Agencies | Governor
Virginia Regulatory Town Hall

Final Text

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Action:
Transfer of Early Childcare Regulations
Stage: Final
 
8VAC20-770-10 Defining words and phrases

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Agent" means a person who is empowered to act on behalf of the applicant that is an association, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, public agency, or corporation in matters relating to a child day program or family day system.

"Applicant" means the person or persons applying for approval as a (i) licensed family day home; (ii) licensed family day system; (iii) voluntarily registered family day home; (iv) family day home approved by a licensed family day system; (v) religious exempt child day center or (vi) licensed child day center. In the case of a sole proprietorship, the applicant is the individual owner. In the case of a partnership, the applicants are all the partners. If the applicant is a corporation, association, or business trust, the applicants are officers. If the applicant is a limited liability company, the applicants are the members or managers. If the applicant is a public agency, the applicant is the person responsible for the overall operation of the public agency.

"Approved" means having obtained the status of approval through the process required in Minimum Standards for Licensed Family Day Systems (8VAC20-810). Approved facilities are family day homes approved by licensed family day systems.

"Background checks" means a sworn statement or affirmation, a criminal history record report, and a child protective services central registry check.

"Barrier crime" means a conviction identified at § 22.1-289.034 in the Code of Virginia. The convictions, and Code of Virginia references, are: a felony violation of a protective order as set out in § 16.1-253.2, murder or manslaughter as set out in Article 1 (§ 18.2-30 et seq.), malicious wounding by mob as set out in § 18.2-41, abduction as set out in subsection A or B of § 18.2-47, abduction for immoral purposes as set out in § 18.2-48, assault and bodily woundings as set out in Article 4 (§ 18.2-51 et seq.), robbery as set out in § 18.2-58, carjacking as set out in § 18.2-58.1, extortion by threat as set out in § 18.2-59, felony stalking as set out in § 18.2-60.3, a felony violation of a protective order as set out in § 18.2-60.4, sexual assault as set out in Article 7 (§ 18.2-61 et seq.) of Chapter 4 of Title 18.2, arson as set out in Article 1 (§ 18.2-77 et seq.) of Chapter 5 of Title 18.2, burglary as set out in Article 2 (§ 18.2-89 et seq.) of Chapter 5 of Title 18.2, any felony violation relating to possession or distribution of drugs as set out in Article 1 (§ 18.2-247 et seq.) of Chapter 7 of Title 18.2, drive-by shooting as set out in § 18.2-286.1, use of a machine gun in a crime of violence as set out in § 18.2-289, aggressive use of a machine gun as set out in § 18.2-290, use of a sawed-off shotgun in a crime of violence as set out in subsection A of § 18.2-300, failure to secure medical attention for an injured child as set out in § 18.2-314, pandering as set out in § 18.2-355, crimes against nature involving children as set out in § 18.2-361, incest as set out in § 18.2-366, taking indecent liberties with children as set out in § 18.2-370 or § 18.2-370.1, abuse and neglect of children as set out in § 18.2-371.1, obscenity offenses as set out in § 18.2-374.1, possession of child pornography as set out in § 18.2-374.1:1, electronic facilitation of pornography as set out in § 18.2-374.3, abuse and neglect of incapacitated adults as set out in § 18.2-369, employing or permitting a minor to assist in an act constituting an offense under Article 5 (§ 18.2-372 et seq.) of Chapter 8 of Title 18.2 as set out in § 18.2-379, delivery of drugs to prisoners as set out in § 18.2-474.1, escape from jail as set out in § 18.2-477, felonies by prisoners as set out in § 53.1-203; or an equivalent offense in another state.

"Board" means State Board of Education.

"Central registry" means the record of founded complaints of child abuse and neglect maintained by the Department of Social Services.

"Central registry finding" means the record of founded complaints of child abuse and neglect for an individual.

"Central Criminal Records Exchange" or "CCRE" means the information system containing conviction data of crimes committed in Virginia. The system is maintained by the Department of State Police.

"Child day program" means a regularly operating service arrangement for children where, during the absence of a parent or guardian, a person or organization has agreed to assume responsibility for the supervision, protection, and well-being of a child under the age of 13 for less than a 24-hour period.

"Contract agency" means an entity with which the facility or a parent has an agreement to provide services to a child or children while attending the facility.

"Contract employee" means a person with whom the facility or a parent has an agreement to provide services to a child or children while attending the facility.

"Contracting organization" means an agency that has been designated by the Department of Education to administer the voluntary registration program for family day homes.

"Criminal history record check" means the process the Department of State Police uses to generate a criminal record report on a person. The check may be a state check generated solely through the Central Criminal Records Exchange or a check forwarded through the Central Criminal Records Exchange to the Federal Bureau of Investigation for the purpose of obtaining national criminal history record information.

"Criminal history record report" means either the criminal record clearance or the criminal history record issued by the Central Criminal Records Exchange, Department of State Police. The report identifies convictions within the Commonwealth.

"Department" means the Department of Education.

"Department representative" means an employee of the department who carries out regulatory duties or an agency acting as an authorized agent of the department carrying out approval functions. Licensed family day systems have authority to approve family day homes.

"Disqualifying background" means having an offense, as defined in § 22.1-289.032 of the Code of Virginia. For the purpose of this chapter, having been the subject of a founded abuse or neglect complaint as described in "offense" includes records that have been purged from the child abuse and neglect central registry. However, no person is considered to be the subject of a founded complaint of child abuse or neglect until a decision upholding the finding has been rendered by the hearing officer after the administrative hearing, provided the person complies with the requirements for requesting an administrative hearing. No person is considered to be the subject of a founded complaint of child abuse or neglect if the child abuse or neglect finding is overturned by an administrative hearing or a subsequent court decision.

"Employee" means a person hired by a facility or with whom the facility has an employment agreement. A provider assistant in a family day home is considered an employee in this chapter.

"Facility" means (i) a licensed family day home; (ii) a licensed family day system; (iii) a voluntarily registered family day home; (iv) a family day home approved by a licensed family day system; (v) a licensed child day center; (vi) a religious exempt child day center; and (vii) an applicant seeking a waiver in order to establish one of the above listed entities.

"Family day home" means a child day program offered in the residence of the provider or the home of any of the children in care for one through 12 children under the age of 13 years, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, when at least one child receives care for compensation. The provider of a licensed or registered family day home must disclose to the parents or guardians of children in his care the percentage of time per week that persons other than the provider will care for the children. Family day homes serving five through 12 children, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, must be licensed. No family day home shall care for more than four children under the age of two years, including the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, unless the family day home is licensed or voluntarily registered. However, a family day home where the children in care are all related to the provider by blood or marriage is not required to be licensed.

"Family day system" means any person that approves family day homes as members of its system; that refers children to available family day homes in that system; and that, through contractual arrangement, may provide central administrative functions including, but not limited to, training of operators of member homes; technical assistance and consultation to operators of member homes; inspection, supervision, monitoring, and evaluation of member homes; and referral of children to available health and social services.

"Good character and reputation" means that the person (i) maintains business, professional, family, and community relationships that are characterized by honesty, fairness, truthfulness and dependability and (ii) has a history or pattern of behavior that demonstrates that the person is suitable and able to care for, guide, supervise, and protect children.

"Involved in the day-to-day operations" means:

1. In a supervisory or management position, making daily decisions regarding the operation of the facility;

2. Counted by the facility for purposes of staff-to-children ratios;

3. Employed by a licensed family day system as a home visitor; or

4. Having access to child-related and client-related records or to facility personnel records.

"Licensed" means having met the requirements of and obtained licensure as a licensed family day system, licensed child day program, or licensed family day home.

"Living in" means to reside in a place for an extended or permanent period of time.

"Local agency" means local department of social services.

"May" means has permission.

"Must" means the action is a requirement.

"Must not" means the action is prohibited.

"National criminal background check" means criminal history record information from the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

"Offense" means a (i) conviction of a barrier crime, (ii) conviction of any other felony not included in the definition of barrier crime unless five years have elapsed since conviction, (iii) founded complaint of child abuse or neglect within or outside the Commonwealth, or (iv) a conviction of an offense set forth in § 9.1-902 of the Code of Virginia or a finding that a person is not guilty by reason of insanity in accordance with Chapter 11.1 (§ 19.2-182.2 et seq.) of Title 19.2 of the Code of Virginia of an offense set forth in § 9.1-902 that results in the person's requirement to register with the Sex Offender and Crimes Against Minors Registry pursuant to § 9.1-901 of the Code of Virginia, or any similar registry in any other state. Convictions include prior adult convictions and juvenile convictions or adjudications of delinquency based on a crime that would be a felony if committed by an adult within or outside the Commonwealth.

"Other felony" means conviction for any felony in the last five years that is not a barrier crime felony.

"Parent-volunteer" means someone supervising, without pay, a group of children that includes the parent-volunteer's own child in a program that operates no more than four hours per day, provided that the parent-volunteer works under the direct supervision of a person who has received a clearance pursuant to § 22.1-289.035 or 22.1-289.039 of the Code of Virginia.

"Registered" means having obtained the status of registration through the process required in Voluntary Registration of Family Day Homes - Requirements for Providers (8VAC20-850).

"Registered family day home" means any family day home that has met the standards for voluntary registration for such homes and obtained a certificate of registration from the Superintendent.

"Religious exempt center" means an unlicensed child day center operated or conducted under the auspices of a religious institution that has filed with the Superintendent a satisfactory annual statement of intent to operate a child day center and other information as specified in § 22.1-289.031 of the Code of Virginia and has a letter of exemption from the Superintendent.

"Search of central registry" means the process the Virginia Department of Social Services' Child Protective Services Unit uses to generate a central registry report on a person.

"Superintendent" means Superintendent of Public Instruction or his designee.

"Sworn statement or affirmation" means a statement completed by a person attesting to whether he has ever been (i) convicted of or the subject of pending charges of any crime within or outside the Commonwealth or an equivalent offense outside the Commonwealth or (ii) the subject of a founded complaint of child abuse or neglect within or outside the Commonwealth. Additionally for family day homes, the provider affirms if he, or any person known to the provider who resides in the home, has a sex offense conviction or is the subject of a founded complaint of child abuse or neglect within or outside the Commonwealth. Any person making a false statement regarding any such offense shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor pursuant to § 22.1-289.035 of the Code of Virginia.

"8VAC" means Title 8 of the Virginia Administrative Code. This is the education title.

"Visit" means a stay or sojourn as a quest for no longer than 30 calendar days.

"Volunteer" means a person who provides services without pay and who is alone with a child or children in performance of his duties.

8VAC20-770-20 Describing background checks

A. The background checks covered by this chapter are:

1. Sworn statement or affirmation;

2. Criminal history record check;

3. National criminal background check; and

4. Central registry search.

B. The provisions for background checks are in §§ 22.1-289.015 and 22.1-289.034 through 22.1-289.041 of the Code of Virginia.

C. Provisions for enforcement of background check regulations and other licensing, registration, and approval standards are in Chapter 14.1 (§ 22.1-289.010 et seq.) of Title 22.1 of the Code of Virginia.

D. The sworn statement or affirmation is a written document in which a person must disclose any criminal conviction and any pending criminal charges within or outside Virginia.

1. For the purposes of this chapter, conviction includes any juvenile conviction or determination of delinquency if the offense involved would be a felony if committed by an adult within or outside Virginia.

2. The person must also disclose any instance of being the subject of a founded complaint of child abuse or neglect within or outside Virginia.

3. The person must use either the model form prepared by the department or use a self-created form that includes all of the information that appears on the model form.

The department provides the model sworn statement or affirmation form on its website. Requesters are permitted to submit copies of the form. The person who signs the sworn statement or affirmation affirms the truth of the statement.

E. The criminal history record check is the process of the Department of State Police to generate a criminal record report on a person. The report must be either the criminal record clearance or the criminal history record. The criminal record clearance shows whether the person is guilty of:

1. A barrier crime, as defined in § 22.1-289.034 of the Code of Virginia; and/or

2. Any other felony not included in the definition of barrier crime unless five years have elapsed since the conviction.

The criminal history record report shows all convictions.

F. The person must use the form and process of the Central Criminal Records Exchange (CCRE) of the Department of State Police for this check. The Department of State Police provides original criminal history record check forms to facilities upon receipt of request. The Department of State Police also provides website access to this form for facilities that are noncriminal justice inquiry interface users. The CCRE verifies criminal history record reports.

G. The national criminal background check is the process of obtaining criminal history record information from the Federal Bureau of Investigation through the Central Criminal Records Exchange.

1. The person must submit to fingerprinting and provide personal descriptive information.

2. The person must use the process of the Central Criminal Records Exchange to request and receive a national criminal background check.

H. The search of the central registry is a check to determine if the person has ever been the subject of a founded complaint of child abuse or neglect in Virginia.

I. The person must use the form and process of the Department of Social Services' Office of Background Investigations (OBI). The Department of Social Services provides the central registry request form on its website. Requesters are permitted to submit copies of this form. OBI verifies child protective services central registry check findings.

The department and registering and approval agencies provide copies of all forms in application packets.

8VAC20-770-30 Identifying the facilities that are not covered by this chapter

A. Certified preschools or nursery schools operated by accredited private schools that are accredited in accordance with § 22.1-289.032 of the Code of Virginia; and family day homes that are not required to be licensed, registered, or approved are not covered by this chapter.

B. Background check requirements for certified preschool or nursery school programs operated by accredited private schools are at § 22.1-289.032 of the Code of Virginia.

C. Background check requirements for child day centers or family day homes that are not licensed, registered, approved, or exempt from licensure and receive federal, state or local child care funds are at § 22.1-289.040 of the Code of Virginia.

8VAC20-770-40 Identifying who is covered by this chapter

A. This chapter applies to:

1. Licensed family day homes;

2. Licensed family day systems;

3. Family day homes approved by family day systems;

4. Voluntarily registered family day homes;

5. Religious exempt child day centers; and

6. Licensed child day centers.

B. Except as provided in 8VAC20-770-50 A, no person with a disqualifying background who has not been granted a waiver according to 8VAC20-770-90 may operate or volunteer or work at a facility governed by this chapter.

C. Background checks are required at the time of initial application.

1. These background checks are required at the time of initial application for licensure, registration, or approval:

Who

What

When

a. Any applicant

Sworn statement or affirmation, search of central registry, and criminal history record check

Upon application for licensure or registration as a child day program or family day system

b. Any agent at the time of application who is or will be involved in the day-to-day operations of the child day program or who is or will be alone with, in control of, or supervising one or more of the children

Same

Same

c. Any other adult living in the home of an applicant for licensure or registration as a family day home, or any existing employee or volunteer

Same

Upon application for licensure or registration as a family day home

d. Operator of family day home requesting approval by family day system

Sworn statement or affirmation, search of central registry, and criminal history record check

Upon request for approval by family day system

e. Any other adult residing in the family day home requesting approval and any employee or volunteer of a family day home

Same

Upon request by operator for approval by family day system

2. These background checks are required at the time of initial application for religious exemption status:

Who

What

When

Any person who will be expected to be alone with one or more children enrolled in a religious exempt child day center except a parent-volunteer, as defined in this chapter, or a parent or guardian who may be left alone with his or her own child

Documentary evidence of sworn statement or affirmation, search of the central registry, and criminal history record check

With the written request for religious exemption status

D. Background checks are required after the initial licensure, registration, approval, or receipt of religious exemption status.

1. These background checks are required after initial licensure, registration, or approval:

Who

What

When

a. New person designated as applicant, licensee, registrant, family day home operator approved by a family day system, or agent who is or will be involved in the day-to-day operations of the facility or who is or will be alone with, in control of, or supervising one or more of the children

Sworn statement or affirmation

Whenever an applicant, licensee, approved family day home operator, or registrant changes

Search of central registry and criminal history record check

Before the end of 30 days after the change

b. Any employee of a licensed, registered, and approved facility who is involved in the day-to-day operations or who is alone with, in control of, or supervising one or more children

Sworn statement or affirmation

Prior to first day of employment at the facility

Search of central registry and criminal history record check

Before 30 days of employment at the facility ends

c. Any applicant, licensee, family day home operator approved by a family day system, agent, employee, volunteer, and person living in the family day home who is required to have background checks

Sworn statement or affirmation, search of central registry and criminal history record check

Before three years since the dates of the last sworn statement or affirmation, most recent central registry finding and most recent criminal history record check report

d. Voluntary registration provider, provider assistant, substitute provider, if any, and any adult residing in the home

Sworn statement or affirmation, search of central registry and criminal history record check

90 days before the date of application for renewal of the current certificate of registration (The application for renewal must be received by the contracting organization no later than 45 days before the expiration of the current certificate of registration.)

e. Volunteer at licensed, registered, or approved facility who will be alone with any child in the performance of duties, excluding a parent-volunteer for children attending a licensed, registered, or approved program

Sworn statement or affirmation

Prior to first day of service at the facility

Search of central registry and criminal history record check

Before 30 days of service at the facility elapses

2. These background checks are required after receipt of the initial religious exemption status letter.

Annually, prior to the expiration date in the current exemption letter, the religious exempt child day center must file with the department documentary evidence that the center is in compliance with the following:

Who

What

When

Prospective employee, volunteer, or any other person who is expected to be alone with one or more children enrolled in the religious exempt child day center except a parent-volunteer, or a parent or guardian who may be left alone with his or her own child

Sworn statement or affirmation

Before employment or commencement of service at the facility

Search of central registry and criminal history record check, as requested by the individual

Within 30 days of employment or commencement of service

3. Background checks are required for independent contract employees and employees hired by a contract agency.

If a licensed, registered, or approved facility uses independent contract employees or contract employees hired by a contract agency who will be involved in the day-to-day operations of the facility or who will be alone with, in control of, or supervising one or more children, the facility must:

a. Obtain background checks according to the above requirements for employees, or view the original required background checks maintained by the contract employee or contract agency;

b. Accept all satisfactory background checks dated less than six months before independent contract employees or contract employees hired by contract agencies begin providing services at facilities;

c. Make copies, and keep them at the licensed, registered, or approved facilities. Staff must write on the copies of the criminal record reports that they are photocopies of originals that facility staff verified; and

d. Provide a sworn statement or affirmation, search of central registry and criminal history record check before three years since the dates of the last sworn statement or affirmation, most recent central registry finding and most recent criminal history record check report.

4. A person 18 years of age and older must have background checks:

Who

What

When

A Person living in:

The home of an applicant* or

The home of a licensed or registered family day home provider

Sworn statement or affirmation

When person age 18 years or older begins residing in the home or when a person in the home becomes 18 years old

Search of central registry and criminal history record check, as requested by the individual

Within 30 days of a person 18 years of age or older beginning to reside in the home or a person in the home becoming 18 years old

*Note: This does not apply to applicants for family day systems, child day centers, or to religious exempt child day centers.

5. A person 14 years of age and older must have a search of the central registry and make the information available for regulatory purposes:

Who

What

When

Person living in:

An applicant's home,

Home of a licensed or registered family day home provider,

Child protective services central registry check

Within 30 days of a 14-year-old beginning to reside in the home or a person in the home becoming 14 years old

6. A facility must not accept a required criminal history record report or a central registry finding from an applicant, licensee, registrant, or other person required to obtain background checks that is dated more than 90 days prior to the date of employment, volunteering, residing in the home.

7. Exception: See provisions for contracting agencies in subdivision 3 of this subsection.

8. The department must not accept a required criminal history record report or a central registry finding from an applicant, licensee, registrant, or person who signs the statement of intent to operate a religious exempt center that is dated more than 90 days prior to date of licensure, registration, approval or exemption, or from the date when the person designated as the applicant or licensee changes.

9. The background checks remain valid at the facility if no more than 12 consecutive months have passed from when a person (i) began a leave of absence from that facility;, (ii) was terminated from employment at that facility; or (iii) was transferred to a facility owned and operated by the same employer or entity, unless there is a criminal conviction or a founded complaint of child abuse and neglect during that period.

8VAC20-770-50 Explaining requirements for satisfactory background checks

A. The department and registering and approving authorities must require documentation of satisfactory background checks for applicants, agents, employees, volunteers, and others living in family day homes as specified in 8VAC20-770-40.

1. A satisfactory sworn statement or affirmation is:

a. A fully completed original that states that the person does not have an offense; and

b. There is no other knowledge that the individual has an unsatisfactory background.

Criminal convictions include prior adult convictions and juvenile convictions or adjudications of delinquency based on a crime that would be a felony if committed by an adult within or outside the Commonwealth. Convictions also include convictions in other states that are equivalent to those specified in this section.

2. A satisfactory central registry finding is one in which:

a. A copy of the Department of Social Services child protective services check form is returned to the requesting agency, the Department, or local department of social services indicating that, as of the date on the reply, the individual whose name was searched is not identified in the central registry as an involved caregiver with a founded disposition of child abuse/neglect; and

b. There is no other knowledge that the individual has a founded disposition in Virginia or elsewhere.

3. A satisfactory criminal history record check report is one in which:

a. An original hard copy or Internet inquiry reply from the Department of State Police is returned to the agency, individual or authorized agent making the request with:

(1) No convictions indicated; or

(2) Convictions indicated, but no barrier crimes, offenses, or other felony convictions in the last five years;

b. A letter is received from the Office of Background Investigations with a finding of "eligible"; and

c. There is no other knowledge that the individual has an offense in Virginia or elsewhere.

The facility must have viewed an original criminal history record report maintained by a contract employee or contract agency that is dated less than six months before the independent contract employee or contract employee is hired by a contract agency begins providing services at the facility.(See also 8VAC20-770-90.)

4. A licensed child day center may hire for compensated employment persons who have been convicted of not more than one misdemeanor offense as defined in § 18.2-57 of the Code of Virginia if 10 years have elapsed following the conviction, unless the person committed such offense while employed in a child day center or the object of the offense was a minor.

B. Background checks results are not open ended.

1. When a minor living in a family day home turns 18 years of age, the operator is responsible for making sure that the 18-year-old complies with all background check requirements for adults pursuant to 8VAC20-770-40 D.

2. Operators must submit new background checks as part of the renewal application packages of registered family day homes. With the exception of those facilities that are exempt per § 22.1-289.031 of the Code of Virginia, background checks are required every three years for all other persons required to have background checks pursuant to 8VAC20-770-40 D.

3. If a person leaves a facility and the criminal history record report or central registry check finding is less than 91 days old, the person must be permitted to take the report or reports with him. The facility must keep a copy of any report a person takes and write on it that it is a copy, and that the original of any criminal history record report was verified.

4. Unless there is a criminal conviction or a founded complaint of child abuse and neglect during that period, a background check remains valid at a facility if no more than 12 consecutive months have passed from when a person:

a. Began a leave of absence from that facility;

b. Was terminated from employment at that facility; or

c. Was transferred to a center owned and operated by the same employer or entity.

5. The facility, department, or registering or approving authority may require a new background check relevant to this suspicion if there is reason to suspect that a person who has submitted acceptable background checks, as required by this chapter, has an offense in Virginia or elsewhere.

6. When the facility, department, or registering or approving authority chooses to require a new background check:

a. The facility, department, or registering or approving authority may allow the person to continue the same relationship with the child day program until the child care provider or licensing, registering, or approval authority receives the new Virginia background check information or equivalent documentation from another state; or

b. If there is reason to suspect that a person has an offense, the facility, department, or registering or approving authority may require that the person not be alone with children, even if the documentation is not Virginia background check information or equivalent information from another state.

C. Waivers of some criminal convictions are possible. Refer to 8VAC20-770-90 through 8VAC20-770-130 for an explanation of the waiver.

8VAC20-770-60 Explaining consequences of unsatisfactory background checks results

A. Applicants are denied licensure, registration or approval when there are unsatisfactory background checks results for:

1. Applicants as a child day program or family day system;

2. Agents at the time of application who are or will be involved in the day-to-day operations of the child day program or who are or will be alone with, in control of, or supervising one or more of the children;

3. Any other adult, or any child aged 14 or older, living in the home of an applicant for licensure or registration as a family day home with an unsatisfactory central registry finding;

4. Prospective family day home operators and family members seeking approval by family day systems.

B. An employee or volunteer of a licensed or registered child day program or of a family day home approved by a family day system must not be employed or provide volunteer service until the agency or home has the person's completed sworn statement or affirmation.

C. An employee or volunteer of a licensed or registered child day program, or of a family day home approved by a family day system, must be denied continued employment or volunteer service if:

1. The licensed or registered child day program or family day system does not have an original criminal history record report within 30 days of employment or volunteer service; or

2. The licensed or registered child day program or family day system does not have a central registry finding within 30 days of employment or volunteer service.

D. No violation will occur and an employee may continue to work, provide service, or live in a licensed, registered, or approved family day home if the facility has documentation that the criminal history record request, or the request for search of the central registry, was submitted within seven calendar days of the person being employed or volunteering, but the report is not returned within 30 calendar days.

1. If a requested report was sent within seven calendar days but was not returned within 30 calendar days, the requester must contact within four working days:

a. The Central Criminal Records Exchange of the Department of State Police; or

b. The Office of Background Investigations of the Department of Social Services.

2. If the request was not received, the requestor must submit another request within five working days after the contact.

3. This provision also applies to someone beginning to live in a family day home after licensure, registration or approval is given or a child who becomes 18 years of age. It also applies to a child protective services central registry check for a person who becomes 14 years of age.

E. If the department or a local department of social services becomes aware that a person covered by this chapter has a disqualifying background, the department or local department of social services may release this information to facilities that are covered by this chapter. Those facilities must not further disseminate this information.

This provision also applies to a new adult beginning to live in a family day home or a child living in a family day home who becomes 18 years of age after licensure, registration or approval is given. It also applies to a child protective services central registry clearance for a person who becomes 14 years of age.

F. Licensed, registered, or approved facilities must inform compensated employees and volunteers that the facilities are requesting child protective services registry checks and criminal history record reports for them.

G. A facility may choose to request a national criminal background check, instead of the criminal history record check, for employees and volunteers.

1. The facility must adhere to Department of State Police requirements for obtaining fingerprints, in accordance with § 19.2-392.02 of the Code of Virginia.

2. The department, and family day system will accept a national criminal background check result of "qualified" from the Department of State Police.

3. If the screening result is "disqualified," the facility must obtain a satisfactory criminal history record check from the Central Criminal Record Exchange for the person if:

a. The facility wishes to employ the person or approve the person as a volunteer;

b. The entity wishes the department to issue a license or registration; or

c. The facility wishes a family day system or child-placing agency to issue an approval.

H. The facility may also require a background check from another state per the provisions in subdivision B 5 of 8VAC20-770-50.

I. A facility that does not comply with this chapter may have its licensure, registration, approval, or religious exempt status revoked or denied.

J. If a facility has knowledge that a person required to have a background check has an offense, and this person has neither a waiver nor an exception per 8VAC20-770-50, and the facility refuses to separate the person from employment, service, or residence in a family day home, then licensure, registration, or approval must be revoked or denied.

8VAC20-770-70 Keeping background check records

A. A facility must keep background check records at the location where the person is an applicant, agent, employee, contract employee, volunteer, other adult in the home, or is any other adult who is involved in the day-to-day operations of the facility or who is alone with, in control of, or supervising one or more children.

1. If a facility is among two or more owned by the same entity, the background check reports and findings may be kept at corporate headquarters or at the facility and must be made available to the department representative upon request.

2. If a facility is not the primary work place for a person, the facility may keep copies on site, if there is:

a. Documentation of the place where original background check records are kept; and

b. Copies of the sworn disclosure statement or affirmation, criminal history record report with a statement that the facility designee has viewed and verified the original, and the child protective services central registry check form must be kept on site.

B. Contracting organizations and voluntarily registered family day homes certified eligible for registration by contracting organizations must keep background check records.

1. The contracting organization must keep:

a. The original criminal history record report and sworn statement or affirmation for the voluntarily registered provider;

b. The original or a copy of the central registry findings; and

c. A copy of the criminal history record report and central registry findings for all provider assistants, substitute providers, and central registry findings for persons aged 14 and older residing in the home.

2. The voluntarily registered family day home provider must keep:

a. The original criminal history record report and sworn statement of affirmation for any provider assistant, substitute provider, and any adult residing in the home; and

b. The original or a copy of the central registry finding for any provider assistant, substitute provider or any person aged 14 and older residing in the home; and

c. Copies of the provider's own background check records.

C. Family day systems and family day homes approved by family day systems must keep background check records. The requestor identified on the form must keep the original criminal history record check result and the original or copy of the child protective services central registry finding, and the other party keeps copies. The family day system must keep the original sworn disclosure statement or affirmation.

D. A voluntarily registered family day home must keep all background check information for two years after a person required to provide background check terminates his duties with a facility or no longer resides in the home. All other facilities must keep all background check information for one year after a person required to provide background checks terminates his duties with a facility or no longer resides in the home.

E. The sworn statement or affirmation, criminal history record report, and central registry finding must be kept in locked files.

F. Applicants and agents, and their designees, are the only facility staff who may have access to these documents. The board president must have access to these documents.

G. If a person is denied licensure, registration, or approval, or is denied employment or volunteer service because of information on a sworn statement or affirmation, a central registry finding, or criminal history record report, the facility must provide a copy of the information obtained from the central registry or the Central Criminal Records Exchange or both to the person.

H. A facility must also release a copy of the information obtained from the central registry or the Central Criminal Records Exchange or both when the subject of the information requests it.

I. Further dissemination of the background check information is prohibited other than to the Superintendent's representative or a federal or state authority or court in order to comply with an express requirement in the law for that dissemination. (See the provisions at 8VAC20-770-60 E8.)

8VAC20-770-80 Describing the waiver of criminal conviction

The waiver of criminal conviction is the department's canceling the consequences of an unsatisfactory criminal history record check only for specific convictions.

8VAC20-770-90 Identifying who may apply for a waiver

A. Any person who wants to operate or to volunteer or work at a facility covered by this chapter, but who is disqualified because of a criminal conviction, or a criminal conviction in the background check of any other adult living in a family day home governed by this chapter, may apply in writing to the Superintendent of the department for a waiver.

B. The Superintendent may grant a waiver if:

1. A nonbarrier crime felony conviction occurred less than five years previously and the Superintendent determines that the person is of good moral character and reputation and the waiver would not adversely affect the safety and well-being of the children in the person's care; or

2. Any other adult living in the home of a family day home applicant or provider has been convicted of not more than one misdemeanor offense of assault and battery or assault and battery against a family or household member as set out in §§ 18.2-57 and 18.2-57.2 of the Code of Virginia, provided five years have elapsed following the conviction and the department has conducted a home study that includes, but is not limited to:

a. An assessment of the safety of the children placed in the home and

b. A determination that the offender is now a person of good moral character and reputation.

The other adult must not be an assistant or substitute provider.

8VAC20-770-100 Explaining waiver application requirements

A. The person requests a waiver application package from the Office of Child Care Licensing. The person sends the completed application and a waiver application fee made out to "Treasurer of Virginia" to the Office of Child Care Licensing. The Superintendent establishes the fee. It is identified in the application package.

B. Exception: A person wishing to operate a voluntarily registered family day home requests a waiver application from either the contracting organization or the voluntary registration consultant in the Office of Child Care Licensing. The person sends the completed application and application fee to the voluntary registration consultant in the Office of Child Care Licensing.

C. The Superintendent acknowledges, in writing, receipt of the application and notifies the requester and the sponsor whether the request appears to be complete.

8VAC20-770-110 Describing the contents of a waiver application

A. The waiver application is a personally prepared application.

B. The waiver application must be submitted in typewritten form or neatly printed and must include:

1. A statement that the request was solely and personally prepared by the requester, or other adult living in a family day home, as applicable, and has not been edited or changed by anyone else. Exception: the document may be typed by another person;

2. A statement that the requester understands that the waiver will be available for inspection by the public and that the facility will provide a copy of the waiver to every parent and guardian if the waiver is granted;

3. A statement that the requester understands that information in the waiver application package will be made available by the Superintendent to any person upon request if the waiver is granted;

4. Personal and employment information;

5. If the request is for a family day home, all members of the household and their relationship to the requester;

6. A factual account of the crime of the person with the disqualifying conviction;

7. The current status and history with justice systems of the person with the disqualifying conviction;

8. Other information the person with the disqualifying background wants the Superintendent to consider in evaluating the waiver request;

9. An explanation of why the waiver should be granted; and

10. Seven attachments:

a. A nonrefundable check, made payable to the "Treasurer of Virginia," for waiver application processing;

b. For the person with the disqualifying conviction:

(1) A "Current Employment and Employment History Form";

(2) A copy of the current sworn statement or affirmation;

(3) A copy of the current criminal history record report;

(4) A copy of all necessary documents verifying the person's statements regarding past and current involvement with adult or juvenile justice systems within or outside the Commonwealth;

(5) At least four references by disinterested individuals who will vouch for the "good moral character and reputation" of the person with the disqualifying conviction;

(6) The Sponsoring Agency Statement; and

(7) A notarized signature page.

C. If the waiver application is for another adult living in a family day home, the department conducts a home study to:

1. Assess the safety of children placed in the home; and

2. Determine that the offender is now a person of good moral character and reputation.

8VAC20-770-120 Describing the waiver evaluation criteria

A. The Superintendent may delegate all aspects of processing and evaluating waiver requests, provided that responsibility for making the final decision may not be delegated below the level of a division director.

B. The final decision is based on the following:

1. The content of the waiver application package;

2. The nature of the conviction or convictions and relevance to decision criteria; and

3. The extent and pattern of criminal history or child abuse and neglect, including the person's age when the act occurred and how long ago the act occurred.

C. The applicant may be required to provide additional information that is reasonable and necessary to evaluate the application.

D. The Superintendent may interview the applicant or other persons sufficient to verify and evaluate the information in the application package.

E. The Superintendent may grant a waiver if the Superintendent determines that:

1. The person is now of good moral character and reputation; and

2. The waiver would not adversely affect the safety and well-being of children in the person's care.

F. The Superintendent will consider a waiver application abandoned, and close the file, when:

1. More than 60 days have passed since the Superintendent advised the requester and the sponsoring agency that the waiver application was incomplete, or since the Superintendent requested additional information that was reasonably necessary to evaluate the application; and

2. The Superintendent informs the requester by certified mail that the waiver application would be considered abandoned unless the requester provides the requested information within 15 days.

G. Waiver decisions are not appealable.

8VAC20-770-130 Describing the waiver decision notification process

A. The Superintendent notifies the requester, or other adult if applicable, and the sponsor of his approval or denial in writing by certified mail.

B. Any approved waiver is for a specific person and a specific facility and must include:

1. Name of individual;

2. Name of facility;

3. Effective dates;

4. Terms, conditions, and stipulations, if any;

5. Criminal conviction for which the waiver was granted;

6. Date of criminal conviction;

7. Relevant court and location;

8. Sentence served; and

9. Signature of Superintendent, or designee, and date.

8VAC20-770-140 Modifying, revoking, and terminating waivers

A. The person and the sponsoring agency may request a modification of any of the terms, conditions, or stipulations of a waiver.

B. The Superintendent may revoke a waiver if, after investigation, he determines that:

1. The waiver application contained false, deceptive, or misleading information;

2. The terms, conditions, or stipulations of a waiver have been violated; or

3. New or expanded information becomes known about the person that would change the previous determination made about the person's character, reputation, or suitability to work with or be in proximity to children.

C. If a waiver is revoked, the Superintendent informs the person and the sponsoring agency, in writing by certified mail, of the reasons for the revocation.

D. A waiver automatically expires when:

1. The person terminates the approved arrangement with the sponsoring facility;

2. Five years have passed from the last date of a conviction for the felony or felonies for which the waiver was granted; or

3. The other adult living in a family day home was the reason for the waiver and the other adult no longer lives in the home.

8VAC20-770-150 Explaining the waiver public notification requirements

A. Notification about waivers is conducted in accordance with agency policy.

B. The facility must post in a conspicuous place on the premises any waiver granted by the department.

C. The facility must notify in writing every parent and guardian of the children in its care of any waiver granted for its operators, employees, volunteers, or adult family members living in the home. This notification includes parents and guardians who, in the future, enroll children.

8VAC20-770-9998 FORMS (8VAC20-770)

Central Registry Release of Information Form (eff. 7/1/21)

Sworn Statement or Affirmation for Child Day Programs (eff. 7/1/21)

8VAC20-780-10 Definitions

22VAC40-185-10 8VAC20-780-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Adult" means any individual 18 years of age or older.

"Age and stage appropriate" means the curriculum, environment, equipment, and adult-child interactions are suitable for the ages of the children within a group and the individual needs of any child.

"Age groups":

1. "Infant" means children from birth to 16 months.

2. "Toddler" means children from 16 months up to two years.

3. "Preschool" means children from two years up to the age of eligibility to attend public school, five years by September 30.

4. "School age" means children eligible to attend public school, age five or older by September 30 of that same year. Four-year-old or five-year-old children included in a group of school age children may be considered school age during the summer months if the children will be entering kindergarten that year.

"Attendance" means the actual presence of an enrolled child.

"Balanced mixed-age grouping" means a program using a curriculum designed to meet the needs and interests of children in the group and is planned for children who enter the program at three through five years of age. The enrollment in the balance mixed-age grouping comprises a relatively even allocation of children in each of three ages (three to six years) and is designed for children and staff to remain together with turnover planned only for the replacement of exiting students with children of ages that maintain the class balance.

"Body fluids" means urine, feces, saliva, blood, nasal discharge, eye discharge, and injury or tissue discharge.

"Camp" means a child day camp that is a child day center for school age children that operates during the summer vacation months only. Four-year-old children who will be five by September 30 of the same year may be included in a camp for school age children.

"Center" means a child day center.

"Child" means any individual under 18 years of age.

"Child day center" means a child day program offered to (i) two or more children younger than 13 years of age in a facility that is not the residence of the provider or of any of the children in care or (ii) 13 or more children at any location.

"Child day program" means a regularly operating service arrangement for children where, during the absence of a parent or guardian, a person or organization has agreed to assume responsibility for the supervision, protection, and well-being of a child younger than 13 years of age for less than a 24-hour period.

Note: This does not include programs such as drop-in playgrounds or clubs for children when there is no service arrangement with the child's parent.

"Children with special needs" means children with developmental disabilities, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, sensory or motor impairment, or significant chronic illness who require special health surveillance or specialized programs, interventions, technologies, or facilities.

"Cleaned" means treated in such a way to reduce the amount of filth through the use of water with soap or detergent or the use of an abrasive cleaner on inanimate surfaces.

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Communicable disease" means a disease caused by a microorganism (bacterium, virus, fungus, or parasite) that can be transmitted from person to person via an infected body fluid or respiratory spray, with or without an intermediary agent (such as a louse or mosquito) or environmental object (such as a table surface). Some communicable diseases are reportable to the local health authority.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Social Services Education.

"Department's representative" means an employee or designee of the Virginia Department of Social Services Education, acting as the authorized agent of the commissioner Superintendent.

"Evening care" means care provided after 7 p.m. but not through the night.

"Good character and reputation" means knowledgeable and objective people agree that the individual (i) maintains business, professional, family, and community relationships which are characterized by honesty, fairness, and truthfulness and (ii) demonstrates a concern for the well-being of others to the extent that the individual is considered suitable to be entrusted with the care, guidance, and protection of children. Relatives by blood or marriage and people who are not knowledgeable of the individual, such as recent acquaintances, shall not be considered objective references.

"Group of children" means the children assigned to a staff member or team of staff members.

"High school program completion or the equivalent" means an individual has earned a high school diploma or General Education Development (G.E.D.) certificate, or has completed a program of home instruction equivalent to high school completion.

"Independent contractor" means an entity that enters into an agreement to provide specialized services or staff for a specified period of time.

"Individual service, education or treatment plan" means a plan identifying the child's strengths, needs, general functioning and plan for providing services to the child. The service plan includes specific goals and objectives for services, accommodations, and intervention strategies. The service, education or treatment plan clearly shows documentation and reassessment or evaluation strategies.

"Intervention strategies" means a plan for staff action that outlines methods, techniques, cues, programs, or tasks that enable the child to successfully complete a specific goal.

"Licensee" means any individual, partnership, association, public agency, or corporation to whom the license is issued.

"Minor injury" means a wound or other specific damage to the body such as, but not limited to, abrasions, splinters, bites that do not break the skin, and bruises.

"Overnight care" means care provided after 7 p.m. and through the night.

"Parent" means the biological or adoptive parent or legal guardian of a child enrolled in or in the process of being admitted to a center.

"Physician" means an individual licensed to practice medicine in any of the 50 states or the District of Columbia.

"Physician's designee" means a physician, licensed nurse practitioner, licensed physician assistant, licensed nurse (R.N. or L.P.N.), or health assistant acting under the supervision of a physician.

"Primitive camp" means a camp where places of abode, water supply system, or permanent toilet and cooking facilities are not usually provided.

"Programmatic experience" means time spent working directly with children in a group that is located away from the child's home. Work time shall be computed on the basis of full-time work experience during the period prescribed or equivalent work time over a longer period. Experience settings may include a child day program, family day home, child day center, boys and girls club, field placement, elementary school, or a faith-based organization.

"Resilient surfacing" means:

1. For indoor and outdoor use underneath and surrounding equipment, impact absorbing surfacing materials that comply with minimum safety standards when tested in accordance with the procedures described in the American Society for Testing and Materials' standard F1292-99 as shown in Figures 2 (Compressed Loose Fill Synthetic Materials Depth Chart) and 3 (Use Zones for Equipment) on pages 6-7 of the National Program for Playground Safety's "Selecting Playground Surface Materials: Selecting the Best Surface Material for Your Playground," February 2004.

2. Hard surfaces such as asphalt, concrete, dirt, grass or flooring covered by carpet or gym mats do not qualify as resilient surfacing.

"Sanitized" means treated in such a way to remove bacteria and viruses from inanimate surfaces through using a disinfectant solution (i.e., bleach solution or commercial chemical disinfectant) or physical agent (e.g., heat). The surface of the item is sprayed or dipped into the disinfectant solution and allowed to air dry after use of the disinfectant solution.

"Serious injury" means a wound or other specific damage to the body such as, but not limited to, unconsciousness; broken bones; dislocation; deep cut requiring stitches; concussion; or foreign object lodged in eye, nose, ear, or other body orifice.

"Shelter-in-place" means the facility or building in which a child day center is located.

"Short-term program" means a child day center that operates less than 12 weeks a year.

"Special needs child day program" means a program exclusively serving children with special needs.

"Specialty camps" means those centers that have an educational or recreational focus on one subject such as dance, drama, music, or sports.

"Sponsor" means an individual, partnership, association, public agency, corporation, or other legal entity in whom the ultimate authority and legal responsibility is vested for the administration and operation of a center subject to licensure.

"Staff" means administrative, activity, and service personnel including the licensee when the licensee is an individual who works in the center, and any persons counted in the staff-to-children ratios or any persons working with a child without sight and sound supervision of a staff member.

"Staff positions" are defined as follows:

1. "Aide" means the individual designated to be responsible for helping the program leader in supervising children and in implementing the activities and services for children. Aides may also be referred to as assistant teachers or child care assistants.

2. "Program leader" means the individual designated to be responsible for the direct supervision of children and for implementation of the activities and services for a group of children. Program leaders may also be referred to as child care supervisors or teachers.

3. "Program director" means the primary, onsite director or coordinator designated to be responsible for developing and implementing the activities and services offered to children, including the supervision, orientation, training, and scheduling of staff who work directly with children, whether or not personally performing these functions.

4. "Administrator" means a manager or coordinator designated to be in charge of the total operation and management of one or more centers. The administrator may be responsible for supervising the program director or, if appropriately qualified, may concurrently serve as the program director. The administrator may perform staff orientation or training or program development functions if the administrator meets the qualifications of 22VAC40-185-190 8VAC20-780-190 and a written delegation of responsibility specifies the duties of the program director.

"Superintendent" means Superintendent of Public Instruction.

"Therapeutic child day program" means a specialized program, including therapeutic recreation programs, exclusively serving children with special needs when an individual service, education or treatment plan is developed and implemented with the goal of improving the functional abilities of the children in care.

"Universal precautions" means an approach to infection control. According to the concept of universal precautions, all human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and other bloodborne pathogens.

"Volunteer" means a person who works at the center and:

1. Is not paid;

2. Is not counted in the staff-to-children ratios; and

3. Is in sight and sound supervision of a staff member when working with a child.

Any unpaid person not meeting this definition shall be considered "staff" and shall meet staff requirements.

8VAC20-780-20 Legal base

22VAC40-185-20 8VAC20-780-20. Legal base.

A. Chapters 17 (§ 63.2-1700 et seq.) and 18 (§ 63.2-1800 et seq.) of Title 63.2 Chapter 14.1, Article 3 (§ 22.1-289.010 et seq.) and Article 4 (§ 22.1-289.030 et seq.) of Title 22 of the Code of Virginia describes the responsibility of the Department of Social Services Education for the regulation of residential and day programs for children, including child day centers programs.

B. Section 63.2-1734 § 22.1-16 of the Code of Virginia requires authorizes the State Board of Social Services Education to prescribe standards for certain activities, services, and facilities for child day centers promulgate regulations to carry out its powers and duties.

C. Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to contradict or to negate any provisions of the Code of Virginia which may apply to child day centers.

8VAC20-780-30 Purpose and applicability

22VAC40-185-30 8VAC20-780-30. Purpose and applicability.

A. The purpose of these standards is to protect children under the age of 13 who are separated from their parents during a part of the day by:

1. Ensuring that the activities, services, and facilities of centers are conducive to the well-being of children; and

2. Reducing risks in the environment.

B. The standards in this chapter apply to child day centers as defined in 22VAC40-185-10 8VAC20-780-10 serving children under the age of 13.

8VAC20-780-40 Operational responsibilities

22VAC40-185-40 8VAC20-780-40. Operational responsibilities.

A. Applications for licensure shall conform with Chapters 17 (§ 63.2-1700 et seq.) and 18 (§ 63.2-1800 et seq.) Chapter 14.1, Article 3 (§22.1-289.010 et seq.) and Article 4 (§ 22.1-289.030 et seq.) of Title 63.2 22.1 of the Code of Virginia and the regulation entitled General Procedures and Information for Licensure, 22VAC40-80 8VAC20-820.

B. Pursuant to §§ 63.2-1719 and 63.2-1721.1 §22.1-289.034 et seq. of the Code of Virginia and the regulation entitled Background Checks for Child Welfare Agencies, 22VAC40-191, Child Day Programs and Family Day Systems, 8VAC20-770, the applicant and any agent at the time of application who is or will be involved in the day-to-day operations of the center or who is or will be alone with, in control of, or supervising one or more of the children, shall be of good character and reputation and shall not be guilty of an offense as defined in § 63.2-1719 22.1-289.034 of the Code of Virginia.

C. The sponsor shall afford the commissioner Superintendent or his agents the right at all reasonable times to inspect facilities and to interview his agents, employees, and any child or other person within his custody or control, provided that no private interviews may be conducted with any child without prior notice to the parent of such child.

D. The license shall be posted in a place conspicuous to the public (§ 63.2-170122.1-289.011 of the Code of Virginia).

E. The operational responsibilities of the licensee shall include, but not be limited to, ensuring that the center's activities, services, and facilities are maintained in compliance with these standards, the center's own policies and procedures that are required by these standards, and the terms of the current license issued by the department.

F. Every center shall ensure that any advertising is not misleading or deceptive as required by § 63.2-1713 22.1-289.027 of the Code of Virginia.

G. The center shall meet the proof of child identity and age requirements as stated in § 63.2-1809 22.1-289.049 of the Code of Virginia.

H. The sponsor shall maintain public liability insurance for bodily injury for each center site with a minimum limit of at least $500,000 each occurrence and with a minimum limit of $500,000 aggregate.

1. A public sponsor may have equivalent self-insurance that is in compliance with the Code of Virginia.

2. Evidence of insurance coverage shall be made available to the department's representative upon request.

I. The center shall develop written procedures for injury prevention.

J. Injury prevention procedures shall be updated at least annually based on documentation of injuries and a review of the activities and services.

K. The center shall develop written playground safety procedures which shall include:

1. Provision for active supervision by staff to include positioning of staff in strategic locations, scanning play activities, and circulating among children; and

2. Method of maintaining resilient surface.

L. Hospital-operated centers may temporarily exceed their licensed capacity during a natural disaster or other catastrophe or emergency situation and shall develop a written plan for emergency operations, for submission to and approval by the Department of Social Services Education.

M. When children 13 years or older are enrolled in the program and receive supervision in the licensed program, they shall be counted in the number of children receiving care and the center shall comply with the standards for these children.

8VAC20-780-50 General recordkeeping; reports

22VAC40-185-50 8VAC20-780-50. General recordkeeping; reports.

A. Staff and children's records shall be treated confidentially. Exception: Children's records shall be made available to parents on request, unless otherwise ordered by the court.

B. Records and reports on children and staff required by this chapter shall be maintained and made accessible for two years after termination of services or separation from employment unless specified otherwise.

C. Records may be kept at a central location except as stated otherwise in these standards.

8VAC20-780-60 Children's records

22VAC40-185-60 8VAC20-780-60. Children's records.

A. Each center shall maintain and keep at the center a separate record for each child enrolled which shall contain the following information:

1. Name, nickname (if any), sex, and birth date of the child;

2. Name, home address, and home phone number of each parent who has custody;

3. When applicable, work phone number and place of employment of each parent who has custody;

4. Name and phone number of child's physician;

5. Name, address, and phone number of two designated people to call in an emergency if a parent cannot be reached;

6. Names of persons authorized to pick up the child. Appropriate legal paperwork shall be on file when the custodial parent requests the center not to release the child to the other parent;

7. Allergies and intolerance to food, medication, or any other substances, and actions to take in an emergency situation;

8. Chronic physical problems and pertinent developmental information and any special accommodations needed;

9. Health information as required by 22VAC40-185-130 8VAC20-780-130 through 22VAC40-185-150 8VAC20-780-150;

Exception: When a center is located on the same premises where a child attends school and the child's record has a statement verifying the school's possession of the health record, the center is not required to maintain duplicates of the school's health record for that child provided the school's records are accessible during the center's hours of operation.

10. Written agreements between the parent and the center as required by 22VAC40-185-90 8VAC20-780-90;

11. Documentation of child updates and confirmation of up-to-date information in the child's record as required by 22VAC40-185-420 E 3 8VAC20-780-420 E 3;

12. Any blanket permission slips and opt out requests;

13. Previous child day care and schools attended by the child;

14. Name of any additional programs or schools that the child is concurrently attending and the grade or class level;

15. Documentation of viewing proof of the child's identity and age; and

16. First and last dates of attendance.

B. The proof of identity, if reproduced or retained by the child day program or both, shall be destroyed upon the conclusion of the requisite period of retention. The procedures for the disposal, physical destruction or other disposition of the proof of identity containing social security numbers shall include all reasonable steps to destroy such documents by (i) shredding, (ii) erasing, or (iii) otherwise modifying the social security numbers in those records to make them unreadable or indecipherable by any means.

8VAC20-780-70 Staff records

22VAC40-185-70 8VAC20-780-70. Staff records.

A. The following staff records shall be kept for each staff person:

1. Name, address, verification of age requirement, job title, and date of employment or volunteering; and name, address and telephone number of a person to be notified in an emergency which shall be kept at the center.

2. For staff hired after March 1, 1996, documentation that two or more references as to character and reputation as well as competency were checked before employment or volunteering. If a reference check is taken over the phone, documentation shall include:

a. Dates of contact;

b. Names of persons contacted;

c. The firms contacted;

d. Results; and

e. Signature of person making call.

3. Background checks as required by the regulation entitled Background Checks for Licensed Child Day Centers (22VAC15-51) Programs and Family Day Systems (8VAC20-770).

4. Written information to demonstrate that the individual possesses the education, orientation training, staff development, certification, and experience required by the job position.

5. First aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and other certifications as required by the responsibilities held by the staff member.

6. Health information as required by 22VAC40-185-160 8VAC20-780-160 and 22VAC40-185-170 8VAC20-780-170.

7. Information, to be kept at the center, about any health problems which may interfere with fulfilling the job responsibilities.

8. Date of separation from employment.

B. Exception: Background check records for independent contractors must be kept in accordance with 22VAC15-51-70 8VAC20-770-40 of the background check regulation.

8VAC20-780-80 Attendance records; reports

22VAC40-185-80 8VAC20-780-80. Attendance records; reports.

A. The center shall keep a written record of children in attendance each day.

B. Reports shall be filed and maintained as follows:

1. The center shall inform the commissioner's Superintendent's representative as soon as practicable but not to exceed one working day of the circumstances surrounding the following incidents:

a. Death of a child while under the center's supervision; and

b. Missing child when local authorities have been contacted for help.

2. Any suspected incident of child abuse shall be reported in accordance with § 63.2-1509 of the Code of Virginia.

8VAC20-780-90 Parental agreements

22VAC40-185-90 8VAC20-780-90. Parental agreements.

A written agreement between the parent and the center shall be in each child's record by the first day of the child's attendance. The agreement shall be signed by the parent and include:

1. An authorization for emergency medical care should an emergency occur when the parent cannot be located immediately unless the parent states in writing an objection to the provision of such care on religious or other grounds;

2. A statement that the center will notify the parent when the child becomes ill and that the parent will arrange to have the child picked up as soon as possible if so requested by the center; and

3. A statement that the parent will inform the center within 24 hours or the next business day after his child or any member of the immediate household has developed any reportable communicable disease, as defined by the State Board of Health, except for life threatening diseases which must be reported immediately.

8VAC20-780-100 Enrollment procedures of therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs

22VAC40-185-100 8VAC20-780-100. Enrollment procedures of therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs.

Before the child's first day of attendance, there shall be personal communication between the director, or his designee, and the parent to determine:

1. The child's level of general functioning as related to physical, affective/emotional, cognitive and social skills required for participation; and

2. Any special medical procedures needed.

8VAC20-780-110 Individual assessment for therapeutic child day programs

22VAC40-185-110 8VAC20-780-110. Individual assessment for therapeutic child day programs.

A. An individual assessment completed within six months before the child's attendance or 30 days after the first day of attendance shall be maintained for each child.

B. An individual assessment shall be reviewed and updated for each child no less than once every 12 months.

8VAC20-780-120 Individual service, education or treatment plan for therapeutic child day programs

22VAC40-185-120 8VAC20-780-120. Individual service, education or treatment plan for therapeutic child day programs.

A. An individual service, education or treatment plan:

1. Shall be developed for each child by the director or his designee and primary staff responsible for plan implementation;

2. Shall be implemented within 60 days after the first day of the child's attendance.

B. The child's individual service, education or treatment plan shall be developed, reviewed, and revised every three months and rewritten annually by the director or his designee and primary staff responsible for plan implementation. This shall be done in partnership with the parent, residential care provider or advocate.

C. A copy of the initial plan and subsequent or amended service, education or treatment plans shall be maintained in the child's record and a copy given to the child's parent.

8VAC20-780-130 Immunizations for children

22VAC40-185-130 8VAC20-780-130. Immunizations for children.

A. The center shall obtain documentation that each child has received the immunizations required by the State Board of Health before the child can attend the center.

Exemptions (subsection C of § 22.1-271.2 of the Code of Virginia and 12VAC5-110-110 of the Regulations for the Immunizations of School Children): Documentation of immunizations is not required for any child whose (i) parent submits an affidavit to the center, on the form entitled "Certification of Religious Exemption," stating that the administration of immunizing agents conflicts with the parent's or child's religious tenets or practices, or (ii) physician or a local health department states on a MCH 213B or MCH 213C, or other Department of Health-approved form that one or more of the required immunizations may be detrimental to the child's health.

B. The center shall obtain documentation of additional immunizations once every six months for children under the age of two years.

C. The center shall obtain documentation of additional immunizations once between each child's fourth and sixth birthdays.

8VAC20-780-140 Physical examinations for children

22VAC40-185-140 8VAC20-780-140. Physical examinations for children.

A. Each child shall have a physical examination by or under the direction of a physician:

1. Before the child's attendance; or

2. Within one month after attendance.

B. If the child has had a physical examination prior to attendance, it shall be within the time period prescribed below:

1. Within two months prior to attendance for children six months of age and younger;

2. Within three months prior to attendance for children aged seven months through 18 months;

3. Within six months prior to attendance for children aged 19 months through 24 months; and

4. Within 12 months prior to attendance for children two years of age through five years of age.

C. Exceptions:

1. Children transferring from a facility licensed by the Virginia Department of Social Services Education, certified by a local department of public welfare or social services, registered as a small family day home by the Virginia Department of Social Services Education or by a contract agency of the Virginia Department of Social Services Education, or approved by a licensed family day system:

a. If the initial report or a copy of the initial report of immunizations is available to the admitting facility, no additional examination is required.

b. If the initial report or a copy of the initial report is not available, a report of physical examination and immunization is required in accordance with 22VAC40-185-1308VAC20-780-130 and this section.

2. Pursuant to subsection D of § 22.1-270 of the Code of Virginia, physical examinations are not required for any child whose parent objects on religious grounds. The parent must submit a signed statement noting that the parent objects on religious grounds and certifying that to the best of the parent's knowledge the child is in good health and free from communicable or contagious disease.

8VAC20-780-150 Form and content of immunizations and physical examination reports for children

22VAC40-185-150 8VAC20-780-150. Form and content of immunizations and physical examination reports for children.

A. The current form required by the Virginia Department of Health or a physician's form shall be used to report immunizations received and the results of the required physical examination.

B. Each report shall include the date of the physical examination and dates immunizations were received and shall be signed by a physician, his designee, or an official of a local health department.

8VAC20-780-160 Tuberculosis screening for staff and independent contractors

22VAC40-185-160 8VAC20-780-160. Tuberculosis screening for staff and independent contractors.

A. Each staff member and individual from an independent contractor shall submit documentation of a negative tuberculosis screening.

Documentation of the screening shall be submitted no later than 21 days after employment or volunteering and shall have been completed within 12 months prior to or 21 days after employment or volunteering.

B. Acceptable forms of documentation of tuberculosis screening are:

1. A clearance statement signed by a physician, the physician's designee or an official of the local health department. This statement shall include language that the individual does not have any current symptoms of active tuberculosis, does not have either a risk factor for acquiring tuberculosis infection or a risk factor for progression to active tuberculosis disease as defined by the local health department, or has been treated for these conditions in the past, and is currently free of tuberculosis in a communicable form. Individuals who have a risk factor for progression to active tuberculosis disease as defined by the Virginia Department of Health shall submit documentation as stated in subdivision 2 or 3 of this subsection;

2. The results of a negative tuberculin skin test (TST). The documentation shall include the date the test was given and results of the test and be signed by a physician, physician's designee or an official of the local health department.

3. The results of a chest x-ray negative for active tuberculosis disease. The documentation shall include the date of the test and location where the examination was performed.

C. At least every two years from the date of the initial screening or testing, or more frequently if recommended by a licensed physician or the local health department, staff members and individuals from independent contractors shall obtain and submit the results of a follow-up tuberculosis screening as stated in subsection B of this section.

D. Any staff member or individual from an independent contractor who develops symptoms compatible with active tuberculosis disease, regardless of the date of the last tuberculosis screening or assessment, shall obtain and submit within 14 days a determination of noncontagiousness by a physician or local health department.

1. Until such determination is made, that staff member may not be permitted to work at the center.

2. Any staff member or individual from an independent contractor who comes in contact with a known active case of tuberculosis or who tests positive on a tuberculin skin test, regardless of the date of the last tuberculosis screening or assessment, shall submit within 30 days a statement indicating that all needed follow-up for the incident has been completed and that the individual is free of tuberculosis in a communicable form. This statement shall be signed by a physician, physician's designee or an official of the local health department.

8VAC20-780-170 Physical and mental health of staff and volunteers

22VAC40-185-170 8VAC20-780-170. Physical and mental health of staff and volunteers.

A. When there is evidence that the safety of children may be jeopardized by contact with a staff member or volunteer because of the physical health or mental health of such staff member or volunteer, the licensee shall, at a minimum, prohibit the employee or volunteer from engaging in contact with the children or participation in the food service program until a physician or a clinical psychologist skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness confirms that any risk has been eliminated or can be reduced to an acceptable level by reasonable accommodations.

B. The requirement of subsection A of this section should not be construed as a mandatory precondition to any other employment action that an employer may otherwise take.

8VAC20-780-180 General qualifications

22VAC40-185-180 8VAC20-780-180. General qualifications.

A. No staff shall be guilty of an offense, as defined in § 63.2-1719 22.1-289.034 of the Code of Virginia.

B. Staff shall be:

1. Of good character and reputation;

2. Capable of carrying out assigned responsibilities;

3. Capable of accepting training and supervision; and

4. Capable of communicating effectively both orally and in writing as applicable to the job responsibility.

C. Staff who work directly with children shall be capable of communicating with emergency personnel.

D. Staff who drive a vehicle transporting children shall disclose any moving traffic violation that occurred five years prior to or during employment or assignment as a driver.

E. For therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs, staff who work with children shall have knowledge of the groups being served and skills specific to the special needs of the children in care including, but not limited to, functional abilities, accommodations, assessment techniques, behavior management, and medical and health concerns.

8VAC20-780-190 Program director qualifications

22VAC40-185-190 8VAC20-780-190. Program director qualifications.

A. Program directors shall be at least 21 years of age and shall meet one of the following:

1. A graduate degree in a child-related field such as, but not limited to, elementary education, nursing, or recreation from a college or university and six months of programmatic experience;

2. An endorsement or bachelor's degree in a child-related field such as, but not limited to, elementary education, nursing, or recreation from a college or university and one year of programmatic experience;

3. Forty-eight semester hours or 72 quarter hours of college credit from a college or university of which 12 semester hours or 18 quarter hours are in child-related subjects and one year of programmatic experience;

4. Two years of programmatic experience with one year in a staff supervisory capacity and at least one of the following education backgrounds:

a. A one-year early childhood certificate from a college or university that consists of at least 30 semester hours;

b. A child development credential that requires:

(1) High school program completion or the equivalent;

(2) 480 hours working with children in a group which could include a supervised practicum; and

(3) Determination of competency in promoting children's development, providing a safe and healthy environment, managing the classroom environment and/or childhood program, and promoting positive and productive relationships with parents/guardians; and

(4) At least 120 clock hours of child-related training taught by an individual or by an organization with expertise in early childhood teacher preparation provided that the training facilitator:

(a) Documents the student's mastery and competence;

(b) Observes the student's application of competence in a classroom setting;

(c) Has a combination of at least six years of education (leading to a degree or credential in a child-related field) or programmatic experience; and

(d) Has at least 12 semester hours or 180 clock hours in a child-related field, a child development credential or equivalent, and two years of programmatic experience with one year in a staff supervisory capacity; or

c. A certification of qualification from an internationally or nationally recognized Montessori organization; or

5. Three years of programmatic experience including one year in a staff supervisory capacity and fulfilled a high school program completion or the equivalent.

a. Such programmatic experience shall be obtained in a child day center that offers a staff training program that includes: written goals and objectives; assessment of the employee's participation in the training; and the subject areas of first aid, human growth and development, health and safety issues and behavioral management of children.

b. Such employees shall complete 120 hours of training during this three-year period and provide documentation of completing the training.

c. Effective June 1, 2008, program directors shall meet a qualification as stated in subdivisions 1 through 4 of this subsection.

6. Exception (a): Program directors hired before June 1, 2005, who do not meet the qualifications may continue to be program directors as long as the program director: (i) obtains each year three semester hours or six quarter hours of college credit related to children until meeting a qualification option or (ii) is enrolled in and regularly works toward a child development credential as specified in subdivision 4 b of this subsection, which credential must be awarded by June 1, 2009.

Exception (b): Program directors hired or promoted on or after June 1, 2005, until June 1, 2006, who do not meet the qualifications may continue to be program directors as long as the program director: (i) obtains each year six semester hours or nine quarter hours of college credit related to children until meeting a qualification option or (ii) is enrolled in and regularly works toward a child development credential as specified in subdivision 4 b of this subsection, which credential must be awarded no later than June 1, 2007.

B. Program directors without management experience shall have one college course in a business-related field, 10 clock hours of management training, or one child care management course that satisfactorily covers the management functions of:

1. Planning;

2. Budgeting;

3. Staffing; and

4. Monitoring.

*Note: Management experience is defined as at least six months of on-the-job training in an administrative position that requires supervising, orienting, training, and scheduling staff.

C. For program directors of therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs, education and programmatic experience shall be in the group care of children with special needs.

D. Notwithstanding subsection A of this section, a person between 19 and 21 years of age may serve as a program director at a short-term program serving only school age children if the program director has daily supervisory contact by a person at least 21 years of age who meets one of the program director qualification options.

8VAC20-780-200 Program directors and back-up for program directors

22VAC40-185-200 8VAC20-780-200. Program directors and back-up for program directors.

A. The center shall have a qualified program director or a qualified back-up program director who meets one of the director qualifications who shall regularly be on site at least 50% of the center's hours of operation.

B. For centers offering multiple shifts, a qualified program director or qualified back-up director shall regularly be on site at least 50% of the day shift and at least two hours during the evening shift and two hours during the night shift.

C. For centers employing one or more program leaders who are qualified under subsection C of 22VAC40-185-210 8VAC20-780-210 but not under subsection A of that section, the qualified program director or qualified back-up program director shall be on site at least 75% of the center's hours of operation.

8VAC20-780-210 Program leader qualifications

22VAC40-185-210 8VAC20-780-210. Program leader qualifications.

A. Program leaders shall be at least 18 years of age, have fulfilled a high school program completion or the equivalent, and meet one of the following:

1. Have one of the program director qualifications in 22VAC40-185-1908VAC20-780-190;

2. Have an endorsement or bachelor's degree in a child-related field such as, but not limited to, elementary education, nursing, or recreation, from a college or university;

3. Have three months of programmatic experience and at least one of the following education backgrounds:

a. A one year early childhood certificate from a college or university that consists of at least 30 semester hours;

b. A child development credential by an organization listed in § 63.2-1738 22.1-289.048 of the Code of Virginia;

c. A teaching diploma from an internationally or nationally recognized Montessori organization; or

4. Have six months of supervised programmatic experience.

a. Within six months before being promoted or beginning work or one month after being promoted or beginning work, a minimum of 12 hours of training shall be received related to the care of children, including but not limited to:

(1) Child development;

(2) Playground safety;

(3) Health and safety issues; and

(4) Preventing and reporting child abuse and neglect.

b. Such training may take place on site while not supervising children. Such training hours shall increase according to the following:

(1) Program leaders hired or promoted after June 1, 2006

16 hours

(2) Program leaders hired or promoted after June 1, 2007

20 hours

(3) Program leaders hired or promoted after June 1, 2008

24 hours

B. For program leaders of therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs, at least three months of programmatic experience shall be in the group care of children with special needs.

C. Notwithstanding the experience requirements in subsection A of this section, program leaders at short-term programs may have only one season of programmatic experience, provided that this experience shall include at least 200 hours, of which up to 24 hours can be formal training, working directly with children in a group.

8VAC20-780-220 Aides

22VAC40-185-220 8VAC20-780-220. Aides.

Aides shall be at least 16 years of age.

8VAC20-780-230 Independent contractors; volunteers

22VAC40-185-230 8VAC20-780-230. Independent contractors; volunteers.

A. Individuals from independent contractors shall not be counted in the staff-to-children ratios unless they meet the qualifications for the applicable position.

B. Individuals from independent contractors who do not meet staff qualifications shall, when in the presence of children, be within sight and sound supervision of a staff member.

C. Volunteers who work with children shall be at least 13 years of age.

8VAC20-780-240 Staff training and development

22VAC40-185-240 8VAC20-780-240. Staff training and development.

A. Staff shall receive the following training by the end of their first day of assuming job responsibilities:

1. Job responsibilities and to whom they report;

2. The policies and procedures listed in subsection B of this section and 22VAC40-185-420 A 8VAC20-780-420 A that relate to the staff member's responsibilities;

3. The center's playground safety procedures unless the staff member will have no responsibility for playground activities or equipment;

4. Recognizing child abuse and neglect and the legal requirements for reporting suspected child abuse as required by § 63.2-1509 of the Code of Virginia;

5. Confidential treatment of personal information about children in care and their families; and

6. The standards in this chapter that relate to the staff member's responsibilities.

B. By the end of the first day of supervising children, staff shall be provided in writing with the information listed in 22VAC40-185-420 A 8VAC20-780-420 A and the following:

1. Procedures for supervising a child who may arrive after scheduled classes or activities including field trips have begun;

2. Procedures to confirm absence of a child when the child is scheduled to arrive from another program or from an agency responsible for transporting the child to the center;

3. Procedures for identifying where attending children are at all times, including procedures to ensure that all children are accounted for before leaving a field trip site and upon return to the center;

4. Procedures for action in case of lost or missing children, ill or injured children, medical emergencies and general emergencies;

5. Policy for any administration of medication; and

6. Procedures for response to natural and man-made disasters.

C. Program directors and staff who work directly with children shall annually attend 10 16 hours of staff development activities that shall be related to child safety and development and the function of the center. Such training hours shall increase according to the following:

1. June 1, 2006 - 12 hours

2. June 1, 2007 - 14 hours

3. June 1, 2008 - 16 hours

4. Staff development activities to meet this subsection may include up to two hours of training in first aid or cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Staff development activities to meet this subsection may not include rescue breathing and first responder as required by 22VAC40-185-530 8VAC20-780-530 and training in medication administration and daily health observation of children as required by subsection D of this section.

5. Exceptions to training requirements are as follows:

a. Staff who drive a vehicle transporting children and do not work with a group of children at the center do not need to meet the annual training requirement.

b. In a cooperative preschool center that is organized, administered, and maintained by parents of children in care, parent volunteers, or other persons who participate and volunteer in a cooperative preschool center on behalf of a child attending such cooperative preschool center, including such volunteers who are counted in the staff-to child ratios required in 22VAC40-185-340 8VAC20-780-340, shall complete four hours of training per year and shall be exempt from orientation and training requirements applicable to staff of child day programs. This orientation and training exemption shall not apply to any parent volunteer or other person as referred to in this subdivision if the cooperative preschool center has entered into a contract with the department, the Department of Social Services, or a local department of Social Services to provide child care services funded by the Child Care and Development Block Grant.

c. Staff who are employed at a short-term program shall obtain 10 hours of staff training per year.

D. 1. To safely perform medication administration practices listed in 22VAC40-185-510 8VAC20-780-510, whenever the center has agreed to administer prescribed medications, the administration shall be performed by a staff member or independent contractor who has satisfactorily completed a training program for this purpose approved by the Board of Nursing and taught by a registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, doctor of medicine or osteopathic medicine, or pharmacist; or administration shall be performed by a staff member or independent contractor who is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia to administer medications.

a. The approved training curriculum and materials shall be reviewed by the department at least every three years and revised as necessary.

b. Staff required to have the training shall be retrained at three-year intervals.

2. The decision to administer medicines at a facility may be limited by center policy to:

a. Prescribed medications;

b. Over-the-counter or nonprescription medications; or

c. No medications except those required for emergencies or by law.

3. To safely perform medication administration practices listed in 22VAC40-185-510 8VAC20-780-510, whenever the center has agreed to administer over-the-counter medications other than topical skin gel, cream, or ointment, the administration must be performed by a staff member or independent contractor who has satisfactorily completed a training course developed or approved by the Department of Social Services Education in consultation with the Department of Health and the Board of Nursing and taught by an R.N., L.P.N., physician, or pharmacist; or performed by a staff member or independent contractor who is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia to administer medications.

a. The course, which shall include competency guidelines, shall reflect currently accepted safe medication administration practices, including instruction and practice in topics such as, but not limited to, reading and following manufacturer's instructions; observing relevant laws, policies and regulations; and demonstrating knowledge of safe practices for medication storage and disposal, recording and reporting responsibilities, and side effects and emergency recognition and response.

b. The approved training curriculum and materials shall be reviewed by the department at least every three years and revised as necessary.

c. Staff required to have the training shall be retrained at three-year intervals.

4. Any child for whom emergency medications (such as but not limited to albuterol, glucagon, and epipen) have been prescribed shall always be in the care of a staff member or independent contractor who meets the requirements in subdivision 1 of this subsection.

5. There shall always be at least one staff member on duty who has obtained within the last three years instruction in performing the daily health observation of children.

6. Daily health observation training shall include:

a. Components of daily health check for children;

b. Inclusion and exclusion of the child from the class when the child is exhibiting physical symptoms that indicate possible illness;

c. Descriptions of how diseases are spread and the procedures or methods for reducing the spread of disease;

d. Information concerning the Virginia Department of Health Notification of Reportable Diseases pursuant to 12VAC5-90-80 and 12VAC5-90-90, also available from the local health department and the website of the Virginia Department of Health; and

e. Staff occupational health and safety practices in accordance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens regulation.

E. Before assuming job responsibilities, staff who work with children in therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs shall receive training in:

1. Universal precautions procedures;

2. Activity adaptations;

3. Medication administration;

4. Disabilities precautions and health issues; and

5. Appropriate intervention strategies.

F. For therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs, staff who work directly with children shall annually attend 24 hours of staff development activities. At least eight hours of this training shall be on topics related to the care of children with special needs.

8VAC20-780-250 Approval from other agencies; requirements prior to initial licensure

22VAC40-185-250 8VAC20-780-250. Approval from other agencies; requirements prior to initial licensure.

A. Before issuance of the first license and before use of newly constructed, renovated, remodeled, or altered buildings or sections of buildings, written documentation of the following shall be provided by the center to the licensing representative:

1. Approval by the authority having jurisdiction that each building meets building and fire codes or that a plan of correction has been approved; and

Exception: Any building which is currently approved for school occupancy and which houses a public or private school during the school year shall be considered to have met the requirements of subdivision 1 of this subsection when housing a center only serving children two and a half years of age or older.

2. Approval from the local health department, or approval of a plan of correction, for meeting requirements for:

a. Water supply;

b. Sewage disposal system; and

c. Food service, if applicable.

B. For buildings built before 1978, the following shall be submitted before the initial license is issued:

1. A written statement from a person licensed in Virginia as an asbestos inspector and management planner as required by § 63.2-181122.1-289.052 of the Code of Virginia and the requirements of the Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act (15 USC § 2641 et seq.); and

2. A written statement that the response actions to abate any risk to human health have been or will be initiated in accordance with a specific schedule and plan as recommended by the asbestos management planner in accordance with § 63.2-181122.1-289.052 of the Code of Virginia.

C. A notice regarding the presence and location of asbestos containing materials and advising that the asbestos inspection report and management plan are available for review shall be posted.

Exception: The provisions of subsections B and C of this section do not apply to centers located in buildings required to be inspected according to Article 5 (§ 2.2-1162 et seq.) of Chapter 11 of Title 2.2 of the Code of Virginia.

D. Before the first license is issued, camps shall notify the responsible fire department and the responsible emergency medical service of the camp location and hours of operation.

8VAC20-780-260 Approval from other agencies; requirements subsequent to initial licensure

22VAC40-185-260 8VAC20-780-260. Approval from other agencies; requirements subsequent to initial licensure.

A. The center shall provide to the licensing representative an annual fire inspection report from the appropriate fire official having jurisdiction.

Exception: If a center is located in a building currently housing a public or private school, the school's annual fire inspection report shall be accepted.

B. After the first license, annual approval from the health department shall be provided, or approvals of a plan of correction, for meeting requirements for:

1. Water supply;

2. Sewage disposal system; and

3. Food service, if applicable.

C. For those buildings where asbestos containing materials are detected and not removed:

1. A signed, written statement that the center is following the recommendations of the management plan shall be submitted to the department before subsequent licenses are issued; and

2. The notice regarding the presence and location of asbestos containing materials and advising that the asbestos inspection report and management plan are available for review shall continue to be posted.

3. Exception: The provisions of this subsection do not apply to child day centers located in buildings required to be inspected according to Article 5 (§ 2.2-1162 et seq.) of Chapter 11 of Title 2.2 of the Code of Virginia.

8VAC20-780-270 Building maintenance

22VAC40-185-270 8VAC20-780-270. Building maintenance.

A. Areas and equipment of the center, inside and outside, shall be maintained in a clean, safe and operable condition. Unsafe conditions shall include, but not be limited to, splintered, cracked or otherwise deteriorating wood; chipped or peeling paint; visible cracks, bending or warping, rusting or breakage of any equipment; head entrapment hazards; and protruding nails, bolts or other components that could entangle clothing or snag skin.

B. Heat shall be supplied from a heating system approved in accordance with the Uniform Statewide Building Code (USBC, 13VAC5-62) except for camps. The heating system shall:

1. Be installed to prevent accessibility of children to the system; and

2. Have appropriate barriers to prevent children from being burned, shocked, or injured from heating equipment. In addition, proper supervision shall be available to prevent injury.

3. Exception: In case of emergency, portable heaters may be used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

C. In inside areas occupied by children, the temperature shall be maintained no lower than 68°F.

D. Fans or other cooling systems shall be used when the temperature of inside areas occupied by children exceeds 80°F.

E. Drinking fountains or individual disposable cups with safe drinking water shall be accessible at all times.

F. Equipment shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. Outside lighting provided at entrances and exits used by children before sunrise or after sundown; and

2. An in-service, nonpay telephone.

8VAC20-780-280 Hazardous substances and other harmful agents

22VAC40-185-280 8VAC20-780-280. Hazardous substances and other harmful agents.

A. No center shall be located where conditions exist that would be hazardous to the health and safety of children.

B. Hazardous substances such as cleaning materials, insecticides, and pesticides shall be kept in a locked place using a safe locking method that prevents access by children.

1. If a key is used, the key shall not be accessible to the children.

2. Exception: Cleaning supplies to clean and sanitize the diapering area or toilet chairs do not need to be kept locked during diapering or toilet training time as long as they are inaccessible to children.

C. Pesticides or insecticides shall not be stored in areas used by children or in areas used for food preparation or storage.

D. Cleaning and sanitizing materials shall not be located above food, food equipment, utensils or single-service articles and shall be stored in areas physically separate from food.

E. Cleaning materials (e.g., detergents, sanitizers and polishes) and insecticides/pesticides shall be stored in areas physically separate from each other.

F. Hazardous substances shall be stored in the original container unless this container is of such a large size that its use would be impractical.

G. If hazardous substances are not kept in original containers, the substitute containers shall clearly indicate their contents and shall not resemble food or beverage containers.

H. Cosmetics, medications, or other harmful agents shall not be stored in areas, purses or pockets that are accessible to children.

I. Hazardous art and craft materials shall not be used with children.

J. Smoking shall be prohibited in the interior of a center that is not used for residential purposes.

K. In residential areas of the center and outside the center, smoking shall be prohibited in the presence of children.

8VAC20-780-290 General physical plant requirements for centers serving children of preschool age or younger

22VAC40-185-290 8VAC20-780-290. General physical plant requirements for centers serving children of preschool age or younger.

In areas used by children of preschool age or younger, the following shall apply:

1. Guardrails and handrails shall be provided in accordance with the USBC (13VAC5-62) in effect at time of first occupancy or construction.

2. Fans, when used, shall be out of reach of children and cords shall be secured so as not to create a tripping hazard.

3. Electrical outlets shall have protective covers that are of a size that cannot be swallowed by children.

8VAC20-780-300 General physical plant requirements for centers serving school age children

22VAC40-185-300 8VAC20-780-300. General physical plant requirements for centers serving school age children.

A. Any building which is currently approved for school occupancy and which houses a school during the school year shall be considered to have met the building requirements in this regulation chapter when housing a center only serving school age children.

B. Portable camping equipment for heating or cooking that is not required to be approved by the building official shall bear the label of a nationally recognized inspection agency and be used in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications, except for charcoal and wood burning cooking equipment.

C. No cooking or heating shall occur in tents except as provided by the USBC (13VAC5-62).

8VAC20-780-310 Areas

22VAC40-185-310 8VAC20-780-310. Areas.

A. Indoor space shall be measured inside wall-to-wall excluding spaces not routinely used by children as referenced in subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection:

1. Areas not routinely used for children's activities shall not be calculated as available space.

2. Space not calculated shall include, but not be limited to, offices, hallways, restrooms, kitchens, storage rooms or closets.

B. There shall be 25 square feet of indoor space available per child until subdivisions 1 and 2 of this subsection take effect.

1. Effective June 1, 2008, applicants must have 35 square feet of indoor wall-to-wall space per child.

2. Current licensees and subsequent licensees at currently licensed facilities may continue to provide 25 square feet per child.

3. New additions shall have 35 square feet of indoor wall-to-wall space per child effective June 1, 2008.

C. Space in areas used by infants shall be calculated separately from space for older children. There shall be a minimum of 25 square feet of space per infant excluding space occupied by cribs and changing tables or a minimum of 35 square feet of available space per infant including space occupied by cribs and changing tables.

D. Camps for school age children are not required to meet this space requirement. However, when weather prevents outdoor activities, the required indoor space per child shall be provided either at the program site or at a predesignated, approved location off site.

E. When children are on the outdoor play area, at least 75 square feet of space per child shall be provided at any one time.

F. Centers licensed for the care of infants and toddlers shall provide a separate playground area for these children that has at least 25 square feet of unpaved surface per infant/toddler on the outdoor area at any one time. This space may be counted as part of the 75 square feet required in subsection B of this section.

G. A separate space shall be designated for children who are ill or injured.

8VAC20-780-320 Restroom areas and furnishings

22VAC40-185-320 8VAC20-780-320. Restroom areas and furnishings.

A. Centers shall be provided with at least two toilets and two sinks.

B. Each restroom area provided for children shall:

1. Be within a contained area, readily available and within the building used by the children (Exception: Restrooms used by school age children at camps are not required to be located within the building);

2. Have toilets that are flushable;

3. Have sinks located near the toilets and that are supplied with running warm water that does not exceed 120°F (Exception: Camps are exempt from the requirement that running water be warm); and

4. Be equipped with soap, toilet paper, and disposable towels or an air dryer within reach of children.

C. For restrooms available to males, urinals shall not be substituted for more than one-half the required number of toilets.

D. An adult size toilet with privacy shall be provided for staff use. Staff toilets may be counted in the number of required toilets for children only if children are allowed unrestricted access to them.

Exception: Primitive camps are not required to have a toilet with privacy for staff.

E. Centers shall be provided with at least one toilet and one sink per 20 preschool children and at least one standard size toilet and one sink per 30 school age children. When sharing restroom areas with other programs, the children in those programs shall be included in the toilet and sink ratio calculations. The toilet and sink ratio appropriate to the younger age group shall apply.

F. When child size toilets, urinals, and low sinks are not available in restrooms used by children of preschool age and younger, one or more platforms or sets of steps shall be provided.

G. School age children of the opposite sex shall not use the same restroom at the same time.

H. A restroom used for school age children that contains more than one toilet shall have at least one toilet enclosed.

I. Restrooms used by school age children at primitive camps are not required to have:

1. Sinks, if adequate water, supplies, and equipment for hand washing are available; and

2. Flushable toilets, if the number of sanitary privies or portable toilets constructed and operated in accordance with the applicable law and regulations of the Virginia Department of Health meets the toilet ratio stated in subsection E of this section. No privy or outdoor toilet shall be located within 75 feet of other buildings or camp activities.

8VAC20-780-330 Play areas

22VAV40-185-330 8VAC20-780-330. Play areas.

A. Playgrounds shall be located and designed to protect children from hazards.

B. Where playground equipment is provided, resilient surfacing shall comply with minimum safety standards when tested in accordance with the procedures described in the American Society for Testing and Materials standard F1292-99 as shown in Figures 2 (Compressed Loose Fill Synthetic Materials Depth Chart) and 3 (Use Zones for Equipment) on pages 6-7 of the National Program for Playground Safety's "Selecting Playground Surface Materials: Selecting the Best Surface Material for Your Playground," February 2004, and shall be under equipment with moving parts or climbing apparatus to create a fall zone free of hazardous obstacles. Fall zones are defined as the area underneath and surrounding equipment that requires a resilient surface. A fall zone shall encompass sufficient area to include the child's trajectory in the event of a fall while the equipment is in use. Falls zones shall not include barriers for resilient surfacing. Where steps are used for accessibility, resilient surfacing is not required.

C. Ground supports shall be covered with materials that protect children from injury.

D. Swing seats shall be constructed with flexible material.

1. Exceptions: Nonflexible molded swing seats may be used only in a separate infant or toddler play area.

2. Swings made specifically for a child with a special need shall be permitted in any area as long as a staff member is positioned to see and protect other children who might walk into the path of the swing.

E. Sandboxes with bottoms which prevent drainage shall be covered when not in use.

F. A shady area shall be provided on playgrounds during the months of June, July, and August.

EXCEPTION: The requirements of this section shall not prohibit child day programs providing care for school-age children at a location that is currently approved by the Department of Education or recognized as a private school by the State Board of Education for school occupancy and that houses a public or private school during the school year from permitting school-age children to use outdoor play equipment and areas approved for use by students of the school during school hours.

8VAC20-780-340 Supervision of children

22VAC40-185-340 8VAC20-780-340. Supervision of children.

A. When staff are supervising children, they shall always ensure their care, protection, and guidance.

B. During the center's hours of operation, one adult on the premises shall be in charge of the administration of the center. This person shall be either the administrator or an adult appointed by the licensee or designated by the administrator.

C. During the stated hours of operation, there always shall be on the premises and on field trips when one or more children are present one staff member who meets the qualifications of a program leader or program director and an immediately available staff member, volunteer or other employee who is at least 16 years of age, with direct means for communication between the two of them. The volunteer or other employee shall have received instruction in how to contact appropriate authorities if there is an emergency.

D. In each grouping of children at least one staff member who meets the qualifications of a program leader or program director shall be regularly present. Such a program leader shall supervise no more than two aides.

E. Exception: A program leader is not required in each grouping of children during the first and last hour of operation when a center operates more than six hours per day and during the designated rest period if the following are met: (i) there is a staff member in the group who is over 18 years of age and has at least three months of programmatic experience at the center; (ii) there is an additional staff person on site who meets program leader qualifications, is not counted in the staff-to-children ratios and is immediately available to help if needed; and (iii) there is a direct means for communicating between these two staff members.

F. Children under 10 years of age always shall be within actual sight and sound supervision of staff, except that staff need only be able to hear a child who is using the restroom provided that:

1. There is a system to assure that individuals who are not staff members or persons allowed to pick up a child in care do not enter the restroom area while in use by children; and

2. Staff check on a child who has not returned from the restroom after five minutes. Depending on the location and layout of the restroom, staff may need to provide intermittent sight supervision of the children in the restroom area during this five-minute period to assure the safety of children and to provide assistance to children as needed.

G. Children 10 years of age and older shall be within actual sight and sound supervision of staff except when the following requirements are met:

1. Staff can hear or see the children (video equipment, intercom systems, or other technological devices shall not substitute for staff being able to directly see or hear children);

2. Staff are nearby so they can provide immediate intervention if needed;

3. There is a system to ensure that staff know where the children are and what they are doing;

4. There is a system to ensure that individuals who are not staff members or persons allowed to pick up children in care do not enter the areas where children are not under sight supervision; and

5. Staff provide sight and sound supervision of the children at variable and unpredictable intervals not to exceed 15 minutes.

H. When the outdoor activity area is not adjacent to the center, there shall be at least two staff members on the outdoor activity area whenever one or more children are present.

I. Staff shall greet each child upon arrival at the center and oversee each child's departure from the center.

J. Staff shall not allow a child to leave the center unsupervised.

8VAC20-780-350 Staff-to-children ratio requirements

22VAC40-185-350 8VAC20-780-350. Staff-to-children ratio requirements.

A. Staff shall be counted in the required staff-to-children ratios only when they are directly supervising children.

B. A child volunteer 13 years of age or older not enrolled in the program shall not be counted as a child in the staff-to-children ratio requirements.

C. When children are regularly in ongoing mixed age groups, the staff-to-children ratio applicable to the youngest child in the group shall apply to the entire group.

D. During the designated rest period and the designated sleep period of evening and overnight care programs, the ratio of staff to children may be double the number of children to each staff required by subdivisions E 2 through 4 and 7 of this section if:

1. A staff person is within sight and sound of the resting/sleeping children;

2. Staff counted in the overall rest period ratio are within the building and available to ensure safe evacuation in an emergency; and

3. An additional person is present at the center to help, if necessary.

E. The following ratios of staff to children are required wherever children are in care:

1. For children from birth to the age of 16 months: one staff member for every four children;

2. For children 16 months old to two years: one staff member for every five children;

3. For two-year-old children: one staff member for every eight children effective June 1, 2006;

4. For children from three years to the age of eligibility to attend public school, five years by September 30: one staff member for every 10 children effective June 1, 2006;

5. For children from age of eligibility to attend public school through eight years, one staff member for every 18 children; and

6. For children from nine years through 12 years, one staff member for every 20 children effective June 1, 2006.

7. Notwithstanding subdivisions 4 and 5 of this subsection and subsection C of this section, the ratio for balanced mixed-age groupings of children shall be one staff member for every 14 children, provided:

a. If the program leader has an extended absence, there shall be sufficient substitute staff to meet a ratio of one staff member for every 12 children.

b. The center shall have readily accessible and in close classroom proximity auxiliary persons sufficient to maintain a 1:10 adult-to-child ratio for all three-year-olds who are included in balanced mixed-age groups to be available in the event of emergencies.

c. The program leader has received training in classroom management of balanced mixed-age groupings of at least eight hours.

F. With a parent's written permission and a written assessment by the program director and program leader, a center may choose to assign a child to a different age group if such age group is more appropriate for the child's developmental level and the staff-to-children ratio shall be for the established age group.

1. If such developmental placement is made for a child with a special need, a written assessment by a recognized agency or professional shall be required at least annually. These assignments are intended to be a permanent new group and staff members for the child.

2. A center may temporarily reassign a child from his regular group and staff members for reasons of administrative necessity but not casually or repeatedly disrupt a child's schedule and attachment to his staff members and group.

G. For therapeutic child day programs, in each grouping of children of preschool age or younger, the following ratios of staff to children are required according to the special needs of the children in care:

1. For children with severe and profound disabilities, multiple special needs, serious medical need, or serious emotional disturbance: one staff member to three children.

2. For children diagnosed as trainable mentally retarded (TMR), or with physical and sensory disabilities, or with autism: one staff member to four children.

3. For children diagnosed as educable mentally retarded (EMR) or developmentally delayed or diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD): one staff member to five children.

4. For children diagnosed with specific learning disabilities: one staff member to six children.

5. When children with varied special needs are regularly in ongoing groups, the staff-to-children ratio applicable to the child with the most significant special need in the group shall apply to the entire group.

6. Note: Whenever 22VAC40-185-350 E 8VAC20-780-350 E requires more staff than 22VAC40-185-350 G 8VAC20-780-350 G because of the children's ages, 22VAC40-185-350 E 8VAC20-780-350 E shall take precedence over 22VAC40-185-350 G 8VAC20-780-350 G.

H. For therapeutic child day programs, in each grouping of school age children, the following ratios of staff to children are required according to the special needs of the children in care:

1. For children with severe and profound disabilities, autism, multiple special needs, serious medical need, or serious emotional disturbance: one staff member to four children.

2. For children diagnosed as trainable mentally retarded (TMR), or with physical and sensory disabilities; attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD), or other health impairments: one staff member to five children.

3. For children diagnosed as educable mentally retarded (EMR), or developmentally delayed: one staff member to six children.

4. For children diagnosed with specific learning disabilities, or speech or language impairments: one staff member to eight children.

5. When children with varied special needs are regularly in ongoing groups, the staff-to-children ratio applicable to the child with the most significant special need in the group shall apply to the entire group.

8VAC20-780-360 Daily activities

22VAC40-185-360 8VAC20-780-360. Daily Activities.

A. The variety of daily activities for all age groups shall be age and stage appropriate and provide opportunities for teacher-directed, self-directed, and self-chosen tasks and activities; a balance of active and quiet activities; individual and group activities; and curiosity and exploration.

Exception: Specialty camps do not need to provide opportunities for self-chosen tasks and curiosity and exploration.

B. For a child who cannot move without help, staff shall offer to change the places and position of the child at least every 30 minutes or more frequently depending on the child's individual needs.

C. Children shall be allowed to sleep or rest as individually needed.

D. For a child in a therapeutic child day program, daily activities shall be in accordance with the program's individual plan for such child.

8VAC20-780-370 Daily activities for infants

22VAC40-185-370 8VAC20-780-370. Daily activities for infants.

There shall be a flexible daily schedule for infants based on their individual needs. During the day, infants shall be provided with:

1. Sleep as needed.

a. When an infant is placed in his crib, he shall be placed on his back (supine).

b. When an infant is able to easily turn over from the back (supine) to the belly (prone) position and he is placed in his crib, he shall still be put on his back (supine) but allowed to adopt whatever position he prefers. This applies unless otherwise directed by the infant's physician in writing.

c. If the side position is used, caregivers shall bring the dependent arm forward to lessen the likelihood of the infant rolling into a belly (prone) position.

d. Resting or sleeping infants shall be individually checked every 15-20 minutes.

e. An infant who falls asleep in a play space specified in subdivision 5 a of this section may remain in that space if comfortable and safe.

2. Food as specified in 22VAC40-185-560 8VAC20-780-560 and 22VAC40-185-570 8VAC20-780-570.

3. Outdoor time if weather and air quality allow based upon the Air Quality Color Code Chart as provided by the Department of Environmental Quality.

4. Comfort as needed.

5. Play spaces.

a. Play spaces may include, but are not limited to, cribs, infant seats, play yards, exercise chairs or saucers (but not walkers), infant swings, high chairs, and floor space.

b. The variety of play spaces shall cumulatively offer:

(1) Room for extensive movement (rolling, crawling, or walking) and exploration;

(2) A diversity of sensory and perceptual experiences; and

(3) Equipment and toys that support large and small motor development.

c. Staff shall provide frequent opportunities for infants to creep, crawl, toddle and walk.

d. Infants shall be protected from older children.

e. Staff shall provide awake infants not playing on the floor or ground a change in play space at least every 30 minutes or more often as determined by the individual infant's needs.

f. Staff shall change the position of an awake infant playing on the floor or ground and the selection of toys available to the infant every 30 minutes or more often as determined by the individual infant's needs.

g. Infants, who cannot turn themselves over and are awake, shall be placed on their stomachs a total of 30 minutes each day to facilitate upper body strength and to address misshapen head concerns.

6. Stimulation and language development activities, including but not limited to staff reading, talking to, showing pictures to, naming objects for, playing with and engaging in positive interactions (such as smiling, cuddling, and making eye contact) with infants.

8VAC20-780-380 Daily activities for toddlers and preschoolers

22VAC40-185-380 8VAC20-780-380. Daily activities for toddlers and preschoolers.

A. There shall be a posted daily schedule that allows for flexibility as children's needs require. The daily schedule need not apply on days occupied a majority of the time by a field trip or other special event. The daily schedule shall include opportunities for:

1. Outdoor activity, weather and air quality allowing, for at least:

a. Fifteen minutes per day or session if the center operates up to three hours per day or session;

b. Thirty minutes per day or session if the center operates between three and five hours per day or session; or

c. One hour per day or session if the center operates more than five hours per day or session.

2. Sleep or rest.

a. Centers operating five or more hours per day shall have a designated rest period for at least one hour but no more than two hours.

(1) Cribs, cots, beds, or mats shall be used.

(2) After the first 30 minutes, children not sleeping may engage in quiet activities.

b. A child who falls asleep in a place other than his designated sleeping location may remain in that space if comfortable and safe.

c. Sleeping toddlers shall be individually checked every 30 minutes.

3. Meals and snacks as specified in 22VAC40-185-560 8VAC20-780-560 and 22VAC40-185-570 8VAC20-780-570.

4. Small and large motor activities, language and communication experiences, sensory experiences, art or music activities, and play acting or social living.

B. Staff shall encourage language development by having conversations with children that give them time to initiate and respond, by labeling and describing objects and events, having storytelling time and by expanding the children's vocabulary.

8VAC20-780-390 Daily activities for school age children

22VAC40-185-390 8VAC20-780-390. Daily activities for school age children.

A. Before or after school, the center shall provide an opportunity for children to do homework or projects or hobbies in a suitable area. In the afternoon, there shall be an opportunity for large motor activities at least 25% of the time.

B. On nonschool days, the daily activity shall include opportunities for large motor activities at least 25% of the time; small motor activities; projects, hobbies, or homework in a suitable place; art or music activities; outdoor activity in accordance with 22VAC40-185-380 A 1 8VAC20-780-380 A1 and food as specified in 22VAC40-185-560 8vAC20-780-560 and 22VAC40-185-570 8VAC20-780-570.

Exception: Specialty camps are not required to meet the requirements of this subsection.

8VAC20-780-400 Behavioral guidance

22VAC40-185-400 8VAC20-780-400. Behavioral guidance.

A. In order to promote the child's physical, intellectual, emotional, and social well-being and growth, staff shall interact with the child and one another to provide needed help, comfort, support and:

1. Respect personal privacy;

2. Respect differences in cultural, ethnic, and family backgrounds;

3. Encourage decision-making abilities;

4. Promote ways of getting along;

5. Encourage independence and self-direction; and

6. Use consistency in applying expectations.

B. Behavioral guidance shall be constructive in nature, age and stage appropriate, and shall be intended to redirect children to appropriate behavior and resolve conflicts.

8VAC20-780-410 Forbidden actions

22VAC40-185-410 8VAC20-780-410. Forbidden actions.

The following actions or threats thereof are forbidden:

1. Physical punishment, striking a child, roughly handling or shaking a child, restricting movement through binding or tying, forcing a child to assume an uncomfortable position, or exercise as punishment;

2. Enclosure in a small confined space or any space that the child cannot freely exit himself; however, this does not apply to the use of equipment such as cribs, play yards, high chairs, and safety gates when used with children preschool age or younger for their intended purpose;

3. Punishment by another child;

4. Separation from the group so that the child is away from the hearing and vision of a staff member;

5. Withholding or forcing of food or rest;

6. Verbal remarks which are demeaning to the child;

7. Punishment for toileting accidents; and

8. Punishment by applying unpleasant or harmful substances.

8VAC20-780-420 Parental involvement

22VAC40-185-420 8VAC20-780-420. Parental involvement.

A. Before the child's first day of attending, parents shall be provided in writing the following:

1. The center's philosophy and any religious affiliation;

2. Operating information, including the hours and days of operation and holidays or other times closed, and the phone number where a message can be given to staff;

3. The center's transportation policy;

4. The center's policies for the arrival and departure of children, including procedures for verifying that only persons authorized by the parent are allowed to pick up the child, picking up children after closing, when a child is not picked up for emergency situations including but not limited to inclement weather or natural disasters;

5. The center's policy regarding any medication or medical procedures that will be given;

6. The center's policy regarding application of:

a. Sunscreen;

b. Diaper ointment or cream; and

c. Insect repellent.

7. Description of established lines of authority for staff;

8. Policy for reporting suspected child abuse as required by § 63.2-1509 of the Code of Virginia;

9. The custodial parent's right to be admitted to the center as required by § 63.2-1813 22.1-289.054 of the Code of Virginia;

10. Policy for communicating an emergency situation with parents;

11. The appropriate general daily schedule for the age of the enrolling child;

12. Food policies;

13. Discipline policies including acceptable and unacceptable discipline measures; and

14. Termination policies.

B. Staff shall promptly inform parents when persistent behavioral problems are identified; such notification shall include any disciplinary steps taken in response.

C. A custodial parent shall be admitted to any child day program. Such right of admission shall apply only while the child is in the child day program (§ 63.2-1813 22.1-289.054 of the Code of Virginia).

D. The center shall provide opportunities for parental involvement in center activities.

E. Communication.

1. For each infant, the center shall post a daily record which can be easily accessed by both the parent and the staff working with the child. The record shall contain the following information:

a. The amount of time the infant slept;

b. The amount of food consumed and the time;

c. A description and time of bowel movements;

d. Developmental milestones; and

e. For infants, who are awake and cannot turn over by themselves, the amount of time spent on their stomachs.

2. If asked by parents, staff shall provide feedback about daily activities, physical well-being, and developmental milestones.

3. Parents shall be provided at least semiannually in writing information on their child's development, behavior, adjustment, and needs.

a. Staff shall provide at least semiannual scheduled opportunities for parents to provide feedback on their children and the center's program.

b. Staff shall request at least annually parent confirmation that the required information in the child's record is up to date.

c. Such sharing of information shall be documented.

d. Short-term programs (as defined in 22VAC40-185-10 8VAC20-780-10) are exempt from this requirement.

4. Parents shall be informed of reasons for termination of services.

8VAC20-780-430 Equipment and materials

22VAC40-185-430 8VAC20-780-430. Equipment and materials.

A. Furnishings, equipment, and materials shall be of an appropriate size for the child using it.

B. Materials and equipment available shall be age and stage appropriate for the children and shall include an adequate supply as appropriate for each age group of arts and crafts materials, texture materials, construction materials, music and sound materials, books, social living equipment, and manipulative equipment.

C. Play equipment used by children shall meet the following requirements:

1. Openings above the ground or floor which allow a 3-1/2 inch by 6-1/4 inch rectangle to fit through shall also allow a nine-inch circle to fit through;

2. S-hooks where provided may not be open more than the thickness of a penny; and

3. Have no protrusions, sharp points, shearing points, or pinch points.

D. The unenclosed climbing portion of slides and climbing equipment used by toddlers and preschool children shall not be more than seven feet high and must be located over resilient surfacing where outdoors, and shall not be more than five feet high where indoors.

E. Centers may not install after June 1, 2005, any slide or climbing equipment to be used by preschoolers or toddlers when the climbing portion of the equipment is more than six feet in height.

F. The climbing portions of indoor slides and climbing equipment over 18 inches shall not be over bare flooring.

G. The climbing portions of indoor slides and climbing equipment 36 inches or more shall be located over a resilient surface.

H. Trampolines may not be used.

EXCEPTION: The requirements of subsections A through H of this section shall not prohibit child day programs providing care for school-age children at a location that is currently approved by the Department of Education or recognized as a private school by the State Board of Education for school occupancy and that houses a public or private school during the school year from permitting school-age children to use outdoor play equipment and areas approved for use by students of the school during school hours.

I. If combs, toothbrushes, or other personal articles are used, they shall be individually assigned.

J. Disposable products shall be used once and discarded.

K. Provision shall be made for an individual place for each child's personal belongings.

L. Infant walkers shall not be used.

M. Play yards where used shall:

1. Meet the Juvenile Products Manufacturers Association (JPMA) and the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) requirements and shall retain the manufacturer's label documenting product compliance with current safety standards at the time they were manufactured;

2. Not be used after recalled;

3. Not use any pillows or filled comforters;

4. Not be used for the designated sleeping areas;

5. Not be occupied by more than one child; and

6. Be sanitized each day of use or more often as needed.

N. Upon being informed that a product has been recalled, center staff shall remove the item from the center.

O. Where portable water coolers are used, they shall be of cleanable construction, maintained in a cleaned condition, kept securely closed and so designed that water may be withdrawn from the container only by water tap or faucet.

P. Drinking water which is transported to camp sites shall be in closed containers.

Q. Therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs serving children who use wheelchairs shall provide cushioned vinyl-covered floormats for use when activities require children to be out of their wheelchairs.

8VAC20-780-440 Cribs, cots, rest mats, and beds

22VAC40-185-440 8VAC20-780-440. Cribs, cots, rest mats and beds.

A. Cribs, cots, rest mats or beds shall be provided for children during the designated rest period and not be occupied by more than one child at a time.

B. Cribs, cots, rest mats, and beds shall be identified for use by a specific child.

C. Double decker cribs, cots, or beds, or other sleeping equipment when stacked shall not be permitted.

D. Occupied cribs, cots, rest mats, and beds shall be at least 2-1/2 feet from any heat producing appliance.

E. There shall be at least 12 inches of space between occupied cots, beds, and rest mats.

Exception: Twelve inches of space are not required where cots, beds, or rest mats are located adjacent to a wall or a divider as long as one side is open at all times to allow for passage.

F. If rest mats are used, they shall have cushioning and be sanitized on all sides weekly or before use by another child.

G. Cribs shall be used for children under 12 months of age and for children over 12 months of age who are not developmentally ready to sleep on a cot or mat.

H. Cribs shall meet the following requirements:

1. They shall meet the Consumer Product Safety Commission Standards at the time they were manufactured;

2. They shall not have been recalled;

3. There shall be no more than six centimeters or 2-3/8 inches of space between slats;

4. There shall be no more than one inch between the mattress and the crib; and

5. End panel cut-outs in cribs shall be of a size not to cause head entrapment.

I. Cribs shall be placed where objects outside the crib such as cords from blinds or curtains are not within reach of infants or toddlers.

J. There shall be at least:

1. Twelve inches of space between the sides and ends of occupied cribs except where they touch the wall; and

2. Thirty inches of space between service sides of occupied cribs and other furniture where that space is the walkway for staff to gain access to any occupied crib.

K. Crib sides shall be up and the fastenings secured when a child is in the crib, except when a staff member is giving the child immediate attention.

L. Pillows and filled comforters shall not be used by children under two years of age.

M. Use of crib bumper pads shall be prohibited.

N. Toys or objects hung over an infant in a crib and crib gyms that are strung across the crib may not be used for infants over five months of age or infants who are able to push up on their hands and knees.

8VAC20-780-450 Linens

22VAC40-185-450 8VAC20-780-450. Linens.

A. Cribs, cots, mats and beds used by children other than infants during the designated rest period or during evening and overnight care shall have linens consisting of a top cover and a bottom cover or a one-piece covering which is open on three edges. Cribs when being used by infants shall have a bottom cover.

B. Linens shall be assigned for individual use.

C. Linens shall be clean and washed at least weekly.

1. Crib sheets shall be clean and washed daily.

2. When centers wash the linens, the water shall be above 140°F or the dryer shall heat the linens above 140°F as verified by the manufacturer or a sanitizer shall be used according to the manufacturer's instructions.

D. Pillows when used shall be assigned for individual use and covered with pillow cases.

E. Mattresses when used shall be covered with a waterproof material which can be cleaned and sanitized.

8VAC20-780-460 Swimming and wading activities; staff and supervision

22VAC40-185-460 8VAC20-780-460. Swimming and wading activities; staff and supervision.

A. The staff-to-children ratios required by 22VAC40-185-350 E 8VAC20-780-350 E, G, and H shall be maintained while children are participating in swimming or wading activities.

1. Notwithstanding the staff-to-children ratios already indicated, at no time shall there be fewer than two staff members supervising the activity.

2. The designated certified lifeguard shall not be counted in the staff-to-children ratios.

B. If a pool, lake, or other swimming area has a water depth of more than two feet, a certified lifeguard holding a current certificate shall be on duty supervising the children participating in swimming or wading activities at all times when one or more children are in the water.

C. The lifeguard certification shall be obtained from an organization such as, but not limited to, the American Red Cross, the YMCA, or the Boy Scouts.

8VAC20-780-470 Pools and equipment

22VAC40-185-470 8VAC20-780-470. Pools and equipment.

A. When permanent swimming or wading pools are located on the premises of the center, the following shall apply:

1. The manufacturer's specifications for operating the pool shall be followed as well as any local ordinances and any Department of Health requirements for swimming pools;

2. Pools constructed, renovated, or remodeled after April 1, 1986, shall have a statement in writing of their inspection and approval from the local building official when such approval is required;

3. Outdoor swimming pools shall be enclosed by safety fences and gates which are in compliance with the applicable edition of the Virginia USBC (13VAC5-62) and shall be kept locked when the pool is not in use;

4. Entrances to indoor swimming pools shall be locked when the pool is not in use; and

5. A whistle or other audible signaling device, a buoy or a lemon line, a reach pole, and a backboard shall be available at the swimming or wading site.

B. If children are allowed to swim in a lake or other place other than a pool, safe swimming areas shall be clearly marked and there shall be appropriate water safety equipment.

C. Piers, floats, and platforms shall be in good repair and where used for diving, the minimum water depth shall be stated on the deck or planking.

D. If portable wading pools without integral filter systems are used, they shall be emptied after the use of each group of children, rinsed, and filled with clean water, or more frequently as necessary.

E. Children who are not toilet trained may not use portable wading pools.

F. After each day's use, portable wading pools shall be emptied, sanitized, and stored in a position to keep them clean and dry.

8VAC20-780-480 Swimming and wading; general

22VAC40-185-480 8VAC20-780-480. Swimming and wading; general.

A. The center shall have emergency procedures and written safety rules for swimming or wading or follow the posted rules of public pools that are:

1. Posted in the swimming area when the pool is located on the premises of the center; and

2. Explained to children participating in swimming or wading activities.

B. The center shall maintain (i) written permission from the parent of each child who participates in swimming or wading and (ii) a statement from the parent advising of a child's swimming skills before the child is allowed in water above the child's shoulder height.

C. Staff shall have a system for accounting for all children in the water.

D. Outdoor swimming activities shall occur only during daylight hours unless underwater and deck lighting is provided.

8VAC20-780-490 Preventing the spread of disease

22VAC40-185-490 8VAC20-780-490. Preventing the spread of disease.

A. A child shall not be allowed to attend the center for the day if he has:

1. A temperature over 101°F;

2. Recurrent vomiting or diarrhea; or

3. A communicable disease.

B. If a child needs to be excluded according to subsection A of this section, the following shall apply:

1. Arrangements shall be made for the child to leave the center as soon as possible after the signs or symptoms are noticed; and

2. The child shall remain in the designated quiet area until leaving the center.

C. When children at the center have been exposed to a communicable disease listed in the Department of Health's current communicable disease chart, the parents shall be notified within 24 hours or the next business day of the center's having been informed unless forbidden by law, except for life threatening diseases, which must be reported to parents immediately.

D. The center shall consult the local department of health if there is a question about the communicability of a disease.

E. When any surface has been contaminated with body fluids, it shall be cleaned and sanitized.

8VAC20-780-500 Hand washing and toileting procedures

22VAC40-185-500 8VAC20-780-500. Hand washing and toileting procedures.

A. Hand washing.

1. Children's hands shall be washed with soap and running water or disposable wipes before and after eating meals or snacks.

2. Children's hands shall be washed with soap and running water after toileting and any contact with blood, feces or urine.

3. Staff shall wash their hands with soap and running water before and after helping a child use the toilet or a diaper change, after the staff member uses the toilet, after any contact with body fluids, and before feeding or helping children with feeding.

4. Exception: If running water is not available, a germicidal cleansing agent administered per manufacturer's instruction may be used.

B. Diapering; soiled clothing.

1. The diapering area shall be accessible and within the building used by children.

2. There shall be sight and sound supervision for all children when a child is being diapered.

3. The diapering area shall be provided with the following:

a. A sink with running warm water not to exceed 120°F;

b. Soap, disposable towels and single use gloves such as surgical or examination gloves;

c. A nonabsorbent surface for diapering or changing shall be used. For children younger than three years, this surface shall be a changing table or countertop designated for changing;

d. The appropriate disposal container as required by subdivision 5 of this subsection; and

e. A leakproof covered receptacle for soiled linens.

4. When a child's clothing or diaper becomes wet or soiled, the child shall be cleaned and changed immediately.

5. Disposable diapers shall be used unless the child's skin reacts adversely to disposable diapers.

6. Disposable diapers shall be disposed in a leakproof or plastic-lined storage system that is either foot-operated or used in such a way that neither the staff member's hand nor the soiled diaper touches an exterior surface of the storage system during disposal.

7. When cloth diapers are used, a separate leakproof storage system as specified in this subdivision shall be used.

8. The diapering surface shall be used only for diapering or cleaning children, and it shall be cleaned with soap and at least room temperature water and sanitized after each use. Tables used for children's activities or meals shall not be used for changing diapers.

Exception: Individual disposable barriers may be used between each diaper change. If the changing surface becomes soiled, the surface shall be cleaned and sanitized before another child is diapered.

9. Staff shall ensure the immediate safety of a child during diapering.

C. Toilet training. For every 10 children in the process of being toilet trained, there shall be at least one toilet chair or one child-sized toilet, or at least one adult sized toilet with a platform or steps and adapter seat.

1. The location of these items shall allow for sight and sound supervision of children in the classroom if necessary for the required staff-to-children ratios to be maintained.

2. Toilet chairs shall be emptied promptly and cleaned and sanitized after each use.

8VAC20-780-510 Medication

22VAC40-185-510 8VAC20-780-510. Medication.

A. Prescription and nonprescription medication shall be given to a child:

1. According to the center's written medication policies; and

2. Only with written authorization from the parent.

B. Nonprescription medication shall be administered by a staff member or independent contractor who meets the requirements in 22VAC40-185-240 D 1 8VAC20-780-240 D 1 or 3.

C. The center's procedures for administering medication shall:

1. Include any general restrictions of the center.

2. For nonprescription medication, be consistent with the manufacturer's instructions for age, duration and dosage.

3. Include duration of the parent's authorization for medication, provided that it shall expire or be renewed after 10 work days. Long-term prescription drug use and over-the-counter medication may be allowed with written authorization from the child's physician and parent.

4. Include methods to prevent use of outdated medication.

D. The medication authorization shall be available to staff during the entire time it is effective.

E. Medication shall be labeled with the child's name, the name of the medication, the dosage amount, and the time or times to be given.

F. Nonprescription medication shall be in the original container with the direction label attached.

G. The center may administer prescription medication that would normally be administered by a parent or guardian to a child provided:

1. The medication is administered by a staff member or an independent contractor who meets the requirements in 22VAC40-185-240 D 1 8VAC20-780-240 D 1;

2. The center has obtained written authorization from a parent or guardian;

3. The center administers only those drugs that were dispensed from a pharmacy and maintained in the original, labeled container; and

4. The center administers drugs only to the child identified on the prescription label in accordance with the prescriber's instructions pertaining to dosage, frequency, and manner of administration.

H. When needed, medication shall be refrigerated.

I. When medication is stored in a refrigerator used for food, the medications shall be stored together in a container or in a clearly defined area away from food.

J. Medication, except for those prescriptions designated otherwise by written physician's order, including refrigerated medication and staff's personal medication, shall be kept in a locked place using a safe locking method that prevents access by children.

K. If a key is used, the key shall not be accessible to the children.

L. Centers shall keep a record of medication given children, which shall include the following:

1. Child to whom medication was administered;

2. Amount and type of medication administered to the child;

3. The day and time the medication was administered to the child;

4. Staff member administering the medication;

5. Any adverse reactions; and

6. Any medication error.

M. Staff shall inform parents immediately of any adverse reactions to medication administered and any medication error.

N. When an authorization for medication expires, the parent shall be notified that the medication needs to be picked up within 14 days or the parent must renew the authorization. Medications that are not picked up by the parent within 14 days will be disposed of by the center by either dissolving the medication down the sink or flushing it down the toilet.

8VAC20-780-520 Over-the-counter skin products

22VAC40-185-520 8VAC20-780-520. Over-the-counter skin products.

A. All nonprescription drugs and over-the-counter skin products shall be used in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. Nonprescription drugs and over-the-counter skin products shall not be kept or used beyond the expiration date of the product.

B. If sunscreen is used, the following requirements shall be met:

1. Written parent authorization noting any known adverse reactions shall be obtained;

2. Sunscreen shall be in the original container and labeled with the child's name;

3. Sunscreen does not need to be kept locked but shall be inaccessible to children under five years of age or those children in a therapeutic child day program or special needs child day program;

4. Any center-kept sunscreen shall be hypo-allergenic and have a minimum SPF of 15;

5. Staff members without medication administration training may apply sunscreen, unless it is prescription sunscreen, in which case the storing and application of sunscreen must meet medication-related requirements; and

6. Children nine years of age and older may administer their own sunscreen if supervised.

C. If diaper ointment or cream is used, the following requirements shall be met:

1. Written parent authorization noting any known adverse reactions shall be obtained;

2. These products shall be in the original container and labeled with the child's name;

3. These products do not need to be kept locked but shall be inaccessible to children;

4. A record shall be kept that includes the child's name, date of use, frequency of application and any adverse reactions; and

5. Staff members without medication administration training may apply diaper ointment, unless it is prescription diaper ointment, in which case the storing and application of diaper ointment must meet medication-related requirements.

D. If insect repellent is used, the following requirements shall be met:

1. Written parent authorization noting any known adverse reactions shall be obtained;

2. Insect repellent shall be in the original container and labeled with the child's name;

3. Insect repellent does not need to be kept locked but shall be inaccessible to children;

4. A record shall be kept that includes the child's name, date of use, frequency of application and any adverse reactions;

5. Manufacturer's instructions for age, duration and dosage shall be followed; and

6. Staff members without medication administration training may apply insect repellent, unless it is prescription insect repellent, in which case the storing and application of insect repellent must meet medication-related requirements.

8VAC20-780-530 First aid training, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and rescue breathing

22VAC40-185-530 8VAC20-780-530. First aid training, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and rescue breathing.

A. There shall be at least one staff member trained in first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and rescue breathing as appropriate to the age of the children in care who is on the premises during the center's hours of operation and also one person on field trips and wherever children are in care.

1. This person shall be available to children; and

2. This person shall have current certification by the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, National Safety Council, or other designated program approved by the Department of Social Services Education.

B. Primitive camps shall have a staff member on the premises during the hours of operation who has at least current certification in first responder training.

8VAC20-780-540 First aid and emergency supplies

22VAC40-185-780 8VAC20-780-540. First aid and emergency supplies.

A. A first aid kit shall be:

1. On each floor of each building used by children;

2. Accessible to outdoor play areas;

3. On field trips; and

4. Wherever children are in care.

B. Each first aid kit shall be easily accessible to staff but not to children.

C. The required first aid kits shall include at a minimum:

1. Scissors;

2. Tweezers;

3. Gauze pads;

4. Adhesive tape;

5. Band-aids, assorted types;

6. An antiseptic cleansing solution /pads;

7. Thermometer;

8. Triangular bandages;

9. Single use gloves such as surgical or examination gloves; and

10. The first aid instructional manual.

D. The following emergency supplies shall be required at the center and be available on field trips:

1. Activated charcoal preparation (to be used only on the direction of a physician or the center's local poison control center); and

2. An ice pack or cooling agent.

E. The following nonmedical emergency supplies shall be required:

1. One working, battery-operated flashlight on each floor of each building that is used by children; and

2. One working, battery-operated radio in each building used by children and any camp location without a building.

8VAC20-780-550 Procedures for emergencies

22VAC40-185-550 8VAC20-780-550. Procedures for emergencies.

A. The center shall have an emergency preparedness plan that addresses staff responsibility and facility readiness with respect to emergency evacuation and shelter-in-place. The plan, which shall be developed in consultation with local or state authorities, addresses the most likely to occur emergency scenario or scenarios, including but not limited to natural disaster, chemical spills, intruder, and terrorism specific to the locality.

B. The emergency preparedness plan shall contain procedural components for:

1. Sounding of alarms (intruder, shelter-in-place such as for tornado, or chemical hazard);

2. Emergency communication to include:

a. Establishment of center emergency officer and back-up officer to include 24-hour contact telephone number for each;

b. Notification of local authorities (fire and rescue, law enforcement, emergency medical services, poison control, health department, etc.), parents, and local media; and

c. Availability and primary use of communication tools;

3. Evacuation to include:

a. Assembly points, head counts, primary and secondary means of egress, and complete evacuation of the buildings;

b. Securing of essential documents (sign-in record, parent contact information, etc.) and special healthcare supplies to be carried off-site on immediate notice; and

c. Method of communication after the evacuation;

4. Shelter-in-place to include:

a. Scenario applicability, inside assembly points, head counts, primary and secondary means of access and egress;

b. Securing essential documents (sign-in records, parent contact information, etc.) and special health supplies to be carried into the designated assembly points; and

c. Method of communication after the shelter-in-place;

5. Facility containment procedures, (e.g., closing of fire doors or other barriers) and shelter-in-place scenario (e.g., intruders, tornado, or chemical spills);

6. Staff training requirement, drill frequency, and plan review and update; and

7. Other special procedures developed with local authorities.

C. Emergency evacuation and shelter-in-place procedures/maps shall be posted in a location conspicuous to staff and children on each floor of each building.

D. The center shall implement a monthly practice evacuation drill and a minimum of two shelter-in-place practice drills per year for the most likely to occur scenarios.

E. The center shall maintain a record of the dates of the practice drills for one year. For centers offering multiple shifts, the simulated drills shall be divided evenly among the various shifts.

F. A 911 or local dial number for police, fire and emergency medical services and the number of the regional poison control center shall be posted in a visible place at each telephone.

G. Each camp location shall have an emergency preparedness plan and warning system.

H. The center shall prepare a document containing local emergency contact information, potential shelters, hospitals, evacuation routes, etc., that pertain to each site frequently visited or of routes frequently driven by center staff for center business (such as field trips, pick-up/drop off of children to or from schools, etc.). This document must be kept in vehicles that centers use to transport children to and from the center.

I. Parents shall be informed of the center's emergency preparedness plan.

J. Based on local authorities and documented normal ambulance operation, if an ambulance service is not readily accessible within 10 to 15 minutes, other transportation shall be available for use in case of emergency.

K. The center or other appropriate official shall notify the parent immediately if a child is lost, requires emergency medical treatment or sustains a serious injury.

L. The center shall notify the parent by the end of the day of any known minor injuries.

M. The center shall maintain a written record of children's serious and minor injuries in which entries are made the day of occurrence. The record shall include the following:

1. Date and time of injury;

2. Name of injured child;

3. Type and circumstance of the injury;

4. Staff present and treatment;

5. Date and time when parents were notified;

6. Any future action to prevent recurrence of the injury;

7. Staff and parent signatures or two staff signatures; and

8. Documentation on how parent was notified.

8VAC20-780-560 Nutrition and food services

22VAC40-185-560 8VAC20-780-560. Nutrition and food services.

A. Centers shall schedule appropriate times for snacks or meals, or both, based on the hours of operation and time of the day (e.g., a center open only for after school care shall schedule an afternoon snack; a center open from 7 a.m. to 1 p.m. shall schedule a morning snack and midday meal).

B. The center shall ensure that children arriving from a half-day, morning program who have not yet eaten lunch receive a lunch.

C. The center shall schedule snacks or meals so there is a period of at least 1-1/2 hours but no more than three hours between each meal or snack unless there is a scheduled rest or sleep period for children between the meals and snacks.

D. Drinking water or other beverage not containing caffeine shall be offered at regular intervals to nonverbal children.

E. In environments of 80°F or above, attention shall be given to the fluid needs of children at regular intervals. Children in such environments shall be encouraged to drink fluids as outlined in subsection D of this section.

F. When centers choose to provide meals or snacks, the following shall apply:

1. Centers shall follow the most recent, age-appropriate nutritional requirements of a recognized authority such as the Child and Adult Care Food Program of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

2. Children shall be allowed second helpings of food listed in the USDA's child and adult care meal patterns.

3. Centers offering both meals and snacks shall serve a variety of nutritious foods and shall serve at least three sources of vitamin A and at least three sources of vitamin C on various days each week.

4. Children three years of age or younger may not be offered foods that are considered to be potential choking hazards.

5. A menu listing foods to be served for meals and snacks during the current one-week period shall:

a. Be dated;

b. Be posted in a location conspicuous to parents or given to parents;

c. List any substituted food; and

d. Be kept on file for one week at the center.

6. Powdered milk shall not be used except for cooking.

G. When food is brought from home, the following shall apply:

1. The food container shall be sealed and clearly dated and labeled in a way that identifies the owner;

2. The center shall have extra food or shall have provisions to obtain food to serve to children so they can have an appropriate snack or meal if they forget to bring food from home, bring an inadequate meal or snack, or bring perishable food; and

3. Unused portions of opened food shall be discarded by the end of the day or returned to the parent.

H. If a catering service is used, it shall be approved by the local health department.

I. Food shall be prepared, stored, and transported in a clean and sanitary manner.

J. Contaminated or spoiled food shall not be served to children.

K. Tables and high chair trays shall be:

1. Sanitized before and after each use for feeding; and

2. Cleaned at least daily.

L. Children shall be encouraged to feed themselves.

M. Staff shall sit with children during meal times.

N. No child shall be allowed to drink or eat while walking around.

8VAC20-780-570 Special feeding needs

22VAC40-185-570 8VAC20-780-570. Special feeding needs.

A. High chairs, infant carrier seats, or feeding tables shall be used for children under 12 months who are not held while being fed.

1. Children using infant seats or high chairs shall be supervised during snacks and meals.

2. When a child is placed in an infant seat or high chair, the protective belt shall be fastened securely.

B. Bottle fed infants who cannot hold their own bottles shall be held when fed. Bottles shall not be propped or used while the child is in his designated sleeping location.

C. The record of each child on formula shall contain:

1. The brand of formula; and

2. The child's feeding schedule.

D. Infants shall be fed on demand or in accordance with parental instructions.

E. Prepared infant formula shall be refrigerated, dated and labeled with the child's name.

F. Heated formula and baby food shall be stirred or shaken and tested for temperature before serving to children.

G. Milk, formula or breast milk shall not be heated or warmed directly in a microwave. Note: Water for warming milk, formula, or breast milk may be heated in a microwave.

H. Prepared baby food not consumed during that feeding by an infant may be used by that same infant later in the same day, provided that the food is not served out of the baby jar and is dated and stored in the refrigerator; otherwise, it shall be discarded or returned to the parent at the end of the day. Formula or breast milk shall not remain unrefrigerated for more than two hours and may not be reheated.

I. A one-day's emergency supply of disposable bottles, nipples, and commercial formulas appropriate for the children in care shall be maintained at the center.

J. Breastfeeding shall be permitted.

K. Staff shall feed semisolid food with a spoon unless written instructions from a physician or physician's designee state differently.

L. For therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs, the consistency of food shall be appropriate to a child's special feeding needs. Necessary and adaptive feeding equipment and feeding techniques shall be used for children with special feeding needs.

8VAC20-780-580 Transportation and field trips

22VAC40-185-580 8VAC20-780-580. Transportation and field trips.

A. If the center provides transportation, the center shall be responsible from the time the child boards the vehicle until returned to the parents or person designated by the parent.

B. Any vehicle used by the center for the transportation of children shall meet the following requirements:

1. The vehicle shall be manufactured for the purpose of transporting people seated in an enclosed area;

2. The vehicle's seats shall be attached to the floor;

3. The vehicle shall be insured with at least the minimum limits established by Virginia state statutes;

4. The vehicle shall meet the safety standards set by the Department of Motor Vehicles and shall be kept in satisfactory condition to assure the safety of children; and

5. If volunteers supply personal vehicles, the center is responsible for ensuring that the requirements of this subsection are met.

C. The center shall ensure that during transportation of children:

1. Virginia state statutes about safety belts and child restraints are followed and stated maximum number of passengers in a given vehicle shall not be exceeded;

2. The children remain seated and each child's arms, legs, and head remain inside the vehicle;

3. Doors are closed properly and locked unless locks were not installed by the manufacturer of the vehicle;

4. At least one staff member or the driver always remains in the vehicle when children are present;

5. The following information is in transportation vehicles:

a. Emergency numbers as specified in 22VAC40-185-550 F 8VAC20-780-550 F and H;

b. The center's name, address, and phone number; and

c. A list of the names of the children being transported.

D. When entering and leaving vehicles, children shall enter and leave the vehicle from the curb side of the vehicle or in a protected parking area or driveway.

E. Children shall cross streets at corners or crosswalks or other designated safe crossing point if no corner or crosswalk is available.

F. The staff-to-children ratios of 22VAC40-185-350 E 8VAC20-780-350 E, G, and H shall be followed on all field trips. The staff-to-children ratios need not be followed during transportation of school age children to and from the center. One staff member or adult is necessary in addition to the driver when 16 or more preschool or younger children are being transported in the vehicle.

G. The center shall make provisions for providing children on field trips with adequate food and water.

H. If perishable food is taken on field trips, the food shall be stored in insulated containers with ice packs to keep the food cold.

I. Before leaving on a field trip, a schedule of the trip's events and locations shall be posted and visible at the center site.

J. There shall be a communication plan between center staff and staff who are transporting children or on a field trip.

K. Staff shall verify that all children have been removed from the vehicle at the conclusion of any trip.

L. Parental permission for transportation and field trips shall be secured before the scheduled activity.

M. If a blanket permission is used instead of a separate written permission, the following shall apply:

1. Parents shall be notified of the field trip; and

2. Parents shall be given the opportunity to withdraw their children from the field trip.

8VAC20-780-590 Transportation for nonambulatory children

22VAC40-185-590 8VAC20-780-590. Transportation for nonambulatory children.

A. For therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs providing transportation, nonambulatory children shall be transported in a vehicle which is equipped with a ramp or hydraulic lift to allow entry and exit.

B. Wheelchairs shall be equipped with restraining devices and shall be securely fastened to the floor when used to seat children in a vehicle.

C. Arrangements of wheelchairs in a vehicle shall not impede access to exits.

D. For therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs, when the center is responsible for providing transportation, the center shall develop a plan based on the needs of the children in care to assure their safe supervision during on-loading, off-loading and transporting.

E. When 16 or more children are being transported, there shall be at least one center aide or adult besides the driver, for each group of 16.

F. For therapeutic child day programs and special needs child day programs, if a child has a known seizure disorder or neurological, genetic or physiological disability causing increased medical risk and that child is being transported, one center aide or adult who is not the driver and who is trained in CPR shall be present in the vehicle.

8VAC20-780-600 Animals and pets

22VAC40-185-600 8VAC20-780-600. Animals and pets.

A. Animals that are kept on the premises of the center shall be vaccinated, if applicable, against diseases which present a hazard to the health or safety of children.

B. Animals which are, or are suspected of being, ill or infested with external lice, fleas and ticks or internal worms shall be removed from contact with children.

C. If a child is bitten by an animal, an attempt shall be made to confine the animal for observation or laboratory analysis for evidence of rabies.

D. The site of the bite shall be washed with soap and water immediately, and the child's physician or local health department shall be contacted as soon as possible for medical advice.

E. The center shall report the animal bite incident to the local health department.

F. Manure shall be removed from barns, stables and corrals at least once a day and stored and disposed of in a manner to prevent the breeding of flies.

8VAC20-780-610 Evening and overnight care

22VAC40-185-610 8VAC20-780-610. Evening and overnight care.

A. For evening care, beds with mattresses or cots with at least one inch of dense padding shall be used by children who sleep longer than two hours and are not required to sleep in cribs.

Exception: Camps providing evening care on an occasional basis are not required to meet the requirements of this subsection if sleeping bags or cots are used.

B. For overnight care, beds with mattresses or cots with at least two inches of dense padding shall be used by children who are not required to sleep in cribs.

Exception: Camps providing overnight care on an occasional basis are not required to meet the requirements of this subsection if sleeping bags or cots are used.

C. For overnight care which occurs for a child on a weekly or more frequent basis, beds with mattresses shall be used.

D. In addition to 22VAC40-185-450 8VAC20-780-450 about linens, bedding appropriate to the temperature and other conditions of the rest area shall be provided.

E. For evening and overnight care, separate sleeping areas shall be provided for children of the opposite sex eight years of age or older.

F. If sleeping bags are used, 22VAC40-185-440 A 8VAC20-780-440 A through E about rest furnishings shall also apply to the use of sleeping bags.

G. Camps may use bunk beds if children are at least eight years of age.

H. In centers providing overnight care, an operational tub or shower with heated and cold water shall be provided.

Exception: Primitive camps are not required to have a tub or shower.

I. When bath towels are used, they shall be assigned for individual use.

J. Activities for children in evening or overnight care shall include, as time allows, age-appropriate activities as described in 22VAC40-185-360 8VAC20-780-360 through 22VAC40-185-390 8VAC20-780-390.

K. Quiet activities shall be available immediately before bedtime.

L. For children receiving evening or overnight care, the provider shall offer an evening snack.

8VAC20-780-9998 FORMS (8VAC20-780)

Initial Application for a License to Operate a Child Day Center (eff. 7/1/21)

Renewal Application for a License to Operate a Child Day Center (eff. 7/1/21)

8VAC20-780-9999 Documents Incorporated by Reference (8VAC20-780)

F406-02 ASTM Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Non-Full-Size Baby Cribs/Play Yards, October 2003.

F1292-99 ASTM Standard Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surface Systems Under and Around Playground Equipment, August 10, 1999.

"Selecting Playground Surface Materials: Guidelines for Selecting the Best Surface Material for Your Playground," National Program for Playground Safety, University of Northern Iowa, February 2004.

Air Quality Color Code Chart, Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, April 2004.

8VAC20-790-10 Definitions

22VAC40-665 8VAC20-790-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this part shall have the following meanings unless the context indicates otherwise:

"Administrative disqualification hearing" or "ADH" means an impartial review by a state hearing officer of a recipient's actions involving an alleged intentional program violation for the purpose of determining if the individual did or did not commit an intentional program violation.

"Applicant" means a person who has applied for child care services and the disposition of the application has not yet been determined.

"Assets" means resources owned by a person or company regarded as having value and available to meet debts and commitments.

"Background checks" means the checks for barrier crimes and offenses required under Article 3 563.2-1719 22.1-289.034 et seq.) of Chapter 1714.1 of Title 63.222.1 of the Code of Virginia, including the sworn statement or affirmation as is required by Article 35; the criminal history record check; and the Child Protective Services Central Registry check.

"Child care subsidy and services" or "Child Care Subsidy Program" means the department program that assists eligible low-income families with the cost of child care and those activities that assist eligible families in the arrangement for or purchase of child care for children for care that is less than a 24-hour day. It also includes activities that promote parental choice, consumer education to help parents make informed choices about child care, activities to enhance health and safety standards established by the state, and activities that increase and enhance child care and early childhood development resources in the community.

"Child experiencing homelessness" means a child who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes:

1. A child who is living in a car, park, public space, abandoned building, substandard housing, bus or train station, or similar settings;

2. A child who is sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason (sometimes referred to as "doubled-up");

3. A child who is living in a motel, hotel, trailer park, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate accommodations;

4. A child who is living in congregate, temporary, emergency, or transitional shelters;

5. A child who is abandoned in a hospital;

6. A child who is living in a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings; and

7. A child who is a migratory child as defined in § 1309 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, P.L. No. 89-10 (20 USC § 6399) who qualifies as homeless because he is living in circumstances described in subdivisions 1 through 6 of this definition in clauses (i) through (iii) of 42 U.S.C. § 11432a(2)(8)..

"Child protective services" means the identification, receipt, and immediate response to complaints and reports of alleged child abuse or neglect for children under 18 years of age. It also includes assessment and arranging for and providing necessary protective and rehabilitative services for a child and his family when the child has been found to have been abused or neglected or is at risk of being abused or neglected.

"Child with special needs or disability" means (i) a child with a disability as defined in § 602 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 USC § 1401); (ii) a child who is eligible for early intervention services under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 USC § 1431 et seq.); (iii) a child who is younger than 13 years of age and who is eligible for services under § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 USC § 794); and (iv) a child with a documented developmental disability, intellectual disability, emotional disturbance, sensory or motor impairment, or significant chronic illness who requires special health surveillance or specialized programs, interventions, technologies, or facilities.

"Conditional eligibility" means that eligibility has been approved for a period not to exceed 90 days to allow families with a child experiencing homelessness additional time to obtain required documentation needed to complete a final eligibility determination.

"Copayment" means the amount paid to the provider by the parent to contribute toward the cost of child care. Such amount shall be established by the department in accordance with the current Child Care and Development Fund Plan for Virginia, approved by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Copayments do not include charges above the maximum reimbursable rate, or charges for registration, activities, or transportation.

"DCSE" means the Division of Child Support Enforcement, the division of the Department of Social Services responsible for locating absent parents; establishing paternity; and establishing, modifying, enforcing, collecting, and disbursing child support or child and spousal support.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Social Services Education.

"Exit eligibility limit" means the maximum gross countable income amount that a family can receive to be considered income eligible at redetermination. Such amount shall be established by the department in the current Child Care and Development Plan for Virginia approved by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

"Family" means any adult or emancipated minor and children related by blood, marriage, adoption, or an expression of kinship who function as a family unit.

"Federal poverty guidelines" means the income levels by family size, determined by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, used as guidelines in determining at what level families in the country are living in poverty.

"Fee" means a charge for a service and may include copayments, charges above the maximum reimbursable rate, or charges for registration, activities, or transportation.

"Fee Program" means a category in the child care subsidy program that assists low income, non-TANF families with child care services.

"Fiscal year" means the local department financial calendar that begins in June of each calendar year and runs through May of the following calendar year.

"Graduated phase out" means the period of time for child care subsidy and services to continue as determined by the local department at redetermination for recipients whose income exceeds the initial eligibility limit but is below the exit eligibility limit.

"Head Start" means the comprehensive federal child development programs that serve children from birth through age five years, pregnant women, and their families (as established by the Head Start Act (42 USC § 9801)).

"Income eligible" means that eligibility for assistance under the Child Care Subsidy Program is based on income and family size.

"In-home" means child care provided in the home in which all of the children in care reside and in which the provider does not reside.

"Initial eligibility limit" means the maximum gross countable income amount that a family can receive to be considered income eligible. Such amount shall be established by the department in the current Child Care and Development Plan for Virginia approved by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

"Intentional program violation" or "IPV" means any action by an individual for the purpose of establishing or maintaining the family's eligibility for assistance under the Child Care Subsidy Program or for increasing or preventing a reduction in the amount of the assistance by (i) intentionally giving a false or misleading statement or misrepresenting, concealing, or withholding facts or (ii) any act intended to mislead, to misrepresent, conceal, or withhold facts, or to propound a falsity.

"Level one provider" means a child care provider that is not licensed by the department or is not approved (i) by a licensed family day system, (ii) under a local ordinance in accordance with §§ 15.2-741 and 15.2-914 of the Code of Virginia, or (iii) by the federal government.

"Level two provider" means a child care provider that is licensed by the department or is approved (i) by a licensed family day system, (ii) under local ordinance in accordance with §§ 15.2-741 and 15.2-914 of the Code of Virginia, or (iii) by the federal government.

"Local department" means the local department of social services of any county or city in this Commonwealth.

"Maximum reimbursable rate" means the maximum rate paid for child care services through the subsidy program that is established by the department and set out in the current Child Care and Development Fund Plan for Virginia filed with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

"Need for child care" means the parents meet the income eligibility and employment or education requirements set forth in this chapter and require child care services for part of the day.

"Nonfraud overpayment" means an overpayment that is the result of a local department error or an inadvertent household or provider error.

"Parent" means the adult or emancipated minor, as defined in § 16.1-334 of the Code of Virginia, who acts as the primary caretaker or guardian of a child, including an individual acting in loco parentis. A parent may be by blood, marriage, or adoption and also means a legal guardian, person cohabiting with the natural or adoptive parent of a minor child, or other person standing in loco parentis.

"Provider" or "child care provider" means a person, entity, or organization providing child care services.

"Resource and referral" means services that provide information to parents to assist them in choosing a child care provider and may include assessment of the family's child care needs, collection and maintenance of information about child care needs in the community, and efforts to improve the quality and increase the supply of child care.

"Service plan" means the written, mutually agreed upon activities and responsibilities between the local department and the parent in the provision of assistance for child care services under the Child Care Subsidy Program.

"Superintendent" means Superintendent of Public Instruction or his designee.

"Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program" or "SNAP" means the program administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to reduce hunger and increase food security.

"Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Employment and Training" or "SNAPET" means the program that provides job search, job search training, education, training, and work experience to nonpublic assistance SNAP recipients.

"TANF assistance unit" means a household composed of an individual or individuals who meet all categorical requirements and conditions of eligibility for TANF.

"TANF capped child" means a child who the TANF worker has determined ineligible for inclusion in the TANF assistance unit because the child was born more than 10 full months after the mother's initial TANF payment was issued.

"Temporary Assistance for Needy Families" or "TANF" means the program authorized in § 406 of the Social Security Act (42 USC § 606) and administered by the department through which a relative can receive monthly cash assistance for the support of his eligible children.

"Transitional child care" means the program that provides child care subsidy assistance to eligible former TANF recipients after the TANF case closes.

"Vendor" means a legally operating child care provider who is approved by the department to participate in the Child Care Subsidy Program. Multiple facilities or sites operated by the same person, entity, or organization are considered separate vendors.

"Vendor agreement" means the agreement between the department and a child care vendor that must be entered into and signed before child care payments under the Child Care Subsidy Program can be authorized.

"Virginia Initiative for Education and Work" or "VIEW" means the program of employment opportunities to assist individuals receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families in attaining the goal of self-sufficiency as implemented in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

8VAC20-790-20 Families and children to be served

22VAC40-665-20 8VAC20-790-20. Families and children to be served.

A. For an applicant to be eligible for child care subsidy and services, the applicant must have a child who, at the time of eligibility determination or redetermination:

1. Is younger than 13 years of age or is younger than the age of 18 years and physically or mentally unable to care for himself, or under court supervision;

2. Is a citizen or legal resident of the United States;

3. Is immunized according to requirements of the State Board of Health; however, families of a child experiencing homelessness that cannot provide documentation of their child's immunizations may be conditionally approved for services for a period not to exceed 90 days;

4. Is not eligible to attend public school during the part of the day when public education is available unless there is a documented reason for the child to be out of school;

5. Resides with the applicant or recipient for services;

6. Resides in the locality where application or redetermination for services is made;

7. Resides with a family whose income does not exceed the income limits established by the department in the current Child Care and Development Fund Plan for Virginia approved by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services;

8. Resides with a family whose family assets do not exceed $1 million in value, as certified by the applicant; and

9. Resides with a family in which there is a need for child care services, arising from one of the following situations:

a. In a two-parent household, there must be a documented reason why one of the parents cannot provide the needed child care.

b. Parents who need child care to support the following approved activities:

(1) Employment;

(2) Education or training leading to employment;

(3) Child protective services; or

(4) Assigned VIEW or SNAPET activity.

B. At the option of the local department, a child born to a family 10 months or more after the initial date of approval for the Fee Program may receive child care services or be placed on the local department waiting list.

C. A child of an owner or operator of a family day home shall not be eligible to receive a child care subsidy if that child will be cared for in the home of the owner or operator.

8VAC20-790-30 Child care subsidy program categories

22VAC40-665-30 8VAC20-790-30. Child care subsidy program categories.

Assistance under the Child Care Subsidy Program is provided through the following program categories, to the extent that funding is available:

1. TANF. Child care subsidy and services are made available to recipients of TANF. TANF child care includes needed child care for:

a. A TANF-capped child;

b. A child who receives Supplemental Security Income (SSI) if the parent is on the TANF grant and if the child would have been in the public assistance unit were it not for the receipt of SSI; and

c. Children who are not in the TANF assistance unit but who are financially dependent upon the parent who is in the TANF assistance unit.

2. Income eligible programs.

a. Transitional child care. Child care subsidy and services are made available to eligible children of:

(1) Former TANF recipients for up to the 12 months following TANF case closure to support parental employment and

(2) Former VIEW participants when the individual is enrolled in an accredited public institution of higher learning or other postsecondary school licensed or certified by the State Board of Education or the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia and is taking courses as part of a curriculum that leads to a postsecondary credential, such as a degree or an industry-recognized certification, or license, and

If the family is found income eligible, and there is a need for child care.

b. Head Start wrap-around child care. Head Start wrap-around child care subsidy and services are made available to eligible Head Start enrolled children. The program is for extended day and extended year child care beyond times covered by federally funded Head Start programs.

c. SNAP child care. Child care subsidy and services are made available to children of parents in Virginia's SNAP Education and Training (SNAPET) program to allow participation in an approved activity.

d. Fee Program child care. Fee child care subsidy and services are made available to children in eligible low-income families who are not receiving TANF or SNAPET and who meet the eligibility criteria for child care.

8VAC20-790-40 Case management

22VAC40-665-40 8VAC20-790-40. Case management.

A. Applicants for child care subsidy and services must be at least 18 years of age unless they are an emancipated minor or a minor who was receiving services as head of household prior to April 2016.

B. Applicants are required to sign an application, to provide verification of identity, and to cooperate with an assessment by the local department of social services.

C. In cases where the local department has approved the application of an applicant for the Child Care Subsidy Program and determines that (i) the child has been abandoned by a noncustodial parent, or (ii) a person who has a responsibility for the care, support, or maintenance of the child has failed or neglected to give proper care or support to the child, the local department shall refer the matter to DCSE for the application for child support services. Failure by the applicant or recipient to cooperate with DCSE shall result in denial of the application or case closure at redetermination. "Cooperate with DCSE" means that an applicant or recipient must apply for child support services and participate and provide information, as requested by DCSE, to locate a noncustodial parent, establish paternity, establish or modify a child support order, or enforce a child support order.

D. At initial eligibility determination, a family with a child experiencing homelessness that cannot provide the required documentation may be conditionally approved for services for a period not to exceed 90 days. The final eligibility determination shall be completed once the 90 days has expired or full documentation is provided. Any payments made prior to the final eligibility determination shall not be considered an error or improper payment. Families with a child experiencing homelessness shall receive priority placement on the waiting list, if applicable.

ED. Consumer education, including education on the selection and monitoring of quality child care and how to access information regarding their selected vendor as to the (i) health and safety requirements met by the vendor; (ii) licensing or regulatory requirements met by the vendor; (iii) date the vendor was last inspected and any history of violations; and (iv) any voluntary quality standards met by the vendor, must be provided to parents to assist them in gaining needed information about the availability of child care services and providers. Parents must also be provided information on how to obtain a developmental screening for their child.

FE. The department shall establish scales for determining financial eligibility for the income eligible child care subsidy program categories in subdivision 2 of 22VAC40-665-30 8VAC20-790-30.

1. Recipients in the TANF child care program category shall be considered income eligible based on their receipt of TANF; the local department shall not be required to verify their income.

2. At initial eligibility determination, income eligibility shall be determined by measuring the family's countable income and size against the percentage of the federal poverty guidelines for their locality. The family's income cannot exceed 85% of the state median income.

3. At redetermination, if a recipient family's countable income exceeds the initial eligibility limit, they shall be considered income eligible until their countable income meets or exceeds the exit eligibility limit established by the department. The family's income cannot exceed 85% of the state median income.

GF. Families receiving child care subsidy and services shall be required to pay a copayment unless their gross monthly income is at or below the federal poverty guidelines and they are recipients of TANF, participants in the SNAPET program, or families where all children participate in the Head Start program. The copayment amount will be based on a scale set out in the current Child Care and Development Fund Plan for Virginia. Copayments may be increased at redetermination and during graduated phase out if the family's countable income exceeds the initial eligibility limit but is below the exit eligibility limit. Local departments shall be required to act on changes reported by the family that would reduce the family's copayment during the 12-month eligibility period.

HG. Income to be counted in determining income eligibility includes all earned and unearned income received by the family except the following:

1. Supplemental Security Income;

2. TANF benefits;

3. Transitional payments of $50 per month to former VIEW participants;

4. Diversionary assistance payments;

5. General relief;

6. SNAP benefits;

7. Value of U.S. Department of Agriculture donated food;

8. Benefits received under Title VII, Nutrition Program for the Elderly of the Older Americans Act of 1965;

9. Value of supplemental food assistance under the Child Nutrition Act of 1996 and lunches provided under National School Lunch Act;

10. Earnings of a child younger than the age of 18 years;

11. Earned income tax credit;

12. Lump sum child support arrears payments;

13. Scholarships, loans, or grants for education except any portion specified for child care;

14. Basic allowance for housing for military personnel living on base;

15. Clothing maintenance allowance for military personnel;

16. Payments received by AmeriCorps volunteers;

17. Tax refunds;

18. Lump sum insurance payments;

19. Monetary gifts for one-time occasions or normal annual occasions;

20. Payments made by non-financially responsible third parties for household obligations, unless payment is made in lieu of wages;

21. Loans or money borrowed;

22. Money received from sale of property;

23. Earnings less than $25 a month;

24. Capital gains;

25. Withdrawals of bank deposits;

26. GI Bill benefits;

27. Reimbursements, such as for mileage;

28. Foreign government restitution payments to Holocaust survivors;

29. Payments from the Agent Orange Settlement Fund or any other fund established for settlement of Agent Orange product liability litigation; and

30. Monetary benefits provided to the children of Vietnam Veterans as described in 38 USC § 1823(c).

The amount of wages subject to garnishment and the amount of child support paid to another household shall be deducted from the family's income.

IH. The eligibility period for TANF (nonVIEW), transitional child care, Fee Program, and Head Start begins with the effective date of the approval of the child care subsidy and services application. The eligibility period for VIEW and SNAPET participants begins with the date of referral from the VIEW or SNAPET program.

JI. Recipients will be eligible for child care subsidy and services for a minimum of 12-months before eligibility is redetermined unless:

1. Their countable income exceeds 85% of state median income. Temporary increases in income will not affect eligibility or family copayments, including monthly income fluctuations, which when taken in isolation, may incorrectly indicate that a recipient's income exceeds 85% of state median income.

2. There is a finding that the recipient committed an intentional program violation.

3. The recipient is no longer a resident of Virginia.

4. The recipient requests that their child care subsidy and services case be closed.

5. The recipient is a family of a child experiencing homelessness that was approved as conditionally eligible and failed to provide necessary documentation to the local department within 90 days, or the recipient is determined ineligible after full documentation is provided.

KJ. Recipients will retain eligibility despite any change in residency within the state.

LK. Recipients will retain eligibility despite any eligible child turning 13 years of age during the 12-month eligibility period.

ML. The beginning date of service payment for TANF (nonVIEW), transitional child care, Fee Program, and Head Start participants may begin with the date the applicant is determined eligible and a vendor approved by the department is selected. The beginning date of service payment for VIEW or SNAPET participants may begin with the date of referral from the VIEW or SNAPET program if the applicant is determined eligible and a vendor approved by the department is selected.

1. Eligibility must be determined within 30 days of receipt of a signed application or referral from VIEW or SNAPET by the local department.

2. Payment cannot be made to any provider prior to the effective date of their approval by the department as a vendor.

NM. Eligibility will be redetermined in the final month of the 12-month eligibility period described in subsection I of this section, at which time the recipient will be contacted in order to have all eligibility criteria be reevaluated. The local department's contact with the recipient should not unduly disrupt a parent's work schedule. Recipients shall not be required to appear in person for eligibility redetermination.

ON. Child care case managers shall prepare a written service plan for each child care case with the applicant or recipient. The service plan shall state the activities and responsibilities of the local department and the parent in the provision of child care services. The VIEW Activity and Service Plan will serve as the service plan for parents active in VIEW. If the parents are SNAPET participants, the SNAPET Plan of Participation will serve as the service plan.

PO. Recipients shall be required to:

1. Report to the local department the following changes within 10 calendar days of the change:

a. Countable income that exceeds 85% of the state median income.

b. Recipient is no longer a resident of Virginia or the county in which they are receiving services.

2. Pay all fees owed to the vendor not paid for under the Child Care Subsidy Program or reimbursements owed to the local department; failure to do so may result in case closure at redetermination.

3. Reimburse the local department for any overpayment made as a result of fraud, intentional program violation, or an inadvertent household error.

The local department shall inform recipients of child care subsidy and services of these responsibilities.

QP. Adequate documentation supporting the reasons for termination must be filed in the case record. Eligibility in the Fee Program is limited to a total of 72 months per family. Receipt of assistance in any other program category does not count toward the 72-month limitation.

RQ. When sufficient funds are not available, local departments of social services must screen applicants for potential eligibility and place them on the department's waiting list unless the family declines placement.

SR. Applicants and recipients will be afforded due process through timely written notices of any action determining or affecting their eligibility for services or copayment amount. Such written notice shall include the reason for the action and the notice of appeal rights and procedures, including the right to a fair hearing if the applicant or recipient is aggrieved by the local department's action or failure to act on an application. If a recipient requests an appeal prior to the effective date of any proposed action and if the continuation of services is requested by the parent, child care services will continue until a decision is rendered by a hearing officer. If the decision of the local department is upheld by the hearing officer, the recipient must repay the amount of services paid during the appeal process.

8VAC20-790-50 Parental choice

22VAC40-665-60 8VAC20-790-50. Parental choice.

Families who receive child care subsidy and services shall have the right to choose a provider from among child care providers operating legally and that are approved by the department to participate in the Child Care Subsidy Program as a vendor. Local departments shall not establish any policies that limit parental choice of providers.

8VAC20-790-60 Access to children

22VAC40-665-60 8VAC20-790-60. Access to children.

A. Vendors shall allow parents unlimited access to their children when they are in care.

B. Vendors shall allow state and local department staff unlimited access to children in care.

8VAC20-790-70 Vendor requirements

22VAC40-665-70 8VAC20-790-70. Vendor requirements.

A. Vendors who participate in the subsidy program must be at least 18 years of age.

B. Vendors shall permit and cooperate with inspections by staff from the department and local departments of social services.

C. Vendors shall comply with the regulations applicable to the vendor's type of child care, including all requirements to conduct background checks.

D. Vendors shall comply with the subsidy program vendor requirements as outlined in Parts II (22VAC40-665-1208VAC20-790-140 et seq.) and III (22VAC40-665-470 8VAC20-790-490 et seq.) of this chapter applicable to the vendor's type of care.

E. All vendors who participate in the Child Care Subsidy Program shall enter into a vendor agreement with the department. The vendor's signature or electronic submission confirms its agreement to comply with the applicable sections of this chapter and the terms of the agreement, including payment processes, electronic submission and tracking of attendance, absences, and vendor requirements. Vendors shall be subject to monitoring inspections to ensure compliance with this chapter and with the vendor agreement.

F. Employees of any division within the department or a local department of social services cannot participate in the subsidy program as a vendor.

G. Vendors shall provide notice to individuals required under this chapter to undergo background checks of the opportunity to challenge the results of the background checks in accordance with the procedures described in this subsection in the case of criminal checks, or by contacting the local department of social services that reported such individual to be named on the Child Protective Services Central Registry.

1. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): If an individual is denied employment or the opportunity to provide volunteer or contractual services because of information appearing on the individual's FBI record and it comes to the individual's attention that he is not the person of the record, the individual may initiate a challenge of the information contained in the record. The facility is required by state and federal laws to provide the individual with a copy of the challenge procedures. The challenge procedures can be found at https://www.fbi.gov/services/cjis/identity-history-summary-checks.

2. Virginia State Police: In instances where it comes to an individual's attention that his name or other descriptive information is a matter of record in the Central Criminal Records Exchange, and he is not the person of the record, then the individual may initiate a challenge of the information contained in the record as provided at http://www.vsp.state.va.us/CJIS_CCRE.shtm. The individual must report this information to a local sheriff, police, or State Police Headquarters and request to be fingerprinted for the purpose of challenging a criminal record. The individual to be fingerprinted must show personal identification. The official taking the fingerprints must document on letterhead paper that he has reviewed the individual's personal identification and obtained the fingerprints. This letter and the fingerprints are to be mailed to the following address: Manager Central Criminal Records Exchange Virginia Department of State Police, P.O. Box 27472, Richmond, VA 23261-7472. Within five workdays, the individual who initiated the challenge will receive written confirmation of the fingerprint search results, whether he is or is not the person of the record, and record modifications taken, if applicable.

3. If an individual successfully challenges information on a background check in accordance with these procedures, the vendor may submit a request for a new background investigation in order to obtain an accurate record.

H. Disputes between the vendor and the department regarding the payment for services rendered, enforcement or termination of the vendor agreement, or disqualification from participating in the Child Care Subsidy Program may be appealed by the vendor pursuant to the Virginia Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia), as provided in this subsection. This shall be the sole remedy for such disputes.

1. Within 30 days of the date of a written notice of department action against a vendor, the vendor may request an appeal in writing with the department.

2. Upon receiving the vendor's notice of appeal, the department shall schedule an informal conference at which the vendor may provide such further information or present any additional facts for the department to reconsider its action. The department shall issue a written decision within 15 business days from the conclusion of the informal conference. The vendor may waive the holding of the informal conference and request the formal hearing described in subdivision 3 of this subsection in its initial request for an appeal to the department.

3. The vendor may appeal the decision from the informal conference by requesting an administrative hearing within 30 days of the date of the decision from the informal conference. The administrative hearing shall be held in accordance with § 2.2-4020 of the Code of Virginia and shall be presided over by a hearing officer designated by the Supreme Court of Virginia pursuant to subsection A of § 2.2-4024 of the Code of Virginia. Within 30 days of the administrative hearing, the hearing officer shall recommend a decision to the Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Social Services Superintendent of Public Instruction of the Virginia Department of Education. The commissioner Superintendent shall issue a final decision within 30 days of receipt of the hearing officer's recommended decision in accordance with subsection C of § 2.2-4021 of the Code of Virginia.

4. The vendor may seek court review of the commissioner's Superintendent's decision in accordance with Article 3 (§ 2.2-4018 et. seq.) of the Virginia Administrative Process Act.

8VAC20-790-80 Determining payment amount

22VAC40-665-80 8VAC20-790-80. Determining payment amount.

A. Maximum reimbursable rates.

1. The department will establish maximum reimbursable rates for child care subsidies for all localities in the state by type of care, level of regulatory oversight, age of child, and unit of service. Such rates shall be available in Appendices F and G of the Child Care Subsidy Program Guidance Manual on the department's website at http://www.dss.virginia.gov/files/division/cc/assistance/parents_guardians/guidance_procedures/Child_Care_Subsidy_Guidance_Manual.pdf.

2. For children with special needs or disability, payment over the maximum reimbursable rate is allowed when this is appropriate as determined and documented by the local department. The maximum reimbursable rate for children with special needs may not exceed twice the rate for care of children who do not have special needs.

3. Vendors will be paid for the amount of care approved up to the maximum reimbursable rate of the locality in which the vendor is located. The department will pay the rates providers charge the general public, up to the maximum reimbursable rate. Level two vendors will be paid a higher maximum reimbursable rate established by the department.

4. Parents who choose a vendor that charges a rate higher than the maximum reimbursable rate set by the department shall be responsible for payment of the additional amount, if charged by the vendor, unless the local department elects to pay the additional amount out of local funds.

B. For in-home child care, the payment rate must be at least minimum wage, but not more than the maximum reimbursable rate for the number of children in care.

C. A single annual registration fee, if charged, will be paid to level two vendors only. The registration fee must not exceed $100 nor be higher than the fee the vendor charges the general public. If the requirement for payment of another registration fee is beyond the control of the recipient or due to extenuating circumstances, an additional registration fee may be paid. The cost of transportation services provided by the vendor, if any, shall be included in the total cost of care. The total cost of care, excluding the single annual registration fee but including other fees and transportation, must not exceed the maximum reimbursable rate.

D. Level two providers may be paid up to 10 holidays on which no child care services are provided as identified in the vendor agreement. Certified preschools, religious exempt centers, and voluntary registered family day homes that are classified as level one providers may be paid for holidays on which no child care services are provided in accordance with the provisions of the vendor agreement. All other level one providers will not receive payment for any holiday unless services are provided on such day.

E. Level two providers may be paid for up to 36 days the child is absent per fiscal year.

8VAC20-790-90 Complaints in the child care setting

22VAC40-665-90 8VAC20-790-90. Complaints in the child care setting.

All complaints regarding possible child abuse or neglect occurring in a child care setting must be referred to the child protective services unit at the local department serving the area where the vendor is located. All other complaints must be referred to the department's hotline, which will be provided to parents during intake at initial eligibility determination and will be available on the department's website (www.dss.virginia.gov).

8VAC20-790-100 Recipient intentional program violation and disqualification

22VAC40-665-100 8VAC20-790-100. Recipient intentional program violation and disqualification.

A. When it is suspected that there has been a deliberate misrepresentation of facts by a recipient in order to receive benefits, services, or payments, the local department shall investigate whether or not an intentional program violation was committed. If the local department finds clear and convincing evidence that an intentional program violation has occurred, the case will be referred for an administrative disqualification hearing. The local department may also refer the case to the attorney for the Commonwealth for criminal prosecution.

B. Recipients found to have committed an intentional program violation either through an administrative disqualification hearing or by a court of competent jurisdiction shall be ineligible to participate in the Child Care Subsidy Program for a period of three months upon the first finding, 12 months upon the second finding, and permanently upon the third finding.

C. In cases where a nonfraud overpayment occurred due to an inadvertent household error, the parent will not be disqualified from participating in the subsidy program as long as a repayment schedule is entered into with the local department and payments are made according to that schedule.

D. Administrative disqualification hearings shall be held in accordance with the following:

1. Prior to submitting the request for an ADH to the state hearing authority, the local department shall provide written notification to the individual suspected of an intentional program violation that the individual can waive his right to an ADH by signing a waiver request and returning it to the local department within 10 days from the date notification is sent to the individual in order to avoid submission of the request for an ADH.

2. If a signed waiver is received, no ADH is conducted and the disqualification period is imposed.

3. The local department shall request an ADH be scheduled by submitting a written request to the state hearing authority. The form must include the following information:

a. Identifying information;

b. Summary of the allegations;

c. Summary of the evidence; and

d. Copies of documents supporting the allegations.

The referral is to be signed and dated by the supervisor or local department director.

4. The hearing officer will schedule a date for the ADH and provide written notice to the individual suspected of committing an IPV at least 30 days in advance of the date the ADH has been scheduled. The notice shall contain at a minimum:

a. The date, time, and place of the hearing;

b. The charges against the individual;

c. A summary of the evidence, and how and where the evidence can be examined;

d. A statement that the decision will be based solely on information provided by the local department of social services if the individual fails to appear at the hearing;

e. A statement that the individual or representative will, upon receipt of the notice, have 10 days from the date of the scheduled hearing to present good cause for failure to appear in order to receive a new hearing;

f. A statement that a determination of intentional program violation will result in a disqualification period, and a statement of which penalty is applicable to the case scheduled for a hearing;

g. A listing of the individual's rights, including the right to:

(1) Examine the contents of his case file and all documents and records to be used by the agency at the hearing at a reasonable time before the date of the hearing as well as during the hearing;

(2) At his option, present his case himself or with the aid of an authorized representative;

(3) Bring witnesses;

(4) Establish all pertinent facts and circumstances;

(5) Advance any arguments without undue interference; and

(6) Question or refute any testimony or evidence, including opportunity to confront and cross-examine adverse witnesses; and

h. If there is an individual or organization available that provides free legal representation, the notice shall advise the affected individual of the availability of the service.

5. The time and place of the ADH shall be arranged so that the hearing is accessible to the individual suspected of committing an IPV. The individual may request a postponement of the ADH if the request for postponement is made at least 10 days in advance of the date of the scheduled hearing. The ADH shall not be postponed for more than a total of 30 days and the state hearing authority may limit the number of postponements.

6. The ADH can be held even if the individual fails to appear. The individual has 10 days after the date of the scheduled ADH to present reasons indicating a good cause failure to appear.

7. Even though the individual is not present, the hearing officer shall carefully consider the evidence and determine if an IPV was committed, based on clear and convincing evidence.

8. If the recipient is found to have committed an IPV, but a hearing officer later determines there was good cause for not appearing, the previous decision will no longer be valid and a new ADH shall be conducted. The hearing officer who conducted the original hearing may conduct the new hearing. The good cause decision shall be entered into the hearing record by the hearing officer.

9. The hearing officer shall:

a. Identify those present for the record;

b. Advise the individual that he may refuse to answer questions during the hearing and that anything said or signed by the individual concerning the charges may be used against him in a court of law;

c. Explain the purpose of the ADH, the procedure, and how and by whom a decision will be reached and communicated;

d. Consider all relevant issues and determine if an IPV was committed, based on clear and convincing evidence;

e. Request, receive, and make part of the record all evidence determined necessary to render a decision;

f. Regulate the conduct and course of the hearing consistent with due process to ensure an orderly hearing; and

g. Advise the local department to obtain a medical assessment at the local department's expense if the hearing officer considers it necessary.

10. The individual alleged to have committed an IPV shall be given adequate opportunity to:

a. Examine all documents and records to be used at the ADH at a reasonable time prior to the ADH as well as during the ADH. The contents of the case file, including the application form and documents of verification used by the local department to establish the alleged IPV, shall be made available;

b. Present his case himself or with the aid of an authorized representative;

c. Bring witnesses;

d. Establish all pertinent facts and circumstances;

e. Question or refute any testimony or evidence, including the opportunity to confront and cross-examine witnesses; and

f. Advance arguments without any undue influence.

11. The hearing officer shall prepare a written report of the hearing, which shall include findings, conclusions, decisions, and appropriate recommendations. The decision shall specify the reasons for the decision, identify the supporting evidence, identify pertinent regulations, and respond to reasoned arguments made by the individual or representative.

12. If the individual is found to have committed an IPV, the written decision shall advise the individual that disqualification shall occur.

Upon receipt of the notice of a decision from the hearing officer finding that the individual committed an IPV, the local department shall inform the individual of the reason for the disqualification and the date the disqualification will take effect.

8VAC20-790-110 Vendor agreement termination and vendor disqualification

22VAC40-665-105 8VAC20-790-110. Vendor agreement termination and vendor disqualification.

A. A vendor agreement may be terminated for the following:

1. The vendor's license to operate a child care facility is revoked, suspended, or denied.

2. The vendor's business location changes; ownership of the vendor's business is assigned, sold, or otherwise transferred; the vendor's business structure changes; the vendor's employer identification number changes; or the vendor's legal operating status becomes invalid for any reason.

3. A deliberate misrepresentation of facts to the department or a local department of social services by a vendor in order to receive payments it was not entitled to receive or acceptance by the vendor of payments that the vendor knows, or should reasonably have known, the vendor was not entitled to receive.

4. The vendor fails to notify the department of a change in circumstances that affects payments received by the vendor.

5. The vendor's violation of any term of the vendor agreement, of any requirement under this chapter, or of any state laws and regulations related to the vendor's license or its exemption from licensure, including the requirements for background checks of the vendor's employees, volunteers, and other individuals who come into contact with children.

B. When it is suspected that there has been a deliberate misrepresentation of facts by a vendor in order to receive payments it was not entitled to receive, the local department shall investigate. If there is clear and convincing evidence that such an act has occurred, the case will be referred to the Division of Child Care and Early Childhood Development for termination of the vendor agreement and possible disqualification from participation in the Child Care Subsidy Program. The local department may also refer the case to the attorney for the Commonwealth for criminal prosecution.

C. Vendors will be permanently disqualified from participating in the Child Care Subsidy Program upon the first criminal conviction of fraud or upon a finding by the department or local department that the vendor deliberately misrepresented facts in order to receive payments it was not entitled to receive.

D. Vendors found to be repeatedly in violation of their vendor agreement or of the requirements of this chapter for reasons other than acts by the vendor described in subsection B of this section may be disqualified to participate in the Child Care Subsidy Program for a minimum period of one year.

E. Individuals affiliated with vendors as owners, partners, directors, officers, shareholders, limited liability company members, and managers shall be subject to disqualification under this section.

8VAC20-790-120 Repayment

22VAC40-665-110 8VAC20-790-120. Repayment.

A. In addition to any criminal punishment, anyone who causes the local department to make an overpayment to a vendor shall be required to repay the amount of the overpayment.

B. Any overpayment must be refunded to the department by the locality. If an overpayment was made as a result of an error by the local department, the local department will not seek to recoup those funds from the parent or the vendor.

8VAC20-790-130 Required training for local department staff

22VAC40-665-115 8VAC20-790-130. Required training for local department staff.

Local department staff with responsibilities for implementing the Child Care Subsidy Program shall complete guidance training and other training as required by the department.

8VAC20-790-140 Definitions; subsidy program requirements for family day home vendors

22VAC40-665-120 8VAC20-790-140. Definitions; subsidy program requirements for family day home vendors.

The following words and terms when used in this part shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Accessible" means capable of being entered, reached, or used.

"Adult" means any individual 18 years of age or older.

"Age and stage appropriate" means the curriculum, environment, equipment, and adult-child interactions are suitable for the ages of the children within a group and the individual needs of any child.

"Assistant" means an individual who helps the provider in the care, protection, supervision, and guidance to children in the home.

"Attendance" means the actual presence of an enrolled child.

"Body fluids" means urine, feces, vomit, saliva, blood, nasal discharge, eye discharge, and injury or tissue discharge.

"Caregiver" means an individual who provides care, protection, supervision, and guidance to children in the home and includes the provider and assistant.

"Child" means any individual less than 18 years of age.

"Child experiencing homelessness" means a child who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes:

1. A child who is living in a car, park, public space, abandoned building, substandard housing, bus or train station, or similar settings;

2. A child who is sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason (sometimes referred to as "doubled-up");

3. A child who is living in a motel, hotel, trailer park, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate accommodations;

4. A child who is living in congregate, temporary, emergency, or transitional shelters;

5. A child who is abandoned in a hospital;

6. A child who is living in a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings; and

7. A child who is a migratory child as defined in § 1309 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, P.L. No. 89-10 (20 USC § 6399) who qualifies as homeless because he is living in circumstances described in subdivisions 1 through 6 of this definition clauses (i) through (iii) of 42 U.S.C. § 11434a(2)(B).

"Child with special needs or disability" means (i) a child with a disability as defined in § 602 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 USC § 1401); (ii) a child who is eligible for early intervention services under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 USC § 1431 et seq.); (iii) a child who is less than 13 years of age and who is eligible for services under § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 USC § 794); and (iv) a child with a documented developmental disability, intellectual disability, emotional disturbance, sensory or motor impairment, or significant chronic illness who requires special health surveillance or specialized programs, interventions, technologies, or facilities.

"Cleaned" means treated in such a way as to remove dirt and debris by scrubbing and washing with soap and water or detergent solution and rinsing with water or the use of an abrasive cleaner on inanimate surfaces.

"Communicable disease" means a disease caused by a microorganism (bacterium, virus, fungus, or parasite) that can be transmitted from person to person via an infected body fluid or respiratory spray, with or without an intermediary agent (such as a louse or mosquito) or environmental object (such as a table surface). Some communicable diseases are reportable to the local health authority.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Social Services Education.

"Department representative" means an employee or designee of the Virginia Department of Social Services Education, acting as the authorized agent of the Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Social Services Superintendent of Public Instruction.

"Evacuation" means movement of occupants out of the building to a safe area near the building.

"Evening care" means care provided after 7 p.m. but not through the night.

"Family day home" means a child day program offered in the residence of the provider or the home of any of the children in care for one through 12 children less than 13 years of age, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, when at least one child receives care for compensation.

"Inaccessible" means not capable of being entered, reached, or used.

"Infant" means a child from birth to 16 months of age.

"Lockdown" means a situation where children are isolated from a security threat, and access within and to the home is restricted.

"Overnight care" means care provided after 7 p.m. and through the night.

"Over-the-counter or nonprescription medication" means medication that can be purchased without a written prescription. This includes herbal remedies and vitamin and mineral supplements.

"Parent" means a parent by blood, marriage, or adoption and also means a legal guardian or other person standing in loco parentis.

"Preschool" means a child from two years up to the age of eligibility to attend public school, age five years by September 30 of that same year.

"Provider" means a person, entity, or organization providing child care services.

"Residence" means the principal legal dwelling that is occupied for living purposes by the provider or a child in care and contains the facilities necessary for sleeping, eating, cooking, and family living.

"Sanitized" means treated in such a way as to remove bacteria and viruses from inanimate surfaces through first cleaning and secondly using a solution of one tablespoon of bleach mixed with one gallon of water and prepared fresh daily or using a sanitizing solution approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The surface of the item is sprayed or dipped into the sanitizing solution and then allowed to air dry for a minimum of two minutes or according to the sanitizing solution instructions.

"School age" means eligible to attend public school, age five years or older by September 30 of that same year.

"Serious injury" means a wound or other specific damage to the body, such as unconsciousness; broken bones; dislocation; a deep cut requiring stitches; poisoning; concussion; or a foreign object lodged in eye, nose, ear, or other body orifice.

"Shaken baby syndrome" or "abusive head trauma" means a traumatic injury that has been inflicted upon the brain of an infant or young child. The injury can occur during violent shaking causing the child's head to whip back and forth, the brain to move about, and blood vessels in the skull to stretch and tear.

"Shelter-in-place" means movement of occupants of the building to designated protected spaces within the building.

"Toddler" means a child from 16 months of age up to 24 months of age.

"Vendor" means a legally operating child care provider who is approved by the department to participate in the Child Care Subsidy Program. Multiple facilities or sites operated by the same person, entity, or organization are considered separate vendors.

"Vendor agreement" means the agreement between the department and a vendor that must be entered into and signed before child care payments paid to the vendor under the Child Care Subsidy Program can be authorized.

"Volunteer" means a person who works at the family day home and:

1. Is not paid for services provided in the family day home;

2. Is not counted in the caregiver-to-children ratios; and

3. Is in sight and sound supervision of a caregiver when working with a child.

Any unpaid person not meeting this definition shall be considered a "caregiver" and shall meet caregiver requirements.

8VAC20-790-150 Legal base
8VAC20-790-160 Purpose and applicability

22VAC40-665-140 8VAC20-790-160. Purpose and applicability.

The standards in this part apply to family day homes that participate in the Child Care Subsidy Program as a vendor. The purpose of these standards is to protect children who are less than the age of 13 years, less than the age of 18 years and physically or mentally unable to care for themselves, or under court supervision, and who are separated from their parents during part of the day by:

1. Ensuring that the activities, services, and facilities of family day homes participating in the Child Care Subsidy Program are conducive to the well-being of children; and

2. Reducing risks to the health and safety of such children in the child care environment.

8VAC20-790-170 Operational responsibilities

22VAC40-665-150 8VAC20-790-170. Operational responsibilities.

A. The vendor shall ensure compliance with the standards in this part, the terms of the vendor agreement, and all relevant federal, state, or local laws and regulations.

B. The vendor shall ensure compliance with any of its own policies that have been disclosed to the parents of an enrolled child.

C. The vendor shall ensure that the applicant, household member, and any caregiver who is or will be involved in the day-to-day operations of the family day home or is or will be alone with, in control of, or supervising one or more of the children shall (i) undergo a background check in accordance with § 63.2-172522.1-289.040 of the Code of Virginia ; (ii) shall not have been convicted of a barrier crime as defined in § 19.2-392.02 of the Code of Virginia; and (iii) is not the subject of a founded complaint of child abuse or neglect within or outside the Commonwealth.

D. The vendor shall ensure that the family day home does not exceed the capacity of children cared for as allowed by law or regulation.

E. When at least one child receives care for compensation, all children who are in care and supervision count in the capacity of children being cared for. When children 13 years or older are enrolled in the program and receive supervision in the program, they shall be counted in the number of children receiving care and the vendor shall comply with the standards in this part for these children.

F. The vendor shall inform all caregivers of children's allergies, sensitivities, and dietary restrictions.

G. The vendor shall maintain, in a way that is accessible to all caregivers, a current written list of all children's allergies, sensitivities, and dietary restrictions. This list shall be dated and kept confidential.

8VAC20-790-180 General recordkeeping; reports

22VAC40-665-160 8VAC20-790-180. General recordkeeping; reports.

A. Caregiver records and children's information shall be kept confidential.

B. The vendor shall maintain a written hard copy record of daily attendance that documents the arrival and departure of each child in care as it occurs.

C. Children's records shall be made available to a child's parent upon request, unless otherwise ordered by the court.

D. Records, reports, and information required by this part may be kept as hard copy or electronically, except attendance records must be maintained pursuant to subsection B of this section, and shall be maintained in the home and made accessible to department's representative for five years after termination of services or separation from employment unless specified otherwise.

8VAC20-790-190 Children's information

22VAC40-665-170 8VAC20-790-190. Children's information.

A. Vendors shall maintain, and keep at the family day home, written or electronic information for each enrolled child, which shall be made available to the department's representative upon request.

B. The child's information shall include the following:

1. Child's full name, nickname (if any), sex, address, and birthdate;

2. Proof of the child's identity;

3. Name, home address, and telephone number for each parent who has custody;

4. Name, address, and telephone number for each custodial parent's place of employment or school attendance, if applicable;

5. Name, address, and telephone number of at least one person designated by the parent to contact in case of an emergency if the parent cannot be reached;

6. If applicable, information on allergies, including food allergies, intolerances to food, medication, or other substances, and actions to be taken in an emergency situation; information on other physical problems; pertinent developmental information; and any special accommodations needed;

7. Names of persons other than the custodial parent who are authorized to pick up the child;

8. Immunization records for the child received on or before the child's first day of attendance, except that children experiencing homelessness may provide such records within 90 days of enrollment;

9. Written authorization for emergency medical care should an emergency occur and the parent cannot be located immediately unless the parent presents a written objection for the provision of medical treatment on religious or other grounds;

10. Written authorization to administer prescription or nonprescription medications if the vendor agrees to administer medication;

11. Special care instructions, including recommendations for the care and activities of a child with special needs, exception to infant being fed on demand, etc.;

12. A written care plan for each child with a diagnosed food allergy, to include instructions from a physician regarding the food to which the child is allergic and the steps to be taken in the event of a suspected or confirmed allergic reaction;

13. Record of any accidents or injuries sustained by the child while in care;

14. Permission to transport child if the vendor provides transportation;

15. Permission for field trips;

16. Permission for swimming or wading activities to include a parent's statement of the child's swimming ability, if applicable;

17. A written statement that the vendor will notify the parent when the child becomes ill and that the parent will arrange to have the child picked up as soon as possible if so requested by the vendor;

18. Any written agreements between the parent and the vendor; and

19. Documentation of the enrollment of a child experiencing homelessness enrolled under provisions of 22VAC40-665-210 A 2 8VAC20-790-230 A 2.

8VAC20-790-200 Caregiver records

22VAC40-665-180 8VAC20-790-200. Caregiver records.

The following records shall be kept for each caregiver:

1. Name, address, verification of age, and date of employment or volunteering.

2. Documentation that background checks were completed, including:

a. The department's letter indicating eligibility to be hired provided by the department or the department's contractor indicating:

(1) Satisfactory results of the fingerprint-based national criminal background check; and

(2) Satisfactory results of the Virginia Child Protective Services Central Registry check.

b. Satisfactory results of the child abuse and neglect registry from any other state in which the individual has resided in the preceding five years.

c. Results of a criminal history record information check and sex offender registry check from any state in which the person has resided in the preceding five years.

d. The individual's sworn statement or affirmation as to whether the individual has ever been:

(1) The subject of a founded complaint of child abuse or neglect within or outside the Commonwealth; or

(2) Convicted of a crime or is the subject of any pending criminal charges with the Commonwealth or any equivalent offense outside the Commonwealth.

e. The vendor shall have such documentation for any individual who begins employment or service after the vendor agreement has been signed in the file within 30 days of the individual's beginning date of employment or service.

f. Documentation of subsequent background checks conducted every five years.

3. Tuberculosis screening results.

4. Certifications for first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and other certifications as required by the responsibilities held by the caregiver.

5. Documentation that training required by 22VAC40-665-230 8VAC20-790-250 has been completed that includes the name and topic of the training, the date completed, the total hours of the session, and the names of the organization that sponsored the training and of the trainer.

6. Date of separation from employment where applicable.

7. Documentation of the health requirements under 22VAC40-665-190 8VAC20-790-210.

8VAC20-790-210 Health requirements for caregivers

22VAC40-665-190 8VAC20-790-210. Health requirements for caregivers.

A. Each caregiver must be evaluated by a health professional and be issued a statement that the individual is determined to be free of communicable tuberculosis (TB). Documentation of the screening shall be submitted at the time of employment and prior to coming into contact with children. The documentation shall have been completed within the last 30 calendar days of the date of employment and be signed by a physician, physician's designee, or an official of the local health department.

B. Caregivers shall undergo TB screenings at least every two years from the date of the initial screening, or more frequently if recommended by a physician.

C. The vendor or the department's representative may require a report of examination by a licensed physician or mental health professional when there are indications that a caregiver's physical or mental health may endanger the health, safety, or well-being of children in care.

D. A caregiver who is determined by a licensed physician or mental health professional to show an indication of a physical or mental condition that may endanger the health, safety, or well-being of children in care or that would prevent the performance of duties shall be removed immediately from contact with children and food served to children until the condition is cleared as evidenced by a signed statement from the physician or mental health professional.

8VAC20-790-220 Reports

22VAC40-665-200 8VAC20-790-220. Reports.

A. The vendor shall inform the department's inspector as soon as practicable, but not to exceed one business day, of the following:

1. The death of a child while under the vendor's supervision;

2. A missing child when local authorities have been contacted for help; and

3. The suspension or termination of all child care services for more than 24 hours as a result of an emergency situation and any plans to resume child care.

B. The vendor shall inform the department's representative as soon as practicable, but no more than two business days, of any injury to a child while under the vendor's supervision when a referral is made for treatment from a medical professional.

C. Any suspected incident of child abuse or neglect shall be reported in accordance with § 63.2-1509 of the Code of Virginia.

8VAC20-790-230 Immunizations for children

22VAC40-665-210 8VAC20-790-230. Immunizations for children.

A. Before a child may attend the family day home, the vendor shall obtain documentation that the child has been immunized according to the requirements of subsection A of § 32.1-46 of the Code of Virginia and applicable State Board of Health regulations.

1. The vendor may allow a child to attend contingent upon a conditional enrollment. Documentation related to the child's conditional enrollment shall be maintained in the child's record. A conditional enrollment means the enrollment of a child for a period of 90 days contingent upon the child having received at least one dose of each of the required vaccines and the child possessing a plan from a physician or local health department for completing his immunization requirements within the ensuing 90 calendar days. If the child requires more than two doses of the hepatitis B vaccine, the conditional enrollment period, for hepatitis B vaccine only, shall be 180 calendar days.

2. If a child is experiencing homelessness and does not have documentation of the required immunizations, the vendor may allow the child to attend during a grace period of no more than 90 days to allow the parent or guardian time to obtain documentation of required immunizations.

B. The vendor shall obtain documentation of additional immunizations once every six months for children less than the age of two years.

C. Pursuant to subsection C of § 22.1-271.2 of the Code of Virginia and 12VAC5-110-110, documentation of immunizations is not required for any child whose:

1. Parent submits an affidavit to the vendor on the current form approved by the Virginia Department of Health stating that the administration of immunizing agents conflicts with the parent's or child's religious tenets or practices; or

2. Physician or a local health department states on a Department of Health-approved form that one or more of the required immunizations may be detrimental to the child's health, indicating the specific nature and probable duration of the medical condition or circumstance that contraindicates immunization.

8VAC20-790-240 General qualifications

22VAC40-665-220 8VAC20-790-240.General qualifications.

A. The vendor and any caregivers who are left alone with children shall be capable of communicating effectively both orally and in writing as applicable to the job responsibility and be capable of communicating with emergency personnel.

B. Caregivers must be at least 16 years of age; however no caregiver less than the age of 18 years may administer medication. Caregivers less than the age of 18 years shall be under supervision of an adult caregiver who is present in the home.

8VAC20-790-250 Caregiver training and development

22VAC40-665-230 8VAC20-790-250. Caregiver training and development.

A. Prior to approval as a subsidy vendor, the perspective vendor shall complete Virginia Preservice Training for Child Care Staff sponsored by the Department of Social Services Education, which shall include the following topics and training modules:

1. Building and physical premises safety;

2. Emergency preparedness and response planning;

3. Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and safe sleep practices;

4. Administration of medication, consistent with standards of parental consent;

5. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome and abusive head trauma (AHT);

6. Prevention of and response to emergencies due to food and allergic reactions;

7. Recognizing child abuse and neglect and reporting responsibilities;

8. Preventing the spread of disease, including immunization requirements;

9. Handling and storage of hazardous materials and appropriate disposal of diapers and other items contaminated by body fluids;

10. Transportation;

11. Foundations of child development;

12. Inclusion: Exploring the meaning and the mindset;

13. Oral health; and

14. Introduction to the Child Care Subsidy Program.

B. Within the first 90 days of employment or service all caregivers shall complete Virginia Preservice Training for Child Care Staff sponsored by the Department of Social Services Education, which shall include training on the following topics and training modules:

1. Building and physical premises safety;

2. Emergency preparedness and response planning;

3. Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and safe sleep practices;

4. Administration of medication, consistent with standards of parental consent;

5. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome and abusive head trauma (AHT);

6. Prevention of and response to emergencies due to food and allergic reactions;

7. Recognizing child abuse and neglect and reporting responsibilities;

8. Preventing the spread of disease, including immunization requirements;

9. Handling and storage of hazardous materials and appropriate disposal of diapers and other items contaminated by body fluids;

10. Transportation;

11. Foundations of child development;

12. Inclusion: Exploring the meaning and the mindset;

13. Oral health; and

14. Introduction to the Child Care Subsidy Program.

C. All caregivers hired prior to October 17, 2018, shall complete Virginia Preservice Training for Child Care Staff sponsored by the Department of Social Services, to include all of the topics described in subsection B of this section, within January 16, 2019. This training may count for staff annual training requirements in subsection H of this section.

D. Orientation training for caregivers shall be completed on the following specific topics prior to the caregiver working alone with children and within seven days of the date of employment or the date of subsidy vendor approval:

1. Playground safety procedures;

2. Responsibilities for reporting suspected child abuse or neglect;

3. Confidentiality;

4. Supervision of children, including arrival and dismissal procedures;

5. Procedures for action in the case of lost or missing children, ill or injured children, medical and general emergencies;

6. Medication administration procedures, if applicable;

7. Emergency preparedness plan as required in 22VAC40-665-400 B 8VAC20-790-420 B;

8. Procedures for response to natural and man-made disasters;

9. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome or abusive head trauma including coping with crying babies and fussy or distraught children;

10. Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome and use of safe sleeping practices;

11. Caregivers who work with children who have food allergies shall receive training in preventing exposure to foods to which the child is allergic, preventing cross contamination and recognizing and responding to any allergic reactions; and

12. Transportation.

ED. All caregivers shall have within 90 days of employment or 90 days from subsidy vendor approval:

1. Current certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) appropriate to the ages of children in care. The training shall include an in-person competency demonstration; and

2. Current certification in first aid appropriate to the ages of children in care. However, a caregiver who is a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse with a current license from the Board of Nursing shall not be required to obtain first aid certification.

During the 90-day period, there must always be at least one caregiver with current cardiopulmonary and first aid training present during operating hours of the family day home.

F. Caregivers employed prior to October 17, 2018, must complete CPR and first aid training as required by this section within January 16, 2019. During this 90-day period, there must always be at least one caregiver with current cardiopulmonary and first aid training present during operating hours of the family day home.

GE. CPR and first aid training may count toward the annual training hours required in subsection H of this section if documentation for training as required in subdivision 5 of 22VAC40-665-180 8VAC20-790-200 is maintained.

HF. Caregivers who work directly with children shall, in addition to preservice and orientation training required in subsections A through D of this section, annually attend at least 16 hours of training, to include the department's health and safety update course. This training shall be related to child safety, child development, health and safety in the family day home environment, and any required department sponsored training.

IG. To safely perform medication administration practices, whenever a vendor agrees to administer prescribed medications, the (i) administration shall be performed by a caregiver who has satisfactorily completed a training program for this purpose developed by the Board of Nursing and taught by a registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, doctor of medicine or osteopathic medicine, or pharmacist or (ii) administration shall be performed by a caregiver who is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia to administer medications.

The vendor may determine by policy what medications, if any, will be administered at its family day home, including prescription medications or over-the-counter or nonprescription medications.

JH. Caregivers required to have the training required in subsection I of this section shall be retrained at three-year intervals.

8VAC20-790-260 Building or home maintenance

22VAC40-665-240 8VAC20-790-260. Building or home maintenance.

A. Areas and equipment of the family day home, inside and outside, shall be maintained in a clean, safe, and operable condition. Unsafe conditions shall include splintered, cracked, or otherwise deteriorating wood; chipped or peeling paint; visible cracks, bending or warping, rusting, or breakage of any equipment; head entrapment hazards; protruding nails, bolts, or other components that entangle clothing or skin; the presence of poisonous plants; tripping hazards; and unstable heavy equipment, furniture, or other items that a child could pull down on himself.

B. Inside areas occupied by children shall be maintained no lower than 65°F and shall not exceed 80°F unless fans or other cooling systems are in use.

C. In areas used by children of preschool age or younger, the following shall apply:

1. Fans, when used shall be out of reach of children, and cords shall be secured so as not to create a hazard.

2. Electrical outlets shall have protective covers that are of a size that cannot be swallowed by children.

D. Sharp kitchen utensils and other sharp objects shall be inaccessible to children unless being used by the caregiver or with children under close supervision.

E. The home shall have an in-service, nonpay telephone.

F. No equipment, materials, or furnishings shall be used if recalled or identified by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission as being hazardous.

G. Radiators, oil and wood burning stoves, floor furnaces, fireplaces, portable electric heaters, and similar heating devices located in areas accessible to children shall have barriers or screens and be located at least three feet from combustible materials.

H. Unvented fuel burning heaters, such as portable oil-burning (kerosene) heaters; portable, unvented liquid or gas fueled heaters; and unvented fireplaces, shall not be used when children are in care.

I. Wood burning stoves and fireplaces and associated chimneys, if used, shall be inspected annually by a knowledgeable inspector to verify that the devices are properly installed, maintained, and cleaned as needed. Documentation of the inspection and cleaning shall be maintained by the vendor.

J. All flammable and combustible materials, including matches, lighters, lighter fluid, kerosene, turpentine, oil and grease products, aerosol cans, and alcohol, shall be stored in an area inaccessible to children.

K. Stairs shall not be accessible to children less than two years of age and children older than two years of age who are not developmentally ready to climb or descend stairs without supervision.

L. Stairs with three or more risers that do not have protective barriers or guardrails on each side shall not be accessible to children over the age of two years.

M. Decks, porches, lofts, or balconies that do not have protective barriers or guardrails shall not be accessible to children.

N. Windows and doors used for ventilation shall be securely screened.

O. Machinery in operation, such as lawnmowers and power tools shall be inaccessible to the children in care.

8VAC20-790-270 Hazardous substances and other harmful agents

22VAC40-665-250 8VAC20-790-270. Hazardous substances and other harmful agents.

A. Potentially poisonous substances, materials, and supplies such as, but not limited to, cleaning agents, disinfectants, deodorizers, plant care chemicals, pesticides, and petroleum distillates shall be stored away from food in areas inaccessible to children.

B. Cleaning and sanitizing materials shall not be located above food, food equipment, utensils or single-service articles and stored separately from food.

C. If hazardous substances are not kept in original containers, the substitute container shall clearly indicate their contents.

D. The vendor shall ensure that:

1. No person smokes or uses an electronic smoking device:

a. Indoors while children are in care,

b. In a vehicle when children are transported, or

c. Outdoors in an area occupied by children.

2. No caregiver is under the effects of medication that impairs functioning, alcohol, or illegal drugs.

8VAC20-790-280 Bathroom area and furnishings

22VAC40-665-260 8VAC20-790-280. Bathroom area and furnishings.

A. Each bathroom area provided for children shall:

1. Be within a contained area, readily available, and within the home used by the children;

2. Have toilets that are flushable;

3. Have sinks located near the toilets and that are supplied with running warm water that does not exceed 120°F; and

4. Be equipped with soap, toilet paper, and disposable towels or an air dryer within reach of the children.

B. There shall be a toilet chair or an adult-sized toilet with a platform or steps and adapter seat available to a child being toilet trained.

8VAC20-790-290 Play areas

22VAC40-665-270 8VAC20-790-290. Play areas.

A. The vendor shall ensure that all areas of the premises accessible to children are free of obvious injury hazards.

B. A nonclimbable barrier at least four feet high, such as a fence or impenetrable hedge, shall surround outdoor play areas located within 30 feet of hazards including lakes, ponds, railroad tracks, and streets with speed limits in excess of 25 miles per hour or with heavy traffic.

C. Stationary outdoor playground equipment shall not be installed over concrete, asphalt, or any other hard surface.

D. Trampolines shall not be used during the hours children are in care.

8VAC20-790-300 Supervision and ratio requirements

22VAC40-665-280 8VAC20-790-300. Supervision and ratio requirements.

A. A caregiver shall be physically present on site and provide direct care and supervision of each child at all times. Direct care and supervision of each child includes:

1. Awareness of and responsibility for each child in care, including being near enough to intervene if needed; and

2. Monitoring of each sleeping infant in one of the following ways:

a. By placing each infant for sleep in a location where the infant is within sight and hearing of a caregiver;

b. By in-person observation of each sleeping infant at least once every 15 minutes; or

c. By using a baby monitor.

B. Caregivers shall actively supervise each child during outdoor play to minimize the risk of injury to a child.

C. A caregiver may allow only school age children to play outdoors while the caregiver is indoors if the caregiver can hear the children playing outdoors.

D. No child less than five years of age or a child older than five years who lacks the motor skills and strength to avoid accidental drowning, scalding, or falling while bathing shall be left unattended while in the bathtub.

E. An additional caregiver will be needed to supervise the number of children at a given time when, using the following point system, 16 points is exceeded:

1. Children from birth through 15 months of age count as four points each;

2. Children from 16 months through 23 months of age count as three points each;

3. Children from two years through four years of age count as two points each;

4. Children from five years through nine years of age count as one point each; and

5. Children who are 10 years of age and older count as zero points.

F. A vendor's own children and resident children under eight years of age shall count in point calculations.

G. In accordance with § 63.2-10022.1-289.02 of the Code of Virginia, no family day home shall care for more than four children less than the age of two years, including the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, unless the family day home is licensed or voluntarily registered.

8VAC20-790-310 Supervision near water

22VAC40-665-290 8VAC20-790-310. Supervision near water.

A. Access to the water in aboveground swimming pools shall be prevented by locking and securing the ladder in place or storing the ladder in a place inaccessible to children.

B. A nonclimbable barrier at least four feet high such as, but not limited to, a fence or impenetrable hedge shall surround outdoor play areas located within 30 feet of drowning hazards such as, but not limited to, inground swimming or wading pools, ponds, or fountains not enclosed by safety fences.

C. Portable wading pools without integral filter systems shall:

1. Be emptied after use by each group of children, rinsed, and filled with clean water, or more frequently as necessary; and

2. When not in use during the vendor's hours of operation, be emptied, sanitized, and stored in a position to keep them clean and dry.

D. Portable wading pools shall not be used by children who are not toilet trained.

E. Hot tubs, spas, and whirlpools shall:

1. Not be used by children in care, and

2. Covered with safety covers while children are in care.

F. The level of supervision by caregivers required and the point system as outlined in 22VAC40-665-2808VAC20-790-300 shall be maintained while the children are participating in swimming or wading activities.

G. Caregivers shall have a system for accounting for all children in the water.

H. Outdoor swimming activities shall occur only during daylight hours.

I. When one or more children are in water that is more than two feet deep in a pool, lake, or other swimming area on or off the premises of the family day home:

1. A minimum of least two caregivers shall be present and able to supervise the children; and

2. An individual currently certified in basic water rescue, community water safety, water safety instruction, or lifeguarding shall be on duty supervising the children participating in swimming or wading activities at all times.

8VAC20-790-320 Daily activities

22VAC40-665-300 8VAC-790-320. Daily activities.

A. Infants and toddlers shall be provided with opportunities to:

1. Interact with caregivers and other children in the home in order to stimulate language development;

2. Play with a wide variety of safe, age-appropriate toys;

3. Receive individual attention from caregivers including holding, cuddling, talking, and reading; and

4. Reach, grasp, pull up, creep, crawl, and walk to develop motor skills.

B. Infants and toddlers shall spend no more than 30 continuous minutes during waking hours, with the exception of mealtimes, confined in a crib, play pen, high chair, or other confining piece of equipment. The intervening time period between such confinements shall be at least one hour.

C. Infants shall be placed on their backs when sleeping or napping unless otherwise ordered by a written statement signed by the child's physician.

D. An infant, toddler, or preschool child who falls asleep in a play space other than his own crib, cot, mat, or bed shall be moved promptly to his designated sleeping space if the safety or comfort of the infant, toddler, or preschool child is in question.

E. School age children shall be allowed to nap if needed, but not forced to do so.

F. Infants shall be protected from older children.

8VAC20-790-330 Behavioral guidance

22VAC40-665-310 8VAC20-790-330. Behavioral guidance.

A. Behavioral guidance shall be constructive in nature, age and stage appropriate, and intended to redirect children to appropriate behavior and resolve conflicts.

B. In order to promote the child's physical, intellectual, emotional, and social well-being and growth, caregivers shall model desired, appropriate behavior and interact with the child and one another to provide needed help, comfort, and support and:

1. Respect personal privacy;

2. Respect differences in cultural, ethnic, and family background;

3. Encourage decision-making abilities;

4. Promote ways of getting along;

5. Encourage independence and self-direction; and

6. Use consistency in applying expectations.

C. If time-out is used as a discipline technique:

1. It shall be used sparingly and shall not exceed one minute for each year of the child's age;

2. It shall not be used with infants or toddlers;

3. The child shall be in a safe, lighted, well-ventilated place and within sight and sound of a caregiver; and

4. The child shall not be left alone inside or outside the home while separated from the group.

8VAC20-790-340 Forbidden actions

22VAC40-665-320 8VAC20-790-340. Forbidden actions.

The following actions or threats thereof are forbidden:

1. Physical punishment, including striking a child, roughly handling or shaking a child, restricting movement through binding or tying, forcing a child to assume an uncomfortable position, or using exercise as a punishment;

2. Enclosure in a small, confined space or any space that the child cannot freely exit himself; however this does not apply to the use of equipment such as cribs, play yards, high chairs, and safety gates when used for their intended purpose with children preschool age or younger;

3. Punishment by another child;

4. Withholding or forcing of food, water, or rest;

5. Verbal remarks that are demeaning to the child;

6. Punishment for toileting accidents; and

7. Punishment by applying unpleasant or harmful substances.

8VAC20-790-350 Parental involvement and notifications

22VAC40-665-330 8VAC20-790-350. Parental involvement and notifications.

A. The caregiver shall notify the parent immediately if a child is lost, requires emergency medical treatment, sustains a serious injury, or dies.

B. The caregiver shall notify the parent by the end of the day of any known minor injuries.

C. The caregiver shall maintain a written record of children's serious and minor injuries in which entries are made the day of occurrence. The record shall include the following:

1. Date and time of injury;

2. Name of injured child;

3. Type and circumstance of the injury;

4. Caregiver present and treatment;

5. Date and time when parents were notified; and

6. Caregiver and parent signatures.

D. Parents shall be notified immediately of any confirmed or suspected allergic reactions and the ingestion of any food identified in the written care plan required in 22VAC40-665-170 B 12 8VAC20-790-190 B 12 even if a reaction did not occur.

E. Parents shall be informed of the vendor's emergency preparedness plan.

F. Caregivers shall promptly inform parents when persistent behavioral problems are observed and identified.

G. Caregivers shall provide information weekly to parents about the child's health, development, behavior, adjustment, or needs.

H. Parents shall be informed of the reason for a child's termination from care.

I. A custodial parent shall be admitted to any child day program. Such right of admission shall apply only while the child is in the care of the vendor, pursuant to § 63.2-1813 22.1-289.054 of the Code of Virginia.

J. When children at the family day home have been exposed to a communicable disease listed in the Department of Health's current communicable disease chart, the parents shall be notified within 24 hours or the next business day of the vendor's having been informed unless forbidden by law. Children's exposure to life threatening diseases shall be reported to parents immediately.

8VAC20-790-360 Furnishings, equipment, and materials

22VAC40-665-340 8VAC20-790-360. Furnishings, equipment, and materials.

A. Furnishings, materials, and equipment used for child care shall be age and stage appropriate for the children.

B. Children shall be protected from materials that could be swallowed or present a choking hazard. Toys or objects less than 1-1/4 inches in diameter and less than two inches in length shall be kept out of reach of children less than three years of age.

C. If combs, toothbrushes, or other personal articles are used, they shall be individually assigned.

D. Disposable products shall be used once and discarded.

E. If play yards, portable cribs, or mesh-sided cribs are used for sleeping or napping, they shall meet the requirements of subsections H through L of this section.

F. Cribs shall be provided for children from birth through 12 months of age and for children 12 months of age or older who are not developmentally ready to sleep on a cot, rest mat, or bed during the designated rest periods and shall not be occupied by more than one child at a time.

G. Cots, rest mats, or beds shall be provided for children 12 months of age or older and shall not be occupied by more than one child at a time.

H. Full-size cribs shall:

1. Meet the current Consumer Product Safety Commission Standards (16 CFR Part 1219).

2. Have mattresses that fit snugly next to the crib so that no more than two fingers can be inserted between the mattress and the crib.

I. Pillows and filled comforters shall not be used by children less than two years of age while sleeping or resting, including quilts, sheepskins, or stuffed toys.

J. Cribs shall be placed where objects outside the crib such as electrical cords or cords from blinds, curtains, etc. are not within reach of infants or toddlers.

K. Use of bumper pads shall be prohibited.

L. There shall be at least 12 inches of space between occupied cribs, cots, beds, and rest mats.

M. Toys or objects hung over an infant in a crib and crib gyms that are strung across the crib may not be used for infants older than five months of age or infants who are able to push up on their hands and knees.

N. Crib sides shall always be up and the fastenings secured when a child is in the crib.

O. Use of double-deck cribs is prohibited.

8VAC20-790-370 Bedding and linens for use while sleeping or resting

22VAC40-665-350 8VAC20-790-370. Bedding and linens for use while sleeping or resting.

A. Linens shall be assigned for individual use.

B. Pillows when used shall be assigned for individual use and covered with pillow cases.

C. Mattresses when used shall be covered with a waterproof material that can be cleaned and sanitized.

8VAC20-790-380 Preventing the spread of disease

22VAC40-665-360 8VAC20-790-380. Preventing the spread of disease.

A. A child shall not be allowed to attend the family day home for the day if he has:

1. A temperature over 101°F;

2. Recurrent vomiting or diarrhea; or

3. Symptoms of a communicable disease.

B. If all children in care are from a single family unit, the caregiver may choose not to exclude a child who is ill.

C. If a child needs to be excluded according to subsection A of this section, the following shall apply:

1. Arrangements shall be made for the child to leave the family day home as soon as possible after the signs or symptoms are observed; and

2. The child shall remain in a designated quiet area until leaving the family day home.

D. When any surface has been contaminated with body fluids, it shall be cleaned and sanitized.

8VAC20-790-390 Hand washing and toileting procedures

22VAC40-665-370 8VAC20-790-390. Hand washing and toileting procedures.

A. When hand washing, the following shall apply:

1. Children's hands shall be washed with soap and running water or disposable wipes before and after eating meals or snacks.

2. Children's hands shall be washed with soap and running water after toileting and any contact with blood, feces, or urine.

3. Caregivers shall wash their hands with soap and running water before and after helping a child use the toilet or changing a diaper, after the caregiver uses the toilet, after any contact with body fluids, before feeding or helping children with feeding, and before preparing or serving food or beverages.

4. If running water is not available, a germicidal cleansing agent administered per manufacturer's instruction may be used.

B. A child shall not be left unattended on a changing table during diapering.

C. When a child's clothing or diaper becomes wet or soiled, the child shall be cleaned and changed immediately upon discovery.

D. During each diaper change or after toileting accidents, the child's genital area shall be thoroughly cleaned with a moist disposable wipe or a moist, clean individually assigned cloth if the child is allergic to disposable wipes.

E. The diapering surface shall be:

1. Separate from the kitchen, food preparation areas, or surfaces used for children's activities;

2. Nonabsorbent and washable; and

3. Cleaned and sanitized after each use.

F. Soiled disposable diapers and wipes shall be disposed of in a leak-proof or plastic-lined storage system that is either foot operated or used in such a way that neither the caregiver's hand nor the soiled diaper or wipe touches the exterior surface of the storage system during disposal.

G. When cloth diapers are used, a separate leak-proof storage system as specified in subsection F of this section shall be used.

H. Children five years of age and older shall be permitted privacy when toileting.

I. Caregivers shall respond promptly to a child's request for toileting assistance.

J. Toilet chairs, when used, shall be emptied promptly, cleaned, and sanitized after each use.

8VAC20-790-400 General requirements for medication administration

22VAC40-665-380 8VAC20-790-400. General requirements for medication administration.

A. Prescription and nonprescription medications shall be given to a child:

1. According to the home's written medication policies, and

2. Only with written authorization from the parent.

B. The vendor may administer prescription medication that would normally be administered by a parent or guardian to a child provided:

1. The medication is administered by a caregiver who meets the requirements of 22VAC40-665-230 I 8VAC20-790-250 I and J;

2. The caregiver administers only those drugs that were dispensed from a pharmacy and maintained in the original, labeled container; and

3. The caregiver administers drugs only to the child identified on the prescription label in accordance with the prescriber's instructions pertaining to dosage, frequency, and manner of administration.

C. The vendor may administer nonprescription medication provided the medication is:

1. Administered by a caregiver 18 years of age or older;

2. Labeled with the child's name;

3. In the original container with the manufacturer's direction label attached; and

4. Given only at the dose, duration, and method of administration specified on the manufacturer's label for the age or weight of the child needing the medication.

D. Nonprescription medication shall not be used beyond the expiration date of the product.

E. Medications for children in care shall be stored separately from medications for household members and caregivers.

F. When needed, medication shall be refrigerated.

G. When medication is stored in a refrigerator used for food, the medications shall be stored together in a container or in a clearly defined area away from food.

H. Medication, except for those prescriptions designated otherwise by written physician's order, including refrigerated medication and medications for caregivers and household members, shall be kept in a locked place using a safe locking method that prevents access by children. If a key is used, the key shall be inaccessible to the children.

I. The vendor shall keep a record of prescription and nonprescription medication given children, which shall include the following:

1. Name of the child to whom medication was administered;

2. Amount and type of medication administered to the child;

3. The day and time the medication was administered to the child;

4. Name of the caregiver administering the medication;

5. Any adverse reactions; and

6. Any medication error.

8VAC20-790-410 First aid and emergency supplies

22VAC40-665-390 8VAC20-790-410. First aid and emergency supplies.

A. The following emergency supplies shall be in the family day home, accessible to outdoor play areas, on field trips, in vehicles used for transportation, and wherever children are in care:

1. A first aid kit that contains at a minimum:

a. Scissors;

b. Tweezers;

c. Gauze pads;

d. Adhesive tape;

e. Bandages, assorted types and sizes;

f. An antiseptic cleansing solution and pads;

g. Digital thermometer; and

h. Single-use gloves such as surgical or examination gloves.

2. An ice pack or cooling agent.

B. The following nonmedical emergency supplies shall be required:

1. One working, battery-operated flashlight; and

2. One working, battery-operated radio.

8VAC20-790-420 Procedures for emergencies

22VAC40-665-400 8VAC20-790-420. Procedures for emergencies.

A. The vendor shall have a written emergency preparedness plan that addresses caregiver responsibility and home readiness with respect to emergency evacuation, relocation, lockdown, and shelter-in-place procedures. The plan shall address the most likely to occur emergency scenarios, including fire, severe storms, flooding, tornadoes, loss of utilities, earthquakes, intruders, violence on or near the premises, chemical spills, and facility damage or other situations that may require evacuation, lockdown, or shelter-in-place.

B. The emergency preparedness plan shall contain procedural components for:

1. Sounding of alarms (evacuation, intruder, shelter-in-place such as for tornado or chemical hazard);

2. Emergency communication to include:

a. Notification of local authorities (fire and rescue, law enforcement, emergency medical services, poison control, health department, etc.), parents, and local media; and

b. Availability and primary use of communication equipment;

3. Evacuation and relocation procedures, including:

a. Assembly points, designated relocation site, head counts, primary and secondary means of egress, and complete evacuation of the buildings;

b. Accommodations or special requirements for infants, toddlers, and children with special needs to ensure their safety during evacuation or relocation;

c. Securing of essential documents (attendance record, parent contact information, etc.) and special health care supplies to be carried off site on immediate notice;

d. Method of communication after the evacuation; and

e. Procedure to reunite children with a parent or authorized person designated by the parent to pick up the child;

4. Shelter-in-place, including:

a. Scenario applicability, inside assembly points, head counts, and primary and secondary means of access and egress;

b. Accommodations or special requirements for infants, toddlers, and children with special needs to ensure their safety during evacuation or relocation;

c. Securing essential documents (attendance record, parent contact information, etc.) and special health supplies to be carried into the designated assembly points;

d. Method of communication after the shelter-in-place; and

e. Procedure to reunite children with a parent or authorized person designated by the parent to pick up the child;

5. Lockdown procedures, including:

a. Methods to alert caregivers and emergency responders;

b. Methods to secure the family day home and designated lockdown locations;

c. Methods to account for all children in the lockdown locations;

d. Methods of communication with parents and emergency responders;

e. Accommodations or special requirements for infants, toddlers, and children with special needs to ensure their safety during lockdown; and

f. Procedure to reunite children with a parent or authorized person designated by the parent to pick up the child;

6. Caregiver training requirements, drill frequency, and plan review and update; and

7. Continuity of operations procedures to ensure that essential functions are maintained during an emergency.

C. A 911 or local dial number for police, fire, and emergency medical services and the number of the regional poison control center shall be posted in a visible and conspicuous place.

8VAC20-790-430 Emergency response drills

22VAC40-665-410 8VAC20-790-430. Emergency response drills.

A. The emergency response drills shall be practiced as follows:

1. Evacuation procedures shall be practiced at least monthly;

2. Shelter-in-place procedures shall be practiced twice a year; and

3. Lockdown procedures shall be practiced at least annually.

B. The vendor shall maintain a record of the dates of the practice drills for one year. For vendors offering multiple shifts, the simulated drills shall be divided evenly among the various shifts.

8VAC20-790-440 Nutrition and food services

22VAC40-665-420 8VAC20-790-440. Nutrition and food services.

A. Vendors shall schedule appropriate times for snacks or meals, or both, depending on the hours of operation and time of the day.

B. Drinking water shall be accessible to all children.

C. When meals or snacks are provided by the vendor, the following shall apply:

1. Vendors offering both meals and snacks shall serve a variety of nutritious foods and in sufficient portions.

2. Children three years of age or younger shall not be offered foods that are considered to be potential choking hazards.

D. When food is brought from home, the following shall apply:

1. The food container shall be clearly labeled in a way that identifies the owner;

2. The vendor shall have extra food or provisions to obtain food to serve to children so they can have an appropriate snack or meal if they forget to bring food from home, bring an inadequate meal or snack, or bring perishable food; and

3. Unused portions of opened food shall be discarded by the end of the day or returned to the parent.

E. Tables and high chair trays shall be cleaned and sanitized daily and before and after each use for feeding.

F. Food shall be prepared, stored, served, and transported in a clean and sanitary manner.

G. When food is prepared to which a child is allergic, the caregiver shall take steps to avoid cross contamination in order to prevent an allergic reaction.

H. A child with a diagnosed food allergy shall not be served any food identified in the written care plan required in 22VAC40-665-170 B 12 8VAC20-790-190 B 12.

8VAC20-790-450 Special feeding needs

22VAC40-665-430 8VAC20-790-450. Special feeding needs.

A. High chairs, infant carrier seats, or feeding tables shall be used for children less than 12 months who are not held while being fed.

B. When a child is placed in an infant seat, high chair, or feeding table, the protective belt shall be fastened securely.

C. Bottle fed infants who cannot hold their own bottles shall be held when fed. Bottles shall not be propped or used while the child is in his designated sleeping location.

D. Infants shall be fed on demand or in accordance with parental instructions.

E. Prepared infant formula shall be refrigerated, dated, and labeled with the child's name if more than one infant is in care.

F. Heated formula and baby food shall be stirred or shaken and tested for temperature before serving to children.

G. Milk, formula, or breast milk shall not be heated or warmed directly in a microwave. Water for warming milk, formula, or breast milk may be heated in a microwave.

H. Prepared baby food not consumed during that feeding by an infant may be used by that same infant later in the same day, provided that the food is not served out of the baby food jar and is labeled with the child's name, dated, and stored in the refrigerator; otherwise, it shall be discarded or returned to the parent at the end of the day. Formula or breast milk shall not remain unrefrigerated for more than two hours and may not be reheated.

I. Caregivers shall feed semisolid food with a spoon unless written instructions from a physician or physician's designee state differently.

8VAC20-790-460 Transportation and field trips

22VAC40-665-440 8VAC20-790-460. Transportation and field trips.

A. If the vendor provides transportation, the vendor shall be responsible for the care of the child from the time the child boards the vehicle until returned to the parent or person designated by the parent.

B. Drivers must be 18 years of age or older and possess a valid driver's license to operate the vehicle being driven.

C. Any vehicle used by the vendor for the transportation of children shall meet the following requirements:

1. The vehicle shall be manufactured for the purpose of transporting people seated in an enclosed area;

2. The vehicle's seats shall be attached to the floor;

3. The vehicle shall be insured with at least the minimum limits established by Virginia state statutes as required by § 46.2-472 of the Code of Virginia;

4. The vehicle shall meet the safety standards set by the Department of Motor Vehicles and shall be kept in satisfactory condition to assure the safety of children; and

5. If volunteers supply personal vehicles, the vendor is responsible for ensuring that the requirements of this subsection are met.

D. The vendor shall ensure that during transportation of children:

1. Virginia state statutes about safety belts and child restraints are followed as required by §§ 46.2-1095 through 46.2-1100 of the Code of Virginia, and the stated maximum number of passengers in a given vehicle is not exceeded;

2. The children remain seated and each child's arms, legs, and head remain inside the vehicle;

3. Doors are closed properly and locked unless locks were not installed by the manufacturer of the vehicle;

4. At least one caregiver or the driver always remains in the vehicle when children are present;

5. The caregiver has a list of the names of the children being transported;

6. The caregiver has a copy of each child's emergency contact information; and

7. An allergy care plan and information as specified in 22VAC40-665-170 B 12 8VAC20-790-190 B 12 shall be carried.

E. When entering and leaving vehicles, children shall enter and leave the vehicle from the curb side of the vehicle or in a protected parking area or driveway.

F. Caregivers shall verify that all children have been removed from the vehicle at the conclusion of any trip.

8VAC20-790-470 Animals and pets

22VAC40-665-450 8VAC20-790-470. Animals and pets.

A. Animals shall not be allowed on any surfaces where food is prepared or served.

B. A pet or animal present at the home, indoors or outdoors, shall be in good health and show no evidence of carrying any disease.

C. Dogs or cats, where allowed, shall be vaccinated for rabies and shall be treated for fleas, ticks, or worms as needed.

D. The vendor shall maintain documentation of the current rabies vaccination for dogs and cats.

E. Caregiver shall closely supervise children when children are exposed to animals.

F. Children shall be instructed on safe procedures to follow when in close proximity to animals, for example, not to provoke or startle them or remove their food.

G. Monkeys, ferrets, reptiles, psittacine birds (birds of the parrot family), or wild or dangerous animals shall not be in areas accessible to children during the hours children are in care.

H. Animal litter boxes, toys, food dishes, and water dishes shall be inaccessible to children.

8VAC20-790-480 Evening and overnight care

22VAC40-665-460 8VAC20-790-480. Evening and overnight care.

A. Caregivers shall remain awake until all children are asleep and shall sleep on the same floor level as the children in care.

B. For evening care, beds with mattresses or cots with at least one inch of dense padding shall be used by children who sleep longer than two hours and are not required to sleep in cribs.

C. For overnight, beds with mattresses or cots with at least two inches of dense padding shall be used by children who are not required to sleep in cribs.

D. In addition to requirements in 22VAC40-665-350 8VAC20-790-370 about linens, bedding appropriate to the temperature and other conditions of the rest area shall be provided.

E. When children are six years of age or older, boys and girls shall have separate sleeping areas.

F. For vendors providing overnight care, an operational tub or shower with heated and cold water shall be provided.

G. When bath towels are used, they shall be assigned for individual use.

H. Quiet activities shall be available immediately before bedtime.

8VAC20-790-490 Definitions; subsidy program requirements for child day center vendors

22VAC40-665-470 8VAC20-790-490. Definitions; subsidy program requirements for child day center vendors.

The following words and terms when used in this part shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Accessible" means capable of being entered, reached, or used.

"Adult" means any individual 18 years of age or older.

"Age and stage appropriate" means the curriculum, environment, equipment, and adult-child interactions are suitable for the ages of the children within a group and the individual needs of any child.

"Age groups":

1. "Infant" means a child from birth to 16 months.

2. "Toddler" means a child from 16 months up to two years.

3. "Preschool" means a child from two years up to the age of eligibility to attend public school, five years by September 30.

4. "School age" means a child eligible to attend public school, age five or older by September 30 of that same year. Four-year-old or five-year-old children included in a group of school children may be considered school age during the summer months if the children will be entering kindergarten that year.

"Attendance" means the actual presence of an enrolled child.

"Body fluids" means urine, feces, vomit, saliva, blood, nasal discharge, eye discharge, and injury or tissue discharge.

"Center" means a child day center.

"Child" means any individual less than 18 years of age.

"Child day center" means a child day program offered to (i) two or more children less than 13 years of age in a facility that is not the residence of the provider or of any of the children in care or (ii) 13 or more children at any location.

"Child experiencing homelessness" means a child who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and includes:

1. A child who is living in a car, park, public space, abandoned building, substandard housing, bus or train station, or similar settings;

2. A child who is sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason (sometimes referred to as "doubled-up");

3. A child who is living in a motel, hotel, trailer park, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate accommodations;

4. A child who is living in congregate, temporary, emergency, or transitional shelters;

5. A child who is abandoned in a hospital;

6. A child who is living in a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings; and

7. A child who is a migratory child as defined in § 1309 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, P.L. No. 89-10 (20 USC § 6399) who qualifies as homeless because he is living in circumstances described in subdivisions 1 through 6 of this definition clauses (i) through (iii) of 42 U.S.C. § 11434a(2)(B).

"Child with special needs or disability" means (i) a child with a disability as defined in § 602 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 USC § 1401); (ii) a child who is eligible for early intervention services under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 USC § 1431 et seq.); (iii) a child who is less than 13 years of age and who is eligible for services under § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 (29 USC § 794); and (iv) a child with a documented developmental disability, intellectual disability, emotional disturbance, sensory or motor impairment, or significant chronic illness who requires special health surveillance or specialized programs, interventions, technologies, or facilities.

"Cleaned" means treated in such a way as to remove dirt and debris by scrubbing and washing with soap and water or detergent solution and rinsing with water or the use of an abrasive cleaner on inanimate surfaces.

"Communicable disease" means a disease caused by a microorganism (bacterium, virus, fungus, or parasite) that can be transmitted from person to person via an infected body fluid or respiratory spray, with or without an intermediary agent (such as a louse or mosquito) or environmental object (such as a table surface). Some communicable diseases are reportable to the local health authority.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Social Services Education.

"Department representative" means an employee or designee of the Virginia Department of Social Services Education, acting as the authorized agent of the Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Social Services Superintendent of Public Instruction.

"Evacuation" means movement of occupants out of the building to a safe area near the building.

"Evening care" means care provided after 7 p.m. but not through the night.

"Group size" means the number of children assigned to a staff member or team of staff members occupying an individual room or area.

"Inaccessible" means not capable of being entered, reached, or used.

"Lockdown" means a situation where children are isolated from a security threat and access within and to the center is restricted.

"Overnight care" means care provided after 7 p.m. and through the night.

"Over-the-counter or nonprescription medication" means medication that can be purchased without a written prescription. This includes herbal remedies and vitamins and mineral supplements.

"Parent" means a parent by blood, marriage, or adoption and also means a legal guardian or other person standing in loco parentis.

"Sanitized" means treated in such a way as to remove bacteria and viruses from inanimate surfaces through first cleaning and secondly using a solution of one tablespoon of bleach mixed with one gallon of water and prepared fresh daily or using a sanitizing solution approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The surface of the item is sprayed or dipped into the sanitizing solution and then allowed to air dry for a minimum of two minutes or according to the sanitizing solution instructions.

"Serious injury" means a wound or other specific damage to the body, such as unconsciousness; broken bones; dislocation; a deep cut requiring stitches; poisoning; concussion; or a foreign object lodged in eye, nose, ear, or other body orifice.

"Shaken baby syndrome" or "abusive head trauma" means a traumatic injury that has been inflicted upon the brain of an infant or young child. The injury can occur during violent shaking causing the child's head to whip back and forth, the brain to move about, and blood vessels in the skull to stretch and tear.

"Shelter-in-place" means movement of occupants of the building to designated protected spaces within the building.

"Staff" means administrative, activity, and service personnel, including the vendor when the vendor is an individual who works in the center, any persons counted in the staff-to-children ratios, or any persons working with a child without sight and sound supervision of a staff member.

"Vendor" means a legally operating child care provider who is approved by the department to participate in the Child Care Subsidy Program. Multiple facilities or sites operated by the same person, entity, or organization are considered separate vendors.

"Vendor agreement" means the agreement between the department and a vendor that must be entered into and signed by all vendors before child care payments paid to the vendor under the Child Care Subsidy Program can be authorized.

"Volunteer" means a person who works at the center and:

1. Is not paid for services provided to the center;

2. Is not counted in the staff-to-children ratios; and

3. Is in sight and sound supervision of a staff member when working with a child.

Any unpaid person not meeting this definition shall be considered "staff" and shall meet staff requirements.

8VAC20-790-500 Legal base
8VAC20-790-510 Purpose and applicability

22VAC40-665-490 8VAC20-790-510. Purpose and applicability.

The standards in this part apply to child day centers that are applying to participate in the Child Care Subsidy Program. The purpose of these standards is to protect children who are less than the age of 13 years, less than the age of 18 years and physically or mentally unable to care for themselves, or are under court supervision and who are separated from their parents during part of the day by:

1. Ensuring that the activities, services, and facilities of centers participating in the Child Care Subsidy Program are conducive to the well-being of children; and

2. Reducing risks to the health and safety of such children in the child care environment.

8VAC20-790-520 Operational responsibilities

22VAC40-665-500 8VAC20-790-520. Operational responsibilities.

A. The vendor shall ensure compliance with the standards in this part, the terms of the vendor agreement, and all relevant federal, state, or local laws and regulations.

B. Pursuant to § 63.2-1725 22.1-289.040 of the Code of Virginia, the vendor shall ensure that the applicant and any staff who is or will be involved in the day-to-day operations of the center or is or will be alone with, in control of, or supervising one or more of the children (i) has not been convicted of any barrier crime as defined in § 19.2-392.02 of the Code of Virginia and (ii) is not the subject of a founded complaint of child abuse or neglect within or outside the Commonwealth.

C. The vendor shall ensure that the center does not exceed the capacity of children cared for as allowed by law or regulation.

D. When at least one child receives care for compensation, all children who are in care and supervision count in the capacity of children being cared for. When children 13 years or older are enrolled in the program and receive supervision in the program, they shall be counted in the number of children receiving care, and the vendor shall comply with the standards in this part for these children.

E. The vendor shall inform all staff who work with children of children's allergies, sensitivities, and dietary restrictions.

F. The vendor shall maintain, in a way that is accessible to all staff who work with children, a current written list of all children's allergies, sensitivities, and dietary restrictions. This list shall be dated and kept confidential in each room or area where children are present.

G. Religious exempt child day centers that are exempt from licensure in accordance with § 63.2-171622.1-289.031 of the Code of Virginia shall be in compliance with all requirements of § 63.2-171622.1-289.031.

8VAC20-790-530 General recordkeeping; reports

22VAC40-665-510 8VAC20-790-530. General recordkeeping; reports.

A. Staff records and children's information shall be treated confidentially.

B. For each group of children, the vendor shall maintain a written hard copy record of daily attendance that documents the arrival and departure of each child in care as it occurs.

C. Records, reports, and information required by this part may be kept as hard copy or electronically, except attendance records must be maintained pursuant to subsection B of this section, and shall be maintained and made accessible to department representatives for five years after termination of services or separation from employment unless specified otherwise.

8VAC20-790-540 Children's records

22VAC40-665-520 8VAC20-790-540. Children's records.

A. The vendor shall maintain and keep at the center a record for each enrolled child, which shall be made accessible to the department's representative upon request.

B. The child's record shall include the following:

1. Child's full name, nickname (if any), sex, address, and birthdate;

2. Name, home address, and telephone number for each parent who has custody;

3. Name, address, and telephone number for each custodial parent's place of employment or school attendance, if applicable;

4. Name, address, and telephone number of at least one person designated by the parent to contact in case of an emergency and the parent cannot be reached;

5. Information on allergies, including food allergies, intolerances to food, medication, or other substances, and actions to be taken in an emergency situation; information on other physical problems; pertinent developmental information; and any special accommodations needed, if applicable;

6. Names of persons other than the custodial parent who are authorized to pick up the child;

7. Immunization records for the child received on or before the child's first day of attendance, except that children experiencing homelessness may provide such records within 90 days of enrollment;

8. Written authorization for emergency medical care should an emergency occur and the parent cannot be located immediately unless the parent presents a written objection for the provision of medical treatment on religious or other grounds;

9. Written authorization to administer prescription or nonprescription medications if the vendor administers medication;

10. Special care instructions, including recommendations for the care and activities of a child with special needs, exception to infant being fed on demand, etc.;

11. A written allergy care plan for each child with a diagnosed food allergy, to include instructions from a physician regarding the food to which the child is allergic and steps to be taken in the event of a suspected or confirmed allergic reaction;

12. Proof of a child's identity and age as stated in § 63.2-1809 22.1-289.049 of the Code of Virginia;

13. Permission to transport child if the vendor provides transportation;

14. Permission for field trips;

15. Permission for swimming or wading activities to include a parent's statement of the child's swimming ability, if applicable;

16. A written statement that the vendor will notify the parent when the child becomes ill and that the parent will arrange to have the child picked up as soon as possible if so requested by the vendor;

17. Any written agreements between the parent and the vendor; and

18. Documentation of the enrollment of a child experiencing homelessness enrolled under provisions of 22VAC40-665-560 A 2 8VAC20-790-580 A 2.

8VAC20-790-550 Staff records

22VAC40-665-530 8VAC20-790-550. Staff records.

The following records shall be kept for each staff person:

1. Name, address, verification of age, and date of employment or volunteering.

2. Documentation that background checks were completed, including:

a. The department's letter indicating eligibility to be hired provided by the department or the department's contractor indicating:

(1) Satisfactory results of the fingerprint-based national criminal background check; and

(2) Satisfactory results of the Virginia Child Protective Services Central Registry check.

b. Satisfactory results of the child abuse and neglect registry from any other state in which the individual has resided in the preceding five years.

c. Results of a criminal history record information check and sex offender registry check from any state in which the person has resided in the preceding five years.

d. The individual's sworn statement or affirmation as to whether the individual has ever been:

(1) The subject of a founded complaint of child abuse or neglect within or outside the Commonwealth; or

(2) Convicted of a crime or is the subject of any pending criminal charges within the Commonwealth or any equivalent offense outside the Commonwealth.

e. The vendor shall have documentation for any individual who begins employment or service after the vendor agreement has been signed in the file within 30 days of the individual's beginning date of employment or service.

f. Documentation of subsequent background checks conducted every five years.

3. Tuberculosis screening results.

4. Certifications of first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation and other certifications as required by the responsibilities held by the staff member.

5. Documentation that training required in 22VAC40-665-580 8VAC20-790-600 has been completed, including the date completed, the total hours of the session, and the names of the trainer and of any sponsoring organization.

6. Date of separation from employment where applicable.

7. Documentation of the health requirements under 22VAC40-665-540 8VAC20-790-560.

8VAC20-790-560 Health requirements for staff

22VAC40-665-540 8VAC20-790-560. Health requirements for staff.

A. Staff shall be evaluated by a health professional and be issued a statement that the individual is determined to be free of communicable tuberculosis (TB). Documentation of the screening shall be submitted at the time of employment and prior to coming into contact with children. The documentation shall have been completed within the last 30 calendar days of the date of employment and be signed by a physician, physician's designee, or an official of the local health department.

B. Subsequent TB screenings are required at least every two years from the date of the initial screening, or more frequently if recommended by a physician.

C. The vendor or the department's representative may require a report of examination by a licensed physician or mental health professional if there are indications that a staff member's physical or mental health may endanger the health, safety, or well-being of children in care.

D. A staff who is determined by a licensed physician or mental health professional to show an indication of a physical or mental condition that may endanger the health, safety, or well-being of children in care or that would prevent the performance of duties shall be removed immediately from contact with children and food served to children until the condition is cleared as evidenced by a signed statement from the physician or mental health professional.

8VAC20-790-570 Reports

22VAC40-665-550 8VAC20-790-570. Reports.

Reports shall be filed and maintained as follows:

1. The vendor shall inform the department's inspector as soon as practicable, but not more than one business day, of the following:

a. The death of a child while under the vendor's supervision;

b. A missing child when local authorities have been contacted for help; and

c. The suspension or termination of all child care services for more than 24 hours as a result of an emergency situation and any plans to resume child care.

2. The vendor shall inform the department's representative as soon as practicable, but not more than two business days, of any injury to a child while under the vendor's supervision when a referral is made for treatment from a medical professional.

3. Any suspected incident of child abuse or neglect shall be reported in accordance with § 63.2-1509 of the Code of Virginia.

8VAC20-790-580 Immunizations for children

22VAC40-665-560 8VAC20-790-580. Immunizations for children.

A. The vendor shall obtain documentation that each child has received the immunizations required by the State Board of Health before the child can attend the center.

1. The vendor may allow a child to attend contingent upon a conditional enrollment. Documentation related to the child's conditional enrollment shall be maintained in the child's record.

"Conditional enrollment" means the enrollment of a child for a period of 90 days contingent upon the child having received at least one dose of each of the required vaccines and the child possessing a plan from a physician or local health department for completing his immunization requirements within the ensuing 90 calendar days. If the child requires more than two doses of the hepatitis B vaccine, the conditional enrollment period, for hepatitis B vaccine only, shall be 180 calendar days.

2. If a child is experiencing homelessness and does not have documentation of the required immunizations, the vendor may allow the child to attend during a grace period of no more than 90 days to allow the parent or guardian time to obtain documentation of the required immunizations.

B. The vendor shall obtain documentation of additional immunizations once every six months for children less than two years of age.

C. Pursuant to subsection C of § 22.1-271.2 of the Code of Virginia and 12VAC5-110-110, documentation of immunizations is not required for any child whose:

1. Parent submits an affidavit to the vendor, on the form entitled "Certification of Religious Exemption," stating that the administration of immunizing agents conflicts with the parent's or child's religious tenets or practices, or

2. A physician or a local health department states on a Department of Health-approved form that one or more of the required immunizations may be detrimental to the child's health, indicating the specific nature and probable duration of the medical condition or circumstance that contraindicates immunization.

8VAC20-790-590 General qualifications

22VAC40-665-570 8VAC20-790-590. General qualifications.

A. The vendor must be at least 18 years of age.

B. The vendor, and any staff who are left alone with children, shall be capable of communicating effectively both orally and in writing as applicable to the job responsibility and be capable of communicating with emergency personnel.

C. Staff must be at least 16 years of age; however no staff person less than 18 years of age may administer medication.

1. Staff members less than 18 years of age shall be under supervision of an adult staff member who is present in the facility.

2. Adult staff members shall supervise no more than two volunteers or staff members less than 18 years of age at any given time.

8VAC20-790-600 Staff training and development

22VAC40-665-580 8VAC20-790-600. Staff training and development.

A. Prior to approval as a subsidy vendor, the vendor or designee shall complete the Virginia Preservice Training for Child Care Staff, which shall include training on the following topics and training modules:

1. Building and physical premises safety;

2. Emergency preparedness and response planning;

3. Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and safe sleep practices;

4. Administration of medication, consistent with standards of parental consent;

5. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome and abusive head trauma (AHT);

6. Prevention of and response to emergencies due to food and allergic reactions;

7. Recognizing child abuse and neglect and reporting responsibilities;

8. Preventing the spread of disease, including immunization requirements;

9. Handling and storage of hazardous materials and appropriate disposal of diapers and other items contaminated by body fluids;

10. Transportation;

11. Foundations of child development;

12. Inclusion: Exploring the meaning and the mindset;

13. Oral health; and

14. Introduction to the Child Care Subsidy Program.

B. Within the first 90 days of employment or subsidy vendor approval all staff who work directly with children shall complete Virginia Preservice Training for Child Care Staff, which shall include training on the following topics and training modules:

1. Building and physical premises safety;

2. Emergency preparedness and response planning;

3. Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and safe sleep practices;

4. Administration of medication, consistent with standards of parental consent;

5. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome and abusive head trauma (AHT);

6. Prevention of and response to emergencies due to food and allergic reactions;

7. Recognizing child abuse and neglect and reporting responsibilities;

8. Preventing the spread of disease, including immunization requirements;

9. Handling and storage of hazardous materials and appropriate disposal of diapers and other items contaminated by body fluids;

10. Transportation;

11. Foundations of child development;

12. Inclusion: Exploring the meaning and mindset;

13. Oral health; and

14. Introduction to the Child Care Subsidy Program.

C. All staff who work directly with children and who are employed prior to October 17, 2018, shall complete Virginia Preservice Training for Child Care Staff sponsored by the Department of Social Services, to include all of the topics applicable to new staff, within January 16, 2019. This training may count for staff annual training requirements in subsection H of this section.

D. Orientation training for staff shall be completed on the following facility specific topics prior to the staff member working alone with children and within seven days of the date of employment or the date of subsidy vendor approval:

1. Playground safety procedures;

2. Responsibilities for reporting suspected child abuse or neglect;

3. Confidentiality;

4. Supervision of children, including arrival and dismissal procedures;

5. Procedures for action in the case of lost or missing children, ill or injured children, and medical and general emergencies;

6. Medication administration procedures, if applicable;

7. Emergency preparedness plan as required in 22VAC40-665-770 B 8VAC20-790-790 B;

8. Prevention of shaken baby syndrome and abusive head trauma including coping with crying babies and fussy or distraught children;

9. Prevention of sudden infant death syndrome and use of safe sleeping practices;

10. Staff who work with children that have food allergies shall receive training in preventing exposure to foods to which the child is allergic, preventing cross contamination, and recognizing and responding to any allergic reactions; and

11. Transportation.

ED. All staff who work directly with children shall have within 90 days of the date of employment or 90 days from subsidy vendor approval:

1. Current certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) appropriate to the ages of children in care. The training shall include an in-person competency demonstration; and

2. Current certification in first aid appropriate to the ages of children in care. However, staff who is a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse with a current license from the Board of Nursing shall not be required to obtain first aid certification.

During the 90-day period, there must always be at least one staff with current CPR and first aid training present during operating hours of the center.

F. All staff who work directly with children and who are employed by an approved vendor prior to October 17, 2018, must complete CPR and first aid training as required by this section within January 16, 2019. During this 90 days, there must always be at least one staff with current CPR and first aid training present during operating hours of the center.

GE. CPR and First Aid training may count toward the annual training hours required in subsection H of this section if documentation for training as required in subdivision 5 of 22VAC40-665-530 8VAC20-790-550 is maintained.

HF. Staff who work directly with children shall, in addition to preservice and orientation training required in subsections A through D of this section, annually attend at least 16 hours of training and staff development activities, to include the department's health and safety update course. Training shall be related to child safety, child development, the function of the center, and any required department sponsored training.

IG. To safely perform medication administration practices, whenever a vendor agrees to administer prescribed medications, the (i) administration shall be performed by a staff member who has satisfactorily completed a training program for this purpose developed by the Board of Nursing and taught by a registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, nurse practitioner, physician assistant, doctor of medicine or osteopathic medicine, or pharmacist; or (ii) administration shall be performed by a staff member who is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia to administer medications.

The administration of medicines by a vendor may be limited by policy to:

1. Prescription medications;

2. Over-the-counter or nonprescription medications; or

3. No medications.

JH. Staff required to have the training specified in subsection I of this section shall be retrained at three-year intervals.

KI. There shall be at least one staff on duty who has obtained within the last three years instruction in performing a daily health observation of children. Daily health observation training shall include:

1. Components of daily health check for children;

2. Inclusion and exclusion of a child when the child is exhibiting symptoms that indicate possible illness;

3. Description of how diseases are spread and procedures and methods for reducing the spread of disease;

4. Information concerning the Virginia Department of Health Notification of Reportable Diseases pursuant to 12VAC5-90-80 and 12VAC5-90-90, also available from the local health department and the website of the Virginia Department of Health; and

5. Staff occupational health and safety practices in accordance with Occupational Safety and Health Administration's bloodborne pathogens regulation (29 CFR 1910.1030).

8VAC20-790-610 Certifications by other agencies; requirements prior to initial approval

22VAC40-665-590 8VAC20-790-610. Certifications by other agencies; requirements prior to initial approval.

Before approval of a vendor agreement and before use of newly constructed, renovated, remodeled, or altered buildings or sections or buildings, written documentation of the following shall be provided by the vendor to the department representative:

1. Certification by the authority having jurisdiction that each building meets building and fire codes or that a plan of correction has been approved; and

2. Certification from the local health department, or approval of a plan of correction, for meeting requirements for:

a. Water supply;

b. Sewage disposal system; and

c. Food service, if applicable.

3. Any building that is currently zoned or certified for school occupancy and houses a public or private school during the school year shall be considered to have met the requirements of subdivision 1 of this section when housing a center serving only children two and a half years of age or older.

8VAC20-790-620 Certifications by other agencies; requirements subsequent to initial approval

22VAC40-665-600 8VAC20-790-620. Certifications by other agencies; requirements subsequent to initial approval.

A. The vendor shall provide the department representative an annual fire inspection report from the appropriate fire official having jurisdiction. If a center is located in a building currently housing a public or private school, the school's annual fire inspection report shall be accepted.

B. The vendor shall provide the department representative an annual certification from the Health Department, or approvals of a plan of correction, for meeting requirements for:

1. Water supply;

2. Sewage disposal system; and

3. Food service, if applicable.

8VAC20-790-630 Building or facility maintenance

22VAC40-665-610 8VAC20-790-630. Building or facility maintenance.

A. Areas and equipment of the center, inside and outside, shall be maintained in a clean, safe, and operable condition. Unsafe conditions shall include splintered, cracked or otherwise deteriorating wood; chipped or peeling paint; visible cracks, bending or warping, rusting, or breakage of any equipment; head entrapment hazards; protruding nails, bolts, or other components that entangle clothing or skin; and unstable heavy equipment, furniture, or other items that a child could pull down on himself.

B. Inside areas occupied by children shall be maintained no lower than 68°F and shall not exceed 80°F unless fans or other cooling systems are in use.

C. In areas used by children of preschool age or younger, the following shall apply:

1. Fans, when used shall be out of reach of children and cords shall be secured so as not to create a hazard.

2. Electrical outlets shall have protective covers that are of a size that cannot be swallowed by children.

D. Building equipment shall include an in-service, nonpay telephone.

8VAC20-790-640 Hazardous substances and other harmful agents

22VAC40-665-620 8VAC20-790-640. Hazardous substances and other harmful agents.

A. Hazardous substances such as cleaning materials, insecticides, and pesticides shall be kept in a locked place using a safe locking method that prevents access by children. If a key is used, the key shall not be accessible to children. Cleaning supplies to clean and sanitize the diapering area or toilet chairs do not need to be kept locked during diapering or toilet training time as long as they are inaccessible to children.

B. Pesticides or insecticides shall not be stored in areas used by children or in areas used for food preparation or storage.

C. Cleaning and sanitizing materials shall not be located above food, food equipment, utensils, or single-use articles and shall be stored separate from food.

D. If hazardous substances are not kept in original containers, the substitute container shall clearly indicate its contents.

E. Smoking and the use of electronic smoking devices shall be prohibited in the interior of a center, in vehicles when children are being transported, and if permitted outside, shall be prohibited in the presence of children.

8VAC20-790-650 Restroom area and furnishings

22VAC40-665-630 8VAC20-790-650. Restroom area and furnishings.

A. The facility shall have at least two toilets and two sinks.

B. The facility shall have at least one toilet and one sink for every 30 children.

C. Each restroom area provided for children shall:

1. Be within a contained area, readily available, and within the building used by the children;

2. Have toilets that are flushable;

3. Have sinks located near the toilets and that are supplied with running warm water that does not exceed 120°F;

4. Be equipped with soap, toilet paper, and disposable towels or an air dryer within reach of the children; and

5. A restroom for school age children that contains more than one toilet shall have at least one toilet enclosed.

8VAC20-790-660 Play areas

22VAC40-665-640 8VAC20-790-660. Play areas.

The vendor shall ensure that all areas of the premises accessible to children are free of obvious injury hazards, including providing and maintaining sand or other cushioning material under playground equipment. The requirements of this section shall not prohibit child day center programs providing care to school age children at a location that is currently approved by the Department of Education or recognized as a private school by the State Board of Education for school occupancy and that houses a public or private school during the school years from permitting school age children to use outdoor play equipment and areas approved for use by students of the school during school hours.

8VAC20-790-670 Supervision, ratio, and group size requirements

22VAC40-665-650 8VAC20-790-670. Supervision, ratio, and group size requirements.

A. The vendor, except those exempt from licensure operated by or under the auspices of a religious institution, shall ensure that the following ratio requirements are maintained:

1. For children from birth to the age of 16 months: one staff member for every four children;

2. For children 16 months to two years: one staff member for every five children;

3. For two-year-old children: one staff member for every eight children;

4. For children from three years to the age of eligibility to attend public school, five years by September 30: one staff member for every 10 children;

5. For children from age of eligibility to attend public school through eight years: one staff member for every 18 children; and

6. For children from nine years through 12 years of age: one staff member for every 20 children.

B. Except during meals or snacks, the designated rest period, evening and overnight sleep time, outdoor play, field trips, special group activities, or during the first and last hour of operation when the vendor operates more than six hours per day, the vendor, except those exempt from licensure operated by or under the auspices of a religious institution, shall ensure that the following group size requirements are maintained at all times:

1. For children from birth to the age of 16 months: the maximum group size is 12 children;

2. For children 16 months to two years: the maximum group size is 15 children;

3. For two-year-old children: the maximum group size is 24 children; and

4. For children from three years to the age of eligibility to attend public school, five years by September 30: the maximum group size is 30 children.

Group size requirements in this section do not apply to children school age eligible through 12 years of age or when a variance has been granted by the Division of Licensing Programs.

C. Facilities operated by, or under the auspices of, a religious institution and exempt from licensure shall employ supervisory personnel as set forth in § 63.2-171622.1-289.031 of the Code of Virginia and shall ensure the following ratio requirements are maintained:

1. One staff member to four children from ages zero to 16 months;

2. One staff member to five children from ages 16 months to 24 months;

3. One staff member to eight children from ages 24 months to 36 months;

4. One staff member to 10 children from ages 36 months to five years;

5. One staff member to 20 children from ages five years to nine years; and

6. One staff member to 25 children from ages nine years to 12 years.

When a group of children receiving care includes children from different age brackets, the age of the youngest child in the group shall be used to determine the staff-to-children ratio that applies to that group.

D. With the exception of when meals or snacks are served, the designated rest period, evening and overnight sleep time, outdoor play, and field trips, special group activities, or during the first and last hour of operation when the vendor operates more than six hours per day, facilities operated by, or under the auspices, of a religious institution and are exempt from licensure shall ensure the following group size requirements are maintained at all times:

1. For children from birth to two years of age: the maximum group size is 12 children;

2. For children from two years to six years of age: the maximum group size is 30 children; and

3. For children who are six years up to 12 years of age: group size requirements in this section do not apply.

E. The vendor shall develop and implement a written policy and procedure that describes how the vendor will ensure that each group of children receives care by consistent staff or team of staff members.

F. Staff shall be counted in the required staff-to-children ratios only when they are directly supervising children.

G. When children are in ongoing mixed age groups, the staff-to-children ratio and group size applicable to the youngest child in the group shall apply to the entire group.

H. Children less than 10 years of age shall always be within actual sight and sound supervision of staff, except that staff need only be able to hear a child who is using the restroom provided that:

1. There is a system to ensure that individuals who are not staff members or persons allowed to pick up a child in care do not enter the restroom area while in use by children; and

2. Staff checks on a child who has not returned from the restroom after five minutes. Depending on the location and layout of the restroom, staff may need to provide intermittent sight supervision of the children in the restroom area during this five-minute period to assure the safety of children and to provide assistance to children as needed.

I. Children 10 years of age and older shall be within actual sight and sound supervision of staff except when the following requirements are met:

1. Staff can hear or see the children (video equipment, intercom systems, or other technological devices shall not substitute for staff being able to directly see or hear children);

2. Staff are nearby so that they can provide immediate intervention if needed;

3. There is a system to ensure that staff know where the children are and what they are doing;

4. There is a system to ensure that individuals who are not staff members or persons allowed to pick up children in care do not enter the areas where children are not under sight supervision; and

5. Staff provides sight and sound supervision of the children at variable and unpredictable intervals not to exceed 15 minutes.

J. When the outdoor activity area is not adjacent to the center, there shall be at least two staff members in the outdoor activity area whenever one or more children are present.

K. Staff shall not allow a child to leave the center unsupervised.

L. For vendors operated by, or under the auspices of, a religious institution and exempt from licensure, during designated rest periods and the designated sleep period of evening and overnight care programs, the ratio of staff to children over 16 months of age may be double the number of children to each staff required by subsection C of this section if:

1. The staff person shall be present in the same space as sleeping children;

2. Staff counted in the overall rest period ratio are on the same floor as the sleeping or resting children and available in case of emergency; and

3. An additional person is present to help.

Once at least half of the children in the resting room or area are awake and off their mats or cots, the staff-to-child ratio shall meet the ratios as required in subsection C of this section.

M. For vendors not operated by, or under the auspices of, a religious institution, during designated rest periods and the designated sleep period of evening and overnight care programs, the ratio of staff to children over 16 months of age may be double the number of children to each staff required by subsection A of this section if:

1. The staff person shall be present in the same space as sleeping children;

2. Staff counted in the overall rest period ratio are on the same floor as the sleeping or resting children and available in case of emergency; and

3. An additional person is present to help.

Once at least half of the children in the resting room or area are awake and off their mats or cots, the staff-to-child ratio shall meet the ratios as required in subsection A of this section.

8VAC20-790-680 Supervision near water

22VAC40-665-660 8VAC20-790-680. Supervision near water.

A. Indoor swimming pools on the center premises shall be kept locked when the pool is not in use. Outdoor swimming pools located on the center premises shall be enclosed by safety fences and gates that are in compliance with the applicable edition of the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code (13VAC5-63) and shall be kept locked when the pool is not in use.

B. The staff-to-children ratios required by 22VAC40-665-650 8VAC20-790-670 shall be maintained while children are participating in swimming or wading activities.

1. Notwithstanding the staff-to-children ratios already indicated, at no time shall there be fewer than two staff members supervising the activity.

2. The designated certified lifeguard shall not be counted in the staff-to-children ratios.

C. If a pool, lake, or other swimming area has a water depth of more than two feet, a certified lifeguard holding a current certificate shall be on duty supervising the children participating in swimming or wading activities at all times when one or more children are in the water.

D. The vendor shall have emergency procedures and written safety rules for swimming or wading or follow the posted rules of public pools that are:

1. Posted in the swimming area when the pool is located on the premises of the center; and

2. Explained to children participating in swimming or wading activities.

E. Staff shall have a system for accounting for all children in the water.

8VAC20-790-690 Daily activities

22VAC40-665-670 8VAC20-790-690. Daily activities.

A. The variety of daily activities for all age groups shall be age and stage appropriate and provide opportunities for teacher-directed, self-directed, and self-chosen tasks and activities, a balance of active and quiet activities, indoor and outdoor activities, individual and group activities, and curiosity and exploration.

B. For a child who cannot move without help, staff shall offer to change the place and position of the child at least every 30 minutes or more frequently depending on the child's individual needs. For an awake infant not playing on the floor or ground a change in play space shall be provided by staff at least every 30 minutes or more often as determined by the individual infant's needs.

C. There shall be a flexible daily schedule for infants based on their individual needs.

D. Infants shall be allowed to sleep when needed.

1. When an infant is placed in his crib, he shall be placed on his back (supine).

2. When an infant is able to easily turn over from the back (supine) to the belly (prone) position and is placed in his crib, he shall still be put on his back but allowed to adopt whatever position he prefers. This applies unless otherwise directed by the infant's physician or health care provider in writing.

3. Resting or sleeping infants shall be individually checked every 15 to 20 minutes.

E. Infants shall be provided comfort when needed.

F. Staff shall provide frequent opportunities for infants to creep, crawl, toddle, and walk.

G. Infants who cannot turn themselves over and are awake shall be placed on their stomachs for at least 30 minutes each day to facilitate upper body strength and to address misshapen head concerns.

H. Infants shall be protected from older children.

8VAC20-790-700 Behavioral guidance

22VAC40-665-680 8VAC20-790-700. Behavioral guidance.

A. Behavioral guidance shall be constructive in nature and age and stage appropriate and shall be intended to redirect children to appropriate behavior and resolve conflicts.

B. In order to promote the child's physical, intellectual, emotional, and social well-being and growth, staff shall model desired, appropriate behavior and interact with the child and one another to provide needed help, comfort, support and:

1. Respect personal privacy;

2. Respect differences in cultural, ethnic, and family background;

3. Encourage decision-making abilities;

4. Promote ways of getting along;

5. Encourage independence and self-direction; and

6. Use consistency in applying expectations.

C. If time-out is used as a discipline technique:

1. It shall be used sparingly and shall not exceed one minute for each year of the child's age;

2. It shall not be used with infants or toddlers;

3. The child shall be in a safe, lighted, well-ventilated place and within sight and sound of staff; and

4. The child shall not be left alone inside or outside the center while separated from the group.

8VAC20-790-710 Forbidden actions

22VAC40-665-690 8VAC20-790-710.Forbidden actions.

The following actions or threats thereof are forbidden:

1. Physical punishment, including striking a child, roughly handling or shaking a child, restricting movement through binding or tying, forcing a child to assume an uncomfortable position, or using exercise as a punishment;

2. Enclosure in a small, confined space or any space that the child cannot freely exit himself; however this does not apply to the use of equipment such as cribs, play yards, high chairs, and safety gates when used for their intended purpose with children preschool age or younger;

3. Punishment by another child;

4. Withholding or forcing of food, water, or rest;

5. Verbal remarks that are demeaning to the child;

6. Punishment for toileting accidents; and

7. Punishment by applying unpleasant or harmful substances.

8VAC20-790-720 Parental involvement and notifications

22VAC40-665-700 8VAC20-790-720. Parental involvement and notifications.

A. The vendor shall notify the parent immediately if a child is lost, requires emergency medical treatment or sustains a serious injury, or dies.

B. The vendor shall notify the parent by the end of the day of any known minor injuries.

C. The vendor shall maintain a written record of children's serious and minor injuries in which entries are made the day of occurrence. The record shall include the following:

1. Date and time of injury;

2. Name of injured child;

3. Type and circumstance of the injury;

4. Staff present and treatment;

5. Date and time when parents were notified; and

6. Staff and parent signatures or two staff signatures.

D. Parents shall be notified immediately of any confirmed or suspected allergic reactions and the ingestion of or contact with any food identified in the written care plan required in 22VAC40-665-520 B 11 8VAC20-790-540 B 11 even if a reaction did not occur.

E. Staff shall promptly inform parents when persistent behavioral problems are observed and identified.

F. Parents shall be provided at least semiannually in writing information on their child's behavior, development, adjustment, and needs. This requirement does not apply to programs that operate 12 weeks or less a year.

G. Parents shall be informed of the reason for a child's termination from care.

H. A custodial parent shall be admitted to any child day program. Such right of admission shall apply only while the child is in the child day program, in accordance with § 63.2-1813 22.1-289.054 of the Code of Virginia.

I. When children at the center have been exposed to a communicable disease listed in the Department of Health's current communicable disease chart, the parents shall be notified within 24 hours or the next business day of the vendor having been informed unless forbidden by law. Children's exposure to life threatening diseases shall be reported to parents immediately.

J. Parents shall be informed of the vendor's emergency preparedness plan.

8VAC20-790-730 Furnishings, equipment, and materials

22VAC40-665-710 8VAC20-790-730. Furnishings, equipment, and materials.

A. Furnishings, materials, and equipment shall be age and stage appropriate for the children.

B. Children shall be protected from materials that could be swallowed or present a choking hazard. Toys or objects less than 1-1/4 inches in diameter and less than two inches in length shall be kept out of reach of children less than three years of age.

C. If combs, toothbrushes, or other personal articles are used, they shall be individually assigned.

D. Disposable products shall be used once and discarded.

E. Play yards and portable cribs where used shall meet the Juvenile Products Manufacturers Association (JPMA) and the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) requirements and shall not be used after recalled.

F. Cribs, cots, rest mats, or beds shall be provided for children during the designated rest periods and shall not be occupied by more than one child at a time.

1. Cribs shall be provided for children from birth through 12 months of age and for children older than 12 months of age who are not developmentally ready to sleep on a cot, rest mat, or bed during the designated rest periods.

2. Cots, rest mats, or beds shall be provided for children older than 12 months of age.

G. There shall be at least 12 inches of space between occupied cribs, cots, beds, and rest mats.

H. Full-size cribs shall:

1. Meet the current Consumer Product Safety Commission Standards (16 CFR Part 1219).

2. Have mattresses that fit snugly next to the crib so that no more than two fingers can be inserted between the mattress and the crib.

I. Pillows and filled comforters shall not be used by children less than 12 months of age while sleeping or resting including quilts, sheepskins, or stuffed toys.

J. Cribs shall be placed where objects outside the crib such as electrical cords or cords from blinds, curtains, etc. are not within reach of infants or toddlers.

K. Use of bumper pads shall be prohibited.

L. Toys or objects hung over an infant in a crib and crib gyms that are strung across the crib may not be used for infants older than five months of age or infants who are able to push up on their hands and knees.

M. Crib sides shall always be up, and the fastenings secured when a child is in the crib.

N. Double decker cribs shall not be used.

8VAC20-790-740 Bedding and linens for use while sleeping or resting

22VAC40-665-720 8VAC20-790-740. Bedding and linens for use while sleeping or resting.

A. Linens shall be assigned for individual use.

B. Pillows when used shall be assigned for individual use and covered with pillow cases.

C. Mattresses when used shall be covered with a waterproof material which can be cleaned and sanitized.

8VAC20-790-750 Preventing the spread of disease

22VAC40-665-730 8VAC20-790-750. Preventing the spread of disease.

A. A child shall not be allowed to attend the center for the day if he has:

1. A temperature over 101°F;

2. Recurrent vomiting or diarrhea; or

3. Symptoms of a communicable disease.

B. If a child needs to be excluded according to subsection A of this section, the following shall apply:

1. Arrangements shall be made for the child to leave the center as soon as possible after the signs or symptoms are observed; and

2. The child shall remain in a designated quiet area until leaving the center.

C. When any surface has been contaminated with body fluids, it shall be cleaned and sanitized.

8VAC20-790-760 Hand washing and toileting procedures

22VAC40-665-740 8VAC20-790-760. Hand washing and toileting procedures.

A. When hand washing, the following shall apply.

1. Children's hands shall be washed with soap and running water or disposable wipes before and after eating meals or snacks.

2. Children's hands shall be washed with soap and running water after toileting and any contact with blood, feces, or urine.

3. Staff shall wash their hands with soap and running water before and after helping a child use the toilet or changing a diaper, after the staff member uses the toilet, after any contact with body fluids, and before feeding or helping children with feeding, and before preparing or serving food or beverages.

4. If running water is not available, a germicidal cleansing agent administered per manufacturer's instruction may be used.

B. Diapering requirements are as follows:

1. The diapering area shall be accessible and within the building used by children.

2. There shall be sight and sound supervision for all children when a child is being diapered.

3. The diapering area shall have:

a. Access to a sink with running warm water not to exceed 120°F;

b. Soap, disposable towels, and single-use gloves such as surgical or examination gloves;

c. A nonabsorbent surface for diapering or changing shall be used. For children younger than three years, this surface shall be a changing table or countertop designated for changing;

d. The appropriate disposal container as required by subdivision 6 of this subsection; and

e. A leak-proof covered receptacle for soiled linens.

4. When a child's clothing or diaper becomes wet or soiled, the child shall be cleaned and changed immediately upon discovery.

5. Disposable diapers shall be used unless the child's skin reacts adversely to disposable diapers.

6. Disposable diapers shall be disposed in a leak-proof or plastic-lined storage system that is either foot-operated or used in such a way that neither the staff member's hand nor the soiled diaper touches an exterior surface of the storage system during disposal.

7. When cloth diapers are used, a separate leak-proof storage system as specified in subdivision 6 of this subsection shall be used.

8. The diapering surface shall be used only for diapering or cleaning children, and it shall be cleaned with soap and at least room temperature water and sanitized after each use. Tables used for children's activities or meals shall not be used for changing diapers. Individual disposable barriers may be used between each diaper change. If the changing surface becomes soiled, the surface shall be cleaned and sanitized before another child is diapered.

9. Staff shall ensure the immediate safety of a child during diapering.

C. For every 10 children in the process of being toilet trained, there shall be at least one toilet chair or one child-sized toilet, or at least one adult sized toilet with a platform or steps and adapter seat.

1. The location of these items shall allow for sight and sound supervision of children in the classroom if necessary for the required staff-to-children ratios to be maintained.

2. Toilet chairs shall be emptied promptly and cleaned and sanitized after each use.

8VAC20-790-770 Medication

22VAC40-665-750 8VAC20-790-770. Medication.

A. The vendor may administer prescription medication to a child with written permission of the parent, provided:

1. The medication is administered by a staff who meets the requirements of 22VAC40-665-580 I8VAC20-790-600 I and J;

2. The staff administers only those drugs that were dispensed from a pharmacy and maintained in the original, labeled container; and

3. The staff administers drugs only to the child identified on the prescription label in accordance with the prescriber's instructions pertaining to dosage, frequency, and manner of administration.

B. The vendor may administer over-the-counter or nonprescription medication to a child with written permission from the parent, provided the medication is:

1. Administered by a staff 18 years of age or older;

2. Labeled with the child's name;

3. In the original container with the manufacturer's direction label attached; and

4. Given only at the dose, duration, and method of administration specified on the manufacturer's label for the age or weight of the child needing the medication.

C. When needed, medication shall be refrigerated.

D. Medication, except for those prescriptions designated otherwise by written physician's order, including refrigerated medication and staff's personal medication, shall be kept in a locked place using a safe locking method that prevents access by children.

E. The vendor shall keep a record of prescription and nonprescription medication given to children, which shall include the following:

1. Name of the child to whom medication was administered;

2. Amount and name of medication administered to the child;

3. The day and time the medication was administered to the child;

4. Name of staff administering the medication;

5. Any adverse reaction; and

6. Any medication error.

8VAC20-790-780 First aid and emergency supplies

22VAC40-665-760 8VAC20-790-780. First aid and emergency supplies.

A. The following emergency supplies shall be on each floor of each building used by children, accessible to outdoor play areas, on field trips, in vehicles used for transportation, and wherever children are in care:

1. A first aid kit that contains at a minimum:

a. Scissors;

b. Tweezers;

c. Gauze pads;

d. Adhesive tape;

e. Bandages, assorted types and sizes;

f. An antiseptic cleansing solution and pads;

g. Digital thermometer; and

h. Single-use gloves such as surgical or examination gloves.

2. An ice pack or cooling agent.

B. Each first aid kit shall be easily accessible to staff but not to children.

C. The following nonmedical emergency supplies shall be required:

1. One working, battery-operated flashlight; and

2. One working, battery-operated radio.

8VAC20-790-790 Procedures for emergencies

22VAC40-665-770 8VAC20-790-790. Procedures for emergencies.

A. The vendor shall have a written emergency preparedness plan that addresses staff responsibility and facility readiness with respect to emergency evacuation, relocation, lockdown and shelter-in-place procedures. The plan shall address the most likely to occur emergency scenarios, including severe storms, loss of utilities, natural disaster, chemical spills, intruder, and violence on or near the facility, and facility damage or other situations that may require evacuation, lockdown, or shelter-in-place.

B. The emergency preparedness plan shall contain procedural components for:

1. Evacuation procedures, including:

a. Scenario applicability;

b. Methods to alert staff and emergency responders;

c. Designated primary and secondary routes out of the building;

d. Designated assembly points away from the building;

e. Designated relocation site;

f. Methods to ensure all children are evacuated from the building, and if necessary, moved to a relocation site;

g. Methods to account for all children at the assembly point and relocation site;

h. Method of communication with parents after the evacuation or relocation;

i. Accommodations or special requirements for infants, toddlers, and children with special needs to ensure their safety during evacuation or relocation;

j. Method to ensure essential documents, including emergency contact information, attendance records, medications, and supplies are taken to the assembly point and relocation site; and

k. Procedures to address reuniting children with a parent or an authorized person designated by the parent to pick up the child.

2. Shelter-in-place procedures, including:

a. Scenario applicability, inside assembly points, primary and secondary means of access and egress;

b. Method to account for all children at the safe locations;

c. Method to ensure essential documents (attendance records, emergency contact information, etc.) and special health supplies are carried into the designated assembly points;

d. Method of communication after the shelter-in-place;

e. Accommodations or special requirements for infants, toddlers, and children with special needs to ensure their safety during shelter-in-place; and

f. Procedures to address reuniting children with a parent or an authorized person designated by the parent to pick up the child.

3. Lockdown procedures, to include facility containment, including:

a. Methods to alert staff and emergency responders;

b. Methods to secure the facility and designated lockdown locations;

c. Methods to account for all children in the lockdown locations;

d. Methods of communication with parents and emergency responders;

e. Accommodations or special requirements for infants, toddlers, and children with special needs to ensure their safety during lockdown; and

f. Procedures to address reuniting children with a parent or an authorized person designated by the parent to pick up the child.

4. Staff training requirements, drill frequency, and plan review and update.

5. Continuity of operations procedures to ensure that essential functions are maintained during an emergency.

6. Other special procedures developed with local authorities.

C. Emergency evacuation and shelter-in-place procedures or maps shall be posted in a location conspicuous to staff and children on each floor of each building.

D. A 911 or local dial number for police, fire, and emergency medical services and the number of the regional poison control center shall be posted in a visible and conspicuous place.

E. The vendor shall ensure that all staff receives training regarding emergency evacuation, relocation, shelter-in-place, and lockdown procedures on an annual basis and at the end of each plan update.

F. The vendor shall ensure that the emergency plans are reviewed with any volunteers who work more than six hours per week prior to volunteering and on an annual basis.

8VAC20-790-800 Emergency response drills

22VAC40-665-780 8VAC20-790-800. Emergency response drills.

A. The emergency response drills shall be practiced, at a minimum:

1. Evacuation procedures shall be practiced at least monthly;

2. Shelter-in-place procedures shall be practiced twice a year; and

3. Lockdown procedures shall be practiced at least annually.

B. The vendor shall maintain a record of the dates of the practice drills for one year. For vendors offering multiple shifts, the simulated drills shall be divided evenly among the various shifts.

8VAC20-790-810 Nutrition and food services

22VAC40-665-790 8VAC20-790-810. Nutrition and food services.

A. Drinking water shall be accessible to all children.

B. When vendors provide meals or snacks, the following shall apply:

1. Vendors offering both meals and snacks shall serve a variety of nutritious foods and sufficient portions.

2. Children three years of age or younger shall not be offered foods that are considered to be potential choking hazards.

C. When food is brought from home, the following shall apply:

1. The food container shall be clearly labeled in a way that identifies the owner;

2. The vendor shall have extra food or shall have provisions to obtain food to serve to children so that they can have an appropriate snack or meal if they forget to bring food from home, bring an inadequate meal or snack, or bring perishable food; and

3. Unused portions of opened food shall be discarded by the end of the day or returned to the parent.

D. Food shall be prepared, stored, transported, and served in a clean and sanitary manner.

E. When food is prepared to which a child in care is allergic, staff shall take steps to avoid cross contamination in order to prevent an allergic reaction.

F. A child with a diagnosed food allergy shall not be served any food identified in the written care plan required in 22VAC40-665-520 B 11 8VAC20-790-540 B 11.

G. Tables and high chair trays shall be sanitized before and after each use for feeding and cleaned at least daily.

8VAC20-790-820 Special feeding needs

22VAC40-665-800 8VAC20-790-820. Special feeding needs.

A. High chairs, infant carrier seats, or feeding tables shall be used for children less than 12 months who are not held while being fed.

B. When a child is placed in an infant seat, high chair, or feeding table, the protective belt shall be fastened securely.

C. Bottle fed infants who cannot hold their own bottles shall be held when fed. Bottles shall not be propped or used while the child is in his designated sleeping location.

D. Infants shall be fed on demand or in accordance with parental instructions.

E. Prepared infant formula shall be refrigerated, dated, and labeled with the child's name if more than one infant is in care.

F. Heated formula and baby food shall be stirred or shaken and tested for temperature before serving to children.

G. Milk, formula, or breast milk shall not be heated or warmed directly in a microwave. Water for warming milk, formula, or breast milk may be heated in a microwave.

H. Formula or breast milk shall not remain unrefrigerated for more than two hours and may not be reheated.

I. Prepared baby food not consumed during that feeding by an infant may be used by that same infant later in the same day, provided that the food is not served out of the baby jar and is labeled with the child's name, dated, and stored in the refrigerator; otherwise, it shall be discarded or returned to the parent at the end of the day.

8VAC20-790-830 Transportation and field trips

22VAC40-665-810 8VAC20-790-830. Transportation and field trips.

A. If the vendor provides transportation, the vendor shall be responsible for care of the child from the time the child boards the vehicle until returned to the parent or person designated by the parent.

B. Drivers must be 18 years of age or older and possess a valid driver's license to operate the vehicle being driven.

C. Any vehicle used by the vendor for the transportation of children shall meet the following requirements:

1. The vehicle shall be manufactured for the purpose of transporting people seated in an enclosed area;

2. The vehicle's seats shall be attached to the floor;

3. The vehicle shall be insured with at least the minimum limits established by Virginia state statutes as required by § 46.2-472 of the Code of Virginia;

4. The vehicle shall meet the safety standards set by the Department of Motor Vehicles and shall be kept in satisfactory condition to assure the safety of children; and

5. If volunteers supply personal vehicles, the vendor is responsible for ensuring that the requirements of this subsection are met.

D. The vendor shall ensure that during transportation of children:

1. Virginia state statutes about safety belts and child restraints are followed as required by §§ 46.2-1095 through 46.2-1100 of the Code of Virginia, and the stated maximum number of passengers in a given vehicle is not exceeded;

2. The children remain seated and each child's arms, legs, and head remain inside the vehicle;

3. Doors are closed properly and locked unless locks were not installed by the manufacturer of the vehicle;

4. At least one staff member or the driver always remains in the vehicle when children are present; and

5. Staff has a list of the names of the children being transported and allergy care plans, if necessary.

E. When entering and leaving vehicles, children shall enter and leave the vehicle from the curb side of the vehicle or in a protected parking area or driveway.

F. Children shall cross streets at corners or crosswalks or other designated safe crossing points if no corner or crosswalk is available.

G. Staff shall verify that all children have been removed from the vehicle at the conclusion of any trip.

8VAC20-790-840 Animals and pets

22VAC40-665-820 8VAC20-790-840. Animals and pets.

Animals that are kept on the premises of the center shall be vaccinated, if applicable, against diseases that present a hazard to the health or safety of children.

8VAC20-790-850 Evening and overnight care

22VAC40-665-830 8VAC20-790-850. Evening and overnight care.

A. All supervision requirements apply during evening and overnight care.

B. For evening care, beds with mattresses or cots with at least one inch of dense padding shall be used by children who sleep longer than two hours and are not required to sleep in cribs.

C. For overnight care, beds with mattresses or cots with at least two inches of dense padding shall be used by children who are not required to sleep in cribs.

D. In addition to 22VAC40-665-720 8VAC20-790-740 about linens, bedding appropriate to the temperature and other conditions of the rest area shall be provided.

E. When children are eight years of age or older, boys and girls shall have separate sleeping areas.

F. For vendors providing overnight care, an operational tub or shower with heated and cold water shall be provided.

G. When bath towels are used, they shall be assigned for individual use.

H. For children in evening and overnight care, quiet activities and experiences shall be available immediately before bedtime.

8VAC20-790-9998 FORMS (8VAC20-790)

Commonwealth of Virginia Certificate of Religious Exemption, Form CRE1 (rev. 1992)

Commonwealth of Virginia School Entrance Health Form, MCH 213G (rev. 10/2020)

8VAC20-790-9999 Documents Incorporated by Reference (8VAC20-790)

Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) Plan for Virginia FFY 20162018, effective October

1, 2015

8VAC20-800-10 Definitions

22VAC40-111-10 8VAC20-800-10. Definitions

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Accessible" means capable of being entered, reached, or used.

"Adult" means any individual 18 years of age or older.

"Age-appropriate" means suitable to the chronological age and individual needs of a child.

"Assistant" means an individual who helps the provider or substitute provider in the care, protection, supervision, and guidance to children in the home.

"Body fluids" means urine, feces, vomit, blood, saliva, nasal discharge, and tissue discharge.

"Caregiver" means an individual who provides care, protection, supervision, and guidance to children in the home and includes the provider, substitute provider, and assistant.

"Child" means an individual under 18 years of age.

"Child day program" means a regularly operating service arrangement for children where, during the absence of a parent or guardian, a person or organization has agreed to assume responsibility for the supervision, protection, and well-being of a child under the age of 13 for less than a 24-hour period.

"Child with special needs" means a child with developmental disabilities, intellectual disabilities, emotional disturbance, sensory or motor impairment, or significant chronic illness who requires special health surveillance or specialized programs, interventions, technologies, or facilities.

"Cleaned" means treated in such a way as to remove dirt and debris by scrubbing and washing with soap and water or detergent solution and rinsing with water.

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Social Services Education.

"Department's representative" means an employee or designee of the Virginia Department of Social Services Education, acting as the authorized agent of the commissioner Superintendent.

"Evacuation" means movement of occupants out of the building to a safe area near the building.

"Family day home" means a child day program offered in the residence of the provider or the home of any of the children in care for one through 12 children under the age of 13, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, when at least one child receives care for compensation. A family day home serving five through 12 children, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, shall be licensed. A family day home caring for more than four children under the age of two years, including the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, shall be licensed or voluntarily registered. A family day home where the children in care are all related to the provider by blood or marriage shall not be required to be licensed.

"Good character and reputation" means knowledgeable and objective people agree that the individual (i) maintains business, professional, family, and community relationships that are characterized by honesty, fairness, and truthfulness; and (ii) demonstrates a concern for the well-being of others to the extent that the individual is considered suitable to be entrusted with the care, guidance, and protection of children. Relatives by blood or marriage, and people who are not knowledgeable of the individual, such as recent acquaintances, shall not be considered objective references.

"High school program completion or the equivalent" means an individual has earned a high school diploma or General Education Development (G.E.D.) certificate, or has completed a program of home instruction equivalent to high school completion.

"Inaccessible" means not capable of being entered, reached, or used.

"Infant" means a child from birth up to 16 months of age.

"Nighttime care" means care provided between 7 p.m. and 6 a.m.

"Parent" means the biological, foster or adoptive parent, legal guardian, or any individual with responsibility for or custody of a child enrolled in or in the process of being enrolled in a family day home.

"Physician" means an individual licensed to practice medicine in any of the 50 states or the District of Columbia.

"Preschool" means children from two years up to the age of eligibility to attend public school, age five by September 30 of that same year.

"Programmatic experience" means time spent working directly with children in a group that is located away from the child's home. Work time shall be computed on the basis of full-time work experience during the period prescribed or equivalent work time over a longer period. Experience settings may include, but not be limited to, a child day program, family day home, child day center, boys and girls club, field placement, elementary school, or a faith-based organization.

"Provider" means an individual who is issued the family day home license by the Department of Social Services Education and who has primary responsibility in providing care, protection, supervision, and guidance of children in the family home.

"Relocation" means movement of occupants of the building to a safe location away from the vicinity of the building.

"Residence" means principal legal dwelling or abode that is occupied for living purposes by the provider and contains the facilities necessary for sleeping, eating, cooking, and family living.

"Sanitized" means treated in such a way as to remove bacteria and viruses from inanimate surfaces through first cleaning and secondly using a solution of one tablespoon of bleach mixed with one gallon of water and prepared fresh daily or using a sanitizing solution approved by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The surface of the item is sprayed or dipped into the sanitizing solution and then allowed to air dry.

"School age" means eligible to attend public school, age five or older by September 30 of that same year.

"Serious injury" means a wound or other specific damage to the body such as, but not limited to, unconsciousness; broken bones; dislocation; deep cut requiring stitches; poisoning; concussion; and a foreign object lodged in eye, nose, ear, or other body orifice.

"Shelter-in-place" means movement of occupants of the building to designated protected spaces within the building.

"Substitute provider" means an individual who meets the qualifications of a provider; is designated by the provider; and who provides care, protection, supervision, and guidance for children in the family day home when the provider is absent from the home for more than two hours.

"Superintendent" means Superintendent of Public Instruction or his designee.

"Time out" means a discipline technique in which a child is moved for a brief time away from the stimulation and reinforcement of ongoing activities and other children in the group to allow the child who is losing self-control to regain composure.

"Toddler" means a child from 16 months of age up to 24 months of age.

8VAC20-800-20 (Reserved)
8VAC20-800-30 Operational responsibilities

22VAC40-111-30 8VAC20-800-30. Operational responsibilities

A. The provider shall ensure compliance with these standards and the terms of the current license issued by the department and with relevant federal, state or local laws, and other relevant regulations.

B. The provider will ensure compliance with the home's policies that have been disclosed to the parents as required by 22VAC-40-111-70 8VAC20-800-70.

C. The provider shall be of good character and reputation. Character and reputation investigation includes, but is not limited to, background checks as required by §§ 63.2-1702 and 63.2-1721 22.1-289.034 et seq. of the Code of Virginia.

D. The provider shall meet the requirements specified in 22VAC40-191 8VAC20-770, Background Checks for Child Welfare Agencies Child Day Programs and Family Day Systems.

E. The provider shall ensure that the home's activities, services, and facilities are conducive to the welfare of children in care.

F. The provider shall be responsible for the home's day-to-day operation.

G. The provider shall ensure that any advertising is not misleading or deceptive as required by § 63.2-1713 22.1-289.027 of the Code of Virginia.

H. The provider shall meet the requirements specified in 22VAC40-80 8VAC20-820, General Procedures and Information for Licensure.

8VAC20-800-40 Capacity

22VAC40-111-40 8VAC20-800-40. Capacity

A. The provider shall ensure that the total number of children receiving care at any one time does not exceed the maximum licensed capacity of the home.

B. When at least one child receives care for compensation, all children, exclusive of the provider's own children and children who reside in the home, who are in the care and supervision of a provider, count in the licensed capacity.

C. The department will establish the home's maximum capacity based on the following factors:

1. The availability of adequate space to allow each child free movement and active play indoors and outdoors as required by 22VAC40-111-380 8VAC20-800-380;

2. The provider's responsibility to care for another individual who may require special attention or care, including but not limited to an elderly resident or a child with a serious physical, emotional, or behavioral condition; or

3. The issuance of a special order to limit capacity pursuant to § 63.2-1709.2 22.1-289.023 of the Code of Virginia.

8VAC20-800-50 General recordkeeping

22VAC40-111-50 8VAC20-800-50. General recordkeeping

A. The family day home shall keep a written record of children in attendance each day.

B. The provider's records shall be maintained in the home and made accessible to the department's representative.

C. Information contained in a child's record shall be privileged and confidential. The provider shall not distribute or release information in a child's record to any unauthorized person without the written consent of the child's parent.

D. Children's records shall be made available to a child's parent upon request, unless otherwise ordered by the court.

E. Records and reports on children, caregivers, and household members required by this chapter shall be maintained and made accessible to the department's representative for two years from the date of termination of services for a child, date of separation from employment for caregivers, or date of termination of residence for a household member, or unless specified otherwise.

8VAC20-800-60 Children's records

22VAC40-111-60 8VAC20-800-60. Children's records

A. The provider shall maintain an up-to-date record at the family day home for each enrolled child.

B. A child's record shall contain the following information:

1. Child's full name, nickname (if any), sex, address, and birth date;

2. Emergency contact information including:

a. Name, home address, and telephone number of each parent who has custody;

b. Name, address and telephone number of each custodial parent's place of employment;

c. Name, office address and telephone number of the child's physician;

d. Name, address and telephone number of two designated persons to contact in case of an emergency if the parent cannot be reached;

e. Information on allergies and intolerance to food, medication, or any other substances, and actions to take in an emergency situation;

f. Name and policy number of the child's medical insurance, if applicable;

g. Names of persons other than the custodial parents who are authorized to pick up the child;

h. Appropriate legal paperwork when a custodial parent does not authorize the provider to release the child to the other parent; and

i. Chronic physical problems, pertinent developmental information, and any special accommodations needed;

3. First and last dates of attendance;

4. Parent's signed acknowledgement of the receipt of the information required by 22VAC40-111-70 8VAC20-800-70;

5. Proof of the child's age and identity and the names and addresses of previously attended child day care and schools as required by 22VAC40-111-80 8VAC20-800-80;

6. Immunization records for the child as required by 22VAC40-111-90 8VAC20-800-90;

7. Results of the health examination for the child as required by 22VAC40-111-100 8VAC20-800-100;

8. Written authorization for emergency medical care should an emergency occur and the parent cannot be located immediately unless the parent presents a written objection to provision of medical treatment on religious or other grounds;

9. Written authorization if a caregiver is to administer prescription or nonprescription medication to the child as required by 22VAC40-111-700 8VAC20-800-700 A 2;

10. Written authorization if the child is to participate in swimming or wading activities as required by 22VAC40-111-660 8VAC20-800-660 B;

11. Written authorization if the child is taken off the premises of the family day home as required by 22VAC40-111-980 8VAC20-800-980;

12. Special instructions to the provider including, but not limited to, exception to an infant's sleeping position as required in 22VAC40-111-590 8VAC20-800-590 A, recommendations for the care and activities of a child with special needs as required in 22VAC40-111-620 8VAC20-800-620 A, and exception to an infant's being fed on demand as required in 22VAC40-111-960 8VAC20-800-960 A;

13. Record of any accidents or injuries sustained by the child while at the family day home as required by 22VAC40-111-840 8VAC20-800-840; and

14. Documentation of the review of the child's emergency contact information as required by 22VAC40-111-780 8VAC20-800-780 B.

8VAC20-800-70 Written information for parents

22VAC40-111-70 8VAC20-800-70. Written information for parents

A. Before the child's first day of attendance, parents shall be provided in writing the following information:

1. Operating information including the hours and days of operation, holidays or other times closed, and the telephone number where a message can be left for a caregiver;

2. Schedule of fees and payment plans;

3. Check in and check out procedures;

4. Policies for the administration of medications;

5. Whether or not there is liability insurance of at least $100,000 per occurrence and $300,000 aggregate in force on the family day home operation as required by § 63.2-1809.1 22.1-289.050 of the Code of Virginia;

6. Requirement for the family day home to notify the parent when the child becomes ill and for the parent to arrange to have the child picked up as soon as possible if so requested by the home;

7. Requirement for the parent to inform the family day home within 24 hours or the next business day after his child or any member of the immediate household has developed any reportable communicable disease, as defined by the State Board of Health, except for life-threatening diseases, which must be reported immediately;

8. Requirement for the child to be adequately immunized as required by 22VAC-40-111-90 8VAC20-800-90;

9. Requirement for paid caregivers to report suspected child abuse or neglect according to § 63.2-1509 of the Code of Virginia;

10. Custodial parent's right to be admitted to the family day home any time the child is in care as required by § 63.2-1813 22.1-289.054 of the Code of Virginia;

11. General daily schedule that is appropriate for the age of the enrolling child;

12. Policies for the provision of food;

13. Presence of a pet or animal in the home;

14. Discipline policies including acceptable and unacceptable discipline measures;

15. Amount of time per week that an adult assistant or substitute provider instead of the provider is scheduled to care for the child and the name of the adult assistant or substitute provider;

16. Provisions of the family day home's emergency preparedness and response plan;

17. Parental notifications required in 22VAC40-111-650 8VAC20-800-650;

18. Policies for termination of care; and

19. Address of the website of the department, with a note that a copy of this regulation chapter and additional information about the family day home may be obtained from the website, including compliance history that includes information after July 1, 2003.

B. The provider shall obtain the parent's written acknowledgement of the receipt of the information in this section.

8VAC20-800-80 Proof of age and identity; record of child care and schools

22VAC40-111-80 8VAC20-800-80. Proof of age and identity; record of child care and schools

A. Within seven business days of the child's first day of attendance at the family day home, the provider shall obtain from the parent:

1. Verification of the identity and age of the child; and

2. Name and location of previous day care programs and schools the child has attended.

B. The provider shall verify the identity and age of a child by viewing one of the following:

1. Certified birth certificate;

2. Birth registration card;

3. Notification of birth, i.e., hospital, physician, or midwife record;

4. Passport;

5. Copy of the placement agreement or other proof of the child's identity from a child placing agency;

6. Original or copy of a record or report card from a public school in Virginia;

7. Signed statement on letterhead stationery from a public school principal or other designated official that assures the child is or was enrolled in the school; or

8. Child identification card issued by the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles.

C. The provider shall document in the child's record:

1. The method of verification of the child's age and identity; and

2. The names and locations of the previous child care programs and schools the child has attended.

D. The provider shall notify the local law-enforcement agency if the parent does not provide the information required in 22VAC40-111-80 8VAC20-800-80 A within seven business days of the child's first day of attendance at the family day home.

E. The proof of identity, if reproduced or retained by the family day home, shall be destroyed two years after termination of services to the child. The procedures for the disposal, physical destruction, or other disposition of the proof of identity containing social security numbers shall include all reasonable steps to destroy such documents by:

1. Shredding;

2. Erasing; or

3. Otherwise modifying the social security numbers in those records to make them unreadable or indecipherable by any means.

8VAC20-800-90 Immunizations for children

22VAC40-111.90 8VAC20-800-90. Immunizations for children

A. Before a child may attend the family day home, the provider shall obtain documentation that the child has been adequately immunized according to the requirements of § 32.1-46 A of the Code of Virginia and applicable State Board of Health regulations.

B. Pursuant to subsection C of § 22.1-271.2 of the Code of Virginia, documentation of immunizations is not required for any child whose:

1. Parent submits an affidavit to the family day home on the current form approved by the Virginia Department of Health stating that the administration of immunizing agents conflicts with the parent's or child's religious tenets or practices; or

2. Physician or a local health department states on a Department of Health-approved form that one or more of the required immunizations may be detrimental to the child's health, indicating the specific nature and probable duration of the medical condition or circumstance that contraindicates immunization.

C. The family day home shall obtain documentation of additional immunizations for a child who is not exempt from the immunization requirements according to subsection B of this section:

1. Once every six months for children under the age of two years; and

2. Once between each child's fourth and sixth birthdays.

8VAC20-800-100 Physical examinations for children

22VAC40-111-100 8VAC20-800-100. Physical examinations for children

A. The provider shall obtain documentation of a physical examination by or under the direction of a physician prior to a child's attendance or within 30 days after the first day of attendance.

B. The physical examination prior to attendance shall have been conducted within:

1. Two months prior to attendance for children six months of age or younger;

2. Three months prior to attendance for children age seven months through 18 months;

3. Six months prior to attendance for children age 19 months through 24 months;

4. Twelve months prior to attendance for children two years of age through five years of age ; or

5. Twenty-four months prior to attendance for children six years of age and above.

EXCEPTIONS:

1. A new physical examination is not required if a copy of the physical examination is available to the admitting family day home for a child transferring from a facility licensed by the Virginia Department of Social Services Education, approved by a licensed family day system, voluntarily registered by the Virginia Department of Social Services Education or by a contract agency of the Virginia Department of Social Services Education, or transferring from a Virginia Department of Education-approved child care program .

2. Pursuant to subsection D of § 22.1-270 of the Code of Virginia, physical examinations are not required for any child whose parent objects on religious grounds. The parent must submit a signed statement noting that the parent objects on religious grounds and certifying that to the best of the parent's knowledge the child is in good health and free from communicable or contagious disease.

3. For a school age child, a copy of the physical examination required for his entry into a Virginia public kindergarten or elementary school is acceptable documentation.

8VAC20-800-110 Form and content of immunization and physical examination reports for children

22VAC40-111-110 8VAC20-800-110. Form and content of immunization and physical examination reports for children

A. The current form approved by the Virginia Department of Health or a physician's form shall be used to record immunizations received and the results of the required physical examination.

B. Each report shall include the date of the physical examination and dates immunizations were received and shall be signed by a licensed physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department.

8VAC20-800-120 Caregiver records

22VAC40-111-120 8VAC20-800-120. Caregiver records

A. The provider shall maintain a record for each caregiver.

B. Assistants' and substitute providers' records shall contain the following:

1. Name;

2. Address;

3. Verification of age;

4. Job title;

5. Date of employment or volunteering;

6. Name address and telephone number of a person to be notified in an emergency;

7. For assistants and substitute providers who are not the spouse, parent, sibling, or child of the provider and are hired after June 30, 2010, documentation that two or more references as to character and reputation as well as competency were checked before employment. If a reference check is taken over the telephone, documentation shall include:

a. Dates of contact,

b. Names of persons contacted,

c. Firms contacted,

d. Results, and

e. Signature of person making call;

8. Background checks as required by 22VAC40-111-130 8VAC20-770;

9. Documentation of tuberculosis screening as required by 22VAC40-111-170 8VAC20-800-170 and 22VAC40-111-180 8VAC20-800-180 A; and

10. Documentation of the education and training as required by 22VAC40-111-230 8VAC20-800-230.

C. Substitute providers' records shall also contain documentation of the time of arrivals and departures as required by 22VAC40-111-140 8VAC20-800-140 D.

D. Providers' records shall contain the following:

1. Background checks as required by 22VAC40-111-130 8VAC20-770;

2. Documentation of tuberculosis screening as required by 22VAC40-111-170 8VAC20-800-170 and 22VAC40-111-180 8VAC20-800-180 A; and

3. Documentation of the education and training as required by 22VAC40-111-230 8VAC20-800-230.

8VAC20-800-130 General qualifications for caregivers

22VAC40-111-130 8VAC20-800-130. General qualifications for caregivers

Caregivers shall:

1. Be of good character and reputation;

2. Be physically and mentally capable of carrying out assigned responsibilities;

3. Be courteous, respectful, patient, and affectionate toward the children in care;

4. Be able to speak, read, and write in English as necessary to:

a. Carry out assigned job responsibilities, and

b. Communicate effectively with emergency responders; and

5. Meet the requirements specified in 22VAC40-191 8VAC20-770, Background Checks for Child Welfare Agencies Child Day Programs and Family Day Systems.

8VAC20-800-140 Qualifications and requirements for providers and substitute providers

22VAC40-111-140 8VAC20-800-140. Qualifications and requirements for providers and substitute providers

A. Providers and substitute providers shall be 18 years of age or older.

B. Providers licensed after and substitute providers employed after June 30, 2010, shall have:

1. (i) A high school program completion or the equivalent or (ii) evidence of having met the requirements for admission to an accredited college or university;

2. Three months of programmatic experience;

3. Current certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as appropriate to the age of the children in care, from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, American Safety and Health Institute, or the National Safety Council, or current CPR certification issued within the past two years by a community college, a hospital, a rescue squad, or a fire department; and

4. Current certification in first aid from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, American Safety and Health Institute, or the National Safety Council, or current first aid certification issued within the past three years by a community college, a hospital, a rescue squad, or a fire department.

EXCEPTION: A provider or substitute provider who is a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse with a current license from the Board of Nursing shall not be required to obtain first aid certification.

C. Use of a substitute provider shall be limited to no more than a total of 240 hours per calendar year.

D. A substitute provider shall record and sign the time of arrivals and departures on each day that the substitute provider works.

8VAC20-800-150 Qualifications and requirements for assistants

22VAC40-111-150 8VAC20-800-150. Qualifications and requirements for assistants

A. Assistants shall be 16 years of age or older.

B. An assistant under the age of 18 years of age shall always work under the direct supervision of the provider or substitute provider. Direct supervision means being able to hear or see the assistant and children at all times.

C. An assistant 18 years of age or older shall not be left alone with children in care for more than two hours per day.

D. An assistant 18 years of age or older who is left alone with children in care shall have:

1. Current certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as appropriate to the age of the children in care, from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, American Safety and Health Institute, or National Safety Council, or current CPR certification issued within the past two years by a community college, a hospital, a rescue squad, or a fire department; and

2. Current certification in first aid from the American Red Cross, American Heart Association, American Safety and Health Institute, or National Safety Council, or current first aid certification issued within the past three years by a community college, a hospital, a rescue squad, or a fire department.

EXCEPTION: An assistant who is a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse with a current license from the Board of Nursing shall not be required to obtain first aid certification.

E. An assistant 18 years of age or older who meets the requirements for a substitute provider may act as the substitute provider when the provider is absent from the home for more than two hours.

8VAC20-800-160 Attributes for household members

22VAC40-111-160 8VAC20-800-160. Attributes for household members

Individuals 14 years of age and older who reside in the family day home shall:

1. Display behavior that demonstrates emotional stability;

2. Be of good character and reputation; and

3. Meet the requirements specified in 22VAC40-191 8VAC20-770, Background Checks for Child Welfare Agencies Child Day Programs and Family Day Systems.

8VAC20-800-170 Initial tuberculosis screening for caregivers and household members

22VAC40-111-170 8VAC20-800-170. Initial tuberculosis screening for caregivers and household members

A. The provider shall obtain from each caregiver at the time of hire and each adult household member prior to coming into contact with children a current Report of Tuberculosis Screening form published by the Virginia Department of Health or a form consistent with it documenting the absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form.

B. The form shall have been completed within the last 30 days and be signed by a physician, physicians' designee, or an official of the local health department.

8VAC20-800-180 Subsequent tuberculosis screening for caregivers and household members

22VAC40-111-180 8VAC20-800-180. Subsequent tuberculosis screening for caregivers and household members

A. The provider shall obtain for each caregiver and adult household member a current Report of Tuberculosis Screening form, in accordance with the requirements in 22VAC40-111-170 8VAC20-800-170, every two years from the date of the first screening or more frequently as recommended by a physician or the local health department.

B. Within 30 days of a caregiver's or adult household member's coming into contact with a known case of infectious tuberculosis, the provider shall obtain for the individual a new Report of Tuberculosis Screening form in accordance with the requirements in 22VAC40-111-170 8VAC20-800-170. Until a new screening form is issued that documents the absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form, the caregiver or adult household member shall not have contact with children.

C. The provider shall immediately obtain a new Report of Tuberculosis Screening form in accordance with the requirements in 22VAC40-111-170 8VAC20-800-170 for any caregiver or adult household member who develops chronic respiratory symptoms of three weeks duration. Until a new screening form is issued that documents the absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form, the caregiver or adult household member shall not have contact with children.

8VAC20-800-190 Physical and mental health examinations for caregivers and household members

22VAC40-111-190 8VAC20-800-190. Physical and mental health examinations for caregivers and household members

A. The provider or the department's representative may require a report of examination by a licensed physician or mental health professional when there are indications that a caregiver's or household member's physical or mental health may endanger the health, safety, or well-being of children in care.

B. A caregiver or household member who is determined by a licensed physician or mental health professional to show an indication of a physical or mental condition that may endanger the health, safety, or well-being of children in care or that would prevent the performance of duties shall be removed immediately from contact with children and food served to children until the condition is cleared as evidenced by a signed statement from the physician or mental health professional.

8VAC20-800-200 Orientation

22VAC40-111-200 8VAC20-800-200. Orientation

A. The provider shall orient the substitute provider and assistant by the end of their first week of assuming job responsibilities.

B. The orientation shall cover the following topics:

1. Job responsibilities;

2. Requirements for parental notifications listed in 22VAC40-111-650 8VAC20-800-650;

3. Standards in this chapter that relate to the substitute provider's or assistant's responsibilities;

4. Emergency evacuation, relocation, and shelter-in-place procedures;

5. Location of emergency numbers, first aid kit, and emergency supplies;

6. Confidential treatment of information about children in care and their families; and

7. Requirement for reporting suspected child abuse and neglect.

C. Documentation of the orientation shall be signed and dated by the provider and substitute provider or by the provider and assistant.

8VAC20-800-210 Annual training

22VAC40-111-210 8VAC20-800-210. Annual training

A. In addition to satisfactory completion of first aid training and CPR training, caregivers shall obtain a minimum of eight sixteen clock hours of training annually in areas relevant to their job responsibilities.

1. Effective July 1, 2011, caregivers shall obtain 12 clock hours of training annually.

2. Effective July 1, 2012, caregivers shall obtain 14 clock hours of training annually.

3. Effective July 1, 2013, caregivers shall obtain 16 clock hours of training annually.

B. The annual training shall cover areas such as, but not limited to:

1. Physical, intellectual, social, and emotional child development;

2. Behavior management and discipline techniques;

3. Health and safety in the family day home environment;

4. Art and music activities for children;

5. Child nutrition;

6. Recognition and prevention of child abuse and neglect;

7. Emergency preparedness as required by 22 VAC 40-111-800 8VAC20-800-800 C; or

8. Recognition and prevention of the spread of communicable diseases.

8VAC20-800-220 Medication administration training

22VAC40-111-220 8VAC20-800-220. Medication administration training

A. To safely perform medication administration practices listed in 22VAC40-111-710 8VAC20-800-710 whenever the family day home has agreed to administer prescription medications or nonprescription medications, the administration shall be performed by a caregiver who:

1. Has satisfactorily completed a training program for this purpose developed or approved by the Board of Nursing and taught by a registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, doctor of medicine or osteopathic medicine, or pharmacist; or

2. Is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia to administer medications.

B. Caregivers required to have the training in subdivision A 1 of this section shall be retrained at three-year intervals.

8VAC20-800-230 Documentation of education and training

22VAC40-111-230 8VAC20-800-230. Documentation of education and training

A. The provider shall maintain written documentation of each caregiver's applicable education and programmatic experience, applicable first aid and CPR certification, orientation, annual training, and applicable medication administration training.

B. Written documentation of annual training shall include:

1. Name of the caregiver;

2. Name of the training session;

3. Date and total hours of the session; and

4. Name of the organization that sponsored the training and the trainer.

8VAC20-800-240 Home maintenance

22VAC40-111-240 8VAC20-800-240. Home maintenance

A. Areas and furnishings of the family day home, inside and outside, shall be maintained in a clean, safe, and operable condition. Unsafe conditions shall include, but not be limited to, the presence of poisonous plants; tripping hazards; unstable heavy equipment, furniture, or other items that a child could pull down on himself; splintered, cracked, or otherwise deteriorating wood; chipped or peeling paint; visible cracks, bending or warping, rusting, or breakage of any equipment; head entrapment hazards; and protruding nails, bolts, or other components that could entangle or could snag skin.

B. No equipment, materials, or furnishings shall be used if recalled or identified by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission as being hazardous.

8VAC20-800-250 Hanging, suffocation, and strangulation hazards

22VAC40-111-250 8VAC20-800-250. Hanging, suffocation, and strangulation hazards

A. Hanging items including, but not limited to, window blind or curtain cords, appliance cords, and ropes shall be out of reach of children under five years of age.

B. Children shall be protected from materials that could be swallowed or present a choking hazard. Toys or objects less than 1-1/4 inches in diameter and less than two inches in length shall be kept out of reach of children under the age of three years.

C. Items tied across the top or corner of a crib or playpen or toys hung from the sides with strings or cords shall be removed when the child begins to push up on hands and knees or is five months of age, whichever occurs first.

D. Hood or neck drawstrings shall be removed from a child's clothing prior to a child's using climbing play equipment.

E. Latex gloves, balloons, and empty plastic bags large enough for a child's head to fit inside shall be inaccessible to children under five years of age.

8VAC20-800-260 Drowning hazards

22VAC40-111-260 8VAC20-800-260. Drowning hazards

A. Access to the water in aboveground swimming pools shall be prevented by locking and securing the ladder in place or storing the ladder in a place inaccessible to children.

B. A nonclimbable barrier at least four feet high such as, but not limited to, a fence or impenetrable hedge shall surround outdoor play areas located within 30 feet of drowning hazards such as, but not limited to, inground swimming or wading pools, ponds, or fountains not enclosed by safety fences. Facilities licensed prior to July 1, 2010, must comply fully with the requirement of this subsection by July 1, 2011.

C. Portable wading pools without integral filter systems shall:

1. Be emptied after use by each group of children, rinsed, and filled with clean water, or more frequently as necessary; and

2. When not in use during the family day home's hours of operation, be emptied, sanitized, and stored in a position to keep them clean and dry.

D. Portable wading pools shall not be used by children who are not potty trained.

E. Bathtubs, buckets, and other containers of liquid accessible to children shall be emptied immediately after use.

F. Hot tubs, spas, and whirlpools shall:

1. Not be used by children in care, and

2. Covered with safety covers while children are in care.

8VAC20-800-270 Firearms and ammunition

22VAC40-111-270 8VAC20-800-270. Firearms and ammunition

A. Firearms of every type and purpose shall be stored unloaded in a locked container, compartment, or cabinet, and apart from ammunition.

B. Ammunition shall be stored in a locked container, compartment, or cabinet during the family day home's hours of operation.

C. If a key is used to lock the container, compartment , or cabinet, the key shall be inaccessible to children.

8VAC20-800-280 Poisonous materials

22VAC40-111-280 8VAC20-800-280. Poisonous materials.

Potentially poisonous substances, materials and supplies such as, but not limited to, cleaning agents, disinfectants, deodorizers, plant care chemicals, pesticides, and petroleum distillates shall be stored away from food in areas inaccessible to children.

8VAC20-800-290 Sharp objects

22VAC40-111-290 8VAC20-800-290. Sharp objects

Sharp kitchen utensils and other sharp objects shall be inaccessible to children unless being used by the caregiver or with children under close supervision.

8VAC20-800-300 Body fluids contamination

22VAC40-111-300 8VAC20-800-300. Body fluids contamination

When any surface has been contaminated with body fluids, it shall be cleaned and sanitized.

8VAC20-800-310 Machinery

22VAC40-111-310 8VAC20-800-310. Machinery

Machinery in operation such as lawnmowers and power tools shall be inaccessible to the children in care.

8VAC20-800-320 Fire safety and shock prevention

22VAC40-111-320 8VAC20-800-320. Fire safety and shock prevention

A. Small electrical appliances such as, but not limited to, curling irons, toasters, blenders, can openers, and irons shall be unplugged unless being used by the caregiver or with children under close supervision.

B. Child-resistant protective covers larger than 1-1/4 inches in diameter shall be installed on all unused electrical outlets and surge protectors accessible to children under five years of age.

C. No electrical device accessible to children shall be placed so that it could be plugged into an electrical outlet while in contact with a water source, such as a sink, tub, shower area, toilet, or swimming or wading pool.

D. Electrical cords and electrical appliances and equipment with cords that are frayed and have exposed wires shall not be used.

E. Radiators, oil and wood burning stoves, floor furnaces, fireplaces, portable electric heaters, and similar heating devices located in areas accessible to children shall have barriers or screens and be located at least three feet from combustible materials.

F. Unvented fuel burning heaters shall not be used when children are in care. Unvented fuel burning heaters include, but are not limited to, portable oil-burning (kerosene) heaters; portable, unvented liquid or gas fueled heaters; and unvented fireplaces.

G. Wood burning stoves and fireplaces and associated chimneys shall be inspected annually by a knowledgeable inspector to verify that the devices are properly installed, maintained, and cleaned as needed. Documentation of the inspection and cleaning shall be maintained by the provider.

H. All flammable and combustible materials such as, but not limited to, matches, lighters, lighter fluid, kerosene, turpentine, oil and grease products, aerosol cans, and alcohol shall be stored in an area inaccessible to children.

I. If there are open and obvious fire hazards, including the absence of fire extinguishers or smoke detectors as required by the Uniform Statewide Building Code and the Statewide Fire Prevention Code, the local fire prevention or building officials, or the State Fire Marshal's office shall be contacted by the department's representative. The provider shall comply with the requirements or recommendations made by the fire prevention or building officials to eliminate fire hazards.

8VAC20-800-330 Telephones

22VAC40-111-330 8VAC20-800-330. Telephones

A. A landline telephone, excluding a cordless or cell phone, shall be available, operable, and accessible during the family day home's hours of operation. An operable landline telephone is one that does not require electricity to operate. Cordless or cell phones may be used in addition to the landline telephone.

B. If the telephone number is unlisted, the provider shall ensure that parents and the department have been given the unlisted number in writing.

C. The provider shall inform the department within 48 hours and parents within 24 hours of a change of the telephone number.

8VAC20-800-340 Bathrooms

22VAC40-111-340 8VAC20-800-340. Bathrooms

A. The home shall have an indoor bathroom.

B. The bathroom shall be easily accessible to children two years of age and older.

C. The bathroom shall be kept clean and contain a working toilet and sink, toilet tissue, liquid soap, and paper towels.

8VAC20-800-350 Water supply

22VAC40-111-350 8VAC20-800-350. Water supply

A. The home shall have indoor running water.

B. When water is not obtained from a municipal supply, and the house is not connected to a municipal sewer line, the water supply and septic system of the family day home shall be inspected and approved by the local health official or a private laboratory if there are open and obvious symptoms of water or sewage system problems, such as evidence of cloudy, murky, or muddy water, or sewage back up.

C. Family day homes connected to a municipal water supply and sewer line that have open and obvious symptoms of water or sewage system problems shall have the problems corrected within a time frame established by the local public utility department.

D. There shall be an ample supply of hot and cold water available to children and caregivers for hand washing.

E. Hot water at taps available to children shall be maintained within a range of 105°F to 120°F.

8VAC20-800-360 Garbage

22VAC40-111-360 8VAC20-800-360. Garbage

A. Garbage shall be removed on a daily basis from rooms occupied by children and removed from the premises at least once weekly or more often as needed.

B. There shall be a sufficient number of garbage and diaper containers.

C. Children shall not be allowed access to garbage storage areas.

D. Garbage storage areas shall be free of litter, odor, and uncontained trash.

8VAC20-800-370 Rodents and insects

22VAC40-111-370 8VAC20-800-370. Rodents and insects

A. The home shall be kept free from rodents and insect infestation.

B. No home shall maintain any receptacle or pool, whether natural or artificial, containing water in such condition that insects breeding therein may become a menace to public health.

8VAC20-800-380 Space

22VAC40-111-380 8VAC20-800-380. Space

The home shall provide each child with adequate space to allow free movement and active play indoors and out.

8VAC20-800-390 Individual location

22VAC40-111-390 8VAC20-800-390. Individual location

A. Each child who is two years of age and older shall have access to an individual location in which to keep clothing, toys, and belongings.

B. Each child who is under the age of two shall have an individual location in which to keep clothing, toys, and belongings that is accessible to the caregiver and parent.

8VAC20-800-400 Heating and cooling

22VAC40-111-400 8VAC20-800-400. Heating and cooling

A. The temperature in all inside areas occupied by children shall be maintained no lower than 65°F.

B. Fans or other cooling systems shall be used when the temperature of inside areas occupied by children exceeds 80°F.

8VAC20-800-410 Electric fans

22VAC40-111-410 8VAC20-800-410. Electric fans

Portable electric fans shall be securely mounted out of the reach of children and shall be equipped with a mesh guard.

8VAC20-800-420 Lighting

22VAC40-111-420 8VAC20-800-420. Lighting

A. Rooms, halls, and stairways used by children in care shall be lighted with natural or electric lighting for the children's safety and comfort.

B. Entrance and exit ways shall be unobstructed and be lighted with natural or electric lighting.

8VAC20-800-430 Stairs

22VAC40-111-430 8VAC20-800-430. Stairs

A. Children under two years of age and children over two years of age who are not developmentally ready to climb or descend stairs without supervision shall not have access to stairs.

B. Accordion expansion gates and pressure mounted gates shall not be used as protective barriers at stair openings.

C. Children over the age of two shall not have access to stairs with three or more risers that do not have protective barriers or guardrails on each side.

D. Protective barriers or guardrails on sides of stairs shall be constructed to prevent a child from climbing over, crawling or falling through, or becoming entrapped.

8VAC20-800-440 Decks and porches

22VAC40-111-440 8VAC20-800-440. Decks and porches

A. Children shall not have access to decks, porches, lofts, or balconies that do not have protective barriers or guardrails.

B. Protective barriers or guardrails shall be constructed to prevent a child from climbing over, crawling or falling through, or becoming entrapped.

8VAC20-800-450 Doors and windows

22VAC40-111-450 8VAC20-800-450. Doors and windows

A. Doors with clear glass panels that reach within 18 inches of the floor shall be clearly marked with decorative objects such as pictures, art work, or decals at the eye level of children in care.

B. Closet doors with latches shall be such that children can open the door from inside the closet.

C. Bathroom doors with locks shall be designed to permit opening of the locked door from the outside with a readily accessible opening device.

D. Windows and doors used for ventilation shall be securely screened.

8VAC20-800-460 Animals

22VAC40-111-460 8VAC20-800-460. Animals

A. Family pets shall not be allowed on any surfaces where food is prepared or served.

B. A pet or animal present at the home, indoors or outdoors, shall be in good health and show no evidence of carrying any disease.

C. Dogs or cats, where allowed, shall be vaccinated for rabies and shall be treated for fleas, ticks, or worms as needed.

D. The provider shall maintain documentation of the current rabies vaccination.

E. Caregivers shall closely supervise children when children are exposed to animals.

F. Children shall be instructed on safe procedures to follow when in close proximity to animals, e.g., not to provoke or startle them or remove their food.

G. Animals that have shown aggressive behavior shall not be kept in the home or on the grounds.

H. Monkeys, ferrets, reptiles, psittacine birds (birds of the parrot family), or wild or dangerous animals shall not be in areas accessible to children during the hours children are in care.

I. Animal litter boxes, toys, food dishes, and water dishes shall be inaccessible to children.

J. All animal excrement shall be removed promptly, disposed of properly, and, if indoors, the soiled area cleaned.

8VAC20-800-470 Smoking and prohibited substances

22VAC40-111-470 8VAC20-800-470. Smoking and prohibited substances

The provider shall ensure that:

1. No person smokes:

a. Indoors while children are in care;

b. In a vehicle when children are transported; or

c. Outdoors in an area occupied by children.

2. No caregiver is under the effects of medication that impairs functioning, alcohol, or illegal drugs.

8VAC20-800-480 Play equipment and materials

22VAC40-111-480 8VAC20-800-480. Play equipment and materials

A. The family day home shall provide a sufficient quantity and variety of play materials and equipment that shall be readily accessible to children.

B. Equipment and materials used by a child shall be appropriate to the age, size, ability, and interest of the child.

C. Materials and equipment available shall include, but not be limited to, arts and crafts materials, texture materials, construction materials, music and sound materials, books, social living equipment, and manipulative equipment.

D. Equipment used by children shall be assembled, maintained, and used in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

E. Equipment and materials used by children shall be clean, nontoxic, and free from hazards such as lead paint, sharp edges or points, loose parts, and rust.

F. Toys mouthed by children shall be cleaned and sanitized daily.

8VAC20-800-490 Indoor slides and climbing equipment

22VAC40-111-490 8VAC20-800-490. Indoor slides and play equipment

The climbing portions of indoor slides and climbing equipment over 18 inches high shall not be over bare floor.

8VAC20-800-500 Outdoor play area and equipment

22VAC40-111-500 8VAC20-800-500. Outdoor play area and equipment

A. A nonclimbable barrier at least four feet high such as, but not limited to, a fence or impenetrable hedge shall surround outdoor play areas located within 30 feet of hazards such as, but not limited to, streets with speed limits in excess of 25 miles per hour or with heavy traffic, or railroad tracks. Facilities licensed prior to July 1, 2010, must comply fully with the requirement of this subsection by July 1, 2011.

B. The highest climbing rung or platform on outdoor climbing equipment or top of a slide shall not exceed six feet for school age children and four feet for preschool children.

C. Stationary outdoor playground equipment shall:

1. Not be installed over concrete, asphalt, or any other hard surface;

2. Be placed at least six feet from the perimeter of other play structures or obstacles; and

3. Be firmly anchored with ground supports that are covered with materials to protect children from injury.

D. Outdoor play equipment shall meet the following requirements:

1. "S" hooks shall be tightly closed;

2. Swings shall have flexible seats of rubber, canvas, or nylon;

3. Nonflexible-molded seats shall be used only when a caregiver stays within arm's length of any hard-molded swing in use and is positioned to see and protect other children who might walk into the path of the swing;

4. Openings above the ground that are closed on all sides shall be smaller than 3-1/2 inches or larger than nine inches to prevent head entrapment hazards;

5. Ropes, loops, or any hanging apparatus that might entrap, close, or tighten upon a child shall not be used;

6. Equipment with moving parts that might pinch or crush children's hands or fingers shall not be used unless they have guards or covers; and

7. Equipment with platforms and ramps over 30 inches high shall have been designed with guardrails or barriers to prevent falls.

E. Sandboxes shall be covered when not in use.

F. Trampolines shall not be used during the hours children are in care.

8VAC20-800-510 Rest areas

22VAC40-111-510 8VAC20-800-510. Rest areas

A. A child shall be provided with an individual crib, cot, rest mat, or bed for resting or napping.

B. Upper levels of double-deck beds shall not be used.

C. Occupied cribs, cots, rest mats, and beds shall be:

1. At least three feet from any heat-producing appliance; and

2. At least 12 inches from each other.

D. Rest mats that are used must have at least an inch of cushioning.

E. Rest mats shall be cleaned and sanitized on all sides at least weekly and as needed.

8VAC20-800-520 Cribs

22VAC40-111-520 8VAC20-800-520. Cribs

A. Cribs shall be provided for children from birth through 12 months of age and for children over 12 months of age who are not developmentally ready to sleep on a cot, rest mat, or bed.

B. Cribs shall not be used as a play space for infants.

C. Cribs shall:

1. Meet the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission standards at the time they were manufactured;

2. Not have been recalled;

3. Have no more than six centimeters or 2-3/8 inches of space between slats;

4. Have mattresses that fit snugly next to the crib so that no more than two fingers can be inserted between the mattress and the crib;

5. Not have end panel cutouts of a size to cause head entrapment; and

6. Not have mesh sides.

D. Double-deck cribs shall not be used.

E. Crib bumper pads shall not be used.

F. Crib sides shall always be up and the fastenings secured when a child is in the crib, except when the caregiver is giving the child immediate attention.

8VAC20-800-530 Linens

22VAC40-111-520 8VAC20-800-530. Linens

A. Cribs, cots, rest mats, and beds when being used for sleeping or napping by children other than infants shall have linens consisting of a top cover and a bottom cover or a one-piece covering that is open on three edges.

B. Cribs when being used by infants shall have a tight-fitting bottom cover.

C. Linens shall be assigned for individual use.

D. Linens shall be clean and washed at least weekly or when soiled .

E. Clean linens shall be used each time a child rests on the bed of a family member.

F. No soft bedding of any kind shall be used under or around infants including, but not limited to, pillows, quilts, comforters, sheepskins, or stuffed toys.

G. Children under two years of age shall not use pillows or filled comforters.

H. Pillows, when used for children over two years of age, shall be assigned for individual use and covered with pillowcases.

I. Mattresses, when used, shall be covered with a waterproof material that can be cleaned and sanitized.

8VAC20-800-540 Infant and toddler equipment

22VAC40-111-530 8VAC20-800-540. Infant and toddler equipment

A. Infant carrier seats, swings, strollers, feeding or activity tables, and high chairs shall be used according to the manufacturer's instructions and when occupied by a child, a safety strap shall be used and securely fastened.

B. Infant walkers shall not be used.

8VAC20-800-550 Play pens

22VAC40-111-540 8VAC20-800-550. Play pens

A play pen where used shall:

1. Have either mesh netting with mesh holes smaller than 1/4 inch or slats no more than 2-3/8 inches apart;

2. Have a firm floor with a secured, waterproof pad that is not more than one-inch thick;

3. Have the sides up and the fastenings secured when a child is in the play pen, except when the caregiver is giving the child immediate attention;

4. Be cleaned and sanitized each day of use or more often as needed;

5. Not be occupied by more than one child;

6. Not be used for the designated sleeping area;

7. Not have torn mesh sides or vinyl-covered or fabric-covered rails, protruding rivets on the rails, or broken hinges;

8. Not contain any pillows or filled comforters;

9. Not contain large toys and other objects that can serve as a stepping stool for climbing out when a child can pull to a standing position;

10. Not be used by children who weigh 30 pounds or more; and

11. Not be used by children who are 35 inches tall or taller.

8VAC20-800-560 Supervision

22VAC40-111-560 8VAC20-800-560. Supervision

A. A caregiver shall be physically present on site and provide direct care and supervision of each child at all times. Direct care and supervision of each child includes:

1. Awareness of and responsibility for each child in care, including being near enough to intervene if needed; and

2. Monitoring of each sleeping infant in one of the following ways:

a. By placing each infant for sleep in a location where the infant is within sight and hearing of a caregiver;

b. By in-person observation of each sleeping infant at least once every 15 minutes; or

c. By using a baby monitor.

B. Caregivers shall actively supervise each child during outdoor play to minimize the risk of injury to a child.

C. A caregiver may allow only school age children to play outdoors while the caregiver is indoors if the caregiver can hear the children playing outdoors.

D. Infants shall be protected from older children.

E. No child under five years of age or a child older than five who lacks the motor skills and strength to avoid accidental drowning, scalding, or falling while bathing shall be left unattended while in the bathtub.

8VAC20-800-570 Determining need for additional caregiver

22VAC40-111-560 8VAC20-800-570. Determining need for additional caregiver

A. The provider shall ensure that a caregiver does not exceed 16 points by using the following point system to determine if an additional caregiver is needed:

1. Children from birth through 15 months of age count as four points each;

2. Children from 16 months through 23 months of age count as three points each;

3. Children from two through four years of age count as two points each;

4. Children from five years through nine years of age count as one point each; and

5. Children who are 10 years of age and older count as zero points.

B. A caregiver's own children and resident children under eight years of age count in point maximums.

8VAC20-800-580 General requirements for programs

22VAC40-111-580 8VAC20-800-580. General requirements for programs

A. In order to promote the child's physical, intellectual, emotional, and social well-being and growth, caregivers shall:

1. Talk to the child;

2. Provide needed help, comfort, and support;

3. Respect personal privacy;

4. Respect differences in cultural, ethnic, and family backgrounds;

5. Encourage decision-making abilities;

6. Promote ways of getting along;

7. Encourage independence and self-direction; and

8. Use consistency in applying expectations.

B. Caregivers shall provide age-appropriate activities for children in care throughout the day that:

1. Are based on the physical, social, emotional, and intellectual needs of the children;

2. Reflect the diversity of enrolled children's families, culture, and ethnic backgrounds; and

3. Enhance the total development of children.

C. Daily age-appropriate activities shall include:

1. Opportunities for alternating periods of indoor active and quiet play depending on the ages of the children;

2. Opportunities for vigorous outdoor play daily, depending upon the weather, the ages, and the health of the children;

3. Opportunities for one or more regularly scheduled rest or nap periods. Children unable to sleep shall be provided time and space for quiet play;

4. Opportunities for children to learn about themselves, others, and the world around them;

5. Opportunities for children to exercise initiative and develop independence in accordance with their ages; and

6. Opportunities for structured and unstructured play time and provider-directed and child-initiated learning activities.

8VAC20-800-590 Requirements for sleeping and resting

22VAC40-111-590 8VAC20-800-590. Requirements for sleeping and resting

A. Infants shall be placed on their backs when sleeping or napping unless otherwise ordered by a written statement signed by the child's physician.

B. An infant, toddler, or preschool child who falls asleep in a play space other than his own crib, cot, mat, or bed shall be moved promptly to his designated sleeping space if the safety or comfort of the infant, toddler, or preschool child is in question.

C. School age children shall be allowed to nap if needed, but not forced to do so.

8VAC20-800-600 Daily activities for infants and toddlers

22VAC40-111-60 8VAC20-800-600. Daily activities for infants and toddlers

A. Infants and toddlers shall be provided with opportunities to:

1. Interact with caregivers and other children in the home in order to stimulate language development;

2. Play with a wide variety of safe, age-appropriate toys;

3. Receive individual attention from caregivers including, but not limited to, holding, cuddling, talking, and reading; and

4. Reach, grasp, pull up, creep, crawl, and walk to develop motor skills.

B. Infants and toddlers shall spend no more than 30 minutes of consecutive time during waking hours, with the exception of mealtimes, confined in a crib, play pen, high chair or other confining piece of equipment. The intervening time period between confinements shall be at least one hour.

8VAC20-800-610 Television, computers, videos, and video games

22VAC40-111-610 8VAC20-800-610. Television, computers, videos, and video games

A. Use of media such as, but not limited to, television, videos, video games, and computers shall be:

1. Limited to not more than a total of two hours per day; and

2. Limited to programs, tapes, websites, and software that are produced for children or are suitable for children.

B. Other activities shall be available to children during television or video viewing.

8VAC20-800-620 Care of a child with special needs

22VAC40-111-620 8VAC20-800-620. Care of a child with special needs

A. Caregivers shall provide a child with special needs with the care and activities recommended in writing by a physician, psychologist, or other professional who has evaluated or treated the child.

B. The written recommendation shall:

1. Include instructions for any special treatment, diet, or restrictions in activities that are necessary for the health of the child; and

2. Be maintained in the child's record.

C. The provider shall ensure the environment is appropriate for the child based on the plan of care and shall instruct other caregivers in the proper techniques of care.

D. A caregiver shall perform only those procedures and treatments for which he has the necessary training, experience, credentials, or license to perform.

E. Staffing shall be appropriate and adequate to meet the specific physical and developmental needs of a child with special needs in care.

F. The provider and the parent of the child with special needs shall mutually determine a recommendation for the level of staffing necessary to care for and supervise the child based on the child's chronological and functional age and degree of disability.

G. Within 30 days of the child's enrollment, the provider shall provide the department's representative a written recommendation for the level of staffing necessary to care for and supervise the child.

H. The department shall make the final decision regarding level of staffing or any capacity limitations necessary to care for, supervise, and protect all children in care when a child with special needs is receiving care.

I. The parent, provider, and department's representative shall review the staffing requirements annually.

J. A separate area shall be provided for the purpose of privacy for diapering, dressing, and other personal care procedures for a child above age three with special needs who requires assistance in these activities.

8VAC20-800-630 Behavioral guidance

22VAC40-111-630 8VAC20-800-630. Behavioral guidance

A. Caregivers shall use positive methods of discipline. Discipline shall be constructive in nature and include techniques such as:

1. Using limits that are fair, consistently applied, appropriate, and understandable for the child's level of development;

2. Providing children with reasons for limits;

3. Giving positively worded direction;

4. Modeling and redirecting children to acceptable behavior;

5. Helping children to constructively express their feelings and frustration to resolve conflict; and

6. Arranging equipment, materials, activities, and schedules in a way that promotes desirable behavior.

B. When time out is used as a discipline technique:

1. It shall be used sparingly and shall not exceed one minute for each year of the child's age;

2. It shall be appropriate to the child's developmental level and circumstances;

3. It shall not be used with infants or toddlers;

4. The child shall be in a safe, lighted, well-ventilated place, and within sight and sound of a caregiver; and

5. The child shall not be left alone inside or outside the home while separated from the group.

8VAC20-800-640 Forbidden actions

22VAC40-111-640 8VAC20-800-640. Forbidden actions

The following acts or threats thereof are forbidden:

1. Physical punishment including, but not limited to, striking a child, roughly handling or shaking a child, biting, pinching, restricting movement through binding or tying, forcing a child to assume an uncomfortable position, or exercise as punishment;

2. Enclosure in a small, confined space or any space that the child cannot freely exit himself; however, this does not apply to the use of equipment such as cribs, play pens, high chairs, and safety gates when used for their intended purpose with children preschool age or younger;

3. Punishment by another child;

4. Withholding or forcing of food, water, or rest;

5. Verbal remarks that are demeaning to the child;

6. Punishment for toileting accidents; and

7. Punishment by applying unpleasant or harmful substances.

8VAC20-800-650 Parent notifications

22VAC40-111-650 8VAC20-800-650. Parent notifications

A. The provider shall provide written notification to the parent within 10 business days after the effective date of the change when there is no longer liability insurance in force on the family day home operation .

1. The provider shall obtain the parent's written acknowledgement of the receipt of this notification, and

2. A copy of the parent's written acknowledgement of the receipt of this notification shall be maintained in the child's record.

B. Caregivers shall provide information daily to parents about the child's health, development, behavior, adjustment, or needs.

C. The provider shall give parents prior notice when a substitute provider will be caring for the children.

D. Caregivers shall notify parents when persistent behavioral problems are identified and such notification shall include any disciplinary steps taken in response.

E. The provider shall notify the parent immediately when the child:

1. Has a head injury or any serious injury that requires emergency medical or dental treatment;

2. Has an adverse reaction to medication administered;

3. Has been administered medication incorrectly;

4. Is lost or missing; or

5. Has died.

F. The provider shall notify a parent the same day whenever first aid is administered to the child.

G. When a child has been exposed to a communicable disease listed in the Department of Health's current communicable disease chart, the provider shall notify the parent within 24 hours or the next business day of the home's having been informed, unless forbidden by law, except for life-threatening diseases, which must be reported to parents immediately. The provider shall consult the local health department if there is a question about the communicability of a disease.

H. Parents shall be informed of any changes in the home's emergency preparedness and response plan.

I. Except in emergency evacuation or relocation situations, the provider shall inform the parent and have written permission as required by 22VAC40-111-980 8VAC20-800-980 whenever the child will be taken off the premises of the family day home, before such occasion.

J. If an emergency evacuation or relocation is necessary, the parent shall be informed of the child's whereabouts as soon as possible.

8VAC20-800-660 Swimming and wading activities

22VAC40-111-660 8VAC20-800-660. Swimming and wading activities

A. The level of supervision by caregivers required in 22VAC40-111-560 8VAC20-800-560 and the point system as outlined in 22VAC40-111-570 8VAC20-800-570 shall be maintained while the children are participating in swimming or wading activities.

B. The family day home shall annually obtain:

1. Written permission from the parent of each child who participates in swimming or wading activities, and

2. A written statement from the parent advising of a child's swimming skills before the child is allowed in water above the child's shoulder height.

C. Caregivers shall have a system for accounting for all children in the water.

D. Outdoor swimming activities shall occur only during daylight hours.

E. When one or more children are in water that is more than two feet deep in a pool, lake, or other swimming area on or off the premises of the family day home:

1. A minimum of least two caregivers shall be present and able to supervise the children; and

2. An individual currently certified in basic water rescue, community water safety, water safety instruction, or lifeguarding shall be on duty supervising the children participating in swimming or wading activities at all times. The certification shall be obtained from an organization such as, but not limited to, the American Red Cross, the YMCA, or the Boy Scouts.

8VAC20-800-670 Exclusion of sick children

22VAC40-111-670 8VAC20-800-670. Exclusion of sick children

A. Unless otherwise approved by a child's health care professional, a child shall be excluded from the family day home if he has:

1. Both fever and behavior change. A fever means oral temperature over 101°F or armpit temperature over 100°F;

2. Diarrhea (more watery, less formed, more frequent stools not associated with a diet change or medication). Children in diapers who develop diarrhea shall be excluded, and children who have learned to use the toilet, but cannot make it to the toilet in time, shall also be excluded;

3. Recurrent vomiting (vomiting two or more times in 24 hours); or

4. Symptoms of a communicable disease listed in the Virginia Department of Health's current communicable disease chart.

B. If a child needs to be excluded according to subsection A of this section, the following shall apply:

1. The parents or designated emergency contact shall be contacted immediately so that arrangements can be made to remove the child from the home as soon as possible; and

2. The child shall remain in a quiet, designated area and the caregiver shall respond immediately to the child until the child leaves the home.

8VAC20-800-680 Hand washing

22VAC40-111-680 8VAC20-800-680. Hand washing

A. Caregivers shall wash their hands with liquid soap and warm running water:

1. When their hands are dirty;

2. After toileting;

3. Before preparing and serving food;

4. Before feeding or helping children with feeding;

5. After contact with any body fluids;

6. After handling or caring for animals;

7. After handling raw eggs or meat; and

8. After diapering a child or assisting a child with toileting.

B. Caregivers shall ensure that children's hands are washed with liquid soap and warm running water:

1. When their hands are dirty;

2. Before eating;

3. After toileting or diapering;

4. After handling or caring for animals; and

5. After contact with any body fluids.

8VAC20-800-690 Diapering and toileting

22VAC40-111-690 8VAC20-800-690. Diapering and toileting

A. A child shall not be left unattended on a changing table during diapering.

B. When a child's clothing or diaper becomes wet or soiled, the child shall be cleaned and changed immediately.

C. During each diaper change or after toileting accidents, the child's genital area shall be thoroughly cleaned with a moist disposable wipe or a moist, clean individually assigned cloth, if the child is allergic to disposable wipes.

D. The diapering surface shall be:

1. Separate from the kitchen, food preparation areas, or surfaces used for children's activities;

2. Nonabsorbent and washable; and

3. Cleaned and sanitized after each use.

E. Soiled disposable diapers and wipes shall be disposed of in a leak-proof or plastic-lined storage system that is either foot operated or used in such a way that neither the caregiver's hand nor the soiled diaper or wipe touches the exterior surface of the storage system during disposal.

F. When cloth diapers are used, a separate leak-proof storage system as specified in subsection E of this section shall be used.

G. Children five years of age and older shall be permitted privacy when toileting.

H. Caregivers shall respond promptly to a child's request for toileting assistance.

I. The provider shall consult with the parent before toilet training is initiated.

J. Toilet training shall be relaxed and pressure free.

K. There shall be a toilet chair or an adult-sized toilet with a platform or steps and adapter seat available to a child being toilet trained.

L. Toilet chairs, when used, shall be emptied promptly, cleaned and sanitized after each use.

8VAC20-800-700 General requirements for medication administration

22VAC40-111-700 8VAC20-800-700. General requirements for medication administration

A. Prescription and nonprescription medications shall be given to a child:

1. According to the home's written medication policies; and

2. Only with written authorization from the parent.

B. The parent's written authorization for medication shall expire or be renewed after 10 working days.

EXCEPTION: Long-term prescription and nonprescription drug use may be allowed with written authorization from the child's physician and parent.

C. When an authorization for medication expires, the parent shall be notified that the medication needs to be picked up within 14 days or the parent must renew the authorization. Medications that are not picked up by the parent within 14 days shall be taken to a pharmacy for proper disposal.

8VAC20-800-710 Prescription medication

22VAC40-111-710 8VAC20-800-710. Prescription medication

The family day home may administer prescription medication that would normally be administered by a parent or guardian to a child provided:

1. The medication is administered by a caregiver who meets the requirements in 22VAC40-111-220 8VAC20-800-220 A;

2. The caregiver administers only those drugs that were dispensed from a pharmacy and maintained in the original, labeled container; and

3. The caregiver administers drugs only to the child identified on the prescription label in accordance with the prescriber's instructions pertaining to dosage, frequency, and manner of administration.

8VAC20-800-720 Non-prescription medication

22VAC40-111-720 8VAC20-800-720. Non-prescription medication

A. The family day home may administer nonprescription medication provided the medication is:

1. Administered by a caregiver 18 years of age or older who meets the requirements in 22VAC40-111-220 8VAC20-800-220 A;

2. Labeled with the child's name;

3. In the original container with the manufacturer's direction label attached; and

4. Given only at the dose, duration, and method of administration specified on the manufacturer's label for the age or weight of the child needing the medication.

B. Nonprescription medication shall not be used beyond the expiration date of the product.

8VAC20-800-730 Storage of medication

22VAC40-111-730 8VAC20-800-730. Storage of medication

A. Medications for children in care shall be stored separately from medications for household members and caregivers.

B. When needed, medication shall be refrigerated.

C. When medication is stored in a refrigerator used for food, the medications shall be stored together in a container or in a clearly defined area away from food.

D. Medication, except for those prescriptions designated otherwise by a written physician's order, including refrigerated medication and medications for caregivers and household members, shall be kept in a locked place using a safe locking method that prevents access by children.

E. If a key is used, the key shall be inaccessible to the children.

8VAC20-800-740 Medication records

22VAC40-111-740 8VAC20-800-740. Medication records

The provider shall keep a record of prescription and nonprescription medication given children, which shall include the following:

1. Name of the child to whom medication was administered;

2. Amount and type of medication administered to the child;

3. The day and time the medication was administered to the child;

4. Name of the caregiver administering the medication;

5. Any adverse reactions; and

6. Any medication administration error.

8VAC20-800-750 Topical skin products

22VAC40-111-750 8VAC20-800-750. Topical skin products

A. When topical skin products such as sunscreen, diaper ointment and lotion, oral teething medicine, and insect repellent are used, the following requirements shall be met:

1. Written parent authorization noting any known adverse reactions shall be obtained at least annually;

2. The product shall be in the original container and, if provided by the parent, labeled with the child's name;

3. Manufacturer's instructions for application shall be followed; and

4. Parents shall be informed immediately of any adverse reaction.

B. The product does not need to be kept locked, but shall be inaccessible to children.

C. Caregivers without medication administration training may apply the product unless it is a prescription medication, in which case the storing and administration must meet prescription medication requirements of this chapter.

D. The product shall not be used beyond the expiration date of the product.

E. Sunscreen shall have a minimum sunburn protection factor (SPF) of 15.

8VAC20-800-760 First aid and emergency medical supplies

22VAC40-111-760 8VAC20-800-760. First aid and emergency medical supplies

A. The following emergency supplies shall be in the family day home, accessible to outdoor play areas, on field trips, in vehicles used for transportation and wherever children are in care:

1. A first aid kit that contains at a minimum:

a. Scissors;

b. Tweezers;

c. Gauze pads;

d. Adhesive tape;

e. Adhesive bandages, assorted sizes;

f. Antiseptic cleaning solution or pads;

g. Digital thermometer;

h. Triangular bandages;

i. Single use gloves such as surgical or examination gloves;

j. In homes located more than one hour's travel time from a healthcare facility, activated charcoal preparation (to be used only on the direction of a physician or the home's local poison control center); and

k. First aid instructional manual.

2. An ice pack or cooling agent.

B. The first aid kit shall be readily accessible to caregivers and inaccessible to children.

8VAC20-800-770 Emergency flashlights and radios

22VAC40-111-770 8VAC20-800-770. Emergency flashlights and radios

A working battery-operated flashlight, a working portable battery-operated weather band radio, and extra batteries shall be kept in a designated area and be available to caregivers at all times.

8VAC20-800-780 Emergency information

22VAC40-111-780 8VAC20-800-780. Emergency information

A. The emergency contact information listed in 22VAC40-111-60 8VAC20-800-60 B 2 and the parent's written authorization for emergency medical care as required by 22VAC40-111-60 8VAC20-800-60 B 8 shall be made available to a physician, hospital, or emergency responders in the event of a child's illness or injury.

B. Annually, the provider shall:

1. Review with the parent the emergency contact information required in 22VAC40-111-60 8VAC20-800-60 B 2 to ensure the information is correct, and

2. Obtain the parent's signed acknowledgment of the review.

8VAC20-800-790 Posted telephone numbers

22VAC40-111-790 8VAC20-800-790. Posted telephone numbers

The following telephone numbers shall be posted in a visible area close to the telephone:

1. A 911 or local dial number for police, fire, and emergency medical responders;

2. The responsible person for emergency backup care as required in 22VAC40-111-800 8VAC20-800-800 A 3; and

3. The regional poison control center.

8VAC20-800-800 Emergency preparedness and response plan

22VAC40-111-800 8VAC20-800-800. Emergency preparedness and response plan

A. The family day home shall have a written emergency preparedness and response plan that:

1. Includes emergency evacuation, emergency relocation, and shelter-in-place procedures;

2. Addresses the most likely to occur scenarios, including but not limited to fire, severe storms, flooding, tornadoes, and loss of utilities; and

3. Includes provisions for a responsible person who is 18 years of age or older and is able to arrive at the family day home within 10 minutes for emergency backup care until the children can be picked up by their parents.

B. The provider shall review the emergency plan at least annually and update the plan as needed. The provider shall document in writing each review and update to the emergency plan.

C. The provider shall ensure that each caregiver receives training regarding the emergency evacuation, emergency relocation, and shelter-in-place procedures by the end of his first week of assuming job responsibilities, on an annual basis, and at the time of each plan update.

8VAC20-800-810 Evacuation and relocation procedures

22VAC40-111-800 8VAC20-800-810. Emergency preparedness and response plan

Evacuation procedures shall include:

1. Methods to alert caregivers and emergency responders;

2. Designated primary and secondary routes out of the building;

3. Designated assembly point away from the building;

4. Designated relocation site;

5. Methods to ensure all children are evacuated from the building and, if necessary, moved to a relocation site;

6. Methods to account for all children at the assembly point and relocation site;

7. Methods to ensure essential documents, including emergency contact information, medications, and supplies are taken to the assembly point and relocation site;

8. Method of communication with parents and emergency responders after the evacuation; and

9. Method of communication with parents after the relocation.

8VAC20-800-820 Shelter-in-place procedures

22VAC40-111-820 8VAC20-800-820. Shelter-in-place procedures

Shelter-in-place procedures shall include:

1. Methods to alert caregivers and emergency responders;

2. Designated safe location within the home;

3. Designated primary and secondary routes to the safe location;

4. Methods to ensure all children are moved to the safe location;

5. Methods to account for all children at the safe location;

6. Methods to ensure essential documents, including emergency contact information, and supplies are taken to the safe location; and

7. Method of communication with parents and emergency responders.

8VAC20-800-830 Emergency response drills

22VAC40-111-830 8VAC20-800-830. Emergency response drills

A. The emergency evacuation procedures shall be practiced monthly with all caregivers and children in care during all shifts that children are in care.

B. Shelter-in-place procedures shall be practiced a minimum of twice per year.

C. Documentation shall be maintained of emergency evacuation and shelter-in-place drills that includes:

1. Identity of the person conducting the drill;

2. The date and time of the drill;

3. The method used for notification of the drill;

4. The number of caregivers participating;

5. The number of children participating;

6. Any special conditions simulated;

7. The time it took to complete the drill;

8. Problems encountered, if any; and

9. For emergency evacuation drills only, weather conditions.

D. Records of emergency evacuation and shelter-in-place drills shall be maintained for one year.

8VAC20-800-840 Injury records

22VAC40-111-840 8VAC20-800-840. Injury records

A. The provider shall record in the child's record an injury or accident sustained by a child while at the family day home that requires first aid or emergency medical or dental treatment.

B. The information recorded shall include the following:

1. Date and time of injury;

2. Name of injured child;

3. Type and circumstance of the injury;

4. Caregiver present and action taken;

5. Date and time when parents were notified;

6. Any future action to prevent recurrence of the injury;

7. Caregiver and parent signatures or two caregiver signatures; and

8. Documentation on how the parent was notified.

8VAC20-800-850 Reports to department

22VAC40-111-850 8VAC20-800-850. Reports to department

A. The provider shall report to the department within 24 hours of the circumstances surrounding the following incidents:

1. Lost or missing child when local authorities have been contacted for help;

2. Serious injury to a child while under the family day home's supervision; and

3. Death of a child while under the family day home's supervision.

B. A written report shall be completed and submitted to the department within five working days of the date the incident occurred.

8VAC20-800-860 Reports of suspected child abuse or neglect and disease outbreaks

22VAC40-111-860 8VAC20-800-860. Reports of suspected child abuse or neglect and disease outbreaks

A. A caregiver shall immediately call the local department of social services or call the toll free number of the Child Abuse and Neglect Hotline (1-800-552-7096/TDD) whenever there is reason to suspect that a child has been or is being subjected to any kind of child abuse or neglect by any person.

B. The provider shall immediately make or cause to be made a report of an outbreak of disease as defined by the Virginia Board of Health. Such report shall be made by rapid means to the local health department or to the Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Health.

8VAC20-800-870 General requirements for meals and snacks

22VAC40-111-870 8VAC20-800-870. General requirements for meals and snacks

A. Meals and snacks shall be served in accordance with the times children are in care, which include:

1. For family day homes operating less than four consecutive hours at least one snack shall be served.

2. For family day homes operating four to seven consecutive hours at least one meal and one snack shall be served.

3. For family day homes operating seven to 12 consecutive hours at least one meal and two snacks or two meals and one snack shall be served.

4. For family day homes operating 12 to 16 consecutive hours at least two meals and two snacks or three meals and one snack shall be served.

B. A family day home shall ensure that children arriving from a half-day, morning program who have not yet eaten lunch receive a lunch.

C. The family day home shall schedule snacks or meals so there is a period of at least 1-1/2 hours, but no more than three hours, between each meal or snack unless there is a scheduled rest or sleep period for children between the meals and snacks.

D. Children shall be served small-sized portions.

E. Food shall be prepared, stored, served, and transported in a clean and sanitary manner.

F. Leftover food shall be discarded from individual plates following a meal or snack.

G. Tables and high chair trays shall be cleaned after each use, but at least daily.

8VAC20-800-880 Meals and snacks provided by family day home

22VAC40-111-880 8VAC20-800-880. Meals and snacks provided by family day home

When family day homes provide meals or snacks, the following shall apply:

1. Family day homes shall follow the most recent, age-appropriate nutritional requirements of a recognized authority such as the Child and Adult Care Food Program of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).

2. Children shall be allowed second helpings of food listed in the child care food program meal patterns.

8VAC20-800-890 Meals and snacks brought from child's home

22VAC40-111-890 8VAC20-800-890. Meals and snacks brought from child's home

When food is brought from home, the following shall apply:

1. The food container shall be clearly labeled in a way that identifies the owner;

2. The family day home shall have extra food or shall have provisions to obtain food to serve to a child so the child can have an appropriate snack or meal as required in 22VAC40-111-880 8VAC20-800-880 if the child forgets to bring food from home or brings an inadequate meal or snack; and

3. Unused portions of food shall be discarded by the end of the day or returned to the parent.

8VAC20-800-900 Preventing choking

22VAC40-111-90 8VAC20-800-900. Preventing choking

A. To assist in preventing choking, food that is hard, round, small, thick and sticky, or smooth and slippery such as whole hot dogs sliced into rounds, nuts, seeds, raisins, uncut grapes, uncut raw carrots, peanuts, chunks of peanut butter, hard candy, and popcorn shall not be served to children under four years of age, unless the food is prepared before being served in a manner that will reduce the risk of choking, i.e., hot dogs cut lengthwise, grapes cut in small pieces, and carrots cooked or cut lengthwise.

B. Children shall not be allowed to eat or drink while walking, running, playing, lying down, or riding in vehicles.

8VAC20-800-910 Drinking water and fluids

22VAC40-111-910 8VAC20-800-910. Drinking water and fluids

A. Water shall be available for drinking and shall be offered on a regular basis to all children in care.

B. In environments of 80ºF or above, attention shall be given to the fluid needs of children at regular intervals. Children in such environments shall be encouraged to drink fluids.

C. Clean individual drinking cups shall be provided daily. Children shall not be allowed to share common drinking cups.

8VAC20-800-920 Menus

22VAC40-111-920 8VAC20-800-920. Menus

When meals or snacks are provided by the family day home, the menu for the current one-week period shall:

1. Be dated;

2. Be given to parents or posted or placed in an area accessible to parents;

3. List any substituted food; and

4. Be kept on file one week at the family day home.

8VAC20-800-930 Eating utensils and dishes

22VAC40-111-930 8VAC20-800-930. Eating utensils and dishes

A. Eating utensils shall be appropriate in size for children to handle.

B. Chipped or cracked dishes shall not be used.

C. Eating utensils and dishes shall be properly cleaned by prerinsing, washing, and air drying, or using a dishwasher.

D. Eating utensils and dishes shall be stored in a clean dry place, and protected from contamination.

E. If disposable eating utensils and dishes are used, they shall be sturdy enough to prevent spillage or other health and safety hazards.

F. Disposable utensils and dishes shall be used once and discarded.

8VAC20-800-940 Food storage

22VAC40-111-940 8VAC20-800-940. Food storage

A. Temperatures shall be maintained at or below 40°F in refrigerator compartments and at or below 0°F in the freezer compartments.

B. The provider shall have an operable thermometer available to monitor refrigerator and freezer compartment temperatures.

C. All perishable foods and drinks used for children in care, except when being prepared and served, shall be kept in the refrigerator.

8VAC20-800-950 Milk

22VAC40-111-950 8VAC20-800-950. Milk

A. All milk and milk products shall be pasteurized.

B. Powdered milk shall be used only for cooking.

8VAC20-800-960 Feeding infants

22VAC40-111-960 8VAC20-800-960. Feeding infants

A. Infants shall be fed on demand unless the parent provides other written instructions.

B. Infants who cannot hold their own bottles shall be picked up and held for bottle feeding. Bottles shall not be propped.

C. High chairs, infant carrier seats, or feeding tables with safety waist and crotch straps fastened according to the manufacturer's instructions shall be used for children under 12 months of age who are not held while being fed.

D. Infant formula shall be prepared according to the manufacturer's or physician's instructions.

E. Bottles shall be refrigerated and labeled with the child's full name and the date, if more than one infant is in care.

F. Refrigerated bottles of prepared formula and breast milk shall be discarded after 48 hours if not used.

G. Bottles shall not be heated in a microwave oven.

H. To avoid burns, heated formula and baby food shall be stirred or shaken and tested for temperature before being served to children.

I. A child's mother shall be granted access to a private area of the family day home to facilitate breast feeding.

J. Solid foods shall:

1. Not be fed to infants less than four months of age without parental consent; and

2. Be fed with a spoon, with the exception of finger foods.

K. Baby food shall be served from a dish and not from the container.

L. Baby food remaining in:

1. A serving dish shall be discarded;

2. Opened containers, from which a portion has been removed, shall be refrigerated and labeled with the child's full name and the date, if more than one infant is in care; and

3. Opened containers stored in the refrigerator shall be discarded if not consumed within 24 hours of storage.

8VAC20-800-970 Special feeding needs

22VAC40-111-970 8VAC20-800-970. Special feeding infants

A. The consistency of food provided for a child with special needs shall be appropriate to any special feeding needs of the child.

B. Necessary and adaptive feeding equipment and feeding techniques shall be used for a child with special feeding needs.

8VAC20-800-980 Written permission for transportation and field trips

22VAC40-111-980 8VAC20-800-980. Written permission for transportation and field trips

A. General written permission shall be obtained from the parent of each child for the provider to take the child off the premises of the family day home. The general written permission shall be on a form that lists regularly scheduled trips (e.g., library, store, playground) and the driver, if the child is to be transported.

B. Special written permission shall be obtained from the parent of each child for the provider to take the child on special field trips (those not regularly scheduled). The written special permission shall specify destination, duration of trip, and driver, if the child is to be transported.

8VAC20-800-990 Requirements for drivers

22VAC40-111-990 8VAC20-800-990. Requirements for drivers

A. Drivers must be 18 years of age or older.

B. The provider shall ensure that during transportation of children the driver has:

1. A valid driver's license;

2. The name, address, and telephone number of the family day home;

3. A copy of the parent's written permission to transport the child;

4. A copy of each child's emergency contact information as required in 22VAC40-111-60 8VAC20-800-60 B 2;

5. Emergency supplies as required in 22VAC40-111-760 8VAC20-800-760; and

6. A mechanism for making telephone calls to emergency responders and parents (e.g., change, calling card, cellular phone).

8VAC20-800-1000 Requirements for vehicles

22VAC40-111-1000 8VAC20-800-1000. Requirements for vehicles

The provider shall ensure that the vehicle used for transportation:

1. Meets the safety standards set by the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles;

2. Is kept in satisfactory condition to assure the safety of children;

3. Is licensed and insured according to state law;

4. Was manufactured for the purpose of transporting people seated in an enclosed area; and

5. Has seats that are attached to the floor.

8VAC20-800-1010 Requirements for transportation

22VAC40-111-1010 8VAC20-800-1010. Requirements for transportation

The provider shall ensure that during transportation of children:

1. Each child is in an individual car seat or individual and appropriate restraint in accordance with Virginia law;

2. Each child's arms, legs, and head remain inside the vehicle;

3. Doors are closed properly and locked unless locks were not installed by the manufacturer of the vehicle;

4. No child is left unattended inside or outside a vehicle; and

5. Each child boards and leaves the vehicle from the curb side of the street.

8VAC20-800-1020 Nighttime care

22VAC40-111-1020 8VAC20-800-1020. Nighttime care

A. For nighttime care during which a child sleeps more than two hours, the following is required:

1. A child shall have a rest area that meets the requirements of 22VAC40-111-510 8VAC20-800-510;

2. An infant shall have an individual crib that meets the requirements of 22VAC40-111-520 8VAC20-800-520; and

3. Linens shall be provided that meet the requirements in 22VAC40-111-530 8VAC20-800-530.

B. For children in nighttime care, quiet activities and experiences shall be available immediately before bedtime.

C. Providers shall establish a bedtime schedule for a child in consultation with the child's parent.

D. Separate sleeping and dressing areas shall be provided for children of the opposite sex over six years of age.

E. Each child shall have a toothbrush, and a comb or hair brush assigned for individual use.

F. Each child nine months of age or older shall have flame-resistant or snug-fitting sleepwear.

G. Bath towels and washcloths, when used, shall be assigned for individual use and laundered as needed, but at least weekly.

H. A child shall have a routine that encourages good personal hygiene practices including bathing (if needed) and teeth brushing.

I. Caregivers shall remain awake until all children are asleep and shall sleep on the same floor level as the children in care.

J. A baby monitor shall be used if the caregiver is not sleeping in the room with the child or in a room adjacent to the room where the child is sleeping.

8VAC20-810-10 Definitions; license provisions

22VAC40-120-10 8VAC20-810-10. Definitions; license provisions.

A. Chapter 17 14.1, Article 3 63.2-1700 22.1-289.010 et seq.) of Title 63.2 22.1 of the Code of Virginia sets forth the responsibility of the Department of Social Services Education for licensure of family day-care day systems, including the authority and responsibility of the State Board of Social Services Education for the development of regulations containing minimum standards and requirements.

It is a misdemeanor to operate a family day-care day system without a license. (§ 63.2-1712 22.1-289.022 of the Code of Virginia)

B. Definitions. The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Abused or neglected child" (see § 63.2-100 of the Code of Virginia) means any child younger than 18 years of age whose parents or other persons responsible for his care:

a. Create or inflict, threaten to create or inflict, or allow to be created or inflicted a physical or mental injury by other than accidental means, or create a substantial risk of death, disfigurement, or impairment of bodily or mental functions;

b. Neglect or refuse to provide care necessary for the child's health, unless the child is, in good faith, under treatment solely by spiritual means through prayer, according to the practice of a recognized church or denomination;

c. Abandon the child;

d. Commit or allow to be committed any sexual act upon a child in violation of the law.

"Child" means any person younger than 18 years of age.

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Social Services also known as the Director of the Virginia Department of Social Services. (§ 63.2-100 of the Code of Virginia)

"Complaint" means an accusation received either orally or in writing that:

a. A licensed family day-care day system is not in compliance with one or more of these standards or one or more statutory requirements;

b. A family day-care system home is not in compliance with one or more applicable requirements of these standards or one or more requirements as established by the family day-care day system; or

c. A child or children in the care of a family day-care home, which is a member of a licensed family day-care day system, is or are being abused or neglected.

"Day-care Day care" means care, protection, and guidance provided to a child or group of children separated from their parents or guardian for less than 24 hours per day at a location other than the home of the parents or guardian.

"Day-care provider" means an individual who, by contract with a family day-care day system, provides day-care day care in his home.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Social Services Education.

"Department representative" means an employee of the department, acting as the authorized agent of the commissioner Superintendent in carrying out the responsibilities and duties specified in Chapter 17 14.1, Article 3 63.2-1700 22.1-289.010 et seq.) of Title 63.2 22.1 of the Code of Virginia.

"Director" means the licensee or a person designated by the licensee who oversees the day-to-day operation of the system, including compliance with all minimum standards for licensed family day-care systems.

"Family day-care day system" means any person who approves family day-care homes as members of its system; who refers children to available family day-care homes in that system; and who through contractual arrangement may provide central administrative functions, including training of operators of family day-care homes; technical assistance and consultation to operators of family day-care homes; inspection, supervision, monitoring, and evaluation of family day-care homes; and referral of children to available health and social services. (§ 63.2-100 22.1-289.02 of the Code of Virginia)

"Family day-care system home" means any private family home, which is an approved member of a family day-care day system and receives nine or fewer children for care, protection, and guidance during any part of the 24-hour day except children who are related by blood or marriage to the person who maintains the home. Family day-care homes that are members of a licensed day-care system and are approved by that system to care for five or more children are not subject to direct licensure by the department. (§ 63.2-100 of the Code of Virginia)

"Licensee" means any person, association, partnership, or corporation to whom the license is issued.

"Person" means any individual; corporation; partnership; association; limited liability company; local government; state agency, including any department, institution, authority, instrumentality, board, or other administrative agency of the Commonwealth; or other legal or commercial entity that operates or maintains a child welfare agency child day program or family day system.

"Referral" means any activity by the family day-care day system that provides assistance in locating or arranging day-care day care for children in homes that have been accepted or approved as members of the system, or in locating or arranging for health or social services from other sources based upon identified needs.

"Sponsor" means an individual, association, partnership, or corporation having the responsibility for planning and operating a family day-care day system subject to licensure. The licensee is the sponsor of a family day-care day system. (The sponsor may not, in all cases, be the owner of the physical plant including buildings or real estate, or both, in or on which the family day-care day system office is located. In these instances the term "sponsor" as defined here and used in this chapter is considered to be the person, partnership, association, or corporation that owns the enterprise rather than the physical plant or real estate, or both.)

"Superintendent" means Superintendent of Public Instruction or his designee.

C. The license.

1. A license to operate a family day-care day system is issued to a specific person, partnership, association, or corporation for an exact location, which will be indicated on the license.

2. The family day-care day system shall be operated and conducted in the name of the sponsor or in such name as shall be designated on the application and as indicated on the license.

3. The license expires automatically and is not transferable when there is a change of sponsorship.

4. The current license shall be posted at all times at a place that is conspicuous to the public in the building housing the system office. If the system has more than one office, copies of the current license shall be posted in a place that is conspicuous to the public in each office.

5. An annual license is one issued to a family day-care day system when the activities, services, and facilities meet substantially the minimum standards and requirements for a license that are set forth in this chapter and any additional requirements that may be specified in Chapter 17 14.1, Article 3 63.2-1700 22.1-289.010 et seq.) of Title 63.2 22.1 of the Code of Virginia. The annual license is effective for 12 months unless it is sooner revoked or surrendered.

6. When an annual license expires, a provisional license may be issued for any period not to exceed six months if the applicant is temporarily unable to comply with all of the requirements; however, no facility may operate under any such provisional license and renewals of that license for a longer period than six successive months.

7. At the discretion of the commissioner Superintendent, a conditional license may be issued to operate a new facility in order to permit the applicant to demonstrate compliance with all requirements. A conditional license and any renewal of that shall be for no longer a period than six successive months.

8. Terms of the license.

a. The terms of any license issued include:

(1) The operating name of the family day-care day system;

(2) The name of the individual, the partnership, the association, or the corporation to whom the license is issued;

(3) The physical location;

(4) The number of homes that may be under contract to the system;

(5) The period of time for which the license is effective; and

(6) The total number of children who may be referred by the system and be receiving care at any given time in all homes that are members of the system.

b. The terms of the license may include other limitations that the commissioner Superintendent may prescribe within the context of this chapter.

c. The provisional license cites the standards with which the licensee is not in compliance.

D. The licensing process.

1. Preapplication consultation. Upon request, the department's representative will provide consultation to any person seeking information about obtaining a license for a family day-care day system. The purpose of such consultation is:

a. To explain standards;

b. To help the potential applicant to explore the operational demands of a licensed family day-care day system;

c. To provide assistance in locating sources of information and technical assistance;

d. To alert the potential applicant of the need to determine whether local ordinances will affect the proposed operation (e.g., zoning, business license, etc.); and

e. To provide an onsite visit to a proposed family day-care day system office, upon request.

2. The application.

a. The application for a license to operate a family day-care day system shall be obtained from the department.

b. The application, together with all required information, shall be submitted to the department at least two months in advance of the planned opening date.

This is required in order that a determination of compliance with the provisions of Chapter 17 14.1, Article 3 63.2-1700 22.1-289.010 et seq.) of Title 63.2 22.1 of the Code of Virginia and with the Standards for Licensed Family Day-Care Day Systems as set forth in this chapter may be made.

Among other things, the information submitted shall be sufficient to enable the department's representative to determine, during the subsequent investigation, the specific services to be offered, the adequacy of staff to provide these services, the financial capability of the applicant, the character and reputation of the applicant, including the officers and agents of any association, partnership, or corporation as mandated by § 63.2-1702 22.1-289.013 of the Code of Virginia.

c. The application shall be signed by the individual responsible for the operation of the family day-care day system. The application for a family day-care day system to be operated by a board shall be signed by an officer of the board, preferably the chairman.

3. The investigation.

a. Following receipt of the application, the department's representative will make an on-site inspection of the proposed office and an investigation of the proposed services, as well as an investigation of the character and reputation of the applicant, and, upon receipt of the initial application, an investigation of the applicant's financial responsibility.

b. Applicants for licensure and licensees shall at all times afford the commissioner Superintendent reasonable opportunity to inspect all of their facilities, books, and records, and to interview their agents and employees and any person living or participating in such facilities, or under their custody, control, direction, or supervision. (§ 63.2-1706 22.1-289.018 of the Code of Virginia) The financial records of an initial applicant shall not be subject to inspection if the applicant submits an operating budget and at least one credit reference.

4. Notice to the applicant of commissioner's Superintendent's action. Upon completion of the investigation of the application for a license, the applicant will be notified in writing of the commissioner's Superintendent's decision.

If the license is issued, an accompanying letter will cite any areas of noncompliance with standards. This letter will also include any limitations on the license and may contain recommendations.

If a license is to be denied, the letter will state the reasons for the intent to deny and will set forth the applicant's right to an administrative hearing.

5. Procedures for renewal of annual, provisional, or conditional license. In order to renew an annual, provisional, or conditional license, the licensee must complete the renewal application and return it, together with any required attachments, to the department. In order to assure timely processing, the renewal application should be completed and returned within 10 days after it is received from the department.

The procedure for investigation and issuance or denial of the license as set forth in subdivisions 3 and 4 of this subsection will be followed.

6. Early compliance (replacement of a provisional or conditional license with an annual license).

a. A provisional or conditional license may be voided and an annual license issued when all of the following conditions exist:

(1) The facility complies with all standards listed on the face of the provisional or conditional license well in advance of the expiration date of the provisional or conditional license, and no additional areas of noncompliance exist;

(2) Compliance has been verified by an on-site observation by the department representative or by written evidence provided by the licensee; and

(3) All other terms of the license remain the same.

b. A request to void a provisional or conditional license and to issue an annual license must be made in writing by the licensee to the regional office of the department from which the family day-care system's license to operate was issued Office of Child Care Licensing.

c. If the request is approved by the department, the effective date of the new annual license will be the same as the beginning date of the provisional or conditional license.

7. Situation requiring a new application. A new application must be filed when sponsorship of the family day-care day system changes.

8. Modification.

a. The conditions of the license may be modified during the effective dates of the license with respect to increasing or decreasing the number of homes that may be placed under contract, the number of children who may be referred by the system and be receiving care at a given time, changing the name of the system when there is no change in sponsorship, changing location of the system office, or other conditions caused by changes in staff, program, or facilities.

b. The licensee shall report to the department any contemplated changes in operation that would affect either the terms of the license or the continuing eligibility for a license. (This does not mean the department has to approve changes in staff or program unless they affect the terms of the license or continuing eligibility.)

c. This information shall be submitted in writing by the licensee to the regional office of the department from which the family day-care system's license to operate was issued Office of Child Care Licensing.

d. The department will then determine whether such changes may be approved and the license modified accordingly or whether a new application must be filed.

9. Determination of continued compliance. In order to determine continued compliance with standards during the effective dates of the license, the department's representative will make announced and unannounced visits to the office or offices of the system and may make such visits to homes that are members of the system.

10. Complaint investigation.

a. The department has the responsibility to investigate any complaints regarding alleged violations of minimum standards for licensed family day-care day systems and provisions of Chapter 17 14.1, Article 3 63.2-1700 22.1-289.010 et seq.) of Title 63.2 22.1 of the Code of Virginia.

b. The licensee has the responsibility to investigate any complaints regarding any family day-care home that is approved as a member of its system. (See 22VAC40-120-50 8VAC20-810-50 C.) At its discretion the department may also investigate complaints against individual homes.

11. Revocation. Any license may be revoked for failure to maintain these standards or for violation of the provisions of Chapter 17 14.1, Article 3 63.2-1700 22.1-289.010 et seq.) of Title 63.2 22.1 of the Code of Virginia.

12. Appeals. The applicant or licensee has the right to request an administrative hearing regarding any denial or revocation of a license, in accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia).

Following the receipt of the final order that transmits the department's decision after the administrative hearing, the applicant or licensee has the right to appeal to a court of record in accordance with § 63.2-1710 22.1-289.024 of the Code of Virginia.

8VAC20-810-20 Organization and administration

22VAC40-120-20 8VAC20-810-20. Organization and administration.

A. Sponsorship.

1. A family day-care day system may be sponsored by a single individual, a partnership, an association, or a corporation.

2. A corporation sponsoring a family day-care day system shall maintain its corporate status in accordance with Virginia law.

3. Such corporation shall be organized and empowered for the purpose of operating and maintaining a family day-care day system. Corporations not organized and empowered solely to operate a family day-care day system shall provide for such operations in their charters.

4. A family day-care day system sponsored by an association or corporation shall be controlled by a governing board that shall fulfill the duties of the licensee.

5. If a family day-care day system is sponsored by an individual or a partnership, the individual or partnership shall be the licensee and shall comply with the responsibilities specified for the governing board. (See subdivision B 3 of this section.)

B. Governing board.

1. Composition of the governing board.

a. The membership of the governing board shall be based on the size and purpose of the family day-care day system as well as the services to be offered by the system.

b. It shall be large enough and of a composition to:

(1) Be representative of the variety of interests served by the system;

(2) Contain experience appropriate to the services offered by the system; and

(3) Be representative of the geographical area served by the system.

c. At minimum, the governing board shall be composed of three members, unless there are fewer than three shareholders at which time the number of members can equal the number of shareholders. This membership shall include a president, secretary-treasurer, and member-at-large. When there are fewer than three members, this membership shall consist of a president and secretary-treasurer.

d. The method of selecting board members shall be made known to the department's representative and shall be consistent with the bylaws.

2. Meetings of the governing board.

a. The governing board shall meet not less often than quarterly.

b. Minutes of all meetings shall be recorded and retained in a permanent file at the office of the family day-care day system.

c. Copies of minutes shall be made available to the department's representative upon request.

3. The responsibilities of the governing board shall include, but shall not be limited to:

a. Establishing written bylaws for the association or corporation (not applicable to an individual or partnership).

b. Establishing written goals and policies under which the family day-care day system is to operate (see subsection C of this section).

c. Ensuring the family day-care day system functions according to its defined purpose and within the scope of services to be offered.

d. Ensuring compliance with minimum standards for licensed family day-care day systems.

e. Maintaining a budgetary and financial system that assures a sound financial structure is maintained.

f. Appointing a qualified director to whom it delegates, in writing, the authority and responsibility for administrative direction and management of the family day-care day system in accordance with established policies (optional for an individual or partnership).

g. Establishing written policies that govern the board's or licensee's relationship to the director to include, at minimum:

(1) Evaluation of the performance of the director not less often than annually;

(2) Provision for the director to meet with the board periodically to review the services being provided and the personnel needs and the fiscal management of the family day-care day system.

h. Providing a written organizational chart that indicates the organizational elements of the system, the personnel positions within each organizational element, and the lines of authority and communication within the family day-care day system. This chart shall be kept current.

i. Reviewing, at least annually, the program of the family day-care day system. This review shall include an examination of:

(1) The number, size, and capabilities of homes, and quality of service offered by homes that are members of the system;

(2) The needs of homes that are members of the system and the services offered to these homes by the system;

(3) The needs of children and families served by the system and the services offered to them;

(4) Problems encountered in the operation of the system;

(5) Consistency of services provided within the framework of the stated purpose and objectives of the system;

(6) Changes required in the focus of the system's program;

(7) The adequacy of the recordkeeping system.

j. Determining, based on the annual review required by subdivision 3 i of this subsection, the following:

(1) Requirements for additional staff training;

(2) Requirements for changes in staffing;

(3) Requirements for changes in the focus of the program and services offered by the system.

k. Developing and implementing plans to respond to the needs identified in subdivision 3 j of this subsection.

l. Maintaining accurate and appropriate inventories regarding all real property and equipment belonging to the system.

m. Ensuring that member homes comply with local child care ordinances where such ordinances exist. (NOTE: A note of approval from the administrator of the local ordinances will constitute evidence of compliance.)

C. Goals, policies, and procedures.

1. Goals.

a. Written goals shall be developed for the family day-care day system.

b. These goals shall clearly describe the philosophy and objectives of the system.

c. At minimum, they shall address:

(1) The purpose of the family day-care day system;

(2) The population to be served;

(3) The recruitment of homes;

(4) The program to be offered by the system in terms of:

(a) Services to be provided to the homes that are members of the system;

(b) Services to be provided to families and children who use the system.

2. Policies and procedures. Written policies and procedures shall be prepared for the operation of the family day-care system. These policies and procedures shall relate to:

a. Personnel policies. (See 22VAC40-120-30 8VAC20-810-30 B.)

b. Services to member homes including:

(1) Criteria for approving family day-care homes as members of system;

(2) Training of home operators;

(3) Technical assistance and consultation to home operators; and

(4) Inspection, supervision, monitoring and evaluation of system homes.

c. Services to children and their families including:

(1) Referral of children to homes that are members of the system; and

(2) Referral of children to available health and social services.

3. A copy of the goals and all policies and procedures shall be made available to the department representative upon request.

D. Finances.

1. Fiscal accountability. The family day-care day system shall have a plan of financing that assures sufficient funds to operate in accordance with its stated purpose, objectives, and the services to be provided.

2. Internal financial procedures.

a. There shall be a system of financial recordkeeping that is consistent with generally accepted accounting principles, showing separation of the system's accounts from all other records.

b. There shall be a written policy for the collection and disbursement of funds.

c. Those members of the governing board or body and staff who have been granted authorized responsibility for funds of the system shall be bonded.

3. Fee and payment schedules.

a. The family day-care day system shall maintain a current written schedule of fees charged for the services provided. The applicable schedule or schedules shall be made available to families who seek or use the services of the system, to homes that apply for membership in the system, and to the department as part of the application for licensure.

b. The family day-care day system shall establish and maintain a current written schedule of payments to be made to homes that are members of the system. This schedule shall specify the amount of payment, conditions of payment, and frequency of payment. It shall be provided to all homes that are members of the system and also to the department as part of the application for licensure. When applicable, this schedule shall also be made available to families who seek or use the services of the system.

E. Relationship to the licensing authority.

1. The family day-care day system shall submit to the department such reasonable reports and information as it may require. (See § 63.2-1708 22.1-289.021 of the Code of Virginia.)

2. The system's books and records shall be made available for inspection by the department's representative, upon request. (See § 63.2-1706 22.1-289.018 of the Code of Virginia.)

3. The licensee, governing board, or its official representative shall notify the department when any major change is anticipated in the program, services provided, or administrative structure. When such a change occurs, which was not anticipated, this notification shall be provided no later than 10 days following the change. The department shall also be notified within five working days whenever a new director is employed by the family day-care day system.

F. Family day-care day system setting.

1. The family day-care day system shall have an office that shall serve as the headquarters of the system.

2. This office shall have:

a. Sufficient space for administration of the system, including all clerical functions;

b. Sufficient space to maintain privacy and confidentiality for conferences with parents who seek or use the services of the system and family day-care home operators who are members of the system; and

c. At least one working telephone, other than a pay phone, with a listed number that is available for system business. An emergency phone number shall be provided for the use of the homes in the system during any hours that children are in care if the system's telephone is not manned during those hours.

G. Determination of the number of homes that may be under contract to the system. In order to ensure timely and adequate service delivery, the maximum number of homes that may be under contract of the system shall be based on the following factors:

1. The number of system's office staff (NOTE: Persons who are approved as day-care providers and their assistants are not considered to be system's office staff.);

2. The geographical dispersion of homes with relation to the system office;

3. The type or types and needs of children served by the system;

4. The financial capabilities of the system; and

5. The types of program or programs and services offered by the system.

8VAC20-810-30 Personnel*

22VAC40-120-30 8VAC20-810-30. Personnel.

A. General Requirements.

1. No person convicted of a crime involving child abuse, child neglect or moral turpitude shall be a family day-care day system owner, operator or employee.

2. The family day-care day system owner, director, and all system employees shall be:

a. At least 18 years of age (EXCEPTION: Secretarial and custodial help may be younger than 18 years of age.);

b. Of good moral character and reputation;

c. Physically and mentally capable of carrying out assigned duties and responsibilities;

d. Emotionally stable with an understanding of problems and needs of children and their families; and

e. Qualified in accordance with the applicable educational training and experience requirements contained in these standards.

B. Personnel policies.

1. There shall be a written description for each staff position. This job description shall include:

a. The job title;

b. The functions assigned to the position, including authority and responsibility; and

c. Educational or experience, or both, requirements for the position.

2. A copy of the job description shall be made available to each person assigned to the position at the time of employment.

3. When a system has more than three employees, within the system's office, the system shall have written personnel policies outlining personnel practices as they affect both the employer and employee. A copy of these policies shall be readily accessible to each staff member and shall include at minimum:

a. Conditions of employment;

b. Conditions under which employment may be suspended or terminated;

c. Procedures for resignation;

d. Salary scales;

e. Provisions for paid vacation, sick leave, compensatory leave and holidays, if any;

f. Provisions for recurring evaluation of work performance of each employee at least annually;

g. A description of employee benefits;

h. Provisions for staff development and training through in-service training, attendance at conferences and workshops and educational leave; and

i. Grievance procedures.

C. The system staff.

1. Composition and size.

a. Composition and number of staff employed by the system shall be sufficient to assure:

(1) Compliance with these standards;

(2) The uninterrupted and timely provision of all services included in the system program to children, parents and homes that are members of the system.

b. In order to ensure timely and adequate service delivery, the number and composition of staff shall be determined by:

(1) The scope of the program and services offered by the system;

(2) The number of homes that are members of the system and their geographical location in relation to the system office;

(3) The number of children in care in homes that are members of the system;

(4) The capabilities and experience of the staff; and

(5) The total responsibilities assigned to each staff member and the time required to effectively carry out these responsibilities. Total responsibilities are those relating to inspection, supervision, monitoring, evaluation of member homes; providing training and technical assistance to operators and staff of member homes; providing referral services to parents and children; as well as administrative tasks and supervisory responsibilities.

c. Qualified staff members, who meet the applicable qualifications established by subdivision C 2 of this section shall be designated to perform each of the following functions:

(1) Day-to-day management, administration and supervision of system operations;

(2) Referral services to parents and children;

(3) Training, technical assistance and consultation to the staff of homes that are members of the system;

(4) Home visitation and approval which includes at minimum those functions and services relating to inspection, supervision, monitoring and evaluation of homes that are members of the system; and

(5) Clerical functions.

d. Multiple functions may be assigned to an individual staff member provided:

(1) The staff member meets the qualifications for each function as established by subdivision C 2 of this section; and

(2) The multiple assignment is consistent with the requirements of subdivision C 1 a of this section regarding the timely and uninterrupted delivery of services, and subdivision C 1 b of this section which provides for a determination of the required number and composition of staff.

2. Staff qualifications.

a. The director.

(1) There shall be one full-time staff member designated as the director of the system who shall be responsible for the overall day-to-day management, administration and supervision of system operations. In the case of an individual proprietorship or partnership the director may be the licensee.

(2) An individual assuming the duties of a director on or after the effective date of these standards shall have:

(a) A master's degree in early childhood education, child development, social work, education or psychology from an accredited college or university, or the equivalent as determined and approved by the department, plus three years of experience in any one or more of these fields, including two years experience in a supervisory, administrative or management capacity; or

(b) A bachelor's degree in early childhood education, child development, social work psychology or education from an accredited four year college or university, or the equivalent as determined and approved by the department, plus four years of experience in any of these fields, including two years experience in a supervisory, administrative or management capacity.

b. Referral, training and home visitation services.

(1) Responsibilities for referral, training and home visitation services shall be assigned to a permanent staff member or members. These services and responsibilities shall consist of:

(a) Referral services—Interviewing of parents and children and the referral of children to family day-care homes that are members of the system or to available health or social services as special needs are identified.

(b) Training services—Developing and providing training, technical assistance and consultation to the operators and staff of family day-care homes that are members of the system.

(c) Home visitation services—Visiting family day-care homes, for the purpose of approving homes in accordance with requirements established in 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 and any additional requirements established by the system and assuring continued compliance with these requirements. A full-time home visitation staff member shall be responsible for no more than 25 family day-care homes.

(2) Staff members designated to perform referral, training or home visitation services on or after the effective date of these standards shall have:

(a) A bachelor's degree in early childhood education, child development, social work, psychology or education from an accredited four year college or university or the equivalent as determined and approved by the department, or

(b) An associate degree, or equivalent, in human services, community and social service, or educational services or their equivalent as determined and approved by the department, from an accredited community college or four year college or university and two years supervised experience working in a child care center, residential children's facility, nursery school, family day-care home, or similar program providing care to children.

c. Clerical staff.

(1) The system shall employ sufficient clerical staff to keep correspondence, required records, accounts and files current and in good order.

(2) Clerical staff shall be qualified by both education and experience to perform assigned tasks.

d. Documentation of qualifications.

(1) The professional qualifications of staff members, established by subdivision C 2 of this section, shall be individually documented.

(2) The personal qualifications including those established by subdivision A 1 of this section shall be verified through character references.

(a) At least three references shall be obtained for each applicant.

(b) These references shall not be obtained from relatives of applicants.

(c) These references shall be in writing or there shall be a written notation of verbal references.

3. Staff development.

a. Provision shall be made for orientation for all staff. This shall be documented and recorded in the employee's record.

b. Prior to assuming their duties, new employees shall be given orientation and training in at least the following areas:

(1) The objectives and philosophy of the system;

(2) The services offered by the system;

(3) Confidential treatment of personal information;

(4) The policies and procedures that are applicable to their specific position and assigned duties and responsibilities; and

(5) The standards as they apply to the individual position.

c. A written plan of in-service training with specific well-defined objectives shall be prepared and implemented annually for each employee. A copy of this plan shall be filed in the employee's record and shall be made available to the department's representative upon request. (EXCEPTION: Clerical and custodial employees are exempt from this requirement.)

d. Attendance at conferences, seminars, workshops, institutes and academic courses related to the employee's assigned duties and responsibilities shall be encouraged.

D. Volunteers.

1. Any volunteers used shall:

a. Have qualifications appropriate to the services they render;

b. Be subject to laws and regulations governing the confidential treatment of personal information; and

c. Be selected on the basis of their ability to make a positive contribution to the program.

2. The system shall establish written requirements for the screening and selection of volunteers.

3. Duties and responsibilities of all volunteers shall be clearly defined in writing and differentiated from those persons regularly filling staff positions.

4. At least one staff member shall be assigned the responsibility for selection, orientation, training, scheduling, supervision and evaluation of volunteers.

5. The system shall not be dependent on the use of volunteers to ensure the basic provision of services on a continuous basis.

*The minimum personnel requirements and qualifications for family day-care providers and their staff are addressed in 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 B 1.

8VAC20-810-40 Services to system homes

22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40. Services to system homes.

A. Policies and agreements.

1. Policies. The system shall establish and maintain written policies regarding:

a. The roles, rights and responsibilities of the system in the supervision and approval of member homes and referral of children to those homes;

b. The roles, rights and responsibilities of homes that are members of the system;

c. The roles, rights and responsibilities of parents of children who are cared for in homes that are members of the system;

d. Procedures for consultation to prospective providers to include alerting them to zoning and other local ordinances;

e. Procedures for evaluation, selection and initial approval of homes as members of the system;

f. Orientation and training of operators and staff of homes that are members of the system;

g. The annual renewal of approval of homes as members of the system; and

h. Procedures to be followed to assure that all areas of non-compliance with approval requirements have been corrected.

2. Agreements.

a. The system shall have a written agreement with each member home which specifies at least the following:

(1) The home's agreement with the system's policies in the areas identified in subdivision A 1 of this section;

(2) The financial agreement between the system and the member home;

(3) The system's role in assisting the home in developing a plan to meet the needs of each child accepted for care;

(4) They system's role in planning for regular conferences between the home and parents of children in care;

(5) The system's responsibility for supervision of children's care and adjustment;

(6) The rights and responsibilities of the system to monitor, inspect, evaluate and approve member homes;

(7) The system's right to remove a child from the home and the conditions under which a child may be removed;

(8) That the home shall not accept a child from any source other than the system responsible for the home without the prior approval of the system;

(9) Conditions under which the provider may take children away from the member home on a routine basis (In an unusual situation, the provider shall notify the system by telephone and secure system approval before taking a child out of the home.); and

(10) That the home shall release a child only to the persons specified in the child care agreement required by 22VAC40-120-50 8VAC20-810-50 A 5.

b. This agreement shall be signed prior to referral of children to the home.

B. Approval, monitoring and termination.

1. Approval, criteria and requirements. The system shall develop criteria and requirements that family day-care homes must meet to be approved as members of the system. At minimum these criteria and requirements shall address the following areas:

a. Qualifications of day-care providers and their staff that include establishing specific educational or experience requirements, or both, to assure that both providers and their staff are capable of providing acceptable care to children placed in the member home. At minimum the following basic qualifications must be met:

(1) A family day-care provider must be at least 18 years of age;

(2) A family day-care must be able to read and write;

(3) A family day-care assistant must be at least 14 years of age;

(4) Family day-care providers and any assistant or assistants must have the following personal attributes:

(a) An understanding of children and their problems together with an ability to relate to children with courtesy, respect, patience and affection, and understanding and respect for the child's family;

(b) An ability to handle emergencies with dependability and good judgment; and

(c) A motivation to contribute to children's wholesome development;

(5) Family day-care providers and any assistant or assistants shall be responsible, wholesome, emotionally stable people of good character and reputation;

(6) No person convicted of a crime involving child abuse, child neglect or moral turpitude shall be a family day-care provider or assistant.

b. Ratio of adults to children in care. Ratios shall be based at minimum on the number, ages and needs of children in care. The system shall require at least one adult for every eight children in care, and infants below the age of two years shall be counted as two children in determining staff requirements.

c. The physical environment which includes:

(1) Physical plant requirements (building and grounds) and requirements for maintenance and cleanliness;

(2) Furnishing and equipment appropriate to the ages of children in care;

(3) Toileting and bathing facilities;

(4) Lighting requirements;

(5) Absence of safety hazard; and

(6) Adequate space requirements for play activities and napping.

d. The water supply and sanitary disposal system shall be approved by the health officer, unless water is obtained from a municipal supply and the member home is connected to a municipal sewer line.

e. Care of children including at minimum supervision of children in care and the planning and providing of varied daily activities which are appropriate to the ages, needs, and capabilities of children in care. Children must be supervised at all times by an adult and shall not be left alone in the care of an assistant under the age of 18 years.

f. Methods of dealing with unacceptable behavior which prohibit harsh and unreasonable punishment.

g. Nutrition to assure that nutritious and adequate meals and snacks, in terms of quality and quantity, are provided each child.

h. Health information shall be maintained for the family day-care provider, assistant and assistants and for those household members who come in contact with children or handle food served to children, as described below:

(1) Initial tuberculosis examination and report.

(a) Prior to approval or contact with children, each individual shall obtain an evaluation indicating the absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form.

(b) Each individual shall submit a statement that he or she is free of tuberculosis in a communicable form, including the type or types of test or tests used and the result or results.

(c) The statement shall be signed by a licensed physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department.

(d) The statement shall be filed in the individual's record.

(2) Subsequent evaluations.

(a) An individual who had a significant (positive) reaction to a tuberculin skin test and whose physician certifies the absence of communicable tuberculosis must obtain chest x-rays on an annual basis for the following two years.

(i) The individual shall submit statements documenting the chest x-rays and certifying freedom from tuberculosis in a communicable form.

(ii) The statements shall be signed by a licensed physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department.

(iii) The statement shall be filed in the individual's record.

(iv) Screening beyond two years is not required unless there is known contact with a case of tuberculosis or development of chronic respiratory symptoms.

(b) Additional screening is not required for an individual who had a non-significant (negative) reaction to an initial tuberculin skin test.

(c) Any individual who comes in contact with a known case of tuberculosis or who develops chronic respiratory symptoms shall, within 30 days or exposure or development, receive an evaluation in accordance with subdivision B 1 h (1) of this section.

(3) At the request of the licensed system or the Department of Social Services Education, a report of examination by a licensed physician shall be obtained when there are indications that the safety of children in care my be jeopardized by the physical or mental health of a specific individual.

(4) Any individual who, upon examination or as a result of tests, shows indication of a physical or mental condition which may jeopardize the safety of children in care:

(a) Shall immediately be removed from contact with children;

(b) Shall immediately be removed from contact with food served to children; and

(c) Shall not be allowed contact with children or food served to children until the conditions cleared to the satisfaction of the examining physician as evidenced by a signed statement from the physician.

i. Fire safety to include appropriate emergency plans for evacuation of the home. The member home shall comply with any limitations which may be placed by the Virginia Fire Safety Regulations on the maximum number of children who may be in care.

j. Record keeping to include the records to be maintained in the home on each child and the content and format of each record.

k. Each member home shall have a working telephone on the premises with a listed number. The phone number for a doctor who may be called in an emergency, an ambulance service or rescue squad, the fire department and the police shall be posted near the phone.

2. Approval determination.

a. Prior to approval of any home, as a member of the system, the system shall determine that the home complies with the written criteria and requirements established by the system in accordance with subdivision B 1 of this section.

b. This determination of compliance shall be documented by a compliance investigation addressing, at minimum, the areas identified under subdivision B 1 of this section and an evaluation of all information provided as part of the application process.

c. The study shall also contain the following documentation:

(1) Health reports required by subdivision B 1 h of this section;

(2) Reports of at least three character references for the day-care provider and each member of the staff (These references shall be in writing or there shall be a written notation of verbal references.);

(3) A written record of previous training and experience of the day-care provider, if any; and

(4) Information to show how capacity was determined, including evaluation of any unusual conditions.

d. This study shall include interviews with all adult members of the household and at least two interviews with the day-care applicant or provider, one of which shall take place in the home where care will be provided to children.

3. Approval notification.

a. Within 30 days following the completion of the interviews required by subdivision B 2 d of this section, the system shall provide written notification to the applicant home of the results of the study, to include corrective action required.

b. If the home is approved, the notification to the provider shall include the capacity of the home. In no case shall the capacity exceed nine children, including children under six who are related by blood or marriage to the day-care provider.

c. If the day-care provider has responsibility for a handicapped person who requires special attention or services, this factor shall be considered in determining the approved capacity of the member home and the record of the home shall contain documentation of this evaluation.

d. If the home is approved, this notification shall be accompanied by an approval certificate which shall be posted in a place that is conspicuous to the public in each approved home.

4. Termination.

a. The system shall have written policies for suspension or termination of a member home.

b. The system shall notify the provider in writing of the reasons for suspension or termination within two weeks of such suspension or termination.

5. Annual approval. Each member home shall be approved annually. The same approval process shall be used as described in subdivisions B 1 through 3.

6. Monitoring.

a. Each member home shall be visited at least quarterly in order to assure that the home continues to comply with the system's standards.

(1) At least two of these visits shall be unannounced;

(2) The results of these visits shall be documented in the home's record.

b. The department, at any time, may make an announced or unannounced visit to a home that is a member of the system in order to assure continued compliance with the applicable provisions of this chapter. The results of such visits shall be provided to the system.

7. Annually the system shall provide the regional office of the Virginia Department of Social Services, from which the system's license to operate is issued, Office of Child Care Licensing a current directory of approved homes that are members of the system.

a. The initial directory shall be provided 30 days after the system's initial license to operate is issued.

b. An updated directory shall be provided with the system's application for license renewal.

c. The directory shall contain at minimum the following information:

(1) The name of the day-care provider;

(2) The address of the member home;

(3) The telephone number of the member home; and

(4) The approved capacity of the member home.

8. Copies of the notification of member home approval and termination, required by subdivisions B 3 a and B 4 b of this section, shall also be provided by the system to the regional office of the Virginia Department of Social Services from which the system's license to operate was issued Office of Child Care Licensing.

C. Training.

1. The licensee shall have on file at the system office separate written plans describing initial and on-going training of each provider. Each plan shall describe such training in detail and shall include a description of training topic covered, training materials used, frequency and duration of training sessions, persons and resources utilized within the system and from the community to implement training, names of trainers, training methodology, and the process used to evaluate the training program by both staff and providers.

2. Initial training.

a. Prior to acceptance or within the first six months after acceptance as a member home, the system shall provide initial training for each day-care provider.

b. Such training shall include at minimum a two-hour training session on each of the following areas, unless the system develops a method to certify equivalent competency in these subject areas. Such methods shall be subject to review and approval by the department.

(1) An orientation to the system;

(2) Organizing for family day-care day care;

(3) Child growth and development;

(4) Health care;

(5) First aid, home safety and fire safety;

(6) Nutrition;

(7) Child abuse and protection;

(8) Appropriate activities and toys for mixed age groups of children;

(9) Dealing with unacceptable behavior;

(10) Community resources;

(11) Parent and day-care provider relationships.

c. The licensee shall describe and document the content and hours of training received by each provider or the equivalent competency, or both. This documentation shall be kept on file at the system office as part of the day-care provider required by 22VAC40-120-60 8VAC20-810-60 C 2.

3. On-going training.

a. Within each succeeding year, following the completion of initial training, the licensee shall provide at least two hours of on-going, in-service training to providers each quarter.

b. The content of this training shall be determined by the system and shall be based on the needs of approved day-care providers. At minimum, it shall reinforce or expand on the areas identified in subdivision C 2 b of this section.

c. The licensee shall describe and document the content and hours of training received by each provider and shall keep this documentation on file at the system office as part of the day-care provider record required by 22VAC40-120-60 8VAC20-810-60 C 2.

4. A provider who refuses to participate in training shall be terminated as a member home.

D. Technical assistance and consultation.

1. The system has the responsibility to provide technical assistance and consultation to member homes.

2. Technical assistance and consultation include, but shall not be limited to, the following areas:

a. Provision of information and advice on child development, methods of dealing with unacceptable behavior, fire safety, working with exceptional children, dealing with stress or crisis, etc.;

b. Loans of toys and equipment, if available;

c. Provision of information on training resources available in the community on an on-going basis and as appropriate; and

d. Nutrition and menu planning on an on-going basis.

3. Technical assistance and consultation provided to member homes shall be recorded in the day-care provider record required by 22VAC40-120-60 8VAC20-810-60 C 2 e (5).

8VAC20-810-50 Services to children and families

22VAC40-120-50 8VAC20-810-50. Services to children and families.

A. Referral to system homes.

1. Children shall be referred only to homes which have been approved as required in subsection B of this section.

2. No child shall be referred to a home which has reached its approved capacity.

3. Referrals shall be made only after a personal interview between a representative of the system and the parent or parents and child. Prior to acceptance of a child for care, the parent and child or children shall visit the home where care will be provided.

4. When a child is accepted for care and payment will be made by a local department of public welfare or social services, the system shall seek approval from that department prior to referral of the child for care.

5. When a child is accepted for care and a referral is made to a home that is a member of the system, there shall be a written agreement between the system and parent or parents or guardian or guardians of the child. A copy of the signed agreement shall be given to the parent or parents or guardian or guardians and a copy shall also be retained and filed by the system at the system office. Additionally, the requirements of subdivisions A 6 and 7 also apply.

6. The child care agreement shall address the following items:

a. Child's name, birth date, home address, and home telephone number;

b. Names and addresses of parent or parents or guardian or guardians and telephone number at which they can be reached during hours the child is in care;

c. A statement that a child brought to the home shall be left with a staff member and released only to the parent or parents or other specified person or persons;

d. The hours the child will be in care;

e. The name, address, and telephone number of the child's physician;

f. Emergency medical authorization;

g. Transportation arrangements;

h. Notes of any special problems or needs of a child;

i. Granting or denying permission for field trips;

j. Granting or denying permission for participation in water activities, such as swimming and wading;

k. Any other referral information;

l. Agreement regarding the home in which the child will be placed;

m. Financial arrangements for care;

n. A statement that staff members of both the system and member home in which the child receives care shall be available for parent conferences;

o. Information regarding the means by which care will be provided in the event the primary day-care provider is ill, on vacation or other wise unavailable due to an emergency; and

p. Information regarding the role of the system in referral of children in care in a home that is terminated as a member of the system.

7. The child care agreement may be a one or two part agreement at the option of the system.

a. When a one part agreement is used it shall:

(1) Be signed by the parent or parents of the child, a representative of the system and the day-care provider in whose home the child will receive care.

(2) A copy of this agreement shall be provided by the system to the member home in which the child will receive care.

b. When the system elects to use to two part agreement the following standards apply:

(1) Part one:

(a) Shall contain all items specified in subdivision A 6 except financial arrangements for care (See subdivision A 6 m);

(b) Be signed by the parent or parents of the child, a representative of the system and the day-care provider in whose home the child will receive care; and

(c) A copy shall be provided by the system to the member home in which the child will receive care.

(2) Part two:

(a) Shall contain the financial information required by subdivision A 6 m and any other information that the system deems appropriate;

(b) Shall be signed by the parent or parents of the child and a representative of the system.

8. Health requirements for children.

a. Timing and frequency of medical reports:

(1) Each child accepted for care shall obtain a physical examination by or under the direction of a licensed physician prior to admission (as outlined below) or within 30 days after admission:

(a) Within 60 days prior to admission for children six months of age and younger;

(b) Within 90 days prior to admission for children seven months through 18 months of age;

(c) Within six months prior to admission for children 19 months through 24 months of age;

(d) Within 12 months prior to admission for children two years of age through five years of age;

(e) Within 24 months prior to admission for children six years of age and above.

EXCEPTIONS:

(i) Children transferring from one facility licensed by the Virginia Department of Social Services Education, certified by a local department of public welfare or social services, or approved by a licensed family day care system:

If the initial report of physical examination and immunizations is submitted to the new home, no additional examination is require required. If the initial report is not available, a report of physical examination and immunizations is required.

(ii) Physical examinations are not required for any child whose parent or guardian objects on religious ground. The parent or guardian must submit a statement noting that the parents or guardian objects on religious grounds and certifying that, to the best of the parent's or guardian's knowledge, the child is in good health and free from communicable and contagious disease.

(2) Medical reports after admission:

(a) Updated information on immunizations received shall be obtained once every six months for children under the age of two years.

(b) Updated information on immunizations received shall be obtained once between each child's fourth and fifth birthdays.

b. Form and content of medical reports:

(1) The current form approved by the Virginia Department of Health, or any other form which provides all of the same information shall be used to record immunizations received and the results of the required physical examination.

(2) Each report shall include the date of the physical examination or the dates immunizations were received, or both.

(3) Each report shall be signed by a licensed physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local department of health.

EXCEPTION: Documentation of immunizations received is not required for any child whose parent or guardian submits an affidavit to the center stating that the administration of immunizing agents conflicts with the parent's or child's religious tenets or practices.

9. An emergency medical authorization form shall be provided the home at the time the child enters care. (NOTE: At the discretion of the system this form may be part of the child care agreement required by subdivision A 6.)

a. The emergency medical authorization form shall be signed by the parent or parents, the provider, and a representative of the system.

b. A copy of the signed emergency medical authorization form shall also be filed in the child's record that is maintained in the system's office.

10. The system shall make arrangements for substitute or back-up care when a day-care provider in a member home needs assistance in any emergency or during illness or vacation. Such care may be provided by a staff person approved as a system assistant or another member provider with available enrollment capacity.

11. They system shall confer with the parent of each child at least twice a year concerning the child's progress and the parents' view of the adequacy of care being provided. This contact may be by telephone or in person at the discretion of the parent or parents involved.

B. Referral to health and social services.

1. The licensee shall have on file a written plan describing how the need for medical and social services is determined and how social services are made available, either within the system or by arrangement with specific public or private community agencies, or both. This written plan shall include the system's policy and procedures for referral of children and their parents to appropriate social, mental health, welfare and medical services.

2. The licensee shall maintain a written record of all referrals of children and their families to social, mental health, welfare, and medical services which shall include the results of such referrals, when reports of such results are provided to the system.

C. Complaint investigation. The family day-care day system shall be responsible for investigation of any complaint received on any home that is a member of its system. When a system receives such a complaint, the following Standards apply:

1. The complaint shall be recorded on a complaint record which shall include at minimum the information required by 22VAC40-120-60 8VAC20-810-60 C 5 b.

2. A copy of this completed record shall be placed in the file of the home against which the complaint was made and a copy shall be provided the regional office of the Virginia Department of Social Services from which the family day-care system's license to operate is issued to the Office of Child Care Licensing. This copy shall be provided within 10 days of the date the complaint investigation is completed.

3. When the complaint concerns a specific child, a copy of the completed record shall be placed in the file of the child.

4. A complete investigation shall be made, by the licensee, of each complaint received. This investigation shall:

a. Be initiated within five working days following the receipt of the complaint:

b. Completed within 14 days following receipt of the complaint; and

c. Include at least one visit to the family day-care home on which the complaint was received.

5. If the complaint is found to be valid, corrective action shall be initiated immediately.

6. When the complaint includes an accusation of child abuse or neglect, the following Standards also apply:

a. The complainant shall be referred to the protective services unit of the local department of public welfare or social services in the locality where the home is located.

b. The family day-care day system shall notify the local department of public welfare or social services child protective services' staff member immediately and provide all information regarding the complaint. The oral notification shall be confirmed in writing within 72 hours and a copy placed in the file of the home against which the complaint was made. Simultaneously, a copy of this written notification shall also be provided the regional office of the Virginia Department of Social Services from which the family day-care system's license to operate is issued to the Office of Child Care Licensing.

c. The system shall make its own investigation within 24 hours. A joint investigation by the protective services worker of the local department of public welfare or social services and a representative of the system is encouraged to the maximum extent possible.

8VAC20-810-60 Records

22VAC40-120-60 8VAC20-810-60. Records.

A. General requirements.

1. Any forms used for record keeping shall contain at minimum the information specified in these Standards. Model forms, which may be copied, will be supplied by the department upon request.

2. If any model form developed by the department is not used, the substitute form shall be approved by the department.

3. All records shall be kept in a locked area.

4. The licensee shall have the responsibility for assuring that all records are treated confidentially and that information shall be made available only when needed for proper care of the children referred to homes who are members of the system. (EXCEPTION: All records shall be made available for inspection by the department's representative. See 22VAC40-120-10 8VAC20-810-10 D 3 b.)

B. Written policies and procedures. The following written policies and procedures shall be developed by the system. Copies shall be maintained in a permanent file within the system office. Those so identified shall also be permanently filed in homes that are members of the system.

1. Policies and procedures pertaining to operation and management of the system:

a. Written goals which clearly describe the philosophy and objectives of the family day-care day system and address those areas specified in 22VAC40-120-20 8VAC20-810-20 C 1. A copy of these written goals shall be provided to each home that is a member of the system.

b. Written policies and procedures which address system services to be provided to member homes and services to be provided to children and their families. (See 22VAC40-120-20 8VAC20-810-20 C 2.) Copies of these policies and procedures which relate to services to be provided to member homes and to children and their families shall be provided to each home that is a member of the system.

c. Written by-laws, when the family day-care day system is sponsored by an association or corporation.

2. Policies and procedures pertaining to staff employed in the system office.

a. A written job description for each staff position which exists in the system office. Each job description shall address the areas identified in 22VAC40-120-30 8VAC20-810-30 B 1.

b. Written policies which outline personnel practices as they affect both the employer and employee. These policies shall include the areas identified in 22VAC40-120-30 8VAC20-810-30 B 3.

c. Written requirements for the screening and selection of volunteers, if volunteers are used. (See 22VAC40-120-30 8VAC20-810-30 D 2.)

d. Written definition of the duties and responsibilities of volunteers. (See 22VAC40-120-30 8VAC20-810-30 D 3.)

3. Policies and procedures pertaining to member homes.

a. Policies and procedures which describe the selection, evaluation, approval and general management of homes which are members of the system and cover at minimum those areas specified in 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 A 1.

b. Specific criteria and requirements which family day-care day homes must meet to be approved as members of the system. At minimum these criteria and requirements shall address the areas specified in 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 B 1.

c. Policies for suspension or termination of a home that is a member of the system. (See 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 B 1.)

d. Copies of the policies and procedures, required by subdivisions B 3 a, b, and c shall be provided to each home that is a member of the system.

C. System records. The following records shall be maintained by the system in a permanent file within the system office. Those so identified shall also be provided to each home that is a member of the system.

1. Records on the system.

a. An organization chart (See 22VAC40-120-20 8VAC20-810-20 B 3 h.)

b. Financial records which are consistent with generally accepted accounting principles and reflect a separation of system accounts form all other records. (See 22VAC40-120-20 8VAC20-810-20 D 2.)

c. An inventory of all real property and equipment belonging to the system. (See 22VAC40-120-20 8VAC20-810-20 B 3 1.)

d. A schedule of fees charged for services provided. (See 22VAC40-120-20 8VAC20-810-20 D 3 a.)

e. A schedule of payments to be made to homes that are members of the system which contains the items required by 22VAC40-120-20 8VAC20-810-20 D 3 b. A copy of this schedule shall be provided to each home who is a member of the system.

f. Minutes of all meetings of the corporate or association governing board. (See 22VAC40-120-20 8VAC20-810-20 B 2 b.)

2. Records on homes who are members of the system.

a. An individual record shall be maintained on each home that is approved as a member of the system.

b. This record shall be established when the home applies for membership in the system and shall be maintained in the system office.

c. The record shall be kept current.

d. The complete record shall be retained until two years after the home withdraws or is terminated as a member of the system.

e. It shall contain at minimum the following information and documentation:

(1) A copy of the agreement with the member home as required by 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 A 2 a. A copy of this agreement shall be on file in the member home.

(2) A copy of each compliance study completed on the home and required by 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 B 2 b.

(3) The report of each quarterly visit to the home as required by 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 B 6 a (2).

(4) A record containing the name of each child who has been referred to the home for care, the date of referral and in those cases where care has been terminated, the date and reason for termination.

(5) A notation of all technical assistance and consultation provided to the home as required by 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 D 3.

(6) The following personal and social data on each day-care provider.

(a) Name;

(b) Birthdate;

(c) Current address and telephone number;

(d) Last previous employment;

(e) For providers who are accepted as members of the system after the effective date of these Standards, copies of at least three references or notations of verbal references reflecting the date of the reference, the source and the content;

(f) A statement signed by the day-care provider reporting any convictions of law violations excluding traffic violations and offenses committed before his or her eighteenth birthday which were finally adjudicated in a juvenile court or under a youth offender law;

(g) Previous experience or training, or both;

(h) Social Security number;

(i) Name and telephone number of person to contact in an emergency; and

(j) Date and reason for termination as a member of the system.

(7) The following personal and social data for each person employed by the provider as a staff member in the home:

(a) Name;

(b) Birthdate;

(c) Current address and telephone number;

(d) Position and date employed;

(e) Last previous employment;

(f) For persons who are employed after the effective date of this chapter, copies of at least two character references or notations of verbal references reflecting the date of the reference, the source and the content;

(g) A statement signed by the staff member reporting any convictions of law violations excluding traffic violations and offenses committed before his or her eighteenth birthday which were finally adjudicated in a juvenile court or under a youth offender law;

(h) Previous experience or training, or both;

(i) Social Security number;

(j) Name and telephone number of person to contact in an emergency;

(k) Notations of formal training received following employment; and

(l) Date and reason for termination of employment.

(8) The health related statements required by 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 B 1 h.

(9) The provider training plan, the record of initial provider training and the record of on-going provider training required by 22VAC40-120-40 8VAC20-810-40 C 1, 2, c, and 3 c.

(10) A copy of the record of each complaint received on the home as required by 22VAC40-120-50 8VAC20-810-50 C 2. (See subdivision C 5 for content of this record.)

3. Records of persons employed in the system office.

a. An individual record shall be maintained on each staff member employed in the system office.

b. This record shall be established when the individual is employed and shall not be destroyed until two years after employment is terminated.

c. The record shall be kept current.

d. It shall contain at minimum the following:

(1) Personal and social data:

(a) Name;

(b) Birthdate;

(c) Current address and telephone number;

(d) Position and date employed;

(e) Last previous employment;

(f) For persons employed after the effective date of this chapter, copies of at least three references or notations of verbal references reflecting the date of the reference, the source and the content;

(g) A statement signed by the employee reporting any convictions of law violations excluding traffic violations and offenses committed before his or her eighteenth birthday which were finally adjudicated in a juvenile court or under a youth offender law;

(h) Previous experience or training, or both;

(i) Social Security number;

(j) Name and telephone number of person to contact in an emergency;

(k) Notations of formal training received following employment; and

(l) Date and reason for termination of employment.

(2) The record of staff orientation required by 22VAC40-120-30 8VAC20-810-30 C 3 a.

(3) The annual plan for in-service training required by 22VAC40-120-30 8VAC20-810-30 C 3 c.

4. Records on children referred for care.

a. An individual record shall be maintained on each child accepted by the system and referred to a member home for care.

b. This record shall be established when the child is accepted for care.

c. The record shall be kept current.

d. It shall contain at a minimum the following:

(1) A copy of the child care agreement required by 22VAC40-120-50 8VAC20-810-50 A 5, 6, and 7;

(2) A record of placement which contains the name of each home in which the child has received care, the date referred for care and the date and reason care was terminated;

(3) A copy of the medical information required by 22VAC40-120-50 8VAC20-810-50 A 8;

(4) A copy of the emergency medical authorization form required by 22VAC40-120-50 8VAC20-810-50 A 9;

(5) A record or each referral of the child and/or the family to social, mental health, welfare and medical services as required by 22VAC40-120-50 8VAC20-810-50 B 2.

e. A copy of the records required by subdivisions C 4 d (3) and (4), shall be on file in the member home in which the child is provided care.

5. Complaint records.

a. Each complaint shall be recorded on a complaint record. (See 22VAC40-120-50 8VAC20-810-50 C 1.)

b. The complaint record shall include at minimum the following information:

(1) Name and address of the family day-care home;

(2) Name, address and telephone number of the complainant;

(3) Method by which the complaint was made, including the date and time received;

(4) Person receiving the complaint;

(5) A description of the complaint, including dates and times, where applicable;

(6) Findings and action taken to include whether the complaint was found to be valid, invalid or validity not clearly determined;

(7) The name of the person or persons who investigated the complaint and the date the investigation was completed; and

(8) The date the complainant was notified of the results of the investigation.

c. When the complaint includes an accusation of child abuse or neglect, a copy of the written notification required by 22VAC40-120-50 8VAC20-810-50 C 6 shall be attached to the complaint record and filed as a permanent part of that record.

d. Release of information regarding the identity of the complainant shall be governed by the provisions of the Privacy Protection Act, Chapter 26 (§ 2.1-377 et seq.) of Title 2.1 of the Code of Virginia.

8VAC20-820-10 Definitions

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Administrative hearing" means a hearing that is conducted pursuant to § 2.2-4020 of the Administrative Process Act.

"Adverse action" means any case where the department either gives notice of revocation or refuses to issue a license for a child day program or family day system or imposes another administrative sanction pursuant to § 22.1-289.023 of the Code of Virginia.

"Aggrieved party" means an applicant or licensee who has requested an appeal in accordance with instructions provided after the department has given written notice of the imposition of an administrative sanction or adverse action for a child day program or family day system.

"Allowable variance" means permission is granted by the department to a licensee or applicant for licensure to meet the intent of a standard by some means other than as specified by the standard when the applicant or licensee has demonstrated that (i) the implementation of a standard would impose a substantial financial or programmatic hardship and (ii) the variance would not adversely affect the safety and well-being of persons in care.

"Applicant" means any individual; corporation; partnership; association; limited liability company; local government; state agency, including any department, institution, authority, instrumentality, board, or other administrative agency of the Commonwealth; or other legal or commercial entity that has applied for a license to operate or maintain a child day program or family day system.

"Board" means the State Board of Education.

"Child day program" means a child day center or family day system.

"Complaint" means an accusation that a facility that is subject to licensure is operating without a license or that a licensed facility is not in compliance with licensing standards or law.

"Conditional license" means a license that may be issued to a new facility to operate in order to permit the applicant to demonstrate compliance with specified standards.

"Consent agreement" means an agreement between the licensee and the department that the licensee will perform specific actions for the purpose of correcting violations to come into compliance with standards or statutes.

"Day" means a calendar day unless otherwise specified.

"Denial" means the act of refusing to grant a license after receipt of an initial or renewal application.

"Department" means the Department of Education.

"Early compliance" means that the licensee has demonstrated full compliance with requirements, allowing the department to replace a provisional or conditional license with a regular license.

"Family day system" means any person who approves family day homes as members of its system; who refers children to available family day homes in that system; and who, through contractual arrangements, may provide central administrative functions including, but not limited to, training of operators of family day homes; technical assistance and consultation to operators of member homes; inspection, supervision, monitoring, and evaluation of member homes; and referral of children to available health and social services.

"Functional design" means the design features of building and grounds not regulated by the Building Code, necessary for particular activities and operations of a facility subject to licensure by the Department of Education.

"Good character and reputation" means findings have been established and knowledgeable, reasonable, and objective people agree that the individual (i) maintains business or professional, family, and community relationships that are characterized by honesty, fairness, truthfulness, and dependability; and (ii) has a history or pattern of behavior that demonstrates the individual is suitable and able to administer a program for the care, supervision, and protection of children. Relatives by blood or marriage and persons who are not knowledgeable of the individual, such as recent acquaintances, may not be considered objective references.

"Hearing" means agency processes other than those informational or factual inquiries of an informal nature provided in §§ 2.2-4007 and 2.2-4019 of the Code of Virginia and includes only (i) opportunity for private parties to submit factual proofs in formal proceedings as provided in § 2.2-4009 of the Code of Virginia in connection with the making of regulations or (ii) a similar right of private parties of public agencies as provided in § 2.2-4020 of the Code of Virginia in connection with case decisions.

"Hearing coordinator" means the person designated by the Department of Education to perform certain administrative functions involved in setting up and carrying out the hearings concerning adverse action on a license for a child day program or family day system, as set out herein.

"Hearing officer" means an attorney selected from a list maintained by the Executive Secretary of the Supreme Court in accordance with § 2.2-4024 of the Code of Virginia to preside at hearings concerning adverse action on a license for a child day program or family day system.

"Informal conference" means the informal fact-finding procedures available pursuant to §§ 2.2-4019 and 2.2-3021 of the Code of Virginia.

"Licensee" means any individual; corporation; partnership; association; limited liability company; local government; state agency, including any department, institution, authority, instrumentality, board, or other administrative agency of the Commonwealth; or other legal or commercial entity to whom a license is issued and who is legally responsible for compliance with the regulations and statutory requirements related to the operation or maintenance of the child day program or family day system.

"Probationary status" means placing a licensee on notice that the facility or agency is substantially out of compliance with the terms of its license and the health, safety, and well-being of persons in care are at risk. Probationary status is a precursor to more serious action such as revocation, denial, or injunctive action unless immediate corrective action occurs.

"Provisional license" means a license that may be issued upon expiration of a regular license when the licensee is temporarily unable to substantially comply with the requirements of the law and regulations.

"Recommended findings of fact and recommended decision" means the report prepared by the hearing officer upon evidence presented in the administrative hearing based on the applicable laws and regulations under which the department operates.

"Regular license" means a license that is issued for 12 months or more as provided in Article 3, Chapter 14.1 (§ 22.1-289.010 et seq.) of Title 22.1 of the Code of Virginia to a facility determined to be in substantial compliance with applicable standards and regulations. The actual duration of the licensure period is stated on the license.

"Revocation" means the act of terminating a license during its effective dates because of findings of serious noncompliance.

"Special order" means an order imposing an administrative sanction issued to any party licensed pursuant to Title 22.1 of the Code of Virginia by the Superintendent that has a stated duration of not more than 12 months. A special order shall be considered a case decision as defined in § 2.2-4001 of the Code of Virginia. The 12-month period begins 30 days after notification of the issuance of a special order or at the conclusion of all appeal steps.

"Substantial compliance" means that while there may be noncompliance with one or more standards that represents minimal risk, compliance clearly and obviously exists with most of the standards as a whole.

"Superintendent" means the Superintendent of Public Instruction at the Department of Education.

8VAC20-820-20 Preplanning

A. Licensing staff are available throughout the application or licensing process to answer questions and provide consultation and technical assistance (see 8VAC20-820-130).

B. In order to avoid costly errors, applicants and prospective applicants are urged to present their building plans to the department as early as possible and before entering into contracts in order to assure that the building can be preapproved as meeting the department's regulations (see 8VAC20-820-150).

C. The department will make an on-site inspection of the proposed facility and services; investigate the character and reputation of the licensee and, if required, staff and household members; and upon receipt of the initial application will investigate the financial responsibility of the applicant (see 8VAC20-820-160).

8VAC20-820-30 Responsibility of the department

Through the administration of the licensing program, the Department of Education assumes responsibility to ensure that licensed facilities and agencies provide children with at least a minimum level of care in accordance with regulations prescribed by the State Board of Education. The department also has the responsibility to investigate allegations of illegal operations and to initiate action to suppress illegal operations. The Virginia Code requires the State Board of Education to adopt regulations for the licensure of the following categories of facilities and agencies:

1. Child day centers;

2. Family day homes; and

3. Family day systems.

8VAC20-820-40 Adoption of regulations

The State Board of Education has adopted regulations for each category listed above. The definition of each category and requirements for licensure are contained in each regulation.

8VAC20-820-50 Regulation development/revision process

A. In developing or revising regulations for licensed facilities or agencies, the Department of Education, acting as agent for the State Board of Education, adheres to the requirements of the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia) and the public participation process.

B. Input from licensees, associations of licensees, experts in related fields, advocacy organizations, consumers, and the general public is solicited in the development or revision of licensing regulations through informal and formal comment periods and public hearings.

C. Periodic reviews are conducted and, when necessary, comprehensive revisions of each regulation to assure that its standards continue to protect children in out-of-home care while considering the interests of both providers and consumers of care.

8VAC20-820-60 General

A. A license to operate a facility or agency is issued to a specific person or organization to provide out-of-home care to children. An organization may be a partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity.

B. Pursuant to § 22.1-289.026 of the Code of Virginia, any person, officer, or member of a governing board of any association or corporation that operates a child day program or family day system shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor if he:

1. Interferes with any representative of the Superintendent in the discharge of his licensing duties;

2. Makes to the Superintendent or any representative of the Superintendent any report or statement with respect to the operation of any child day program or family day system that is known by such person to be false or untrue;

3. Operates or engages in the conduct of these facilities without first obtaining a license as required or after such license has been revoked, suspended, or has expired and not been renewed; or

4. Operates or engages in the conduct of one of these facilities serving more persons than the maximum stipulated in the license.

C. When a licensee plans to close or sell a facility, the licensee shall notify the appropriate licensing office at least 60 days prior to the anticipated closure or sale date. When the facility closes or the sale is finalized, the license shall be returned to the appropriate licensing office.

8VAC20-820-70 Nontransferability of license

A license is not transferable when there is a change in the ownership or location of the facility or agency to which the license has been issued.

EXCEPTION: Licenses issued for family day systems are transferable when agencies change location.

8VAC20-820-80 Conditional license

The department may issue a conditional license to a new facility or agency in order to permit the applicant to demonstrate compliance with specified standards. A conditional license may be renewed, but the issuance of a conditional license and any renewals thereof shall be for no longer a period than six successive months. When the conditional period is over, the facility or agency must substantially meet the standards or be denied a license. Conditional licenses may be used only for new facilities or agencies.

8VAC20-820-90 Regular license

A regular license is issued when the activities, services, facilities, and applicant's financial responsibility substantially meet the requirements for a license that are set forth by regulations adopted by the State Board of Education and any additional requirements that may be specified by the Code of Virginia.

8VAC20-820-100 Duration of licensure

Each license and renewal thereof may be issued for a period of up to three successive years. The criteria for determining the periods of licensure are based on the activities, services, management, and compliance history of the facility.

A three-year license may be issued when a facility's activities, services, and management routinely substantially exceed the minimum standards.

A two-year license may be issued when a facility's services and management routinely meet and maintain compliance with minimum standards and may exceed on a sustained basis in some areas.

An annual license may be issued when a facility's activities, services, and management indicate an inconsistent level of compliance but substantial compliance is reached. Some reinforcement and guidance are needed in order for the facility to meet or maintain minimum requirements.

EXCEPTION: A license, other than a conditional or provisional license, issued to a child day center shall have a duration of two years from the date of issuance.

8VAC20-820-110 Provisional license

When a regular license expires and the applicant is temporarily unable to comply with the requirements of the regulations, the department may issue a provisional license for any period not to exceed six months. A provisional license shall not be issued to a facility or agency immediately following a conditional license. At the conclusion of the provisional licensure period, the facility or agency must be in substantial compliance with licensing standards or be denied a license to continue operation.

8VAC20-820-120 Terms of the license

A. A facility or agency shall operate within the terms of its license, which are:

1. The operating name of the facility or agency;

2. The name of the individual, partnership, association, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity sponsoring the facility or agency;

3. The physical location of the facility or agency;

4. The maximum number of children who may be in care at any time;

5. The period of time for which the license is effective;

6. For child care facilities or agencies, the age range of children for whom care may be provided; and

7. Any other limitations that the department may prescribe within the context of the regulations for any facility or agency.

B. The provisional license cites the standards with which the licensee is not in compliance.

C. The conditional license cites the standards with which the licensee must demonstrate compliance when operation begins, and also any standards with which the licensee is not in compliance.

D. Prior to changes in operation that would affect the terms of the license, the licensee shall secure a modification to the terms of the license from the department. (See 8VAC20-820-190.)

E. Certain documents related to the terms of the license are required to be posted on the premises of each facility. These are:

1. The most recently issued license. Any provisional license shall be posted at each public entrance of the facility and a notice shall be prominently displayed next to the license that states that a description of specific violations of licensing standards to be corrected and the deadline for completion of such corrections is available for inspection at the facility or on the facility's website, if applicable;

2. The findings of the most recent inspection of the facility;

3. Notice of the Superintendent's intent to revoke or deny renewal of the license of a child day program or family day system. Such notice will be provided by the department and shall be posted in a prominent place at each public entrance of the facility to advise consumers of serious or persistent violations.

4. A copy of any final order of summary suspension of all or part of a license for a child day program or family day system operated by an agency of the Commonwealth shall be prominently displayed by the provider at each public entrance of the facility, or the provider may display a written statement summarizing the terms of the order, printed in clear and legible size and typeface, in a prominent location and identifying the location within the facility where the final order of summary suspension may be reviewed.

5. Notice of the Superintendent's intent to take any of the actions enumerated in subdivisions B 1 through B 6 of § 22.1-289.023 of the Code of Virginia. Such notice will be provided by the department, and a copy of the notice shall be posted in a prominent place at each public entrance of the facility to advise consumers of serious or persistent violations.

6. A copy of any special order issued by the department shall be posted in a prominent place at each public entrance of the licensed premises to advise consumers of serious or persistent violations.

7. Any other documents required by the Superintendent .

8VAC20-820-130 Provider support services

A. The programmatic regulations require both general and specific training in various subject areas. The department provides preapplication consultation, ongoing technical assistance and consultation, and formal training sessions. The department's licensing representatives will provide assistance to any person seeking information about obtaining a license and information about initial and ongoing training requirements.

B. Applicants for licensure shall complete a prelicensure orientation program that focuses on health and safety standards offered through or approved by the department. The Superintendent may, at his discretion, waive the orientation requirement or issue a license conditioned upon the owner's or administrator's completion of the required training.

EXCEPTIONS: Applicants who have previously owned or managed a facility in satisfactory compliance with regulations are exempt from the requirements of prelicensure training.

8VAC20-820-140 The initial application

A. Upon request, the department will provide an application form for a license to operate a facility or agency. There are a number of licensing offices located throughout the state.

B. The department will consider an application complete when the application fee and all the required information is submitted in the form required by the department. The schedule of fees for licenses is provided in 8VAC20-830, Schedule of Fees. If the department finds the application incomplete, the applicant will be notified in writing within 15 days of receipt of the incomplete application. If the applicant does not resubmit a complete application within 30 days from the notification, all materials except the nonrefundable fee will be returned to the applicant.

C. The applicant shall complete and submit the application to the department at least 60 days prior to a planned opening date to allow the department time to act on the application.

D. The applicant may withdraw a request for a license.

8VAC20-820-150 Approval of buildings and functional design features

A valid certificate of occupancy is one prerequisite for licensure. When an application is for licensure of a building that has not previously been used for the type of license or use group being sought, or when renovations are made in the building, the department must approve functional design features of the building in accordance with applicable department regulations. The procedures are as follows:

1. Prior to beginning construction or renovation, the applicant or prospective applicant shall submit to the department floor plans that clearly indicate the use of space and other plans for compliance with all requirements for the building and physical environment contained in the applicable regulations.

(NOTE: Applicants and prospective applicants are urged to present their plans for compliance with departmental regulations to the department as early as possible and before entering into contracts in order to assure that the building can be preapproved as meeting the department's regulations. Architects, contractors, or building officials may not be thoroughly familiar with these functional design requirements, and costly errors can be avoided through early review by the department.)

2. The department will notify the applicant or prospective applicant within 10 working days of receipt if the plans to comply are incomplete, identifying the information still needed before the request can be considered complete.

3. When a complete plan is received, the department will issue within 20 days a Preliminary Approval Statement or a letter indicating disapproval of the plan and the reasons for disapproval.

(NOTE: A Preliminary Approval Statement does not imply that the department will approve the application for licensure since other factors will affect issuance decisions.)

4. All Preliminary Approval Statements are conditional upon there being no change in the proposal or the circumstances affecting them and upon approval of all required fire, health, or building officials.

5. The department will forward a copy of the Preliminary Approval Statement to the appropriate building official.

6. After construction or renovation, department staff will make an on-site inspection to evaluate compliance with the functional design requirements of the applicable regulations. Findings of this on-site inspection will be forwarded to the applicant and the local building official.

8VAC20-820-160 Investigation

A. Upon receipt of the application the Superintendent shall:

1. Cause an investigation to be made of the activities, services, and facilities of the applicant, and of his character and reputation;

2. If the applicant is an association, partnership, limited liability company, or corporation, cause an investigation of the character and reputation of its officers and agents; and

3. Upon receipt of the initial application, cause an investigation of the applicant's financial responsibility.

B. At the time of the initial application and annually thereafter, the applicant or licensee shall be responsible for obtaining inspection reports from appropriate fire and health agencies to determine compliance with applicable regulations.

EXCEPTION: This subsection does not apply to family day systems.

1. All buildings shall be inspected and approved by the local building official when required. This approval shall be documented by a Certificate of Use and Occupancy indicating that the building is classified for its proposed licensed purpose.

2. At the time of the initial application and at least annually thereafter, the applicant or licensee shall obtain an inspection report from state or local fire authorities, as applicable, to determine compliance of the building or buildings with the Virginia Statewide Fire Prevention Code.

3. At the time of the initial application and at least annually thereafter, the applicant or licensee shall obtain an inspection report from state or local health authorities that shall include approval of general sanitation and, if applicable, water supply, sewage disposal systems, and food service operations for the building or buildings in which the facility is operated.

C. The department's representative will make an on-site inspection of the proposed facility or agency and an investigation of the proposed services, as well as an investigation of the character, reputation, and financial responsibility of the applicant. Compliance with all standards will be determined by the Department of Education. The licensee is responsible for correcting any areas of noncompliance found during any on-site inspection.

D. The applicant or licensee shall at all times afford the department's representative reasonable opportunity to inspect all of the facility's or agency's buildings, books, and records. Records that contain confidential proprietary information furnished to the department pursuant to this section shall be exempt from disclosure pursuant to subdivision 4 of § 2.2-3705.5 of the Code of Virginia.

At the time of the initial application, the financial records of an applicant shall not be subject to inspection if the applicant submits an operating budget and at least one credit reference.

E. The applicant or licensee shall also allow the department's representative to interview the facility's or agency's agents, employees, , participants, and any person under its custody, control, direction, or supervision. Interviews with participants and any person under the facility's or agency's custody, control, direction, or supervision shall be:

1. Authorized by the person to be interviewed or his legally authorized representative; and

2. Limited to discussion of issues related to the applicant's or licensee's compliance with applicable laws and regulations for licensure of the facility or agency.

F. After the on-site inspection the licensing representative will discuss the findings of the investigation with the administrator, licensee or designee. As applicable, the applicant shall submit an acceptable plan for correcting any areas of noncompliance following these discussions.

G. At any time during the investigation, an applicant or licensee may request an allowable variance to any standard that creates a special hardship. (See Part V (8VAC20-820-220 et seq.) of this chapter Allowable Variances.)

8VAC20-820-170 Notice to the applicant of issuance or denial of a license

A. When the investigation is completed, the department will notify the applicant of its decision regarding the issuance of a license.

B. When the department intends to deny the license, the department will send a letter stating the reasons for this action and the applicant's right to appeal the decision. (See Part VIII (8VAC20-820-320 et seq.) of this chapter.)

8VAC20-820-180 Determination of continued compliance (renewal and monitoring inspections)

A. In order to determine continued compliance with standards during the effective dates of the license, the department's licensing representative will make announced and unannounced inspections of the facility or agency during the hours of its operation. The licensee is responsible for correcting any areas of noncompliance found during renewal or monitoring inspections.

B. All licensed child day programs and family day systems shall be inspected at least twice a year. At least one unannounced inspection of each licensed facility shall be made each year.

C. The department's representative may also make such inspections of any homes or facilities that are approved by the licensee for the care of children as one of the licensed services of the agency.

D. For any licensed child day center or family day system, the department may conduct such other announced or unannounced inspections as are considered appropriate.

NOTE: When necessary to respond to excessive workloads or to give priority to higher risk situations, the department may use its discretion to increase or decrease the frequency of announced and unannounced inspections made to licensed facilities during the year.

8VAC20-820-190 Modification

A. The licensee may request a modification of the terms of a license at any time during the period of the license. The request must be submitted in writing to the department's representative.

The department will evaluate written information about any planned changes in operation that would affect either the terms of the license or the continuing eligibility for a license. A licensing representative may inspect the facility during the process of evaluating a proposed modification.

Examples of such changes are: changes in the number of children to be served, staff responsibilities, availability and use of the physical plant, and changes in program focus or needs of the population to be served.

B. If a modification can be granted under the standards, the department will issue a modified license reflecting the changes. In the event that a new application is needed or the modification cannot be granted, the licensee will be advised by letter.

8VAC20-820-200 Early compliance

A. A provisional or conditional license may be voided and a regular license issued when all of the following conditions exist:

1. The facility or agency complies with all standards listed on the face of the provisional or conditional license prior to the mid-point of the licensure period or within 90 days of the expiration date of the provisional or conditional license, whichever comes first, and the facility or agency is in substantial compliance with all other standards.

2. Compliance has been verified by an on-site observation by the department's licensing representative or, when applicable, by written evidence provided by the licensee.

3. All other terms of the license remain the same.

B. The licensee shall make a written request to the licensing representative for replacement of a provisional or conditional license with a regular license.

C. When the request is approved by the department, the effective date of the new regular license will be the same as the beginning date of the voided license. When the request is not approved, the reasons for this action will be confirmed to the licensee in writing.

D. Early compliance shall not be considered once the facility or agency has filed a renewal application.

8VAC20-820-210 Renewal process

A. The department will send an application for renewal of the license to the licensee prior to the expiration date of the current license. The licensee shall submit the completed application form, including all attachments and the licensing application fee, in a timely manner to assure adequate time for processing by the department. In order for the application to be considered complete, the licensee must have paid any outstanding civil penalty assessed in a case decision.

B. The department will not process a renewal application that is not complete or when the current license is being denied or revoked in accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Process Act.

C. Should a current license expire before a new license is issued, the current license shall remain in effect provided that a complete application was filed prior to expiration of the current license and a decision for licensure is pending.

D. The department will follow the procedure for investigation and notice to the applicant previously outlined in 8VAC20-820-160, 8VAC20-820-170, and 8VAC20-820-180.

8VAC20-820-220 Conditions for initiating a request

A licensee or applicant may request an allowable variance when he believes that the existing standard or requirement poses a substantial financial or programmatic hardship and when he believes that either an alternative method of compliance with the intent of the standard that is causing the hardship, or the actual suspension of all or part of that standard, would neither endanger the safety or well-being of persons in care nor create a violation of statutes or of the requirements of another regulatory agency.

8VAC20-820-230 Process

A. The licensee or applicant shall make a written request for consideration of an allowable variance. The department's licensing representative may provide consultation to the applicant or licensee in the development of the written request and throughout the allowable variance process.

1. The licensee or applicant shall describe the special hardship or hardships to the existing program or to a planned innovative or pilot program that will be caused by the enforcement of the requirement or requirements.

2. The licensee or applicant shall propose alternatives to meet the purpose of the requirement that will ensure the protection and well-being of persons in care.

3. The licensee or applicant shall obtain, when requested by the department, the opinions of professionals in the field or documented research, or both, that the proposed activities, facilities, or equipment are not injurious to persons in care.

4. The department can authorize allowable variances only to its own licensing standards, not to regulations of another agency or to any requirement in federal, state, or local laws.

B. The department's licensing representative will notify the petitioning applicant or licensee of the department's decision.

C. Approval.

1. The department may attach conditions to the granting of the allowable variance in order to protect persons in care.

2. Allowable variances are conditional upon there being no change in the circumstances that were the basis for the approval. Any allowable variance may be rescinded or modified if needs or conditions change; additional information becomes known that alters the basis for the original decision; the applicant or licensee fails to meet any conditions attached to the allowable variance; or results of the allowable variance jeopardize the safety, comfort, or well-being of persons in care.

3. Allowable variances expire automatically when there is a change in the facility's location or a change in the sponsorship of the facility or agency.

EXCEPTION: Allowable variances issued to family day systems are transferable when agencies change location.

4. The department's licensing representative will review each allowable variance at least annually. At minimum, this review shall address the impact of the allowable variance on persons in care, adherence to any conditions attached, and the continuing need for the allowable variance.

D. Denial.

1. When the decision is to deny a request for an allowable variance, the reason or reasons will be provided in writing to the applicant or licensee.

2. When a request for an allowable variance is denied, it may be reconsidered if the applicant or licensee submits another written request and provides new or additional supporting information within 30 days of denial.

NOTE: After the 30-day period, the applicant or licensee may submit a new allowable variance request describing changed conditions.

3. The department will reconsider the new request and the additional information and will notify the applicant or licensee of the decision within 30 days of receipt of the second request. This decision will be considered final and is not appealable.

E. When an allowable variance is denied, expires, or is rescinded, routine enforcement of the standard or portion of the standard shall be resumed.

F. The applicant or licensee may at any time withdraw a request for an allowable variance.

8VAC20-820-240 Initiating a request for a problem solving conference

When an applicant or licensee has concerns about licensing procedures, interpretation of standards, or the actions of licensing personnel that cannot be resolved satisfactorily in discussion with the assigned licensing representative, the problem solving steps outlined below are available.

Licensing staff may also initiate a request for problem solving conferences with applicants or licensees when the need arises.

8VAC20-820-250 First step review

A. The applicant or licensee may request either a desk review by, or a meeting with, the assigned licensing representative's immediate supervisor.

B. If the request stems from a desire to contest the findings or conclusions of an inspection, the following procedures shall apply:

1. The applicant or licensee shall make the request within 15 days of receiving the compliance plan.

2. The request shall specify the contested finding or conclusion and shall specify whether a desk review or conference is being requested.

3. The request shall include the applicant's or licensee's reasons or other evidence supporting the request for a review or a conference.

C. The first step informal desk review or conference will be held at the supervisor's office unless the supervisor designates a different location. The following procedures shall apply:

1. The supervisor will report the findings of a desk review in writing within 10 days of receiving the request and supporting materials or will hold the requested conference within 30 days of receipt of such request and materials.

2. When the request is for a conference, the supervisor will, within 10 days following the conference, confirm to the applicant or licensee in writing the results of the conference and any subsequent decisions made by the supervisor.

8VAC20-820-260 Second step review

A. If after the first step review, the applicant or licensee believes that the laws, regulations, or departmental policies have been applied or interpreted in a manner that was unreasonable, arbitrary or capricious, he may request a second step review by program supervisory personnel as assigned by the Director of Child Care Licensing Programs according to the provisions of this section.

B. A second step review shall not be requested to challenge the content of an established law, regulation, or policy. However, the application of a law, regulation, or policy may be challenged.

C. When a second step review is requested, the request must be in writing.

D. The second step review request shall:

1. Be made within 15 days of the date of the first step response;

2. Specify the reason for requesting the second step informal review and include such information, explanation, or additional materials as necessary to support the applicant's or licensee's belief that the decision reached at the first step was unreasonable, arbitrary, or capricious; and

3. Include a copy of relevant materials and correspondence developed at the first step of the informal appeal process.

E. Within 30 days of receipt of this request, the director's office will respond in writing with the results of the desk review or schedule a conference.

8VAC20-820-270 Enforcement of disputed regulation

Nothing in this part shall prohibit the department from exercising its responsibility and authority to enforce the disputed regulation during the problem solving process, including proceeding directly to imposition of administrative sanctions, or recommending petitions for injunction when, in the judgment of the Director, Office of Child Care Licensing, there is sufficient risk to persons in care to do so whether or not the steps available in the problem solving process have been exhausted.

8VAC20-820-280 Receipt of complaints

Complaints may be received in written or oral form and may be anonymous. The department maintains a toll-free telephone line to receive complaints on all licensed facilities.

8VAC20-820-290 Investigation of complaints

The department has the responsibility to investigate any complaints regarding alleged violations of the standards or statutes and complaints of the abuse and neglect of persons in care.

NOTE: In an investigation involving suspected child abuse, neglect, or exploitation in a licensed facility, the investigation will be conducted jointly with the local department of social services whenever possible in accordance with departmental policy.

8VAC20-820-300 Notification of findings

When the investigation is completed, the licensee will be notified of the findings of the investigation. Any necessary corrective action will be identified.

8VAC20-820-310 Licensee's responsibility

The licensee is responsible for correcting any areas of noncompliance found during a complaint investigation.

8VAC20-820-320 Violation of standards or statutes

A. The Superintendent of the Department of Education may impose such sanctions or take such actions as are appropriate for violation of any of the standards or statutes or for abuse or neglect of persons in care.

B. The following reasons may be considered by the department for the imposition of administrative sanctions:

1. Failure to demonstrate or maintain compliance with applicable standards or for violations of the provisions of the Code of Virginia;

2. Permitting, aiding or abetting the commission of any illegal act in the licensed facility or agency;

3. Engaging in conduct or practices that are in violation of statutes and standards relating to abuse, neglect, or exploitation of children; or

4. Deviating significantly from the program or services for which a license was issued without obtaining prior written approval from the department, or failure to correct such deviations within a specified time.

8VAC20-820-330 Administrative sanctions

The Superintendent may impose administrative sanctions or initiate court proceedings, severally or jointly, when appropriate in order to ensure prompt correction of violations involving noncompliance with state law or regulation child day programs and family day systems as discovered through any inspection or investigation conducted by the Department of Education, the Virginia Department of Health, the Virginia Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, or by state and local building or fire prevention officials. These administrative sanctions include:

1. Revoking or denying renewal of a license for any child day program or family day system that fails to comply with the limitations and standards set forth in its license;

2. Issuing a notice of summary suspension of the license to operate a child day program or family day system pursuant to proceedings set forth in § 22.1-289.022 C of the Code of Virginia or pursuant to proceedings set forth in § 22.1-289.024 for child day programs or family day systems operated by an agency of the Commonwealth in conjunction with any proceedings for revocation, denial, or other action, when conditions or practices exist in the child day program or family day system that pose an immediate and substantial threat to the health, safety, and welfare of children receiving care; and

3. Imposing administrative sanctions through the issuance of a special order as provided in § 22.1-289.023 of the Code of Virginia. These include:

a. Placing a licensee on probation upon finding that the licensee is substantially out of compliance with the terms of the license and that the health and safety of children is at risk;

b. Reducing the licensed capacity or prohibiting new admissions when the Superintendent has determined that the licensee cannot make necessary corrections to achieve compliance with the regulations except by a temporary restriction of its scope of service;

c. Mandating training for the licensee or licensee's employees, with any costs to be borne by the licensee, when the Superintendent has determined that the lack of such training has led directly to violations of regulations;

d. Assessing civil penalties of not more than $500 per inspection upon finding that the licensee of a child day program or family day system is substantially out of compliance with the terms of its license and the health and safety of children is at risk;

e. Requiring licensees to contact parents, guardians, or other responsible persons in writing regarding health and safety violations; and

f. Preventing licensees who are substantially out of compliance with the licensure terms or in violation of the regulations from receiving public funds.

8VAC20-820-340 Summary suspension procedures

A. In conjunction with any proceeding for revocation, denial, or other action when conditions or practices exist that pose an immediate and substantial threat to the health, safety, and welfare of children, the Superintendent may issue a notice of summary suspension of the license to operate a child day program or family day system or of certain authority of the licensee to provide certain services or perform certain functions.

B. The hearing coordinator will select a hearing officer from a list prepared by the Executive Secretary of the Supreme Court of Virginia and will schedule the time, date, and location of the hearing to determine whether the suspension is appropriate as required by § 22.1-289.022 C or 22.1-289.024 C of the Code of Virginia.

C. Simultaneously with the issuance of a notice of revocation, denial or other action, the Superintendent will issue to the licensee a notice of summary suspension setting forth the following:

1. The procedures for the summary suspension;

2. The hearing and appeal rights as set forth in this subsection;

3. Facts and evidence that formed the basis for which the summary order of suspension is sought; and

4. The time, date, and location of the hearing.

D. Notice of the summary suspension shall be served on the licensee or his designee by personal service or by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the address of record of the licensee as soon as practicable after issuance thereof.

E. The hearing shall take place in the locality where the child day program or family day system operates unless the licensee or his designee expressly waives this venue provision.

1. The hearing shall be held no later than 15 business days after service of notice on the licensee. The hearing officer may grant a continuance upon written request and for good cause shown. In no event shall any continuance exceed 10 business days after the initial hearing date.

2. The hearing coordinator will forward a copy of the relevant licensing standards to the hearing officer.

3. The hearing will be conducted in accordance with the procedures set forth in 8VAC20-820-460, 8VAC20-820-470, and 8VAC20-820-480.

4. The department may be represented either by counsel or by agency staff authorized by § 2.2-509 of the Code of Virginia.

F. Within 10 days of the conclusion of the hearing, the hearing officer shall provide to the Superintendent written findings and conclusions, together with a recommendation as to whether the license should be summarily suspended. The department shall have the burden of proof in any summary suspension hearing. The decision of the hearing officer shall be based on the preponderance of the evidence presented by the record and relevant to the basic law under which the agency is operating.

G. Within 10 business days of receipt of the hearing officer's findings, conclusions, and recommendation, the Superintendent may issue a final order of summary suspension or an order that such summary suspension is not warranted by the facts and circumstances presented.

H. In issuing a final order of summary suspension, the Superintendent may:

1. Suspend the license of the child day program or family day system; or

2. Suspend only certain authority of the child day program or family day system to provide certain services or perform certain functions that the Superintendent determines should be restricted or modified in order to protect the health, safety, and welfare of the children receiving care.

I. The Superintendent shall adopt the hearing officer's recommended decision unless to do so would be an error of law or department policy.

J. In the event the Superintendent rejects a hearing officer's findings, conclusions, or recommended decision, the Superintendent shall state with particularity the basis for rejection.

K. A copy of any final order of summary suspension shall be prominently displayed at each public entrance of the facility as required in 8VAC20-820-120.

L. The signed, original case decision shall remain in the custody of the agency as a public record, subject to the agency's records retention policy.

8VAC20-820-350 Appeal process

A. The applicant or licensee will receive a notice of the department's intent to impose an administrative sanction. This notice will describe the sanctions and the reasons for the imposition. Service of the notice of adverse action is achieved by certified mailing of the notice to the applicant or licensee, unless service is made by other means and acknowledged by the applicant or licensee. If the applicant or licensee wishes to appeal the notice of adverse action, he shall have 15 days after receipt of the notice to note his appeal.

B. Upon receipt of the notice to impose an administrative sanction, the applicant or licensee has the right to appeal the decision in accordance with the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia). The procedures for filing an appeal will be outlined in the notice. The applicant or licensee shall submit any appeal of imposition of an administrative sanction in writing within 15 days of receipt of the notice.

C. If the applicant or licensee fails to appeal the notice of adverse action within 15 days of receipt of the notice, the final order will be entered. The decision will take effect 30 days after receipt of the notice.

D. The appeal process available is governed by law. Where the sanction is imposed by means of a special order as provided in § 22.1-289.023 of the Code of Virginia, the case decision is issued by the Superintendent following findings and conclusions resulting from the informal conference. Other sanctions include a provision for an administrative hearing, which is described in § 2.2-4020 of the Code of Virginia, prior to the issuance of the case decision. For ease of reference, the process steps are displayed in the following chart:

List of Sanctions with Appeal Provisions

Informal Conference

Administrative Hearing

Circuit Court Review of Case Decision

ADMINISTRATIVE SANCTION

Place licensee on probation

X

X

Reduce licensed capacity

X

X

Restrict admissions

X

X

Mandate training for licensee or staff

X

X

Assess civil penalty

X

X

Require written contact with responsible persons

X

X

Prevent receipt of public funds

X

X

Deny application for new or renewal license

X

X

X

Revoke license

X

X

X

E. A final order of summary suspension for a child day program or family day system not operated by an agency of the Commonwealth shall include notice that the licensee may appeal the Superintendent's decision to the appropriate circuit court no later than 10 days following service of the order.

1. The sole issue before the court shall be whether the Superintendent had reasonable grounds to require the licensee to cease operations during the pendency of the concurrent revocation, denial, or other proceedings.

2. The concurrent revocation, denial, or other proceedings shall not be affected by the outcome of any hearing on the appropriateness of the summary suspension.

8VAC20-820-360 Failure to pay civil penalty

A. If an outstanding civil penalty assessed after a case decision is not paid as required, the Superintendent shall have the authority to:

1. Assess a late fee if the civil penalty payment is 60 days overdue, provided the total of the civil penalty and late fee do not exceed the penalty set forth in § 22.1-289.023 of the Code of Virginia;

2. Reduce the duration of the licensure period if the civil penalty payment is 60 days overdue; and

3. Deny renewal or revoke the license if the civil penalty payment is 90 days overdue.

B. The department will also institute legal collection procedures to collect unpaid penalties.

C. If a licensee appeals the imposition of a civil penalty, the provisions of this section shall not apply until the appeal is complete.

8VAC20-820-370 Scope

The appeal process as set forth in this part shall apply whenever the Department of Education takes adverse action on a license for a child day program or family day system. Therefore, whenever the department either revokes or refuses to issue or renew a license or imposes any other sanction for a child day program or family day system, the procedures specified in this part to produce a case decision shall be initiated.

8VAC20-820-380 Statutory basis for appeal process

The Department of Education is mandated by statute to enforce the standards adopted by the State Board of Education pursuant to § 22.1-289.046 of the Code of Virginia, regarding facilities required to be licensed under Chapter 14.1 (§ 22.1-289.010 et seq.) of Title 22.1 of the Code of Virginia. As part of this enforcement duty, § 22.1-289.024 of the Code of Virginia requires that the procedures under the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq., of the Code of Virginia) shall apply whenever the department takes adverse action.

8VAC20-820-390 Duties of the hearing coordinator

The hearing coordinator is the person designated by the Department of Education to perform certain administrative functions involved in setting up and carrying out the appeal process. The hearing coordinator's duties include, but are not limited to, the following:

1. Making a request to the Supreme Court for a hearing officer upon timely request for a formal administrative hearing.

2. Scheduling the date, time and location for the hearing.

3. Ensuring that a court reporter has been hired to record the hearing.

4. Preparing appropriate material for distribution to all participants. This includes the appointment of the hearing officer, preparing the notice of the hearing, and preparing the forms for the hearing officer to subpoena witnesses. It also includes submission of documents in the record, appropriate standards and any other pertinent information to all participants.

5. Monitoring the status of proceedings and the observance of timeframes throughout the appeal process.

8VAC20-820-400 Informal conference

A. Section 2.2-4019 of the Code of Virginia provides the aggrieved party the right to request an informal conference. In the case of administrative sanctions that include a provision for an administrative hearing, the named party and the agency may consent to waive such a conference to go directly to the hearing.

B. The informal conference is a fact-finding process. The purpose of an informal conference is to give the aggrieved party an opportunity to present information or evidence he believes indicates that the intended sanction was based on factual error or on misinterpretation of facts, or to determine if the dispute may be resolved by consent. The department will decide if the conference will be open to the public.

C. If the aggrieved party presents exhibits or other documents that contain facts previously unknown to the conference chair, the conference chair may determine that the new information requires verification. Upon making such a determination, the conference chair shall notify the aggrieved party that the information needs to be verified. The report on the informal conference shall be held open for 14 days to allow for the verification of the exhibits or other documents. The conference chair has the option to require the aggrieved party to provide such verification.

D. If the aggrieved party believes the matter can be resolved by consent, a written proposal must be submitted to the department-appointed chair of the conference no later than five work days prior to the conference unless different arrangements are agreed upon with the chair. In no case may a proposed consent agreement be submitted later than the day of the conference.

E. Following the informal conference, the chair will prepare a written report and recommended decision to the department that will include statutory authority or legal basis for the remaining steps in the administrative appeals process; a summary of the conference; the previous disposition as set out in the notice of adverse action, i.e., those issues on appeal; the findings of fact; the description of evidence; and the recommended decision or options. Within 90 days from the date of the informal conference, or from a later date agreed to by the aggrieved party and the agency, the department will issue its official decision in writing to the aggrieved party, including information concerning the named party's right to continue his appeal. The written report prepared by the chair will be attached to the letter and will be incorporated by reference.

F. When an informal conference is conducted following notification of an intent to issue a special order, the issuance of the special order shall be considered a case decision as defined in § 2.2-4001 of the Code of Virginia. Service of the decision following the informal conference shall be achieved by mailing the decision to the licensee, unless service is made by other means and acknowledged in writing by the licensee. If the licensee wishes to appeal the decision, he shall have 30 days after service of the notice to make such a request. If service is accomplished by mail, three days shall be added to the 30-day period. Any appeal following an informal conference related to special orders shall be made to the circuit court. All other appeals shall follow procedures set forth in the Administrative Process Act.

8VAC20-820-410 Consent agreements

A. A consent agreement may be proposed by a licensee in lieu of adverse action. The proposed consent agreement shall be submitted no later than five work days prior to the conference unless different arrangements are agreed upon with the chair. In no case may a proposed consent agreement be submitted later than the day of the informal conference.

B. An acceptable consent agreement shall contain the following specific elements:

1. Dates of key actions, such as letter of sanction, timely appeal, the informal conference (if already held), and the names of the parties;

2. The assertion that all violations detailed in the letter of denial or revocation have been corrected or will be corrected by a time specified in the proposed agreement;

3. A description in detail of the case-specific systemic solution proposed that addresses the causes of the past history of violations, includng the methods the licensee has in place to prevent violations and to monitor results;

4. A stipulation by the licensee to the validity of the violations enumerated in the specified correspondence and waiver of right to hearing under the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia) solely with respect to those violations.

5. The duration of the consent agreement, including the information that the period begins when the division director signs;

6. A statement that when the division director signs the agreement, signifying final acceptance, the division director is also agreeing to rescind the outstanding adverse action and that the licensee is agreeing to withdraw all appeals to that action; and

7. A statement outlining conditions for termination of the final agreement for cause and the nature of the licensee's appeal rights in that event.

C. Throughout the duration of the consent agreement, licensing staff will make frequent inspections to determine whether the terms of the consent agreement are being implemented and whether its intended results are being achieved.

8VAC20-820-420 Acknowledgment of request for an administrative hearing

Upon receipt of the written request from the aggrieved party for an administrative hearing pursuant to §§ 2.2-4020 and 2.2-4021 of the Code of Virginia, a hearing will be scheduled in the locality where the aggrieved party operates unless he expressly waives this venue provision (§ 8.01-261 of the Code of Virginia). The hearing coordinator will request appointment of a hearing officer from the list of qualified attorneys kept by the Supreme Court of Virginia. After a hearing officer is appointed and duly designated by the Superintendent, a notice of hearing will be sent to the aggrieved party with a copy to the agency representative for the case. The department may be represented either by counsel or by agency staff authorized by § 2.2-509 of the Code of Virginia. After the hearing officer is appointed, the hearing coordinator will forward a copy of the relevant licensing standards and appeal procedures to the hearing officer. The hearing coordinator will not be directly involved in any investigation or litigation function in connection with the case.

8VAC20-820-430 Continuances

A request for continuance shall be made to the hearing officer at least five days prior to the time designated for the hearing, except in cases of emergency. No continuance of an administrative hearing shall be granted except at the discretion of the hearing officer, for good cause shown and with due consideration of the potential risks to children in the facility from extended exposure to conditions detailed in the agency's revocation or denial letter. All parties involved in a hearing shall avoid delay caused by unnecessary postponements or continuances so that a decision can be made expeditiously.

8VAC20-820-440 Recesses and postponements

The hearing officer has authority to grant recesses and postponements where necessary for the convenience and comfort of the parties, witnesses, and the court reporter.

8VAC20-820-450 Prehearing conferences

The hearing officer has the statutory power to hold conferences for the settlement or simplification of issues by the parties. The hearing officer may hold a prehearing conference for the stipulation of certain facts or for any other purposes that might be accomplished by such a preliminary process. It may be useful for the hearing officer to direct the parties to submit to him and exchange in advance of the conference: proposed statements of issues, proposed stipulations, requests for information, statements of position, proposed procedural data, and the exchange of exhibits. The notice for such a prehearing conference must be established by the hearing officer as to the date, time and place for such conference. It will not be necessary to provide a verbatim reporting of the prehearing conference. A report summarizing the results of this conference must be prepared, consisting of a list of appearances, agreements reached, the hearing officer's rulings, and other matters decided. A copy of this report shall be provided to all persons who entered appearances, which shall become part of the agency record.

8VAC20-820-460 Conduct of hearing

A. To initiate the proceedings, the hearing officer will call the hearing to order and make a brief statement giving the name of the proceeding, its case number, the names of all persons present and involved in the proceeding, and other appropriate introductory remarks such as the general rules of decorum and conduct. The parties shall be entitled to be accompanied by and represented by counsel. Before the formal presentation of evidence begins, the parties should be given an opportunity to bring up any preliminary matters or motions. If a hearing officer has questions or issues regarding the procedures in the hearing or his role in conducting the hearing, these questions shall be directed to the hearing coordinator. The parties at administrative hearings have the right to conduct cross-examination to obtain full and fair disclosure of the facts. The hearing officer will decide if the hearing will be open to the public.

B. The following shall be the order of proceedings at all hearings, subject to modification by the hearing officer before such hearing is commenced, for good cause:

1. Presentation, argument, and disposition of all preliminary matters and motions.

2. Presentation of opening statements. Such statements are not subject to cross-examination or an opportunity to present argumentative testimony.

3. Agency representative presents the case, calling witnesses in such order as is seen fit. Each witness should be subject to direct, cross, and redirect examination. Both the counsel for the adverse party and the hearing officer may direct questions to the witness.

4. The aggrieved party should present its case, using the same guidelines as established in subdivision 3 of this subsection.

5. Rebuttal evidence by the agency representative should be permitted.

6. At the close of the presentation of evidence, the parties may exercise their rights pursuant to §§ 2.2-4020 and 2.2-4021 of the Code of Virginia. The parties, on request, shall be given the opportunity for closing argument and may submit for the record, in writing, proposed findings and conclusions.

8VAC20-820-470 Rules of evidence

A. The burden of proof shall be upon the proponent. Therefore, if this is a situation where the department has revoked a license or imposed another administrative sanction subject to appeal by administrative hearing, the department is the proponent and has the burden of proof. However, in cases where the department has refused to grant an initial or renewal license, the proponent is the applicant and has the burden of proving that it should be granted a license.

B. The formal rules of evidence shall not apply. The hearing officer shall receive any probative evidence, and should strike, on objection or own motion, evidence that is irrelevant, immaterial, insubstantial, privileged, or repetitive, as required by §§ 2.2-4020 and 2.2-4021 of the Code of Virginia. If a question or answer at hearing is irrelevant, improper, or excludable, the hearing officer may strike it without waiting for an objection.

C. A party to the hearing may conduct examinations or cross examinations without rigid adherence to formal rules of evidence, provided the examination or cross examination does not become abusive or constitute harassment of the witness, and the examination can be shown to be necessary to result in full and fair disclosure of the facts bearing upon matters in issue. The hearing officer may examine all or any of the witnesses at the hearing.

8VAC20-820-480 The record at hearing

All testimony in the administrative hearing must be recorded either stenographically or by mechanical means. All documents or other evidence received are also part of the record and must be maintained. In addition, a record must be maintained of all evidence offered but excluded. See Rule 2A: 3 (c) of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Virginia. As a matter of practice, it would be appropriate for the hearing officer to conditionally receive evidence and thereafter, if it is excludable, to avoid considering it in making the decision. In this way, if it is determined on judicial review that the hearing officer erroneously decided that the evidence was excludable, the case can be remanded for reconsideration of the evidence submitted but rejected as exhibits.

8VAC20-820-490 Recommendations of the hearing officer

A. By statute, the hearing officer shall recommend findings of fact and a decision upon the preponderance of the evidence presented by the record and relevant to the basic law under which the agency is operating (§§ 2.2-4020 and 2.2-4021 of the Code of Virginia.). The recommended decision of the hearing officer shall be made upon consideration and review of the record as a whole or such portions of the record as may be cited by any party to the proceedings. The findings of fact shall be based exclusively on admissible evidence or matters that are officially noticed. The recommendation shall be in writing and shall include specific findings on all the major facts in issue.

B. The hearing officer shall provide a recommendation within 90 days from the date the agency record is closed (that is, the date of the final hearing or the date by which the hearing officer prescribes that all evidence shall be submitted) or from a later date if agreed to by the aggrieved party and the agency (§ 2.2-4024 of the Code of Virginia). If the hearing officer does not render a recommended decision within 90 days, the named party to the case decision may provide written notice to the hearing officer and the Executive Secretary of the Supreme Court that a decision is due. If no recommended decision is made by the hearing officer within 30 days from receipt of the notice, then the Executive Secretary of the Supreme Court, pursuant to § 2.2-4024 of the Code of Virginia, shall remove the hearing officer from the hearing officer list and report the hearing officer to the Virginia State Bar for possible disciplinary action, unless good cause can be shown for the delay.

C. The available remedies offered by the hearing officer shall be to (i) uphold the decision of the department; (ii) recommend reversing the decision; or (iii) recommend issuance of a different sanction as provided in § 22.1-289.023 of the Code of Virginia.

D. The findings, conclusions and recommended decision shall be provided to the parties and thereafter either party has 10 days to submit any exceptions in writing to the hearing coordinator for review by the Superintendent regarding the recommended decision of the hearing officer. The hearing officer may incorporate the procedure for making exceptions to his recommended decision within the text of his report and recommendation.

E. The hearing officer shall forward the agency record, including the recommendation; all documents submitted by the parties; a listing of all exhibits presented, received and rejected; and the transcript of the hearing to the hearing coordinator.

8VAC20-820-500 Case decision

A. The Superintendent, after review of the findings of fact and recommended decision of the hearing officer, shall make a case decision and issue an order in the case within 30 days from the date that the Superintendent receives the hearing officer's recommendation (§§ 2.2-4020 and 2.2-4021 of the Code of Virginia). The Superintendent shall provide notification to the aggrieved party of the decision within 30 days of receipt of the hearing officer's recommendation. If the Superintendent does not render a decision within 30 days, the aggrieved party to the case decision may provide a written notice to the Superintendent that a decision is due. If no decision is made within 30 days from the Superintendent's receipt of the notice, the decision is deemed to be in favor of the aggrieved party. Service of the notice of the Superintendent's decision is achieved by mailing the notice of the case decision to the licensee, unless service is made by other means and acknowledged in writing by the licensee. If service is accomplished by mail, three days shall be added to the 30-day period. If the licensee wishes to appeal the decision, he shall have 30 days after service of the notice of case decision to make such request.

B. The signed original case decision shall remain in the custody of the agency as a public record, subject to the agency's records retention policy. The signed originals or facsimiles thereof, together with the full record or file of the case, shall be made available for public inspection or copying except as the agency may, in its discretion under § 2.2-4023 of the Code of Virginia, decide to withhold part or all of the records.

C. The provisions for appealing the Superintendent's order in accordance with the Administrative Process Act are found at §§ 2.2-4025 through 2.2-4030 of the Code of Virginia.

D. When issuance or renewal of a license for a child day program or family day system has been refused by the Superintendent, the applicant shall not thereafter for a period of six months apply again for such license.

EXCEPTION: A child day program or family day system may apply again for such license before the end of the applicable specified period if the Superintendent in his sole discretion believes that there has been such a change in the conditions on account of which he refused the prior application as to justify considering the new application.

8VAC20-830-10 Fees

By act of the General Assembly and effective July 1, 2021, the Department of Education is authorized to charge fees for processing applications for licenses (§ 22.1-289.010 of the Code of Virginia).

Such fees are to be used for the development and delivery of training for operators and staff of facilities or agencies for children subject to licensure solely by the Department of Education.

Each license and renewal of it may be issued for a period of up to three successive years. The required fee for each licensed facility or agency will be based upon its licensed capacity and the length of the total licensure period. However, the fee will be collected annually and licensees will be billed each year by the Department of Education for the appropriate portion of the fee. (Example: A facility with a capacity of 55 participants is issued a license for a period of 24 months. The fee for that facility for the two-year period would be $210. The facility will be charged $105 at the beginning of the licensure period and billed again for $105 at the beginning of the second year of licensure.) No fee will be charged directly following the issuance of a conditional license.

Some programs such as, but not limited to, parks and recreation programs and summer camps, which operate for less than four months in a 12-month period, will pay a reduced fee as indicated in the fee schedule below (short-term programs).

Applicants shall use the following schedule of fees to determine the correct fee to pay for processing all applications.

Schedule of Fees

Capacity

1 year

2 years

3 years

1–12

$14

$28

$42

13–25

$35

$70

$105

26–50

$70

$140

$210

51–75

$105

$210

$315

76–200

$140

$280

$420

201 & up

$200

$400

$600

Short-term Programs

1–50

$25

$50

$75

51 & up

$50

$110

$150

Flat Fees

Family Day Care Systems

$70

$140

$210

The fee shall be paid by personal check, money order, or certified check, made payable to "Treasurer of Virginia."

A fee that is incorrect in amount or is made payable other than to the Treasurer of Virginia will be returned to the applicant. Otherwise, no fee will be returned or refunded for any reason.

Failure to submit the appropriate fee within the time frame specified by the Department of Education may result in negative action against a facility's or agency's license.

A fee will be charged for checks that must be returned to the applicant because of insufficient funds.

8VAC20-840-10 Definitions

22VAC40-690-10 8VAC20-840-10. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

"Applicant" means any individual who is applying for a scholarship for college tuition.

"Child care program" means a regularly operating service arrangement for children where, during the absence of a parent or guardian, a person or organization has agreed to assume responsibility for the supervision, protection, and well-being of a child under the age of 13 for less than a 24-hour period. Child care includes care provided in the child's own home as well as care provided outside of the child's home in settings such as a private home, child care center, school, camp, recreational facility, or religious organization.

"Child care provider" means a person who is currently employed or plans to work in a child care program.

"Colleges and universities" means those Virginia based public and private accredited institutions of higher learning approved by the State Council of Higher Education for Virginia. This includes all in-state accredited Virginia public colleges, universities, two-year colleges, and community colleges; and all accredited Virginia private not-for-profit and private for-profit colleges and universities.

"Course" means any undergraduate class that focuses on preparing students to be child care providers. The courses shall focus on children between birth and 12 years of age and be in the subject areas of care or development of children, the administration of child care programs, or basic language, math, and sciences skills needed to promote growth and development in children. The courses shall be approved by the department and taught by Virginia's public or private colleges and universities.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Social Services Education.

8VAC20-840-20 Purpose and intent

22VAC40-690-15 8VAC20-840-20. Purpose and intent.

The purpose of the Virginia Child Care Provider Scholarship Program is to provide tuition assistance to child care providers. The intent of the program is to provide child care providers with a foundation in child care and child development. The anticipated benefit of an increased knowledge and skills base for child care providers will be an improved level of care provided to Virginia's children. This program is subject to the availability of funds.

8VAC20-840-30 Application process

22VAC40-690-20 8VAC20-840-30. Application process.

A. All persons interested in obtaining a scholarship must submit a scholarship application form to the Virginia Department of Social Services Education or its designee as indicated on the application.

Note: Applications are available through the Virginia Department of Social Services Education or the designated third-party administrator.

B. A separate application must be submitted for each semester.

C. Only complete applications, both initial and resubmitted, received by the deadline indicated on the application shall be considered.

D. Applicants shall verify that the selected courses are being offered by the selected college or university for the applicable semester prior to applying for scholarships.

E. The selection of courses or colleges and universities may not be changed once the scholarship has been awarded unless the selected class is full or has been cancelled.

8VAC20-840-40 Selection and eligibility

22VAC40-690-30 8VAC20-840-40. Selection and eligibility.

A. Priority will be given to applicants currently employed in the field of child care. If funds remain available, the applications will be processed and scholarships awarded in order of date received.

B. In order for an applicant to be eligible for a scholarship, he must meet all of the following criteria. The applicant must:

1. Be one of the following:

a. An employee of a child care program located in Virginia; or

b. Domiciled in Virginia as defined in § 23-7.4 of the Code of Virginia and (i) employed in a child care program outside of Virginia or (ii) have declared an intent to become employed in child care.

2. Select a department-approved course for which he has not previously received scholarship funds; and

3. Have no more than one occurrence of the following for courses for which the applicant received a Virginia Child Care Provider Scholarship:

a. Did not register for the course after receiving an award;

b. Did not complete the course and received a grade of "W" for withdrawal; or

c. Did not receive a passing grade.

In the event of such an occurrence, the department will not award future scholarships to an individual until the applicant reimburses the state for the course(s) tuition and fees that were paid to the college or university on behalf of the applicant.

C. An applicant does not have to be enrolled in or have already taken a course in early childhood education or a related major to be eligible for a scholarship.

D. Scholarships will only be awarded if the department has adequate information to process scholarship requests. The department must have received final course grades and payment information on courses that have been previously approved for scholarships. In addition, scholarships will be awarded on a conditional basis for those persons who are in jeopardy of becoming ineligible to receive a scholarship as specified in subdivision B 3 of this section. In these instances, the department will review enrollment and grade information when provided by the institution for the current enrollment period and if the applicant is in compliance with subdivision B 3 of this section, the scholarship will be fully awarded.

E. The scholarship will only pay tuition and the technology fee for each course.

F. Applicants shall not receive scholarships for more than two courses per semester.

G. Scholarships shall not be transferred between semesters or individuals.

H. Scholarships are awarded only for courses approved by the department. The department will determine whether a course meets the definition of a "course" as defined in 22VAC40-690-10 8VAC20-840-10.

I. Recipients may receive a total lifetime award of no more than the average tuition for eight community college courses or their monetary equivalent.

J. A recipient may use scholarship funds to attend any combination of Virginia public or private accredited two-year or four-year institutions over a period of time.

K. All applicants will be notified in writing regarding the acceptance or denial of their application.

8VAC20-840-50 Appeal process

22VAC40-690-35 8VAC20-840-50. Appeal process.

A. Any person denied a scholarship who believes the denial was contrary to law or regulations may appeal the denial pursuant to the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia). Section 2.2-4019 of the Code of Virginia provides the aggrieved party the right to request an informal conference. This request shall be made within 15 days of the date of denial. The informal conference is a fact-finding process and gives the aggrieved party an opportunity to present information that the denial decision was based on factual error or misinterpretation of facts. The aggrieved party may be required to provide verification of facts. The department then has 90 days from the date of the informal conference to issue its official decision in writing, including information concerning the aggrieved party's right to continue the appeal process pursuant to the Administrative Process Act. The informal conference may be conducted by telephone if both parties consent.

B. No person shall have a right to appeal any denial due to lack of scholarship funds, untimely application, or incomplete application.

8VAC20-840-60 College and university agreements

22VAC40-690-40 8VAC20-840-60. College and university agreements.

A. Colleges and universities will be notified in writing when scholarships are awarded to applicants planning to attend their institutions.

B. The department shall provide written procedures to all colleges and universities that have any student using scholarship funds regarding the operation of the scholarship program. The procedures shall address the areas of, but not be limited to, verification of Virginia residency, billing procedures, and provision of final course grades. Specifically, these institutions shall:

1. Determine whether applicants that are not employed in child care programs located in Virginia are domiciled in Virginia as defined in § 23-7.4 of the Code of Virginia and provide the department with verification of such;

2. Provide the department each semester, but no later than at the time of billing, with the tuition rate category of each person for which the institution plans to bill or is billing the scholarship program.

3. Submit one bill to the department per institution per semester after the college's or university's published add/drop period has occurred. Colleges and universities shall submit a request for payment prior to the end of the semester for which the scholarship was awarded. Such request must be in a department-approved format; and

4. Provide the department with final course grades for classes paid for by the scholarship program within one month following the end of each semester.

C. All other eligible Virginia public and private colleges and universities may follow the procedures as outlined in subsection B of this section or place the responsibility on the student to seek reimbursement from the department.

8VAC20-840-70 Disbursement of funds

22VAC40-690-55 8VAC20-840-70. Disbursement of funds.

For those institutions participating in the tuition reimbursement process, funds will be disbursed to the colleges and universities upon receipt of an invoice in accordance with the Commonwealth Accounting Policies and Procedures. In the event that a college or university does not choose to participate in the tuition reimbursement process, the funds will be disbursed to the recipient upon proof of tuition payment and course enrollment through the end of the college's or university's published add/drop period.

8VAC20-840-80 Gathering and maintaining information

22VAC40-690-60 8VAC20-840-80. Gathering and maintaining information.

A. The department will maintain identifying, employment, and educational information on all applicants for a minimum of five years. This information will be obtained from the applications and subsequent information submitted by the colleges or universities or recipients as requested.

B. Additional information may be requested of any applicant receiving a scholarship as the department deems necessary to carry out its accountability functions.

8VAC20-840-90 Recipient responsibilities

22VAC40-690-65 8VAC20-840-90. Recipient responsibilities.

A. A recipient must submit final course grades for classes paid by the Virginia Child Care Provider Scholarship Program to the department within one month of completion of the course unless the college or university does so.

Note: All colleges and universities are requested to provide final course grades to the department for the classes paid by the scholarship program as outlined in 22VAC40-690-40 B 4 8VAC20-840-60 B 4. Grades will be used to determine eligibility as outlined in 22VAC40-690-30 B 3 8VAC20-840-40 B 3.

B. By accepting the award, the recipient agrees to participate in any surveys conducted by the department regarding the scholarship program and comply with any requests for additional information as stated in 22VAC40-690-60 8VAC20-840-80.

C. The recipient is responsible for all expenses related to taking the courses with the exception of the amount of the award, which only pays for tuition and the technology fee. The total lifetime award will pay the tuition and technology fee for a maximum of eight courses at the community colleges at the in-state tuition rate or the dollar equivalent of the total lifetime award, whichever comes first. Recipients shall be required to pay any additional tuition and technology fees that exceed the total lifetime award. Additional expenses for all recipients include, but are not limited to, other college or university fees, books, transportation, and child care.

8VAC20-840-9998 FORMS (8VAC20-840)

Virginia Child Care Provider Scholarship Program Application, Form #032-05-0032-06-eng

(eff. 09/2020)

8VAC20-850-10 Definitions

22VAC40-180-10 8VAC20-850-10. Definitions

The following words and terms, when used in this chapter, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Adult" means any individual 18 years of age or older.

"Age appropriate" means suitable to the chronological age range and developmental characteristics of a specific group of children.

"Age groups" means the following:

"Infant" means children from birth to 16 months.

"Toddler" means children from 16 months to 31 months.

"Preschooler" means children from 31 months up to the age of eligibility to be enrolled in kindergarten or an equivalent program.

"School age" means children who are eligible to be enrolled in kindergarten or attend public school.

"Age of eligibility to attend public school" means five years of age or older by September 30.

"Care, protection and guidance" means responsibility assumed by a family day home provider for children receiving care in the home, whether they are related or unrelated to the provider.

"Certificate of registration" means a document issued by the commissioner Superintendent to a family day provider, acknowledging that the provider has been certified by the contracting organization or the department and has met the Requirements for Voluntary Registration of Family Day Homes - Requirements for Providers. (22VAC40-180 8VAC20-850-10).

"Child" means any individual under 18 years of age.

"Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Social Services.

"Commissioner's designee" means a designated individual who or a division within the Department of Social Services that is delegated to act on the commissioner's behalf in one or more specific responsibilities.

"Contracting organization" means the agency which has contracted with the Department of Social Services Education to administer the voluntary registration program for family day homes.

"Denial of a certificate of registration" means a refusal by the commissioner Superintendent to issue an initial certificate of registration.

"Department" means the Virginia Department of Social Services Education.

"Department's representative" means an employee or designee of the Virginia Department of Social Services Education acting as the authorized agent of the commissioner Superintendent.

"Evaluate" or "evaluation" means the review of a family day provider by a contracting organization upon receipt of an application for a certificate of registration to verify that the applicant meets the Requirements for Providers.

"Family day home" means a child day program offered in the residence of the provider or the home of any of the children in care for one through 12 children under the age of 13, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, when at least one child receives care for compensation. A family day home serving five through 12 children, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, shall be licensed. A family day home caring for more than four children under the age of two, including the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, shall be licensed or voluntarily registered. A family day home where the children in care are all related to the provider by blood or marriage shall not be required to be licensed.

"Family day provider applicant" or "provider applicant" means a person 18 years of age or older who has applied for a certificate of registration.

"Monitor" or "monitoring visit" means to visit a registered family day provider and to review the provider's compliance with the applicable requirements described in the Requirements for Providers.

"Parent" means a biological, foster or adoptive parent, legal guardian, or any person with responsibility for, or custody of, a child enrolled or in the process of being enrolled in a family day home.

"Physician" means a person licensed to practice medicine.

"Provider" or "registered family day provider" means a person who has received an initial or renewed certificate of registration issued by the commissioner Superintendent. This provider has primary responsibility for providing care, protection, supervision, and guidance to the children in the registered home.

"Provider assistant" means a person 14 years of age or older who has been designated by the family day provider and approved by the contracting organization to assist the provider in the care, protection, supervision, and guidance of children in the home.

"Refusal to renew a certificate of registration" means the nonissuance of a certificate of registration by the commissioner Superintendent after the expiration of the existing certificate of registration.

"Registration fee" means the payment to a contracting organization by a provider or applicant upon filing an application for a certificate of registration.

"Registered family day home" means any family day home which has met the standards for voluntary registration for such homes pursuant to regulations promulgated by the State Board of Social Services Education and which has obtained a certificate of registration from the commissioner Superintendent.

"Renewal of a certificate of registration" means the issuance of a certificate of registration by the commissioner Superintendent after the expiration of the existing certificate of registration.

"Requirements for Providers" means the procedures and general information set forth for providers operating family day homes who voluntarily register. This includes staffing requirements and a self-administered health and safety checklist.

"Revocation of a certificate of registration" means the removal of a provider's current certificate of registration by the commissioner Superintendent for failure to comply with the applicable Requirements for Providers.

"Substitute provider" means a provider who meets the Requirements for Providers and who is readily available to provide substitute child care in a registered provider's home or in the substitute provider's home.

"Superintendent" means the Superintendent of Public Instruction.

"Superintendent's designee" means a designated individual who or a division within the Department of Education that is designated to act on the Superintendent's behalf in one or more specific responsibilities.

"USDA" means U.S. Department of Agriculture.

8VAC20-850-20 Provider eligibility

22VAC40-180-10 8VAC20-850-20. Provider eligibility

A. A family day provider and substitute provider shall be 18 years of age or older.

B. A family day assistant shall be 14 years of age or older.

C. A family day provider, assistant or assistants and substitute provider shall be able to read, write, understand and carry out the responsibilities in the Requirements for Providers.

D. A family day provider and substitute provider shall live in a county, city, or town that does not have a local ordinance for the regulation or licensure of family day homes.

E. A family day provider that is voluntarily registered pursuant to § 63.2-1704 22.1-289.015 of the Code of Virginia shall not be required by law to be licensed. Family day homes serving five through 12 children younger than the age of 13 years, exclusive of the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home, shall be licensed.

8VAC20-850-30 Application for registration

22VAC40-180-40 8VAC20-850-30. Application for registration

A. A family day provider applicant for a certificate of registration shall submit to the contracting organization a completed application form, which shall include, but not be limited to:

1. The health and safety checklist and statements of assurance as noted in Part III (22VAC40-180-120 8VAC20-850-110 et seq.);

2. A tuberculosis test report as noted in subsection C of this section;

3. A criminal records check and Child Protective Services Central Registry Clearance as indicated in subsection D of this section;

4. A sworn disclosure statement as noted in subsection D of this section; and

5. General information as noted in subsection B of this section.

B. The provider shall also indicate a preference as to whether:

1. The provider applicant is interested in participating in the USDA food program (if the registrant is not currently participating);

2. The provider applicant is willing and able to serve as a substitute provider (after the primary provider obtains consent from parents of enrolled children) and is interested in being included on the substitute provider list maintained by the contracting organization.

C. Health information shall be submitted on the family day provider applicant, assistant or assistants and substitute providers, if any, and any other adult household member who comes in contact with children or handles food served to children. The applicant shall return the completed application form along with a tuberculosis (TB) form which provides written proof of the results of a tuberculosis examination for the applicant, the provider assistant, if any, and all other persons who care for children in the family day home as follows:

1. Initial tuberculosis examination and report.

a. Within 90 days before the date of initial application for registration or within 30 days before employment or having contact with children in a registered home, each individual shall obtain a tuberculin skin test indicating the absence of tuberculosis in a communicable form;

b. Each individual shall submit a statement that he is free of tuberculosis in a communicable form, including the results of the test;

c. The statement shall be signed by a physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department; and

d. The statement shall be filed in the individual's record maintained at the family day home.

EXCEPTION: An individual may delay obtaining the tuberculosis test if a statement from a physician is provided that indicates the test is not advisable for specific health reasons. This statement shall include an estimated date for when the test can be safely administered. The individual shall obtain the test no later than 30 days after this date.

2. Subsequent evaluations.

a. An individual who had a significant (positive) reaction to a tuberculin skin test and whose physician certifies the absence of communicable tuberculosis shall obtain chest x-rays on an annual basis for the following two years.

(1) The individual shall submit statements documenting the chest x-rays and certifying freedom from tuberculosis in a communicable form;

(2) The statements shall be signed by a licensed physician, the physician's designee, or an official of a local health department;

(3) The statements shall be filed in the individual's record maintained at the family day home; and

(4) Following the two-year period during which chest x-rays are required annually, additional screening shall be obtained every two years.

b. An individual who had a nonsignificant (negative) reaction to an initial tuberculin skin test shall obtain additional screening every two years thereafter.

c. Any individual who comes in contact with a known case of tuberculosis or who develops chronic respiratory symptoms shall, within 30 days of exposure or development, receive an evaluation in accordance with subdivision C 1 of this section.

3. At the request of the contracting organization or the Department of Social ServicesEducation, a report of examination by a physician shall be obtained when there is an indication that the safety of children in care may be jeopardized by the physical or mental health of a specific individual.

D. Information certifying that those in contact with children do not have a criminal background shall be submitted. Attachments will include:

1. A criminal records check, as specified in §§ 63.2-1720 and 63.2-172122.1-289.036 of the Code of Virginia, conducted no more than 90 days before the date of initial application and no more than 90 days before the date of application for renewal, for the provider applicant, the provider assistant, and the substitute provider, if any, and any adults residing in the home;

2. A Child Protective Services (CPS) Central Registry Clearance conducted no more than 90 days before the date of initial application and no more than 90 days before the date of application for renewal, for the provider applicant, the provider assistant, and the substitute provider, if any, and any adults residing in the home; and

3. A sworn disclosure statement for the provider applicant, the provider assistant, and the substitute provider, if any, and any adults residing in the home.

8VAC20-850-40 Registration fees

22VAC40-180-50 8VAC20-850-40. Registration fees

A. At the time an application for a certificate of registration is submitted to the contracting organization, the provider applicant shall pay a nonrefundable registration fee not to exceed $50 for a two-year period. The fee shall be paid in the form of a check or money order made payable to the contracting organization. (This does not include the fee for the criminal records check, CPS Central Registry Clearance or the tuberculosis test.)

B. An additional fee shall not be required if a minor change in the information collected, e.g., change in name, occurs before the expiration date of the current certificate of registration or if the provider requires a duplicate copy of the certificate of registration due to loss or destruction of the original.

C. An additional fee shall only be charged if a second home visit is required because:

1. The provider changes location (not to exceed $50);

2. The original certificate of registration was revoked (not to exceed $50); or

3. The provider's completion of a corrective action plan needs to be verified (not to exceed $10).

8VAC20-850-50 Issuance of a certificate of registration

22VAC40-180-60 8VAC20-850-50. Issuance of a certificate of registration

A. After the provider applicant has satisfactorily met the requirements for voluntary registration, the contracting organization shall certify the provider applicant as eligible for registration to the commissionerSuperintendent and recommend the issuance of a certificate of registration.

B. The commissionerSuperintendent shall issue the certificate of registration, which shall not be transferable, to a specific provider at a specific location.

C. If it is necessary to change any identifying information (name and phone) noted on the certificate of registration prior to the end of the two-year registration period, the provider shall advise the contracting organization no later than 14 calendar days after the change.

D. If the provider changes location prior to the end of the two-year registration period, the provider shall permit and participate in a second home visit and an evaluation of the new residence within 30 days of occupying the residence.

E. The provider shall not claim in advertising or in any written or verbal announcement to be registered with the Commonwealth of Virginia unless a certificate of registration is currently in effect.

F. A provider who has been denied a certificate of registration or who has had a certificate of registration revoked or refused renewal by the commissionerSuperintendent shall not be eligible for issuance of a certificate of registration until six months after the date of such action, unless the waiting period is waived by the commissionerSuperintendent.

8VAC20-850-60 Renewal of a certificate of registration

22VAC40-180-70 8VAC20-850-60. Renewal of a certificate of registration

A. The certificate of registration shall be subject to renewal upon expiration.

B. No later than 45 days before the expiration of the current certificate of registration, the provider shall submit to the contracting organization a completed renewal application form which shall include, but not limited to, the required information specified in 22VAC40-180-40 8VAC20-850-30.

8VAC20-850-70 Denials, revocations, refusals to renew and provider appeals procedures

22VAC40-180-80 8VAC20-850-70. Denials, revocations, refusals to renew and provider appeals procedures

A. A provider's certificate of registration may be denied, revoked, or refused renewal by the commissionerSuperintendent for cause including, but not limited to:

1. Failure to comply with adult-child ratios, staffing requirements, or other standards set forth in the Requirements for Providers;

2. Use of fraud in obtaining a certificate of registration or in the subsequent operations of the family day home;

3. Any conduct or activity which adversely affects or presents a serious hazard to the health, safety, and general well-being of an enrolled child, or which otherwise demonstrates unfitness by a provider to operate a family day care home;

4. Refusal to furnish the contracting organization or the department with records;

5. Refusal to permit immediate admission to the family day home to the parent of an enrolled child who is present in the home or to an authorized representative of the contracting organization or department when any enrolled child is present; or

6. Documentation maintained by a contracting organization or the department that a certificate of registration has been denied, revoked, or refused renewal by the commissionerSuperintendent to the provider during the six months prior to the date an application is resubmitted for a certificate of registration.

B. When a provider is found to be in violation of any of the provisions of subsection A of this section, the contracting organization shall notify the provider of the violation or violations first orally and then in writing, and, when appropriate, shall afford the provider an opportunity to abate the violation or violations within a timeframe agreed upon by the contracting organization and the provider. The provider shall immediately abate the violation or violations in situations where children are at risk of abuse or neglect or serious harm or injury.

C. If the provider fails to abate the violation or violations within the agreed upon timeframe or commits a subsequent violation, the contracting organization may recommend to the commissionerSuperintendent that the certificate of registration be denied, revoked, or refused renewal. A statement referencing the standard or standards violated shall be included with the recommendation.

D. Upon notification of the contracting organization's intent to recommend that a certificate of registration be denied, revoked, or refused renewal, a provider may request a review in writing by the contracting organization's review committee within 15 calendar days after receipt of notification.

E. The contracting organization shall submit its recommendation of the provider's eligibility for issuance of a certificate of registration to the commissioner'sSuperintendent's designee. If a certificate of registration is denied, revoked or refused renewal by the commissioner'sSuperintendent's designee, the provider may appeal the decision in accordance with the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia) and may request a hearing in writing within 15 calendar days after receipt of notification of the decision.

F. After the hearing, the commissionerSuperintendent shall issue the final order, which may be appealed in accordance with the Administrative Process Act.

G. A provider whose certificate of registration is revoked or refused renewal shall notify the parent or parents of each child enrolled within 10 calendar days after receipt of notification of such action.

8VAC20-850-80 Provider reporting requirements

22VAC40-180-90 8VAC20-850-80. Provider reporting requirements

A. The provider shall verbally notify the local department of social services or call the toll free number for the Child Protective Services Unit (1-800-552-7096) immediately whenever there is reason to suspect that a child has been or is being subjected to any kind of child abuse or neglect by any person.

B. The provider shall report the following incidents to the contracting organization as soon as possible but no later than the beginning of the contracting organization's next working day:

1. A lost or missing child when it was necessary to seek assistance from local emergency or police personnel;

2. Any injury that occurs while in the provider's care that results in the admission of a child to a hospital;

3. The death of a child while in the provider's care;

4. Any damage to the provider's home that affects the provider's compliance with the Requirements for Providers;

5. Any occurrence of a reportable disease, as specified in the list of reportable diseases provided by the contracting organization;

6. The termination of all family day care services by the provider; or

7. The provider's decision to surrender the certificate of registration in accordance with the Requirements of the Voluntary Registration Program.

8VAC20-850-90 Provider record requirements

22VAC40-180-100 8VAC20-850-90. Provider record requirements

A. The provider's records shall be open for inspection by authorized representatives of the contracting organizations and the department.

B. The provider shall maintain on file a signed statement from each parent, affirming receipt of the information to parents statement.

C. The provider shall maintain an individual record for each child enrolled in care. This record shall include:

1. The child's full name (including nicknames, if any), address and birth date;

2. Name, address and telephone number of each parent or other responsible person or persons;

3. Name, address and telephone number of each parent's place of employment and his or her work hours;

4. Name, address and telephone number of one or more persons designated by the parent or parents to be called in case of emergency when a parent cannot be reached during the hours the child is in care;

5. Name, address and telephone number of the child's physician;

6. Any known or suspected allergies and any chronic or recurrent diseases or disabilities;

7. The child's allergies to medication or drugs, if applicable, and directions for providing medicines to the child;

8. The name of the parent's hospitalization plan and number or medical assistance plan, if applicable;

9. The parent's signed authorization for the child's emergency medical treatment and written consent for giving of medications to the child;

10. The child's date of enrollment in and date of withdrawal from the family day home, when applicable;

11. Results of the health examination and up-to-date immunization records of each child unless there is record of a medical or religious exemption;

12. Names of persons authorized to visit or call for the child, as well as those who are not to visit or call for the child;

13. A record of any accidents and injuries sustained by a child;

14. The parent's signed authorization to use a substitute provider and his or her name, address, and phone number;

15. The parent's signed authorization to transport children and to take trips out of the immediate community;

16. Any written agreement made between the family day provider and the natural parent, guardian, or other responsible person for each child in care. The agreement may cover hours of care per day, week, or month; cost of care per day, week, or month; frequency and amount of payment per day, week, or month; and any special services to be provided by either party to the agreement.

D. The emergency contact information listed in subdivisions C 2 through C 5 of this section shall be made available to a physician, hospital or emergency care unit in the event of a child's illness or injury.

E. Whenever the provider leaves the home with the child or children, the provider shall have the emergency contact information and medical information required by subdivisions C 1 through C 9 of this section in the caregiver's possession.

F. The family day provider shall not disclose or permit the use of information pertaining to an individual child or family unless the parent or parents or guardian or guardians of the child has granted written permission to do so, except in the course of performance of official duties and to employees or representatives of the contracting organization or the department.

8VAC20-850-100 Staffing requirements

8VAC40-180-110 8VAC20-850-100. Staffing requirements

A. The provider shall ensure that the total number of children receiving care at any one time does not exceed four, which is the maximum capacity allowed by law (§ 63.2-170422.1-289.015 of the Code of Virginia) for family day homes that may apply for voluntary registration.

B. The following adult-to-child ratios shall be maintained for children receiving care until October 31, 1993. (NOTE: The adult-to-child ratios for voluntary registration shall be same as those for licensed day homes. effective November 1, 1993.)

1. One adult may care for nine children at any one time, within the limitations that follow. This includes provider by blood or marriage the provider's own children and any children who reside in the home.

a. Of the nine children, no more than six shall be under school age without an assistant;

b. Of the children under school age, no more than five shall be under 31 months (2 ½ years of age or younger) even when an assistant is present;

c. Of the children under 31 months, no more than three shall be under 16 months without an assistant.

2. School age children who are 10 years of age and older shall not count in determining the ratio of adults to children for staffing purposes.

8VAC20-850-110 Health and safety checklist criteria

22VAC40-180-120 8VAC20-850-110. Health and safety checklist criteria

A. A health and safety checklist shall be completed by providers who apply for voluntary registration. The checklist serves as both a self-review tool for providers and an initial and renewal evaluation method for the contracting organization. Items included on the checklist are those which address the basic health and safety needs of children in care in family day homes.

B. The provider shall review and complete the checklist before being certified as eligible for issuance of a certificate of registration.

C. If the provider does not meet the criteria on the health and safety checklist at the time of the initial evaluation or monitoring visit, a corrective action plan shall be completed. This will briefly describe the standard not met, the action to be taken to meet it, the date by which it shall be completed and the signature of the provider.

D. The home shall have indoor running water and an indoor bathroom equipped with a flush toilet and a sink with running water.

E. If the provider does not have a working telephone, the caregiver shall demonstrate that one is quickly and easily accessible in case of an emergency.

8VAC20-850-9998 FORMS (8VAC20-850)

Voluntary Registration Health and Safety Checklist (eff. 7/1/21)

Voluntary Registration Provider Application Form (eff. 7/1/21)