The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context indicates otherwise:
"ADH" means an administrative disqualification hearing, an impartial review by a state hearing officer of an individual's actions involving an alleged intentional program violation for the purpose of determining if the individual did or did not commit an intentional program violation.
"Applicant" means a person who has applied for child care services and the disposition of the application has not yet been determined.
"Background checks" means a sworn statement or affirmation as may be required by the Code of Virginia, the Criminal History Record Check, the Sex Offender and Crimes Against Minors Registry Check, and the Central Registry Child Protective Services check.
"Child care services" means those activities that assist eligible families in the arrangement for or purchase of child care for children for care that is less than a 24-hour day. It also means activities that promote parental choice, consumer education to help parents make informed choices about child care, activities to enhance health and safety standards established by the state, and activities that increase and enhance child care and early childhood development resources in the community.
"Child protective services" means the identification, receipt and immediate response to complaints and reports of alleged child abuse or neglect for children under 18 years of age. It also includes assessment, and arranging for and providing necessary protective and rehabilitative services for a child and his family when the child has been found to have been abused or neglected or is at risk of being abused or neglected.
"Child support services" means any civil, criminal
or administrative action taken by the Division of Child Support Enforcement to
locate parents, establish paternity, and establish, modify, enforce,
collect, and disburse child support, or child and spousal support.
"Children with special needs" means children with documented developmental disabilities, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, sensory or motor impairment, or significant chronic illness who require special health surveillance or specialized programs, interventions, technologies, or facilities.
"Cooperate with the Division of Child Support Enforcement" means that an applicant or recipient of child care subsidy services must provide the information required by the Division of Child Support Enforcement to locate an absent parent, establish paternity, or establish a support order, unless a basis for good cause for noncooperation is determined by the program.
"Copayment" means a specific fee that is a portion of a household's income that is contributed toward the cost of child care.
"DCSE" means the Division of Child Support Enforcement, the division of the Department of Social Services responsible for locating absent parents; establishing paternity; and establishing, modifying, enforcing, collecting, and disbursing child support, or child and spousal support.
"Department" means the State Department of Social Services.
"Family" means any individual, adult, or adults and/or children related by blood, marriage, adoption, or an expression of kinship who function as a family unit.
"Federal poverty guidelines" means the income levels by family size, determined by the federal Department of Health and Human Services, used as guidelines in determining at what level families in the country are living in poverty.
"Fee" means a charge for a service and may include, but is not limited to, copayments, charges above the maximum reimbursable rate, or charges for registration, activities or transportation.
"Fee program" means a category in the child care subsidy program that assists low income, non-TANF families with child care services.
"Fraud" means the knowing employment of deception or suppression of truth in order to receive services one is not entitled to receive.
"FSET" means Virginia's Food Stamp Employment and
Training Program, a multi-component employment and training program that
provides Job Search, Job Search Training, Education, Training, and Work
Experience to certain Food Stamp recipients.
"Good cause" means a valid reason why a parent in a
, or any other person under Virginia law responsible for
the support of the children cannot provide the needed child care , or
a valid reason why a parent will not be required to register with the Division
of Child Support Enforcement.
"Head Start" means the comprehensive federal child development programs that serve children from birth through age five, pregnant women, and their families (as established by the Head Start Act (42 USC § 9840)).
"Income eligible" means that eligibility for subsidy is based on income and family size.
"In-home" means child care provided in the home of the child and parent when all the children in care reside in the home and the provider does not live in the home.
"In loco parentis" means an adult with whom the child is living who has assumed responsibility for the day-to-day care and supervision of the child.
"Intentional program violation" means fraudulent action by a client for the purpose of establishing or maintaining the family's eligibility for child care subsidy, increasing or preventing a reduction in the amount of the subsidy, or causing an improper payment to be made by intentionally giving false or misleading information.
"Level two provider" means a child care provider who is licensed by the Department of Social Services, approved by a licensed family day system, approved under local ordinance according to § 15.2-914 of the Code of Virginia, or federally approved.
"Local department" means the local department of social services of any county or city in this Commonwealth.
"Maximum reimbursable rate" means the maximum rate
paid for child care services through the subsidy program that is established by
the department and set out in the state Child Care and Development Fund plan
filed with the
United States U.S. Department of Health and Human
"Noncooperation with DCSE" means failure of an applicant or recipient to provide the local department or the Division of Child Support Enforcement with information required to establish paternity or an order for child support, without good cause.
"Nonfraud overpayment" means an overpayment that was caused by the local department, or by an inadvertent household or provider error.
"Parent" means the primary adult caretaker or guardian of a child.
"Provider" means a person, entity, or organization providing child care services.
"Resource and referral" means services that provide information to parents to assist them in choosing child care, and may include assessment of the family's child care needs, collection and maintenance of information about child care needs in the community, and efforts to improve the quality and increase the supply of child care.
"Service plan" means the written, mutually agreed upon activities and responsibilities between the local department and the parent in the provision of child care services.
"SNAP" means the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, a program administered by the United States Department of Agriculture to reduce hunger and increase food security.
"SNAPET" means Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Employment and Training, which provides job search, job search training, education, training, and work experience to nonpublic assistance SNAP recipients.
programs" program" means
the department programs program that assist assists
low income eligible families with the cost of child care , including the TANF
child care program and the income eligible child care programs.
"TANF assistance unit" means a household composed of an individual or individuals who meet all categorical requirements and conditions of eligibility for TANF.
"TANF capped child" means a child who the TANF worker has determined ineligible for inclusion in the TANF assistance unit because the child was born more than 10 full months after the mother's initial TANF payment was issued.
"Temporary assistance for needy families" or "TANF" means the program administered by the department through which a relative can receive monthly cash assistance for the support of his eligible children.
"Transitional child care" means the program that provides child care subsidy to eligible former TANF recipients after the TANF case closes.
22VAC40-661-30. Child care programs.
Child care subsidy, to the extent of available funding, is provided through the following programs:
1. TANF Child Care Program. Child care subsidy and services are made available to recipients of TANF. TANF child care includes needed care for the TANF capped child. These services are also provided to:
a. A child who receives Supplemental Security Income (SSI), if the parent is on the TANF grant and if the child would have been in the TANF assistance unit were it not for the receipt of SSI, or
b. Children who are not in the TANF assistance unit but who are financially dependent upon the parent who is in the TANF assistance unit.
2. Income eligible child care programs.
a. Transitional child care. Child care subsidy and services are made available to eligible children of former TANF recipients to support parental employment if the TANF case is closed, and they are found income eligible.
b. Head Start child care. Head Start child care subsidy and services are made available to eligible Head Start enrolled children. The program is for extended day and extended year child care beyond times covered by federally funded Head Start core hours.
c. Fee child care. Fee child care subsidy and services are
made available to children in eligible low income families who are not
receiving TANF, not in the Head Start Program, and who meet the eligibility
criteria for child care, to the extent
of available funding is
Food Stamp SNAP child care. Child care subsidy
and services are made available to children of parents in Virginia's FSET
SNAPET program to allow participation in an approved activity.
22VAC40-661-40. State income eligible scale and copayments.
A. State income eligible scale. The department establishes the
scale for determining financial eligibility for the income eligible child care programs.
Income eligibility is determined by measuring the family's income and size
against the percentage of the federal poverty guidelines for their locality.
Income to be counted in determining income eligibility includes all earned and
unearned income received by the family except certain disregarded income
: Supplemental Security Income; TANF benefits; general relief; food stamp
benefits; child support paid to another household; earnings of a child under
the age of 18 years; garnished wages; earned income tax credit; lump sum child
support payments; and scholarships, loans, or grants for education except any portion
specified for child care.
Unless a local alternate scale is approved, the income eligibility scale established by the department must be used for the transitional, Head Start and fee programs. Proposed alternate sliding scales must be approved by the department prior to submission to the local board of social services.
B. Copayments. Copayments are established by the department.
All families receiving child care subsidy have a copayment responsibility
10% of their countable monthly income or the copayment established by an
approved local alternate scale except that families whose gross monthly
income is at or below the federal poverty guidelines who are recipients of
TANF, participants in the FSET SNAPET program, or families in the
Head Start program will have no copayment. C. Five-year limit. Localities may limit receipt of fee child
care program subsidies to a maximum of 60 months (five years). Receipt of
transitional child care does not count toward the five years. D. Waiting list. Local departments must have a waiting list
policy for the fee child care program. Prior receipt of TANF must not be a
reason for preferential placement on a waiting list. Proposed policy for a
waiting list must be approved by the department prior to submission to the
local board of social services. A waiting list policy must assure that
decisions are made uniformly.
22VAC40-661-57. Provider requirements.
A. Providers who participate in the subsidy program must be at least 18 years of age, obtain background checks as required by the regulations for their type of child care, and participate in annual training. Providers and other individuals required to have background checks according to § 63.2-1725 of the Code of Virginia who are not otherwise governed by another state regulation requiring background checks shall obtain background checks as defined in this regulation.
B. Background checks for regulated child care providers and local department approved child care providers remain valid according to the provisions of the regulations for their type of child care. Background checks for employees of certified preschools or nursery schools and unregulated family day home providers that participate in the child care subsidy program will remain valid for three years as long as the provider provides continuous services under the child care subsidy program. For any other individual who is required to have background checks according to § 63.2-1725 of the Code of Virginia, the background checks will remain valid for three years as long as the individual maintains continuous employment, residence or volunteer status with that provider.
C. Training requirements will consist of current certification
in first aid and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as appropriate for the age
for the children in care, the cost of which will be borne by the provider. Four
hours of skills training will also be required annually. Skills training is
available through the department
at for a cost of less than
$20 per participant nominal fee.
D. All providers who participate in the subsidy program must sign a department-approved agreement that will be based on the level of regulation of the provider. The provider's signature confirms his agreement to comply with the terms of the agreement, including payment processes, absences, and attendance tracking.
E. All providers who participate in the subsidy program must have a working telephone at each site at which child care is provided, as required by the department-approved agreement.
22VAC40-661-60. Determining payment amount.
A. Maximum reimbursable rates.
1. The department will establish maximum reimbursable rates for child care subsidies for all localities in the state by type of care.
2. For children with special needs, payment over the maximum reimbursable rate is allowed when this is appropriate as determined by the local department. The maximum reimbursable rate for children with special needs may not exceed twice the reimbursable rate for care of children who do not have special needs.
3. Providers will be paid for the amount of care approved
up to the maximum reimbursable rate of the jurisdiction in which the provider
Local departments must The department will pay the
rates and fees providers charge the general public, up to the maximum
reimbursable rate , or a negotiated rate that is lower.
4. For out-of-state providers, the
maximum reimbursable rate of the locality in which the local department is
located is used.
5. Parents who choose to place a child in a facility with a rate above the maximum reimbursable rate are responsible for payment of any additional amount, unless the local department elects to pay the additional amount out of local funds.
B. In-home care. For in-home child care, payment must be at least minimum wage, but not more than the maximum reimbursable rate for the number of children in care.
C. Registration fee. A single annual registration fee, if
charged, will be paid to level two providers. The registration fee may not
exceed $100. Transportation fees are paid only when the transportation
services are provided by the provider. The total cost of care, excluding the
single annual registration fee,
but including special programs, other fees
and transportation, must not exceed the maximum reimbursable rate and must
be identified as one child care cost.
22VAC40-661-70. Case management.
A. Application and assessment. Parents who are not receiving TANF and who are at least 18 years of age and who wish to request child care services are required to sign an application and cooperate with an assessment by the local department. Consumer education, including the selection and monitoring of child care, must be provided to parents to assist them in gaining needed information about child care services and availability of providers. As a condition of eligibility, all applicants and recipients must cooperate with the Division of Child Support Enforcement unless the subsidy program determines that good cause exists for their failure to do so.
B. Service planning. Child care workers must complete a written service plan for each child care case. The service plan outlines the mutually agreed upon activities and responsibilities between the local department and the parent in the provision of child care services.
C. Due process. Applicants and recipients will be afforded due process through timely written notices of any action deciding or affecting his eligibility for services or copayment amount. Such written notice shall include the reason for the action and the notice of appeal rights and procedures, including the right to a fair hearing if the applicant or recipient is aggrieved by the local department's action or failure to act on an application. If a client requests an appeal within 10 days of the effective date of the notice of action, child care services will continue until a decision is rendered by a hearing officer. If the decision of the local department is upheld by the hearing officer, the client must repay the amount of services paid during the appeal process.
D. Reassessment. Local departments will make regular contacts with a member of the case household or the provider. The purpose of these contacts is to evaluate whether the child care services authorized are meeting the needs of the child and the parent.
E. Beginning date of service payment.
1. The beginning date of service payment is the date the signed
application is received in the local department if the family is determined
45 30 days.
2. If the determination is made more than
days after the signed application is received, services may begin only on the
date eligibility is actually determined, except in the case of administrative
3. Administrative delay is when either the parent or provider
does not provide needed information for eligibility purposes to the local
department within the
45 30 days due to circumstances beyond
4. Payment cannot be made to licensed providers prior to the effective dates of their initial licenses.
F. Parental responsibilities.
1. Parents must be informed of their responsibility to report changes that could affect their eligibility. These changes must be reported to the local department within 10 calendar days. Parents must be informed that failure to report required changes may result in case closure, repayment of child care costs, or prosecution for fraud.
2. Parents must be informed of their responsibility to pay all fees owed. Parental failure to pay fees may result in case closure.
G. Termination. Local department termination of child care services must be planned jointly with the parent and provider. Adequate documentation supporting the reasons for termination must be filed in the case record. Eligibility in the fee program is limited to a total of 72 months per family. Receipt of assistance in any other category does not count toward the 72-month limitation.
H. Waiting list. When sufficient funds are not available in the fee program, local departments of social services must screen applicants for potential eligibility and place them on the department's waiting list if the family chooses.
1. When it is suspected that there has been a deliberate misrepresentation of facts in order to receive services, the local department must determine whether or not fraud was committed. There must be clear and convincing evidence that demonstrates that the household or provider committed or intended to commit fraud. Suspected instances of child care fraud shall be referred to the fraud staff for investigation. If there is clear and convincing evidence that fraud has occurred, the case will be referred to the attorney for the Commonwealth to determine if the case will be prosecuted. If the case does not meet the criteria for prosecution as established by the attorney for the Commonwealth, the case will be referred for an administrative disqualification hearing.
a. Parents will be disqualified from participating in the child care subsidy program for three months upon the first finding of child care fraud or an intentional program violation, 12 months upon the second finding, and permanently upon the third finding.
b. Providers will be permanently disqualified from participating in the child care subsidy program upon the first finding of child care fraud.
B. Repayment. In addition to any criminal punishment, anyone
who causes the local department to make an improper
payment by withholding required information or by providing false information
will be required to repay the amount of the improper payment. C. Nonfraud overpayment. In cases of nonfraud overpayment,
neither the parent nor provider will be disqualified from participating in the
subsidy program, as long as a repayment schedule is entered into with the local
department and payments are made according to that schedule. If an overpayment
was made as result of an error by the local department, the local department
will not seek to recoup those funds from the parent or the provider.
A. Nonfraud overpayment. In cases of nonfraud overpayment, neither the parent nor provider will be disqualified from participating in the subsidy program as long as a repayment schedule is entered into with the local department and payments are made according to that schedule.
B. Local department error. If an overpayment was made as a result of an error by the local department, the local department will not seek to recoup those funds from the parent or the provider. Any overpayments made as a result of a local department error must be refunded to the Department of Social Services with local-only funds.
DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE (22VAC40-661)
Child Care and Development Fund Plan for FFY 2004-2005,
Department of Social Services, effective October 1, 2003.