Agencies | Governor
Virginia Regulatory Town Hall

Final Text

Action:
Attorney General Regulatory Reform Task Force Changes
Stage: Final
12VAC30-10-150

12VAC30-10-150. Amount, duration, and scope of services: Medically needy.

A. This State Plan covers the medically needy. The services described below in this section and in 12VAC30-50-40 et seq. Part II (12VAC30-50-40 et seq.) of 12VAC30-50 are provided. Services for medically needy include:

(i) 1. If services in an institution for mental diseases (42 CFR 440.140 and 440.160) or an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded (or both) are provided to any medically needy group, then each medically needy group is provided either the services listed in § 1905(a)(1) through (5) and (17) of the Act, or seven of the services listed in § 1902(a)(1) through (20). The services are provided as defined in 42 CFR 440, Subpart A and in §§ 1902, 1905, and 1915 of the Act.

The above-stated Subdivision 1 of this subsection is applicable with respect to nurse-midwife services under § 1902(a)(17).

(ii) 2. Prenatal care and delivery services for pregnant women.

(iii) 3. Pregnancy-related, including family planning services, and postpartum services for a 60-day period (beginning on the day the pregnancy ends) and any remaining days in the month in which the sixtieth day falls are provided to women who, while pregnant, were eligible for, applied for, and received medical assistance on the day the pregnancy ends.

(iv) 4. Services for any other medical condition that may complicate the pregnancy (other than pregnancy-related and postpartum services) are provided to pregnant women.

(v) 5. Ambulatory services, as defined in 12VAC30-50-40 for recipients under age 18 and recipients entitled to institutional services.

(vi) 6. Home health services to recipients entitled to nursing facility services as indicated in 12VAC30-10-220.

(vii) 7. Services for the medically needy do not include services in an institution for mental diseases for individuals over age 65.

(viii) 8. Services for the medically needy do not include services in an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded.

(ix) 9. Services for the medically needy do not include inpatient psychiatric services for individuals under age 21, other than those covered under early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment (at 12VAC30-50-130).

(x) 10. Services for the medically needy do not include respiratory care services provided to ventilator dependent individuals. See 12VAC30-10-300.

(xi) 11. Home and community care for functionally disabled elderly individuals is not covered.

12. Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) services as described and limited in Supplement 6 to Attachment 3.1-A (12VAC30-50-320, 12VAC30-50-321, 12VAC30-50-325, and 12VAC30-50-328) are covered.

B. Part II (12VAC30-50-40 et seq.) of 12VAC30-50 identifies the services provided to each covered group of the medically needy; specifies all limitations on the amount, duration, and scope of those items; and specifies the ambulatory services provided under this plan and any limitations on them. It also lists the additional coverage (that is in excess of established service limits) for pregnancy-related services and services for conditions that may complicate the pregnancy. (Note: Other programs to be offered to medically needy beneficiaries would specify all limitations on the amount, duration and scope of those services. As PACE provides services to the frail elderly population without such limitation, this is not applicable for this program. In addition, other programs to be offered to medically needy beneficiaries would also list the additional coverage that is in excess of established service limits for pregnancy-related services for conditions that may complicate the pregnancy. As PACE is for the frail elderly population, this also is not applicable for this program.)

12VAC30-10-930

12VAC30-10-930. Hospital credit balance reporting.

Hospitals shall be required to report Medicaid credit balances on a quarterly basis no later than 30 days after the close of each quarter. For a credit balance arising on a Medicaid claim within three years of the date paid by the DMAS, the hospital shall either submit a check for the balance due or an adjustment claim with the Credit Balance Report. For credit balances arising on claims over three years old, the hospital shall submit a check for the balance due. Interest at the maximum rate allowed shall be assessed for those credit balances (overpayments) which that are identified on the quarterly report but not reimbursed with the submission of the form. Interest will begin to accrue 30 days after the end of the quarter and will continue to accrue until the overpayment has been refunded or adjusted. A penalty shall be imposed for failure to submit the form timely as follows:

1. Hospitals which that have not submitted their Medicaid credit balance data within the required 30 days after the end of a quarter shall be notified in writing. If the required report is not submitted within the next 30 days, there will be a 20% reduction in the Medicaid per diem DMAS payment.

2. If the required report is not submitted within the next 30 days (60 days after the due date), the per diem DMAS payments shall be reduced to -0- until the report is received.

3. If the credit balance has not been refunded within 90 days of the end of a quarter, it shall be recovered, with interest, through the use of a negative balance transaction on the weekly remittance.

4. A periodic audit shall be conducted of hospitals' quarterly submission of Medicaid credit balance data. Hospitals shall maintain an audit trail back to the underlying accounts receivable records supporting each quarterly report.

12VAC30-20-90

12VAC30-20-90. Confidentiality and disclosure of information concerning Medicaid applicants and recipients.

1. A. Definitions. The following words and terms, when used in these regulations, shall have the following meanings, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Agency" or "the Medicaid agency" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services or its designee.

"Client" means an applicant for, or recipient of, Medicaid benefits.

"Client information" or "Client "client record" means any information, including information stored in computer data banks or computer files relating to a recipient or applicant, which was received in connection with the performance of any function of the agency and which either identifies a client or describes a client such that the client could be specifically identified.

"Provider" means any individual or organization that delivers a medical service to a recipient of, or applicant for, Medicaid benefits.

"The Plan" means the State Plan for Medical Assistance.

2. B. Purpose. Section 1902(a)(7) of the Social Security Act and 42 CFR 431.300, et seq., require a State Plan for Medical Assistance to provide safeguards to restrict the use or disclosure of information concerning applicants and recipients to purposes directly connected with the administration of the Plan. The rules herein are established to protect the rights of clients to confidentiality of their Medicaid information. Code of Virginia, § Section 32.1-325.3 of the Code of Virginia requires the Board of Medical Assistance Services to promulgate regulations consistent with the foregoing.

3. C. Release of Client Information client information. Except as otherwise provided in these rules, no person shall obtain, disclose or use, or authorize, permit or acquiesce the use of any client information that is directly or indirectly derived from the records, files, or communications of the agency, except for purposes directly connected with the administration of the Plan or as otherwise provided by federal and state law. The agency can conduct all of the above administrative activities itself or it can contract some or all of them to other state agencies or private companies. These other entities must maintain client information confidential in accordance with the terms of these regulations. Purposes directly related to the administration of the Plan include; but are not limited to:

A. 1. Establishing eligibility;

B. 2. Determining the amount of medical assistance;

C. 3. Providing services for recipients; and

D. 4. Conducting or assisting in an investigation, prosecution or a civil or criminal proceeding related to the administration of the Plan.

4. D. Safeguarding Client Information client information. All information associated with an applicant or recipient which that could disclose the individual's identity is confidential and shall be safeguarded. Such information shall include, but is not limited to:

A. 1. Name, address and all types of identification numbers assigned to the client;

B. 2. Medical services provided to the client;

C. 3. Social and economic conditions or circumstances of the client;

D. 4. Agency evaluation of the client's personal information;

E. 5. Medical data about the client, including diagnoses and past histories of disease or disabilities;

F. 6. Information received for verifying income, eligibility, and amount of medical assistance payments; and

G. 7. Information received in connection with identification of legally liable third party resources, and information received in connection with processing and rendering decisions of recipient appeals.

5. E. Ownership of Records records.

A. 1. All client information contained in the agency records is the property of the agency, and employees of the agency shall protect and preserve such information from dissemination except as provided herein.

B. 2. Original client records are not to be removed from the premises by individuals other than authorized staff of the agency, except by a court order. The agency may destroy records pursuant to records retention schedules consistent with state and federal regulations.

6. F. Disclosure of Client Information client information.

A. 1. Conditions for Releasing Information releasing information. Access to information concerning applicants or recipients must be restricted to persons or agency representatives who are subject to the standards of confidentiality which that are consistent with that of the agency.

1. a. Consent. As part of the application process for Medicaid, the client shall be informed of the need to consent to the release of information necessary for verifying eligibility. Whenever a person, agency or organization that is not performing one or more of the functions delineated in subsection 3 above C of this section requests client information, the Medicaid agency must obtain written permission to disseminate the information from the client or the person legally responsible for the client whenever possible. A release for information obtained from the client by the requesting agency also satisfies this requirement.

2. b. Client information may be released without the client's written permission under the following conditions:

a. (1) An emergency exists and prior attempts to contact the client or legally responsible persons for permission have been unsuccessful;

b. (2) A court of competent jurisdiction has ordered the production of information and the agency does not have sufficient time to notify the client or legally responsible person before responding to the order;

c. (3) The release of such client information is necessary to prevent loss of, or risk to, life or health of the client;

d. (4) In the case of third party liability, as explained in subsection 7 C subdivision G 2 of this section; or

e. (5) Release is not otherwise prohibited by law or regulation.

3. c. Notification. If one of the conditions above is met and consent is not obtained before the release of the information, the agency must provide written notification to the client or legally responsible person within five work days after disclosure.

4. d. Consent Process process. The consent for release of information shall contain the following:

a. (1) The name of the agency or entity supplying the information and the name of the requesting party;

b. (2) A description of the information to be released;

c. (3) A statement that the consent is limited to the purpose designated;

d. (4) The length of time the consent is valid; and

e. (5) The consent must be signed and dated by the client. The client may add other information which may include, but is not limited to, a statement specifying the date, event or condition upon which the consent expires.

7. G. Information Exchanges exchanges.

A. 1. Governmental Agencies agencies.

1. a. Confidential information can be released to other governmental agencies without the consent of the client for purposes of complying with state or federal statutes or regulations pursuant to written data exchange agreements. Such agreements will (1) (i) specify the information to be exchanged; (2) (ii) the titles of all agency officials with the authority to request income and eligibility information; (3) (iii) the methods, including the formats to be used, and the timing for requesting and providing the information; (4) (iv) the safeguards limiting the use and disclosure of the information as required by Federal federal or State state law or regulations; (5) (v) the method, if any, the agency will use to reimburse reasonable costs of furnishing the information; and (6) (vi) in the case of an agreement between a SWICA or a UC agency and the Medicaid agency, that the Medicaid agency will obtain information on applicants at least twice monthly. Such information exchanged by governmental agencies is made available only to the extent necessary to assist in the valid administrative needs of the governmental agency receiving the information and adequate safeguards shall be maintained to protect the information from further disclosure. Information received under § 6103(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 is exchanged only with agencies or delegated entities authorized to receive such information.

2. b. Medical assistance information contained in the records of the local departments of social services may be disclosed for purposes directly connected with the Medicaid program to providers of services enrolled in the Medical Assistance Program for the purpose of verifying a client's status as a Medicaid recipient.

B. 2. Information Exchanged exchanged in Third Party Liability Cases third party liability cases. Client information may be disclosed without consent in the recovery of monies for which third parties are liable for payment of claims. All such third parties shall be notified of the rules for safeguarding client information. The notification shall incorporate a written statement which advises third parties of the Medicaid program's client confidentiality regulations, specifies that clients' names, addresses and medical services data are confidential, must only be used in the administration of the Medicaid program and must not be released to any other person or entity in a manner inconsistent with the governing regulations. The notice shall further include the following statement. "Any willful violation of the governing regulations constitutes a Class 1 misdemeanor and may be punishable accordingly."

8. H. Client's Right right of Access access to Information information.

A. 1. Client's right to access. Any client has the right to obtain personal information held by the agency or its representative. Upon written or verbal request, the client shall be permitted to review or obtain a copy of the information in his record with the following exceptions:

1. a. Information that the agency is required to keep confidential from the client pursuant to subdivision 1 of § 2.1-342(b)(3) 2.2-3705.5 of the Code of Virginia, or any other applicable law; or;

2. b. Information that would breach another individual's right to confidentiality.

B. 2. Process for disclosure. Consistent with the Virginia Freedom of Information Act, § 2.1-342.4 2.2-3704, Code of Virginia, the agency shall provide access within five work days after the receipt of the request. The agency shall make disclosures to applicants and recipients during normal business hours. Copies of the requested documents shall be provided to the client or a representative at reasonable standard charges for document search and duplication.

C. 3. Types of information available for client access. The client shall be permitted to be accompanied by a person or persons of the client's choice and may grant permission verbally or in writing to the agency to discuss the client's file in such person's presence. Upon request and proper identification of any client or agent of the client, the agency shall grant to the client or agent the right to review the following:

1. a. All personal information about the client except as provided in subdivision 1 of § 2.1-342(b)(3) 2.2-3705.5 of the Code of Virginia; and

2. b. The identity of all individuals and organizations not having regular access authority that request access to the client's personal information.

D. 4. Contested information. Pursuant to § 2.2-3806 of the Virginia Privacy Government Data Collection and Dissemination Practices Act, § 2.1-382.5, Code of Virginia, a client may contest the accuracy, completeness or relevancy of the information in his record. Correction of the contested information, but not the deletion of the original information if it is required to support receipt of state or federal financial participation, shall be inserted in the record when the agency concurs that such correction is justified. When the agency does not concur, the client shall be allowed to enter a statement in the record refuting such information. Corrections and statements shall be made a permanent part of the record and shall be disclosed to any person or entity that receives the disputed information.

9. I. Distribution of information to applicants and recipients. All materials distributed to applicants, recipients, or medical providers must directly relate to the administration of the Medicaid program and have no political implications. The agency must not distribute materials such as holiday greetings, general public announcements, voting information, or alien registration notices. The agency may distribute materials directly related to the health and welfare of applicants and recipients, such as announcements of free medical examinations, availability of surplus food and consumer protection information.

10. J. Publicizing safeguarding requirements. The agency shall inform clients in writing as follows:

A. Personal information regarding applicants for or recipients of Medicaid must be maintained confidential pursuant to state and federal law. Consistent with §§ 32.1-325.4 and 18.2-11, of the Code of Virginia, any violation of state regulations governing applicant or recipient confidentiality is punishable by up to 12 months in jail and a $2,500 fine.

12VAC30-20-500

Part XII
Provider Appeals

12VAC30-20-500. Definitions.

The following words, when used in this part, shall have the following meanings:

"Day" means a calendar day unless otherwise stated.

"DMAS" means the Virginia Department of Medical Assistance Services or its agents or contractors.

"Hearing officer" means an individual selected by the Executive Secretary of the Supreme Court of Virginia to conduct the formal appeal in an impartial manner pursuant to §§ 9-6.14:12 2.2-4020 and 32.1-325.1 of the Code of Virginia and this part.

"Informal appeals agent" means a DMAS employee who conducts the informal appeal in an impartial manner pursuant to §§ 9-6.14:11 2.2-4019 and 32.1-325.1 of the Code of Virginia and this part.

"Provider" means an individual or entity that has a contract with DMAS to provide covered services and that is not operated by the Commonwealth of Virginia.

12VAC30-20-520

12VAC30-20-520. Provider appeals: general provisions.

A. This part governs all DMAS informal and formal provider appeals and shall supersede any other provider appeals regulations.

B. A provider may appeal any DMAS action that is subject to appeal under the Virginia Administrative Process Act (Chapter 1.1:1 of Title 9 (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia), including DMAS' interpretation and application of payment methodologies. A provider may not appeal the actual payment methodologies.

C. DMAS shall mail all items to the last known address of the provider. It is presumed that DMAS mails items on the date noted on the item. It is presumed that providers receive items mailed to their last known address within three days after DMAS mails the item.

D. Whenever DMAS or a provider is required to file a document, the document shall be considered filed when it is date stamped by the DMAS Appeals Division in Richmond, Virginia.

E. Whenever the last day specified for the filing of any document or the performance of any other act falls on a day on which DMAS is officially closed, the time period shall be extended to the next day on which DMAS is officially open.

F. Conferences and hearings shall be conducted at DMAS' main office in Richmond, Virginia, or at such other place as agreed to by the parties.

G. Whenever DMAS or a provider is required to attend a conference or hearing, failure by one of the parties to attend the conference or hearing shall result in dismissal of the appeal in favor of the other party.

H. DMAS shall reimburse a provider for reasonable and necessary attorneys' fees and costs associated with an informal or formal administrative appeal if the provider substantially prevails on the merits of the appeal and DMAS' position is not substantially justified, unless special circumstances would make an award unjust. In order to substantially prevail on the merits of the appeal, the provider must be successful on more than 50% of the dollar amount involved in the issues identified in the provider's notice of appeal.

12VAC30-50-10

Part I
Categorically Needy

12VAC30-50-10. Services provided to the categorically needy with limitations.

The following services are provided with limitations as described in Part III (12VAC30-50-100 et seq.) of this chapter:

1. Inpatient hospital services other than those provided in an institution for mental diseases.

2. Outpatient hospital services.

3. Other laboratory and x-ray services; nonemergency outpatient Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), including Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA), Computerized Axial Tomography (CAT) scans, including Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA), and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans performed for the purpose of diagnosing a disease process or physical injury require prior authorization.

4. Rural health clinic services and other ambulatory services furnished by a rural health clinic.

5. Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) services and other ambulatory services that are covered under the plan and furnished by an FQHC in accordance with § 4231 of the State Medicaid Manual (HCFA Pub. 45-4).

6. Early and periodic screening and diagnosis of individuals under 21 years of age, and treatment of conditions found.

7. Family planning services and supplies for individuals of child-bearing age.

8. Physicians' services whether furnished in the office, the patient's home, a hospital, a skilled nursing facility, or elsewhere.

9. Medical and surgical services furnished by a dentist (in accordance with § 1905(a)(5)(B) of the Act).

10. Medical care or any other type of remedial care recognized under state law, furnished by licensed practitioners within the scope of their practice as defined by state law: podiatrists, optometrists and other practitioners.

11. Home health services: intermittent or part-time nursing service provided by a home health agency or by a registered nurse when no home health agency exists in the area; home health aide services provided by a home health agency; and medical supplies, equipment, and appliances suitable for use in the home; physical therapy, occupational therapy, or speech pathology and audiology services provided by a home health agency or medical rehabilitation facility.

12. Clinic services.

13. Dental services.

14. Physical therapy and related services, including occupational therapy and services for individuals with speech, hearing, and language disorders (provided by or under supervision of a speech pathologist or audiologist.

15. Prescribed drugs, prosthetic devices, and eyeglasses prescribed by a physician skilled in diseases of the eye or by an optometrist.

16. Other rehabilitative services, screening services, preventive services.

17. Nurse-midwife services.

18. Case management services as defined in, and to the group specified in, 12VAC30-50-95 et seq. (in accordance with § 1905(a)(19) or § 1915(g) of the Act).

19. Extended services to pregnant women: pregnancy-related and postpartum services for a 60-day period after the pregnancy ends and any remaining days in the month in which the 60th day falls (see 12VAC30-50-510). (Note: Additional coverage beyond limitations.)

20. Pediatric or family nurse practitioners' service.

21. Any other medical care and any other type of remedial care recognized by state law, specified by the Secretary: transportation.

22. Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) services as described and limited in Supplement 6 to Attachment 3.1-A (12VAC30-50-320).

12VAC30-110-40

12VAC30-110-40. Judicial review.

An appellant who believes a final decision as defined herein is incorrect may seek judicial review pursuant to The Administrative Process Act (§ 9-6.14:1 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia) and Part 2A, Rules of the Virginia Supreme Court.

12VAC30-110-370

12VAC30-110-370. Final decision and transmission of the hearing record.

A. After conducting the hearing, reviewing the record, and deciding questions of law, the hearing officer shall issue a written final decision which either sustains or reverses the agency action or remands the case to the agency for further action consistent with his written instructions. The hearing officer's final decision shall be considered as the agency's final administrative action pursuant to 42 CFR, 431.244(f). The final decision shall include:

1. A description of the procedural development of the case;

2. Findings of fact that identify supporting evidence;

3. Conclusions of law that identify supporting regulations and law;

4. Conclusions and reasoning;

5. The specific action to be taken by the agency to implement the decision;

6. The deadline date by which further action must be taken; and

7. A cover letter stating that the hearing officer's decision is final, and stating that the final decision may be appealed directly to circuit court as provided in 12VAC30-110-40.

B. The hearing record shall be forwarded to the appellant and his representative with the final decision.

12VAC30-110-380

Subpart III
Medical Assistance Appeals Panel

12VAC30-110-380. Transmission of the hearing record. (Repealed.)

The hearing record shall be forwarded to the appellant and his representative with the final decision.

12VAC30-110-670

12VAC30-110-670. Aid to Dependent Children (ADC) Related Medically Needy Individuals.

A. Reserved.

B. Personal property.

1. Automobiles. The policy in § 4 of Supplement 8b (was Supplement 12) to Attachment 2.6-A of the state plan (12VAC30-40-290) applies.

2. Life Insurance insurance. The policy in § 5 of Supplement 8b (was Supplement 12) to Attachment 2.6-A of the state plan (12VAC30-40-290) applies.

3. Burial Plots plots. The market value of burial plots owned by any member of the family unit are not counted toward the medical resource limit for the family.

4. Prepaid burial plans are counted as resources, except for the amounts of such funeral agreements that are disregarded under the Virginia ADC cash assistance program.

5. Assets which can be liquidated such as cash, bank accounts, stocks, bonds, and securities, are counted as resources.

C. The income eligibility determination methodology of the Virginia ADC cash assistance program applies.

12VAC30-110-680

12VAC30-110-680. SSI.

A SSI recipient who has transferred or given away property to become or remain eligible for SSI or Medicaid and who has not received compensation in return for the property approximating the tax assessed value of the property is not covered ineligible for long-term care (see 12VAC30-40-300).

12VAC30-110-700

Part III
Related More Liberal Methods of Treating Resources-Transfer of Assets

12VAC30-110-700. Transfer of assets.

A. Certain term life insurance policies purchased after April 7, 1993. When making eligibility determinations for institutional or community-based care to be paid for by the department, the department shall consider as an uncompensated transfer all resources that are used by an applicant to purchase any term life insurance policy that does not have a benefit payable at death that will equal or exceed twice the sum of all premiums paid for such policy if the policy was purchased within 30 months prior to the date of application for medical assistance unless the policy was purchased to fund a funeral in accordance with § 54.1-2820 of the Code of Virginia.

The purpose of the policy shall be determined by reviewing the policy. If the policy language specifies that the death benefits shall be used to purchase burial space items or funeral services then the purchase of such policy shall not be considered a transfer of assets; however, the Department of Medical Assistance Services shall initiate action to recover from the beneficiary the amount of any benefit paid under the provisions of the policy which exceed the actual expense of the funeral and burial of the insured.

B. Inter vivos trusts.

1. Assets of inter vivos trusts available. When determining eligibility for medical assistance, the assets of any inter vivos trust, both principal and interest, shall be considered available to the grantor who is an applicant for or recipient of medical assistance without regard to any provision of the trust which provides directly or indirectly for the suspension, termination, or diversion of the principal, income or other beneficial interest of the grantor if he should apply for medical assistance or if he should require medical, hospital or nursing care or long-term custodial, nursing or medical care. The amount of principal or interest to be considered available shall be that amount of income or principal of the trust to which the grantor is entitled if no application for assistance had been made except for trusts created prior to August 11, 1993.

2. Trusts created prior to August 11, 1993. Up to $25,000 of the corpus of an inter vivos trust created prior to August 11, 1993, shall not be a countable asset. If the grantor created more than one such trust, the corpora of the trusts shall be added together. If the sum of the corpora is less than $25,000, no assets from any of the trusts shall be considered available. If the sum of the corpora exceeds $25,000, then the total amount of the corpora less $25,000 is a countable asset. In determining the amount of each trust to exempt, the $25,000 exemption shall be prorated among the trusts.

In applying this section, if, prior to August 11, 1993, the grantor has made uncompensated transfers for an uncompensated value as defined in § 20-88.02 of the Code of Virginia within 30 months of applying for Medicaid and no payments were ordered pursuant to subsection D of that section, then no $25,000 exemption shall be granted.

12VAC30-110-720

Part V
Married Institutionalized Individuals' Eligibility and Patient Pay

Subpart I
Definitions

12VAC30-110-720. Definitions.

The following words and terms when used in this part shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Acceptable medical evidence" means either (i) certification by a nursing home preadmission screening committee; or (ii) certification by the individual's attending physician.

"Actual monthly expenses" means the total of:

1. Rent or mortgage, including interest and principal;

2. Taxes and insurance;

3. Any maintenance charge for a condominium or cooperative; and

4. The utility standard deduction under the Food Stamp Program that would be appropriate to the number of persons living in the community spouse's household, if utilities are not included in the rent or maintenance charge.

"Applicable percent" means that percentage as defined in § 1924(d)(3)(B) of the Social Security Act.

"As soon as practicable" (as it relates to transfer of resources from the institutionalized spouse to the community spouse for the purpose of the community spouse resource allowance) means within 90 days from the date the local agency takes action to approve the institutionalized spouse's initial eligibility for medical assistance long-term care services when the institutionalized spouse agrees to transfer resources to the community spouse.

"At the beginning of the first continuous period of institutionalization" means the first calendar month of a continuous period of institutionalization in a medical institution or of receipt of a Medicaid community-based care waiver service or hospice.

"Community spouse" means a person who is married to an institutionalized spouse and is not himself an inpatient at a medical institution or nursing facility.

"Community spouse monthly income allowance" means an amount by which the minimum monthly maintenance needs allowance exceeds the amount of monthly income otherwise available to the community spouse.

"Community spouse resource allowance" means the amount of the resources in the institutionalized spouse's name that can be transferred to the community spouse to bring the resources in the community spouse's name up to the protected resource amount.

"Continuous period of institutionalization" means 30 consecutive days of institutional care in a medical institution or nursing facility, or 30 consecutive days of receipt of Medicaid waiver or hospice services, or 30 consecutive days of a combination of institutional care and waiver and hospice services. Continuity is broken only by 30 or more days absence from a medical institution or 30 or more days of nonreceipt of waiver services.

"Couple's countable resources" means all of the couple's nonexcluded resources regardless of state laws relating to community property or division of marital property. For purposes of determining the combined and separate resources of the institutionalized and community spouses when determining the institutionalized spouse's eligibility, the couple's home, contiguous property, household goods and one automobile are excluded.

"Department" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"Dependent child" means a child under age 21 and a child age 21 years old or older, of either spouse, who lives with the community spouse and who may be claimed as a dependent by either member of the couple for tax purposes pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code.

"Dependent family member" means a parent, minor child, dependent child, or dependent sibling, including half brothers and half sisters and siblings gained through adoption, of either member of a couple who resides with the community spouse and who may be claimed as a dependent by either member of the couple for tax purposes pursuant to the Internal Revenue Code.

"Exceptional circumstances resulting in significant financial duress" means circumstances other than those taken into account in establishing the spousal maintenance allowance for which the community spouse incurs expenses in amounts that he cannot be expected to pay from the spousal maintenance allowance or from amounts held in the community spouse resource allowance.

"Excess shelter allowance" means the amount by which the actual monthly expense of maintaining the community spouse's residence plus the standard utility allowance exceeds the excess shelter standard.

"Excess shelter standard" means 30% of the monthly maintenance needs standard.

"Family member's income allowance" means an allowance for each dependent family member residing with the community spouse. The family member's income allowance is equal to 1/3 of the amount by which the monthly maintenance needs standard exceeds the family member's income.

"Federal Poverty Level" or "FPL" means the annual Federal Poverty Level as computed by the Office of Management and Budget and published in the Federal Register.

"First continuous period of institutionalization" means the first day of the first month of the first continuous period of institutionalization, which began on or after September 30, 1989.

"Initial eligibility determination" means:

1. An eligibility determination made in conjunction with a medical assistance application filed during an individual's most recent continuous period of institutionalization; or

2. The initial redetermination of eligibility for a medical assistance eligible institutionalized spouse after being admitted to an institution or receiving medical assistance community-based care waiver services.

"Initial redetermination" means the first redetermination of eligibility for a medical assistance eligible spouse which is regularly scheduled, or which is made necessary by a change in the individual's circumstances.

"Institutionalized spouse" means an individual who is an inpatient at a medical institution, who is receiving medical assistance community-based care waiver services, or who has elected hospice services, and who is likely to remain in such facility or to receive waiver or hospice services for at least 30 consecutive days, and who has a spouse who is not in a medical institution or nursing facility.

"Likely to remain in an institution" means a reasonable expectation based on acceptable medical evidence that an individual will be in a medical institution or will receive medical assistance waiver or hospice services for 30 consecutive days, even if receipt of institutional care or waiver or hospice services actually terminates in less than 30 days. Individuals who have been screened and approved for medical assistance community-based waiver services or who have elected hospice services shall be considered likely to remain in an institution.

"Maximum monthly maintenance needs standard" is the upper limit, i.e., cap established under § 1924(d)(3)(C) of the Social Security Act.

"Maximum spousal resource standard" means the maximum amount of the couple's combined countable resources established for a community spouse to maintain himself in the community calculated in accordance with § 1924(f)(2)(A)(ii)(II) of the Social Security Act. This amount increases annually by the same percentage as the percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers between September 1988 and the September before the calendar year involved as required in § 1924(g) of the Social Security Act.

"Medical institution" or "nursing facility" means hospitals and nursing facilities (including ICF/MR) , including an intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded (ICF/MR), consistent with the definitions of such institutions found in the Code of Federal Regulations at 42 CFR 435.1009, 42 CFR 435.1010, 42 CFR 440.40 and 42 CFR 440.150 and which are authorized under Virginia law to provide medical care.

"Minimum monthly maintenance needs allowance" means the monthly maintenance needs standard, plus an excess shelter allowance, if applicable, not to exceed the maximum monthly maintenance needs standard. The minimum monthly maintenance needs allowance is the amount to which a community spouse's income is compared in order to determine the community spouse's monthly income allowance.

"Minor" means a child under age 21, of either spouse, who lives with the community spouse.

"Monthly maintenance needs standard" means an amount no less than 150% of 1/12 of the Federal Poverty Level for a family of two in effect on July 1 of each year.

"Other family members" means dependent children and dependent parents and siblings of either member of a couple who reside with the community spouse.

"Otherwise available income or resources" means income and resources which are legally available to the community spouse and to which the community spouse has access and control.

"Promptly assess resources" means within 45 days of the request for resource assessment unless the delay is due to nonreceipt of documentation or verification, if required, from the applicant or from a third party.

"Protected period" means a period of time, not to exceed 90 days after an initial determination of medical assistance eligibility. During the protected period, the amount of the community spouse resource allowance will be excluded from the institutionalized spouse's countable resources if the institutionalized spouse expressly indicates his intention to transfer resources to the community spouse.

"Resource assessment" means a computation, completed by request or upon medical assistance application, of a couple's combined countable resources at the beginning of the first continuous period of institutionalization of the institutionalized spouse beginning on or after September 30, 1989.

"Resources" means real and personal property owned by a medical assistance applicant or his spouse. Resources do not include resources excluded under subsection (a) or (d) of § 1613 of the Social Security Act and resources that would be excluded under § 1613(a)(2)(A) but for the limitation on total value described in such section.

"Significant financial duress" means, but is not limited to, threatened loss of basic shelter, food or medically necessary health care or the financial burden of caring for a disabled child, sibling or other immediate relative.

"Spousal protected resource amount" means (at the time of medical assistance application as an institutionalized spouse) the greater of: (i) the spousal resource standard in effect at the time of application; (ii) the spousal share, not to exceed the maximum spousal resource standard in effect at the time of application; (iii) the amount actually transferred to the community spouse by the institutionalized spouse pursuant to a court spousal support order; or (iv) the amount of resources designated by a department hearing officer.

"Spousal resource standard" means the minimum amount of a couple's combined countable resources calculated in accordance with § 1924(f)(2)(A)(i) of the Social Security Act necessary for the community spouse to maintain himself in the community. The amount increases each calendar year after 1989 by the same percentage increase as in the Consumer Price Index as required by § 1924(g) of the Social Security Act.

"Spousal share" means 1/2 of the couple's total countable resources at the beginning of the first continuous period of institutionalization as determined by a resource assessment.

"Spouse" means a person who is legally married to another person under Virginia law.

"State Plan" means the State Plan for Medical Assistance.

"Undue hardship" means that the provisions listed under 12VAC30-110-831 have been met. The absence of an undue hardship provision would result in the institutionalized spouse being ineligible for Medicaid payment of long-term care services and unable to purchase life-sustaining medical care.

"Waiver services" means medical assistance reimbursed home or community-based services covered under a § 1915(c) waiver approved by the Secretary of the United States Department of Health and Human Services.

12VAC30-110-741

Article 2
Assessments of Couple's Resources

12VAC30-110-741. Resource assessment required.

A resource assessment shall be completed by the entity determining medical assistance eligibility on all medical assistance applications for married institutionalized individuals who have a community spouse. If an applicant alleges that his marital status is unknown, it shall be his responsibility to establish his marital status. It shall be the applicant's responsibility to locate his community spouse. If attempts to establish marital status or locate the separated spouse are unsuccessful or the community spouse does not provide the required information necessary to complete the resource assessment, the medical assistance eligibility application will be denied due to inability to complete the required resource assessment, unless undue hardship, as defined herein in 12VAC30-110-831, is met.

12VAC30-110-980

Subpart IV
Appeals

12VAC30-110-980. Applicability, notices and regulatory authority.

A. The appeals process contained in this subpart shall apply to appeals of resource assessments, initial determinations and redeterminations of resources, and income amounts and allowances made in connection with applications for medical assistance benefits by spouses institutionalized for a continuous period on or after September 30, 1989, or receiving waiver or hospice services for a continuous period on or after September 30, 1989, pursuant to existing Client Appeals regulations (Part I (12VAC30-110-10 et seq.) of this chapter).

B. Written notices are to be provided to the institutionalized spouse and the community spouse advising them of:

1. Resource assessments;

2. The amounts deducted for spousal and family allowances used in the post-eligibility calculation; and

3. Their rights to appeal the amounts deducted in the calculations for determining the spousal and family allowances used in the post-eligibility calculation.

C. Hearings and appeals held pursuant to this subpart are consistent with regulations at 42 CFR Part 431, Subpart E.

12VAC30-110-990

12VAC30-110-990. Notices. (Repealed.)

Written notices are to be provided to the institutionalized spouse and the community spouse advising them of:

1. Resource assessments;

2. The amounts deducted for spousal and family allowances used in the post-eligibility calculation; and

3. Their rights to appeal the amounts deducted in the calculations for determining the spousal and family allowances used in the post-eligibility calculation.

12VAC30-110-1000

12VAC30-110-1000. Regulatory authority. (Repealed.)

Hearings and appeals held for the purpose of 12VAC30-110-980 are consistent with regulations at 42 CFR Part 431, Subpart E.

12VAC30-110-1040

12VAC30-110-1040. Spenddown calculation.

A. When countable income exceeds the MNIL Medically Needy Income Level (MNIL) for the budget period, certain medical and remedial care expenses incurred by an individual, family or financially responsible relative that are not subject to payment by a third party unless the third party is a public program of a state or territory or political subdivision of a state or territory shall be deducted form from countable income.

B. Medical and remedial care expenses paid by a public program (other than a Medicaid program) of a state or territory shall be deducted from countable income. Once countable income is reduced (by applying these deductions) to an amount equal to the MNIL, the individual or family shall be income eligible.

C. Reasonable measures to determine the legal liability of third parties to pay for incurred expenses shall be taken. However, eligibility determination shall not be forestalled simply because third party liability cannot be ascertained or payment by the third party has not been received.

D. The time standards for reaching decisions on Medicaid eligibility must be met when determining eligibility through spenddown: 90 days for applicants who apply on the basis of disability and 45 days for all other applicants. These limits shall apply for receipt of third party payment or verification of third party intent to pay in order to determine deductible expenses under spenddown. Efforts to determine the liability of a third party shall continue through the last day of this period. If information regarding third party liability is not received by this date, eligibility must be established based upon the information available.

E. If the amount subject to payment by a third party cannot be determined based on information available, the bill in question to which the third party liability applies cannot be used in determining the spenddown. However, if information becomes available at a later date, the spenddown shall be recalculated and the effective date of eligibility revised.

12VAC30-120-140

Part III
Home and Community-Based Services for Individuals with Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and AIDS-Related Complex

12VAC30-120-140. Definitions.

"Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome" or "AIDS" means the most severe manifestation of infection with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) lists numerous opportunistic infections and cancers that, in the presence of HIV infection, constitute an AIDS diagnosis.

"Activities of daily living" or "ADL" means personal care tasks, e.g., bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring, and eating/feeding. An individual's degree of independence in performing these activities is part of determining appropriate level of care and service needs.

"Agency-directed services" means services for which the provider agency is responsible for hiring, training, supervising, and firing of the staff.

"Appeal" means the process used to challenge DMAS when it takes action or proposes to take action that will adversely affect, reduce, or terminate the receipt of benefits.

"Asymptomatic" means without symptoms. This term is usually used in the HIV/AIDS literature to describe an individual who has a positive reaction to one of several tests for HIV antibodies but who shows no clinical symptoms of the disease.

"Case management" means continuous reevaluation of need, monitoring of service delivery, revisions to the plan of care and coordination of services for individuals enrolled in the HIV/AIDS waiver.

"Case manager" means the person who provides services to individuals who are enrolled in the waiver that enable the continuous assessment, coordination, and monitoring of the needs of the individuals who are enrolled in the waiver. The case manager must possess a combination of work experience and relevant education that indicates that the case manager possesses the knowledge, skills, and abilities at entry level, as established by the Department of Medical Assistance Services in 12VAC30-120-170 to conduct case management.

"Cognitive impairment" means a severe deficit in mental capability that affects areas such as thought processes, problem solving, judgment, memory, or comprehension and that interferes with such things as reality orientation, ability to care for self, ability to recognize danger to self or others, or impulse control.

"Consumer-directed services" means services for which the individual or family/caregiver is responsible for hiring, training, supervising, and firing of the staff.

"Consumer-directed (CD) services facilitator" means the DMAS-enrolled provider who is responsible for supporting the individual and family/caregiver by ensuring the development and monitoring of the consumer-directed plan of care, providing employee management training, and completing ongoing review activities as required by DMAS for consumer-directed personal assistance and respite care services. The CD services facilitator cannot be the individual, the individual's case manager, direct service provider, spouse, or parent of the individual who is a minor child, or a family/caregiver who is responsible for employing the assistant.

"Current functional status" means the degree of dependency in performing activities of daily living.

"DMAS" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"DMAS-96 form" means the Medicaid Funded Long-Term Care Service Authorization Form, which is a part of the preadmission screening packet and must be completed by a Level One screener on a Preadmission Screening Team. It designates the type of service the individual is eligible to receive.

"DMAS-122 form" means the Patient Information Form used by the provider and the local DSS to exchange information regarding the responsibility of a Medicaid-eligible individual to make payment toward the cost of services or other information that may affect the eligibility status of an individual.

"DSS" means the Department of Social Services.

"Designated preauthorization contractor" means the entity that has been contracted by DMAS to perform preauthorization of services.

"Enteral nutrition products" means enteral nutrition listed in the durable medical equipment manual that is prescribed by a physician to be necessary as the primary source of nutrition for the individual's health care plan (due to the prevalence of conditions of wasting, malnutrition, and dehydration) and not available through any other food program.

"Fiscal agent" means an agency or organization that may be contracted by DMAS to handle employment, payroll, and tax responsibilities on behalf of the individual who is receiving consumer-directed personal assistance services and consumer-directed respite services.

"HIV-symptomatic" means having the diagnosis of HIV and having symptoms related to the HIV infection.

"Home and community-based care" means a variety of in-home and community-based services reimbursed by DMAS (case management, personal care, private duty nursing, respite care consumer-directed personal assistance, consumer-directed respite care, and enteral nutrition products) authorized under a Social Security Act § 1915 (c) 1915(c) AIDS Waiver designed to offer individuals an alternative to inpatient hospital or nursing facility placement. Individuals may be preauthorized to receive one or more of these services either solely or in combination, based on the documented need for the service or services to avoid inpatient hospital or nursing facility placement. DMAS, or the designated preauthorization contractor, shall give prior authorization for any Medicaid-reimbursed home and community-based care.

"Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)" means the virus which leads to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The virus weakens the body's immune system and, in doing so, allows "opportunistic" infections and diseases to attack the body.

"Instrumental activities of daily living" or "IADL" means tasks such as meal preparation, shopping, housekeeping, laundry, and money management.

"Participating provider" means an individual, institution, facility, agency, partnership, corporation, or association that has a valid contract with DMAS and meets the standards and requirements set forth by DMAS and has a current, signed provider participation agreement with DMAS to provide Medicaid waiver services.

"Personal assistant" means a domestic servant for purposes of this part and exemption from Worker's Compensation.

"Personal services" or "PAS" means long-term maintenance or support services necessary to enable an individual to remain at or return home rather than enter an inpatient hospital or a nursing facility. Personal assistance services include care specific to the needs of a medically stable, physically disabled individual. Personal assistance services include, but are not limited to, assistance with ADLs, bowel/bladder programs, range of motion exercises, routine wound care that does not include sterile technique, and external catheter care. Supportive services are those that substitute for the absence, loss, diminution, or impairment of a physical function. When specified, supportive services may include assistance with IADLs that are incidental to the care furnished or that are essential to the health and welfare of the individual. Personal assistance services shall not include either practical or professional nursing services as defined in Chapters 30 (§ 54.1-3000 et seq.) and 34 (§ 54.1-3400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia, as appropriate.

"Personal care agency" means a participating provider that renders services designed to offer an alternative to institutionalization by providing eligible individuals with personal care aides who provide personal care services.

"Personal care services" means long-term maintenance or support services necessary to enable the individual to remain at or return home rather than enter an inpatient hospital or a nursing facility. Personal care services are provided to individuals in the areas of activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living, access to the community, monitoring of self-administered medications or other medical needs, and the monitoring of health status and physical condition. It shall be provided in home and community settings to enable an individual to maintain the health status and functional skills necessary to live in the community or participate in community activities.

"Plan of care" means the written plan developed by the provider related solely to the specific services required by the individual to ensure optimal health and safety for the delivery of home and community-based care.

"Preadmission Screening Authorization Form" means a part of the preadmission screening packet that must be filled out by a Level One screener on a preadmission screening team. It gives preadmission authorization to the provider and the individual for Medicaid services, and designates the type of service the individual is authorized to receive.

"Preadmission screening committee/team" or "PAS committee" or "PAS team" means the entity contracted with DMAS that is responsible for performing preadmission screening. For individuals in the community, this entity is a committee comprised of a nurse from the local health department and a social worker from the local department of social services. For individuals in an acute care facility who require preadmission screening, this entity is a team of nursing and social work staff. A physician must be a member of both the local committee and the acute care team.

"Preadmission screening" or "PAS" means the process to (i) evaluate the functional, nursing, and social needs of individuals referred for preadmission screening; (ii) analyze what specific services the individuals need; (iii) evaluate whether a service or a combination of existing community services are available to meet the individuals' needs; and (iv) develop the service plan.

"Private duty nursing" means individual and continuous nursing care provided by a registered nurse or a licensed practical nurse under the supervision of a registered nurse.

"Program" means the Virginia Medicaid program as administered by the Department of Medical Assistance Services DMAS.

"Reconsideration" means the supervisory review of information submitted to DMAS or the designated preauthorization contractor in the event of a disagreement of an initial decision that is related to a denial in the reimbursement of services already rendered by a provider.

"Respite care" means services specifically designed to provide a temporary, periodic relief to the primary caregiver of an individual who is incapacitated or dependent due to AIDS. Respite care services include assistance with personal hygiene, nutritional support and environmental maintenance authorized as either episodic, temporary relief or as a routine periodic relief of the caregiver.

"Respite care agency" means a participating provider that renders services designed to prevent or reduce inappropriate institutional care by providing eligible individuals with respite care aides who provide respite care services.

"Service plan" means the written plan of services certified by the PAS team physician as needed by the individual to ensure optimal health and safety for the delivery of home and community-based care.

"State Plan for Medical Assistance" or "the Plan" or "the State Plan" means the document containing the covered groups, covered services and their limitations, and provider reimbursement methodologies as provided for under Title XIX of the Social Security Act.

"Uniform Assessment Instrument" or "UAI" means the standardized multidimensional questionnaire that assesses an individual's social, physical health, mental health, and functional abilities.

12VAC30-130-260

12VAC30-130-260. Appeals.

A. Following notification to the NF of the Level II assessment determination by the state MH/MRA, the NF must inform the individual of the decision indicating the reasons for acceptance or denial and the method of appeal. Any individual, regardless of method of payment, who wishes to appeal the decision of the Level II evaluation may do so by sending written notification to the Department of Medical Assistance Services, Division of Client Appeals.

B. Decisions made by the annual resident review teams shall also be appealable to DMAS. The reviewed individual shall send written notification to DMAS, Division of Client Appeals.

C. All appeal requests must be made within 30 days of the individual's notification of the review decision.

12VAC30-130-270

Part IV
Drug Utilization Review Program

12VAC30-130-270. Definitions.

The following words and terms, when used in this part, shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Abuse" means (i) use of health services by recipients which is inconsistent with sound fiscal or medical practices and that results in unnecessary costs to the Virginia Medicaid program or in reimbursement for a level of use or a pattern of services that is not medically necessary, or (ii) provider practices which are inconsistent with sound fiscal or medical practices and that result in (a) unnecessary costs to the Virginia Medicaid program, or (b) reimbursement for a level of use or a pattern of services that is not medically necessary or that fails to meet professionally recognized standards for health care.

"Appropriate and medically necessary" means drug prescribing and dispensing practices which conform with the criteria and standards developed pursuant to this regulation and are consistent with the diagnosis or treatment of an identified condition.

"Criteria and standards" means predetermined objective tests established by or approved by the Drug Utilization Review Board for use in both retrospective and prospective screening of the quality and appropriateness of pharmacy services for Medicaid recipients. Objective tests shall include both criteria, which are based upon professional expertise, prior experience, and the professional literature with which the quality, medical necessity, and appropriateness of health care services may be compared, and standards, which are professionally developed expressions of the range of acceptable variation from a criterion.

"Code" means the Code of Virginia.

"DMAS" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services consistent with Chapter 10 (§ 32.1-323 et seq.) of Title 32.1 of the Code of Virginia.

"Director" means the Director of the Department of Medical Assistance Services DMAS.

"Drug Utilization Review (DUR)" means a formal continuing program for assessing medical and recipients' drug use utilization data against explicit standards and criteria and, as necessary, introducing remedial strategies.

"Drug Utilization Review Board (DUR Board)" means the group of health care professionals appointed by the director and established pursuant to § 1927(g)(3) Title XIX of the Social Security Act.

"Drug Utilization Review Committee (DUR Committee)" means a committee composed of health care professionals who make recommendations for developing and modifying drug therapy review standards or criteria, participate in retrospective reviews, recommend remedial strategies, and evaluate the success of the interventions.

"Exceptional drug use utilization pattern" means a pattern of drug use that differs from the standards and criteria established pursuant to this part.

"Fraud" means any act including intentional deception or misrepresentation that constitutes fraud under applicable federal or state laws.

"OBRA 90" means the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990.

"Patient's agent" means the person or persons selected by the recipient to act on his behalf with regard to the recipient's receipt of Title XIX pharmacy services.

"Patient counseling" means communication of information by the pharmacist, in person whenever practicable, to patients receiving benefits under Title XIX of the Social Security Act or the patient's agent, to improve therapeutic outcomes by encouraging proper use of prescription medications and devices.

"Prospective drug utilization review" means a review by the pharmacist of the prescription medication order and the patient's drug therapy before each prescription is filled. The review shall include an examination of any patient profile (which has been maintained by the pharmacist) to determine the possibility of potential drug therapy problems due to therapeutic duplication, drug-disease contraindications, drug-drug interactions (including serious interactions with nonprescription or over-the-counter drugs, incorrect drug dosage or duration of drug treatment, drug-allergy interactions, and clinical abuse or misuse).

"Restriction" means (i) an administrative limitation imposed by DMAS on a recipient which requires the recipient to obtain access to specific types of health care services only through a designated primary provider or (ii) an administrative limitation imposed on a provider to prohibit participation as a designated primary provider, referral provider, or covering provider for restricted recipients.

"Retrospective drug use utilization review" means the drug use review process that is conducted by DMAS using historic or archived medical or drug use data which may include but is not restricted to patient profiles and historical trends.

12VAC30-130-290

12VAC30-130-290. Scope and purpose.

A. DMAS shall implement and conduct a drug utilization review program (DUR program) for covered drugs prescribed for eligible recipients. The program shall help to ensure that prescriptions are appropriate, medically necessary, and are not likely to cause medically adverse events. The program shall provide for ongoing retrospective DUR, prospective DUR and an educational outreach program to educate practitioners on common drug therapy problems with the aim of improving prescribing practices. As needed, the program shall also provide for electronic messages as well as rejected or denied services when such claims are not consistent with DUR criteria and requirements. The primary objectives shall be:

1. Improving in the quality of care;

2. Maintaining program integrity (i.e., controlling problems of fraud and benefit abuse); and

3. Conserving program funds and individual expenditures.

B. Certain organized health care settings shall be exempt from the further requirements of retrospective and prospective DUR process as provided for in § 4401 of OBRA 90.

C. The purpose of retrospective drug utilization review DUR shall be to screen for:

1. Monitoring for therapeutic appropriateness;

2. Overutilization and underutilization;

3. Appropriate use of generic products;

4. Therapeutic duplication;

5. Drug-disease/health contraindications;

6. Drug-drug interactions;

7. Incorrect drug dosage or duration of treatment;

8. Clinical abuse/misuse and fraud, and as necessary

9. Introduce to physicians and pharmacists remedial strategies to improve the quality of care rendered to their patients.

D. The purpose of prospective drug utilization review DUR shall be to screen for:

1. Potential drug therapy problems due to therapeutic duplication;

2. Drug-disease/health contraindications;

3. Drug-drug interactions (including serious interactions with nonprescription or over-the-counter drugs);

4. Incorrect drug dosage or duration of drug treatment;

5. Drug-allergy interactions; and

6. Clinical abuse and misuse.

E. In instances where initial claims for reimbursement of covered services are determined to be in conflict with DUR criteria and requirements, such claims shall receive electronic messages or be rejected or denied, as appropriate, back to the dispensing pharmacist with notification as to the substance of the conflict. The dispensing pharmacist will be afforded the opportunity to provide an intervention, based on his professional expertise and knowledge, to modify the service to be claimed for reimbursement. If the modification no longer conflicts with the DUR criteria, the claim for the modified service shall be adjudicated for payment. If the modification requires additional information from the prescriber, the pharmacist shall advise the prescribing physician of the continuing conflict and advise the physician to seek prior authorization approval from either DMAS or the pharmacy benefits contractor for his treatment plans.

F. Designated interventions may include provider override, obtaining prior authorization via communication to a call center staffed with appropriate clinicians, or written communication to prescribers.

12VAC30-130-370

12VAC30-130-370. Medical quality assurance for nursing facility residents. (Repealed.)

Documentation of drug regimens shall, at a minimum:

1. Be included in a plan of care that must be established and periodically reviewed by a physician;

2. Indicate all drugs administered to the resident in accordance with the plan with specific attention to frequency, quantity, and type; and identify who administered the drug (including full name and title); and

3. Include the drug regimen review prescribed for nursing facilities in regulations implementing Section 483.60 of Title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations.

12VAC30-130-380

Part V
Drug Utilization Review in Nursing Facilities

12VAC30-130-380. Definitions.

The following words and terms, when used in this part, shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"DMAS" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services consistent with Chapter 10 (§ 32.1-323 et seq.) of Title 32.1 of the Code of Virginia.

"Drug utilization review" or "DUR" means a formal continuing program for assessing medical or drug use data against explicit standards and, as necessary, introducing remedial strategies.

"Drug Utilization Review Committee (DUR Committee)" means a committee composed of knowledgeable health care professionals who make recommendations for developing and modifying drug therapy review standards or criteria, participate in retrospective reviews, recommend remedial strategies, and evaluate the success of the interventions.

"Exceptional drug utilization pattern" means (i) a pattern of drug utilization within a nursing facility that differs substantially from predetermined standards established pursuant to 12VAC30-130-400 B; (ii) individual resident's drug use patterns that differ from the established standards; or (iii) individual resident's drug use patterns that exhibit a high risk for drug therapy induced illness.

"Retrospective utilization drug review" means the drug utilization review process that is conducted using historic or archived medical or drug use data.

"Targeted facility" means a nursing facility where residents' patterns of drug utilization demonstrate an exceptional drug utilization pattern as defined herein.

12VAC30-130-410

12VAC30-130-410. Drug Use Review Committee. (Repealed.)

A. DMAS shall provide for the establishment of a drug use review committee (hereinafter referred to as the "DUR Committee"). The Director of DMAS shall determine the number of members and appoint the members of the DUR committee.

B. The membership of the DUR Committee shall include health care professionals who have recognized knowledge and expertise in one or more of the following areas:

1. The clinically appropriate prescribing of covered drugs;

2. The clinically appropriate dispensing and monitoring of covered drugs;

3. Drug use review, evaluation, and intervention;

4. Medical quality assurance; and

5. Clinical practice and drug therapy in the long-term care setting.

C. The membership of the DUR Committee shall include physicians, pharmacists, and other health care professionals, including those with recognized expertise and knowledge in long-term care.

D. Activities of the DUR Committee shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

1. Retrospective drug utilization review as defined in 12VAC30-130-390 B;

2. Application of standards as defined in 12VAC30-130-400 C; and

3. Ongoing interventions for physicians and pharmacists, targeted toward therapy problems of individuals identified in the course of retrospective drug use reviews.

E. The DUR Committee shall reevaluate interventions after an appropriate period of time to determine if the intervention improved the quality of drug therapy, to evaluate the success of the interventions and recommend modifications as necessary.

12VAC30-130-540

Part VIII
Community Mental Health and Mental Retardation Services

12VAC30-130-540. Definitions.

The following words and terms, when used in this part, shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"Board" or "BMAS" means the Board of Medical Assistance Services.

"CMS" means the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services as that unit of the federal Department of Health and Human Services that administers the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

"Code" means the Code of Virginia.

"Consumer service plan" means that document addressing the needs of the recipient of mental retardation case management services, in all life areas. Factors to be considered when this plan is developed are, but not limited to, the recipient's age, primary disability, level of functioning and other relevant factors.

"DMAS" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services consistent with Chapter 10 (§ 32.1-323 et seq.) of Title 32.1 of the Code of Virginia.

"DMHMRSAS" means the Department of Mental Health, Mental Retardation and Substance Abuse Services consistent with Chapter 1 337.1-39 37.2-300 et seq.) of Title 37.1 37.2 of the Code of Virginia.

"DRS" means the Department of Rehabilitative Services consistent with Chapter 3 (§ 51.5-8 et seq.) of Title 51.5 of the Code of Virginia.

"HCFA" means the Health Care Financing Administration as that unit of the federal Department of Health and Human Services which administers the Medicare and Medicaid programs.

"Individual Service Plan" or "ISP" means a comprehensive and regularly updated statement specific to the individual being treated containing, but not necessarily limited to, his treatment or training needs, his goals and measurable objectives to meet the identified needs, services to be provided with the recommended frequency to accomplish the measurable goals and objectives, and estimated timetable for achieving the goals and objectives. Such ISP shall be maintained up to date as the needs and progress of the individual changes.

"Medical or clinical necessity" means an item or service that must be consistent with the diagnosis or treatment of the individual's condition. It must be in accordance with the community standards of medical or clinical practice.

"Mental retardation" means the diagnostic classification of substantial subaverage general intellectual functioning which originates during the developmental period and is associated with impairment in adaptive behavior presence of a level of retardation (mild, moderate, severe, or profound) described in the American Association on Mental Retardation's Manual on Classification in Mental Retardation (1983) or a related condition. A person with related conditions (RC) means the individual has a severe chronic disability that meets all of the following conditions:

1. It is attributable to cerebral palsy or epilepsy or any other condition, other than mental illness, found to be closely related to mental retardation because this condition may result in impairment of general intellectual functioning or adaptive behavior similar to that of mentally retarded persons, and requires treatment or services similar to those required for these persons;

2. It is manifested before the person reaches age 22;

3. It is likely to continue indefinitely; and

4. It results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following areas of major life activity: self-care, understanding and use of language, learning, mobility, self-direction, and capacity for independent living.

"Preauthorization" means the approval by the DMHMRSAS staff of the plan of care which specifies recipient and provider. Preauthorization is required before reimbursement can be made.

"Qualified case managers for mental health case management services" means individuals possessing a combination of mental health work experience or relevant education which indicates that the individual possesses the knowledge, skills, and abilities, as established by DMHMRSAS, necessary to perform case management services.

"Qualified case managers for mental retardation case management services" means individuals possessing a combination of mental retardation work experience and relevant education which indicates that the individual possesses the knowledge, skills, and abilities, as established by DMHMRSAS, necessary to perform case management services.

"Related conditions," as defined for persons residing in nursing facilities who have been determined through Annual Resident Review to require specialized services, means a severe, chronic disability that (i) is attributable to a mental or physical impairment (attributable to mental retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, autism, or neurological impairment or related conditions) or combination of mental and physical impairments; (ii) is manifested before that person attains the age of 22; (iii) is likely to continue indefinitely; (iv) results in substantial functional limitations in three or more of the following major areas: self-care, language, learning, mobility, self-direction, capacity for independent living and economic self-sufficiency; and (v) results in the person's need for special care, treatment or services that are individually planned and coordinated and that are of lifelong or extended duration.

"Serious emotional disturbance" means that mental health problem as defined by the Board of Mental Health, Mental Retardation, and Substance Abuse Services in Policy 1029, Definitions of Priority Mental Health Populations, effective June 27, 1990.

"Serious mental illness" means that mental health problem as defined by the Board of Mental Health, Mental Retardation, and Substance Abuse Services in Policy 1029, Definitions of Priority Mental Health Populations, effective June 27, 1990.

"Significant others" means persons related to or interested in the individual's health, well-being, and care. Significant others may be, but are not limited to, a spouse, friend, relative, guardian, priest, minister, rabbi, physician, neighbor.

"Substance abuse" means the use, without compelling medical reason, of any substance which results in psychological or physiological dependency as a function of continued use in such a manner as to induce mental, emotional or physical impairment and cause socially dysfunctional or socially disordering behavior.

"State Plan for Medical Assistance" or "Plan" means the document listing the covered groups, covered services and their limitations, and provider reimbursement methodologies as provided for under Title XIX of the Social Security Act.

12VAC30-130-800

Part XIII
Client Medical Management Program

12VAC30-130-800. Definitions.

The following words and terms, when used in this part, shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:

"APA" means the Administrative Process Act established by Chapter 1.1:1 409-6.14:1 2.2-4000 et seq.) of Title 9 2.2 of the Code of Virginia.

"Abuse by recipients" means practices by recipients which are inconsistent with sound fiscal or medical practices and result in unnecessary costs to the Virginia Medicaid Program.

"Abuse by providers" means practices which are inconsistent with sound fiscal, business, or medical practices and result in unnecessary costs to the Virginia Medicaid Program or in reimbursement for a level of utilization or pattern of services that is not medically necessary.

"Card-sharing" means the intentional sharing of a recipient eligibility card for use by someone other than the recipient for whom it was issued, or a pattern of repeated unauthorized use of a recipient eligibility card by one or more persons other than the recipient for whom it was issued due to the failure of the recipient to safeguard the card.

"Client Medical Management Program (CMM) for recipients" means the recipients' utilization control program designed to prevent abuse and promote improved and cost efficient medical management of essential health care for noninstitutionalized recipients through restriction to one primary care provider, one pharmacy, and one transportation provider, or any combination of these three designated providers. Referrals may not be made to providers restricted through the Client Medical Management Program, nor may restricted providers serve as covering providers.

"Client Medical Management Program (CMM) for providers" means the providers' utilization control program designed to complement the recipient abuse and utilization control program in promoting improved and cost efficient medical management of essential health care. Restricted providers may not serve as designated providers for restricted recipients. Restricted providers may not serve as referral or covering providers for restricted recipients.

"Contraindicated medical care" means treatment which is medically improper or undesirable and which results in duplicative or excessive utilization of services.

"Contraindicated use of drugs" means the concomitant use of two or more drugs whose combined pharmacologic action produces an undesirable therapeutic effect or induces an adverse effect by the extended use of a drug with a known potential to produce this effect.

"Covering provider" means a provider designated by the primary provider to render health care services in the temporary absence of the primary provider.

"DMAS" means the Department of Medical Assistance Services.

"Designated provider" means the provider who agrees to be the designated primary physician, designated pharmacy, or designated transportation provider from whom the restricted recipient must first attempt to seek health care services. Other providers may be established as designated providers with the approval of DMAS.

"Diagnostic category" means the broad classification of diseases and injuries found in the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) which is commonly used by providers in billing for medical services.

"Drug" means a substance or medication intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease as defined by the Virginia Drug Control Act (§ 54.1-524.2 54.1-3400 et seq. of the Code of Virginia).

"Duplicative medical care" means two or more practitioners concurrently treat the same or similar medical problems or conditions falling into the same diagnostic category, excluding confirmation for diagnosis, evaluation, or assessment.

"Duplicative medications" means more than one prescription of the same drug or more than one drug in the same therapeutic class.

"Emergency hospital services" means those hospital services that are necessary to treat a medical emergency. Hospital treatment of a medical emergency necessitates the use of the most accessible hospital available that is equipped to furnish the services.

"EPSDT" means the Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment Program which is federally mandated for eligible individuals under the age of 21.

"Excessive medical care" means obtaining greater than necessary services such that health risks to the recipient or unnecessary costs to the Virginia Medicaid Program may ensue from the accumulation of services or obtaining duplicative services.

"Excessive medications" means obtaining medication in excess of greater than generally acceptable maximum therapeutic dosage regimens or obtaining duplicative medication from more than one practitioner.

"Excessive transportation services" means obtaining or rendering greater than necessary transportation services such that unnecessary costs to the Virginia Medicaid Program may ensue from the accumulation of services.

"Fraud" means an intentional deception or misrepresentation made by a person with the knowledge that the deception could result in some unauthorized benefit to himself or some other person. It includes any act that constitutes fraud under applicable federal or state laws.

"Health care" means any covered services, including equipment, supplies, or transportation services, provided by any individual, organization, or entity that participates in the Virginia Medical Assistance Program.

"Medical emergency" means the sudden onset of a medical condition manifesting itself by acute symptoms of sufficient severity (including severe pain) that the absence of immediate medical attention could reasonably be expected to result in (i) placing the client's health in serious jeopardy, (ii) serious impairment of bodily functions, or (iii) serious dysfunction of any bodily organ or part.

"Medical management of essential health care" means a case management approach to health care in which the designated primary physician has responsibility for assessing the needs of the patient and making referrals to other physicians and clinics as needed. The designated pharmacy has responsibility for monitoring the drug regimen of the patient.

"Noncompliance" means failing to follow Client Medical Management Program procedures, or a pattern of utilization which is inconsistent with sound fiscal or medical practices. Noncompliance includes, but is not limited to, failure to follow a recommended treatment plan or drug regimen; failure to disclose to a provider any treatment or services provided by another provider; requests for medical services or medications which are not medically necessary; or excessive use of transportation services.

"Not medically necessary" means an item or service which is not consistent with the diagnosis or treatment of the patient's condition or an item or service which is duplicative, contraindicated, or excessive.

"Pattern" means duplication or frequent occurrence.

"Practitioner" means a health care provider licensed, registered, or otherwise permitted by law to distribute, dispense, prescribe, and administer drugs or otherwise treat medical conditions.

"Primary care provider" or "PCP" means the designated primary physician responsible for medical management of essential health care for the restricted recipient.

"Provider" means the individual, facility or other entity registered, licensed, or certified, as appropriate, and enrolled by DMAS to render services to Medicaid recipients eligible for services.

"Psychotropic drugs" means drugs which alter the mental state. Such drugs include, but are not limited to, morphine, barbiturates, hypnotics, antianxiety agents, antidepressants, and antipsychotics.

"Recipient" means the individual who is eligible, under Title XIX of the Social Security Act, to receive Medicaid covered services.

"Recipient eligibility card" means the document issued to each Medicaid family unit, listing names and Medicaid numbers of all eligible individuals within the family unit, or enrollee; an individual document issued to each Medicaid recipient listing the name and Medicaid number (either the identification or billing number) of the eligible individual. This document may be in the form of a plastic card magnetically encoded, allowing electronic access to inquiries for eligibility status.

"Restriction" means an administrative action imposed on a recipient which limits access to specific types of health care services through a designated primary provider or an administrative action imposed on a provider to prohibit participation as a designated primary provider, referral, or covering provider for restricted recipients.

"Social Security Act" means the Act, enacted by the 74th Congress on August 14, 1935, which provides for the general welfare by establishing a system of federal old age benefits, and by enabling the states to make more adequate provisions for aged persons, blind persons, dependent and crippled children, maternal and child welfare, public health, and the administration of their unemployment compensation laws.

"State Plan for Medical Assistance" or "the Plan" means the document listing the covered groups, covered services and their limitations, and provider reimbursement methodologies as provided for under Title XIX of the Social Security Act.

"Surveillance and Utilization Review Subsystem (SURS)" or "Automated Exception Analysis (AEA)" means a computer subsystem of the Medicaid Management Information System (MMIS) which collects claims data and computes statistical profiles of recipient and provider activity and compares them with that of their particular peer group.

"Therapeutic class" means a group of drugs with similar pharmacologic actions and uses.

"Utilization control" means the control of covered health care services to assure the use of cost efficient, medically necessary or appropriate services.

12VAC30-130-820

12VAC30-130-820. Client Medical Management Program for providers.

A. Purpose. The Client Medical Management Program is a utilization control program designed to promote improved and cost-efficient medical management of essential health care.

B. Authority.

1. Federal regulations at 42 CFR 456.3 require the Medicaid agency to implement a statewide surveillance and utilization control program and 42 CFR 455.1 through 455.16 require the Medicaid agency to conduct investigations of abuse by providers.

2. Federal regulations at 42 CFR 431.54 (f) allow states to restrict providers' participation in the Medicaid program if the agency finds that providers of items or services under the State Plan have provided items or services at a frequency or amount not medically necessary in accordance with utilization guidelines established by the state, or have provided items or services of a quality that do not meet professionally recognized standards of health care.

C. Identification of Client Medical Management Program participants. DMAS shall identify providers for review through computerized reports such as but not limited to Provider SURS or AEA or by referrals from agencies, health care professionals, or other individuals.

D. Provider evaluation for restriction.

1. DMAS shall review providers to determine if health care services are being provided at a frequency or amount that is not medically necessary or that are not of a quality to meet professionally recognized standards of health care. Evaluation of utilization patterns can include but is not limited to review by the department staff of medical records or computerized reports generated by the department reflecting claims submitted for physician visits, drugs/prescriptions, outpatient and emergency room visits, lab or diagnostic procedures, hospital admissions, and referrals.

2. DMAS may restrict providers if any one or more of the following conditions is identified in a significant number or proportion of cases. These conditions include but shall not be limited to the following:

a. Visits billed at a frequency or level exceeding that which is medically necessary;

b. Diagnostic tests billed in excess of what is medically necessary;

c. Diagnostic tests billed which are unrelated to the diagnosis;

d. Medications prescribed or prescriptions dispensed in excess of recommended dosages;

e. Medications prescribed or prescriptions dispensed unrelated to the diagnosis.

f. The provider's license to practice in any state has been revoked or suspended.

g. Excessive transportation services rendered such that unnecessary costs to the Virginia Medicaid Program ensue from the accumulation of services.

E. Provider restriction procedures.

1. DMAS shall advise affected providers by written notice of the proposed restriction under the Client Medical Management Program. Written notice shall include an explanation of the basis for the decision, request for additional documentation, if any, and notification of the provider's right to appeal the proposed action.

2. DMAS shall restrict providers from being the designated provider, a referral provider, or a covering provider for recipients in the Client Medical Management Program for 24 months.

3. DMAS shall notify the Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) and the general public of the restriction and its duration.

4. DMAS shall not implement provider restriction if a valid appeal is noted.

F. Review of provider restriction status.

1. DMAS shall review a restricted provider's claims history record prior to the end of the restriction period to determine restriction termination or continuation (See subsection D of this section). DMAS shall extend provider restriction for 24 months in one or more of the following situations:

a. Where abuse by the provider is identified.

b. Where the practices which led to restriction continue.

2. In cases where the provider has submitted an insufficient number of claims during the restriction period to enable DMAS to conduct a claims history review, DMAS shall continue restriction until a reviewable six-month claims history is available for evaluation.

3. If DMAS continues restriction following the review, the provider shall be notified of the agency's proposed action, the basis for the action, and appeal rights. (See subsection E of this section).

4. If the provider continues a pattern of inappropriate health care services, DMAS may make a referral to the appropriate peer review group or regulatory agency for recommendation and action as appropriate.

G. Provider appeals.

1. Providers shall have the right to appeal any adverse action taken by the department under these regulations.

2. Provider appeals shall be held pursuant to the provisions of Article 3 (§ 9-6.14:11 2.2-4018 et seq.) of the Administrative Process Act.

12VAC30-130-890

12VAC30-130-890. Plans of care; review of plans of care.

A. For Residential Treatment Services (Level C), an initial plan of care must be completed at admission and a Comprehensive Individual Plan of Care (CIPOC) must be completed no later than 14 days after admission.

B. Initial plan of care (Level C) must include:

1. Diagnoses, symptoms, complaints, and complications indicating the need for admission;

2. A description of the functional level of the recipient;

3. Treatment objectives with short-term and long-term goals;

4. Any orders for medications, treatments, restorative and rehabilitative services, activities, therapies, social services, diet, and special procedures recommended for the health and safety of the patient;

5. Plans for continuing care, including review and modification to the plan of care;

6. Plans for discharge, and

7. Signature and date by the physician.

C. The Comprehensive Individual Plan of Care (CIPOC) CIPOC for Level C must meet all of the following criteria:

1. Be based on a diagnostic evaluation that includes examination of the medical, psychological, social, behavioral, and developmental aspects of the recipient's situation and must reflect the need for inpatient psychiatric care;

2. Be developed by an interdisciplinary team of physicians and other personnel specified under subsection F of this section, who are employed by, or provide services to, patients in the facility in consultation with the recipient and his parents, legal guardians, or appropriate others in whose care he will be released after discharge;

3. State treatment objectives that must include measurable short-term and long-term goals and objectives, with target dates for achievement;

4. Prescribe an integrated program of therapies, activities, and experiences designed to meet the treatment objectives related to the diagnosis; and

5. Describe comprehensive discharge plans and coordination of inpatient services and post-discharge plans with related community services to ensure continuity of care upon discharge with the recipient's family, school, and community.

D. Review of the Comprehensive Individual Plan of Care CIPOC for Level C. The CIPOC must be reviewed every 30 days by the team specified in subsection F of this section to:

1. Determine that services being provided are or were required on an inpatient basis; and

2. Recommend changes in the plan as indicated by the recipient's overall adjustment as an inpatient.

E. The development and review of the plan of care for Level C as specified in this section satisfies the facility's utilization control requirements for recertification and establishment and periodic review of the plan of care, as required in 42 CFR 456.160 and 456.180.

F. Team developing the Comprehensive Individual Plan of Care CIPOC for Level C. The following requirements must be met:

1. At least one member of the team must have expertise in pediatric mental health. Based on education and experience, preferably including competence in child psychiatry, the team must be capable of all of the following:

a. Assessing the recipient's immediate and long-range therapeutic needs, developmental priorities, and personal strengths and liabilities;

b. Assessing the potential resources of the recipient's family;

c. Setting treatment objectives; and

d. Prescribing therapeutic modalities to achieve the plan's objectives.

2. The team must include, at a minimum, either:

a. A board-eligible or board-certified psychiatrist;

b. A clinical psychologist who has a doctoral degree and a physician licensed to practice medicine or osteopathy; or

c. A physician licensed to practice medicine or osteopathy with specialized training and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of mental diseases, and a psychologist who has a master's degree in clinical psychology or who has been certified by the state or by the state psychological association.

3. The team must also include one of the following:

a. A psychiatric social worker;

b. A registered nurse with specialized training or one year's experience in treating mentally ill individuals;

c. An occupational therapist who is licensed, if required by the state, and who has specialized training or one year of experience in treating mentally ill individuals; or

d. A psychologist who has a master's degree in clinical psychology or who has been certified by the state or by the state psychological association.

G. All Medicaid services are subject to utilization review. Absence of any of the required documentation may result in denial or retraction of any reimbursement.

H. For Therapeutic Behavioral Services for Children and Adolescents under 21 (Level B), the initial plan of care must be completed at admission by the licensed mental health professional (LMHP) and a comprehensive individual plan of care (CIPOC) CIPOC must be completed by the LMHP no later than 30 days after admission. The assessment must be signed and dated by the LMHP.

I. For Community-Based Services for Children and Adolescents under 21 (Level A), the initial plan of care must be completed at admission by the QMHP and a CIPOC must be completed by the QMHP no later than 30 days after admission. The individualized plan of care must be signed and dated by the program director.

J. Initial plan of care for Levels A and B must include:

1. Diagnoses, symptoms, complaints, and complications indicating the need for admission;

2. A description of the functional level of the child;

3. Treatment objectives with short-term and long-term goals;

4. Any orders for medications, treatments, restorative and rehabilitative services, activities, therapies, social services, diet, and special procedures recommended for the health and safety of the patient;

5. Plans for continuing care, including review and modification to the plan of care; and

6. Plans for discharge.

K. The CIPOC for Levels A and B must meet all of the following criteria:

1. Be based on a diagnostic evaluation that includes examination of the medical, psychological, social, behavioral, and developmental aspects of the child's situation and must reflect the need for residential psychiatric care;

2. The CIPOC for both levels must be based on input from school, home, other healthcare providers, the child and family (or legal guardian);

3. State treatment objectives that include measurable short-term and long-term goals and objectives, with target dates for achievement;

4. Prescribe an integrated program of therapies, activities, and experiences designed to meet the treatment objectives related to the diagnosis; and

5. Describe comprehensive discharge plans with related community services to ensure continuity of care upon discharge with the child's family, school, and community.

L. Review of the CIPOC for Levels A and B. The CIPOC must be reviewed, signed, and dated every 30 days by the QMHP for Level A and by the LMHP for Level B. The review must include:

1. The response to services provided;

2. Recommended changes in the plan as indicated by the child's overall response to the plan of care interventions; and

3. Determinations regarding whether the services being provided continue to be required.

Updates must be signed and dated by the service provider.

M. All Medicaid services are subject to utilization review. Absence of any of the required documentation may result in denial or retraction of any reimbursement.

12VAC30-130-910

12VAC30-130-910. Targeted case management for foster care children in treatment foster care (TFC) covered services.

Service description. Case management is a component of treatment foster care (TFC) TFC through which a case manager monitors the treatment plan and links the child to other community resources as necessary to address the special identified needs of the child. Services to the children shall be delivered primarily by treatment foster parents who are trained, supervised and supported by professional child-placing agency staff. TFC case management focuses on a continuity of services, is goal directed and results oriented. Services shall not include room and board. The following activities are considered covered services related to TFC case management services:

1. Care planning, monitoring of the plan of care, and discharge planning;

2. Case management; and

3. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the child's plan of treatment.

12VAC30-141-60

12VAC30-141-60. Request for review.

A. Requests for review of MCHIP adverse actions shall be submitted in writing to the MCHIP.

B. Requests for review of adverse actions made by the local department of social services, the CPU, or DMAS shall be submitted in writing to DMAS.

C. Any written communication clearly expressing a desire to have an adverse action reviewed shall be treated as a request for review.

D. To be timely, requests for review of a MCHIP determination shall be received by the MCHIP no later than 30 calendar days from the date of the MCHIP's notice of adverse action.

E. To be timely, requests for review of a local department of social services, DMAS, or CPU determination shall be received by filed with DMAS no later than 30 calendar days from the date of the CPU's, LDSS' or DMAS' notice of adverse action. Requests for review of a local department of social services, DMAS, or CPU determination shall be considered received by filed with DMAS when on the date the request is date stamped postmarked, if mailed, or on the date the request is received, if delivered other than by mail, by the DMAS Appeals Division in Richmond, Virginia.

12VAC30-141-120

12VAC30-141-120. Children ineligible for FAMIS.

A. If a child is:

1. Eligible for Medicaid, or would be eligible if he applied for Medicaid, he shall be ineligible for coverage under FAMIS. A child found through the screening process to be potentially eligible for Medicaid but who fails to complete the Medicaid application process for any reason, cannot be enrolled in FAMIS;

2. A member of a family eligible for coverage under any Virginia state employee health insurance plan, he shall be ineligible for FAMIS;

3. An inmate of a public institution as defined in 42 CFR 435.1009, he shall be ineligible for FAMIS; or

4. An inpatient in an institution for mental disease (IMD) as defined in 42 CFR 435.1009 435.1010, he shall be ineligible for FAMIS.

B. If a child's parent or other authorized representative does not meet the requirements of assignment of rights to benefits or requirements of cooperation with the agency in identifying and providing information to assist the Commonwealth in pursuing any liable third party, the child shall be ineligible for FAMIS.

C. If a child, if age 18, or if under age 18, a parent, adult relative caretaker, guardian, or legal custodian obtained benefits for a child or children who would otherwise be ineligible by willfully misrepresenting material facts on the application or failing to report changes, the child or children for whom the application is made shall be ineligible for FAMIS. The child, if age 18, or if under age 18, the parent, adult relative caretaker, guardian, or legal custodian who signed the application shall be liable for repayment of the cost of all benefits issued as the result of the misrepresentation.

12VAC30-141-720

12VAC30-141-720. Request for review.

A. Requests for review of MCHIP adverse actions shall be submitted in writing to the MCHIP.

B. Requests for review of adverse actions made by the local department of social services, the CPU, or DMAS shall be submitted in writing to DMAS.

C. Any written communication clearly expressing a desire to have an adverse action reviewed shall be treated as a request for review.

D. To be timely, requests for review of a MCHIP determination shall be received by the MCHIP no later than 30 calendar days from the date of the MCHIP's notice of adverse action.

E. To be timely, requests for review of a local department of social services, DMAS, or CPU determination shall be received by filed with DMAS no later than 30 calendar days from the date of the CPU's, LDSS' or DMAS' notice of adverse action. Requests for review of a local department of social services, DMAS, or CPU determination shall be considered received by filed with DMAS when on the date the request is date stamped postmarked, if mailed, or on the date the request is received, if delivered other than by mail, by the DMAS Appeals Division in Richmond, Virginia.

12VAC30-141-760

12VAC30-141-760. Pregnant women ineligible for FAMIS MOMS.

A. If a pregnant woman is:

1. Eligible for Medicaid, or would be eligible if she applied for Medicaid, she shall be ineligible for coverage under FAMIS MOMS. A pregnant woman found through the screening process to be potentially eligible for Medicaid but who fails to complete the Medicaid application process for any reason, cannot be enrolled in FAMIS MOMS;

2. A member of a family eligible for coverage under any Virginia state employee health insurance plan, she shall be ineligible for FAMIS MOMS;

3. An inmate of a public institution as defined in 42 CFR 435.1009, she shall be ineligible for FAMIS MOMS; or

4. An inpatient in an institution for mental disease (IMD) as defined in 42 CFR 435.1009 435.1010, she shall be ineligible for FAMIS MOMS.

B. If a pregnant woman age 18 or older or, if under age 18, a parent or other authorized representative does not meet the requirements of assignment of rights to benefits or requirements of cooperation with the agency in identifying and providing information to assist the Commonwealth in pursuing any liable third party, the pregnant woman shall be ineligible for FAMIS MOMS.

C. If a pregnant woman age 18 or older, or if under age 18, a parent, adult relative caretaker, guardian, or legal custodian obtained benefits for a pregnant woman who would otherwise be ineligible by willfully misrepresenting material facts on the application or failing to report changes, the pregnant woman for whom the application is made shall be ineligible for FAMIS MOMS. The pregnant woman age 18 or older, or if under age 18, the parent, adult relative caretaker, guardian, or legal custodian who signed the application shall be liable for repayment of the cost of all benefits issued as the result of the misrepresentation.

12VAC30-150-40

12VAC30-150-40. Eligibility criteria.

An individual is eligible to receive Uninsured Medical Catastrophe Funds for the period of time that he:

1. Is a citizen of the United States or a legally resident alien;

2. Is a resident of the Commonwealth (eligibility will end if the recipient is no longer a resident);

3. Has a gross income equal to or less than 300% of the current federal nonfarm poverty income guidelines as published in the United States Code of Federal Regulations, 66 CFR 10695 (Feb. 16, 2001), updated each July 1;

4. Has a life-threatening illness or injury;

5. Is uninsured for the needed treatment on the date of application and is not eligible for coverage for the needed treatment through private insurance or federal, state, or local government medical assistance programs. If an individual becomes insured for the needed treatment after the date of application, the UMCF will only pay for services not otherwise covered by the existing insurance.