Agencies | Governor
Virginia Regulatory Town Hall

Proposed Text

highlight

Action:
Education and training for dental assistants II
Stage: Proposed

18VAC60-30-60. Delegation to dental assistants II.

The following duties Duties may only be delegated under the direction and direct supervision of a dentist to a dental assistant II who has completed the coursework, corresponding module of laboratory training, corresponding module of clinical experience, and examinations specified in 18VAC60-30-120:

1. Performing pulp capping procedures;

2. Packing and carving of amalgam restorations;

3. Placing and shaping composite resin restorations with a slow speed handpiece;

4. Taking final impressions;

5. Use of a non-epinephrine retraction cord; and

6. Final cementation of crowns and bridges after adjustment and fitting by the dentist.

18VAC60-30-116. Requirements for educational programs.

In order to train persons for registration as a dental assistant II, an educational program shall meet the following requirements:

1. The program shall be provided by an educational institution that maintains a program accredited by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association.

2. The program shall have a program coordinator who is registered in Virginia as a dental assistant II or is licensed in Virginia as a dental hygienist or dentist. The program coordinator shall have administrative responsibility and accountability for operation of the program.

3. The program shall have a clinical practice advisor who is a licensed dentist in Virginia and who may also serve as the program coordinator.  The clinical practice advisor shall assist in the laboratory training component of the program and conduct the program's calibration exercise for dentists who supervise the student's clinical experience.

4. A dental assistant II, registered in Virginia, who assists in teaching the laboratory training component of the program shall have a minimum of two years of clinical experience in performing duties delegable to a dental assistant II.

5. The program shall enter into a participation agreement with any dentist who agrees to supervise clinical experience. The dentist shall successfully complete the program's calibration exercise on evaluating the clinical skills of a student.  The dentist supervisor may be the employer of the student. 

6. Each program shall enroll practice sites for clinical experience, which may be a dental office, non-profit dental clinic or at an educational institution clinic.

7. All treatment of patients shall be under the immediate supervision of a licensed dentist who is responsible for the performance of duties by the student. The dentist shall attest to the successful completion of the clinical competencies and restorative experiences.

18VAC60-30-120. Educational requirements for dental assistants II.

A. A prerequisite for entry into an educational program preparing a person for registration as a dental assistant II shall be current certification as a Certified Dental Assistant (CDA) conferred by the Dental Assisting National Board.

B. To be registered as a dental assistant II, a person shall complete the following requirements a competency-based program from an educational institution that maintains a program in dental assisting, dental hygiene or dentistry accredited by CODA meets the requirements of 18VAC60-30-116 and includes all of the following

1. At least 50 hours of didactic Didactic course work in dental anatomy and operative dentistry that may be completed online that includes basic histology, understanding of the periodontium and temporal mandibular joint, pulp tissue and nerve innervation, occlusion and function, muscles of mastication and any other item related to the restorative dental process.

2. Didactic course work in operative dentistry to include materials used in direct and indirect restorative techniques, economy of motion, fulcrum techniques, tooth preparations, etch and bonding techniques and systems, and luting agents.

2.3. Laboratory training that may to be completed in the following modules with no more than 20% of the specified instruction to be completed as homework in a dental office:

a. At least 40 No less than 15 hours of placing, packing, carving, and polishing of amalgam restorations, placement of a non-epinephrine retraction cord, and pulp capping procedures and no less than six class I and six class II restorations completed on a manikin simulator to competency;

b. At least 60 No less than 40 hours of placing and shaping composite resin restorations, placement of a non-epinephrine retraction cord, and pulp capping procedures and no less than 12 class I, 12 class II, five class III, five class IV, and five class V restorations completed on a manikin simulator to competency; and

c. At least 20 10 hours of taking making final impressions and use, placement of a non-epinephrine retraction cord; and, final cementation of crowns and bridges after preparation, adjustment and fitting by the dentist, and no less than four crown impressions, two placements of retraction cord, five crown cementations, and two bridge cementations on a manikin simulator to competency.

d. At least 30 hours of final cementation of crowns and bridges after adjustment and fitting by the dentist.

3.4. Clinical experience applying the techniques learned in the preclinical coursework and laboratory training that may be completed in a dental office, in the following modules:

a. At least 80 30 hours of placing, packing, carving, and polishing of amalgam restorations, placement of a non-epinephrine retraction cord, and no less than six class I and six class II restorations completed on a live patient to competency;

b. At least 120 60 hours of placing and shaping composite resin restorations, placement of a non-epinephrine retraction cord, and no less than six class I, six class II, five class III, three class IV and five class V restorations completed on a live patient to competency; and

c. At least 40 hours of taking final impressions and use of a non-epinephrine retraction cord; and At least 30 hours of making final impressions, placement of non-epinephrine retraction cord, final cementation of crowns and bridges after preparation, adjustment and fitting by the dentist, and no less than four crown impressions, two placements of retraction cord, five crown cementations, and two bridge cementations on a live patient to competency

d. At least 60 hours of final cementation of crowns and bridges after adjustment and fitting by the dentist.

4.5. Successful completion of the following competency examinations given by the accredited educational programs:

a. A written examination at the conclusion of the 50 hours of didactic coursework; and

b. A practical examination at the conclusion of each module of laboratory training; and

c. A comprehensive written examination at the conclusion of all required coursework, training, and experience for each of the corresponding modules clinical competency exam.

C. All treatment of patients shall be under the direct and immediate supervision of a licensed dentist who is responsible for the performance of duties by the student. The dentist shall attest to successful completion of the clinical competencies and restorative experiences. An applicant may be registered as a dental assistant II with specified competencies set forth in a, b, or c of subdivisions B 3 and B 4.