Mixing, Diluting, or Reconstituting of Drugs for Administration
18VAC85-20-400. Requirements for immediate-use sterile mixing, diluting, or reconstituting.
A. For the purposes of this chapter, the mixing, diluting, or reconstituting of sterile manufactured drug products when there is no direct contact contamination and administration begins within 10 hours of the completion time of preparation shall be considered immediate-use with the exception of drugs in fat emulsion for which immediate use shall be one hour. If manufacturers' instructions or any other accepted standard specifies or indicates an appropriate time between preparation and administration of less than 10 hours, the mixing, diluting, or reconstituting shall be in accordance with the lesser time. No direct contact contamination means that there is no contamination from touch, gloves, bare skin, or secretions from the mouth or nose. Emergency drugs used in the practice of anesthesiology and administration of allergens may exceed 10 hours after completion of the preparation, provided administration does not exceed the specified expiration date of a multiple use vial and there is compliance with all other requirements of this section.
B. Doctors of medicine or osteopathic medicine who engage in immediate-use mixing, diluting, or reconstituting shall:
1. Utilize the practices and principles of disinfection techniques, aseptic manipulations and solution compatibility in immediate-use mixing, diluting, or reconstituting;
2. Ensure that all personnel under their supervision who are involved in immediate-use mixing, diluting, or reconstituting are appropriately and properly trained in and utilize the practices and principles of disinfection techniques, aseptic manipulations, and solution compatibility;
3. Establish and implement procedures for verification of the
accuracy of the product that has been mixed, diluted, or reconstituted to
include a second check performed by a doctor of medicine or osteopathic
or a pharmacist, or by a physician assistant or a registered
nurse who has been specifically trained pursuant to subdivision 2 of this
subsection in immediate-use mixing, diluting, or reconstituting. Mixing,
diluting, or reconstituting that is performed by a doctor of medicine or
osteopathic medicine , a pharmacist, or by a specifically trained
physician assistant or registered nurse or mixing, diluting, or reconstituting
of vaccines does not require a second check;
4. Provide a designated, sanitary work space and equipment appropriate for aseptic manipulations;
5. Document or ensure that personnel under his supervision
document in the patient record or other readily retrievable record that
identifies the patient; the names of drugs mixed, diluted or reconstituted; and
the date of administration; and
6. Develop and maintain written policies and procedures to be followed in mixing, diluting, or reconstituting of sterile products and for the training of personnel.
C. Any mixing, diluting, or reconstituting of drug products that are hazardous to personnel shall be performed consistent with requirements of all applicable federal and state laws and regulations for safety and air quality, to include but not be limited to those of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). For the purposes of this chapter, Appendix A of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health publication (NIOSH Publication No. 2004-165), Preventing Occupational Exposure to Antineoplastic and Other Hazardous Drugs in Health Care Settings is incorporated by reference for the list of hazardous drug products and can be found at www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2004-165.