REGULATIONS GOVERNING NUTRITIONAL GUIDELINES FOR COMPETITIVE FOODS SOLD IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS
"A la carte item" means an individually priced food item served by the local school nutrition department that may or may not be part of the reimbursable meal under the federal Child Nutrition Programs.
"After school activities" means activities that occur on school grounds after regular school hours.
"Beverage" means a drinkable liquid.
"Calorie" means the amount of heat required to change the temperature of one gram of water from 14.5 degrees Celsius to 15.5 degrees Celsius. Calorie is used synonymously with kilocalorie as a unit of measure for energy obtained from food and beverages.
"Child Nutrition Programs" means school meal programs funded and regulated by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and includes the National School Lunch Program (NSLP), School Breakfast Program (SBP), Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP), Summer Food Service Program (SFSP), and Special Milk Program (SMP).
"Competitive food" means any food, excluding beverages, sold to students on school grounds during regular school hours that is not part of the reimbursable meals served through the National School Lunch Program (NSLP), School Breakfast Program (SBP), or Afterschool Snack Program (ASP).
Competitive food includes all foods sold to students:
1. In school cafeterias as a la carte items not offered as a component of the planned reimbursable menu.
2. In vending machines located on school grounds during regular school hours.
3. As fundraisers held on school grounds during regular school hours.
4. In school snack bars on school grounds during regular school hours.
5. In school stores operated on school grounds during regular school hours by the school, a student association, or other school-sponsored organization.
6. At school activities such as special fundraisers, achievement rewards, classroom parties, school celebrations, classroom snacks, or school meetings held on school grounds during regular school hours.
This term does not apply to food a student brings from home for consumption at school.
"Dietary Guidelines for Americans" means guidelines jointly issued by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture and revised every five years and that provide authoritative advice based on current scientific evidence and medical knowledge for people two years of age and older about how good dietary habits can promote health and reduce risk for major chronic diseases.
"Food of minimal nutritional value" or "FMNV" means foods and beverages that are restricted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (7 CFR 210.11(a)(2) and subsection (a) of Appendix B to 7 CFR Part 210 Definition) unless specifically exempted by USDA. The federal FMNV definition is limited to the following four specific categories of foods and beverages:
1. Soda water (any carbonated or aerated beverages, i.e., beverages that are labeled as "aerated" or that bubble and fizz for several minutes after opening).
2. Water ices (any frozen, sweetened water such as " sicles" and flavored ice with the exception of products that contain fruit, fruit juice, milk, milk ingredients, or egg ingredients other than egg whites).
3. Chewing gum (regular and sugarless).
4. Certain candies (regular and sugarless), including:
a. Hard candy (e.g., sour balls, candy sticks, lollipops, starlight mints, after-dinner mints, sugar wafers, rock candy, cinnamon candy).
b. Jellies and gums (e.g., gum drops, jelly beans, and jellied and fruit-flavored slices and shapes).
c. Marshmallow candies, fondant, such as candy corn and soft mints, licorice, spun candy, and candy coated popcorn.
"Kcal" means kilocalorie, commonly known as calorie, which is a unit of measure in the United States for energy obtained from food and beverages. A kilocalorie is equal to 1,000 calories.
"Obesity" means obesity in children and adolescents referring to the age-specific and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) that is equal to or greater than the 95th percentile of the BMI charts of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
"Regular school hours" means the same as the standard school day, as defined in 8VAC20-131-5, a calendar day that averages at least five and one-half instructional hours for students in grades 1 through 12, excluding breaks for meals and recess, and a minimum of three instructional hours for students in kindergarten. Regular school hours does not include school-related activities or events that occur either before or after the standard school day, such as clubs, yearbook, band and choir practice, student government, drama, childcare programs, interscholastic sporting events, school plays, band concerts, or other school-related programs.
"School food authority" or "SFA" means, under the federal child nutrition laws, the entity that is legally responsible for the operations and administration of the local school nutrition programs (i.e., school division).
"School Health Advisory Board" or "SHAB" means an entity formed according to the provisions of § 22.1-275.1 of the Code of Virginia that assists in the development of wellness policies as required by § 204 of Public Law 108-265 (42 USC § 1751 et seq.) and develops an annual report of activities that is required to be submitted to the Department of Education.
"Trans fat" means food items containing vegetable shortening, margarine, or any partially hydrogenated vegetable oil unless the label required on the food, pursuant to applicable federal and state law, lists the trans fat content as less than 0.5 grams per serving.
"Wellness policy" means a policy required for public schools participating in a nutrition program authorized by the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 USC § 1751 et seq.) or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 USC § 1771 et seq.).
A. This regulation shall apply to all public school divisions, public schools, and school food authorities (SFAs) in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
B. This regulation shall not apply to beverages.
C. This regulation shall apply to the nutritional content of food items, excluding beverages, sold to students on the school grounds of any public school during regular school hours. It shall include:
1. Foods sold to students in vending machines.
2. Foods sold to students as a la carte items in the school cafeteria.
3. Foods sold to students at snack bars and stores operated by the school, a student association, or other school-sponsored organization.
4. Foods sold to students at school activities such as fundraisers.
D. This regulation shall not apply to the nutritional content of foods and beverages:
1. Provided through the National School Lunch, School Breakfast, and Afterschool Snack programs, as regulated by 7 CFR Part 210 and 7 CFR Part 220.
2. Sold at snack bars, concession stands, or athletic events after regular school hours.
3. Sold either during intermission or immediately before or after athletics events.
4. Sold for school-related fundraising activities that take place off school grounds.
5. Sold during activities that take place after regular school hours, such as clubs, yearbook, band and choir practice, student government, drama, sports practices, interscholastic sporting events, school plays, and band concerts.
8VAC20-740-30. Nutrition standards.
Competitive foods sold to students shall support the Dietary Guidelines for Americans by complying with the following nutritional standards:
1. Standard 1: Calories.
a. Snack items shall be 200 calories or less per portion or as packaged.
b. A la carte entree items shall not exceed calorie limits on comparable National School Lunch Program (NSLP) entrees. A la carte entree items shall not provide more calories or larger portion sizes than the comparable NSLP entree items. In accordance with 8VAC20-290-10, a la carte entree items for sale to students shall be limited to those entree items recognized as being components of the school breakfast program or school lunch program meal patterns.
2. Standard 2: Fat.
a. Snacks and food items shall meet the following criteria for dietary fat per portion or as packaged:
(1) No more than 35% of total calories from fat.
(2) Less than 10% of total calories from saturated fats.
(3) Zero grams of trans fat.
b. Exceptions: Nuts and seeds (allowed as combination products as long as other nutrient standards are met; the fat content will not count against the total fat content of the product).
3. Standard 3: Sugar.
a. Snacks and food items shall provide no more than 35% of calories from total sugars per portion or as packaged.
(1) 100% fruits and fruit juices in all forms without added sugars.
(2) 100% vegetables and vegetable juices without added sugars.
(3) Unflavored nonfat and low-fat (1.0%) milk and yogurt.
(4) Flavored nonfat and low-fat (1.0%) milk with no more than 22 grams of total sugars per 8-ounce serving.
(5) Flavored nonfat and low-fat yogurt with no more than 30 grams of total sugars per 8-ounce serving.
4. Standard 4: Sodium.
a. Snack items shall meet a sodium content limit of 200 milligrams or less per portion or as packaged.
b. A la carte entree items recognized as being components of the school breakfast program or school lunch program meal patterns that are not part of the planned reimbursable menu shall meet a sodium content of 480 milligrams or less per portion. Portion sizes for a la carte entree items shall not be larger than the comparable portion size for NSLP entree items.
5. Standard 5: Foods of minimal nutritional value. In accordance with 8VAC20-290-10 and 7 CFR Part 210, all foods of minimal nutritional value (FMNV) as defined in 8VAC20-740-10 shall be prohibited from being sold to students on school grounds during regular school hours.
8VAC20-740-40. Implementation and compliance.
A. Each local school board shall adopt these nutrition guidelines as part of its existing local wellness policy.
B. Each local school board shall submit annually to the Department of Education the School Health Advisory Board (SHAB) Progress Report as required by § 22.1-275.1 of the Code of Virginia. This report shall include a status report on the development and implementation of the local wellness policy. This report shall be used by the Department of Education to monitor compliance with this chapter.