building to a safe location away from the vicinity of the building.

"Residence" means principal legal dwelling or abode that is occupied for living purposes by the provider and contains the facilities necessary for sleeping, eating, cooking, and family living.

"Sanitized" means treated in such a way as to remove bacteria and viruses from inanimate surfaces through first cleaning and secondly using adisinfectant solution (i.e., bleach solution or commercial chemical disinfectant) or physical agent (e.g., heat) solution of one tablespoon of bleach mixed with one gallon of water and prepared fresh daily or using a sanitizing solution approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. ]  The surface of the item is sprayed or dipped into thedisinfectant sanitizing ] solution and then allowed to air dry.

"School age" means eligible to attend public school, age five or older by September 30 of that same year.

"Serious injury" means a wound or other specific damage to the body such as, but not limited to, unconsciousness; broken bones; dislocation; deep cut requiring stitches; poisoning; concussion; and a foreign object lodged in eye, nose, ear, or other body orifice.

"Shelter-in-place" means movement of occupants of the building to designated protected spaces within the building.

"Substitute provider" means an individual who meets the qualifications of a provider; is designated by the provider; and who provides care, protection, supervision, ] and guidance for children in the family day home when the provider is absent from the home for more than two hours.

"Time out" means a discipline technique in which a child is moved for a brief time away from the stimulation and reinforcement of ongoing activities and other children in the group to allow the child who is losing self-control to regain composure.

"Toddler" means a child from 16 months of age up to 24 months of age.

22VAC40-111-20

22VAC40-111-20. (Reserved.)

22VAC40-111-30

22VAC40-111-30. Operational responsibilities.

A. The provider shall ensure compliance with these standards and the terms of the current license issued by the department and with relevant federal, state or local laws, and other relevant regulations.

B. The provider will ensure compliance with the home's policies that have been disclosed to the parents as required by 22VAC-40-111-70.

C. The provider shall give evidence of financial responsibility.

D. The provider shall be of good character and reputation. Character and reputation investigation includes, but is not limited to, background checks as required by §§ 63.2-1702 and 63.2-1721 of the Code of Virginia.

E. The provider shall meet the requirements specified in 22VAC40-191, Background Checks for Child Welfare Agencies.

F. The provider shall ensure that the home's activities, services, and facilities are conducive to the welfare of children in care.

G. The provider shall be responsible for the home's day-to-day operation.

H. The provider shall ensure that any advertising is not misleading or deceptive as required by § 63.2-1713 of the Code of Virginia.

I. The provider shall meet the requirements specified in 22VAC40-80, General Procedures and Information for Licensure.

22VAC40-111-40

22VAC40-111-40. Capacity.

A. The provider shall ensure that the total number of children receiving care at any one time does not exceed the maximum licensed capacity of the home.

B. When at least one child receives care for compensation, all children, exclusive of the provider's own children and children who reside in the home, who are in the care and supervision of a provider, count in the licensed capacity.

C. The departmentmay restrict the number and ages of children who may be in care at one time in a family day home to less than the maximum group size of 12 children, if the department determines that the maximum is unsuitable for that home will establish the home's maximum capacity ] based on the following factors:

 [ 1. The provider's responsibility to supervise children 13 years of age or older who are not the provider's own children or who do not reside in the home ];

 [ 2. 1. ] The availability of adequate space to allow each child free movement and active play indoors and outdoors as required by 22VAC40-111-380;

 [ 3. 2. ] The provider's responsibility to care for another individual who may require special attention or care, including but not limited to an elderly resident or a child with a serious physical, emotional, or behavioral condition; or

 [ 4. 3. ] The issuance of a special order to limit capacity pursuant to § 63.2-1709.2 of the Code of Virginia.

22VAC40-111-50

22VAC40-111-50. General record keeping.

A. The family day home shall keep a written record of children in attendance each day.

B. The provider's records shall be maintained in the home and made accessible to the department's representative.

C. Information contained in a child's record shall be privileged and confidential.  The provider shall not distribute or release information in a child's record to any unauthorized person without the written consent of the child's parent.

D. Children's records shall be made available to a child's parent upon request, unless otherwise ordered by the court.

E. Records and reports on children, caregivers, and household members required by this chapter shall be maintained and made accessible to the department's representative for two years from the date of termination of services for a child, date of separation from employment for caregivers, or date of termination of residence for a household member, or unless specified otherwise.

22VAC40-111-60

22VAC40-111-60. Children's records.

A. The provider shall maintain an up-to-date record at the family day home for each enrolled child.

B. A child's record shall contain the following information:

1. Child's full name, nickname (if any), sex, address, and birth date;

2. Emergency contact information including:

a. Name, home address, and telephone number of each parent who has custody;

b. Name, address and telephone number of each custodial parent's place of employment;

c. Name, office address and telephone number of the child's physician;

d. Name, address and telephone number of two designated persons to contact in case of an emergency if the parent cannot be reached;

e. Information on allergies and intolerance to food, medication, or any other substances, and actions to take in an emergency situation;

f. Name and policy number of the child's medical insurance, if applicable;

g. Names of persons other than the custodial parents who are authorized to pick up the child;

h. Appropriate legal paperwork when a custodial parent does not authorize the provider to release the child to the other parent; and

i. Chronic physical problems, pertinent developmental information, and any special accommodations needed;

3. First and last dates of attendance;

4. Parent's signed acknowledgement of the receipt of the information required by 22VAC40-111-70;

5. Proof of the child's age and identity and the names and addresses of previously attended child day care and schools as required by 22VAC40-111-80;

6. Immunization records for the child as required by 22VAC40-111-90;

7. Results of the health examination for the child as required by 22VAC40-111-100;

8. Written authorization for emergency medical care should an emergency occur and the parent cannot be located immediately unless the parent presents a written objection to provision of medical treatment on religious or other grounds;

9. Written authorization if a caregiver is to administer prescription or nonprescription medication to the child as required by 22VAC40-111-700 A 2;

10. Written authorization if the child is to participate in swimming or wading activities as required by 22VAC40-111-660 B;

11. Written authorization if the child is taken off the premises of the family day home as required by 22VAC40-111-980;

12. Special instructions to the provider including, but not limited to, exception to an infant's sleeping position as required in 22VAC40-111-590 A, recommendations for the care and activities of a child with special needs as required in 22VAC40-111-620 A, and exception to an infant's being fed on demand as required in 22VAC40-111-960 A;

13. Record of any accidents or injuries sustained by the child while at the family day home as required by 22VAC40-111-840; and

14. Documentation of the review of the child's emergency contact information as required by 22VAC40-111-780 B.

22VAC40-111-70

22VAC40-111-70. Written information for parents.

A. Before the child's first day of attendance, parents shall be provided in writing the following information:

1. Operating information including the hours and days of operation, holidays or other times closed, and the telephone number where a message can be left for a caregiver;

2. Schedule of fees and payment plans;

3. Check in and check out procedures;

4. Policies for the administration of medications;

5. Whether or not there is liability insurance of at least $100,000 per occurrence and $300,000 aggregate in force on the family day home operation as required by § 63.2-1809.1 of the Code of Virginia;

6. Requirement for the family day home to notify the parent when the child becomes ill and for the parent to arrange to have the child picked up as soon as possible if so requested by the home;

7. Requirement for the parent to inform the family day home within 24 hours or the next business day after his child or any member of the immediate household has developed any reportable communicable disease, as defined by the State Board of Health, except for life-threatening diseases, which must be reported immediately;

8. Requirement for the child to beage-appropriately adequately ] immunized  [ as required by 22VAC-40-111-90 ];

9. Requirement for paid caregivers to report suspected child abuse or neglect according to § 63.2-1509 of the Code of Virginia;

10. Custodial parent's right to be admitted to the family day home any time the child is in care as required by § 63.2-1813 of the Code of Virginia;

11. General daily schedule that is appropriate for the age of the enrolling child;

12. Policies for the provision of food;

13. Presence of a pet or animal in the home;

14. Discipline policies including acceptable and unacceptable discipline measures;

15. Amount of time per week that an adult assistant or substitute provider instead of the provider is scheduled to care for the child and the name of the adult assistant or substitute provider;

16. Provisions of the family day home's emergency preparedness and response plan;

17. Parental notifications required in 22VAC40-111-650;

18. Policies for termination of care; and

19. Address of the website of the department, with a note that a copy of this regulation and additional information about the family day home may be obtained from the website, including compliance history that includes information after July 1, 2003.

B. The provider shall obtain the parent's written acknowledgement of the receipt of the information in this section.

22VAC40-111-80

22VAC40-111-80. Proof of age and identity; record of child care and schools.

A. Within seven business days of the child's first day of attendance at the family day home, the provider shall obtain from the parent:

1. Verification of the identity and age of the child; and

2. Name and location of previous day care programs and schools the child has attended.

B. The provider shall verify the identity and age of a child by viewing one of the following:

1. Certified birth certificate;

2. Birth registration card;

3. Notification of birth, i.e., hospital, physician, or midwife record;

4. Passport;

5. Copy of the placement agreement or other proof of the child's identity from a child placing agency;

6. Original or copy of a record or report card from a public school in Virginia;  [ or ]

7. Signed statement on letterhead stationery from a public school principal or other designated official that assures the child is or was enrolled in the school.;or

8. Child identification card issued by the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles. ]

C. The provider shall document in the child's record:

1. The method of verification of the child's age and identity; and

2. The names and locations of the previous child care programs and schools the child has attended.

D. The provider shall notify the local law-enforcement agency if the parent does not provide the information required in 22VAC40-111-80 A within seven business days of the child's first day of attendance at the family day home.

E. The proof of identity, if reproduced or retained by the family day home, shall be destroyed two years after termination of services to the child. The procedures for the disposal, physical destruction, ] or other disposition of the proof of identity containing social security numbers shall include all reasonable steps to destroy such documents by:

1. Shredding;

2. Erasing; or

3. Otherwise modifying the social security numbers in those records to make them unreadable or indecipherable by any means.

22VAC40-111-90

22VAC40-111-90. Immunizations for children.

A. Before a child may attend the family day home, the provider shall obtain documentation that the child has been adequately immunized according tothe requirements of § 32.1-46 A of the Code of Virginia and applicable ] State Board of Health regulations.

 [ B. A child whose immunizations are incomplete may attend the family day home if the provider obtains documentation signed by a licensed physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department that:

1. The child has received at least one dose of the required immunizations; and

2. There is a schedule for completion of the required immunizations within 90 days of the child's first day of attendance at the family day home.

C. At the end of 90 days from the child's first day of attendance at the family day home, the provider shall not allow the child to attend the family day home unless the provider obtains documentation signed by a licensed physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department that:

1. The child's immunization schedule has been completed; or

2. A medical contraindication developed during the 90-day completion schedule. ]

 [ D. B. ] Pursuant to subsection C of § 22.1-271.2 of the Code of Virginia, documentation of immunizations is not required for any child whose:

1. Parent submits an affidavit to the family day home on the current form approved by the Virginia Department of Health stating that the administration of immunizing agents conflicts with the parent's or child's religious tenets or practices; or

2. Physician or a local health department states on a Department of Health-approved form that one or more of the required immunizations may be detrimental to the child's health, indicating the specific nature and probable duration of the medical condition or circumstance that contraindicates immunization.

 [ E. C. ] The family day home shall obtain documentation of additional immunizations for a child who is not exempt from the immunization requirements according to subsection  [ D B ] of this section:

1. Once every six months for children under the age of two years; and

2. Once between each child's fourth and sixth birthdays.

22VAC40-111-100

22VAC40-111-100. Physical examinations for children.

A. The provider shall obtain documentation of a physical examination by or under the direction of a physician prior to a child's attendance or within 30 days after the first day of attendance.

B. The physical examination prior to attendance shall have been conductedwithin ]:

1.Within two Two ] months prior to attendance for children six months of age or younger;

2.Within three Three ] months prior to attendance for children age seven months through 18 months;

3.Within six Six ] months prior to attendance for children age 19 months through 24 months; or ]

4.Within 12 Twelve ] months prior to attendance for children two years of age through five years of age. ; or

5. Twenty-four months prior to attendance for children six years of age and above. ]

 [ C.  ] EXCEPTIONS:

1. A new physical examination is not required if a copy of the physical examination is available to the admitting family day home for a child transferring from a facility licensed by the Virginia Department of Social Services, approved by a licensed family day system, voluntarily registered by the Virginia Department of Social Services or by a contract agency of the Virginia Department of Social Services, or transferring from a Virginia Department of Education-approved child care program;

2. Pursuant to subsection D of § 22.1-270 of the Code of Virginia, physical examinations are not required for any child whose parent objects on religious grounds.  The parent must submit a signed statement noting that the parent objects on religious grounds and certifying that to the best of the parent's knowledge the child is in good health and free from communicable or contagious disease. ;

3. For a school age child, a copy of the physical examination required for his entry into a Virginia public kindergarten or elementary school is acceptable documentation. ]

22VAC40-111-110

22VAC40-111-110. Form and content of immunization and physical examination reports for children.

A. The current form approved by the Virginia Department of Health or a physician's form shall be used to record immunizations received and the results of the required physical examination.

B. Each report shall include the date of the physical examination and dates immunizations were received and shall be signed by a licensed physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department.

22VAC40-111-120

22VAC40-111-120. Caregiver records.

A. The provider shall maintain a record for each caregiver.

B. Caregivers' Assistants' and substitute providers' ] records shall contain the following:

1. Name;

2. Address;

3. Verification of age;

4. Job title;

5. Date of employment or volunteering;

6. Name address and telephone number of a person to be notified in an emergency;

7. For caregivers assistants and substitute providers who are not the spouse, parent, sibling, or child of the provider and are ] hired after [insert effective date of this regulation], documentation that two or more references as to character and reputation as well as competency were checked before employment. If a reference check is taken over the telephone, documentation shall include:

a. Dates of contact,

b. Names of persons contacted,

c. Firms contacted,

d. Results, and

e. Signature of person making call;

8. Background checks as required by 22VAC40-111-130;

 [ 9. Documentation of the time of arrivals and departures for substitute providers as required by 22VAC40-111-140 D; ]

 [ 10. 9. ] Documentation of tuberculosis screening as required by 22VAC40-111-170 and 22VAC40-111-180 A; and

 [ 11.10. ]  Documentation of the education and training as required by 22VAC40-111-230.

 [ C. Substitute providers' records shall also contain documentation of the time of arrivals and departures as required by 22VAC40-111-140 D;

D. Providers' records shall contain the following:

1. Background checks as required by 22VAC40-111-130;

2. Documentation of tuberculosis screening as required by 22VAC40-111-170 and 22VAC40-111-180 A; and

3. Documentation of the education and training as required by 22VAC40-111-230. ]

22VAC40-111-130

22VAC40-111-130. General qualifications for caregivers.

Caregivers shall:

1. Be of good character and reputation;

2. Be physically and mentally capable of carrying out assigned responsibilities;

3. Be courteous, respectful, patient, and affectionate toward the children in care;

4. Be able to speak, read, and write in English as necessary to:

a. Carry out assigned job responsibilities, and

b. Communicate effectively with emergency responders; and

5. Meet the requirements specified in 22VAC40-191, Background Checks for Child Welfare Agencies.

22VAC40-111-140

22VAC40-111-140. Qualifications and requirements for providers and substitute providers.

A. Providers and substitute providers shall be 18 years of age or older.

B. Providers licensed after and substitute providers employed after [insert effective date of this regulation] shall have:

1. (i) A high school program completion or the equivalent or (ii) evidence of having met the requirements for admission to an accredited college or university;

2. Three months of programmatic experience;

3. Current certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as appropriate to the age of the children in care, from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, American Safety and Health Institute, the National Safety Council, orother designated program approved by the department current CPR certification issued within the past two years by a community college, a hospital, a rescue squad, or a fire department ]; and

4. Current certification in first aid from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, American Safety and Health Institute, the National Safety Council, orother designated program approved by the department current first aid certification issued within the past three years by a community college, a hospital, a rescue squad, or a fire department ].

EXCEPTION: A provider or substitute provider who is a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse with a current license from the Board of Nursing shall not be required to obtain first aid certification.

C. Use of a substitute provider shall be limited to no more than a total of 240 hours per calendar year.

D. A substitute provider shall record and sign the time of arrivals and departures on each day that the substitute provider works.

22VAC40-111-150

22VAC40-111-150. Qualifications and requirements for assistants.

A. Assistants shallbe 16 years of age or older ]:

 [ 1. Be 16 years of age or older;

2. Have current certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as appropriate to the age of the children in care, from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, American Safety and Health Institute, National Safety Council, or other designated program approved by the department; and

3. Have current certification in first aid from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, American Safety and Health Institute, National Safety Council, or other designated program approved by the department.

EXCEPTION: An assistant who is a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse with a current license from the Board of Nursing shall not be required to obtain first aid certification. ]

B. An assistant under the age of 18 years of age shall always work under the direct supervision of the provider or substitute provider. Direct supervision means being able to hear or see the assistant and children at all times.

C. An assistant 18 years of age or older shall not be left alone with children in care for more than two hours per day.

 [ D. An assistant 18 years of age or older who is left alone with children in care shall have:

1. Current certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as appropriate to the age of the children in care, from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, American Safety and Health Institute, National Safety Council, or current CPR certification issued within the past two years by a community college, a hospital, a rescue squad, or a fire department; and

2. Current certification in first aid from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, American Safety and Health Institute, National Safety Council, or current first aid certification issued within the past three years by a community college, a hospital, a rescue squad, or a fire department.

EXCEPTION: An assistant who is a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse with a current license from the Board of Nursing shall not be required to obtain first aid certification. ]

 [ D E. ]  An assistant 18 years of age or older who meets the requirements for a substitute provider may act as the substitute provider when the provider is absent from the home for more than two hours.

22VAC40-111-160

22VAC40-111-160. Attributes for household members.

Members of the family day household 14 years of age and older, including relatives and lodgers Individuals 14 years of age and older who reside in the family day home ] shall:

1. Display behavior that demonstrates emotional stability;

2. Be of good character and reputation; and

3. Meet the requirements specified in 22VAC40-191, Background Checks for Child Welfare Agencies.

22VAC40-111-170

22VAC40-111-170. Initial tuberculosis screening for caregivers and household members.

A. The provider shall obtain from each caregiver at the time of hire and each adult household member prior to coming into contact with children a current Report of Tuberculosis Screening form published by the Virginia Department of Health or a form consistent with it documenting the absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form.

B. The form shall have been completed within the last 30 days and be signed by a physician, physicians' designee, or an official of the local health department.

22VAC40-111-180

22VAC40-111-180. Subsequent tuberculosis screening for caregivers and household members.

A. The provider shall obtain for each caregiver and adult household member a current Report of Tuberculosis Screening form, in accordance with the requirements in 22VAC40-111-170, every two years from the date of the first screening or more frequently as recommended by a physician or the local health department.

B. Within 30 days of a caregiver's or adult household member's coming into contact with a known case of infectious tuberculosis, the provider shall obtain for the individual a new Report of Tuberculosis Screening form in accordance with the requirements in 22VAC40-111-170. Until a new screening form is issued that documents the absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form, the caregiver or adult household member shall not have contact with children.

C. The provider shall immediately obtain a new Report of Tuberculosis Screening form in accordance with the requirements in 22VAC40-111-170 for any caregiver or adult household member who develops chronic respiratory symptoms of three weeks duration. Until a new screening form is issued that documents the absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form, the caregiver or adult household member shall not have contact with children.

22VAC40-111-190

22VAC40-111-190. Physical and mental health examinations for caregivers and household members.

A. The provider or the department's representative may require a report of examination by a licensed physician or mental health professional when there are indications that a caregiver's or household member's physical or mental health may endanger the health, safety, or well-being of children in care.

B. A caregiver or household member who is determined by a licensed physician or mental health professional to show an indication of a physical or mental condition that may endanger the health, safety, or well-being of children in care or that would prevent the performance of duties shall be removed immediately from contact with children and food served to children until the condition is cleared as evidenced by a signed statement from the physician or mental health professional.

22VAC40-111-200

22VAC40-111-200. Orientation.

A. The provider shall orient the substitute provider and assistant by the end of their first week of assuming job responsibilities.

B. The orientation shall cover the following topics:

1. Job responsibilities;

2. Requirements for parental notifications listed in 22VAC40-111-650;

3. Standards in this chapter that relate to the substitute provider's or assistant's responsibilities;

4. Emergency evacuation, relocation, and shelter-in-place procedures;

5. Location of emergency numbers, first aid kit, and emergency supplies;

6. Confidential treatment of information about children in care and their families; and

7. Requirement for reporting suspected child abuse and neglect.

C. Documentation of the orientation shall be signed and dated by the provider and substitute provider or by the provider and assistant.

22VAC40-111-210

22VAC40-111-210. Annual training.

A. In addition to satisfactory completion of first aid training and CPR training, caregivers shall obtain a minimum of eight clock hours of training annually in areas relevant to their job responsibilities.

1. One year after [insert the effective date of this regulation], caregivers shall obtain 12 clock hours of training annually.

2. Two years after [insert the effective date of this regulation], caregivers shall obtain 14 clock hours of training annually.

3. Three years after [insert the effective date of this regulation], caregivers shall obtain 16 clock hours of training annually.

B. The annual training shall cover areas such as, but not limited to:

1. Physical, intellectual, social, and emotional child development;

2. Behavior management and discipline techniques;

3. Health and safety in the family day home environment;

4. Art and music activities for children;

5. Child nutrition;

6. Recognition and prevention of child abuse and neglect;or

7. Emergency preparedness as required by 22 VAC 40-111-800 C; or ]

7 8. ] Recognition and prevention of the spread of communicable diseases.

22VAC40-111-220

22VAC40-111-220. Medication administration training.

A. To safely perform medication administration practices listed in 22VAC40-111-710 whenever the family day home has agreed to administer prescription medicationsor non-prescription medications ], the administration shall be performed by a caregiver who:

1. Has satisfactorily completed a training program for this purpose developed or approved by the Board of Nursing and taught by a registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, doctor of medicine or osteopathic medicine, or pharmacist; or

2. Is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia to administer medications.

B. Caregivers required to have the training in subdivision A 1 of this section shall be retrained at three-year intervals.

 [ C. To safely perform medication administration practices listed in 22VAC40-111-720 whenever the family day home has agreed to administer nonprescription medications, the administration  [ must ]  shall be performed by a caregiver who:

1. Has satisfactorily completed a training program for this purpose developed by the Department of Social Services, or

2. Is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia to administer medications.

D. Caregivers required to have the training specified in subdivision C 1 of this section shall be retrained at three-year intervals. ]

22VAC40-111-230

22VAC40-111-230. Documentation of education and training.

A. The provider shall maintain written documentation of each caregiver's applicable education and programmatic experience, applicable first aid certification, and ] CPR certification, orientation, annual training, and applicable medication administration training.

B. Written documentation of annual training shall include:

1. Name of the caregiver,

2. Name of the training session,

3. Date and total hours of the session, and

4. Name of the organization that sponsored the training and the trainer.

22VAC40-111-240

22VAC40-111-240. Home maintenance.

A. Areas and furnishings of the family day home, inside and outside, shall be maintained in a clean, safe, and operable condition. Unsafe conditions shall include, but not be limited to,the presence of poisonous plants; tripping hazards; unstable heavy equipment, furniture, or other items that a child could pull down on himself; ] splintered, cracked, ] or otherwise deteriorating wood; chipped or peeling paint; visible cracks, bending or warping, rusting, ] or breakage of any equipment; head entrapment hazards; and protruding nails, bolts, or other components that could entangle or could snag skin.

B. No equipment, materials, or furnishings shall be used if recalled or identified by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission as being hazardous.

22VAC40-111-250

22VAC40-111-250. Hanging,suffocation ] and strangulation hazards.

A. Hanging items including, but not limited to, window blind or curtain cords, appliance cords, and [ tablecloths ropes ] shall be out of reach of children under five years of age.

B. Children shall be protected from materials that could be swallowed or present a choking hazard. Toys or objects less than 1-1/4 inches in diameter and less than two inches in length shall be kept out of reach of children under the age of three years.

C. Items tied across the top or corner of a crib or playpen or toys hung from the sides with strings or cords shall be removed when the child begins to push up on hands and knees or is five months of age, whichever occurs first.

D. Hood or neck drawstrings shall be removed from a child's clothing prior to a child's using climbing play equipment.

 [ E. Latex gloves, balloons, and empty plastic bags large enough for a child's head to fit inside shall be inaccessible to children under five years of age. ]

22VAC40-111-260

22VAC40-111-260. Drowning hazards.

A. Access to the water in aboveground swimming pools shall be prevented by locking and securing the ladder in place or storing the ladder in a place inaccessible to children.

B. A nonclimbable barrier at least four feet high such as, but not limited to, a fence or impenetrable hedge shall surround outdoor play areas located within 30 feet of drowning hazards such as, but not limited to, inground swimming or wading pools, ponds, or fountains not enclosed by safety fences. Facilities licensed prior to [insert the effective date of this regulation] must comply fully with the requirement of this subsection within one year of [insert the effective date of this regulation].

C. Portable wading pools without integral filter systems shall:

1. Be emptied after use by each group of children, rinsed, and filled with clean water, or more frequently as necessary; and

2. When not in use during the family day home's hours of operation, be emptied, sanitized, and stored in a position to keep them clean and dry.

D. Portable wading pools shall not be used by children who are not potty trained.

E. Bathtubs, buckets, and other containers of liquid accessible to children shall be emptied immediately after use.

F. Hot tubs, spas, and whirlpools shall:

1. Not be used by children in care, and

2. Covered with safety covers while children are in care.

22VAC40-111-270

22VAC40-111-270. Firearms and ammunition.

A. Firearms of every type and purpose shall be stored unloaded in a locked container, compartment, ] or cabinet, and apart from ammunition.

B. Ammunition shall be stored in a locked container, compartment, ] or cabinet during the family day home's hours of operation.

C. If a key is used to lock the container, compartment, ] or cabinet, the key shall be inaccessible to children.

22VAC40-111-280

22VAC40-111-280. Poisonous materials.

Potentially poisonous substances, materials and supplies such as, but not limited to, cleaning agents, disinfectants, deodorizers, plant care chemicals, pesticides, and petroleum distillates shall be stored away from food in areas inaccessible to children.

22VAC40-111-290

22VAC40-111-290. Sharp objects.

Sharp kitchen utensils and other sharp objects shall be inaccessible to children unless being used by the caregiver or with children under close supervision.

22VAC40-111-300

22VAC40-111-300. Body fluids contamination.

When any surface has been contaminated with body fluids, it shall be cleaned and sanitized.

22VAC40-111-310

22VAC40-111-310. Machinery.

Machineryin operation ] such as lawnmowers and power tools shall be inaccessible to the children in care.

22VAC40-111-320

22VAC40-111-320. Fire safety and shock prevention.

A. Small electrical appliances such as, but not limited to, curling irons, toasters, blenders, can openers, and irons shall be unpluggedand placed in an area inaccessible to children ] unless being used by the caregiver or with children under close supervision.

B. Child-resistant protective covers larger than 1-1/4 inches in diameter shall be installed on all unused electrical outletsand surge protectors ] accessible to children [ under five years of age ].

C. No electrical device accessible to children shall be placed so that it could be plugged into an electrical outlet while in contact with a water source, such as a sink, tub, shower area, toilet, or swimming or wading pool.

D. Electrical cords and electrical appliances and equipment with cords that are frayed and have exposed wires shall not be used.

E. Radiators, oil and wood burning stoves, floor furnaces, fireplaces, portable electric heaters, and similar heating devices located in areas accessible to children shall have barriers or screens and be located at least three feet from combustible materials.

F. Unvented fuel burning heaters shall not be used when children are in care. Unvented fuel burning heaters include, but are not limited to, portable oil-burning (kerosene) heaters; portable, unvented liquid or gas fueled heaters; and unvented fireplaces.

G. Wood burning stoves and fireplaces and associated chimneys shall be inspected annually by a knowledgeable inspector to verify that the devices are properly installed, maintained, and cleaned as needed. Documentation of the inspection and cleaning shall be maintained by the provider.

H. All flammable and combustible materials such as, but not limited to, matches, lighters, lighter fluid, kerosene, turpentine, oil and grease products, aerosol cans, ] and alcohol shall be stored in an area inaccessible to children.

I. If there are open and obvious fire hazards, including the absence of fire extinguishers or smoke detectors as required by the Uniform Statewide Building Code and the Statewide Fire Prevention Code, the local fire prevention or building officials, or the State Fire Marshal's office shall be contacted by the department's representative. The provider shall comply with the requirements or recommendations made by the fire prevention or building officials to eliminate fire hazards.

22VAC40-111-330

22VAC40-111-330. Telephones.

A. A landline telephone, excluding a cordless or cell phone, shall be available, operable, and accessible during the family day home's hours of operation. An operable landline telephone is one that does not require electricity to operate. Cordless or cell phones may be used in addition to the landline telephone.

B. If the telephone number is unlisted, the provider shall ensure that parents and the department have been given the unlisted number in writing.

C. The provider shall inform the department within 48 hours and parents within 24 hours of a change of the telephone number.

22VAC40-111-340

22VAC40-111-340. Bathrooms.

A. The home shall have an indoor bathroom.

B. The bathroom shall be easily accessible to children two years of age and older.

C. The bathroom shall be kept clean and contain a working toilet and sink, toilet tissue, liquid soap, and paper towels.

22VAC40-111-350

22VAC40-111-350. Water supply.

A. The home shall have indoor running water.

B. When water is not obtained from a municipal supply, and the house is not connected to a municipal sewer line, the water supply and septic system of the family day home shall be inspected and approved by the local health official or a private laboratory if there are open and obvious symptoms of water or sewage system problems, such as evidence of cloudy, murky, or muddy water, or sewage back up.

C. Family day homes connected to a municipal water supply and sewer line that have open and obvious symptoms of water or sewage system problems shall have the problems corrected within a time frame established by the local public utility department.

D. There shall be an ample supply of hot and cold water available to children and caregivers for hand washing.

E. Hot water at taps available to children shall be maintained within a range of 105°F to 120°F.

22VAC40-111-360

22VAC40-111-360. Garbage.

A. Garbage shall be removed on a daily basis from rooms occupied by children and removed from the premises at least once weekly or more often as needed.

B. There shall be a sufficient number of garbage and diaper containers.

C. Children shall not be allowed access to garbage storage areas.

D. Garbage storage areas shall be free of litter, odor, and uncontained trash.

22VAC40-111-370

22VAC40-111-370. Rodents and insects.

A. The home shall be kept free from rodents and insect infestation.

B. No home shall maintain any receptacle or pool, whether natural or artificial, containing water in such condition that insects breeding therein may become a menace to public health.

22VAC40-111-380

22VAC40-111-380. Space.

The home shall provide each child with adequate space to allow free movement and active play indoors and out.

22VAC40-111-390

22VAC40-111-390. Individual location.

A. Each child who is two years of age and older shall have access to an individual location in which to keep clothing, toys, and belongings.

B. Each child who is under the age of two shall have an individual location in which to keep clothing, toys, and belongings that is accessible to the caregiver and parent.

22VAC40-111-400

22VAC40-111-400. Heating and cooling.

A. The temperature in all inside areas occupied by children shall be maintained no lower than 65ºF.

B. Fans or other cooling systems shall be used when the temperature of inside areas occupied by children exceeds 80ºF.

22VAC40-111-410

22VAC40-111-410. Electric fans.

Portable electric fans shall be securely mounted out of the reach of children and shall be equipped with a mesh guard.

22VAC40-111-420

22VAC40-111-420. Lighting.

A. All rooms Rooms ] , halls, and stairways used by children in care shall be lighted with natural or electric lighting for the children's safety and comfort. 

B. Entrance and exit ways shall be unobstructed and be lighted with natural or electric lighting.

22VAC40-111-430

22VAC40-111-430. Stairs.

A. Children under two years of age and children over two years of age who are not developmentally ready to climb or descend stairs without supervision shall not have access to stairs.

B. Accordion expansion gates and pressure mounted gates shall not be used as protective barriers at stair openings.

C. Children over the age of two shall not have access to stairs with three or more risers that do not have protective barriers or guardrails on each side.

D. Protective barriers or guardrails on sides of stairs shall be constructed to prevent a child from climbing over, crawling or falling through, or becoming entrapped.

22VAC40-111-440

22VAC40-111-440. Decks and porches.

A. Children shall not have access to decks, porches, lofts, or balconies that do not have protective barriers or guardrails.

B. Protective barriers or guardrails shall be constructed to prevent a child from climbing over, crawling or falling through, or becoming entrapped.

22VAC40-111-450

22VAC40-111-450. Doors and windows.

A. Doors with clear glass panels that reach within 18 inches of the floor shall be clearly marked with decorative objects such as pictures, art work, or decals at the eye level of children in care.

B. Closet door doors with ] latches shall be such that children can open the door from inside the closet.

C. Bathroom door doors with ] locks shall be designed to permit opening of the locked door from the outside with a readily accessible opening device.

D. Windows and doors used for ventilation shall be securely screened.

22VAC40-111-460

22VAC40-111-460. Animals.

A. Family pets shall not be allowed on any surfaces where food is prepared or served.

B.Any A  ] pet or animal present at the home, indoors or outdoors, shall be in good health and show no evidence of carrying any disease.

C. Dogs or cats, where allowed, shall be vaccinated for rabies and shall be treated for fleas, ticks, or worms as needed.

D. The provider shall maintain documentation of the current rabies vaccination.

E. Caregivers shall closely supervise children when children are exposed to animals.

F. Children shall be instructed on safe procedures to follow when in close proximity to animals, e.g., not to provoke or startle them or remove their food.

G. Animals that have shown aggressive behavior shall not be kept in the home or on the grounds.

H. Monkeys, ferrets,turtles, iguanas reptiles ], psittacine birds (birds of the parrot family), orvenomous and constricting snakes wild or dangerous animals ] shall not be in areas accessible to children during the hours children are in care.

I. Animal litter boxes, toys, food dishes, and water dishes shall [ not be located in areas accessible be inaccessible ] to children.

J. All animal excrement shall be removed promptly, disposed of properly, and ,if indoors, ] the soiled area cleaned.

22VAC40-111-470

22VAC40-111-470. Smoking and prohibited substances.

The provider shall ensure that:

1. No person smokes:

a. Indoors while children are in care,

b. In a vehicle when children are transported, or

c. Outdoors in an area occupied by children.

2. No caregiver is under the effects of medication that impairs functioning, alcohol, or illegal drugs.

22VAC40-111-480

22VAC40-111-480. Play equipment and materials.

A. The family day home shall provide a sufficient quantity and variety of play materials and equipment that shall be readily accessible to children.

B. Equipment and materials used by a child shall be appropriate to the age, size, ability, and interest of the child.

C. Materials and equipment available shall include, but not be limited to, arts and crafts materials, texture materials, construction materials, music and sound materials, books, social living equipment, and manipulative equipment.

D. Equipment used by children shall be assembled, maintained, and used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

E. Equipment and materials used by children shall be clean, nontoxic, and free from hazards such as lead paint, sharp edges or points, loose parts, and rust.

F. Toys mouthed by children shall be cleaned and sanitized daily.

22VAC40-111-490

22VAC40-111-490. Indoor slides and climbing equipment.

The climbing portions of indoor slides and climbing equipment over 18 inches high shall not be over bare floor.

22VAC40-111-500

22VAC40-111-500. Outdoor play area and equipment.

A. A nonclimbable barrier at least four feet high such as, but not limited to, a fence or impenetrable hedge shall surround outdoor play areas located within 30 feet of hazards such as, but not limited to, streets with speed limits in excess of 25 miles per hour or with heavy traffic, or railroad tracks. Facilities licensed prior to [insert the effective date of this regulation] must comply fully with the requirement of this subsection within one year of [insert the effective date of this regulation].

B. The highest climbing rung or platform on outdoor climbing equipment or top of a slide shall not exceed six feet for school age children and four feet for preschool children.

C. Stationary outdoor playground equipment shall:

1. Not be installed over concrete, asphalt, or any other hard surface;

2. Be placed at least six feet from the perimeter of other play structures or obstacles; and

3. Be firmly anchored with ground supports that are covered with materials to protect children from injury.

D. Outdoor play equipment shall meet the following requirements:

1. "S" hooks shall be tightly closed;

2. Swings shall have flexible seats of rubber, canvas, or nylon;

3. Nonflexible-molded seats shall be used only when a caregiver stays within arm's length of any hard-molded swing in use and is positioned to see and protect other children who might walk into the path of the swing;

4. Openings above the ground that are closed on all sides shall be smaller than 3-1/2 inches or larger than nine inches to prevent head entrapment hazards;

5. Ropes, loops, ] or any hanging apparatus that might entrap, close, or tighten upon a child shall not be used;

6. Equipment with moving parts that might pinch or crush children's hands or fingers shall not be used unless they have guards or covers; and

7. Equipment with platforms and ramps over 30 inches high shall have been designed with guardrails or barriers to prevent falls.

E. Sandboxes shall be covered when not in use.

F. Trampolines shall not be used during the hours children are in care.

22VAC40-111-510

22VAC40-111-510. Rest areas.

A. A child shall be provided with an individual crib, cot, rest mat, or bed for resting or napping.

B. Upper levels of double-deck beds shall not be used.

C. Occupied cribs, cots, rest mats, and beds shall be:

1. At least three feet from any heat-producing appliance; and

2. At least 12 inches from each other.

D. Rest mats that are used must have at least an inch of cushioning.

E. Rest mats shall be cleaned and sanitized on all sides at least weekly and as needed.

22VAC40-111-520

22VAC40-111-520. Cribs.

A. Cribs shall be provided for children from birth through 12 months of age and for children over 12 months of age who are not developmentally ready to sleep on a cot, rest mat, or bed.

B. Cribs shall not be used as a play space for infants.

C. Cribs shall:

1. Meet the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission standards at the time they were manufactured;

2. Not have been recalled;

3. Have no more than six centimeters or 2-3/8 inches of space between slats;

4. Have mattresses that fit snugly next to the crib so that no more than two fingers can be inserted between the mattress and the crib;

5. Not have end panel cutouts of a size to cause head entrapment; and

6. Not have mesh sides.

D.Double-decker Double-deck ] cribs shall not be used.

E. Crib bumper pads shall not be used.

F. Crib sides shall always be up and the fastenings secured when a child is in the crib, except when the caregiver is giving the child immediate attention.

22VAC40-111-530

22VAC40-111-530. Linens.

A. Cribs, cots, rest mats, and beds when being used for sleeping or napping by children other than infants shall have linens consisting of a top cover and a bottom cover or a one-piece covering that is open on three edges.

B. Cribs when being used by infants shall have a tight-fitting bottom cover.

C. Linens shall be assigned for individual use.

D. Linens shall be clean and washed at least weekly or when soiled; crib sheets shall be cleaned and washed daily ].

E. Clean linens shall be used each time a child rests on the bed of a family member.

F. No soft bedding of any kind shall be used under or around infants including, but not limited to, pillows, quilts, comforters, sheepskins, or stuffed toys.

G. Children under two years of age shall not use pillows or filled comforters.

H. Pillows, when used for children over two years of age, shall be assigned for individual use and covered with pillowcases.

I. Mattresses, when used, shall be covered with a waterproof material that can be cleaned and sanitized.

22VAC40-111-540

22VAC40-111-540. Infant and toddler equipment.

A. Infant carrier seats, swings, strollers, feeding or activity tables, and high chairs shall be used according to the manufacturer's instructions and when occupied by a child, a safety strap shall be used and securely fastened.

B. Infant walkers shall not be used.

22VAC40-111-550

22VAC40-111-550. Play pens.

A play pen where used shall:

1. Have either mesh netting with mesh holes smaller than 1/4 inch or slats no more than 2-3/8 inches apart;

2. Have a firm floor with a secured, waterproof pad that is not more than one-inch thick;

3. Have the sides up and the fastenings secured when a child is in the play pen, except when the caregiver is giving the child immediate attention;

4. Be cleaned and sanitized each day of use or more often as needed;

5. Not be occupied by more than one child;

6. Not be used for the designated sleeping area;

7. Not have torn mesh sides or vinyl-covered or fabric-covered rails, protruding rivets on the rails, or broken hinges;

8. Not contain any pillows or filled comforters;

9. Not contain large toys and other objects that can serve as a stepping stool for climbing out when a child can pull to a standing position;

10. Not be used by children who weigh 30 pounds or more; and

11. Not be used by children who are 35 inches tall or taller.

22VAC40-111-560

22VAC40-111-560. Supervision.

 [ A. Caregivers who are supervising children shall always ensure the children's care, protection, and guidance.

B. When awake, infants and toddlers shall always be within actual sight and sound of a caregiver.

C. When awake, preschoolers shall always be within actual sight or sound of a caregiver. If a preschool-aged child is only within sound of a caregiver, the caregiver shall monitor the child by in-person checks at least every 15 minutes and every five minutes if the child is in the restroom.

D. Sleeping infants, toddlers, and preschoolers shall be within actual sight or sound of a caregiver.

E. If a sleeping infant, toddler, or preschooler is only within sound of a caregiver, the caregiver shall monitor the child by observing the child at least every 15 minutes. 

A. A caregiver shall be physically present on site and provide direct care and supervision of each child at all times. Direct care and supervision of each child includes:

1. Awareness of and responsibility for each child in care, including being near enough to intervene if needed; and

2. Monitoring of each sleeping infant in one of the following ways:

a. By placing each infant for sleep in a location where the infant is within sight and hearing of a caregiver;

b. By in-person observation of each sleeping infant at least once every 15 minutes; or

c. By using a baby monitor.

B. Caregivers shall actively supervise each child during outdoor play to minimize the risk of injury to a child.

C. A caregiver may allow only school age children to play outdoors while the caregiver is indoors if the caregiver can hear the children playing outdoors. ]

 [ F D. ] Infants shall be protected from older children.

 [ G. School age children shall be supervised in a manner that ensures a caregiver is aware of what the children are doing at all times and can promptly assist, redirect, and intervene in activities when necessary.

H. In deciding how closely to supervise school age children, caregivers shall consider the following:

1. Ages of children;

2. Individual differences and abilities;

3. Layout of the house and play area;

4. Neighborhood circumstances or hazards; and

5. Risk of activities in which children are engaged. ]

 [ I. E. ]  No child under five years of age or a child older than five who lacks the motor skills and strength to avoid accidental drowning, scalding, or falling while bathing shall be left unattended while in the bathtub.

22VAC40-111-570

22VAC40-111-570. Determining need for additional caregiver.

A. The provider shall ensure that a caregiver does not exceed 16 points by using the following point system to determine if an additional caregiver is needed:

1. Children from birth through 15 months of age count as four points each;

2. Children from 16 months through 23 months of age count as three points each;

3. Children from two through four years of age count as two points each;

4. Children from five years through nine years of age count as one point each; and

5. Children who are 10 years of age and older count as zero points.

B. A caregiver's own children and resident children under eight years of age count in point maximums.

22VAC40-111-580

22VAC40-111-580. General requirements for programs.

A. In order to promote the child's physical, intellectual, emotional, and social well-being and growth, caregivers shall:

1. Talk to the child;

2. Provide needed help, comfort,and ] support;

3. Respect personal privacy;

4. Respect differences in cultural, ethnic, and family backgrounds;

5. Encourage decision-making abilities;

6. Promote ways of getting along;

7. Encourage independence and self-direction; and

8. Use consistency in applying expectations.

B. Caregivers shall provide age-appropriate activities for children in care throughout the day that:

1. Are based on the physical, social, emotional, and intellectual needs of the children;

2. Reflect the diversity of enrolled children's families, culture, and ethnic backgrounds; and

3. Enhance the total development of children.

C. Daily age-appropriate activities shall include:

1. Opportunities for alternating periods of indoor active and quiet play depending on the ages of the children;

2. Opportunities for vigorous outdoor play daily, depending upon the weather, the ages, and the health of the children;

3. Opportunities for one or more regularly scheduled rest or nap periods. Children unable to sleep shall be provided time and space for quiet play;

4. Opportunities for children to learn about themselves, others, and the world around them;

5. Opportunities for children to exercise initiative and develop independence in accordance with their ages; and

6. Opportunities for structured and unstructured play time and provider-directed and child-initiated learning activities.

22VAC40-111-590

22VAC40-111-590. Requirements for sleeping and resting.

A. Infants shall be placed on their backs when sleeping or napping unless otherwise ordered by a written statement signed by the child's physician.

B. An infant, toddler, or preschool child who falls asleep in a play space other than his own crib, cot, mat, or bed shall be moved promptly to his designated sleeping space if the safety or comfort of the infant, toddler, or preschool child is in question.

C. School age children shall be allowed to nap if needed, but not forced to do so.

22VAC40-111-600

22VAC40-111-600. Daily activities for infants and toddlers.

A. Infants and toddlers shall be provided with opportunities to:

1. Interact with caregivers and other children in the home in order to stimulate language development;

2. Play with a wide variety of safe, age-appropriate toys;

3. Receive individual attention from caregivers including, but not limited to, holding, cuddling, talking, and reading; and

4. Reach, grasp, pull up, creep, crawl, and walk to develop motor skills.

B. Infants and toddlers shall spend no more than 30 minutes of consecutive time during waking hours, with the exception of mealtimes, confined in a crib, play pen, high chair or other confining piece of equipment. The intervening time period between confinements shall be at least one hour.

22VAC40-111-610

22VAC40-111-610. Television, computers, videos, and video games.

A. Use of media such as, but not limited to, television, videos, video games, and computers shall be:

1. Limited to not more than a total of two hours per day; and

2. Limited to programs, tapes, websites, and software that are produced for children or are suitable for children.

B. Other activities shall be available to children during television or video viewing.

22VAC40-111-620

22VAC40-111-620. Care of a child with special needs.

A. Caregivers shall provide a child with special needs with the care and activities recommended in writing by a physician, psychologist, or other professional who has evaluated or treated the child.

B. The written recommendation shall:

1. Include instructions for any special treatment, diet, or restrictions in activities that are necessary for the health of the child; and

2. Be maintained in the child's record.

C. The provider shall ensure the environment is appropriate for the child based on the plan of care and shall instruct other caregivers in the proper techniques of care.

D. A caregiver shall perform only those procedures and treatments for which he has the necessary training, experience, credentials, ] or license to perform.

E. Staffing shall be appropriate and adequate to meet the specific physical and developmental needs of a child with special needs in care.

F. The provider and the parent of the child with special needs shall mutually determine a recommendation for the level of staffing necessary to care for and supervise the child based on the child's chronological and functional age and degree of disability.

G. Within 30 days of the child's enrollment, the provider shall provide the department's representative a written recommendation for the level of staffing necessary to care for and supervise the child.

H. The department shall make the final decision regarding level of staffing or any capacity limitations necessary to care for, supervise, and protect all children in care when a child with special needs is receiving care.

I. The parent, provider, and department's representative shall review the staffing requirements annually.

J. A separate area shall be provided for the purpose of privacy for diapering, dressing, and other personal care procedures for a child above age three with special needs who requires assistance in these activities.

22VAC40-111-630

22VAC40-111-630. Behavioral guidance.

A. Caregivers shall use positive methods of discipline.  Discipline shall be constructive in nature and include techniques such as:

1. Using limits that are fair, consistently applied, appropriate, and understandable for the child's level of development;

2. Providing children with reasons for limits;

3. Giving positively worded direction;

4. Modeling and redirecting children to acceptable behavior;

5. Helping children to constructively express their feelings and frustration to resolve conflict; and

6. Arranging equipment, materials, activities, and schedules in a way that promotes desirable behavior.

B. When time out is used as a discipline technique:

1. It shall be used sparingly and shall not exceed one minute for each year of the child's age;

2. It shall be appropriate to the child's developmental level and circumstances;

3. It shall not be used with infants or toddlers;

4. The child shall be in a safe, lighted, well-ventilated place, and within sight and sound of a caregiver; and

5. The child shall not be left alone inside or outside the home while separated from the group.

22VAC40-111-640

22VAC40-111-640. Forbidden actions.

The following acts or threats thereof are forbidden:

1. Physical punishment including, but not limited to, striking a child, roughly handling or shaking a child, biting, pinching, restricting movement through binding or tying, forcing a child to assume an uncomfortable position, or exercise as punishment;

2. Enclosure in a small, confined space or any space that the child cannot freely exit himself; however, this does not apply to the use of equipment such as cribs, play pens, high chairs, and safety gates when used for their intended purpose with children preschool age or younger;

3. Punishment by another child;

4. Withholding or forcing of food, water, or rest;

5. Verbal remarks that are demeaning to the child;

6. Punishment for toileting accidents; and

7. Punishment by applying unpleasant or harmful substances.

22VAC40-111-650

22VAC40-111-650. Parent notifications.

A. The provider shall provide written notification to the parent within 10 business days after the effective date of the change when there is no longer liability insurance in force on the family day home operation;

1. The provider shall obtain the parent's written acknowledgement of the receipt of this notification, and

2. A copy of the parent's written acknowledgement of the receipt of this notification shall be maintained in the child's record.

B. Caregivers shall provide information daily to parents about the child's health, development, behavior, adjustment, or needs.

C. The provider shall give parents prior notice when a substitute provider will be caring for the children.

D. Caregivers shall notify parents when persistent behavioral problems are identified and such notification shall include any disciplinary steps taken in response.

E. The provider shall notify the parent immediately when the child:

1. Has a head injury or any serious injury that requires emergency medical or dental treatment;

2. Has an adverse reaction to medication administered;

3. Has been administered medication incorrectly;

4. Is lost or missing; or

5. Has died.

F. The provider shall notify a parent the same day whenever first aid is administered to the child.

G. When a child has been exposed to a communicable disease listed in the Department of Health's current communicable disease chart, the provider shall notify the parent within 24 hours or the next business day of the home's having been informed, unless forbidden by law, except for life-threatening diseases, which must be reported to parents immediately. The provider shall consult the local health department if there is a question about the communicability of a disease.

H. Parents shall be informed of any changes in the home's emergency preparedness and response plan.

I. Except in emergency evacuation or relocation situations, the provider shall inform the parent and have written permission as required by 22VAC40-111-980 whenever the child will be taken off the premises of the family day home, before such occasion.

J. If an emergency evacuation or relocation is necessary, the parent shall be informed of the child's whereabouts as soon as possible.

22VAC40-111-660

22VAC40-111-660. Swimming and wading activities.

A. The level of supervision by caregivers required in 22VAC40-111-560 and the point system as outlined in 22VAC40-111-570 shall be maintained while the children are participating in swimming or wading activities.

B. The family day home shallannually ] obtain:

1. Written permission from the parent of each child who participates in swimming or wading activities, and

2. A written statement from the parent advising of a child's swimming skills before the child is allowed in water above the child's shoulder height.

C. Caregivers shall have a system for accounting for all children in the water.

D. Outdoor swimming activities shall occur only during daylight hours.

E. When one or more children are in water that is more than two feet deep in a pool, lake, or other swimming area on or off the premises of the family day home:

1. A minimum of least two caregivers shall be present and able to supervise the children; and

2. An individual currently certified in basic water rescue, community water safety, water safety instruction, or lifeguarding shall be on duty supervising the children participating in swimming or wading activities at all times. The certification shall be obtained from an organization such as, but not limited to, the American Red Cross, the YMCA, or the Boy Scouts.

22VAC40-111-670

22VAC40-111-670. Exclusion of sick children.

A. Unless otherwise approved by a child's health care professional, a child shall be excluded from the family day home if he has:

1. Both fever and behavior change. A fever means oral temperature over 101ºF or armpit temperature over 100ºF;

2. Diarrhea (more watery, less formed, more frequent stools not associated with a diet change or medication). Children in diapers who develop diarrhea shall be excluded, and children who have learned to use the toilet, but cannot make it to the toilet in time, shall also be excluded;

3. Recurrent vomiting (vomiting two or more times in 24 hours); or

4. Symptoms of a communicable disease listed in the Virginia Department of Health's current communicable disease chart.

B. If a child needs to be excluded according to subsection A of this section, the following shall apply:

1. The parents or designated emergency contact shall be contacted immediately so that arrangements can be made to remove the child from the home as soon as possible; and

2. The child shall remain in a quiet, designated area and the caregiver shall respond immediately to the child until the child leaves the home.

22VAC40-111-680

22VAC40-111-680. Hand washing.

A. Caregivers shall wash their hands with liquid soap and warm running water:

1. When their hands are dirty;

2. After toileting;

3. Before preparing and serving food;

4. Before feeding or helping children with feeding;

5. After contact with any body fluids;

6. After handling or caring for animals;

7. After handling raw eggs or meat; and

8. After diapering a child or assisting a child with toileting.

B. Caregivers shall ensure that  [ children wash their hands children's hands are washed ] with liquid soap and warm running water:

1. When their hands are dirty;

2. Before eating;

3. After toiletingor diapering ];

4. After handling or caring for animals; and

5. After contact with any body fluids.

22VAC40-111-690

22VAC40-111-690. Diapering and toileting.

A. A child shall not be left unattended on a changing table during diapering.

B. When a child's clothing or diaper becomes wet or soiled, the child shall be cleaned and changed immediately.

C. During each diaper change or after toileting accidents, the child's genital area shall be thoroughly cleaned with a moist disposable wipe or a moist, clean individually assigned cloth, if the child is allergic to disposable wipes.

D. The diapering surface shall be:

1. Separate from the kitchen, food preparation areas, or surfaces used for children's activities;

2. Nonabsorbent and washable; and

3. Cleaned and sanitized after each use.

E. Soiled disposable diapers and wipes shall be disposed of in a leak-proof or plastic-lined storage system that is either foot operated or used in such a way that neither the caregiver's hand nor the soiled diaper or wipe touches the exterior surface of the storage system during disposal.

F. When cloth diapers are used, a separate leak-proof storage system as specified in subsection E of this section shall be used.

G. Children five years of age and older shall be permitted privacy when toileting.

H. Caregivers shall respond promptly to a child's request for toileting assistance.

I. The provider shall consult with the parent before toilet training is initiated.

J. Toilet training shall be relaxed and pressure free.

K. There shall be a toilet chair or an adult-sized toilet with a platform or steps and adapter seat available to a child being toilet trained.

L. Toilet chairs, when used, shall be emptied promptly, cleaned and sanitized after each use.

22VAC40-111-700

22VAC40-111-700. General requirements for medication administration.

A. Prescription and nonprescription medications shall be given to a child:

1. According to the home's written medication policies, and

2. Only with written authorization from the parent.

B. The parent's written authorization for medication shall expire or be renewed after 10work working ] days.

EXCEPTION: Long-term prescription and nonprescription drug use may be allowed with written authorization from the child's physician and parent.

C. When an authorization for medication expires, the parent shall be notified that the medication needs to be picked up within 14 days or the parent must renew the authorization. Medications that are not picked up by the parent within 14 dayswill be disposed of by the family day home by either dissolving the medication down the sink or flushing it down the toilet shall be taken to a pharmacy for proper disposal ].

22VAC40-111-710

22VAC40-111-710. Prescription medication.

The family day home may administer prescription medication that would normally be administered by a parent or guardian to a child provided:

1. The medication is administered by a caregiver who meets the requirements in 22VAC40-111-220 A;

2. The caregiver administers only those drugs that were dispensed from a pharmacy and maintained in the original, labeled container; and

3. The caregiver administers drugs only to the child identified on the prescription label in accordance with the prescriber's instructions pertaining to dosage, frequency, and manner of administration.

22VAC40-111-720

22VAC40-111-720. Nonprescription medication.

A. The family day home may administer nonprescription medication provided the medication is:

1. Administered by a caregiver 18 years of age or older who meets the requirements in 22VAC40-111-220C A ];

2. Labeled with the child's name;

3. In the original container with the manufacturer's direction label attached; and

4. Given only at the dose, duration, and method of administration specified on the manufacturer's label for the age or weight of the child needing the medication.

B. Nonprescription medication shall not be used beyond the expiration date of the product.

22VAC40-111-730

22VAC40-111-730. Storage of medication.

A. Medications for children in care shall be stored separately from medications for household members and caregivers.

B. When needed, medication shall be refrigerated.

C. When medication is stored in a refrigerator used for food, the medications shall be stored together in a container or in a clearly defined area away from food.

D. Medication, except for those prescriptions designated otherwise by a written physician's order, including refrigerated medication and medications for caregivers and household members, shall be kept in a locked place using a safe locking method that prevents access by children.

E. If a key is used, the key shallnot be accessible be inaccessible ] to the children.

22VAC40-111-740

22VAC40-111-740. Medication records.

The provider shall keep a record of prescription and nonprescription medication given children, which shall include the following:

1. Name of the child to whom medication was administered;

2. Amount and type of medication administered to the child;

3. The day and time the medication was administered to the child;

4. Name of the caregiver administering the medication;

5. Any adverse reactions; and

6. Any medication administration error.

22VAC40-111-750

22VAC40-111-750.Sunscreen, diaper ointment, and insect repellent. Topical skin products. ]

A. Whentopical skin products such as ] sunscreen, diaper ointmentand lotion, oral teething medicine, ] and insect repellent are used, the following requirements shall be met:

1. Written parent authorization noting any known adverse reactions shall be obtainedat least annually ];

2. The product shall be in the original container [ and, if provided by the parent, ] labeled with the child's name;

3. Manufacturer's instructions for application shall be followed; and

4. Parents shall be informed immediately of any adverse reaction.

B. The product does not need to be kept locked, but shall be inaccessible to children.

C. Caregivers without medication administration training may apply the product unless it is a prescription medication, in which case the storing and administration must meet prescription medication requirements of this chapter.

D. The product shall not be used beyond the expiration date of the product.

 [ E. Sunscreen shall have a minimum sunburn protection factor (SPF) of 15. ]

22VAC40-111-760

22VAC40-111-760. First aid and emergency medical supplies.

A. The following emergency supplies shall be in the family day home, accessible to outdoor play areas, on field trips, in vehicles used for transportation and wherever children are in care:

1. A first aid kit that contains at a minimum:

a. Scissors;

b. Tweezers;

c. Gauze pads;

d. Adhesive tape;

e. Adhesive bandages, assorted sizes;

f. Antiseptic cleaning solution or pads;

g. Digital thermometer;

h. Triangular bandages;

i. Single use gloves such as surgical or examination gloves;

j. [ Activated In homes located more than one hour's travel time from a healthcare facility, activated ] charcoal preparation (to be used only on the direction of a physician or the home's local poison control center); and

k. First aid instructional manual.

2. An ice pack or cooling agent.

B. The first aid kit shall be readily accessible to caregivers and inaccessible to children. ]

22VAC40-111-770

22VAC40-111-770. Emergency flashlights and radios.

A working battery-operated flashlight, a working portable battery-operated weather band radio, and extra batteries shall be kept in a designated area and be available to caregivers at all times.

22VAC40-111-780

22VAC40-111-780. Emergency information.

A. The emergency contact information listed in 22VAC40-111-60 B 2 and the parent's written authorization for emergency medical care as required by 22VAC40-111-60 B 8 shall be made available to a physician, hospital, or emergency responders in the event of a child's illness or injury.

B. Annually, the provider shall:

1. Review with the parent the emergency contact information required in 22VAC40-111-60 B 2 to ensure the information is correct, and

2. Obtain the parent's signed acknowledgment of the review.

22VAC40-111-790

22VAC40-111-790. Posted telephone numbers.

The following telephone numbers shall be posted in a visible area close to the telephone:

1. A 911 or local dial number for police, fire, and emergency medical responders;

2. The responsible person for emergency backup care as required in 22VAC40-111-800 A 3; and

3. The regional poison control center.

22VAC40-111-800

22VAC40-111-800. Emergency preparedness and response plan.

A. The family day home shall have a written emergency preparedness and response plan that:

1. Includes emergency evacuation, emergency relocation, and shelter-in-place procedures;

2. Addresses the most likely to occur scenarios, including but not limited tonatural disasters, chemical spills, and an intruder fire, severe storms, flooding, tornadoes, and loss of utilities ]; and

3. Includes provisions for a responsible person who is 18 years of age or older and is able to arriveat the family day home ] within 10 minutes for emergency backup care until the children can be picked up by their parents.

B. The provider shall review the emergency plan at least annually and update the plan as needed. The provider shall document in writing each review and update to the emergency plan.

C. The provider shall ensure that each caregiver receives training regarding the emergency evacuation, emergency relocation, and shelter-in-place procedures by the end of  [ their his ] first week of assuming job responsibilities, on an annual basis, and at the time of each plan update.

22VAC40-111-810

22VAC40-111-810. Evacuation and relocation procedures.

Evacuation procedures shall include:

1. Methods to alert caregivers and emergency responders;

2. Designated primary and secondary routes out of the building;

3. Designated assembly point away from the building;

4. Designated relocationsites site ] ;

5. Methods to ensure all children are evacuated from the building and, if necessary, moved to a relocation site;

6. Methods to account for all children at the assembly point and relocation site;

7. Methods to ensure essential documents, including emergency contact information, medications, and supplies are taken to the assembly point and relocation site;

8. Method of communication with parents and emergency responders after the evacuation; and

9. Method of communication with parents after the relocation.

22VAC40-111-820

22VAC40-111-820. Shelter-in-place procedures.

Shelter-in-place procedures shall include:

1. Methods to alert caregivers and emergency responders;

2. Designated safelocations location ] within the home;

3. Designated primary and secondary routes to the safelocations location ];

4. Methods to ensure all children are moved to the safelocations location ];

5. Methods to account for all children at the safe location;

6. Methods to ensure essential documents, including emergency contact information, and supplies are taken to the safe location; and

7. Method of communication with parents and emergency responders.

22VAC40-111-830

22VAC40-111-830. Emergency response drills.

A. The emergency evacuation procedures shall be practiced monthly with all caregivers and children in care during all shifts that children are in care.

B. Shelter-in-place procedures shall be practiced a minimum of twice per year.

C. Documentation shall be maintained of emergency evacuation and shelter-in-place drills that include:

 [ 1. Date of the event,

2. Number and ages of children involved,

3. Weather conditions, and

4. Beginning and ending time of event.

1. Identity of the person conducting the drill:

2. The date and time of the drill;

3. The method used for notification of the drill;

4. The number of caregivers participating;

5. The number of children participating;

6. Any special conditions simulated;

7. The time it took to complete the drill;

8. Problems encountered, if any; and

9. For emergency evacuation drills only, weather conditions. ]

D. Records of emergency evacuation and shelter-in-place drills shall be maintained for one year.

22VAC40-111-840

22VAC40-111-840. Injury records.

A. The provider shall record in the child's record an injury or accident sustained by a child while at the family day home that requires first aid or emergency medical or dental treatment.

B. The information recorded shall include the following:

1. Date and time of injury,

2. Name of injured child,

3. Type and circumstance of the injury,

4. Caregiver present and action taken,

5. Date and time when parents were notified,

6. Any future action to prevent recurrence of the injury,

7. Caregiver and parent signatures or two caregiver signatures, and

8. Documentation on how the parent was notified.

22VAC40-111-850

22VAC40-111-850. Reports to department.

A. The provider shall report to the department within 24 hours of the circumstances surrounding the following incidents:

1. Lost or missing child when local authorities have been contacted for help,

2. Serious injury to a child while under the family day home's supervision, and

3. Death of a child while under the family day home's supervision.

B. A written report shall be completed and submitted to the department within five working days of the date the incident occurred.

22VAC40-111-860

22VAC40-111-860. Reports of suspected child abuse or neglect and disease outbreaks.

A. A caregiver shall immediately call the local department of social services or call the toll free number of the Child Abuse and Neglect Hotline (1-800-552-7096/TDD) whenever there is reason to suspect that a child has been or is being subjected to any kind of child abuse or neglect by any person.

B. The provider shall immediately make or cause to be made a report of an outbreak of disease as defined by the Virginia Board of Health.  Such report shall be made by rapid means to the local health department or to the Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Health.

22VAC40-111-870

22VAC40-111-870. General requirements for meals and snacks.

A. Meals and snacks shall be served in accordance with the times children are in care, which include:

1. [ Between the hours of 6 a.m. and 7 p.m., breakfast, lunch, and snacks For family day homes operating less than four consecutive hours, at least one snack  ] shall be served.

2. [ Between the hours of 2 p.m. and 10 p.m., an afternoon snack, supper and a bed time For family day homes operating four to seven consecutive hours, at least one meal and one ] snack shall be served.

3. [ Between the hours of 7 p.m. and 6 a.m., a bed time snack and breakfast For family day homes operating seven to 12 consecutive hours, at least one meal and two snacks, or two meals and one snack ] shall be served.

 [ 4. For family day homes operating 12 to 16 consecutive hours, at least two meals and two snacks or three meals and one snack shall be served. ]

B. A family day home shall ensure that children arriving from a half-day, morning program who have not yet eaten lunch receive a lunch.

C. The family day home shall schedule snacks or meals so there is a period of at least 1-1/2 hours, but no more than three hours, between each meal or snack unless there is a scheduled rest or sleep period for children between the meals and snacks.

D. Children shall be served small-sized portions.

E. Food shall be prepared, stored,served, ] and transported in a clean and sanitary manner.

F. Leftover food shall be discarded from individual plates following a meal or snack.

G. Tables and high chair trays shall be cleaned after each use, but at least daily.

22VAC40-111-880

22VAC40-111-880. Meals and snacks provided by family day home.

When family day homes provide meals or snacks, the following shall apply:

1. Family day homes shall follow the most recent, age-appropriate nutritional requirements of a recognized authority such as the Child and Adult Care Food Program of the United States Department of Agriculture (UDSA).

2. Children shall be allowed second helpings of food listed in the child care food program meal patterns.

22VAC40-111-890

22VAC40-111-890. Meals and snacks brought from child's home.

When food is brought from home, the following shall apply:

1. The food container shall be clearly labeled in a way that identifies the owner;

2. The family day home shall have extra food or shall have provisions to obtain food to serve to a child so the child can have an appropriate snack or meal as required in 22VAC40-111-880 if the child forgets to bring food from home or brings an inadequate meal or snack; and

3. Unused portions of food shall be discarded by the end of the day or returned to the parent.

22VAC40-111-900

22VAC40-111-900. Preventing choking.

A. To assist in preventing choking, food that is hard, round, small, thick and sticky, or smooth and slippery such as whole hot dogs sliced into rounds, nuts, seeds, raisins, uncut grapes, uncut raw carrots, peanuts, chunks of peanut butter, hard candy, and popcorn shall not be served to children under four years of age, unless the food is prepared before being served in a manner that will reduce the risk of choking, i.e., hot dogs cut lengthwise, grapes cut in small pieces, and carrots cooked or cut lengthwise.

B. Children shall not be allowed to eat or drink while walking, running, playing, lying down, or riding in vehicles.

22VAC40-111-910

22VAC40-111-910. Drinking water and fluids.

A. Water shall be available for drinking and shall be offered on a regular basis to all children in care.

B. In environments of 80ºF or above, attention shall be given to the fluid needs of children at regular intervals. Children in such environments shall be encouraged to drink fluids.

C. Clean individual drinking cups shall be provided daily. Children shall not be allowed to share common drinking cups.

22VAC40-111-920

22VAC40-111-920. Menus.

When meals or snacks are provided by the family day home, the menu for the current one-week period shall:

1. Be dated;

2. Be given to parents or posted or placed in an area accessible to parents;

3. List any substituted food; and

4. Be kept on file one week at the family day home.

22VAC40-111-930

22VAC40-111-930. Eating utensils and dishes.

A. Eating utensils shall be appropriate in size for children to handle.

B. Chipped or cracked dishes shall not be used.

C. Eating utensils and dishes shall be properly cleaned by prerinsing, washing, and air drying, ] or using a dishwasher.

D. Eating utensils and dishes shall be stored in a clean dry place, and protected from contamination.

E. If disposable eating utensils and dishes are used, they shall be sturdy enough to prevent spillage or other health and safety hazards.

F. Disposable utensils and dishes shall be used once and discarded.

22VAC40-111-940

22VAC40-111-940. Food storage.

A. Temperatures shall be maintained at or below 40ºF in refrigerator compartments and at or below 0ºF in the freezer compartments.

B. The provider shall have an operable thermometer available to monitor refrigerator and freezer compartment temperatures.

C. All perishable foods and drinks used for children in care, except when being prepared and served, shall be kept in the refrigerator.

D. Leftover food shall be discarded from individual plates following a meal or snack.

22VAC40-111-950

22VAC40-111-950. Milk.

A. All milk and milk products shall be pasteurized.

B. Powdered milk shall be used only for cooking.

22VAC40-111-960

22VAC40-111-960. Feeding infants.

A. Infants shall be fed on demand unless the parent provides other written instructions.

B. Infants who cannot hold their own bottles shall be picked up and held for bottle feeding. Bottles shall not be propped.

C. High chairs, infant carrier seats, or feeding tables with safety waist and crotch straps fastened according to the manufacturer's instructions shall be used for children under 12 months of age who are not held while being fed.

D. Infant formula shall be prepared according to the manufacturer's or physician's instructions.

E. Bottles shall be refrigerated and labeled with the child's full name and the date, if more than one infant is in care.

F. Refrigerated bottles of prepared formula and breast milk shall be discarded after 48 hours if not used.

G. Bottles shall not be heated in a microwave oven.

H. To avoid burns, heated formula and baby food shall be stirred or shaken and tested for temperature before being served to children.

I. A child's mother shall be granted access to a private area of the family day home to facilitate breast feeding.

J. Solid foods shall:

1. Not be fed to infants less than four months of age without parental consent, and

2. Be fed with a spoon, with the exception of finger foods.

K. Baby food shall be served from a dish and not from the container.

L. Baby food remaining in:

1. A serving dish shall be discarded;

2. Opened containers, from which a portion has been removed, shall be refrigerated and labeled with the child's full name and the date, if more than one infant is in care; and

3. Opened containers stored in the refrigerator shall be discarded if not consumed within 24 hours of storage.

22VAC40-111-970

22VAC40-111-970. Special feeding needs.

A. The consistency of food provided for a child with special needs shall be appropriate to any special feeding needs of the child.

B. Necessary and adaptive feeding equipment and feeding techniques shall be used for a child with special feeding needs.

22VAC40-111-980

22VAC40-111-980. Written permission for transportation and field trips.

A. General written permission shall be obtained from the parent of each child for the provider to take the child off the premises of the family day home. The general written permission shall be on a form that lists regularly scheduled trips (e.g., library, store, playground) and the driver, if the child is to be transported.

B. Special written permission shall be obtained from the parent of each child for the provider to take the child on special field trips (those not regularly scheduled). The written special permission shall specify destination, duration of trip, and driver, if the child is to be transported.

22VAC40-111-990

22VAC40-111-990. Requirements for drivers.

A. Drivers must be 18 years of age or older.

B. The provider shall ensure that during transportation of children the driver has:

1. A valid driver's license;

2. The name, address, ] and telephone number of the family day home;

3. A copy of the parent's written permission to transport the child;

4. A copy of each child's emergency contact information as required in 22VAC40-111-60 B 2;

5. Emergency supplies as required in 22VAC40-111-760; and

6. A mechanism for making telephone calls to emergency responders and parents (e.g., change, calling card, cellular phone).

22VAC40-111-1000

22VAC40-111-1000. Requirements for vehicles.

The provider shall ensure that the vehicle used for transportation:

1. Meets the safety standards set by the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles;

2. Is kept in satisfactory condition to assure the safety of children;

3. Is licensed and insured according to state law;

4. Was manufactured for the purpose of transporting people seated in an enclosed area; and

5. Has seats that are attached to the floor.

22VAC40-111-1010

22VAC40-111-1010. Requirements for transportation.

The provider shall ensure that during transportation of children:

1. Each child is in an individual car seat or individual and appropriate restraint in accordance with Virginia law;

2. Each child's arms, legs, and head remain inside the vehicle;

3. Doors are closed properly and locked unless locks were not installed by the manufacturer of the vehicle;

4. No child is left unattended inside or outside a vehicle; and

5. Each child boards and leaves the vehicle from the curb side of the street.

22VAC40-111-1020

22VAC40-111-1020. Nighttime care.

A. For nighttime care during which a child sleeps more than two hours, the following is required:

1. A child shall have a rest area that meets the requirements of 22VAC40-111-510,

2. An infant shall have an individual crib that meets the requirements of 22VAC40-111-520, and

3. Linens shall be provided that meet the requirements in 22VAC40-111-530.

B. For children in nighttime care, quiet activities and experiences shall be available immediately before bedtime.

C. Providers shall establish a bedtime schedule for a child in consultation with the child's parent.

D. Separate sleeping and dressing areas shall be provided for children of the opposite sex over six years of age.

E. Each child shall have a toothbrush, and a comb or hair brush assigned for individual use.

F. Each child nine months of age or older shall have flame-resistant or snug-fitting sleepwear.

G. Bath towels and washcloths, when used, shall be assigned for individual use and laundered as needed, but at least weekly.

H. A child shall have a routine that encourages good personal hygiene practices including bathing (if needed) and teeth brushing.

I. Caregivers shall remain awake until all children are asleep and shall sleep on the same floor level as the children in care.

J. A baby monitor shall be used if the caregiver is not sleeping in the room with the child or in a room adjacent to the room where the child is sleeping.