Definitions and General Information
The following words and terms when used in this chapter shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Activities of daily living
"ADLs" means bathing, dressing, toileting, transferring, bowel
control, bladder control and eating/feeding. A person's degree of independence
in performing these activities is part of determining the appropriate level of
care and services. A need for assistance exists when the client is unable to
complete an activity due to cognitive impairment, functional disability,
physical health problems, or safety. The client's functional level is based on
the client's need for assistance most or all of the time to perform personal
care tasks in order to live independently.
"Administer" means the direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion or any other means, to the body of a client by (i) a practitioner or by his authorized agent and under his direction or (ii) the client at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner as defined in § 54.1-3401 of the Code of Virginia.
"Administrator" means a person designated in writing by the governing body as having the necessary authority for the day-to-day management of the organization. The administrator must be an employee of the organization. The administrator, the director of nursing, or other clinical director may be the same individual if that individual is dually qualified.
"Available at all times during operating hours" means an individual is readily available on the premises or by telecommunications.
"Barrier crimes" means certain offenses, specified in § 32.1-162.9:1 of the Code of Virginia, that automatically bar an individual convicted of those offenses from employment with a home care organization.
"Blanket fidelity bond" means a bond that provides coverage that protects an organization's losses as a result of employee theft or fraud.
"Branch office" means a geographically separate office of the home care organization that performs all or part of the primary functions of the home care organization on a smaller scale.
"Chore services" means assistance with nonroutine, heavy home maintenance for persons unable to perform such tasks. Chore services include minor repair work on furniture and appliances; carrying coal, wood and water; chopping wood; removing snow; yard maintenance; and painting.
"Client record" means the centralized location for documenting information about the client and the care and services provided to the client by the organization. A client record is a continuous and accurate account of care or services, whether hard copy or electronic, provided to a client, including information that has been dated and signed by the individuals who prescribed or delivered the care or service.
"Client's residence" means the place where the individual or client makes his home such as his own apartment or house, a relative's home or an assisted living facility, but does not include a hospital, nursing facility or other extended care facility.
"Commissioner" means the State Health Commissioner.
"Companion services" means assisting persons unable to care for themselves without assistance. Companion services include transportation, meal preparation, shopping, light housekeeping, companionship, and household management.
"Contract services" means services provided through agreement with another agency, organization, or individual on behalf of the organization. The agreement specifies the services or personnel to be provided on behalf of the organization and the fees to provide these services or personnel.
"Criminal record report" means the statement issued by the Central Criminal Record Exchange, Virginia Department of State Police.
"Department" means the Virginia Department of Health.
"Discharge or termination summary" means a final written summary filed in a closed client record of the service delivered, goals achieved and final disposition at the time of client's discharge or termination from service.
"Dispense" means to deliver a drug to an ultimate user by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing and administering, packaging, labeling or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery.
"Drop site" means a location that HCO staff use in the performance of daily tasks such as obtaining supplies, using fax and copy machines, charting notes on care or services provided, and storing client records. These locations may also be called charting stations, workstations, or convenience sites.
"Employee" means an individual who has the status of an employee as defined by the U.S. Internal Revenue Service.
"Functional limitations" means the level of a client's need for assistance based on an assessment conducted by the supervising nurse. There are three criteria to assessing functional status: (i) the client's impairment level and need for personal assistance, (ii) the client's lack of capacity, and (iii) how the client usually performed the activity over a period of time. If a person is mentally and physically free of impairment, there is not a safety risk to the individual, or the person chooses not to complete an activity due to personal preference or choice, then that person does not need assistance.
"Governing body" means the individual, group or governmental agency that has legal responsibility and authority over the operation of the home care organization.
"Home attendant" means a nonlicensed individual performing skilled, pharmaceutical and personal care services, under the supervision of the appropriate health professional, to a client in the client's residence. Home attendants are also known as certified nurse aides or CNAs, home care aides, home health aides, or personal care aides.
"Home care organization" or "HCO" means a public or private entity providing an organized program of home health, pharmaceutical or personal care services, according to § 32.1-162.1 of the Code of Virginia in the residence of a client or individual to maintain the client's health and safety in his home. A home care organization does not include any family members, relatives or friends providing caregiving services to persons who need assistance to remain independent and in their own homes.
"Home health agency" means a public or private
agency or organization, or part of an agency or organization, that meets the
requirements for participation in Medicare under 42 CFR 440.70 (d), by
providing skilled nursing services and at least one other therapeutic service,
for example, physical, speech, or occupational therapy; medical
social services; or home health aide services, and also meets the
capitalization requirements under 42 CFR 489.28.
"Homemaker services" means assistance to persons with the inability to perform one or more instrumental activities of daily living. Homemaker services may also include assistance with bathing areas the client cannot reach, fastening client's clothing, combing hair, brushing dentures, shaving with an electric razor, and providing stabilization to a client while walking. Homemaker services do not include feeding, bed baths, transferring, lifting, putting on braces or other supports, cutting nails or shaving with a blade.
"Infusion therapy" means the procedures or processes that involve the administration of injectable medications to clients via the intravenous, subcutaneous, epidural, or intrathecal routes. Infusion therapy does not include oral, enteral, or topical medications.
"Instrumental activities of daily living" means meal preparation, housekeeping/light housework, shopping for personal items, laundry, or using the telephone. A client's degree of independence in performing these activities is part of determining the appropriate level of care and services.
"Licensed practical nurse" means a person who holds a current license issued by the Virginia Board of Nursing or a current multistate licensure privilege to practice nursing in Virginia as a licensed practical nurse.
"Licensee" means a licensed home care provider.
"Medical plan of care" means a written plan of services, and items needed to treat a client's medical condition, that is prescribed, signed and periodically reviewed by the client's primary care physician.
"Nursing services" means client care services, including, but not limited to, the curative, restorative, or preventive aspects of nursing that are performed or supervised by a registered nurse according to a medical plan of care.
"OLC" means the Office of Licensure and Certification of the Virginia Department of Health.
"Operator" means any individual, partnership, association, trust, corporation, municipality, county, local government agency or any other legal or commercial entity that is responsible for the day-to-day administrative management and operation of the organization.
"Organization" means a home care organization.
"Person" means any individual, partnership, association, trust, corporation, municipality, county, local government agency or any other legal or commercial entity that operates a home care organization.
"Personal care services" means the provision of nonskilled services, including assistance in the activities of daily living, and may include instrumental activities of daily living, related to the needs of the client, who has or is at risk of an illness, injury or disabling condition. A need for assistance exists when the client is unable to complete an activity due to cognitive impairment, functional disability, physical health problems, or safety. The client's functional level is based on the client's need for assistance most or all of the time to perform the tasks of daily living in order to live independently.
"Primary care physician" means a physician licensed in Virginia, according to Chapter 29 (§ 54.1-2900 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia, or licensed in an adjacent state and identified by the client as having the primary responsibility in determining the delivery of the client's medical care. The responsibility of physicians contained in this chapter may be implemented by nurse practitioners or physician assistants as assigned by the supervising physician and within the parameters of professional licensing.
"Qualified" means meeting current legal requirements of licensure, registration or certification in Virginia or having appropriate training, including competency testing, and experience commensurate with assigned responsibilities.
"Quality improvement" means ongoing activities designed to objectively and systematically evaluate the quality of client care and services, pursue opportunities to improve client care and services, and resolve identified problems. Quality improvement is an approach to the ongoing study and improvement of the processes of providing health care services to meet the needs of clients and others.
"Registered nurse" means a person who holds a current license issued by the Virginia Board of Nursing or a current multistate licensure privilege to practice nursing in Virginia as a registered nurse.
"Service area" means a clearly delineated geographic area in which the organization arranges for the provision of home care services, personal care services, or pharmaceutical services to be available and readily accessible to persons.
"Skilled services" means the provision of the home health services listed in 12VAC5-381-300.
"Supervision" means the ongoing process of monitoring the skills, competencies and performance of the individual supervised and providing regular, documented, face-to-face guidance and instruction.
"Surety bond" means a consumer safeguard that
directly protects clients from injuries and losses resulting from the negligent
or criminal acts of contractors of the home care organization that are not
covered under the organization's liability insurance. A fidelity type of surety
bond, which covers dishonest acts such as larceny, theft, embezzlement,
forgery, misappropriation, wrongful abstraction or willful misapplication, will
meet the requirements of surety bond coverage for the purposes of this chapter.
"Sworn disclosure statement" means a document disclosing an applicant's criminal convictions and pending criminal charges occurring in Virginia or any other state.
"Third-party crime insurance" means insurance coverage that protects an organization's losses as a result of employee theft or fraud.
A. A license to operate a home care organization is issued to a person. However, no license shall be issued to a person who has been sanctioned pursuant to 42 USC § 1320a-7b. Persons planning to seek federal certification or national accreditation pursuant to § 32.1-162.8 of the Code of Virginia must first obtain state licensure.
B. The commissioner shall issue or renew a license to establish or operate a home care organization if the commissioner finds that the home care organization is in compliance with the law and this regulation.
A separate license shall be required for home care
organizations maintained at separate locations, even though they are owned or
are operated under the same management. The commissioner may issue a
license to a home care organization authorizing the licensee to provide
services at one or more branch offices serving portions of the total geographic
area served by the licensee, provided each branch office operates under the
supervision and administrative control of the licensee. The address of each
branch office at which services are provided by the licensee shall be included
on any license issued to the licensee.
D. Every home care organization shall be designated by an appropriate name. The name shall not be changed without first notifying the OLC.
E. Licenses shall not be transferred or assigned.
F. Any person establishing, conducting, maintaining, or operating a home care organization without a license shall be guilty of a Class 6 felony according to § 32.1-162.15 of the Code of Virginia.
12VAC5-381-110. Criminal records checks.
A. Section 32.1-162.9:1 of the Code of Virginia requires home care providers, as defined in § 32.1-162.7 of the Code of Virginia, to obtain a criminal record report on applicants for compensated employment from the Virginia Department of State Police. Section 32.1-162.9:1 of the Code of Virginia also requires that all applicants for employment in home care organizations provide a sworn disclosure statement regarding their criminal history.
B. The criminal record report shall be obtained within 30 days of employment. It shall be the responsibility of the organization to ensure that its employees have not been convicted of any of the barrier crimes listed in § 32.1-162.9:1 of the Code of Virginia.
C. The organization shall not accept a criminal record report dated more than 90 days prior to the date of employment.
D. Only the original criminal record report shall be accepted. An exception is permitted for organizations using temporary staffing agencies for the provision of substitute staff. The organization shall obtain a letter from the temporary staffing agency containing the following information:
1. The name of the substitute staffing person;
2. The date of employment by the temporary staffing agency; and
3. A statement verifying that the criminal record report has been obtained within 30 days of employment, is on file at the temporary staffing agency, and does not contain any barrier crimes listed in § 32.1-162.9:1 of the Code of Virginia.
E. No employee shall be permitted to work in a position that involves direct contact with a patient until an original criminal record report has been received by the home care organization or temporary staffing agency, unless such person works under the direct supervision of another employee for whom a background check has been completed in accordance with subsection B of this section.
E. F. A criminal record report remains valid as
long as the employee remains in continuous service with the same organization. F. G. A new criminal record report and sworn
statement shall be required when an individual terminates employment at one
home care organization and begins work at another home care organization. The
following exceptions are permitted:
1. When an employee transfers within 30 days to an organization owned and operated by the same entity. The employee's file shall contain a statement that the original criminal record report has been transferred or forwarded to the new work location.
2. When an individual takes a leave of absence, the criminal record report and sworn statement will remain valid as long as the period of separation does not exceed six consecutive months. If six consecutive months have passed, a new criminal record report and sworn disclosure statement are required.
G. H. A sworn disclosure statement shall be
completed by all applicants for employment. The sworn disclosure statement
shall be attached to and filed with the criminal record report. H. I. Any applicant denied employment because of
convictions appearing on his criminal record report shall be provided a copy of
the report by the hiring organization. I. J. All criminal record reports shall be
confidential and maintained in locked files accessible only to the
administrator or designee. J. K. Further dissemination of the criminal
record report and sworn disclosure statement information is prohibited other
than to the commissioner's representative or a federal or state authority or
court as may be required to comply with an express requirement of law for such
12VAC5-381-190. Financial controls.
A. Every applicant for an initial license to establish or operate a home care organization shall include as part of his application a detailed operating budget showing projected operating expenses for the three-month period after a license to operate has been issued. Further, every applicant for an initial license to establish or operate a home care organization shall include as part of his application proof of initial reserve operating funds in the amount sufficient to ensure operation of the home care organization for the three-month period after a license to operate has been issued. Such funds may include:
2. Cash equivalents that are readily convertible to known amounts of cash and that present insignificant risk of change in value;
3. Borrowed funds that are immediately available to the applicant; or
4. A line of credit that is immediately available to the applicant.
Proof of funds sufficient to meet these requirements shall include a current balance sheet demonstrating the availability of funds, a letter from the officer of the bank or other financial institution where the funds are held, or a letter of credit from a lender demonstrating the current availability of and amount of a line of credit.
B. The organization shall document financial resources to operate based on a working budget showing projected revenue and expenses.
B. C. All financial records shall be kept
according to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). C. D. All financial records shall be audited at
least triennially by an independent certified public accountant (CPA) or
audited as otherwise provided by law. D. E. The organization shall have documented
financial controls to minimize risk of theft or embezzlement.
12VAC5-381-210. Indemnity coverage.
A. The governing body shall ensure the organization and its contractors have appropriate indemnity coverage to compensate clients for injuries and losses resulting from services provided.
B. The organization shall purchase and maintain the following types and minimum amounts of indemnity coverage at all times:
1. Malpractice insurance consistent with § 8.01-581.15 of the Code of Virginia;
2. General liability insurance covering personal property damages, bodily injuries, product liability, and libel and slander of at least $1 million comprehensive general liability per occurrence; and
Surety bond coverage Third-party crime insurance
or a blanket fidelity bond of $50,000 minimum.
12VAC5-381-220. Contract services.
A. There shall be a written agreement for the provision of services not provided by employees of the organization.
B. The written agreement shall include, but is not limited to:
1. The services to be furnished by each party to the contract;
2. The contractor's responsibility for participating in developing plans of care or service;
3. The manner in which services will be controlled, coordinated, and evaluated by the primary home care organization;
4. The procedures for submitting notes on the care or services provided, scheduling of visits, and periodic client evaluation;
5. The process for payment for services furnished under the contract; and
6. Adequate liability insurance and
crime insurance or a blanket fidelity bond coverage.
C. The organization shall have a written plan for provision of care or services when a contractor is unable to deliver services.
D. The contractor shall conform to applicable organizational policies and procedures as specified in the contract, including the required sworn disclosure statement and criminal record check.