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Virginia Regulatory Town Hall

Emergency Text

Action:
Three Waivers (ID, DD, DS) Redesign
Stage: Emergency/NOIRA
12VAC30-50-440

12VAC30-50-440. Case management services for individuals with mental retardation. (Repealed.)

A. Target Group. Medicaid eligible individuals who are mentally retarded as defined in state law.

1. An active client for mental retardation case management shall mean an individual for whom there is a plan of care in effect which requires regular direct or client-related contacts or communication or activity with the client, family, service providers, significant others and others including at least one face-to-face contact every 90-days. Billing can be submitted for an active client only for months in which direct or client-related contacts, activity or communications occur.

2. There shall be no maximum service limits for case management services except case management services for individuals residing in institutions or medical facilities. For these individuals, reimbursement for case management shall be limited to thirty days immediately preceding discharge. Case management for institutionalized individuals may be billed for no more than two predischarge periods in twelve months.

B. Services will be provided in the entire State.

C. Comparability of Services: Services are not comparable in amount, duration, and scope. Authority of section 1915(g)(1) of the Act is invoked to provide services without regard to the requirements of § 1902(a)(10)(B) of the Act.

D. Definition of Services. Mental retardation services to be provided include:

1. Assessment and planning services, to include developing a Consumer Service Plan (does not include performing medical and psychiatric assessment but does include referral for such assessment);

2. Linking the individual to services and supports specified in the consumer service plan;

3. Assisting the individual directly for the purpose of locating, developing or obtaining needed services and resources;

4. Coordinating services and service planning with other agencies and providers involved with the individual;

5. Enhancing community integration by contacting other entities to arrange community access and involvement, including opportunities to learn community living skills, and use vocational, civic and recreational services;

6. Making collateral contacts with the individual's significant others to promote implementation of the service plan and community adjustment;

7. Following-up and monitoring to assess ongoing progress and ensuring services are delivered; and

8. Education and counseling which guides the client and develops a supportive relationship that promotes the service plan.

E. Qualifications of providers:

1. Services are not comparable in amount, duration, and scope. Authority of § 1915(g)(1) of the Act is invoked to limit case management providers for individuals with mental retardation and serious/chronic mental illness to the Community Services Boards only to enable them to provide services to serious/chronically mentally ill or mentally retarded individuals without regard to the requirements of § 1902(a)(10)(B) of the Act.

2. To qualify as a provider of services through DMAS for rehabilitative mental retardation case management, the provider of the services must meet certain criteria. These criteria shall be:

a. The provider must guarantee that clients have access to emergency services on a 24-hour basis;

b. The provider must demonstrate the ability to serve individuals in need of comprehensive services regardless of the individual's ability to pay or eligibility for Medicaid reimbursement;

c. The provider must have the administrative and financial management capacity to meet state and federal requirements;

d. The provider must have the ability to document and maintain individual case records in accordance with state and federal requirements;

e. The services shall be in accordance with the Virginia Comprehensive State Plan for Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services; and

f. The provider must be certified as a mental retardation case management agency by the DMHMRSAS.

3. Providers may bill for Medicaid mental retardation case management only when the services are provided by qualified mental retardation case managers. The case manager must possess a combination of mental retardation work experience or relevant education which indicates that the individual possesses the following knowledge, skills, and abilities. The incumbent must have at entry level the following knowledge, skills and abilities. These must be documented or observable in the application form or supporting documentation or in the interview (with appropriate documentation).

a. Knowledge of:

(1) The definition, causes and program philosophy of mental retardation

(2) Treatment modalities and intervention techniques, such as behavior management, independent living skills training, supportive counseling, family education, crisis intervention, discharge planning and service coordination

(3) Different types of assessments and their uses in program planning

(4) Consumers' rights

(5) Local community resources and service delivery systems, including support services, eligibility criteria and intake process, termination criteria and procedures and generic community resources

(6) Types of mental retardation programs and services

(7) Effective oral, written and interpersonal communication principles and techniques

(8) General principles of record documentation

(9) The service planning process and the major components of a service plan

b. Skills in:

(1) Interviewing

(2) Negotiating with consumers and service providers

(3) Observing, recording and reporting behaviors

(4) Identifying and documenting a consumer's needs for resources, services and other assistance

(5) Identifying services within the established service system to meet the consumer's needs

(6) Coordinating the provision of services by diverse public and private providers

(7) Using information from assessments, evaluations, observation and interviews to develop service plans

(8) Formulating, writing and implementing individualized consumer service plans to promote goal attainment for individuals with mental retardation;

(9) Using assessment tools

(10) Identifying community resources and organizations and coordinating resources and activities

c. Abilities to:

(1) Demonstrate a positive regard for consumers and their families (e.g. treating consumers as individuals, allowing risk taking, avoiding stereotypes of people with mental retardation, respecting consumers' and families' privacy, believing consumers can grow)

(2) Be persistent and remain objective

(3) Work as team member, maintaining effective inter- and intra-agency working relationships

(4) Work independently, performing position duties under general supervision

(5) Communicate effectively, verbally and in writing

(6) Establish and maintain ongoing supportive relationships

F. The State assures that the provision of case management services will not restrict an individual's free choice of providers in violation of § 1902(a)(23) of the Act.

1. Eligible recipients will have free choice of the providers of case management services.

2. Eligible recipients will have free choice of the providers of other medical care under the plan.

G. Payments for case management services under the plan does not duplicate payments made to public agencies or private entities under other program authorities for this same purpose.

12VAC30-50-450

12VAC30-50-450. Case management services for individuals with mental retardation and related conditions who are participants in the Home and Community-Based Care waivers for such individuals. (Repealed.)

A. Target group: Medicaid eligible individuals with mental retardation and related conditions, or a child under 6 years of age who is at developmental risk, who have been determined to be eligible for Home and Community Based Care Waiver Services for persons with mental retardation and related conditions.

1. An active client for waiver case management shall mean an individual who receives at least one face-to-face contact every 90 days and monthly on-going case management interactions. There shall be no maximum service limits for case management services. Case management services may be initiated up to 3 months prior to the start of waiver services, unless the individual is institutionalized.

2. There shall be no maximum service limits for case management services except case management services for individuals residing in institutions or medical facilities. For these individuals, reimbursement for case management shall be limited to thirty days immediately preceding discharge. Case management for institutionalized individuals may be billed for no more than two predischarge periods in twelve months.

B. Services will be provided in entire State.

C. Comparability of Services. Services are not comparable in amount, duration, and scope. Authority of section 1915(g)(1) of the Act is invoked to provide services without regard to the requirements of section 1902(a)(10)(B) of the Act.

D. Definition of Services. Mental retardation case management services to be provided include:

1. Assessment and planning services, to include developing a Consumer Service Plan (does not include performing medical and psychiatric assessment but does not include referral for such assessment);

2. Linking the individual to services and supports specified in the consumer service plan;

3. Assisting the individual directly for the purpose of locating, developing or obtaining needed services and resources;

4. Coordinating services with other agencies and providers involved with the individual;

5. Enhancing community integration by contacting other entities to arrange community access and involvement, including opportunities to learn community living skills, and use vocational, civic and recreational services;

6. Making collateral contacts with the individual's significant others to promote implementation of the service plan and community adjustment; and

7. Following-up and monitoring to assess ongoing progress and ensuring services are delivered; and

8. Education and counseling which guides the client and develop a supportive relationship that promotes the service plan.

E. Qualifications of Providers:

1. Services are not comparable in amount, duration, and scope. Authority of § 1915(g)(1) of the Act is invoked to limit case management providers for individuals with mental retardation and serious/chronic mental illness to the Community Services Boards only to enable them to provide services to seriously or chronically mentally ill or mentally retarded individuals without regard to the requirements of § 1902(a)(10)(B) of the Act.

2. To qualify as a provider of services through DMAS for rehabilitative mental retardation case management, the provider of the services must meet certain criteria. These criteria shall be:

a. The provider must guarantee that clients have access to emergency services on a 24 hour basis;

b. The provider must demonstrate the ability to serve individuals in need of comprehensive services regardless of the individuals' ability to pay or eligibility for Medicaid reimbursement;

c. The provider must have the administrative and financial management capacity to meet state and federal requirements;

d. The provider must have the ability to document and maintain individual case records in accordance with state and federal requirements;

e. The services shall be in accordance with the Virginia Comprehensive State Plan for Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services; and

f. The provider must be certified as a mental retardation case management agency by the DMHMRSAS.

3. Providers may bill for Medicaid mental retardation case management only when the services are provided by qualified mental retardation case managers. The case manager must possess a combination of mental retardation work experience or relevant education which indicates that the individual possesses the following knowledge, skills, and abilities, at the entry level. These must be documented or observable in the application form or supporting documentation or in the interview (with appropriate documentation).

a. Knowledge of:

(1) The definition, causes and program philosophy of mental retardation

(2) Treatment modalities and intervention techniques, such as behavior management, independent living skills training, supportive counseling, family education, crisis intervention, discharge planning and service coordination;

(3) Different types of assessments and their uses in program planning

(4) Consumers' rights

(5) Local service delivery systems, including support services

(6) Types of mental retardation programs and services

(7) Effective oral, written and interpersonal communication principles and techniques

(8) General principles of record documentation

(9) The service planning process and the major components of a service plan

b. Skills in:

(1) Interviewing

(2) Negotiating with consumers and service providers

(3) Observing, records and reporting behaviors

(4) Identifying and documenting a consumer's needs for resources, services and other assistance

(5) Identifying services within the established service system to meet the consumer's needs

(6) Coordinating the provision of services by diverse public and private providers

(7) Analyzing and planning for the service needs of mentally retarded persons

(8) Formulating, writing and implementing individualized consumer service plans to promote goal attainment for individuals with mental retardation

(9) Using assessment tools.

c. Abilities to:

(1) Demonstrate a positive regard for consumers and their families (e.g., treating consumers as individuals, allowing risk taking, avoiding stereotypes of mentally retarded people, respecting consumers' and families' privacy, believing consumers can grow)

(2) Be persistent and remain objective

(3) Work as team member, maintaining effective inter- and intra-agency working relationships

(4) Work independently, performing positive duties under general supervision

(5) Communicate effectively, verbally and in writing

(6) Establish and maintain ongoing supportive relationships.

F. The State assures that the provision of case management services will not restrict an individual's free choice of providers in violation of § 1902(a)(23) of the Act.

1. Eligible recipients will have free choice of the providers of case management services.

2. Eligible recipients will have free choice of the providers of other medical care under the plan.

G. Payment for case management services under the plan shall not duplicate payments made to public agencies or private entities under other program authorities for this same purpose.

12VAC30-50-455

12VAC30-50-455. Support coordination/case management for individuals with developmental disabilities (DD).

A. Target group. Individuals who have a developmental disability as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia shall be eligible for support coordination/case management.

1. An individual receiving DD support coordination/case management shall mean an individual for whom there is an individual support plan (ISP) in effect that requires monthly direct or in-person contact, communication, or activity with the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, service providers, and other authorized representatives including at least one face-to-face contact between the individual and the support coordinator/case manager every 90 days. Billing shall be submitted for an individual only for months in which direct or in-person contact, activity, or communication occurs and the support coordinator's/case manager's records document the billed activity. Service providers shall be required to refund payments made by Medicaid if they fail to maintain adequate documentation to support billed activities.

2. Individuals who have developmental disabilities as defined in state law but who are on the DD waiting list for waiver services may receive support coordination/case management services.

B. Services shall be provided in the entire Commonwealth.

C. Comparability of services. Services shall not be comparable in amount, duration, and scope. The authority of § 1915(g)(1) of the Social Security Act is invoked to provide services without regard to the requirements of § 1902(a)(10)(B) and (C) of the Social Security Act.

D. Definition of services.

1. Developmental disability support coordination/case management services to be provided shall include:

a. Assessing and planning services, to include developing an ISP, which does not include performing medical and psychiatric assessment but does include referral for such assessments;

b. Connecting, joining, arranging, or associating the individual to or for services and supports specified in the ISP;

c. Assisting the individual directly for the purpose of locating, developing, or obtaining needed services and resources;

d. Coordinating services and service planning with other agencies and service providers involved with the individual;

e. Enhancing community integration by contacting other entities to arrange community access and involvement;

f. Making collateral contacts with the individual to promote implementation of the ISP and successful community adjustment;

g. Following and monitoring the individual to assess ongoing progress and ensuring services are delivered; and

h. Educating and counseling that guides the individual and develops a supportive relationship that promotes the ISP.

2. There shall be no maximum service limits for support coordination/case management services except for individuals residing in institutions or medical facilities. For these individuals, reimbursement for support coordination/case management shall be limited to 90 days pre-discharge (immediately preceding discharge) from the institution into the community. While individuals may require re-entry to institutions or medical facilities for emergencies, discharge planning efforts should be significant to prevent readmission. For this reason, support coordination/case management may be billed for only two 90-day pre-discharge periods in a 12-month period.

E. Qualifications of providers.

1. Services shall not be comparable in amount, duration, and scope. Authority of § 1915(g)(1) of the Social Security Act is hereby invoked to limit support coordination/case management providers to the community services boards/behavioral health authorities (CSBs/BHAs). CSBs/BHAs shall contract with private support coordinators/case managers for this service. CSBs/BHAs shall have current, signed provider agreements with DMAS and shall directly bill DMAS for reimbursement.

2. DD support coordinators/case managers shall not be (i) the direct care staff person, (ii) the immediate supervisor of the direct care staff person, (iii) otherwise related by business or organization to the direct care staff person, or (iv) an immediate family member of the direct care staff person.

3. Parents, spouses, or any family living with the individual may not provide direct support coordination/case management services for the individual or spouse of the individual with whom they live or be employed by a company that provides support coordination/case management for the individual, spouse, or individual with whom they live.

4. Providers of DD support coordination/case management services shall meet the following criteria:

a. The provider shall guarantee that individuals have access to emergency services on a 24-hour basis;

b. The provider shall demonstrate the ability to serve individuals in need of comprehensive services regardless of the individual's ability to pay or eligibility for Medicaid;

c. The provider shall have the administrative and financial management capacity to meet state and federal requirements;

d. The provider shall have the ability to document and maintain individual case records in accordance with state and federal requirements; and

e. The provider shall be licensed as a developmental disability support coordination/case management entity contracted with the CSB.

5. Support coordinators/case managers who provide DD case management services after September 1, 2016, shall possess a minimum of an undergraduate degree in a human services field. Support coordinators/case managers who do not possess a minimum of an undergraduate degree in a human services field may continue to provide support coordination/case management if they are employed by an entity with a Medicaid participation agreement to provide DD case management prior to February 1, 2005, and maintain employment with the provider under that agreement without interruption.

6. In addition to the requirements in subdivision 5 of this subsection, the support coordinator/case manager shall possess developmental disability work experience or relevant education that indicates that the incumbent at entry level possesses the following knowledge, skills, and abilities that shall be documented in the employment application form or supporting documentation or during the job interview. The knowledge, skills, and abilities shall include:

a. Knowledge of:

(1) The definition, causes, and program philosophy of developmental disability;

(2) Treatment modalities and intervention techniques, such as behavior management, independent living skills training, supportive counseling, family education, crisis intervention, discharge planning, and service coordination;

(3) Different types of assessments and their uses in program planning;

(4) Individual rights;

(5) Local community resources and service delivery systems, including support services, eligibility criteria and intake process, termination criteria and procedures, and generic community resources;

(6) Types of developmental disability programs and services;

(7) Effective oral, written, and interpersonal communication principles and techniques;

(8) General principles of record documentation; and

(9) The service planning process and the major components of an individual support plan.

b. Skills in:

(1) Interviewing;

(2) Negotiating with individual consumers and service providers;

(3) Observing, recording, and reporting behaviors;

(4) Identifying and documenting an individual consumer's needs for resources, services, and other assistance;

(5) Identifying services to meet the individual's needs;

(6) Coordinating the provision of services by diverse public and private providers;

(7) Analyzing and planning for the service needs of individuals with developmental disabilities;

(8) Formulating, writing, and implementing individual support plans to promote goal attainment for individuals with developmental disabilities;

(9) Successfully using assessment tools; and

(10) Identifying community resources and organizations and coordinating resources and activities.

c. Ability to:

(1) Demonstrate a positive regard for individuals and their families (e.g., permitting risk taking, avoiding stereotypes of individuals with developmental disabilities, respecting individuals' and families' privacy, believing individuals can grow);

(2) Be persistent and remain objective;

(3) Work as team member, maintaining effective interagency and intra-agency working relationships;

(4) Work independently, performing position duties under general supervision;

(5) Communicate effectively, verbally and in writing; and

(6) Establish and maintain ongoing supportive relationships.

7. Support coordinators/case managers who are employed by an organization contracted with the CSB/BHA shall receive supervision within the employing organization. The supervisor of the support coordinator/case manager shall have at least a master's level degree in a human services field or have five years of experience in the field working with individuals with developmental disability as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia, or both.

8. Support coordinators/case managers who are contracted with the CSB/BHA shall obtain one hour of documented supervision by the CSB every three months.

9. A support coordinator/case manager shall complete a minimum of eight hours of training annually in one or a combination of the areas described in the knowledge, skills, and abilities in subdivision 6 of this subsection and shall provide documentation to demonstrate that training is completed to his supervisor. The documentation shall be maintained by the supervisor of the support coordinator/case manager for the purposes of utilization review.

F. The state assures that the provision of support coordination/case management services shall not restrict an individual's free choice of providers in violation of § 1902(a)(23) of the Social Security Act.

1. To provide choice to individuals enrolled in the Building Independence (BI), Community Living (CL), and Family And Individual Supports (FIS) waivers, CSB/BHAs shall contract with private support coordination/case management entities to provide DD support coordination/case management, except if there are no qualified providers in that CSB/BHA's catchment area, then the CSB/BHA shall provide services. CSBs/BHAs shall be the only licensed entities permitted to provide DD support coordination/case management.

2. Individuals who are eligible for the BI, CL, and FIS waivers shall have free choice of the providers of support coordination/case management services within the parameters described in subdivision 1 of this subsection and as follows:

a. For those individuals that receive intellectual disability (ID) case management services:

(1) The CSB that serves the individual will be the provider of support coordination/case management.

(2) The CSB shall provide a choice of support coordinator/case managers within the CSB.

(3) If the individual or family decides that no choice is desired in that CSB, the CSB shall afford a choice of another CSB with whom the responsible CSB has a memorandum of agreement.

(4) At any time, an individual may make a request to change his support coordinator/case manager.

b. For those individuals who receive DD case management services:

(1) The CSB that serves the individual will be the provider of support coordination/case management.

(2) The CSB shall provide a choice of support coordinator/case managers within the CSB.

(3) If the individual or family decides that no choice is desired in that CSB, the CSB shall afford a choice of another CSB with whom the responsible CSB has a memorandum of agreement.

(4) If the individual or family decides not to choose the responsible CSB or the CSB with whom there is a memorandum of agreement, then the individual or family will be given a choice of a private provider with whom the responsible CSB has a contract for support coordination/case management.

(5) At any time, an individual may make a request to change their support coordinator/case manager.

3. Individuals who are eligible for the BI, CL, and FIS waivers shall have free choice of the providers of other medical care under the plan.

4. When the required support coordination/case management services are contracted out to a private entity, the CSB/BHA shall remain the responsible provider and only the CSB/BHA may bill DMAS for Medicaid reimbursement.

G. Payments for support coordination/case management services under the individual support plan (ISP) shall not duplicate payments made to public agencies or private entities under other program authorities for this same or similar purpose.

H. The support coordinator/case manager shall maintain the following documentation, in either hard copy or electronic format, for a period of not less than six years from each individual's last date of service or in the case of a minor child, six years after the minor child's 18th birthday:

1. All assessments and reassessments completed for the individual, all ISPs for the individual, and every service providers' plan for supports completed for the individual;

2. All supporting documentation related to any change in the ISP;

3. All related communication (including dates) with the individual, family/caregiver, consultants, providers, Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, Department of Medical Assistance Services, Department of Social Services, Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services, or other related parties;

4. An ongoing log that documents all contacts (including dates) made by the support coordinator/case manager related to the individual and family/caregiver; and

5. A copy of the current DMAS-225 form.

I. Individual choice of provider entities. The individual shall have the option of selecting the provider of his choice from among those providers meeting the individual's needs. The support coordinator/case manager shall inform the individual, and family member/caregiver as appropriate, of all available enrolled waiver service providers in the community in which he desires services, and he shall have the option of selecting the provider of his choice from the list of enrolled service providers.

J. Support coordinator/case manager's responsibility for the Medicaid Long Term Care Communication Form (DMAS-225). It is shall be the responsibility of the support coordinator/case manager to notify Department of Medical Assistance Services, Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, and Department of Social Services, in writing within five business days, when any of the following circumstances occur:

1. Home and community-based waiver services are implemented.

2. An individual dies.

3. An individual is discharged or terminated from waiver services.

4. Any other circumstances (including hospitalization) that cause home and community-based waiver services to cease or be interrupted for more than 30 calendar days.

5. A selection by the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, of a different support coordination/case management provider.

12VAC30-50-490

12VAC30-50-490. Case management for individuals with developmental disabilities, including autism. (Repealed.)

A. Target group. Medicaid-eligible individuals with related conditions who are six years of age and older and who are on the waiting list or are receiving services under the Individual and Family Developmental Disabilities Support (IFDDS) Waiver.

1. An active client for case management shall mean an individual for whom there is a plan of care that requires regular direct or client-related contacts or communication or activity with the client, family, service providers, significant others and others including at least one face-to-face contact every 90 calendar days. Billing can be submitted for an active client only for months in which direct or client-related contacts, activity or communications occur.

2. When an individual applies for the IFDDS Waiver and there is no available funding (slots), he will be placed on a waitlist until funding is available. The "Initial Waitlist Plan of Care" is completed with the case manager and identifies the services anticipated once a slot is available. Individuals on the waitlist do not have routine case management services unless there is a documented special service need in the plan of care. Case managers may make face-to-face contact every 90 calendar days to monitor the special service need and documentation is required to support such contact. The case manager will assure the plan of care addresses the current needs of the individual and will coordinate with DMAS to assure actual enrollment into the waiver upon slot availability.

3. The unit of service is one month. There shall be no maximum service limits for case management services except case management services for individuals residing in institutions or medical facilities. For these individuals, reimbursement for case management for institutionalized individuals may be billed for no more than two months in a 12-month cycle.

4. The unit of service is one month. There shall be no maximum service limits for case management services except case management services for individuals residing in institutions or medical facilities. For these individuals, reimbursement for case management for institutionalized individuals may be billed for no more than two months in a 12-month cycle.

B. Services will be provided in the entire state.

C. Services are not comparable in amount, duration, and scope. Authority of § 1915(g)(1) of the Social Security Act (Act) is invoked to provide services without regard to the requirements of § 1902(a)(10)(B) of the Act.

D. Definition of services. Case management services will be provided for Medicaid-eligible individuals with related conditions who are on the waiting list for or participants in the home and community-based care IFDDS Waiver. Case management services to be provided include:

1. Assessment and planning services, to include developing a consumer service plan (does not include performing medical and psychiatric assessment but does include referral for such assessments);

2. Linking the individual to services and supports specified in the consumer service plan;

3. Assisting the individual directly for the purpose of locating, developing, or obtaining needed services and resources;

4. Coordinating services with other agencies and providers involved with the individual;

5. Enhancing community integration by contacting other entities to arrange community access and involvement, including opportunities to learn community living skills and use vocational, civic, and recreational services;

6. Making collateral contacts with the individual's significant others to promote implementation of the service plan and community adjustment;

7. Following up and monitoring to assess ongoing progress and ensure services are delivered;

8. Education and counseling that guides the individual and develops a supportive relationship that promotes the service plan; and

9. Benefits counseling.

E. Qualifications of providers. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based care participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, specific provider qualifications are:

1. To qualify as a provider of services through DMAS for IFDDS Waiver case management, the service provider must meet these criteria:

a. Have the administrative and financial management capacity to meet state and federal requirements;

b. Have the ability to document and maintain recipient case records in accordance with state and federal requirements; and

c. Be enrolled as an IFDDS case management agency by DMAS.

2. Providers may bill for Medicaid case management only when the services are provided by qualified case managers. The case manager must possess a combination of developmental disability work experience or relevant education, which indicates that the individual possesses the following knowledge, skills, and abilities, at the entry level. These must be documented or observable in the application form or supporting documentation or in the interview (with appropriate documentation).

a. Knowledge of:

(1) The definition, causes, and program philosophy of developmental disabilities;

(2) Treatment modalities and intervention techniques, such as behavior management, independent living skills, training, supportive counseling, family education, crisis intervention, discharge planning and service coordination;

(3) Different types of assessments and their uses in program planning;

(4) Individuals' rights;

(5) Local service delivery systems, including support services;

(6) Types of developmental disability programs and services;

(7) Effective oral, written, and interpersonal communication principles and techniques;

(8) General principles of record documentation; and

(9) The service planning process and the major components of a service plan.

b. Skills in:

(1) Interviewing;

(2) Negotiating with individuals and service providers;

(3) Observing, recording, and reporting behaviors;

(4) Identifying and documenting an individual's needs for resources, services, and other assistance;

(5) Identifying services within the established service system to meet the individual's needs;

(6) Coordinating the provision of services by diverse public and private providers;

(7) Analyzing and planning for the service needs of developmentally disabled persons;

(8) Formulating, writing, and implementing individual-specific service plans to promote goal attainment for recipients with developmental disabilities; and

(9) Using assessment tools.

c. Abilities to:

(1) Demonstrate a positive regard for individuals and their families (e.g., allowing risk taking, avoiding stereotypes of developmentally disabled people, respecting individuals' and families' privacy, believing individuals can grow);

(2) Be persistent and remain objective;

(3) Work as a team member, maintaining effective inter- and intra-agency working relationships;

(4) Work independently, performing positive duties under general supervision;

(5) Communicate effectively, orally and in writing; and

(6) Establish and maintain ongoing supportive relationships.

3. In addition, case managers who enroll with DMAS to provide case management services after (insert the effective date of these regulations) must possess a minimum of an undergraduate degree in a human services field. Providers who had a Medicaid participation agreement to provide case management prior to February 1, 2005, and who maintain that agreement without interruption may continue to provide case management using the KSA requirements effective prior to February 1, 2005.

4. Case managers who are employed by an organization must receive supervision within the same organization. Case managers who are self-employed must obtain one hour of documented supervision every three months when the case manager has active cases. The individual who provides the supervision to the case manager must have a master's level degree in a human services field and/or have five years of satisfactory experience in the field working with individuals with related conditions as defined in 42 CFR 435.1009. A case management provider cannot supervise another case management provider.

5. Case managers must complete eight hours of training annually in one or a combination of the areas described in the knowledge, skills and abilities (KSA) subdivision. Case managers must have documentation to demonstrate training is completed. The documentation must be maintained by the case manager for the purposes of utilization review.

6. Parents, spouses, or any person living with the individual may not provide direct case management services for their child, spouse or the individual with whom they live or be employed by a company that provides case management for their child, spouse, or the individual with whom they live.

7. A case manager may provide services facilitation services. In these cases, the case manager must meet all the case management provider requirements as well as the service facilitation provider requirements. Individuals and their family/caregivers, as appropriate, have the right to choose whether the case manager may provide services facilitation or to have a separate services facilitator and this choice must be clearly documented in the individual's record. If case managers are not services facilitation providers, the case manager must assist the individual and his family/caregiver, as appropriate, to locate an available services facilitator.

8. If the case manager is not serving as the individual's services facilitator, the case manager may conduct the assessments and reassessment for CD services if the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, chooses. The individual's choice must be clearly documented in the case management record along with which provider is responsible for conducting the assessments and reassessments required for CD services.

F. The state assures that the provision of case management services will not restrict an individual's free choice of providers in violation of § 1902(a)(23) of the Act.

1. Eligible recipients will have free choice of the providers of case management services.

2. Eligible recipients will have free choice of the providers of other medical care under the plan.

G. Payment for case management services under the plan does not duplicate payments made to public agencies or private entities under other program authorities for this same purpose.

12VAC30-60-360

12VAC30-60-360. Criteria for care in facilities for mentally retarded persons individuals with developmental disabilities including intellectual disabilities.

§ 4.0 A. Definitions. The following words and terms, when used in these criteria this section, shall have the following meaning meanings, unless the context clearly indicated indicates otherwise:

"Active treatment" means the same as 42 CFR 483.440(a).

"no assistance" shall mean "No assistance" means no help is needed.

"Often" means that a behavior occurs two to three times per month.

""prompting/structuring" shall mean "Prompting/structuring" means that an individual requires, prior to the functioning, some verbal direction and/or or some rearrangement, or both, of the environment is needed.

"Rarely" means that a behavior occurs once a quarter or less frequently.

"Regularly" means that a behavior occurs once a week or more frequently.

"Some direct assistance" means that an individual requires a helper to be present and provide some physical guidance/support (with or without verbal direction).

"Sometimes" means that a behavior occurs once a month or less frequently.

"Supervision" means that an individual requires a helper to be present during the function and provide only verbal direction, general prompts, or guidance, or all of these.

"supervision" shall mean that a helper must be present during the function and provide only verbal direction, general prompts, and/or guidance.

"some direct assistance" shall mean that helper must be present and provide some physical guidance/support (with or without verbal direction).

"total care" shall mean "Total care" means that an individual requires a helper must to perform all or nearly all of the functions.

"rarely" shall mean that a behavior occurs quarterly or less.

"sometimes" shall mean that a behavior occurs once a month or less.

"often" shall mean that a behavior occurs 2-3 times a month.

"regularly" shall mean that a behavior occurs weekly or more.

§ 4.1 Utilization Control regulations require that criteria be formulated for guidance for appropriate levels of services. Traditionally, care for the mentally retarded has been institutionally based; however, this level of care need not be confined to a specific setting. The habilitative and health needs of the client are the determining issues.

§ 4.2 The purpose of these regulations is to establish B. This section establishes standard criteria to measure eligibility for Medicaid payment for an individual to receive care in facilities. Medicaid can pay for covers care only when the client individual is receiving appropriate services and when "active treatment" is being provided. An individual's need for care must shall meet these the level of functioning criteria in the VIDES form, referenced in 12VAC30-120-535, before any authorization for payment by Medicaid will be made for either institutional or waivered rehabilitative services for the mentally retarded.

§ 4.3 C. Care in facilities for the mentally retarded individuals with developmental or intellectual disabilities requires planned programs for of services to address habilitative needs and/or or health needs, or both, related services which that exceed the level of room, board, and general supervision of daily activities.

1. Such cases shall care may be a combination of habilitative, rehabilitative, and health services directed toward increasing the functional capacity of the retarded person individual. Examples of services such care shall include (i) training in the activities of daily living, (ii) training in task-learning skills, (iii) learning socially acceptable behaviors, (iv) basic community living programming, or (v) health care and health maintenance.

2. The overall objective of programming shall be the attainment of the optimal physical, intellectual, social, or task learning level which that the person individual can presently or potentially achieve.

§ 4.4 D. The evaluation and re-evaluation for determination of the intermediate care facility (ICF) level of care in a facility for the mentally retarded individuals with development/intellectual disabilities shall be based on (i) the needs of the person individual, (ii) the reasonable expectations of the resident's individual's capabilities, (iii) the appropriateness of programming, whether (iv) the progress is demonstrated from the training, and, (v) in an institution, whether the services could reasonably be provided in a less restrictive environment.

§ 4.5 Patient E. Individual assessment criteria. The patient individual assessment criteria are divided into broad categories of needs, or services provided. These must shall be evaluated in detail to determine the abilities/skills which skills, abilities, and status that will be the basis for the development of a plan for care an individual support plan. The evaluation process will demonstrate shall indicate a need for programming an array of an individual support plan that addresses the individual's skills and, abilities, or need for health care services. These, which have been organized in the seven major categories set forth in subsection F of this section. Level of functioning in each category is graded from the most dependent to the least dependent. In some categories, the dependency status is rated by the degree of assistance required. In other categories, the dependency is established by the frequency of a behavior or the ability to perform a given task.

§ 4.6 F. Dependency level. The resident must meet the indicated dependency level in TWO OR MORE of categories 1 through 7 individual shall demonstrate two or more of the skills or statuses listed in subdivisions 1 through 7 of this subsection. To demonstrate a skill or exhibit a status, the individual shall meet the dependency level described for that skill or status. The questions referenced in subdivisions 1 through 7 of this subsection to meet a dependency level are found in Table 1 of this subsection.

1. Health status. To meet this category:

1. a. Two or more questions must be answered with a 4, OR or

2. b. Question "j" must be answered "yes."

B. 2. Communication Skills - skills. To meet this category, three or more questions must be answered with a 3 or a 4.

C. 3. Task Learning Skills - learning skills. To meet this category, three or more questions must be answered with a 3 or a 4.

D. 4. Personal Care - care skills. To meet this category, either:

1. a. Question "a" must be answered with a 4 or a 5, OR or

2. b. Question "b" must be answered with a 4 or a 5, OR or

3. c. Questions "c" and "d" must be answered with a 4 or a 5.

E. Mobility - To 5. Mobility status. To meet this category any one question must be answered with a 4 or a 5.

F. 6. Behavior - To status. To meet this category, any one question must be answered with a 3 or a 4.

G. 7. Community Living - To living skills. To meet this category:

1. a. Any two of the questions "b", "e", or "g" must be answered with a 4 or a 5, OR; or

2. b. Three or more questions must be answered with a 4 or a 5.

§ 4.7. Level of functioning survey.

 

A. HEALTH STATUS Table 1 – Level of Functioning Survey

 

1. Health status: How often is nursing care or nursing supervision by a licensed nurse required for the following? (Key:1=rarely, 2=sometimes, 3=often, and 4=regularly)

 

1. a. Medication administration and/or or evaluation for effectiveness of a medication regimen?

1

2

3

4

 

2. b. Direct services: i.e., care for lesions, dressings, or treatments, (other than shampoos, foot power powder, etc.)

1

2

3

4

 

3. c. Seizures control

1

2

3

4

 

4. d. Teaching diagnosed disease control and care, including for diabetes

1

2

3

4

 

5. e. Management of care of diagnosed circulatory or respiratory problems

1

2

3

4

 

6. f. Motor disabilities which that interfere with all activities of Daily Living - Bathing, Dressing, Mobility, Toileting etc., daily living (i.e. bathing, dressing, mobility, toileting, etc.)

1

2

3

4

 

7. g. Observation for choking/aspiration choking or aspiration while eating, or drinking?

1

2

3

4

 

8. h. Supervision of use of adaptive equipment, (i.e., special spoon, braces, etc.)

1

2

3

4

 

9. i. Observation for nutritional problems (i.e., undernourishment, swallowing difficulties, obesity)

1

2

3

4

 

10. j. Is age 55 or older, has a diagnosis of a chronic disease, and has been in an institution 20 years or more

1

2

3

4

 

B. COMMUNICATION

 

Using the 2. Communication skills: How often does this person: Key 1=regularly, 2=often, 3=sometimes, 4=rarely, how often does this person

 

1. a. Indicate wants by pointing, vocal noises, or signs?

1

2

3

4

 

2. b. Use simple words, phrases, short sentences?

1

2

3

4

 

3. c. Ask for at least ten 10 things using appropriate names?

1

2

3

4

 

4. d. Understand simple words, phrases or instructions containing prepositions: i.e., on, in, behind?

1

2

3

4

 

5. e. Speak in an easily understood manner?

1

2

3

4

 

6. f. Identify self, place of residence, and significant others?

1

2

3

4

 

C. TASK LEARNING SKILLS

 

3. Task learning skills: How often does this person perform the following activities? (Key: 1=regularly, 2=often, 3=sometimes, 4=rarely)

 

1. a. Pay attention to purposeful activities for 5 five minutes?.

1

2

3

4

 

2. b. Stay with a 3 step three-step task for more than 15 minutes?.

1

2

3

4

 

3. c. Tell time to the hour and understand time intervals? intervals.

1

2

3

4

 

4. d. Count more than 10 objects? objects.

1

2

3

4

 

5. e. Do simple addition, subtraction? subtraction.

1

2

3

4

 

6. f. Write or print ten words? 10 words.

1

2

3

4

 

7. g. Discriminate shapes, sizes, or colors? colors.

1

2

3

4

 

8. h. Name people or objects when describing pictures? pictures.

1

2

3

4

 

9. i. Discriminate between one, many, lot? and a lot.

1

2

3

4

 

D. PERSONAL and SELF CARE

 

4. Personal and self care: With what type of assistance can this person currently (Key: 1=No Assistance 1=no assistance, 2=Prompting/Structures 2=prompting/structures, 3=Supervision 3=supervision, 4=Some Direct Assistance 4=some direct assistance, 5=Total Care) 5=total care)

 

1. a. Perform toileting functions: i.e., maintain bladder and bowel continence, clean self, etc.?

1

2

3

4

5

 

2. b. Perform eating/feeding eating or feeding functions: (i.e., drinks liquids and eats with spoon or fork, etc.)?

1

2

3

4

5

 

3. c. Perform bathing function: (i.e., bathes, runs bath, dry dries self, etc.)?

1

2

3

4

5

 

4. d. Dress self himself completely, (i.e., including fastening, putting on clothes, etc.)?

1

2

3

4

5

 

E. MOBILITY

 

5. Mobility: With what type of assistance can this person currently (Key: 1=No Assistance 1=no assistance, 2=Prompting/Structures 2=prompting/structures, 3=Supervision 3=supervision, 4=Some Direct Assistance 4=some direct assistance, 5=Total Care) 5=total care)

 

1. a. Move, (i.e., walking, wheeling) around his environment?

1

2

3

4

5

 

2. b. Rise from lying down to sitting positons positions, or sits without support?

1

2

3

4

5

 

3. c. Turn and position himself in bed, or roll over?

1

2

3

4

5

 

F. BEHAVIOR

 

6. Behavior: How often does this person (Key:1=Rarely 1=rarely, 2=Sometimes 2=sometimes, 3=Often 3=often, and 4=Regularly) 4=regularly)

 

1. a. Engage in self destructive behavior?

1

2

3

4

 

2. b. Threaten or do physical violence to others?

1

2

3

4

 

3. c. Throw things, damage property, have temper outbursts?

1

2

3

4

 

4. d. Respond to others in a socially unacceptable manner - (without undue anger, frustration, or hostility)?

1

2

3

4

 

G. COMMUNITY LIVING SKILLS

 

7. Community Living Skills: With what type of assistance can this person currently: (Key:1=No Assistance 1=no assistance, 2=Prompting/Structures 2=prompting/structures, 3=Supervision 3=supervision, 4=Some Direct Assistance 4=some direct assistance, 5=Total Care) 5=total care)

 

1. a. Prepare simple foods requiring no mixing or cooking?

1

2

3

4

5

 

2. b. Take care of personal belongings, and room (excluding vacuuming, ironing, clothes washing/drying washing and drying, wet mopping)?

1

2

3

4

5

 

3. c. Add coins of various denominations up to one dollar?

1

2

3

4

5

 

4. d. Use the telephone to call home, doctor, fire, and police?

1

2

3

4

5

 

5. e. Recognize survival signs/words signs and words: (i.e., stop, go, traffic lights, police, men, women, restrooms, danger, etc.)?

1

2

3

4

5

 

6. f. Refrain from exhibiting unacceptable sexual behavior in public?

1

2

3

4

5

 

7. g. Go around cottage, ward, building, without running away, wandering off, or becoming lost?

1

2

3

4

5

 

8. h. Make minor purchases, (i.e., candy, soft drink, etc)?

1

2

3

4

5

12VAC30-80-110

12VAC30-80-110. Fee-for-service: case management.

A. Targeted case management for high-risk pregnant women and infants up to two years of age, for community mental health and intellectual disability services, and for individuals who have applied for or are participating in the Individual and Family Developmental Disability Support Waiver program (IFDDS Waiver) shall be reimbursed at the lowest of: state agency fee schedule, actual charge, or Medicare (Title XVIII) allowances.

B. A. Targeted case management for early intervention (Part C) children.

1. Targeted case management for children from birth to three years of age who have developmental delay and who are in need of early intervention is reimbursed at the lower of the state agency fee schedule or the actual charge (charge to the general public). The unit of service is monthly one month. All private and governmental fee-for-service providers are reimbursed according to the same methodology. The agency's rates are effective for services on or after October 11, 2011. Rates are published on the agency's website at www.dmas.virginia.gov.

2. Case management shall not be billed when it is an integral part of another Medicaid service including, but not limited to, intensive community treatment services and intensive in-home services for children and adolescents.

3. 2. Case management defined for another target group shall not be billed concurrently with this case management service except for case management services for high risk infants provided under 12VAC30-50-410. Providers of early intervention case management shall coordinate services with providers of case management services for high risk infants, pursuant to 12VAC30-50-410, to ensure that services are not duplicated.

4. 3. Each entity receiving payment for services as defined in 12VAC30-50-415 shall be required to furnish the following to DMAS, upon request:

a. Data, by practitioner, on the utilization by Medicaid beneficiaries of the services included in the unit rate; and

b. Cost information used by practitioner.

5. 4. Future rate updates will be based on information obtained from the providers. DMAS monitors the provision of targeted case management through post-payment review (PPR). PPRs ensure that paid services were (i) rendered appropriately, in accordance with state and federal laws, regulations, policies, and program requirements, (ii) provided in a timely manner, and (iii) paid correctly.

B. Reimbursement for targeted case management for high risk pregnant women and infants and children.

1. Targeted case management for high risk pregnant women and infants up to two years of age defined in 12VAC30-50-410 shall be reimbursed at the lower of the state agency fee schedule or the actual charge (charge to the general public). The unit of service is one day. All private and governmental fee-for-service providers are reimbursed according to the same methodology. The agency's rates were set as of September 10, 2013, and are effective for services on or after that date. Rates are published on the agency's website at www.dmas.virginia.gov.

2. Case management may not be billed when it is an integral part of another Medicaid service.

3. Case management defined for another target group shall not be billed concurrently with the case management service under this subsection except for case management for early intervention provided under 12VAC30-50-415. Providers of case management for high risk pregnant women and infants and children shall coordinate services with providers of early intervention case management to ensure that services are not duplicated.

4. Each provider receiving payment for the service under this subsection will be required to furnish the following to the Medicaid agency, upon request:

a. Data on the hourly utilization of this service furnished to Medicaid members; and

b. Cost information used by practitioners furnishing this service.

5. Rate updates will be based on utilization and cost information obtained from the providers.

C. Reimbursement for targeted case management for seriously mentally ill adults and emotionally disturbed children and for youth at risk of serious emotional disturbance.

1. Targeted case management services for seriously mentally ill adults and emotionally disturbed children defined in 12VAC30-50-420 or for youth at risk of serious emotional disturbance defined in 12VAC30-50-430 shall be reimbursed at the lower of the state agency fee schedule or the actual charge (charge to the general public). The unit of service is one month. All private and governmental fee-for-service providers are reimbursed according to the same methodology. The agency's rates were set as of September 10, 2013, and are effective for services on or after that date. Rates are published on the agency's website at www.dmas.virginia.gov.

2. Case management for seriously mentally ill adults and emotionally disturbed children and for youth at risk of serious emotional disturbance may not be billed when it is an integral part of another Medicaid service.

3. Case management defined for another target group shall not be billed concurrently with the case management services under this subsection.

4. Each provider receiving payment for the services under this subsection will be required to furnish the following to the Medicaid agency, upon request:

a. Data on the hourly utilization of these services furnished to Medicaid members; and

b. Cost information used by the practitioner furnishing these services.

5. Rate updates will be based on utilization and cost information obtained from the providers.

D. Reimbursement for targeted case management for individuals with intellectual disability or developmental disability.

1. Targeted case management for individuals with intellectual disability defined in 12VAC30-50-440 and individuals with developmental disabilities defined in 12VAC30-50-450 shall be reimbursed at the lower of the state agency fee schedule or the actual charge (the charge to the general public). The unit of service is one month. All private and governmental fee-for-service providers are reimbursed according to the same methodology. The agency's rates were set as of July 1, 2016, and are effective for services on or after that date. Rates are published on the agency's website at www.dmas.virginia.gov

2. Case management for individuals with intellectual disability or developmental disability may not be billed when it is an integral part of another Medicaid service.

3. Case management defined for another target group shall not be billed concurrently with the case management service under this subsection.

4. Each provider receiving payment for the service under this subsection will be required to furnish the following to the Medicaid agency, upon request:

a. Data on the hourly utilization of this service furnished to Medicaid members; and

b. Cost information by practitioners furnishing this service.

5. Rate updates will be based on utilization and cost information obtained from the providers.

12VAC30-120-501

12VAC30-120-501. Definitions.

The following words and terms used in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Applicant" means an individual (or his representative acting on his behalf) who has applied for or is in the process of applying for and is awaiting a determination of eligibility for admission to a DD waiver.

"BI" means the Building Independence Waiver as set out in 12VAC30-120-1500 et seq.

"CL" means the Community Living Waiver as set out in 12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.

"Comprehensive assessment" means the gathering of relevant social, psychological, medical, and level of care information by the support coordinator/case manager and is used as a basis for the development of the Individual Support Plan.

"DBHDS" means the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services.

"DD waivers" means the FIS (12VAC30-12-700 et seq.), CL (12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.), and the BI (12VAC30-120-1500 et seq.) waivers in the collective.

"Developmental disability" or "DD" means the same as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.

"DMAS" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"Enroll" with respect to an individual means (i) the local department of social services has determined the individual's financial eligibility for Medicaid as set out in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., (ii) the individual has been determined by the support coordinator/case manager to meet the functional eligibility requirements in the VIDES form (referenced in 12VAC30-120-535) for the waiver, (iii) the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services has verified the availability of a waiver slot for the individual, and (iv) the individual has agreed to accept the waiver slot.

"Family" means, for the purpose of receiving individual and family/caregiver training services, the unpaid people who live with or provide care to an individual served on the waiver and may include a parent, a spouse, children, relatives, a foster family, or in-laws but shall not include persons who are compensated, by any possible means, to care for the individual.

"FIS" means the Family and Individual Support Waiver as set out in 12VAC30-120-700 et. seq.

"Health, safety, and welfare standard" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"ICF/IID" means a facility or distinct part of a facility licensed by DBHDS and meeting the federal certification regulations for an intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disabilities and individuals with related conditions and that addresses the total needs of the individuals, which include physical, intellectual, social, emotional, and habilitation, and provides active treatment as defined in 42 CFR 483.440.

"IDEA" means the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 USC § 1400 et seq.).

"Individual" means the Commonwealth's citizen, including a child, who meets the income and resource standards in order to be eligible for Medicaid-covered services, has a diagnosis of developmental disability, and is eligible for the BI, CL, or FIS Waiver. The individual may be a person on the DD waiting list or a person enrolled and receiving waiver services.

"Levels of support" means the level (1-7) to which an individual is assigned as a result of the utilization of the SIS® score and the Virginia Supplemental Questions. The level of support is derived from a calculation using the SIS® score and correlates to an individual's needs. The Virginia Supplemental Questions form is completed to gather additional information regarding the needs of an individual whose SIS® responses regarding medical or behavioral needs indicate a high level of support needs. For individuals in Levels 6 and 7, the Virginia Supplemental Questions may also be used to determine the level of support.

"Positive behavior support" means an applied science that uses educational methods to expand an individual's behavior repertoire and systems change methods to redesign an individual's living environment to enhance the individual's quality of life and minimize his challenging behaviors.

"Risk assessment" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Slot" means an opening or vacancy in waiver services for an individual.

"Support coordination/case management" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-455 D.

"Support coordinator/case manager" means the person who provides support coordination/case management services to individuals enrolled in one of the DD waivers or are listed on the DD waivers waiting list in accordance with 12VAC30-50-455.

"Supporting documentation" means any written or electronic materials used to record and verify the individual's support needs, services provided, and contacts made on behalf of the individual and may include, but shall not be limited to, the personal profile, individual support plan, service providers' plans for supports, progress notes, reports, medical orders, contact logs, attendance logs, and assessments. Supporting documentation shall be maintained to support claims for all services submitted to DMAS for reimbursement.

"Support package" means a profile of the mix and extent of services anticipated to be needed by individuals with similar levels, needs, and abilities.

"Supports Intensity Scale®" or "SIS®" means an assessment tool and form that is published by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and administered through a thorough interview process that measures and documents an individual's practical support requirements in personal, school-related or work-related, social, behavioral, and medical areas in order to identify and determine the types and intensity levels of the supports required by that individual in order to live successfully in the community.

"Tiers of reimbursement" means tiers that are tied to an individual's level of support, so that providers are reimbursed for services provided to individuals consistent with that level of support.

"VDSS" means the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Waiver Slot Assignment Committee" or "WSAC" means an impartial body of trained volunteers established for each locality or region with responsibility for recommending individuals eligible for a waiver slot according to their urgency of need. All WSACs will be composed of community members who will not be employees of a CSB or a private provider of either support coordination/case management or waiver services. WSAC members will be knowledgeable and have experience in the DD service system.

12VAC30-120-505

12VAC30-120-505. FIS, CL, and BI Waiver establishment, legal authority, description; waiver population, SIS® requirements.

A. Selected home and community-based waiver services shall be available through § 1915(c) waivers of the Social Security Act. The waivers shall be named (i) Family and Individual Supports (FIS), (ii) Community Living (CL), and (iii) Building Independence (BI) (collectively referred to as the Developmental Disabilities (DD) Waivers). Under the DD waivers, DMAS has waived § 1902(a) (10) (B) and (C) of the Social Security Act related to comparability of services. These services shall be required, appropriate, and necessary to maintain the individual in the community instead of placement in institutions.

B. Federal waiver requirements, as established in § 1915 of the Social Security Act and 42 CFR 430.25, provide that the average per capita fiscal year expenditures in the aggregate under the DD waivers shall not exceed the average per capita expenditures in the aggregate for the level of care provided in ICFs/IIDs, as defined in 42 CFR 435.1010 and 42 CFR 483.440, under the State Plan for Medical Assistance that would have been provided had the DD waivers not been granted.

C. DMAS shall be the single state agency pursuant to 42 CFR 431.10 responsible for administrative authority over service authorizations and delegates the processing of service authorizations and daily operations to Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services. DMAS shall be the single state agency authority pursuant to 42 CFR 431.10 for payment of claims for the services covered in the DD waivers and for obtaining federal financial participation from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

D. Individuals, as defined in 12VAC30-120-501, shall have the right to appeal actions taken by DMAS or its designee, or both, consistent with 12VAC30-110.

E. Waiver service populations. These waiver services shall be provided for individuals, including children, with a developmental disability (DD) as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia and who have been determined to require the level of care provided in an ICF/IID. Such services can only be covered if required by the individual to avoid institutionalization. These services shall be appropriate and necessary to ensure community integration.

F. The FIS, CL, and BI waivers services shall not be authorized or reimbursed by DMAS for an individual who resides outside of the physical boundaries of the Commonwealth. Waiver services shall not be furnished to individuals who are inpatients of a hospital, nursing facility, ICF/IID, or inpatient rehabilitation facility. Individuals with DD who are inpatients of these facilities may receive service coordination/case management services as described in 12VAC30-50-455. The support coordinator/case manager may recommend waiver services that would promote the individual's exiting from the institutional placement; however, these waiver services shall not be provided until the individual has been enrolled in the waiver.

G. An individual shall not be simultaneously enrolled in more than one waiver. An individual who has a diagnosis of DD may be on the waiting list for one of the DD waivers while simultaneously being enrolled in the Elderly or Disabled with Consumer Direction (EDCD) or the Technology Assisted waivers if he meets applicable criteria for both.

H. DMAS, or its designee, shall ensure only eligible individuals receive home and community-based waiver services and shall terminate the individual from the waiver and such services when the individual is no longer eligible for the waiver. Termination from the DD waivers shall occur when either (i) the individual's health and medical needs can no longer be safely met or (ii) when the individual is no longer eligible.

I. The individual's responses from the combination of the SIS® and Virginia Supplemental Questions shall determine the individual's required level of supports and establish the basis for the individual service plan.

J. No waiver services shall be reimbursed until after both the provider enrollment process and individual eligibility process have been completed. No back dated payments shall be made for services that were rendered before the completion of the provider enrollment process and the individual eligibility process.

12VAC30-120-514

12VAC30-120-514. FIS, CL, and BI Waivers: provider enrollment, requirements, and termination.

A. No waiver services shall be reimbursed until after the provider has enrolled with DMAS and the individual eligibility process has been completed and both the provider (including consumer-directed companions and assistants) and individual are eligible and enrolled to participate. Individuals who are enrolled in the DD waivers who chose to employ their own companions or assistants prior to the completion of the provider enrollment process shall be responsible for reimbursing such costs themselves. No backdating of provider enrollment requirements shall be permitted in order for DMAS to pay for prematurely incurred costs.

B. DMAS or its designee shall be responsible for assuring continued adherence to provider participation standards. DMAS or its designee shall conduct ongoing monitoring of compliance with provider participation standards and applicable laws, regulations, and DMAS policies. A provider's noncompliance with applicable Medicaid laws, regulations, and DMAS policies and procedures, as required in the provider's participation agreement, may result in termination of the provider participation agreement. For DMAS to approve enrollment of a provider for home and community-based waiver services, the following standards shall be met:

1. For services that have licensure or certification requirements, the standards of any state licensure or certification requirements, or both as applicable;

2. Disclosure of ownership pursuant to 42 CFR 455.104, 42 CFR 455.105, and 42 CFR 455.106; and

3. The ability to document and maintain individual records in accordance with federal and state requirements.

C. Providers approved for participation shall, at a minimum, perform the following activities:

1. Screen, on a monthly basis, all new and existing employees and contractors to determine whether any are excluded from eligibility for payment from federal healthcare programs, including Medicaid (i.e., via the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General List of Excluded Individuals or Entities (LEIE) website). Immediately, upon learning of an exclusion, report in writing to DMAS such exclusion information to: DMAS, ATTN: Program Integrity/Exclusions, 600 East Broad Street, Suite 1300, Richmond, VA 23219 or email to providerexclusion@dmas.virginia.gov.

2. Immediately notify DMAS and DBHDS, in writing, of any change in the information that the provider previously submitted for the purpose of the provider agreement to DMAS and DBHDS.

3. Assure the individual's freedom to refuse medical care, treatment, and services, and document that potential adverse outcomes that may result from refusal of services were discussed with the individual.

4. Accept referrals for services only when staff is available to initiate services within 30 calendar days and perform such services on an ongoing basis.

5. Provide services and supplies for individuals in full compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (42 USC § 2000d et seq.), which prohibits discrimination on the grounds of race, color, or national origin; the Virginians with Disabilities Act (Title 51.5 (§ 51.5-1 et seq.) of the Code of Virginia); § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (29 USC § 794), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of a disability; and the Americans with Disabilities Act, as amended (42 USC § 12101 et seq.), which provides comprehensive civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities in the areas of employment, public accommodations, state and local government services, and telecommunications.

6. Provide services and supplies to individuals of the same quality and in the same mode of delivery as provided to the general public.

7. Submit reimbursement claims to DMAS for the provision of covered services and supplies for individuals in amounts not to exceed the provider's usual and customary charges to the general public and accept as payment in full the amount established by the DMAS payment methodology from the individual's authorization date for waiver services.

8. Use program-designated billing forms for submission of claims for reimbursement.

9. Maintain and retain business and professional records sufficient to document fully and accurately the nature, scope, and details of the services provided. Provider documentation that fails to support services claimed for reimbursement may subject the provider to recovery actions by DMAS or its designee.

a. Such records shall be retained for at least six years from the last date of service or as provided by applicable state and federal laws, whichever period is longer. However, if an audit is initiated within the required retention period, the records shall be retained until the audit is completed and every exception resolved. Records of minors shall be kept for at least six years after such minor has reached the age of 18 years.

b. Policies regarding retention of records shall apply even if the provider discontinues operation. Providers shall notify DMAS in writing of storage, location, and procedures for obtaining records for review should the need arise. The location, agent, or trustee of the provider's records shall be within the Commonwealth of Virginia.

c. Providers shall maintain an attendance log or similar document, such as daily progress notes, that indicates the date services were rendered, type of services rendered, and number of hours or units provided (including specific time frame) for each service type except for one-time services such as assistive technology, environmental modifications, transition services, individual and family caregiver training, electronic home-based services, and personal emergency response system, where initial documentation to support claims shall suffice. Such documentation shall be provided to DMAS or its designee upon request. Documentation shall not be created or modified once an audit has started.

10. Agree to furnish information on request and in the form requested to DMAS, DBHDS, the Attorney General of Virginia or his authorized representatives, federal personnel, and the State Medicaid Fraud Control Unit. The Commonwealth's right of access to provider premises and records shall survive any termination of the provider participation agreement. No business or professional records shall be created or modified by providers, employees, or any other interested parties, either with or without the provider's knowledge, once an audit has been initiated.

11. Disclose, as requested by DMAS, all financial, beneficial, ownership, equity, surety, or other interests in any and all firms, corporations, partnerships, associations, business enterprises, joint ventures, agencies, institutions, or other legal entities providing any form of health care services to individuals enrolled in Medicaid.

12. Perform criminal history record checks for barrier crimes in accordance with applicable licensure requirements at § 32.1-162.9:1 or 37.2-416 of the Code of Virginia. If the individual enrolled in the waiver to be served is a minor child, also perform a search of the VDSS Child Protective Services Central Registry. The provider shall not be compensated for services provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver effective on the date that any of these records checks verifies that he has been convicted of barrier crimes described in § 32.1-162.9:1 or 37.2-416  (whichever is applicable to the provider's license) or if he has a finding in the VDSS Child Protective Services Central Registry.

a. For consumer-directed (CD) services, the CD employee shall submit to a criminal history records check conducted by the fiscal employer agent within 30 days of employment. If the individual enrolled in the waiver is a minor child, the CD employee shall also submit to a search of the VDSS Child Protective Services Central Registry. The CD employee shall not be compensated for services provided to the waiver individual effective the date on which the record check verifies that the CD employee has been convicted of barrier crimes described in § 37.2-416 of the Code of Virginia or if the CD employee has a founded complaint confirmed by the VDSS Child Protective Services Central Registry.

b. The provider or CD employer shall require direct support professionals or CD employees to notify the employer of all convictions occurring subsequent to the initial record check. Direct support professionals or CD employees who refuse to consent to VDSS Child Protective Services registry checks shall not be eligible for Medicaid reimbursement.

D. Pursuant to Subpart F of 42 CFR Part 431, 12VAC30-20-90, and any other applicable federal or state law or regulation, all providers shall hold confidential and use for DMAS or DBHDS authorized purposes only all medical assistance information regarding individuals served. A provider shall disclose information in his possession only when the information is used in conjunction with a claim for health benefits or the data are necessary for purposes directly related to the administration of the State Plan for Medical Assistance.

E. Change of ownership. When ownership of the provider changes, the provider shall notify DMAS at least 15 calendar days before the date of change.

F. For ICF/IID facilities covered by § 1616(e) of the Social Security Act in which respite care as a home and community-based waiver service will be provided, the facilities shall be in compliance with applicable regulatory standards.

G. Suspected abuse or neglect. Pursuant to §§ 63.2-1509 and 63.2-1606 of the Code of Virginia, if a participating provider knows or suspects that an individual receiving home and community-based waiver services is being abused, neglected, or exploited, the party having knowledge or suspicion of the abuse, neglect, or exploitation shall report immediately at first knowledge to the local Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services, adult protective services or the local department of social services, child protective services agency; to DMAS; and to the DBHDS Offices of Licensing and Human Rights, if applicable.

H. Adherence to provider participation agreement, Medicaid laws, and the DMAS provider manual. In addition to compliance with the general conditions and requirements, all providers enrolled by DMAS shall adhere to the requirements outlined in federal and state laws, regulations, their individual provider participation agreements and in the applicable DMAS provider manual.

I. DMAS may terminate the provider's Medicaid provider agreement pursuant to § 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia and as may be required for federal financial participation. Such provider agreement terminations shall conform to 12VAC30-10-690 and Part XII (12VAC30-20-500 et seq.) of 12VAC30-20. DMAS shall not reimburse for services that may be rendered subsequent to such terminations.

J. Direct marketing. Providers are prohibited from performing any type of direct marketing activities to Medicaid individuals or their family/caregivers.

K. Providers shall participate, as may be requested, in the completion of the DBHDS-approved assessment instruments when the provider possesses specific, relevant information about the individual enrolled in the waiver.

L. Felony convictions. A provider who has been convicted of a felony, or who has otherwise pled guilty to a felony, in Virginia or in any other of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, or the United States territories shall, within 30 days of such conviction, notify DMAS of this conviction and relinquish its provider agreement. Such provider agreement terminations shall be effective immediately and conform to 12VAC30-10-690. Providers shall not be reimbursed for services that may be rendered between the conviction of a felony and the provider's notification to DMAS of the conviction.

M. Except as otherwise provided by applicable statute or federal law, the Medicaid provider agreement may be terminated by DMAS at will on 30 days written notice. The agreement may be terminated immediately if DMAS determines that the provider poses a threat to the health, safety, or welfare of any individual enrolled in a DMAS administered program. DMAS may also immediately terminate a provider's participation agreement if the provider does not fulfill its obligations as described in the provider participation agreement. Such action precludes further payment by DMAS for services provided for individuals subsequent to the date specified in the termination notice.

N. A participating provider may voluntarily terminate his participation with DMAS by providing 30 days written notification.

O. Fiscal employer/agent, as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000, requirements. Pursuant to a duly negotiated contract or interagency agreement, the contractor or entity shall be reimbursed by DMAS to perform certain employer functions including, but not limited to, payroll and bookkeeping functions on the part of the individual/employer who is receiving consumer-directed services.

1. The fiscal employer/agent shall be responsible for administering payroll services on behalf of the individual enrolled in the waiver including, but not limited to:

a. Collecting and maintaining citizenship and alien status employment eligibility information required by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security;

b. Securing all necessary authorizations and approvals in accordance with state and federal tax requirements;

c. Deducting and filing state and federal income and employment taxes and other withholdings;

d. Verifying that assistants' or companions' submitted timesheets do not exceed the maximum hours prior authorized for individuals enrolled in the waiver;

e. Processing timesheets for payment;

f. Making all deposits of income taxes, FICA, and other withholdings according to state and federal requirements; and

g. Distributing biweekly payroll checks to individuals' companions and assistants.

2. All timesheet discrepancies shall be reported promptly upon their identification to DMAS for investigation and resolution.

3. The fiscal employer/agent shall maintain records and information as required by DMAS and state and federal laws and regulations and make such records available upon DMAS' request in the needed format.

4. The fiscal employer/agent shall establish and operate a customer service center to respond to individuals' and assistants'/companions' payroll and related inquiries.

5. The fiscal employer/agent shall maintain confidentiality of all Medicaid information pursuant to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) and DMAS requirements. Should any breaches of confidential information occur, the fiscal/employer agent shall assume all liabilities under both state and federal law.

P. Changes to or termination of services. DMAS or its designee shall have the authority to approve changes to an individual's individual support plan, based on the recommendations of the support coordination/case management provider.

1. Service providers shall be responsible for modifying their plan for supports, with the involvement of the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and submitting such revised plan for supports to the support coordinator/case manager any time there is a change in the individual's condition or circumstances that may warrant a change in the amount or type of service rendered.

a. The support coordinator/case manager shall review the need for a change and may recommend a change to the plan for supports to the DMAS designee.

b. DBHDS shall approve, deny, or suspend for additional information, the provider's requested change or changes to the individual's plan for supports. DBHDS shall communicate its determination to the support coordinator/case manager within 10 business days of receiving all supporting documentation regarding the request for change or in the case of an emergency within three business days of receipt of the request for change.

2. The individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, shall be notified in writing by the support coordinator/case manager of his right to appeal pursuant to DMAS client appeals regulations (Part I (12VAC30-110-10 et seq.) of 12VAC30-110) a decision to reduce, terminate, suspend, or deny services. The support coordinator/case manager shall submit this written notification to the individual enrolled in the waiver within 10 business days of the decision. Once the individual receives the written notification, the clock for filing an appeal, as set forth in the DMAS client appeals regulations, begins to run.

3. In a nonemergency situation, when a service provider determines that services to an individual enrolled in the waiver must be terminated, the service provider shall give the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and support coordinator/case manager written notification of the service provider's intent to discontinue services at least 10 business days in advance of discontinuation of services. The notification letter shall provide the reasons for the planned termination and the effective date the service provider will be discontinuing services. The effective date shall be at least 10 business days from the date of the notification letter. The individual enrolled in the waiver may pursue services from another enrolled service provider.

4. In an emergency situation when the health, safety, or welfare of the individual enrolled in the waiver, other individuals in that setting, or provider personnel are endangered, the support coordinator/case manager and DBHDS shall be notified by the service provider prior to discontinuing services. The 10-business-day prior written notification period shall not be required. The local department of social services adult protective services unit or child protective services unit, as appropriate, and the DBHDS Offices of Licensing and Human Rights shall be notified immediately by the support coordinator/case manager and the provider when the individual's health, safety, or welfare may be in danger.

5. The support coordinator/case manager shall have the responsibility to identify those individuals who no longer meet the level of functioning criteria or for whom home and community-based waiver services are no longer an appropriate alternative. In such situations, DMAS or its designee shall discharge the individuals from the waiver.

a. The support coordinator/case manager shall notify the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, of this determination and the right to appeal such discharge.

b. The individual shall be given the option to continue his waiver services pending the final outcome of his appeal. Should the outcome of the appeal confirm the determination by DMAS or its designee that the individual should be discharged from the waiver, the individual shall be responsible for the costs of his waiver services incurred by DMAS during his appeal.

Q. Documentation requirements for service providers.

1. The need of each individual enrolled in the waiver for each service shall be clearly set out in the individual support plan (ISP) containing each service provider's plan for supports.

2. Documentation shall confirm attendance and the individual's amount of time in services and provide specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the ISP objectives. Observation results shall be available in at least a daily note. Data shall be collected as described in the ISP, analyzed to determine if the strategies are effective, summarized, and then clearly documented in the progress note, task analysis checklist, or support checklist.

3. Service providers shall maintain contemporaneous documentation for each unit of service delivered, and the documentation shall correspond with billing. Providers shall maintain separate documentation for each type of service rendered for an individual. Documentation shall include all correspondence and contacts related to the individual.

4. A quarterly ISP update shall be conducted. Any update shall be reviewed by the service provider with the individual, and this written review shall be dated and submitted to the support coordinator/case manager with goals, desired outcomes, and support activities, modified as appropriate.

5. Documentation shall be maintained for routine supervision and oversight of all services provided by direct support professional staff. All significant contacts shall be documented and dated.

6. A qualified developmental disabilities professional shall provide supervision of direct support professional staff. Documentation of supervision shall be completed, signed by the staff person designated to perform the supervision and oversight, and include the following:

a. Date of contact or observation;

b. Person or persons contacted or observed;

c. A summary about direct support professional staff performance and service delivery for any monthly contacts and any semi-annual home visits;

d. Any action planned or taken to correct problems identified during supervision and oversight; and

e. On a semi-annual basis, the qualified developmental disabilities professional shall document observations concerning the individual's satisfaction with service provision.

7. Claims for payment that are not supported by supporting documentation shall be subject to recovery by DMAS or its designee as a result of utilization reviews or audits.

R. Providers of services under any of the DD waivers shall not be the parents (natural, adoptive, foster, or step-parents) of individuals enrolled in the waiver who are minor children, or the individual's spouse. Payment shall not be made for services furnished by other family members who are living under the same roof as the individual receiving services unless there is objective, written documentation as to why there are no other providers available to provide the care. Such other family members if approved to provide services shall meet the same provider requirements as all other licensed providers.

12VAC30-120-515

12VAC30-120-515. General requirements for waivers: competencies, utilization review, and quality management review (QMR).

A. Core competency requirements for direct support professionals (DSPs) and their supervisors in programs licensed by DBHDS.

1. Providers shall ensure that DSPs and DSP supervisors providing services to individuals with developmental disabilities receive training on the following core competencies:

a. The characteristics of developmental disabilities and Virginia's DD waivers;

b. Person-centeredness, positive behavioral supports, effective communication;

c. DBHDS-identified health risks and the appropriate interventions; and

d. Best practices in the support of individuals with developmental disabilities.

2. Providers shall ensure that DSPs and DSP supervisors pass a DBHDS-approved objective, standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities covering the core competencies referenced above prior to providing direct, reimbursable services in the absence of other qualified staff who have passed the knowledge-based test and who document oversight of the individual who has not yet passed the test. Evidence of completed core competency training, a copy of the DSP completed test, the DBHDS-issued certificate of completion for supervisors, and documentation of assurances (DMAS Form P242a, P243a, P245a, or P246a as applicable), shall be retained in the provider record and subject to review by DBHDS for licensing compliance and by DMAS for quality management review and financial audit purposes.

3. Providers shall ensure that supervisors of DSPs complete the competencies checklist (DMAS Form P241a) for each DSP they supervise within 180 days of the DSP passing the DBHDS test with annual updates thereafter.

4. The director of the service provider or the director's designee shall complete the competencies checklist (DMAS Form P241a) for each DSP supervisor within 180 days of the DSP supervisor passing the DBHDS test with annual updates thereafter.

5. The checklist shall be retained in the provider record and subject to review by DBHDS for licensing compliance and by DMAS for quality management review and financial audit purposes.

6. Providers shall ensure that all DSPs and DSP supervisors hired on or after September 1, 2016, shall demonstrate, within 180 days of hire, the presence of the competencies listed in subsection A of this section through the administration and passage of the DBHDS-approved objective, standardized test, which shall be documented in the personnel records of each staff member and subject to review by DBHDS for licensing compliance and by DMAS for quality management review and financial audit purposes. Continued knowledge of the core competencies by DSPs and DSP supervisors shall be confirmed in accordance with subdivisions 3 and 4 of this subsection.

7. Providers shall ensure that DSP supervisors who were hired prior to September 1, 2016, shall be in compliance with these competency training requirements within 120 days of September 1, 2016, through the administration and passage of the DBHDS-approved objective, standardized test, which shall be documented in the personnel records of each staff and subject to review by DBHDS for licensing compliance and by DMAS for quality management review and financial audit purposes.

8. Providers shall ensure that DSPs who were hired prior to September 1, 2016, shall be in compliance with these competency training requirements within 180 days of September 1, 2016, through the administration and passage of the DBHDS-approved objective, standardized test, which shall be documented in the personnel records of each staff and subject to review by DBHDS for licensing compliance and by DMAS for quality management review and financial audit purposes. Continued knowledge of the core competencies by DSPs and DSP supervisors shall be confirmed in accordance with subdivisions 3 and 4 of this subsection.

B. Core competency requirements for support coordinators/case managers. (Reserved.)

C. Core competency requirements for qualified developmental disabilities professionals (QDDPs). (Reserved.)

D. Advanced core competency requirements for DSPs and DSP supervisors serving individuals with developmental disabilities with the most intensive needs.

1. Providers shall ensure that DSPs and DSPs supervisors supporting individuals identified as having the most intensive needs, as determined by assignment to Level 5, 6, or 7 (as referenced in 12VAC30-120-570) based on a completed Supports Intensity Scale® assessment, shall receive training specific to the individuals' needs and levels.

2. DSPs and DSP supervisors supporting individuals with extraordinary medical support needs shall receive training on advanced core competencies in the area of medical supports as established by DBHDS.

3. DSPs and DSP supervisors supporting individuals with extraordinary behavioral support needs shall receive training on advanced core competencies in the area of behavioral supports as established by DBHDS.

4. DSPs and DSP supervisors supporting individuals with autism shall receive training on advanced core competencies in the area of characteristics of autism as established by DBHDS.

5. Evidence of completed advanced core competency training through documentation of assurances completed by DSPs and DSP supervisors shall be retained in the provider record and subject to review by DBHDS for licensing compliance and by DMAS for quality management review and financial audit purposes.

6. Providers shall ensure that DSP supervisors complete the advanced core competencies checklists (DMAS Forms P240a, P244a, and P201) specific to the needs and levels of the individuals supported for each DSP they supervise within 180 days of the DSP signing the documentation of assurances with annual updates thereafter.

7. The director of the provider agency or designee shall complete the advanced core competencies checklists (DMAS Forms P240a, P244a, and P201) specific to the needs and level of the individuals supported for each DSP supervisor within 180 days of the DSP supervisor signing the documentation of assurances with annual updates thereafter. The checklists shall be retained in the provider record and subject to review by DBHDS for licensing compliance and by DMAS for quality management review and financial audit purposes.

8. Providers shall ensure that DSPs and DSP supervisors who render services to individuals in Level 5, 6, or 7 who were hired prior to September 1, 2016, shall demonstrate the presence of the advanced core competencies listed above within 180 days of September 1, 2016, through the completion of the applicable advanced core competencies checklists based on the needs and levels of the individuals supported (DMAS Forms P240a, P244a, and P201), which shall be documented in the personnel records of each staff and subject to review by DBHDS for licensing compliance and by DMAS for quality management review and financial audit purposes. Continued knowledge of the advanced core competencies by DSPs and DSP supervisors shall be confirmed in accordance with subdivisions 6 and 7 of this subsection.

9. Providers shall ensure that DSPs and DSP Supervisors who render services to individuals in Level 5, 6, or 7 who are hired on or after September 1, 2016, shall demonstrate the presence of the advanced core competencies listed above within 180 days of hire through the completion of the applicable advanced core competencies checklists based on the needs and levels of the individuals supported ((DMAS Forms P240a, P244a, and P201), which shall be documented in the personnel records of each staff and subject to review by DBHDS for licensing compliance and by DMAS for quality management review and financial audit purposes. Continued knowledge of the advanced core competencies by DSPs and DSP supervisors shall be confirmed in accordance with subdivisions 6 and 7 of this subsection.

E. Plan for supports. The plan for supports shall include, at a minimum, the following elements:

1. The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, goals, and objectives; required or desired supports or both; and skill-building needs;

2. The individual's support activities to meet the identified outcomes;

3. The services to be rendered and the schedule for such services to accomplish the desired outcomes and support activities, a timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's desired outcomes and support activities, the estimated duration of the individual's need for services, and the provider staff responsible for overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the plan for supports.

F. Reevaluation of service need.

1. The individual support plan (ISP).

a. The ISP shall be collaboratively developed annually by the support coordinator/case manager with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, other service providers, consultants as may be needed, and other interested parties.

b. The support coordinator/case manager shall be responsible for continuous monitoring of the appropriateness of the individual's services and revisions to the ISP as indicated by the changing needs of the individual. At a minimum, the support coordinator/case manager shall review the ISP every three months to determine whether the individual's desired outcomes and support activities are being met and whether any modifications to the ISP are necessary. The results of such reviews shall be documented in the individual's record even if no change occurred during the review period. This documentation shall be provided to DMAS and DBHDS upon request.

c. Any modification to the amount or type of services in the ISP shall be service authorized by DMAS or its designee.

d. All requests for increased waiver services by individuals enrolled in one of the DD waivers shall be reviewed by the support coordinator/case manager to ensure health, safety, and welfare and for consistency with cost effectiveness. This assures that an individual's ability to receive a waiver service is dependent on the finding that the individual needs the service, based on appropriate assessment criteria and a written plan for supports, and that services can be safely and cost effectively provided in the community.

2. Review of level of care.

a. The support coordinator/case manager shall complete a reassessment annually, at a minimum, in coordination with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and service providers. The reassessment shall include an update of the level of care and personal profile, risk assessment, and any other appropriate assessment information. The ISP shall be revised as appropriate.

b. At least every three years for those individuals who are 16 years of age and older and every two years for those individuals who are ages birth through 15 years of age, or when the individual's support needs change significantly (such as a loss of abilities that is expected to last longer than 30 days), the support coordinator/case manager, with the assistance of the individual and other appropriate parties who have knowledge of the individual's circumstances and needs for support, shall request an updated SIS® assessment and the Virginia Supplemental Questions, as appropriate, or a DBHDS-approved alternative instrument for children younger than the age of five years.

c. A medical examination shall be completed for adults based on need identified by the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, provider, support coordinator/case manager, or DBHDS staff. Medical examinations and screenings for children shall be completed according to the recommended frequency and periodicity of the EPSDT (42 CFR 440.40 and 12VAC30-50-130) program.

d. A new psychological or other diagnostic evaluation shall be required whenever the individual's functioning has undergone significant change (such as an increase or loss of abilities that is expected to last longer than 30 days) and is no longer reflective of the past evaluation. The evaluation shall reflect the current diagnosis, adaptive level of functioning, and presence of a functional delay that arose during the developmental period.

3. The support coordinator/case manager shall monitor the service providers' plans for supports to ensure that all providers are working toward the desired outcomes for these individuals.

4. Support coordinators/case managers shall be required to conduct and document evidence of monthly onsite visits for all individuals enrolled in the DD waivers who are residing in VDSS-licensed assisted living facilities or approved adult foster care homes. Support coordinators/case managers shall conduct and document a minimum of quarterly onsite home visits to all other individuals.

G. Utilization review and quality management reviews (QMR).

1. QMR shall be performed by the DMAS Division of Long Term Care Services or its designee. Utilization review of rendered services shall be conducted by the DMAS Division of Program Integrity or its designee.

2. DMAS staff shall conduct utilization review of individual-specific documentation.

3. DMAS shall not reimburse providers for the costs of participation in social or recreational activities.

12VAC30-120-525

12VAC30-120-525. FIS, CL, and BI Waivers: financial eligibility standards for individuals; criteria for services; waiver assessment and enrollment.

A. Individuals receiving services under the Family and Individual Supports (FIS) Waiver (12VAC30-120-700 et seq.), Community Living (CL) Waiver (12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.), and Building Independence (BI) Waiver (12VAC30-120-1500 et seq.), shall meet the following Medicaid eligibility requirements. The Commonwealth shall apply the financial eligibility criteria contained in the State Plan for Medical Assistance for the categorically needy. The Commonwealth covers the optional categorically needy groups under 42 CFR 435.211, 42 CFR 435.217, and 42 CFR 435.230.

1. The income level used for 42 CFR 435.211, 42 CFR 435.217, and 42 CFR 435.230 shall be 300% of the current supplemental security income (SSI) payment standard for one person.

2. Under the DD waivers, the coverage groups authorized under § 1902(a)(10)(A)(ii)(VI) of the Social Security Act shall be considered as if they were institutionalized for the purpose of applying institutional deeming rules. All individuals under the waivers shall meet the financial and nonfinancial Medicaid eligibility criteria and meet the institutional level-of-care criteria for an ICF/IID. The deeming rules shall be applied to waiver eligible individuals as if the individuals were residing in an ICF/IID or would require that level of care.

3. The Commonwealth shall reduce its payment for home and community-based waiver services provided to an individual who is eligible for Medicaid services under 42 CFR 435.217 by that amount of the individual's total income (including amounts disregarded in determining eligibility) that remains after allowable deductions for personal maintenance needs, other dependents, and medical needs have been made, according to the guidelines in 42 CFR 435.735 and § 1915(c)(3) of the Social Security Act as amended by the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986. DMAS shall reduce its payment for home and community-based waiver services by the amount that remains after the deductions listed in this subdivision:

a. For individuals to whom § 1924(d) applies and for whom the Commonwealth waives the requirement for comparability pursuant to § 1902(a)(10)(B), DMAS shall deduct the following in the respective order:

(1) The basic maintenance needs for an individual under the DD waivers, which shall be equal to 165% of the SSI payment for one person. Due to expenses of employment, a working individual shall have an additional income allowance. For an individual employed 20 hours or more per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 300% of SSI; for an individual employed at least eight but less than 20 hours per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 200% of SSI. If the individual requires a guardian or conservator who charges a fee, the fee, not to exceed an amount greater than 5.0% of the individual's total monthly income, shall be added to the maintenance needs allowance. However, in no case shall the total amount of the maintenance needs allowance (basic allowance plus earned income allowance plus guardianship fees) for the individual exceed 300% of SSI.

(2) For an individual with only a spouse at home, the community spousal income allowance determined in accordance with § 1924(d) of the Social Security Act.

(3) For an individual with a family at home, an additional amount for the maintenance needs of the family determined in accordance with § 1924(d) of the Social Security Act.

(4) Amounts for incurred expenses for medical or remedial care that are not subject to payment by a third party including Medicare and other health insurance premiums, deductibles, or coinsurance charges, and necessary medical or remedial care recognized under state law but not covered under the State Plan for Medical Assistance.

b. For individuals to whom § 1924(d) does not apply and for whom the Commonwealth waives the requirement for comparability pursuant to § 1902(a)(10)(B), DMAS shall deduct the following in the respective order:

(1) The basic maintenance needs for an individual under the DD waivers, which is equal to 165% of the SSI payment for one person. Due to expenses of employment, a working individual shall have an additional income allowance. For an individual employed 20 hours or more per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 300% of SSI; for an individual employed at least eight but less than 20 hours per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 200% of SSI. If the individual requires a guardian or conservator who charges a fee, the fee, not to exceed an amount greater than 5.0% of the individual's total monthly income, shall be added to the maintenance needs allowance. However, in no case shall the total amount of the maintenance needs allowance (basic allowance plus earned income allowance plus guardianship fees) for the individual exceed 300% of SSI.

(2) For an individual with a dependent child or children, an additional amount for the maintenance needs of the child or children, which shall be equal to the Title XIX medically needy income standard based on the number of dependent children.

(3) Amounts for incurred expenses for medical or remedial care that are not subject to payment by a third party including Medicare and other health insurance premiums, deductibles, or coinsurance charges, and necessary medical or remedial care recognized under state law but not covered under the State Plan for Medical Assistance.

B. The following four criteria shall apply to all individuals who seek these waiver services:

1. The need for the DD waiver services shall arise from an individual having a diagnosed condition of DD as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia. Individuals qualifying for the DD waivers services shall have a demonstrated need for the covered services due to significant functional limitations in major life activities;

2. Individuals qualifying for the DD waivers services shall meet the ICF/IID level-of-care criteria as set out in 12VAC30-120-535 et seq.;

3. The services that are delivered shall be consistent with the individual support plan, service limits and requirements, and provider requirements of each service; and

4. Services shall be recommended by the support coordinator/case manager based on his documentation of the need for each specific service and as reflected in a current SIS assessment or for children younger than five years of age, an alternative industry assessment instrument approved by DBHDS, such as the Early Learning Assessment Profile.

C. Assessment and enrollment.

1. Home and community-based waiver services shall be considered only for individuals eligible for admission to an ICF/IID due to their diagnoses of DD. For the support coordinator/case manager to make a recommendation for the DD waivers services, the services shall be determined to be an appropriate service alternative to delay or avoid placement in an ICF/IID or to promote exiting from an ICF/IID or other institutional placement provided that a viable discharge plan has been developed.

2. The support coordinator/case manager shall confirm diagnostic and functional eligibility for individuals with input from the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and service/support providers involved in the individual's support prior to DMAS assuming payment responsibility of home and community-based waiver services. This shall be accomplished through the completion of the following:

a. The required level-of-care determination through the Virginia Intellectual Developmental Disabilities Eligibility Survey (VIDES) appropriate to the individual according to his age, completed no more that six months prior to waiver enrollment; and

b. A psychological or other evaluation of the individual that affirms that the individual meets the diagnostic criteria for developmental disability as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.

3. The individual who has been found to be eligible for these services shall be given, by the support coordinator/case manager, his choice of either institutional placement or receipt of home and community based waiver services.

4. If the individual chooses home and community-based waiver services, the support coordinator/case manager shall recommend the individual for home and community-based waiver services.

5. If the individual selects waiver services and a slot is available, then the support coordinator/case manager shall enroll the individual in the waiver. If no slot is available, the support coordinator/case manager shall place the individual on the DD waivers waiting list consistent with criteria established for the DD waivers in 12VAC30-120-580, until such time as a slot becomes available. The CSB/BHA shall only enroll the individual following electronic confirmation by DBHDS that a slot is available.

a. Once the individual's name has been placed on the DD waivers waiting list, the support coordinator/case manager shall (i) notify the individual in writing within 10 business days of his placement on the DD waiting list and his assigned prioritization level and (ii) offer appeal rights.

b. The support coordinator/case manager shall document contact with the individual at least annually while the individual is on the waiting list to provide the choice between institutional placement and waiver services.

D. Waiver approval process: authorizing and accessing services.

1. The support coordinator/case manager shall electronically submit enrollment information to DBHDS to confirm level-of-care eligibility once he has determined (i) an individual meets the functional criteria for these waiver services, (ii) that a slot is available, and (iii) the individual has chosen waiver services.

2. Once the individual has been notified of an available waiver slot by the CSB/BHA, the support coordinator/case manager shall submit a DMAS-225 along with a computer-generated confirmation of level-of-care eligibility to the local department of social services to determine financial eligibility for Medicaid and for the waiver program and any patient pay responsibilities.

3. After the support coordinator/case manager has received written notification of Medicaid eligibility from the local department of social services, the support coordinator/case manager shall inform the individual, submit information to DMAS or its designee to enroll the individual in the waiver, and permit the development of the individual support plan (ISP).

a. The individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, shall meet with the support coordinator/case manager within 30 calendar days of the waiver enrollment date to discuss the individual's needs and existing supports, obtain a medical examination (which shall have been completed no earlier than 12 months prior to the initiation of waiver services), begin to develop the personal profile, and schedule the completion of the SIS®.

b. The support coordinator/case manager shall provide the individual with choice of needed services available in the assigned waiver, alternative settings, and providers. Once the service providers are chosen, a planning meeting shall be arranged by the support coordinator/case manager to develop the ISP based on the individual's assessed needs and the preferences of the individual and the individual's family/caregiver's, as appropriate.

c. Persons invited by the support coordinator/case manager to participate in the person-centered planning meeting shall include the individual, service providers, and others as desired by the individual. During the person-centered planning meeting, the services to be rendered to individuals, the frequency of services, the type of service provider or providers, and a description of the services to be offered are identified and included in the ISP. The individual enrolled in the waiver, or the family/caregiver as appropriate, and support coordinator/case manager shall sign the ISP.

4. The individual, family/caregiver or support coordinator/case manager shall contact chosen service providers so that services can be initiated within 30 calendar days of receipt of confirmation of waiver enrollment. Enrollment occurs once the support coordinator/case manager submits the DMAS-225 form and the computer-generated confirmation of level-of-care eligibility to the local department of social services. If the services are not initiated by the provider within 30 days, the support coordinator/case manager shall notify the local department of social services so that re-evaluation of the individual's financial eligibility can be made.

5. In the case of an individual being referred back to a local department of social services for a redetermination of eligibility and in order to retain the designated slot, the support coordinator/case manager shall electronically submit information to DBHDS requesting retention of the designated slot pending the initiation of services. A copy of the request shall be provided to the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate. DBHDS shall have the authority to approve the slot-retention request in 30-day extensions, up to a maximum of four consecutive extensions, or deny such request to retain the waiver slot for the individual. DBHDS shall provide an electronic response to the support coordinator/case manager indicating denial or approval of the slot extension request. DBHDS shall submit this response to the support coordinator/case manager within 10 working days of the receipt of the request for extension. The support coordinator/case manager shall notify the individual in writing of any denial of the slot extension request and the individual's right to appeal.

6. The service providers, in conjunction with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and the support coordinator/case manager shall develop a plan for supports for each service. Each service provider shall submit a copy of his plan to the support coordinator/case manager. The plan for supports from each service provider shall be incorporated into the ISP, along with the steps for risk mitigation as indicated by the risk assessment. The support coordinator/case manager shall review and ensure the provider-specific plan for supports meet the established service criteria for the identified needs prior to electronically submitting these along with the results of the comprehensive assessment and a recommendation for the final determination of the need for ICF/IID level of care to DMAS or its designee for service authorization. DMAS or its designee shall, within 10 working days of receiving all supporting documentation, review and approve, suspend for more information, or deny the individual service requests. DMAS or its designee shall communicate electronically to the support coordinator/case manager whether the recommended services have been approved and the amounts and types of services authorized or if any services have been denied. Only waiver services authorized on the ISP by the state-designated agency or its designee according to DMAS policies shall be reimbursed by DMAS.

7. When the support coordinator/case manager obtains the DMAS-225 form from a local department of social services, the support coordinator/case manager shall designate and inform in writing a service provider to be the collector of patient pay, when applicable. The designated provider shall monitor monthly the DMAS-designated system for changes in patient pay obligations and adjust billing, as appropriate, with the change documented in the record in accordance with DMAS policy. When the designated collector of patient pay is the consumer-directed personal or respite assistant or companion, the support coordinator/case manager shall forward a copy of the DMAS-225 form to the employer of record along with the support coordinator's/case manager's provider designation. In such cases, the support coordinator/case manager shall be required to perform the monthly monitoring of the patient pay system and shall notify the EOR of all changes.

8. DMAS shall not pay for any home and community-based waiver services delivered prior to the authorization date approved by DMAS or its designee if service authorization is required.

9. Waiver services shall be approved and authorized by the DMAS designee only if:

a. The individual is Medicaid eligible as determined by the local department of social services;

b. The individual, including a child, has a diagnosis of DD, as defined by § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia, and would, in the absence of waiver services, require the level of care provided in an ICF/IID that would be reimbursed under the State Plan for Medical Assistance;

c. The individual's ISP is cost effective and can be safely rendered in the community; and

d. The contents of the providers' plan for supports are consistent with the ISP requirements, limitation, units, and documentation requirements of each service.

12VAC30-120-535

12VAC30-120-535. FIS, CL, and BI Waivers: level of functioning standards for waivers eligibility (Virginia Individual Developmental Disabilities Eligibility Survey (VIDES)).

A. 42 CFR § 441.302 mandates that DMAS ensure that individuals who are found to be eligible for § 1915(c) of the Social Security Act waivers demonstrate, at least annually, their need for the level of care provided in Intermediate Care Facilities for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities (ICF/IID). These waiver services shall be provided for the individuals diagnosed with a developmental disability, as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia, who have been determined to require the level of care provided in an ICF/IID:

B. The VIDES assessment tools shall be administered by support coordinators/case managers.

C. The results of an individual's Virginia Individual Disabilities Eligibility Survey (VIDES) determination shall be one element of determining if the individual qualifies for the FIS (12VAC30-120-700 et seq.), CL (12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.), or BI (12VAC30-120-1500 et seq.) Waiver.

D. The Commonwealth shall use VIDES forms to establish the level of care required for its DD Waivers.

1. VIDES for infants shall be used for the evaluation of individuals who are younger than three years of age (DMAS-P235).

2. VIDES for children shall be used for the evaluation of individuals who are three years of age to 18 years of age (DMAS-P-236).

3. VIDES for adults shall be used for the evaluation of individuals who are 18 years of age and older (DMAS-P237).

12VAC30-120-545

12VAC30-120-545. SIS® requirements; Virginia supplemental questions, and supports packages.

A. The Supports Intensity Scale (SIS®) requirements.

1. The SIS® is an assessment tool that evaluates the practical supports required by individuals to live successfully in their communities. The SIS® shall be used to assess individuals' patterns and intensity of needed supports across life activities, such as home living activities, community living activities, lifelong learning, employment, health and safety, and social activities, as well as protection and advocacy and medical and behavioral support needs. It shall be used with the Virginia supplemental questions to determine individual support levels.

2. The SIS® shall be administered and analyzed by qualified, trained interviewers designated by DBHDS.

3. The SIS® also assesses what is important to and important for individuals who are enrolled in a waiver.

B. The Virginia supplemental questions (VSQ) shall identify individuals who have unique needs falling outside of the needs captured by the SIS® instrument. It shall also be administered and analyzed by the same qualified, trained interviewers designated by DBHDS.

C. Establishment of service mix packages. (Reserved.)

12VAC30-120-570

12VAC30-120-570. Tiers of reimbursement.

A. Waiver services shall be reimbursed on a prospective, fee-for-service basis. There shall be no designated formal schedule for annual cost of living or other adjustments and any adjustments to provider rates shall be subject to available funding and approval by the General Assembly.

B. There shall be up to four tiers of reimbursement for some services. The approved reimbursement tier for an individual shall be based on resultant scores of the SIS® and Virginia supplemental questions. DBHDS shall verify the scores and levels of the individuals, as appropriate.

C. Levels of supports. The following seven levels of supports shall be applied by DMAS or its designee in the FIS, CL and BI waivers: (i) Level 1 means low support needs; (ii) Level 2 means low to moderate support needs; (iii) Level 3 means moderate support needs plus some behavior challenges; (iv) Level 4 means moderate to high support needs; (v) Level 5 means maximum support needs; (vi) Level 6 means significant support needs due to medical challenges; and (vii) Level 7 means significant support needs due to behavioral challenges.

D. Tiers of reimbursement. There shall be four as follows:

1. Tier 1 shall be used for individuals having Level 1 support needs.

2. Tier 2 shall be used for individuals having Level 2 support needs.

3. Tier 3 shall be used for individuals having either (i) Level 3 support needs or (ii) Level 4 support needs.

4. Tier 4 shall be used for individuals having (i) Level 5 support needs, (ii) Level 6 support needs, or (iii) Level 7 support needs.

E. Individual-specific support needs, such as the extraordinary medical or behavioral supports needs of some individuals, may warrant additional supports as established by criteria in the SIS, and as described below, in the following service settings: community coaching, group day services, in-home support services, group home residential services, and supported living residential services.

1. In these cases, providers and support coordinators/case managers may submit to the DMAS designee an application for a customized reimbursement rate exceeding the reimbursement rate, according to the assessed tier. Application will include, but is not limited to, contact information, increased staffing supports needed for the individual, the types of service for which the application is made, increased program oversight needed, behavioral or medical support needs, and staffing qualifications to address the needs of the individual.

2. These requests will be reviewed by a team to ensure that there is documentation of the intense needs of the individual (whether medical, behavioral, or both) and that the provider has employed staff with higher qualifications (e.g., direct support professionals with four-year degrees) or increased the ratio of staff to individual support to 1:1 or, in the case of services already required to be provided at a 1:1 ratio, a 2:1 ratio.

3. A specialized rate methodology will be used to determine the customized reimbursement rate for each individual. These methodology components include wages, employee benefits, productivity assumptions such as training and supervision time, additional hours related to increased or specialized staffing supports, and program oversight costs.

4. Denials of customized reimbursement rates may be appealed.

5. A DMAS designee will review recipients on at least an annual basis in order to continue to receive or adjust the customized reimbursement rate.

12VAC30-120-580

12VAC30-120-580. Waiting list priorities; assignment process.

A. There shall be a single, statewide waiting list, called the DD waiting list, for the DD Waivers. This waiting list shall be created and maintained by DBHDS.

B. Criteria. In order to be assigned to one of the categories below, the individual shall meet one of these criteria, as appropriate:

1. Priority One shall be assigned to individuals determined to meet one the following criteria and require a waiver service within one year:

a. An immediate jeopardy exists to the health and safety of the individual due to the unpaid primary caregiver having a chronic or long-term physical or psychiatric condition or conditions that significantly limit the ability of the primary caregiver or caregivers to care for the individual; there are no other unpaid caregivers available to provide supports.

b. There is immediate risk to the health or safety of the individual, primary caregiver, or other person living in the home due to either of the following conditions:

(1) The individual's behavior or behaviors, presenting a risk to himself or others, cannot be effectively managed by the primary caregiver or unpaid provider even with support coordinator/case manager-arranged generic or specialized supports; or

(2) There are physical care needs or medical needs that cannot be managed by the primary caregiver even with support coordinator/case manager-arranged generic or specialized supports;

c. The individual lives in an institutional setting and has a viable discharge plan; or

d. The individual is a young adult who is no longer eligible for IDEA services and is transitioning to independent living. After individuals attain 27 years of age, this criterion shall no longer apply.

2. Priority Two shall be assigned to individuals who meet one of the following criteria and a waiver service will be needed in one to five years:

a. The health and safety of the individual is likely to be in future jeopardy due to:

(1) The unpaid primary caregiver or caregivers having a declining chronic or long-term physical or psychiatric condition or conditions that significantly limit his ability to care for the individual;

(2) There are no other unpaid caregivers available to provide supports; and

(3) The individual's skills are declining as a result of lack of supports;

b. The individual is at risk of losing employment supports;

c. The individual is at risk of losing current housing due to a lack of adequate supports and services; or

d. The individual has needs or desired outcomes that with adequate supports will result in a significantly improved quality of life.

3. Priority Three shall be assigned to individuals who meet one of the following criteria and will need a waiver slot in five years or longer as long as the current supports and services remain:

a. The individual is receiving a service through another funding source that meets current needs;

b. The individual is not currently receiving a service but is likely to need a service in five or more years; or

c. The individual has needs or desired outcomes that with adequate supports will result in a significantly improved quality of life.

C. Individuals and family/caregivers shall have the right to appeal the application of the prioritization criteria (in the event that such application results in a reduction of access to services), emergency criteria, or reserve criteria to their circumstances pursuant to 12VAC30-110. All notifications of appeal shall be submitted to DMAS.

D. Slot allocation. Individuals who are in Priority One category who are determined to be most in need of supports at the time a slot is available are reviewed by an independent waiver slot assignment committee for the area in which the slot is available. The individual who has the highest need as designated by the committee will be recommended for the available waiver slot. The DMAS designee shall make the final determination for slot allocation.

E. Emergency access. Eligibility criteria for emergency access to either the FIS (12VAC30-120-700 et seq.), CL (12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.), or BI (12VAC30-120-1500 et seq.) waiver.

1. Subject to available funding and a finding of eligibility under 12VAC30-120-535, individuals shall meet at least one of the emergency criteria of this subdivision to be eligible for immediate access to waiver services without consideration to the length of time they have been waiting to access services. The criteria shall be one of the following:

a. Child protective services has substantiated abuse/neglect against the primary caregiver and has removed the individual from the home; or for adults where (i) adult protective services has found that the individual needs and accepts protective services or (ii) abuse/neglect has not been founded, but corroborating information from other sources (agencies) indicate that there is an inherent risk present and there are no other caregivers available to provide support services to the individual.

b. Death of primary caregiver or lack of alternative caregiver coupled with the individual's inability to care for himself and danger to self or others without supports.

2. Requests for emergency slots shall be forwarded by the CSB/BHA to DBHDS.

a. Emergency slots may be assigned by DBHDS to individuals until the total number of available emergency slots statewide reaches 10% of the emergency slots funded for a given fiscal year, or a minimum of three slots. At that point, the next nonemergency waiver slot that becomes available at the CSB in receipt of an emergency slot shall be reassigned to the emergency slot pool in order to ensure emergency slots remain to be assigned to future emergencies within the Commonwealth's fiscal year.

b. Emergency slots shall also be set aside for those individuals not previously identified but newly known as needing supports resulting from an emergent situation.

F. Reserve slots.

1. Reserve slots may be used for transitioning an individual who, due to documented changes in his support needs, requires a move from the DD waiver in which he is presently enrolled into another of the DD waivers to access necessary services.

a. An individual who needs to transition between the DD waivers shall not be placed on the DD waiting list.

b. A documented change in an individual's assessed needs, which requires a service or services that is or are not available in the DD waiver in which the individual is presently enrolled, shall exist for an individual to be considered for a reserve slot.

c. CSBs shall document and notify DBHDS in writing when an individual meets the criteria in subdivision 1 b of this subsection within three business days of knowledge of need. The assignment of reserve slots shall be managed by DBHDS, which will maintain a chronological list of individuals in need of a reserve slot in the event that the reserve slot supply is exhausted.

2. The waiver slot belonging to the individual who vacates one of the DD waivers to utilize the reserve slot to enroll in another DD waiver shall be assigned to an individual on that CSB's/BHA's part of the statewide waiting list by DBHDS, after review and recommendations from the local waiver slot assignment committee.

G. If the individual determines at any time that he no longer wishes to be on the waiver waiting list, he may contact his support coordinator/case manager to request removal from the waiting list. The support coordinator/case manager shall notify DBHDS so that the individual's name can be removed from the waiting list.

12VAC30-120-700

Part VIII
Individual and Family Developmental Disabilities Support Family and Individual Supports (FIS) Waiver

Article 1
General Requirements

12VAC30-120-700. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this part shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Activities of daily living" or "ADL" means personal care tasks, e.g., bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring, and eating/feeding. An individual's degree of independence in performing these activities is a part of determining appropriate level of care and services the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Appeal" means the process used to challenge adverse actions regarding services, benefits, and reimbursement provided by Medicaid pursuant to 12VAC30-110, Eligibility and Appeals, and 12VAC30-20-500 through 12VAC30-20-560 same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Assistive technology" means specialized medical equipment and supplies including those devices, controls, or appliances specified in the plan of care but not available under the State Plan for Medical Assistance that enable individuals to increase their abilities to perform activities of daily living, or to perceive, control, or communicate with the environment in which they live, or that are necessary to the proper functioning of the specialized equipment the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Barrier crime" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Behavioral health authority" or "BHA" means the local agency, established by a city or county or a combination of counties or cities or cities and counties under Chapter 6 (§ 37.2-600 et seq.) of Title 37.2 of the Code of Virginia, that plans, provides, and evaluates mental health, intellectual disability, and substance abuse services in the jurisdiction or jurisdictions it serves same as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.

"Case management" means services as defined in 12VAC30-50-490.

"Case manager" means the provider of case management services as defined in 12VAC30-50-490 same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Center-based crisis support services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services" or "CMS" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Challenging behavior" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services" or "CMS" means the unit of the federal Department of Health and Human Services that administers the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

"Community-based waiver services" or "waiver services" means a variety of home and community-based services paid for by DMAS as authorized under a § 1915(c) waiver designed to offer individuals an alternative to institutionalization. Individuals may be preauthorized to receive one or more of these services either solely or in combination, based on the documented need for the service or services to avoid ICF/IID placement.

"Community-based crisis supports services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Community coaching" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Community engagement" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Community services board" or "CSB" means the local agency, established by a city or county or combination of counties or cities, or cities and counties, under Chapter 5 (§ 37.2-500 et seq.) of Title 37.2 of the Code of Virginia, that plans, provides, and evaluates mental health, intellectual disability, and substance abuse services in the jurisdiction or jurisdictions it serves same as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.

"Companion" means, for the purpose of these regulations, a person who provides companion services the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Companion services" means nonmedical care, supervision, and socialization provided to an adult (age 18 years or older). The provision of companion services does not entail hands-on care. It is provided in accordance with a therapeutic goal in the plan of care and is not purely diversional in nature the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Comprehensive assessment" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Consumer-directed employee" or "CD employee" means, for purposes of these regulations, a person who provides consumer-directed services, personal care, companion services, or respite care who is also exempt from workers' compensation the same as the term "consumer-directed attendant" defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Consumer-directed services" means personal care, companion services, or respite care services where the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, is responsible for hiring, training, supervising, and firing of the employee or employees.

"Consumer-directed (CD) services facilitator" means the provider enrolled with DMAS who is responsible for management training and review activities as required by DMAS for consumer-directed services.

"Crisis stabilization" means direct intervention for persons with related conditions who are experiencing serious psychiatric or behavioral challenges, or both, that jeopardize their current community living situation. This service must provide temporary intensive services and supports that avert emergency psychiatric hospitalization or institutional placement or prevent other out-of-home placement. This service shall be designed to stabilize individuals and strengthen the current living situations so that individuals may be maintained in the community during and beyond the crisis period.

"Current functional status" means an individual's degree of dependency in performing activities of daily living.

"Consumer-direction" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"CPR" means cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

"Crisis support services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"DARS" means the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services.

"Date of need" means the date of the initial eligibility determination assigned to reflect that the individual is diagnostically and functionally eligible for the waiver and is willing to begin services within 30 calendar days of the date of need. The date of need shall not be changed unless the individual is subsequently found to be ineligible, either functionally or financially, or withdraws his request for services.

"DBHDS" means the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services.

"DBHDS staff" means employees of DBHDS who provide technical assistance, conduct service authorizations, and review individual level of care criteria.

"Developmental disability" or "DD" means the same as set out in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.

"Direct marketing" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Direct support professionals" or "DSPs" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"DMAS" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"DMAS staff" means DMAS employees who perform utilization review, preauthorize service type and intensity, and provide technical assistance persons employed by or contracted with DMAS.

"DSS" means the Department of Social Services.

"Day support" means training in intellectual, sensory, motor, and affective social development including awareness skills, sensory stimulation, use of appropriate behaviors and social skills, learning and problem solving, communication and self-care, physical development, services and support activities. These services take place outside of the individual's home/residence.

"Direct marketing" means either (i) conducting directly or indirectly door-to-door, telephonic, or other "cold call" marketing of services at residences and provider sites; (ii) mailing directly; (iii) paying "finders' fees"; (iv) offering financial incentives, rewards, gifts, or special opportunities to eligible individuals or family/caregivers as inducements to use the providers' services; (v) continuous, periodic marketing activities to the same prospective individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, for example, monthly, quarterly, or annual giveaways as inducements to use the providers' services; or (vi) engaging in marketing activities that offer potential customers rebates or discounts in conjunction with the use of the providers' services or other benefits as a means of influencing the individual's or his family/caregiver's, as appropriate, use of the providers' services.

"Electronic home-based supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Employer of record" or "EOR" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Enroll" means that the individual has been determined by the IFDDS screening team to meet the eligibility requirements for the waiver, DBHDS has approved the individual's plan of care and has assigned an available slot to the individual, and DSS has determined the individual's Medicaid eligibility for home and community-based services the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Entrepreneurial model" means a small business employing eight or fewer individuals with disabilities on a shift and may involve interactions with the public and coworkers with disabilities.

"Environmental modifications" means physical adaptations to a house, place of residence, primary vehicle or work site, when the work site modification exceeds reasonable accommodation requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act, necessary to ensure individuals' health and safety or enable functioning with greater independence when the adaptation is not being used to bring a substandard dwelling up to minimum habitation standards and is of direct medical or remedial benefit to individuals the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"EPSDT" means the Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment program administered by DMAS for children under the age of 21 years according to federal guidelines that prescribe specific preventive and treatment services for Medicaid-eligible children as defined in 12VAC30-50-130 same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Face-to-face visit" means the case manager or service provider must meet with the individual in person and that the individual should be engaged in the visit to the maximum extent possible the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Family" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Family and Individual Supports Waiver" or "FIS" means the waiver that supports individuals living with their families or friends or in their own homes. It will support individuals with some medical or behavioral needs and will be available to both children and adults.

"Family/caregiver training" means training and counseling services provided to families or caregivers of individuals receiving services in the IFDDS Waiver.

"Fiscal employer agent" means an entity handling employment, payroll, and tax responsibilities on behalf of individuals who are receiving consumer-directed services the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Freedom of choice" means the same as defined in § 1902(a)(23) of the Social Security Act.

"General supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Group day services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Group supported employment services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Habilitation" means services and supports that help an individual keep, learn, or improve skills and functioning for daily living.

"Health, safety, and welfare standard" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Home" means, for purposes of the IFDDS Waiver, an apartment or single family dwelling in which no more than four individuals who require services live, with the exception of siblings living in the same dwelling with family. This does not include an assisted living facility or group home.

"Home and community-based waiver services" means a variety of home and community-based services reimbursed by DMAS as authorized under a § 1915(c) waiver designed to offer individuals an alternative to institutionalization. Individuals may be preauthorized to receive one or more of these services either solely or in combination, based on the documented need for the service or services to avoid ICF/IID placement the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"ICF/IID" means a facility or distinct part of a facility certified as meeting the federal certification regulations for an Intermediate Care Facility for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities and persons with related conditions. These facilities must address the residents' total needs including physical, intellectual, social, emotional, and habilitation. An ICF/IID must provide active treatment, as that term is defined in 42 CFR 483.440(a) the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"IDEA" means the federal Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 2004, 20 USC § 1400 et seq.

"ID Waiver" means the Intellectual Disability waiver.

"IFDDS screening team" means the persons employed by the entity under contract with DMAS who are responsible for performing level of care screenings for the IFDDS Waiver.

"IFDDS Waiver," "IFDDS," or "DD" means the Individual and Family Developmental Disabilities Support Waiver.

"In-home support services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Individual" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Individual and family/caregiver training" means training and counseling services provided to individuals or families or caregivers of individuals receiving services in the FIS waiver.

"Individual supported employment" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"In-home residential support services" means support provided primarily in the individual's home, which includes training, assistance, and specialized supervision to enable the individual to maintain or improve his health; assisting in performing individual care tasks; training in activities of daily living; training and use of community resources; providing life skills training; and adapting behavior to community and home-like environments.

"Individual Support Plan" or "ISP" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Instrumental activities of daily living" or "IADL" means meal preparation, shopping, housekeeping, laundry, and money management means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Intellectual disability" or "ID" means a disability as defined by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) in the Intellectual Disability: Definition, Classification, and Systems of Supports (11th edition, 2010).

"LDSS" means the local Department of Social Services.

"Licensed practical nurse" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"LMHP" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"LMHP-resident" or "LMHP-R" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"LMHP-resident in psychology" or LMHP-RP" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"LMHP-supervisee in social work" or "LMHP-S" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"Medically necessary" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Participating provider" means an entity that meets the standards and requirements set forth by DMAS and has a current, signed provider participation agreement with DMAS the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Pend" means delaying the consideration of an individual's request for authorization of services until all required information is received by DMAS or by its authorized agent the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Person-centered planning" means a process, directed by the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, intended to identify the strengths, capacities, preferences, needs and desired outcomes of the individual the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Personal assistance services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Personal assistant" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Personal care provider" means a participating provider that renders services to prevent or reduce inappropriate institutional care by providing eligible individuals with personal care aides assistants to provide personal care assistance services.

"Personal care services" means long-term maintenance or support services necessary to enable individuals to remain in or return to the community rather than enter an Intermediate Care Facility for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities. Personal care services include assistance with activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, access to the community, medication or other medical needs, and monitoring health status and physical condition. This does not include skilled nursing services with the exception of skilled nursing tasks that may be delegated in accordance with 18VAC90-20-420 through 18VAC90-20-460.

"Personal emergency response system" or "PERS" means an electronic device that enables certain individuals to secure help in an emergency. PERS services are limited to those individuals who live alone or are alone for significant parts of the day and who have no regular caregiver for extended periods of time, and who would otherwise require extensive routine supervision the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Personal profile" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Plan of care" means a document developed by the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, and the individual's case manager addressing all needs of individuals of home and community-based waiver services, in all life areas. Supporting documentation developed by waiver service providers is to be incorporated in the plan of care by the case manager. Factors to be considered when these plans are developed must include, but are not limited to, individuals' ages, levels of functioning, and preferences.

"Plan for supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Positive behavior support" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Preauthorized" means the service authorization agent has approved a service for initiation and reimbursement of the service by the service provider.

"Primary caregiver" means the primary person who consistently assumes the role of providing direct care and support of the individual to live successfully in the community without compensation for such care same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Private duty nursing" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Qualified developmental disabilities professional" or "QDDP" means a professional who (i) possesses at least one year of documented experience working directly with individuals who have related conditions; (ii) is one of the following: a doctor of medicine or osteopathy, a registered nurse, a provider holding at least a bachelor's degree in a human service field including, but not limited to, sociology, social work, special education, rehabilitation engineering, counseling or psychology, or a provider who has documented equivalent qualifications; and (iii) possesses the required Virginia or national license, registration, or certification in accordance with his profession, if applicable the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Registered nurse" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Related conditions" means those persons who have autism or who have a severe chronic disability that meets all of the following conditions identified in 42 CFR 435.1009:

1. It is attributable to:

a. Cerebral palsy or epilepsy; or

b. Any other condition, other than mental illness, found to be closely related to intellectual disability because this condition results in impairment of general intellectual functioning or adaptive behavior similar to that of persons with intellectual disability, and requires treatment or services similar to those required for these persons.

2. It is manifested before the person reaches age 22 years.

3. It is likely to continue indefinitely.

4. It results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following areas of major life activity:

a. Self-care.

b. Understanding and use of language.

c. Learning.

d. Mobility.

e. Self-direction.

f. Capacity for independent living.

"Respite care services" means services provided for unpaid caregivers of eligible individuals, who are unable to care for themselves and are provided on an episodic or routine basis because of the absence of or need for relief of those unpaid persons who routinely provide the care the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Respite care provider" means a participating provider that renders services designed to prevent or reduce inappropriate institutional care by providing respite care services for unpaid caregivers of eligible individuals.

"Risk assessment" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Routine supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Safety supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Screening" means the process conducted by the IFDDS screening team to evaluate the medical, nursing, and social needs of individuals referred for screening and to determine eligibility for an ICF/IID level of care.

"Service authorization" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Services facilitation" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Services facilitator" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Shared living" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Significant change" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Skilled nursing services" means nursing services (i) listed in the plan of care that do not meet home health criteria, (ii) required to prevent institutionalization, (iii) not otherwise available under the State Plan for Medical Assistance, (iv) provided within the scope of the state's Nursing Act (§ 54.1-3000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia) and Drug Control Act (§ 54.1-3400 et seq. of the Code of Virginia), and (v) provided by a registered professional nurse or by a licensed practical nurse under the supervision of a registered nurse who is licensed to practice in the state. Skilled nursing services are to be used to provide training, consultation, nurse delegation as appropriate, and oversight of direct care staff as appropriate same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Slot" means an opening or vacancy of waiver services for an individual the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Specialized supervision" means staff presence necessary for ongoing or intermittent intervention to ensure an individual's health and safety.

"State Plan for Medical Assistance" or "the State Plan" means the document containing the covered groups, covered services and their limitations, and provider reimbursement methodologies as provided for under Title XIX of the Social Security Act same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Supporting documentation" means the specific plan of care developed by the individual and waiver service provider related solely to the specific tasks required of that service provider. Supporting documentation helps to comprise the overall plan of care for the individual, developed by the case manager and the individual.

"Supported employment" means work in settings in which persons without disabilities are typically employed. It includes training in specific skills related to paid employment and provision of ongoing or intermittent assistance and specialized supervision to enable an individual to maintain paid employment.

"Support coordination/case management" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-455 D.

"Support coordinator/case manager" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Supported living residential services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Supports Intensity Scale®" or "SIS®" the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Supports level" means" the level (1-7) to which an individual is assigned as a result of the utilization of the SIS® score and results of the Virginia Supplemental Questions.  The level of support is derived from a calculation using the SIS® score and the results of the Virginia Supplemental Questions and correlates to an individual's support needs.

"Therapeutic consultation" means consultation provided by members of psychology, social work, rehabilitation engineering, behavioral analysis, speech therapy, occupational therapy, psychiatry, psychiatric clinical nursing, therapeutic recreation, or physical therapy or behavior consultation to assist individuals, parents, family members, in-home residential support, day support, and any other providers of support services in implementing a plan of care the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Transition services" means set-up expenses for individuals who are transitioning from an institution or licensed or certified provider-operated living arrangement to a living arrangement in a private residence where the person is directly responsible for his or her own living expenses provides the service description, criteria, service units and limitations, and provider requirements for this service the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-2010.

"VDH" means the Virginia Department of Health.

"Workplace assistance services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

12VAC30-120-710

12VAC30-120-710. General coverage Covered services and provider requirements for all home and community-based waiver Family and Individual Supports (FIS) Waiver services.

A. Waiver service populations. Home and community-based services shall be available through a § 1915(c) waiver. Coverage shall be provided under the waiver for individuals six years of age or older with related conditions as defined in 12VAC30-120-700, including autism, who have been determined to require the level of care provided in an ICF/IID. The individual must not have a diagnosis of intellectual disability as defined by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD). Intellectual Disability Waiver recipients who are six years of age on or after October 1, 2002, who are determined to not have a diagnosis of intellectual disability, and who meet all IFDDS Waiver eligibility criteria, shall be eligible for and shall transfer to the IFDDS Waiver effective with their sixth birthday. Psychological evaluations confirming diagnoses must be completed less than one year prior to the child's sixth birthday. These recipients transferring from the ID Waiver will automatically be assigned a slot in the IFDDS Waiver. Such slot shall be in addition to those slots available through the screening process described in 12VAC30-120-720 B and C.

A. Except for the exclusions outlined in this subsection, individuals who are enrolled in the Family and Individual Support Waiver may choose between the agency-directed model of service delivery or the consumer-directed model for the following services: (i) personal assistance services, (ii) respite services, and (iii) companion services. The support coordinator/case manager shall collaborate with the individual, family/caregiver, and other persons desired by the individual to determine if consumer-directed services may be appropriate for the individual. Exclusions include instances where:

1. The individual who is enrolled in the waiver is younger than 18 years of age, except for emancipated minors, or is unable to be the employer of record and no one else can assume this role in the consumer-directed model of service delivery;

2. The health, safety, or welfare of the individual enrolled in the waiver cannot be ensured via the consumer-directed model of service delivery or a back-up emergency plan cannot be developed; or

3. The individual enrolled in the waiver has medication or nursing needs or medical/behavioral conditions that cannot be safely met via the consumer-directed model of service delivery.

B. Covered services.

1. Covered services shall include in-home residential supports, day support, prevocational services, supported employment, personal care (both agency-directed and consumer-directed), respite care (both agency-directed and consumer-directed), assistive technology, environmental modifications, skilled nursing services, therapeutic consultation, crisis stabilization, personal emergency response systems (PERS), family/caregiver training, companion services (both agency-directed and consumer-directed), and transition services assistive technology, center-based crisis supports services, community-based crisis supports services, community coaching, community engagement, companion services (both consumer-directed and agency-directed), crisis support services, electronic home-based supports, environmental modifications, group day services, group supported employment, individual supported employment, in-home support services, individual and family/caregiver training, personal assistance services (both consumer-directed and agency-directed), personal emergency response systems (PERS), private duty nursing, respite services (both consumer-directed and agency-directed), services facilitation (only for consumer-directed services), shared living, skilled nursing services, supported living residential, therapeutic consultation, transition services, and workplace assistance services.

2. These services shall be appropriate and medically necessary to maintain these individuals in the community. Federal waiver requirements provide that the average per capita fiscal year expenditures under the waiver must not exceed the average per capita expenditures for the level of care provided in ICFs/IID under the State Plan that would have been made had the waiver not been granted.

3. Under this § 1915(c) waiver, DMAS waives subdivision (a)(10)(B) of § 1902 of the Social Security Act related to comparability.

C. Eligibility criteria for emergency access to the waiver.

1. Subject to available funding and a finding of eligibility under 12VAC30-120-720, individuals must meet at least one of the emergency criteria of this subdivision to be eligible for immediate access to waiver services without consideration to the length of time an individual has been waiting to access services. In the absence of waiver services, the individual would not be able to remain in his home. The criteria are as follows:

a. The primary caregiver has a serious illness, has been hospitalized, or has died;

b. The individual has been determined by the DSS to have been abused or neglected and is in need of immediate waiver services;

c. The individual demonstrates behaviors that present risk to personal or public safety;

d. The individual presents extreme physical, emotional, or financial burden at home, and the family or caregiver is unable to continue to provide care; or

e. The individual lives in an institutional setting and has a viable discharge plan in place.

2. When emergency slots become available:

a. All individuals who have been found eligible for the IFDDS Waiver but have not been enrolled shall be notified by either DBHDS or the individual's case manager.

b. Individuals and their family/caregivers shall be given 30 calendar days to request emergency consideration.

c. An interdisciplinary team of DBHDS professionals shall evaluate the requests for emergency consideration within 10 calendar days from the 30-calendar day deadline using the emergency criteria to determine who will be assigned an emergency slot. If DBHDS receives more requests than the number of available emergency slots, then the interdisciplinary team will make a decision on slot allocation based on need as documented in the request for emergency consideration. A waiting list of emergency cases will not be kept.

D. Appeals. Individual appeals shall be considered pursuant to 12VAC30-110-10 through 12VAC30-110-370. Provider appeals shall be considered pursuant to 12VAC30-10-1000 and 12VAC30-20-500 through 12VAC30-20-560. 2. Individuals shall have the right to appeal as set forth in 12VAC30-120-505 D.

C. Core competency requirements for direct support professionals (DSPs) and their supervisors in programs licensed by DBHDS shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 A.

D. Core competency requirements for support coordinators/case managers. (Reserved.)

E. Core competency requirements for QDDPs. (Reserved.)

F. Advanced core competency requirements for DSPs and DSP supervisors serving individuals with developmental disabilities with the most intensive needs shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 D.

G. Provider enrollment requirements and provider participation standards shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-514.

H. Documentation requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-514 Q.

I. Reevaluation of service need requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 F.

J. Utilization review  requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 G.

12VAC30-120-720

12VAC30-120-720. Qualification and eligibility requirements; intake process. (Repealed.)

A. Individuals receiving services under this waiver must meet the following requirements. Virginia will apply the financial eligibility criteria contained in the State Plan for the categorically needy. Virginia has elected to cover the optional categorically needy groups under 42 CFR 435.121 and 435.217. The income level used for 42 CFR 435.121 and 435.217 is 300% of the current Supplemental Security Income payment standard for one person.

1. Under this waiver, the coverage groups authorized under § 1902(a)(10)(A)(ii)(VI) of the Social Security Act will be considered as if they were institutionalized for the purpose of applying institutional deeming rules. All individuals under the waiver must meet the financial and nonfinancial Medicaid eligibility criteria and meet the institutional level of care criteria. The deeming rules are applied to waiver eligible individuals as if the individual were residing in an institution or would require that level of care.

2. Virginia shall reduce its payment for home and community-based waiver services provided to an individual who is eligible for Medicaid services under 42 CFR 435.217 by that amount of the individual's total income (including amounts disregarded in determining eligibility) that remains after allowable deductions for personal maintenance needs, deductions for other dependents, and medical needs have been made, according to the guidelines in 42 CFR 435.735 and § 1915(c)(3) of the Social Security Act as amended by the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986. DMAS will reduce its payment for home and community-based waiver services by the amount that remains after the following deductions:

a. For individuals to whom § 1924(d) applies, and for whom Virginia waives the requirement for comparability pursuant to § 1902(a)(10)(B), deduct the following in the respective order:

(1) The basic maintenance needs for an individual, which is equal to 165% of the SSI payment for one person. Due to expenses of employment, a working individual shall have an additional income allowance. For an individual employed 20 hours or more per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of 300% SSI; for an individual employed at least eight but less than 20 hours per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of 200% of SSI. If the individual requires a guardian or conservator who charges a fee, the fee, not to exceed an amount greater than 5.0% of the individual's total monthly income, is added to the maintenance needs allowance. However, in no case shall the total amount of the maintenance needs allowance (basic allowance plus earned income allowance plus guardianship fees) for the individual exceed 300% of SSI.

(2) For an individual with a spouse at home, the community spousal income allowance determined in accordance with § 1924(d) of the Social Security Act.

(3) For an individual with a family at home, an additional amount for the maintenance needs of the family determined in accordance with § 1924(d) of the Social Security Act.

(4) Amounts for incurred expenses for medical or remedial care that are not subject to payment by a third party including Medicare and other health insurance premiums, deductibles, or coinsurance charges and necessary medical or remedial care recognized under state law but not covered under the State Plan.

b. For individuals to whom § 1924(d) does not apply and for whom Virginia waives the requirement for comparability pursuant to § 1902(a)(10)(B), deduct the following in the respective order:

(1) The basic maintenance needs for an individual, which is equal to 165% of the SSI payment for one person. Due to expenses of employment, a working individual shall have an additional income allowance. For an individual employed 20 hours or more per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of 300% SSI; for an individual employed at least eight but less than 20 hours per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of 200% of SSI. If the individual requires a guardian or conservator who charges a fee, the fee, not to exceed an amount greater than 5.0% of the individual's total monthly income, is added to the maintenance needs allowance. However, in no case shall the total amount of the maintenance needs allowance (basic allowance plus earned income allowance plus guardianship fees) for the individual exceed 300% of SSI.

(2) For an individual with a dependent child or children, an additional amount for the maintenance needs of the child or children, which shall be equal to the Title XIX medically needy income standard based on the number of dependent children.

(3) Amounts for incurred expenses for medical or remedial care that are not subject to payment by a third party including Medicare and other health insurance premiums, deductibles, or coinsurance charges and necessary medical or remedial care recognized under state law but not covered under the State Medical Assistance Plan.

B. Screening.

1. To ensure that Virginia's home and community-based waiver programs serve only individuals who would otherwise be placed in an ICF/IID, home and community-based waiver services shall be considered only for individuals who are eligible for admission to an ICF/IID, absent a diagnosis of intellectual disability and are age six years or older. Home and community-based waiver services shall be the critical service that enables the individual to remain at home rather than being placed in an ICF/IID.

2. To be eligible for IFDDS Waiver services, the individual must:

a. Be determined to be eligible for the ICF/IID level of care;

b. Be six years of age or older;

c. Meet the related conditions definition as defined in 42 CFR 435.1009 or be diagnosed with autism; and

d. Not have a diagnosis of intellectual disability as defined by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD).

3. A child younger than six years of age shall not be screened until three months prior to the month of their sixth birthday. A child younger than six years of age shall not be added to the waiver or the wait list until the month in which the child's sixth birthday occurs.

4. The IFDDS screening team shall gather relevant medical and social data and identify all services received by and supports available to the individual. The IFDDS screening team shall also gather psychological evaluations or refer the individual to a private or publicly funded psychologist for evaluation of the cognitive abilities of each screening applicant.

5. The individual's status as an individual in need of IFDDS home and community-based care waiver services shall be determined by the IFDDS screening team after completion of a thorough assessment of the individual's needs and available supports. Screening for home and community-based care waiver services by the IFDDS screening team or DBHDS staff is mandatory before Medicaid will assume payment responsibility of home and community-based care waiver services.

6. The IFDDS screening team determines the level of care by applying existing DMAS ICF/IID criteria (12VAC30-130-430).

7. The IFDDS screening team shall explore alternative settings and services to provide the care needed by the individual with the individual and his family/caregiver, as appropriate. If placement in an ICF/IID or a combination of other services is determined to be appropriate, the IFDDS screening team shall initiate a referral for service to DBHDS. If Medicaid-funded home and community-based waiver services are determined to be the critical service to delay or avoid placement in an ICF/IID or promote exiting from an institutional setting, the IFDDS screening team shall initiate a referral for service to a case manager of the individual's choice. Referrals are based on the individual choosing either ICF/IID placement or home and community-based waiver services.

8. Home and community-based waiver services shall not be provided to any individual who resides in a nursing facility, an ICF/IID, a hospital, an adult family care home approved by the DSS, a group home licensed by DBHDS, or an assisted living facility licensed by the DSS. However, an individual may be screened for the IFDDS Waiver and placed on the wait list while residing in one of the aforementioned facilities.

9. The IFDDS screening team must submit the results of the comprehensive assessment and a recommendation to DBHDS staff for final determination of ICF/IID level of care and authorization for home and community-based waiver services.

10. For children receiving ID Waiver services prior to age six to transfer to the IFDDS Waiver during their sixth year, the individual's ID Waiver case manager shall submit to DBHDS the child's most recent Level of Functioning form, the plan of care, and a psychological examination completed no more than one year prior to transferring. Such documentation must demonstrate that no diagnosis of intellectual disability exists in order for this transfer to the IFDDS Waiver to be approved. The case manager shall be responsible for notifying DBHDS and DSS, via the DMAS-225, when a child transfers from the ID Waiver to the IFDDS Waiver. Transfers must be completed prior to the child's seventh birthday.

C. Waiver approval process: available funding.

1. In order to ensure cost effectiveness of the IFDDS Waiver, the funding available for the waiver is allocated between two budget levels. The budget is the cost of waiver services only and does not include the costs of other Medicaid covered services. Other Medicaid services, however, must be counted toward cost effectiveness of the IFDDS Waiver. All services available under the waiver are available to both levels.

2. Level one is for individuals whose comprehensive plans of care cost less than $25,000 per fiscal year. Level two is for individuals whose plans of care costs are equal to or more than $25,000. There is no threshold for budget level two; however, if the actual cost of waiver services exceeds the average annual cost of ICF/IID care for an individual, the individual's care is case managed by DBHDS staff.

3. Fifty percent of available waiver funds are allocated to budget level one, and 40% of available waiver funds are allocated to level two in order to ensure that the waiver is cost effective. The remaining 10% of available waiver funds is allocated for emergencies as defined in 12VAC30-120-710. In order to transition an appropriate number of level one slots to emergency slots, every third level one slot that becomes available will convert to an emergency slot until the percentage of emergency slots reaches 10%. Half of emergency slots will be allocated for individuals in institutional settings who are discharge ready and have a viable discharge plan to transition into the community within 60 days. If there are no such individuals who choose to discharge into the community when emergency slots are available for institutionalized individuals, the emergency slot will be allocated to an individual residing in the community who meets emergency criteria.

D. Assessment and enrollment.

1. The IFDDS screening team shall determine if an individual meets the functional criteria within 45 calendar days of receiving the request for screening from the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate. Once the IFDDS screening team determines that an individual meets the eligibility criteria for IFDDS Waiver services and the individual has chosen this service, the IFDDS screening team shall provide the individual with a list of available case managers. The individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, shall choose a case manager within 10 calendar days of receiving the list of case managers and the IFDDS screening team shall forward the screening materials within 10 calendar days of the case manager's selection to the selected case manager.

2. The case manager shall contact the individual within 10 calendar days of receipt of screening materials. The case manager must meet face-to-face with the individual and his family/caregiver, as appropriate, within 30 calendar days to discuss the individual's needs, existing supports and to develop a preliminary plan of care identifying needed services and estimating the annual waiver cost of the individual's plan of care. If the individual's annual waiver services cost is expected to exceed the average annual cost of ICF/IID care for an individual, the individual's case management shall be provided by DBHDS.

3. Once the plan of care has been initially developed, the case manager shall contact DBHDS to request approval of the plan of care and to enroll the individual in the IFDDS Waiver. DBHDS shall, within 14 calendar days of receiving all supporting documentation, either approve for Medicaid coverage or deny for Medicaid coverage the plan of care.

4. Medicaid will not pay for any home and community-based waiver services delivered prior to the authorization date approved by DMAS. Any plan of care for home and community-based waiver services must be pre-approved by DBHDS prior to Medicaid reimbursement for waiver services.

5. The following five criteria shall apply to all IFDDS Waiver services:

a. Individuals qualifying for IFDDS Waiver services must have a demonstrated clinical need for the service resulting in significant functional limitations in major life activities. In order to be eligible, an individual must be six years of age or older, have a related condition as defined in these regulations, cannot have a diagnosis of intellectual disability, and would, in the absence of waiver services, require the level of care provided in an ICF/IID facility, the cost of which would be reimbursed under the State Plan;

b. The plan of care and services that are delivered must be consistent with the Medicaid definition of each service;

c. Services must be approved by the case manager based on a current functional assessment tool approved by DBHDS or other DBHDS-approved assessment and demonstrated need for each specific service;

d. Individuals qualifying for IFDDS Waiver services must meet the ICF/IID level of care criteria; and

e. The individual must be eligible for Medicaid as determined by the local office of DSS.

6. DBHDS shall only authorize a waiver slot for the individual if a slot is available. If DBHDS does not have a waiver slot for this individual, the individual shall be placed on the waiting list until such time as a waiver slot becomes available for the individual.

7. DBHDS will notify the case manager when a slot is available for the individual. The case manager shall also notify the local DSS by submitting a DMAS-225 and IFDDS Level of Care Eligibility form. The case manager shall inform the individual so that the individual may apply for Medicaid if necessary and begin choosing waiver service providers for services listed in the plan of care.

8. The case manager forwards a copy of the completed DMAS-225 to DBHDS. Upon receipt of the completed DMAS-225, DBHDS shall enroll the individual into the IFDDS Waiver.

9. Once the individual has been determined to be Medicaid eligible and enrolled in the waiver, the individual or case manager shall contact the waiver service providers that the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, chooses, who shall initiate waiver services within 60 calendar days. During this time, the individual, case manager, and waiver service providers shall meet to complete the provider's supporting documentation for the plan of care, implementing a person-centered planning process. The waiver service providers shall develop supporting documentation for each waiver service and shall submit a copy of this documentation to the case manager. If services are not initiated within 60 calendar days, the case manager must submit information to DBHDS demonstrating why more time is needed to initiate services and request in writing a 30-calendar-day extension, up to a maximum of four consecutive extensions, for the initiation of waiver services. DBHDS must receive the request for extension letter within the 30-calendar-day extension period being requested. DBHDS will review the request for extension and make a determination within 10 calendar days of receiving the request. DBHDS has authority to approve or deny the 30-calendar-day extension request.

10. The case manager shall monitor the waiver service providers' supporting documentation to ensure that all providers are working toward the identified goals of the individual. The case manager shall review and sign off on the supporting documentation. The case manager shall contact the preauthorization agent for service authorization of waiver services and shall notify the waiver service providers when waiver services are approved.

11. The case manager shall contact the individual at a minimum on a monthly basis and as needed to conduct case management activities as defined in 12VAC30-50-490. DBHDS shall conduct annual level of care reviews in which the individual is assessed to ensure continued waiver eligibility. DBHDS shall review individuals' plans of care and shall review the services provided by case managers and waiver service providers.

E. Reevaluation of service need and utilization review.

1. The plan of care.

a. The case manager shall develop the plan of care, implementing a person-centered planning process with the individual, his family/caregiver, as appropriate, other service providers, and other interested parties identified by the individual or family/caregiver, based on relevant, current assessment data. The plan of care development process determines the services to be provided for individuals, the frequency of services, the type of service provided, and a description of the services to be offered. All plans of care written by the case managers must be approved by DBHDS prior to seeking authorization for services. DMAS is the single state authority responsible for the supervision of the administration of the home and community-based waiver.

b. The case manager is responsible for continuous monitoring of the appropriateness of the individual's services by reviewing supporting documentation and revisions to the plan of care as indicated by the changing needs of the individual. At a minimum, every three months the case manager must:

(1) Review the plan of care face-to-face with the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, using a person-centered planning approach;

(2) Review individual provider quarterly reports to ensure goals and objectives are being met; and

(3) Determine whether any modifications to the plan of care are necessary, based upon the needs of the individual.

c. At least once per plan of care year this review must be performed with the individual present, and his family/caregivers as appropriate, in the individual's home environment.

d. DBHDS staff shall review the plan of care every 12 months or more frequently as required to assure proper utilization of services. Any modification to the amount or type of services in the plan of care must be approved by DBHDS.

2. Annual reassessment.

a. The case manager or DBHDS, if DBHDS is acting as the individual's case manager, shall complete an annual comprehensive reassessment, in coordination with the individual, family/caregiver, and service providers. If warranted, the case manager will coordinate a medical examination and a psychological evaluation for every waiver individual. The reassessment, completed in a person-centered planning manner, must include an update of the assessment instrument and any other appropriate assessment data.

b. A medical examination must be completed for adults 18 years of age and older based on need identified by the individual, his family/caregiver, as appropriate, providers, the case manager, or DBHDS staff. Medical examinations for children must be completed according to the recommended frequency and periodicity of the EPSDT program.

c. A psychological evaluation or standardized developmental assessment for children older than six years of age and adults must reflect the current psychological status (diagnosis), adaptive level of functioning, and cognitive abilities. A new psychological evaluation is required whenever the individual's functioning has undergone significant change and the current evaluation no longer reflects the individual's current psychological status.

3. Documentation required.

a. The case management provider must maintain the following documentation for review by the DBHDS staff for each waiver individual:

(1) All assessment summaries and all plans of care completed for the individual are maintained for a period of not less than six years;

(2) All supporting documentation from any provider rendering waiver services for the individual;

(3) All supporting documentation related to any change in the plan of care;

(4) All related communication with the individual, his family/caregiver, as appropriate, providers, consultants, DBHDS, DMAS, DSS, DARS, or other related parties;

(5) An ongoing log documenting all contacts related to the individual made by the case manager that relate to the individual;

(6) The individual's most recent, completed level of functioning;

(7) Psychologicals;

(8) Communications with DBHDS;

(9) Documentation of rejection or refusal of services and potential outcomes resulting from the refusal of services communicated to the individual; and

(10) DMAS-225.

b. The waiver service providers must maintain the following documentation for review by the DMAS or DBHDS staff for each waiver individual:

(1) All supporting documentation developed for that individual and maintained for a period of not less than six years;

(2) An attendance log documenting the date and times services were rendered and the amount and the type of services rendered;

(3) Appropriate progress notes reflecting the individual's status and, as appropriate, progress toward the identified goals on the supporting documentation;

(4) All communication relating to the individual. Any documentation or communication must be dated and signed by the provider;

(5) Service authorization decisions;

(6) Plans of care specific to the service being provided; and

(7) Assessments/reassessments as required for the service being provided.

12VAC30-120-730

12VAC30-120-730. General requirements for home and community-based participating providers. (Repealed.)

A. Providers approved for participation shall, at a minimum, perform the following activities:

1. Immediately notify DMAS, in writing, of any change in the information that the provider previously submitted to DMAS.

2. Assure freedom of choice for individuals seeking services from any institution, pharmacy, practitioner, or other provider qualified to perform the service or services required and participating in the Medicaid Program at the time the service or services were performed.

3. Assure the individual's freedom to reject medical care, treatment, and services, and document that potential adverse outcomes that may result from refusal of services were discussed with the individual.

4. Accept referrals for services only when staff is available to initiate services within 30 calendar days and perform such services on an ongoing basis.

5. Provide services and supplies for individuals in full compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (42 USC § 2000d et seq.), which prohibits discrimination on the grounds of race, color, or national origin; the Virginians with Disabilities Act (Title 51.5 (§ 51.5-1 et seq.) of the Code of Virginia); § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (29 USC § 794), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of a disability; and the Americans with Disabilities Act, as amended (42 USC § 12101 et seq.), which provides comprehensive civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities in the areas of employment, public accommodations, state and local government services, and telecommunications.

6. Provide services and supplies to individuals of the same quality and in the same mode of delivery as provided to the general public.

7. Submit charges to DMAS for the provision of services and supplies for individuals in amounts not to exceed the provider's usual and customary charges to the general public and accept as payment in full the amount established by DMAS from the individual's authorization date for waiver services.

8. Use program-designated billing forms for submission of charges.

9. Maintain and retain business and professional records sufficient to document fully and accurately the nature, scope, and details of the care provided.

a. Such records shall be retained for at least six years from the last date of service or as provided by applicable state and federal laws, whichever period is longer. However, if an audit is initiated within the required retention period, the records shall be retained until the audit is completed and every exception resolved. Records of minors shall be kept for at least six years after such minor has reached the age of 18 years.

b. Policies regarding retention of records shall apply even if the provider discontinues operation. DMAS shall be notified in writing of storage, location, and procedures for obtaining records for review should the need arise. The location, agent, or trustee shall be within the Commonwealth of Virginia.

c. An attendance log or similar document must be maintained that indicates the date services were rendered, type of services rendered, and number of hours/units provided (including specific time frame).

10. Consistent with 12VAC30-120-1040, agree to furnish information on request and in the form requested to DMAS, DBHDS, the Attorney General of Virginia or his authorized representatives, federal personnel, and the State Medicaid Fraud Control Unit. The Commonwealth's right of access to provider premises and records shall survive any termination of the provider participation agreement.

11. Disclose, as requested by DMAS, all financial, beneficial, ownership, equity, surety, or other interests in any and all firms, corporations, partnerships, associations, business enterprises, joint ventures, agencies, institutions, or other legal entities providing any form of health care services to individuals enrolled in Medicaid.

B. Pursuant to 42 CFR Part 431, Subpart F, 12VAC30-20-90, and any other applicable federal or state law, all providers shall hold confidential and use for DMAS or DBHDS authorized purposes only all medical assistance information regarding individuals served. A provider shall disclose information in his possession only when the information is used in conjunction with a claim for health benefits or the data are necessary for the functioning of DMAS in conjunction with the cited laws. DMAS shall not disclose medical information to the public.

C. Change of ownership. When ownership of the provider changes, the provider must notify DMAS at least 15 calendar days before the date of change.

D. For (ICF/IID) facilities covered by § 1616(e) of the Social Security Act in which respite care as a home and community-based waiver service will be provided, the facilities shall be in compliance with applicable standards that meet the requirements for board and care facilities. Health and safety standards shall be monitored through the DBHDS' licensure standards or through DSS-approved standards for adult foster care providers.

E. Suspected abuse or neglect. Pursuant to §§ 63.2-1509 and 63.2-1606 of the Code of Virginia, if a participating provider knows or suspects that a home and community-based waiver service individual is being abused, neglected, or exploited, the party having knowledge or suspicion of the abuse, neglect, or exploitation shall report this immediately from first knowledge to the local DARS adult or DSS child protective services agency, as applicable, as well as to DMAS, and, if applicable, to DBHDS Offices of Licensing and Human Rights.

F. Adherence to provider participation agreement and the DMAS provider manual. In addition to compliance with the general conditions and requirements, all providers enrolled by DMAS shall adhere to the conditions of participation outlined in their individual provider participation agreements and in the DMAS provider manual.

G. DMAS may terminate the provider's Medicaid provider agreement pursuant to § 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia and as may be required for federal financial participation. Such provider agreement terminations shall conform to 12VAC30-10-690 and Part XII (12VAC30-20-500 et seq.) of 12VAC30-20. DMAS shall not reimburse for services that may be rendered subsequent to such terminations.

H. Direct marketing. Providers are prohibited from performing any type of direct marketing activities to Medicaid individuals or their family/caregivers.

12VAC30-120-735

12VAC30-120-735. Enrollment and voluntary or involuntary disenrollment of consumer-directed services.

A. Enrollment.

1. Individuals who are enrolled in the FIS waiver may choose between the agency-directed model of service delivery or the consumer-directed model of service delivery, or a combination of both, when DMAS makes the consumer-directed model available for care. The only services provided in this waiver that permit the consumer-directed model of service delivery shall be (i) personal assistance services, (ii) respite services, or (iii) companion services for which an individual is eligible. An individual enrolled in the waiver shall not be able to choose consumer-directed services if any of the following conditions exists:

a. The individual enrolled in the waiver is younger than 18 years of age except for emancipated minors or is unable to be the employer of record and no one else can assume the role of EOR;

b. The health, safety, or welfare of the individual enrolled in the waiver cannot be ensured or a back-up emergency plan cannot be developed; or

c. The individual enrolled in the waiver has medication or skilled nursing needs or medical/behavioral conditions that cannot be safely met via the consumer-directed model of service delivery.

2. The support coordinator/case manager shall make a determination if subdivision 1 a, 1 b, or 1 c of this subsection apply. Individuals shall have the right to appeal, pursuant to 12VAC30-110, the decision if they are denied their choice of the consumer-directed service delivery model based on items described in subdivision 1 a, 1 b, or 1 c of this subsection.

B. Either voluntary or involuntary disenrollment of the individual from consumer-directed services may occur. In either voluntary or involuntary situations, the individual who is enrolled in the waiver shall be permitted to select an agency from which to receive his personal assistance, respite, or companion services. If the individual refuses to make his own selection, then either the support coordinator/case manager or the services facilitator shall make the choice for him.

1. An individual who has chosen consumer-direction may choose, at any time, to change to the agency-directed services model as long as he continues to qualify for personal assistance, respite, or companion services. The services facilitator or support coordinator/case manager, as appropriate, shall assist the individual with the change of services from consumer-directed to agency-directed.

2. The services facilitator or support coordinator/case manager, as appropriate, shall initiate involuntary disenrollment from consumer-direction of the individual who is enrolled in the waiver when any of the following conditions occur:

a. The health, safety, or welfare of the individual enrolled in the waiver is at risk;

b. The individual or EOR, as appropriate, demonstrates consistent inability to hire and retain an assistant or companion; or

c. The individual or EOR, as appropriate, is consistently unable to manage the assistant or companion, as may be demonstrated by, but not limited to, a pattern of serious discrepancies with timesheets.

3. Prior to involuntary disenrollment, the services facilitator or support coordinator/case manager, as appropriate, shall:

a. Verify that essential training has been provided to the individual or EOR, as appropriate, to improve the problem condition or conditions;

b. Document in the individual's record the conditions creating the necessity for the involuntary disenrollment and actions taken by the services facilitator or support coordinator/case manager, as appropriate;

c. Discuss with the individual or the EOR, as appropriate, the agency-directed option that is available and the actions needed to arrange for such services while providing a list of potential providers; and

d. Provide written notice to the individual and EOR, as appropriate, of the right to appeal, pursuant to 12VAC30-110, such involuntary termination of consumer direction. Except in emergency situations in which the health or safety of the individual is at serious risk, such notice shall be given at least 10 business days prior to the effective date of the termination of consumer direction. In cases of an emergency situation, notice of the right to appeal shall be given to the individual but the requirement to provide notice at least 10 business days in advance shall not apply.

4. If the services facilitator initiates the involuntary disenrollment from consumer-direction, then he shall inform the support coordinator/case manager.

12VAC30-120-740

12VAC30-120-740. Participation standards for home and community-based waiver services participating providers. (Repealed.)

A. Requests for participation. Requests will be screened to determine whether the provider applicant meets the basic requirements for participation.

B. Provider participation standards. For DMAS to approve provider participation agreements with home and community-based waiver providers, the following standards shall be met:

1. For services that have licensure and certification requirements, licensure and certification requirements pursuant to 42 CFR 441.352.

2. Disclosure of ownership pursuant to 42 CFR 455.104 and 455.105.

3. The ability to document and maintain individual case records in accordance with state and federal requirements.

C. Adherence to provider participation agreements and special participation conditions. In addition to compliance with the general conditions and requirements, all providers enrolled by DMAS shall adhere to the conditions of participation outlined in their provider participation agreements.

D. Individual choice of provider entities. The individual will have the option of selecting the provider of his choice. The case manager must inform the individual of all available waiver service providers in the community in which he desires services, and he shall have the option of selecting the provider of his choice.

E. Review of provider participation standards and renewal of provider participation agreements. DMAS is responsible for assuring continued adherence to provider participation standards. DMAS shall conduct ongoing monitoring of compliance with provider participation standards and DMAS policies and recertify each provider for agreement renewal with DMAS to provide home and community-based waiver services. A provider's noncompliance with DMAS policies and procedures, as required in the provider's participation agreement, may result in a written request from DMAS for a corrective action plan that details the steps the provider must take and the length of time permitted to achieve full compliance with the plan to correct the deficiencies that have been cited.

F. Termination of provider participation. A participating provider may voluntarily terminate his participation in Medicaid by providing 30 calendar days' written notification. DMAS may terminate at will a provider's participation agreement on 30 calendar days' written notice as specified in the DMAS participation agreement. DMAS may also immediately terminate a provider's participation agreement if the provider is no longer eligible to participate in the program as determined by DMAS. Such action precludes further payment by DMAS for services provided for individuals subsequent to the date specified in the termination notice.

G. Appeals of adverse actions. A provider shall have the right to appeal adverse action taken by DMAS or its agent or DBHDS' decisions regarding the Medicaid IFDDS waiver. Provider appeals shall be considered pursuant to 12VAC30-10-1000 and 12VAC30-20-500 through 12VAC30-20-560.

H. Termination of a provider participation agreement upon conviction of a felony. Section 32.1-325 D 2 of the Code of Virginia mandates that "any such Medicaid agreement or contract shall terminate upon conviction of the provider of a felony." A provider convicted of a felony in Virginia or in any other of the 50 states or Washington, D.C., must, within 30 days, notify the Medicaid Program of this conviction and relinquish its provider agreement. In addition, termination of a provider participation agreement will occur as may be required for federal financial participation.

I. Case manager's responsibility for the Medicaid Long Term Care Communication Form (DMAS-225). It is the responsibility of the case manager to notify DMAS, DBHDS, and DSS, in writing, when any of the following circumstances occur:

1. Home and community-based waiver services are implemented.

2. An individual dies.

3. An individual is discharged or terminated from services.

4. Any other circumstances (including hospitalization) that cause home and community-based waiver services to cease or be interrupted for more than 30 calendar days.

5. A selection by the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, of a different case management provider.

J. Changes or termination of care. It is the DBHDS staff's responsibility to authorize any changes to supporting documentation of an individual's plan of care based on the recommendations of the case manager. Waiver service providers are responsible for modifying the supporting documentation with the involvement of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate. The provider shall submit the supporting documentation to the case manager any time there is a change in the individual's condition or circumstances that may warrant a change in the amount or type of service rendered. The case manager shall review the need for a change and shall sign the supporting documentation if he agrees to the changes. The case manager shall submit the revised supporting documentation to the DBHDS staff to receive approval for that change. DMAS or its agent or DBHDS has the final authority to approve or deny the requested change to individual's supporting documentation. DBHDS shall notify the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, in writing of the right to appeal the decision or decisions to reduce, terminate, suspend, or deny services pursuant to DMAS client appeals regulations, 12VAC30-110, Eligibility and Appeals.

1. Nonemergency termination of home and community-based waiver services by the participating provider. The participating provider shall give the individual, his family/caregiver, as appropriate, and case manager 10 calendar days' written notification of the intent to terminate services. The notification letter shall provide the reasons for and effective date of the termination. The effective date of services termination shall be at least 10 calendar days from the date of the termination notification letter.

2. Emergency termination of home and community-based waiver services by the participating provider. In an emergency situation when the health and safety of the individual or provider is endangered, the case manager and DBHDS must be notified prior to termination. The 10-day written notification period shall not be required. When appropriate, the local DSS adult protective services or child protective services agency must be notified immediately. DBHDS Offices of Licensing and Human Rights must also be notified as required under the provider's license.

3. The DMAS termination of eligibility to receive home and community-based waiver services. DMAS shall have the ultimate responsibility for assuring appropriate placement of the individual in home and community-based waiver services and the authority to terminate such services to the individual for the following reasons:

a. The home and community-based waiver service is not the critical alternative to prevent or delay institutional (ICF/IID) placement;

b. The individual no longer meets the institutional level of care criteria;

c. The individual's environment does not provide for his health, safety, and welfare; or

d. An appropriate and cost-effective plan of care cannot be developed.

4. In the case of termination of home and community-based waiver services by DMAS staff:

a. Individuals shall be notified of their appeal rights by DMAS pursuant to 12VAC30-110.

b. Individuals identified by the case manager who no longer meet the level of care criteria or for whom home and community-based waiver services are no longer appropriate must be referred by the case manager to DMAS for review.

12VAC30-120-750

Article 2
Covered Services and Limitations and Related Provider Requirements

12VAC30-120-750. In-home residential support services, supported living residential.

A. In-home support services.

1. Service description. In-home residential support services shall be based primarily in the individual's home. The service shall be designed to enable individuals enrolled in the IFDDS Waiver to be maintained in their homes and shall include: (i) training in or engagement and interaction with functional skills and appropriate behavior related to an individual's health and safety, personal care, activities of daily living and use of community resources; (ii) assistance with medication management and monitoring the individual's health, nutrition, and physical condition (iii) life skills training; (iv) cognitive rehabilitation; (v) assistance with personal care activities of daily living and use of community resources; and (vi) specialized supervision to ensure the individual's health and safety. Service providers shall be reimbursed only for the amount and type of in-home residential support services included in the individual's approved plan of care. In-home residential support services shall not be authorized in the plan of care unless the individual requires these services and these services exceed services provided by the family or other caregiver. Services are not provided by paid staff of the in-home residential services provider for a continuous 24-hour period. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1028 A.

1. This service must be provided on an individual-specific basis according to the plan of care, supporting documentation, and service setting requirements.

2. Individuals may have in-home residential, personal care, and respite care in their plans of care but cannot receive these services simultaneously.

3. Room and board and general supervision shall not be components of this service.

4. This service shall not be used solely to provide routine or emergency respite care for the parent or parents or other unpaid caregivers with whom the individual lives.

B. 2. Criteria.

1. All individuals must meet the following criteria in order for Medicaid to reimburse providers for in-home residential support services. The individual must meet the eligibility requirements for this waiver service as defined. The individual shall have a demonstrated need for supports to be provided by staff who are paid by the in-home residential support provider.

2. A functional assessment must be conducted to evaluate each individual in his home environment and community settings.

3. Routine supervision/oversight of direct care staff. To provide additional assurance for the protection or preservation of an individual's health and safety, there are specific requirements for the supervision and oversight of direct care staff providing in-home residential support as outlined below. For all in-home residential support services provided under a DBHDS license or Rehabilitation Accreditation Commission accreditation:

a. An employee of the provider, typically by position, must be formally designated as the supervisor of each direct care staff person providing in-home residential support services.

b. The supervisor must have and document at least one supervisory contact with each direct care staff person per month regarding service delivery and direct care staff performance.

c. The supervisor must observe each direct care staff person delivering services at least semi-annually. Staff performance, service delivery in accordance with the plan of care, and evaluation of and evidence of the individual's satisfaction with service delivery by direct care staff must be documented.

d. The supervisor must complete and document at least one monthly contact with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, regarding satisfaction with services delivered by each direct care staff person.

4. The in-home residential support supporting documentation must indicate the necessary amount and type of activities required by the individual, the schedule of in-home residential support services, the total number of hours per day, and the total number of hours per week of in-home residential support. A formal, written behavioral program is required to address behaviors, including self-injury, aggression or self-stimulation.

5. Medicaid reimbursement is available only for in-home residential support services provided when the individual is present and when a qualified provider is providing the services. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1028 B.

C. 3. Service units and service limitations. In-home residential supports shall be reimbursed on an hourly basis for time the in-home residential support direct care staff is working directly with the individual. Total monthly billing cannot exceed the total hours authorized in the plan of care. The provider must maintain documentation of the date, times, the services that were provided, and specific circumstances preventing the provision of any scheduled services. The service units and service limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1028 C.

4. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1028 D.

5. Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1028 E.

D. Provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based waiver services participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, each in-home residential support service provider must be licensed by DBHDS as a provider of supportive residential services or have Rehabilitation Accreditation Commission accreditation. The provider must also have training in the characteristics of individuals with related conditions and appropriate interventions, strategies, and support methods for individuals with related conditions and functional limitations.

1. For DBHDS licensed programs, a plan of care and ongoing documentation of service delivery must be consistent with licensing regulations.

2. Documentation must confirm attendance and the individual's amount of time in services and provide specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the supporting documentation objectives. Assessment results must be available in at least a daily note or a weekly summary. Data must be collected as described in the plan of care, analyzed, summarized, and then clearly addressed in the regular supporting documentation.

3. The supporting documentation must be reviewed by the provider with the individual, and this written review submitted to the case manager, at least semi-annually with goals, objectives, and activities modified as appropriate.

4. Documentation must be maintained for routine supervision and oversight of all in-home residential support direct care staff. All significant contacts described in this section must be documented. A qualified developmental disabilities professional must provide supervision of direct service staff.

5. Documentation of supervision must be completed, signed by the staff person designated to perform the supervision and oversight, and include the following:

a. Date of contact or observation;

b. Person or persons contacted or observed;

c. A summary about direct care staff performance and service delivery for monthly contacts and semi-annual home visits;

d. Semi-annual observation documentation must also address individual satisfaction with service provision;

e. Any action planned or taken to correct problems identified during supervision and oversight; and

f. Copy of the most recently completed DMAS-225 form. The provider must clearly document efforts to obtain the completed DMAS-225 form from the case manager.

B. Supported living residential.

1. Description. The service description shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1036 A 1.

2. Criteria. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1036 A 2.

3. Units and limits. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1036 A 3.

4. Provider requirements. Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1036 A 4.

12VAC30-120-751

12VAC30-120-751. [Reserved] Shared living.

A. Service description. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in subdivision 1 of 12VAC30-120-1034.

B. Criteria for covered services. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 2 of 12VAC30-120-1034.

C. Allowable activities. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 3 of 12VAC30-120-1034.

D. Covered services units and limits. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 4 of 12VAC30-120-1034.

E. Provider requirements. Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 5 of 12VAC30-120-1034 and subdivision 17 of 12VAC30-120-1560.

12VAC30-120-752

12VAC30-120-752. Day support Group day services.

A. Service description. Day support services shall include a variety of training, assistance, support, and specialized supervision offered in a setting (other than the home or individual residence), which allows peer interactions and community integration for the acquisition, retention, or improvement of self-help, socialization, and adaptive skills. When services are provided through alternative payment sources, the plan of care shall not authorize them as a waiver funded expenditure. Service providers are reimbursed only for the amount and type of day support services included in the individual's approved plan of care based on the setting, intensity, and duration of the service to be delivered. This does not include prevocational services. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in subdivision 1 of 12VAC30-120-1026.

B. Criteria. For day support services, the individual must demonstrate the need for functional training, assistance, and specialized supervision offered in settings other than the individual's own residence that allow an opportunity for being productive and contributing members of communities. In addition, day support services will be available for individuals who can benefit from supported employment services, but who need the services as an appropriate alternative or in addition to supported employment services. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 2 of 12VAC30-120-1026.

1. A functional assessment must be conducted by the provider to evaluate each individual in his home environment and community settings.

2. Types and levels of day support. The amount and type of day support included in the individual's plan of care is determined according to the services required for that individual. There are two types of day support: center-based, which is provided primarily at one location/building, or noncenter-based, which is provided primarily in community settings. Both types of day support may be provided at either intensive or regular levels. To be authorized at the intensive level, the individual must meet at least one of the following criteria: (i) requires physical assistance to meet the basic personal care needs (toileting, feeding, etc.); (ii) has extensive disability-related difficulties and requires additional, ongoing support to fully participate in programming and to accomplish his service goals; or (iii) requires extensive constant supervision to reduce or eliminate behaviors that preclude full participation in the program. A formal, written behavioral program is required to address behaviors such as, but not limited to, withdrawal, self-injury, aggression, or self-stimulation.

C. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 3 of 12VAC30-120-1026.

C. D. Service units and service limitations. Day support cannot be regularly or temporarily provided in an individual's home or other residential setting (e.g., due to inclement weather or individual's illness) without prior written approval from DBHDS. Noncenter-based day support services must be separate and distinguishable from both in-home residential support services and personal care services. There must be separate supporting documentation for each service and each must be clearly differentiated in documentation and corresponding billing. The supporting documentation must provide an estimate of the amount of day support required by the individual. The maximum is 780 units per plan of care year. If this service is used in combination with prevocational or supported employment services the combined total units for these services cannot exceed 780 units per plan of care year. Transportation shall not be billable as a day support service. The service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 4 of 12VAC30-120-1026.

1. One unit shall be 1 to 3.99 hours of service a day.

2. Two units are 4 to 6.99 hours of service a day.

3. Three units are 7 or more hours of service a day.

Services shall normally be furnished four or more hours per day on a regularly scheduled basis for one or more days per week unless provided as an adjunct to other day activities included in an individual's plan of care.

D. E. Provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based waiver services participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, day support providers must meet the following requirements: Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 5 of 12VAC30-120-1026 and 12VAC30-120-501 et seq.

1. For DBHDS programs licensed as day support programs, the plan of care, supporting documentation, and ongoing documentation must be consistent with licensing regulations. For programs accredited by Rehabilitation Accreditation Commission as day support programs, there must be supporting documentation that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

a. The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports and training needs;

b. The individual's goals and, for a training goal, a sequence of measurable objectives to meet the above identified outcomes;

c. Services to be rendered and the frequency of services to accomplish the above goals and objectives;

d. All entities that will provide the services specified in the statement of services;

e. A timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's goals and objectives;

f. The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

g. The entities responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the plan of care.

2. Documentation must confirm the individual's attendance, the amount of the individual's time in services, and provide specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the supporting documentation objectives. Assessment results must be available in at least a daily note or a weekly summary.

a. The provider must review the supporting documentation with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, and this written review submitted to the case manager at least semi-annually with goals, objectives, and activities modified as appropriate. For the annual review and anytime the supporting documentation is modified, the revised supporting documentation must be reviewed with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate.

b. An attendance log or similar document must be maintained that indicates the date, type of services rendered, and the number of hours and units provided (including specific time frame).

c. Documentation must indicate whether the services were center-based or noncenter-based and regular or intensive level.

d. If intensive day support services are requested, in order to verify which of these criteria the individual met, documentation must be present in the individual's record to indicate the specific supports and the reasons they are needed. For reauthorization of intensive day support services, there must be clear documentation of the ongoing needs and associated staff supports.

e. In instances where day support staff are required to ride with the individual to and from day support, the day support staff time may be billed as day support, provided that the billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in the day support activity for that day. Documentation must be maintained to verify that billing for day support staff coverage during transportation does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in the day support for that day.

f. Copy of the most recently completed DMAS-225 form. The provider must clearly document efforts to obtain the completed DMAS-225 form from the case manager.

3. Supervision of direct service staff must be provided by a qualified developmental disabilities professional.

12VAC30-120-753

12VAC30-120-753. Prevocational services. (Repealed.)

A. Service description. Prevocational services are services aimed at preparing an individual for paid or unpaid employment, but are not job-task oriented. Prevocational services are provided for individuals who are not expected to be able to join the general work force without supports or to participate in a transitional, sheltered workshop within one year of beginning waiver services (excluding supported employment services or programs). Activities included in this service are not primarily directed at teaching specific job skills but at underlying rehabilitative goals such as accepting supervision, attendance, task completion, problem solving, and safety.

B. Criteria. In order to qualify for prevocational services, the individual shall have a demonstrated need for support in skills that are aimed toward preparation for paid employment that may be offered in a variety of community settings.

C. Service units and service limitations. Billing is for one unit of service. This service is limited to 780 units per plan of care year. If this service is used in combination with day support or supported employment services, the combined total units for these services cannot exceed 780 units per plan of care year. Prevocational services may be provided in center or noncenter-based settings. There must be documentation about whether prevocational services are available in vocational rehabilitation agencies through § 110 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 or through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). When services are provided through these sources to the individual, they will not be authorized as a waiver service. Prevocational services may only be provided when the individual's compensation is less than 50% of the minimum wage.

1. One unit shall be 1 to 3.99 hours of service a day.

2. Two units are 4 to 6.99 hours of service a day.

3. Three units are 7 or more hours of service a day.

Services shall normally be furnished four or more hours per day on a regularly scheduled basis for one or more days per week unless provided as an adjunct to other day activities included in an individual's plan of care.

D. Provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based services participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, prevocational services providers must also meet the following requirements:

1. The prevocational services provider must be a vendor of extended employment services, long-term employment services, or supported employment services for DARS, or be licensed by DBHDS as a day support services provider. Providers must ensure and document that persons providing prevocational services have training in the characteristics of related conditions, appropriate interventions, training strategies, and support methods for individuals with related conditions and functional limitations.

2. Required documentation in the individual's record. The provider must maintain a record for each individual receiving prevocational services. At a minimum, the record must contain the following:

a. A functional assessment conducted by the provider to evaluate each individual in the prevocational environment and community settings.

b. A plan of care containing, at a minimum, the following elements (DBHDS licensing regulations require the following for plans of care):

(1) The individual's needs and preferences;

(2) Relevant psychological, behavioral, medical, rehabilitation, and nursing needs as indicated by the assessment;

(3) Individualized strategies including the intensity of services needed;

(4) A communication plan for individuals with communication barriers including language barriers; and

(5) The behavior treatment plan, if applicable.

3. The plan of care must be reviewed by the provider quarterly, annually, and more often as needed, modified as appropriate, and with written results of these reviews submitted to the case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the plan of care is modified, the plan of care must be reviewed with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate.

4. Documentation must confirm the individual's attendance, amount of time spent in services, type of services rendered, and provide specific information about the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the plan of care.

5. In instances where prevocational staff are required to ride with the individual to and from prevocational services, the prevocational staff time may be billed for prevocational services, provided that the billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in prevocational services for that day. Documentation must be maintained to verify that billing for prevocational staff coverage during transportation does not exceed 25% of the total time spending the prevocational services for that day.

6. A copy of the most recently completed DMAS-225. The provider must clearly document efforts to obtain the completed DMAS-225 from the case manager.

12VAC30-120-754

12VAC30-120-754. Supported Group supported employment services; individual supported employment; workplace assistance services.

A. Service description Group supported employment.

1. Service description. The service description shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 A.

1. Supported employment services shall include training in specific skills related to paid employment and provision of ongoing or intermittent assistance or specialized training to enable an individual to maintain paid employment. Each supporting documentation must confirm whether supported employment services are available to the individual in vocational rehabilitation agencies through the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 or in special education services through 20 USC § 1401 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Providers of these DARS and IDEA services cannot be reimbursed by Medicaid with the IFDDS Waiver funds. Waiver service providers are reimbursed only for the amount and type of habilitation services included in the individual's approved plan of care based on the intensity and duration of the service delivered. Reimbursement shall be limited to actual interventions by the provider of supported employment, not for the amount of time the recipient is in the supported employment environment.

2. Supported employment may be provided in one of two models. Individual supported employment is defined as intermittent support, usually provided one on one by a job coach for an individual in a supported employment position. Group supported employment is defined as continuous support provided by staff for eight or fewer individuals with disabilities in an enclave, work crew, or bench work/entrepreneurial model. The individual's assessment and plan of care must clearly reflect the individual's need for training and supports.

B. 2. Criteria for receipt of services. The criteria shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 B.

1 Only job development tasks that specifically include the individual are allowable job search activities under the IFDDS FIS Waiver supported employment and only after determining this service is not available from DARS or IDEA.

2 In order to qualify for these services, the individual shall have a demonstrated need for training, specialized supervision, or assistance in paid employment and for whom competitive employment at or above the minimum wage is unlikely without this support and who, because of the disability, needs ongoing support, including supervision, training and transportation to perform in a work setting.

3. A functional assessment must be conducted to evaluate each individual in his work environment and related community settings.

4. The supporting documentation must document the amount of supported employment required by the individual. Service providers are reimbursed only for the amount and type of supported employment included in the plan of care based on the intensity and duration of the service delivered.

3. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 C.

C. 4. Service units and service limitations shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 D.

1 Supported employment for individual job placement is provided in one-hour units. This service is limited to 40 hours per week. The unit of service shall be one hour. Services shall not exceed 66 hours per week. The 66-hour weekly limit may include a combination of the following: group supported employment services, individual supported employment, community engagement, community coaching, workplace assistance services, and group day services.

2. Group models of supported employment (enclaves, work crews, bench work, and entrepreneurial model of supported employment) will be billed according to the DMAS fee schedule.

3 Supported employment services are limited to 780 units per plan of care year. If used in combination with prevocational and day support services, the combined total units for these services cannot exceed 780 units, or its equivalent under the DMAS fee schedule, per plan of care year.

4. For the individual job placement model, reimbursement will be limited to actual documented interventions or collateral contacts by the provider, not the amount of time the individual is in the supported employment situation.

D Provider 5. Group supported employment provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based care participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, supported employment providers must meet the following requirements: The provider requirements shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 E.

1. Supported employment services shall be provided by agencies that are programs certified by the Rehabilitation Accreditation Commission to provide supported employment services or are DARS vendors of supported employment services.

2. Individual ineligibility for supported employment services through DARS or IDEA must be documented in the individual's record, as applicable. If the individual is ineligible to receive services through IDEA, documentation is required only for lack of DARS funding. Acceptable documentation would include a copy of a letter from DARS or the local school system or a record of a telephone call (name, date, person contacted) documented in the case manager's case notes, Consumer Profile/Social assessment or on the supported employment supporting documentation. Unless the individual's circumstances change, the original verification may be forwarded into the current record or repeated on the supporting documentation or revised Social Assessment on an annual basis.

3. Supporting documentation and ongoing documentation consistent with licensing regulations, if a DBHDS licensed program.

4. For non-DBHDS programs certified as supported employment programs, there must be supporting documentation that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

a. The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required/desired supports, and training needs;

b. The individual's goals and, for a training goal, a sequence of measurable objectives to meet the above identified outcomes;

c. Services to be rendered and the frequency of services to accomplish the above goals and objectives;

d. All entities that will provide the services specified in the statement of services;

e. A timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's goals and objectives;

f. The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

g. Entities responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the plan of care.

5. Documentation must confirm the individual's attendance, the amount of time the individual spent in services, and must provide specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the supporting documentation objectives. Assessment results should be available in at least a daily note or weekly summary.

6. The provider must review the supporting documentation with the individual, and this written review submitted to the case manager, at least semi-annually, with goals, objectives, and activities modified as appropriate. For the annual review and in cases where the plan of care is modified, the plan of care must be reviewed with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate.

7. In instances where supported employment staff are required to ride with the individual to and from supported employment activities, the supported employment staff time may be billed as supported employment provided that the billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in supported employment for that day. Documentation must be maintained to verify that billing supported employment staff coverage during transportation does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in supported employment for that day.

8. There must be a copy of the completed DMAS-225 form in the record. Providers must clearly document efforts to obtain the DMAS-225 form from the case manager.

B. Individual supported employment services.

1. Service description. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 A.

2. Criteria for receipt of services. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 B.

3. Allowable activities. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 C.

4. Service units and service limitations. The service units and limitations shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 D.

5. Provider requirements. The provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1035 E.

C. Workplace assistance services.

1. Service description. The service description shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1039 A.

2. Service criteria. The service criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1039 B.

3. Allowable activities. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1039 C.

4. Service units and service limitations. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1039 D.

5. Provider requirements. Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1039 E.

12VAC30-120-756

12VAC30-120-756. Therapeutic consultation.

A. Service description. Therapeutic consultation provides expertise, training, and technical assistance in any of the following specialty areas to assist family members, caregivers, and service providers in supporting the individual. The specialty areas include the following: psychology, social work, occupational therapy, physical therapy, therapeutic recreation, rehabilitation, psychiatry, psychiatric clinical nursing, behavioral consultation, and speech/language therapy. These services may be provided, based on the individual's plan of care, for those individuals for whom specialized consultation is clinically necessary to enable their utilization of waiver services and who have additional challenges restricting their ability to function in the community. Therapeutic consultation services may be provided in the individual's home, in other appropriate community settings, and in conjunction with another waiver service. These services are intended to facilitate implementation of the individual's desired outcomes as identified in the individual's plan of care. Therapeutic consultation service providers are reimbursed according to the amount and type of service authorized in the plan of care based on an hourly fee for service. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1037 A.

B. Criteria. In order to qualify for these services, the individual shall have a demonstrated need for consultation in any of these services. Documented need must indicate that the plan of care cannot be implemented effectively and efficiently without such consultation from this service. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1037 B.

1. The individual's plan of care must clearly reflect the individual's needs, as documented in the social assessment, for specialized consultation provided to family/caregivers and providers in order to implement the plan of care effectively.

2. Therapeutic consultation services may not include direct therapy provided to individuals receiving waiver services, or monitoring activities, and may not duplicate the activities of other services that are available to the individual through the State Plan of Medical Assistance.

C. Service units and service limitations limits. The unit of service shall equal one hour Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1037 C.

The services must be explicitly detailed in the supporting documentation. Travel time, written preparation, and telephone communication are in-kind expenses within this service and are not billable as separate items.

Therapeutic consultation may not be billed solely for purposes of monitoring. Therapeutic consultations shall be available to individuals who are receiving at least one other waiver service and case management services.

D. Allowable activities. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1037 D.

D. E. Provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based care participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, professionals rendering therapeutic consultation services, including behavior consultation services, shall meet all applicable state licensure or certification requirements. Persons providing rehabilitation consultation shall be rehabilitation engineers or certified rehabilitation specialists. Behavioral consultation may be performed by professionals based on the professional's knowledge, skills, and abilities as defined by DMAS. Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1037 E.

1. Supporting documentation for therapeutic consultation. The following information is required in the supporting documentation:

a. Identifying information: individual's name and Medicaid number; provider name and provider number; responsible person and telephone number; effective dates for supporting documentation; and semi-annual review dates, if applicable;

b. Targeted objectives, time frames, and expected outcomes;

c. Specific consultation activities; and

d. A written support plan detailing the interventions or support strategies.

2. Monthly and contact notes shall include:

a. Summary of consultative activities for the month;

b. Dates, locations, and times of service delivery;

c. Supporting documentation objectives addressed;

d. Specific details of the activities conducted;

e. Services delivered as planned or modified; and

f. Effectiveness of the strategies and individuals' and caregivers' satisfaction with service.

3. Semi-annual reviews are required by the service provider if consultation extends three months or longer, are to be forwarded to the case manager, and must include:

a. Activities related to the therapeutic consultation supporting documentation;

b. Individual status and satisfaction with services; and

c. Consultation outcomes and effectiveness of support plan.

4. If consultation services extend less than three months, the provider must forward monthly contact notes or a summary of them to the case manager for the semi-annual review.

5. A written support plan, detailing the interventions and strategies for providers, family, or caregivers to use to better support the individual in the service.

6. A final disposition summary must be forwarded to the case manager within 30 calendar days following the end of this service and must include:

a. Strategies utilized;

b. Objectives met;

c. Unresolved issues; and

d. Consultant recommendations.

12VAC30-120-758

12VAC30-120-758. Environmental modifications (EM).

A. Service description. Environmental modifications shall be defined as those physical adaptations to the individual's primary home or primary vehicle used by the individual documented in the individual's plan of care, that are necessary to ensure the health, welfare, and safety of the individual, or that enable the individual to function with greater independence in the primary home and, without which, the individual would require institutionalization. Such adaptations may include the installation of ramps and grab-bars, widening of doorways, modification of bathroom facilities, or installation of specialized electrical and plumbing systems that are necessary to accommodate the medical equipment and supplies that are necessary for the welfare of the individual. Excluded are those adaptations or improvements to the home that are of general utility and are not of direct medical or remedial benefit to the individual, such as carpeting, roof repairs, central air conditioning, etc. Adaptations that add to the total square footage of the home shall be excluded from this benefit, except when necessary to complete an adaptation, as determined by DMAS or its designated agent. All services shall be provided in the individual's primary home in accordance with applicable state or local building codes. All modifications must be authorized by the service authorization agent. Modifications may be made to a vehicle if it is the primary vehicle being used by the individual. This service does not include the purchase of vehicles. The service description shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 B 1.

B. Criteria. In order to qualify for these services, the individual must have a demonstrated need for equipment or modifications of a remedial or medical benefit offered in an individual's primary home, primary vehicle used by the individual, community activity setting, or day program to specifically improve the individual's personal functioning. This service shall encompass those items not otherwise covered in the State Plan for Medical Assistance or through another program. Environmental modifications shall be covered in the least expensive, most cost-effective manner. For enrollees in the Elderly or Disabled with Consumer Direction (EDCD) waiver (12VAC30-120-900 through 12VAC30-120-980), environmental modification services shall be available only to those EDCD enrollees who are also enrolled in the Money Follows the Person demonstration. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 B 2.

C. Service units and service limitations. Environmental modifications shall be available to individuals who are receiving case management services. To receive environmental modifications in the EDCD waiver, the individual must be receiving at least one other waiver service. To receive environmental modifications in the IFDDS waiver, the individual must be receiving case management services and at least one other waiver service. A maximum limit of $5,000 may be reimbursed per plan of care or calendar year, as appropriate to the waiver in which the individual is enrolled. Costs for environmental modifications shall not be carried over from year to year. All environmental modifications must be authorized by the service authorization agent prior to billing. Modifications shall not be used to bring a substandard dwelling up to minimum habitation standards. Also excluded are modifications that are reasonable accommodation requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Virginians with Disabilities Act, and the Rehabilitation Act. Case managers or transition coordinators must, upon completion of each modification, meet face-to-face with the individual and his family/caregiver, as appropriate, to ensure that the modification is completed satisfactorily and is able to be used by the individual. The service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 B 3.

D. Provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based waiver services participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-160, 12VAC30-120-730, 12VAC30-120-740, and 12VAC30-120-930, as appropriate, environmental modifications must be provided in accordance with all applicable state or local building codes by contractors who have a provider agreement with DMAS. Providers may not be spouses or parents of the individual. Modifications must be completed within the plan of care or the calendar year in which the modification was authorized, as appropriate to the waiver in which the individual is enrolled. Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 B 4.

12VAC30-120-759

12VAC30-120-759. [Reserved] Services facilitation.

A. Covered services; limits on covered services. Services facilitation and consumer-directed service model. Service description. Individuals enrolled in the waiver may be approved to select the consumer-directed (CD) model of service delivery, absent any of the specified conditions that precludes such a choice, and may also receive support from a services facilitator. This shall be a separate waiver service to be used in conjunction with consumer-directed personal assistance, respite, or companion services and shall not be covered for an individual absent one of these consumer-directed services.

1. Services facilitators shall train individuals enrolled in the waiver, family/caregiver, or EOR, as appropriate, to direct (such as select, hire, train, supervise, and authorize timesheets of) their own assistants who are rendering personal assistance, respite services, and companion services.

2. The services facilitator shall assess the individual's particular needs for a requested consumer-directed service, assist in the development of the plan for supports, provide management training for the individual or the EOR, as appropriate, on his responsibilities as employer, and provide ongoing support of the consumer-directed model of services. The service authorization for receipt of consumer directed services shall be based on the approved plan for supports.

3. The services facilitator shall make an initial comprehensive home visit to collaborate with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, to identify the individual's needs, assist in the development of the plan for supports with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and provide employer management training to the individual and the family/caregiver, as appropriate, on his responsibilities as an employer, and provide ongoing support of the consumer-directed model of services. Individuals or EORs who are unable to receive employer management training at the time of the initial visit shall receive management training within seven days of the initial visit.

a. The initial comprehensive home visit shall be completed only once upon the individual's entry into the consumer-directed model of service regardless of the number or type of consumer-directed services that an individual requests.

b. If an individual changes services facilitators, the new services facilitator shall complete a reassessment visit in lieu of a comprehensive visit.

c. The employer management training shall be completed before the individual or EOR may hire an assistant who is to be reimbursed by DMAS.

d. After the initial visit, the services facilitator shall continue to monitor the individual's plan for supports quarterly (i.e., every 90 days) and more often as needed. If consumer-directed respite services are provided, the services facilitator shall review the utilization of consumer-directed respite services either every six months or upon the use of 240 respite services hours, whichever comes first.

4. A face-to-face meeting shall occur between the services facilitator and the individual at least every six months to reassess the individual's needs and to ensure appropriateness of any consumer-directed services received by the individual. During these visits with the individual, the services facilitator shall observe, evaluate, and consult with the individual, EOR, and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, for the purpose of documenting the adequacy and appropriateness of consumer-directed services with regard to the individual's current functioning and cognitive status, medical needs, and social needs. The services facilitator's written summary of the visit shall include, but shall not necessarily be limited to:

a. Discussion with the individual and EOR or family/caregiver, as appropriate, whether the particular consumer directed service is adequate to meet the individual's needs;

b. Any suspected abuse, neglect, or exploitation and to whom it was reported;

c. Any special tasks performed by the assistant/companion and the assistant's/companion's qualifications to perform these tasks;

d. Individual's and EOR's or family/caregiver's, as appropriate, satisfaction with the assistant's/companion's service;

e. Any hospitalization or change in medical condition, functioning, or cognitive status;

f. The presence or absence of the assistant/companion in the home during the services facilitator's visit; and

g. Any other services received and the amount.

5. The services facilitator, during routine visits, shall also review and verify timesheets as needed to ensure that the number of hours approved in the plan for supports is not exceeded. If discrepancies are identified, the services facilitator shall discuss these with the individual or the EOR to resolve discrepancies and shall notify the fiscal/employer agent. If an individual is consistently identified as having discrepancies in his timesheets, the services facilitator shall contact the support coordinator/case manager to resolve the situation. Failure to review and verify timesheets and maintain documentation of such reviews shall subject the provider to recovery of payments made by DMAS in accordance with 12VAC30-80-130.

6. The services facilitator shall maintain a record of each individual containing elements as set out in 12VAC30-120-770.

7. The services facilitator shall be available during standard business hours to the individual or EOR by telephone.

8. If a services facilitator is not selected by the individual, the individual or the family/caregiver serving as the EOR shall perform all of the duties and meet all of the requirements, including documentation requirements, identified for services facilitation. However, the individual or family/caregiver shall not be reimbursed by DMAS for performing these duties or meeting these requirements.

9. If an individual enrolled in consumer-directed services has a lapse in services facilitator duties for more than 90 consecutive days, and the individual or family/caregiver is not willing or able to assume the service facilitation duties, then the support coordinator/case manager shall notify DMAS or its designated service authorization contractor and the consumer-directed services shall be discontinued once the required 10 days notice of this change has been observed. The individual whose consumer-directed services have been discontinued shall have the right to appeal this discontinuation action pursuant to 12VAC30-110. The individual shall be given his choice of an agency for the alternative personal care, respite, or companion services that he was previously obtaining through consumer direction.

10. The consumer-directed services facilitator, who is to be reimbursed by DMAS, shall not be the individual enrolled in the waiver, the individual's support coordinator/case manager, a direct service provider, the individual's spouse, a parent, including stepparents and legal guardians, of the individual who is a minor child, or the EOR who is employing the assistant/companion.

11. The services facilitator shall document what constitutes the individual's back-up plan in case the assistant/companion does not report for work as expected or terminates employment without prior notice.

12. Should the assistant/companion not report for work or terminate his employment without notice, then the services facilitator shall, upon the individual's or EOR's request, provide management training to ensure that the individual or the EOR is able to recruit and employ a new assistant/companion.

13. The limits and requirements for individuals' selection of consumer directed services shall be as follows:

a. In order to be approved to use the consumer-directed model of services, the individual enrolled in the waiver, or if the individual is unable, the designated EOR, shall have the capability to hire, train, and fire his own assistants/companions and supervise the assistants'/companions' performance. Support coordinators/case managers shall document in the individual support plan the individual's choice for the consumer-directed model and whether or not the individual chooses services facilitation. The support coordinator/case manager shall document in this individual's record that the individual can serve as the EOR or if there is a need for another person to serve as the EOR on behalf of the individual.

b. An individual enrolled in the waiver who is younger than 18 years of age shall be required to have an adult responsible for functioning in the capacity of an EOR.

c. Specific employer duties shall include checking references of assistants/companions, determining that assistants/companions meet specified qualifications, timely and accurate completion of hiring packets, training the assistants/companions, supervising assistants'/companions' performance, and submitting complete and accurate timesheets to the fiscal/employer agent on a consistent and timely basis.

B. Participation standards for provision of services; providers' requirements.

1. To be enrolled as a Medicaid CD services facilitator and maintain provider status, the services facilitator provider shall have sufficient resources to perform the required activities, including the ability to maintain and retain business and professional records sufficient to document fully and accurately the nature, scope, and details of the services provided. All CD services facilitators, whether employed by or contracted with a DMAS enrolled services facilitator provider, shall meet all of the qualifications set out in this subsection. To be enrolled, the services facilitator shall also meet the combination of work experience and relevant education set out in this subsection that indicate the possession of the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform this function. The services facilitator shall maintain a record of each individual containing elements as set out in this section.

a. If the services facilitator is not an RN, then, within 30 days from the start of such services, the services facilitator shall inform the primary health care provider for the individual enrolled in the waiver that consumer-directed services are being provided and request skilled nursing or other consultation as needed by the individual. Prior to contacting the primary health care provider, the services facilitator shall obtain the individual's written consent to make such contact or contacts. All such contacts and consultations shall be documented in the individual's medical record. Failure to document such contacts and consultations shall be subject to DMAS' recovery of payments made.

b. Prior to enrollment by DMAS as a consumer-directed services facilitator, applicants shall possess, at a minimum, either (i) an associate's degree from an accredited college in a health or human services field or be a registered nurse currently licensed to practice in the Commonwealth and two years of satisfactory direct care experience supporting individuals with disabilities or older adults or children or (ii) a bachelor's degree in a non-health or human services field and a minimum of three years of satisfactory direct care experience supporting individuals with disabilities or older adults or children.

c. All consumer-directed services facilitators, shall:

(1) Have a satisfactory work record as evidenced by two references from prior job experiences from any human services work; such references shall not include any evidence of abuse, neglect, or exploitation of the elderly, persons with disabilities, or children;

(2) Submit to a criminal background check within 15 days of employment. The results of such check shall contain no record of conviction of barrier crimes as set forth in § 32.1-162.9:1 of the Code of Virginia. Proof that the criminal record check was conducted shall be maintained in the record of the services facilitator. In accordance with 12VAC30-80-130, DMAS shall not reimburse the provider for any services provided by a services facilitator who has been convicted of committing a barrier crime as set forth in § 32.1-162.9:1 of the Code of Virginia;

(3) Submit to a search of the DSS Child Protective Services Central Registry yielding no founded complaint; and

(4) Not be debarred, suspended, or otherwise excluded from participating in federal health care programs, as listed on the federal List of Excluded Individuals/Entities (LEIE) database at http://www.olg.hhs.govfraud/exclusions/exclusions%20list.asp.

d. The services facilitator shall not be compensated for services provided to the waiver individual after the initial or a subsequent background check verifies that the services facilitator (i) has been convicted of a barrier crime described in § 32.1-162.9:1 of the Code of Virginia; (ii) has a founded complaint confirmed by the DSS Child Protective Services Central Registry; or (iii) is found to be listed on the LEIE.

e. All consumer-directed services facilitators providers and staff employed by consumer-directed services facilitator providers to function as a consumer-directed services facilitator shall complete the DMAS-approved consumer-directed services facilitator training and pass the corresponding competency assessment with a score of at least 80% prior to being approved as a consumer-directed services facilitator or being reimbursed for working with waiver individuals. The competency assessment and all corresponding competency assessments shall be kept in the employee's record.

f. Failure to complete the competency assessment within the 90-day time limit and meet all other requirements shall result in a retraction of Medicaid payment or the termination of the provider agreement, or both.

g. As a component of the renewal of the provider agreement, all consumer-directed services facilitators shall take and pass the competency assessment every five years and achieve a score of at least 80%.

h. The consumer-directed services facilitator shall have access to a computer with secure Internet access that meets the requirements of 45 CFR Part 164 for the electronic exchange of information. Electronic exchange of information shall include, for example, checking individual eligibility, submission of service authorizations, submission of information to the fiscal employer agent, and billing for services.

i. All consumer-directed services facilitators shall possess a demonstrable combination of work experience and relevant education that indicates possession of the following knowledge, skills, and abilities. Such knowledge, skills, and abilities shall be documented on the application form, found in supporting documentation, or be observed during the job interview. Observations during the interview shall be documented. The knowledge, skills, and abilities include:

(1) Knowledge of:

(a) Types of functional limitations and health problems that may occur in individuals with intellectual disability or individuals with other developmental disabilities, as well as strategies to reduce limitations and health problems;

(b) Physical assistance that may be required by individuals with developmental disabilities, such as transferring, bathing techniques, bowel and bladder care, and the approximate time those activities normally take;

(c) Equipment and environmental modifications that may be required by individuals with developmental disabilities that reduce the need for human help and improve safety;

(d) Various long-term care program requirements, including nursing home and ICF/IID placement criteria; Medicaid waiver services; and other federal, state, and local resources that provide personal assistance, respite, and companion services;

(e) DD Waivers requirements, as well as the administrative duties for which the services facilitator will be responsible;

(f) Conducting assessments (including environmental, psychosocial, health, and functional factors) and their uses in service planning;

(g) Interviewing techniques;

(h) The individual's right to make decisions about, direct the provisions of, and control his consumer-directed personal assistance, companion, and respite services, including hiring, training, managing, approving timesheets, and firing an assistant/companion;

(i) The principles of human behavior and interpersonal relationships; and

(j) General principles of record documentation.

(2) Skills in:

(a) Negotiating with individuals and the individual's family/caregivers, as appropriate, and service providers;

(b) Assessing, supporting, observing, recording, and reporting behaviors;

(c) Identifying, developing, or providing services to individuals with developmental disabilities; and

(d) Identifying services within the established services system to meet the individual's needs.

(3) Abilities to:

(a) Report findings of the assessment or onsite visit, either in writing or an alternative format, for individuals who have visual impairments;

(b) Demonstrate a positive regard for individuals and their families;

(c) Be persistent and remain objective;

(d) Work independently, performing position duties under general supervision;

(e) Communicate effectively, orally and in writing; and

(f) Develop a rapport and communicate with individuals of diverse cultural backgrounds.

2. The services facilitator's record about the individual shall contain:

a. Documentation of all employer management training provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver and the EOR, as appropriate, including the individual's or the EOR's, as appropriate, receipt of training on his responsibility for the accuracy and timeliness of the assistant's/companion's timesheets; and

b. All documents signed by the individual enrolled in the waiver or the EOR, as appropriate, which acknowledge their legal responsibilities as the employer.

12VAC30-120-760

12VAC30-120-760. Skilled nursing services; private duty nursing services.

A. Service description. Skilled nursing services shall be provided for individuals with serious medical conditions and complex health care needs who require specific skilled nursing services that cannot be provided by non-nursing personnel. Skilled nursing may be provided in the home or other community setting. It may include consultation and training for other providers.

B. Criteria. In order to qualify for these services, the individual must have demonstrated complex health care needs that require specific skilled nursing services ordered by a physician and that cannot be otherwise accessed under the Title XIX State Plan for Medical Assistance. The individual's plan of care must stipulate that this service is necessary in order to prevent institutionalization and is not available under the State Plan for Medical Assistance.

C. Service units and service limitations. Skilled nursing services to be rendered by either registered or licensed practical nurses are provided in 15-minute units. Services must be explicitly detailed in the CSP and must be specifically ordered by a physician.

D. Provider requirements. Skilled nursing services shall be provided by a DMAS-enrolled home care organization provider or a home health provider, or licensed registered nurse or a licensed practical nurse under the supervision of a licensed registered nurse who is contracted or employed by a DBHDS licensed day support, respite, or residential provider. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based waiver participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, in order to be enrolled as a skilled nursing provider, the provider must:

1. If a home health agency, be certified by the VDH for Medicaid participation and have a current DMAS provider participation agreement for private duty nursing;

2. Demonstrate a prior successful health care delivery business or practice;

3. Operate from a business office; and

4. If community services boards or behavioral health authority employ or subcontract with and directly supervise a registered nurse (RN) or a licensed practical nurse (LPN) with a current and valid license issued by the Virginia State Board of Nursing, the RN or LPN must have at least two years of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, or nursing home.

A. Skilled nursing services.

1. Service description. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1031 A 1.

2. Services criteria. The criteria shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1031 A 2.

3. Allowable activities. Allowable activities shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1031 A 3.

4. Skilled nursing services units and limits. Service units and limits shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1031 A 4.

5. Skilled nursing services provider requirements. Provider requirements shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1031 A 5.

B. Private duty nursing services.

1. Service description. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1031 B 1.

2. Private duty nursing services criteria. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1031 B 2.

3. Private duty nursing services allowable activities. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1031 B 3.

4. Private duty nursing services service units and limits. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1031 B 4.

5. Private duty nursing services provider requirements. Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1031 B 5.

12VAC30-120-761

12VAC30-120-761. [Reserved] Community engagement; community coaching; community guide.

A. Community engagement.

1. Service description. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 A 1.

2. Community engagement criteria. Criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 A 2.

3. Community engagement allowable activities. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 A 3.

4. Community engagement service units and service limits. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 A 4.

5. Community engagement provider requirements. Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 A 5 and 12VAC30-120-1065 A.

B. Community coaching.

1. Service description. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 B 1.

2. Criteria. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 B 2.

3. Allowable activities. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 B 3.

4. Service units and service limits. The service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 B 4.

5. Provider requirements. The provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 B 5 and 12VAC30-120-1065 B.

C. Community guide. (Reserved.)

12VAC30-120-762

12VAC30-120-762. Assistive technology (AT).

A. Service description. Assistive technology (AT) is available to recipients who are receiving at least one other waiver service and may be provided in a residential or nonresidential setting. AT is the specialized medical equipment and supplies, including those devices, controls, or appliances, specified in the plan of care, but not available under the State Plan for Medical Assistance, that enable individuals to increase their abilities to perform activities of daily living, or to perceive, control, or communicate with the environment in which they live. This service also includes items necessary for life support, ancillary supplies, and equipment necessary to the proper functioning of such items. The service description is the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1021 A.

B. Criteria. In order to qualify for these services, the individual must have a demonstrated need for equipment or modification for remedial or direct medical benefit primarily in an individual's primary home, primary vehicle used by the individual, community activity setting, or day program to specifically serve to improve the individual's personal functioning. This shall encompass those items not otherwise covered under the State Plan for Medical Assistance. Assistive technology shall be covered in the least expensive, most cost-effective manner. For enrollees in the Elderly or Disabled with Consumer Direction (EDCD) waiver (12VAC30-120-900 through 12VAC30-120-980), assistive technology services shall be available only to those EDCD enrollees who are also enrolled in the Money Follows the Person demonstration. The criteria are the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1021 A 1.

C. Service units and service limitations. AT is available to individuals receiving at least one other waiver service and may be provided in the individual's home or community setting. A maximum limit of $5,000 may be reimbursed per plan of care year or the calendar year, as appropriate to the waiver in which the individual is enrolled or calendar year, as appropriate to the waiver being received. Costs for assistive technology cannot be carried over from year to year and must be preauthorized each plan of care year. AT will not be approved for purposes of convenience of the caregiver/provider or restraint of the individual. Service units and limitations are the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1021 A 2.

An independent, professional consultation must be obtained from qualified professionals who are knowledgeable of that item for each AT request prior to approval by the prior authorization agent, and may include training on such AT by the qualified professional. All AT must be authorized by the service authorization agent prior to billing. Also excluded are modifications that are reasonable accommodation requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Virginians with Disabilities Act, and the Rehabilitation Act.

D. Provider Service requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based care participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-160, 12VAC30-120-730, 12VAC30-120-740, and 12VAC30-120-930, AT shall be provided by providers having a current provider participation agreement with DMAS as durable medical equipment and supply providers. Independent, professional consultants include speech/language therapists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, physicians, behavioral therapists, certified rehabilitation specialists, or rehabilitation engineers. Service requirements are the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1021 A 3.

Providers that supply AT for an individual may not perform assessment/consultation, write specifications, or inspect the AT for that individual. Providers of services may not be spouses or parents of the individual.

AT must be delivered within the plan of care year, or within a year from the start date of the authorization, as appropriate to the waiver, in which the individual is enrolled.

E. Provider requirements. Provider requirements are the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1021 A 4 and 12VAC30-120-1061 A and B.

12VAC30-120-764

12VAC30-120-764. Crisis stabilization services support services (such as prevention, intervention, stabilization); center-based crisis supports; community-based crisis supports.

A. Service description. Crisis stabilization services involve direct interventions that provide temporary, intensive services and supports that avert emergency, psychiatric hospitalization or institutional placement of individuals who are experiencing serious psychiatric or behavioral problems that jeopardize their current community living situation. Crisis stabilization services shall include, as appropriate, neuropsychological, psychiatric, psychological and other functional assessments and stabilization techniques, medication management and monitoring, behavior assessment and support, and intensive care coordination with other agencies and providers. This service is designed to stabilize the individual and strengthen the current living situation so that the individual remains in the community during and beyond the crisis period.

These services shall be provided to:

1. Assist planning and delivery of services and supports to enable the individual to remain in the community;

2. Train family members, other care givers, and service providers in supports to maintain the individual in the community; and

3. Provide temporary crisis supervision to ensure the safety of the individual and others.

B. Criteria.

1. In order to receive crisis stabilization services, the individual must meet at least one of the following criteria:

a. The individual is experiencing marked reduction in psychiatric, adaptive, or behavioral functioning;

b. The individual is experiencing extreme increase in emotional distress;

c. The individual needs continuous intervention to maintain stability; or

d. The individual is causing harm to self or others.

2. The individual must be at risk of at least one of the following:

a. Psychiatric hospitalization;

b. Emergency ICF/IID placement;

c. Disruption of community status (living arrangement, day placement, or school); or

d. Causing harm to self or others.

C. Service units and service limitations. Crisis stabilization services must be authorized following a documented face-to-face assessment conducted by a qualified developmental disabilities professional (QDDP).

1. The unit for each component of the service is one hour. Each service may be authorized in 15-day increments, but no more than 60 calendar days in a plan of care year may be used. The actual service units per episode shall be based on the documented clinical needs of the individuals being served. Extension of services beyond the 15-day limit per authorization must be authorized following a documented face-to-face reassessment conducted by a qualified professional as described in subsection D of this section.

2. Crisis stabilization services may be provided directly in the following settings (the following examples are not exclusive):

a. The home of an individual who lives with family or other primary caregiver or caregivers;

b. The home of an individual who lives independently or semi-independently to augment any current services and support;

c. A day program or setting to augment current services and supports; or

d. A respite care setting to augment current services and supports.

3. Crisis supervision may be provided as a component of this service only if clinical or behavioral interventions allowed under this service are also provided during the authorized period. Crisis supervision must be provided one-on-one and face-to-face with the individual. Crisis supervision, if provided as a part of this service, shall be billed separately in hourly service units.

4. Crisis stabilization services shall not be used for continuous long-term care. Room and board and general supervision are not components of this service.

5. If appropriate, the assessment and any reassessments shall be conducted jointly with a licensed mental health professional or other appropriate professional or professionals.

D. Provider requirements. In addition to the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based waiver services participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, the following crisis stabilization provider requirements apply:

1. Crisis stabilization services shall be provided by entities licensed by DBHDS as a provider of outpatient, residential, supportive in-home services, or day support services. The provider must employ or utilize qualified licensed mental health professionals or other qualified personnel competent to provide crisis stabilization and related activities for individuals with related conditions who require crisis stabilization services. Supervision of direct service staff must be provided by a QDDP. Crisis supervision providers must be licensed by DBHDS as providers of residential services, supportive in-home services, or day support services.

2. Crisis stabilization supporting documentation must be developed (or revised, in the case of a request for an extension) and submitted to the case manager for authorization within 72 hours of the face-to-face assessment or reassessment.

3. Documentation indicating the dates and times of crisis stabilization services, the amount and type of service provided, and specific information about the individual's response to the services and supports as agreed to in the supporting documentation must be recorded in the individual's record.

4. Documentation of provider qualifications must be maintained for review by DMAS staff. This service shall be designed to stabilize the individual and strengthen the current semi-independent living situation, or situation with family or other primary care givers, so the individual can be maintained during and beyond the crisis period.

A. Service description.

1. Crisis support services. The service definition shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 A 1.

a. Crisis prevention. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 A 1 a.

b. Crisis intervention. The service definition shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120 A 1 b.

c. Crisis stabilization. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 A 1 c.

2. Center-based crisis supports. The service definition shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 A 2.

3. Community-based crisis supports. The service definition shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 A 3.

B. Criteria.

1. Crisis support services. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 B 1.

2. Center-based crisis supports. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 B 2.

3. Community-based crisis supports. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 B 3.

C. Allowable activities.

1. Crisis support services. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 C 1 and C 2.

2. Center-based crisis supports. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 C 3.

3. Community-based crisis supports. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 C 4.

D. Service units and service limitations.

1. Crisis support services. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 D 1.

2. Center-based crisis supports. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 D 2.

3. Community-based crisis supports. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 D 3.

E. Provider requirements. Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 E and 12VAC30-120-1063.

12VAC30-120-766

12VAC30-120-766. Personal care and respite care assistance, services, and companion services.

A. Service description. Services may be provided either through an agency-directed or consumer-directed model.

1. Personal care services means services offered to individuals in their homes and communities to enable an individual to maintain the health status and functional skills necessary to live in the community or participate in community activities. Personal care services substitute for the absence, loss, diminution, or impairment of a physical, behavioral, or cognitive function. This service shall provide care to individuals with activities of daily living (eating, drinking, personal hygiene, toileting, transferring and bowel/bladder control), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), access to the community, monitoring of self-medication or other medical needs, and the monitoring of health status or physical condition. In order to receive personal care services, the individual must require assistance with their ADLs.

When specified in the plan of care, personal care services may include assistance with IADL. Assistance with IADL must be essential to the health and welfare of the individual, rather than the individual's family/caregiver.

An additional component to personal care is work or school-related personal care. This allows the personal care provider to provide assistance and supports for individuals in the workplace and for those individuals attending postsecondary educational institutions. Workplace or school supports through the IFDDS Waiver are not provided if they are services that should be provided by DARS, under IDEA, or if they are an employer's responsibility under the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Virginians with Disabilities Act, or § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Work-related personal care services cannot duplicate services provided under supported employment.

2. Respite care means services provided for unpaid caregivers of eligible individuals who are unable to care for themselves that are provided on an episodic or routine basis because of the absence of or need for relief of those unpaid persons who routinely provide the care.

A. Personal assistance services.

1. Service description. The service description for personal assistance services shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1029 B.

2. Criteria. The criteria for personal assistance services shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1029 C.

3. Allowable activities. Allowable activities for personal assistance services are the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1029 C 3.

4. Service units and service limitations. Service units and service limitations for personal assistance are the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1029 D.

5. Provider requirements. Provider requirements for personal assistance are the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1029 E and 12VAC30-120-1059.

B. Criteria. Respite services.

1. In order to qualify for personal care services, the individual must demonstrate a need in activities of daily living, reminders to take medication, or other medical needs, or monitoring health status or physical condition. Service description. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1032 B.

2. In order to qualify for respite care, individuals must have an unpaid primary caregiver who requires temporary relief to avoid institutionalization of the individual. The criteria for respite services shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1032 C.

3. Individuals choosing the consumer-directed option must receive support from a CD services facilitator and meet requirements for consumer direction as described in 12VAC30-120-770. Allowable activities for respite services shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1032 D.

4. Service units and service limitations. Service units and service limitations for respite services shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1032 E.

5. Provider requirements for respite services shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1032 F and 12VAC30-120-1059.

C. Service units and service limitations.

1. The unit of service is one hour.

2. Effective July 1, 2011, respite care services are limited to a maximum of 480 hours per year. Individuals who are receiving services through both the agency-directed and consumer-directed models cannot exceed 480 hours per year combined.

3. Individuals may have personal care, respite care, and in-home residential support services in their plan of care but cannot receive in-home residential supports and personal care or respite care services at the same time.

4. Each individual receiving personal care services must have a back-up plan in case the personal care aide or consumer-directed (CD) employee does not show up for work as expected or terminates employment without prior notice.

5. Individuals must need assistance with ADLs in order to receive IADL care through personal care services.

6. Individuals shall be permitted to share personal care service hours with one other individual (receiving waiver services) who lives in the same home.

7. This service does not include skilled nursing services with the exception of skilled nursing tasks that may be delegated in accordance with 18VAC90-20-420 through 18VAC90-20-460.

D. Provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based care participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, personal and respite care providers must meet the following provider requirements:

1. Services shall be provided by:

a. For the agency-directed model, a DMAS enrolled personal care/respite care provider or by a DBHDS-licensed residential supportive in-home provider. All personal care aides must pass an objective standardized test of knowledge, skills, and abilities approved by DBHDS and administered according to DBHDS' defined procedures. Providers must demonstrate a prior successful health care delivery business and operate from a business office.

b. For the consumer-directed model, a service facilitation provider meeting the requirements found in 12VAC30-120-770.

2. For DBHDS-licensed providers, a residential supervisor shall provide ongoing supervision for all personal care aides

For DMAS-enrolled personal care/respite care providers, the provider must employ or subcontract with and directly supervise an RN who will provide ongoing supervision of all aides. The supervising RN must be currently licensed to practice in the Commonwealth and have at least two years of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/IID, or nursing facility.

3.The RN supervisor or case manager/services facilitator must make a home visit to conduct an initial assessment prior to the start of care for all individuals requesting services. The RN supervisor or case manager/service facilitator must also perform any subsequent reassessments or changes to the supporting documentation. Under the consumer-directed model, the initial comprehensive visit is done only once upon the individual's entry into the service. If an individual served under the waiver changes CD services facilitation agencies, the new CD services facilitation provider must bill for a reassessment in lieu of a comprehensive visit.

4. The RN supervisor or case manager/services facilitator must make supervisory visits as often as needed to ensure both quality and appropriateness of services.

a. For personal care the minimum frequency of these visits is every 30 to 90 calendar days depending on individual needs. For respite care offered on a routine basis, the minimum frequency of these visits is every 30 to 90 calendar days under the agency-directed model and every six months or upon the use of 240 respite care hours (whichever comes first) under the consumer-directed model.

b. Under the agency-directed model, when respite care services are not received on a routine basis, but are episodic in nature, the RN is not required to conduct a supervisory visit every 30 to 90 calendar days. Instead, the RN supervisor must conduct the initial home visit with the respite care aide immediately preceding the start of care and make a second home visit within the respite care period.

c. When respite care services are routine in nature and offered in conjunction with personal care, the 30-day to 90-day supervisory visit conducted for personal care may serve as the RN supervisor or case manager/service facilitator visit for respite care. However, the RN supervisor or case manager/services facilitator must document supervision of respite care separately. For this purpose, the same record can be used with a separate section for respite care documentation.

5. Under the agency-directed model, the supervisor shall identify any gaps in the aide's ability to provide services as identified in the individual's plan of care and provide training as indicated based on continuing evaluations of the aide's performance and the individual's needs.

6. The supervising RN or case manager/services facilitator must maintain current documentation. This may be done as a summary and must note:

a. Whether personal and respite care services continue to be appropriate;

b. Whether the supporting documentation is adequate to meet the individual's needs or if changes are indicated in the supporting documentation;

c. Any special tasks performed by the aide/CD employee and the aide's/CD employee's qualifications to perform these tasks;

d. Individual's satisfaction with the service;

e. Any hospitalization or change in the individual's medical condition or functioning status;

f. Other services received and their amount; and

g. The presence or absence of the aide in the home during the RN's visit.

7. Qualification of aides/CD employees. Each aide/CD employee must:

a. Be 18 years of age or older and possess a valid social security number;

b. For the agency-directed model, be able to read and write English to the degree necessary to perform the tasks required. For the consumer-directed model, possess basic math, reading and writing skills;

c. Have the required skills to perform services as specified in the individual's plan of care;

d. Not be the parents of individuals who are minors, or the individual's spouse. Payment will not be made for services furnished by other family members living under the same roof as the individual receiving services unless there is objective written documentation as to why there are no other providers available to provide the care. Family members who are approved to be reimbursed for providing this service must meet the qualifications. In addition, under the consumer-directed model, family/caregivers acting as the employer on behalf of the individual may not also be the CD employee;

e. Additional aide requirements under the agency-directed model:

(1) Complete an appropriate aide training curriculum consistent with DMAS standards. Prior to assigning an aide to an individual, the provider must ensure that the aide has satisfactorily completed a training program consistent with DMAS standards. DMAS requirements may be met in any of the following ways:

(a) Registration as a certified nurse aide (DMAS-enrolled personal care/respite care providers);

(b) Graduation from an approved educational curriculum that offers certificates qualifying the student as a nursing assistant, geriatric assistant or home health aide (DMAS-enrolled personal care/respite care providers);

(c) Completion of provider-offered training that is consistent with the basic course outline approved by DMAS (DMAS-enrolled personal care/respite care providers);

(d) Completion and passing of the DBHDS standardized test (DBHDS-licensed providers);

(2) Have a satisfactory work record as evidenced by two references from prior job experiences, including no evidence of possible abuse, neglect, or exploitation of aged or incapacitated adults or children; and

(3) Be evaluated in his job performance by the supervisor.

f. Additional CD employee requirements under the consumer-directed model:

(1) Submit to a criminal records check and, if the individual is a minor, the child protective services registry. The employee will not be compensated for services provided to the individual if the records check verifies the employee has been convicted of crimes described in § 37.2-314 of the Code of Virginia or if the employee has a complaint confirmed by the DSS child protective services registry;

(2) Be willing to attend training at the request of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate;

(3) Understand and agree to comply with the DMAS consumer-directed services requirements; and

(4) Receive an annual TB screening.

8. Provider inability to render services and substitution of aides (agency-directed model). When an aide is absent, the provider may either obtain another aide, obtain a substitute aide from another provider if the lapse in coverage is to be less than two weeks in duration, or transfer the individual's services to another provider.

9. Retention, hiring, and substitution of employees (consumer-directed model). Upon the individual's request, the CD services facilitator shall provide the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, with a list of consumer-directed employees on the consumer-directed employee registry that may provide temporary assistance until the employee returns or the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, is able to select and hire a new employee. If an individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, is consistently unable to hire and retain an employee to provide consumer-directed services, the services facilitator must contact the case manager and DBHDS to transfer the individual, at the choice of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, to a provider that provides Medicaid-funded agency-directed personal care or respite care services. The CD services facilitator will make arrangements with the case manager to have the individual transferred.

10. Required documentation in individuals' records. The provider must maintain all records of each individual receiving services. Under the agency-directed model, these records must be separated from those of other nonwaiver services, such as home health services. At a minimum these records must contain:

a. The most recently updated plan of care and supporting documentation, all provider documentation, and all DMAS-225 forms;

b. Initial assessment by the RN supervisory nurse or case manager/services facilitator completed prior to or on the date services are initiated, subsequent reassessments, and changes to the supporting documentation by the RN supervisory nurse or case manager/services facilitator;

c. Nurses' or case manager/services facilitator summarizing notes recorded and dated during any contacts with the aide or CD employee and during supervisory visits to the individual's home;

d. All correspondence to the individual, to DBHDS, and to DMAS;

e. Contacts made with family, physicians, DBHDS, DMAS, formal and informal service providers, and all professionals concerning the individual;

f. Under the agency-directed model, all aide records. The aide record must contain:

(1) The specific services delivered to the individual by the aide and the individual's responses;

(2) The aide's arrival and departure times;

(3) The aide's weekly comments or observations about the individual to include observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition, daily activities, and responses to services rendered;

(4) The aide's and individual's weekly signatures to verify that services during that week have been rendered;

(5) Signatures, times, and dates; these signatures, times, and dates shall not be placed on the aide record prior to the last date of the week that the services are delivered; and

(6) Copies of all aide records; these records shall be subject to review by state and federal Medicaid representatives.

g. Additional documentation requirements under the consumer-directed model:

(1) All management training provided to the individuals or their family caregivers, as appropriate, including responsibility for the accuracy of the timesheets.

(2) All documents signed by the individual or his family/caregivers, as appropriate, that acknowledge the responsibilities of the services.

C. Companion services.

1. Service description. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1023 A.

2. Criteria. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1023 B.

3. Service units and service limitations. The service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1023 C.

4. Provider requirements. The provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1023 D and 12VAC30-120-1059.

12VAC30-120-770

12VAC30-120-770. Consumer-directed model of service delivery. 

A. Criteria.

1. The IFDDS FIS Waiver has three services, companion, personal care, and respite services, that may be provided through a consumer-directed model.

2. Individuals who are eligible for consumer-directed services must have the capability to hire, train, and fire their consumer-directed employees and supervise the employee's work performance. If an individual is unable to direct his own care or is younger than 18 years of age, a family/caregiver may serve as the employer on behalf of the individual.

3. Responsibilities as employer. The individual, or if the individual is unable, then a family/caregiver, is the employer in this service and is responsible for hiring, training, supervising, and firing employees. Specific duties include checking references of employees, determining that employees meet basic qualifications, training employees, supervising the employees' performance, and submitting timesheets to the fiscal agent on a consistent and timely basis. The individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, must have an emergency back-up plan in case the employee does not show up for work.

4. DMAS shall contract for the services of a fiscal agent for consumer-directed personal care, companion, and respite care services. The fiscal agent will be paid by DMAS to perform certain tasks as an agent for the individual/employer who is receiving consumer-directed services. The fiscal agent will handle responsibilities for the individual for employment taxes. The fiscal agent will seek and obtain all necessary authorizations and approvals of the Internal Revenue Services in order to fulfill all of these duties.

5. Individuals choosing consumer-directed services must receive support from a CD services facilitator. Services facilitators assist the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, as they become employers for consumer-directed services. This function includes providing the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, with management training, review and explanation of the Employee Management Manual, and routine visits to monitor the employment process. The CD services facilitator assists the individual/employer with employer issues as they arise. The services facilitator meeting the stated qualifications may also complete the assessments, reassessments, and related supporting documentation necessary for consumer-directed services if the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, chooses for the CD services facilitator to perform these tasks rather than the case manager. Services facilitation services are provided on an as-needed basis as determined by the individual, family/caregiver, and CD services facilitator. This must be documented in the supporting documentation for consumer-directed services and the services facilitation provider bills accordingly. If an individual enrolled in consumer-directed services has a lapse in consumer-directed services for more than 60 consecutive calendar days, the case manager shall notify DBHDS so that consumer-directed services may be discontinued and the option given to change to agency-directed services.

B. Provider qualifications. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based care participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, services facilitators providers must meet the following qualifications:

1. To be enrolled as a Medicaid CD services facilitation provider and maintain provider status, the CD services facilitation provider must operate from a business office and have sufficient qualified staff who will function as CD services facilitators to perform the service facilitation and support activities as required. It is preferred that the employee of the CD services facilitation provider possess a minimum of an undergraduate degree in a human services field or be a registered nurse currently licensed to practice in the Commonwealth. In addition, it is preferable that the CD services facilitator has two years of satisfactory experience in the human services field working with individuals with related conditions.

2. The CD services facilitator must possess a combination of work experience and relevant education that indicates possession of the following knowledge, skills, and abilities. Such knowledge, skills, and abilities must be documented on the application form, found in supporting documentation, or be observed during the job interview. Observations during the interview must be documented. The knowledge, skills, and abilities include:

a. Knowledge of:

(1) Various long-term care program requirements, including nursing home, ICF/IID, and assisted living facility placement criteria, Medicaid waiver services, and other federal, state, and local resources that provide personal care services;

(2) DMAS consumer-directed services requirements, and the administrative duties for which the individual will be responsible;

(3) Interviewing techniques;

(4) The individual's right to make decisions about, direct the provisions of, and control his consumer-directed services, including hiring, training, managing, approving time sheets, and firing an employee;

(5) The principles of human behavior and interpersonal relationships; and

(6) General principles of record documentation.

(7) For CD services facilitators who also conduct assessments and reassessments, the following is also required. Knowledge of:

(a) Types of functional limitations and health problems that are common to different disability types and the aging process as well as strategies to reduce limitations and health problems;

(b) Physical assistance typically required by people with developmental disabilities, such as transferring, bathing techniques, bowel and bladder care, and the approximate time those activities normally take;

(c) Equipment and environmental modifications commonly used and required by people with developmental disabilities that reduces the need for human help and improves safety; and

(d) Conducting assessments (including environmental, psychosocial, health, and functional factors) and their uses in care planning.

b. Skills in:

(1) Negotiating with individuals or their family/caregivers, as appropriate, and service providers;

(2) Observing, recording, and reporting behaviors;

(3) Identifying, developing, or providing services to persons with developmental disabilities; and

(4) Identifying services within the established services system to meet the individual's needs.

c. Abilities to:

(1) Report findings of the assessment or onsite visit, either in writing or an alternative format for persons who have visual impairments;

(2) Demonstrate a positive regard for individuals and their families;

(3) Be persistent and remain objective;

(4) Work independently, performing position duties under general supervision;

(5) Communicate effectively, orally and in writing;

(6) Develop a rapport and communicate with different types of persons from diverse cultural backgrounds; and

(7) Interview.

3. If the CD services facilitator is not an RN, the CD services facilitator must inform the primary health care provider that services are being provided and request skilled nursing or other consultation as needed.

4. Initiation of services and service monitoring.

a. If the services facilitator has responsibility for individual assessments and reassessments, these must be conducted as specified in 12VAC30-120-766 and 12VAC30-120-776.

b. Management training.

(1) The CD services facilitation provider must make an initial visit with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, to provide management training. The initial management training is done only once upon the individual's entry into the service. If an individual served under the waiver changes CD services facilitation providers, the new CD services facilitator must bill for a regular management training in lieu of initial management training.

(2) After the initial visit, two routine visits must occur within 60 days of the initiation of care or the initial visit to monitor the employment process.

(3) For personal care services, the CD services facilitation provider will continue to monitor on an as needed basis, not to exceed a maximum of one routine visit every 30 calendar days but no less than the minimum of one routine visit every 90 calendar days per individual. After the initial visit, the CD services facilitator will periodically review the utilization of companion services at a minimum of every six months and for respite services, either every six months or upon the use of 300 respite care hours, whichever comes first.

5. The CD services facilitator must be available to the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, by telephone during normal business hours, have voice mail capability, and return phone calls within 24 hours or have an approved back-up CD services facilitator.

6. The CD services fiscal contractor for DMAS must submit a criminal record check within 15 calendar days of employment pertaining to the consumer-directed employees on behalf of the individual or family/caregiver and report findings of the criminal record check to the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate.

7. The CD services facilitator shall verify bi-weekly timesheets signed by the individual or his family caregiver, as appropriate, and the employee to ensure that the number of plan of care approved hours are not exceeded. If discrepancies are identified, the CD services facilitator must contact the individual to resolve discrepancies and must notify the fiscal agent. If an individual is consistently being identified as having discrepancies in his timesheets, the CD services facilitator must contact the case manager to resolve the situation.

8. Consumer-directed employee registry. The CD services facilitator must maintain a consumer-directed employee registry, updated on an ongoing basis.

9. Required documentation in individuals' records. CD services facilitators responsible for individual assessment and reassessment must maintain records as described in 12VAC30-120-766 and 12VAC30-120-776. For CD services facilitators conducting management training, the following documentation is required in the individual's record:

a. All copies of the plan of care, all supporting documentation related to consumer-directed services, and all DMAS-225 forms.

b. CD services facilitator's notes recorded and dated at the time of service delivery.

c. All correspondence to the individual, to others concerning the individual, and to DMAS and DBHDS.

d. All training provided to the consumer-directed employees on behalf of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate.

e. All management training provided to the individuals or his family/caregivers, as appropriate, including the responsibility for the accuracy of the timesheets.

f. All documents signed by the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, that acknowledge the responsibilities of the services.

12VAC30-120-773

12VAC30-120-773. [Reserved] Electronic-based home supports (EBHS).

A. Service description. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 A 1.

B. Criteria. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 A 2.

C. Service limits and service limitations. The service limits and units shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 A 3.

D. Provider requirements. The provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 A 4.

12VAC30-120-774

12VAC30-120-774. Personal emergency response system (PERS).

A. Service description. PERS is a service that monitors individual safety in the home and provides access to emergency assistance for medical or environmental emergencies through the provision of a two-way voice communication system that dials a 24-hour response or monitoring center upon activation and via the individual's home telephone line. PERS may also include medication monitoring devices. The service description shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1030 A 1.

B. Criteria. PERS may be authorized when there is no one else is in the home who is competent or continuously available to call for help in an emergency. The criteria shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1030 A 2.

C. Service units and service limitations. Service units and limits shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1030 A 3.

1. A unit of service shall include administrative costs, time, labor, and supplies associated with the installation, maintenance, monitoring, and adjustments of the PERS. A unit of service is one-month rental price set by DMAS. The one-time installation of the unit includes installation, account activation, individual and caregiver instruction, and removal of PERS equipment.

2. PERS services must be capable of being activated by a remote wireless device and be connected to the individual's telephone line. The PERS console unit must provide hands-free voice-to-voice communication with the response center. The activating device must be waterproof, automatically transmit to the response center an activator low battery alert signal prior to the battery losing power, and be able to be worn by the individual.

3. PERS cannot be used as a substitute for providing adequate supervision of the individual.

D. Provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based care participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, providers must also meet the following requirements: Provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1030 A 4 and 12VAC30-120-1560 P.

1. A PERS provider is a certified home health or personal care agency, a durable medical equipment provider, a hospital, or a PERS manufacturer that has the ability to provide PERS equipment, direct services (i.e., installation, equipment maintenance, and service calls), and PERS monitoring.

2. The PERS provider must provide an emergency response center staff with fully trained operators who are capable of receiving signals for help from an individual's PERS equipment 24 hours a day, 365, or 366 as appropriate, days per year; of determining whether an emergency exists; and of notifying an emergency response organization or an emergency responder that the PERS individual needs emergency help.

3. A PERS provider must comply with all applicable Virginia statutes, all applicable regulations of DMAS, and all other governmental agencies having jurisdiction over the services to be performed.

4. The PERS provider has the primary responsibility to furnish, install, maintain, test, and service the PERS equipment, as required to keep it fully operational. The provider shall replace or repair the PERS device within 24 hours of the individual's notification of a malfunction of the console unit, activating devices, or medication-monitoring unit while the original equipment is being repaired.

5. The PERS provider must properly install all PERS equipment into the functioning telephone line of an individual receiving PERS and must furnish all supplies necessary to ensure that the system is installed and working properly.

6. The PERS installation includes local seize line circuitry, which guarantees that the unit will have priority over the telephone connected to the console unit should the phone be off the hook or in use when the unit is activated.

7. A PERS provider must maintain all installed PERS equipment in proper working order.

8. A PERS provider must maintain a data record for each individual receiving PERS at no additional cost to DMAS. The record must document all of the following:

a. Delivery date and installation date of the PERS;

b. The signature of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, verifying receipt of PERS device;

c. Verification by a test that the PERS device is operational, monthly or more frequently as needed;

d. Updated and current individual responder and contact information, as provided by the individual or the individual's care provider, or case manager; and

e. A case log documenting the individual's utilization of the system and contacts and communications with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, case manager, or responder.

9. The PERS provider must have back-up monitoring capacity in case the primary system cannot handle incoming emergency signals.

10. Standards for PERS equipment. All PERS equipment must be approved by the Federal Communications Commission and meet the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. (UL) safety standard Number 1635 for Digital Alarm Communicator System Units and Number 1637, which is the UL safety standard for home health care signaling equipment. The UL listing mark on the equipment will be accepted as evidence of the equipment's compliance with such standard. The PERS device must be automatically reset by the response center after each activation ensuring that subsequent signals can be transmitted without requiring manual reset by the individual.

11. A PERS provider must furnish education, data, and ongoing assistance to DBHDS and case managers to familiarize staff with the service, allow for ongoing evaluation and refinement of the program, and must instruct the individual, his family/caregiver, as appropriate, and responders in the use of the PERS service.

12. The emergency response activator must be activated either by breath, by touch, or by some other means, and must be usable by persons who have visual or hearing impairments or physical disabilities. The emergency response communicator must be capable of operating without external power during a power failure at the individual's home for a minimum period of 24 hours and automatically transmit a low battery alert signal to the response center if the back-up battery is low. The emergency response console unit must also be able to self-disconnect and redial the back-up monitoring site without the individual resetting the system in the event it cannot get its signal accepted at the response center.

13. Monitoring agencies must be capable of continuously monitoring and responding to emergencies under all conditions, including power failures and mechanical malfunctions. It is the PERS provider's responsibility to ensure that the monitoring agency and the agency's equipment meets the following requirements. The monitoring agency must be capable of simultaneously responding to multiple signals for help from multiple individuals' PERS equipment. The monitoring agency's equipment must include the following:

a. A primary receiver and a back-up receiver, which must be independent and interchangeable;

b. A back-up information retrieval system;

c. A clock printer, which must print out the time and date of the emergency signal, the PERS individual's identification code, and the emergency code that indicates whether the signal is active, passive, or a responder test;

d. A back-up power supply;

e. A separate telephone service;

f. A toll free number to be used by the PERS equipment in order to contact the primary or back-up response center; and

g. A telephone line monitor, which must give visual and audible signals when the incoming telephone line is disconnected for more than 10 seconds.

14. The monitoring agency must maintain detailed technical and operations manuals that describe PERS elements, including the installation, functioning, and testing of PERS equipment; emergency response protocols; and recordkeeping and reporting procedures.

15. The PERS provider shall document and furnish within 30 calendar days of the action taken a written report to the case manager for each emergency signal that results in action being taken on behalf of the individual. This excludes test signals or activations made in error.

16. The PERS provider is prohibited from performing any type of direct marketing activities.

12VAC30-120-775

12VAC30-120-775. [Reserved] Transition services.

Transition services shall be consistent with the requirements and limits set out in 12VAC30-120-1038, 12VAC30-120-2000, and 12VAC30-120-2010.

12VAC30-120-776

12VAC30-120-776. Companion services. (Repealed.)

A. Service description. Companion services is a covered service when its purpose is to supervise or monitor those individuals who require the physical presence of an aide to ensure their safety during times when no other supportive people are available. This service may be provided either through an agency-directed or a consumer-directed model.

B. Criteria.

1. The inclusion of companion services in the plan of care is appropriate only when the individual cannot be left alone at any time due to mental or severe physical incapacitation. This includes individuals who cannot use a phone to call for help due to a physical or neurological disability. Individuals may receive companion services due to their inability to call for help if PERS is not appropriate for them.

2. Individuals having a current, uncontrolled medical condition making them unable to call for help during a rapid deterioration may be approved for companion services if there is documentation that the individual has had recurring attacks during the two-month period prior to the authorization of companion services. Companion services shall not be covered if required only because the individual does not have a telephone in the home or because the individual does not speak English.

3. There must be a clear and present danger to the individual as a result of being left unsupervised. Companion services cannot be authorized for individuals whose only need for companion services is for assistance exiting the home in the event of an emergency.

4. Individuals choosing the consumer-directed option must receive support from a CD services facilitator and meet requirements for consumer direction as described in 12VAC30-120-770.

C. Service units and service limitations.

1. The amount of companion service time included in the plan of care must be no more than is necessary to prevent the physical deterioration or injury to the individual. In no event may the amount of time relegated solely to companion service on the plan of care exceed eight hours per day.

2. A companion cannot provide supervision to individuals on ventilators, requiring continuous tube feedings, or requiring suctioning of their airways.

3. Companion services will be authorized for family members to sleep either during the day or during the night when the individual cannot be left alone at any time due to the individual's severe agitation or physically wandering behavior. Companion services must be necessary to ensure the individual's safety if the individual cannot be left unsupervised due to health and safety concerns.

4. Companion services may be authorized when no one else is in the home is competent to call for help in an emergency.

D. Provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based care participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-730 and 12VAC30-120-740, companion service providers must meet the following requirements:

1. Companion services providers shall include:

a. For the agency-directed model: companion providers include DBHDS-licensed residential services providers; DBHDS-licensed supportive, in-home residential service providers; DBHDS-licensed day support service providers; DBHDS-licensed respite service providers; and DMAS-enrolled personal care/respite care providers.

b. For the consumer-directed model: a services facilitator must meet the requirements found in 12VAC30-120-770.

2. Companion qualifications. Companions must meet the following requirements:

a. Be at least 18 years of age;

b. Possess basic math skills and English reading and writing skills, to the degree necessary to perform the tasks required;

c. Be capable of following a plan of care with minimal supervision;

d. Submit to a criminal history record check and if providing services to a minor, submit to a record check under the State's Child Protective Services Registry. The companion will not be compensated for services provided to the individual if the records check verifies the companion has been convicted of crimes described in § 37.2-416 of the Code of Virginia;

e. Possess a valid social security number; and

f. Have the required skills to perform services as specified in the individual's plan of care.

g. Additional CD employee requirements under the consumer-directed model:

(1) Be willing to attend training at the request of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate;

(2) Understand and agree to comply with the DMAS consumer-directed services requirements; and

(3) Receive an annual TB screening.

3. Companions may not be the individual's spouse. Other family members living under the same roof as the individual being served may not provide companion services unless there is objective, written documentation as to why there are no other providers available to provide the services. Companion services shall not be provided by adult foster care/family care providers or any other paid caregivers.

4. Family members who are reimbursed to provide companion services must meet the companion qualifications.

5. For the agency-directed model, companions are employees of entities that enroll with DMAS to provide companion services. Providers are required to have a companion services supervisor to monitor companion services. The supervisor must be an LPN, or an RN, have a current license or certification to practice in the Commonwealth, and have at least one year of experience working with individuals with related conditions; or must have a bachelor's degree in a human services field and at least one year of experience working with individuals with related conditions.

6. Retention, hiring, and substitution of companions (consumer-directed model). Upon the individual's request, the CD services facilitator shall provide the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, with a list of potential consumer-directed employees on the consumer-directed employee registry that may provide temporary assistance until the companion returns or the individual or his family/caregiver as, appropriate, is able to select and hire a new companion. If an individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, is consistently unable to hire and retain a companion to provide consumer-directed services, the CD services facilitator must contact the case manager and DBHDS to transfer the individual, at the choice of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, to a provider that provides Medicaid-funded agency-directed companion services. The CD services facilitator will make arrangements with the case manager to have the individual transferred.

7. The provider or case manager/services facilitator must conduct an initial home visit prior to initiating companion services to document the efficacy and appropriateness of services and to establish a plan of care for the individual. Under the agency-directed model, the provider must provide follow-up home visits quarterly or as often as needed to monitor the provision of services. Under the consumer-directed model, the case manager/services facilitator will periodically review the utilization of companion services at a minimum of every six months or more often as needed. The individual must be reassessed for services every six months.

8. Required documentation. The provider or case manager/services facilitator must maintain a record of each individual receiving companion services. At a minimum these records must contain the following:

a. An initial assessment completed prior to or on the date services are initiated and subsequent reassessments and changes to the supporting documentation.

b. The supporting documentation must be reviewed by the provider or case manager/services facilitator quarterly under the agency-directed model, semiannually under the consumer-directed model, annually, and more often, as needed, modified as appropriate, and the written results of these reviews submitted to the case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the supporting documentation is modified, the plan of care must be reviewed with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate.

c. All correspondence to the individual, family/caregiver, case manager, DBHDS, and DMAS.

d. Contacts made with family/caregiver, physicians, formal and informal service providers, and all professionals concerning the individual.

e. The companion services supervisor or case manager/service facilitator must document in the individual's record a summary note following significant contacts with the companion and quarterly or semiannual home visits with the individual. This summary must include the following at a minimum:

(1) Whether companion services continue to be appropriate;

(2) Whether the plan is adequate to meet the individual's needs or changes are indicated in the plan;

(3) The individual's satisfaction with the service; and

(4) The presence or absence of the companion during the visit.

f. A copy of the most recently completed DMAS-225 form. The provider must clearly document efforts to obtain the completed DMAS-225 form from the case manager.

g. Additional documentation requirements under the consumer-directed model:

(1) All training provided to the companion on behalf of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate.

(2) All management training provided to the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, including responsibility for the accuracy of the timesheets.

(3) All documents signed by the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, that acknowledge the responsibilities of the services.

h. Under the agency-directed model, all companion records. The companion record must contain the following:

(1) The specific services delivered to the individual by the companion, dated the day of service delivery, and the individual's response;

(2) The companion's arrival and departure times;

(3) The companion's weekly comments or observations about the individual to include observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition, daily activities, and responses to services rendered; and

(4) The weekly signatures of the companion and the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, recorded on the last day of service delivery for any given week to verify that companion services during that week have been rendered.

12VAC30-120-777

12VAC30-120-777. [Reserved] Companion services (both consumer-directed and agency-directed).

A. Service description. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1023 A.

B. Criteria. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1023 B.

C. Service units and service limitations. The service units and service limitations shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1023 C.

D. Provider requirements. The provider requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1023 D and 12VAC30-120-1059.

12VAC30-120-779

12VAC30-120-779. [Reserved] Individual and family/caregiver training.

A. Service description. This service provides training and counseling services to individuals, families, or caregivers of individuals enrolled in the waiver including participation in education opportunities designed to improve the family's or caregiver's ability to care for and support the individual enrolled in the waiver. This service shall also provide educational opportunities for the individual to better understand his disability and increase his self-determination and self-advocacy.

B. Criteria. Any individuals who are enrolled in this waiver and their family/caregivers, as appropriate, may participate in this service. DMAS shall cover this service as authorized by the individual's plan for supports.

C. Service units and limits.

1. This service may be authorized for up to 80 hours per ISP year.

2. Travel and room and board expenses shall not be covered.

D. Provider requirements.

1. Providers shall have a signed, current provider participation agreement with DMAS in order to be reimbursed for providing individual and family/caregiver training.

2. Providers shall have the necessary licensure or certification as required for their profession (i.e., RNs shall have a current license to practice nursing in the Commonwealth or hold a multistate licensure privilege).

3. This service shall be provided by enrolled provider entities with expertise in, experience in, or demonstrated knowledge of the training topic set out in the plan for supports.

4. This service may be provided through seminars and conferences organized by the enrolled provider entities.

5. This service may also be provided by individual practitioners who have experience in or demonstrated knowledge of the training topics. This may include psychologists, teachers or educators, social workers, medical personnel, personal care providers, therapists, and providers of other services such as day and residential supports.

6. Qualified provider types include:

a. Staff of home health agencies;

b. Staff of community developmental disabilities services agencies;

c. Staff of developmental disabilities residential providers;

d. Staff of community mental health centers;

e. Staff of public health agencies, hospitals, clinics, or other agencies/organizations; and

f. Individual practitioners including licensed or certified personnel such as RNs, LPNs, psychologists, speech/language therapists, occupational therapists, physical therapists, licensed clinical social workers, licensed behavior analysts, and persons with other education, training, or experience directly related to the specified needs of the individual as set out in the ISP.

12VAC30-120-782

12VAC30-120-782. Payment for services.

A. All shared living, supported living residential, in-home supports, group day services, community engagement, community coaching, workplace assistance services, personal assistance (both agency-directed and consumer-directed), respite services (both agency directed and consumer directed), skilled nursing, private duty nursing, therapeutic consultation, center-based crisis support services, community-based crisis support services, crisis support services, PERS, environmental modifications, assistive technology, companion (both agency-directed and consumer-directed), individual and family/caregiver training, consumer-directed services facilitation, and transition services provided in this waiver shall be reimbursed consistent with DMAS service limits and payment amounts as set out in the fee schedule.

B. Reimbursement rates for individual supported employment shall be the same as set by the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services for the same services. Reimbursement rates for group supported employment shall be as set by DMAS.

C. All EHBS, AT, and EM covered procedure codes provided in the FIS Waiver shall be reimbursed as a service limit of one. The maximum Medicaid funded expenditure per individual for all AT and EM covered procedure codes (combined total of AT and EM items and labor related to these items) shall be $5,000 each for AT and $5,000 for EM per calendar year. The maximum expenditure for EHBS shall be $5,000 per calendar year. No additional provider mark-ups shall be permitted.

D. Duplication of services.

1. DMAS shall not duplicate services that are required as a reasonable accommodation as a part of the Americans with Disabilities Act (42 USC §§ 12131 through 12165), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Virginians with Disabilities Act, or any other applicable statute.

2. Payment for services under the ISP shall not duplicate payments made to public agencies or private entities under other program authorities for this same purpose.

3. Payment for services under the ISP shall not be made for services that are duplicative of each other.

4. Payments for services shall only be provided as set out in the individual's' ISP.

12VAC30-120-1000

Part X
Intellectual Disability Community Living (CL) Waiver

Article 1
Definitions and General Requirements

12VAC30-120-1000. Definitions.

"AAIDD" means the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.

"Activities of daily living" or "ADLs" means personal care tasks, e.g., bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring, and eating/feeding. An individual's degree of independence in performing these activities is a part of determining appropriate level of care and service needs.

"ADA" means the Americans with Disabilities Act pursuant to 42 USC § 12101 et seq.

"Agency-directed model" means a model of service delivery where an agency is responsible for providing direct support staff, for maintaining individuals' records, and for scheduling the dates and times of the direct support staff's presence in the individuals' homes.

"Appeal" means the process used to challenge actions regarding services, benefits, and reimbursement provided by Medicaid pursuant to 12VAC30-110 and 12VAC30-20-500 through 12VAC30-20-560.

"Applicant" means a person (or his representative acting on his behalf) who has applied for or is in the process of applying for and is awaiting a determination of eligibility for admission to a home and community-based waiver or is on the waiver waiting list waiting for a slot to become available.

"Assistive technology" or "AT" means specialized medical equipment and supplies, including those devices, controls, or appliances specified in the Individual Support Plan but not available under the State Plan for Medical Assistance, which enable individuals to increase their abilities to perform ADLs, or to perceive, control, or communicate with the environment in which they live, or that are necessary to the proper functioning of the specialized equipment.

"Barrier crime" means those crimes listed in §§ 32.1-162.9:1, 37.2-314, 37.2-416, 37.2-506, 37.2-607, and 63.2-1719 of the Code of Virginia.

"Behavioral health authority" or "BHA" means the local agency, established by a city or county under § 37.2-600 same as defined in § 37.2-600 of the Code of Virginia that plans, provides, and evaluates mental health, intellectual disability (ID), and substance abuse services in the locality that it serves.

"Behavioral specialist" means a person who possesses any of the following credentials: (i) endorsement by the Partnership for People with Disabilities at Virginia Commonwealth University as a positive behavioral supports facilitator; (ii) board certification as a behavior analyst (BCBA) or board certification as an associate behavior analyst (BCABA) as required by § 54.1-2957.16 of the Code of Virginia; or (iii) licensure by the Commonwealth as either a psychologist, a licensed professional counselor (LPC), a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW), or a psychiatric clinical nurse specialist.

"Case management" means the assessing and planning of services; linking the individual to services and supports identified in the Individual Support Plan; assisting the individual directly for the purpose of locating, developing, or obtaining needed services and resources; coordinating services and service planning with other agencies and providers involved with the individual; enhancing community integration; making collateral contacts to promote the implementation of the Individual Support Plan and community integration; monitoring to assess ongoing progress and ensuring services are delivered; and education and counseling that guides the individual and develops a supportive relationship that promotes the Individual Support Plan.

"Case manager" means the person who provides case management services on behalf of the community services board or behavioral health authority, as either an employee or a contractor, possessing a combination of (ID) work experience and relevant education that indicates that the individual possesses the knowledge, skills, and abilities as established by DMAS in 12VAC30-50-450 delivers the support coordination/case management services set out in 12VAC30-50-455.

"Center-based crisis support services" means crisis prevention and stabilization in a crisis therapeutic home using planned and emergency admissions. They are designed for those individuals who need ongoing crisis supports.

"Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services" or "CMS" means the unit of the federal Department of Health and Human Services that administers the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

"Challenging behavior" means culturally abnormal behaviors of such intensity, frequency, and duration that the physical safety of the individual or others is placed in serious jeopardy or that the behavior limits access to ordinary community facilities. These behaviors include withdrawal, self-injury, injury to others, aggression, or self-stimulation.

"CMS" means the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, which is the unit of the federal Department of Health and Human Services that administers the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

"Community-based crisis support services" means services to individuals who are experiencing crisis events putting them at risk for homelessness, incarceration, hospitalization, or danger to themselves or others. This service shall provide ongoing supports to individuals in their homes and in community settings.

"Community coaching" means a service designed for individuals who need one-to-one support in order to develop a specific skill to address barriers preventing that individual from participating in the community engagement services.

"Community engagement" means services that support and foster individuals' abilities to acquire, retain, or improve skills necessary to build positive social behavior, interpersonal competence, greater independence, employability, and personal choice necessary to access typical activities and functions of community life such as those chosen by the general population.

"Community Living Waiver" or "CL Waiver" means the waiver set out in 12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.

"Community services board" or "CSB" means the local agency, established by a city or county or combination of counties or cities under Chapter 5 (§ 37.2-500 et seq.) of Title 37.2 of the Code of Virginia, that plans, provides, and evaluates mental health, ID, and substance abuse services in the jurisdiction or jurisdictions it serves same as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.

"Companion" means a person who provides companion services for compensation by DMAS.

"Companion services" means nonmedical care, support, and socialization provided to an adult (ages 18 years and over). The provision of companion services does not entail routine hands-on care. It is provided in accordance with a therapeutic outcome goal in the Individual Support Plan and is not purely diversional in nature.

"Complex behavioral needs" means conditions requiring exceptional supports in order to respond to the individual's significant safety risk to self or others and documented by the Supports Intensity Scale® (SIS®) Virginia Supplemental Risk Assessment form (2010) as described in 12VAC30-120-1012.

"Complex medical needs" means conditions requiring exceptional supports in order to respond to the individual's significant health or medical needs requiring frequent hands-on care and medical oversight and documented by the Supports Intensity Scale (SIS) Virginia Supplemental Risk Assessment form (2010) as described in 12VAC30-120-1012.

"Comprehensive assessment" means the gathering of relevant social, psychological, medical, and level of care information by the case manager and is used as a basis for the development of the Individual Support Plan.

"Congregate residential support" or "CRS" means those supports in which the residential support services provider renders primary care (room, board, general supervision) and residential support services to the individual in the form of continuous (up to 24 hours per day) services performed by paid staff who shall be physically present in the home. These supports may be provided individually or simultaneously to more than one individual living in that home, depending on the required support. These supports are typically provided to an individual living (i) in a group home, (ii) in the home of the ID Waiver services provider (such as adult foster care or sponsored residential), or (iii) in an apartment or other home setting.

"Consumer-directed model" means a model of service delivery for which the individual or the individual's employer of record, as appropriate, is responsible for hiring, training, supervising, and firing of the person or persons who render the direct support or services reimbursed by DMAS

"Crisis stabilization" means direct intervention to individuals with ID who are experiencing serious psychiatric or behavioral challenges that jeopardize their current community living situation, by providing temporary intensive services and supports that avert emergency psychiatric hospitalization or institutional placement or prevent other out-of-home placement. This service shall be designed to stabilize the individual and strengthen the current living situation so the individual can be supported in the community during and beyond the crisis period.

"Consumer-directed attendant" or "CD attendant" means a person who provides via the consumer-directed model of services, person assistance services, companion services, or respite services, or any combination of these three services, and who is also exempt from workers' compensation.

"Consumer direction" means a model of service delivery for which the individual or the individual's employer of record, as appropriate, is responsible for hiring, training, supervising, and firing of the person or persons who render the direct support or services reimbursed by DMAS.

"Crisis support services" means intensive supports by trained and, where applicable, licensed staff in crisis prevention, crisis intervention, and crisis stabilization to an individual who is experiencing an episodic behavioral or psychiatric event in the community that has the potential to jeopardize the current community living situation.

"DARS" means the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services.

"DBHDS" means the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services.

"DBHDS staff" means persons employed by or contracted with DBHDS.

"Developmental disability" or "DD" means the same as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.

"Direct marketing" means either (i) conducting directly or indirectly door-to-door, telephonic, or other "cold call" marketing of services at residences and provider sites; (ii) mailing directly; (iii) paying "finder's fees"; (iv) offering financial incentives, rewards, gifts, or special opportunities to eligible individuals and the individual's family/caregivers, as appropriate, as inducements to use the provider's services; (v) continuous, periodic marketing activities to the same prospective individual and the individual's family/caregiver, for example, monthly, quarterly, or annual giveaways as inducements to use the provider's services; or (vi) engaging in marketing activities that offer potential customers rebates or discounts in conjunction with the use of the provider's services or other benefits as a means of influencing the individual's and the individual's family/caregivers use of the provider's services.

"Direct support professional" or "DSP" means staff members identified by the provider as having the primary role of assisting an individual on a day-to-day basis with routine personal care needs, social support, and physical assistance in a wide range of daily living activities so that the individual can lead a self-directed life in his own community.

"DMAS" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"DMAS staff" means persons employed by or contracted with DMAS.

"Day support" means services that promote skill building and provide supports (assistance) and safety supports for the acquisition, retention, or improvement of self-help, socialization, and adaptive skills, which typically take place outside the home in which the individual resides. Day support services shall focus on enabling the individual to attain or maintain his highest potential level of functioning.

"Developmental risk" means the presence before, during, or after an individual's birth, of conditions typically identified as related to the occurrence of a developmental disability and for which no specific developmental disability is identifiable through existing diagnostic and evaluative criteria.

"Direct marketing" means either (i) conducting directly or indirectly door-to-door, telephonic, or other "cold call" marketing of services at residences and provider sites; (ii) mailing directly; (iii) paying "finders' fees"; (iv) offering financial incentives, rewards, gifts, or special opportunities to eligible individuals and the individual's family/caregivers, as appropriate, as inducements to use the providers' services; (v) continuous, periodic marketing activities to the same prospective individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate - for example, monthly, quarterly, or annual giveaways as inducements to use the providers' services; or (vi) engaging in marketing activities that offer potential customers rebates or discounts in conjunction with the use of the providers' services or other benefits as a means of influencing the individual's and the individual's family/caregivers, as appropriate, use of the providers' services.

"DSS" means the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Electronic home-based supports" or "EHBS" means goods and services based on current technology, such as Smart Home©, and includes purchasing electronic devices, software, services, and supplies not otherwise covered through other benefits in the CL Waiver or through the State Plan for Medical Assistance that allows individuals to use technology in their residences to achieve greater independence and self-determination and reduce the need for human intervention.

"Employer of record" or "EOR" means the person who performs the functions of the employer in the consumer directed model of service delivery. The EOR may be the individual enrolled in the waiver, or a family member, a caregiver, or another designated person, as appropriate, when the individual is unable to perform the employer functions.

"Enroll" means that the individual has been determined by the case manager to meet the level of functioning requirements for the ID Waiver and DBHDS has verified the availability of an ID Waiver slot for that individual. Financial eligibility determinations and enrollment in Medicaid are set out in 12VAC30-120-1010 the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Entrepreneurial model" means a small business employing a shift of eight or fewer individuals who have disabilities and usually involves interactions with the public and coworkers who do not have disabilities. 

"Environmental modifications" or "EM" means physical adaptations to a primary place of residence the individual's home or primary vehicle, or work site (when the work site modification exceeds reasonable accommodation requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act) that are necessary to ensure the individual's health and safety welfare or enable functioning with greater independence when the adaptation is not being used to bring a substandard dwelling up to minimum habitation standards. Such EM shall be of direct medical or remedial benefit to the individual.

"EPSDT" means the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment program administered by DMAS for children under the age of 21 years according to federal guidelines (that prescribe preventive and treatment services for Medicaid eligible children) as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"ES service authorization" means the process of approving an individual, by either DMAS or its designated service authorization contractor, for the purpose of receiving exceptional supports. ES service authorization shall be obtained before exceptional supports to the individual are rendered.

"Exceptional reimbursement rate" or "exceptional rate" means a rate of reimbursement for congregate residential supports paid to providers who qualify to receive the exceptional rate set out in 12VAC30-120-1062.

"Exceptional supports" or "exceptional support services" means a qualifying level of supports, as more fully described in 12VAC30-120-1012, that are medically necessary for individuals with complex medical or behavioral needs, or both, to safely reside in a community setting. The need for exceptional supports is demonstrated when the funding required to meet the individual's needs has been expended on a consistent basis by providers in the past 90 days for medical or behavioral supports, or both, over and above the current maximum allowable CRS rate in order to support the individual in a manner that ensures his health and safety.

"Face-to-face visit" means an in-person meeting between the support coordinator/case manager and individual, and family/caregiver, as appropriate, for the purpose of assessing the individual's status and determining satisfaction with services, including the need for additional services and supports.

"Fiscal employer/agent" means a state agency or other entity as determined by DMAS to meet the requirements of 42 CFR 441.484 and the Virginia Public Procurement Act (Chapter 43 (§ 2.2-4300 et seq.) of Title 2.2 of the Code of Virginia).

"Freedom of choice" means the right afforded an individual who is determined to require a level of care specified in a waiver to choose (i) either institutional or home and community-based services provided there are available CMS-allocated and state-funded slots; (ii) providers of services; and (iii) waiver services as may be limited by medical necessity same as defined in § 1902(a)(23) of the Social Security Act.

"General supports" means staff presence to ensure that appropriate action is taken in an emergency or an unanticipated event and includes (i) awake staff during nighttime hours; (ii) routine bed checks; (iii) oversight of unstructured activities; (iv) asleep staff at night on premises for security or safety reasons, or both; or (v) on-call staff.

"Group day services" means services for the individual to acquire, retain, or improve skills of self-help, socialization, community integration, employability and adaptation via opportunities for peer interactions, community integration, and enhancement of social networks.

"Group home residential services" means skill-building, routine supports, general supports, and safety supports that are provided primarily in a licensed residence that enable the individual to acquire, retain, or improve skills necessary to successfully live in the community.

"Group supported employment services" means continuous support provided by staff in a naturally occurring place of employment to groups of two to eight individuals with developmental disabilities and involves interactions with the public and coworkers who do not have developmental disabilities.

"Health planning region" or "HPR" means the federally designated geographical area within which health care needs assessment and planning takes place, and within which health care resource development is reviewed.

"Health, safety, and welfare standard" means the standard that is applied when an individual who is enrolled in a DD waiver requests additional waiver services. It is the standard applied to ensure that an individual's right to receive a waiver service is dependent on a finding that the individual needs the service, based on appropriate assessment criteria and a written, approved individual plan for supports, and that services can be safely provided in the community.

"Home and community-based waiver services" or "waiver services" means the range of community services approved by the CMS, pursuant to § 1915(c) of the Social Security Act, to be offered to persons as an alternative to institutionalization.

"IDOLS" means Intellectual Disability Online System. 

"In-home residential support services" means support provided in a private residence by a DBHDS-licensed residential provider to an individual enrolled in the waiver to include: (i) skill building and supports and safety supports to enable individuals to maintain or improve their health; (ii) developing skills in daily living; (iii) safely using community resources; (iv) being included in the life of the community and home; (v) developing relationships; and (vi) participating as citizens of the community. In-home residential support services shall not replace the primary care provided to the individual by his family and caregiver but shall be supplemental to it.

"ICF/IID" means a facility or distinct part of a facility licensed by DBHDS and meeting the federal certification regulations for an intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disabilities and individuals with related conditions and that addresses the total needs of the individuals, which include physical, intellectual, social, emotional, and habilitation, and provides active treatment as defined in 42 CFR 483.440.

"Incremental step-down provisions" means procedures normally found in plans for supports in which an individual's supports are gradually altered or reduced based upon progress towards meeting the goals of the individual's behavior plan.

"Individual" means the person receiving the services or evaluations established in this chapter the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Individual supported employment" means one-on-one ongoing supports that enable individuals for whom competitive employment at or above the minimum wage is unlikely absent the provision of supports to work in an integrated setting.

"Individual Support Plan" or "ISP" means a comprehensive, person-centered plan that sets out the supports and actions to be taken during the year by each service provider, as detailed in the each service provider's Plan for Supports, which are part of the ISP, to achieve desired outcomes. The Individual Support Plan shall be developed collaboratively by the individual enrolled in the waiver, the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, other service providers such as the case manager, the support coordinator/case manager, and other interested parties chosen by the individual, and shall contain the DMAS-approved ISP components essential information, what is important to the individual on a day-to-day basis and in the future, and what is important for the individual to be healthy and safe as reflected in the Plan for Supports. The Individual Support Plan is known as the Consumer Service Plan in the Day Support Waiver.

"In-home support services" means residential services that take place in the individual's home, family home, or community settings that typically supplement the primary care provided by the individual, family, or other unpaid caregiver and are designed to ensure the health, safety and welfare of the individual.

"Instrumental activities of daily living" or "IADLs" means tasks complex skills needed to successfully live independently such as meal preparation, shopping, housekeeping, laundry, and money management.

"Intellectual disability" or "ID" means a disability as defined by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD) in the Intellectual Disability: Definition, Classification, and Systems of Supports (11th edition, 2010).

"ICF/IID" means a facility or distinct part of a facility certified by the Virginia Department of Health as meeting the federal certification regulations for an intermediate care facility for individuals with intellectual disability and persons with related conditions and that addresses the total needs of the residents, which include physical, intellectual, social, emotional, and habilitation providing active treatment as defined in 42 CFR 435.1010 and 42 CFR 483.440.

"Licensed practical nurse" or "LPN" means a person who is licensed or holds multi-state licensure privilege pursuant to Chapter 30 (§ 54.1-3000 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia to practice practical nursing as defined in § 54.1-3000 of the Code of Virginia.

"LMHP" means a licensed mental health professional as defined in 12VAC35-105-20.

"LMHP-resident" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"LMHP-RP" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"LMHP-supervisee" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"Medicaid Long-Term Care Communication Form" or "DMAS-225" means the form used by the case support coordinator/case manager to report information about changes in an individual's situation.

"Medically necessary" means an item or service provided for the diagnosis or treatment of an individual's condition consistent with community standards of medical practice as determined by DMAS and in accordance with Medicaid policy.

"Parent" or "parents" means a person or persons who is or are biologically or naturally related, a foster parent, or an adoptive parent to the individual enrolled in the waiver.

"Participating provider" means an entity that meets the standards and requirements set forth by DMAS and has a current, signed provider participation agreement with DMAS.

"Pend" means delaying the consideration of an individual's request for authorization of services until all required information is received by DBHDS DMAS or its designee.

"Person-centered planning" means a fundamental process that focuses on what is important to and for an individual and on the needs and preferences of the individual to create an Individual Support Plan that shall contain essential information, a personal profile, and desired outcomes of the individual to be accomplished through waiver services and included in the providers' Plans for Supports.

"Personal assistance services" means assistance direct support with ADLs, IADLs, access to the community, monitoring of self-administration of medication or other medical needs, and the monitoring of health status and physical condition or work or post-secondary school related personal assistance.

"Personal assistant" means a person who provides personal assistance services employed by a provider agency.

"Personal emergency response system" or "PERS" means an electronic device and monitoring service that enable certain individuals at high risk of institutionalization to secure help in an emergency. PERS services shall be limited to those individuals who live alone or are alone for significant parts of the day and who have no regular caregiver for extended periods of time and who would otherwise require extensive routine supervision.

"Personal profile" means a point-in-time synopsis of what an individual enrolled in the waiver wants to maintain, change, or improve in his life and shall be completed by the individual and another person, such as his case manager support coordinator/case manager or family/caregiver, chosen by the individual to help him plan before the annual planning meeting where it is discussed and finalized.

"Plan for Supports" means each service provider's plan for supporting the individual enrolled in the waiver in achieving his desired outcomes and facilitating the individual's health and safety. The Plan for Supports is one component of the Individual Support Plan. The Plan for Supports is referred to as an Individual Service Plan in the Day Support and Individual and Family with Developmental Disability Services (IFDDS) Waivers.

"Prevocational services" means services aimed at preparing an individual enrolled in the waiver for paid or unpaid employment. The services do not include activities that are specifically job-task oriented but focus on concepts such as accepting supervision, attendance at work, task completion, problem solving, and safety. Compensation for the individual, if provided, shall be less than 50% of the minimum wage.

"Positive behavior support" means an applied science that uses educational methods to expand an individual's behavior repertoire and systems, change methods to redesign an individual's living environment to enhance the individual's quality of life, and minimize his challenging behaviors.

"Primary caregiver" means the primary person who consistently assumes the role of providing direct care and support of without compensation for such care to the individual enrolled in the waiver to enable him to live successfully in the community without compensation for providing such care.

"Private duty nursing services" means individual and continuous nursing care to individuals that may be provided, concurrently with other services, due to the medical nature of supports required by individuals who have a serious medical condition or complex health care needs, or both, and that has been certified by a physician as medically necessary to enable the individual to remain at home rather than in a hospital, nursing facility, or ICF/IID.

"Progressive condition" means disease or health condition that gets worse over time, resulting in general decline in health or function, including aging.

"Qualified developmental disabilities professional" or "QDDP" means a professional who (i) possesses at least one year of documented experience working directly with individuals who have developmental disabilities; (ii) is one of the following: a doctor of medicine or osteopathy, a registered nurse, a provider holding at least a bachelor's degree in a human service field including, but not limited to, sociology, social work, special education, rehabilitation engineering, counseling, or psychology, or a provider who has documented equivalent qualifications; and (iii) possesses the required Virginia or national license, registration, or certification in accordance with his profession, if applicable.

"Qualified mental retardation professional" or "QMRP" for the purposes of the ID Waiver means the same as defined at 12VAC35-105-20.

"Qualifying individual" means an individual who has received an ES service authorization from DMAS or its service authorization contractor to receive exceptional supports.

"Registered nurse" or "RN" means a person who is licensed or holds multi-state licensure privilege pursuant to Chapter 30 (§ 54.1-3000 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia to practice professional nursing.

"Residential support services" means support provided in the individual's home by a DBHDS-licensed residential provider or a VDSS-approved provider of adult foster care services. This service is one in which skill-building, supports, and safety supports are routinely provided to enable individuals to maintain or improve their health, to develop skills in daily living and safely use community resources, to be included in the community and home, to develop relationships, and to participate as citizens in the community.

"Respite services" means services provided to individuals who are unable to care for themselves, furnished on a short-term basis because of the absence or need for relief of those unpaid persons normally providing the care temporary, substitute care that is normally provided by the family or other unpaid, primary caregiver who resides in the same home as the individual. Services shall be provided on a short-term basis due to the emergency absence of or need for routine or periodic relief of the primary caregiver.

"Review committee" means DBHDS staff, including a trained SIS® specialist approved by DBHDS, a behavior specialist, a registered nurse, and a master's level social worker, and other staff as may be otherwise constituted by DBHDS, who will evaluate and make a determination about applications for the congregate residential support services and CRS exceptional reimbursement rate for compliance with regulatory requirements.

"Risk assessment" means an assessment that is completed by the case manager support coordinator/case manager to determine areas of high risk of danger to the individual or others based on the individual's serious medical or behavioral factors. The required risk assessment for the ID Waiver each waiver shall be found in the state-designated assessment form which may be supplemented with other information. The risk assessment shall be used to plan risk mitigating supports for the individual in the Individual Support Plan.

"Routine supports" means supports that assist the individual with daily activities.

"Safety supports" means specialized assistance that is required to assure the health and welfare of an individual ensure an individual's health and safety.

"Service authorization" means the process approving by either DMAS or its designated service authorization contractor, for the purpose of DMAS' reimbursement, the service for the individual before it is rendered.

"Service authorization" means the process to approve specific services for an enrolled Medicaid individual by a DMAS service authorization designee prior to service delivery and reimbursement in order to validate that the service requested is medically necessary and meets DMAS requirements for reimbursement. Service authorization does not guarantee payment for the service.

"Services facilitation" means a service that assists the individual or the individual's family/caregiver, or EOR, as appropriate, in arranging for, directing, and managing services provided through the consumer-directed model of service delivery.

"Services facilitator" means the DMAS-enrolled provider who is responsible for supporting the individual or the individual's family/caregiver, or EOR, as appropriate, by collaborating with the case manager to ensure the development and monitoring of the CD Services Plan for Supports, providing employee management training, and completing ongoing review activities as required by DMAS for consumer-directed companion, personal assistance, and respite services.

"Services facilitator" means a DMAS-enrolled provider or DMAS-designated entity or one who is employed by or contracts with a DMAS-enrolled services facilitator, who is responsible for supporting the individual or EOR, as appropriate, by ensuring the development and monitoring of the Plan for Supports for consumer-directed model of services, providing employee management training, and completing ongoing review activities as required by the DMAS-approved consumer-directed model of services. "Services facilitator" shall be deemed to mean the same thing as "consumer-directed services facilitator."

"Shared living" means an arrangement in which a roommate resides in the same household as the individual receiving waiver services and provides an agreed-upon, limited amount of supports. In exchange for providing the agreed-upon support, a portion of the total cost of rent, food, and utilities that can be reasonably attributed to the live-in roommate is reimbursed to the individual.

"Significant change" means, but shall not be limited to, includes a change in an individual's condition that is expected to last longer than 30 calendar days but shall not include short-term changes that resolve with or without intervention, a short-term acute illness or episodic event, or a well-established, predictive, cyclical pattern of clinical signs and symptoms associated with a previously diagnosed condition where an appropriate course of treatment is in progress.

"Skill building supports" means those supports that help the individual gain new skills and abilities and was previously called training.

"Skilled nursing services" means both skilled and hands-on care, as rendered by either a licensed RN or LPN, of either a supportive or health-related nature and may include, but shall not be limited to, all skilled nursing care as ordered by the attending physician and documented on the Plan for Supports, assistance with ADLs, administration of medications or other medical needs, and monitoring of the health status and physical condition of the individual enrolled in the waiver. nursing services (i) listed in the plan of care that do not meet home health criteria, (ii) required to prevent institutionalization, (iii) not otherwise available under the State Plan for Medical Assistance, (iv) provided within the scope of § 54.1-3000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia and the Drug Control Act (§ 54.1-3400 et seq. of the Code of Virginia), and (v) provided by a registered nurse or by a licensed practical nurse under the supervision of a registered nurse who is licensed to practice in the state. Skilled nursing services are to be used to provide training, consultation, nurse delegation as appropriate, and oversight of direct care staff as appropriate.

"Slot" means an opening or vacancy in waiver services for an individual.

"Sponsored residential services" means residential services that consist of skill-building, routine supports, general supports, and safety supports provided in the homes of families or persons (sponsors) providing supports under the supervision of a DBHDS-licensed provider that enable an individual to acquire, retain, or improve the self-help, socialization, and adaptive skills necessary to reside successfully in home and community settings.

"State Plan for Medical Assistance" or "Plan" means the Commonwealth's legal document approved by CMS identifying the covered groups, covered services and their limitations, and provider reimbursement methodologies as provided for under Title XIX of the Social Security Act.

"Support coordination/case management" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-455 D.

"Support coordinator/case manager" means the person who provides support coordination/case management services to an individual in accordance with 12VAC30-50-455.

"Supports" means paid and nonpaid assistance that promotes the accomplishment of an individual's desired outcomes. There shall be three four types of supports: (i) routine supports that assist the individual in daily activities; (ii) skill building supports that to help the individual gain new abilities; and (iii) safety supports that are required to assure the individual's health and safety; and (iv) general supports that provide general oversight.

"Supported employment" means paid supports provided in work settings in which persons without disabilities are typically employed. Paid supports include skill-building supports related to paid employment, ongoing or intermittent routine supports, and safety supports to enable an individual with ID to maintain paid employment.

"Supported living residential services" means a service taking place in an apartment setting operated by a DBHDS-licensed provider that consist of skill-building, routine supports, general supports, and safety supports that enable the individual to acquire, retain, or improve self-help, socialization, and adaptive skills necessary to successfully live in home and community settings.

"Support plan" means the report of recommendations resulting from a therapeutic consultation.

"Supports Intensity Scale®" or "SIS®" means a tool, developed by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities that measures the intensity of an individual's support needs for the purpose of assessment, planning, and aligning resources to enhance personal independence and productivity the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Therapeutic consultation" means covered services designed to assist the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, with assessments, plan design, and teaching for the purpose of assisting the individual enrolled in the waiver professional consultation provided by members of psychology, social work, rehabilitation engineering, behavioral analysis, speech therapy, occupational therapy, psychiatry, psychiatric clinical nursing, therapeutic recreation, physical therapy, or behavior consultation disciplines that are designed to assist individuals, parents, family members, and any other providers of support services with implementing the Individual Support Plan.

"Therapeutic consultation plan" means the report of recommendations resulting from a therapeutic consultation.

"Transition services" means set-up expenses the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-2010.

"VDSS" means the Virginia Department of Social Services.

"Workplace assistance services" means supports provided to an individual who has completed job development and has completed or nearly completed job placement training (i.e., supported employment) but requires more than typical job coach services to maintain stabilization in their employment.

12VAC30-120-1005

12VAC30-120-1005. Waiver description and legal authority service population and provider requirements.

A. Home and community-based waiver services shall be available through a § 1915(c) waiver of the Social Security Act. Under this waiver, DMAS has waived § 1902(a) (10) (B) and (C) of the Social Security Act related to comparability of services. These services shall be appropriate and necessary to maintain the individual in the community.

B. Federal waiver requirements, as established in § 1915 of the Social Security Act and 42 CFR 430.25, provide that the average per capita fiscal year expenditures in the aggregate under this waiver shall not exceed the average per capita expenditures for the level of care provided in an ICF/ID, as defined in 42 CFR 435.1010 and 42 CFR 483.440, under the State Plan that would have been provided had the waiver not been granted.

C. DMAS shall be the single state agency authority pursuant to 42 CFR 431.10 responsible for the processing and payment of claims for the services covered in this waiver and for obtaining federal financial participation from CMS. The Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services (DBHDS) shall be responsible for the daily administrative supervision of the ID Waiver in accordance with the interagency agreement between DMAS and DBHDS.

D. Any of the services covered under the authority of this waiver shall be required in order for the individual to avoid institutionalization. 

E. A. Waiver service populations. These waiver services shall be provided for the following individuals who have been determined to require the level of care provided in an ICF/ID ICF/IID:

1. Individuals with ID; or DD.

2. Individuals younger than the age of six who are at developmental risk. At the age of six years, these individuals must have a diagnosis of ID to continue to receive these home and community-based waiver services.

Individuals enrolled in the waiver who attain the age of six years of age, who are determined not to have a diagnosis of ID, and who meet all Individual and Family Developmental Disability Support (IFDDS) Waiver eligibility criteria, shall be eligible to apply for transfer to the IFDDS Waiver for the period of time up to their seventh birthday. Psychological evaluations or standardized development assessments confirming individuals' diagnoses must be completed less than one year prior to transferring to the IFDDS Waiver. These individuals transferring from the ID Waiver will be assigned a slot in the IFDDS Waiver, if one is available. The case manager shall submit the current Level of Functioning Survey, Individual Support Plan, and psychological evaluation (or standardized developmental assessment for children under six years of age) to DMAS for review. Upon determination by DMAS that the individual is appropriate for transfer to the IFDDS Waiver and there is a slot available for the child, the ID case manager shall provide the family with a list of IFDDS Waiver case managers. The ID case manager shall work with the selected IFDDS Waiver case manager to determine an appropriate transfer date and shall submit a DMAS-225 to the local department of social services. The ID Waiver slot shall be held by the CSB until the child has successfully transitioned to the IFDDS Waiver. Once the child's transition into the IFDDS Waiver is complete, the CSB shall reallocate the ID slot to another individual on the waiting list.

F. ID services shall not be offered or provided to an individual who resides outside of the physical boundaries of the United States or the Commonwealth. Waiver services shall not be furnished to individuals who are inpatients of a hospital, nursing facility, ICF/ID, or inpatient rehabilitation facility. Individuals with ID who are inpatients of these facilities may receive case management services as described in 12VAC30-50-450. The case manager may recommend waiver services that would promote exiting from the institutional placement; however, these waiver services shall not be provided until the individual has exited the institution.

G. An individual shall not be simultaneously enrolled in more than one waiver.

H. DMAS shall be responsible for assuring appropriate placement of the individual in home and community-based waiver services and shall have the authority to terminate such services for the individual who no longer qualifies for the waiver. Termination from this waiver shall occur when the individual's health and medical needs can no longer be safely met by waiver services in the community.

I. No waiver services shall be reimbursed until after both the provider enrollment process and individual eligibility process have been completed.

B. Core competency requirements for direct support professionals (DSPs) and their supervisors in programs licensed by DBHDS shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 A.

C. Core competency requirements for support coordinators/case managers. (Reserved.)

D. Core competency requirements for QDDPs. (Reserved.)

E. Advanced core competency requirements for DSPs and DSP supervisors serving individuals with developmental disabilities with the most intensive needs as identified by assignment to levels 5, 6, or 7 shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 D.

F. Provider enrollment requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-514.

G. Documentation requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-514 Q.

H. Reevaluation of service need requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 F.

I. Utilization review requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 G.

12VAC30-120-1010

12VAC30-120-1010. Individual eligibility requirements. (Repealed.)

A. Individuals receiving services under this waiver must meet the following Medicaid eligibility requirements. The Commonwealth shall apply the financial eligibility criteria contained in the State Plan for the categorically needy. The Commonwealth covers the optional categorically needy groups under 42 CFR 435.211, 42 CFR 435.217, and 42 CFR 435.230.

1. The income level used for 42 CFR 435.211, 42 CFR 435.217 and 42 CFR 435.230 shall be 300% of the current Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payment standard for one person.

2. Under this waiver, the coverage groups authorized under § 1902(a)(10)(A)(ii)(VI) of the Social Security Act shall be considered as if they were institutionalized for the purpose of applying institutional deeming rules. All individuals under the waiver must meet the financial and nonfinancial Medicaid eligibility criteria and meet the institutional level-of-care criteria. The deeming rules shall be applied to waiver eligible individuals as if the individuals were residing in an institution or would require that level of care.

3. The Commonwealth shall reduce its payment for home and community-based waiver services provided to an individual who is eligible for Medicaid services under 42 CFR 435.217 by that amount of the individual's total income (including amounts disregarded in determining eligibility) that remains after allowable deductions for personal maintenance needs, other dependents, and medical needs have been made, according to the guidelines in 42 CFR 435.735 and § 1915(c)(3) of the Social Security Act as amended by the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986. DMAS shall reduce its payment for home and community-based waiver services by the amount that remains after the deductions listed in this subdivision:

a. For individuals to whom § 1924(d) applies and for whom the Commonwealth waives the requirement for comparability pursuant to § 1902(a)(10)(B), DMAS shall deduct the following in the respective order:

(1) The basic maintenance needs for an individual under this waiver, which shall be equal to 165% of the SSI payment for one person. As of January 1, 2002, due to expenses of employment, a working individual shall have an additional income allowance. For an individual employed 20 hours or more per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 300% SSI; for an individual employed at least eight but less than 20 hours per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 200% of SSI. If the individual requires a guardian or conservator who charges a fee, the fee, not to exceed an amount greater than 5.0% of the individual's total monthly income, is added to the maintenance needs allowance. However, in no case shall the total amount of the maintenance needs allowance (basic allowance plus earned income allowance plus guardianship fees) for the individual exceed 300% of SSI.

(2) For an individual with only a spouse at home, the community spousal income allowance determined in accordance with § 1924(d) of the Social Security Act.

(3) For an individual with a family at home, an additional amount for the maintenance needs of the family determined in accordance with § 1924(d) of the Social Security Act.

(4) Amounts for incurred expenses for medical or remedial care that are not subject to payment by a third party including Medicare and other health insurance premiums, deductibles or coinsurance charges, and necessary medical or remedial care recognized under state law but not covered under the plan.

b. For individuals to whom § 1924(d) does not apply and for whom the Commonwealth waives the requirement for comparability pursuant to § 1902(a)(10)(B), DMAS shall deduct the following in the respective order:

(1) The basic maintenance needs for an individual under this waiver, which is equal to 165% of the SSI payment for one person. As of January 1, 2002, due to expenses of employment, a working individual shall have an additional income allowance. For an individual employed 20 hours or more per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 300% SSI; for an individual employed at least eight but less than 20 hours per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 200% of SSI. If the individual requires a guardian or conservator who charges a fee, the fee, not to exceed an amount greater than 5.0% of the individual's total monthly income, is added to the maintenance needs allowance. However, in no case shall the total amount of the maintenance needs allowance (basic allowance plus earned income allowance plus guardianship fees) for the individual exceed 300% of SSI.

(2) For an individual with a dependent child or children, an additional amount for the maintenance needs of the child or children, which shall be equal to the Title XIX medically needy income standard based on the number of dependent children.

(3) Amounts for incurred expenses for medical or remedial care that are not subject to payment by a third party including Medicare and other health insurance premiums, deductibles or coinsurance charges, and necessary medical or remedial care recognized under state law but not covered under the State Plan for Medical Assistance.

B. The following four criteria shall apply to all individuals who have ID who seek these waiver services:

1. Individuals qualifying for ID Waiver services shall have a demonstrated need for the service due to significant functional limitations in major life activities. The need for these waiver services shall arise from either (i) an individual having a diagnosed condition of ID or (ii) a child younger than six years of age being at developmental risk of significant functional limitations in major life activities;

2. Individuals qualifying for ID Waiver services shall meet the ICF/ID level-of-care criteria;

3. The Individual Support Plan and services that are delivered shall be consistent with the Medicaid definition of each service; and

4. Services shall be recommended by the case manager based on his documentation of the need for each specific service as reflected in a current assessment using a DBHDS-approved SIS instrument, or for children younger than five years of age, an alternative industry assessment instrument, such as the Early Learning Assessment Profile, and authorized by DBHDS.

C. Assessment and enrollment.

1. To ensure that Virginia's home and community-based waiver programs serve only individuals who would otherwise be placed in an ICF/ID, home and community-based waiver services shall be considered only for individuals who are eligible for admission to an ICF/ID due to their diagnoses of ID, or individuals who are younger than six years of age and who are at developmental risk. For the case manager to make a recommendation for waiver services, ID Waiver services must be determined to be an appropriate service alternative to delay or avoid placement in an ICF/ID, or to promote exiting from an ICF/ID or other institutional placement.

2. The case manager shall recommend the individual for home and community-based waiver services after determining diagnostic and functional eligibility. This determination shall be mandatory before DMAS assumes payment responsibility of home and community-based waiver services and shall include:

a. The required level-of-care determination by applying the existing DMAS ICF/ID criteria (Part VI (12VAC30-130-430 et seq.) of the Amount, Duration and Scope of Selected Services Regulation) to be completed no more than six months prior to enrollment. The case manager determines whether the individual meets the ICF/ID criteria with input from the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and service and support providers involved in the individual's support; and

b. A psychological evaluation or standardized developmental assessment for children who are younger than six years of age that reflects the current psychological status (diagnosis), current cognitive abilities, and current adaptive level of the individual's functioning.

3. The case manager shall provide the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, with the choice of ID Waiver services or ICF/ID placement.

4. The case manager shall enroll the individual in the ID Waiver or, if no slot is available, place the individual on the waiting list. The CSB shall only enroll the individual following electronic confirmation by DBHDS that a slot is available. If no slot is available, then the individual's name shall be placed on either the urgent or nonurgent statewide waiting list, consistent with criteria established in this waiver in 12VAC30-120-1088, until such time as a slot becomes available. Once the individual's name has been placed on either the urgent or nonurgent waiting list, the case manager shall notify the individual in writing within 10 business days of his placement on either list and offer appeal rights. The case manager shall contact the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, at least annually while the individual is on the waiting list to provide the choice between institutional placement and waiver services.

D. Waiver approval process: authorizing and accessing services.

1. Once the case manager has determined an individual meets the functional criteria for ID Waiver services, has determined that a slot is available, and that the individual has chosen ID Waiver services, the case manager shall submit enrollment information via the IDOLS to DBHDS to confirm level-of-care eligibility.

2. Once the individual has been enrolled by the CSB, the case manager will submit a DMAS-225 along with a computer-generated confirmation of level-of-care eligibility to the local department of social services to determine financial eligibility for the waiver program and any patient pay responsibilities.

3. After the case manager has received written notification of Medicaid eligibility by the local departments of social services, the case manager shall so inform the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, to permit the development of the Individual Support Plan.

a. The individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, shall meet with the case manager within 30 calendar days of waiver enrollment to discuss the individual's needs and existing supports, complete the DBHDS-approved assessment, obtain a medical examination completed no earlier than 12 months prior to the initiation of waiver services, begin to develop the Personal Profile, and complete all designated assessments, such as the Supports Intensity Scale (SIS), deemed necessary to establish and document the needed services.

b. The case manager shall provide the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, with choice of needed services available under the ID Waiver, alternative settings, and providers. Once the service providers are chosen, a planning meeting shall be arranged by the case manager to develop the person-centered Individual Support Plan based on the assessment of needs as reflected in the level of care and DBHDS-approved functional assessment instruments and the preferences of the individual and the individual's family/caregiver's, as appropriate.

c. Participants invited to participate in the person-centered planning meeting shall include the individual, case manager, service providers, the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and others desired by the individual. The Individual Support Plan development process identifies the services to be rendered to individuals, the frequency of services, the type of service provider or providers, and a description of the services to be offered. The individual enrolled in the waiver, or the family/caregiver as appropriate, and case manager must sign the ISP.

4. The individual or case manager shall contact chosen service providers so that services can be initiated within 30 calendar days of enrollment. The service providers in conjunction with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and the case manager shall develop Plans for Supports for each service. A copy of these plans shall be submitted to the case manager. The case manager shall review and ensure the Plan for Supports meets the established service criteria for the identified needs prior to submitting to the state-designated agency or its contractor for service authorization. Only ID Waiver services authorized on the Individual Support Plan by the state-designated agency or its contractor according to DMAS policies may be reimbursed by DMAS. The Plan for Supports from each waiver service provider shall be incorporated into the Individual Support Plan along with the steps for risk mitigation as indicated by the risk assessment.

5. When the case manager obtains the DMAS-225 form from a local department of social services, the case manager shall designate and inform in writing a service provider to be the collector of patient pay when applicable. The designated provider shall monthly monitor the DMAS-designated system for changes in patient pay obligations and adjust billing, as appropriate, with the change documented in the record in accordance with DMAS policy. When the designated collector of patient pay is the consumer-directed personal or respite assistant or companion, the case manager shall forward a copy of the DMAS-225 form to the EOR along with the case manager's designation described in 12VAC30-120-1060 S 2 a (6). In such cases, the case manager shall be required to perform the monthly monitoring of the patient pay system and shall notify the EOR of all changes.

6. The case manager shall submit the results of the comprehensive assessment and a recommendation to DBHDS staff for final determination of ICF/ID level of care and authorization for community-based services. The state-designated agency or its contractor shall, within 10 working days of receiving all supporting documentation, review and approve, pend for more information, or deny the individual service requests. The state-designated agency or its contractor shall communicate in writing to the case manager whether the recommended services have been approved and the amounts and type of services authorized or if any services have been denied. Medicaid shall not pay for any home and community-based waiver services delivered prior to the authorization date approved by the state-designated agency or its contractor if service authorization is required.

7. ID Waiver services may be recommended by the case manager only if:

a. The individual is Medicaid eligible as determined by the local departments of social services;

b. The individual has a diagnosis of ID as defined by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, or is a child under the age of six at developmental risk, and who would in the absence of waiver services require the level of care provided in an ICF/ID the cost of which would be reimbursed under the Plan; and

c. The contents of the Plans for Support are consistent with the Medicaid definition of each service.

8. All Individual Support Plans shall be subject to final approval by DMAS. DMAS is the single state agency authority responsible for the supervision of the administration of the ID Waiver.

9. If services are not initiated by the provider within 30 days of receipt of enrollment confirmation from DBHDS, the case manager shall notify the local department of social services so that a re-evaluation of eligibility as a noninstitutionalized individual can be made.

10. In the case of an individual enrolled in the waiver being referred back to a local department of social services for a redetermination of eligibility and in order to retain the designated slot, the case manager shall submit information to DBHDS via IDOLS requesting retention of the designated slot pending the initiation of services. A copy of the request shall be provided to the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate. DBHDS shall have the authority to approve the slot-retention request in 30-day extensions, up to a maximum of four consecutive extensions, or deny such request to retain the waiver slot for that individual. DBHDS shall provide a response to the case manager via IDOLS indicating denial or approval of the slot extension request. DBHDS shall submit this response within 10 working days of the receipt of the request for extension and include the individual's right to appeal its decision.

E. Reevaluation of service need.

1. The Individual Support Plan.

a. The Individual Support Plan, as defined herein, shall be collaboratively developed annually by the case manager with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, other service providers, consultants, and other interested parties based on relevant, current assessment data.

b. The case manager shall be responsible for continuous monitoring of the appropriateness of the individual's services and revisions to the Individual Support Plan as indicated by the changing needs of the individual. At a minimum, the case manager must review the Individual Support Plan every three months to determine whether the individual's desired outcomes and support activities are being met and whether any modifications to the Individual Support Plan are necessary.

c. Any modification to the amount or type of services in the Individual Support Plan shall be prior authorized by the state-designated agency or its contractor.

d. All requests for increased waiver services by individuals enrolled in the waiver shall be reviewed under the health, safety, and welfare standard and for consistency with cost effectiveness. This standard assures that an individual's ability to receive a waiver service is dependent on the finding that the individual needs the service, based on appropriate assessment criteria and a written Plan for Supports, and that services can safely and cost effectively be provided in the community.

2. Review of level of care.

a. The case manager shall complete a reassessment annually in coordination with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and service providers. The reassessment shall include an update of the level of care and Personal Profile, risk assessment, and any other appropriate assessment information. The Individual Support Plan shall be revised as appropriate.

b. At least every three years for those individuals who are 16 years of age and older and every two years for those individuals who are ages birth through 15 years old, or when the individual's support needs change significantly, the case manager, with the assistance of the individual and other appropriate parties who have knowledge of the individual's circumstances and needs for support, shall complete the DBHDS-approved SIS form or an approved alternative instrument for children younger than the age of five years.

c. A medical examination shall be completed for adults based on need identified by the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, provider, case manager, or DBHDS staff. Medical examinations and screenings for children shall be completed according to the recommended frequency and periodicity of the EPSDT program.

d. A new psychological evaluation shall be required whenever the individual's functioning has undergone significant change (such as a loss of abilities or awareness that is expected to last longer than 30 days) and is no longer reflective of the past psychological evaluation. A psychological evaluation or standardized developmental assessment for children younger than six years of age must reflect the current psychological status (diagnosis), adaptive level of functioning, and cognitive abilities.

3. The case manager shall monitor the service providers' Plans for Supports to ensure that all providers are working toward the desired outcomes of the individuals.

4. Case managers shall be required to conduct monthly onsite visits for all individuals enrolled in the waiver residing in VDSS-licensed assisted living facilities or approved adult foster care homes. Case managers shall conduct a minimum of quarterly onsite home visits to individuals receiving ID Waiver services who reside in DBHDS-licensed sponsored residential homes.

12VAC30-120-1019

12VAC30-120-1019. (Reserved.)

12VAC30-120-1020

12VAC30-120-1020. Covered services; limits on: list of covered services.

A. Covered services in the ID CL Waiver include: assistive technology, center-based crisis supports services, community-based crisis support services, community coaching, community engagement, companion services (both consumer-directed and agency-directed), crisis stabilization, day support, crisis support services, electronic home-based supports (EHBS), environmental modifications, group day services, group home residential services, group supported employment, individual supported employment, in-home support services, personal assistance services (both consumer-directed and agency-directed), personal emergency response systems (PERS), prevocational services, private duty nursing, residential support services, respite services (both consumer-directed and agency-directed), services facilitation (only for consumer-directed services), shared living, skilled nursing services, sponsored residential services, supported living residential services, supported employment, therapeutic consultation, and transition services, and workplace assistance services.

1. There shall be separate supporting documentation for each service and each shall be clearly differentiated in documentation and corresponding billing.

2. The need of each individual enrolled in the waiver for each service shall be clearly set out in the Individual Support Plan containing the providers' Plans for Supports.

3. Claims for payment that are not supported by their related documentation shall be subject to recovery by DMAS or its designated contractor as a result of utilization reviews or audits.

4. Individuals enrolled in the waiver may choose between the agency-directed model of service delivery or the consumer-directed model when DMAS makes this alternative model available for care. The only services provided in this waiver that permit the consumer-directed model of service delivery shall be: (i) personal assistance services; (ii) respite services; and (iii) companion services. An individual enrolled in the waiver shall not receive consumer-directed services if at least one of the following conditions exists:

(a) The individual enrolled in the waiver is younger than 18 years of age or is unable to be the employer of record and no one else can assume this role;

(b) The health, safety, or welfare of the individual enrolled in the waiver cannot be assured or a back-up emergency plan cannot be developed; or

(c) The individual enrolled in the waiver has medication or skilled nursing needs or medical/behavioral conditions that cannot be safely met via the consumer-directed model of service delivery.

5. Voluntary/involuntary disenrollment of consumer-directed services. Either voluntary or involuntary disenrollment of consumer-directed services may occur. In either voluntary or involuntary situations, the individual enrolled in the waiver shall be permitted to select an agency from which to receive his personal assistance, respite, or companion services.

a. An individual who has chosen consumer direction may choose, at any time, to change to the agency-directed services model as long as he continues to qualify for the specific services. The services facilitator or case manager, as appropriate, shall assist the individual with the change of services from consumer-directed to agency-directed.

b. The services facilitator or case manager, as appropriate, shall initiate involuntary disenrollment from consumer direction of the individual enrolled in the waiver when any of the following conditions occur:

(1) The health, safety, or welfare of the individual enrolled in the waiver is at risk;

(2) The individual or EOR, as appropriate, demonstrates consistent inability to hire and retain a personal assistant; or

(3) The individual or EOR, as appropriate, is consistently unable to manage the assistant, as may be demonstrated by, but shall not necessarily be limited to, a pattern of serious discrepancies with timesheets.

c. Prior to involuntary disenrollment, the services facilitator or case manager, as appropriate, shall:

(1) Verify that essential training has been provided to the individual or EOR, as appropriate, to improve the problem condition or conditions;

(2) Document in the individual's record the conditions creating the necessity for the involuntary disenrollment and actions taken by the services facilitator or case manager, as appropriate;

(3) Discuss with the individual or the EOR, as appropriate, the agency directed option that is available and the actions needed to arrange for such services while providing a list of potential providers; and

(4) Provide written notice to the individual and EOR, as appropriate, of the right to appeal, pursuant to 12VAC30-110, such involuntary termination of consumer direction. Such notice shall be given at least 10 business days prior to the effective date of this action.

d. If the services facilitator initiates the involuntary disenrollment from consumer direction, then he shall inform the case manager.

6. All requests for this waiver's services shall be submitted to either DMAS or the service authorization contractor for service (prior) authorization.

B. Assistive technology (AT). Service description. This service shall entail the provision of specialized medical equipment and supplies including those devices, controls, or appliances, specified in the Individual Support Plan but which are not available under the State Plan for Medical Assistance, that (i) enable individuals to increase their abilities to perform activities of daily living (ADLs); (ii) enable individuals to perceive, control, or communicate with the environment in which they live; or (iii) are necessary for life support, including the ancillary supplies and equipment necessary to the proper functioning of such technology.

1. Criteria. In order to qualify for these services, the individual shall have a demonstrated need for equipment or modification for remedial or direct medical benefit primarily in the individual's home, vehicle, community activity setting, or day program to specifically improve the individual's personal functioning. AT shall be covered in the least expensive, most cost-effective manner.

2. Service units and service limitations. AT shall be available to individuals who are receiving at least one other waiver service and may be provided in a residential or nonresidential setting. Only the AT services set out in the Plan for Supports shall be covered by DMAS. AT shall be prior authorized by the state-designated agency or its contractor for each calendar year with no carry-over across calendar years.

a. The maximum funded expenditure per individual for all AT covered procedure codes (combined total of AT items and labor related to these items) shall be $5,000 per calendar year for individuals regardless of waiver for which AT is approved. The service unit shall always be one for the total cost of all AT being requested for a specific timeframe.

b. Costs for AT shall not be carried over from calendar year to calendar year and shall be prior authorized by the state-designated agency or its contractor each calendar year. AT shall not be approved for purposes of convenience of the caregiver or restraint of the individual.

3. An independent professional consultation shall be obtained from staff knowledgeable of that item for each AT request prior to approval by the state-designated agency or its contractor. Equipment, supplies, or technology not available as durable medical equipment through the State Plan may be purchased and billed as AT as long as the request for such equipment, supplies, or technology is documented and justified in the individual's Plan for Supports, recommended by the case manager, prior authorized by the state-designated agency or its contractor, and provided in the least expensive, most cost-effective manner possible.

4. All AT items to be covered shall meet applicable standards of manufacture, design, and installation.

5. The AT provider shall obtain, install, and demonstrate, as necessary, such AT prior to submitting his claim to DMAS for reimbursement. The provider shall provide all warranties or guarantees from the AT's manufacturer to the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate.

6. AT providers shall not be the spouse or parents of the individual enrolled in the waiver.

C. Companion (both consumer-directed and agency-directed) services. Service description. These services provide nonmedical care, socialization, or support to an adult (age 18 or older). Companions may assist or support the individual enrolled in the waiver with such tasks as meal preparation, community access and activities, laundry, and shopping, but companions do not perform these activities as discrete services. Companions may also perform light housekeeping tasks (such as bed-making, dusting and vacuuming, laundry, grocery shopping, etc.) when such services are specified in the individual's Plan for Supports and essential to the individual's health and welfare in the context of providing nonmedical care, socialization, or support, as may be needed in order to maintain the individual's home environment in an orderly and clean manner. Companion services shall be provided in accordance with a therapeutic outcome in the Plan for Supports and shall not be purely recreational in nature. This service may be provided and reimbursed either through an agency-directed or a consumer-directed model.

1. In order to qualify for companion services, the individual enrolled in the waiver shall have demonstrated a need for assistance with IADLs, light housekeeping (such as cleaning the bathroom used by the individual, washing his dishes, preparing his meals, or washing his clothes), community access, reminders for medication self-administration, or support to assure safety. The provision of companion services shall not entail routine hands-on care.

2. Individuals choosing the consumer-directed option shall meet requirements for consumer direction as described herein.

3. Service units and service limitations.

a. The unit of service for companion services shall be one hour and the amount that may be included in the Plan for Supports shall not exceed eight hours per 24-hour day regardless of whether it is an agency-directed or consumer-directed service model, or both.

b. A companion shall not be permitted to provide nursing care procedures such as, but not limited to, ventilators, tube feedings, suctioning of airways, or wound care.

c. The hours that can be authorized shall be based on documented individual need. No more than two unrelated individuals who are receiving waiver services and who live in the same home shall be permitted to share the authorized work hours of the companion.

4. This consumer directed service shall be available to individuals enrolled in the waiver who receive congregate residential services. These services shall be available when individuals enrolled in the waiver are not receiving congregate residential services such as, but not necessarily limited to, when they are on vacation or are visiting with family members.

D. Crisis stabilization. Service description. These services shall involve direct interventions that provide temporary intensive services and support that avert emergency psychiatric hospitalization or institutional placement of individuals with ID who are experiencing serious psychiatric or behavioral problems that jeopardize their current community living situation. Crisis stabilization services shall have two components: (i) intervention and (ii) supervision. Crisis stabilization services shall include, as appropriate, neuropsychiatric, psychiatric, psychological, and other assessments and stabilization techniques, medication management and monitoring, behavior assessment and positive behavioral support, and intensive service coordination with other agencies and providers. This service shall be designed to stabilize the individual and strengthen the current living situation, so that the individual remains in the community during and beyond the crisis period.

1. These services shall be provided to:

a. Assist with planning and delivery of services and supports to enable the individual to remain in the community;

b. Train family/caregivers and service providers in positive behavioral supports to maintain the individual in the community; and

c. Provide temporary crisis supervision to ensure the safety of the individual and others.

2. In order to receive crisis stabilization services, the individual shall:

a. Meet at least one of the following: (i) the individual shall be experiencing a marked reduction in psychiatric, adaptive, or behavioral functioning; (ii) the individual shall be experiencing an increase in extreme emotional distress; (iii) the individual shall need continuous intervention to maintain stability; or (iv) the individual shall be causing harm to himself or others; and

b. Be at risk of at least one of the following: (i) psychiatric hospitalization; (ii) emergency ICF/ID placement; (iii) immediate threat of loss of a community service due to a severe situational reaction; or (iv) causing harm to self or others.

3. Service units and service limitations. Crisis stabilization services shall only be authorized following a documented face-to-face assessment conducted by a qualified mental retardation professional (QMRP).

a. The unit for either intervention or supervision of this covered service shall be one hour. This service shall only be authorized in 15-day increments but no more than 60 days in a calendar year shall be approved. The actual service units per episode shall be based on the documented clinical needs of the individual being served. Extension of services, beyond the 15-day limit per authorization, shall only be authorized following a documented face-to-face reassessment conducted by a QMRP.

b. Crisis stabilization services shall be provided directly in the following settings, but shall not be limited to:

(1) The home of an individual who lives with family, friends, or other primary caregiver or caregivers;

(2) The home of an individual who lives independently or semi-independently to augment any current services and supports; or

(3) Either a community-based residential program, a day program, or a respite care setting to augment ongoing current services and supports.

4. Crisis supervision shall be an optional component of crisis stabilization in which one-to-one supervision of the individual who is in crisis shall be provided by agency staff in order to ensure the safety of the individual and others in the environment. Crisis supervision may be provided as a component of crisis stabilization only if clinical or behavioral interventions allowed under this service are also provided during the authorized period. Crisis supervision must be provided one-to-one and face-to-face with the individual. Crisis supervision, if provided as a part of this service, shall be separately billed in hourly service units.

5. Crisis stabilization services shall not be used for continuous long-term care. Room, board, and general supervision shall not be components of this service.

6. If appropriate, the assessment and any reassessments may be conducted jointly with a licensed mental health professional or other appropriate professional or professionals.

E. Day support services. Service description. These services shall include skill-building, supports, and safety supports for the acquisition, retention, or improvement of self-help, socialization, community integration, and adaptive skills. These services shall be typically offered in a nonresidential setting that provides opportunities for peer interactions, community integration, and enhancement of social networks. There shall be two levels of this service: (i) intensive and (ii) regular.

1. Criteria. For day support services, individuals shall demonstrate the need for skill-building or supports offered primarily in settings other than the individual's own residence that allows him an opportunity for being a productive and contributing member of his community.

2. Types of day support. The amount and type of day support included in the individual's Plan for Supports shall be determined by what is required for that individual. There are two types of day support: center-based, which is provided primarily at one location/building; or noncenter-based, which is provided primarily in community settings. Both types of day support may be provided at either intensive or regular levels.

3. Levels of day support. There shall be two levels of day support, intensive and regular. To be authorized at the intensive level, the individual shall meet at least one of the following criteria: (i) the individual requires physical assistance to meet the basic personal care needs (such as but not limited to toileting, eating/feeding); (ii) the individual requires additional, ongoing support to fully participate in programming and to accomplish the individual's desired outcomes due to extensive disability-related difficulties; or (iii) the individual requires extensive constant supervision to reduce or eliminate behaviors that preclude full participation in the program. In this case, written behavioral support activities shall be required to address behaviors such as, but not limited to, withdrawal, self-injury, aggression, or self-stimulation. Individuals not meeting these specified criteria for intensive day support shall be provided with regular day support.

4. Service units and service limitations.

a. This service shall be limited to 780 blocks, or its equivalent under the DMAS fee schedule, per Individual Support Plan year. A block shall be defined as a period of time from one hour through three hours and 59 minutes. Two blocks are defined as four hours to six hours and 59 minutes. Three blocks are defined as seven hours to nine hours and 59 minutes. If this service is used in combination with prevocational, or group supported employment services, or both, the combined total units for day support, prevocational, or group supported employment services shall not exceed 780 units, or its equivalent under the DMAS fee schedule, per Individual Support Plan year.

b. Day support services shall be billed according to the DMAS fee schedule.

c. Day support shall not be regularly or temporarily provided in an individual's home setting or other residential setting (e.g., due to inclement weather or individual illness) without prior written approval from the state-designated agency or its contractor.

d. Noncenter-based day support services shall be separate and distinguishable from either residential support services or personal assistance services. The supporting documentation shall provide an estimate of the amount of day support required by the individual.

5. Service providers shall be reimbursed only for the amount and level of day support services included in the individual's approved Plan for Supports based on the setting, intensity, and duration of the service to be delivered.

F. Environmental modifications (EM). Service description. This service shall be defined, as set out in 12VAC30-120-1000, as those physical adaptations to the individual's primary home, primary vehicle, or work site that shall be required by the individual's Individual Support Plan, that are necessary to ensure the health and welfare of the individual, or that enable the individual to function with greater independence. Environmental modifications reimbursed by DMAS may only be made to an individual's work site when the modification exceeds the reasonable accommodation requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act. Such adaptations may include, but shall not necessarily be limited to, the installation of ramps and grab-bars, widening of doorways, modification of bathroom facilities, or installation of specialized electric and plumbing systems that are necessary to accommodate the medical equipment and supplies that are necessary for the individual. Modifications may be made to a primary automotive vehicle in which the individual is transported if it is owned by the individual, a family member with whom the individual lives or has consistent and ongoing contact, or a nonrelative who provides primary long-term support to the individual and is not a paid provider of services.

1. In order to qualify for these services, the individual enrolled in the waiver shall have a demonstrated need for equipment or modifications of a remedial or medical benefit offered in an individual's primary home, the primary vehicle used by the individual, community activity setting, or day program to specifically improve the individual's personal functioning. This service shall encompass those items not otherwise covered in the State Plan for Medical Assistance or through another program.

2. Service units and service limitations.

a. Environmental modifications shall be provided in the least expensive manner possible that will accomplish the modification required by the individual enrolled in the waiver and shall be completed within the calendar year consistent with the Plan of Supports' requirements.

b. The maximum funded expenditure per individual for all EM covered procedure codes (combined total of EM items and labor related to these items) shall be $5,000 per calendar year for individuals regardless of waiver for which EM is approved. The service unit shall always be one, for the total cost of all EM being requested for a specific timeframe.

EM shall be available to individuals enrolled in the waiver who are receiving at least one other waiver service and may be provided in a residential or nonresidential setting. EM shall be prior authorized by the state-designated agency or its contractor for each calendar year with no carry-over across calendar years.

c. Modifications shall not be used to bring a substandard dwelling up to minimum habitation standards.

d. Providers shall be reimbursed for their actual cost of material and labor and no additional mark-ups shall be permitted.

e. Providers of EM services shall not be the spouse or parents of the individual enrolled in the waiver.

f. Excluded from coverage under this waiver service shall be those adaptations or improvements to the home that are of general utility and that are not of direct medical or remedial benefit to the individual enrolled in the waiver, such as, but not necessarily limited to, carpeting, roof repairs, and central air conditioning. Also excluded shall be modifications that are reasonable accommodation requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Virginians with Disabilities Act, and the Rehabilitation Act. Adaptations that add to the total square footage of the home shall be excluded from this service. Except when EM services are furnished in the individual's own home, such services shall not be provided to individuals who receive residential support services.

3. Modifications shall not be prior authorized or covered to adapt living arrangements that are owned or leased by providers of waiver services or those living arrangements that are sponsored by a DBHDS-licensed residential support provider. Specifically, provider-owned or leased settings where residential support services are furnished shall already be compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act.

4. Modifications to a primary vehicle that shall be specifically excluded from this benefit shall be:

a. Adaptations or improvements to the vehicle that are of general utility and are not of direct medical or remedial benefit to the individual;

b. Purchase or lease of a vehicle; and

c. Regularly scheduled upkeep and maintenance of a vehicle, except upkeep and maintenance of the modifications that were covered under this waiver benefit.

G. Personal assistance services. Service description. These services may be provided either through an agency-directed or consumer-directed (CD) model.

1. Personal assistance shall be provided to individuals in the areas of activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), access to the community, monitoring of self-administered medications or other medical needs, monitoring of health status and physical condition, and work-related personal assistance. Such services, as set out in the Plan for Supports, may be provided and reimbursed in home and community settings to enable an individual to maintain the health status and functional skills necessary to live in the community or participate in community activities. When specified, such supportive services may include assistance with IADLs. Personal assistance shall not include either practical or professional nursing services or those practices regulated in Chapters 30 (§ 54.1-3000 et seq.) and 34 (§ 54.1-3400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia, as appropriate. This service shall not include skilled nursing services with the exception of skilled nursing tasks that may be delegated pursuant to 18VAC90-20-420 through 18VAC90-20-460.

2. Criteria. In order to qualify for personal assistance, the individual shall demonstrate a need for assistance with ADLs, community access, self-administration of medications or other medical needs, or monitoring of health status or physical condition.

3. Service units and service limitations.

a. The unit of service shall be one hour.

b. Each individual, family, or caregiver shall have a back-up plan for the individual's needed supports in case the personal assistant does not report for work as expected or terminates employment without prior notice.

c. Personal assistance shall not be available to individuals who (i) receive congregate residential services or who live in assisted living facilities, (ii) would benefit from ADL or IADL skill development as identified by the case manager, or (iii) receive comparable services provided through another program or service.

d. The hours to be authorized shall be based on the individual's need. No more than two unrelated individuals who live in the same home shall be permitted to share the authorized work hours of the assistant.

H. Personal Emergency Response System (PERS). Service description. This service shall be a service that monitors individuals' safety in their homes, and provides access to emergency assistance for medical or environmental emergencies through the provision of a two-way voice communication system that dials a 24-hour response or monitoring center upon activation and via the individuals' home telephone system. PERS may also include medication monitoring devices.

1. PERS may be authorized when there is no one else in the home with the individual enrolled in the waiver who is competent or continuously available to call for help in an emergency.

2. Service units and service limitations.

a. A unit of service shall include administrative costs, time, labor, and supplies associated with the installation, maintenance, monitoring, and adjustments of the PERS. A unit of service is the one-month rental price set by DMAS. The one-time installation of the unit shall include installation, account activation, individual and caregiver instruction, and removal of PERS equipment.

b. PERS services shall be capable of being activated by a remote wireless device and shall be connected to the individual's telephone system. The PERS console unit must provide hands-free voice-to-voice communication with the response center. The activating device must be waterproof, automatically transmit to the response center an activator low battery alert signal prior to the battery losing power, and be able to be worn by the individual.

c. PERS services shall not be used as a substitute for providing adequate supervision for the individual enrolled in the waiver.

I. Prevocational services. Service description. These services shall be intended to prepare an individual enrolled in the waiver for paid or unpaid employment but shall not be job-task oriented. Prevocational services shall be provided to individuals who are not expected to be able to join the general work force without supports or to participate in a transitional sheltered workshop within one year of beginning waiver services. Activities included in this service shall not be directed at teaching specific job skills but at underlying habilitative outcomes such as accepting supervision, regular job attendance, task completion, problem solving, and safety. There shall be two levels of this covered service: (i) intensive and (ii) regular.

1. In order to qualify for prevocational services, the individual enrolled in the waiver shall have a demonstrated need for support in skills that are aimed toward preparation of paid employment that may be offered in a variety of community settings.

2. Service units and service limitations. Billing shall be in accordance with the DMAS fee schedule.

a. This service shall be limited to 780 blocks, or its equivalent under the DMAS fee schedule, per Individual Support Plan year. A block shall be defined as a period of time from one hour through three hours and 59 minutes. Two blocks are defined as four hours to six hours and 59 minutes. Three blocks are defined as seven hours to nine hours and 59 minutes. If this service is used in combination with day support or group-supported employment services, or both, the combined total units for prevocational services, day support and group supported employment services shall not exceed 780 blocks, or its equivalent under the DMAS fee schedule, per Individual Support Plan year. A block shall be defined as a period of time from one hour through three hours and 59 minutes.

b. Prevocational services may be provided in center-based or noncenter-based settings. Center-based settings means services shall be provided primarily at one location or building and noncenter-based means services shall be provided primarily in community settings.

c. For prevocational services to be authorized at the intensive level, the individual must meet at least one of the following criteria: (i) require physical assistance to meet the basic personal care needs (such as, but not limited to, toileting, eating/feeding); (ii) require additional, ongoing support to fully participate in services and to accomplish desired outcomes due to extensive disability-related difficulties; or (iii) require extensive constant supervision to reduce or eliminate behaviors that preclude full participation in the program. In this case, written behavioral support activities shall be required to address behaviors such as, but not limited to, withdrawal, self-injury, aggression, or self-stimulation. Individuals not meeting these specified criteria for intensive prevocational services shall be provided with regular prevocational services.

3. There shall be documentation regarding whether prevocational services are available in vocational rehabilitation agencies through § 110 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 or through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). If the individual is not eligible for services through the IDEA due to his age, documentation shall be required only for lack of DRS funding. When these services are provided through these alternative funding sources, the Plan for Supports shall not authorize prevocational services as waiver expenditures.

4. Prevocational services shall only be provided when the individual's compensation for work performed is less than 50% of the minimum wage.

J. Residential support services. Service description. These services shall consist of skill-building, supports, and safety supports, provided primarily in an individual's home or in a licensed or approved residence, that enable an individual to acquire, retain, or improve the self-help, socialization, and adaptive skills necessary to reside successfully in home and community-based settings. Service providers shall be reimbursed only for the amount and type of residential support services that are included in the individual's approved Plan for Supports. There shall be two types of this service: congregate residential support and in-home supports. Residential support services shall be authorized for Medicaid reimbursement in the Plan for Supports only when the individual requires these services and when such needs exceed the services included in the individual's room and board arrangements with the service provider, or if these services exceed supports provided by the family/caregiver. Only in exceptional instances shall residential support services be routinely reimbursed up to a 24-hour period.

1. Criteria.

a. In order for DMAS to reimburse for congregate residential support services, the individual shall have a demonstrated need for supports to be provided by staff who shall be paid by the residential support provider.

b. To qualify for this service in a congregate setting, the individual shall have a demonstrated need for continuous skill-building, supports, and safety supports for up to 24 hours per day.

c. Providers shall participate as requested in the completion of the DBHDS-approved SIS form or its approved substitute form.

d. The residential support Plan for Supports shall indicate the necessary amount and type of activities required by the individual, the schedule of residential support services, and the total number of projected hours per week of waiver reimbursed residential support.

e. In-home residential supports shall be supplemental to the primary care provided by the individual, his family member or members, and other caregivers. In-home residential supports shall not replace this primary care.

f. In-home residential supports shall be delivered on an individual basis, typically for less than a continuous 24-hour period. This service shall be delivered with a one-to-one staff-to-individual ratio except when skill building supports require interaction with another person.

2. Service units and service limitations. Total billing shall not exceed the amount authorized in the Plan for Supports. The provider must maintain documentation of the date and times that services have been provided, and specific circumstances that prevented provision of all of the scheduled services, should that occur.

a. This service shall be provided on an individual-specific basis according to the Plan for Supports and service setting requirements;

b. Congregate residential support shall not be provided to any individual enrolled in the waiver who receives personal assistance services under the ID Waiver or other residential services that provide a comparable level of care. Residential support services shall be permitted to be provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver in conjunction with respite services for unpaid caregivers;

c. Room, board, and general supervision shall not be components of this service;

d. This service shall not be used solely to provide routine or emergency respite care for the family/caregiver with whom the individual lives; and

e. Medicaid reimbursement shall be available only for residential support services provided when the individual is present and when an enrolled Medicaid provider is providing the services.

K. Respite services. Service description. These services may be provided either through an agency-directed or consumer-directed (CD) model.

1. Respite services shall be provided to individuals in the areas of activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), access to the community, monitoring of self-administered medications or other medical needs, and monitoring of health status and physical condition in the absence of the primary caregiver or to relieve the primary caregiver from the duties of care-giving. Such services may be provided in home and community settings to enable an individual to maintain the health status and functional skills necessary to live in the community or participate in community activities. When specified, such supportive services may include assistance with IADLs. Respite assistance shall not include either practical or professional nursing services or those practices regulated in Chapters 30 (§ 54.1-3000 et seq.) and 34 (§ 54.1-3400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia, as appropriate. This service shall not include skilled nursing services with the exception of skilled nursing tasks that may be delegated pursuant to 18VAC90-20-420 through 18VAC90-20-460.

2. Respite services shall be those that are normally provided by the individual's family or other unpaid primary caregiver. These covered services shall be furnished on a short-term, episodic, or periodic basis because of the absence of the unpaid caregiver or need for relief of the unpaid caregiver or caregivers who normally provide care for the individual.

3. Criteria.

a. In order to qualify for respite services, the individual shall demonstrate a need for assistance with ADLs, community access, self-administration of medications or other medical needs, or monitoring of health status or physical condition.

b. Respite services shall only be offered to individuals who have an unpaid primary caregiver or caregivers who require temporary relief. Such need for relief may be either episodic, intermittent, or periodic.

4. Service units and service limitations.

a. The unit of service shall be one hour. Respite services shall be limited to 480 hours per individual per state fiscal year. If an individual changes waiver programs, this same maximum number of respite hours shall apply. No additional respite hours beyond the 480 maximum limit shall be approved for payment. Individuals who are receiving respite services in this waiver through both the agency-directed and CD models shall not exceed 480 hours per year combined.

b. Each individual, family, or caregiver shall have a back-up plan for the individual's care in case the respite assistant does not report for work as expected or terminates employment without prior notice.

c. Respite services shall not be provided to relieve staff of either group homes, pursuant to 12VAC35-105-20, or assisted living facilities, pursuant to 22VAC40-72-10, where residential supports are provided in shifts. Respite services shall not be provided for DMAS reimbursement by adult foster care providers for an individual residing in that foster home.

d. Skill development shall not be provided with respite services.

e. The hours to be authorized shall be based on the individual's need. No more than two unrelated individuals who live in the same home shall be permitted to share the authorized work hours of the respite assistant.

5. Consumer-directed and agency-directed respite services shall meet the same standards for service limits and authorizations.

L. Services facilitation and consumer-directed service model. Service description. Individuals enrolled in the waiver may be approved to select consumer directed (CD) models of service delivery, absent any of the specified conditions that precludes such a choice, and may also receive support from a services facilitator. Persons functioning as services facilitators shall be enrolled Medicaid providers. This shall be a separate waiver service to be used in conjunction with CD personal assistance, respite, or companion services and shall not be covered for an individual absent one of these consumer directed services.

1. Services facilitators shall train individuals enrolled in the waiver, family/caregiver, or EOR, as appropriate, to direct (such as select, hire, train, supervise, and authorize timesheets of) their own assistants who are rendering personal assistance, respite services, and companion services.

2. The services facilitator shall assess the individual's particular needs for a requested CD service, assisting in the development of the Plan for Supports, provide management training for the individual or the EOR, as appropriate, on his responsibilities as employer, and provide ongoing support of the CD model of services. The service authorization for receipt of consumer directed services shall be based on the approved Plan for Supports.

3. The services facilitator shall make an initial comprehensive home visit to collaborate with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, to identify the individual's needs, assist in the development of the Plan for Supports with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and provide employer management training to the individual and the family/caregiver, as appropriate, on his responsibilities as an employer, and providing ongoing support of the consumer-directed model of services. Individuals or EORs who are unable to receive employer management training at the time of the initial visit shall receive management training within seven days of the initial visit.

a. The initial comprehensive home visit shall be completed only once upon the individual's entry into the CD model of service regardless of the number or type of CD services that an individual requests.

b. If an individual changes services facilitators, the new services facilitator shall complete a reassessment visit in lieu of a comprehensive visit.

c. This employer management training shall be completed before the individual or EOR may hire an assistant who is to be reimbursed by DMAS.

4. After the initial visit, the services facilitator shall continue to monitor the individual's Plan for Supports quarterly (i.e., every 90 days) and more often as-needed. If CD respite services are provided, the services facilitator shall review the utilization of CD respite services either every six months or upon the use of 240 respite services hours, whichever comes first.

5. A face-to-face meeting shall occur between the services facilitator and the individual at least every six months to reassess the individual's needs and to ensure appropriateness of any CD services received by the individual. During these visits with the individual, the services facilitator shall observe, evaluate, and consult with the individual, EOR, and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, for the purpose of documenting the adequacy and appropriateness of CD services with regard to the individual's current functioning and cognitive status, medical needs, and social needs. The services facilitator's written summary of the visit shall include, but shall not necessarily be limited to:

a. Discussion with the individual and EOR or family/caregiver, as appropriate, whether the particular consumer directed service is adequate to meet the individual's needs;

b. Any suspected abuse, neglect, or exploitation and to whom it was reported;

c. Any special tasks performed by the assistant and the assistant's qualifications to perform these tasks;

d. Individual's and EOR's or family/caregiver's, as appropriate, satisfaction with the assistant's service;

e. Any hospitalization or change in medical condition, functioning, or cognitive status;

f. The presence or absence of the assistant in the home during the services facilitator's visit; and

g. Any other services received and the amount.

6. The services facilitator, during routine visits, shall also review and verify timesheets as needed to ensure that the number of hours approved in the Plan for Supports is not exceeded. If discrepancies are identified, the services facilitator shall discuss these with the individual or the EOR to resolve discrepancies and shall notify the fiscal/employer agent. If an individual is consistently identified as having discrepancies in his timesheets, the services facilitator shall contact the case manager to resolve the situation.

7. The services facilitator shall maintain a record of each individual containing elements as set out in 12VAC30-120-1060.

8. The services facilitator shall be available during standard business hours to the individual or EOR by telephone.

9. If a services facilitator is not selected by the individual, the individual or the family/caregiver serving as the EOR shall perform all of the duties and meet all of the requirements, including documentation requirements, identified for services facilitation. However, the individual or family/caregiver shall not be reimbursed by DMAS for performing these duties or meeting these requirements.

10. If an individual enrolled in consumer-directed services has a lapse in services facilitator duties for more than 90 consecutive days, and the individual or family/caregiver is not willing or able to assume the service facilitation duties, then the case manager shall notify DMAS or its designated prior authorization contractor and the consumer-directed services shall be discontinued once the required 10 days notice of this change has been observed. The individual whose consumer-directed services have been discontinued shall have the right to appeal this discontinuation action pursuant to 12VAC30-110. The individual shall be given his choice of an agency for the alternative personal care, respite, or companion services that he was previously obtaining through consumer direction. 

11. The CD services facilitator, who is to be reimbursed by DMAS, shall not be the individual enrolled in the waiver, the individual's case manager, a direct service provider, the individual's spouse, a parent of the individual who is a minor child, or the EOR who is employing the assistant/companion.

12. The services facilitator shall document what constitutes the individual's back-up plan in case the assistant/companion does not report for work as expected or terminates employment without prior notice.

13. Should the assistant/companion not report for work or terminate his employment without notice, then the services facilitator shall, upon the individual's or EOR's request, provide management training to ensure that the individual or the EOR is able to recruit and employ a new assistant/companion.

14. The limits and requirements for individuals' selection of consumer directed services shall be as follows:

a. In order to be approved to use the CD model of services, the individual enrolled in the waiver, or if the individual is unable, the designated EOR, shall have the capability to hire, train, and fire his own assistants and supervise the assistants' performance. Case managers shall document in the Individual Support Plan the individual's choice for the CD model and whether or not the individual chooses services facilitation. The case manager shall document in this individual's record that the individual can serve as the EOR or if there is a need for another person to serve as the EOR on behalf of the individual.

b. An individual enrolled in the waiver who is younger than 18 years of age shall be required to have an adult responsible for functioning in the capacity of an EOR.

c. Specific employer duties shall include checking references of assistants, determining that assistants meet specified qualifications, timely and accurate completion of hiring packets, training the assistants, supervising assistants' performance, and submitting complete and accurate timesheets to the fiscal/employer agent on a consistent and timely basis.

M. Skilled nursing services. Service description. These services shall be provided for individuals enrolled in the waiver having serious medical conditions and complex health care needs who do not meet home health criteria but who require specific skilled nursing services which cannot be provided by non-nursing personnel. Skilled nursing services may be provided in the individual's home or other community setting on a regularly scheduled or intermittent basis. It may include consultation, nurse delegation as appropriate, oversight of direct support staff as appropriate, and training for other providers.

1. In order to qualify for these services, the individual enrolled in the waiver shall have demonstrated complex health care needs that require specific skilled nursing services as ordered by a physician that cannot be otherwise provided under the Title XIX State Plan for Medical Assistance, such as under the home health care benefit.

2. Service units and service limitations. Skilled nursing services shall be rendered by a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000 and shall be provided in 15-minute units in accordance with the DMAS fee schedule as set out in DMAS guidance documents. The services shall be explicitly detailed in a Plan for Supports and shall be specifically ordered by a physician as medically necessary.

N. Supported employment services. Service description. These services shall consist of ongoing supports that enable individuals to be employed in an integrated work setting and may include assisting the individual to locate a job or develop a job on behalf of the individual, as well as activities needed to sustain paid work by the individual including skill-building supports and safety supports on a job site. These services shall be provided in work settings where persons without disabilities are employed. Supported employment services shall be especially designed for individuals with developmental disabilities, including individuals with ID, who face severe impediments to employment due to the nature and complexity of their disabilities, irrespective of age or vocational potential (i.e., the individual's ability to perform work).

1. Supported employment services shall be available to individuals for whom competitive employment at or above the minimum wage is unlikely without ongoing supports and who because of their disabilities need ongoing support to perform in a work setting. The individual's assessment and Individual Support Plan must clearly reflect the individual's need for employment-related skill building.

2. Supported employment shall be provided in one of two models: individual or group.

a. Individual supported employment shall be defined as support, usually provided one-on-one by a job coach to an individual in a supported employment position. For this service, reimbursement of supported employment shall be limited to actual documented interventions or collateral contacts by the provider, not the amount of time the individual enrolled in the waiver is in the supported employment situation.

b. Group supported employment shall be defined as continuous support provided by staff to eight or fewer individuals with disabilities who work in an enclave, work crew, bench work, or in an entrepreneurial model.

3. Criteria.

a. Only job development tasks that specifically pertain to the individual shall be allowable activities under the ID Waiver supported employment service and DMAS shall cover this service only after determining that this service is not available from DRS for this individual enrolled in the waiver.

b. In order to qualify for these services, the individual shall have demonstrated that competitive employment at or above the minimum wage is unlikely without ongoing supports and, that because of his disability, he needs ongoing support to perform in a work setting.

c. Providers shall participate as requested in the completion of the DBHDS-approved assessment.

d. The Plan for Supports shall document the amount of supported employment required by the individual.

4. Service units and service limitations.

a. Service providers shall be reimbursed only for the amount and type of supported employment included in the individual's Plan for Supports, which must be based on the intensity and duration of the service delivered.

b. The unit of service for individual job placement supported employment shall be one hour. This service shall be limited to 40 hours per week per individual.

c. Group models of supported employment shall be billed according to the DMAS fee schedule.

d. Group supported employment shall be limited to 780 blocks per individual, or its equivalent under the DMAS fee schedule, per Individual Support Plan year. A block shall be defined as a period of time from one hour through three hours and 59 minutes. Two blocks are defined as four hours to six hours and 59 minutes. Three blocks are defined as seven hours to nine hours and 59 minutes. If this service is used in combination with prevocational and day support services, the combined total unit blocks for these three services shall not exceed 780 units, or its equivalent under the DMAS fee schedule, per Individual Support Plan year.

O. Therapeutic consultation. Service description. This service shall provide expertise, training, and technical assistance in any of the following specialty areas to assist family members, caregivers, and other service providers in supporting the individual enrolled in the waiver. The specialty areas shall be (i) psychology, (ii) behavioral consultation, (iii) therapeutic recreation, (iv) speech and language pathology, (v) occupational therapy, (vi) physical therapy, and (vii) rehabilitation engineering. The need for any of these services shall be based on the individuals' Individual Support Plans, and shall be provided to those individuals for whom specialized consultation is clinically necessary and who have additional challenges restricting their abilities to function in the community. Therapeutic consultation services may be provided in individuals' homes, and in appropriate community settings (such as licensed or approved homes or day support programs) as long as they are intended to facilitate implementation of individuals' desired outcomes as identified in their Individual Support Plans.

1. In order to qualify for these services, the individual shall have a demonstrated need for consultation in any of these services. Documented need must indicate that the Individual Support Plan cannot be implemented effectively and efficiently without such consultation as provided by this covered service.

a. The individual's therapeutic consultation Plan for Supports shall clearly reflect the individual's needs, as documented in the assessment information, for specialized consultation provided to family/caregivers and providers in order to effectively implement the Plan for Supports.

b. Therapeutic consultation services shall not include direct therapy provided to individuals enrolled in the waiver and shall not duplicate the activities of other services that are available to the individual through the State Plan for Medical Assistance.

2. The unit of service shall be one hour. The services must be explicitly detailed in the Plan for Supports. Travel time, written preparation, and telephone communication shall be considered as in-kind expenses within this service and shall not be reimbursed as separate items. Therapeutic consultation shall not be billed solely for purposes of monitoring the individual.

3. Only behavioral consultation in this therapeutic consultation service may be offered in the absence of any other waiver service when the consultation is determined to be necessary.

P. Transition services. Transition services, as defined at and controlled by 12VAC30-120-2000 and 12VAC30-120-2010, provide for set-up expenses for qualifying applicants. The ID case manager shall coordinate with the discharge planner to ensure that ID Waiver eligibility criteria shall be met. Transition services shall be prior authorized by DMAS or its designated agent in order for reimbursement to occur.

12VAC30-120-1021

12VAC30-120-1021. Covered services: assistive technology in FIS, CL, and BI Waivers.

A. Assistive technology (AT). Service description. This service shall entail the provision of specialized medical equipment and supplies including those devices, controls, or appliances, specified in the Individual Support Plan but which are not available under the State Plan for Medical Assistance, that (i) enable individuals to increase their abilities to perform activities of daily living (ADLs); (ii) enable individuals to perceive, control, or communicate with the environment in which they live; or (iii) are necessary for life support, including the ancillary supplies and equipment necessary to the proper functioning of such items.

1. Criteria. In order to qualify for these services, the individual shall have a demonstrated need for equipment for remedial or direct medical benefit primarily in the individual's primary home, primary vehicle, community activity setting, or day program to specifically improve the individual's personal functioning. AT shall be covered in the least expensive, most cost-effective manner. The equipment and activities shall include:

a. Specialized medical equipment, ancillary equipment, and supplies necessary for life support;

b. Durable or nondurable medical equipment and supplies that are not otherwise available through the State Plan for Medical Assistance;

c. Adaptive devices, appliances, and controls which enable an individual to be independent in areas of personal care and ADLs; and

d. Equipment and devices which enable an individual to communicate more effectively.

2. Service units and service limitations. AT shall be available to individuals who are receiving at least one other waiver service and may be provided in a residential or nonresidential setting described above in subdivision A 1 of this subsection. Only the AT services set out in the ISP shall be covered by DMAS. AT shall be service authorized by the state-designated agency or its designee for each calendar year with no carry-over of unspent funds across calendar years.

a. The maximum funded expenditure per individual for all AT covered procedure codes (combined total of AT items and labor related to these items) shall be $5,000 per calendar year. The service unit shall always be one for the total cost of all AT being requested for a specific timeframe.

b. AT shall not be approved for purposes of convenience of the caregiver or restraint of the individual.

3. Service requirements.

a. An independent professional consultation to determine the level of need that is not performed by the AT provider shall be obtained from staff knowledgeable of that item for each AT request prior to approval by the state-designated agency or its designee. Equipment, supplies, or technology not available as durable medical equipment through the State Plan for Medical Assistance may be purchased and billed as AT as long as the request for such equipment, supplies, or technology is documented and justified in the individual's ISP, recommended by the support coordinator/case manager, service authorized by the state-designated agency or its designee, and provided in the least expensive, most cost-effective manner possible.

b. All AT items to be covered shall meet applicable standards of manufacture, design, and installation.

c. The AT provider shall obtain, install, and demonstrate, as necessary, such service authorized AT prior to submitting his claim to DMAS for reimbursement. The provider shall provide all warranties or guarantees from the AT's manufacturer to the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate.

d. AT providers shall not be the spouse or parents of the individual enrolled in the waiver.

e. Requests for AT services shall be denied if waiver services are available for children under EPSDT (12VAC30-50-130). No duplication of payment for AT services shall be permitted between the waiver and services covered for adults that are reasonable accommodation requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Virginians with Disabilities Act, and the Rehabilitation Act.

4. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1061 A and B.

B. Benefits planning. (Reserved.)

12VAC30-120-1022

12VAC30-120-1022. Covered services: community engagement; community coaching.

A. Community engagement service description.

1. Community engagement means services that support and foster an individual's abilities to acquire, retain, or improve skills necessary to build positive social behavior, interpersonal competence, greater independence, employability, and personal choices necessary to access typical activities and functions of community life such as those chosen by the general population. These may include community education or training and volunteer activities. Community engagement provides a wide variety of opportunities to facilitate and build relationships and natural supports in the community, while utilizing the community as a learning environment. These activities are conducted at naturally occurring times and in a variety of natural settings in which the individual actively interacts with persons without disabilities (other than those paid to support the individual). The activities enhance the individual's involvement with the community and facilitate the development of natural supports. This service shall be provided in the least restrictive and most integrated settings possible according to the individual's Plan for Supports and individual choice. Community engagement is a tiered service for reimbursement purposes.

2. Community engagement criteria. Individuals who are authorized for community engagement shall have a Plan for Supports.

3. Community engagement allowable activities include:

a. Skill building, education, support and monitoring that assists the individual with the acquisition and retention of skills in the following areas: (i) activities and public events in the community; (ii) community educational activities and events; (iii) interests and activities that encourage therapeutic use of leisure time; (iv) volunteer experiences; and (vi) maintaining contact with family and friends.

b. Skill building and education in self-direction designed to enable the individual to achieve one or more of the following outcomes particularly through community collaborations and social connections developed by the provider (e.g., partnerships with community entities such as senior centers, arts councils, etc.): (i) development of self-advocacy skills; (ii) exercise of civil rights; (iii) acquisition of skills that promote the ability to exercise self-control and responsibility over services and supports received or needed; (iv) acquisition of skills that enable the individual to become more independent, integrated, or productive in the community; (v) development of communication skills and abilities; (vi) furthering spiritual practices; (vii) participation in cultural activities; (viii) developing skills that enhance career planning goals in the community; (ix) development of living skills; (x) promotion of health and wellness; (xi) development of orientation to the community, mobility, and the ability to achieve the desired destination; (xii) access to and utilization of public transportation; or (xiii) interaction with volunteers from the community in program activities.

4. Community engagement service units and service limits. Service authorization shall be required.

a. The unit of service shall be one hour.

b. Community engagement services alone or in combination with group day, community coaching, workplace assistance services, or supported employment services shall not exceed 66 hours per week.

c. This service shall be delivered in the community and shall not take place in a licensed residential setting nor in the individual's residence.

d. This service shall be provided at a ratio of no more than one staff to three individuals.

e. Community engagement may include planning community activities with the individual, although this shall be limited to no more than 10% of the total number of authorized hours per month.

f. Providers shall only be reimbursed for the tier to which the individual has been assigned based on the individual's assessed needs.

5. Community engagement provider requirements.

a. Community engagement providers shall be licensed by DBHDS as a provider of day support services.

b. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1065 A.

B. Community coaching.

1. Community coaching service description. Community coaching means services that are designed for individuals who need one to one support in a variety of community settings in order to build a specific skill or set of skills to address a particular barrier or barriers preventing an individual from participating in activities of community engagement. In addition to skill building, this service includes safety supports.

2. Community coaching criteria. This service may be provided to individuals who require one to one support to address identified barriers in their Plan for Supports that prevent them from participating in the community engagement service.

3. Community coaching allowable activities.

a. Individuals who are authorized for community coaching shall have a Plan for Supports. Community coaching activities and supports shall be contained in the Plan for Supports and be sensitive to the individual's age, abilities, and personal preferences.

b. One-on-one skill-building and coaching to facilitate participation in community activities and opportunities such as (i) activities and public events in the community; (ii) community education, activities, and events; and (iii) use of public transportation.

c. Skill building and support in positive behavior, relationship building, and social skills.

d. Support with the individual's self-management, eating, and personal care needs in the community.

4. Community coaching service units and service limits.

a. The unit of service shall be one hour.

b. Community coaching, alone or in combination with community engagement, group day, workplace assistance services, or supported employment services shall not exceed 66 hours per week.

c. This service shall be provided at a ratio of no more than one staff to one individual.

d. Community coaching cannot be provided prior to service authorization.

5. Community coaching provider requirements.

a. Community coaching providers shall be licensed by DBHDS as a provider of day support services.

b. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1065 B.

C. Community guide services. (Reserved.)

12VAC30-120-1023

12VAC30-120-1023. Covered services: companion (agency-directed and consumer-directed).

A. Service description.

1. This service provides nonmedical care, socialization, or general support to adults (18 years of age or older). These services shall be provided in either the individual's home or at various locations in the community. It may be coupled with residential support services as needed.

2. Companions may assist or support the individual enrolled in the waiver with IADLs (including meal preparation, community access and activities, laundry, and shopping) but companions do not perform these activities as discrete services. Companions may also perform light housekeeping tasks (including bed-making, dusting and vacuuming, grocery shopping) when such services are specified in the individual's Plan for Supports and essential to the individual's health and welfare in the context of providing nonmedical care, socialization, or support, as may be needed in order to maintain the individual's home environment in an orderly and clean manner. Companions shall provide safety supports.

3. Companion services shall be provided in accordance with the ISP to meet an assessed need of the individual and shall not be purely recreational in nature.

4. This service may be provided and reimbursed either through an agency-directed or a consumer-directed model.

a. Consumer direction involves hiring, training, supervising, and terminating persons serving as companions by either the individual in the waiver or the EOR.

b. Individuals choosing to receive companion services through the consumer-directed model may choose a services facilitator to provide the training and ongoing guidance necessary to be the employer.

c. An individual who is unable to independently manage his own consumer-directed companion services may designate an adult family member/caregiver or some other person who agrees to fulfill the required duties to serve as the employer of record on behalf of the individual.

B. Criteria.

1. In order to qualify for companion services, the individual enrolled in the waiver shall have demonstrated a need for assistance with IADLs, community access, reminders for medication self-administration, or support to ensure his safety.

2. Individuals choosing the consumer-directed option shall meet requirements for consumer direction as described in 12VAC30-120-770.

C. Service units and service limitations.

1. The unit of service for companion services shall be one hour and the amount that may be included in the Plan for Supports shall not exceed eight hours per 24-hour day regardless of whether it is an agency-directed or consumer-directed service model, or combination of both.

2. A companion shall not be permitted to provide nursing care procedures including care of ventilators, tube feedings, suctioning of airways, external catheters, or wound care. A companion shall not provide routine support with ADLs.

3. The hours that may be authorized shall be based on documented individual need. No more than two unrelated individuals who are receiving waiver services and who live in the same home shall be permitted to share the authorized work hours of the companion.  Providers shall not bill for more than one individual at the same time.

4. Companion services shall not be provided by adult foster care providers or any other paid caregivers for an individual residing in that foster care home.

D. Provider requirements for companion services shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1059.

12VAC30-120-1024

12VAC30-120-1024. Covered services: crisis support services (such as prevention, intervention, stabilization); center-based crisis supports; community-based crisis supports.

A. Service description.

1. Crisis support services shall provide intensive supports to an individual who has a history of or is experiencing an episodic behavioral or psychiatric crisis in the community. These services are designed to prevent the individual from experiencing an episodic crisis that has the potential to jeopardize his current community living situation, to intervene in such a crisis, or to stabilize the individual after the crisis. This service shall prevent escalation of a crisis, maintain safety, stabilize the individual and strengthen the current living situation, so the individual can be supported in the community beyond the crisis period. Crisis support services may include as appropriate and necessary:

a. Crisis prevention services provide ongoing assessment of an individual's medical, cognitive, and behavioral status as well as predictors of self-injurious, disruptive, or destructive behaviors, with initiation of positive behavior supports to resolve and prevent future occurrence of crisis situations. Crisis prevention shall also encompass supporting the family and individual through team meetings, revising the behavior plan or guidelines, and other activities as changes to the behavior support plan are implemented and residual concerns from the crisis situation are addressed.

b. Crisis intervention services shall be used during a crisis to prevent further escalation of the situation and to maintain the immediate personal safety of those involved. This shall be a short-term service providing highly structured intervention that can include, for example, temporary changes to the person's residence, changes to the person's daily routine, and emergency referral to other care providers.

c. Crisis stabilization services begin once the acuity of the situation has resolved and there is no longer an immediate threat to the health and safety of the individual or others. Crisis stabilization services shall be geared toward gaining a full understanding of all of the factors that precipitated the crisis and may have maintained it until trained staff from outside the immediate situation arrived.

2. Center-based crisis support means planned crisis prevention and emergency crisis stabilization services in a crisis therapeutic home using planned and emergency admissions. They are designed for those individuals who will need ongoing crisis supports. Planned admissions shall be provided to individuals receiving crisis services and who need temporary, therapeutic interventions outside of their home setting to maintain stability. Emergency admissions shall be provided to individuals who are experiencing an identified behavioral health need or behavior challenge that is preventing them from reaching stability within their home settings.

3. Community-based crisis supports means services to individuals experiencing crisis events that put them at risk for homelessness, incarceration, hospitalization, or danger to self or others. This service shall provide ongoing supports to individuals in their homes and other community settings. These services provide temporary intensive services and supports that avert emergency psychiatric hospitalization or institutional placement or prevent other out-of-home placement. This service shall be designed to stabilize the individual and strengthen the current living situation so the individual can be maintained during and beyond the crisis period.

B. Criteria.

1. Crisis support services are designed for individuals experiencing circumstances such as (i) marked reduction in psychiatric, adaptive, or behavioral functioning; (ii) an increase in emotional distress; (iii) needing continuous intervention to maintain stability; or (iv) causing harm to themselves or others.

2. Center-based crisis supports are designed for individuals with a history of at least one of the following: (i) psychiatric hospitalization or hospitalizations; (ii) incarceration; (iii) residential/day placement or placements that were terminated; or (iv) behavior or behaviors that have significantly jeopardized placement. In addition, the individual shall meet at least one of the following: (i) is experiencing a marked reduction in psychiatric, adaptive, or behavioral functioning; (ii) is experiencing an increase in emotional distress; (iii) needs continuous intervention to maintain stability; or (iv) is causing harm to themselves or others. The individual shall also (i) be at risk of psychiatric hospitalization; (ii) be at risk of emergency ICF/IID placement; (iii) be at immediate risk of loss of community service due to severe situational reaction; or (iv) be actually causing harm to themselves or others.

3. Community-based crisis supports are ongoing supports to the individual who may have (i) a history of multiple psychiatric hospitalizations, frequent medication changes, or setting changes or (ii) a history of requiring enhanced staffing due to his mental health or behavioral issues. They are designed for those individuals who will need ongoing crisis supports. In order to be approved to receive this service, the individual shall have a history of at least one of the following: (i) previous psychiatric hospitalization or hospitalizations; (ii) previous incarceration; (iii) residential/day placement or placements that were terminated; or (iv) behavior or behaviors that have significantly jeopardized placement. In addition, the individual shall meet at least one of the following: (i) is experiencing a marked reduction in psychiatric, adaptive, or behavioral functioning; (ii) is experiencing an increase in extreme emotional distress; (iii) needs continuous intervention to maintain stability; or (iv) is actually causing harm to himself or others. The individual shall also (i) be at risk of psychiatric hospitalization; (ii) be at risk of emergency ICF/IID placement; (iii) be at immediate threat of loss of community service due to a severe situational reaction; or (iv) be actually causing harm to himself or others.

C. Allowable activities.

1. Crisis support services prevention allowable activities.

a. The crisis support provider shall train and mentor staff or family members who support the individual long term once the crisis has stabilized in order to minimize or prevent recurrence of the crisis. Crisis support staff shall deliver support in such a way that maintains the individual's typical routine to the maximum extent possible.

b. Crisis prevention entails ongoing assessment of an individual's medical, cognitive, and behavioral status including predictors of self-injurious, disruptive, or destructive behaviors with use of positive behavior supports. This service shall also include providing training to family/caregivers to avert further crises and to maintain the individual's typical routine to the maximum extent possible.

c. Crisis stabilization entails gaining a full understanding of the factors that contributed to the crisis once the immediate threat has resolved. These services result in the development of new plans that may include environmental modifications, interventions to enhance communication skills, or changes to the individual's daily routine or structure. Crisis stabilization staff shall train family/caregivers and other persons significant to the individual in techniques and interventions to avert future crises.

2. Crisis support services intervention allowable activities. Crisis support staff providing crisis intervention shall model verbal de-escalation techniques including active listening, reflective listening, validation and suggestions for immediate changes to the situation.

3. Center-based crisis supports allowable activities include: (i) a variety of types of face-to-face assessments (psychiatric, neuropsychiatric, psychological, behavioral) and stabilization techniques; (ii) medication management and monitoring; (iii) behavior assessment and positive behavior support; (iv) intensive care coordination with other agencies or providers to maintain the individual's community placement; (v) training family members/caregivers and service providers in positive behavior supports; (vi) skill building related to the behavior creating the crisis such as self-care/ADLs, independent living skills, self-esteem, appropriate self-expression, coping skills, and medication compliance; and (vii) supervising the individual in crisis to ensure his safety and that of other persons in the environment.

4. Community-based crisis supports allowable activities shall be provided in either the individual's home or in community settings, or both. Crisis staff shall work directly with the individual, his current support provider and his family/caregiver, or both. Services are provided using (i) coaching; (ii) teaching; (iii) modeling; (iv) role-playing; (v) problem solving; or (vi) direct assistance. Activities include: (i) psychiatric, neuropsychiatric psychological, and behavioral assessments and stabilization techniques; (ii) medication management and monitoring; (iii) behavior assessment and positive behavior support; (iv) intensive care coordination with agencies or providers to maintain the individual's community placement; (v) family/caregiver training in positive behavioral supports to maintain the individual in the community; (vi) skill building related to the behavior creating the crisis such as self-care/ADLs, independent living skills, self-esteem, appropriate self-expression, coping skills, and medication compliance; and (vii) supervision to ensure the individual's safety and the safety of others in the environment.

D. Service units and service limitations.

1. Crisis support services shall be authorized or re-authorized following a documented face-to-face assessment conducted by a QDDP.

a. Crisis prevention. The unit of the service shall be one hour and billing may occur up to 24 hours per day if necessary. Medically necessary crisis prevention may be authorized for up to 60 days per ISP year. Crisis prevention services include supports during the provision of any other waiver service and may be billed concurrently (same dates and times).

b. Crisis intervention. The unit of the service shall be one hour and billing may occur up to 24 hours per day if necessary. Medically necessary crisis intervention may be authorized in increments of no more than 15 days at a time for up to 90 days per ISP year. Crisis intervention services include supports during the provision of any other waiver service and may be billed concurrently (same dates and times).

c. Crisis stabilization. The unit of the service shall be one hour and billing may occur up to 24 hours per day if necessary. Medically necessary crisis stabilization may be authorized in increments of no more than 15 days at a time for up to 60 days per ISP year. Crisis stabilization services include supports during the provision of any other waiver service and may be billed concurrently (same dates and times).

2. Center-based crisis supports shall be limited to six months per ISP year and shall be authorized in increments of up to a maximum of 30 days with each authorization. Center-based crisis supports shall not be provided during the provision of the following waiver services and shall not be billed concurrently (same dates and times): group home residential, sponsored residential, supported living, or agency directed or consumer-directed respite.

3. Community-based crisis supports is an hourly service unit and may be authorized for up to 24 hours per day if necessary in increments of no more than 15 days at a time. The annual limit is 1080 hours. Requests for additional community-based crisis supports services in excess of the 1080-hour annual limit will be considered if justification of medical necessity is provided.

E. Provider requirements. In addition to the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based waiver services participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1063, the following provider requirements apply:

1. Providers of all crisis support services, center-based crisis support services, community-based crisis support services shall have current signed participation agreements with DMAS and shall directly provide the services and bill DMAS for Medicaid reimbursement. These providers shall renew their participation agreements as directed by DMAS.

2. Crisis support services shall be provided by entities licensed by DBHDS as providers of outpatient crisis stabilization services, residential crisis stabilization services, or nonresidential crisis stabilization services. Providers shall employ or utilize QDDPs, licensed mental health professionals, or other qualified personnel licensed to provide clinical or behavioral interventions.

3. Center-based crisis support providers shall be licensed by DBHDS as providers of group home residential services and either emergency services or residential crisis stabilization services. Center-based crisis supports shall be provided by a licensed mental health professional (LMHP), LMHP-supervisee, LMHP-resident, LMHP-RP, certified pre-screener, QDDP, or DSP under the supervision of one of the professionals listed in this subsection.

4. Community-based crisis support providers shall be licensed by DBHDS as providers of emergency services, outpatient crisis stabilization services, residential crisis stabilization services or nonresidential crisis stabilization services. Community-based crisis support services shall be provided by an LMHP, LMHP-supervisee, LMHP-resident, LMHP-RP, a certified pre-screener, or QDDP.

5. Provider documentation requirements.

a. Supporting documentation shall be developed (or revised, in the case of a request for an extension) and submitted to the support coordinator/case manager for authorization within 72 hours of the face-to-face assessment or reassessment.

b. Documentation indicating the dates and times of crisis services, the amount and type of service provided, and specific information about the individual's response to the services and supports in the supporting documentation shall be recorded in the individual's record.

c. Documentation of provider qualifications shall be maintained for review by DMAS or DBHDS staff and shall be provided upon request from either agency.

12VAC30-120-1025

12VAC30-120-1025. Covered services: electronic home-based supports (EHBS); environmental modifications (EM).

A. Electronic home-based supports (EHBS).

1. Service description. This service shall provide devices, equipment, or supplies, based on current technology, such as Smart Home© technology, to enable the individual to live in his community and participate in his community more safely while decreasing the need for other services such as staff supports. The equipment or devices shall be purchased for the individual and shall be typically installed in the individual's home. Portable hand-held devices may be used by the individual at home or in the community. These devices and services shall support the individual's greater independence and self-reliance in the community. This service may also include ongoing electronic monitoring, which is the provision of oversight and monitoring within the home through off-site monitoring.

2. Criteria.

a. In order to qualify for this service, the individual shall be at least 18 years of age and shall be physically capable of using the equipment provided via this service.

b. A preliminary needs assessment shall be completed by a technology specialist to determine the best type and use of technology and overall cost effectiveness of various options. This assessment shall be submitted to the DMAS designee for service authorization prior to the delivery of any goods and services and prior to the submission of any claims for Medicaid reimbursement. The technology specialist conducting the preliminary assessment may be an occupational therapist, or other similarly credentialed specialist, who is licensed or certified by the Commonwealth and specializes in assistive technologies, mobile technologies, and current accommodations for individuals with developmental disabilities.

c. The service shall support training in the use of these goods and services, ongoing maintenance, and monitoring services to address an identified need in the individual's ISP, including improving and maintaining the individual's opportunities for full participation in the community.

d. Items or services purchased through EBHS shall be designed to decrease the need for other Medicaid services (such as reliance on staff supports); promote inclusion in the community; or increase the individual's safety in the home environment.

3. Service units and limits.

a. The annual ISP year limit for this service shall be $5,000. No unspent funds from one plan year shall be accumulated and carried over to subsequent plan years.

b. Receipt of this service shall not be tied to the receipt of any other covered waiver or Medicaid services. Equipment or supplies already covered by any other Medicaid covered service shall be excluded from coverage by this waiver service. This service shall not be covered for individuals who are receiving residential supports that are reimbursed on a daily basis, such as group home, or sponsored or supported living residential services.

4. Provider requirements.

a. An EHBS provider shall be one of the following: (i) a Medicaid-enrolled personal care agency; (ii) a Medicaid-enrolled durable medical equipment provider; (iii) a CSB; (iv) a center for independent living; (v) a licensed and Medicaid-enrolled home health provider; or (vi) a PERS manufacturer that is Medicaid-enrolled and has the ability to provide electronic home-based equipment, direct services (i.e., installation, equipment maintenance, and service calls), and monitoring services.

b. The provider of ongoing monitoring systems shall provide an emergency response center with fully trained operators who are capable of receiving signals for help from an individual's equipment 24-hours a day, 365 or 366 days per year as appropriate; of determining whether an emergency exists; and of notifying the appropriate responding organization or an emergency responder that the individual needs help.

c. The EHBS provider shall have the primary responsibility to furnish, install, maintain, test, and service the equipment, as required, to keep it fully operational. The provider shall replace or repair the device within 24 hours of the individual's notification of a malfunction of the unit or device.

d. The EHBS provider shall properly install all equipment and shall furnish all supplies necessary to ensure that the system is installed and working properly.

e. An EHBS provider shall install, test, and demonstrate to the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, the unit or device before submitting his claim for services to DMAS. The provider responsible for installation of devices shall document the date of installation and training in their use.

f. The provider of off-site monitoring shall document each instance of action being taken on behalf of the individual. This documentation shall be maintained in this provider's record for the individual and shall be provided to either DMAS or DBHDS upon demand.

g. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1061.

B. Environmental modifications (EM).

1. Service description. This service shall be defined as set out in 12VAC30-120-1000. Adaptations may include the installation of ramps and grab-bars, widening of doorways, modification of bathroom facilities, or installation of specialized electric and plumbing systems that are necessary to accommodate the medical equipment and supplies that are necessary for the individual. Modifications may be made to a primary automotive vehicle in which the individual is transported if it is owned by the individual, a family member with whom the individual lives or has consistent and ongoing contact, or a nonrelative who provides primary long-term support to the individual and is not a paid provider of services.

2. Criteria. In order to qualify for these services, the individual enrolled in the waiver shall have a demonstrated need for equipment or modifications of a remedial or medical benefit offered in an individual's primary home or the primary vehicle used by the individual, to specifically improve the individual's personal functioning. This service shall encompass those items not otherwise covered in the State Plan for Medical Assistance or through another program.

3. Service units and service limitations.

a. Environmental modifications shall be provided in the least expensive manner possible that will accomplish the modification required by the individual enrolled in the waiver and shall be completed within the calendar year consistent with the Plan for Supports requirements.

b. The maximum funded expenditure per individual for all EM covered procedure codes (combined total of EM items and labor related to these items) shall be $5,000 per calendar year for individuals regardless of waiver for which EM is approved. The service unit shall always be one, for the total cost of all EM being requested for a specific timeframe.

c. EM shall be available to individuals enrolled in the waiver who are receiving at least one other waiver service. EM shall be service authorized by the state-designated agency or its designee for each calendar year with no carry-over of authorized unspent funds across calendar years.

d. Providers of EM services shall not be the spouse or parents (natural, adoptive, or foster parents) or legal guardians of the individual enrolled in the waiver.

e. Modifications shall not be used to bring a substandard dwelling up to minimum habitation standards.

f. Providers shall be reimbursed for their actual cost of material and labor and no additional mark-ups shall be permitted.

g. Excluded from coverage under this waiver service shall be those adaptations or improvements to the home that are of general utility and that are not of direct medical or remedial benefit to the individual enrolled in the waiver, including carpeting, roof repairs, and central air conditioning. Also excluded shall be modifications that are reasonable accommodation requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Virginians with Disabilities Act, and the Rehabilitation Act. Adaptations that add to the total square footage of the home shall be excluded from this service. Except when EM services are furnished in the individual's own home, such services shall not be provided to individuals who receive residential support services.

h. Modifications shall not be service authorized or covered to adapt living arrangements that are owned or leased by providers of waiver services or those living arrangements that are sponsored by a DBHDS-licensed provider. Specifically, provider-owned or leased settings where residential support services are furnished shall already be compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act.

i. Modifications to a primary vehicle that shall be specifically excluded from this benefit shall be:

(1) Adaptations or improvements to the vehicle that are of general utility and are not of direct medical or remedial benefit to the individual;

(2) Purchase or lease of a vehicle; and

(3) Regularly scheduled upkeep and maintenance of a vehicle, except upkeep and maintenance of the modifications that were covered under this waiver benefit.

4. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1061. If a provider has previously made environmental modifications, that previous work shall have been completed satisfactorily in order to be authorized for future jobs. These providers shall perform all servicing and repairs that the modification may require for the individual's successful use.

12VAC30-120-1026

12VAC30-120-1026. Covered services: group day services.

Group day services.

1. Service description. Group day services means services for the individual to acquire, retain, or improve skills of self-help, socialization, community integration, career planning and adaptation via opportunities for peer interactions, community integration, and enhancement of social networks. These services shall be typically offered in a nonresidential setting. Supports may be provided for the purpose of Medicaid reimbursement. Skill building shall be a component of this service unless the individual has a documented progressive condition in which case group day services may focus on maintaining skills and functioning and preventing or slowing regression rather than acquiring new skills or improving existing skills. Group day services is a tiered service for reimbursement purposes. Providers shall only be reimbursed for the individual's assigned level and tier.

2. Criteria. For group day services, an individual shall demonstrate the need for skill-building or supports offered primarily in settings other than the individual's own residence that allows him an opportunity for being a productive and contributing member of his community. In addition, group day services shall be available for individuals who can benefit from supported employment services, but who need these services as an appropriate alternative or in addition to supported employment services.

3. Allowable activities shall include, as may be appropriate for the individual as documented in his Plan for Supports:

a. Developing problem-solving, sensory, gross and fine motor, communication, and personal care skills;

b. Developing self, social, and environmental awareness skills;

c. Developing skills as needed in positive behavior, using community resources, community safety and positive peer interactions, volunteering and educational programs in integrated settings, forming community connections or relationships;

d. Supporting older adults in participating in meaningful retirement activities in their communities (i.e., clubs and hobbies); and

e. Career planning and resume developing based on career goals, personal interests, and community experiences.

f. Group day services shall be coordinated with the therapeutic consultation plan, as applicable.

4. Service units and service limitations.

a. This service unit shall be one hour. Group day services, alone or in combination with (but not at the same time as) community engagement, community coaching, workplace assistance, or supported employment services, shall not exceed 66 hours per week. Group day services occur one or more hours per day on a regularly scheduled basis for one or more days per week in settings that are separate from the individual's home.

b. Group day services shall be billed according to the DMAS fee schedule.

c. Group day staffing ratios shall be based on the activity and the individual's needs as set out in his Plan for Supports and shall be limited to a ratio of a maximum of one staff to seven individuals.

d. Service providers shall be reimbursed only for the amount of group day services that are rendered as established in the individual's approved Plan for Supports based on the setting, intensity, and duration of the service to be delivered.

5. Provider Requirements. Documentation shall confirm the individual's attendance and the amount of the individual's time in services and provide specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports. Observation of the individual's responses to the services shall be available in a daily progress note.

a. The provider shall review the supporting documentation with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, and submit a written summary of this review to the support coordinator/case manager at least quarterly with the Plan for Supports modified as appropriate. For the annual review and anytime the supporting documentation is updated, the supporting documentation shall be reviewed with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, and such review shall be documented.

b. An attendance log or similar document shall be maintained that indicates the date, type of services rendered, and the number of hours and units provided, including specific timeframe.

c. In instances where group day services staff are required to ride with the individual to and from group day service, the group day service staff time may be billed as group day service, provided that the billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time the individual spent in the group day service activity for that day. Documentation shall be maintained to verify that billing for group day service staff coverage during transportation does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in the group day service for that day.

d. Supervision of direct service staff shall be provided by a qualified developmental disabilities professional.

e. Providers shall ensure that individuals providing group day services meet provider competency training requirements as specified in 12VAC30-120-1005.

f. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq.

12VAC30-120-1027

12VAC30-120-1027. Covered services: group home residential services.

A. Service description. Group home residential services shall consist of skill-building, routine supports, general supports, and safety supports that are provided to enable an individual to acquire, retain, or improve skills necessary to successfully live the community. These services shall be provided to individuals who are living in (i) a group home or (ii) the home of an adult foster care provider, and services shall be provided in a licensed or foster care approved residence. Group home residential is a tiered service for reimbursement purposes (as described in 12VAC30-120-570) based on the individual's assigned level and tier and licensed bed capacity of the home. Group home residential services shall be provided to the individual as continuous services up to 24 hours per day performed by paid staff who shall be physically present with the individual. These supports may be provided either individually or simultaneously to more than one individual living in that home, depending on the required support. Providers shall only be reimbursed for the individual's assigned level and tier and based on the licensed bed capacity of the group home.

B. Criteria. Only individuals who are on the CL Waiver shall be eligible for group home residential services.

C. Allowable activities. The allowable activities shall include, as may be appropriate for the individual as documented in his Plan for Supports:

1. Skill-building and providing routine supports related to ADLs and IADLs;

2. Skill-building and providing routine supports and safety supports related to the use of community resources (transportation, shopping, restaurant dining, and participating in social and recreational activities). The cost of participation in the actual social or recreational activity shall not be reimbursed;

3. Supporting the individual in replacing challenging behaviors with positive, accepted behavior for home and community environments;

4. Monitoring the individual's health and physical condition and providing supports with medication and other medical needs;

5. Providing routine supports and safety supports with transportation to and from training sites and community resources;

6. Providing general supports, as needed; and

7. Providing safety supports to ensure the individual's health and safety.

D. Service units and limitations.

1. The unit of service shall be a day.

2. Group home residential services shall be authorized for Medicaid reimbursement only when the individual requires these services and they are set out in the Plan for Supports. These services shall be service authorized.

E. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., and 12VAC30-120-1064.

12VAC30-120-1028

12VAC30-120-1028. Covered services: in-home support services.

A. In-home support service description. In-home support services means residential services that take place in the individual's home, family home, or community settings that typically supplement the primary care provided by the individual, family, or other unpaid caregiver and are designed to ensure the health, safety and welfare of the individual. This service shall consist of skill-building and routine supports, general supports, and safety supports that enable an individual to acquire, retain, or improve the self-help, socialization, and adaptive skills necessary to reside successfully in home and community-based settings. In-home support services require the presence of a skills development (formerly called training) component, along with the provision of supports. In-home support services is not a tiered service but shall be reimbursed according to the number of individuals served.

B. Criteria. To be eligible for in-home support services, individuals shall:

1. Be enrolled in the FIS or CL Waiver, and

2. Be living in their own home or family home.

C. Units and limits. The unit shall be one hour. These services shall not typically be provided 24 hours per day but may be authorized for brief periods up to 24 hours a day when medically necessary. This service shall not be covered for the individual simultaneously with the coverage of group home residential, supported living residential, or sponsored residential services. Individuals may have in-home supports, personal assistance, and respite services in their ISP but shall not receive these Medicaid-reimbursed services simultaneously.

D. Allowable activities include:

1. Skill-building and providing routine supports and safety supports related to personal care activities (ADLs);

2. Skill-building and providing routine supports and safety supports related to the use of community resources (transportation, shopping, dining at restaurants, and participating in social and recreational activities);

3. Supporting the individual in replacing challenging behaviors with positive, accepted behaviors for home and community environments;

4. Monitoring the individual's health and physical condition and providing general supports and safety supports with medication or other medical needs;

5. Providing supports with ADLs and IADLs and using community resources;

6. Providing supports with transportation to and from training sites and community resources; or

7. Providing safety supports to ensure the individual's health and safety.

E. Provider requirements.

1. All providers of this service shall have current, signed participation agreements with DMAS. The provider designated in this agreement shall directly submit claims to DMAS for reimbursement.

2. Provider documentation shall confirm the individual's amount of time in services and provide specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the plan for supports. Data shall be collected as described in the Plan for Supports and summarized, and then necessary changes shall be added to the supporting documentation. Provider documentation shall be available in a daily progress note.

3. The supporting documentation shall be reviewed by the provider with the individual and family/caregiver as appropriate, and written summary of this review submitted to the support coordinator/case manager, at least quarterly, with desired outcomes, support activities, and strategies modified as appropriate.

4. Providers of in-home support services shall be licensed by DBHDS as providers of supportive in-home services.

5. The individual shall have a back-up plan for times when in-home supports cannot occur as regularly scheduled.

12VAC30-120-1029

12VAC30-120-1029. Covered services: nonmedical transportation; personal assistance services (agency-directed and consumer-directed).

A. Nonmedical transportation activities. (Reserved.)

B. Personal assistance services. Service description. These services may be provided either through an agency-directed or consumer-directed (CD) model.

1. Personal assistance services means direct support with ADLs, IADLs, access to the community, monitoring of self-administration of medication or other medical needs, and the monitoring of health status and physical condition or work or postsecondary school-related personal assistance. Personal assistance services substitute for the absence, loss, diminution, or impairment of a physical, behavioral, or cognitive function.

2. When specified in the Plan for Supports, personal assistance services may include assistance with IADLs. Assistance with IADLs shall be documented in the Plan for Supports as essential to the health and welfare of the individual, rather than for the individual's family/caregiver's comfort.

3. An additional component to personal assistance is work or postsecondary school-related personal assistance that allows the personal assistance provider to provide assistance and supports to individuals in the workplace and postsecondary educational institutions. Work or postsecondary school-related personal assistance shall not be provided if they are services that should be provided by DARS, under IDEA, or if they are an employer's responsibility under the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Virginians with Disabilities Act, or § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. Work-related personal assistance services shall not duplicate services provided under supported employment.

C. Personal assistance services criteria.

1. In order to qualify for personal assistance services, the individual shall demonstrate a need for assistance with activities of daily living, reminders to take medication, or other medical needs, or monitoring health status or physical condition.

2. Individuals choosing the consumer-directed option for personal assistance services may receive support from a services facilitator and shall meet requirements for consumer direction as described in 12VAC30-120-759 and 12VAC30-120-770.

3. For personal assistance services, allowable activities include (i) support with ADLs; (ii) support with monitoring of health status or physical condition; (iii) support with prescribed use of medication and other medical needs; (iv) support with preparation and eating of meals; (v) support with housekeeping (such as bedmaking, cleaning, individual's laundry) activities; (vi) support with participation in social, recreational, and community activities; (vii) assistance with bowel/bladder care needs, range of motion activities, nonsterile technique routine wound care, and external catheters when supervised by an RN; (ix) accompanying the individual to appointments or meetings; and (x) safety supports.

D. Service units and service limitations.

1. The unit of service for personal assistance services shall be one hour. The hours to be authorized shall be based on the individual's assessed and documented need as reflected in the Plan for Supports.

2. Individuals may receive a combination of personal assistance, respite, and in-home support services as documented in their Plan for Supports but shall not receive in-home supports services and personal assistance or respite services at the same time.

3. The provider of personal assistance shall have a back-up plan in case the personal assistant or consumer-directed employee does not report for work as expected or terminates employment without prior notice.

4. Individuals must need assistance with ADLs in order to receive IADL care through personal care services.

5. Individuals shall be permitted to share personal assistance service hours with one other individual (receiving waiver services) who lives in the same home.

6. This service does not include skilled nursing (neither practical nor professional nursing) services with the exception of skilled nursing tasks that are delegated in accordance with 18VAC90-20-420 through 18VAC90-20-460. No more than two unrelated individuals who live in the same home shall be permitted to share the authorized work hours of the personal assistant.

7. Services may be provided for Medicaid reimbursement by the individual's relative or legal guardian. Services shall not be reimbursed by Medicaid when they are provided by the individual's spouse or, if the individual is a minor child, by his parent or parents (natural, adoptive, foster, or step-parent).

8. Personal assistance shall not be reimbursed by DMAS for individuals who receive group home residential services, sponsored residential services, or supported living residential services, who live in assisted living facilities, or who receive comparable services from another program or service.

E. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1059.

12VAC30-120-1030

12VAC30-120-1030. [Reserved] Covered services: personal emergency response systems.

Personal emergency response system (PERS).

1. Service description. PERS is an electronic device and monitoring service that enables certain individuals at risk of institutionalization to secure help in an emergency. PERS services shall be limited to those individuals who live alone or are alone for significant parts of the day and who have no regular caregiver for extended periods of time and who would otherwise require supervision.

2. Criteria. PERS may be authorized when there is no one else in the home with the individual enrolled in the waiver who is competent or continuously available to call for help in an emergency.

3. Service units and service limitations.

a. The one-time installation of the unit shall include installation, account activation, individual and caregiver instruction, and removal of PERS equipment. A unit of service is the one-month rental price set by DMAS.

b. PERS services shall be capable of being activated by a remote wireless device and shall be connected to the individual's telephone system. The PERS console unit shall provide hands-free voice-to-voice communication with the response center. The activating device shall be waterproof, automatically transmit to the response center an activator low battery alert signal prior to the battery losing power, and be able to be worn by the individual.

c. PERS services shall not be used as a substitute for providing adequate supervision for the individual enrolled in the waiver.

d. Physician-ordered medication monitoring units shall be provided simultaneously with PERS services.

e. PERS shall not be covered for individuals who are simultaneously receiving group home residential services, sponsored residential services, or supported living residential services.

4. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all requirements of 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., 12VAC30-120-1061 A and E, and subdivision 16 of 12VAC30-120-1560.

12VAC30-120-1031

12VAC30-120-1031. Covered services: skilled nursing and private duty nursing.

A. Skilled nursing services.

1. Services description. This service shall provide part-time or intermittent care that may be provided concurrently with other services due to the medical nature of the supports provided. These services shall be provided for individuals enrolled in the waiver having serious medical conditions and complex health care needs who do not meet home health criteria but who require specific skilled nursing services that cannot be provided by non-nursing personnel.

2. Services criteria. The individuals who are authorized to receive this service shall require specific skilled nursing services that cannot be provided by non-nursing personnel as documented in the Plan for Supports. This service shall be rendered to the individual in his residence or other community settings on a regularly scheduled or intermittent basis in accordance with the Plan for Supports.

3. Allowable activities shall be ordered and certified as medically necessary by a Virginia-licensed physician. The ordered services may include:

a. Consultation, assistance to direct support staff, and nurse delegation;

b. Training of family and other caregivers;

c. Monitoring an individual's medical status;

d. Administering medications and other medical treatment; or

e. Assurance that all items listed in subdivisions 3 a through 3 d of this subsection are carried out in accordance with the Individual Support Plan.

4. Service units and limits.

a. Skilled nursing services shall be ordered by a physician and shall be medically necessary.

b. This service shall be rendered and billed in quarter hour increments. Individuals receiving this service shall not be required to meet the criteria for the receipt of home health services. Skilled nursing services shall not be limited by the acute, time-limited standards for home health services as contained in the State Plan for Medical Assistance.

c. Individuals enrolled in the waiver shall not be authorized to receive waiver skilled nursing services concurrently with private duty nursing services or personal assistance services. Waiver skilled nursing services shall not be authorized or covered if the necessary service is available under EPSDT for an individual who is a child.

d. Foster care providers shall not be the skilled nursing services providers for the same individuals for whom they provide foster care.

e. The support coordinator/case manager shall assist an individual who has short-term, acute, and limited-in-nature skilled nursing needs in accessing the home health services benefit under the State Plan for Medical Assistance. Such short-term State Plan for Medical Assistance services shall be accessed from a licensed home health services provider that is a DMAS-enrolled provider.

f. The support coordinator/case manager shall assist an individual who has skilled nursing needs that are expected to be longer term, but intermittent in nature, with accessing skilled nursing services.

g. Skilled nursing services providers shall not be reimbursed while the individual enrolled in the waiver is receiving care in an emergency room or is receiving inpatient services in either an acute care hospital, nursing facility, rehabilitation facility, ICF/IID, or any other type of facility, or during emergency transport of the individual to such facilities.

5. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., and 12VAC30-120-1067 A.

B. Private duty nursing services.

1. Service description. Private duty nursing services means individual and continuous nursing care that may be provided, concurrently with other services, due to the medical nature of supports required by individuals who have a serious medical condition or complex health care needs, or both, and that has been certified by a physician as medically necessary to enable the individual to remain at home rather than in a hospital, nursing facility, or ICF/IID. This service shall be rendered to the individual in his residence or other community settings.

2. Criteria.

a. The individual shall require these services as certified by a Virginia-licensed physician as medically necessary to enable the individual to remain at home or otherwise in the community rather than in a hospital, nursing facility, an ICF/IID, or any other type of institution.

b. The medical need for these services shall be documented in the individual's ISP. Once the medical need no longer exists, this service shall be terminated.

c. Individuals enrolled in the waiver shall not be authorized to receive private duty nursing services concurrently with skilled nursing services.

3. Allowable activities.

a. Monitoring of an individual's medical status;

b. Administering medications or other medical treatment.

4. Service units and limits.

a. Private duty nursing services shall be ordered by a Virginia-licensed physician and shall be medically necessary.

b. The unit of service shall be a quarter hour.

5. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1067 B.

12VAC30-120-1032

12VAC30-120-1032. Covered services: respite (agency-directed; consumer-directed). 

A. Respite services. Respite services may be provided either through an agency-directed or consumer-directed (CD) model. Refer to 12VAC30-120-759 and 12VAC30-120-770 for consumer-directed requirements.

B. Service description.

1. Respite services are temporary, substitute care that is normally provided by the family or other unpaid, primary caregiver who resides in the same home as the individual. Services shall be provided on a short-term basis due to the emergency absence of or need for routine or periodic relief of the primary caregiver.

2. Respite services may be provided to individuals to provide assistance in the areas of activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), access to the community, monitoring of self-administered medications or other medical needs, and monitoring of health status and physical condition in the absence of the primary caregiver or to relieve the primary caregiver from the duties of care-giving. Such services may be provided in home and community settings to enable an individual to maintain the health status and functional skills necessary to live in the community or participate in community activities. When specified in the Plan for Supports, such supportive services may include assistance with IADLs. Respite assistance shall not include either practical or professional nursing services or those practices regulated in Chapters 30 (§ 54.1-3000 et seq.) and 34 (§ 54.1-3400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia, as appropriate. This service shall not include skilled nursing services with the exception of skilled nursing tasks that are delegated pursuant to 18VAC90-20-420 through 18VAC90-20-460.

C. Criteria.

1. In order to qualify for respite services, the individual shall demonstrate a need for assistance with ADLs, community access, self-administration of medications or other medical needs, or monitoring of health status or physical condition.

2. The need for respite services shall be documented in the Plan for Supports.

D. Allowable activities shall include: (i) assistance with ADLs and IADLs; (ii) support with monitoring health status and physical condition; (iii) support with medication and medical needs; (iv) safety supports; (v) support to participate in social, recreational, or community activities; (vi) accompanying the individual to appointments or meetings; and (vii) assistance with bowel/bladder programs, range of motion exercises, routine wound care that does not include sterile technique, and external catheter care when trained and supervised by an RN.

E. Service units and service limitations.

1. The unit of service shall be one hour. Respite services shall be limited to 480 hours per individual per state fiscal year. If an individual changes waiver programs, this same maximum number of respite hours shall apply. No additional respite hours beyond the 480 maximum limit shall be approved for payment. Individuals who are receiving respite services in this waiver through both the agency-directed and CD models shall not exceed 480 hours per year combined.

2. Each provider shall have a back-up plan for the individual's care in case the respite assistant does not report for work as expected or terminates employment without prior notice.

3. Respite services shall not be provided to relieve staff of either group homes or sponsored residential, as defined by 12VAC35-105-20, or assisted living facilities, as defined by 22VAC40-72-10, where residential supports are provided in shifts. Respite services shall not be provided for DMAS reimbursement by adult foster care providers for an individual residing in that foster home.

4. Skill development shall not be provided with respite services.

5. The hours to be authorized shall be based on the individual's need. No more than two unrelated individuals who live in the same home shall be permitted to share the authorized work hours of the respite assistant.

6. Consumer-directed and agency-directed respite services shall meet the same standards for service limits and authorizations.

F. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1059.

12VAC30-120-1033

12VAC30-120-1033. Covered services: services facilitation; consumer-directed model. 

A. Services facilitation and consumer-directed service model.

B. Service description. The requirements for services facilitation shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-759 and 12VAC30-120-770.

12VAC30-120-1034

12VAC30-120-1034. Covered services: shared living.

Shared living.

1. Service description. Shared living means Medicaid coverage of a portion of the total cost of rent, food, and utilities that can be reasonably attributed to a roommate who has no legal responsibility to financially support the individual who is enrolled in the waiver. The types of assistance provided are expected to vary from individual to individual and may include (i) fellowship, (ii) safety supports, and (iii) limited ADL/IADL help. This service shall require the use of an administrative provider that shall be responsible for directly coordinating the services and directly billing DMAS for reimbursement.

2. Criteria.

a. The individual, who shall be at least 18 years of age, shall select his roommate and, together through a planning process, they shall determine the assistance to be provided by the roommate based on the individual's needs and preferences. The individual shall reside in his own home or in a residence leased by the individual. Reimbursable room and board for the roommate shall be established through the service authorization process per the CMS-approved rate methodology, published on the DBHDS website.

b. The individual shall be receiving at least one other waiver service in order to receive Medicaid coverage of shared living.

3. Allowable activities include help with ADLs/IADLs, which shall account for no more than 20% of the anticipated roommate time and may include (i) help with meal preparation, light housework, and reminders to take medications and (ii) routine prompting or intermittent direct assistance with ADLs.

4. Covered services units and limits. The unit of service shall be a month or may be a partial month for months in which the service begins or ends.

a. The roommate shall complete and pass background checks, including criminal registry checks required by §§ 37.2-416, 37.2-506, and 37.2-607 of the Code of Virginia.

b. The roommate shall successfully meet the training requirements set out in the ISP including CPR training, safety awareness, fire safety and disaster planning, and conflict management and resolution.

c. Shared living services shall not be covered for individuals who are simultaneously receiving group home residential, sponsored residential services, or supported living residential services.

d. The roommate shall not have the responsibility for providing skill-building or medical services. The roommate shall not be the spouse; parent, (biological, adoptive, foster, or step-parent); or legal guardian of the individual.

5. Provider requirements. Shared living administrative providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., 12VAC30-120-1069, and subdivision 17 of 12VAC30-120-1560.

12VAC30-120-1035

12VAC30-120-1035. Covered services: supported employment services.

A. Supported employment services. Service description. This service may be performed for a single individual (as in individual supported employment) or in small groups (as in group supported employment) of individuals (two to eight individuals). These services shall consist of ongoing supports that enable individuals to be employed in an integrated work setting and may include assisting the individual, either as a sole individual or in small groups, to locate a job or develop a job on behalf of the individual, as well as activities needed to sustain paid work by the individual or individuals including skill-building supports and safety supports on a job site.

1. These services shall be provided in work settings where persons without disabilities are employed. Supported employment services shall be especially designed for individuals with developmental disabilities who face impediments to employment due to the nature and complexity of their disabilities, irrespective of age or vocational potential (i.e., the individual's ability to perform work).

2. Supported employment services shall be available to individuals for whom competitive employment at or above the minimum wage is unlikely without ongoing supports and who because of their disabilities need ongoing support to perform in a work setting. The individual's assessment and Plan for Supports shall clearly reflect the individual's need for employment-related skill building.

3. Supported employment shall be provided in one of two models: individual or group.

a. Individual supported employment shall be defined as one-on-one ongoing supports that enable individuals, for whom competitive employment at or above the minimum wage is unlikely absent the provision of supports, to work in an integrated setting. The outcome of this service shall be sustained paid employment at or above minimum wage in an integrated setting in the general workforce, in a job that meets personal and career goals. For this service, reimbursement of supported employment shall be limited to actual documented interventions or collateral contacts by the provider as required by the individual receiving waiver services but not for the supervisory activities rendered as a normal part of the regular business setting, and not the amount of time the individual enrolled in the waiver is in the supported employment situation.

b. Group supported employment shall be defined as continuous support provided by staff in a naturally occurring place of employment to groups of two to eight individuals with disabilities and involves interactions with the public and coworkers who do not have disabilities. This service shall be provided in a community setting that promotes integration into the workplace and interaction between participants and people without disabilities in the workplace. Examples include mobile crews and other business-based workgroups employing small groups of workers with disabilities in the community.

B. Criteria.

1. Only job development tasks that specifically pertain to the individual shall be allowable activities under the waiver-supported employment service and DMAS shall cover this service only after determining that this service is not available from DARS for the individual enrolled in the waiver.

2. In order to qualify for these services, the individual shall have demonstrated that competitive employment at or above the minimum wage is unlikely without ongoing supports and, that because of his disability, he needs ongoing support to perform in a work setting.

3. The Plan for Supports shall document the amount of supported employment required by the individual.

C. Allowable activities for both individual and group supported employment include the following job development tasks, supports, and training. The individual shall be present unless otherwise noted below.

1. Vocational/job-related discovery or assessment;

2. Person-centered employment planning that results in employment related outcomes;

3. Individualized job development, with or without the individual present, that produces an appropriate job match for the individual and the employer to include job analysis or determining job tasks, or both (this element is for individual supported employment only and is not permitted for group supported employment);

4. Negotiation with prospective employers, with or without the individual present;

5. On-the-job training in work skills required to perform the job;

6. Ongoing evaluation, supervision, and monitoring of the individual's performance on the job but which do not include supervisory activities rendered as a normal part of the business setting;

7. Ongoing support services necessary to ensure job retention, with or without the individual present;

8. Supports to ensure the individual's health and safety;

9. Development of work-related skills essential to obtaining and retaining employment, such as the effective use of community resources and break or lunch areas and transportation systems; and

10. Staff provision of transportation between the individual's place of residence and the workplace when other forms of transportation are unavailable or inaccessible. The job coach shall be present with the individual during the provision of transportation.

D. Service units and service limitations.

1. Service providers shall be reimbursed only for the amount and type of supported employment included in the individual's ISP. The unit of service for individual supported employment shall be one hour and the service shall be limited to 40 hours per week per individual. The unit of service for group supported employment shall be one hour and the service shall be limited to 40 hours per week per individual.

2. Group supported employment is based on the size of the group. Individual supported employment shall be billed according to the DARS fee schedule.

3. Supported employment services alone or in combination with community engagement, community coaching, workplace assistance or group day services shall not exceed 66 hours per week. Supported employment services shall take place in nonresidential settings separate from the individual's home.

4. For time-limited and service authorized periods (not to exceed 40 hours) individual supported employment may be provided in combination with day services or residential services for purposes of job discovery.

E. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1066 A and B.

12VAC30-120-1036

12VAC30-120-1036. Covered services: supported living residential; sponsored residential.

A. Supported living residential.

1. Service description. Supported living residential shall take place in an apartment setting that shall be operated by a DBHDS-licensed provider of supervised living residential services. These services shall consist of skill-building, routine and general supports, and safety supports that enable an individual to acquire, retain, or improve the self-help, socialization, and adaptive skills necessary to reside successfully in home and community-based settings. Service providers shall be reimbursed only for the amount and type of supported living residential services that are included in the individual's ISP. Supported living residential services shall be authorized for Medicaid reimbursement in the Plan for Supports only when the individual requires these services. Supported living residential is a tiered service for reimbursement purposes. Providers shall only be reimbursed for the individual's assigned level and tier. Supported living residential services shall be provided to the individual in the form of around-the-clock availability of paid provider staff who have the ability to respond in a timely manner. These services may be provided individually or simultaneously to more than one individual living in the apartment, depending on the required support or supports.

2. Criteria. This service shall be provided to individuals who require (i) skills development related to personal care activities (such as ADLs, communication, and IADLs); (ii) help to replace challenging behaviors with positive, accepted behaviors for home and community-based environments; (iii) monitoring of health and physical conditions and the provision of supports with medication or other medical needs; (iv) transportation to and from training sites and community resources or activities; (v) general supports as needed; and (vi) safety supports to ensure the individual's health and safety.

3. Units and limits.

a. The unit of service shall be one day and billing shall not exceed 344 days per ISP year.

b. Total billing shall not exceed the amount authorized in the ISP. The provider shall maintain documentation of the dates that services have been provided and of specific circumstances that prevented provision of all of the scheduled services, should that occur. This service shall be provided on an individual-specific basis according to the ISP and service setting requirements;

c. Supported living residential services shall not be provided to any individual enrolled in the waiver who receives personal assistance services or other residential services under the CL Waiver, such as group home residential services, shared living, in-home support services, or sponsored residential services, that provide a comparable level of care.

d. Room and board shall not be components of this service;

e. Supported living residential services shall not be used solely to provide routine or emergency respite care for the family/caregiver with whom the individual lives; and

f. Medicaid reimbursement shall be available only for supported living residential services provided when the individual is present and when an enrolled Medicaid provider is providing the services.

4. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1064.

B. Sponsored residential services.

1. Service description. Sponsored residential services means residential services that consist of skill-building, routine supports, general supports, and safety supports that are provided in the homes of families or persons (sponsors) providing supports under the supervision of a DBHDS-licensed provider that enable an individual to acquire, retain, or improve the self-help, socialization, and adaptive skills necessary to reside successfully in home and community settings. This service shall include skills development with the provision of supports, as needed. After January 1, 2017, sponsored living residential services shall be a tiered service for reimbursement purposes. After January 1, 2017, providers shall only be reimbursed for the individual's assigned level and tier.

2. Criteria. This service shall only be authorized for Medicaid reimbursement when, through the person-centered planning process, this service is determined necessary to meet the individual's needs. These services may be provided individually or simultaneously to up to two individuals living in the same home, depending on the required support.

3. Allowable activities shall include (i) skill-building and routine supports related to personal care activities, (such as ADLs), communication and IADLs; (ii) skill-building and routine and safety supports related to the use of community resources; (iii) replacing challenging behaviors with positive, accepted behaviors; (iv) monitoring and supporting health and physical conditions, and the provision of supports with medication management and other medical needs; (v) routine and safety supports with transportation to and from training sites and community resources or activities; and (vi) providing general supports and safety supports.

4. Units and limits.

a. The unit of service shall be one day and billing shall not exceed 344 days per ISP year, as indicated in the Plan for Supports of the individuals who are authorized to receive this service. 

b. This service shall not be covered for individuals who are simultaneously receiving shared living services, supported living services, in-home support services, or group home residential services.

c. DMAS coverage of this service shall be limited to no more than two individuals per residential setting. Providers shall not bill for services rendered to more than two individuals living in the same residential setting.

d. This service shall be provided to individuals up to 24-hours per day by the sponsor family who shall be physically present with the individual.

5. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1064.

12VAC30-120-1037

12VAC30-120-1037. Covered services: therapeutic consultation.

A. Therapeutic consultation. Service description. This service shall provide assessments, development of a therapeutic consultation plan, and teaching in any of the following specialty areas to assist family members, caregivers, and other service providers in assisting the individual enrolled in the waiver. The specialty areas shall be (i) psychology, (ii) behavioral consultation services, (iii) therapeutic recreation, (iv) speech and language pathology, (v) occupational therapy, (vi) physical therapy, and (vii) rehabilitation engineering. The need for any of these services shall be based on the individuals' Individual Support Plan and shall be provided to an individual for whom specialized consultation is clinically necessary. Therapeutic consultation services may be provided in individuals' homes and in appropriate community settings (such as licensed or approved homes or day support programs) as long as they are intended to facilitate implementation of individuals' desired outcomes as identified in their Individual Support Plans.

B. Service criteria. In order to qualify for these services, the individual shall have a documented need for consultation in any of these services. Documented need shall indicate that the ISP cannot be implemented effectively and efficiently without such consultation as provided by this covered service and approved through service authorization.

1. The individual's therapeutic consultation plan shall clearly reflect the individual's needs, as documented in the assessment information, for specialized consultation provided to family/caregivers and providers in order to effectively implement the ISP.

2. Other than behavioral consultation, therapeutic consultation services shall not include direct therapy provided to individuals enrolled in the waiver and shall not duplicate the activities of other services that are available to the individual through the State Plan for Medical Assistance. Behavior consultation services may include direct behavioral interventions and demonstration to family members/staff of such interventions.

C. Service units and limits.

1. The unit of service shall be one hour.

2. The services shall be explicitly detailed in the ISP.

3. Travel time, written preparation, and telephone communication shall be considered as in-kind expenses within this service and shall not be reimbursed as separate items.

4. Therapeutic consultation shall not be billed solely for purposes of monitoring the individual.

5. Only behavioral consultation in this therapeutic consultation service may be offered in the absence of any other waiver service.

D. Allowable activities shall include:

1. Interviewing the individual, family members, caregivers, and relevant others to identify issues to be addressed and desired outcomes of consultation;

2. Observing the individual in daily activities and natural environments;

3. Assessing the individual's need for an assistive device or modification or adjustment, or both, in the environment or services including reviewing documentation and evaluating the efficacy of assistive devices and interventions identified in the therapeutic consultation plan;

4. Developing data collection mechanisms and collecting baseline data as appropriate for the type of consultation service provided;

5. Observing and assessing the current interventions, support strategies, or assistive devices being used with the individual;

6. Designing a written therapeutic consultation plan detailing the interventions, environmental adaptations, and support strategies to address the identified issues and desired outcomes, including recommendations related to specific devices, technology, or adaptation of other training programs or activities including training relevant persons to better support the individual simply by observing the individual's environment, daily routines, and personal interactions;

7. Demonstrating specialized, therapeutic interventions, individualized supports, or assistive devices;

8. Training family/caregivers and other relevant persons to assist the individual in using an assistive device; to implement specialized, therapeutic interventions; or adjust currently utilized support techniques;

9. Intervening directly, by behavioral consultants, with the individual and demonstrating to family/caregivers/staff such interventions. Such intervention modalities shall relate to the individual's identified behavioral needs as detailed in established specific goals and procedures set out in the ISP.

E. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1068 C.

12VAC30-120-1038

12VAC30-120-1038. Covered services: transition services.

This service shall be the same as set out in 12VAC30-120-2000 and 12VAC30-120-2010.

12VAC30-120-1039

12VAC30-120-1039. Covered services: workplace assistance services.

A. Workplace assistance services description. Workplace assistance services means supports provided to an individual who has completed job development and completed or nearly completed job placement training (i.e., supported employment) but requires more than the typical job coach services to maintain stabilization in his employment. These services are supplementary to individual supported employment services.

B. Workplace assistance criteria.

1. The activity shall not be work skill training related that would normally be provided by a job coach;

2. Services shall be delivered in their natural setting, where and when they are needed; and

3. Services shall facilitate the maintenance of and inclusion in an employment situation.

C. Allowable activities include:

1. Habilitative supports related to nonwork skills needed for the individual to maintain employment;

2. Habilitative supports to make and strengthen community connections; and

3. Safety supports to ensure the individual's health and safety.

D. Workplace assistance service units and service limitations.

1. A unit shall be one hour. This service may be provided during the time that the individual being served is working, up to and including 40 hours a week. There shall be no annual limit on how long these services may remain authorized.

2. This service shall not be provided simultaneously with work-related personal assistance services. This service shall not be provided solely for the purpose of providing assistance with ADLs to the individual when he is working.

3. The service delivery ratio shall be one staff person to one waiver individual. Workplace assistance services, alone or in combination with community engagement, community coaching, supported employment, or group day services shall not exceed 66 hours per week.

4. The provider shall render onsite habilitative supports related to behavior, health, time management, or other skills that otherwise would endanger the individual's continued employment. The provider may provide assistance to the individual with personal care needs as well; however, this cannot be the sole use of workplace assistance services.

E. Provider requirements. Providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq. and 12VAC30-120-1066 C.

12VAC30-120-1040

12VAC30-120-1040. General requirements for participating providers. (Repealed.)

A. Requests for participation as Medicaid providers of waiver services shall be screened by DMAS or its designated contractor to determine whether the provider applicant meets the basic requirements for provider participation. All providers must be currently enrolled with DMAS in order to be reimbursed for services rendered. Providers who are not enrolled shall not be reimbursed. Consumer-directed assistants shall not be considered Medicaid providers for the purpose of enrollment procedures.

B. For DMAS to approve provider agreements with home and community-based waiver providers, the following standards shall be met:

1. For services that have licensure and certification requirements, the standards of any state licensure or certification requirements, or both as applicable pursuant to 42 CFR 441.302;

2. Disclosure of ownership pursuant to 42 CFR 455.104 and 42 CFR 455.105; and

3. The ability to document and maintain individual records in accordance with state and federal requirements.

C. Providers approved for participation shall, at a minimum, perform the following activities:

1. Screen all new and existing employees and contractors to determine whether any are excluded from eligibility for payment from federal health care programs, including Medicaid (i.e., via the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General List of Excluded Individuals or Entities (LEIE) website). Immediately report in writing to DMAS any exclusion information discovered to: DMAS, ATTN: Program Integrity/Exclusions, 600 E. Broad St., Suite 1300, Richmond, VA 23219 or emailed to providerexclusion@dmas.virginia.gov;

2. Immediately notify DMAS and DBHDS, in writing, of any change in the information that the provider previously submitted, for the purpose of the provider agreement, to DMAS and DBHDS;

3. Assure freedom of choice to individuals in seeking services from any institution, pharmacy, practitioner, or other provider qualified to perform the service or services required and participating in the Medicaid program at the time the service or services were performed;

4. Assure the individual's freedom to refuse medical care, treatment, and services;

5. Accept referrals for services only when staff is available to initiate services and perform, as may be required, such services on an ongoing basis;

6. Provide services and supplies to individuals in full compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (42 USC § 2000d et seq.), which prohibits discrimination on the grounds of race, color, or national origin; the Virginians with Disabilities Act (§ 51.5-1 et seq. of the Code of Virginia); § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (29 USC § 794), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of a disability; the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988 (42 USC § 3601 et seq.); and the Americans with Disabilities Act, as amended (42 USC § 12101 et seq.), which provides comprehensive civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities in the areas of employment, public accommodations, state and local government services, and telecommunications;

7. Provide services and supplies to individuals of the same quality and in the same mode of delivery as provided to the general public;

8. Submit charges to DMAS for the provision of services and supplies to individuals in amounts not to exceed the provider's usual and customary charges to the general public and accept as payment in full the amount established by the DMAS payment methodology from the individual's authorization date for the waiver services;

9. Use program-designated billing forms for submission of charges;

10. Maintain and retain business and professional records sufficient to document fully and accurately the nature, scope, and details of the services provided;

a. In general, such records shall be retained for at least six years from the last date of service or as provided by applicable state or federal laws, whichever period is longer. However, if an audit is initiated within the required retention period, the records shall be retained until the audit is completed and every exception resolved. Records of minors shall be kept for at least six years after such minor has reached the age of 18 years.

b. Policies regarding retention of records shall apply even if the provider discontinues operation. DMAS shall be notified in writing of storage location and procedures for obtaining records for review should the need arise. The location, agent, or trustee shall be within the Commonwealth of Virginia.

11. Agree to furnish information on request and in the form requested to DMAS, DBHDS, the Attorney General of Virginia or his authorized representatives, federal personnel, and the state Medicaid Fraud Control Unit. The Commonwealth's right of access to provider agencies and records shall survive any termination of the provider agreement. No business or professional records shall be created or modified by providers once an audit has been initiated;

12. Disclose, as requested by DMAS, all financial, beneficial, ownership, equity, surety, or other interests in any and all firms, corporations, partnerships, associations, business enterprises, joint ventures, agencies, institutions, or other legal entities providing any form of health care services to individuals receiving Medicaid;

13. Hold confidential and use for authorized DMAS or DBHDS purposes only, all medical assistance information regarding individuals served pursuant to Subpart F of 42 CFR Part 431, 12VAC30-20-90, and any other applicable state or federal law. A provider shall disclose information in his possession only when the information is used in conjunction with a claim for health benefits or the data is necessary for the functioning of DMAS in conjunction with the cited laws;

14. Notify DMAS of change of ownership. When ownership of the provider changes, DMAS shall be notified at least 15 calendar days before the date of change;

15. Comply with applicable standards that meet the requirements for board and care facilities for all facilities covered by § 1616(e) of the Social Security Act in which home and community-based waiver services will be provided. Health and safety standards shall be monitored through the DBHDS' licensure standards or through VDSS-approved standards for adult foster care providers;

16. Immediately report, pursuant to §§ 63.2-1509 and 63.2-1606 of the Code of Virginia, such knowledge if a participating provider knows or suspects that an individual enrolled in a home and community-based waiver service is being abused, neglected, or exploited. The party having knowledge or suspicion of the abuse, neglect, or exploitation shall from first knowledge report the same to the local department of social services' adult or child protective services worker and to DBHDS Offices of Licensing and Human Rights as applicable;

17. Perform criminal history record checks for barrier crimes, as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000, within 15 days from the date of employment. If the individual enrolled in the waiver to be served is a minor child, perform a search of the VDSS Child Protective Services Central Registry. The personal care/respite assistant or companion for either agency-directed or consumer-directed services shall not be compensated for services provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver if any of these records checks verifies that the assistant or companion has been convicted of crimes described in § 37.2-416 of the Code of Virginia or if the assistant or companion has a finding in the VDSS Child Protective Services Central Registry; or if the assistant or companion is determined by a local department of social services as having abused, neglected, or exploited an adult 60 years of age or older or an adult who is 18 years of age if incapacitated. The personal assistant or companion shall not be reimbursed by DMAS for services provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver effective on the date and thereafter that the criminal record check verifies that the assistant or companion has been convicted of crimes described in § 37.2-416 of the Code of Virginia. The personal assistant (for either agency-directed or consumer-directed services) and companion shall notify either their employer or the services facilitator, the individual enrolled in the waiver and EOR, as appropriate, of all convictions occurring subsequent to this record check. Failure to report any subsequent convictions may result in termination of employment. Assistants or companions who refuse to consent to child protective services registry checks shall not be eligible for Medicaid reimbursement of services that they may provide;

18. Refrain from performing any type of direct marketing activities, as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000, to Medicaid individuals;

19. Adhere to the provider participation agreement and the Virginia Medicaid Provider Manual. In addition to compliance with the general conditions and requirements, all providers enrolled by DMAS shall adhere to the conditions of participation outlined in their individual provider participation agreements and in the Virginia Medicaid Provider Manual; and

20. Participate, as may be requested, in the completion of the DBHDS-approved assessment instrument when the provider possesses specific, relevant information about the individual enrolled in the waiver.

D. DMAS or its contractor shall be responsible for assuring continued adherence to provider participation standards. DMAS or its contractor shall conduct ongoing monitoring of compliance with provider participation standards and DMAS' policies and periodically recertify each provider for participation agreement renewal to provide home and community-based waiver services. A provider's noncompliance with DMAS' policies and procedures, as required in the provider's participation agreement, may result in a written request from DMAS for a corrective action plan that details the steps the provider must take and the length of time permitted to achieve full compliance with the plan to correct the deficiencies that have been cited. Failure to comply may result in termination of the provider enrollment agreement as well as other sanctions.

E. Felony convictions. DMAS shall immediately terminate the provider's Medicaid provider agreement pursuant to § 32.1-325 of the Code of Virginia as may be required for federal financial participation. A provider who has been convicted of a felony, or who has otherwise pled guilty to a felony, in Virginia or in any other of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, or the U.S. Territories shall, within 30 days of such conviction, notify DMAS of this conviction and relinquish its provider agreement. Such provider agreement terminations shall be effective immediately and conform to 12VAC30-10-690 and 12VAC30-20-491.

1. Providers shall not be reimbursed for services that may be rendered between the conviction of a felony and the provider's notification to DMAS of the conviction.

2. Except as otherwise provided by applicable state or federal law, the Medicaid provider agreement may be terminated by DMAS at will on 30 days written notice. The agreement may be terminated if DMAS determines that the provider poses a threat to the health, safety, or welfare of any individual enrolled in a DMAS administered program.

3. A participating provider may voluntarily terminate his participation with DMAS by providing 30 days written notification.

F. Providers shall be required to use IDOLS to document services, for purposes of reimbursement, to individuals enrolled in the waiver. The DBHDS approved assessment shall be the Supports Intensity Scale (SIS), as published by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and as may be amended from time to time.

G. Fiscal employer/agent requirements. Pursuant to a duly negotiated contract or interagency agreement, the contractor or entity shall be reimbursed by DMAS to perform certain employer functions including, but not limited to, payroll and bookkeeping functions on the part of the individual/employer who is receiving consumer-directed services.

1. The fiscal employer/agent shall be responsible for administering payroll services on behalf of the individual enrolled in the waiver including, but not limited to:

a. Collecting and maintaining citizenship and alien status employment eligibility information required by the Department of Homeland Security;

b. Securing all necessary authorizations and approvals in accordance with state and federal tax requirements;

c. Deducting and filing state and federal income and employment taxes and other withholdings;

d. Verifying that assistants' or companions' submitted timesheets do not exceed the maximum hours prior authorized for individuals enrolled in the waiver;

e. Processing timesheets for payment;

f. Making all deposits of income taxes, FICA, and other withholdings according to state and federal requirements; and

g. Distributing bi-weekly payroll checks to individuals' assistants.

2. All timesheet discrepancies shall be reported promptly upon their identification to DMAS for investigation and resolution.

3. The fiscal employer/agent shall maintain records and information as required by DMAS and state and federal laws and regulations and make such records available upon DMAS' request in the needed format.

4. The fiscal employer/agent shall establish and operate a customer service center to respond to individuals' and assistants' payroll and related inquiries.

5. The fiscal employer/agent shall maintain confidentiality of all Medicaid information pursuant to HIPAA and DMAS requirements. Should any breaches of confidential information occur, the fiscal/employer agent shall assume all liabilities under both state and federal law.

H. Changes to or termination of services. DBHDS shall have the authority, subject to final approval by DMAS, to approve changes to an individual's Individual Support Plan, based on the recommendations of the case management provider.

1. Providers of direct services shall be responsible for modifying their plans for supports, with the involvement of the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and submitting such revised plans for supports to the case manager any time there is a change in the individual's condition or circumstances that may warrant a change in the amount or type of service rendered.

a. The case manager shall review the need for a change and may recommend a change to the plan for supports to the DBHDS staff.

b. DBHDS shall review and approve, deny, or suspend for additional information, the requested change or changes to the individual's Plan for Supports. DBHDS shall communicate its determination to the case manager within 10 business days of receiving all supporting documentation regarding the request for change or in the case of an emergency within three business days of receipt of the request for change.

2. The individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, shall be notified in writing by the case manager of his right to appeal pursuant to DMAS client appeals regulations, Part I of 12VAC30-110, about the decision or decisions to reduce, terminate, suspend, or deny services. The case manager shall submit this written notification to the individual enrolled in the waiver within 10 business days of the decision.

3. In a nonemergency situation, when a participating provider determines that services to an individual enrolled in the waiver must be terminated, the participating provider shall give the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and case manager 10 business days written notification of the provider's intent to discontinue services. The notification letter shall provide the reasons for the planned termination and the effective date the provider will be discontinuing services. The effective date shall be at least 10 business days from the date of the notification letter. The individual enrolled in the waiver shall be eligible for appeal rights in this situation and may pursue services from another provider.

4. In an emergency situation when the health, safety, or welfare of the individual enrolled in the waiver, other individuals in that setting, or provider personnel are endangered, the case manager and DBHDS shall be notified prior to discontinuing services. The 10-business-day prior written notification period shall not be required. The local department of social services adult protective services unit or child protective services unit, as appropriate, and DBHDS Offices of Licensing and Human Rights shall be notified immediately by the case manager and the provider when the individual's health, safety, or welfare may be in danger.

5. The case manager shall have the responsibility to identify those individuals who no longer meet the level of care criteria or for whom home and community-based waiver services are no longer an appropriate alternative. In such situations, such individuals shall be discharged from the waiver.

a. The case manager shall notify the individual of this determination and afford the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, with his right to appeal such discharge.

b. The individual shall be entitled to the continuation of his waiver services pending the final outcome of his appeal action. Should the appeal action confirm the case manager's determination that the individual shall be discharged from the waiver, the individual shall be responsible for the costs of his waiver services incurred by DMAS during his appeal action.

12VAC30-120-1058

12VAC30-120-1058. Provider requirements: services facilitation.

Provider requirements for services facilitation shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-759 B and 12VAC30-120-770 B.

12VAC30-120-1059

12VAC30-120-1059. Provider requirements for companion services, personal assistance, and respite services.

A. Licensure Requirements for agency directed services. For companion, personal assistance, and respite services, the provider shall be licensed by DBHDS as either a residential service provider, supportive in-home residential service provider, day support service provider, or respite service provider or shall meet the DMAS criteria to be a personal care or respite care provider.

B. Supervision requirements for agency-directed companion, personal assistance, and respite services.

1. A supervisor shall provide ongoing supervision of all personal assistants, companions, and respite assistants.

2. For DMAS-enrolled personal assistance and respite providers, the provider shall employ or subcontract with and directly supervise an RN or an LPN who shall provide ongoing supervision of all assistants. The supervising RN or LPN shall have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/IID, or nursing facility.

3. For companion service providers, the provider shall employ or subcontract with and directly supervise an RN or an LPN who shall provide ongoing supervision of all companions. The supervising RN or LPN shall have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/IID, or nursing facility or shall have a bachelor's degree in a human services field and at least one year of experience working with individuals with developmental disabilities.

4. The supervisor shall make a home visit to conduct an initial assessment prior to the start of services for all individuals enrolled in the waiver requesting and who have been approved to receive personal assistance, companion, or respite services. The supervisor shall also perform any subsequent reassessments or changes to the Plan for Supports. All changes that are indicated for an individual's Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual and, if appropriate, the family/caregiver.

5. The supervisor shall make supervisory home visits as often as needed to ensure both quality and appropriateness of services. The minimum frequency of these visits shall be every 30 to 90 days under the agency-directed model, depending on the individual's needs.

6. Based on continuing evaluations of the assistant's/companion's performance and individual's needs, the supervisor shall identify any gaps in the assistant's/companion's ability to function competently and shall provide training as indicated.

C. Service facilitation requirements for companion, personal assistance, and respite services shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-759 A and 12VAC30-120-770.

D. Family members as providers in companion, personal assistance, and respite services (agency-directed and consumer-directed).

1. Individuals paid by DMAS shall not be the parents of individuals enrolled in the waiver who or a minor child or the individual's spouse.

2. Persons rendering services for reimbursement by DMAS shall not be the individual's spouse. Other family members living under the same roof as the individual being served may not provide companion or assistant services unless there is objective written documentation completed by the services facilitator, or the EOR when the individual does not select services facilitation, as to why there are no other providers available to provide services.

3. Family members who are approved to be reimbursed for providing these services shall meet the same qualifications as all other staff providing services.

E. Required documentation (agency-directed and consumer-directed). In addition to the requirements in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., the following requirements for personal assistance services, respite services, and companion services apply:

1. Agency-directed providers or the services facilitator, or the EOR in the absence of a services facilitator, shall maintain records regarding each individual who is receiving services.

2. At a minimum, these records shall contain:

a. A copy of the completed DBHDS-approved SIS® assessment and, as needed, an initial assessment completed by the supervisor or services facilitator prior to or on the date services are initiated.

b. The provider's Plan for Supports, that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

(1) The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, and required or desired supports;

(2) The individual's support activities to meet the identified outcomes; and

(3) Services to be rendered and the frequency of such services to accomplish the above desired outcomes and support activities; and

c. Documentation indicating that the Plan for Supports' desired outcomes and support activities have been reviewed by the provider quarterly, annually, and more often as needed. The results of the review shall be submitted to the support coordinator/case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the Plan for Supports is modified, the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate;

d. The services supervisor or CD services facilitator shall document in the individual's record in a summary note following significant contacts with the assistant/companion and home visits with the individual the following:

(1) Whether services continue to be appropriate;

(2) Whether the Plan for Supports is adequate to meet the individual's needs or changes are needed in the plan;

(3) The individual's satisfaction with the service;

(4) The presence or absence of the assistant/companion during the supervisor's visit;

(5) Any suspected abuse, neglect, or exploitation and to whom it was reported; and

(6) Any hospitalization or change in medical condition, functioning, or cognitive status.

e. All correspondence to the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, the support coordinator/case manager, DMAS, and DBHDS;

f. Contacts made with family/caregiver, physicians, formal and informal service providers, and all professionals concerning the individual; and 

g. Documentation provided by the support coordinator/case manager as to why there are no providers other than family members available to render assistant/companion services if this service is part of the individual's Plan for Supports.

3. The records of individuals enrolled in the waiver who are receiving services shall contain:

a. The specific services delivered to the individual enrolled in the waiver, dated the day that such services were provided, the number of hours as outlined in the Plan for Supports, the individual's responses, and observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition; and

b. At a minimum, monthly verification by the residential supervisor of the services and hours rendered and billed to DMAS.

F. Consumer-directed services: enrollment and disenrollment.

1. Individuals enrolled in the waiver may choose between the agency-directed model of service delivery or the consumer-directed model when DMAS makes this alternative model available for care. The only services provided in this waiver that permit the consumer-directed model of service delivery shall be (i) personal assistance services; (ii) respite services; and (iii) companion services. An individual enrolled in the waiver shall not be able to choose consumer-directed services if any of the following conditions exist:

a. The individual enrolled in the waiver is younger than 18 years of age or is unable to be the employer of record and no one else can assume this role;

b. The health, safety, or welfare of the individual enrolled in the waiver cannot be assured or a back-up emergency plan cannot be developed; or

c. The individual enrolled in the waiver has medication or skilled nursing needs or medical or behavioral conditions that cannot be safely met via the consumer-directed model of service delivery.

2. Voluntary or involuntary disenrollment of consumer-directed services. Either voluntary or involuntary disenrollment of consumer-directed services may occur. In either voluntary or involuntary situations, the individual enrolled in the waiver shall be permitted to select an agency from which to receive his personal assistance, respite, or companion services. If the individual either fails to select an agency or refuses to do so, then one will be selected for him by either the support coordinator/case manager or services facilitator.

a. An individual who has chosen consumer direction may choose, at any time, to change to the agency-directed services model as long as he continues to qualify for the specific services. The services facilitator or support coordinator/case manager, as appropriate, shall assist the individual with the change of services from consumer-directed to agency-directed.

b. The services facilitator or support coordinator/case manager, as appropriate, shall initiate involuntary disenrollment from consumer direction of an individual enrolled in the waiver when any of the following conditions occur:

(1) The health, safety, or welfare of the individual enrolled in the waiver is at risk;

(2) The individual or EOR, as appropriate, demonstrates consistent inability to hire and retain a personal assistant CD employee; or

(3) The individual or EOR, as appropriate, is consistently unable to manage the assistant CD employee, as may be demonstrated by but shall not necessarily be limited to, a pattern of serious discrepancies with timesheets.

c. Prior to involuntary disenrollment, the services facilitator or support coordinator/case manager, as appropriate, shall:

(1) Verify that essential training has been provided to the individual or EOR, as appropriate, to improve the problem condition or conditions;

(2) Document in the individual's record the conditions creating the necessity for the involuntary disenrollment and actions taken by the services facilitator or support coordinator/case manager, as appropriate;

(3) Discuss with the individual or the EOR, as appropriate, the agency directed option that is available and the actions needed to arrange for such services while providing a list of potential providers; and

(4) Provide written notice to the individual and EOR, as appropriate, of the right to appeal, pursuant to 12VAC30-110, such involuntary termination of consumer direction. Except in emergency situations in which the health or safety of the individual is at serious risk, such notice shall be given at least 10 business days prior to the effective date of the termination of consumer direction. In cases of an emergency situation, notice of the right to appeal shall be given to the individual but the requirement to provide notice at least 10 business days in advance shall not apply.

d. If the services facilitator initiates the involuntary disenrollment from consumer direction, then he shall inform the support coordinator/case manager.

G. Consumer-directed attendant requirements for companion, personal assistance, and respite services.

1. For the consumer-directed model, there shall be a services facilitator (or person serving in this capacity) meeting the requirements found in 12VAC30-120-759 B and 12VAC30-120-770.

2. Persons functioning as CD attendants/companions shall meet the following requirements:

a. Be at least 18 years of age;

b. Possess basic math skills and be able to read and write English to the degree required to function in this capacity and create and maintain the required documentation;

c. Be capable of following a Plan for Supports with minimal supervision and be physically able to perform the required work;

d. Possess a valid social security number that has been issued by the Social Security Administration;

e. Be capable of aiding in IADLs;

f. Receive an annual tuberculosis screening in accordance with guidelines published on the Virginia Department of Health website;

g. Be willing to attend training at the individual's and the individual family/caregiver's, as appropriate, request;

h. Understand and agree to comply with DMAS waiver requirements as contained in 12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.; and

i. Not be the EOR who is directing the individual's care.

3. If an individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, is consistently unable to hire and retain an employee to provide consumer-directed services, the services facilitator shall contact the support coordinator/case manager and DBHDS to transfer the individual, at the choice of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, to a provider that provides Medicaid-funded agency-directed personal care assistance or respite care services. The CD services facilitator shall make arrangements with the support coordinator/case manager to have the individual transferred.

H. Requirements for agency-directed companions/assistants.

1. Assistants/companions shall have completed an educational curriculum of at least 40 hours of study related to the needs of individuals who have disabilities, including intellectual and developmental disabilities, as ensured by the provider prior to being assigned to support an individual, and have the required skills and training to perform the services as specified in the individual's Plan for Supports and related supporting documentation. Assistants'/companions' required training, as further detailed in the applicable provider manual, shall be met in one of the following ways:

a. Registration with the Board of Nursing as a certified nurse aide;

b. Graduation from an approved educational curriculum as listed by the Board of Nursing; or

c. Completion of the provider's educational curriculum, as conducted by a licensed RN who shall have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/IID, or nursing facility.

2. Assistants/companions shall have a satisfactory work record, as evidenced by two references from prior job experiences, if applicable, including no evidence of possible abuse, neglect, or exploitation of elderly persons, children, or adults with disabilities.

3. Provider inability to render services and substitution of assistants (agency-directed model). When assistants/companions are absent or otherwise unable to render scheduled supports to individuals enrolled in the waiver, the provider shall be responsible for ensuring that services continue to be provided to the affected individuals.

a. The provider may either provide another assistant/companion, obtain a substitute assistant/companion from another provider if the lapse in coverage is to be less than two weeks in duration, or transfer the individual's services to another personal care assistance or respite provider. The provider that has the service authorization to provide services to the individual enrolled in the waiver shall contact the support coordinator/case manager to determine if additional or modified service authorization is necessary.

b. If no other provider is available who can supply a substitute assistant/companion, the provider shall notify the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and the support coordinator/case manager so that the support coordinator/case manager may find another available provider of the individual's choice.

4. During temporary, short-term lapses in coverage that are not expected to exceed approximately two weeks in duration, the following procedures shall apply:

a. The service authorized provider shall provide the supervision for the substitute assistant/companion;

b. The provider of the substitute assistant/companion shall send a copy of the assistant's/companion's daily documentation signed by the assistant/companion, the individual, and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, to the provider having the service authorization; and

c. The service authorized provider shall bill DMAS for services rendered by the substitute assistant/companion.

5. If a provider secures a substitute assistant/companion, the provider agency shall be responsible for ensuring that all DMAS requirements continue to be met including documentation of services rendered by the substitute assistant/companion and documentation that the substitute assistant's/companion's qualifications meet DMAS requirements. The two providers involved shall be responsible for negotiating the financial arrangements of paying the substitute assistant/companion.

I. Agency-directed documentation requirements:

1. The record for agency-directed service providers shall contain:

a. The specific services delivered to the individual enrolled in the waiver by the assistant/companion dated the day of service delivery and the individual's responses;

b. The personal assistant's/companion's arrival and departure times;

c. The personal assistant's/companion's weekly comments or observations about the individual enrolled in the waiver to include observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition, daily activities, and responses to services rendered; and

d. The personal assistant's/companion's and individual's and the individual's family/caregiver's, as appropriate, weekly signatures recorded on the last day of service delivery for any given week to verify that companion services during that week have been rendered.

e. These records shall be separated from those of other nonwaiver services, such as home health services. At a minimum these records shall contain:

(1) The most recently updated plan of care for supports and supporting documentation, and all provider documentation;

(2) A copy of the SIS® assessment, the initial assessment by the RN supervisory nurse or support coordinator/case manager/services facilitator completed prior to or on the date services are initiated, subsequent reassessments, and changes to the supporting documentation by the RN supervisory nurse or support coordinator/case manager/services facilitator; and

(3) Nurses or support coordinator/case manager/services facilitator summarizing notes recorded and dated during any contacts with the CD attendant and during supervisory visits to the individual's home;

J. Special requirements for respite services.

1. When respite services are not received on a routine basis, but are episodic in nature, the supervisor or services facilitator shall conduct the initial home visit with the respite assistant immediately preceding the start of services and make a second home visit within the respite service authorization period. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall review the use of respite services either every six months or upon the use of 240 respite service hours, whichever comes first.

2. When respite services are routine in nature, that is occurring with a scheduled regularity for specific periods of time, and offered in conjunction with personal assistance, the supervisory visit conducted for personal assistance may serve as the supervisory visit for respite services. However, the supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall document supervision of respite services separately. For this purpose, the same individual record shall be used with a separate section for respite services documentation.

12VAC30-120-1060

12VAC30-120-1060. Participation standards for provision of services; providers' requirements. (Repealed.)

A. The required documentation for residential support services, day support services, supported employment services, and prevocational support shall be as follows:

1. A completed copy of the DBHDS-approved SIS assessment form or its approved alternative form during the phase in period.

2. A Plan for Supports containing, at a minimum, the following elements:

a. The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports or both, and skill-building needs;

b. The individual's support activities to meet the identified outcomes;

c. The services to be rendered and the schedule of such services to accomplish the above desired outcomes and support activities;

d. A timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's desired outcomes and support activities;

e. The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

f. The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports.

3. Documentation indicating that the Plan for Supports' desired outcomes and support activities have been reviewed by the provider quarterly, annually, and more often as needed. The results of the review must be submitted to the case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the Plan for Supports is modified, the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate.

4. All correspondence to the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, the case manager, DMAS, and DBHDS.

5. Written documentation of contacts made with family/caregiver, physicians, formal and informal service providers, and all professionals concerning the individual.

B. The required documentation for personal assistance services, respite services, and companion services shall be as set out in this subsection. The agency provider holding the service authorization or the services facilitator, or the EOR in the absence of a services facilitator, shall maintain records regarding each individual who is receiving services. At a minimum, these records shall contain:

1. A copy of the completed DBHDS-approved SIS assessment (or its approved alternative during the phase in period) and, as needed, an initial assessment completed by the supervisor or services facilitator prior to or on the date services are initiated.

2. A Plan for Supports, that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

a. The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports;

b. The individual's support activities to meet these identified outcomes;

c. Services to be rendered and the frequency of such services to accomplish the above desired outcomes and support activities; and

d. For the agency-directed model, the provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports. For the consumer-directed model, the identifying information for the assistant or assistants and the Employer of Record.

3. Documentation indicating that the Plan for Supports' desired outcomes and support activities have been reviewed by the provider quarterly, annually, and more often as needed. The results of the review must be submitted to the case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the Plan for Supports is modified, the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate.

4. The companion services supervisor or CD services facilitator, as required by 12VAC30-120-1020, shall document in the individual's record in a summary note following significant contacts with the companion and home visits with the individual:

a. Whether companion services continue to be appropriate;

b. Whether the plan is adequate to meet the individual's needs or changes are indicated in the plan;

c. The individual's satisfaction with the service;

d. The presence or absence of the companion during the supervisor's visit;

e. Any suspected abuse, neglect, or exploitation and to whom it was reported; and

f. Any hospitalization or change in medical condition, and functioning or cognitive status;

5. All correspondence to the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, the case manager, DMAS, and DBHDS;

6. Contacts made with family/caregiver, physicians, formal and informal service providers, and all professionals concerning the individual; and 

7. Documentation provided by the case manager as to why there are no providers other than family members available to render respite assistant care if this service is part of the individual's Plan for Supports.

C. The required documentation for assistive technology, environmental modifications (EM), and Personal Emergency Response Systems (PERS) shall be as follows:

1. The appropriate IDOLS documentation, to be completed by the case manager, may serve as the Plan for Supports for the provision of AT, EM, and PERS services. A rehabilitation engineer may be involved for AT or EM services if disability expertise is required that a general contractor may not have. The Plan for Supports/IDOL shall include justification and explanation that a rehabilitation engineer is needed, if one is required. The IDOL shall be submitted to the state-designated agency or its contractor in order for service authorization to occur;

2. Written documentation for AT services regarding the process and results of ensuring that the item is not covered by the State Plan for Medical Assistance as DME and supplies, and that it is not available from a DME provider;

3. AT documentation of the recommendation for the item by a qualified professional;

4. Documentation of the date services are rendered and the amount of service that is needed;

5. Any other relevant information regarding the device or modification;

6. Documentation in the case management record of notification by the designated individual or individual's representative family/caregiver of satisfactory completion or receipt of the service or item; and

7. Instructions regarding any warranty, repairs, complaints, or servicing that may be needed.

D. Assistive technology (AT). In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, AT shall be provided by DMAS-enrolled durable medical equipment (DME) providers or DMAS-enrolled CSBs/BHAs with an ID Waiver provider agreement to provide AT. DME shall be provided in accordance with 12VAC30-50-165.

E. Companion services (both agency-directed and consumer-directed). In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, companion service providers shall meet the following qualifications:

1. For the agency-directed model, the provider shall be licensed by DBHDS as either a residential service provider, supportive in-home residential service provider, day support service provider, or respite service provider or shall meet the DMAS criteria to be a personal care/respite care provider.

2. For the consumer-directed model, there may be a services facilitator (or person serving in this capacity) meeting the requirements found in 12VAC30-120-1020.

3. Companion qualifications. Persons functioning as companions shall meet the following requirements:

a. Be at least 18 years of age;

b. Be able to read and write English to the degree required to function in this capacity and possess basic math skills;

c. Be capable of following a Plan for Supports with minimal supervision and be physically able to perform the required work;

d. Possess a valid social security number that has been issued by the Social Security Administration to the person who is to function as the companion;

e. Be capable of aiding in IADLs; and

f. Receive an annual tuberculosis screening.

4. Persons rendering companion services for reimbursement by DMAS shall not be the individual's spouse. Other family members living under the same roof as the individual being served may not provide companion services unless there is objective written documentation completed by the services facilitator, or the EOR when the individual does not select services facilitation, as to why there are no other providers available to provide companion services.

a. Family members who are approved to be reimbursed by DMAS to provide companion services shall meet all of the companion qualifications.

b. Companion services shall not be provided by adult foster care providers or any other paid caregivers for an individual residing in that foster care home.

5. For the agency-directed model, companions shall be employees of enrolled providers that have participation agreements with DMAS to provide companion services. Providers shall be required to have a companion services supervisor to monitor companion services. The companion services supervisor shall have a bachelor's degree in a human services field and have at least one year of experience working in the ID field, or be a licensed practical nurse (LPN) or a registered nurse (RN) with at least one year of experience working in the ID field. Such LPNs and RNs shall have the appropriate current licenses to either practice nursing in the Commonwealth or have multi-state licensure privilege as defined herein.

6. The companion services supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall conduct an initial home visit prior to initiating companion services to document the efficacy and appropriateness of such services and to establish a Plan for Supports for the individual enrolled in the waiver. The companion services supervisor or services facilitator must provide quarterly follow-up home visits to monitor the provision of services under the agency-directed model and semi-annually (every six months) under the consumer-directed model or more often as needed.

7. In addition to the requirements in subdivisions 1 through 6 of this subsection the companion record for agency-directed service providers must also contain:

a. The specific services delivered to the individual enrolled in the waiver by the companion, dated the day of service delivery, and the individual's responses;

b. The companion's arrival and departure times;

c. The companion's weekly comments or observations about the individual enrolled in the waiver to include observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition, daily activities, and responses to services rendered; and

d. The companion's and individual's and the individual's family/caregiver's, as appropriate, weekly signatures recorded on the last day of service delivery for any given week to verify that companion services during that week have been rendered.

8. Consumer-directed model companion record. In addition to the requirements outlined in this subsection, the companion record for services facilitators must contain:

a. The services facilitator's dated notes documenting any contacts with the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and visits to the individual's home;

b. Documentation of training provided to the companion by the individual or EOR, as appropriate;

c. Documentation of all employer management training provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver or the EOR, including the individual's and the EOR's, as appropriate, receipt of training on their legal responsibility for the accuracy and timeliness of the companion's timesheets; and

d. All documents signed by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the EOR that acknowledge their responsibilities and legal liabilities as the companion's or companions' employer, as appropriate.

F. Crisis stabilization services. In addition to the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, the following crisis stabilization provider qualifications shall apply:

1. A crisis stabilization services provider shall be licensed by DBHDS as a provider of either outpatient services, crisis stabilization services, residential services with a crisis stabilization track, supportive residential services with a crisis stabilization track, or day support services with a crisis stabilization track.

2. The provider shall employ or use QMRPs, licensed mental health professionals, or other qualified personnel who have demonstrated competence to provide crisis stabilization and related activities to individuals with ID who are experiencing serious psychiatric or behavioral problems.

3. To provide the crisis supervision component, providers must be licensed by DBHDS as providers of residential services, supportive in-home residential services, or day support services. Documentation of providers' qualifications shall be maintained for review by DBHDS and DMAS staff or DMAS' designated agent.

4. A Plan for Supports must be developed or revised and submitted to the case manager for submission to DBHDS within 72 hours of the requested start date for authorization.

5. Required documentation in the individual's record. The provider shall maintain a record regarding each individual enrolled in the waiver who is receiving crisis stabilization services. At a minimum, the record shall contain the following:

a. Documentation of the face-to-face assessment and any reassessments completed by a QMRP;

b. A Plan for Supports that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

(1) The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports;

(2) Services to be rendered and the frequency of services to accomplish these desired outcomes and support activities;

(3) A timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's desired outcomes and support activities;

(4) The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

(5) The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports; and

c. Documentation indicating the dates and times of crisis stabilization services, the amount and type of service or services provided, and specific information regarding the individual's response to the services and supports as agreed to in the Plan for Supports.

G. Day support services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, day support providers, for both intensive and regular service levels, shall meet the following additional requirements:

1. The provider of day support services must be specifically licensed by DBHDS as a provider of day support services. (12VAC 35-105-20)

2. In addition to licensing requirements, day support staff shall also have training in the characteristics of intellectual disabilities and the appropriate interventions, skill building strategies, and support methods for individuals with intellectual disabilities and such functional limitations. All providers of day support services shall pass an objective, standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DBHDS and administered according to DBHDS' defined procedures. (See www.dbhds.virginia.gov for further information.)

3. Documentation confirming the individual's attendance and amount of time in services and specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the Plan for Supports. An attendance log or similar document must be maintained that indicates the individual's name, date, type of services rendered, staff signature and date, and the number of service units delivered, in accordance with the DMAS fee schedule.

4. Documentation indicating whether the services were center-based or noncenter-based shall be included on the Plan for Supports.

5. In instances where day support staff may be required to ride with the individual enrolled in the waiver to and from day support services, the day support staff transportation time may be billed as day support services and documentation maintained, provided that billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in day support services for that day.

6. If intensive day support services are requested, documentation indicating the specific supports and the reasons they are needed shall be included in the Plan for Supports. For ongoing intensive day support services, there shall be specific documentation of the ongoing needs and associated staff supports.

H. Environmental modifications. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, environmental modifications shall be provided in accordance with all applicable federal, state, or local building codes and laws by CSBs/BHAs contractors or DMAS-enrolled providers.

I. Personal assistance services (both consumer-directed and agency directed models). In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, personal assistance providers shall meet additional provider requirements:

1. For the agency-directed model, services shall be provided by an enrolled DMAS personal care provider or by a residential services provider licensed by the DBHDS that is also enrolled with DMAS. All agency-directed personal assistants shall pass an objective standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DBHDS that must be administered according to DBHDS' defined procedures.

2. For the CD model, services shall meet the requirements found in 12VAC30-120-1020.

3. For DBHDS-licensed residential services providers, a residential supervisor shall provide ongoing supervision of all personal assistants.

4. For DMAS-enrolled personal care providers, the provider shall employ or subcontract with and directly supervise an RN or an LPN who shall provide ongoing supervision of all assistants. The supervising RN or LPN shall have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/ID, or nursing facility.

5. For agency-directed services, the supervisor, or for CD services the services facilitator, shall make a home visit to conduct an initial assessment prior to the start of services for all individuals enrolled in the waiver requesting, and who have been approved to receive, personal assistance services. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall also perform any subsequent reassessments or changes to the Plan for Supports. All changes that are indicated for an individual's Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual and, if appropriate, the family/caregiver.

6. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall make supervisory home visits as often as needed to ensure both quality and appropriateness of services. The minimum frequency of these visits shall be every 30 to 90 days under the agency-directed model and semi-annually (every six months) under the CD model of services, depending on the individual's needs.

7. Based on continuing evaluations of the assistant's performance and individual's needs, the supervisor (for agency-directed services) or the individual or the employer of record (EOR) (for the CD model) shall identify any gaps in the assistant's ability to function competently and shall provide training as indicated.

8. Qualifications for consumer directed personal assistants. The assistant shall:

a. Be 18 years of age or older and possess a valid social security number that has been issued by the Social Security Administration to the person who is to function as the attendant;

b. Be able to read and write English to the degree necessary to perform the tasks expected and possess basic math skills;

c. Have the required skills and physical abilities to perform the services as specified in the individual's Plan for Supports;

d. Be willing to attend training at the individual's and EOR's, as appropriate, request;

e. Understand and agree to comply with the DMAS' ID Waiver requirements as contained in this part (12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.); and

f. Receive an annual tuberculosis screening.

9. Additional requirements for DMAS-enrolled (agency-directed) personal care providers.

a. Personal assistants shall have completed an educational curriculum of at least 40 hours of study related to the needs of individuals who have disabilities, including intellectual/developmental disabilities, as ensured by the provider prior to being assigned to support an individual, and have the required skills and training to perform the services as specified in the individual's Plan for Supports and related supporting documentation. Personal assistants' required training, as further detailed in the applicable provider manual, shall be met in one of the following ways:

(1) Registration with the Board of Nursing as a certified nurse aide;

(2) Graduation from an approved educational curriculum as listed by the Board of Nursing; or

(3) Completion of the provider's educational curriculum, as conducted by a licensed RN who shall have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/ID, or nursing facility.

b. Assistants shall have a satisfactory work record, as evidenced by two references from prior job experiences, if applicable, including no evidence of possible abuse, neglect, or exploitation of elderly persons, children, or adults with disabilities.

10. Personal assistants to be paid by DMAS shall not be the parents of individuals enrolled in the waiver who are minor children or the individuals' spouses.

a. Payment shall not be made for services furnished by other family members living under the same roof as the individual enrolled in the waiver receiving services unless there is objective written documentation completed by the services facilitator, or the case manager when the individual does not select services facilitation, as to why there are no other providers available to render the services.

b. Family members who are approved to be reimbursed for providing this service shall meet the same qualifications as all other personal assistants.

11. Provider inability to render services and substitution of assistants (agency-directed model).

a. When assistants are absent or otherwise unable to render scheduled supports to individuals enrolled in the waiver, the provider shall be responsible for ensuring that services continue to be provided to the affected individuals. The provider may either provide another assistant, obtain a substitute assistant from another provider if the lapse in coverage is to be less than two weeks in duration, or transfer the individual's services to another personal care or respite provider. The provider that has the service authorization to provide services to the individual enrolled in the waiver must contact the case manager to determine if additional, or modified, service authorization is necessary.

b. If no other provider is available who can supply a substitute assistant, the provider shall notify the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and the case manager so that the case manager may find another available provider of the individual's choice.

c. During temporary, short-term lapses in coverage that are not expected to exceed approximately two weeks in duration, the following procedures shall apply:

(1) The service authorized provider shall provide the supervision for the substitute assistant;

(2) The provider of the substitute assistant shall send a copy of the assistant's daily documentation signed by the assistant, the individual, and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, to the provider having the service authorization; and

(3) The service authorized provider shall bill DMAS for services rendered by the substitute assistant.

d. If a provider secures a substitute assistant, the provider agency shall be responsible for ensuring that all DMAS requirements continue to be met including documentation of services rendered by the substitute assistant and documentation that the substitute assistant's qualifications meet DMAS' requirements. The two providers involved shall be responsible for negotiating the financial arrangements of paying the substitute assistant.

12. For the agency-directed model, the personal assistant record shall contain:

a. The specific services delivered to the individual enrolled in the waiver by the assistant, dated the day of service delivery, and the individual's responses;

b. The assistant's arrival and departure times;

c. The assistant's weekly comments or observations about the individual enrolled in the waiver to include observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition, daily activities, and responses to services rendered; and

d. The assistant's and individual's and the individual's family/caregiver's, as appropriate, weekly signatures recorded on the last day of service delivery for any given week to verify that services during that week have been rendered.

13. The records of individuals enrolled in the waiver who are receiving personal assistance services in a congregate residential setting (because skill building services are no longer appropriate or desired for the individual), must contain:

a. The specific services delivered to the individual enrolled in the waiver, dated the day that such services were provided, the number of hours as outlined in the Plan for Supports, the individual's responses, and observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition; and

b. At a minimum, monthly verification by the residential supervisor of the services and hours rendered and billed to DMAS.

14. For the consumer-directed model, the services facilitator's record shall contain, at a minimum:

a. Documentation of all employer management training provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver and the EOR including the individual or the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and EOR, as appropriate, receipt of training on their legal responsibilities for the accuracy and timeliness of the assistant's timesheets; and

b. All documents signed by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the EOR, as appropriate, which acknowledge the responsibilities as the employer.

J. Personal Emergency Response Systems. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, PERS providers shall also meet the following qualifications:

1. A PERS provider shall be either: (i) an enrolled personal care agency; (ii) an enrolled durable medical equipment provider; (iii) a licensed home health provider; or (iv) a PERS manufacturer that has the ability to provide PERS equipment, direct services (i.e., installation, equipment maintenance, and service calls), and PERS monitoring services.

2. The PERS provider must provide an emergency response center with fully trained operators who are capable of receiving signals for help from an individual's PERS equipment 24-hours a day, 365, or 366, days per year as appropriate, of determining whether an emergency exists, and of notifying an emergency response organization or an emergency responder that the PERS service individual needs emergency help.

3. A PERS provider must comply with all applicable Virginia statutes, applicable regulations of DMAS, and all other governmental agencies having jurisdiction over the services to be performed.

4. The PERS provider shall have the primary responsibility to furnish, install, maintain, test, and service the PERS equipment, as required, to keep it fully operational. The provider shall replace or repair the PERS device within 24 hours of the individual's notification of a malfunction of the console unit, activating devices, or medication-monitoring unit.

5. The PERS provider must properly install all PERS equipment into a PERS individual's functioning telephone line or cellular system and must furnish all supplies necessary to ensure that the PERS system is installed and working properly.

6. The PERS installation shall include local seize line circuitry, which guarantees that the unit shall have priority over the telephone connected to the console unit should the phone be off the hook or in use when the unit is activated.

7. A PERS provider shall install, test, and demonstrate to the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, the PERS system before submitting his claim for services to DMAS.

8. A PERS provider shall maintain a data record for each PERS individual at no additional cost to DMAS or DBHDS. The record must document the following:

a. Delivery date and installation date of the PERS;

b. Individual or family/caregiver, as appropriate, signature verifying receipt of PERS device;

c. Verification by a monthly, or more frequently as needed, test that the PERS device is operational;

d. Updated and current individual responder and contact information, as provided by the individual, the individual's family/caregiver, or case manager; and

e. A case log documenting the individual's utilization of the system and contacts and communications with the individual, family/caregiver, case manager, and responders.

9. The PERS provider shall have back-up monitoring capacity in case the primary system cannot handle incoming emergency signals.

10. All PERS equipment shall be approved by the Federal Communications Commission and meet the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. (UL) safety standard for home health care signaling equipment in Underwriter's Laboratories Safety Standard 1637, Standard for Home Health Care Signaling Equipment, Fourth Edition, December 29, 2006. The UL listing mark on the equipment shall be accepted as evidence of the equipment's compliance with such standard. The PERS device shall be automatically reset by the response center after each activation, ensuring that subsequent signals can be transmitted without requiring manual reset by the individual enrolled in the waiver or family/caregiver, as appropriate.

11. A PERS provider shall instruct the individual, family/caregiver, and responders in the use of the PERS service.

12. The emergency response activator shall be able to be activated either by breath, by touch, or by some other means, and must be usable by individuals who are visually or hearing impaired or physically disabled. The emergency response communicator must be capable of operating without external power during a power failure at the individual's home for a minimum period of 24-hours and automatically transmit a low battery alert signal to the response center if the back-up battery is low. The emergency response console unit must also be able to self-disconnect and redial the back-up monitoring site without the individual or family/caregiver resetting the system in the event it cannot get its signal accepted at the response center.

13. The PERS provider shall be capable of continuously monitoring and responding to emergencies under all conditions, including power failures and mechanical malfunctions. It shall be the PERS provider's responsibility to ensure that the monitoring function and the agency's equipment meets the following requirements. The PERS provider must be capable of simultaneously responding to signals for help from multiple individuals' PERS equipment. The PERS provider's equipment shall include the following:

a. A primary receiver and a back-up receiver, which must be independent and interchangeable;

b. A back-up information retrieval system;

c. A clock printer, which must print out the time and date of the emergency signal, the PERS individual's identification code, and the emergency code that indicates whether the signal is active, passive, or a responder test;

d. A back-up power supply;

e. A separate telephone service;

f. A toll-free number to be used by the PERS equipment in order to contact the primary or back-up response center; and

g. A telephone line monitor, which must give visual and audible signals when the incoming telephone line is disconnected for more than 10 seconds.

14. The PERS provider shall maintain detailed technical and operations manuals that describe PERS elements, including the installation, functioning, and testing of PERS equipment, emergency response protocols, and recordkeeping and reporting procedures.

15. The PERS provider shall document and furnish within 30 days of the action taken a written report to the case manager for each emergency signal that results in action being taken on behalf of the individual, excluding test signals or activations made in error.

K. Prevocational services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based services participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, prevocational providers shall also meet the following qualifications:

1. The provider of prevocational services shall be a vendor of either extended employment services, long-term employment services, or supported employment services for DRS, or be licensed by DBHDS as a provider of day support services. Both licensee groups must also be enrolled with DMAS.

2. In addition to licensing requirements, prevocational staff shall also have training in the characteristics of ID and the appropriate interventions, skill building strategies, and support methods for individuals with ID and such functional limitations. All providers of prevocational services shall pass an objective, standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DBHDS and administered according to DBHDS' defined procedures. (See www.dbhds.virginia.gov for further information.)

3. Preparation and maintenance of documentation confirming the individual's attendance and amount of time in services and specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the Plan for Supports. An attendance log or similar document must be maintained that indicates the individual's name, date, type of services rendered, staff signature and date, and the number of service units delivered, in accordance with the DMAS fee schedule.

4. Preparation and maintenance of documentation indicating whether the services were center-based or noncenter-based shall be included on the Plan for Supports.

5. In instances where prevocational staff may be required to ride with the individual enrolled in the waiver to and from prevocational services, the prevocational staff transportation time (actual time spent in transit) may be billed as prevocational services and documentation maintained, provided that billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in prevocational services for that day.

6. If intensive prevocational services are requested, documentation indicating the specific supports and the reasons they are needed shall be included in the Plan for Supports. For ongoing intensive prevocational services, there shall be specific documentation of the ongoing needs and associated staff supports.

7. Preparation and maintenance of documentation indicating that prevocational services are not available in vocational rehabilitation agencies through § 110 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 or through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

L. Residential support services.

1. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040 and in order to be reimbursed by DMAS for rendering these services, the provider of residential services shall have the appropriate DBHDS residential license (12VAC35-105).

2. Residential support services may also be provided in adult foster care homes approved by local department of social services' offices pursuant to 22VAC40-771-20.

3. In addition to licensing requirements, provider personnel rendering residential support services shall participate in training in the characteristics of ID and appropriate interventions, skill building strategies, and support methods for individuals who have diagnoses of ID and functional limitations. See www.dbhds.virginia.gov for information about such training. All providers of residential support services must pass an objective, standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DBHDS and administered according to DBHDS' defined procedures.

4. Provider professional documentation shall confirm the individual's participation in the services and provide specific information regarding the individual's responses to various settings and supports as set out in the Plan for Supports.

M. Respite services (both consumer-directed and agency-directed models). In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, respite services providers shall meet additional provider requirements:

1. For the agency-directed model, services shall be provided by an enrolled DMAS respite care provider or by a residential services provider licensed by the DBHDS that is also enrolled by DMAS. In addition, respite services may be provided by a DBHDS-licensed respite services provider or a local department of social services-approved foster care home for children or by an adult foster care provider that is also enrolled by DMAS.

2. For the CD model, services shall meet the requirements found in Services Facilitation, 12VAC30-120-1020.

3. For DBHDS-licensed residential or respite services providers, a residential or respite supervisor shall provide ongoing supervision of all respite assistants.

4. For DMAS-enrolled respite care providers, the provider shall employ or subcontract with and directly supervise an RN or an LPN who will provide ongoing supervision of all assistants. The supervising RN or LPN must have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/ID, or nursing facility.

5. For agency-directed services, the supervisor, or for CD services the services facilitator, shall make a home visit to conduct an initial assessment prior to the start of services for all individuals enrolled in the waiver requesting respite services. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall also perform any subsequent reassessments or changes to the Plan for Supports.

6. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall make supervisory home visits as often as needed to ensure both quality and appropriateness of services. The minimum frequency of these visits shall be every 30 to 90 days under the agency-directed model and semi-annually (every six months) under the CD model of services, depending on the individual's needs.

a. When respite services are not received on a routine basis, but are episodic in nature, the supervisor or services facilitator shall conduct the initial home visit with the respite assistant immediately preceding the start of services and make a second home visit within the respite service authorization period. The supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall review the use of respite services either every six months or upon the use of 240 respite service hours, whichever comes first.

b. When respite services are routine in nature, that is occurring with a scheduled regularity for specific periods of time, and offered in conjunction with personal assistance, the supervisory visit conducted for personal assistance may serve as the supervisory visit for respite services. However, the supervisor or services facilitator, as appropriate, shall document supervision of respite services separately. For this purpose, the same individual record shall be used with a separate section for respite services documentation.

7. Based on continuing evaluations of the assistant's performance and individual's needs, the supervisor (for agency-directed services) or the individual or the EOR (for the CD model) shall identify any gaps in the assistant's ability to function competently and shall provide training as indicated.

8. Qualifications for respite assistants. The assistant shall:

a. Be 18 years of age or older and possess a valid social security number that has been issued by the Social Security Administration to the person who is to function as the respite assistant;

b. Be able to read and write English to the degree necessary to perform the tasks expected and possess basic math skills; and

c. Have the required skills to perform services as specified in the individual's Plan for Supports and shall be physically able to perform the tasks required by the individual enrolled in the waiver.

9. Additional requirements for DMAS-enrolled (agency-directed) respite care providers.

a. Respite assistants shall have completed an educational curriculum of at least 40 hours of study related to the needs of individuals who have disabilities, including intellectual/developmental disabilities, as ensured by the provider prior to being assigned to support an individual, and have the required skills and training to perform the services as specified in the individual's Plan for Supports and related supporting documentation. Respite assistants' required training, as further detailed in the applicable provider manual, shall be met in one of the following ways:

(1) Registration with the Board of Nursing as a certified nurse aide;

(2) Graduation from an approved educational curriculum as listed by the Board of Nursing; or

(3) Completion of the provider's educational curriculum, as taught by an RN who shall have at least one year of related clinical nursing experience that may include work in an acute care hospital, public health clinic, home health agency, ICF/ID, or nursing facility.

b. Assistants shall have a satisfactory work record, as evidenced by two references from prior job experiences including no evidence of possible abuse, neglect, or exploitation of any person regardless of age or disability.

10. Additional requirements for respite assistants for the CD option. The assistant shall:

a. Be willing to attend training at the individual's and the individual family/caregiver's, as appropriate, request;

b. Understand and agree to comply with the DMAS' ID Waiver requirements as contained in 12VAC30-120-1000 et seq.; and

c. Receive an annual tuberculosis screening.

11. Assistants to be paid by DMAS shall not be the parents of individuals enrolled in the waiver who are minor children or the individuals' spouses. Payment shall not be made for services furnished by other family members living under the same roof as the individual who is receiving services unless there is objective written documentation completed by the services facilitator, or the case manager when the individual does not select services facilitation, as to why there are no other providers available to render the services required by the individual. Family members who are approved to be reimbursed for providing this service shall meet the same qualifications as all other respite assistants.

12. Provider inability to render services and substitution of assistants (agency-directed model).

a. When assistants are absent or otherwise unable to render scheduled supports to individuals enrolled in the waiver, the provider shall be responsible for ensuring that services continue to be provided to individuals. The provider may either provide another assistant, obtain a substitute assistant from another provider if the lapse in coverage is expected to be less than two weeks in duration, or transfer the individual's services to another respite care provider. The provider that has the service authorization to provide services to the individual enrolled in the waiver must contact the case manager to determine if additional, or modified, service authorization is necessary.

b. If no other provider is available who can supply a substitute assistant, the provider shall notify the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, and the case manager so that the case manager may find another available provider of the individual's choice.

c. During temporary, short-term lapses in coverage not to exceed two weeks in duration, the following procedures shall apply:

(1) The service authorized provider shall provide the supervision for the substitute assistant;

(2) The provider of the substitute assistant shall send a copy of the assistant's daily documentation signed by the assistant, the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, to the provider having the service authorization; and

(3) The service authorized provider shall bill DMAS for services rendered by the substitute assistant.

d. If a provider secures a substitute assistant, the provider agency shall be responsible for ensuring that all DMAS requirements continue to be met including documentation of services rendered by the substitute assistant and documentation that the substitute assistant's qualifications meet DMAS' requirements. The two providers involved shall be responsible for negotiating the financial arrangements of paying the substitute assistant.

13. For the agency-directed model, the assistant record shall contain:

a. The specific services delivered to the individual enrolled in the waiver by the assistant, dated the day of service delivery, and the individual's responses;

b. The assistant's arrival and departure times;

c. The assistant's weekly comments or observations about the individual enrolled in the waiver to include observations of the individual's physical and emotional condition, daily activities, and responses to services rendered; and

d. The assistant's and individual's and the individual's family/caregiver's, as appropriate, weekly signatures recorded on the last day of service delivery for any given week to verify that services during that week have been rendered.

N. Services facilitation and consumer directed model of service delivery.

1. If the services facilitator is not an RN, the services facilitator shall inform the primary health care provider that services are being provided and request skilled nursing or other consultation as needed by the individual.

2. To be enrolled as a Medicaid CD services facilitator and maintain provider status, the services facilitator shall have sufficient resources to perform the required activities, including the ability to maintain and retain business and professional records sufficient to document fully and accurately the nature, scope, and details of the services provided. To be enrolled, the services facilitator shall also meet the combination of work experience and relevant education set out in this subsection that indicate the possession of the specific knowledge, skills, and abilities to perform this function. The services facilitator shall maintain a record of each individual containing elements as set out in this section.

a. It is preferred that the CD services facilitator possess a minimum of an undergraduate degree in a human services field or be a registered nurse currently licensed to practice in the Commonwealth or hold multi-state licensure privilege pursuant to Chapter 30 (§ 54.1-3000 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia. In addition, it is preferable that the CD services facilitator have two years of satisfactory experience in a human service field working with individuals with intellectual disability or individuals with other developmental disabilities. Such knowledge, skills, and abilities must be documented on the provider's application form, found in supporting documentation, or be observed during a job interview. Observations during the interview must be documented. The knowledge, skills, and abilities include:

(1) Knowledge of:

(a) Types of functional limitations and health problems that may occur in individuals with intellectual disability or individuals with other developmental disabilities, as well as strategies to reduce limitations and health problems;

(b) Physical assistance that may be required by individuals with intellectual disabilities, such as transferring, bathing techniques, bowel and bladder care, and the approximate time those activities normally take;

(c) Equipment and environmental modifications that may be required by individuals with intellectual disabilities that reduce the need for human help and improve safety;

(d) Various long-term care program requirements, including nursing home and ICF/ID placement criteria, Medicaid waiver services, and other federal, state, and local resources that provide personal assistance, respite, and companion services;

(e) ID Waiver requirements, as well as the administrative duties for which the services facilitator will be responsible;

(f) Conducting assessments (including environmental, psychosocial, health, and functional factors) and their uses in service planning;

(g) Interviewing techniques;

(h) The individual's right to make decisions about, direct the provisions of, and control his consumer-directed personal assistance, companion and respite services, including hiring, training, managing, approving timesheets, and firing an assistant/companion;

(i) The principles of human behavior and interpersonal relationships; and

(j) General principles of record documentation.

(2) Skills in:

(a) Negotiating with individuals and the individual's family/caregivers, as appropriate, and service providers;

(b) Assessing, supporting, observing, recording, and reporting behaviors;

(c) Identifying, developing, or providing services to individuals with intellectual disabilities; and

(d) Identifying services within the established services system to meet the individual's needs.

(3) Abilities to:

(a) Report findings of the assessment or onsite visit, either in writing or an alternative format, for individuals who have visual impairments;

(b) Demonstrate a positive regard for individuals and their families;

(c) Be persistent and remain objective;

(d) Work independently, performing position duties under general supervision;

(e) Communicate effectively, orally and in writing; and

(f) Develop a rapport and communicate with individuals of diverse cultural backgrounds.

3. The services facilitator's record shall contain:

a. Documentation of all employer management training provided to the individual enrolled in the waiver and the EOR, as appropriate, including the individual's or the EOR's, as appropriate, receipt of training on their responsibility for the accuracy and timeliness of the assistant's timesheets; and

b. All documents signed by the individual enrolled in the waiver or the EOR, as appropriate, which acknowledge their legal responsibilities as the employer.

O. Skilled nursing services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, participating skilled nursing providers shall meet the following qualifications:

1. Skilled nursing services shall be provided by either a DMAS-enrolled home health provider, or by a licensed registered nurse (RN), or licensed practical nurse (LPN) under the supervision of a licensed RN who shall be contracted with or employed by DBHDS-licensed day support, respite, or residential providers.

2. Skilled nursing services providers shall not be the parents (natural, adoptive, or foster) of individuals enrolled in the waiver who are minor children or the individual's spouse. Payment shall not be made for services furnished by other family members who are living under the same roof as the individual receiving services unless there is objective written documentation as to why there are no other providers available to provide the care. Other family members who are approved to provide skilled nursing services must meet the same skilled nursing provider requirements as all other licensed providers.

3. Foster care providers shall not be the skilled nursing services providers for the same individuals for whom they provide foster care.

4. Skilled nursing hours shall not be reimbursed while the individual enrolled in the waiver is receiving emergency care or is an inpatient in an acute care hospital or during emergency transport of the individual to such facilities. The attending RN or LPN shall not transport the individual enrolled in the waiver to such facilities.

5. Skilled nursing services may be ordered but shall not be provided simultaneously with respite or personal assistance services.

6. Reimbursement for skilled nursing services shall not be made for services that may be delivered prior to the attending physician's dated signature on the individual's support plan in the form of the physician's order.

7. DMAS shall not reimburse for skilled nursing services that may be rendered simultaneously through the Medicaid EPSDT benefit and the Medicare home health skilled nursing service benefit.

8. Required documentation. The provider shall maintain a record, for each individual enrolled in the waiver whom he serves, that contains:

a. A Plan for Supports that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

(1) The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports;

(2) Services to be rendered and the frequency of services to accomplish the above desired outcomes and support activities;

(3) The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

(4) The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports;

b. Documentation of all training, including the dates and times, provided to family/caregivers or staff, or both, including the person or persons being trained and the content of the training. Training of professional staff shall be consistent with the Nurse Practice Act;

c. Documentation of the physician's determination of medical necessity prior to services being rendered;

d. Documentation of nursing license/qualifications of providers;

e. Documentation indicating the dates and times of nursing services that are provided and the amount and type of service;

f. Documentation that the Plan for Supports was reviewed by the provider quarterly, annually, and more often as needed, modified as appropriate, and results of these reviews submitted to the CSB/BHA case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the Plan for Supports is modified, the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual and the family/caregiver, as appropriate; and

g. Documentation that the Plan for Supports has been reviewed by a physician within 30 days of initiation of services, when any changes are made to the Plan for Supports, and also reviewed and approved annually by a physician.

P. Supported employment services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, supported employment provider qualifications shall include:

1. Group and individual supported employment shall be provided only by agencies that are DRS-vendors of supported employment services;

2. Documentation indicating that supported employment services are not available in vocational rehabilitation agencies through § 110 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 or through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA); and

3. In instances where supported employment staff are required to ride with the individual enrolled in the waiver to and from supported employment activities, the supported employment staff's transportation time (actual transport time) may be billed as supported employment, provided that the billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in supported employment for that day.

Q. Therapeutic consultation. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1020 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040, professionals rendering therapeutic consultation services shall meet all applicable state or national licensure, endorsement or certification requirements. The following documentation shall be required for therapeutic consultation:

1. A Plan for Supports, that contains at a minimum, the following elements:

a. Identifying information;

b. Desired outcomes, support activities, and time frames; and

c. Specific consultation activities.

2. A written support plan detailing the recommended interventions or support strategies for providers and family/caregivers to better support the individual enrolled in the waiver in the service.

3. Ongoing documentation of rendered consultative services which may be in the form of contact-by-contact or monthly notes, which must be signed and dated, that identify each contact, what was accomplished, the professional who made the contact and rendered the service.

4. If the consultation services extend three months or longer, written quarterly reviews are required to be completed by the service provider and shall be forwarded to the case manager. If the consultation service extends beyond one year or when there are changes to the Plan for Supports, the Plan shall be reviewed by the provider with the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate. The Plan for Supports shall be agreed to by the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, and the case manager and shall be submitted to the case manager. All changes to the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate.

5. A final disposition summary must be forwarded to the case manager within 30 days following the end of this service.

R. Transition services. Providers shall be enrolled as a Medicaid provider for case management. DMAS or the DMAS designated agent shall reimburse for the purchase of appropriate transition goods or services on behalf of the individual as set out in 12VAC30-120-1020 and 12VAC30-120-2010.

S. Case manager's responsibilities for the Medicaid Long-Term Care Communication Form (DMAS-225).

1. When any of the following circumstances occur, it shall be the responsibility of the case management provider to notify DBHDS and the local department of social services, in writing using the DMAS-225 form, and the responsibility of DBHDS to update DMAS, as requested:

a. Home and community-based waiver services are implemented.

b. An individual enrolled in the waiver dies.

c. An individual enrolled in the waiver is discharged from all ID Waiver services.

d. Any other circumstances (including hospitalization) that cause home and community-based waiver services to cease or be interrupted for more than 30 days.

e. A selection by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, of an alternative community services board/behavioral health authority that provides case management services.

2. Documentation requirements. The case manager shall maintain the following documentation for review by DMAS for a period of not less than six years from each individual's last date of service:

a. The initial comprehensive assessment, subsequent updated assessments, and all Individual Support Plans completed for the individual;

b. All Plans for Support from every provider rendering waiver services to the individual;

c. All supporting documentation related to any change in the Individual Support Plans;

d. All related communication with the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, consultants, providers, DBHDS, DMAS, DRS, local departments of social services, or other related parties;

e. An ongoing log that documents all contacts made by the case manager related to the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate; and

f. When a service provider or consumer-directed personal or respite assistant or companion is designated by the case manager to collect the patient pay amount, a copy of the case manager's written designation, as specified in 12VAC30-120-1010 D 5, and documentation of monthly monitoring of DMAS-designated system.

T. The service providers shall maintain, for a period of not less than six years from the individual's last date of service, documentation necessary to support services billed. Review of individual-specific documentation shall be conducted by DMAS staff. This documentation shall contain, up to and including the last date of service, all of the following:

1. All assessments and reassessments.

2. All Plans for Support developed for that individual and the written reviews.

3. Documentation of the date services were rendered and the amount and type of services rendered.

4. Appropriate data, contact notes, or progress notes reflecting an individual's status and, as appropriate, progress or lack of progress toward the outcomes on the Plans for Support.

5. Any documentation to support that services provided are appropriate and necessary to maintain the individual in the home and in the community.

6. Documentation shall be filed in the individual's record upon the documentation's completion but not later than two weeks from the date of the document's preparation. Documentation for an individual's record shall not be created or modified once a review or audit of that individual enrolled in the waiver has been initiated by either DBHDS or DMAS.

12VAC30-120-1061

12VAC30-120-1061. Provider requirements for assistive technology (AT), electronic home based services (EHBS), environmental modifications (EM), personal emergency response systems (PERS).

A. The required documentation for assistive technology, environmental modifications (EM), electronic home-based supports (EHBS), and personal emergency response systems (PERS) shall be as follows:

1. The appropriate service authorization to be completed by the support coordinator/case manager may serve as the Plan for Supports for the provision of AT, EM, EHBS, and PERS services. A rehabilitation engineer may be involved for AT, EHBS, PERS, or EM services if disability expertise is required that a general contractor may not have. The Plan for Supports and service authorization shall include justification and explanation if a rehabilitation engineer is needed. The service authorization request shall be submitted to the state-designated agency or its designee in order for service authorization to occur;

2. For these services, written documentation regarding the process and results of ensuring that the item is not covered by the State Plan for Medical Assistance as durable medical equipment (DME) and supplies, and that it is not available from a DME provider;

3. Documentation of the recommendation for the item by an independent professional consultant;

4. Documentation of the date services are rendered and the amount of service that is needed;

5. Any other relevant information regarding the device or modification;

6. Documentation in the support coordination/case management record of notification by the designated individual or individual's representative family/caregiver of satisfactory completion or receipt of the service or item; and

7. Instructions regarding any warranty, repairs, complaints, or servicing that may be needed.

B. Assistive technology (AT). In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1021 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., AT shall be provided by DMAS-enrolled DME providers or DMAS-enrolled CSBs/BHAs with a signed, current waiver provider agreement with DMAS to provide AT. DME shall be provided in accordance with 12VAC30-50-165.

1. Independent assessments for AT shall be conducted by independent professional consultants. Independent, professional consultants include speech/language therapists, physical therapists, occupational therapists, physicians, behavioral therapists, certified rehabilitation specialists, or rehabilitation engineers.

2. Providers that supply AT for an individual shall not perform assessment/consultation, write specifications, or inspect the AT for that individual. Providers of services shall not be spouses or parents (natural, adoptive, foster, or step-parent)/caregivers of the individual.

3. AT shall be delivered within the ISP year, or within a year from the start date of the authorization.

4. If required, a rehabilitation engineer or certified rehabilitation specialist may be utilized if (i) the assistive technology will be initiated in combination with environmental modifications involving systems that are not designed to be compatible or (ii) an existing device must be modified or a specialized device must be designed and fabricated.

C. Electronic home-based supports (EHBS).

1. Providers of this service shall have a current, signed participation agreement with DMAS. Providers as designated on this agreement shall render these services directly and shall bill DMAS directly for Medicaid reimbursement. These providers shall be one of the following:

a. A licensed personal care agency;

b. A durable medical equipment provider;

c. A CSB/BHA;

d. A center for independent living;

e. A licensed home health provider; or

f. An EHBS manufacturer that has the ability to provide electronic home-based equipment, direct services (i.e., installation, equipment maintenance, service calls and monitoring services);

2. The EHBS provider shall have the primary responsibility to furnish, install, maintain, test, and service the equipment, as may be required, to keep it fully operational.

3. The EHBS provider shall properly install all authorized equipment and shall furnish all supplies necessary to ensure that the system is properly installed and working.

4. The provider shall replace or repair the device or system within 24 hours of the individual's or family/caregiver's notification of a malfunction of the unit or system.

5. The provider of ongoing electronic monitoring systems shall provide an emergency response center with fully trained operators who are capable of receiving signals for help from an individual's EHBS equipment 24-hours a day, 365 or 366 days per year as appropriate; of determining whether an emergency exists; and of notifying an emergency response organization or an emergency responder that the EHBS service individual needs emergency help.

6. The EHBS provider shall install, test, and demonstrate to the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, the unit or system before submitting his claim for services to DMAS.

7. An EHBS provider shall maintain a data record for each individual receiving EHBS at no additional cost to DMAS. The record shall document all of the following:

a. Delivery date and installation date of the EHBS;

b. The signature of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, verifying receipt of the EHBS device;

c. Verification by a test that the EHBS device is operational, monthly or more frequently as needed;

d. Updated and current individual responder and contact information, as provided by the individual or the individual's care provider or support coordinator/case manager; and

e. A case log documenting the individual's utilization of the system and contacts and communications with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, support coordinator/case manager, or responder.

D. Environmental modifications. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1025 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., environmental modifications shall be provided in accordance with all applicable federal, state, or local building codes and laws by CSBs/BHAs contractors or DMAS-enrolled providers.

E. Personal emergency response systems (PERS). In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1030 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., PERS providers shall also meet the requirements in subdivision 16 of 12VAC30-120-1560.

12VAC30-120-1063

12VAC30-120-1063. Provider requirements for crisis support services (including crisis stabilization); center-based crisis supports; community-based crisis supports.

A. Crisis support services. In addition to the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1024 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., the following crisis support provider qualifications shall apply:

1. Documentation of providers' qualifications shall be maintained for review by DBHDS and DMAS staff or the DMAS designated agent.

2. A Plan for Supports shall be developed (or revised, in case of a request for extension) and submitted to the support coordinator/case manager for authorization within 72 hours of the requested start date and face-to-face assessment or reassessment for authorization.

3. Provider documentation requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 E 5.

4. Required documentation in the individual's record. The provider shall maintain a record regarding each individual enrolled in the waiver who is receiving crisis support services. At a minimum, the record shall contain the following:

a. Documentation of the face-to-face assessment and any reassessments completed by a QDDP;

b. A Plan for Supports that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

(1) The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, and required or desired supports;

(2) Services to be rendered and the frequency of services to accomplish these desired outcomes and support activities;

(3) A timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's desired outcomes and support activities;

(4) The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

(5) The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports.

B. Center-based crisis supports. Provider documentation requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 E 5.

C. Community-based crisis supports.

1. Provider documentation requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 E 5.

2. Required documentation in the individual's record. The provider shall maintain a record regarding each individual enrolled in the waiver who is receiving community-based crisis support services. At a minimum, the record shall contain the following:

a. Documentation of the face-to-face assessment and any reassessments completed by a QDDP;

b. A plan for supports that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

(1) The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports;

(2) Services to be rendered and the frequency of services to accomplish these desired outcomes and support activities;

(3) A timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's desired outcomes and support activities;

(4) The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

(5) The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports.

12VAC30-120-1064

12VAC30-120-1064. Provider requirements for group home residential services; sponsored residential; supported living residential.

A. The required documentation for group home residential, sponsored residential, and supported living residential shall be as follows:

1. A completed copy of the DBHDS-approved SIS® assessment form.

2. The provider's Plan for Supports containing, at a minimum, the following elements:

a. The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports or both, and skill-building needs;

b. The individual's support activities to meet the identified outcomes;

c. The services to be rendered and the schedule of such services to accomplish the desired outcomes and support activities;

d. A timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's desired outcomes and support activities;

e. The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

f. The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports.

3. Documentation indicating that the Plan for Supports desired outcomes and support activities have been reviewed by the provider quarterly, annually, and more often as needed. The results of the review shall be submitted to the support coordinator/case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the Plan for Supports is modified, the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual enrolled in the waiver and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate.

4. All correspondence to the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate, the support coordinator/case manager, DMAS, and DBHDS.

5. Written documentation of contacts made with family/caregiver, physicians, formal and informal service providers, and all professionals concerning the individual.

B. Group home residential services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1027 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., group home residential providers shall meet the following requirements:

1. The provider of group home residential services for adults (ages 18 years or older) shall be licensed by DBHDS as a provider of group home residential services or a provider approved by the local department of social services as an adult foster care provider (12VAC35-105-20). Providers of group home residential services for children (ages up to the 18th birthday) shall be licensed by DBHDS as children's residential providers.

2. Provider documentation shall confirm the individual's days in services and provide specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the Plan for Supports. This documentation shall be available in a daily progress note. Data shall be collected as described in the Plan for Supports and summarized, and then relevant changes shall be added to the supporting documentation.

3. The supporting documentation shall be reviewed by the provider with the individual and family/caregiver as appropriate, and this written review submitted to the support coordinator/case manager, at least quarterly, with desired outcomes, support activities, and strategies modified as appropriate.

4. These services shall include a skills development component along with the provision of supports, as needed.

C. Supported living residential services. Service providers shall be licensed by DBHDS as providers of supervised living residential services.

12VAC30-120-1065

12VAC30-120-1065. Provider requirements for community engagement; community coaching.

A. Community engagement. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1022 A and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., community engagement providers shall meet the following requirements:

1. Community engagement service providers shall be licensed by DBHDS as providers of non-center-based day support services.

2. Such providers shall have a current, signed provider participation agreement with DMAS in order to render these services for Medicaid reimbursement. The provider that is designated in this agreement shall render the services directly and shall directly bill DMAS for reimbursement.

3. Prior to rendering these services, community engagement providers shall also ensure that persons rendering these services have received training in the characteristics of developmental disabilities and appropriate interventions, training strategies and other methods of supporting individuals with functional limitations.

a. In addition to receiving such training, these persons shall pass, with at least a score of 80%, an objective, standardized test of knowledge, skills, and abilities in the characteristics of developmental disabilities and appropriate interventions, training strategies and other methods of supporting individuals with functional limitations.

b. This required test shall be administered according to DBHDS defined procedures.

c. The provider shall maintain documentation of this training and acceptable testing results on all persons employed to render community engagement services. Such documentation shall be provided to DMAS and DBHDS upon request.

B. Community coaching provider requirements.

1. Community coaching service providers shall be licensed by DBHDS as a provider of day support services.

2. Providers shall have a current, signed provider participation agreement with DMAS in order to provide these services. The provider designated in the participation agreement shall directly provide the services and bill DMAS for reimbursement.

3. Providers shall also assure that persons providing community coaching services have received training in the characteristics of developmental disabilities and appropriate interventions, training strategies and other methods of supporting individuals with functional limitations prior to providing waiver services and pass an objective standardized test, with a score of at least 80%, of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DBHDS that shall be administered according to DBHDS defined procedures.

4. The provider shall maintain documentation of the training and acceptable testing results on all persons employed to render community coaching services. Such documentation shall be provided to DMAS and DBHDS upon request.

C. Community guide. (Reserved.)

12VAC30-120-1066

12VAC30-120-1066. Provider requirements for supported employment (individual & group); workplace assistance.

A. Group supported employment services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1035 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., group supported employment providers shall meet the following requirements:

1. Providers of group-supported employment services shall be DARS-contracted providers of supported employment services. DARS shall verify that these providers meet criteria to be providers through a DARS-recognized accrediting body. DARS shall provide the documentation of this accreditation verification to DMAS and DBHDS upon request.

2. Providers shall maintain their accreditation in order to continue to receive Medicaid reimbursement. Providers that lose their accreditation, regardless of the reason, shall not be eligible to receive Medicaid reimbursement and shall have their provider agreement terminated by DMAS. Reimbursements made to such providers after the date of the loss of the accreditation shall be subject to recovery by DMAS.

3. Provider documentation shall confirm the individual's amount of time in services and provide specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the plan for supports. Assessment results shall be available in at least a daily note or a weekly summary. Data shall be collected as described in the Plan for Supports, reviewed, summarized, and included in the regular supporting documentation.

4. The supporting documentation shall be reviewed by the provider with the individual and family/caregiver as appropriate, and this written person-centered review submitted to the support coordinator/case manager, at least quarterly, with desired outcomes, support activities, and strategies modified as appropriate.

5. Providers of group-supported employment shall submit employment-related data to DBHDS as requested and no more than quarterly.

B. Individual supported employment services. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1035 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., individual supported employment providers shall meet the following additional requirements:

1. Individual supported employment services providers shall have a current, signed provider participation agreement with DMAS. The provider designated in this agreement shall directly coordinate the services and directly bill DMAS for reimbursement.

2. Providers of individual supported employment services shall be providers of supported employment services with DARS. DARS shall verify that these providers meet criteria to be providers through a recognized accrediting body. DARS shall provide the documentation of this accreditation verification to DMAS and DBHDS upon request.

3. Providers shall maintain their accreditation in order to continue to receive Medicaid reimbursement. Providers that lose their accreditation, regardless of the reason, shall not be eligible to receive Medicaid reimbursement and shall have their provider agreement terminated by DMAS. Reimbursements made to such providers after the date of the loss of the accreditation shall be subject to recovery by DMAS. Providers whose accreditation is restored shall be permitted to re-enroll with DMAS upon presentation of accreditation documentation and a new signed provider participation agreement.

4. Provider documentation shall confirm the individual's amount of time in services and provide specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the plan for supports. Assessment results shall be available in at least a daily note or a weekly summary. Data shall be collected as described in the plan for supports, reviewed, summarized, and included in the regular supporting documentation.

5. The supporting documentation shall be reviewed by the provider with the individual and family/caregiver as appropriate, and this written person-centered review submitted to the support coordinator/case manager, at least quarterly, with desired outcomes, support activities, and strategies modified as appropriate.

6. Providers of group-supported employment shall submit employment-related data to DBHDS as requested and no more than quarterly.

C. Workplace assistance. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1039 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., workplace assistance services providers shall meet the following requirements:

1. These providers shall be either:

a. Providers of supported employment services with DARS; or

b. Be licensed by DBHDS as a provider of non-center-based day support services.

2. Prior to seeking reimbursement for this service from DMAS, these providers shall ensure that staff persons providing workplace assistance services have completed training regarding the principles of supported employment. The documentation of the completion of this training shall be maintained by the provider and shall be provided to DMAS and DBHDS upon request.

3. The direct support professional providing workplace assistance services shall coordinate his service provision with the job coach, if there is one working with the individual, who may be providing individual supported employment services to the individual being supported.

12VAC30-120-1067

12VAC30-120-1067. Nursing services (skilled and private duty).

A. Skilled nursing services. In addition to meeting the service requirements in 12VAC30-120-1031 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., participating skilled nursing providers shall meet the following requirements:

1. Required documentation. The provider shall maintain a record, for each individual enrolled in the waiver whom he serves, that contains:

a. A Plan for Supports that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

(1) The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, and required or desired supports;

(2) Services to be rendered and the frequency of services to accomplish the desired outcomes and support activities;

(3) The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

(4) The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the Plan for Supports;

b. Documentation of all training, including the dates and times, provided to family/caregivers or staff, or both, including the person or persons being trained and the content of the training. Training of professional staff shall be consistent with the Regulations Governing the Practice of Nursing (18VAC90-20);

c. Documentation of the physician's determination of medical necessity prior to services being rendered;

d. Documentation of nursing license or qualifications of providers;

e. Documentation indicating the dates and times of nursing services that are provided and the amount and type of service;

f. Documentation that the Plan for Supports was reviewed by the provider quarterly, annually, and more often as needed, modified as appropriate, and results of these reviews submitted to the support coordinator/case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the Plan for Supports is modified, the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual and the family/caregiver, as appropriate; and

g. Documentation that the Plan for Supports has been reviewed by a physician within 30 days of initiation of services, when any changes are made to the Plan for Supports, and also reviewed and approved annually by a physician.

2. Providers shall either employ or subcontract with nurses who are currently licensed as either RNs or LPNs under Chapter 30 (§ 54.1-3000 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia, or who hold a current multistate licensure privilege to practice nursing in the Commonwealth.

3. Skilled nursing services may be provided by either (i) a licensed registered nurse (RN) or licensed practical nurse (LPN), who is under the supervision of a licensed RN, employed by a DMAS-enrolled home health provider or (ii) a licensed RN or LPN, who is under the supervision of a licensed RN, contracted with or employed by a DBHDS-licensed day support, respite, or residential services provider.

B. Private duty nursing services provider requirements. In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1031 B and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., participating private duty nursing providers shall meet the following requirements:

1. If the provider designated in the participation agreement employs LPNs to render direct care, then the provider shall also employ an RN, or be an RN himself, in order to supervise the LPNs.

2. Private duty nursing services may be provided by either (i) a licensed registered nurse (RN) or licensed practical nurse (LPN), who is under the supervision of a licensed RN, employed by a DMAS-enrolled home health provider; or (ii) a licensed RN or LPN, who is under the supervision of a licensed RN, contracted with or employed by a DBHDS-licensed day support, respite, or residential services provider.

3. Both RNs and LPNs providing private duty nursing services shall have current licenses issued by the Virginia Board of Nursing or current multistate licensure privileges to practice nursing in the Commonwealth.

12VAC30-120-1068

12VAC30-120-1068. Provider requirements for benefits planning; nonmedical transportation; therapeutic consultation; transition services.

A. Benefits planning. (Reserved.)

B. Nonmedical transportation. (Reserved.)

C. Therapeutic consultation. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based care participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-1037 and 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., professionals rendering therapeutic consultation services, including behavior consultation services, shall meet all applicable state licensure or certification requirements. Persons providing rehabilitation consultation services shall be rehabilitation engineers or certified rehabilitation specialists.

1. Supporting documentation for therapeutic consultation. The following information shall be required in the supporting documentation:

a. A Plan for Supports, that contains at a minimum, the following elements:

(1) Identifying information;

(2) Desired outcomes, support activities, and timeframes; and

(3) Specific consultation activities.

b. A written support plan detailing the recommended interventions or support strategies for providers and family/caregivers to better support the individual enrolled in the waiver in the service.

c. Ongoing documentation of rendered consultative services that may be in the form of contact-by-contact or monthly notes, which must be signed and dated, that identify each contact, what was accomplished, and the professional who made the contact and rendered the service.

d. If the consultation services extend three months or longer, written quarterly reviews are required to be completed by the service provider and shall be forwarded to the support coordinator/case manager. If the consultation service extends beyond one year or when there are changes to the Plan for Supports, the plan shall be reviewed by the provider with the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate. The Plan for Supports shall be agreed to by the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate and the support coordinator/case manager and shall be submitted to the support coordinator/case manager. All changes to the Plan for Supports shall be reviewed with and agreed to by the individual and the individual's family/caregiver, as appropriate.

e. A final disposition summary shall be forwarded to the support coordinator/case manager within 30 days following the end of this service and shall include:

(1) Strategies utilized;

(2) Objectives met;

(3) Unresolved issues; and

(4) Consultant recommendations.

2. Professional qualifications.

a. Providers rendering therapeutic consultation services shall meet all applicable state or federal licensure, endorsement, or certification requirements.

b. Behavior consultation shall only be provided by (i) a board-certified behavioral analyst or a board-certified associate behavior analyst or (ii) a positive behavioral supports facilitator endorsed by a recognized Positive Behavioral Supports Organization or who meets the criteria for psychology consultation.

c. Psychology consultation shall only be provided by the following individuals licensed in the Commonwealth of Virginia: (i) a psychologist; (ii) a licensed professional counselor; (iii) a licensed clinical social worker; (iv) psychiatric clinical nurse specialist; or (v) a psychiatrist.

d. Speech consultation shall only be provided by a speech-language pathologist who is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia.

e. Occupational therapy consultation shall only be provided by an occupational therapist who is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia.

f. Physical therapy consultation shall only be provided by a physical therapist who is licensed by the Commonwealth of Virginia.

g. Therapeutic recreation consultation shall only be provided by a therapeutic recreation specialist who is certified by the National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification.

h. Rehabilitation consultation shall only be provided by a rehabilitation engineer or certified rehabilitation specialist.

D. Transition services. Provider requirements shall be the same as those set out in 12VAC30-120-2000 and 12VAC30-120-2010.

12VAC30-120-1069

12VAC30-120-1069. Provider requirements for shared living supports.

In addition to meeting the service coverage requirements in 12VAC30-120-1034 and the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., participating shared living support providers shall meet the following qualifications and requirements:

1. Shared living support administrative providers shall be licensed by DBHDS to provide services to individuals with DD and shall manage the administrative aspects of this service, including roommate matching as needed, background checks, training, periodic onsite monitoring, and disbursing funds to the individual. This administrative provider shall be reimbursed a flat fee payment for the completion of these duties. DMAS may audit such provider's records for compliance with these requirements.

2. Administrative providers shall have a current, signed participation agreement with DMAS in order to provide these services. The provider designated in this agreement shall coordinate these services and submit claims directly to DMAS for reimbursement.

3. Administrative providers shall ensure that there is a back-up plan in the event that the live-in roommate is unable to provide the agreed to supports.

4. Documentation of the actual amount of rent shall be submitted simultaneously with the request for service authorization.

5. Reimbursement for shared living support services shall be based upon compliance with DMAS submission requirements for claims and supporting documentation as may be required as proof of service delivery. Claims that are not supported by the required documentation shall be subject to recovery by DMAS of any expenditures that may have been made.

6. For quality management review (QMR) and utilization review purposes, the administrative provider shall be required to maintain and present to DMAS, as requested, an agreement that identifies what supports in the individual's Plan for Supports the roommate will provide, and this agreement shall be signed by the individual and the roommate. The individual's support coordinator/case manager shall retain a copy of this signed, executed agreement in his file for the particular individual.

7. The administrative provider shall ensure that there is a back-up plan in place in the event that the roommate is unable or unavailable to provide supports. The administrative provider shall maintain documentation of the actual rent, food, and utilities costs and submit it with the service authorization request for shared living services.

8. The administrative provider shall submit monthly claims for reimbursement based upon the amount determined through the service authorization process.

9. Weekly summaries of supports provided by the roommate and signed by the roommate shall be maintained by the administrative provider.

12VAC30-120-1070

12VAC30-120-1070. Payment for services.

A. All residential support shared living, group home residential, sponsored residential, supported living residential, in-home support, group day support, community engagement, community coaching, personal assistance (both agency directed and consumer directed), respite (both agency directed and consumer directed), skilled nursing, private duty nursing, therapeutic consultation, crisis stabilization support, prevocational, center-based crisis support, community-based crisis support, PERS, companion (both agency directed and consumer directed), consumer-directed services facilitation, workplace assistance, and transition services provided in this waiver shall be reimbursed consistent with the agency's service limits and payment amounts as set out in the fee schedule.

B. Reimbursement rates for individual supported employment shall be the same as set by the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services for the same procedures services. Reimbursement rates for group supported employment shall be as set by DMAS.

C. All AT and EM covered procedure codes provided in the ID Waiver CL Waiver shall be reimbursed as a service limit of one. The maximum Medicaid funded expenditure per individual for all AT/EM AT and EM covered procedure codes (combined total of AT/EM items and labor related to these items) shall be $5,000 each for AT and $5000 for EM per calendar year. No additional mark-ups, such as in the durable medical equipment rules, shall be permitted.

D. Duplication of services.

1. DMAS shall not duplicate reimbursement for services that are required as a reasonable accommodation as a part of the ADA (42 USC §§ 12131 through 12165), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Virginians with Disabilities Act, or any other applicable statute.

2. Payment for services under the Plan for Supports shall not duplicate payments made to public agencies or private entities under other program authorities for this same purpose.

3. Payment for services under the Plan for Supports shall not be made for services that are duplicative of each other.

4. Payments for services shall only be provided as set out in the individuals' Plans for Supports Individual Support Plans.

12VAC30-120-1080

12VAC30-120-1080. Utilization review; level of care reviews. (Repealed.)

A. Reevaluation of service need and case manager review. Case managers shall complete reviews and updates of the Individual Support Plan and level of care as specified in 12VAC30-120-1020. Providers shall meet the documentation requirements as specified in 12VAC30-120-1040.

B. Quality management reviews (QMR) shall be performed by DMAS Division of Long Term Care Services or its designated contractor. Utilization review of rendered services shall be conducted by DMAS Division of Program Integrity (PI) or its designated contractor.

C. Providers who are determined during QMRs to not be in compliance with the requirements of these regulations may be requested to provide a corrective action plan. DMAS shall follow up with such providers on subsequent QMRs to evaluate compliance with their corrective action plans. Providers failing to comply with their corrective action plans shall be referred to Program Integrity for further review and possible sanctions.

D. Providers who are determined during PI utilization reviews to not be in compliance with these regulations may have their reimbursement retracted or other action pursuant to 12VAC30-120-1040 and 12VAC30-120-1060.

E. Individuals enrolled in the waiver who no longer meet the ID Waiver services and level of care criteria shall be informed of the termination of services and shall be afforded their right to appeal pursuant to 12VAC30-120-1090.

12VAC30-120-1088

12VAC30-120-1088. Waiver waiting list. (Repealed.)

A. This waiver shall have both urgent and nonurgent waiting lists.

B. Urgent waiting list criteria. When a slot becomes available, the CSB/BHA shall determine, from among the applicants for enrollment in the waiver included in the urgent category list, who shall be served first based on the needs of those applicants and consistent with these criteria. This determination of the assignment of the slot shall be based on statewide criteria as specified in DBHDS guidance document entitled MR/ID Waiver Slot Assignment Process (rev. 08/20/2010).

1. The urgent category shall be assigned when the applicant is in need of services because he is determined to meet one or more of the criteria established in subdivision 2 of this subsection and services will be required within 30 days of the date of established need. Only after all applicants in the Commonwealth who meet the urgent criteria have been served shall applicants in the nonurgent category waiting list be permitted to be served.

2. Assignment to the urgent category may be requested by the applicant, his legally responsible relative, or primary caregiver. The urgent category shall be assigned only when the applicant (who shall have first met all of the waiver's level of care criteria), the applicant's spouse or parent (either natural, adoptive, or foster), or the person who has legal decision-making authority for an individual who is a minor child would accept the requested service if it were offered. The urgent category list criteria shall be as follows:

a. Both primary caregivers are 55 years of age or older, or if there is one primary caregiver, that primary caregiver is 55 years of age or older;

b. The applicant is living with a primary caregiver, who is providing the service voluntarily and without pay, and the primary caregiver indicates that he can no longer care for the applicant with ID;

c. There is a clear risk for the applicant with the ID of abuse, neglect, or exploitation;

d. A primary caregiver has a chronic or long-term physical or psychiatric condition or conditions that significantly limits the abilities of the primary caregiver or caregivers to care for the applicant with ID;

e. The applicant with ID is aging out of publicly funded residential placement or otherwise becoming homeless (exclusive of children who are graduating from high school); or

f. The applicant with ID lives with the primary caregiver, and there is a risk to the health or safety of the applicant, primary caregiver, or other person living in the home due to either of the following conditions:

(1) The applicant's behavior or behaviors present a risk to himself or others that cannot be effectively managed by the primary caregiver even with generic or specialized support arranged or provided by the CSB/BHA; or

(2) There are physical care needs (such as lifting or bathing) or medical needs that cannot be managed by the primary caregiver even with generic or specialized supports arranged or provided by the CSB/BHA.

3. The case manager shall notify the individual in writing within 10 business days of receiving DBHDS' notification that he has been placed on the Statewide ID Waiting List-Urgent and of his appeal rights.

C. Nonurgent waiting list criteria. Applicants in the nonurgent category shall be those who meet the diagnostic and functional criteria for the waiver, including the need for services within 30 days, but who do not meet the urgent criteria. The case manager shall notify the individual in writing within 10 business days of receiving DBHDS' notification that he has been placed on the Statewide ID Waiting List-Nonurgent and of his appeal rights.

12VAC30-120-1090

12VAC30-120-1090. Appeals.

A. Providers shall have the right to appeal actions taken by DMAS or its designee. Provider appeals shall be considered pursuant to § 32.1-325.1 of the Code of Virginia and the Virginia Administrative Process Act (Chapter 40 (§ 2.2-4000 et seq.) of Title 2.2 of the Code of Virginia), and DMAS regulations at 12VAC30-10-1000 and 12VAC30-20-500 through 12VAC30-20-560.

B. Individuals shall have the right to appeal an action, as that term is defined in 42 CFR 431.201, taken by DMAS or its designee. Individuals' appeals shall be considered pursuant to 12VAC30-110-10 through 12VAC30-110-370. DMAS shall provide the opportunity for a fair hearing, consistent with 42 CFR Part 431, Subpart E. C. The individual shall be advised in writing of such denial and of his right to appeal consistent with DMAS client appeals regulations 12VAC30-110-70 and 12VAC30-110-80.

12VAC30-120-1500

Part XV
Day Support Waiver for Individuals with Mental Retardation Building Independence Waiver

12VAC30-120-1500. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this part shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Appeal" means the process used to challenge adverse actions regarding services, benefits, and reimbursement provided by Medicaid pursuant to 12VAC30-110 and 12VAC30-20-500 through 12VAC30-20-560 same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Assistive technology" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Barrier crime" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Behavioral health authority" or "BHA" means the local agency, established by a city or county under Chapter 6 (§ 37.2-600 et seq.) of Title 37.2 of the Code of Virginia, that plans, provides, and evaluates mental health, mental retardation, and substance abuse services in the locality that it serves same as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.

"Building Independence Waiver" or "BI Waiver" means the waiver set forth in 12VAC30-120-1500 et seq.

"Case management" means the assessing and planning of services; linking the individual to services and supports identified in the consumer service plan; assisting the individual directly for the purpose of locating, developing or obtaining needed services and resources; coordinating services and service planning with other agencies and providers involved with the individual; enhancing community integration; making collateral contacts to promote the implementation of the consumer service plan and community integration; monitoring to assess ongoing progress and ensuring services are delivered; and education and counseling that guides the individual and develops a supportive relationship that promotes the consumer service plan.

"Case manager" means the individual who performs case management services on behalf of the community services board or behavioral health authority, and who possesses a combination of mental retardation work experience and relevant education that indicates that the individual possesses the knowledge, skills and abilities as established by the Department of Medical Assistance Services in 12VAC30-50-450.

"Case manager" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Center-based crisis support services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services" or "CMS" means the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, which is the unit of the federal Department of Health and Human Services that administers the Medicare and Medicaid programs same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Community-based crisis support services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Community coaching" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Community engagement" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Community services board" or "CSB" means the local agency, established by a city or county or combination of counties or cities under Chapter 5 (§ 37.2-500 et seq.) of Title 37.2 of the Code of Virginia, that plans, provides, and evaluates mental health, mental retardation, and substance abuse services in the jurisdiction or jurisdictions it serves same as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.

"Comprehensive assessment" means the gathering of relevant social, psychological, medical, and level of care information by the case manager and is used as a basis for the development of the consumer service plan.

"Consumer service plan" or "CSP" means documents addressing needs in all life areas of individuals who receive Day Support Waiver services, and is comprised of individual service plans as dictated by the individual's health care and support needs. The case manager incorporates the individual service plans in the CSP.

"Crisis support services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"DARS" means the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services.

"Date of need" means the date of the initial eligibility determination assigned to reflect that the individual is diagnostically and functionally eligible for the waiver and is willing to begin services within 30 days. The date of need is not changed unless the person is subsequently found ineligible or withdraws their request for services.

"Day support services" means training, assistance, and specialized supervision in the acquisition, retention, or improvement of self-help, socialization, and adaptive skills, which typically take place outside the home in which the individual resides. Day support services shall focus on enabling the individual to attain or maintain his maximum functional level.

"Day Support Waiver for Individuals with Mental Retardation" or "Day Support Waiver" means the program that provides day support, prevocational services, and supported employment to individuals on the Mental Retardation Waiver waiting list who have been assigned a Day Support Waiver slot.

"DBHDS" means the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services.

"DBHDS staff" means persons employed by the Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services.

"Developmental disability" means the same as defined in § 37.2-100 of the Code of Virginia.

"Direct marketing" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Direct support professionals" or "DSPs" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"DMAS" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"DMAS staff" means persons employed by or contracted with the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"DMHMRSAS" means the Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services.

"DMHMRSAS staff" means persons employed by the Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services.

"DRS" means the Department of Rehabilitative Services.

"DSS" means the Department of Social Services.

"Electronic home-based supports" or "EHBS" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Enroll" means that the individual has been determined by the case manager to meet the eligibility requirements for the Day Support Waiver and DMHMRSAS has verified the availability of a Day Support Waiver slot for that individual, and DSS has determined the individual's Medicaid eligibility for home and community-based services the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Environmental modifications" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"EPSDT" means the Early Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment program administered by DMAS for children under the age of 21 according to federal guidelines that prescribe preventive and treatment services for Medicaid-eligible children as defined in 12VAC30-50-130 same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Face-to-face visit" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Group day services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Group supported employment services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Home and community-based waiver services" or "waiver services" means the range of community support services approved by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) pursuant to § 1915(c) of the Social Security Act to be offered to persons with mental retardation who would otherwise require the level of care provided in an Intermediate Care Facility for the Mentally Retarded (ICF/MR) means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"ICF/IID" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Independent living supports" means a service provided to adults, ages 18 years and older, who have developmental disabilities that offers skill building and assistance necessary to secure a self-sustaining, independent living situation in the community or provides the support necessary to maintain those skills. Individuals authorized to receive this service typically live alone or with roommates in their own homes or apartments.

"Individual" means the person receiving the services or evaluations established in these regulations the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Individual service plan" or "ISP" means the service plan related solely to the specific waiver service. Multiple ISPs help to comprise the overall consumer service plan.

"Individual supported employment" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Intermediate Care Facility for the Mentally Retarded" or "ICF/MR" means a facility or distinct part of a facility certified by the Virginia Department of Health as meeting the federal certification regulations for an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded and persons with related conditions. These facilities must address the total needs of the residents, which include physical, intellectual, social, emotional, and habilitation, and must provide active treatment.

"LDSS" means the local department of social services.

"LMHP" means a licensed mental health professional as defined in 12VAC35-105-20.

"LMHP-resident" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"LMHP-RP" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"LMHP-supervisee" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-50-130.

"Medically necessary" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Mental retardation" or "MR" means a disability as defined by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD).

"Participating provider" means an entity that meets the standards and requirements set forth by DMAS and DMHMRSAS, and has a current, signed provider participation agreement with DMAS the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Pend" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Person-centered planning" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Personal emergency response system" or "PERS" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Personal profile" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Plan for Supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Preauthorized" means that an individual service has been approved by DMHMRSAS prior to commencement of the service by the service provider for initiation and reimbursement of services.

"Prevocational services" means services aimed at preparing an individual for paid or unpaid employment, but are not job-task oriented. Prevocational services are provided to individuals who are not expected to be able to join the general work force without supports or to participate in a transitional sheltered workshop within one year of beginning waiver services (excluding supported employment programs). The services do not include activities that are specifically job-task oriented but focus on concepts such as accepting supervision, attendance, task completion, problem solving and safety. Compensation, if provided, is less than 50% of the minimum wage.

"Positive behavior support" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Primary caregiver" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Qualified developmental disability professionals" or "QDDPs" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Risk assessment" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Routine supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Safety supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Service authorization" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Shared living" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Skill-building supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000. 

"Slot" means an opening or vacancy of waiver services for an individual the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"State Plan for Medical Assistance" or "Plan" means the Commonwealth's legal document approved by CMS identifying the covered groups, covered services and their limitations, and provider reimbursement methodologies as provided for under Title XIX of the Social Security Act means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Support coordination/case management" means the same as defined in 12 VAC 30-50-455 D.

"Support coordinator/case manager" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Supported employment" means work in settings in which persons without disabilities are typically employed. It includes training in specific skills related to paid employment and the provision of ongoing or intermittent assistance and specialized supervision to enable an individual with mental retardation to maintain paid employment.

"Supporting documentation" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Supports" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"Supports Intensity Scale®" or "SIS®" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-501.

"Transition services" means the same as defined in 12VAC30-120-1000.

"VDSS" means the Virginia Department of Social Services.

12VAC30-120-1510

12VAC30-120-1510. General coverage and requirements for Day Support Building Independence Waiver services.

A. Waiver service populations. Home and community-based waiver services shall be available through a § 1915(c) of the Social Security Act waiver for individuals with mental retardation who have been determined to require the level of care provided in an ICF/MR.

B. A. Covered services. 1. Covered services shall include day support services, prevocational services and supported employment services, assistive technology, center-based crisis support services, community-based crisis support services, community coaching services, community engagement services, crisis support services, electronic home-based supports, environmental modifications, group day services, group and individual supported employment services, independent living supports, personal emergency response systems (PERS), shared living, and transition services to individuals who have been assigned a Building Independence Waiver slot.

2. These services shall be appropriate and necessary to maintain the individual in the community. Federal waiver requirements provide that the average per capita fiscal year expenditures under the waiver must not exceed the average per capita expenditures for the level of care provided in an ICF/MR under the State Plan that would have been provided had the waiver not been granted.

3. Waiver services shall not be furnished to individuals who are inpatients of a hospital, nursing facility, ICF/MR, or inpatient rehabilitation facility. Individuals with mental retardation who are inpatients of these facilities may receive case management services as described in 12VAC30-50-440. The case manager may recommend waiver services that would promote exiting from the institutional placement; however, these services shall not be provided until the individual has exited the institution.

4. Under this § 1915(c) waiver, DMAS waives § 1902(a)(10)(B) of the Social Security Act related to comparability.

C. Appeals. Individual appeals shall be considered pursuant to 12VAC30-110-10 through 12VAC30-110-380. Provider appeals shall be considered pursuant to 12VAC30-10-1000 and 12VAC30-20-500 through 12VAC30-20-560.

D. Slot allocation.

1. DMHMRSAS will maintain one waiting list, the MR Waiver waiting list described in Part IV (12VAC30-120-211 et seq.) of this chapter, which will be used to assign slots in both the MR Waiver and Day Support Waiver. For Day Support Waiver services, slots will be assigned based on the date of need reported by the case manager when the individual was placed on the MR Waiver waiting list. Individuals interested in receiving Day Support Waiver services who are not currently on the MR Waiver waiting list may apply for services through the local CSB and if found eligible will be placed on the MR Waiver waiting list until a slot is available.

2. Each CSB will be assigned one Day Support Waiver slot by DMHMRSAS. The remaining slots will be distributed to the CSBs/BHAs based on the percentage of individual cases when compared to the statewide total of cases on the MR Waiver waiting list. All slots shall be allocated based on the individual's date of need and will remain CSB/BHA slots that, when vacated, will be offered to the next individual on the MR Waiver waiting list from that CSB/BHA based upon the date of need.

3. Individuals may remain on the MR Waiver waiting list while receiving Day Support Waiver services.

E. Reevaluation of service need and utilization review. Case managers shall complete reviews and updates of the CSP and level of care as specified in 12VAC30-120-1520 D.

B. Core competency requirements for direct support professionals (DSPs) and their supervisors in programs licensed by DBHDS shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 A.

C. Core competency requirements for support coordinators/case managers. (Reserved.)

D. Core competency requirements for QDDPs. (Reserved.)

E. Advanced core competency requirements for DSPs and DSP supervisors serving individuals with developmental disabilities with the most intensive needs as identified by assignment to Level 5, 6, or 7 shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 D.

F. Provider enrollment requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-514.

G. Providers shall meet the documentation requirements as specified in 12VAC30-120-514 Q.

H. Reevaluation of service need requirements shall be the same as those specified in 12VAC30-120-515 F.

I. Utilization review requirements shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-515 G.

12VAC30-120-1520

12VAC30-120-1520. Individual eligibility requirements. (Repealed.)

A. Individuals receiving services under the Day Support Waiver must meet the following requirements. Virginia will apply the financial eligibility criteria contained in the Title XIX State Plan for Medical Assistance for the categorically needy. Virginia has elected to cover the optional categorically needy groups under 42 CFR 435.211, 435.217, and 435.230. The income level used for 42 CFR 435.211, 435.217 and 435.230 is 300% of the current Supplemental Security Income payment standard for one person.

1. Under the Day Support Waiver, the coverage groups authorized under § 1902(a)(10)(A)(ii)(VI) of the Social Security Act will be considered as if they were institutionalized for the purpose of applying institutional deeming rules. All recipients under the waiver must meet the financial and nonfinancial Medicaid eligibility criteria and meet the institutional level of care criteria. The deeming rules are applied to waiver-eligible individuals as if the individual were residing in an institution or would require that level of care.

2. Virginia shall reduce its payment for home and community-based waiver services provided to an individual who is eligible for Medicaid services under 42 CFR 435.217 by that amount of the individual's total income (including amounts disregarded in determining eligibility) that remains after allowable deductions for personal maintenance needs, deductions for other dependents, and medical needs have been made, according to the guidelines in 42 CFR 435.735 and § 1915(c)(3) of the Social Security Act as amended by the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1986. DMAS will reduce its payment for home and community-based waiver services by the amount that remains after the deductions listed below:

a. For individuals to whom § 1924(d) applies and for whom Virginia waives the requirement for comparability pursuant to § 1902(a)(10)(B), deduct the following in the respective order:

(1) The basic maintenance needs for an individual, which is equal to 165% of the SSI payment for one person. Due to expenses of employment, a working individual shall have an additional income allowance. For an individual employed 20 hours or more per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 300% SSI; for an individual employed at least eight but less than 20 hours per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 200% of SSI. If the individual requires a guardian or conservator who charges a fee, the fee, not to exceed an amount greater than 5.0% of the individual's total monthly income, is added to the maintenance needs allowance. However, in no case shall the total amount of the maintenance needs allowance (basic allowance plus earned income allowance plus guardianship fees) for the individual exceed 300% of SSI.

(2) For an individual with only a spouse at home, the community spousal income allowance determined in accordance with § 1924(d) of the Social Security Act.

(3) For an individual with a spouse or children at home, an additional amount for the maintenance needs of the family determined in accordance with § 1924(d) of the Social Security Act.

(4) Amounts for incurred expenses for medical or remedial care that are not subject to payment by a third party including Medicare and other health insurance premiums, deductibles, or coinsurance charges, and necessary medical or remedial care recognized under state law but not covered under the plan.

b. For individuals to whom § 1924(d) does not apply and for whom Virginia waives the requirement for comparability pursuant to § 1902(a)(10)(B), deduct the following in the respective order:

(1) The basic maintenance needs for an individual, which is equal to 165% of the SSI payment for one person. Due to expenses of employment, a working individual shall have an additional income allowance. For an individual employed 20 hours or more per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 300% SSI; for an individual employed at least eight but less than 20 hours per week, earned income shall be disregarded up to a maximum of both earned and unearned income up to 200% of SSI. If the individual requires a guardian or conservator who charges a fee, the fee, not to exceed an amount greater than 5.0% of the individual's total monthly income, is added to the maintenance needs allowance. However, in no case shall the total amount of the maintenance needs allowance (basic allowance plus earned income allowance plus guardianship fees) for the individual exceed 300% of SSI.

(2) For an individual with a dependent child or children, an additional amount for the maintenance needs of the child or children, which shall be equal to the Title XIX medically needy income standard based on the number of dependent children.

(3) Amounts for incurred expenses for medical or remedial care that are not subject to payment by a third party including Medicare and other health insurance premiums, deductibles, or coinsurance charges and necessary medical or remedial care recognized under state law but not covered under the State Plan for Medical Assistance.

B. Assessment and enrollment.

1. To ensure that Virginia's home and community-based waiver programs serve only individuals who would otherwise be placed in an ICF/MR, home and community-based waiver services shall be considered only for individuals with a diagnosis of mental retardation. For the case manager to make a recommendation for waiver services, Day Support Waiver services must be determined to be an appropriate service alternative to delay or avoid placement in an ICF/MR ICF/IID, or promote exiting from either an ICF/MR placement or other institutional placement.

2. The case manager shall recommend the individual for home and community-based waiver services after completion of a comprehensive assessment of the individual's needs and available supports. This assessment process for home and community-based waiver services by the case manager is mandatory before Medicaid will assume payment responsibility of home and community-based waiver services. The comprehensive assessment includes:

a. Relevant medical information based on a medical examination completed no earlier than 12 months prior to beginning waiver services;

b. The case manager's functional assessment that demonstrates a need for each specific service. The functional assessment must be a DMHMRSAS-approved assessment completed no earlier than 12 months prior to beginning waiver services;

c. The level of care required by applying the existing DMAS ICF/MR criteria, Part VI (12VAC30-130-430 et seq.) of 12VAC30-130, completed no more than six months prior to the start of waiver services. The case manager determines whether the individual meets the ICF/MR criteria with input from the individual, family/caregivers, and service and support providers involved in the individual's support in the community; and

d. A psychological evaluation that reflects the current psychological status (diagnosis), current cognitive abilities, and current adaptive level of functioning of the individuals.

3. The case manager shall provide the individual and family/caregiver with the choice of Day Support Waiver services or ICF/MR placement.

4. The case manager shall send the appropriate forms to DMHMRSAS to enroll the individual in the Day Support Waiver or, if no slot is available, to place the individual on the Mental Retardation Waiver waiting list. DMHMRSAS shall only enroll the individual if a slot is available.

C. Waiver approval process; authorizing and accessing services.

1. Once the case manager has determined an individual meets the criteria for Day Support Waiver services, has determined that a slot is available, and that the individual has chosen this service, the case manager shall submit updated enrollment information to DMHMRSAS to confirm level of care eligibility and the availability of a slot.

2. Once the individual has been enrolled by DMHMRSAS, the case manager will submit a DMAS-122 along with a written confirmation from DMHMRSAS of level of care eligibility, to the local DSS to determine financial eligibility for the waiver program and any patient pay responsibilities.

3. After the case manager has received written notification of Medicaid eligibility by DSS and written enrollment confirmation from DMHMRSAS, the case manager shall inform the individual or family/caregiver so that the CSP can be developed. The individual or individual's family/caregiver will meet with the case manager within 30 calendar days following the receipt of written notification of DMHMRSAS enrollment to discuss the individual's needs and existing supports, and to develop a CSP that will establish and document the needed services. The case manager provides the individual and family/caregiver with choice of needed services available under the Day Support Waiver, alternative settings and providers. A CSP shall be developed with the individual based on the assessment of needs as reflected in the level of care and functional assessment instruments and the individual's, family/caregiver's preferences. The CSP development process identifies the services to be rendered to individuals, the frequency of services, the type of service provider or providers, and a description of the services to be offered. Only services on the CSP authorized by DMHMRSAS according to DMAS policies will be reimbursed by DMAS.

4. The individual or case manager shall contact the service providers chosen by the individual/family caregiver, as appropriate, so that services can be initiated within 60 days of receipt of enrollment confirmation from DMHMRSAS. The service providers in conjunction with the individual, individual's family/caregiver and case manager will develop Individual Service Plans (ISP) for each service. A copy of each ISP will be submitted to the case manager. The case manager will review and ensure that each ISP meets the established service criteria for the identified needs. The ISP from each waiver service provider shall be incorporated into the CSP.

5. If waiver services are not initiated within 60 days from receipt of enrollment confirmation, the case manager must submit written information to DMHMRSAS requesting more time to initiate services. A copy of the request must be provided to the individual or the individual's family/caregiver. DMHMRSAS has the authority to approve the request in 30-day extensions, up to a maximum of four consecutive extensions, or to deny the request to retain the waiver slot for that individual. DMHMRSAS shall provide a written response to the case manager indicating denial or approval of the extension. DMHMRSAS shall submit this response within 10 business days of the receipt of the request for extension.

6. The case manager must submit the results of the comprehensive assessment and a recommendation to the DMHMRSAS staff for final determination of ICF/MR level of care and authorization for community-based services. DMHMRSAS shall, within 10 business days of receiving all supporting documentation, review and approve, pend for more information, or deny the individual service requests. DMHMRSAS will communicate in writing to the case manager whether the recommended services have been approved and the amounts and type of services authorized or if any have been denied. Medicaid will not pay for any home and community-based waiver services delivered prior to the authorization date approved by DMHMRSAS if preauthorization is required.

7. Day Support Waiver services may be recommended by the case manager only if:

a. The individual is Medicaid eligible as determined by the local office of the Department of Social Services;

b. The individual has a diagnosis of mental retardation as defined by the American Association on Mental Retardation and would in the absence of waiver services, require the level of care provided in an ICF/MR facility, the cost of which would be reimbursed under the Plan; and

c. The contents of the individual service plans are consistent with the Medicaid definition of each service.

8. All CSPs I are subject to approval by DMAS. DMAS shall be the single state agency authority responsible for the supervision of the administration of the Day Support Waiver and is responsible for conducting utilization review activities. DMHMRSAS shall conduct preauthorization of waiver services.

D. Reevaluation of service need.

1. The consumer service plan.

a. The case manager shall update the CSP annually based on relevant, current assessment data; in updating the CSP, the case manager shall work with the individual, the individual's family/caregiver, other service providers, consultants, and other interested parties.

b. The case manager shall be responsible for continuous monitoring of the appropriateness of the individual's services and revisions to the CSP as indicated by the changing needs of the individual. At a minimum, the case manager must review the CSP every three months to determine whether service goals and objectives are being met and whether any modifications to the CSP are necessary.

c. Any modification to the amount or type of services in the CSP must be approved by the individual or family/caregiver and authorized by DMHMRSAS.

2. Review of level of care.

a. The case manager shall complete a reassessment annually, in coordination with the individual, family/caregiver, and service providers. The reassessment shall include an update of the level of care and functional assessment instrument and any other appropriate assessment data. If warranted, the case manager shall coordinate a medical examination and a psychological evaluation for the individual. The CSP shall be revised as appropriate.

b. A medical examination must be completed for adults based on need identified by the individual, family/caregiver, provider, case manager, or DMHMRSAS staff. Medical examinations and screenings for children must be completed according to the recommended frequency and periodicity of the EPSDT program.

c. A new psychological evaluation shall be required whenever the individual's functioning has undergone significant change and is no longer reflective of the past psychological evaluation.

3. The case manager will monitor the service providers' ISPs to ensure that all providers are working toward the identified goals of the affected individuals.

4. Case managers will be required to conduct monthly visits at the assisted living facility or approved adult foster care placement for all Day Support Waiver individuals residing in DSS-licensed or DSS-regulated placements.

5. The case manager must request an updated DMAS-122 form from DSS annually and forward a copy of the updated DMAS-122 form to all service providers when obtained.

12VAC30-120-1530

12VAC30-120-1530. General requirements for home and community-based participating providers. (Repealed.)

A. Providers approved for participation shall, at a minimum, perform the following activities:

1. Immediately notify DMAS and DMHMRSAS, in writing, of any change in the information that the provider previously submitted to DMAS and DMHMRSAS;

2. Assure freedom of choice to individuals in seeking services from any institution, pharmacy, practitioner, or other provider qualified to perform the service or services required and participating in the Medicaid program at the time the service or services were performed;

3. Assure the individual's freedom to refuse medical care, treatment and services;

4. Accept referrals for services only when staff is available to initiate services and perform such services on an ongoing basis;

5. Provide services and supplies to individuals in full compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended (42 USC § 2000d et seq.), which prohibits discrimination on the grounds of race, color, or national origin; the Virginians with Disabilities Act (§ 51.5-1 et seq. of the Code of Virginia); § 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (29 USC § 794), which prohibits discrimination on the basis of a disability; and the Americans with Disabilities Act, as amended (42 USC § 12101 et seq.), which provides comprehensive civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities in the areas of employment, public accommodations, state and local government services, and telecommunications;

6. Provide services and supplies to individuals of the same quality and in the same mode of delivery as provided to the general public;

7. Submit charges to DMAS for the provision of services and supplies to individuals in amounts not to exceed the provider's usual and customary charges to the general public and accept as payment in full the amount established by DMAS payment methodology from the individual's authorization date for the waiver services;

8. Use program-designated billing forms for submission of charges;

9. Maintain and retain business and professional records sufficient to document fully and accurately the nature, scope, and details of the services provided:

a. In general, such records shall be retained for at least six years from the last date of service or as provided by applicable state or federal laws, whichever period is longer. However, if an audit is initiated within the required retention period, the records shall be retained until the audit is completed and every exception resolved. Records of minors shall be kept for at least six years after such minor has reached the age of 18 years.

b. Policies regarding retention of records shall apply even if the provider discontinues operation. DMAS shall be notified in writing of storage location and procedures for obtaining records for review should the need arise. The location, agent, or trustee shall be within the Commonwealth of Virginia;

10. Agree to furnish information on request and in the form requested to DMAS, DMHMRSAS, the Attorney General of Virginia or his authorized representatives, federal personnel, and the state Medicaid Fraud Control Unit. The Commonwealth's right of access to provider premises and records shall survive any termination of the provider agreement;

11. Disclose, as requested by DMAS, all financial, beneficial, ownership, equity, surety, or other interests in any and all firms, corporations, partnerships, associations, business enterprises, joint ventures, agencies, institutions, or other legal entities providing any form of health care services to recipients of Medicaid;

12. Hold confidential and use for authorized purposes only all medical assistance information regarding individuals served, pursuant to 42 CFR Part 431, Subpart F, 12VAC30-20-90, and any other applicable state or federal law;

13. Notify DMAS when ownership of the provider changes at least 15 calendar days before the date of change;

14. Properly report cases of suspected abuse or neglect. Pursuant to §§ 63.2-1509 and 63.2-1606 of the Code of Virginia, if a participating provider knows or suspects that a home and community-based waiver service individual is being abused, neglected, or exploited, the party having knowledge or suspicion of the abuse, neglect, or exploitation shall report this immediately from first knowledge to the local DSS adult or child protective services worker and to DMHMRSAS Offices of Licensing and Human Rights as applicable; and

15. Adhere to the provider participation agreement and the DMAS provider manual. In addition to compliance with the general conditions and requirements, all providers enrolled by DMAS shall adhere to the conditions of participation outlined in their individual provider participation agreements and in the DMAS provider manual.

B. Documentation requirements.

1. The case manager must maintain the following documentation for utilization review by DMAS for a period of not less than six years from each individual's last date of service:

a. The comprehensive assessment and all CSPs completed for the individual;

b. All ISPs from every provider rendering waiver services to the individual;

c. All supporting documentation related to any change in the CSP;

d. All related communication with the individual, family/caregiver, consultants, providers, DMHMRSAS, DMAS, DSS, DRS or other related parties;

e. An ongoing log that documents all contacts made by the case manager related to the individual and family/caregiver; and

f. A copy of the current DMAS-122 form.

2. The service providers must maintain, for a period of not less than six years from the individual's last date of service, documentation necessary to support services billed. DMAS staff shall conduct utilization review of individual-specific documentation. This documentation shall contain, up to and including the last date of service, all of the following:

a. All assessments and reassessments;

b. All ISPs developed for that individual and the written reviews;

c. An attendance log that documents the date services were rendered, as well as documentation of the amount and type of services rendered;

d. Appropriate data, contact notes, or progress notes reflecting an individual's status and, as appropriate, progress or lack of progress toward the goals on the ISP;

e. Any documentation to support that services provided are appropriate and necessary to maintain the individual in the home and in the community; and

f. A copy of the current DMAS-122 form.

C. An individual's case manager shall not be the direct staff person or the immediate supervisor of a staff person who provides Day Support Waiver services for the individual.

12VAC30-120-1540

12VAC30-120-1540. Participation standards for home and community-based waiver services participating providers.

A. Requests for provider participation will be screened to determine whether the provider applicant meets the basic requirements for participation.

B. For DMAS to approve provider agreements with home and community-based waiver providers, the following standards shall be met:

1. Licensure and certification requirements pursuant to 42 CFR 441.302;

2. Disclosure of ownership pursuant to 42 CFR 455.104 and 455.105; and

3. The ability to document and maintain individual case records in accordance with state and federal requirements.

C. The case manager must inform the individual of all available waiver service providers. The individual shall have the option of selecting the provider of his choice from among those providers meeting the individual's needs.

D. DMAS shall be responsible for reviewing continued adherence to provider participation standards. DMAS shall conduct ongoing monitoring of compliance with provider participation standards and DMAS policies and periodically recertify each provider for participation agreement renewal with DMAS to provide home and community-based waiver services.

E. A participating provider may voluntarily terminate his participation in Medicaid by providing 30 days' written notification. DMAS may terminate at will a provider's participation agreement on 30 days' written notice as specified in the DMAS participation agreement. DMAS may also immediately terminate a provider's participation agreement if the provider is no longer eligible to participate in the program. Such action precludes further payment by DMAS for services provided to individuals subsequent to the date of termination.

F. A provider shall have the right to appeal action taken by DMAS pursuant to 12VAC30-10-1000 and 12VAC30-20-500 through 12VAC30-20-560.

G. Section 32.1-325 D 2 of the Code of Virginia mandates that "Any such Medicaid agreement or contract shall terminate upon conviction of the provider of a felony." A provider convicted of a felony in Virginia or in any other of the 50 states or Washington, D.C., must, within 30 days, notify the Medicaid Program of this conviction and relinquish its provider agreement. In addition, termination of a provider participation agreement will occur as may be required for federal financial participation.

H. Case manager's responsibility for the Individual Information Form (DMAS-122). It shall be the responsibility of the case management provider to notify DMHMRSAS and DSS, in writing, within five business days of being informed of any of the circumstances described in this subsection:

1. Home and community-based waiver services are initiated.

2. A recipient dies.

3. A recipient is discharged from Day Support Waiver services.

4. Any other circumstances (including hospitalization) that cause home and community-based waiver services to cease or be interrupted for more than 30 days.

5. A selection by the individual or family/caregiver of a different community services board/behavioral health authority providing case management services.

I. Changes or termination of services. DMHMRSAS shall authorize changes to an individual's CSP based on the recommendations of the case manager. Providers of waiver services are responsible for modifying their Individual Service Plans (ISPs) with the involvement of the individual or family/caregiver, and submitting them to the case manager any time there is a change in the individual's condition or circumstances that may warrant a change in the amount or type of service rendered. The case manager will review the need for a change and may recommend a change to the ISP to the DMHMRSAS staff. DMHMRSAS will review and approve, deny, or pend for additional information the requested change to the individual's ISP, and communicate this to the case manager within 10 business days of receiving all supporting documentation regarding the request for change or in the case of an emergency, within three business days of receipt of the request for change.

The individual or family/caregiver will be notified, in writing, of the right to appeal the decision or decisions to reduce, terminate, suspend or deny services pursuant to DMAS client appeals regulations, Part I (12VAC30-110-10 et seq.) of 12VAC 30-110. The case manager must submit this notification to the individual in writing within 10 business days of the decision. All CSPs are subject to approval by the Medicaid agency.

1. In a nonemergency situation, the participating provider shall give the individual or family/caregiver and case manager 10 business days prior written notice of the provider's intent to discontinue services. The notification letter shall provide the reasons why and the effective date the provider is discontinuing services. The effective date that services will be discontinued shall be at least 10 business days from the date of the notification letter.

2. In an emergency situation, when the health and safety of the individual, other individuals in that setting, or provider personnel is endangered, the case manager and DMHMRSAS must be notified prior to the provider discontinuing services. The 10 business day written notification period shall not be required. If appropriate, the local DSS adult protective services or child protective services and DMHMRSAS Offices of Licensing and Human Rights must be notified immediately.

3. In the case of termination of home and community-based waiver services by the CSB/BHA, DMHMRSAS or DMAS staff, individuals shall be notified of their appeal rights by the case manager pursuant to Part I (12VAC30-110-10 et seq.) of 12VAC30-110. The case manager shall have the responsibility to identify those individuals who no longer meet the level of care criteria or for whom home and community-based waiver services are no longer an appropriate alternative.

Participation standards for home and community-based waiver services participating providers are set forth in 12VAC30-120-500 et seq.

12VAC30-120-1550

12VAC30-120-1550. Services: day support services, prevocational services and supported employment services. (Repealed.)

A. Service descriptions.

1. Day support means training, assistance, and specialized supervision in the acquisition, retention, or improvement of self-help, socialization, and adaptive skills, which typically take place outside the home in which the individual resides. Day support services shall focus on enabling the individual to attain or maintain his maximum functional level.

2. Prevocational services means services aimed at preparing an individual for paid or unpaid employment, but are not job-task oriented. Prevocational services are provided to individuals who are not expected to be able to join the general work force without supports or to participate in a transitional sheltered workshop within one year of beginning waiver services (excluding supported employment programs). The services do not include activities that are specifically job-task oriented but focus on concepts such as accepting supervision, attendance, task completion, problem solving and safety. Compensation, if provided, is less than 50% of the minimum wage.

3. Supported employment services are provided in work settings where persons without disabilities are employed. It is especially designed for individuals with developmental disabilities, including individuals with mental retardation, who face severe impediments to employment due to the nature and complexity of their disabilities, irrespective of age or vocational potential.

a. Supported employment services are available to individuals for whom competitive employment at or above the minimum wage is unlikely without ongoing supports and who because of their disability need ongoing support to perform in a work setting.

b. Supported employment can be provided in one of two models. Individual supported employment shall be defined as intermittent support, usually provided one-on-one by a job coach to an individual in a supported employment position. Group-supported employment shall be defined as continuous support provided by staff to eight or fewer individuals with disabilities in an enclave, work crew, bench work, or entrepreneurial model. The individual's assessment and CSP must clearly reflect the individual's need for training and supports.

B. Criteria.

1. For day support services, individuals must demonstrate the need for functional training, assistance, and specialized supervision offered primarily in settings other than the individual's own residence that allow an opportunity for being productive and contributing members of communities.

2. For prevocational services, the individual must demonstrate the need for support in skills that are aimed toward preparation of paid employment that may be offered in a variety of community settings.

3. For supported employment, the individual shall have demonstrated that competitive employment at or above the minimum wage is unlikely without ongoing supports, and that because of his disability, he needs ongoing support to perform in a work setting.

a. Only job development tasks that specifically include the individual are allowable job search activities under the Day Support waiver supported employment and only after determining this service is not available from DRS.

b. A functional assessment must be conducted to evaluate the individual in his work environment and related community settings.

C. Service types. The amount and type of day support and prevocational services included in the individual's service plan is determined according to the services required for that individual. There are two types of services: center-based, which is provided primarily at one location/building, and noncenter-based, which is provided primarily in community settings. Both types of services may be provided at either intensive or regular levels. For supported employment, the ISP must document the amount of supported employment required by the individual. Service providers are reimbursed only for the amount and type of supported employment included in the individual's ISP.

D. Intensive level criteria. For day support and prevocational services to be authorized at the intensive level, the individual must meet at least one of the following criteria: (i) require physical assistance to meet the basic personal care needs (toileting, feeding, etc); (ii) have extensive disability-related difficulties and require additional, ongoing support to fully participate in programming and to accomplish his service goals; or (iii) require extensive constant supervision to reduce or eliminate behaviors that preclude full participation in the program. In this case, written behavioral objectives are required to address behaviors such as, but not limited to, withdrawal, self-injury, aggression, or self-stimulation.

E. Service units. Day support, prevocational and group models of supported employment (enclaves, work crews, bench work and entrepreneurial model of supported employment) are billed in accordance with the DMAS fee schedule.

F. Service limitations.

1. There must be separate supporting documentation for each service and each must be clearly differentiated in documentation and corresponding billing.

2. The supporting documentation must provide an estimate of the amount of services required by the individual. Service providers are reimbursed only for the amount and type of services included in the individual's approved ISP based on the setting, intensity, and duration of the service to be delivered.

3. Day support, prevocational and group models of supported employment services shall be limited to a total of 780 units per CSP year, or its equivalent under the DMAS fee schedule. If an individual receives a combination of day support, prevocational and/or supported employment services, the combined total shall not exceed 780 units per CSP year, or its equivalent under the DMAS fee schedule.

4. The individual job placement model of supported employment is limited to 40 hours per week.

5. For day support services:

a. Day support cannot be regularly or temporarily provided in an individual's home or other residential setting (e.g., due to inclement weather or individual illness) without prior written approval from DMHMRSAS.

b. Noncenter-based day support services must be separate and distinguishable from other services.

6. For the individual job placement model, reimbursement of supported employment will be limited to actual documented interventions or collateral contacts by the provider, not the amount of time the individual is in the supported employment situation.

G. Provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-217 and 12VAC30-120-219, service providers must meet the following requirements:

1. The provider of day support services must be licensed by DMHMRSAS as a provider of day support services. The provider of prevocational services must be a vendor of extended employment services, long-term employment services, or supported employment services for DRS, or be licensed by DMHMRSAS as a provider of day support services.

2. Supported employment shall be provided only by agencies that are DRS vendors of supported employment services;

3. In addition to any licensing requirements, persons providing day support or prevocational services are required to participate in training in the characteristics of mental retardation and appropriate interventions, training strategies, and support methods for persons with mental retardation and functional limitations prior to providing direct services. All providers of services must pass an objective, standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DMHMRSAS and administered according to DMHMRSAS' defined procedures.

4. Required documentation in the individual's record. The provider agency must maintain records of each individual receiving services. At a minimum these records must contain the following:

a. A functional assessment conducted by the provider to evaluate each individual in the service environment and community settings.

b. An ISP that contains, at a minimum, the following elements:

(1) The individual's strengths, desired outcomes, required or desired supports and training needs;

(2) The individual's goals and, a sequence of measurable objectives to meet the above identified outcomes;

(3) Services to be rendered and the frequency of services to accomplish the above goals and objectives;

(4) A timetable for the accomplishment of the individual's goals and objectives as appropriate;

(5) The estimated duration of the individual's needs for services; and

(6) The provider staff responsible for the overall coordination and integration of the services specified in the ISP.

c. Documentation confirming the individual's attendance and amount of time in services, type of services rendered, and specific information regarding the individual's response to various settings and supports as agreed to in the ISP objectives. An attendance log or similar document must be maintained that indicates the date, type of services rendered, and the number of hours and units provided.

d. Documentation indicating whether day support or prevocational services were center-based or noncenter-based.

e. In instances where staff are required to ride with the individual to and from the service in order to provide needed supports as specified in the ISP, the staff time can be billed as day support, prevocational or supported employment services, provided that the billing for this time does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in the day support, prevocational or supported employment activity for that day. Documentation must be maintained to verify that billing for staff coverage during transportation does not exceed 25% of the total time spent in the service for that day.

f. If intensive day support or prevocational services are requested, there shall be documentation indicating the specific supports and the reasons they are needed. For ongoing intensive services, there must be clear documentation of the ongoing needs and associated staff supports.

g. The ISP goals, objectives, and activities must be reviewed by the provider quarterly and annually, or more often as needed and the results of the review submitted to the case manager. For the annual review and in cases where the ISP is modified, the ISP must be reviewed with the individual or family/caregiver.

h. Copy of the most recently completed DMAS-122 form. The provider must clearly document efforts to obtain the completed DMAS-122 form from the case manager.

i. For prevocational or supported employment services, documentation regarding whether prevocational or supported employment services are available through § 110 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 or through the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). If the individual is not eligible for services through the IDEA, documentation is required only for lack of DRS funding. When services are provided through these sources, the ISP shall not authorize such services as a waiver expenditure.

j. Prevocational services can only be provided when the individual's compensation is less than 50% of the minimum wage.

12VAC30-120-1552

12VAC30-120-1552. Covered services; services descriptions.

Service descriptions.

1. Assistive technology (AT) service description. The service definition is the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1021 A.

2. Benefits planning. (Reserved.)

3. Center-based crisis support. The service description is the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 A 2.

4. Community-based crisis support services. The service description is the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 A 3.

5. Community coaching. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 B 1.

6. Community engagement. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 A 1.

7. Community guide. (Reserved.)

8. Crisis support services. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 A 1.

9. Electronic home-based supports (EHBS). The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 A 1.

10. Environmental modifications (EM). The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 B 1.

11. Group day services. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in subdivision 1 of 12VAC30-120-1026.

12. Group supported employment. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 A.

13. Independent living supports means a service provided to adults 18 years of age and older that offers skill building and assistance necessary to secure a self-sustaining, independent living situation in the community and provide the support necessary to maintain those skills. Individuals receiving this service typically live alone or with roommates in their own homes or apartments. The supports may be provided in the individual's residence or in other community settings. Independent living supports is a tiered service for reimbursement purposes. Providers shall only be reimbursed for the individual's assigned level and tier.

14. Individual supported employment. The service description shall be the same as set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 A.

15. Nonmedical transportation. (Reserved.)

16. Personal emergency response systems (PERS). The service description shall be the same as that set forth in subdivision 1 of 12VAC30-120-1030.

17. Shared living. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in subdivision 1 of 12VAC30-120-1034 A 1.

18. Transition services. The service description shall be the same as that set forth in 12VAC30-120-1038.

12VAC30-120-1554

12VAC30-120-1554. Criteria that must be met to receive covered services.

A. Assistive technology criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1021 A 1.

B. Benefits planning. (Reserved.)

C. Center-based crisis supports. Criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 B 2.

D. Community-based crisis supports. Criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 B 3.

E. Community coaching. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 B 2.

F. Community engagement. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 A 2.

G. Community guide activities. (Reserved.)

H. Crisis support services. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 B 1.

I. Electronic home-based supports (EHBS). The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 A 2.

J. Environmental modifications. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 B 2.

K. Group day services. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 2 of 12VAC30-120-1026.

L. Group supported employment. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 B.

M. The need for independent living supports shall be clearly indicated in the ISP. This service provides skill-building to (i) promote the individual's community participation and inclusion in meaningful activities; (ii) increase socialization skills and maintain relationships; (iii) improve and maintain the individual's health, safety and fitness, as necessary; (iv) promote the individual's decision-making and self-determination skills; and (v) improve and support as needed the individual's skills with ADLs and IADLs. These services shall not be provided in a licensed residential setting.

N. Individual supported employment. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 B.

O. Nonmedical transportation. (Reserved.)

P. Personal emergency response system (PERS). The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 2 of 12VAC30-120-1030.

Q. Shared living. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 2 of 12VAC30-120-1034.

R. Transition services. The criteria shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1038, 12VAC30-120-2000, and 12VAC30-120-2010.

12VAC30-120-1556

12VAC30-120-1556. Allowable activities.

Allowable activities.

1. Benefits planning activities. (Reserved.)

2. Community coaching. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 B 3.

3. Community engagement. Allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 A 3.

4. Community guide. (Reserved.)

5. Group day services. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 3 of 12VAC30-120-1026.

6. Group supported employment. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 C.

7. Independent living supports allowable activities include skill building and supports to promote (i) the individual's community participation and inclusion; (ii) socialization skills to develop and maintain relationships; (iii) the individual's health, safety and fitness; (iv) the individual's decision-making and self-determination skills; (v) the individual's engagement in meaningful community activities; and (vi) supports related to ADLs and IADLs.

8. Individual supported employment. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in12VAC30-120-1035 C.

9. Nonmedical transportation. (Reserved.)

10. Shared living. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 3 of 12VAC30-120-1034.

11. Transition services. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set out in 12VAC30-120-1038, 12VAC30-120-2000, and 12VAC30-120-2010.

12. Crisis support services. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 C 1 and C 2.

13. Center-based crisis support services. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 C 3.

14. Community-based crisis support services. The allowable activities shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 C 4.

12VAC30-120-1558

12VAC30-120-1558. Units and limits on covered services.

Limits on covered services.

1. AT service units and services shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1021 A 2 and A 3.

2. Benefits planning. (Reserved.)

3. Center-based crisis supports. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 D 2.

4. Community-based crisis supports. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 D 3.

5. Community coaching. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 B 4.

6. Community engagement. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 A 4.

7. Community guide. (Reserved.)

8. Crisis support services. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 D 1.

9. Environmental modifications. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 B 3.

10. Group day services. The service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 4 of 12VAC30-120-1026.

11. Group supported employment. The service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 D.

12. The independent living supports unit of service delivery shall be a month or, when beginning or ceasing the service, may be a partial month. Individuals who have been approved for this service shall receive no more than 21 hours of independent living supports per week (Sunday through Saturday) in the individual's home or in community settings. This service shall not be provided in a licensed residential setting.

13. Individual supported employment. The service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 D.

14. Nonmedical transportation. (Reserved.)

15. Personal emergency response systems. The service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 3 of 12VAC30-120-1030.

16. Shared living. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in subdivision 4 of 12VAC30-120-1034.

17. Transition services. Service units and limits shall be the same as those set forth in 12VAC30-120-1038, 12VAC30-120-2000, and 12VAC30-120-2010.

12VAC30-120-1560

12VAC30-120-1560. Provider requirements.

In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based waiver participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., service providers shall meet the following requirements:

1. Assistive technology providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-1021 A 4 and 12VAC30-120-1061 A and B.

2. Benefits planning. (Reserved.)

3. Center-based crisis support providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 E and 12VAC30-120-1063 B.

4. Community-based crisis support providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 E and 12VAC 30-120-1063 C.

5. Community coaching providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 B 5 and 12VAC30-120-1065 B.

6. Community engagement providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-1022 A 5 and 12VAC30-120-1065 A.

7. Community guide services. (Reserved.)

8. Crisis support services providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-1024 E and 12VAC30-120-1063 A.

9. Electronic home based services providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 A 4 and 12VAC30-120-1061.

10. Environmental modification (EM) providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-1025 B 4 and 12VAC30-120-1061.

11. Group day services providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in subdivision 5 of 12VAC30-120-1026.

12. Group supported employment providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 E and 12VAC30-120-1066 A and B.

13. Independent living supports shall be provided by agencies licensed by DBHDS as providers of supportive in-home services. These providers shall have a signed participation agreement with DMAS. The provider designated on the agreement shall directly provide independent living support services and directly bill DMAS for reimbursement. Providers shall ensure that persons rendering in-home support services have received training in the characteristics of intellectual and developmental disabilities and the appropriate interventions, training strategies, and support methods for individuals with functional limitations prior to providing waiver services. All providers of in-home support services shall pass (with a minimum score of 80%) an objective, standardized test of skills, knowledge, and abilities approved by DBHDS and administered according to DBHDS defined procedures. (See www.dbhds.virginia.gov for further information.)

14. Individual supported employment providers shall meet all of the requirements set forth in 12VAC30-120-1035 E and 12VAC30-120-1066 A and B.

15. Nonmedical transportation providers. (Reserved.)

16. Personal emergency response systems provider requirements. In addition to meeting the general conditions and requirements for home and community-based services participating providers as specified in 12VAC30-120-501 et seq., subdivision 4 of 12VAC30-120-1030, and 12VAC30-120-1061 A and E, providers shall also meet the following requirements:

a. A PERS provider shall be either a (i) licensed home health or personal care agency, (ii) a durable medical equipment provider, (iii) a hospital, or (iv) a PERS manufacturer that has the ability to provide PERS equipment, direct services (i.e., installation, equipment maintenance, and service calls), and PERS monitoring.

b. The PERS provider shall have a current, signed provider participation agreement with DMAS. This agreement shall be renewed promptly when requested by DMAS. The provider named on this participation agreement shall directly render these PERS services and shall submit his claims to DMAS for reimbursement.

c. The PERS provider shall provide an emergency response center staff with fully trained operators who are capable of receiving signals for help from an individual's PERS equipment 24 hours a day, 365 or 366, as appropriate, days per year; of determining whether an emergency exists; and of notifying an emergency response organization or an emergency responder that the individual needs emergency help.

d. A PERS provider shall comply with all applicable federal and state laws and regulations, all applicable regulations of DMAS, and all other governmental agencies having jurisdiction over the services to be performed.

e. The PERS provider shall have the primary responsibility to furnish, install, maintain, test, and service the PERS equipment, as required to keep it fully operational. The provider shall replace or repair the PERS device within 24 hours of the individual's or family/caregiver's notification of a malfunction of the console unit, activating devices, or medication-monitoring unit while the original equipment is being repaired.

f. The PERS provider shall properly install all PERS equipment into the functioning telephone line or cellular system of an individual receiving PERS and shall furnish all supplies necessary to ensure that the system is installed and working properly.

g. The PERS installation shall include local seize line circuitry, which guarantees that the unit will have priority over the telephone connected to the console unit should the phone be off the hook or in use when the unit is activated.

h. The PERS provider shall install, test, and demonstrate to the individual and family/caregiver, as appropriate, the PERS system before submitting the claim for reimbursement to DMAS.

i. A PERS provider shall maintain all installed PERS equipment in proper working order.

j. A PERS provider shall maintain a data record for each individual receiving PERS at no additional cost to DMAS. The record shall document all of the following:

(1)_ Delivery date and installation date of the PERS;

(2) The signature of the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, verifying receipt of PERS device;

(3) Verification by a test that the PERS device is operational, monthly or more frequently as needed;

(4) Updated and current individual responder and contact information, as provided by the individual or the individual's care provider, or support coordinator/case manager; and

(5) A case log documenting the individual's utilization of the system and contacts and communications with the individual or his family/caregiver, as appropriate, support coordinator/case manager, or responder.

k. The PERS provider shall have back-up monitoring capacity in case the primary system cannot handle incoming emergency signals.

l. Standards for PERS equipment. All PERS equipment shall be approved by the Federal Communications Commission and meet the Underwriters' Laboratories, Inc. (UL) safety standard Number 1635 for Digital Alarm Communicator System Units and Number 1637, which is the UL safety standard for home health care signaling equipment. The UL listing mark on the equipment will be accepted as evidence of the equipment's compliance with such standard. The PERS device shall be automatically reset by the response center after each activation ensuring that subsequent signals can be transmitted without requiring manual reset by the individual enrolled in the waiver or family/caregiver, as appropriate.

m. A PERS provider shall instruct the individual, his family/caregiver, as appropriate, and responders in the use of the PERS service.

n. The emergency response activator shall be activated either by breath, by touch, or by some other means, and shall be usable by persons who have visual or hearing impairments or physical disabilities. The emergency response communicator shall be capable of operating without external power during a power failure at the individual's home for a minimum period of 24 hours and automatically transmit a low battery alert signal to the response center if the back-up battery is low. The emergency response console unit shall also be able to self-disconnect and redial the back-up monitoring site without the individual resetting the system in the event it cannot get its signal accepted at the response center.

o. Monitoring agencies shall be capable of continuously monitoring and responding to emergencies under all conditions, including power failures and mechanical malfunctions. It is the PERS provider's responsibility to ensure that the monitoring agency and the agency's equipment meet the requirements of this section. The monitoring agency shall be capable of simultaneously responding to multiple signals for help from multiple individuals' PERS equipment. The monitoring agency's equipment shall include the following:

(1) A primary receiver and a back-up receiver, which shall be independent and interchangeable;

(2) A back-up information retrieval system;

(3) A clock printer, which shall print out the time and date of the emergency signal, the PERS individual's identification code, and the emergency code that indicates whether the signal is active, passive, or a responder test;

(4) A back-up power supply;

(5) A separate telephone service;

(6) A toll-free number to be used by the PERS equipment in order to contact the primary or back-up response center; and

(7) A telephone line monitor, which shall give visual and audible signals when the incoming telephone line is disconnected for more than 10 seconds.

p. The monitoring agency shall maintain detailed technical and operations manuals that describe PERS elements, including the installation, functioning, and testing of PERS equipment; emergency response protocols; and recordkeeping and reporting procedures.

q. The PERS provider shall document and furnish within 30 calendar days of the action taken a written report to the support coordinator/case manager for each emergency signal that results in action being taken on behalf of the individual. This excludes test signals or activations made in error.

r. The PERS provider shall be prohibited from performing any type of direct marketing activities.

17. Shared living administrative providers shall have a signed provider participation agreement with DMAS and shall meet all of the requirements set forth in subdivision 5 of 12VAC30-120-1034 and 12VAC30-120-1069. The provider designated in this agreement shall directly coordinate the services and directly bill DMAS for reimbursement. The administrative provider shall ensure that there is a back-up plan in place in the event that the live-in companion is unable or unavailable to provide supports. The administrative provider shall maintain documentation of the actual rent or mortgage and utilities costs and submit it with the service authorization request. The approvable amount for rent and utilities costs shall be the lesser of the live-in companion's half of the rent cost incurred by the individual receiving waiver services and utilities costs or the maximum allowable amount for the region of the state in which the individual and live-in companion reside. The maximum reimbursable room and board shall be based on the range of fair market rent in the state, using one rate for Northern Virginia and another for the rest of the state as established by DMAS. The administrative providers shall submit monthly claims for reimbursement. A DBHDS provider possessing a DBHDS triennial group home and community residential services license, shall manage the administrative aspects of this service, including roommate matching as needed, background checks, training as needed, periodic onsite monitoring, and disbursing funds to the individual. This provider agency shall be reimbursed a flat fee payment for the completion of these duties. DMAS shall audit such provider's records for compliance with these requirements.

18. Transition services. These provider requirements shall be the same as set out in 12VAC30-120-2000 and 12VAC30-120-2010.

12VAC30-120-1580

12VAC30-120-1580. Payments for services.

A. All assistive technology, crisis support services, center-based crisis support services, community-based crisis support services, environmental modification, electronic home based services, community engagement, community coaching, group day services, independent living supports, individual supported employment, group supported employment, PERS, shared living, and transition services provided in this waiver shall be reimbursed consistent with the agency's service limits and payment amounts as set out in the fee schedule, available at www.dmas.virginia.gov.

B. Reimbursement rates for individual supported employment shall be the same as set by the Department for Aging and Rehabilitative Services for the same services. Reimbursement rates for group supported employment shall be as set by DMAS.

C. All AT, EM, and EHBS covered procedure codes provided in the BI Waiver shall be reimbursed as a service limit of one. The maximum Medicaid funded expenditure per individual for all AT, EM, and EHBS covered procedure codes shall be $5,000 for AT, EM or EHBS each per calendar year. No additional mark-ups, such as in the durable medical equipment rules, shall be permitted.

D. Duplication of services.

1. DMAS shall not duplicate services that are required as a reasonable accommodation as a part of the Americans with Disabilities Act (42 USC §§ 12131 through 12165), the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Virginians with Disabilities Act, or any other applicable statute.

2. Payment for services under the Individual Support Plan shall not duplicate payments made to public agencies or private entities under other program authorities for this same purpose.

3. Payment for services under the Individual Support Plans shall not be made for services that are duplicative of each other. Expenditures made for services determined in post payment review audits to be duplicative shall be recovered by DMAS.

4. Payments for services shall only be provided as set out in the individuals' Individual Support Plans.

12VAC30-120-9998

FORMS (12VAC30-120)

Virginia Uniform Assessment Instrument (UAI) (1994)

Consent to Exchange Information, DMAS-20 (rev. 4/03)

Provider Aide Record (Personal/Respite Care), DMAS-90 (rev. 6/12)

LPN Skilled Respite Record, DMAS-90A (eff. 7/05)

Personal Assistant/Companion Timesheet, DMAS-91 (rev. 8/03)

Questionnaire to Assess an Applicant's Ability to Independently Manage Consumer-Directed Services, DMAS-95 Addendum (rev. 8/05)

Medicaid Funded Long-Term Care Service Authorization Form, DMAS-96 (rev. 8/12)

Individual Choice - Institutional Care or Waiver Services Form, DMAS-97 (rev. 8/12)

Agency or Consumer Direction Provider Plan of Care, DMAS-97A/B (rev. 3/10)

Community-Based Care Recipient Assessment Report, DMAS-99 (rev. 9/09)

Community-Based Care Level of Care Review Instrument, DMAS-99LOC (undated)

Medicaid LTC Communication Form, DMAS-225 (rev.10/11)

Technology Assisted Waiver Provider RN Initial Home Assessment, DMAS-116 (11/10)

Technology Assisted Waiver/EPSDT Nursing Services Provider Skills Checklist for Individuals Caring for Tracheostomized and/or Ventilator Assisted Children and Adults, DMAS-259

Home Health Certification and Plan of Care, CMS-485 (rev. 2/94)

IFDDS Waiver Level of Care Eligibility Form (eff. 5/07)

Request for Screening for Individual and Family Developmental Disabilities Support Waiver (DD Waiver), DMAS 305 (rev. 3/09)

DD Medicaid Waiver - Level of Functioning Survey Summary Sheet, DMAS-458 (undated)

Technology Assisted Waiver Adult Aide Plan of Care, DMAS 97 T (rev. 6/08)

Technology Assisted Waiver Supervisory Monthly Summary, DMAS 103 (rev. 4/08)

Technology Assisted Waiver Adult Referral, DMAS 108 (rev. 3/10)

Technology Assisted Waiver Pediatric Referral, DMAS 109 (rev. 3/10)

Skill Competencies for Professionals and Direct Support Staff in Virginia Supporting Adolescents and Adults with Autism, DMAS-P201 (eff. 6/2014)

Virginia Individual Developmental Disabilities Eligibility Survey - Infants' Version, DMAS-P235 (eff. 3/2016)

Virginia Individual Developmental Disabilities Eligibility Survey - Children's Version, DMAS-P236 (4/2016)

Virginia Individual Developmental Disabilities Eligibility Survey - Adult Version, DMAS-P237 (eff. 3/2016)

Behavioral Support Competencies for Direct Support Providers and Professionals in Virginia Supporting Individuals with Developmental Disabilities, DMAS-P240a (eff. 8/2015)

Virginia's Competencies for Direct Support Professionals and Supervisors Who Support Individuals with Developmental Disabilities - DSP and Supervisor's Competencies Checklist, DMAS-P241a (eff. 6/2016)

Direct Support Professional Assurance (for DBHDS-Licensed Providers), DMAS-P242a (eff. 6/2016)

Direct Support Professional Assurance (for Non-DBHDS-Licensed Providers), DMAS-P243a (eff. 6/2016)

Virginia's Health Competencies for Direct Support Professionals and Supervisors Who Support Individuals with Developmental Disabilities - Health Competencies Checklist, DMAS-P244a (eff. 6/2016)

Supervisor Assurance (for DBHDS-Licensed Providers), DMAS-P245a (eff. 7/2016)

Supervisor Assurance (for Non-DBHDS-Licensed Providers), DMAS-P246a (eff. 7/2016)