Determination of Public Need (Required Considerations)
12VAC5-220-160. Required considerations.
In determining whether a public need exists for a proposed project, the following factors shall be taken into account when applicable:
1. The recommendation and the reasons therefor of the appropriate regional health planning agency.
2. The relationship of the project to the applicable health plans of the regional health planning agency and the Board of Health.
3. The relationship of the project to the long-range development plan, if any, of the person applying for a certificate.
4. The need that the population served or to be served by the project has for the project, including, but not limited to, the needs of rural populations in areas having distinct and unique geographic, socioeconomic, cultural, transportation, and other barriers to access to care.
5. The extent to which the project will be accessible to all residents of the area proposed to be served and the effects on accessibility of any proposed relocation of an existing service or facility.
6. The area, population, topography, highway facilities and availability of the services to be provided by the project in the particular part of the health planning region in which the project is proposed, in particular, the distinct and unique geographic, socioeconomic, cultural, transportation, and other barriers to access to care.
7. Less costly or more effective alternate methods of reasonably meeting identified health service needs.
8. The immediate and long-term financial feasibility of the project.
9. The relationship of the project to the existing health care system of the area in which the project is proposed; however, for projects proposed in rural areas, the relationship of the project to the existing health care services in the specific rural locality shall be considered.
10. The availability of resources for the project.
11. The organizational relationship of the project to necessary ancillary and support services.
12. The relationship of the project to the clinical needs of health professional training programs in the area in which the project is proposed.
13. The special needs and circumstances of an applicant for a certificate, such as a medical school, hospital, multidisciplinary clinic, specialty center or regional health service provider, if a substantial portion of the applicant's services or resources or both is provided to individuals not residing in the health planning region in which the project is to be located.
14. The need and the availability in the health planning region for osteopathic and allopathic services and facilities and the impact on existing and proposed institutional training programs for doctors of osteopathy and medicine at the student, internship, and residency training levels.
15. The special needs and circumstances of health maintenance organizations. When considering the special needs and circumstances of health maintenance organizations, the commissioner may grant a certificate for a project if the commissioner finds that the project is needed by the enrolled or reasonably anticipated new members of the health maintenance organizations or the beds or services to be provided are not available from providers which are not health maintenance organizations or from other health maintenance organizations in a reasonable and cost effective manner.
16. The special needs and circumstances for biomedical and behavioral research projects which are designed to meet a national need and for which local conditions offer special advantages.
17. The costs and benefits of the construction associated with the proposed project.
18. The probable impact of the project on the costs of and charges for providing health services by the applicant for a certificate and on the costs and charges to the public for providing health services by other persons in the area.
19. Improvements or innovations in the financing and delivery of health services which foster competition and serve to promote quality assurance and cost effectiveness.
20. In the case of health services or facilities proposed to be provided, the efficiency and appropriateness of the use of existing services and facilities in the area similar to those proposed, including, in the case of rural localities, any distinct and unique geographic, socioeconomic, cultural, transportation, and other barriers to access to care.
21. In the case of proposed health services or facilities, the extent to which a proposed service or facility will increase citizen accessibility, demonstrate documented community support, and introduce institutional competition into a health planning region.
§32.1-12 and 32.1-102.2 of the Code of Virginia.
Derived from VR355-30-000 §4.1, eff. June 30, 1993; amended, Virginia Register Volume 10, Issue 17, eff. June 15, 1994; amended, Virginia Register Volume 19, Issue 8, eff. February 29, 2003; Volume 20, Issue 26, eff. September 27, 2004; amended, Volume 25, Issue 1, eff. October 15, 2008.