13VAC5-31-40. Incorporated standards.
A. The following standards are hereby incorporated by reference for use as part of this chapter:
1. American National Standards Institute (ANSI) Standard No. B77.1-2011 for the regulation of passenger tramways; and
2. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standard
F698-94, F747-06 F747-15, F770-11 F770-15, F846-92
(2009), F853-05, F893-10, F1159-11 F1159-15b, F1193-06 F1193-16,
F1957-99 (2011), F2007-12, F2137-11 F2137-16, F2291-11 F2291-15,
F2374-10, F2375-09, F2376-08 F2376-13, F2460-11, and F2959-12
F2959-16, and F2974-15 for the regulation of amusement devices.
The standards referenced above may be procured from:
B. The provisions of this chapter govern where they are in conflict with any provisions of the standards incorporated by reference in this chapter.
C. The following requirements supplement the provisions of the ASTM standards incorporated by reference in this chapter:
1. The operator of an amusement device shall be at least 16 years of age, except when the person is under the supervision of a parent or guardian and engaged in activities determined not to be hazardous by the Commissioner of the Virginia Department of Labor and Industry;
2. The amusement device shall be attended by an operator at all times during operation except that (i) one operator is permitted to operate two or more amusement devices provided they are within the sight of the operator and operated by a common control panel or station and (ii) one operator is permitted to operate two small mechanical rides with separate controls provided the distance between controls is no more than 35 feet and the controls are equipped with a positive pressure switch; and
3. The operator of an amusement device shall not be (i) under the influence of any drugs which may affect the operator's judgment or ability to assure the safety of the public or (ii) under the influence of alcohol.
D. Where an amusement device was manufactured under previous editions of the standards incorporated by reference in this chapter, the previous editions shall apply to the extent that they are different from the current standards.
13VAC5-31-50. Certification of amusement device inspectors.
A. Any person, including local building department
personnel, inspecting an amusement device relative to a certificate of inspection
shall possess certification as an amusement device inspector in accordance with
the Virginia Certification Standards (13VAC5-21). B. Local building department personnel enforcing this
chapter and private inspectors shall attend periodic maintenance training as
designated by DHCD. In addition to the periodic maintenance training required
above, local building department personnel and private inspectors shall attend
16 hours of continuing education every two years as approved by DHCD. If local
building department personnel or private inspectors possess more than one BHCD
certificate, the 16 hours shall satisfy the continuing education requirement
for all BHCD certificates.
Note: Continuing education and periodic training requirements for DHCD certifications are set out in the Virginia Certification Standards (13VAC5-21).
[ Part II
Enforcement, Permits and Certificates of Inspection
13VAC5-31-75. Local building department.
A. In accordance with §§ 36-98.3 and 36-105 of the Code of Virginia, the local building department shall be responsible for the enforcement of this chapter and may charge fees for such enforcement activity. The total amount charged for any one permit to operate an amusement device or devices or the renewal of such permit shall not exceed the following, except that when a private inspector is used by the owner or operator of the device, the fees shall be reduced by 75%:
1. $35 for each small mechanical ride or inflatable amusement device covered by the permit;
2. $55 for each circular ride or flat-ride less than 20 feet in height covered by the permit;
3. $75 for each spectacular ride covered by the permit that cannot be inspected as a circular ride or flat-ride in subdivision 2 of this subsection due to complexity or height;
4. $200 for each coaster covered by the permit that exceeds 30 feet in height; and
5. The local building department may charge an additional fee for permits and inspections of generators and associated wiring for amusement device events. Generators subject to these fees are those used exclusively with amusement devices and that are inspected by the local building department. The fee per event shall not exceed $165 and shall not exceed the actual cost to perform the inspection or inspections.
Exception: Small portable generators serving only cord and plug connected equipment loads are not subject to the fee.
above fee limitations
established in this section, the local building department shall be
permitted to increase the fees up to 50% when requested to perform weekend or
B. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection A of this section, when an amusement device is constructed in whole or in part at a site for permanent operation at that site and is not intended to be disassembled and moved to another site, then the local building department may utilize permit and inspection fees established pursuant to the USBC to defray the cost of enforcement. This authorization does not apply to an amusement device that is only being reassembled, undergoing a major modification at a site or being moved to a site for operation.
C. A permit application shall be made to the local building
department at least five days before the date in which the applicant intends to
operate an amusement device. The application shall include the name of the
owner, operator or other person assuming responsibility for the device
devices, a general description of the device or devices including
any serial or identification numbers available, the location of the property on
which the device or devices will be operated, and the length of
time of operation. The permit application shall indicate whether a private
inspector will be utilized used. If a private inspector is not utilized
used, the applicant shall give reasonable notice when an inspection is sought
and may stipulate the day such inspection is requested provided it is during
the normal operating hours of the local building department. In addition to the
information required on the permit application, the applicant shall provide
proof of liability insurance of an amount not less than $1,000,000 $1
million per occurrence or proof of equivalent financial responsibility. The
local building department shall be notified of any change in the liability
insurance or financial responsibility during the period covered by the permit.
D. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection C of this
section, a permit application is not required for a small mechanical ride or an
inflatable amusement device that has a certificate of inspection issued by any
local building department in this Commonwealth either a six-month period for
small mechanical rides or within a one-year period for inflatable amusement
devices prior to the dates the small mechanical ride or inflatable amusement
device is to be used, regardless of whether the device has been disassembled
and moved to a new site. In such cases, the local building department shall be
notified at least three days prior to the operation of the small mechanical
ride or the inflatable amusement device and the information required on a
permit application as listed in subsection C of this section shall be provided
to the local building department. In addition, and notwithstanding the
provisions of subsection A of this section, the local building department shall
be permitted to charge a $50 inspection fee per event to the person notifying
the local building department of an event where an inflatable amusement device
, if the local building department chooses to inspect any or
all of the inflatable amusement devices operating at that event. An inspection
report shall be provided to the person notifying the local building department
of the event if such an inspection is conducted.
E. Local building department personnel shall examine the permit application within five days and issue the permit if all requirements are met. A certificate of inspection for each amusement device shall be issued when the device has been found to comply with this chapter by a private inspector or by an inspector from the local building department. It shall be the responsibility of the local building department to verify that the private inspector possesses a valid certificate of competence as an amusement device inspector from the Virginia Board of Housing and Community Development. In addition, local building department personnel shall be responsible for assuring that the certificate of inspection is posted or affixed on or in the vicinity of the device in a location visible to the public. Local building department personnel shall post or affix such certificates or permit the certificates to be posted or affixed by the private inspector. Permits shall indicate the length of time the device or devices will be operated at the site, clearly identify the device or devices to which it applies and the date of expiration of the permit. Permits shall not be valid for longer than one year, except that permits for small mechanical rides shall not be valid for longer than six months.
F. In addition to obtaining a certificate of inspection in conjunction with a permit application for amusement devices permanently fixed to a site, a new certificate of inspection shall also be obtained prior to the operation of an amusement device following a major modification, prior to each seasonal operation of a device, at least once during the operating season and prior to resuming the operation of a device following an order from a local building department to cease operation. This requirement shall not apply to small mechanical rides meeting the conditions outlined in subsection D of this section.
G. For amusement devices manufactured prior to 1978, the owner
or operator shall have the information required by
§§ 2.1 10.1 through
2.6 10.6 of ASTM F698 F1193 available at the
time of inspection. In addition, the operator of any amusement device shall be
responsible for obtaining all manufacturer's notifications, service bulletins
and safety alerts issued pursuant to ASTM F853 F770 and the
operator shall comply with all recommendations and requirements set out in
those documents. A copy of all such documents shall be made available during an
H. In the enforcement of this chapter, local building department personnel shall have authority to conduct inspections at any time an amusement device would normally be open for operation or at any other time if permission is granted by the owner or operator, to issue an order to temporarily cease operation of an amusement device upon the determination that the device may be unsafe or may otherwise endanger the public and to accept and approve or deny requests for modifications of the rules of this chapter in accordance with the modification provisions of the USBC.
I. In accordance with subdivision 7 of § 36-137 of the Code of Virginia, the local building department shall collect a 2.0% levy of fees charged for permits under this chapter and transmit it quarterly to DHCD to support training programs of the Virginia Building Code Academy. Localities that maintain individual or regional training academies accredited by DHCD shall retain such levy.
J. In accordance with § 36-98.3 of the Code of Virginia and 13VAC5-31-10 B, the procedures for violations of this chapter shall be as prescribed in the USBC.
K. In accordance with § 36-98.1 of the Code of Virginia, the Virginia Department of General Services (DGS) shall function as the local building department for the application of this chapter to amusement devices located on state-owned property. In accordance with §§ 36-98.2 and 36-114 of the Code of Virginia, appeals of the application of this chapter by the DGS shall be made directly to the State Building Code Technical Review Board. Further, as a condition of this chapter, such appeals shall be filed within 14 calendar days after receipt of the decision of DGS.
Artificial Climbing Walls
13VAC5-31-210. General requirements.
In addition to other applicable requirements of this chapter,
artificial climbing walls shall be operated, maintained and inspected in
accordance with ASTM
Notwithstanding any requirements of this chapter to the contrary, an artificial climbing wall may be moved, setup and operated without obtaining a permit provided the wall has a certificate of inspection issued by a local building department in this Commonwealth within the prior 90 days and the expiration date of the wire ropes used with the device does not expire within that 90-day period. ]
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE (13VAC5-31)
ANSI B77.1-2011, Passenger Ropeways Aerial Tramways, Aerial Lifts, Surface Lifts, Tows and Conveyors Safety Requirements, American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 West 43rd Street, 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036 (http://www.ansi.org/)
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959; (http://www.astm.org/):
ASTM F698-94, Standard Specification for Physical
Information to be Provided for Amusement Rides and Devices
F747-06 F747-15, Standard Terminology
Relating to Amusement Rides and Devices
F770-11 F770-15, Standard Practice for
Ownership and, Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection of
Amusement Rides and Devices ASTM F846-92 (2009), Standard Guide for Testing Performance
of Amusement Rides and Devices ASTM F853-05, Standard Practice for Maintenance Procedures
for Amusement Rides and Devices ASTM F893-10, Standard Guide for Inspection of Amusement
Rides and Devices
F1159-11 F1159-15b, Standard Practice for
Design and Manufacture of Patron Directed, Artificial Climbing Walls, Dry
Slide, Coin Operated and Purposeful Water Immersion of Amusement
Rides and Devices and Air-Supported Structures that are Outside the
Purview of Other F24 Design Standards
F1193-06 F1193-16, Standard Practice for
Quality, Manufacture, and Construction of Amusement Rides and Devices
ASTM F1957-99 (2011), Standard Test Method for Composite Foam Hardness-Durometer Hardness
ASTM F2007-12, Standard Practice for Classification, Design, Manufacture, and Operation of Concession Go-Karts and Facilities
F2137-11 F2137-16, Standard Practice for
Measuring the Dynamic Characteristics of Amusement Rides and Devices
F2291-11 F2291-15, Standard Practice for
Design of Amusement Rides and Devices
ASTM F2374-10, Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture, Operation, and Maintenance of Inflatable Amusement Devices
ASTM F2375-09, Standard Practice for Design, Manufacture, Installation and Testing of Climbing Nets and Netting/Mesh used in Amusement Rides, Devices, Play Areas and Attractions
F2376-08 F2376-13, Standard Practice for
Classification, Design, Manufacture, Construction, and Operation of Water Slide
ASTM F2460-11, Standard Practice for Special Requirements for Bumper Boats
F2959-12 F2959-16, Standard Practice for Special
Requirements for Aerial Adventure Courses
ASTM F2974-15, Standard Guide for Auditing Amusement Rides and Devices