18VAC85-20-26. Patient records.
A. Practitioners shall comply with the provisions of § 32.1-127.1:03 of the Code of Virginia related to the confidentiality and disclosure of patient records.
B. Practitioners shall provide patient records to another practitioner or to the patient or his personal representative in a timely manner in accordance with provisions of § 32.1-127.1:03 of the Code of Virginia.
C. Practitioners shall properly manage patient records and shall maintain timely, accurate, legible and complete patient records.
D. Practitioners shall maintain a patient record for a minimum of six years following the last patient encounter with the following exceptions:
1. Records of a minor child, including immunizations, shall be maintained until the child reaches the age of 18 or becomes emancipated, with a minimum time for record retention of six years from the last patient encounter regardless of the age of the child;
2. Records that have previously been transferred to another practitioner or health care provider or provided to the patient or his personal representative; or
3. Records that are required by contractual obligation or federal law to be maintained for a longer period of time.
From October 19, 2005, practitioners Practitioners
shall post information or in some manner inform all patients concerning the
time frame for record retention and destruction. Patient records shall only be
destroyed in a manner that protects patient confidentiality, such as by
incineration or shredding.
F. When a practitioner is closing, selling or relocating his practice, he shall meet the requirements of § 54.1-2405 of the Code of Virginia for giving notice that copies of records can be sent to any like-regulated provider of the patient's choice or provided to the patient.
18VAC85-20-29. Practitioner responsibility.
A. A practitioner shall not:
1. Knowingly allow subordinates to jeopardize patient safety or provide patient care outside of the subordinate's scope of practice or area of responsibility. Practitioners shall delegate patient care only to subordinates who are properly trained and supervised;
2. Engage in an egregious pattern of disruptive behavior or an interaction in a health care setting that interferes with patient care or could reasonably be expected to adversely impact the quality of care rendered to a patient; or
3. Exploit the practitioner/patient relationship for personal gain.
B. Advocating for patient safety or improvement in patient care within a health care entity shall not constitute disruptive behavior provided the practitioner does not engage in behavior prohibited in subdivision A 2 of this section.
18VAC85-20-90. Pharmacotherapy for weight loss.
A. A practitioner shall not prescribe amphetamine, Schedule II, for the purpose of weight reduction or control.
B. A practitioner shall not prescribe controlled substances, Schedules III through VI, for the purpose of weight reduction or control in the treatment of obesity, unless the following conditions are met:
1. An appropriate history and physical examination are performed and recorded at the time of initiation of pharmacotherapy for obesity by the prescribing physician, and the physician reviews the results of laboratory work, as indicated, including testing for thyroid function;
2. If the drug to be prescribed could adversely affect cardiac function, the physician shall review the results of an electrocardiogram performed and interpreted within 90 days of initial prescribing for treatment of obesity;
3. A diet and exercise program for weight loss is prescribed and recorded;
4. The patient is seen within the first 30 days following initiation of pharmacotherapy for weight loss by the prescribing physician or a licensed practitioner with prescriptive authority working under the supervision of the prescribing physician, at which time a recording shall be made of blood pressure, pulse, and any other tests as may be necessary for monitoring potential adverse effects of drug therapy;
5. The treating physician shall direct the follow-up care, including the intervals for patient visits and the continuation of or any subsequent changes in pharmacotherapy. Continuation of prescribing for treatment of obesity shall occur only if the patient has continued progress toward achieving or maintaining a target weight and has no significant adverse effects from the prescribed program.
C. If specifically authorized in his practice agreement with a
collaborating patient care team physician, a
physician assistant or nurse practitioner may perform the physical examination,
review tests, and prescribe Schedules III through VI controlled substances for
treatment of obesity, as specified in subsection B of this section.
18VAC85-20-121. Educational requirements: Graduates of approved institutions.
A. Such an applicant shall be a graduate of an institution that meets the criteria appropriate to the profession in which he seeks to be licensed, which are as follows:
1. For licensure in medicine. The institution shall be approved or accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education or other official accrediting body recognized by the American Medical Association, or by the Committee for the Accreditation of Canadian Medical Schools or its appropriate subsidiary agencies or any other organization approved by the board.
2. For licensure in osteopathic medicine. The institution shall
be approved or accredited by the
Bureau of Professional Education of the
American Osteopathic Association Committee on Osteopathic College
Accreditation or any other organization approved by the board.
3. For licensure in podiatry. The institution shall be approved and recommended by the Council on Podiatric Medical Education of the American Podiatric Medical Association or any other organization approved by the board.
B. Such an applicant for licensure in medicine, osteopathic medicine, or podiatry shall provide evidence of having completed 12 months of satisfactory postgraduate training as an intern or resident in one program or institution when such a program or institution is approved by an accrediting agency recognized by the board for internship and residency training.
C. For licensure in chiropractic.
1. If the applicant matriculated in a chiropractic college prior to July 1, 1975, he shall be a graduate of a chiropractic college accredited by the American Chiropractic Association or the International Chiropractic Association or any other organization approved by the board.
1.2. If the applicant matriculated in a
chiropractic college on or after July 1, 1975, he shall be a graduate of a
chiropractic college accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of the
Council of Chiropractic Education or any other organization approved by the
board. 2. If the applicant matriculated in a chiropractic college
prior to July 1, 1975, he shall be a graduate of a chiropractic college
accredited by the American Chiropractic Association or the International
Chiropractic Association or any other organization approved by the board.
18VAC85-20-122. Educational requirements: graduates and former students of institutions not approved by an accrediting agency recognized by the board.
A. A graduate of an institution not approved by an accrediting agency recognized by the board shall present documentary evidence that he:
1. Was enrolled and physically in attendance at the institution's principal site for a minimum of two consecutive years and fulfilled at least half of the degree requirements while enrolled two consecutive academic years at the institution's principal site.
2. Has received a degree from the institution.
2.3. Has fulfilled the applicable requirements of
§ 54.1-2930 of the Code of Virginia. 3.4. Has obtained a certificate from the
Educational Council of Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG), or its equivalent.
Proof of licensure by the board of another state or territory of the United
States or a province of Canada may be accepted in lieu of ECFMG certification. 4.5. Has had supervised clinical training as a
part of his curriculum in an approved hospital, institution or school of
medicine offering an approved residency program in the specialty area for the
clinical training received or in a program acceptable to the board and deemed a
substantially equivalent experience, if such training was received in the
United States. 5.6. Has completed one year of satisfactory
postgraduate training as an intern, resident, or clinical fellow. The one year
shall include at least 12 months in one program or institution approved by an
accrediting agency recognized by the board for internship or residency training
or in a clinical fellowship acceptable to the board in the same or a related
The board may substitute continuous full-time practice of five years or more with a limited professorial license in Virginia and one year of postgraduate training in a foreign country in lieu of one year of postgraduate training.
6. Has received a degree from the institution.
B. A former student who has completed all degree requirements except social services and postgraduate internship at a school not approved by an accrediting agency recognized by the board shall be considered for licensure provided that he:
1. Has fulfilled the requirements of subdivisions A 1 through 5 of this section;
2. Has qualified for and completed an appropriate supervised clinical training program as established by the American Medical Association; and
3. Presents a document issued by the school certifying that he has met all the formal requirements of the institution for a degree except social services and postgraduate internship.
Licensure: Examination Requirements
18VAC85-20-140. Examinations, general.
A. The Executive Director of the Board of Medicine or his designee shall review each application for licensure and in no case shall an applicant be licensed unless there is evidence that the applicant has passed an examination equivalent to the Virginia Board of Medicine examination required at the time he was examined and meets all requirements of Part III (18VAC85-20-120 et seq.) of this chapter. If the executive director or his designee is not fully satisfied that the applicant meets all applicable requirements of Part III of this chapter and this part, he shall refer the application to the Credentials Committee for a determination on licensure.
B. A Doctor of Medicine or Osteopathic Medicine who has passed the examination of the National Board of Medical Examiners or of the National Board of Osteopathic Medical Examiners, Federation Licensing Examination, or the United States Medical Licensing Examination, or the examination of the Licensing Medical Council of Canada or other such examinations as prescribed in § 54.1-2913.1 of the Code of Virginia may be accepted for licensure.
C. A Doctor of Podiatry who has passed the National Board of Podiatric Medical Examiners examination and has passed a clinical competence examination acceptable to the board may be accepted for licensure.
D. A Doctor of Chiropractic who has met the requirements of one of the following may be accepted for licensure:
1. An applicant who graduated after January 31, 1996, shall document successful completion of Parts I, II, III, and IV of the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners examination (NBCE).
2. An applicant who graduated from January 31, 1991, to January 31, 1996, shall document successful completion of Parts I, II, and III of the National Board of Chiropractic Examiners examination (NBCE).
3. An applicant who graduated from July 1, 1965, to January 31, 1991, shall document successful completion of Parts I, II, and III of the NBCE, or Parts I and II of the NBCE and the Special Purpose Examination for Chiropractic (SPEC), and document evidence of licensure in another state for at least two years immediately preceding his application.
4. An applicant who graduated prior to July 1, 1965, shall document successful completion of the SPEC, and document evidence of licensure in another state for at least two years immediately preceding his application.
The following provisions shall apply for applicants
taking Step 3 of the United States Medical Licensing Examination or the
Podiatric Medical Licensing Examination: 1. Applicants for licensure in medicine and osteopathic
medicine may be eligible to sit for Step 3 of the United States Medical
Licensing Examination (USMLE) upon evidence of having passed Steps 1 and 2 of
the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). 2. Applicants who sat for the United States Medical
Licensing Examination (USMLE) or the Comprehensive
Osteopathic Medical Licensure Examination (COMLEX-USA)
shall provide evidence of passing Steps 1, 2, and 3 all steps
within a 10-year period unless the applicant is board certified in a specialty
approved by the American Board of Medical Specialties or the Bureau of
Osteopathic Specialists of the American Osteopathic Association. 3. Applicants shall have completed the required training or
be engaged in their final year of required postgraduate training. 4.F. Applicants for licensure in podiatry shall
provide evidence of having passed the National Board of Podiatric Medical
Examiners Examination to be eligible to sit for the Podiatric Medical Licensing
Examination (PMLEXIS) in Virginia.
18VAC85-20-220. Temporary licenses to interns and residents.
A. An intern or resident applying for a temporary license to practice in Virginia shall:
1. Successfully complete the preliminary academic education required for admission to examinations given by the board in his particular field of practice, and submit a letter of confirmation from the registrar of the school or college conferring the professional degree, or official transcripts confirming the professional degree and date the degree was received.
2. Submit a recommendation from the applicant's chief or director of graduate medical education of the approved internship or residency program specifying acceptance. The beginning and ending dates of the internship or residency shall be specified.
3. Submit evidence of a standard Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG) certificate or its equivalent if the candidate graduated from a school not approved by an accrediting agency recognized by the board.
B. The intern or resident license applies only to the practice in the hospital or outpatient clinics where the internship or residency is served. Outpatient clinics in a hospital or other facility must be a recognized part of an internship or residency program.
C. The intern or resident license shall be renewed annually upon the recommendation of the chief or director of graduate medical education of the internship or residency program.
A residency program transfer request shall be submitted to the board in lieu of a full application.
D. The extent and scope of the duties and professional services rendered by the intern or resident shall be confined to persons who are bona fide patients within the hospital or who receive treatment and advice in an outpatient department of the hospital or outpatient clinic where the internship or residency is served.
E. The intern and resident shall be responsible and
accountable at all times to a fully licensed member of the
where the internship or residency is served. The intern and resident is
prohibited from employment outside of the graduate medical educational program
where a full license is required.
F. The intern or resident shall abide by the respective accrediting requirements of the internship or residency as approved by the Liaison Council on Graduate Education of the American Medical Association, American Osteopathic Association, American Podiatric Medical Association, or Council on Chiropractic Education.
18VAC85-20-225. Registration for voluntary practice by out-of-state licenses.
Any doctor of medicine, osteopathic medicine, podiatry or chiropractic who does not hold a license to practice in Virginia and who seeks registration to practice under subdivision 27 of § 54.1-2901 (A) of the Code of Virginia on a voluntary basis under the auspices of a publicly supported, all volunteer, nonprofit organization that sponsors the provision of health care to populations of underserved people shall:
1. File a complete application for registration on a form provided by the board at least five business days prior to engaging in such practice. An incomplete application will not be considered;
2. Provide a complete record of professional licensure in each state in which he has held a license and a copy of any current license;
3. Provide the name of the nonprofit organization, the dates and location of the voluntary provision of services;
4. Pay a registration fee of $10; and
5. Provide a notarized statement from a representative of the nonprofit organization attesting to its compliance with provisions of subdivision 27 of § 54.1-2901 (A) of the Code of Virginia.
18VAC85-20-235. Continued competency requirements for renewal of an active license.
A. In order to renew an active license biennially, a practitioner shall attest to completion of at least 60 hours of continuing learning activities within the two years immediately preceding renewal as follows:
1. A minimum of 30 of the 60 hours shall be in Type 1 activities or courses offered by an accredited sponsor or organization sanctioned by the profession.
a. Type 1 hours in chiropractic shall be clinical hours that are approved by a college or university accredited by the Council on Chiropractic Education or any other organization approved by the board.
b. Type 1 hours in podiatry shall be accredited by the American Podiatric Medical Association, the American Council of Certified Podiatric Physicians and Surgeons or any other organization approved by the board.
2. No more than 30 of the 60 hours may be Type 2 activities or courses, which may or may not be approved by an accredited sponsor or organization but which shall be chosen by the licensee to address such areas as ethics, standards of care, patient safety, new medical technology, and patient communication.
a. Up to 15 of the Type 2 continuing education hours may be satisfied through delivery of services, without compensation, to low-income individuals receiving services through a local health department or a free clinic organized in whole or primarily for the delivery of health services. One hour of continuing education may be credited for one hour of providing such volunteer services. For the purpose of continuing education credit for voluntary service, documentation by the health department or free clinic shall be acceptable.
b. Type 2 hours may include teaching in a healthcare profession field.
B. A practitioner shall be exempt from the continuing competency requirements for the first biennial renewal following the date of initial licensure in Virginia.
C. The practitioner shall retain in his records all supporting documentation for a period of six years following the renewal of an active license.
D. The board shall periodically conduct a random audit of its active licensees to determine compliance. The practitioners selected for the audit shall provide all supporting documentation within 30 days of receiving notification of the audit.
E. Failure to comply with these requirements may subject the licensee to disciplinary action by the board.
F. The board may grant an extension of the deadline for continuing competency requirements for up to one year for good cause shown upon a written request from the licensee prior to the renewal date.
G. The board may grant an exemption for all or part of the requirements for circumstances beyond the control of the licensee, such as temporary disability, mandatory military service, or officially declared disasters.
H. The board may grant an exemption for all or part of the requirements for a licensee who:
1. Is practicing solely in an uncompensated position, provided his practice is under the direction of a physician fully licensed by the board; or
2. Is practicing solely as a medical examiner, provided the licensee obtains six hours of medical examiner training per year provided by the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner.
18VAC85-20-410. Requirements for low-, medium- or high-risk sterile mixing, diluting or reconstituting.
A. Any mixing, diluting or reconstituting of sterile products that does not meet the criteria for immediate-use as set forth in 18VAC85-20-400 A shall be defined as low-, medium-, or high-risk compounding under the definitions of Chapter 797 of the U.S. Pharmacopeia (USP).
Until July 1, 2007, all low-, medium-, or high-risk
mixing, diluting or reconstituting of sterile products shall comply with the
standards for immediate-use mixing, diluting or reconstituting as specified in
18VAC85-20-400. Beginning July 1, 2007, doctors Doctors of medicine
or osteopathic medicine who engage in low-, medium-, or high-risk mixing,
diluting or reconstituting of sterile products shall comply with all applicable
requirements of the USP Chapter 797. Subsequent changes to the USP Chapter 797
shall apply within one year of the official announcement by USP.
C. A current copy, in any published format, of USP Chapter 797 shall be maintained at the location where low-, medium- or high-risk mixing, diluting or reconstituting of sterile products is performed.