12VAC30-90-20. Nursing home payment system; generally.
A. Effective July 1, 2001, the payment methodology for nursing facility (NF) reimbursement by the Virginia Department of Medical Assistance Services (DMAS) is set forth in this part.
B. Three separate cost components are used: plant or capital, as appropriate, cost; operating cost; and nurse aide training and competency evaluation program and competency evaluation program (NATCEPs) costs. The rates, which are determined on a facility-by-facility basis, shall be based on annual cost reports filed by each provider.
C. Effective July 1, 2001, in determining the ceiling limitations, there shall be direct patient care medians established for nursing facilities in the Virginia portion of the Washington DC-MD-VA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), the Richmond-Petersburg Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), and in the rest of the state. There shall be indirect patient care medians established for nursing facilities in the Virginia portion of the Washington DC-MD-VA MSA, for NFs with less than 61 beds in the rest of the state, and for NFs with more than 60 beds in the rest of the state. The Washington DC-MD-VA MSA and the Richmond-Petersburg MSA shall include those cities and counties as listed and changed from time to time by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). A nursing facility located in a jurisdiction which CMS adds to or removes from the Washington DC-MD-VA MSA or the Richmond-Petersburg MSA shall be placed in its new peer group, for purposes of reimbursement, at the beginning of its next fiscal year following the effective date of HCFA's final rule.
D. Nursing facilities operated by the Department of Behavioral
Health and Developmental Services (DBHDS) and the Department of Veterans
Services (DVS) shall be exempt from the prospective payment system as
defined in Articles 1 (12VAC30-90-29), 3 (12VAC30-90-35 et seq.), 4
(12VAC30-90-40 et seq.), 6 (12VAC30-90-60 et seq.), and 8 (12VAC30-90-80
seq.)) of this subpart. All other sections of this payment system
relating to reimbursable cost limitations shall apply. These facilities operated
by DBHDS and DVS shall continue to be reimbursed retrospectively on the
basis of reasonable costs in accordance with Medicare principles of
E. Reimbursement to Intermediate Care Facilities for
Mentally Retarded (ICF/MR) Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities
(ICF/IID) shall be reimbursed retrospectively retrospective
on the basis of reasonable costs in accordance with Medicare principles of
reimbursement but. Nonstate facilities shall be limited to a
ceiling based on the highest as filed rate paid to a state ICF/MR
an ICF/IID institution , approved each July 1 by DMAS in state
fiscal year 2012 and annually adjusted thereafter with the application of the
NF inflation factor, as set out in 12VAC30-90-41 B. E. F. Except as specifically modified herein
in this section, Medicare principles of reimbursement, as amended from
time to time, shall be used to establish the allowable costs in the rate
calculations. Allowable costs must be classified in accordance with the DMAS
uniform chart of accounts (see 12VAC30-90-270 through 12VAC30-90-276) and must
be identifiable and verifiable by contemporaneous documentation.
All matters of reimbursement which are part of the DMAS reimbursement system shall supersede Medicare principles of reimbursement. Wherever the DMAS reimbursement system conflicts with Medicare principles of reimbursement, the DMAS reimbursement system shall take precedence. Appendices are a part of the DMAS reimbursement system.
12VAC30-90-70. Cost report submission.
A. Cost reports are due not later than 150 days after the provider's fiscal year end. If a complete cost report is not received within 150 days after the end of the provider's fiscal year, it is considered delinquent. The cost report shall be deemed complete for the purpose of cost settlement when DMAS has received all of the following (note that if the audited financial statements required by subdivisions 3 a and 7 b of this subsection are received not later than 120 days after the provider's fiscal year end and all other items listed are received not later than 90 days after the provider's fiscal year end, the cost report shall be considered to have been filed at 90 days):
1. Completed cost reporting
provided by DMAS, with signed certification(s) certifications;
2. The provider's trial balance showing adjusting journal entries;
3. a. The provider's audited financial statements including, but not limited to, a balance sheet, a statement of income and expenses, a statement of retained earnings (or fund balance), a statement of cash flows, the auditor's report in which he expresses his opinion or, if circumstances require, disclaims an opinion based on generally accepted auditing standards, footnotes to the financial statements, and the management report. Multi-facility providers shall be governed by subdivision 7 of this subsection;
b. Schedule of restricted cash funds that identify the purpose of each fund and the amount;
c. Schedule of investments by type (stock, bond, etc.), amount, and current market value;
which that reconcile financial
statements and trial balance to expenses claimed in the cost report;
5. Depreciation schedule;
6. Schedule of assets as defined in
7. Nursing facilities
which that are part of a
chain organization must also file:
a. Home office cost report;
b. Audited consolidated financial statements of the chain organization including the auditor's report in which he expresses his opinion or, if circumstances require, disclaims an opinion based on generally accepted auditing standards, the management report and footnotes to the financial statements;
c. The nursing facility's financial statements including, but not limited to, a balance sheet, a statement of income and expenses, a statement of retained earnings (or fund balance), and a statement of cash flows;
d. Schedule of restricted cash funds that identify the purpose of each fund and the amount;
e. Schedule of investments by type (stock, bond, etc.), amount, and current market value; and
8. Such other analytical information or supporting documentation that may be required by DMAS.
B. When cost reports are delinquent, the provider's interim rate shall be reduced to zero. For example, for a September 30 fiscal year end, payments will be reduced starting with the payment on and after March 1.
C. After the overdue cost report is received, desk reviewed, and a new prospective rate established, the amounts withheld shall be computed and paid. If the provider fails to submit a complete cost report within 180 days after the fiscal year end, a penalty in the amount of 10% of the balance withheld shall be forfeited to DMAS.
12VAC30-90-257. Credit balance reporting.
A. Definitions. The following words and terms when used in this regulation shall have the following meanings unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
"Claim" means a bill consistent with 12VAC30-20-180 submitted by a provider to the department for services furnished to a recipient.
"Credit balance" means an excess or overpayment made to a provider by Medicaid as a result of patient billings.
"Interest at the maximum rate" means the interest
rate specified in § 32.1-312 or § 32.1-313 of the Code of Virginia depending on
the facts of the excess payment. "Negative balance transaction" means the
reduction of a payment or payments otherwise due to a provider by amounts or
portions of amounts owed the department from previous overpayments to the
provider. "Overpayment" means payments to a provider in
excess of the amount that was or is due to the provider. "Weekly remittance" means periodic (usually weekly)
payment to a provider of amounts due to the provider for claims previously
submitted by the provider.
NFs shall be required to report Medicaid credit balances
on a quarterly basis no later than 30 calendar days after the close of each
quarter. Credit balances may occur when a provider's reimbursement for
services it provides exceeds the allowable amount or when the reimbursement has
been for unallowable costs, resulting in an overpayment. Credit balances also
may occur when a provider receives payments from Medicaid or another third
party payer for the same services.
C. For a credit balance arising on a Medicaid claim
within three years of the date paid by the department, the NF shall submit an
If the NF does not want the claim retracted from future
DMAS payments, a check in the amount of the credit balance or the adjustment
claim or claims shall be submitted with the report. For credit balances
arising on claims over three years old, the NF shall submit a check for the
balance due and a copy of the original DMAS payment. Interest at the maximum
rate allowed shall be assessed for those credit balances (overpayments) that
are identified on the quarterly report but not reimbursed with the submission
of the quarterly report. Interest will begin to accrue 30 days after the end of
the quarter and will continue to accrue until the overpayment has been refunded
or adjusted. C. A penalty shall be imposed for failure to submit the
quarterly credit balance report timely as follows: 1. NFs that have not submitted their Medicaid credit balance
data within the required 30 days after the end of a quarter shall be notified
in writing by the department. If the required report is not submitted within
the next 30 days, there will be a 20% reduction in the Medicaid per diem
payment. 2. If the required report is not submitted within the next
30 days (60 days after the due date), the per diem payments shall be reduced to
zero until the report is received. 3. If the credit balance has not been refunded within 90
days of the end of a quarter, it shall be recovered, with interest, from the
due date through the use of a negative balance transaction on the weekly
remittance. 4. D. A periodic audit shall be conducted of the
NFs' quarterly submission an NF's claim adjustments of Medicaid
credit balance data. NFs shall maintain an audit trail back to the underlying
accounts receivable records supporting each quarterly report claim
adjusted for credit balances.