A. The following words and terms shall have the meanings ascribed to them in § 54.1-2900 of the Code of Virginia:
"Patient care team physician."
"Patient care team podiatrist."
B. The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Group practice" means the practice of a group of two or more doctors of medicine, osteopathy, or podiatry licensed by the board who practice as a partnership or professional corporation.
"Institution" means a hospital, nursing home or other health care facility, community health center, public health center, industrial medicine or corporation clinic, a medical service facility, student health center, or other setting approved by the board.
"NCCPA" means the National Commission on Certification of Physician Assistants.
"Practice agreement" means a written or electronic agreement developed by
the one or more patient care team physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists and the physician assistant that defines the relationship between the physician assistant and the physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists, the prescriptive authority of the physician assistant, and the circumstances under which the a physician or podiatrist will see and evaluate the patient.
A. No person shall practice as a physician assistant in the Commonwealth of Virginia except as provided in this chapter.
B. All services rendered by a physician assistant shall be performed only in accordance with a practice agreement with
a doctor one or more doctors of medicine, osteopathy, or podiatry licensed by this board to practice in the Commonwealth.
A. Prior to initiation of practice, a physician assistant and
his one or more patient care team physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists shall enter into a written or electronic practice agreement that spells out the roles and functions of the assistant and is consistent with provisions of § 54.1-2952 of the Code of Virginia.
The patient care team physician or podiatrist shall be a doctor of medicine, osteopathy, or podiatry licensed in the Commonwealth who has accepted responsibility for the service that a physician assistant renders. 2. Any such practice agreement shall take into account such factors as the physician assistant's level of competence, the number of patients, the types of illness treated by the physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists, the nature of the treatment, special procedures, and the nature of the physician physicians' or podiatrist podiatrists' availability in ensuring direct physician or podiatrist involvement at an early stage and regularly thereafter. 3. 2. The practice agreement shall also provide an evaluation process for the physician assistant's performance, including a requirement specifying the time period, proportionate to the acuity of care and practice setting, within which the physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists shall review the record of services rendered by the physician assistant. 4. 3. The practice agreement may include requirements for periodic site visits by licensees who supervise and direct the patient care team physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists to collaborate and consult with physician assistants who provide services at a location other than where the physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists regularly practices practice.
B. The board may require information regarding the degree of collaboration and consultation by the patient care team
physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists. The board may also require the a patient care team physician or podiatrist to document the physician assistant's competence in performing such tasks.
C. If the role of the physician assistant includes prescribing drugs and devices, the written practice agreement shall include those schedules and categories of drugs and devices that are within the scope of practice and proficiency of the patient care team
physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists.
D. If the initial practice agreement did not include prescriptive authority, there shall be an addendum to the practice agreement for prescriptive authority.
E. If there are any changes in consultation and collaboration, authorization, or scope of practice, a revised practice agreement shall be entered into at the time of the change.
The A patient care team physician or podiatrist shall:
1. Review the clinical course and treatment plan for any patient who presents for the same acute complaint twice in a single episode of care and has failed to improve as expected.
The A physician or podiatrist shall be involved with any patient with a continuing illness as noted in the written or electronic practice agreement for the evaluation process.
Be responsible for all invasive procedures. a. Under supervision, a physician assistant may insert a nasogastric tube, bladder catheter, needle, or peripheral intravenous catheter, but not a flow-directed catheter, and may perform minor suturing, venipuncture, and subcutaneous intramuscular or intravenous injection. b. All other invasive procedures not listed in subdivision 2 a of this section must be performed under supervision with the physician in the room unless, after directly observing the performance of a specific invasive procedure three times or more, the patient care team physician or podiatrist attests on the practice agreement to the competence of the physician assistant to perform the specific procedure without direct observation and supervision. 3. Be responsible for all prescriptions issued by the physician assistant and attest to the competence of the assistant to prescribe drugs and devices. 4. Be available at all times to collaborate and consult with the physician assistant.
A. The physician assistant shall not render independent health care and shall:
1. Perform only those medical care services that are within the scope of the practice and proficiency of the patient care team
physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists as prescribed in the physician assistant's practice agreement. When a physician assistant is working outside the scope of specialty of the patient care team physician physicians or podiatrist podiatrists, then the physician assistant's functions shall be limited to those areas not requiring specialized clinical judgment, unless a separate practice agreement has been executed for that an alternate patient care team physician or podiatrist.
2. Prescribe only those drugs and devices as allowed in Part V (18VAC85-50-130 et seq.) of this chapter.
3. Wear during the course of performing his duties identification showing clearly that he is a physician assistant.
An alternate patient care team physician or podiatrist shall be a member of the same group, professional corporation, or partnership of any licensee who is the patient care team physician or podiatrist for a physician assistant or shall be a member of the same hospital or commercial enterprise with the patient care team physician or podiatrist. Such alternating physician or podiatrist shall be a physician or podiatrist licensed in the Commonwealth who has accepted responsibility for the service that a physician assistant renders. C. If, due to illness, vacation, or unexpected absence, the a patient care team physician or podiatrist or alternate physician or podiatrist is unable to supervise the activities of his physician assistant, such patient care team physician or podiatrist may temporarily delegate the responsibility to another doctor of medicine, osteopathic medicine, or podiatry.
Temporary coverage may not exceed four weeks unless special permission is granted by the board.
D. C. With respect to physician assistants employed by institutions, the following additional regulations shall apply:
1. No physician assistant may render care to a patient unless the physician or podiatrist responsible for that patient
has signed the practice agreement to act as patient care team physician or podiatrist for is available for collaboration and consultation with that physician assistant.
2. Any such practice agreement as described in subdivision 1 of this subsection shall delineate the duties which said patient care team physician or podiatrist authorizes the physician assistant to perform.
E. D. Practice by a physician assistant in a hospital, including an emergency department, shall be in accordance with § 54.1-2952 of the Code of Virginia.