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Virginia Regulatory Town Hall

Final Text

Action:
Update the Uniform Statewide Building Code
Stage: Final
13VAC5-63-10

Part I
Construction

Project 4664 - Final

DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT

Update the Uniform Statewide Building Code


Part I
Construction

13VAC5-63-10. Chapter 1 Administration; Section 101 General.

A. Section 101.1 Short title. The Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code, Part I, Construction, may be cited as the Virginia Construction Code or as the VCC. The term "USBC" shall mean the VCC unless the context in which the term is used clearly indicates it to be an abbreviation for the entire Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code or for a different part of the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code.

Note: This code is also known as the 2012 2015 edition of the USBC due to the use of the 2012 2015 editions of the model codes.

B. Section 101.2 Incorporation by reference. Chapters 2 - 35 of the 2012 2015 International Building Code, published by the International Code Council, Inc., are adopted and incorporated by reference to be an enforceable part of the USBC. The term "IBC" means the 2012 2015 International Building Code, published by the International Code Council, Inc. Any codes and standards referenced in the IBC are also considered to be part of the incorporation by reference, except that such codes and standards are used only to the prescribed extent of each such reference. In addition, any provisions of the appendices of the IBC specifically identified to be part of the USBC are also considered to be part of the incorporation by reference.

Note 1: The IBC references other International Codes and standards including the following major codes:

2012 2015 International Plumbing Code (IPC)

2012 2015 International Mechanical Code (IMC)

2011 2014 NFPA 70

2012 2015 International Fuel Gas Code (IFGC)

2012 2015 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC)

2012 2015 International Residential Code (IRC)

Note 2: The IRC is applicable to the construction of detached one-family and two-family dwellings and townhouses as set out in Section 310.

C. Section 101.3 Numbering system. A dual numbering system is used in the USBC to correlate the numbering system of the Virginia Administrative Code with the numbering system of the IBC. IBC numbering system designations are provided in the catchlines of the Virginia Administrative Code sections. Cross references between sections or chapters of the USBC use only the IBC numbering system designations. The term "chapter" is used in the context of the numbering system of the IBC and may mean a chapter in the USBC, a chapter in the IBC or a chapter in a referenced code or standard, depending on the context of the use of the term. The term "chapter" is not used to designate a chapter of the Virginia Administrative Code, unless clearly indicated.

D. Section 101.4 Arrangement of code provisions. The USBC is comprised of the combination of (i) the provisions of Chapter 1, Administration, which are established herein, (ii) Chapters 2 - 35 of the IBC, which are incorporated by reference in Section 101.2, and (iii) the changes to the text of the incorporated chapters of the IBC that are specifically identified. The terminology "changes to the text of the incorporated chapters of the IBC that are specifically identified" shall also be referred to as the "state amendments to the IBC." Such state amendments to the IBC are set out using corresponding chapter and section numbers of the IBC numbering system. In addition, since Chapter 1 of the IBC is not incorporated as part of the USBC, any reference to a provision of Chapter 1 of the IBC in the provisions of Chapters 2 - 35 of the IBC is generally invalid. However, where the purpose of such a reference would clearly correspond to a provision of Chapter 1 established herein, then the reference may be construed to be a valid reference to such corresponding Chapter 1 provision.

E. Section 101.5 Use of terminology and notes. The provisions of this code shall be used as follows:

1. The term "this code," or "the code," where used in the provisions of Chapter 1, in Chapters 2 - 35 of the IBC or in the state amendments to the IBC means the USBC, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

2. The term "this code" or "the code" where used in a code or standard referenced in the IBC means that code or standard, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

3. The use of notes in Chapter 1 is to provide information only and shall not be construed as changing the meaning of any code provision.

4. Notes in the IBC, in the codes and standards referenced in the IBC and in the state amendments to the IBC may modify the content of a related provision and shall be considered to be a valid part of the provision, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

F. Section 101.6 Order of precedence. The provisions of this code shall be used as follows:

1. The provisions of Chapter 1 of this code supersede any provisions of Chapters 2 - 35 of the IBC that address the same subject matter and impose differing requirements.

2. The provisions of Chapter 1 of this code supersede any provisions of the codes and standards referenced in the IBC that address the same subject matter and impose differing requirements.

3. The state amendments to the IBC supersede any provisions of Chapters 2 - 35 of the IBC that address the same subject matter and impose differing requirements.

4. The state amendments to the IBC supersede any provisions of the codes and standards referenced in the IBC that address the same subject matter and impose differing requirements.

5. The provisions of Chapters 2 - 35 of the IBC supersede any provisions of the codes and standards referenced in the IBC that address the same subject matter and impose differing requirements.

G. Section 101.7 Administrative provisions. The provisions of Chapter 1 establish administrative requirements, which include but are not limited to provisions relating to the scope of the code, enforcement, fees, permits, inspections and disputes. Any provisions of Chapters 2 - 35 of the IBC or any provisions of the codes and standards referenced in the IBC that address the same subject matter and impose differing requirements are deleted and replaced by the provisions of Chapter 1. Further, any administrative requirements contained in the state amendments to the IBC shall be given the same precedence as the provisions of Chapter 1. Notwithstanding the above, where administrative requirements of Chapters 2 - 35 of the IBC or of the codes and standards referenced in the IBC are specifically identified as valid administrative requirements in Chapter 1 of this code or in the state amendments to the IBC, then such requirements are not deleted and replaced.

Note: The purpose of this provision is to eliminate overlap, conflicts and duplication by providing a single standard for administrative, procedural and enforcement requirements of this code.

H. Section 101.8 Definitions. The definitions of terms used in this code are contained in Chapter 2 along with specific provisions addressing the use of definitions. Terms may be defined in other chapters or provisions of the code and such definitions are also valid.

Note: The order of precedence outlined in Section 101.6 may be determinative in establishing how to apply the definitions in the IBC and in the referenced codes and standards.

13VAC5-63-20. Section 102 Purpose and scope.

A. Section 102.1 Purpose. In accordance with § 36-99 of the Code of Virginia, the purpose of the USBC is to protect the health, safety and welfare of the residents of the Commonwealth of Virginia, provided that buildings and structures should be permitted to be constructed at the least possible cost consistent with recognized standards of health, safety, energy conservation and water conservation, including provisions necessary to prevent overcrowding, rodent or insect infestation, and garbage accumulation; and barrier-free provisions for the physically handicapped and aged.

B. Section 102.2 Scope. This section establishes the scope of the USBC in accordance with § 36-98 of the Code of Virginia. The USBC shall supersede the building codes and regulations of the counties, municipalities and other political subdivisions and state agencies. This code also shall supersede the provisions of local ordinances applicable to single-family residential construction that (i) regulate dwelling foundations or crawl spaces, (ii) require the use of specific building materials or finishes in construction, or (iii) require minimum surface area or numbers of windows; however, this code shall not supersede proffered conditions accepted as a part of a rezoning application, conditions imposed upon the grant of special exceptions, special or conditional use permits or variances, conditions imposed upon a clustering of single-family homes and preservation of open space development through standards, conditions, and criteria established by a locality pursuant to subdivision 8 of § 15.2-2242 of the Code of Virginia or subdivision A 12 of § 15.2-2286 § 15.2-2286.1 of the Code of Virginia, or land use requirements in airport or highway overlay districts, or historic districts created pursuant to § 15.2-2306 of the Code of Virginia, or local flood plain regulations adopted as a condition of participation in the National Flood Insurance Program.

Note: Requirements relating to functional design are contained in Section 103.10 of this code.

C. Section 102.2.1 Invalidity of provisions. To the extent that any provisions of this code are in conflict with Chapter 6 (§ 36-97 et seq.) of Title 36 of the Code of Virginia or in conflict with the scope of the USBC, those provisions are considered to be invalid to the extent of such conflict.

D. Section 102.3 Exemptions. The following are exempt from this code:

1. Equipment [ , ] relatedand ] wiring [ , and ] poles and towerssupporting ] the relatedstructures ] used for providingwired ] utility,telecommunications communications ], information,or ] cable television, broadcast or radio ] service in accordance with all of the following conditions:

1.1. The equipment, wiring ] installed, and supporting structures are owned and controlled by a provider of publicly regulated utility service or a franchised cable television operator ] and electricalor its affiliates.

1.2. 1.1. ] The equipment and related, and ] wiring used for radio, broadcast or cable television, telecommunications or information service transmission. The exemption shall apply only if under applicable federal and state law the ownership and control of the equipment and wiring is by the service provider or its affiliates. Such exempt equipment and wiring shall be, and supporting structures ] are located on either rights-of-way or property for which the service provider has rights of occupancy and entry; however, the structures, including their service equipment,.

1.3. 1.2. ] Buildings housing or supporting such exempt equipment and wiring shall be subject to the USBC.

1.4. 1.3. ] The installation of equipment and, and ] wiring [ , and supporting structures ] exempted by this section shall not create an unsafe condition prohibited by the USBC.

2.Support structures owned or controlled by a provider of publicly regulated utility service or its affiliates for the transmission and distribution of electric service in accordance with all of the following conditions:

2.1. The support structures are located on either rights-of-way or property for which the service provider has rights of occupancy and entry.

2.2. The support structures exempted by this section shall not create an unsafe condition prohibited by the USBC.

3. Direct burial poles used to support equipment or wiring providing communications, information or cable television services. The poles exempted by this section shall not create an unsafe condition prohibited by the USBC.

4. ] Electrical equipment, transmission equipment, and related wiring used for wireless transmission of radio, broadcast, telecommunications, or information service in accordance with all of the following conditions:

2.1. 4.1. ] Buildings housing exempt equipment and wiring and structures supporting exempt equipment and wiring shall be subject to the USBC.

2.2. 4.2. ] The equipment and wiring exempted by this section shall not create an unsafe condition prohibited by the USBC.

2.3. 5. ] Manufacturing and, processing, and product handling machines and equipment that do not produce or process hazardous materials regulated by this code, including those portions of conveyor systems used exclusively for the transport of associated materials or products, and all of the following service equipment associated with the manufacturing or processing machines.:

2.1.3.1. 5.1. ] Electrical equipment connected after the last disconnecting means.

2.2.3.2. 5.2. ] Plumbing piping and equipment connected after the last shutoff valve or backflow device and before the equipment drain trap.

2.3.3.3. 5.3. ] Gas piping and equipment connected after the outlet shutoff valve.

Manufacturing and processing machines that produce or process hazardous materials regulated by this code are only required to comply with the code provisions regulating the hazardous materials.

3.4. 6. ] Parking lots and sidewalks that are not part of an accessible route.

4.5. 7. ] Nonmechanized playground or recreational equipment such as swing sets, sliding boards, climbing bars, jungle gyms, skateboard ramps, and similar equipment where no admission fee is charged for its use or for admittance to areas where the equipment is located.

5.6. 8. ] Industrialized buildings subject to the Virginia Industrialized Building Safety Regulations (13VAC5-91) and manufactured homes subject to the Virginia Manufactured Home Safety Regulations (13VAC5-95); except as provided for in Section 425 427 and in the case of demolition of such industrialized buildings or manufactured homes.

6.7. 9. ] Farm buildings and structures, except for a building or a portion of a building located on a farm that is operated as a restaurant as defined in § 35.1-1 of the Code of Virginia and licensed as such by the Virginia Board of Health pursuant to Chapter 2 (§ 35.1-11 et seq.) of Title 35.1 of the Code of Virginia. However, farm buildings and structures lying within a flood plain or in a mudslide-prone area shall be subject to flood-proofing regulations or mudslide regulations, as applicable.

7.8. 10. ] Federally owned buildings and structures unless federal law specifically requires a permit from the locality. Underground storage tank installations, modifications and removals shall comply with this code in accordance with federal law.

8.9. 11. ] Off-site manufactured intermodal freight containers, moving containers, and storage containers placed on site temporarily or permanently for use as a storage container.

9.10. 12. ] Automotive lifts.

13VAC5-63-30. Section 103 Application of code.

A. Section 103.1 General. In accordance with § 36-99 of the Code of Virginia, the USBC shall prescribe building regulations to be complied with in the construction and rehabilitation of buildings and structures, and the equipment therein.

B. [ Section 103.1.1 Virginia Existing Building Code. Part II of the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code, also known as the "Virginia Existing Building Code," or the "VEBC" is applicable to construction and rehabilitation activities in existing buildings and structures, as those terms are defined in the VEBC, except where specifically addressed in the VCC.

C. ] Section 103.2 When applicable to new construction. Construction for which a permit application is submitted to the local building department on or after the effective date of the 2012 2015 edition of the code shall comply with the provisions of this code, except for permit applications submitted during a one-year period beginning on the effective date of the 2012 2015 edition of the code. The applicant for a permit during such one-year period shall be permitted to choose whether to comply with the provisions of this code or the provisions of the edition of the code in effect immediately prior to the 2012 2015 edition. This provision shall also apply to subsequent amendments to this code based on the effective date of such amendments. In addition, when a permit has been properly issued under a previous edition of this code, this code shall not require changes to the approved construction documents, design or construction of such a building or structure, provided the permit has not been suspended or revoked.

C. Section 103.3 Change of occupancy. No change of occupancy shall be made in any structure when the current USBC requires a greater degree of accessibility, structural strength, fire protection, means of egress, ventilation or sanitation. When such a greater degree is required, the owner or the owner's agent shall comply with the following:

1. When involving Group I-2 or I-3, written application shall be made to the local building department for a new certificate of occupancy and the new certificate of occupancy shall be obtained prior to the new use of the structure. When impractical to achieve compliance with this code for the new occupancy classification, the building official shall consider modifications upon application and as provided for in Section 106.3. In addition, the applicable accessibility provisions of Section 1012.8 of Part II of the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code, also known as the "Virginia ] RehabilitationExisting Building Code," or the ] "VRC""VEBC" shall be met.

Exception: This section shall not be construed to permit noncompliance with any applicable flood load or flood-resistant construction requirements of this code.

2. In other than Group I-2 or I-3, the provisions of the ] VRCVEBC for change of occupancy shall be met.

D. Section 103.3.1 Group B teaching and research laboratories. Where the use of new or different hazardous materials or a change in the amount of hazardous materials in existing Group B teaching and research laboratories in educational occupancies above the 12th grade would constitute a change of occupancy, Section 302.6 of the VEBC shall be permitted to be used as an acceptable alternative to compliance with change of occupancy requirements to permit the increased amounts of hazardous materials stipulated without the laboratories being classified as Group H.

E. Section 103.4 Additions. Additions to buildings and structures shall comply with the requirements of this code for new construction or shall comply with the ] VRCVEBC. An existing building or structure plus additions shall comply with the height and area provisions of Chapter 5 and the applicable provisions of Chapter 9. Further, this code shall not require changes to the design or construction of any portions of the building or structure not altered or affected by an addition, unless the addition has the effect of lowering the current level of safety.

Exceptions:

1. This section shall not be construed to permit noncompliance with any applicable flood load or flood-resistant construction requirements of this code.

2. When this code is used for compliance, existing structural elements carrying gravity loads shall be permitted to comply with Section 1103 of the ] International Existing Building CodeVEBC. ]

E.F. Section 103.5 Reconstruction, alteration or repair in Group R-5 occupancies. The following criteria is applicable to reconstruction, alteration or repair of Group R-5 buildings or structures:

1. Any reconstruction, alteration or repair shall not adversely affect the performance of the building or structure, or cause the building or structure to become unsafe or lower existing levels of health and safety.

2. Parts of the building or structure not being reconstructed, altered or repaired shall not be required to comply with the requirements of this code applicable to newly constructed buildings or structures.

3. The installation of material or equipment, or both, that is neither required nor prohibited shall only be required to comply with the provisions of this code relating to the safe installation of such material or equipment.

4. Material or equipment, or both, may be replaced in the same location with material or equipment of a similar kind or capacity.

Exceptions:

1. This section shall not be construed to permit noncompliance with any applicable flood load or flood-resistant construction requirements of this code.

2. Reconstructed decks, balconies, porches and similar structures located 30 inches (762 mm) or more above grade shall meet the current code provisions for structural loading capacity, connections and structural attachment. This requirement excludes the configuration and height of handrails and guardrails.

3. Compliance with the ] VRCVEBC shall be an acceptable alternative to compliance with this section at the discretion of the owner or owner's agent. ]

F.G. Section 103.5.1 Equipment changes. Upon the replacement or new installation of any fuel-burning appliances or equipment in existing Group R-5 occupancies, an inspection or inspections shall be conducted to ensure that the connected vent or chimney systems comply with the following:

1. Vent or chimney systems are sized in accordance with the IRC.

2. Vent or chimney systems are clean, free of any obstruction or blockages, defects, or deterioration, and are in operable condition. Where not inspected by the local building department, persons performing such changes or installations shall certify to the building official that the requirements of Items 1 and 2 of this section are met. ]

G.H. Section 103.6 Reconstruction, alteration, and repair in other occupancies. Reconstruction, alteration, and repair in occupancies other than Group R-5 shall comply with the ] VRCVEBC. ]

H.I. Section 103.7 Retrofit requirements. The local building department shall enforce the provisions of Section 1701 of the ] VRC, which require certain existing buildings to be retrofitted with fire protection systems and other safety equipment. Retroactive fire protection system requirements contained in the International Fire Code (IFC) shall not be applicable unless required for compliance with the provisions of Section 1701 of the VRCVEBC. ]

I.J. D. ] Section [ 103.8 103.3 ] Nonrequired equipment. The following criteria for nonrequired equipment is in accordance with § 36-103 of the Code of Virginia. Building owners may elect to install partial or full fire alarms or other safety equipment that was not required by the edition of the USBC in effect at the time a building was constructed without meeting current requirements of the code, provided the installation does not create a hazardous condition. Permits for installation shall be obtained in accordance with this code. In addition, as a requirement of this code, when such nonrequired equipment is to be installed, the building official shall notify the appropriate fire official or fire chief.

J.K. E. ] Section [ 103.8.1 103.3.1 ] Reduction in function or discontinuance of nonrequired fire protection systems. When a nonrequired fire protection system is to be reduced in function or discontinued, it shall be done in such a manner so as not to create a false sense of protection. Generally, in such cases, any features visible from interior areas shall be removed, such as sprinkler heads, smoke detectors or alarm panels or devices, but any wiring or piping hidden within the construction of the building may remain. Approval of the proposed method of reduction or discontinuance shall be obtained from the building official.

K.L. F. ] Section [ 103.9 103.4 ] Use of certain provisions of referenced codes. The following provisions of the IBC and of other indicated codes or standards are to be considered valid provisions of this code. Where any such provisions have been modified by the state amendments to the IBC, then the modified provisions apply.

1. Special inspection requirements in Chapters 2 - 35.

2. Testing requirements and requirements for the submittal of construction documents in any of the ICC codes referenced in Chapter 35 and in the IRC.

3. Section R301.2 of the IRC authorizing localities to determine climatic and geographic design criteria.

4. Flood load or flood-resistant construction requirements in the IBC or the IRC, including, but not limited to, any such provisions pertaining to flood elevation certificates that are located in Chapter 1 of those codes. Any required flood elevation certificate pursuant to such provisions shall be prepared by a land surveyor licensed in Virginia or an RDP.

5. Section R101.2 of the IRC.

6. Section N1101.6 N1102.1 of the IRC and Sections C101.5.2 C402.1.1 and R101.5.2 R402.1 of the IECC.

L.M. G. ] Section [ 103.10 103.5 ] Functional design. The following criteria for functional design is in accordance with § 36-98 of the Code of Virginia. The USBC shall not supersede the regulations of other state agencies that require and govern the functional design and operation of building related activities not covered by the USBC, including but not limited to (i) public water supply systems, (ii) waste water treatment and disposal systems, and (iii) solid waste facilities. Nor shall state agencies be prohibited from requiring, pursuant to other state law, that buildings and equipment be maintained in accordance with provisions of this code. In addition, as established by this code, the building official may refuse to issue a permit until the applicant has supplied certificates of functional design approval from the appropriate state agency or agencies. For purposes of coordination, the locality may require reports to the building official by other departments or agencies indicating compliance with their regulations applicable to the functional design of a building or structure as a condition for issuance of a building permit or certificate of occupancy. Such reports shall be based upon review of the plans or inspection of the project as determined by the locality. All enforcement of these conditions shall not be the responsibility of the building official, but rather the agency imposing the condition.

Note: Identified state agencies with functional design approval are listed in the "Related Laws Package," which is available from DHCD.

M.N. H. ] Section [ 103.11 103.6 ] Amusement devices and inspections. In accordance with § 36-98.3 of the Code of Virginia, to the extent they are not superseded by the provisions of § 36-98.3 of the Code of Virginia and the VADR, the provisions of the USBC shall apply to amusement devices. In addition, as a requirement of this code, inspections for compliance with the VADR shall be conducted either by local building department personnel or private inspectors provided such persons are certified as amusement device inspectors under the VCS.

N.O. I. ] Section [ 103.12 103.7 ] State buildings and structures. This section establishes the application of the USBC to state-owned buildings and structures in accordance with § 36-98.1 of the Code of Virginia. The USBC shall be applicable to all state-owned buildings and structures, with the exception that §§ 2.2-1159 through 2.2-1161 of the Code of Virginia shall provide the standards for ready access to and use of state-owned buildings by the physically handicapped.

Any state-owned building or structure or building built on state-owned property for which preliminary plans were prepared or on which construction commenced after the initial effective date of the USBC, shall remain subject to the provisions of the USBC that were in effect at the time such plans were completed or such construction commenced. Subsequent reconstruction, renovation or demolition of such building or structure shall be subject to the pertinent provisions of this code.

Acting through the Division of Engineering and Buildings, the Virginia Department of General Services shall function as the building official for state-owned buildings. The department shall review and approve plans and specifications, grant modifications, and establish such rules and regulations as may be necessary to implement this section. It shall provide for the inspection of state-owned buildings and enforcement of the USBC and standards for access by the physically handicapped by delegating inspection and USBC enforcement duties to the State Fire Marshal's Office, to other appropriate state agencies having needed expertise, and to local building departments, all of which shall provide such assistance within a reasonable time and in the manner requested. State agencies and institutions occupying buildings shall pay to the local building department the same fees as would be paid by a private citizen for the services rendered when such services are requested by the department. The department may alter or overrule any decision of the local building department after having first considered the local building department's report or other rationale given for its decision. When altering or overruling any decision of a local building department, the department shall provide the local building department with a written summary of its reasons for doing so.

Notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, roadway tunnels and bridges owned by the Virginia Department of Transportation shall be exempt from this code. The Virginia Department of General Services shall not have jurisdiction over such roadway tunnels, bridges and other limited access highways; provided, however, that the Department of General Services shall have jurisdiction over any occupied buildings within any Department of Transportation rights-of-way that are subject to this code.

Except as provided in subsection D E of § 23-38.109 23.1-1016 of the Code of Virginia, and notwithstanding any provision of this code to the contrary, at the request of a public institution of higher education, the Virginia Department of General Services, as further set forth in this provision, shall authorize that institution of higher education to contract with a building official of the locality in which the construction is taking place to perform any inspection and certifications required for the purpose of complying with this code. The department shall publish administrative procedures that shall be followed in contracting with a building official of the locality. The authority granted to a public institution of higher education under this provision to contract with a building official of the locality shall be subject to the institution meeting the conditions prescribed in subsection B A of § 23-38.88 23.1-1002 of the Code of Virginia.

Note: In accordance with § 36-98.1 of the Code of Virginia, roadway tunnels and bridges shall be designed, constructed and operated to comply with fire safety standards based on nationally recognized model codes and standards to be developed by the Virginia Department of Transportation in consultation with the State Fire Marshal and approved by the Virginia Commonwealth Transportation Board. Emergency response planning and activities related to the standards approved by the Commonwealth Transportation Board shall be developed by the Department of Transportation and coordinated with the appropriate local officials and emergency service providers. On an annual basis, the Department of Transportation shall provide a report on the maintenance and operability of installed fire protection and detection systems in roadway tunnels and bridges to the State Fire Marshal.

O.P. J. ] Section [ 103.12.1 103.7.1 ] Certification of state enforcement personnel. State enforcement personnel shall comply with the applicable requirements of Section 105 for certification, periodic maintenance training, and continuing education.

13VAC5-63-40. Section 104 Enforcement, generally.

A. Section 104.1 Scope of enforcement. This section establishes the requirements for enforcement of the USBC in accordance with § 36-105 of the Code of Virginia. Enforcement of the provisions of the USBC for construction and rehabilitation shall be the responsibility of the local building department. Whenever a county or municipality does not have such a building department, the local governing body shall enter into an agreement with the local governing body of another county or municipality or with some other agency, or a state agency approved by DHCD for such enforcement. For the purposes of this section, towns with a population of less than 3,500 may elect to administer and enforce the USBC; however, where the town does not elect to administer and enforce the code, the county in which the town is situated shall administer and enforce the code for the town. In the event such town is situated in two or more counties, those counties shall administer and enforce the USBC for that portion of the town situated within their respective boundaries.

However, upon a finding by the local building department, following a complaint by a tenant of a residential dwelling unit that is the subject of such complaint, that there may be a violation of the unsafe structures provisions of Part III of the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code, also known as the "Virginia Maintenance Code," or the "VMC," the local building department shall enforce such provisions.

If the local building department receives a complaint that a violation of the VMC exists that is an immediate and imminent threat to the health or safety of the owner, tenant, or occupants of any building or structure, or the owner, occupant, or tenant of any nearby building or structure, and the owner, occupant, or tenant of the building or structure that is the subject of the complaint has refused to allow the local building official or his agent to have access to the subject building or structure, the local building official or his agent may present sworn testimony to make an affidavit under oath before a magistrate or a court of competent jurisdiction and request that the magistrate or court grant the local building official or his agent an inspection warrant to enable the building official or his agent to enter the subject building or structure for the purpose of determining whether violations of the VMC exist. After issuing a warrant under this section, the magistrate or judge shall file the affidavit in the manner prescribed by § 19.2-54 of the Code of Virginia. After executing the warrant, the local building official or his agents shall return the warrant to the clerk of the circuit court of the city or county wherein the inspection was made. The local building official or his agent shall make a reasonable effort to obtain consent from the owner, occupant, or tenant of the subject building or structure prior to seeking the issuance of an inspection warrant under this section.

The local governing body shall, however, inspect and enforce the provisions of the VMC for elevators, escalators, and related conveyances, except for elevators in single-family and two-family homes and townhouses. Such inspection and enforcement shall be carried out by an agency or department designated by the local governing body.

B. Section 104.2 Interagency coordination. When any inspection functions under this code are assigned to a local agency other than the local building department, such agency shall coordinate its reports of inspection with the local building department.

13VAC5-63-50. Section 105 Local building department.

A. Section 105.1 Appointment of building official. Every local building department shall have a building official as the executive official in charge of the department. The building official shall be appointed in a manner selected by the local governing body. After permanent appointment, the building official shall not be removed from office except for cause after having been afforded a full opportunity to be heard on specific and relevant charges by and before the appointing authority. DHCD shall be notified by the appointing authority within 30 days of the appointment or release of a permanent or acting building official.

Note: Building officials are subject to sanctions in accordance with the VCS.

B. Section 105.1.1 Qualifications of building official. The building official shall have at least five years of building experience as a licensed professional engineer or architect, building, fire or trade inspector, contractor, housing inspector or superintendent of building, fire or trade construction or at least five years of building experience after obtaining a degree in architecture or engineering, with at least three years in responsible charge of work. Any combination of education and experience that would confer equivalent knowledge and ability shall be deemed to satisfy this requirement. The building official shall have general knowledge of sound engineering practice in respect to the design and construction of structures, the basic principles of fire prevention, the accepted requirements for means of egress and the installation of elevators and other service equipment necessary for the health, safety and general welfare of the occupants and the public. The local governing body may establish additional qualification requirements.

C. Section 105.1.2 Certification of building official. An acting or permanent building official shall be certified as a building official in accordance with the VCS within one year after being appointed as acting or permanent building official.

Exception: A building official in place prior to April 1, 1983, shall not be required to meet the certification requirements in this section while continuing to serve in the same capacity in the same locality.

D. Section 105.1.3 Noncertified building official. Except for a building official exempt from certification under the exception to Section 105.1.2, any acting or permanent building official who is not certified as a building official in accordance with the VCS shall attend the core module of the Virginia Building Code Academy or an equivalent course in an individual or regional code academy accredited by DHCD within 180 days of appointment. This requirement is in addition to meeting the certification requirement in Section 105.1.2.

E. Section 105.1.4 Requirements for periodic maintenance and continuing education. Building officials shall attend periodic maintenance training as designated by DHCD. In addition to the periodic maintenance training required above, building officials shall attend 16 hours of continuing education every two years as approved by DHCD. If a building official possesses more than one BHCD certificate, the 16 hours shall satisfy the continuing education requirement for all BHCD certificates.

Note: Continuing education and periodic training requirements for DHCD certifications are set out in the VCS.

F. E. Section 105.2 Technical assistants. The building official, subject to any limitations imposed by the locality, shall be permitted to utilize technical assistants to assist the building official in the enforcement of the USBC. DHCD shall be notified by the building official within 60 days of the employment of, contracting with or termination of all technical assistants.

Note: Technical assistants are subject to sanctions in accordance with the VCS.

G. F. Section 105.2.1 Qualifications of technical assistants. A technical assistant shall have at least three years of experience and general knowledge in at least one of the following areas: building construction; [ building construction conceptual and administrative processes; ] building, fire or housing inspections; plumbing, electrical or mechanical trades; or fire protection, elevator or property maintenance work. Any combination of education and experience that would confer equivalent knowledge and ability shall be deemed to satisfy this requirement. The locality may establish additional qualification requirements.

H. G. Section 105.2.2 Certification of technical assistants. A technical assistant shall be certified in the appropriate subject area within 18 months after becoming a technical assistant. When required by local policy to have two or more certifications, a technical assistant shall obtain the additional certifications within three years from the date of such requirement.

Exception Exceptions:

1. ] A technical assistant in place prior to March 1, 1988, shall not be required to meet the certification requirements in this section while continuing to serve in the same capacity in the same locality.

2. A permit technician in place prior to the effective date of the 2015 edition of the code shall not be required to meet the certification requirements in this section while continuing to serve in the same capacity in the same locality. ]

I. Section 105.2.3 Requirements for periodic maintenance and continuing education. Technical assistants shall attend periodic maintenance training as designated by DHCD. In addition to the periodic maintenance training required above, technical assistants shall attend 16 hours of continuing education every two years as approved by DHCD. If a technical assistant possesses more than one BHCD certificate, the 16 hours shall satisfy the continuing education requirement for all BHCD certificates.

Note: Continuing education and periodic training requirements for DHCD certifications are set out in the VCS.

J. H. Section 105.3 Conflict of interest. The standards of conduct for building officials and technical assistants shall be in accordance with the provisions of the State and Local Government Conflict of Interests Act, Chapter 31 (§ 2.2-3100 et seq.) of Title 2.2 of the Code of Virginia.

K. I. Section 105.4 Records. The local building department shall retain a record of applications received, permits, certificates, notices and orders issued, fees collected and reports of inspection in accordance with The Library of Virginia's General Schedule Number Six.

 13VAC5-63-70. Section 107 Fees.

A. Section 107.1 Authority for charging fees. In accordance with § 36-105 of the Code of Virginia, fees may be levied by the local governing body in order to defray the cost of enforcement of the USBC.

Note: See subsection D of § 36-105 of the Code of Virginia for rules for permit fees involving property with easements or liens.

B. Section 107.1.1 Fee schedule. The local governing body shall establish a fee schedule incorporating unit rates, which may be based on square footage, cubic footage, estimated cost of construction or other appropriate criteria. A permit or any amendments to an existing permit shall not be issued until the designated fees have been paid, except that the building official may authorize the delayed payment of fees.

C. Section 107.1.2 Refunds. When requested in writing by a permit holder, the locality shall provide a fee refund in the case of the revocation of a permit or the abandonment or discontinuance of a building project. The refund shall not be required to exceed an amount which correlates to work not completed.

D. Section 107.1.3 Fees for generators used with amusement devices. Fees for generators and associated wiring used with amusement devices shall only be charged under the Virginia Amusement Device Regulations (13VAC5-31).

E. Section 107.2 Code academy fee levy. In accordance with subdivision 7 of § 36-137 of the Code of Virginia, the local building department shall collect a 2.0% levy of fees charged for permits issued under this code and transmit it quarterly to DHCD to support training programs of the Virginia Building Code Academy. Localities that maintain individual or regional training academies accredited by DHCD shall retain such levy.

13VAC5-63-80. Section 108 Application for permit.

A. Section 108.1 When applications are required. Application for a permit shall be made to the building official and a permit shall be obtained prior to the commencement of any of the following activities, except that applications for emergency construction, alterations or equipment replacement shall be submitted by the end of the first working day that follows the day such work commences. In addition, the building official may authorize work to commence pending the receipt of an application or the issuance of a permit.

1. Construction or demolition of a building or structure. Installations or alterations involving (i) the removal or addition of any wall, partition or portion thereof, (ii) any structural component, (iii) the repair or replacement of any required component of a fire or smoke rated assembly, (iv) the alteration of any required means of egress system, (v) water supply and distribution system, sanitary drainage system or vent system, (vi) electric wiring, (vii) fire protection system, mechanical systems, or fuel supply systems, or (viii) any equipment regulated by the USBC.

2. For change of occupancy, application for a permit shall be made when a new certificate of occupancy is required [ under Section 103.3 by the VEBC ].

3. Movement of a lot line that increases the hazard to or decreases the level of safety of an existing building or structure in comparison to the building code under which such building or structure was constructed.

4. Removal or disturbing of any asbestos containing materials during the construction or demolition of a building or structure, including additions.

B. Section 108.2 Exemptions from application for permit. Notwithstanding the requirements of Section 108.1, application for a permit and any related inspections shall not be required for the following; however, this section shall not be construed to exempt such activities from other applicable requirements of this code. In addition, when an owner or an owner's agent requests that a permit be issued for any of the following, then a permit shall be issued and any related inspections shall be required.

1. Installation of wiring and equipment that (i) operates at less than 50 volts, (ii) is for [ network powered ] broadband communications systems, [ or ] (iii) is exempt under Section 102.3(1) or102.3(2) 102.3(4) ], [ or (iv) is for monitoring or automation systems in dwelling units, ] except when any such installations are located in a plenum, penetrate fire rated or smoke protected construction or are a component of any of the following:

1.1. Fire alarm system.

1.2. Fire detection system.

1.3. Fire suppression system.

1.4. Smoke control system.

1.5. Fire protection supervisory system.

1.6. Elevator fire safety control system.

1.7. Access or egress control system or delayed egress locking or latching system.

1.8. Fire damper.

1.9. Door control system.

2. One story detached structures used as tool and storage sheds, playhouses or similar uses, provided the building area does not exceed 256 square feet (23.78 m2) and the structures are not classified as a Group F-1 or H occupancy.

3. Detached prefabricated buildings housing the equipment of a publicly regulated utility service, provided the floor area does not exceed 150 square feet (14 m2).

4. Tents or air-supported structures, or both, that cover an area of 900 square feet (84 m2) or less, including within that area all connecting areas or spaces with a common means of egress or entrance, provided such tents or structures have an occupant load of 50 or less persons.

5. Fences of any height unless required for pedestrian safety as provided for by Section 3306, or used for the barrier for a swimming pool.

6. Concrete or masonry walls, provided such walls do not exceed six feet in height above the finished grade. Ornamental column caps shall not be considered to contribute to the height of the wall and shall be permitted to extend above the six feet height measurement.

7. Retaining walls supporting less than three feet of unbalanced fill that are not constructed for the purpose of impounding Class I, II or III-A liquids or supporting a surcharge other than ordinary unbalanced fill.

8. Swimming pools that have a surface area not greater than 150 square feet (13.95 m2), do not exceed 5,000 gallons (19 000 L) and are less than 24 inches (610 mm) deep.

9. Signs under the conditions in Section H101.2 of Appendix H.

10. Replacement of above-ground existing LP-gas containers of the same capacity in the same location and associated regulators when installed by the serving gas supplier.

11. Flagpoles 30 feet (9144 mm) or less in height.

12. Temporary ramps serving dwelling units in Group R-3 and R-5 occupancies where the height of the entrance served by the ramp is no more than 30 inches (762 mm) above grade.

13. Construction work deemed by the building official to be minor and ordinary and which does not adversely affect public health or general safety.

14. Ordinary repairs that include the following:

14.1. Replacement of windows and doors with windows and doors of similar operation and opening dimensions that do not require changes to the existing framed opening and that are not required to be fire rated in Group R-2 where serving a single dwelling unit and in Groups R-3, R-4 and R-5.

14.2. Replacement of plumbing fixtures and well pumps in all groups without alteration of the water supply and distribution systems, sanitary drainage systems or vent systems.

14.3. Replacement of general use snap switches, dimmer and control switches, 125 volt-15 or 20 ampere receptacles, luminaires (lighting fixtures) and ceiling (paddle) fans in Group R-2 where serving a single dwelling unit and in Groups R-3, R-4 and R-5.

14.4. Replacement of mechanical appliances provided such equipment is not fueled by gas or oil in Group R-2 where serving a single-family dwelling and in Groups R-3, R-4 and R-5.

14.5. Replacement of an unlimited amount of roof covering or siding in Groups R-3, R-4 or R-5 provided the building or structure is not in an area where the nominal design (3 second gust) wind speed is greater than 100 miles per hour (160 km/hr) (44.7 meters per second) and replacement of 100 square feet (9.29 m2) or less of roof covering in all groups and all wind zones.

14.6. Replacement of [ 100 256 ] square feet [ (9.29 m2) 23.78 m2 ] or less of roof decking in Groups R-3, R-4 or R-5 unless the decking to be replaced was required at the time of original construction to be fire-retardant-treated or protected in some other way to form a fire-rated wall termination.

14.7. Installation or replacement of floor finishes in all occupancies.

14.8. Replacement of Class C interior wall or ceiling finishes installed in Groups A, E and I and replacement of all classes of interior wall or ceiling finishes in other groups.

14.9. Installation or replacement of cabinetry or trim.

14.10. Application of paint or wallpaper.

14.11. Other repair work deemed by the building official to be minor and ordinary which does not adversely affect public health or general safety.

15. Crypts, mausoleums, and columbaria structures not exceeding 1500 square feet (139.35 m2) in area if the building or structure is not for occupancy and used solely for the interment of human or animal remains and is not subject to special inspections.

16. Billboard safety upgrades to add or replace steel catwalks, steel ladders, or steel safety cable.

Exception Exceptions ]:

1. ] Application for a permit may be required by the building official for the installation of replacement siding, roofing and windows in buildings within a historic district designated by a locality pursuant to § 15.2-2306 of the Code of Virginia.

2. Application for a permit may be required by the building official for any items exempted in this section that are located in a special flood hazard area. ]

C. Section 108.3 Applicant information, processing by mail. Application for a permit shall be made by the owner or lessee of the relevant property or the agent of either or by the RDP, contractor or subcontractor associated with the work or any of their agents. The full name and address of the owner, lessee and applicant shall be provided in the application. If the owner or lessee is a corporate body, when and to the extent determined necessary by the building official, the full name and address of the responsible officers shall also be provided.

A permit application may be submitted by mail and such permit applications shall be processed by mail, unless the permit applicant voluntarily chooses otherwise. In no case shall an applicant be required to appear in person.

The building official may accept applications for a permit through electronic submissions provided the information required by this section is obtained.

D. Section 108.4 Prerequisites to obtaining permit. In accordance with § 54.1-1111 of the Code of Virginia, any person applying to the building department for the construction, removal or improvement of any structure shall furnish prior to the issuance of the permit either (i) satisfactory proof to the building official that he is duly licensed or certified under the terms or Chapter 11 (§ 54.1-1000 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia to carry out or superintend the same or (ii) file a written statement, supported by an affidavit, that he is not subject to licensure or certification as a contractor or subcontractor pursuant to Chapter 11 of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia. The applicant shall also furnish satisfactory proof that the taxes or license fees required by any county, city, or town have been paid so as to be qualified to bid upon or contract for the work for which the permit has been applied.

E. Section 108.5 Mechanics' lien agent designation. In accordance with § 36-98.01 of the Code of Virginia, a building permit issued for any one-family or two-family residential dwelling shall at the time of issuance contain, at the request of the applicant, the name, mailing address, and telephone number of the mechanics' lien agent as defined in § 43-1 of the Code of Virginia. If the designation of a mechanics' lien agent is not so requested by the applicant, the building permit shall at the time of issuance state that none has been designated with the words "None Designated."

Note: In accordance with § 43-4.01A of the Code of Virginia, a permit may be amended after it has been initially issued to name a mechanics' lien agent or a new mechanics' lien agent.

F. Section 108.6 Application form, description of work. The application for a permit shall be submitted on a form or forms supplied by the local building department. The application shall contain a general description and location of the proposed work and such other information as determined necessary by the building official.

G. Section 108.7 Amendments to application. An application for a permit may be amended at any time prior to the completion of the work governed by the permit. Additional construction documents or other records may also be submitted in a like manner. All such submittals shall have the same effect as if filed with the original application for a permit and shall be retained in a like manner as the original filings.

H. Section 108.8 Time limitation of application. An application for a permit for any proposed work shall be deemed to have been abandoned six months after the date of filing unless such application has been pursued in good faith or a permit has been issued, except that the building official is authorized to grant one or more extensions of time if a justifiable cause is demonstrated.

 [ 13VAC5-63-130. Section 113 Inspections.

A. Section 113.1 General. In accordance with § 36-105 of the Code of Virginia, any building or structure may be inspected at any time before completion, and shall not be deemed in compliance until approved by the inspecting authority. Where the construction cost is less than $2,500, however, the inspection may, in the discretion of the inspecting authority, be waived. The building official shall coordinate all reports of inspections for compliance with the USBC, with inspections of fire and health officials delegated such authority, prior to the issuance of an occupancy permit.

B. Section 113.1.1 Equipment required. Any ladder, scaffolding or test equipment necessary to conduct or witness a requested inspection shall be provided by the permit holder.

C. Section 113.1.2 Duty to notify. When construction reaches a stage of completion that requires an inspection, the permit holder shall notify the building official.

D. Section 113.1.3 Duty to inspect. Except as provided for in Section 113.7, the building official shall perform the requested inspection in accordance with Section 113.6 when notified in accordance with Section 113.1.2.

E. Section 113.2 Prerequisites. The building official may conduct a site inspection prior to issuing a permit. When conducting inspections pursuant to this code, all personnel shall carry proper credentials.

F. Section 113.3 Minimum inspections. The following minimum inspections shall be conducted by the building official when applicable to the construction or permit:

1. Inspection of footing excavations and reinforcement material for concrete footings prior to the placement of concrete.

2. Inspection of foundation systems during phases of construction necessary to assure compliance with this code.

3. Inspection of preparatory work prior to the placement of concrete.

4. Inspection of structural members and fasteners prior to concealment.

5. Inspection of electrical, mechanical and plumbing materials, equipment and systems prior to concealment.

6. Inspection of energy conservation material prior to concealment.

7. Final inspection.

G. 113.3.1 Equipment changes. Upon the replacement or new installation of any fuel-burning appliances or equipment in existing Group R-5 occupancies, an inspection or inspections shall be conducted to ensure that the connected vent or chimney systems comply with the following:

1. Vent or chimney systems are sized in accordance with the IRC.

2. Vent or chimney systems are clean, free of any obstruction or blockages, defects, or deterioration, and are in operable condition. Where not inspected by the local building department, persons performing such changes or installations shall certify to the building official that the requirements of Items 1 and 2 of this section are met.

H. Section 113.4 Additional inspections. The building official may designate additional inspections and tests to be conducted during the construction of a building or structure and shall so notify the permit holder.

H. I. Section 113.5 In-plant and factory inspections. When required by the provisions of this code, materials, equipment or assemblies shall be inspected at the point of manufacture or fabrication. The building official shall require the submittal of an evaluation report of such materials, equipment or assemblies. The evaluation report shall indicate the complete details of the assembly including a description of the assembly and its components, and describe the basis upon which the assembly is being evaluated. In addition, test results and other data as necessary for the building official to determine conformance with the USBC shall be submitted. For factory inspections, an identifying label or stamp permanently affixed to materials, equipment or assemblies indicating that a factory inspection has been made shall be acceptable instead of a written inspection report, provided the intent or meaning of such identifying label or stamp is properly substantiated.

I. J. Section 113.6 Approval or notice of defective work. The building official shall either approve the work in writing or give written notice of defective work to the permit holder. Upon request of the permit holder, the notice shall reference the USBC section that serves as the basis for the defects and such defects shall be corrected and reinspected before any work proceeds that would conceal such defects. A record of all reports of inspections, tests, examinations, discrepancies and approvals issued shall be maintained by the building official and shall be communicated promptly in writing to the permit holder. Approval issued under this section may be revoked whenever it is discovered that such approval was issued in error or on the basis of incorrect information, or where there are repeated violations of the USBC. Notices issued pursuant to this section shall be permitted to be communicated electronically, provided the notice is reasonably calculated to get to the permit holder.

J. K. Section 113.7 Approved inspection agencies. The building official may accept reports of inspections and tests from individuals or inspection agencies approved in accordance with the building official's written policy required by Section 113.7.1. The individual or inspection agency shall meet the qualifications and reliability requirements established by the written policy. Under circumstances where the building official is unable to make the inspection or test required by Section 113.3 or 113.4 within two working days of a request or an agreed upon date or if authorized for other circumstances in the building official's written policy, the building official shall accept reports for review. The building official shall approve the report from such approved individuals or agencies unless there is cause to reject it. Failure to approve a report shall be in writing within two working days of receiving it stating the reason for the rejection. Reports of inspections conducted by approved third-party inspectors or agencies shall be in writing, shall indicate if compliance with the applicable provisions of the USBC have been met and shall be certified by the individual inspector or by the responsible officer when the report is from an agency.

Exception: The licensed mechanical contractor installing the mechanical system shall be permitted to perform duct tests required by Section R403.3.3 of the IECC or Section N1103.3.3 of the IRC. The contractor shall have been trained on the equipment used to perform the test.

Note: Photographs, videotapes or other sources of pertinent data or information may be considered as constituting such reports and tests.

K. L. Section 113.7.1 Third-party inspectors. Each building official charged with the enforcement of the USBC shall have a written policy establishing the minimum acceptable qualifications for third-party inspectors. The policy shall include the format and time frame required for submission of reports, any prequalification or preapproval requirements before conducting a third-party inspection and any other requirements and procedures established by the building official.

L. M. Section 113.7.2 Qualifications. In determining third-party inspector qualifications, the building official may consider such items as DHCD inspector certification, other state or national certifications, state professional registrations, related experience, education and any other factors that would demonstrate competency and reliability to conduct inspections.

M. N. Section 113.8 Final inspection. Upon completion of a building or structure and before the issuance of a certificate of occupancy, a final inspection shall be conducted to ensure that any defective work has been corrected and that all work complies with the USBC and has been approved, including any work associated with modifications under Section 106.3. The building official shall be permitted to require the electrical service to a building or structure to be energized prior to conducting the final inspection. The approval of a final inspection shall be permitted to serve as the new certificate of occupancy required by Section 116.1 in the case of additions or alterations to existing buildings or structures that already have a certificate of occupancy.

13VAC5-63-150. Section 115 Violations.

A. Section 115.1 Violation a misdemeanor; civil penalty. In accordance with § 36-106 of the Code of Virginia, it shall be unlawful for any owner or any other person, firm or corporation, on or after the effective date of any code provisions, to violate any such provisions. Any locality may adopt an ordinance that establishes a uniform schedule of civil penalties for violations of specified provisions of the code that are not abated or remedied promptly after receipt of a notice of violation from the local enforcement officer.

Note: See the full text of § 36-106 of the Code of Virginia for additional requirements and criteria pertaining to legal action relative to violations of the code.

B. Section 115.2 Notice of violation. The building official shall issue a written notice of violation to the responsible party if any violations of this code or any directives or orders of the building official have not been corrected or complied with in a reasonable time. The notice shall reference the code section upon which the notice is based and direct the discontinuance and abatement correction of the violation or the compliance with such directive or order and specify a reasonable time period within which the corrections or compliance must occur. The notice shall be issued by either delivering a copy to the responsible party by mail to the last known address or delivering the notice in person or by leaving it in the possession of any person in charge of the premises, or by posting the notice in a conspicuous place if the person in charge of the premises cannot be found. The notice of violation shall indicate the right of appeal by referencing the appeals section. When the owner of the building or structure, or the permit holder for the construction in question, or the tenants of such building or structure, are not the responsible party to whom the notice of violation is issued, then a copy of the notice shall also be delivered to the such owner, permit holder or tenants.

Note: A notice of unsafe building or structure for structures that become unsafe during the construction process are issued in accordance with Section 118.

C. Section 115.2.1 Notice not to be issued under certain circumstances. When violations are discovered more than two years after the certificate of occupancy is issued or the date of initial occupancy, whichever occurred later, or more than two years after the approved final inspection for an alteration or renovation, a notice of violation shall only be issued upon advice from the legal counsel of the locality that action may be taken to compel correction of the violation. When compliance can no longer be compelled by prosecution under § 36-106 of the Code of Virginia, the building official, when requested by the building owner, shall document in writing the existence of the violation noting the edition of the USBC the violation is under.

D. Section 115.3 Further action when violation not corrected. If the responsible party has not complied with the notice of violation, the building official shall submit a written request to may initiate legal proceedings by requesting the legal counsel of the locality to institute the appropriate legal proceedings to restrain, correct or abate the violation or to require the removal or termination of the use of the building or structure involved. In cases where the locality so authorizes, the building official may issue or obtain a summons or warrant. Compliance with a notice of violation notwithstanding, the building official may request legal proceedings be instituted for prosecution when a person, firm or corporation is served with three or more notices of violation within one calendar year for failure to obtain a required construction permit prior to commencement of work subject to this code.

Note: See § 19.2-8 of the Code of Virginia concerning the statute of limitations for building code prosecutions.

E. Section 115.4 Penalties and abatement. Penalties for violations of the USBC shall be as set out in § 36-106 of the Code of Virginia. The successful prosecution of a violation of the USBC shall not preclude the institution of appropriate legal action to require correction or abatement of a violation.

F. Section 115.5 Transfer of ownership. In accordance with § 36-105 of the Code of Virginia, if the local building department has initiated an enforcement action against the owner of a building or structure and such owner subsequently transfers the ownership of the building or structure to an entity in which the owner holds an ownership interest greater than 50%, the pending enforcement action shall continue to be enforced against the owner. ]

13VAC5-63-170. Section 117 Temporary and moved buildings and structures; demolition.

A. Section 117.1 Temporary buildings and structures. The building official is authorized to issue a permit for temporary buildings or structures. Such permits shall be limited as to time of service, but shall not be permitted for more than one year, except that upon the permit holder's written request, the building official may grant one or more extensions of time, not to exceed one year per extension. The building official is authorized to terminate the approval and order the demolition or removal of temporary buildings or structures during the period authorized by the permit when determined necessary.

B. Section 117.1.1 Temporary uses within existing buildings and structures. The building official shall review and may approve conditions or modifications for temporary uses, including hypothermia and hyperthermia shelters, that may be necessary as long as the use meets the spirit and functional intent intended by this code. The building official is authorized to terminate the approval and order the discontinuance of the temporary use during the period authorized by the permit when determined necessary. The building official shall notify the appropriate fire official or fire chief of the approved temporary use.

C. Section 117.2 Moved buildings and structures. Any building or structure moved into a locality or moved to a new location within a locality shall not be occupied or used until a certification certificate of occupancy is issued for the new location. Such moved buildings or structures shall be required to comply with the requirements of this code for a newly constructed building or structure unless meeting all of the following requirements relative to the new location:

1. There is no change in the occupancy classification from its previous location.

2. The building or structure was in compliance with all state and local requirements applicable to it in its previous location and is in compliance with all state and local requirements applicable if originally constructed in the new location.

3. The building or structure did not become unsafe during the moving process due to structural damage or for other reasons.

4. Any alterations, reconstruction, renovations or repairs made pursuant to the move are in compliance with applicable requirements of the VRC VEBC.

D. Section 117.3 Demolition of buildings and structures. Prior to the issuance of a permit for the demolition of any building or structure, the owner or the owner's agent shall provide certification to the building official that all service connections of utilities have been removed, sealed or plugged satisfactorily and a release has been obtained from the associated utility company. The certification shall further provide that written notice has been given to the owners of adjoining lots and any other lots that may be affected by the temporary removal of utility wires or the temporary disconnection or termination of other services or facilities relative to the demolition. In addition, the requirements of Chapter 33 of the IBC for any necessary retaining walls or fences during demolition shall be applicable and when a building or structure is demolished or removed, the established grades shall be restored.

 [ 13VAC5-63-190. Section 119 Appeals.

A. Section 119.1 Establishment of appeals board. In accordance with § 36-105 of the Code of Virginia, there shall be established within each local building department a LBBCA. Whenever a county or a municipality does not have such a LBBCA, the local governing body shall enter into an agreement with the local governing body of another county or municipality or with some other agency, or a state agency approved by DHCD for such appeals resulting therefrom. Fees may be levied by the local governing body in order to defray the cost of such appeals. In addition, as an authorization in this code, separate LBBCAs may be established to hear appeals of different enforcement areas such as electrical, plumbing or mechanical requirements. Each such LBBCA shall comply with the requirements of this section. The locality is responsible for maintaining a duly constituted LBBCA prepared to hear appeals within the time limits established in this section. The LBBCA shall meet as necessary to assure a duly constituted board, appoint officers as necessary, and receive such training on the code as may be appropriate or necessary from staff of the locality.

B. Section 119.2 Membership of board. The LBBCA shall consist of at least five members appointed by the locality for a specific term of office established by written policy. Alternate members may be appointed to serve in the absence of any regular members and as such, shall have the full power and authority of the regular members. Regular and alternate members may be reappointed. Written records of current membership, including a record of the current chairman and secretary shall be maintained in the office of the locality. In order to provide continuity, the terms of the members may be of different length so that less than half will expire in any one-year period.

C. Section 119.3 Officers and qualifications of members. The LBBCA shall annually select one of its regular members to serve as chairman. When the chairman is not present at an appeal hearing, the members present shall select an acting chairman. The locality or the chief executive officer of the locality shall appoint a secretary to the LBBCA to maintain a detailed record of all proceedings. Members of the LBBCA shall be selected by the locality on the basis of their ability to render fair and competent decisions regarding application of the USBC and shall to the extent possible, represent different occupational or professional fields relating to the construction industry. At least one member should be an experienced builder; at least one member should be an RDP, and at least one member should be an experienced property manager. Employees or officials of the locality shall not serve as members of the LBBCA.

D. Section 119.4 Conduct of members. No member shall hear an appeal in which that member has a conflict of interest in accordance with the State and Local Government Conflict of Interests Act (§ 2.2-3100 et seq. of the Code of Virginia). Members shall not discuss the substance of an appeal with any other party or their representatives prior to any hearings.

E. Section 119.5 Right of appeal; filing of appeal application. Any person aggrieved by the local building department's application of the USBC or the refusal to grant a modification to the provisions of the USBC may appeal to the LBBCA. The applicant shall submit a written request for appeal to the LBBCA within 30 calendar days of the receipt of the decision being appealed. The application shall contain the name and address of the owner of the building or structure and in addition, the name and address of the person appealing, when the applicant is not the owner. A copy of the building official's decision shall be submitted along with the application for appeal and maintained as part of the record. The application shall be marked by the LBBCA to indicate the date received. Failure to submit an application for appeal within the time limit established by this section shall constitute acceptance of a building official's decision.

Note: To the extent that a decision of a building official pertains to amusement devices there may be a right of appeal under the VADR.

F. Section 119.6 Meetings and postponements. The LBBCA shall meet within 30 calendar days after the date of receipt of the application for appeal, except that a period of up to 45 calendar days shall be permitted where the LBBCA has regularly scheduled monthly meetings. A longer time period shall be permitted if agreed to by all the parties involved in the appeal. A notice indicating the time and place of the hearing shall be sent to the parties in writing to the addresses listed on the application at least 14 calendar days prior to the date of the hearing, except that a lesser time period shall be permitted if agreed to by all the parties involved in the appeal. When a quorum of the LBBCA is not present at a hearing to hear an appeal, any party involved in the appeal shall have the right to request a postponement of the hearing. The LBBCA shall reschedule the appeal within 30 calendar days of the postponement, except that a longer time period shall be permitted if agreed to by all the parties involved in the appeal.

G. Section 119.7 Hearings and decision. All hearings before the LBBCA shall be open meetings and the appellant, the appellant's representative, the locality's representative and any person whose interests are affected by the building official's decision in question shall be given an opportunity to be heard. The chairman shall have the power and duty to direct the hearing, rule upon the acceptance of evidence and oversee the record of all proceedings. The LBBCA shall have the power to uphold, reverse or modify the decision of the official by a concurring vote of a majority of those present. Decisions of the LBBCA shall be final if no further appeal is made. The decision of the LBBCA shall be by resolution explained in writing, signed by the chairman and retained as part of the record of the appeal. Copies of the resolution written decision shall be sent to all parties by certified mail. In addition, the resolution written decision shall contain the following wording:

"Any person who was a party to the appeal may appeal to the State Review Board by submitting an application to such Board within 21 calendar days upon receipt by certified mail of this resolution decision. Application forms are available from the Office of the State Review Board, 600 East Main Street, Richmond, Virginia 23219, (804) 371-7150."

H. Section 119.8 Appeals to the State Review Board. After final determination by the LBBCA in an appeal, any person who was a party to the appeal may further appeal to the State Review Board. In accordance with § 36-98.2 of the Code of Virginia for state-owned buildings and structures, appeals by an involved state agency from the decision of the building official for state-owned buildings or structures shall be made directly to the State Review Board. The application for appeal shall be made to the State Review Board within 21 calendar days of the receipt of the decision to be appealed. Failure to submit an application within that time limit shall constitute an acceptance of the building official's decision. For appeals from a LBBCA, a copy of the building official's decision and the resolution written decision of the LBBCA shall be submitted with the application for appeal to the State Review Board. Upon request by the office of the State Review Board, the LBBCA shall submit a copy of all pertinent information from the record of the appeal. In the case of appeals involving state-owned buildings or structures, the involved state agency shall submit a copy of the building official's decision and other relevant information with the application for appeal to the State Review Board. Procedures of the State Review Board are in accordance with Article 2 (§ 36-108 et seq.) of Chapter 6 of Title 36 of the Code of Virginia. Decisions of the State Review Board shall be final if no further appeal is made. ]

13VAC5-63-200. Chapter 2 Definitions.

A. Add the following definitions to Section 202 of the IBC to read:

Aboveground liquid fertilizer storage tank (ALFST). A device that contains an accumulation of liquid fertilizer (i) constructed of nonearthen materials, such as concrete, steel or plastic, that provide structural support; (ii) having a capacity of 100,000 gallons (378 500 L) or greater; and (iii) the volume of which is more than 90% above the surface of the ground. The term does not include any wastewater treatment or wastewater storage tank, utility or industry pollution control equipment.

Building regulations. Any law, rule, resolution, regulation, ordinance or code, general or special, or compilation thereof, heretofore or hereafter enacted or adopted by the Commonwealth or any county or municipality, including departments, boards, bureaus, commissions, or other agencies thereof, relating to construction, reconstruction, alteration, conversion, repair, maintenance, or use of structures and buildings and installation of equipment therein. The term does not include zoning ordinances or other land use controls that do not affect the manner of construction or materials to be used in the erection, alteration or repair of a building or structure.

Change of occupancy. A change in the use or occupancy of any building or structure that would place the building or structure in a different division of the same group of occupancies or in a different group of occupancies; or a change in the purpose or level of activity within a building or structure that involves a change in application of the requirements of this code.

Chemical fume hood. A ventilated enclosure designed to contain and exhaust fumes, gases, vapors, mists, and particulate matter generated within the hood.

Construction. The construction, reconstruction, alteration, repair, or conversion of buildings and structures.

Day-night average sound level (Ldn). A 24-hour energy average sound level expressed in dBA, with a 10 decibel penalty applied to noise occurring between 10 p.m. and 7 a.m.

DHCD. The Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development.

Emergency communication equipment. Emergency communication equipment, includes but is not limited to two-way radio communications, signal booster, bi-directional amplifiers, radiating cable systems, or internal multiple antenna, or a combination of the foregoing.

Emergency public safety personnel. Emergency public safety personnel includes firefighters, emergency medical personnel, law-enforcement officers, and other emergency public safety personnel routinely called upon to provide emergency assistance to members of the public in a wide variety of emergency situations, including but not limited to fires, medical emergencies, violent crimes, and terrorist attacks.

Equipment. Plumbing, heating, electrical, ventilating, air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment, elevators, dumbwaiters, escalators, and other mechanical additions or installations.

Farm building or structure. A building or structure not used for residential purposes, located on property where farming operations take place, and used primarily for any of the following uses or combination thereof:

1. Storage, handling, production, display, sampling or sale of agricultural, horticultural, floricultural or silvicultural products produced in the farm.

2. Sheltering, raising, handling, processing or sale of agricultural animals or agricultural animal products.

3. Business or office uses relating to the farm operations.

4. Use of farm machinery or equipment or maintenance or storage of vehicles, machinery or equipment on the farm.

5. Storage or use of supplies and materials used on the farm.

6. Implementation of best management practices associated with farm operations.

Hospice facility. An institution, place, or building owned or operated by a hospice provider and licensed by the Virginia Department of Health as a hospice facility to provide room, board, and palliative and supportive medical and other health services to terminally ill patients and their families, including respite and symptom management, on a 24-hour basis to individuals requiring such care pursuant to the orders of a physician.

Industrialized building. A combination of one or more sections or modules, subject to state regulations and including the necessary electrical, plumbing, heating, ventilating and other service systems, manufactured off-site and transported to the point of use for installation or erection, with or without other specified components, to comprise a finished building. Manufactured homes shall not be considered industrialized buildings for the purpose of this code.

Laboratory suite. A fire-rated enclosed laboratory area that will provide one or more laboratory spaces, within a Group B educational occupancy, that are permitted to include ancillary uses such as offices, bathrooms, and corridors that are contiguous with the laboratory area and are constructed in accordance with Section 430.3.

LBBCA. Local board of building code appeals.

Liquid fertilizer. A fluid in which a fertilizer is in true solution. This term does not include anhydrous ammonia or a solution used in pollution control.

Local building department. The agency or agencies of any local governing body charged with the administration, supervision, or enforcement of this code, approval of construction documents, inspection of buildings or structures, or issuance of permits, licenses, certificates or similar documents.

Local governing body. The governing body of any city, county or town in this Commonwealth.

Locality. A city, county or town in this Commonwealth.

Manufactured home. A structure subject to federal regulation, which is transportable in one or more sections; is eight body feet or more in width and 40 body feet or more in length in the traveling mode, or is 320 or more square feet when erected on site; is built on a permanent chassis; is designed to be used as a single-family dwelling, with or without a permanent foundation, when connected to the required utilities; and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems contained in the structure.

Marina. Any installation, operating under public or private ownership, that has a structure providing dockage or moorage for boats, other than paddleboats or rowboats, and provides, through sale, rental, fee, or on a free basis, any equipment, supply, or service, including fuel, electricity, or water, for the convenience of the public or its lessees, renters, or users of its facilities. A dock or pier with or without slips that exclusively serves a single-family residential lot for the use of the owner of the lot is not a marina.

Night club. Any building in which the main use is a place of public assembly that provides exhibition, performance or other forms of entertainment; serves alcoholic beverages; and provides music and space for dancing.

Permissible fireworks. Any sparklers, fountains, Pharaoh's serpents, caps for pistols, or pinwheels commonly known as whirligigs or spinning jennies.

Short-term holding area. An area containing a holding cell or cells, or a holding room or rooms, including associated rooms or spaces where the occupants are restrained or detained by the use of security measures not under the occupant's control for less than 24 hours.

Skirting. A weather-resistant material used to enclose the space from the bottom of the manufactured home to grade.

Slip. A berth or space where a boat may be secured to a fixed or floating structure, including a dock, finger pier, boat lift, or mooring buoy.

Sound transmission class (STC) rating. A single number characterizing the sound reduction performance of a material tested in accordance with ASTM E90-90, "Laboratory Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission Loss of Building Partitions."

State regulated care facility (SRCF). A building with an occupancy in Group R-2, R-3, R-4 or R-5 occupied by persons in the care of others where program oversight is provided by the Virginia Department of Social Services, the Virginia Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services, the Virginia Department of Education or the Virginia Department of Juvenile Justice.

State Review Board. The Virginia State Building Code Technical Review Board as established under § 36-108 of the Code of Virginia.

Teaching and research laboratory. A building or portion of a building where hazardous materials are stored, used, and handled for the purpose of testing, analysis, teaching, research, or developmental activities on a nonproduction basis rather than in a manufacturing process.

Technical assistant. Any person employed by or under an extended contract to a local building department or local enforcing agency for enforcing the USBC, including but not limited to inspectors [ and, ] plans reviewers [ , and permit technicians ]. For the purpose of this definition, an extended contract shall be a contract with an aggregate term of 18 months or longer.

Tenable environmental. An environment in which the products of combustion, including smoke, toxic gases, particulates, and heat, are limited or otherwise restricted in order to maintain the impact on occupants, including those in the area of fire origin, to a level that is not life threatening and permits the rescue of occupants for a limited time.

Unsafe building or structure. Any building or structure that is under construction and has not received a permanent certificate of occupancy, final inspection, or for which a permit was never issued or has expired and has been determined by the building official to be of faulty construction that is so damaged, decayed, dilapidated, structurally unsafe, or of such faulty construction or unstable foundation that partial or complete collapse is likely, or any unfinished construction that does not have a valid permit, or the permit has been revoked, and the condition of the unfinished construction presents an immediate serious and imminent threat to the life and safety of the occupants or the public.

VADR. The Virginia Amusement Device Regulations (13VAC5-31).

VCS. The Virginia Certification Standards (13VAC5-21).

Working day. A day other than Saturday, Sunday or a legal local, state or national holiday.

B. Change the following definitions in Section 202 of the IBC to read:

24-hour basis. The actual time that a person is an occupant within a facility for the purpose of receiving care. It shall not include a facility that is open for 24 hours and is capable of providing care to someone visiting the facility during any segment of the 24 hours.

Addition. An extension or increase in floor area, number of stories, or height of a building or structure.

Ambulatory health care facility. Buildings or portions thereof used to provide medical care on less than a 24-hour basis that are licensed by the Virginia Department of Health as outpatient surgical hospitals.

Automatic fire-extinguishing system. An approved system of devices and equipment that automatically detects a fire and discharges an approved fire-extinguishing agent onto or in the area of a fire and includes among other systems an automatic sprinkler system, unless otherwise expressly stated.

Building. A combination of materials, whether portable or fixed, having a roof to form a structure for the use or occupancy by persons, or property. The word "building" shall be construed as though followed by the words "or part or parts thereof" unless the context clearly requires a different meaning. "Building" shall not include roadway tunnels and bridges owned by the Virginia Department of Transportation, which shall be governed by construction and design standards approved by the Virginia Commonwealth Transportation Board.

For application of this code, each portion of a building that is completely separated from other portions by fire walls complying with Section 706 shall be considered as a separate building (see Section 503.1).

Change of occupancy.A change in the use or occupancy of any building or structure that would place the building or structure in a different division of the same group of occupancies or in a different group of occupancies or a change in the purpose or level of activity within a building or structure that involves a change in application of the requirements of this code See Section 202 of the VEBC ].

Clinic, outpatient. Buildings or portions thereof used to provide medical care on less than a 24-hour basis that are not licensed by the Virginia Department of Health as outpatient surgical hospitals.

Custodial care. Assistance with day-to-day living tasks, such as assistance with cooking, taking medication, bathing, using toilet facilities, and other tasks of daily living. In other than in hospice facilities, custodial care includes occupants that have the ability to respond to emergency situations and evacuate at a slower rate or who have mental and psychiatric complications, or both.

Group home. A facility for social rehabilitation or substance abuse or mental health problems that contains a group housing arrangement that provides custodial care but does not provide medical care.

Existing structure. A structure (i) for which a legal building permit has been issued under any edition of the USBC, (ii) which has been previously approved, or (iii) which was built prior to the initial edition of the USBC. For application of provisions in flood hazard areas, an existing structure is any building or structure for which the start of construction commenced before the effective date of the community's first flood plain management code, ordinance, or standard.

Owner. The owner or owners of the freehold of the premises or lesser estate therein, a mortgagee or vendee in possession, assignee of rents, receiver, executor, trustee or lessee in control of a building or structure.

Registered Design Professional (RDP). An architect or professional engineer, licensed to practice architecture or engineering, as defined under § 54.1-400 of the Code of Virginia.

Substantial damage. For the purpose of determining compliance with the flood provisions of this code, damage of any origin sustained by a structure whereby the cost of restoring the structure to its before-damaged condition would equal or exceed 50% of the market value of the structure before the damage occurred.

Substantial improvement. For the purpose of determining compliance with the flood provisions of this code, any improvement, including repair, reconstruction, rehabilitation, alteration, or addition, or other improvement of a building or structure or a portion thereof the cost of which equals or exceeds 50% of the market value of the building or structure before the improvement or repair is started. If the building or structure or portion thereof has sustained substantial damage, any improvements are considered substantial improvements regardless of the actual improvement performed. The term does not, however, include either:

1. Any project for improvement of a building or a structure or portion thereof required to correct existing health, sanitary, or safety code violations identified by the building official and that is the minimum necessary to assure safe living conditions; or

2. Any alteration of a historic structure, provided that the alteration will not preclude the building or structure's continued designation as a historic building or structure.

Swimming pool. An aquatic vessel A pool or spa as defined in the International Swimming Pool and Spa Code (ISPSC).

Structure. An assembly of materials forming a construction for occupancy or use including stadiums, gospel and circus tents, reviewing stands, platforms, stagings, observation towers, radio towers, water tanks, storage tanks (underground and aboveground), trestles, piers, wharves, swimming pools, amusement devices, storage bins, and other structures of this general nature but excluding water wells. The word "structure" shall be construed as though followed by the words "or part or parts thereof" unless the context clearly requires a different meaning. "Structure" shall not include roadway tunnels and bridges owned by the Virginia Department of Transportation, which shall be governed by construction and design standards approved by the Virginia Commonwealth Transportation Board.

C. Delete the following definitions from Section 202 of the IBC:

Agricultural [, ] building

Existing structure (For Chapter 34)

Approved

Historic buildings

13VAC5-63-210. Chapter 3 Use and occupancy classification.

A. Change Sections 303.1.1 and 303.1.2 of the IBC to read:

303.1.1 Small buildings and tenant spaces. A building or tenant space used for assembly purposes with an occupant load of less than 50 persons shall be permitted to be classified as a Group B occupancy.

303.1.2 Small assembly spaces. The following rooms and spaces shall be permitted to be classified as Group B occupancies or as part of the assembly occupancy:

1. A room or space used for assembly purposes with an occupant load of less than 50 persons and ancillary to another occupancy.

2. A room or space used for assembly purposes that is less than 750 square feet (70 m2) in area and ancillary to another occupancy.

B. Change Section 303.6 of the IBC to read:

303.6 Assembly Group A-5. Assembly uses intended for participation in or viewing outdoor activities including, but not limited to:

Amusement park structures

Bleachers

Grandstands

Stadiums

Swimming pools

C. Add Section 304.1.1 to the IBC to read:

304.1.1 Day support and day treatment facilities. Day support and day treatment facilities licensed by the Virginia Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services shall be permitted to be classified as Group B occupancies provided all of the following conditions are met:

1. Participants who may require physical assistance from staff to respond to an emergency situation shall be located on the level of exit discharge.

2. Any change in elevation within the exit access on the level of exit discharge shall be made by means of a ramp or sloped walkway.

3. Where the facilities are located more than two stories above grade, an automatic sprinkler system shall be provided throughout the building in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.

B. D. Change exception 13 14 of Section 307.1 307.1.1 of the IBC and add exception 15 to Section 307.1.1 of the IBC to read:

13. 14. The storage of black powder, smokeless propellant and small arms primers in Groups M, R-3 and R-5 and special industrial explosive devices in Groups B, F, M and S, provided such storage conforms to the quantity limits and requirements prescribed in the IFC, as amended in Section 307.9.

15. The storage of distilled spirits and wines in wooden barrels and casks. Distillation, blending, bottling, and other hazardous materials storage or processing shall be in separate control areas complying with Section 414.2.

C. E. Change the "Consumer fireworks" row in and "Flammable liquid, combination (IA, IB, IC)" row in Table 307.1(1), add a new "Permissible fireworks" row to Table 307.1(1) of the IBC, and add footnote "r" to Table 307.1(1) of the IBC to read:

Consumer fireworks

1.4G

H-3

125e,l

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Flammable liquid, combination (IA, IB, IC)

NA

H-2 or H-3

NA

120d,e,h

NA

NA

120d,h

NA

NA

30d,h,r

Permissible fireworks

1.4G

H-3

125d,e,l

N/A NA

N/A NA

N/A NA

N/A NA

N/A NA

N/A NA

N/A NA

r. The tabular value for distilled spirit distillation and blending rooms is 120 gallons.

D. F. Add Section 307.9 to the IBC to read:

307.9 Amendments. The following changes shall be made to the IFC for the use of Exception 13 14 in Section 307.1 307.1.1:

1. Change the following definition in Section 202 of the IFC to read:

Smokeless propellants. Solid propellants, commonly referred to as smokeless powders, or any propellants classified by DOTn as smokeless propellants in accordance with NA3178 (Smokeless Powder for Small Arms), used in small arms ammunition, firearms, cannons, rockets, propellant-actuated devices, and similar articles.

2. Change Section 314.1 of the IFC to read as follows:

314.1 General. Indoor displays constructed within any building or structure shall comply with Sections 314.2 through 314.5.

3. Add new Section 314.5 to the IFC to read as follows:

314.5 Smokeless powder and small arms primers. Vendors shall not store, display or sell smokeless powder or small arms primers during trade shows inside exhibition halls except as follows:

1. The amount of smokeless powder each vender may store is limited to the storage arrangements and storage amounts established in Section 5606.5.2.1.

2. Smokeless powder shall remain in the manufacturer's original sealed container and the container shall remain sealed while inside the building. The repackaging of smokeless powder shall not be performed inside the building. Damaged containers shall not be repackaged inside the building and shall be immediately removed from the building in such manner to avoid spilling any powder.

3. There shall be at least 50 feet separation between vendors and 20 feet from any exit.

4. Small arms primers shall be displayed and stored in the manufacturer's original packaging and in accordance with the requirements of Section 5606.5.2.3.

4. Change Exception 4 and add Exceptions 10 and 11 to Section 5601.1 of the IFC as follows:

4. The possession, storage and use of not more than 15 pounds (6.75 kg) of commercially manufactured sporting black powder, 20 pounds (9 kg) of smokeless powder and any amount of small arms primers for hand loading of small arms ammunition for personal consumption.

10. The display of small arms primers in Group M when in the original manufacturer's packaging.

11. The possession, storage and use of not more than 50 pounds (23 kg) of commercially manufactured sporting black powder, 100 pounds (45 kg) of smokeless powder, and small arms primers for hand loading of small arms ammunition for personal consumption in Group R-3 or R-5, or 200 pounds (91 kg) of smokeless powder when stored in the manufacturer's original containers in detached Group U structures at least 10 feet (3048 mm) from inhabited buildings and are accessory to Group R-3 or R-5.

5. Change Section 5606.4 of the IFC to read as follows:

5606.4 Storage in residences. Propellants for personal use in quantities not exceeding 50 pounds (23 kg) of black powder or 100 pounds (45 kg) of smokeless powder shall be stored in original containers in occupancies limited to Group R-3 and R-5 or 200 pounds (91 kg) of smokeless powder when stored in the manufacturer's original containers in detached Group U structures at least 10 feet (3048 mm) from inhabited buildings and are accessory to Group R-3 or R-5. In other than Group R-3 or R-5, smokeless powder in quantities exceeding 20 pounds (9 kg) but not exceeding 50 pounds (23 kg) shall be kept in a wooden box or cabinet having walls of at least one inch (25 mm) nominal thickness or equivalent.

6. Delete Sections 5606.4.1 and 5606.4.2 of the IFC.

7. Change Section 5606.5.1.1 of the IFC to read as follows:

5606.5.1.1 Smokeless propellant. No more than 100 pounds (45 kg) of smokeless propellants in containers of eight pounds (3.6 kg) or less capacity shall be displayed in Group M occupancies.

8. Delete Section 5606.5.1.3 of the IFC.

9. Change Section 5606.5.2.1 of the IFC as follows:

5606.5.2.1 Smokeless propellant. Commercial stocks of smokeless propellants shall be stored as follows:

1. Quantities exceeding 20 pounds (9 kg), but not exceeding 100 pounds (45 kg) shall be stored in portable wooden boxes having walls of at least one inch (25 mm) nominal thickness or equivalent.

2. Quantities exceeding 100 pounds (45 kg), but not exceeding 800 pounds (363 kg), shall be stored in storage cabinets having walls at least one inch (25 mm) nominal thickness or equivalent. Not more than 400 pounds (182 kg) shall be stored in any one cabinet, and cabinets shall be separated by a distance of at least 25 feet (7620 mm) or by a fire partition having a fire-resistance rating of at least one hour.

3. Storage of quantities exceeding 800 pounds (363 kg), but not exceeding 5,000 pounds (2270 kg) in a building shall comply with all of the following:

3.1. The storage is inaccessible to unauthorized personnel.

3.2. Smokeless propellant shall be stored in nonportable storage cabinets having wood walls at least one inch (25 mm) nominal thickness or equivalent and having shelves with no more than 3 feet (914 mm) of vertical separation between shelves.

3.3. No more than 400 pounds (182 kg) is stored in any one cabinet.

3.4. Cabinets shall be located against walls with at least 40 feet (12 192 mm) between cabinets. The minimum required separation between cabinets may be reduced to 20 feet (6096 mm) provided that barricades twice the height of the cabinets are attached to the wall, midway between each cabinet. The barricades must extend a minimum of 10 feet (3048 mm) outward, be firmly attached to the wall, and be constructed of steel not less than 0.25 inch thick (6.4 mm), 2-inch (51 mm) nominal thickness wood, brick, or concrete block.

3.5. Smokeless propellant shall be separated from materials classified as combustible liquids, flammable liquids, flammable solids, or oxidizing materials by a distance of 25 feet (7620 mm) or by a fire partition having a fire-resistance rating of 1 hour.

3.6. The building shall be equipped throughout with an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.1.

4. Smokeless propellants not stored according to Item 1, 2, or 3 above shall be stored in a Type 2 or 4 magazine in accordance with Section 5604 and NFPA 495.

E. G. Add the following to the list of terms in Section 308.2 of the IBC:

Hospice facility

F. H. Change Section 308.3 of the IBC to read:

308.3 Institutional Group I-1. This occupancy shall include buildings, structures or portions thereof for more than 16 persons, excluding staff, who reside on a 24-hour basis in a supervised environment and receive custodial care. Buildings of Group I-1, other than assisted living facilities licensed by the Virginia Department of Social Services, shall be classified as the occupancy condition indicated in Section 308.3.1. Assisted living facilities licensed by the Virginia Department of Social Services shall be classified as one of the occupancy conditions indicated in Section 308.3.1 or 308.3.2. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Alcohol and drug centers

Assisted living facilities

Congregate care facilities

Group homes

Halfway houses

Residential board and care facilities

Social rehabilitation facilities

G. I. Change Sections 308.3.1 and 308.3.2 of the IBC to read:

308.3.1 Condition 1. This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which all persons receiving custodial care who, without any assistance, are capable of responding to an emergency situation to complete building evacuation. Not more than five of the residents may require physical assistance from staff to respond to an emergency situation when all residents who may require the physical assistance reside on a single level of exit discharge.

308.3.2 Condition 2. This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which there are persons receiving custodial care who require assistance by not more than one staff member while responding to an emergency situation to complete building evacuation. Five of the residents may require physical assistance from more than one staff member to respond to an emergency.

H. Add Sections 308.3.3 and 308.3.4 to the IBC to read:

308.3.3 Six to 16 persons receiving custodial care. A facility housing not fewer than six and not more than 16 persons receiving custodial care shall be classified as Group R-4.

308.3.4 Five or fewer persons receiving custodial care. A facility with five or fewer persons receiving custodial care shall be classified as Group R-3 or shall comply with the IRC provided an automatic sprinkler system is installed in accordance with Section 903.3.1.3 or with Section P2904 of the IRC.

I. J. Change Section 308.4 of the IBC to read:

308.4 Group I-2. This occupancy shall include buildings and structures used for medical care on a 24-hour basis for more than five persons who are incapable of self-preservation. This group shall include, but not be limited to, the following:

Convalescent facilities

Detoxification facilities

Foster care facilities

Hospice facilities

Hospitals

Nursing homes

Psychiatric hospitals

Exception: Hospice facilities occupied by 16 or less occupants, excluding staff, are permitted to be classified as Group R-4.

J. K. Add an exception to Section 308.6 of the IBC to read:

Exception: Family day homes under Section 310.9.

K. L. Change Section 310.3 of the IBC to read:

310.3 Residential Group R-1. Residential occupancies containing sleeping units where the occupants are primarily transient in nature, including:

Boarding houses (transient) with more than 10 occupants

Congregate living facilities (transient) with more than 10 occupants

Hotels (transient)

Motels (transient)

Exceptions:

1. Nonproprietor occupied bed and breakfast and other transient boarding facilities not more than three stories above grade plane in height with a maximum of 10 occupants total are permitted to be classified as either Group R-3 or R-5 provided that smoke alarms are installed in compliance with Section 907.2.11.2 for Group R-3 or Section R314 of the IRC for Group R-5.

2. Proprietor occupied bed and breakfast and other transient boarding facilities not more than three stories above grade plane in height, that are also occupied as the residence of the proprietor, with a maximum of five guest room sleeping units provided for the transient occupants are permitted to be classified as either Group R-3 or R-5 provided that smoke alarms are installed in compliance with Section 907.2.11.2 for Group R-3 or Section R314 of the IRC for Group R-5.

L. M. Change Section 310.6 of the IBC to read:

310.6 Residential Group R-4. This occupancy shall include buildings, structures or portions thereof for more than five but not more than 16 persons, excluding staff, who reside on a 24-hour basis in a supervised environment and receive custodial care. Buildings of Group R-4, other than assisted living facilities licensed by the Virginia Department of Social Services, shall be classified as the occupancy condition indicated in Section 310.6.1. Assisted living facilities licensed by the Virginia Department of Social Services shall be classified as one of the occupancy conditions indicated in Section 310.6.1 or 310.6.2. This group shall include, but not be limited to the following:

Alcohol and drug centers

Assisted living facilities

Congregate care facilities

Group homes

Halfway houses

Residential board and care facilities

Social rehabilitation facilities

This occupancy shall also include hospice facilities with not more than 16 occupants, excluding staff.

Group R-4 occupancies shall meet the requirements for construction as defined for Group R-3, except as otherwise provided for in this code.

Exceptions:

1. Group homes licensed by the Virginia Department of Behavioral Health and Developmental Services that house no more than eight persons with one or more resident counselors shall be classified as Group R-2, R-3, R-4 or R-5. Not more than five of the persons may require physical assistance from staff to respond to an emergency situation.

2. In Group R-4 occupancies classified as the occupancy condition indicated in Section 310.6.1, other than in hospice facilities, not more than five of the residents may require physical assistance from staff to respond to an emergency situation when all residents who may require the physical assistance from staff reside on a single level of exit discharge and other than using a ramp, a change of elevation using steps or stairs is not within the path of egress to an exit door.

3. Assisted living facilities licensed by the Virginia Department of Social Services that house no more than eight persons, with one or more resident counselors, and all of the residents are capable of responding to an emergency situation without physical assistance from staff, may be classified as Group R-2, R-3 or R-5.

4. Assisted living facilities licensed by the Virginia Department of Social Services that house no more than eight persons, with one or more resident counselors, may be classified as Group R-5 when in compliance with all of the following:

4.1. The building is protected by an automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with Section 903.3 or Section P2904 of the IRC.

4.2. Not more than five of the residents may require physical assistance from staff to respond to an emergency situation.

4.3. All residents who may require physical assistance from staff to respond to an emergency situation reside on a single level of exit discharge and other than using a ramp, a change in elevation using steps or stairs is not within the path of egress to an exit door.

5. Hospice facilities with five or fewer occupants are permitted to comply with the IRC provided the building is protected by an automatic sprinkler system in accordance with IRC Section P2904 or IBC Section 903.3.

M. N.Add Change ] Sections 310.6.1 and 310.6.2 to the IBC to read:

310.6.1 Condition 1. This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which all persons receiving custodial care who, without any assistance, are capable of responding to an emergency situation to complete building evacuation and hospice facilities.

310.6.2 Condition 2. This occupancy condition shall include buildings in which there are persons receiving custodial care who require assistance by not more than one staff member while responding to an emergency situation to complete building evacuation.

N. O. Add Section 310.7 to the IBC to read:

310.7 Residential Group R-5. Residential occupancies in detached single-family and two-family dwellings, townhouses and accessory structures within the scope of the IRC.

O. P. Add Section 310.8 to the IBC to read:

310.8 Group R-5. The construction of Group R-5 structures shall comply with the IRC. The amendments to the IRC set out in Section 310.11 shall be made to the IRC for its use as part of this code. In addition, all references to the IRC in the IBC shall be considered to be references to this section.

P. Q. Add Section 310.8.1 to the IBC to read:

310.8.1 Additional requirements. Methods of construction, materials, systems, equipment or components for Group R-5 structures not addressed by prescriptive or performance provisions of the IRC shall comply with applicable IBC requirements.

Q. R. Add Section 310.9 to the IBC to read:

310.9 Family day homes. Family day homes where program oversight is provided by the Virginia Department of Social Services shall be classified as Group R-2, R-3 or R-5.

Note: Family day homes may generally care for up to 12 children. See the DHCD Related Laws Package for additional information.

R. S. Add Section 310.10 to the IBC to read:

310.10 Radon-resistant construction in Groups R-3 and R-4 structures. Groups R-3 and R-4 structures shall be subject to the radon-resistant construction requirements in Appendix F of the IRC in localities enforcing such requirements pursuant to Section R324 of the IRC.

S. T. Add Section 310.11 to the IBC to read:

310.11 Amendments to the IRC. The following changes shall be made to the IRC for its use as part of this code:

1. Add the following definitions to read:

Living area. Space within a dwelling unit utilized for living and entertainment, including family rooms, great rooms, living rooms, dens, media rooms, and similar spaces.

Nonpotable fixtures and outlets. Fixtures and outlets that are not dependent on potable water for the safe operation to perform their intended use. Such fixtures and outlets may include, but are not limited to water closets, urinals, irrigation, mechanical equipment, and hose connections to perform operations, such as vehicle washing and lawn maintenance.

Nonpotable water systems. Water systems for the collection, treatment, storage, distribution, and use or reuse of nonpotable water. Nonpotable systems include reclaimed water, rainwater, and gray water systems.

Rainwater. Natural precipitation, including snow melt, from roof surfaces only.

Stormwater. Precipitation that is discharged across the land surface or through conveyances to one or more waterways and that may include stormwater runoff, snow melt runoff, and surface runoff and drainage.

2. Change the following definitions to read:

Attic, habitable. A finished or unfinished area, not considered a story, complying with all of the following requirements:

1. The occupiable floor area is at least 70 square feet (17 m2), in accordance with Section R304,

2. The occupiable floor area has a ceiling height in accordance with Section R305, and

3. The occupiable space is enclosed by the roof assembly above, knee walls (if applicable) on the sides and the floor-ceiling assembly below.

Habitable attics greater than two-thirds of the area of the story below or over 400 square feet (37.16 m2) shall not be permitted in dwellings or townhouses that are three stories above grade plane in height.

Gray water. Water discharged from lavatories, bathtubs, showers, clothes washers, and laundry trays.

3. Change Section R301.2.1 to read:

R301.2.1 Wind design criteria. Buildings and portions thereof shall be constructed in accordance with the wind provisions of this code using the basic ultimate design wind speed in Table R301.2(1) as determined from Figure R301.2(4)A. The structural provisions of this code for wind loads are not permitted where wind design is required as specified in Section R301.2.1.1. Where different construction methods and structural materials are used for various portions of a building, the applicable requirements of this section for each portion shall apply. Where not otherwise specified, the wind loads listed in Table R301.2(2) adjusted for height and exposure using Table R301.2(3) shall be used to determine design load performance requirements for wall coverings, curtain walls, roof coverings, exterior windows, skylights, garage doors, and exterior doors. Asphalt shingles shall be designed for wind speeds in accordance with Section R905.2.4. A continuous load path shall be provided to transmit the applicable uplift forces in Section R802.11.1 from the roof assembly to the foundation. Wind speeds for localities in special wind regions, near mountainous terrain, and near gorges shall be based on elevation. Areas at 4,000 feet in elevation or higher shall use the nominal design wind speed of 110 V mph (48.4 m/s) and areas under 4,000 feet in elevation shall use nominal design wind speed of 90 V mph (39.6 m/s). Gorge areas shall be based on the highest recorded speed per locality or in accordance with local jurisdiction requirements determined in accordance with Section 26.5.1 of ASCE 7.

4. Add Exception Exceptions 6 and 7 to Section R302.1 to read:

6. Decks and open porches.

7. Walls of dwellings and accessory structures located on lots in subdivisions or zoning districts where building setbacks established by local ordinance prohibit the walls of the structures on adjacent lots from being closer than 10 feet (3048 mm) to each other at any point along the exterior walls.

5. Change the exception in Section R302.2 to require a common two-hour fire-resistance-rated wall instead of a one-hour fire-resistance-rated wall, unless the townhouse development is fully sprinklered as provided for in Section R313.1, in which case a common one-hour fire-resistive-rated wall shall be permitted between townhouses.

6. 5. Add the following sentence to the end of Section R302.3 to read:

Dwelling unit separation wall assemblies that are constructed on a lot line shall be constructed as required in Section R302.2 for townhouses.

7. 6. Change Section R302.5.1 to read [ and delete Section R302.13 in its entirety ]:

R302.5.1 Opening protection. Openings from a private garage directly into a room used for sleeping purposes shall not be permitted. Other openings between the garage and residence shall be equipped with solid wood doors not less than 1‑3/8 inches (35 mm) thickness, solid or honeycomb-core steel doors not less than 1‑3/8 inches (35 mm) thick, or 20-minute fire-rated doors.

7. Change Section R303.4 to read:

R303.4 Mechanical ventilation. Dwelling units shall be provided with mechanical ventilation in accordance with Section M1507.

8. Add an exception to Section R303.9 to read:

Exception: Seasonal structures not used as a primary residence for more than 90 days per year, unless rented, leased or let on terms expressed or implied to furnish heat, shall not be required to comply with this section.

9. Add Section R303.9.1 to read:

R303.9.1 Nonowner occupied required heating. Every dwelling unit or portion thereof which is to be rented, leased or let on terms either expressed or implied to furnish heat to the occupants thereof shall be provided with facilities in accordance with Section R303.9 during the period from October 15 to May 1.

10. Add Section R303.10 to read:

R303.10 Insect screens. Every door, window and other outside opening required for ventilation purposes shall be supplied with approved tightly fitted screens of not less than 16 mesh per inch (16 mesh per 25 mm) and every screen door used for insect control shall have a self-closing device.

11. Add Section R306.5 to read:

R306.5 Water supply sources and sewage disposal systems. The water and drainage system of any building or premises where plumbing fixtures are installed shall be connected to a public or private water supply and a public or private sewer system. As provided for in Section [ 103.10 103.5 ] of Part I of the Virginia Uniform Statewide Building Code (13VAC5-63), for functional design, water supply sources and sewage disposal systems are regulated and approved by the Virginia Department of Health and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality.

Note: See also the Memorandums of Agreement in the "Related Laws Package," which is available from the Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development.

12. [ Change Section R308.4.5 to read:

R308.4.5 Glazing and wet surfaces. Glazing in walls, enclosures, or fences containing or facing hot tubs, spas, whirlpools, saunas, steam rooms, bathtubs, showers, and indoor or outdoor swimming pools shall be considered a hazardous location if located less than 60 inches (1524 mm) measured horizontally, in a straight line, from the water's edge and the bottom exposed edge of the glazing is less than 60 inches (1524 mm) measured vertically above any standing or walking surface. This shall apply to single glazing and each pane in multiple glazing.

13. ] Change Section R310.1 to read:

R310.1 Emergency escape and rescue opening required. Basements, habitable attics, and every sleeping room designated on the construction documents shall have at least not less than one operable emergency escape and rescue opening. Where basements contain one or more sleeping rooms, an emergency egress and rescue openings opening shall be required in each sleeping room. Where emergency escape and rescue openings are provided, they shall have a sill height of not more than 44 inches (1118 mm) measured from the finished floor to the bottom of the clear opening. Where a door opening having a threshold below the adjacent ground elevation serves as an emergency escape and rescue opening and is provided with a bulkhead enclosure, the bulkhead enclosure shall comply with Section R310.3. The net clear opening dimensions required by this section shall be obtained by the normal operation of the emergency escape and rescue opening from the inside, except that tilt-out or removable sash designed windows shall be permitted to be used. Emergency escape and rescue openings with a finished height below the adjacent ground elevation shall be provided with a window well in accordance with Section R310.2. Emergency escape and rescue openings shall open directly into a public way, or to a yard or court that opens to a public way.

Exceptions:

1. Dwelling units equipped throughout with an approved automatic sprinkler system installed in accordance with NFPA 13, 13R, or 13D or Section P2904.

2. Basements Storm shelters and basements used only to house mechanical equipment and not exceeding total floor area of 200 square feet (18.58 m2).

13. 14. ] Change Section R310.1.1 R310.2.1 to read:

R310.1.1 R310.2.1 Minimum opening area. All emergency Emergency and escape and rescue openings shall have a minimum net clear opening of not less than 5.7 square feet (0.530 m2). The net clear opening dimensions required by this section shall be obtained by the normal operation of the emergency escape and rescue opening from the inside, including the tilting or removal of the sash as the normal operation to comply with Sections R310.1.2 and R310.1.3. The net clear height opening shall be not less than 24 inches (610 mm), and the net clear width shall be not less than 20 inches (508 mm).

Exception: Grade floor or below grade openings shall have a minimum net clear opening of not less than 5 square feet (0.465 m2).

14. Add Section R311.2.1 to read:

R311.2.1 Interior passage. Where a dwelling unit has both a kitchen and a living or entertainment area on the same level as the egress door required by Section R311.2, an interior passage route shall be provided from such egress door to the kitchen and the living or entertainment area and to at least one bedroom and at least one bathroom containing a water closet, lavatory and bathtub or shower, where such rooms are provided on that same level. Any doors or cased openings along such interior passage route providing access to the areas identified above shall comply with the following.

1. Cased openings shall provide a minimum 34-inch clear width.

2. Doors shall be, at a minimum, nominal 34-inch doors.

Exceptions:

1. Where a door or cased opening, and its associated molding or trim, is at the end and facing the length of a hallway and the width of the hallway is not wide enough to accommodate such doors or cased openings.

2. Closet doors or cased openings.

3. Pantry door or cased openings.

4. Bathrooms accessed directly from a bedroom that is not required to comply with this section.

[ 15. 14. ] Change the exception in Section R311.3.1 to read:

Exception: The landing or floor on the exterior side shall not be more than 8-1/4 inches (210 mm) below the top of the threshold provided the door does not swing over the landing or floor.

[ 16. 15. ] Change Section R311.7.5.1 to read:

R311.7.5.1 Risers. The maximum riser height shall be not more than 8-1/4 inches (210 mm). The riser shall be measured vertically between the leading edges of the adjacent treads. The greatest riser height within any flight of stairs shall not exceed the smallest by more than 3/8 inch (9.5 mm). Risers shall be vertical or sloped from the underside of the nosing of the tread above at an angle not more than 30 degrees (0.51 rad) from the vertical. Open risers are permitted provided that the opening between treads does openings located more than 30 inches (763 mm), as measured vertically, to the floor or grade below do not permit the passage of a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere.

Exception Exceptions:

1. The opening between adjacent treads is not limited on stairs with a total rise of 30 inches (762 mm) or less spiral stairways.

2. The riser height of spiral stairways shall be in accordance with Section R311.7.10.1.

[ 17. 16. ] Change Section R311.7.5.2 to read:

R311.7.5.2 Treads. The minimum tread depth shall be not less than 9 inches (229 mm). The tread depth shall be measured horizontally between the vertical planes of the foremost projection of adjacent treads and at a right angle to the tread's leading edge. The greatest tread depth within any flight of stairs shall not exceed the smallest by more than 3/8 inch (9.5 mm).

[ 18. 17. ] Change Section R311.7.7 to read:

R311.7.7 Stairway walking surface. The walking surface of treads and landings of stairways shall be level or sloped no steeper than one unit vertical in 48 units horizontal (2.0% slope).

[ 19. 18. ] Change Section R312.2.1 to read:

R312.2.1 Window sills. In dwelling units, where the opening top of the sill of an operable window opening is located more less than 18 inches (457 mm) above the finished floor and greater than 72 inches (1829 mm) above the finished grade or other surface below on the exterior of the building, the lowest part of the clear opening of the window shall be a minimum of 18 inches (457 mm) above the finished floor of the room in which the window is located. Operable sections of windows shall not permit openings that allow passage of a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere where such openings are located within 18 inches (457 mm) of the finished floor. Exceptions: operable window shall comply with one of the following:

1. Windows whose Operable windows with openings that will not allow a 4-inch-diameter (102 mm) sphere to pass through the opening when where the opening is in its largest opened position.

2. Openings Operable windows that are provided with window fall prevention devices that comply with ASTM F 2090.

3. Windows Operable windows that are provided with window opening control devices that comply with Section R312.2.2.

[ 20. 19. ] Replace Section R313 with the following:

Section R313.

Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems.

R313.1 Townhouse automatic fire sprinkler systems. Notwithstanding the requirements of Section [ 103.8 103.3 ], where installed, an automatic residential fire sprinkler system for townhouses shall be designed and installed in accordance with NFPA 13D or Section P2904.

Exception: An automatic residential fire sprinkler system shall not be required when additions or alterations are made to existing townhouses that do not have an automatic residential fire sprinkler system installed.

R313.2 One-family and two-family dwellings automatic fire sprinkler systems. Notwithstanding the requirements of Section [ 103.8 103.3 ], where installed, an automatic residential fire sprinkler system shall be designed and installed in accordance with NFPA 13D or Section P2904.

Exception: An automatic residential fire sprinkler system shall not be required for additions or alterations to existing buildings that are not already provided with an automatic residential fire sprinkler system.

[ 21. ] Change20. ] Delete Section R314.2 to read: R314.2.2.

R314.2 Smoke detection systems. Household fire alarm systems installed in accordance with NFPA 72 that include smoke alarms, or a combination of smoke detector and audible notification device installed as required by this section for smoke alarms, shall be permitted. The household fire alarm system shall provide the same level of smoke detection and alarm as required by this section for smoke alarms. Where a household fire warning system is installed using a combination of smoke detector and audible notification device(s), the system shall become a permanent fixture of the dwelling unit.

Exception: Where smoke alarms are provided meeting the requirements of Section R314.4.

[ 22. ] Delete21. ] Change Section R314.3.1. R314.7.3 to read:

R314.7.3 Permanent fixture. Where a household fire alarm system is installed, it shall become a permanent fixture of the dwelling unit.

[ 23. ] Delete22. ] Change Section R315.3. R315.1.1 to read:

24. Change Section R315.4 to read:

R315.4 Alarm requirements. Single station carbon R315.1.1 Listings. Carbon monoxide alarms shall be hard wired, plug-in or battery type; listed as complying with UL 2034; and installed in accordance with this code and the manufacturer's installation instructions. Combination carbon monoxide and smoke alarms shall be listed in accordance with UL 2034 and UL 217.

23. 24. ] Change Section R315.2 to read:

R315.2 Where required. Carbon monoxide alarms shall be provided in accordance with this section.

24. 25. ] Delete Section R315.2.2.

25. 26. ] Delete Section R315.5.

26. 27. ] Change Section R315.6.3 to read:

R315.6.3 Permanent fixture. Where a household carbon monoxide detection system is installed, it shall become a permanent fixture of the occupancy.

25. Add Exception 3 to Section R317.1.4 to read:

3. Deck posts supported by concrete piers or metal pedestals projecting a minimum of one inch (25.4 mm) above a concrete floor or six inches (152 mm) above exposed earth.

26.27. 28. ] Add Section R320.2 to read:

R320.2 Universal design features for accessibility in dwellings. Dwellings constructed under the IRC not subject to Section R320.1 may comply with Section 1109.16 of the USBC and be approved by the local building department as dwellings containing universal design features for accessibility.

29. Add Section R326.1.1 to read:

R326.1.1 Changes to the ISPSC. The following change shall be made to the ISPSC:

1. Change Section 305.2.9 to read:

305.2.9 Equipment clear zone. Equipment, including pool equipment such as pumps, filters, and heaters shall not be installed within 36 inches (914 mm) of the exterior of the barrier when located on the same property. ]

27.28. 30. ] Add Section R324 R327 Radon-Resistant Construction.

28.29. 31. ] Add Section R324.1 R327.1 to read:

R324.1 R327.1 Local enforcement of radon requirements. Following official action under Article 7 (§ 15.2-2280 et seq.) of Chapter 22 of Title 15.2 of the Code of Virginia by a locality in areas of high radon potential, as indicated by Zone 1 on the U.S. EPA Map of Radon Zones (IRC Figure AF101), such locality shall enforce the provisions contained in Appendix F.

Exception: Buildings or portions thereof with crawl space foundations which are ventilated to the exterior, shall not be required to provide radon-resistant construction.

29. Add Section R325 Swimming Pools.

30. Add Section R325.1 to read:

R325.1 Swimming pools. In addition to other applicable provisions of this code, swimming pools, as defined in the USBC, shall comply with the applicable provisions of the ISPSC.

31.30. 32. ] Add Section R326 R328 Patio Covers.

32.31. 33. ] Add Section R326.1 R328.1 to read:

R326.1 R328.1 Use of Appendix H for patio covers. Patio covers shall comply with the provisions in Appendix H.

33.32. 34. ] Add Section R327 R329 Sound Transmission.

34.33. 35. ] Add Section R327.1 R329.1 to read:

R327.1 R329.1 Sound transmission between dwelling units. Construction assemblies separating dwelling units shall provide airborne sound insulation as required in Appendix K.

35.34. 36. ] Add Section R327.2 R329.2 to read:

R327.2 R329.2 Airport noise attenuation. This section applies to the construction of the exterior envelope of detached one-family and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories high with separate means of egress within airport noise zones when enforced by a locality pursuant to § 15.2-2295 of the Code of Virginia. The exterior envelope of such structures shall comply with Section 1207.4 of the state amendments to the IBC.

36.35. 37. ] Add Section R328 R330 Fire Extinguishers.

37.36. 38. ] Add Section R328.1 R330.1 to read:

R328.1 R330.1 Kitchen areas. Other than where the dwelling is equipped with an approved sprinkler system in accordance with Section R313, a fire extinguisher having a rating of 2-A:10-B:C or an approved equivalent type of fire extinguisher shall be installed in the kitchen area.

37. 39. ] Add Section R331 Interior Passage.

38. 40. ] Add Sections R331.1 through R331.6 to read:

R331.1 General. This section applies to new dwelling units that have both a kitchen and a living area on the same floor level as the egress door required by Section R311.2. This section is not applicable to additions, reconstruction, alteration, or repair.

R331.2 Kitchen. One interior passage route from the egress door to the kitchen shall comply with R331.6.

R331.3 Living area. One interior passage route from the egress door to at least one living area shall comply with R331.6.

R331.4 Bedroom. Where the dwelling unit has a bedroom on the same floor level as the egress door, one interior passage route from the egress door to at least one bedroom shall comply with R331.6.

R331.5 Bathroom. Where a dwelling unit has a bathroom on the same floor level as the egress door, and the bathroom contains a water closet, lavatory, and bathtub or shower, one interior passage route from the egress door to at least one bathroom shall comply with R331.6. Bathroom fixture clearances shall comply with R307 and access to fixtures is not required to comply with R331.6.

R331.6 Opening widths. Opening widths along the interior passage route required by this section shall comply with the following:

1. Cased openings shall provide a minimum 34 inch (864 mm) clear width.

2. Doors shall be a nominal 34 inch (864 mm) minimum width. Double doors are permitted to be used to meet this requirement.

38.39. 41. ] Change Section R401.3 to read:

R401.3 Drainage. Surface drainage shall be diverted to a storm sewer conveyance or other approved point of collection that does not create a hazard to the dwelling unit. Lots shall be graded to drain surface water away from foundation walls. The grade shall fall a minimum of six inches (152 mm) within the first 10 feet (3048 mm).

Exception: Where lot lines, walls, slopes or other physical barriers prohibit six inches (152 mm) of fall within 10 feet (3048 mm), drains or swales shall be constructed to ensure drainage away from the structure. Impervious surfaces within 10 feet (3048 mm) of the building foundation shall be sloped a minimum of 2.0% away from the building.

39. Change40. 42. ] Add the following exceptions to Section R403.1 to read:

R403.1 General. All exterior walls shall be supported on continuous solid or fully grouted masonry or concrete footings, wood foundations, or other approved structural systems that shall be of sufficient design to accommodate all loads according to Section R301 and to transmit the resulting loads to the soil within the limitations as determined from the character of the soil. Footings shall be supported on undisturbed natural soils or engineered fill.

Exceptions:

1. One-story detached accessory structures used as tool and storage sheds, playhouses and similar uses, not exceeding 256 square feet (23.7824 m2) of building area, provided all of the following conditions are met:

1.1. The building eave height is 10 feet or less.

1.2. The maximum height from the finished floor level to grade does not exceed 18 inches.

1.3. The supporting structural elements in direct contact with the ground shall be placed level on firm soil and when such elements are wood they shall be approved pressure preservative treated suitable for ground contact use.

1.4. The structure is anchored to withstand wind loads as required by this code.

1.5. The structure shall be of light-frame construction whose vertical and horizontal structural elements are primarily formed by a system of repetitive wood or light gauge steel framing members, with walls and roof of light weight material, not slate, tile, brick or masonry.

2. Footings are not required for ramps serving dwelling units in Group R-3 and R-5 occupancies where the height of the entrance is no more than 30 inches (762 mm) above grade.

43. Delete Section R404.1.9.2.

41. 44. ] Change the exception to Section R408.2 to read:

Exception: The total area of ventilation openings shall be permitted to be reduced to 1/1,500 of the under-floor area where the ground surface is covered with an approved Class I vapor retarder material and the required openings are placed to provide cross ventilation of the space. The installation of operable louvers shall not be prohibited nor shall the required openings need to be within three feet (915 mm) of each corner provided there is cross ventilation of the space.

40.42. 45. ] Add Section R408.3.1 to read [ as follows and delete Section R501.3 in its entirety ]:

R408.3.1 Termite inspection. Where an unvented crawl space is installed and meets the criteria in Section R408, the vertical face of the sill plate shall be clear and unobstructed and an inspection gap shall be provided below the sill plate along the top of any interior foundation wall covering. The gap shall be a minimum of one inch (25.4 mm) and a maximum of two inches (50.8 mm) in width and shall extend throughout all parts of any foundation that is enclosed. Joints between the sill plate and the top of any interior wall covering may be sealed.

Exceptions:

1. In areas not subject to damage by termites as indicated by Table R301.2(1).

2. Where other approved means are provided to inspect for potential damage.

Where pier and curtain foundations are installed as depicted in Figure R404.1.5(1), the inside face of the rim joist and sill plate shall be clear and unobstructed except for construction joints which may be sealed.

Exception: Fiberglass or similar insulation may be installed if easily removable.

41. Change the indicated rows of Table R502.3.1(1) to read:

Joist Spacing (inches)

Species and Grade

Dead Load = 10 psf

Dead Load = 20 psf

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

Maximum floor joist spans

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

12

Southern Pine SS

12‑3

16‑2

20‑8

25‑1

12‑3

16‑2

20‑8

25‑1

Southern Pine #1

11‑10

15‑7

19 10

24‑2

11‑10

15‑7

18‑7

22‑0

Southern Pine #2

11‑3

14‑11

18‑1

21‑4

10‑9

13‑8

16‑2

19‑1

Southern Pine #3

9‑2

11‑6

14‑0

16‑6

8‑2

10‑3

12‑6

14‑9

16

Southern Pine SS

11‑2

14‑8

18‑9

22‑10

11‑2

14‑8

18‑9

22‑10

Southern Pine #1

10‑9

14‑2

18‑0

21‑4

10‑9

13‑9

16‑1

19‑1

Southern Pine #2

10‑3

13‑3

15‑8

18‑6

9‑4

11‑10

14‑0

16‑6

Southern Pine #3

7‑11

10‑0

12‑1

14‑4

7‑1

8‑11

10‑10

12‑10

19.2

Southern Pine SS

10‑6

13‑10

17‑8

21‑6

10‑6

13‑10

17‑8

21‑6

Southern Pine #1

10‑1

13‑4

16‑5

19‑6

9‑11

12‑7

14‑8

17‑5

Southern Pine #2

9‑6

12‑1

14‑4

16‑10

8‑6

10‑10

12‑10

15‑1

Southern Pine #3

7‑3

9‑1

11‑0

13‑1

6‑5

8‑2

9‑10

11‑8

24

Southern Pine SS

9‑9

12‑10

16‑5

19‑11

9‑9

12‑10

16‑5

19‑8

Southern Pine #1

9‑4

12‑4

14‑8

17‑5

8‑10

11‑3

13‑1

15‑7

Southern Pine #2

8‑6

10‑10

12‑10

15‑1

7‑7

9‑8

11‑5

13‑6

Southern Pine #3

6‑5

8‑2

9‑10

11‑8

5‑9

7‑3

8‑10

10‑5

42. Change the indicated rows of Table R502.3.1(2) to read:

Joist Spacing (inches)

Species and Grade

Dead Load = 10 psf

Dead Load = 20 psf

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

Maximum floor joist spans

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

(ft.-in.)

12

Southern Pine SS

11‑2

14‑8

18‑9

22‑10

11‑2

14‑8

18‑9

22‑10

Southern Pine #1

10‑9

14‑2

18‑0

21‑11

10‑9

14‑2

16‑11

20‑1

Southern Pine #2

10‑3

13‑6

16‑2

19‑1

9‑10

12‑6

14‑9

17‑5

Southern Pine #3

8‑2

10‑3

12‑6

14‑9

7‑5

9‑5

11‑5

13‑6

16

Southern Pine SS

10‑2

13‑4

17‑0

20‑9

10‑2

13‑4

17‑0

20‑9

Southern Pine #1

9‑9

12‑10

16‑1

19‑1

9‑9

12‑7

14‑8

17‑5

Southern Pine #2

9‑4

11‑10

14‑0

16‑6

8‑6

10‑10

12‑10

15‑1

Southern Pine #3

7‑1

8‑11

10‑10

12‑10

6‑5

8‑2

9‑10

11‑8

19.2

Southern Pine SS

9‑6

12‑7

16‑0

19‑6

9‑6

12‑7

16‑0

19‑6

Southern Pine #1

9‑2

12‑1

14‑8

17‑5

9‑0

11‑5

13‑5

15‑11

Southern Pine #2

8‑6

10‑10

12‑10

15‑1

7‑9

9‑10

11‑8

13‑9

Southern Pine #3

6‑5

8‑2

9‑10

11‑8

5‑11

7‑5

9‑0

10‑8

24

Southern Pine SS

8‑10

11‑8

14‑11

18‑1

8‑10

11‑8

14‑11

18‑0

Southern Pine #1

8‑6

11‑3

13‑1

15‑7

8‑1

10‑3

12‑0

14‑3

Southern Pine #2

7‑7

9‑8

11‑5

13‑6

7‑0

8‑10

10‑5

12‑4

Southern Pine #3

5‑9

7‑3

8‑10

10‑5

5‑3

6‑8

8‑1

9-6

43. Change footnote "b" in Table R502.3.3(1) to read:

b. Spans are based on minimum design properties for No. 2 Grade lumber of Douglas fir-larch, hem-fir, and spruce-pine-fir for repetitive (three or more) members. No. 1 or better grade lumber shall be used for southern pine.

44. Change footnote "a" in Table R502.3.3(2) to read:

a. Spans are based on minimum design properties for No. 2 Grade lumber of Douglas fir-larch, hem-fir, and spruce-pine-fir for repetitive (three or more) members. No. 1 or better grade lumber shall be used for southern pine.

45. Change Section R502.5 to read:

R502.5 Allowable girder and header spans. The allowable spans of girders and headers fabricated of dimension lumber shall not exceed the values set forth in Tables R502.5(1) through R502.5(3).

46. Change the title and footnote "b" of Table R502.5(1) to read:

Table R502.5(1)

Girder Spansa,b and Header Spansa,b for Exterior Bearing Walls

(Maximum Spans for Douglas fir-larch, hem-fir, southern pine, and spruce-pine-firb and required number of jack studs)

b. Spans are based on minimum design properties for No. 2 Grade lumber of Douglas fir-larch, hem-fir, and spruce-pine-fir. No. 1 or better grade lumber shall be used for southern pine.

47. Change the title and footnote "b" of Table R502.5(2) to read:

Table R502.5(2)

Girder Spansa,b and Header Spansa,b for Interior Bearing Walls

(Maximum Spans for Douglas fir-larch, hem-fir, southern pine, and spruce-pine-firb and required number of jack studs)

b. Spans are based on minimum design properties for No. 2 Grade lumber of Douglas fir-larch, hem-fir, and spruce-pine-fir. No. 1 or better grade lumber shall be used for southern pine.

48. Add Table R502.5(3) to read:

Table R502.5(3)

Girder and Header Spans a for Porches b, c
(Maximum span for southern pine)

Supporting

Size

Porch Width (ft)

8

14

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Porch(1).JPGRoof

2-2x4

6'-11"

5'-3"

2-2x6

9'-11"

7'-6"

2-2x8

12'-10"

9'-8"

2-2x10

16'-8"

12'-7"

2-2x12

19'-6"

14'-9"

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Porch(2).JPGFloor

2-2x4

5'-1"

3'-10"

2-2x6

7'-4"

5'-6"

2-2x8

9'-5"

7'-1"

2-2x10

12'-2"

9'-3"

2-2x12

14'-4"

10'-10"

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
a. Spans are given in feet and inches.
b. Tabulated values based on 30 psf ground snow load, L/240 deflection and No. 2 grade lumber.
c. The values of this table shall be equivalent to a roof live load of 20 psf.

49.43. 46. ] Change Section R506.2.1 to read:

R506.2.1 Fill. Fill material shall be free of vegetation and foreign material and shall be natural nonorganic material that is not susceptible to swelling when exposed to moisture. The fill shall be compacted to assure uniform support of the slab, and except where approved, the fill depth shall not exceed 24 inches (610 mm) for clean sand or gravel and 8 inches (203 mm) for earth.

Exception: Material other than natural material may be used as fill material when accompanied by a certification from an RDP and approved by the building official.

50.44. 47. ] Change Section R506.2.2 to read:

R506.2.2 Base. A 4-inch-thick (102 mm) base course consisting of clean graded sand, gravel or crushed stone passing a 2-inch (51 mm) sieve shall be placed on the prepared subgrade when the slab is below grade.

Exception: A base course is not required when the concrete slab is installed on well drained or sand-gravel mixture soils classified as Group I according to the United Soil Classification System in accordance with Table R405.1. Material other than natural material may be used as base course material when accompanied by a certification from an RDP and approved by the building official.

51. Change Section R507.1 to read:

R507.1 Decks. Wood-framed decks shall be in accordance with this section or Section R301 for materials and conditions not prescribed in this section. Where supported by attachment to an exterior wall, decks shall be positively anchored to the primary structure and designed for both vertical and lateral loads. Such attachment shall not be accomplished by the use of toenails or nails subject to withdrawal. Where positive connection to the primary building structure cannot be verified during inspection, decks shall be self-supporting. For decks with cantilevered framing members, connections to exterior walls or other framing members shall be designed and constructed to resist uplift resulting from the full live load specified in Table R301.5 acting on the cantilevered portion of the deck.

52. Add Sections R507.4 through R507.8 to read:

R507.4 Decking. Maximum allowable spacing for wood joists supporting decking shall be in accordance with Table R507.4. Wood decking shall be attached to each supporting member with a minimum of two 8d nails or two #8 wood screws.

Table R507.4
Maximum Joist Spacing (inches)

Material Type and Nominal Size

Maximum Joist Spacing

Perpendicular to Joist

Diagonal to Joista

5/4-inch thick wood

16

12

2-inch thick wood

24

16

Wood/plastic composite

per R507.3

per R507.3

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm
a. Maximum angle of 45 degrees from perpendicular for wood deck boards.

 

 Editor's Note - Figures R507.5, R507.6, R507.7.1, R507.8.1, and R602.3(2) in this section are being deleted in this action. 

 

R507.5 Deck joists. Maximum allowable spans for wood deck joists, as shown in Figure R507.5, shall be in accordance with Table R507.5. Deck joist shall be permitted to cantilever a maximum of one-fourth of the actual, adjacent joist span.

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Deck(1).jpg

 

Table R507.5
Deck Joist Spansa and Cantileversa for Common Lumber Species

Speciesb

Size

Allowable Joist Spanc

Allowable Cantileverd,e

Spacing of deck joists (in.)

Spacing of deck joists (in.)

12

16

24

12

16

24

Southern pine

2 x 6

9-11

9-0

7-7

1‑3

1‑4

1‑6

2 x 8

13-1

11‑10

9-8

2-1

2-3

2-5

2 x 10

16-2

14-0

11‑5

3-4

3-6

2-10

2 x 12

18-0

16-6

13-6

4-6

4-2

3-4

Douglas fir-larchf, hem-firf, spruce-pine-firf

2 x 6

9-6

8-4

6-10

1‑2

1‑3

1‑5

2 x 8

12-6

11‑1

9-1

1‑11

2-1

2-3

2 x 10

15-8

13‑7

11‑1

3-1

3-5

2-9

2 x 12

18-0

15‑9

12-10

4-6

3-11

3-3

Redwood, western cedars, ponderosa pineg, red pineg

2 x 6

8-10

8-0

6-10

1‑0

1‑1

1‑2

2 x 8

11‑8

10‑7

8-8

1‑8

1‑10

2-0

2 x 10

14-11

13‑0

10-7

2-8

2-10

2-8

2 x 12

17-5

15-1

12-4

3-10

3-9

3-1

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
a. Spans and cantilevers are given in feet and inches.
b. No. 2 grade with wet service factor.
c. Ground snow load, live load = 40 psf, dead load = 10 psf, L/Δ = 360.
d. Ground snow load, live load = 40 psf, dead load = 10 psf, L/Δ = 360 at main span, L/Δ = 180 at cantilever with a 220 pound point load applied to end.
e. Maximum allowable cantilever shall not exceed one-fourth of the actual joist span.
f. Includes incising factor.
g. Northern species with no incising factor.

R507.5.1 Lateral restraint at supports. Joist ends and bearing locations shall be provided with lateral restraint to prevent rotation. Where lateral restraint is provided by joist hangers or blocking between joists, their depth shall equal not less than 60% of the joist depth. Where lateral restraint is provided by rim joists, they shall be secured to the end of each joist with a minimum of (3)10d (3-inch x 0.128-inch) nails or (3)#10x3 inch (76 mm) long wood screws.

R507.6 Deck beams. Maximum allowable spans for wood deck beams, as shown in Figure R507.6, shall be in accordance with Table R507.6. Beam plies shall be fastened with two rows of 10d (3-inch x 0.128-inch) nails minimum at 16 inches (406 mm) on center along each edge. Beams shall be permitted to cantilever at each end up to one-fourth of the beam span. Splices of multi-span beams shall be located at interior post locations.

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Deck(2).jpg 

 

Table R507.6
Deck Beam Spana Lengthsb,c

 

Speciesd

Sizee

Deck Joist Span (feet) Less Than or Equal To:

 

6

8

10

12

14

16

18

 

Southern pine

2-2x6

6-11

5-11

5-4

4-10

4-6

4-3

4-0

 

2-2x8

8-9

7-7

6-9

6-2

5-9

5-4

5-0

 

2-2x10

10-4

9-0

8-0

7-4

6-9

6-4

6-0

 

2-2x12

12-2

10-7

9-5

8-7

8-0

7-6

7-0

 

3-2x6

8-2

7-5

6-8

6-1

5-8

5-3

5-0

 

3-2x8

10-10

9-6

8-6

7-9

7-2

6-8

6-4

 

3-2x10

13-0

11‑3

10-0

9-2

8-6

7-11

7-6

 

3-2x12

15-3

13-3

11‑10

10-9

10-0

9-4

8-10

 

Douglas fir-larchf, hem-firf, spruce-pine-firf, redwood, western cedars, ponderosa pineg, red pineg

3x6 or 2-2x6

5-5

4-8

4-2

3-10

3-6

3-1

2-9

 

3x8 or 2-2x8

6-10

5-11

5-4

4-10

4-6

4-1

3-8

 

3x10 or 2-2x10

8-4

7-3

6-6

5-11

5-6

5-1

4-8

 

3x12 or 2-2x12

9-8

8-5

7-6

6-10

6-4

5-11

5-7

 

4x6

6-5

5-6

4-11

4-6

4-2

3-11

3-8

 

4x8

8-5

7-3

6-6

5-11

5-6

5-2

4-10

 

4x10

9-11

8-7

7-8

7-0

6-6

6-1

5-8

 

4x12

11‑5

9-11

8-10

8-1

7-6

7-0

6-7

 

3-2x6

7-4

6-8

6-0

5-6

5-1

4-9

4-6

 

3-2x8

9-8

8-6

7-7

6-11

6-5

6-0

5-8

 

3-2x10

12-0

10-5

9-4

8-6

7-10

7-4

6-11

 

3-2x12

13-11

12-1

10-9

9-10

9-1

8-6

8-1

 

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
a. Spans are given in feet and inches.
b. Ground snow load, live load = 40 psf, dead load = 10 psf, L/Δ = 360 at main span, L/Δ = 180 at cantilever with a 220 pound point load applied at the end.
c. Beams supporting deck joists from one side only.
d. No. 2 grade, wet service factor.
e. Beam depth shall be greater than or equal to depth of joists with a flush beam condition.
f. Includes incising factor.
g. Northern species with no incising factor.

R507.7 Deck joist and deck beam bearing. The ends of each joist and beam shall have not less than 1.5 inches (38 mm) of bearing on wood or metal and not less than three inches (76 mm) on concrete or masonry for the entire width of the beam. Joist framing into the side of a ledger board or beam shall be supported by approved joist hangers. Joists bearing on a beam shall be attached to the beam to resist lateral displacement.

R507.7.1 Deck beam to deck post. Deck beams shall be attached to deck posts in accordance with Figure R507.7.1 or by other equivalent means capable to resist lateral displacement. Manufactured post-to-beam connectors shall be sized for the post and beam sizes. All bolts shall have washers under the head and nut.

Exception: Where deck beams bear directly on footings in accordance with Section R507.8.1.

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Deck(3).jpg 

R507.8 Deck posts. For single level wood-framed decks with beams sized in accordance with Table R507.6, deck post size shall be in accordance with Table R507.8.

 

Table R507.8

Deck Post Heighta (feet)

 

Deck Post Size

Maximum Heighta

 

4x4

8

 

4x6

8

 

6x6

14

 

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.
a. Measured to the underside of the beam.

R507.8.1 Deck post to deck footing. Posts shall bear on footings in accordance with Section R403 and Figure R507.8.1. Posts shall be restrained to prevent lateral displacement at the footing. Lateral restraint shall be provided by manufactured connectors installed in accordance with the manufacturers' installation instructions or by a minimum post embedment of 12 inches (304.8 mm) in surrounding soils or concrete piers.

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Deck(4a).jpg

Figure R507.8.1

Typical Deck Posts to Deck Footings

53. Change Section R602.3.1 to read:

R602.3.1 Stud size, height, and spacing. The size, height, and spacing of studs shall be in accordance with Table R602.3(5).

Exceptions:

1. Utility grade studs shall not be spaced more than 16 inches (406 mm) on center, shall not support more than a roof and ceiling, and shall not exceed eight feet (2438 mm) in height for exterior walls and load-bearing walls or 10 feet (3048 mm) for interior nonload-bearing walls.

2. Where snow loads are less than or equal to 25 pounds per square foot (1.198 kPa), and the ultimate design wind speed is less than or equal to 130 mph (58.11 m/s), 2-inch by 6-inch (38 mm by 140 mm) studs supporting a roof load with not more than six feet (1829 mm) of tributary length shall have a maximum height of 18 feet (5486 mm) where spaced at 16 inches (406 mm) on center, or 20 feet (6096 mm) where spaced at 12 inches (305 mm) on center. Studs shall be minimum No. 2 grade lumber.

54. Delete Table R602.3.1.

48. Change Item 4 in Table R602.3(1) to read:

4

Ceiling joist attached to parallel rafter (heel joint) (see Sections R802.3.1 and R802.3.2 and Table R802.5.1(9))

Table R802.5.2

Face nail ]

55. Change Figure R602.3(2) to read:

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: King Stud(3).JPG

45. 49. ] Change Table R602.7(1) to read:

Table R602.7(1)

Girder Spansa and Header Spansa for Exterior Bearing Walls

(Maximum spans for Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir, Southern Pine, and Spruce-Pine-Firb and required number of jack studs)

Girders and Headers Supporting

Size

Ground Snow Load (psf)e

30

50

70

Building Widthc (feet)

12

24

36

12

24

36

12

24

36

Spanf

NJd

Spanf

NJd

Spanf

NJd

Spanf

NJd

Spanf

NJd

Spanf

NJd

Spanf

NJd

Spanf

NJd

Spanf

NJd

Roof and ceiling

1‑2 x 6

4‑0

1

3‑1

2

2‑7

2

3‑5

1

2‑8

2

2‑3

2

3‑0

2

2‑4

2

2‑0

2

1‑2 x 8

5‑1

2

3‑11

2

3‑3

2

4‑4

2

3‑4

2

2‑10

2

3‑10

2

3‑0

2

2‑6

3

1‑2 x 10

6‑0

2

4‑8

2

3‑11

2

5‑2

2

4‑0

2

3‑4

2

4‑7

2

3‑6

3

3‑0

3

1‑2 x 12

7‑1

2

5‑5

2

4‑7

3

6‑1

2

4‑8

3

3‑11

3

5‑5

2

4‑2

3

3‑6

3

2‑2 x 4

4‑0

1

3‑1

1

2‑7

1

3‑5

1

2‑7

1

2‑2

1

3‑0

1

2‑4

1

2‑0

1

2‑2 x 6

6‑0

1

4‑7

1

3‑10

1

5‑1

1

3‑11

1

3‑3

2

4‑6

1

3‑6

2

2‑11

2

2‑2 x 8

7‑7

1

5‑9

1

4‑10

2

6‑5

1

5‑0

2

4‑2

2

5‑9

1

4‑5

2

3‑9

2

2‑2 x 10

9‑0

1

6‑10

2

5‑9

2

7‑8

2

5‑11

2

4‑11

2

6‑9

2

5‑3

2

4‑5

2

2‑2 x 12

10‑7

2

8‑1

2

6‑10

2

9‑0

2

6‑11

2

5‑10

2

8‑0

2

6‑2

2

5‑2

3

3‑2 x 8

9‑5

1

7‑3

1

6‑1

1

8‑1

1

6‑3

1

5‑3

2

7‑2

1

5‑6

2

4‑8

2

3‑2 x 10

11‑3

1

8‑7

1

7‑3

2

9‑7

1

7‑4

2

6‑2

2

8‑6

1

6‑7

2

5‑6

2

3‑2 x 12

13‑2

1

10‑1

2

8‑6

2

11‑3

2

8‑8

2

7‑4

2

10‑0

2

7‑9

2

6‑6

2

4‑2 x 8

10‑11

1

8‑4

1

7‑0

1

9‑4

1

7‑2

1

6‑0

1

8‑3

1

6‑4

1

5‑4

2

4‑2 x 10

12‑11

1

9‑11

1

8‑4

1

11‑1

1

8‑6

1

7‑2

2

9‑10

1

7‑7

2

6‑4

2

4‑2 x 12

15‑3

1

11‑8

1

9‑10

2

13‑0

1

10‑0

2

8‑5

2

11‑7

1

8‑11

2

7‑6

2

Roof, ceiling, and one center-bearing floor

1‑2 x 6

3‑3

1

2‑7

2

2‑2

2

3‑0

2

2‑4

2

2‑0

2

2‑9

2

2‑2

2

1‑10

2

1‑2 x 8

4‑1

2

3‑3

2

2‑9

2

3‑9

2

3‑0

2

2‑6

3

3‑6

2

2‑9

2

2‑4

3

1‑2 x 10

4‑11

2

3‑10

2

3‑3

3

4‑6

2

3‑6

3

3‑0

3

4‑1

2

3‑3

3

2‑9

3

1‑2 x 12

5‑9

2

4‑6

3

3‑10

3

5‑3

2

4‑2

3

3‑6

3

4‑10

3

3‑10

3

3‑3

4

2‑2 x 4

3‑3

1

2‑6

1

2‑2

1

3‑0

1

2‑4

1

2‑0

1

2‑8

1

2‑2

1

1‑10

1

2‑2 x 6

4‑10

1

3‑9

1

3‑3

2

4‑5

1

3‑6

2

3‑0

2

4‑1

1

3‑3

2

2‑9

2

2‑2 x 8

6‑1

1

4‑10

2

4‑1

2

5‑7

2

4‑5

2

3‑9

2

5‑2

2

4‑1

2

3‑6

2

2‑2 x 10

7‑3

2

5‑8

2

4‑10

2

6‑8

2

5‑3

2

4‑5

2

6‑1

2

4‑10

2

4‑1

2

2‑2 x 12

8‑6

2

6‑8

2

5‑8

2

7‑10

2

6‑2

2

5‑3

3

7‑2

2

5‑8

2

4‑10

3

3‑2 x 8

7‑8

1

6‑0

1

5‑1

2

7‑0

1

5‑6

2

4‑8

2

6‑5

1

5‑1

2

4‑4

2

3‑2 x 10

9‑1

1

7‑2

2

6‑1

2

8‑4

1

6‑7

2

5‑7

2

7‑8

2

6‑1

2

5‑2

2

3‑2 x 12

10‑8

2

8‑5

2

7‑2

2

9‑10

2

7‑8

2

6‑7

2

9‑0

2

7‑1

2

6‑1

2

4‑2 x 8

8‑10

1

6‑11

1

5‑11

1

8‑1

1

6‑4

1

5‑5

2

7‑5

1

5‑11

1

5‑0

2

4‑2 x 10

10‑6

1

8‑3

2

7‑0

2

9‑8

1

7‑7

2

6‑5

2

8‑10

1

7‑0

2

6‑0

2

4‑2 x 12

12‑4

1

9‑8

2

8‑3

2

11‑4

2

8‑11

2

7‑7

2

10‑4

2

8‑3

2

7‑0

2

Roof, ceiling, and one clear span roof

1‑2 x 6

2‑11

2

2‑3

2

1‑11

2

2‑9

2

2‑1

2

1‑9

2

2‑7

2

2‑0

2

1‑8

2

1‑2 x 8

3‑9

2

2‑10

2

2‑5

3

3‑6

2

2‑8

2

2‑3

3

3‑3

2

2‑6

3

2‑2

3

1‑2 x 10

4‑5

2

3‑5

3

2‑10

3

4‑2

2

3‑2

3

2‑8

3

3‑11

2

3‑0

3

2‑6

3

1‑2 x 12

5‑2

2

4‑0

3

3‑4

3

4‑10

3

3‑9

3

3‑2

4

4‑7

3

3‑6

3

3‑0

4

2‑2 x 4

2‑11

1

2‑3

1

1‑10

1

2‑9

1

2‑1

1

1‑9

1

2‑7

1

2‑0

1

1‑8

1

2‑2 x 6

4‑4

1

3‑4

2

2‑10

2

4‑1

1

3‑2

2

2‑8

2

3‑10

1

3‑0

2

2‑6

2

2‑2 x 8

5‑6

2

4‑3

2

3‑7

2

5‑2

2

4‑0

2

3‑4

2

4‑10

2

3‑9

2

3‑2

2

2‑2 x 10

6‑7

2

5‑0

2

4‑2

2

6‑1

2

4‑9

2

4‑0

2

5‑9

2

4‑5

2

3‑9

3

2‑2 x 12

7‑9

2

5‑11

2

4‑11

3

7‑2

2

5‑7

2

4‑8

3

6‑9

2

5‑3

3

4‑5

3

3‑2 x 8

6‑11

1

5‑3

2

4‑5

2

6‑5

1

5‑0

2

4‑2

2

6‑1

1

4‑8

2

4‑0

2

3‑2 x 10

8‑3

2

6‑3

2

5‑3

2

7‑8

2

5‑11

2

5‑0

2

7‑3

2

5‑7

2

4‑8

2

3‑2 x 12

9‑8

2

7‑5

2

6‑2

2

9‑0

2

7‑0

2

5‑10

2

8‑6

2

6‑7

2

5‑6

3

4‑2 x 8

8‑0

1

6‑1

1

5‑1

2

7‑5

1

5‑9

2

4‑10

2

7‑0

1

5‑5

2

4‑7

2

4‑2 x 10

9‑6

1

7‑3

2

6‑1

2

8‑10

1

6‑10

2

5‑9

2

8‑4

1

6‑5

2

5‑5

2

4‑2 x 12

11‑2

2

8‑6

2

7‑2

2

10‑5

2

8‑0

2

6‑9

2

9‑10

2

7‑7

2

6‑5

2

Roof, ceiling, and two center bearing floors

1‑2 x 6

2‑8

2

2‑1

2

1‑10

2

2‑7

2

2‑0

2

1‑9

2

2‑5

2

1‑11

2

1‑8

2

1‑2 x 8

3‑5

2

2‑8

2

2‑4

3

3‑3

2

2‑7

2

2‑2

3

3‑1

2

2‑5

3

2‑1

3

1‑2 x 10

4‑0

2

3‑2

3

2‑9

3

3‑10

2

3‑1

3

2‑7

3

3‑8

2

2‑11

3

2‑5

3

1‑2 x 12

4‑9

3

3‑9

3

3‑2

4

4‑6

3

3‑7

3

3‑1

4

4‑3

3

3‑5

3

2‑11

4

2‑2 x 4

2‑8

1

2‑1

1

1‑9

1

2‑6

1

2‑0

1

1‑8

1

2‑5

1

1‑11

1

1‑7

1

2‑2 x 6

4‑0

1

3‑2

2

2‑8

2

3‑9

1

3‑0

2

2‑7

2

3‑7

1

2‑10

2

2‑5

2

2‑2 x 8

5‑0

2

4‑0

2

3‑5

2

4‑10

2

3‑10

2

3‑3

2

4‑7

2

3‑7

2

3‑1

2

2‑2 x 10

6‑0

2

4‑9

2

4‑0

2

5‑8

2

4‑6

2

3‑10

3

5‑5

2

4‑3

2

3‑8

3

2‑2 x 12

7‑0

2

5‑7

2

4‑9

3

6‑8

2

5‑4

3

4‑6

3

6‑4

2

5‑0

3

4‑3

3

3‑2 x 8

6‑4

1

5‑0

2

4‑3

2

6‑0

1

4‑9

2

4‑1

2

5‑8

2

4‑6

2

3‑10

2

3‑2 x 10

7‑6

2

5‑11

2

5‑1

2

7‑1

2

5‑8

2

4‑10

2

6‑9

2

5‑4

2

4‑7

2

3‑2 x 12

8‑10

2

7‑0

2

5‑11

2

8‑5

2

6‑8

2

5‑8

3

8‑0

2

6‑4

2

5‑4

3

4‑2 x 8

7‑3

1

5‑9

1

4‑11

2

5‑11

1

5‑6

2

4‑8

2

6‑7

1

5‑2

2

4‑5

2

4‑2 x 10

8‑8

1

6‑10

2

5‑10

2

8‑3

2

6‑6

2

5‑7

2

7‑10

2

6‑2

2

5‑3

2

4‑2 x 12

10‑2

2

8‑1

2

6‑10

2

9‑8

2

7‑8

2

6‑7

2

9‑2

2

7‑3

2

6‑2

2

Roof, ceiling, and two clear span floors

1‑2 x 6

2‑3

2

1‑9

2

1‑5

2

2‑3

2

1‑9

2

1‑5

3

2‑2

2

1‑8

2

1‑5

3

1‑2 x 8

2‑10

2

2‑2

3

1‑10

3

2‑10

2

2‑2

3

1‑10

3

2‑9

2

2‑1

3

1‑10

3

1‑2 x 10

3‑4

2

2‑7

3

2‑2

3

3‑4

3

2‑7

3

2‑2

4

3‑3

3

2‑6

3

2‑2

4

1‑2 x 12

4‑0

3

3‑0

3

2‑7

4

4‑0

3

3‑0

4

2‑7

4

3‑10

3

3‑0

4

2‑6

4

2‑2 x 4

2‑3

1

1‑8

1

1‑4

1

2‑3

1

1‑8

1

1‑4

1

2‑2

1

1‑8

1

1‑4

2

2‑2 x 6

3‑4

1

2‑6

2

2‑2

2

3‑4

2

2‑6

2

2‑2

2

3‑3

2

2‑6

2

2‑1

2

2‑2 x 8

4‑3

2

3‑3

2

2‑8

2

4‑3

2

3‑3

2

2‑8

2

4‑1

2

3‑2

2

2‑8

3

2‑2 x 10

5‑0

2

3‑10

2

3‑2

3

5‑0

2

3‑10

2

3‑2

2

4‑10

2

3‑9

3

3‑2

3

2‑2 x 12

5‑11

2

4‑6

3

3‑9

3

5‑11

2

4‑6

3

3‑9

3

5‑8

2

4‑5

3

3‑9

3

3‑2 x 8

5‑3

1

4‑0

2

3‑5

2

5‑3

2

4‑0

2

3‑5

2

5‑1

2

3‑11

2

3‑4

2

3‑2 x 10

6‑3

2

4‑9

2

4‑0

2

6‑3

2

4‑9

2

4‑0

2

6‑1

2

4‑8

2

4‑0

3

3‑2 x 12

7‑5

2

5‑8

2

4‑9

3

7‑5

2

5‑8

2

4‑9

3

7‑2

2

5‑6

3

4‑8

3

4‑2 x 8

6‑1

1

4‑8

2

3‑11

2

6‑1

1

4‑8

2

3‑11

2

5‑11

1

4‑7

2

3‑11

2

4‑2 x 10

7‑3

2

5‑6

2

4‑8

2

7‑3

2

5‑6

2

4‑8

2

7‑0

2

5‑5

2

4‑7

2

4‑2 x 12

8‑6

2

6‑6

2

5‑6

2

8‑6

2

6‑6

2

5‑6

2

8‑3

2

6‑4

2

5‑4

3

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 pound per square foot = 0.0479 kPa.

a. Spans are given in feet and inches.

b. Spans are based on the minimum design properties for No. 2 grade lumber of Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir, Southern Pine, and Spruce-Pine Fir.

c. Building width is measured perpendicular to the ridge. For widths between those shown, spans are permitted to be interpolated.

d. NJ ‑ Number of jack studs required to support each end. Where the number of required jack studs equals one, the header is permitted to be supported by an approved framing anchor attached to the full‑height wall stud and to the header.

e. Use 30 psf ground snow load for cases in which ground snow load is less than 30 psf and the roof live load is equal to or less than 20 psf.

f. Spans are calculated assuming the top of the header or girder is laterally braced by perpendicular framing. Where the top of the header or girder is not laterally braced (e.g. cripple studs bearing on the header), tabulated spans for headers consisting of 2x8, 2x10, or 2x12 sizes shall be multiplied by 0.70 or the header shall be designed.

46. 50. ] Change Table R602.7(2) to read:

Table R602.7(2)

Girder Spansa and Header Spansa for Interior Bearing Walls

(Maximum spans for Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir, Southern Pine, and Spruce-Pine Firb and required number of jack studs)

Headers and Girders Supporting

Size

Building Widthc (feet)

12

24

36

Spane

NJd

Spane

NJd

Spane

NJd

One floor only

2‑2 x 4

4‑1

1

2‑10

1

2‑4

1

2‑2 x 6

6‑1

1

4‑4

1

3‑6

1

2‑2 x 8

7‑9

1

5‑5

1

4‑5

2

2‑2 x 10

9‑2

1

6‑6

2

5‑3

2

2‑2 x 12

10‑9

1

7‑7

2

6‑3

2

3‑2 x 8

9‑8

1

6‑10

1

5‑7

1

3‑2 x 10

11‑5

1

8‑1

1

6‑7

2

3‑2 x 12

13‑6

1

9‑6

2

7‑9

2

4‑2 x 8

11‑2

1

7‑11

1

6‑5

1

4‑2 x 10

13‑3

1

9‑4

1

7‑8

1

4‑2 x 12

15‑7

1

11‑0

1

9‑0

2

Two floors

2‑2 x 4

2‑7

1

1‑11

1

1‑7

1

2‑2 x 6

3‑11

1

2‑11

2

2‑5

2

2‑2 x 8

5‑0

1

3‑8

2

3‑1

2

2‑2 x 10

5‑11

2

4‑4

2

3‑7

2

2‑2 x 12

6‑11

2

5‑2

2

4‑3

3

3‑2 x 8

6‑3

1

4‑7

2

3‑10

2

3‑2 x 10

7‑5

1

5‑6

2

4‑6

2

3‑2 x 12

8‑8

2

6‑5

2

5‑4

2

4‑2 x 8

7‑2

1

5‑4

1

4‑5

2

4‑2 x 10

8‑6

1

6‑4

2

5‑3

2

4‑2 x 12

10‑1

1

7‑5

2

6‑2

2

a. Spans are given in feet and inches.

b. Spans are based on the minimum design properties for No. 2 grade lumber of Douglas Fir-Larch, Hem-Fir, Southern Pine, and Spruce-Pine Fir.

c. Building width is measured perpendicular to the ridge. For widths between those shown, spans are permitted to be interpolated.

d. NJ - Number of jack studs required to support each end. Where the number of required jack studs equals one, the header is permitted to be supported by an approved framing anchor attached to the full‑height wall stud and to the header.

e. Spans are calculated assuming the top of the header or girder is laterally braced by perpendicular framing. Where the top of the header or girder is not laterally braced (e.g., cripple studs bearing on the header), tabulated spans for headers consisting of 2x8, 2x10, or 2x12 sizes shall be multiplied by 0.70 or the header shall be designed.

56. Change the column entries under the heading "Wood Species" in Table R602.7.1 to read:

 

Spruce-Pine-Fir

Hem-Fir

Douglas-Fir or No. 1 Grade Southern Pine

57. Add Section R602.7.4 to read:

R602.7.4 Supports for headers. Headers shall be supported on each end with one or more jack studs in accordance with Table R505.5(1) or Table R502.5(2). A king stud shall be adjacent to the jack stud on each end of the header and nailed at each end of the header with 4-12d nails.

58.47. 51. ] Change Section R602.10 to read:

R602.10 Wall bracing. Buildings shall be braced in accordance with this section or Section R602.12. Where a building, or portion thereof, does not comply with one or more of the bracing requirements in this section, those portions shall be designed and constructed in accordance with Section R301.1.

The building official shall be permitted to require the permit applicant to identify braced wall lines and braced wall panels on the construction documents as described in this section and provide associated analysis. The building official shall be permitted to waive the analysis of the upper floors where the cumulative length of wall openings of each upper floor wall is less than or equal to the length of the openings of the wall directly below.

59. Change the following row and footnotes in Table R602.10.3(1) to read:

 

Basic Wind Speed (mph)

Story Location

Braced Wall Line Spacingb (feet)

Method LIBc

Method GB

Methods DWB, WSP, SFB, PBS, PCP, HPS, BV-WSP, ABW, PFH, PFG, CS-SFBd

Methods CS-WSP, CS-G, CS-PF

 

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 305 mm, 1 mile per hour = 0.447 m/s.
a. Linear interpolation shall be permitted.
b. Where a braced wall line has parallel braced wall lines on one or both sides of differing dimensions, the average dimension shall be permitted to be used for braced wall line spacing.
c. Method LIB shall have gypsum board fastened to at least one side with nails or screws per Table R602.3(1) for exterior sheathing or Table R702.3.5 for interior gypsum board. Spacing of fasteners at panel edges shall not exceed eight inches (203 mm).
d. Method CS-SFB does not apply where the wind speed is greater than 100 mph.

60. Change Section R602.10.4.1 to read:

R602.10.4.1 Mixing methods. Mixing of bracing methods shall be permitted as follows:

1. Mixing bracing methods from braced wall line to braced wall line shall be permitted.

2. Mixing intermittent bracing methods along a braced wall line shall be permitted in Seismic Design Categories A and B, and detached dwellings in Seismic Design Category C, provided the length of bracing in accordance with Table R602.10.3(1) or R602.10.3(3) is the highest value of all bracing methods used.

3. Mixing of methods CS-WSP, CS-G, CS-PF, ABW, PFH, and PFG along a braced wall line shall be permitted.

4. In Seismic Design Categories A and B, and detached dwellings in Seismic Design Category C, mixing of intermittent bracing methods along the interior portion of a braced wall line with continuous sheathing methods along the exterior portion of the same braced wall line shall be permitted. The length of required bracing shall be the highest value of all bracing methods used in accordance with Table R602.10.3(1) or R602.10.3(3). The requirements of Section R602.10.7 shall apply to each end of the continuously sheathed portions of the braced wall line.

61. Change the "CS-PF" row of Table R602.10.5 to read:

 

CS-PF

16

18

20

22e

24e

1.5 x Actualb

62. Change Items 3.3 and 3.4 of Section R602.10.8.2 to read:

3.3. Blocking panels provided by the roof truss manufacturer and designed in accordance with Section R802.10.

3.4. Blocking, blocking panels, or other methods of lateral load transfer designed in accordance with the AWC WFCM or accepted engineering practice.

52. Change Section R602.10.9 to read:

R602.10.9 Braced wall panel support. Braced wall panel support shall be provided as follows:

1. Cantilevered floor joists complying with Section R502.3.3 shall be permitted to support braced wall panels.

2. Raised floor system post or pier foundations supporting braced wall panels shall be designed in accordance with accepted engineering practice.

3. Masonry stem walls with a length of 48 inches (1219 mm) or less supporting braced wall panels shall be reinforced in accordance with Figure R602.10.9. Masonry stem walls with a length greater than 48 inches (1219 mm) supporting braced wall panels shall be constructed in accordance with Section R403.1 Methods ABW and PFH shall not be permitted to attach to masonry stem walls.

4. Concrete stem walls with a length of 48 inches (1219 mm) or less, greater than 12 inches (305 mm) tall and less than 6 inches (152 mm) thick shall have reinforcement sized and located in accordance with Figure R602.10.9.

Exception: For masonry stem walls, an approved post-installed adhesive anchoring system shall be permitted as an alternative to the Optional Stem Wall Reinforcement detail in Figure R602.10.9. A minimum of two anchors shall be installed as indicated in Figure R602.10.9. Anchors shall be located not more than 4 inches (102 mm) from each end of the stem wall. Anchors shall be installed into the concrete footing as follows:

1. Five-eighth inch (16 mm) treaded rod using a 3/4 inch (19 mm) diameter drilled hole with a minimum embedment of 6 inches (152 mm).

2. Number 4 size reinforcing bar using a 5/8-inch (16 mm) diameter drilled hole with a minimum embedment of 4-1/2 inches (114 mm).

A minimum footing thickness of 8 inches (203 mm) is required and the minimum distance from each anchor to the edge of the footing shall be 3-3/4 inches (95 mm). The anchoring adhesive and anchors shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and have a minimum tensile capacity of 5,000 lbs. (22 kN). The bond beam reinforcement and attachment of braced wall panels to the stem wall shall be as shown in Figure R602.10.9. ]

63. Change Item 3 of Section R602.10.10 to read:

3. Where the bracing length provided is at least twice the minimum length required by Table R602.10.3(1) and Table R602.10.3(3), blocking at horizontal joints shall not be required in braced wall panels constructed using Methods WSP, SFB, GB, PBS, HPS, CS-WSP or CS-SFB.

64. Change Section R602.10.11 to read:

R602.10.11 Cripple wall bracing. Cripple walls shall be constructed in accordance with Section R602.9 and braced in accordance with this section. Cripple walls shall be braced with the length and method of bracing used for the wall above in accordance with Tables R602.10.3(1) and R602.10.3(3), and the applicable adjustment factors in Tables R602.10.3(2) and R602.10.3(4), respectively, except the length of the cripple wall bracing shall be multiplied by a factor of 1.15. Cripple wall bracing shall comply with Section R602.10.4.3.

65.48. 53. ] Replace Section R602.12, including all subsections, with the following:

R602.12 Practical wall bracing. All buildings in Seismic Design Categories A and B and detached buildings in Seismic Design Category C shall be permitted to be braced in accordance with this section as an alternative to the requirements of Section R602.10. Where a building, or portion thereof, does not comply with one or more of the bracing requirements in this section, those portions shall be designed and constructed in accordance with Section R301.1. The use of other bracing provisions of Section R602.10, except as specified herein, shall not be permitted.

The building official shall be permitted to require the permit applicant to identify bracing on the construction documents and provide associated analysis. The building official shall be permitted to waive the analysis of the upper floors where the cumulative length of wall openings of each upper floor wall is less than or equal to the length of the openings of the wall directly below.

R602.12.1 Sheathing materials. The following materials shall be permitted for use as sheathing for wall bracing. Exterior walls shall be sheathed on all sheathable surfaces, including infill areas between bracing locations, above and below wall openings, and on gable end walls.

1. Wood structural panels with a minimum thickness of 7/16 inch (9.5 mm) fastened in accordance with Table R602.3(3).

2. Structural fiberboard sheathing with a minimum thickness of 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) fastened in accordance with Table R602.3(1).

3. Gypsum board with a minimum thickness of 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) fastened in accordance with Table R702.3.5 on interior walls only.

R602.12.2 Braced wall panels. Braced wall panels shall be full-height wall sections sheathed with the materials listed in Section R602.12.1 and complying with the following:

1. Exterior braced wall panels shall have a minimum length based on the height of the adjacent opening as specified in Table R602.12.2. Panels with openings on both sides of differing heights shall be governed by the taller opening when determining panel length.

2. Interior braced wall panels shall have a minimum length of 48 inches (1220 mm) when sheathing material is applied to one side. Doubled-sided applications shall be permitted to be considered two braced wall panels.

3. Braced wall panels shall be permitted to be constructed of Methods ABW, PFH, PFG, and CS-PF in accordance with Section R602.10.4.

4. Exterior braced wall panels, other than the methods listed in Item 3 above shall have a finish material installed on the interior. The finish material shall consist of 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) gypsum board or equivalent and shall be permitted to be omitted where the required length of bracing, as determined in Section R602.12.4, is multiplied by 1.40, unless otherwise required by Section R302.6.

5. Vertical sheathing joints shall occur over and be fastened to common studs.

6. Horizontal sheathing joints shall be edge nailed to 1‑1/2 inch (38 mm) minimum thick common blocking.

 

Table R602.12.2
Braced Wall Panel Lengths

 

Location

Wall Height (feet)

 

 

8

9

10

11

12

 

Minimum Panel Length (inches)

 

Adjacent garage door of one-story garagea

24

27

30

33

36

 

Adjacent all other openingsb

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clear opening height (inches) ≤ 64

24

27

30

33

36

 

Clear opening height (inches) ≤ 72

27

27

30

33

36

 

Clear opening height (inches) ≤ 80

30

30

30

33

36

 

Clear opening height (inches) > 80

36

36

36

40

40 

 

For SI: 1 inch = 25.4 mm, 1 foot = 304.8 mm.

a. Braced wall panels supporting a gable end wall or roof load only.

b. Interpolation shall be permitted.

R602.12.3 Circumscribed rectangle. Required length of bracing shall be determined by circumscribing one or more rectangles around the entire building or portions thereof as shown in Figure R602.12.3. Rectangles shall surround all enclosed offsets and projections such as sunrooms and attached garages. Chimneys, partial height projections, and open structures, such as carports and decks, shall be excluded from the rectangle. Each rectangle shall have no side greater than 80 feet (24 384 mm) with a maximum 3:1 ratio between the long and short side. Rectangles shall be permitted to be skewed to accommodate angled projections as shown in Figure R602.12.4.3.

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Braced Wall(1).JPG

R602.12.4 Required length of bracing. The required length of bracing for each side of a circumscribed rectangle shall be determined using Table R602.12.4. Where multiple rectangles share a common side or sides, the required length of bracing shall equal the sum of the required lengths from all shared rectangle sides.

Table R602.12.4
Required Length of Bracing Along Each Side of a Circumscribed Rectanglea,b,c

Wind Speed

Eave-to-Ridge Height (feet)

Number of Floor Levels Abovee,f

Required Length of Bracing on Front/Rear Side (feet)

Required Length of Bracing on Left/Right Side (feet)

Length of Left/Right Side (feet)

Length of Front/Rear Side (feet)

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90 115

10

0

2.0

3.5

5.0

6.0

7.5

9.0

10.5

12.0

2.0

3.5

5.0

6.0

7.5

9.0

10.5

12.0

1d

3.5

6.5

9.0

12.0

14.5

17.0

19.8

22.6

3.5

6.5

9.0

12.0

14.5

17.0

19.8

22.6

2d

5.0

9.5

13.5

17.5

21.5

25.0

29.2

33.4

5.0

9.5

13.5

17.5

21.5

25.0

29.2

33.4

15

0

2.6

4.6

6.5

7.8

9.8

11.7

13.7

15.7

2.6

4.6

6.5

7.8

9.8

11.7

13.7

15.7

1d

4.0

7.5

10.4

13.8

16.7

19.6

22.9

26.2

4.0

7.5

10.4

13.8

16.7

19.6

22.9

26.2

2d

5.5

10.5

14.9

19.3

23.7

27.5

32.1

36.7

5.5

10.5

14.9

19.3

23.7

27.5

32.1

36.7

20

0

2.9

5.2

7.3

8.8

11.1

13.2

15.4

17.6

2.9

5.2

7.3

8.8

11.1

13.2

15.4

17.6

1d

4.5

8.5

11.8

15.6

18.9

22.1

25.8

29.5

4.5

8.5

11.8

15.6

18.9

22.1

25.8

29.5

2d

6.2

11.9

16.8

21.8

27.3

31.1

36.3

41.5

6.2

11.9

16.8

21.8

27.3

31.1

36.3

41.5

100 130

10

0

2.5

4.0

6.0

7.5

9.5

11.0

12.8

14.6

2.5

4.0

6.0

7.5

9.5

11.0

12.8

14.6

1d

4.5

8.0

11.0

14.5

18.0

21.0

24.5

28.0

4.5

8.0

11.0

14.5

18.0

21.0

24.5

28.0

2d

6.0

11.5

16.5

21.5

26.5

31.0

36.2

41.4

6.0

11.5

16.5

21.5

26.5

31.0

36.2

41.4

15

0

3.4

5.2

7.8

9.8

12.4

14.3

16.7

19.1

3.4

5.2

7.8

9.8

12.4

14.3

16.7

19.1

1d

5.2

9.2

12.7

16.7

20.7

24.2

28.2

32.2

5.2

9.2

12.7

16.7

20.7

24.2

28.2

32.2

2d

6.6

12.7

18.2

23.7

29.2

34.1

39.8

45.5

6.6

12.7

18.2

23.7

29.2

34.1

39.8

45.5

20

0

3.8

5.9

8.8

11.1

14.0

16.2

18.9

21.6

3.8

5.9

8.8

11.1

14.0

16.2

18.9

21.6

1d

5.9

10.4

14.4

18.9

23.4

27.3

31.8

36.3

5.9

10.4

14.4

18.9

23.4

27.3

31.8

36.3

2d

7.5

14.4

20.6

26.8

33.0

38.5

44.9

51.3

7.5

14.4

20.6

26.8

33.0

38.5

44.9

51.3

For SI: 1 ft = 304.8 mm.

a. Interpolation shall be permitted; extrapolation shall be prohibited.

b. For Exposure Category C, multiply the required length of bracing by a factor of 1.20 for a one-story building, 1.30 for a two-story building, and 1.40 for a three-story building.

c. For wall height adjustments multiply the required length of bracing by the following factors: 0.90 for 8 feet (2438 mm), 0.95 for 9 feet (2743 mm), 1.0 for 10 feet (3048 mm), 1.05 for 11 feet (3353 mm), and 1.10 for 12 feet (3658 mm).

d. Where braced wall panels supporting stories above have been sheathed in wood structural panels with edge fasteners spaced at 4 inches (102 mm) on center, multiply the required length of bracing by 0.83.

e. A floor level, habitable or otherwise, contained wholly within the roof rafters or trusses shall not be considered a floor level for purposes of determining the required length of bracing.

f. A rectangle side with differing number of floor levels above shall use the greatest number when determining the required length of bracing.

R602.12.4.1 Braced wall panel assignment to rectangle sides. Braced wall panels shall be assigned to the applicable rectangle side and contribute to its required length of bracing. Panels shall be assigned as specified below and as shown in Figure R602.12.4.1.

1. Exterior braced wall panels shall be assigned to the parallel rectangle side on which they are located or in which they face.

2. Interior braced wall panels shall be assigned to the parallel rectangle side on which they are located or in which they face up to 4 feet (1220 mm) away. Interior braced wall panels more than 4 feet (1220 mm) away from a parallel rectangle side shall not contribute.

3. The projections of angled braced wall panels shall be assigned to the adjacent rectangle sides.

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Braced Wall(2).JPG

R602.12.4.2 Contributing length. The cumulative contributing length of braced wall panels assigned to a rectangle side shall be greater than or equal to the required length of bracing as determined in Section R602.12.4. The contributing length of a braced wall panel shall be as specified below. When applying contributing length to angled braced wall panels, apply the requirements below to each projection:

1. Exterior braced wall panels shall contribute their actual length.

2. Interior braced wall panels shall contribute one-half of their actual length.

3. The contributing length of Methods ABW, PFH, PFG, and CS-PF shall be in accordance with Table R602.10.5.

R602.12.4.3 Common sides with skewed rectangles. Braced wall panels located on a common wall where skewed rectangles intersect, as shown in Figure R602.12.4.3, shall be permitted to be assigned to the parallel rectangle side, and their projections shall be permitted to be assigned to the adjacent skewed rectangle sides.

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Braced Wall(3).JPG

R602.12.5 Cripple walls and framed walls of walk-out basements. For rectangle sides with cripple walls having a maximum height of 48 inches (1220 mm), the required length of bracing shall be as determined in Section R602.12.4. For rectangle sides with cripple walls having a height greater than 48 inches (1220 mm) at any location or framed walls of a walk-out basement, the required length of bracing shall be determined using Table R602.12.4. Braced wall panels within cripple walls and walls of walk-out basements shall comply with Item 4 of Section R602.12.2.

R602.12.6 Distribution of braced wall panels. Braced wall panels shall be distributed in accordance with the following requirements as shown in Figure R602.12.6.

1. The edge of a braced wall panel shall be no more than 12 feet (3658 mm) from any building corner or rectangle corner.

2. The distance between adjacent edges of braced wall panels shall be no more than 20 feet (6096 mm).

3. Segments of exterior walls greater than 8 feet (2438 mm) in length shall have a minimum of one braced wall panel.

4. Segments of exterior wall 8 feet (2438 mm) or less in length shall be permitted to have no braced wall panels.

Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Description: Braced Wall(4).JPG

R602.12.6.1 Panels adjacent to balloon framed walls. Braced wall panels shall be placed on each side of each story adjacent to balloon framed walls designed in accordance with Section R602.3 with a maximum height of two stories.

R602.12.7 Braced wall panel connection. Braced wall panels shall be connected to other structural elements in accordance with Section R602.10.8.

R602.12.8 Braced wall panel support. Braced wall panels shall be supported in accordance with Section R602.10.9.

54. Change Sections R802.2 and R802.3 to read:

R802.2 Design and construction. The roof and ceiling assembly shall provide continuous ties across the structure to prevent roof thrust from being applied to the supporting walls. The assembly shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the provisions of this chapter and Figures R606.11(1), R606.11(2) and R606.11(3) or in accordance with AWC NDS.

R802.3 Ridge. A ridge board used to connect opposing rafters shall be not less than 1 inch (25 mm) nominal thickness and not less in depth than the cut end of the rafter. Where ceiling joist or rafter ties do not provide a continuous ties across the structure, a ridge beam shall be provided and supported on each end by a wall or girder.

55. Delete Sections R802.3.1, R802.3.2 and R802.3.3.

56. Change Section R802.4 and add Section R802.4.1 to read:

R802.4 Rafters. Rafters shall be in accordance with this section.

R802.4.1 Rafter size. Rafters shall be sized based on the rafter spans in Tables R802.4.1(1) through R802.4.1(8). Rafter spans shall be measured along the horizontal projection of the rafter. For other grades and species and for other loading conditions, refer to the AWC STJR.

57. Change the titles of Tables R802.4(1) and R802.4(2) to Tables R802.5.1(1) and R802.5.1(2), respectively, and change the titles of Tables R802.5.1(1) through R802.5.1(8) to Tables R802.4.1(1) through R802.4.1(8), respectively. ]

66. Change the indicated rows of Table R802.4(1) to read:

 

Ceiling Joist Spacing (inches)

Species and Grade

Dead Load = 5 psf

 

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

 

Maximum ceiling joist spans

 

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

 

12

Southern Pine SS
Southern Pine #1
Southern Pine #2
Southern Pine #3

12-11
12-5
11‑10
10-1

20‑3
19-6
18-8
14-11

Note a
25-8
24-7
18-9

Note a
Note a
Note a
22-9

 

16

Southern Pine SS

Southern Pine #1

Southern Pine #2

Southern Pine #3

11‑9

11‑3

10-9

8-9

18-5

17-8

16-11

12-11

24-3

23‑4

21‑7

16-3

Note a

Note a

25-7

19-9

 

19.2

Southern Pine SS

Southern Pine #1

Southern Pine #2

Southern Pine #3

11‑0

10-7

10-2

8-0

17-4

16-8

15-7

11‑9

22-10

22-0

19-8

14-10

Note a

Note a

23‑5

18-0

 

24

Southern Pine SS

Southern Pine #1

Southern Pine #2

Southern Pine #3

10-3

9-10

9-3

7-2

16-1

15-6

13-11

10-6

21‑2

20‑5

17-7

13-3

Note a

24-0

20‑11

16-1

67. Change the indicated rows of Table R802.4(2) to read:

 

Ceiling Joist Spacing (inches)

Species and Grade

Dead Load = 10 psf

 

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

 

Maximum ceiling joist spans

 

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

 

12

Southern Pine SS

Southern Pine #1

Southern Pine #2

Southern Pine #3

10-3

9-10

9-3

7-2

16-1

15-6

13-11

10-6

21‑2

20‑5

17-7

13-3

Note a

24-0

20‑11

16-1

 

16

Southern Pine SS

Southern Pine #1

Southern Pine #2

Southern Pine #3

9-4

8-11

8-0

6-2

14-7

14-0

12-0

9-2

19-3

17-9

15-3

11‑6

24-7

20‑9

18-1

14-0

 

19.2

Southern Pine SS

Southern Pine #1

Southern Pine #2

Southern Pine #3

8-9

8-5

7-4

5-8

13-9

12-9

11‑0

8-4

18-2

16-2

13-11

10-6

23‑1

18-11

16-6

12-9

 

24

Southern Pine SS

Southern Pine #1

Southern Pine #2

Southern Pine #3

8-1

7-8

6-7

5-1

12-9

11‑5

9-10

7-5

16-10

14-6

12-6

9-5

21‑6

16-11

14-9

11‑5

58. Add Sections R802.4.2 through R802.4.5 to read:

R802.4.2 Framing details. Rafters shall be framed not more than 1-1/2 inches (38 mm) offset from each other to a ridge board or directly opposite from each other with a collar tie, gusset plate or ridge strap in accordance with Table R602.3(1). Rafters shall be nailed to the top wall plates in accordance with Table R602.3(1) unless the roof assembly is required to comply with the uplift requirements of Section R802.11.

R802.4.3 Hips and valleys. Hip and valley rafters shall be not less than 2 inches (51 mm) nominal in thickness and not less in depth than the cut end of the rafter. Hip and valley rafters shall be supported at the ridge by a brace to a bearing partition or be designed to carry and distribute the specific load at that point.

R802.4.4 Rafter supports. Where the roof pitch is less than 3:12 (25% slope), structural members that support rafters, such as ridges, hips and valleys, shall be designed as beams, and bearing shall be provided for rafters in accordance with Section R802.6.

R802.4.5 Purlins. Installation of purlins to reduce the span of rafters is permitted as shown in Figure R802.4.5. Purlins shall be sized not less than the required size of the rafters that they support. Purlins shall be continuous and shall be supported by 2-inch by 4-inch (51 mm by 102 mm) braces installed to bearing walls at a slope not less than 45 degrees (0.79 rad) from the horizontal. The braces shall be spaced not more than 4 feet (1219 mm) on center and the unbraced length of braces shall not exceed 8 feet (2438 mm).

59. Add Figure R802.4.5 to read:

http://leg5.state.va.us/images/617152856474DHCDVH_files/image001.jpg

60. Add Section R802.4.6 to read:

R802.4.6 Collar ties. Where collar ties are used to connect opposing rafters, they shall be located in the upper third of the attic space and fastened in accordance with Table R602.3(1). Collar ties shall be not less than 1 inch by 4 inches (25 mm by 102 mm) nominal, spaced not more than 4 feet (1219 mm) on center. Ridge straps in accordance with Table R602.3(1) shall be permitted to replace collar ties. ]

68. Change the indicated rows of Table R802.5.1(1) to read:

Rafter Spacing (inches)

Species and Grade

Dead Load = 10 psf

Dead Load = 20 psf

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

Maximum rafter spansa

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

12

Southern Pine SS

11‑3

17-8

23‑4

Note b

Note b

11‑3

17-8

23‑4

Note b

Note b

Southern Pine #1

10-10

17-0

22-5

Note b

Note b

10-6

15-8

19-10

23‑2

Note b

Southern Pine #2

10-4

15-7

19-8

23‑5

Note b

9-0

13-6

17-1

20‑3

23‑10

Southern Pine #3

8-0

11‑9

14-10

18-0

21‑4

6-11

10-2

12-10

15-7

18-6

16

Southern Pine SS

10-3

16-1

21‑2

Note b

Note b

10-3

16-1

21‑2

25-7

Note b

Southern Pine #1

9-10

15-6

19-10

23‑2

Note b

9-1

13-7

17-2

20‑1

23‑10

Southern Pine #2

9-0

13-6

17-1

20‑3

23‑10

7-9

11‑8

14-9

17-6

20‑8

Southern Pine #3

6-11

10-2

12-10

15-7

18-6

6-0

8-10

11‑2

13-6

16-0

19.2

Southern Pine SS

9-8

15-2

19-11

25-5

Note b

9-8

15-2

19-7

23‑4

Note b

Southern Pine #1

9-3

14-3

18-1

21‑2

25-2

8-4

12-4

15-8

18-4

21‑9

Southern Pine #2

8-2

12-3

15-7

18-6

21‑9

7-1

10-8

13-6

16-0

18-10

Southern Pine #3

6-4

9-4

11‑9

14-3

16-10

5-6

8-1

10-2

12-4

14-7

24

Southern Pine SS

8-11

14-1

18-6

23‑8

Note b

8-11

13-10

17-6

20‑10

24-8

Southern Pine #1

8-7

12-9

16-2

18-11

22-6

7-5

11‑1

14-0

16-5

19-6

Southern Pine #2

7-4

11‑0

13-11

16-6

19-6

6-4

9-6

12-1

14-4

16-10

Southern Pine #3

5-8

8-4

10-6

12-9

15-1

4-11

7-3

9-1

11‑0

13-1

69. Change the indicated rows of Table R802.5.1(2) to read:

Rafter Spacing (inches)

Species and Grade

Dead Load = 10 psf

Dead Load = 20 psf

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

Maximum rafter spansa

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

12

Southern Pine SS

10-3

16-1

21‑2

Note b

Note b

10-3

16-1

21‑2

Note b

Note b

Southern Pine #1

9-10

15-6

20‑5

Note b

Note b

9-10

15-6

19-10

23‑2

Note b

Southern Pine #2

9-5

14-9

19-6

23‑5

Note b

9-0

13-6

17-1

20‑3

23‑10

Southern Pine #3

8-0

11‑9

14-10

18-0

21‑4

6-11

10-2

12-10

15-7

18-6

16

Southern Pine SS

9-4

14-7

19-3

24-7

Note b

9-4

14-7

19-3

24-7

Note b

Southern Pine #1

8-11

14-1

18-6

23‑2

Note b

8-11

13-7

17-2

20‑1

23‑10

Southern Pine #2

8-7

13-5

17-1

20‑3

23‑10

7-9

11‑8

14-9

17-6

20‑8

Southern Pine #3

6-11

10-2

12-10

15-7

18-6

6-0

8-10

11‑2

13-6

16-0

19.2

Southern Pine SS

8-9

13-9

18-2

23‑1

Note b

8-9

13-9

18-2

23‑1

Note b

Southern Pine #1

8-5

13-3

17-5

21‑2

25-2

8-4

12-4

15-8

18-4

21‑9

Southern Pine #2

8-1

12-3

15-7

16-6

21‑9

7-1

10-8

13-6

16-0

18-10

Southern Pine #3

6-4

9-4

11‑9

14-3

16-10

5-6

8-1

10-2

12-4

14-7

24

Southern Pine SS

8-1

12-9

16-10

21‑6

Note b

8-1

12-9

16-10

20‑10

24-8

Southern Pine #1

7-10

12-3

16-2

18-11

22-6

7-6

11‑1

14-0

16-5

19-6

Southern Pine #2

7-4

11‑0

13-11

16-6

19-6

6-4

9-6

12-1

14-4

16-10

Southern Pine #3

5-8

8-4

10-6

12-9

15-1

4-11

7-3

9-1

11‑0

13-1

70. Change the indicated rows of Table R802.5.1(3) to read:

Rafter Spacing (inches)

Species and Grade

Dead Load = 10 psf

Dead Load = 20 psf

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

Maximum rafter spansa

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

12

Southern Pine SS

9-10

15-6

20‑5

Note b

Note b

9-10

15-6

20‑5

25-4

Note b

Southern Pine #1

9-6

14-10

19-0

22-3

Note b

9-0

13-5

17-0

19-11

23‑7

Southern Pine #2

8-7

12-11

16-4

19-5

22-10

7-8

11‑7

14-8

17-4

20‑5

Southern Pine #3

6-7

9-9

12-4

15-0

17-9

5-11

8-9

11‑0

13-5

15-10

16

Southern Pine SS

8-11

14-1

18-6

23‑8

Note b

8-11

14-1

18-5

21‑11

25-11

Southern Pine #1

8-7

13-0

16-6

19-3

22-10

7-10

11‑7

14-9

17-3

20‑5

Southern Pine #2

7-6

11‑2

14-2

16-10

19-10

6-8

10-0

12-8

15-1

17-9

Southern Pine #3

5-9

8-6

10-8

13-0

15-4

5-2

7-7

9-7

11‑7

13-9

19.2

Southern Pine SS

8-5

13-3

17-5

22-3

Note b

8-5

13-3

16-10

20‑0

23‑7

Southern Pine #1

8-0

11‑10

15-1

17-7

20‑11

7-1

10-7

13-5

15-9

18-8

Southern Pine #2

6-10

10-2

12-11

15-4

18-1

6-1

9-2

11‑7

13-9

16-2

Southern Pine #3

5-3

7-9

9-9

11‑10

14-0

4-8

6-11

8-9

10-7

12-6

24

Southern Pine SS

7-10

12-3

16-2

20‑0

23‑7

7-10

11‑10

15-0

17-11

21‑2

Southern Pine #1

7-1

10-7

13-5

15-9

18-8

6-4

9-6

12-0

14-1

16-8

Southern Pine #2

6-1

9-2

11‑7

13-9

16-2

5-5

8-2

10-4

12-3

14-6

Southern Pine #3

4-8

6-11

8-9

10-7

12-6

4-2

6-2

7-10

9-6

11‑2

71. Change the indicated rows of Table R802.5.1(4) to read:

Rafter Spacing (inches)

Species and Grade

Dead Load = 10 psf

Dead Load = 20 psf

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

Maximum rafter spansa

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

12

Southern Pine SS

8-4

13-1

17-2

21‑11

Note b

8-4

13-1

17-2

21‑5

25-3

Southern Pine #1

8-0

12-3

15-6

18-2

21‑7

7-7

11‑4

14-5

16-10

20‑0

Southern Pine #2

7-0

10-6

13-4

15-10

18-8

6-6

9-9

12-4

14-8

17-3

Southern Pine #3

5-5

8-0

10-1

12-3

14-6

5-0

7-5

9-4

11‑4

13-5

16

Southern Pine SS

7-6

11‑10

15-7

19-11

23‑7

7-6

11‑10

15-7

18-6

21‑10

Southern Pine #1

7-1

10-7

13-5

15-9

18-8

6-7

9-10

12-5

14-7

17-3

Southern Pine #2

6-1

9-2

11‑7

13-9

16-2

5-8

8-5

10-9

12-9

15-0

Southern Pine #3

4-8

6-11

8-9

10-7

12-6

4-4

6-5

8-1

9-10

11‑7

19.2

Southern Pine SS

7-1

11‑2

14-8

18-3

21‑7

7-1

11‑2

14-2

16-11

20‑0

Southern Pine #1

6-6

9-8

12-3

14-4

17-1

6-0

9-0

11‑4

13-4

15-9

Southern Pine #2

5-7

8-4

10-7

12-6

14-9

5-2

7-9

9-9

11‑7

13-8

Southern Pine #3

4-3

6-4

8-0

9-8

11‑5

4-0

5-10

7-4

8-11

10-7

24

Southern Pine SS

6-7

10-4

13-8

16-4

19-3

6-7

10-0

12-8

15-2

17-10

Southern Pine #1

5-10

8-8

11‑0

12-10

15-3

5-5

8-0

10-2

11‑11

14-1

Southern Pine #2

5-0

7-5

9-5

11‑3

13-2

4-7

6-11

8-9

10-5

12-3

Southern Pine #3

3-10

5-8

7-1

8-8

10-3

3-6

5-3

6-7

8-0

9-6

72. Change the indicated rows of Table R802.5.1(5) to read:

Rafter Spacing (inches)

Species and Grade

Dead Load = 10 psf

Dead Load = 20 psf

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

Maximum rafter spansa

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

12

Southern Pine SS

8-11

14-1

18-6

23‑8

Note b

8-11

14-1

18-6

23‑8

Note b

Southern Pine #1

8-7

13-6

17-10

22-3

Note b

8-7

13-5

17-0

19-11

23‑7

Southern Pine #2

8-3

12-11

16-4

19-5

22-10

7-8

11‑7

14-8

17-4

20‑5

Southern Pine #3

6-7

9-9

12-4

15-0

17-9

5-11

8-9

11‑0

13-5

15-10

16

Southern Pine SS

8-1

12-9

16-10

21‑6

Note b

8-1

12-9

16-10

21‑6

25-11

Southern Pine #1

7-10

12-3

16-2

19-3

22-10

7-10

11‑7

14-9

17-3

20‑5

Southern Pine #2

7-6

11‑2

14-2

16-10

19-10

6-8

10-0

12-8

15-1

17-9

Southern Pine #3

5-9

8-6

10-8

13-0

15-4

5-2

7-7

9-7

11‑7

13-9

19.2

Southern Pine SS

7-8

12-0

15-10

20-2

24-7

7-8

12-0

15-10

20‑0

23‑7

Southern Pine #1

7-4

11‑7

15-1

17-7

20‑11

7-1

10-7

13-5

15-9

18-8

Southern Pine #2

6-10

10-2

12-11

15-4

18-1

6-1

9-2

11‑7

13-9

16-2

Southern Pine #3

5-3

7-9

9-9

11‑10

14-0

4-8

6-11

8-9

10-7

12-6

24

Southern Pine SS

7-1

11‑2

14-8

18-9

22-10

7-1

11‑2

14-8

17-11

21‑2

Southern Pine #1

6-10

10-7

13-5

15-9

18-8

6-4

9-6

12-0

14-1

16-8

Southern Pine #2

6-1

9-2

11‑7

13-9

16-2

5-5

8-2

10-4

12-3

14-6

Southern Pine #3

4-8

6-11

8-9

10-7

12-6

4-2

6-2

7-10

9-6

11‑2

73. Change the indicated rows of Table R802.5.1(6) to read:

Rafter Spacing (inches)

Species and Grade

Dead Load = 10 psf

Dead Load = 20 psf

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

2x4

2x6

2x8

2x10

2x12

Maximum rafter spansa

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

(feet-inches)

12

Southern Pine SS

7-6

11‑0

15-7

19-11

24-3