18VAC90-60-20. Identification; accuracy of records.
A. Any person regulated by this chapter shall, while on duty,
wear identification that is clearly visible to the client and that indicates
person's first and last name and the appropriate title issued to
such person by the board under which he the person is practicing
in that setting. Name identification on a badge shall follow the policy of
the assisted living facility in which the medication aide is employed.
B. A medication aide who has changed his name shall submit as legal proof to the board a copy of the marriage certificate, a certificate of naturalization, or a court order evidencing the change. A duplicate certificate shall be issued by the board upon receipt of such evidence.
C. A medication aide shall maintain an address of record with
the board. Any change in the address of record or in the public address, if
different from the address of record, shall be submitted electronically or in
writing to the board within 30 days of such change. All notices required by law
and by this chapter to be
mailed sent by the board to any
registrant shall be validly given when mailed sent to the latest
address of record on file with the board.
A. The following fees shall apply:
1. Application for program approval
2. Application for registration as a medication aide
3. Annual renewal for medication aide
4. Late renewal
5. Reinstatement of registration
6. Returned check
7. Duplicate registration
8. Reinstatement following suspension, mandatory suspension, or revocation
B. Fees shall not be refunded once submitted.
C. The fee for the
competency evaluation state
examination shall be paid directly to the examination service contracted by
the board for its administration. D. For renewal of registration from July 1, 2017, through
June 30, 2018, the following fee shall be in effect:
Medication Aide Training Programs
18VAC90-60-40. Establishing and maintaining a medication aide training program.
A. Establishing a medication aide training program.
1. A program provider wishing to establish a medication aide training program shall submit a completed application and pay the prescribed fee to the board at least 90 days in advance of the first expected offering of the program.
2. Initial approval may be granted when all documentation of the program's compliance with requirements as set forth in this part has been submitted and deemed satisfactory to the board.
3. If approval is denied, the applicant may request, within 30 days of the mailing of the decision, an informal conference committee to be convened in accordance with § 2.2-4019 of the Code of Virginia.
4. If the committee's recommendation is to deny approval, no further action will be required of the board unless the program requests a hearing before the board or a panel thereof in accordance with § 2.2-4020 and subdivision 11 of § 54.1-2400 of the Code of Virginia.
B. Maintaining an approved medication aide training program. To maintain approval, the program shall:
1. Continue to comply with requirements as set forth in this part.
2. Document that the cumulative passing rate for the program's first-time test takers taking the competency evaluation required for registration over the past two years is not less than 80%.
3. Report all substantive changes within 10 days of the change
to the board to include
, but not be limited to, a change in the program
instructors, curriculum or program location.
4. Cooperate with any unannounced visits to the program conducted by board representatives for the purpose of ensuring compliance with requirements for approval or in response to complaints about the program.
5. Provide documentation that each student enrolled in such program has been given a copy of applicable Virginia law and regulation for the registration and practice of medication aides.
6. Provide each student with a certificate of completion, which shall include the name of the program, the approval number provided by the board, and the signature of the instructor.
18VAC90-60-60. Requirements for the program curriculum.
A. Prerequisite for the program. A student seeking enrollment in a medication aide training program shall have successfully completed the direct care staff training required by the Department of Social Services for employment in an assisted living facility or an approved nurse aide education program.
B. Hours of instruction. An approved program shall consist of a minimum of 68 hours of student instruction and training to include:
1. At least 40 hours of classroom or didactic instruction over and above any facility orientation program or training in direct client care provided by the facility;
2. At least 20 hours of supervised skills practice in medication administration to residents of an assisted living facility, after which the training program shall evaluate the student's minimal competency in the clinical skills of administering medications on a form provided by the board. Up to 20% of the supervised skills practice may be completed by a simulation experience in a simulation laboratory. The clinical evaluation shall be conducted one-on-one with a qualified instructor with experience in medications in long-term care; and
3. An eight-hour module in facilitating client self-administration or assisting with the administration of insulin to include instruction and skills practice in the administration of insulin as specified in the board-approved curriculum.
C. Content of the curriculum. An approved program shall use the curriculum developed and provided by the board, which shall, at a minimum, include the following topics:
1. Preparing for safe administration of medications to clients in assisted living facilities;
2. Maintaining aseptic conditions;
3. Understanding of basic pharmacology;
4. Facilitating client self-administration or assisting with medication administration;
5. Following proper procedure for preparing, administering, and maintaining medications; and
6. Following appropriate procedures for documentation and reporting to the licensed health care professional on duty at the facility or to the client's prescriber.
D. In addition to the training curriculum, the program
may provide one or more four-hour modules that can be used by facilities
as refresher courses or by medication aides to satisfy requirements for
18VAC90-60-70. Other program requirements.
A. Ratio. An approved training program shall maintain a ratio of no more than 10 students for one instructor for the 20 hours of supervised skills practice as required by 18VAC90-60-60 B.
1. Each medication aide training education program shall develop and maintain an individual record of major skills taught and the date of performance by the student. At the completion of the program, the medication aide must receive a copy of this record and a certificate of completion from the program, as specified in 18VAC90-60-40.
2. A record of the reports of graduates' performance on the approved competency evaluation program shall be maintained.
3. A record that documents the disposition of complaints against the program shall be maintained.
4. All records required by this section shall be maintained for at least five years.
C. Student identification. The medication aide students shall wear identification that clearly distinguishes them as a "medication aide student" while engaged in practical skills training under direct supervision by an instructor. Name identification shall follow the policy of the assisted living facility in which the medication aide is engaged in practical training.
18VAC90-60-75. Conditional or withdrawal of approval of a medication aide training program.
A. If the board determines that a medication aide training program is not maintaining the requirements of Part II (18VAC90-60-40 et seq.) of this chapter, the board may:
1. Place the program on conditional approval with terms and conditions to be met within the timeframe specified by the board; or
2. Withdraw program approval.
B. If the board either places a program on conditional approval with terms and conditions to be met within a timeframe specified by the board or withdraws approval, the following shall apply:
1. No further action will be required of the board unless the program requests an informal conference pursuant to §§ 2.2-4019 and 54.1-109 of the Code of Virginia.
2. If withdrawal or continued program approval with terms and conditions is recommended following the informal conference, the recommendation shall be presented to the board or a panel of the board for review and action.
3. If the recommendation of the informal conference committee is accepted by the board or a panel of the board, the decision shall be reflected in a board order, and no further action by the board is required unless the program requests a formal hearing within 30 days from entry of the order in accordance with § 2.2-4020 of the Code of Virginia.
4. If the decision of the board or a panel of the board following a formal hearing is to withdraw approval or continue on conditional approval with terms or conditions, the program shall be advised of the right to appeal the decision to the appropriate circuit court in accordance with § 2.2-4026 of the Code of Virginia and Part 2A of the Rules of the Supreme Court of Virginia.
Registration of Medication Aides
18VAC90-60-90. Requirements for initial registration.
A. To be registered as a medication aide, an applicant shall:
1. Provide documentation of successful completion of
a. A staff training program in direct client care
approved by the Department of Social Services
b. A nursing education program
c. An approved nurse aide education program
d. A clinical nursing course that includes at least 40 hours of clinical experience involving direct client care within the past 12 months;
2. Provide documentation of successful completion of one of the following:
a. A medication aide training program approved by the board in accordance with this chapter; or
b. A nursing education program preparing for registered nurse licensure or practical nurse licensure;
3. Submit the required application and fee as prescribed by the board;
4. Disclose whether there are grounds for denial of registration as specified in § 54.1-3007 of the Code of Virginia; and
5. Provide documentation of successful completion of competency evaluations consisting of:
a. A clinical evaluation of minimal competency in the skills of administering medications as specified in 18VAC90-60-60 B 2; and
b. A written examination as specified by the board with a passing score determined by the board.
B. An applicant who fails to take the board-approved
one year two years of completion of the
training or who has failed the examination in three attempts shall reenroll and
successfully complete another approved medication aide training program before
reapplying for registration.
18VAC90-60-91. Requirements for provisional practice.
A. An applicant for registration who wants to practice as a medication aide on a provisional basis shall:
1. Submit the required application for registration and fee as prescribed by the board; and
2. Provide evidence to the board of successful completion of the medication aide training course or a nursing education program.
B. An applicant shall practice for no more than 120 days from the date of a letter from the board acknowledging receipt of the documentation required in subsection A of this section and granting provisional authorization.
C. An applicant acting as a medication aide under provisional authorization shall be identified as a "provisional medication aide" on a nametag worn in the facility.
D. An applicant with provisional authorization shall immediately cease acting as a medication aide at the conclusion of the 120-day period or upon notification of failure after three attempts to pass the written examination required for registration, whichever comes first.
18VAC90-60-92. Requirements for registration by endorsement.
An applicant applying for registration by endorsement who has
met the requirements for registration or certification as a medication aide in another
state or the District of Columbia may be deemed eligible to sit for the
evaluation state examination if there are no grounds for denial of
registration as specified in § 54.1-3007 of the Code of Virginia and upon
1. A completed application and fee; and
2. Verification of registration or certification as a medication aide in another state or the District of Columbia that is current or eligible for reinstatement.
18VAC90-60-100. Renewal or reinstatement of registration.
A. Renewal of registration.
1. Registered medication aides shall renew by the last day of their birth month each year.
2. The medication aide shall complete the
notice and submit it with the required fee and an attestation that he has
completed continuing education as required by subsection B of this section.
3. Failure to receive the
application notice for
renewal shall not relieve the medication aide of the responsibility for
renewing his registration by the expiration date.
4. The registration shall automatically lapse if the medication aide fails to renew by the expiration date.
5. Any person administering medications in an assisted living facility during the time a registration has lapsed shall be considered an illegal practitioner and shall be subject to prosecution under the provisions of § 54.1-3008 of the Code of Virginia.
B. Continuing education required for renewal.
1. In addition to hours of continuing education in direct client care required for employment in an assisted living facility, a medication aide shall have the following:
a. Four hours each year of population-specific training in medication administration in the assisted living facility in which the aide is employed; or
b. A refresher course in medication administration offered by an approved program.
2. A medication aide shall maintain documentation of continuing education for a period of four years following the renewal period for which the records apply.
3. The board shall periodically conduct a random audit of its registrants to determine compliance. A medication aide selected for audit shall provide documentation as evidence of compliance within 30 days of receiving notification of the audit.
4. The board may grant an extension for compliance with continuing education requirements for up to one year, for good cause shown, upon a written request from the registrant prior to the renewal deadline.
C. Reinstatement of registration.
1. An individual whose registration has lapsed for less than
one renewal cycle may renew by payment of the renewal fee and late fee and
he the individual has completed all required
continuing education for the period since his last renewal.
2. An individual whose registration has lapsed for more than one year shall:
a. Apply for reinstatement of registration by submission of a completed application and fee;
b. Provide evidence of completion of all required continuing education for the period since his last renewal, not to exceed eight hours of training in medication administration;
c. Retake the written and practical competency evaluation as required by the board; and
d. Attest that there are no grounds for denial of registration as specified in § 54.1-3007 of the Code of Virginia.
D. A medication aide whose registration has been suspended or revoked by the board may apply for reinstatement by filing a reinstatement application, fulfilling requirements of subsection C of this section, and paying the fee for reinstatement after suspension or revocation. A medication aide whose registration has been revoked may not apply for reinstatement sooner than three years from entry of the order of revocation.
18VAC90-60-120. Disciplinary provisions for medication aides.
The board has the authority to deny, revoke, or suspend
a registration issued, or to otherwise discipline a registrant upon proof that
the registrant has violated any of the provisions of § 54.1-3007 of the
Code of Virginia. For the purpose of establishing allegations to be included in
the notice of hearing, the board has adopted the following definitions:
1. Fraud or deceit in order to procure or maintain a registration shall mean, but shall not be limited to:
a. Filing false credentials;
b. Falsely representing facts on an application for initial registration, reinstatement or renewal of a registration; or
c. Giving or receiving assistance in taking the competency evaluation.
2. Unprofessional conduct shall mean, but shall not be limited to:
a. Performing acts beyond those authorized by the Code of Virginia and this chapter for practice as a medication aide;
b. Assuming duties and responsibilities within the practice of a medication aide without adequate training or when competency has not been maintained;
c. Obtaining supplies, equipment or drugs for personal or other unauthorized use;
d. Falsifying or otherwise altering client or drug records relating to administration of medication;
e. Falsifying or otherwise altering employer records, including falsely representing facts on a job application or other employment-related documents;
f. Abusing, neglecting or abandoning clients;
g. Having been denied a license, certificate, or registration or having had a license, certificate, or registration issued by the board revoked or suspended;
h. Giving to or accepting from a client property or money for any reason other than fee for service or a nominal token of appreciation;
i. Obtaining money or property of a client by fraud, misrepresentation or duress;
j. Entering into a relationship with a client that constitutes
a professional boundary violation in which the medication aide uses his
professional position to take advantage of a client's vulnerability, to include
but not limited to actions that result in personal gain at the expense
of the client, an inappropriate personal involvement or sexual conduct with a
k. Violating state laws relating to the privacy of client
but not limited to § 32.1-127.1:03 of the
Code of Virginia;
l. Failing to follow provisions of the Medication Management Plan for the assisted living facility in which the aide is employed; or
m. Violating any provision of this chapter, including the standards of practice as set forth in 18VAC90-60-110.
3. For the purposes of interpreting provisions of subdivision 5 of § 54.1-3007 of the Code of Virginia, a pattern of medication errors may constitute practice that presents a danger to the health and welfare of clients or to the public.