A. The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Administrator" means the Director of DHCD or his designee.
"Certificate of installation" means the certificate provided by the Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation licensed installer, under the Virginia Manufactured Home Safety Regulations, indicating that a manufactured home has been installed in compliance with the federal installation standards.
"DHCD" means the Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development.
"Dealer" means any person engaged in the sale, lease, or distribution of manufactured homes primarily to persons who in good faith purchase or lease a manufactured home for purposes other than resale.
"Defect" means a failure to comply with an applicable federal manufactured home construction and safety standard that renders the manufactured home or any part of the home unfit for the ordinary use of which it was intended, but does not result in an imminent risk of death or severe personal injury to occupants of the affected home.
"Distributor" means any person engaged in the sale and distribution of manufactured homes for resale.
"Federal Act" means the National Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974, as amended (42 USC § 5401 et seq.).
"Federal installation standards" means the federal Model Manufactured Home Installation Standards (24 CFR Part 3285).
"Federal regulations" means the federal Manufactured Home Procedural and Enforcement Regulations (24 CFR Part 3282).
"HUD" means the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.
"Imminent safety hazard" means a hazard that presents an imminent and unreasonable risk of death or severe personal injury that may or may not be related to failure to comply with an applicable federal manufactured home construction or safety standard.
"Installation" means completion of work to include, but not be limited to, stabilizing, supporting, anchoring, and closing up a manufactured home and joining sections of a multi-section manufactured home, when any such work is governed by the federal installation standards.
"Installer" means the person or entity, licensed through the Virginia Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation, with the Manufactured Home Contractor (MHC) license designation, who is retained to engage in or who engages in the business of directing, supervising, controlling, or correcting the
initial installation of a manufactured home.
"Label," "certification label," or "HUD label" means the certification label prescribed by the federal standards.
"Local building official" means the officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of USBC, or duly authorized representative.
"Manufactured home" means a structure subject to federal regulation, which is transportable in one or more sections; is eight body feet or more in width and 40 body feet or more in length in the traveling mode, or is 320 or more square feet when erected on site; is built on a permanent chassis; is designed to be used as a single-family dwelling, with or without a permanent foundation, when connected to the required utilities; and includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning, and electrical systems contained in the structure.
"Manufacturer" means any person engaged in manufacturing or assembling manufactured homes, including any person engaged in importing manufactured homes.
"Noncompliance" means a failure of a manufactured home to comply with a federal manufactured home construction or safety standard that does not constitute a defect, serious defect, or imminent safety hazard.
"Purchaser" means the first person purchasing a manufactured home in good faith for purposes other than resale.
"Secretary" means the Secretary of HUD.
"Serious defect" means any failure to comply with an applicable federal manufactured home construction and safety standard that renders the manufactured home or any part thereof not fit for the ordinary use for which it was intended and which results in an unreasonable risk of injury or death to occupants of the affected manufactured home.
"Standards" or "federal standards" means the federal Manufactured Home Construction and Safety Standards (24 CFR Part 3280) adopted by HUD, in accordance with authority in the Federal Act. The standards were enacted December 18, 1975, and amended May 11, 1976, to become effective June 15, 1976.
"State administrative agency" or "SAA" means DHCD, which is responsible for the administration and enforcement of Chapter 4.1 (§ 36-85.2 et seq.) of Title 36 of the Code of Virginia throughout Virginia and of the plan authorized by § 36-85.5 of the Code of Virginia.
"USBC" means the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code (13VAC5-63).
B. Terms defined within the federal regulations and federal standards shall have the same meanings in this chapter.
A. This chapter shall apply to manufactured homes as defined in 13VAC5-95-10 and as set out in this section.
B. Enforcement of this chapter shall be in accordance with the federal regulations 24 CFR 3285, 24 CFR 3286, and 24 CFR 3288.
C. Manufactured homes produced on or after June 15, 1976, shall conform to all the requirements of the federal standards, as amended.
D. DHCD is delegated all lawful authority for the enforcement of the federal standards pertaining to manufactured homes by the administrator according to § 36-85.5 of the Code of Virginia. The Division of Building and Fire Regulation of DHCD is designated as a state administrative agency in the HUD enforcement program, and shall act as an agent of HUD. The administrator is authorized to perform the activities required of an SAA by the HUD enforcement plan including
, but not limited to, investigation, citation of violations, handling of complaints, conducting hearings, supervising remedial actions, monitoring, making such reports as may be required, and seeking enforcement of the civil and criminal penalties established by § 36-85.12 of the Code of Virginia.
E. In accordance with § 36-85.11 of the Code of Virginia, all local building officials are authorized to and shall enforce the provisions of this chapter within the limits of their jurisdiction and shall be responsible for the following:
1. Verify through inspection that a manufactured home displays the required HUD label and data plate;
2. Determine whether the manufactured home has been damaged during transit. If the manufactured home has been damaged, then the local building official is authorized to require tests, in accordance with the federal standards, for tightness of plumbing systems and gas piping and an operational test to ensure that all luminaries and receptacles are operable. If a manufactured home has sustained damage to the structural components, the local building official shall require the appropriate design approval primary inspection agency approval on any repairs or designs;
3. Prevent the use of a manufactured home that in the opinion of the local building official contains a serious defect or imminent safety hazard, and notify the administrator immediately;
4. Notify the administrator of any apparent violations of this chapter, to include defects and noncompliance that occurred during the manufacturing process and any alterations that occurred during installation; and
5. Verify through inspection that the installation is in accordance with the federal installation standards. Where the local building official finds that the installation of the manufactured home is not in accordance with the federal installation standards, the local building official shall order the home to be brought into compliance within a reasonable time. If the order is not complied with, then the local building official shall notify the administrator.
F. In accordance with § 36-85.11 of the Code of Virginia, site preparation, utility connection, and skirting installation for manufactured homes shall meet the requirements of the USBC. In addition, as a requirement of this chapter and the USBC, administrative provisions of the USBC, such as requirements for permits, inspections, and certificates of occupancy, and the specific requirements of §
425 429 of Part I of the USBC (13VAC5-63-220 L through 13VAC5-63-220 Q), shall also be applicable. ] Distributors, installers, or dealers Installers setting up a manufactured home shall perform such installation in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions and shall provide a copy of the certificate of installation to the homeowner and when requested, to the local building official prior to issuance of the certificate of occupancy.