Agencies | Governor
Virginia Regulatory Town Hall

Proposed Text

highlight

Action:
Registration of nonresident warehousers and nonresident third ...
Stage: Fast-Track
18VAC110-50

CHAPTER 50
REGULATIONS GOVERNING WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTORS, MANUFACTURERS, AND WAREHOUSERS, AND THIRD-PARTY LOGISTICS PROVIDERS

18VAC110-50-20

18VAC110-50-20. Fees.

A. Unless otherwise provided, fees listed in this section shall not be refundable.

B. Initial application fees.

1. Nonrestricted manufacturer permit

$270

2. Restricted manufacturer permit

$180

3. Wholesale distributor license

$270

4. Warehouser permit

$270

5. Nonresident wholesale distributor registration

$270

6. Controlled substances registration

7. Third-party logistics provider permit

8. Nonresident manufacturer registration

9. Nonresident warehouser registration

10. Nonresident third-party logistics provider registration

$90

$270

$270

$270

$270

C. Annual renewal fees shall be due on February 28 of each year.

1. Nonrestricted manufacturer permit

$270

2. Restricted manufacturer permit

$180

3. Wholesale distributor license

$270

4. Warehouser permit

$270

5. Nonresident wholesale distributor registration

$270

6. Controlled substances registration

7. Third-party logistics provider permit

8. Nonresident manufacturer registration

9. Nonresident warehouser registration

10. Nonresident third-party logistics provider registration

$90

$270

$270

$270

$270

D. Late fees. The following late fees shall be paid in addition to the current renewal fee to renew an expired license within one year of the expiration date. In addition, engaging in activities requiring a license, permit, or registration after the expiration date of such license, permit, or registration shall be grounds for disciplinary action by the board.

1. Nonrestricted manufacturer permit

$90

2. Restricted manufacturer permit

$60

3. Wholesale distributor license

$90

4. Warehouser permit

$90

5. Nonresident wholesale distributor registration

$90

6. Controlled substances registration

7. Third-party logistics provider permit

8. Nonresident manufacturer registration

9. Nonresident warehouser registration

10. Nonresident third-party logistics provider registration

$30

$90

$90

$90

$90

E. Reinstatement fees.

1. Any entity attempting to renew a license, permit, or registration more than one year after the expiration date shall submit an application for reinstatement with any required fees. Reinstatement is at the discretion of the board and, except for reinstatement following license revocation or suspension, may be granted by the executive director of the board upon completion of an application and payment of any required fees.

2. Engaging in activities requiring a license, permit, or registration after the expiration date of such license, permit, or registration shall be grounds for disciplinary action by the board. Facilities or entities that cease operation and wish to resume shall not be eligible for reinstatement, but shall apply for a new permit or registration.

3. Facilities or entities that failed to renew and continued to operate for more than one renewal cycle shall pay the current and all back renewal fees for the years in which they were operating plus the following reinstatement fees:

a. Nonrestricted manufacturer permit

$240

b. Restricted manufacturer permit

$210

c. Wholesale distributor license

$240

d. Warehouser permit

$240

e. Nonresident wholesale distributor registration

$240

f. Controlled substances registration

g. Third-party logistics provider permit

h. Nonresident manufacturer registration

i. Nonresident warehouser registration

j. Nonresident third-party logistics provider registration

$180

$240

$240

$240

$240

F. Application for change or inspection fees.

1. Reinspection fee

$150

2. Inspection fee for change of location, structural changes, or security system changes

$150

3. Change of ownership fee

$50

4. Change of responsible party

$50

G. The fee for a returned check shall be $35.

H. The fee for verification of license, permit, or registration shall be $25.

18VAC110-50-30

18VAC110-50-30. Application; location of business; inspection required.

A. Any person or entity desiring to obtain a license as a wholesale distributor,; registration as a nonresident wholesale distributor or, nonresident manufacturer, nonresident warehouser, or nonresident third-party logistics provider; or permit as a manufacturer, warehouser, or third-party logistics provider shall file an application with the board on a form approved by the board. An application shall be filed for a new license, registration, or permit, or for acquisition of an existing wholesale distributor, manufacturer, warehouser, nonresident wholesale distributor, nonresident manufacturer, or third-party logistics provider, nonresident warehouser, or nonresident third-party logistics provider.

B. A licensee or permit holder proposing to change the location of an existing license or permit, or make structural or security system changes to an existing location, shall file an application for approval of the changes following an inspection conducted by an authorized agent of the board.

C. A license, permit, or registration shall not be issued to any wholesale distributor, manufacturer, warehouser, nonresident warehouser, nonresident wholesale distributor, nonresident manufacturer, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider to operate from a private dwelling or residence or to operate without meeting the applicable facility requirements for proper storage and distribution of drugs or devices. Before any license, permit, or registration is issued, the applicant shall demonstrate compliance with all federal, state, and local laws and ordinances.

D. If a wholesale distributor, manufacturer, warehouser, or third-party logistics provider engages in receiving, possessing, storing, using, manufacturing, distributing, or otherwise disposing of any Schedules II through V controlled substances, it shall also obtain a controlled substances registration from the board in accordance with § 54.1-3422 of the Code of Virginia, and shall also be duly registered with the DEA and in compliance with all applicable laws and rules for the storage, distribution, shipping, handling, and transporting of controlled substances.

E. The proposed location, structural changes, or security system changes shall be inspected by an authorized agent of the board prior to issuance of a license or permit.

1. Applications that indicate a requested inspection date, or requests that are received after the application is filed, shall be honored provided a 14-day notice is allowed prior to the requested inspection date.

2. Requested inspection dates that do not allow a 14-day notice to the board may be adjusted by the board to provide 14 days for the scheduling of the inspection.

3. At the time of the inspection, the proposed prescription drug storage area shall comply with 18VAC110-50-40 and 18VAC110-50-50, and wholesale distributors shall meet the requirements of 18VAC110-50-90.

4. If an applicant substantially fails to meet the requirements for issuance of a permit or license and a reinspection is required, or if the applicant is not ready for the inspection on the established date and fails to notify the inspector or the board at least 24 hours prior to the inspection, the applicant shall pay a reinspection fee as specified in 18VAC110-50-20 prior to a reinspection being conducted.

F. Prescription drugs shall not be stocked within the proposed location or moved to a new location until approval is granted by the inspector or board staff.

18VAC110-50-40

18VAC110-50-40. Safeguards against diversion of drugs.

A. The holder of the license as a wholesale distributor or permit as a manufacturer, warehouser, or third-party logistics provider, or registration as a nonresident wholesale distributor, nonresident warehouser, nonresident third-party logistics provider, or nonresident manufacturer shall restrict access to all areas in which prescription drugs are stored or kept for sale to only those persons specifically designated as necessary for the manufacture, receipt, storage, distribution, or quality control of the controlled substance inventory and shall provide reasonable security measures to include appropriate locking devices on all access doors to these areas and adequate lighting both inside and outside the facility to deter unauthorized entry and diversion.

B. The holder of the license, permit, or registration, except for those distributors of only medical gases other than nitrous oxide, shall install a device for the detection of breaking subject to the following conditions:

1. The device shall be a sound, microwave, photoelectric, ultrasonic, or any other generally accepted and suitable device.

2. The installation shall be hardwired and both the installation and device shall be based on accepted burglar alarm industry standards.

3. The device shall be maintained in operating order and shall have an auxiliary source of power.

4. The device shall fully protect all areas where prescription drugs are stored and shall be capable of detecting breaking by any means when activated.

5. Access to the alarm system shall be restricted to the person named on the application as the responsible party or to persons specifically designated in writing in a policy and procedure manual.

6. The system shall be activated whenever the drug storage areas are closed for business.

C. Distribution or delivery of prescription drugs shall be accomplished in a manner to prevent diversion or possession of drugs by unauthorized persons.

1. The holder of the license, permit, or registration shall only deliver prescription drugs to a person authorized to possess such drugs at a location where the person is authorized to possess such drugs, and only at a time when someone authorized to possess such drugs is in attendance.

2. The holder of the license, permit, or registration shall affirmatively verify that the person to whom prescription drugs are delivered is authorized by law to receive such drugs.

3. Prescription drugs may be transferred to an authorized agent of a person who may lawfully possess prescription drugs, provided the transfer occurs on the premises of the wholesale distributor, manufacturer, warehouser, third-party logistics provider, nonresident wholesale distributor, nonresident warehouser, nonresident third-party logistics provider, or nonresident manufacturer and provided the identity and authorization of the agent is verified, and such transfer is only used to meet the immediate needs of a patient or patients.

18VAC110-50-60

Part II
Wholesale Distributors and Third-Party Logistics Providers

18VAC110-50-60. Special or limited-use licenses.

The board may issue a limited-use wholesale distributor license, limited-use nonresident wholesale distributor registration, or limited-use third-party logistics provider permit, or limited-use nonresident third-party logistics provider registration to entities that do not engage in the wholesale distribution of prescription drugs or in the acts of a third-party logistics provider except medical gases and may waive certain requirements of regulation based on the limited nature of such distribution.

18VAC110-50-70

18VAC110-50-70. Minimum required information.

A. The application form for a new license, registration as a nonresident wholesale distributor or a nonresident third-party logistics provider, or permit as a third-party logistics provider or any change of ownership shall include at least the following information:

1. The name, full business address, and telephone number of the applicant or licensee, registrant, or permit holder and name and telephone number of a designated contact person;

2. All trade or business names used by the applicant or licensee, registrant, or permit holder;

3. The federal employer identification number of the applicant or licensee, registrant, or permit holder;

4. The type of ownership and name of the owner of the entity, including:

a. If an individual, the name, address, and social security number or control number;

b. If a partnership, the name, address, and social security number or control number of each partner who is specifically responsible for the operations of the facility, and the name of the partnership and federal employer identification number;

c. If a corporation:

(1) The name and address of the corporation, federal employer identification number, state of incorporation, and the name and address of the resident agent of the corporation;

(2) The name, address, social security number or control number, and title of each corporate officer and director who is specifically responsible for the operations of the facility;

(3) For nonpublicly held corporations, the name and address of each shareholder that owns 10% or more of the outstanding stock of the corporation;

(4) The name, federal employer identification number, and state of incorporation of the parent company;

d. If a sole proprietorship, the full name, address, and social security number or control number of the sole proprietor and the name and federal employer identification number of the business entity;

e. If a limited liability company, the name and address of each member, the name and address of each manager, the name of the limited liability company and federal employer identification number, the name and address of the resident agent of the limited liability company, and the name of the state in which the limited liability company was organized;

5. Name, business address and telephone number, and social security number or control number, and documentation of required qualifications as stated in 18VAC110-50-80 of the person who will serve as the responsible party;

6. A list of all states in which the entity is licensed, registered, or permitted to purchase, possess, and distribute prescription drugs, and into which it ships prescription drugs;

7. A list of all disciplinary actions imposed against the entity by state or federal regulatory bodies, including any such actions against the responsible party, principals, owners, directors, or officers over the last seven years;

8. A full description, for nonresident wholesale distributors, including the address, square footage, security and alarm system description, temperature and humidity control, and other relevant information of the facility or warehouse space used for prescription drug storage and distribution; and

9. An attestation providing a complete disclosure of any past criminal convictions and violations of the state and federal laws regarding drugs or devices or an affirmation and attestation that the applicant has not been involved in, or convicted of, any criminal or prohibited acts. Such attestation shall include the responsible party, principals, owners, directors, or officers.

B. An applicant or licensee, registrant, or permit holder shall notify the board of any changes to the information required in this section within 30 days of such change.

18VAC110-50-80

18VAC110-50-80. Minimum licensure and permitting qualifications, and eligibility, and; responsible party.

A. The board shall use the following factors in determining the eligibility for licensure of wholesale distributors, registration of nonresident wholesale distributors or nonresident third-party logistics providers, and permitting of third-party logistics providers:

1. The existence of grounds to deny an application as set forth in § 54.1-3435.1 of the Code of Virginia;

2. The applicant's past experience in the manufacture or distribution of drugs or devices;

3. Compliance with the recordkeeping requirements;

4. Prior disciplinary action by a regulatory authority, prior criminal convictions, or ongoing investigations related to the manufacturing, distribution, prescribing, or dispensing of drugs by the responsible party or immediate family members of the responsible party, and owners, directors, or officers; and

5. The responsible party's credentials as set forth in subsection B of this section.

B. Requirements for the person named as the responsible party.

1. The responsible party shall be the primary contact person for the board as designated by the wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider, who shall be responsible for managing the wholesale distribution operations at that location;

2. The responsible party shall have a minimum of two years of verifiable experience in a pharmacy or wholesale distributor or third-party logistics provider licensed, registered, or permitted in Virginia or another state where the person's responsibilities included, but were not limited to, managing or supervising the recordkeeping, storage, and shipment for drugs or devices;

3. A person may only serve as the responsible party for one wholesale distributor license, nonresident wholesale distributor registration, or third-party logistics provider permit, or nonresident third-party logistics provider registration at any one time;

4. The responsible party shall be employed full time in a managerial position and actively engaged in daily operations of the wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider;

5. The responsible party shall be present on a full-time basis at the location of the wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider during normal business hours, except for time periods when absent due to illness, family illness or death, vacation, or other authorized absence; and

6. The responsible party shall be aware of, and knowledgeable about, all policies and procedures pertaining to the operations of the wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider and all applicable state and federal laws related to wholesale distribution of prescription drugs or the legal acts of a third-party logistics provider.

C. The person named as the responsible party on the application shall submit the following with the application:

1. A passport size and quality photograph taken within 30 days of submission of the application;

2. A resume listing employment, occupations, or offices held for the past seven years including names, addresses, and telephone numbers of the places listed;

3. An attestation disclosing whether the person has a criminal conviction or is the subject of any pending criminal charges within or outside the Commonwealth;

4. A criminal history record check through the Central Criminal Records Exchange; and

5. A description of any involvement by the person with any business, including any investments, other than the ownership of stock in a publicly traded company or mutual fund, during the past seven years, which manufactured, administered, prescribed, distributed, or stored drugs and devices and any lawsuits, regulatory actions, or criminal convictions related to drug laws or laws concerning third-party logistics providers or wholesale distribution of prescription drugs in which such businesses were named as a party.

D. Responsibilities of the responsible party.

1. Ensuring that any employee engaged in operations is adequately trained in the requirements for the lawful and appropriate wholesale distribution of prescription drugs or the legal acts of a third-party logistics provider;

2. Requiring any employee who has access to prescription drugs to attest that he the employee has not been convicted of a violation of any federal or state drug law or any law relating to third-party logistics providers or to the manufacture, distribution, or dispensing of prescription drugs;

3. Maintaining current working knowledge of requirements for wholesale distributors or third-party logistics providers and assuring continued training for employees;

4. Maintaining proper security, storage, and shipping conditions for all prescription drugs; and

5. Maintaining all required records.

E. Each nonresident wholesale distributor or nonresident third-party logistics provider shall designate a registered agent in Virginia for service of any notice or other legal document. Any nonresident wholesale distributor or nonresident third-party logistics provider that does not so designate a registered agent shall be deemed to have designated the Secretary of the Commonwealth to be its true and lawful agent, upon who whom may be served all legal process in any action or proceeding against such nonresident wholesale distributor or nonresident third-party logistics provider. A copy of any such service of legal documents shall be mailed to the nonresident wholesale distributor or nonresident third-party logistics provider by the board by certified mail at the address of record.

18VAC110-50-100

18VAC110-50-100. Examination of drug shipments and accompanying documents.

A. Upon receipt, each shipping container shall be visually examined for identity to determine if it may contain contaminated, contraband, counterfeit, suspected of being counterfeit, or damaged drugs, or drugs or devices that are otherwise unfit for distribution. This examination shall be adequate to reveal container damage that would suggest possible contamination, adulteration, misbranding, counterfeiting, suspected counterfeiting, or other damage to the contents.

B. Upon receipt of drugs, a wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider must review records for accuracy, completeness, and the integrity of the drugs considering the total facts and circumstances surrounding the transactions and the wholesale distributors distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider involved.

C. Each outgoing shipment shall be carefully inspected for identity of the drugs and to ensure that there is no delivery of drugs that have been damaged in storage or held under improper conditions.

18VAC110-50-110

18VAC110-50-110. Returned, damaged, and counterfeit drugs; investigations.

A. Any drug or device returned to a manufacturer, another wholesale distributor, or a third-party logistics provider shall be kept under the proper conditions and documentation showing that proper conditions were maintained shall be provided to the manufacturer, wholesale distributor, or nonresident wholesale distributor, third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider to which the drugs are returned.

B. Any drug or device that, or any drug whose immediate or sealed outer or secondary container or labeling, is outdated, damaged, deteriorated, misbranded, adulterated, counterfeited, suspected of being counterfeited or adulterated, or otherwise deemed unfit for human consumption shall be quarantined and physically separated from other drugs and devices until its appropriate disposition.

C. When a drug or device is adulterated, misbranded, counterfeited, or suspected of being counterfeit, or when the immediate or sealed outer or secondary container or labeling of any drug or device is adulterated, misbranded other than misbranding identified by the manufacturer through a recall or withdrawal, counterfeited, or suspected of being counterfeit, the wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider shall:

1. Provide notice to the board and the manufacturer, wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider from which such drug or device was acquired within three business days of that determination.

2. Maintain any such drug or device, its containers and labeling, and its accompanying documentation or any evidence of criminal activity until its disposition by the appropriate state and federal government authorities.

D. The wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider shall fully cooperate with authorities conducting any investigation of counterfeiting or suspected counterfeiting to include the provision of any records related to receipt or distribution of the suspect drug or device.

18VAC110-50-120

18VAC110-50-120. Policies and procedures.

All wholesale distributors, nonresident wholesale distributors, or third-party logistics providers, or nonresident third-party logistics providers shall establish, maintain, and adhere to written policies and procedures for the proper receipt, security, storage, inventory, and distribution of prescription drugs. Wholesale distributors, nonresident wholesale distributors, or third-party logistics providers, or nonresident third-party logistics providers shall include in their policies and procedures at least the following:

1. A procedure for reporting thefts or losses of prescription drugs to the board and other appropriate authorities;

2. A procedure whereby the oldest approved stock of a prescription drug is distributed first. The procedure may permit deviation from this process provided the deviation is temporary and appropriate for the distribution;

3. A procedure for handling recalls and withdrawals of prescription drugs and devices;

4. Procedures for preparing for, protecting against, and handling emergency situations that affect the security and integrity of drugs or the operations of the wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider;

5. A procedure to ensure that outdated drugs are segregated from other drugs to include the disposition of such drugs;

6. A procedure to ensure initial and ongoing training of all employees;

7. A procedure for ensuring, both initially and on an ongoing basis, that persons with access to prescription drugs have not been convicted of a violation of a drug law or any law related to wholesale distribution of prescription drugs or that of a to third-party logistics provider providers; and

8. A procedure for reporting counterfeit or suspected counterfeit prescription drugs or counterfeiting or suspected counterfeiting activities to the board and other appropriate law enforcement or regulatory agencies.

18VAC110-50-130

18VAC110-50-130. Recordkeeping.

A. All records and documentation required in this subsection shall be maintained and made available for inspection and photocopying upon request by an authorized agent of the board for a period of three years following the date the record was created or received by the wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third-party logistics provider. If records are not maintained on premises at the address of record, they shall be made available within 48 hours of such request. A wholesale distributor, nonresident wholesale distributor, or third-party logistics provider, or nonresident third party logistics provider shall establish and maintain the following:

1. Unless otherwise indicated in federal law, inventories and records of all transactions, including the dates of receipt and distribution or other disposition or provision, and records related to the federal requirements for an electronic, interoperable system to identify, trace, and verify prescription drugs as they are distributed;

2. Records documenting monitoring of environmental conditions to ensure compliance with the storage requirements as required in 18VAC110-50-50;

3. Documentation of visual inspection of drugs and accompanying documents required in 18VAC110-50-100, including the date of such inspection and the identity of the person conducting the inspection;

4. Documentation of quarantine of any product and steps taken for the proper reporting and disposition of the product shall be maintained, including the handling and disposition of all outdated, damaged, deteriorated, misbranded, or adulterated drugs;

5. An ongoing list of persons or entities from whom it receives prescription drugs and persons or entities to whom it distributes prescription drugs or provides prescription drugs as a third-party logistics provider or nonresident third-party logistics provider; and

6. Copies of the mandated report of thefts or unusual losses of Schedules II through V controlled substances in compliance with the requirements of § 54.1-3404 of the Code of Virginia.

B. Records shall either (i) be kept at the inspection site or immediately retrievable by computer or other electronic means and made readily available at the time of inspection or (ii) if kept at a central location and not electronically retrievable at the inspection site, be made available for inspection within 48 hours of a request by an authorized agent of the board.

C. All facilities shall have adequate backup systems to protect against the inadvertent loss or deliberate destruction of data.