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Part I
General

18VAC10-20-10. Definitions.

Section 54.1-400 of the Code of Virginia provides definitions of the following terms and phrases as used in this chapter:

Architect

Board

Certified interior designer

Interior design by a certified interior designer. When used in this chapter, interior design shall only be applicable to interior design performed by a certified interior designer.

Land surveyor. When used in this chapter, land surveyor shall include surveyor photogrammetrist unless stated otherwise or the context requires a different meaning.

Landscape architect

Practice of architecture

Practice of engineering

Practice of land surveying

Practice of landscape architecture

Professional engineer

The following words, terms, and phrases when used in this chapter shall have the meanings ascribed to them except where the context clearly indicates or requires different meanings:

"Application" means a completed application with the appropriate fee and any other required documentation, including, but not limited to, references, employment experience verification, degree verification, and verification of examination and licensure or certification.

"Certified" means an individual holding a valid certification issued by the board that has not been suspended, revoked, or surrendered, and is currently registered with the board to practice in the Commonwealth in accordance with § 54.1-405 or 54.1-414 of the Code of Virginia and in good standing.

"Comity" means the recognition of licenses or certificates issued by other states, the District of Columbia, or any territory or possession or other jurisdictions of the United States as permitted by § 54.1-103 C of the Code of Virginia.

"Department" means the Department of Professional and Occupational Regulation.

"Direct control and personal supervision" shall be that degree of supervision by a person overseeing the work of another whereby the supervisor has both control over and detailed professional knowledge of the work prepared under his supervision and words and phrases of similar import mean that the professional shall have control over the decisions on technical matters of policy and design, and exercises his professional judgment in all professional matters that are embodied in the work and the drawings, specifications, or other documents involved in the work; and the professional has exercised critical examination and evaluation of an employee's, consultant's, subcontractor's, or project team members' work product, during and after preparation, for purposes of compliance with applicable laws, codes, ordinances, regulations and usual and customary standards of care pertaining to professional practice. Further, it is that degree of control a professional is required to maintain over decisions made personally or by others over which the professional exercises direct control and personal supervision. "Direct control and personal supervision" also includes the following:

1. The degree of control necessary for a professional to be in direct control and personal supervision shall be such that the professional:

a. Personally makes professional decisions or reviews and approves proposed decisions prior to their implementation, including the consideration of alternatives, whenever professional decisions that could affect the health, safety, and welfare of the public are made; and

b. Determines the validity and applicability of recommendations prior to their incorporation into the work, including the qualifications of those making the recommendations.

2. Professional decisions that must be made by and are the responsibility of the professional in direct control and personal supervision are those decisions concerning permanent or temporary work that could affect the health, safety, and welfare of the public, and may include, but are not limited to, the following:

a. The selection of alternatives to be investigated and the comparison of alternatives for designed work; and

b. The selection or development of design standards and materials to be used.

3. A professional shall be able to clearly define the scope and degree of direct control and personal supervision and how it was exercised and to demonstrate that the professional was answerable within said scope and degree of direct control and personal supervision necessary for the work for which the professional has signed and sealed; and

4. No sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, joint venture, professional corporation, professional limited liability corporation, or other entity shall practice, or offer to practice, any profession regulated under this chapter unless there is a resident professional for that service providing direct control and personal supervision of such service in each separate office in which such service is performed or offered to be performed.

"Direct control and personal supervision" means supervision by a professional who oversees and is responsible for the work of another individual.

"Good moral character" may be established if the applicant or regulant:

1. Has not been convicted of a felony or misdemeanor that has a reasonable relationship to the functions of the employment or category for which the license or certification is sought would render the applicant unfit or unsuited to engage in the occupation or profession applied for in accordance with § 54.1-204 of the Code of Virginia;

2. Has not, within 10 years of application for licensure, certification, or registration, committed any act involving dishonesty, fraud, misrepresentation, breach of fiduciary duty, negligence, or incompetence reasonably related to the applicant's proposed area of practice;:

a. The proposed area of practice within 10 years prior to application for licensure, certification, or registration, or

b. The area of practice related to licensure, certification, or registration by the board while under the authority of the board.

3. Has not engaged in fraud or misrepresentation in connection with the application for licensure, certification, or registration, or related examination;

4. Has not had a license, certification or registration revoked or suspended for cause by this state Commonwealth or by any other jurisdiction, or surrendered a license, certificate, or registration in lieu of disciplinary action; or

5. Has not practiced without the required license, registration, or certification in this state Commonwealth or in another jurisdiction within the five years immediately preceding the filing of the application for licensure, certification, or registration by this Commonwealth; or.

6. Has not, within 10 years of application for licensure, certification, or registration, committed an act that would constitute unprofessional conduct, as set forth in Part XII of this chapter.

"Good standing" means a current or active license, certificate, or registration issued by a regulatory body that is not revoked, suspended, or surrendered.

"Licensed" means an individual who holds a valid license issued by the board that has not been suspended, or revoked, or surrendered and who is currently registered with the board to practice in the Commonwealth in accordance with § 54.1-405 of the Code of Virginia.

"Place of business" means any location which offers to practice or practices that, through licensed or certified professionals, offers or provides the services of architecture, engineering, land surveying, landscape architecture, or certified interior design, or any combination thereof. A temporary field office established and utilized for the duration of a specific project shall not qualify as a place of business under this chapter.

"Profession" means the practice of architecture, engineering, land surveying, landscape architecture, or certified interior design.

"Professional" means an architect, professional engineer, land surveyor, landscape architect, or interior designer who is licensed or certified, as appropriate, holds a valid license or certificate issued by the board pursuant to the provisions of this chapter and is in good standing with the board to practice his profession in this Commonwealth.

"Registrant" means a business currently registered with the board holding a valid registration issued by the board, and in good standing, to offer or provide one or more of the professions regulated by the board.

"Regulant" means a licensee, certificate holder or registrant an architect, professional engineer, land surveyor, or landscape architect holding a valid license issued by the board; an interior designer holding a valid certification issued by the board; or a registrant.

"Resident" means physically present in said at the place of business a majority of the its operating hours of the place of business.

"Responsible person" means the individual professional named by the entity registrant to be responsible and have control of the registrant's regulated services offered, or rendered, or both, by the entity. A professional can only be the responsible person for the professions indicated on his license or certification.

"Surveyor photogrammetrist" means a person who by reason of specialized knowledge in the area of photogrammetry has been granted a license by the board to survey land in accordance with Chapter 4 (§ 54.1-400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia for the determination of topography, contours and/or, or location of planimetric features using photogrammetric methods or similar remote sensing technology.

18VAC10-20-17. Replacement of wall certificate.

Any licensee or certificate holder professional may obtain a replacement for a lost, destroyed, or damaged wall certificate upon submission of a $25 department fee accompanied by a written request indicating that the certificate was lost, destroyed, or damaged. Multiple copies may be available at the discretion of the board or its agent.

Part II
General Entry Requirements

18VAC10-20-20. General application requirements.

A. All applicants Applicants must be of good moral character.

B. 1. Except as otherwise provided in subdivisions 2 and 3 of this subsection, a fully documented application shall be submitted by applicants seeking consideration for licensure, certification or registration to be received in the board's office no later than 130 days prior to the scheduled examination. The date the fully documented application is received in the board's office shall determine if an application has been received by the deadline set by the board. All applications shall be completed in accordance with the instructions contained herein and on the application. Applications will not be considered complete until all required documents are received by the board. All applications, accompanying materials and references become the property of the board upon receipt by the board.

2. Applicants for the Fundamentals of Engineering examination who are applying pursuant to subdivision 1 of 18VAC10-20-190 may submit applications to be received in the board's office no later than 60 days prior to the scheduled examination.

3. Applicants for the Fundamentals of Land Surveying examination who are applying pursuant to subdivision 1 of 18VAC10-20-300 may submit applications to be received in the board's office no later than 60 days prior to the scheduled examination.

4. Applicants for the National Council of Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ) examination shall apply directly to NCIDQ for the examination.

B. Applications shall be completed in accordance with instructions contained in this section and on the application.

C. Applications for licensure requiring an exam shall be received in the board's office by the application deadline established in Part III (18VAC10-20-90 et seq.) of this chapter for each profession's exam. The date the fully documented application is received in the board's office shall determine if the application has been received on time. Applications, accompanying materials, and references become the property of the board upon receipt by the board.

D. Applicants shall meet applicable all entry requirements at the time application is made.

D. Applicants who have been found ineligible for any reason may request further consideration by submitting in writing evidence of additional qualifications, training or experience. No additional fee will be required provided the requirements for licensure, certification or registration are met within a period of three years from the date the original application is received by the board. After such period, a new application shall be required.

E. Applicants shall provide the board with all required documentation and fees to complete the application for licensure or certification no later than three years from the date of the board's receipt of the initial application fee. Applications that remain incomplete after that time will no longer be processed by the board and the applicant shall submit a new application.

E. F. The board may make further inquiries and investigations with respect to the qualifications of an applicant and all an applicant's qualifications and documentation and information to confirm or amplify information supplied. The board may also require a personal interview with an applicant.

F. G. Failure of an applicant to comply with a written request from the board for additional evidence or information within 60 days of receiving such notice, except in such instances where the board has determined ineligibility for a clearly specified period of time, may be sufficient and just cause for disapproving the application.

G. Applicants shall be held to the standards of practice and conduct as set forth in this chapter.

H. Applicants who do not meet the requirements of 18VAC10-20-20 or 18VAC10-20-40 may be approved following consideration by the board in accordance with the provisions of the Virginia Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia)

18VAC10-20-25. References.

In addition to the requirements found in 18VAC10-20-130 and, 18VAC10-20-220, and 18VAC10-20-425, as applicable, references that are submitted as part of an application must comply with the following:

1. Written references shall be no more than one year old at the time the application is received by the board in the board's office;

2. Individuals who provide references may not also verify experience; and

3. 2. The individual providing the reference must have known the applicant for at least one year.;

3. The individual providing the reference must have known the applicant within the last five years from the date of application to the board; and

4. Individuals who provide references shall not also verify experience.

18VAC10-20-35. Experience.

All experience or training requirements contained in this chapter are based on the applicant working a minimum of 35 hours per week. All applications will be evaluated against the experience or training requirements will be evaluated by this standard based on the rate of an applicant working a minimum of 35 hours per week. Any experience gained at a rate of less than 35 hours per week may be prorated in at the sole discretion of the board.

18VAC10-20-40. Good standing of applicants.

A. An applicant Applicants currently licensed, certified, or registered to practice architecture, engineering, land surveying, landscape architecture, or interior design in another jurisdiction shall be in good standing in every jurisdiction where licensed, certified, or registered, and.

B. Applicants shall not have had a license, certificate, or registration to practice architecture, engineering, land surveying, landscape architecture, or interior design that was suspended, revoked, or surrendered in connection with a disciplinary action or have been the subject of discipline in another a disciplinary action in any jurisdiction. An applicant who was formerly licensed, certified, or registered to practice architecture, engineering, land surveying, landscape architecture, or interior design in another jurisdiction shall not have had a license, certificate, or registration suspended, revoked, or surrendered in connection with a disciplinary action or have been the subject of discipline in another jurisdiction.

B. Applicants who do not meet the requirements of subsection A of this section may be approved following consideration by the board in accordance with the provisions of Administrative Process Act of the Code of Virginia.

18VAC10-20-50. Transfer of scores to other boards.

The board, in at its discretion and upon proper application, may forward the grades achieved by an applicant in the various examinations exams given under the board's jurisdiction to any other duly constituted registration board for use in evaluating such the applicant's eligibility for registration within such another board's jurisdiction or evaluation of such the applicant's national certification. An applicant requesting transfer of that his score be transferred to another registration board shall state his reason for requesting transfer in writing the request in writing.

18VAC10-20-55. Language and comprehension.

Every applicant applying Applicants for licensure or certification shall be able to speak and write English to the satisfaction of the board. Applicants whose primary language is has not always been English, or who have not graduated from a college or university in which English is the language of instruction, including, but not limited to, those born in a non-English speaking country, shall submit to the board a Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Internet-based Test (TOEFL iBT) score report to the board, and a Test of Spoken English (TSE) score report to the board. Score reports shall not be over two years old at the time of application and, to support the application, must reflect a score acceptable to the board.

18VAC10-20-70. Modifications to examination administration.

The board and the department support and comply with the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 42 USC § 12101 et seq. Contracts between the board, department, and vendors for examinations contain provisions for compliance with the ADA. Requests for accommodations must be in writing and received by the board in the board's office within a reasonable time before the examination. The board may require a report from a medical professional along with supporting data confirming the nature and extent of the disability. It is the responsibility of the applicant to provide The applicant is responsible for providing the required information in a timely manner and including the costs for providing such the information are the responsibility of the applicant. The board or its agents will determine, consistent with applicable law, what, if any, any accommodations will to be made.

18VAC10-20-75. Conduct at examination.

Examinees Applicants approved for an exam will be given specific instructions as to the conduct of each division of the exam at the exam site. Examinees Applicants are required to follow these instructions to assure fair and equal treatment to all examinees applicants during the course of the examination exam. Evidence of misconduct may result in removal from the examination exam site, voided examination exam scores, or both.

18VAC10-20-85. Examination on regulations.

All applicants for licensure or certification must achieve a passing score on a board-supplied examination pertaining to the board's regulations and relevant statutes. The examination will be provided as part of the application. The board shall provide applicants with an exam on its regulations and statutes. All applicants for licensure or certification must achieve a passing score on this exam.

18VAC10-20-87. Expiration of initial licenses, certificates, and registrations.

A. Initial licenses, certificates, and registrations shall expire as follows:

1. Individual licenses and certificates shall be valid for two years from the last day of the month in which they are issued.

2. Registrations for professional corporations, professional limited liability companies, and business entities shall expire on December 31 of the odd-numbered year following issuance.

3. Registrations for branch offices shall expire the last day of February of the even-numbered year following issuance.

B. Licenses, certificates, and registrations shall expire in accordance with this section unless renewed pursuant to 18VAC10-20-670 or reinstated pursuant to 18VAC10-20-680.

Part III
Qualifications for Licensing of Architects

18VAC10-20-90. Fee schedule.

All fees are nonrefundable and shall not be prorated.

Application for Initial Architect License

$75

Application for Architect License by Comity

$75

Renewal

$55

18VAC10-20-110. Education.

A. All applicants Applicants for original licensure shall hold a professional degree in architecture from a program accredited by the National Architectural Accrediting Board (NAAB) not later than two years after the applicant's graduation from said program. The degree program must have been accredited by NAAB no later than two years after the date of the applicant's graduation from the program.

B. Foreign degrees must be evaluated for equivalency to a NAAB-accredited degree Applicants seeking credit for a degree or coursework that is not NAAB-accredited, whether foreign or domestic, shall have that degree or coursework evaluated for equivalency to a NAAB-accredited professional degree in architecture. The board reserves the right to reject, for good cause, any evaluation submitted. Any cost of translation and evaluation shall be borne by the applicant.

18VAC10-20-120. Experience.

A. The successful completion of Applicants for original licensure shall successfully complete the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards (NCARB) Intern Development Program (IDP) shall be required of all applicants for original licensure. IDP training requirements shall be in accordance with NCARB's Handbook for Interns and Architects, 2008-2009 Intern Development Program Guidelines, December 2013 Edition.

B. All applicants Applicants must have a minimum of 36 months experience/training in architecture. Any experience/training of less than eight consecutive weeks will not be considered in satisfying this requirement.

C. All applicants must have a minimum of 12 months experience/training in architecture Of the 36 months of required experience/training in architecture, at least 12 months shall have been obtained as an employee in the office of a licensed architect. An organization will be considered to be an office of a licensed architect if:

1. The architectural practice of the organization in which the applicant works is under the charge of a person practicing as a principal, where a principal is a licensed architect in charge of an organization's architectural practice either alone or with other licensed architects, and the applicant works under the direct supervision of a licensed architect; and

2. The practice of the organization encompasses the comprehensive practice of architecture, including the categories set forth in the NCARB IDP requirements.

18VAC10-20-130. References.

Eligibility for licensure is determined in part by the applicant's demonstrated competence and integrity to engage in the practice of architecture. Applicants shall submit three references with the application, all of whom are which shall be from currently licensed architects in a state or other jurisdiction or territory of the United States or a province of Canada. In addition to the requirements found in 18VAC10-20-25, these professionals shall the applicant shall only submit references from licensed architects who have personal knowledge of the applicant's architectural experience that demonstrates the applicant's competence and integrity.

18VAC10-20-140. Examination.

A. All applicants The board is a member board of NCARB and is authorized to make available the NCARB-prepared exam. Applicants for original licensure in Virginia are required to pass an NCARB-prepared examination. Provided all other requirements are met, a license as an architect will be issued upon passing the NCARB examination this exam. An applicant shall be admitted to the NCARB-prepared examination prior to completing the experience requirements contained in 18VAC10-20-120 if the applicant is otherwise qualified and provided the applicant is enrolled in the NCARB IDP.

B. The Virginia board is a member board of NCARB and as such is authorized to make available the NCARB-prepared examination.

B. Applications for original licensure shall be approved by the board before applicants will be allowed to sit for the exam. Applicants who have satisfied the requirements of 18VAC10-20-110 and 18VAC10-20-130 and who are currently enrolled in the NCARB IDP shall be admitted to the exam.

C. Applicants approved by the board to sit for the exam shall register and submit the required exam fee and follow NCARB procedures when taking the exam. Applicants not properly registered will not be allowed to sit for the exam.

D. Applicants approved to sit for the exam shall be eligible for a period of three years from the date of their initial approval. Applicants who do not pass all sections of the exam during their eligibility period are no longer eligible to sit for the exam. To become exam-eligible again, applicants shall reapply to the board as follows:

1. Applicants who have taken at least one section of the exam and who reapply to the board no later than six months after the end of their eligibility may be approved to sit for the exam for an additional three years. The original application requirements shall apply.

2. Applicants who do not meet the criteria of subdivision 1 of this subsection shall reapply to the board and meet all entry requirements current at the time of reapplication.

E. Applicants will be notified by the board of whether they passed or failed the exam. The exam may not be reviewed by applicants. Exam scores are final and not subject to change.

F. Grading of the examination exam shall be in accordance with the national grading procedure administered by NCARB. The board shall utilize the scoring procedures recommended by NCARB. Grades for each division of the examination exam passed on or after January 1, 2006, shall be valid in accordance with the procedure established by NCARB.

D. The NCARB-prepared examination will be offered at least once a year at a time designated by the board.

E. G. The board may approve transfer credits for parts of the NCARB-prepared examination exam taken and passed in accordance with national standards.

H. Applicants who have been approved for and subsequently pass the exam and who have satisfied 18VAC10-20-120 shall be issued an architect license.

F. Unless otherwise stated, applicants approved to sit for an examination shall register and submit the required examination fee. Applicants not properly registered will not be allowed into the examination site.

G. Applicants approved to sit for the examination shall follow NCARB procedures.

H. Examinees will be notified by the board of passing or failing the examination.

I. Should an applicant fail to pass the NCARB-prepared examination within three years after being approved to sit for the examination, the applicant must reapply. If the applicant has not been taking the examination on a continuous basis during the three-year eligibility period, or fails to reapply within six months after the end of the three-year eligibility period, or both, then the applicant shall meet the entry requirements current at the time of reapplication.

18VAC10-20-150. Licensure by comity.

A. Any person who is or has been licensed in another state, jurisdiction, possession or territory of the United States, or a province of Canada, may be granted a license provided that:

1. The applicant meets all the requirements for licensing in Virginia that were in effect at the time of the original licensure or the applicant possesses an NCARB certificate; and

2. The applicant holds an active valid license in good standing in another state, jurisdiction, possession or territory of the United States, or a province of Canada.

If the applicant does not possess an NCARB certificate, or does not meet the requirements for licensure in Virginia that were in effect at the time of original licensure, the applicant shall be required to meet the entry requirements current at the time the completed application for comity is received in the board's office.

B. Applicants licensed in foreign countries other than Canada may be granted a license in Virginia based on an NCARB certificate.

A. Applicants who hold a valid active license in another state or other jurisdiction of the United States, a province of Canada, or another foreign country may be granted a license provided that:

1. They possess an NCARB certificate; or

2. They met the requirements for licensure in Virginia that were in effect at the time they were originally licensed.

B. Applicants who do not satisfy the requirements of subsection A of this section shall meet the entry requirements for initial licensure pursuant to this chapter.

Part IV
Qualifications for Licensing of Professional Engineers

18VAC10-20-160. Definitions.

The following words, terms, and phrases when used in this part shall have the meanings ascribed to them except where the context clearly indicates or requires different meanings:

"ABET" means the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology.

"Approved engineering curriculum" means an undergraduate engineering curriculum of four years or more, or a graduate engineering curriculum, approved by the board. ABET-approved engineering EAC curricula are approved by the board. Curricula that are accredited by ABET not later than two years after an applicant's graduation shall be deemed as ABET-approved.

"Approved engineering technology curriculum" means an undergraduate engineering technology curriculum of four years or more approved by the board. ABET-approved engineering technology TAC curricula of four years or more are approved by the board. Curricula that are accredited by ABET not later than two years after an applicant's graduation shall be deemed as ABET-approved.

"EAC" means Engineering Accreditation Commission.

"Engineer-in-training (EIT)" or "EIT" means an applicant who has completed any one of several combinations of education, or education and experience, and has passed the Fundamentals of Engineering examination exam.

"Related science curriculum" includes, but is not limited to, a four-year curriculum in biology, chemistry, geology, geophysics, mathematics, physics, or other curriculum approved by the board. Curriculums must have a minimum of six semester hours of mathematics courses beyond algebra and trigonometry and a minimum of six semester hours of science courses in calculus-based physics in order to be considered a related science curriculum.

"Qualifying engineering experience" means a record of progressive experience on engineering work during which the applicant has made a practical utilization of acquired knowledge and has demonstrated progressive improvement, growth, and development through the utilization of that knowledge as revealed in the complexity and technical detail of the applicant's work product or work record. The applicant must show progressive assumption of greater individual responsibility for the work product over the relevant period. The progressive experience on engineering work shall be of a grade and character that indicates to the board that the applicant is minimally competent to practice engineering. Qualifying engineering experience shall be progressive in complexity and based on a knowledge of engineering mathematics, physical and applied sciences, properties of materials, and fundamental principles of engineering design.

"TAC" means Technology Accreditation Commission.

18VAC10-20-170. Fee schedule.

All fees are nonrefundable and shall not be prorated.

Fundamentals of Engineering Application for Engineer-in-Training Designation

$30

Principles of Engineering Application for Initial Professional Engineer License

$60

Application for Professional Engineer License by Comity

$60

Renewal

$80

Comity

$60

FE/PE out-of-state proctor

$100

18VAC10-20-190. Requirements for the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam.

In order to be approved to sit for the FE examination Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) exam, an applicant applicants must satisfy one of the following subsections (A through E) of this section. Applicants shall:

EDUCATIONAL REQUIREMENTS

NUMBER OF REQUIRED YEARS OF QUALIFYING ENGINEERING EXPERIENCE

1. (i) Enrolled in an ABET-accredited undergraduate curriculum and within 12 months of completion of degree requirements or (ii) enrolled in an ABET-accredited master's or doctorate curriculum, or enrolled in a graduate curriculum that is ABET accredited at the undergraduate level at the institution at which the graduate degree is being sought, and within six months of completion of graduate degree requirements. In order to be considered pursuant to clause (i) or (ii) of this subdivision, all applications must be accompanied by a certificate of good standing from the dean of the engineering school.

A. Student applicants.

1. Be enrolled in an ABET-accredited undergraduate EAC or TAC curriculum, have 12 months or less remaining before completion of the degree, and provide a certificate of good standing from the dean of the engineering school or his designee;

2. Be enrolled in an ABET-accredited graduate or doctorate EAC or TAC curriculum, have six months or less remaining before completion of the degree, and provide a certificate of good standing from the dean of the engineering school or his designee; or

3. Be enrolled in a graduate curriculum that is ABET-accredited TAC or EAC at the undergraduate level at the institution at which the graduate degree is being sought, have six months or less remaining before completion of the degree, and provide a certificate of good standing from the dean of the engineering school or his designee.

0

2. Graduated B. Have graduated from an approved engineering or an approved engineering technology curriculum.

0

3. Obtained an undergraduate engineering degree of four years or more from an institution in a curriculum without ABET accreditation and obtained a master's or doctorate engineering degree from an institution in a curriculum that is ABET accredited at the undergraduate level.

C. Dual degree holders.

1. Have graduated from a non-ABET-accredited undergraduate engineering curriculum of four years or more; and

2. Have graduated from a graduate or doctorate engineering curriculum that is ABET accredited at the undergraduate level.

0

4. Graduated D. Have graduated from a nonapproved engineering curriculum or from a related science curriculum of four years or more.

2

5. Not meeting any of the above requirements, but who, in the judgment of the board, has E. Have obtained, by documented academic coursework, the equivalent of such education by documented academic course work that meets the requirements of ABET accreditation for the baccalaureate engineering technology curricula. Whether an education is considered to be equivalent shall be determined by the judgment of the board.

6

18VAC10-20-200. Requirements for engineer-in-training (EIT) designation.

An applicant who is qualified to sit for the FE examination under subdivision 1 of 18VAC10-20-190 must provide verification of his degree prior to receiving the EIT designation. All other applicants who qualify to sit for the FE examination under subdivisions 2 through 5 of 18VAC10-20-190 will receive the EIT designation upon achieving a passing examination score as established by the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES). Upon passing the FE exam, an applicant who qualified for the exam under 18VAC10-20-190 A will receive the EIT designation only after he provides verification of his degree to the board. All other applicants will receive the EIT designation upon passing the FE exam. The EIT designation will remain valid indefinitely.

18VAC10-20-210. Requirements for the Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) examination exam.

In order to be approved to sit for the PE examination, an applicant must satisfy one of the following Principles and Practice of Engineering (PE) exam, applicants shall satisfy one of the subsections (A through F) within this section. Applicants shall:

EDUCATIONAL REQUIREMENTS

EIT REQUIRED?

NUMBER OF REQUIRED YEARS OF QUALIFYING ENGINEERING EXPERIENCE

1. Graduated A. Have graduated from an approved engineering curriculum.

YES

4

2. Graduated from an ABET-accredited undergraduate engineering curriculum and awarded a doctorate degree in engineering from an engineering curriculum which is ABET-accredited at the undergraduate level.

B. Dual degree holders.

1. Have graduated from an ABET-accredited undergraduate engineering curriculum; and

2. Have graduated from a doctorate engineering curriculum that is ABET accredited at the undergraduate level.

NO

4

3. Graduated C. Have graduated from a nonapproved engineering curriculum of four years or more, a related science curriculum, or an approved engineering technology curriculum.

YES

6

4. Graduated D. Have graduated from a nonapproved engineering technology curriculum of four years or more.

YES

10

5. Not meeting any of the above requirements, but who, in the judgment of the board, has E. Have obtained, by documented academic coursework, the equivalent of such education by documented academic course work that meets that requirements of ABET accreditation for the baccalaureate engineering technology curricula. Whether an education is considered to be equivalent shall be determined by the judgment of the board.

YES

10

6. Graduated F. Have graduated from an engineering, engineering technology, or related science curriculum of four years or more.

NO

20

18VAC10-20-215. Requirements for the PE license.

In order to obtain the Professional Engineer license, an applicant must satisfy the requirements of at least one subsection of 18VAC10-20-210 and pass the PE examination. An applicant will receive his license to practice engineering upon achieving a passing examination score as established by NCEES.

An applicant who has satisfied the requirements of this chapter will receive the professional engineer license upon successful completion of the PE exam.

18VAC10-20-220. References.

In addition to the requirements found in 18VAC10-20-25, applicants shall satisfy one of the following:

1. Applicants for the Fundamentals of Engineering examination only shall provide one reference from a professional engineer, or from the dean of the engineering school or a departmental professor in the school attended by the applicant, or an immediate work supervisor.

1. An applicant for the Fundamentals of Engineering exam shall provide one reference that indicates his personal integrity from one of the following:

a. A professional engineer;

b. The dean, or his designee, of the engineering school attended by the applicant; or

c. An immediate work supervisor.

2. Applicants An applicant for the Principles and Practice of Engineering examination must indicate competence and integrity to engage in the engineering profession by submitting exam shall submit three references from professional engineers currently licensed in a state, territory, or possession or other jurisdiction of the United States, or the District of Columbia, each having personal knowledge of the applicant's. The applicant shall only submit references given by professional engineers who have personal knowledge of the applicant's competence and integrity relative to his engineering experience.

3. Applicants An applicant for licensure by comity must indicate competence and integrity to engage in the engineering profession by submitting shall submit three references from professional engineers currently licensed in a state, territory, or possession other jurisdiction of the United States,each having personal knowledge of the applicant's. The applicant shall only submit references given by professional engineers who have personal knowledge of the applicant's competence and integrity relative to his engineering experience.

18VAC10-20-230. Education.

A. Any An applicant who has earned is seeking credit for a degree that is not ABET accredited TAC or EAC and was earned from an institution outside the United States, shall have the degree authenticated and evaluated by an educational credential evaluation service or by ABET if credit for such education is sought, unless the applicant has also earned an equivalent or higher level engineering degree from a United States institution where the program has been accredited by ABET. If the evaluation is rigorous and meets appropriate ABET accreditation standards, the board may consider the degree as an approved engineering curriculum or approved engineering technology curriculum. The board reserves the right to reject, for good cause, any evaluation submitted by the applicant.

B. Except for those degrees Degrees earned from an institution outside within the United States and subject to the provisions of subsection A of this section, all for any nonapproved engineering curriculums curriculum, related science curriculums, and curriculum, or nonapproved engineering technology curriculums curriculum of four years or more shall be from an accredited college or university that is approved or accredited by the Commission on Colleges, a regional or national accreditation association, or by an accrediting agency that is recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education.

18VAC10-20-240. Experience.

Applicants shall submit a written narrative or narratives, on the board provided application form, A. Each applicant shall complete the board's Professional Engineer and Engineer-in-Training Experience Verification Form,0402 20EXP ] documenting all of the applicant's his engineering experience. Such narrative or narratives shall: The information provided on the form shall clearly describe the engineering work or research that the applicant he personally performed; delineate the role of the applicant his role in any group engineering activity; provide an overall description of the nature and scope of his work; and include a detailed description of the engineering work personally performed by the applicant him. Experience in claims consulting, drafting, estimating, and field surveying are considered nonqualifying.

B. In general, the required experience shall be applied as follows:

1. Construction experience, in order to be qualifying, must include a demonstrated use of engineering computation and problem-solving skills. The mere execution as a contractor of work designed by others, the supervision of construction, and similar nonengineering tasks will not be considered qualifying experience.

2. Military experience, in order to be qualifying must have been spent in engineering work and must be of a character substantially equivalent to that required in the civilian sector for like work. Nonengineering military training and supervision will not be considered qualifying experience.

3. Sales experience, in order to be qualifying, must include a demonstrated use of engineering computational and problem-solving skills. The mere selection of data or equipment from a company catalogue or similar publication or database will not be considered qualifying experience.

4. Industrial experience, in order to be qualifying, should be directed toward the identification and solution of practice problems in the applicant's area of engineering specialization. This experience should include engineering analysis of existing systems or the design of new ones.

5. Engineering experience gained by successfully completing a graduate engineering degree or by engineering teaching in an institution approved by the board may be deemed qualifying engineering experience.

a. Successful completion of a master's or doctorate degree in an engineering curriculum may be accepted as one year of equivalent engineering experience credit.

b. For teaching experience to be considered by the board, the applicant must have taught in an engineering curriculum approved by the board and must have been employed in the grade of instructor or higher.

6. Engineering experience gained during a board-approved co-op program may be deemed qualifying engineering experience to a maximum of one year of credit.

7. The board, in its sole discretion, may permit partial credit, not to exceed 1/2 of that required, for approved qualifying engineering experience obtained prior to graduation from an engineering curriculum.

Type of Experience

Qualifying

Nonqualifying

1. Construction experience.

A demonstrated use of engineering computation and problem-solving skills.

The mere execution as a contractor of work designed by others, the supervision of construction, and similar nonengineering tasks.

2. Military experience.

Engineering of a character substantially equivalent to that required in the civilian sector for similar work.

Nonengineering military training and supervision.

3. Sales experience.

A demonstrated use of engineering computational and problem-solving skills.

The mere selection of data or equipment from a company catalogue, similar publication, or database.

4. Industrial experience.

Work directed toward the identification and solution of practice problems in the applicant's area of engineering specialization including engineering analysis of existing systems or the design of new ones.

The mere performance of maintenance of existing systems, replacement of parts or components, and other nonengineering tasks.

5. Graduate or doctorate's degree.

The successful completion of a graduate or doctorate degree in an engineering curriculum may be accepted as one year of equivalent engineering experience credit.

Research conducted as part of a graduate or doctorate degree shall not count as additional experience if credit for the degree is granted pursuant to 18VAC10-20-190 or 18VAC10-20-210.

6. Teaching.

For teaching experience to be considered qualifying by the board, the applicant shall have taught in an engineering curriculum approved by the board and shall have been employed in the grade of instructor or higher.

7. Co-op program.

Engineering experience gained during a board-approved co-op program may be deemed qualifying engineering experience to a maximum of one year of credit.

8. General.

Experience in claims consulting, drafting, estimating, and field surveying.

C. The board, in its sole discretion, may permit partial credit for approved qualifying engineering experience obtained prior to graduation from an engineering curriculum. Partial credit shall not exceed one-half of that required for any method of initial licensure.

18VAC10-20-260. Examinations.

A. The Virginia board is a member board of NCEES and as such is authorized to administer the NCEES examinations.

B. The Fundamentals of Engineering examination consists of an NCEES exam on the fundamentals of engineering.

C. The Principles and Practice of Engineering examination consists of an NCEES exam on applied engineering.

A. Applications for original licensure or EIT designation shall be received by the board in accordance with the following deadlines:

1. Students applying pursuant to 18VAC10-20-190 A shall submit theirapplication applications ] to be received in the board's office no later than 60 days prior to the scheduled exam.

2. All other applications shall be received in the board's office no later than 130 days prior to the scheduled exam.

B. The board is a member board of the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) and is authorized to administer the NCEES exams including the Fundamentals of Engineering exam and the Principles and Practice of Engineering exam.

D. Unless otherwise stated, applicants C. Applicants approved by the board to sit for an examination exam shall register and submit the required examination exam fee to be received in the board office, or by the board's designee, at a time designated by the board and shall follow NCEES procedures. Applicants not properly registered will not be allowed into the examination site to sit for the exam.

E. A candidate D. Applicants eligible for admission to both parts of the examination exams must first successfully complete the fundamentals of engineering examination Fundamentals of Engineering exam before being admitted to the principles and practice of engineering examination Principles and Practice of Engineering exam.

F. Should an applicant fail to pass an examination within three years after being approved to sit for an examination the applicant must reapply and meet all current entry requirements at the time of reapplication.

G. The examination may not be reviewed by the candidates, Examination scores are final and are not subject to change.

E. The exam may not be reviewed by applicants. Unless authorized by NCEES rules and procedures, exam scores are final and are not subject to change.

F. Applicants approved to sit for the exam shall be eligible for a period of three years from the date of their initial approval. Applicants who do not pass the exam during their eligibility period are no longer eligible to sit for the exam. To become exam-eligible again, applicants shall reapply to the board and meet all current entry requirements at the time of reapplication. In addition to meeting current entry requirements upon reapplication, applicants shall demonstrate successful completion of 16 hours of educational activities that meet the requirements of 18VAC10-20-683 E and F.

18VAC10-20-270. Licensure by comity.

A person in good standing and holding a valid license to engage in the practice of engineering in another state, the District of Columbia, or any territory or possession of the United States may be licensed, provided the applicant submits verifiable documentation to the board that the education, experience, and examination requirements by which the applicant was first licensed in the original jurisdiction were substantially equivalent to those existing in Virginia at the time of the applicant's original licensure. No person shall be so licensed, however, who has not passed an examination in another jurisdiction that was substantially equivalent to that approved by the board at the time of the applicant's original licensure. If the applicant does not meet the requirements for licensure in Virginia that were in effect at the time of original licensure, the applicant shall be required to meet the entry requirements current at the time the completed application for comity is received in the board's office.

A. Applicants holding a valid license to practice engineering in other states or jurisdictions of the United States may be licensed provided they satisfy the provisions of this subsection. Applicants shall:

1. Submit to the board verifiable documentation that the education, experience, and exam requirements by which they were first licensed in the original jurisdiction were substantially equivalent to the requirements in Virginia at the same time;

2. Have passed an exam in another jurisdiction that was substantially equivalent to that approved by the board at the time of their original licensure;

3. Be in good standing in all jurisdictions where they are currently licensed; and

4. Satisfy all other requirements of this chapter.

B. Applicants who do not meet the requirements for licensure in Virginia that were in effect at the time of their original licensure shall be required to meet the entry requirements current at the timetheir the ] completed application for comity is received in the board's office.

Part V
Qualifications for Licensing and Standards of Procedure for Land Surveyors

18VAC10-20-280. Fee schedule.

All fees are nonrefundable and shall not be prorated.

Application for Fundamentals of Land Surveying Surveyor-in-Training Designation

$60

Application for Principles and Practice of Land Surveying Initial Land Surveyor License

$90

Application for Initial Surveyor Photogrammetrist License

$90

Application for Initial Land Surveyor B License

$90

Application for License by Comity

$90

Renewal

$90

Comity

$90

Out-of-state proctor

$100

18VAC10-20-295. Definitions.

"Absolute horizontal positional accuracy" means the value expressed in feet or meters that represents the uncertainty due to systematic and random errors in measurements in the location of any point on a survey relative to the defined datum at the 95% confidence level.

"Approved land surveying experience" means a record of progressive and diversified training and experience under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed land surveyor, or an individual authorized by statute to practice land surveying, on land surveying work during which the applicant has made practical utilization of acquired knowledge and has demonstrated continuous improvement, growth, and development through the utilization of that knowledge as revealed in the complexity and technical detail of the applicant's work product or work record. The applicant must show continuous assumption of greater individual responsibility for the work product over the relevant period. The progressive experience on land surveying work shall be of a grade and character that indicates to the board that the applicant is minimally competent to practice land surveying. This experience shall have been acquired in positions requiring the exercise of independent judgment, initiative, and professional skill in the office and field and written verification of such work experience shall be on forms provided by the board. Experience may be gained either prior to or after education is obtained. Notwithstanding the definition of "approved land surveying experience," the requirements set forth in 18VAC10-20-310 shall not be waived.

"Approved photogrammetric surveying or similar remote sensing technology experience" means progressive and diversified training and experience in photogrammetric land surveying or similar remote sensing technology under the supervision and direction direct control and personal supervision of a licensed land surveyor, or licensed surveyor photogrammetrist, or under the supervision and direction of an individual authorized by statute to practice land surveying or photogrammetry. This experience shall have been acquired in positions requiring the exercise of independent judgment, initiative and professional skill in the office and field and written verification of such work experience shall be on forms provided by the board. Experience may be gained either prior to or after education is obtained. Notwithstanding the definition of "approved photogrammetric surveying or similar remote sensing technology experience," the requirements set forth in 18VAC10-20-310 shall not be waived.

"Relative horizontal positional accuracy" means the value expressed in feet or meters that represents the uncertainty due to random errors in measurements in the location of any point on a survey relative to any other point on the same survey at the 95% confidence level.

18VAC10-20-300. Requirements for surveyor-in-training (SIT) designation.

A. In order to be approved to sit for the Fundamentals of Land Surveying examination (FLS) exam, an applicant applicants must satisfy one of the following:

1. An applicant who has graduated from, or is Be enrolled in, a board-approved or ABET-accredited surveying or surveying technology curriculum of four years or more approved by the board and is within, have 12 months of or less remaining before completion of degree requirements shall be admitted to an examination in the Fundamentals of Land Surveying, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified. Upon passing such examination, and providing evidence of graduation, the applicant shall receive the SIT designation, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified. For those applicants who are within 12 months of completion of degree requirements, their application must be accompanied by, and provide a certificate of good standing from the dean of the school or his designee;

2. An applicant who has graduated from a curriculum Have earned an undergraduate degree from a board-approved or ABET-accredited surveying or surveying technology curriculum;

3. Have earned a board-approved undergraduate degree related to surveying of four years or more approved by the board and with possess a minimum of one year of approved land surveying experience shall be admitted to an examination in the Fundamentals of Land Surveying, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified. Upon passing such examination, the applicant shall receive the SIT designation, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified;

3. An applicant who has 4. Have earned at least a four-year bachelor's a board-approved undergraduate degree in a field unrelated to surveying approved by the board and with possess a minimum of three two years of approved land surveying experience shall be admitted to an examination in the Fundamentals of Land Surveying, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified. Upon passing such examination, the applicant shall receive the SIT designation, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified;

4. An applicant who has graduated from a 5. Have earned a board-approved associate's degree related to surveying curriculum of two years or more approved by the board with and possess a minimum of four years of approved land surveying experience shall be admitted to an examination in the Fundamentals of Land Surveying, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified. Upon passing such examination, the applicant shall receive the SIT designation, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified;

5. An applicant who has 6. Have successfully completed a board-approved survey apprenticeship program approved by the board with. The apprenticeship program shall include a minimum of 480 hours of surveying-related classroom instruction with a minimum of six years of approved land surveying experience shall be admitted to an examination in the Fundamentals of Land Surveying, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified. Upon passing such examination, the applicant shall receive the SIT designation, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified; or

6. An applicant who has 7. Have graduated from high school and who has with evidence of successful completion of courses in algebra, geometry and trigonometry with, and possess a minimum of eight years of approved land surveying experience shall be admitted to an examination in the Fundamentals of Land Surveying, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified. Upon passing such examination, the applicant shall receive the SIT designation, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified.

7. Applicants who have accumulated college credits may apply credit hours approved by the board to help meet the experience requirement. A maximum of one year of experience credit will be given for each 40 semester hours approved college credit.

B. Applicants seeking approval to sit for the FLS exam pursuant to subdivisions A 3 through 7 of this section may apply board-approved college credits to help meet the experience requirement. The maximum rate of college credit substitution for experience shall be one year of experience credit for each 40 hours of board-approved college credits completed. College credits applicable toward the completion of any degree used to satisfy a requirement of subsection A of this section shall not be eligible for experience substitution.

C. An applicant who qualified for the FLS exam under subdivision A 1 of this section will be issued the SIT designation upon the board's receipt of the applicant's degree verification. All other applicants shall receive the SIT designation upon passing the FLS exam.

18VAC10-20-310. Requirements for a licensed land surveyor or surveyor photogrammetrist the land surveyor and surveyor photogrammetrist licenses.

A. Land surveyor license.

1. An SIT who, after meeting has met the requirements of 18VAC10-20-300, and has a minimum of four years of approved land surveying experience, and has been land surveying under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed land surveyor, shall be admitted to approved to sit for an examination exam in the Principles and Practice of Land Surveying and the Virginia state-specific examination, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified. Upon passing such examination, the applicant shall be granted a license to practice land surveying, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified Virginia-specific land surveying exam.

2. A qualified applicant shall be granted a license to practice land surveying upon passing both exams.

B. An SIT who, after meeting the requirements of 18VAC10-20-300, has a specific record of four years of approved photogrammetric surveying or similar remote sensing technology experience of which a minimum of three years experience has been progressive in complexity and has been on photogrammetric surveying or similar remote sensing technology projects under the supervision of a licensed land surveyor or licensed surveyor photogrammetrist shall be admitted to a board-approved surveyor photogrammetrist examination and the Virginia state specific examination. Upon passing such examinations, the applicant shall be granted a license to practice photogrammetric surveying, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified.

B. Surveyor photogrammetrist license.

1. An SIT who has met the requirements of 18VAC10-20-300 and has a minimum of four years of approved photogrammetric surveying or similar remote sensing technology experience shall be approved to sit for the board-approved surveyor photogrammetrist exam and the Virginia-specific photogrammetrist exam.

2. A qualified applicant shall be granted a license to practice photogrammetric surveying upon passing both exams.

C. In lieu of the provisions of subsection B of this section, any person presently providing photogrammetric or similar remote sensing technology services with any combination of at least eight years of board-approved education and progressive experience in photogrammetry or similar remote sensing technology, four or more of which shall have been in responsible charge of photogrammetric mapping projects meeting National Map Accuracy Standards or National Standard for Spatial Data Accuracy, or equivalent, may be licensed to practice photogrammetric surveying provided an individual submits an application to the board that provides evidence to the satisfaction of the board of the following:

1. The applicant submits to the board certified proof of graduation from high school or high school equivalency that is acceptable to the board, both with evidence of successful completion of courses in algebra, geometry and trigonometry either by transcript or examination, or certified proof of a related higher degree of education, or other evidence of progressive related higher education acceptable to the board;

2. The applicant submits to the board satisfactory proof and evidence of employment as a photogrammetrist or similar remote sensing technology in responsible charge as defined in 18VAC10-20-310 D providing such services within any of the 50 states, the District of Columbia, or any territory or possession of the United States. Evidence of employment shall include verification of the applicant's progressive experience by his supervisor and by the applicant's clients of the applicant's personal involvement in a minimum of five projects;

3. The applicant must submit three references with the application, all of whom shall be licensed land surveyors in a state or territory of the United States;

4. The applicant shall certify that they have read and understood Chapter 4 (§ 54.1-400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 and Chapter 17 (§ 55-287 et seq.) of Title 55 of the Code of Virginia, and this chapter; and

5. The applicant shall apply to the board and submit an application fee for licensure within one year of December 1, 2008 or until such time as the examinations required by 18VAC10-20-310 B are available, whichever is later. After  December 1, 2009, or when the examinations required by subsection B of this section become available, whichever is later, no person shall be eligible to apply for licensure as a surveyor photogrammetrist pursuant to this section.

D. Within the context of subsection C of this section, responsible charge of photogrammetric or similar remote sensing technology mapping projects means technical supervision of:

1. Assessing the project needs and constraints and accuracies;

2. Creating the project plan including determining data standards;

3. Creating overall project specifications;

4. Determining flight lines and appropriate photogrammetric control required for project accuracies and constraints;

5. Reviewing and approval of aerotriangulation results, prior to map compilation and certification of the final report of project control;

6. Determining the appropriate features to be collected, how they are to be collected, annotated, stored;

7. Editing and reviewing of collected data and features;

8. Reviewing of equipment, technology, and procedures that meet project requirements;

9. Determining final data standards and quality control for a project;

10. Reviewing and approving the final map products, deliverables, files, and spatial data;

11. Checking and editing final map data for specified completeness and accuracies including project reports, metadata, and any associated databases;

12. Project management; and

13. Other duties requiring decision-making, control, influence, and accountability of the project.

E. Any person licensed pursuant to the terms of subsection B or C of this section shall be licensed as a surveyor photogrammetrist.

18VAC10-20-320. Requirements for a licensed the land surveyor B license.

A. An applicant shall hold a valid license as a land surveyor and present satisfactory evidence of a minimum of two years of land surveying experience that is progressive in complexity in land surveyor B land surveying, as defined in § 54.1-408 of the Code of Virginia, under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed land surveyor B or professional engineer.:

1. Hold a valid license as a land surveyor for two years;

2. Present satisfactory evidence of a minimum of two years of land surveying experience that is progressive in complexity in land surveyor B land surveying, as provided in § 54.1-408 of the Code of Virginia, under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed land surveyor B or professional engineer;

3. Present satisfactory evidence of having passed college-level courses in hydrology and hydraulics that are acceptable to the board; and

4. Pass an exam developed by the board.

B. An applicant shall also present satisfactory evidence of having passed college-level courses in hydraulics acceptable to the board.

C. An applicant shall pass an examination as developed by the board. Upon passing such examination, the applicant shall be granted a license as a Land Surveyor B, provided the applicant is otherwise qualified.

B. A qualified applicant shall be issued a land surveyor B license upon passing the board-developed exam.

18VAC10-20-330. Education.

Any An applicant who has attended is seeking credit for a degree earned from an institution outside of the United States shall have his degree authenticated and evaluated by an education evaluation service approved by the board if credit for such education is sought. The board reserves the right to reject, for good cause, any evaluation submitted by the applicant. Any cost of evaluation shall be borne by the applicant.

18VAC10-20-340. Experience standards.

An applicant shall submit written verification from each employment engagement In order to demonstrate meeting the experience requirements of 18VAC10-20-300, 18VAC-10-20-310, and 18VAC10-20-320, applicants shall document experience that has been gained under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed land surveyor, or licensed surveyor photogrammetrist or an individual authorized by statute to practice land surveying on forms provided by the board to be considered by the board as approved land surveying experience on the appropriate board-provided forms. Experience shall be verified by a licensed land surveyor or licensed surveyor photogrammetrist and will be evaluated by the board in accordance with 18VAC10-20-35.

18VAC10-20-350. Examinations.

A. The Fundamentals of Land Surveying examination consists of the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) examination on the fundamentals of land surveying.

B. The Principles and Practice of Land Surveying examination consists of an NCEES examination on applied land surveying, or a board-approved surveyor photogrammetrist examination, and a Virginia state-specific examination.

A. Applications for original licensure shall be received by the board in accordance with the following deadlines:

1. Applications for the SIT designation submitted pursuant to 18VAC10-20-300 A shall be received in the board's office no later than 60 days prior to the scheduled exam.

2. All other applications shall be received in the board's office no later than 130 days prior to the scheduled exam.

B. The board is a member board of the National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) and is authorized to administer the NCEES exams including the Fundamentals of Land Surveying exam and the Principles and Practice of Land Surveying exam. Applicants approved to sit for the exam shall follow NCEES procedures.

C. The examination exam for land surveying under § 54.1-408 of the Code of Virginia (Land Surveyor B) surveyor B shall be given at times designated by the board.

D. Unless otherwise stated, applicants approved to sit for an examination exam must register and submit the required examination exam fee to be received in the board office, or by the board's designee, at a time designated by the board. Applicants not properly registered will not be allowed into the examination site to sit for the exam.

E. Applicants shall be notified by the board of passing or failing the examination but shall not be notified of actual scores. Only the board and its staff shall have access to examination papers, scores, and answer sheets. Examinations may not be reviewed The exam shall not be reviewed by applicants. Unless authorized by NCEES rules and procedures, exam scores are final and are not subject to change.

F. Should the applicant fail to pass an examination within Applicants approved to sit for the exam shall be eligible for a period of three years after being authorized to take the examination, the applicant must reapply and meet from the date of their initial approval. Applicants who do not pass the exam during their eligibility period are no longer eligible to sit for the exam. To become exam-eligible again, applicants shall reapply to the board and meet all current entry requirements at the time of reapplication. In addition to meeting the current entry requirements upon reapplication, applicants shall demonstrate successful completion of 16 hours of educational activities that meet the requirements of 18VAC10-20-683 E and F.

18VAC10-20-360. Licensure by comity.

A. A person in good standing and holding a valid license to engage in the practice of land surveying in another state, the District of Columbia, or any territory or possession of the United States may be licensed, provided the applicant submits verifiable documentation to the board that the education, experience, and examination requirements by which the applicant was first licensed in the original jurisdiction were substantially equivalent to those existing in Virginia at the time of the applicant's original licensure. No person shall be so licensed, however, who has not passed an examination in another jurisdiction that was substantially equivalent to that approved by the board at the time of the applicant's original licensure. If the applicant does not meet the requirements for licensure in Virginia that were in effect at the time of original licensure, the applicant shall be required to meet the entry requirements current at the time the completed application for comity is received in the board's office. All applicants shall be required to pass a written Virginia state-specific examination. The examination shall include questions on law, procedures and practices pertaining to land surveying in Virginia.

B. A person holding a current license to engage in the practice of land surveying or photogrammetric surveying issued to the applicant by other states, the District of Columbia or any territory or possession of the United States based on requirements that do not conflict with and are at least as rigorous as the provisions contained in 18VAC10-20-310 C may be licensed as a surveyor photogrammetrist without further examination, except for the Virginia state examination, provided that the applicant was originally licensed prior to the ending date of the provisions contained in 18VAC10-20-310 C.

A. Applicants holding a valid license to practice land surveying in another state or other jurisdiction of the United States may be licensed as a land surveyor in Virginia. To become licensed, applicants shall:

1. Submit to the board verifiable documentation that the education, experience, and exam requirements by which they were first licensed in the original jurisdiction were substantially equivalent to the requirements in Virginia at the same time;

2. Have passed an exam in another jurisdiction that was substantially equivalent to that approved by the board at the time of the original licensure;

3. Be in good standing in all jurisdictions where licensed;

4. Pass a Virginia-specific exam; and

5. Satisfy all other requirements of this chapter.

B. Applicants who do not meet the requirements for licensure in Virginia that were in effect at the time of their original licensure shall be required to meet the entry requirements current at the time the completed application for comity is received in the board's office.

C. Applicants holding a current license to practice land surveying or photogrammetric surveying issued by another state or other jurisdiction of the United States may be licensed in Virginia as a surveyor photogrammetrist provided they meet one of the following criteria:

1. Applicants who were originally licensed prior to December 1, 2009, shall meet the requirements of the board's regulations effective December 1, 2008, and pass the Virginia-specific exam; or

2. Applicants who were originally licensed on or after December 1, 2009, shall meet the requirements of the board's regulations effective at the time of original licensure and pass the Virginia-specific exam.

18VAC10-20-370. Minimum standards and procedures for land boundary surveying practice.

A. The minimum standards and procedures set forth in this section are to be used for land boundary surveys performed in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The application of the professional's seal, signature and date as required by these regulations shall be evidence that the land boundary survey is correct to the best of the professional's knowledge, information, and belief, and complies with the minimum standards and procedures set forth in this chapter.

B. Research procedure. The professional shall search the land records for the proper description of the land to be surveyed and obtain the description of adjoining land(s) as it pertains to the common boundaries. The professional shall have the additional responsibility to utilize such other available data pertinent to the survey being performed from any other known sources(s) sources. Evidence found, from all known sources, including evidence found in the field, shall be carefully compared in order to aid in the establishment of the correct boundaries of the land being surveyed. The professional shall clearly identify on the plats, maps, and reports inconsistencies found in the research of common boundaries between the land being surveyed and the adjoining land(s). It is not the intent of this regulation to require the professional to research the question of title or encumbrances on the land involved.

C. Minimum field procedures.

1. Angular measurement. Angle measurements made for traverse or land boundary survey lines will be made by using a properly adjusted transit-type instrument which allows a direct reading to a minimum accuracy of 30 seconds of arc or metric equivalent. The number of angles turned at a given station or corner will be the number which, in the judgment of the professional, can be used to substantiate the average true angle considering the condition of the instrument being used and the existing field conditions.

2. Linear measurement. Distance measurement for the lines of traverse or lines of the land boundary survey shall be made with metal tapes which have been checked and are properly calibrated as to incremental distances, or with properly calibrated electronic distance measuring equipment following instructions and procedures established by the manufacturer of such equipment. All linear measurements shall be reduced to the horizontal plane, and other necessary corrections shall be performed before using such linear measurements for computing purposes.

3. Field traverse and land boundary closure and accuracy standards. For a land boundary survey located in a rural area, the maximum permissible error of closure for a field traverse shall be one part in 10,000 (1/10,000). The attendant angular closure shall be that which will sustain the one part in 10,000 (1/10,000) maximum error of closure. For a land boundary survey located in an urban area, the maximum permissible error of closure for a traverse shall be one part in 20,000 (1/20,000). The attendant angular closure shall be that which will sustain the one part in 20,000 (1/20,000) maximum error of closure.

The maximum permissible positional uncertainty based on the 95% confidence level of any independent boundary corner or independent point located on a boundary that has been established by utilizing global positioning systems shall not exceed the positional tolerance of 0.07 feet (or 20 mm + 50 ppm).

4. Monumentation. As a requisite for completion of the work product, each land boundary survey of a tract or parcel of land shall be monumented with objects made of permanent material at all corners and changes of direction on the land boundary with the exceptions of meanders, such as meanders of streams, tidelands, lakes, swamps and prescriptive rights-of-way, and each such monument, other than a natural monument, shall, when physically feasible, be identified by a temporary witness marker. Where it is not physically feasible to set actual corners, appropriate reference monuments shall be set, preferably on line, and the location of each shall be shown on the plat or map of the land boundary.

All boundaries, both exterior and interior, of the original survey for any division or partition of land shall be monumented in accordance with the provisions of this subdivision, when such monumentation is not otherwise regulated by the provisions of a local subdivision ordinance.

5. For land boundary surveys providing for a division when only the division, in lieu of the entire parcel, is being surveyed, any new corners established along existing property lines shall require that those existing property lines be established through their entire length. This shall include the recovery or reestablishment of the existing corners for each end of the existing property lines.

D. Office procedures.

1. Computations. The computation of field work data shall be accomplished by using the mathematical routines that produce closures and mathematical results that can be compared with descriptions and data of record. Such computations shall be used to determine the final land boundary of the land involved.

2. Plats and maps. The following information shall be shown on all plats or maps, or both, plats and maps used to depict the results of the land boundary survey:

a. The title of the land boundary plat identifying the land surveyed and showing the district, town, and county or city in which the land is located and scale of drawing.

b. The name of the owner of record and deed book reference where the acquisition was recorded recording references.

c. Names of all adjoining owners of record with deed book recording references, or subdivision lot designations with subdivision name and lot designations and recording references.

d. The professional shall clearly note inconsistencies Inconsistencies found in the research of common boundaries between the land being surveyed and the adjoining land(s). The inconsistencies shall be clearly noted by the professional.

e. Names of highways and roads with route number, and widths of right-of-way, or distance to the center of the physical pavement and pavement width, name of railroads, streams adjoining, crossing, or in close proximity to the boundary and other prominent or well-known objects that are informative as to the location of the land boundary.

f. A distance to the nearest road intersection, or prominent or well-known object. In cases of remote areas, a scaled position with the latitude and longitude must be provided.

g. Items crossing any property lines such as, but not limited to, physical encroachments, and evidence of easements such as utilities and other physical features pertinent to the boundary of the property.

h. Bearings of all property lines and meanders to nearest 10 seconds of arc or metric equivalent.

i. Adequate curve data to accomplish mathematical closures.

j. Distances of all property lines and meanders to the nearest one hundredth (.01) of a foot or metric equivalent.

k. Pursuant to subdivision C 5 of this section, the bearing and distances from the new corners to the existing corners on each end of the existing property lines.

l. For property located in rural areas, area to the nearest hundredth (.01) of an acre or metric equivalent.

m. For property located in urban areas, area to the nearest square foot or thousandth (0.001) of an acre or metric equivalent.

n. North arrow and source of meridian used for the survey.

o. For interior surveys, a reference bearing and distance to a property corner of an adjoining owner or other prominent object, including, but not limited to, intersecting streets or roads.

p. Tax map designation or geographic parcel identification number if available.

q. Description of each monument found and each monument set by the professional.

r. A statement that the land boundary survey shown is based on a current field survey or a compilation from deeds, plats, surveys by others, or combination thereof. If the land boundary shown is a compilation from deeds or plats, or a survey by others, the title of the plat shall clearly depict that the plat does not represent a current land boundary survey. The application of the land surveyor's seal, signature and date shall constitute compliance with all the current standards of a land boundary survey as of the date of the application of signature unless otherwise clearly stated in the title of the plat that the plat is to be construed otherwise.

s. A statement as to whether or not a current title report has been furnished to the professional.

t. If the land boundaries shown on the plat are the result of a compilation from deed or plats, or both, or based on a survey by others, that fact will be clearly stated and the title of the plat shall clearly depict that the plat does not represent a current land boundary survey.

u. t. A statement as to whether any or all easements are shown on the plat.

v. u. Name and address of the land surveyor or the registered business.

w. v. The professional's seal, signature and date.

3. Metes and bounds description. The professional shall prepare a metes and bounds description in narrative form, if requested by the client or his agent, for completion of any newly performed land boundary survey. The description shall reflect all metes and bounds, the area of the property described, all pertinent monumentation, names of record owners or other appropriate identification of all adjoiners, and any other data or information deemed as warranted to properly describe the property. Customarily, the metes and bounds shall be recited in a clockwise direction around the property. The professional shall clearly identify in the metes and bounds description any inconsistencies found in the research of common boundaries between land being surveyed and the adjoining [ land(s) land or lands ]. For subdivisions, the professional shall prepare a metes and bounds description in narrative form for only the exterior boundaries of the property.

No metes and bounds description shall be required for the verification or resetting of the corners of a lot or other parcel of land in accordance with a previously performed land boundary survey, such as a lot in a subdivision where it is unnecessary to revise the record boundaries of the lot.

18VAC10-20-380. Minimum standards and procedures for surveys determining the location of physical improvements; field procedures; office procedures.

A. The following minimum standards and procedures are to be used for surveys determining the location of physical improvements on any parcel of land or lot containing less than two acres or metric equivalent (sometimes also known as "building location survey," "house location surveys," "physical surveys," and the like) in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The application of the professional's seal, signature and date as required by these regulations shall be evidence that the survey determining the location of physical improvements is correct to the best of the professional's knowledge, information, and belief, and complies with the minimum standards and procedures set forth in this chapter.

B. The professional shall determine the position of the lot or parcel of land in accordance with the intent of the original survey and shall set or verify permanent monumentation at each corner of the property, consistent with the monumentation provisions of subdivision C 4 of 18VAC10-20-370. All such monumentation, other than natural monumentation, shall, when physically feasible, be identified by temporary witness markers.

When the professional finds discrepancies of sufficient magnitude to warrant, in his opinion, the performance of a land boundary survey (pursuant to the provisions of 18VAC10-20-370), he shall so inform the client or the client's agent that such land boundary survey is deemed warranted as a requisite to completion of the physical improvements survey.

The location of the following shall be determined in the field:

1. Fences in near proximity to the land boundary lines and other fences which may reflect lines of occupancy or possession.

2. Other physical improvements on the property and all man-made or installed structures, including buildings, stoops, porches, chimneys, visible evidence of underground features (such as manholes, catch basins, telephone pedestals, power transformers, etc.), utility lines and poles.

3. Cemeteries, if known or disclosed in the process of performing the survey; roads or travelways crossing the property which serve other properties; and streams, creeks, and other defined drainage ways.

4. Other visible evidence of physical encroachment on the property.

C. The plat reflecting the work product shall be drawn to scale and shall show the following, unless requested otherwise by the client and so noted on the plat:

1. The bearings and distances for the boundaries and the area of the lot or parcel of land shall be shown in accordance with record data, unless a current, new land boundary survey has been performed in conjunction with the physical improvements survey. If needed to produce a closed polygon, the meander lines necessary to verify locations of streams, tidelands, lakes and swamps shall be shown. All bearings shall be shown in a clockwise direction, unless otherwise indicated.

2. North arrow, in accordance with record data.

3. Fences in the near proximity to the land boundary lines and other fences which may reflect lines of occupancy or possession.

4. Improvements and other pertinent features on the property as located in the field pursuant to subsection B of this section.

5. Physical encroachment, including fences, across a property line shall be identified and dimensioned with respect to the property line.

6. On parcels where compliance with restriction is in question, provide the The closest dimension (to the nearest 0.1 foot or metric equivalent) from the front property line, side property line, and if pertinent, rear property line to the principal walls of each building. Also, all principal building dimensions (to the nearest 0.1 foot or metric equivalent).

7. Building street address numbers, as displayed on the premises, or so noted if no numbers are displayed.

8. Stoops, decks, porches, chimneys, balconies, floor projections, and other similar type features.

9. Street name(s), as posted or currently identified, and as per record data, if different from posted name.

10. Distance to nearest intersection from a property corner, based upon record data. If not available from record data, distance to nearest intersection may be determined from best available data, and so qualified.

11. Building restriction or setback line(s) per restrictive covenants, if shown or noted on the record subdivision plat.

12. The caption or title of the plat shall include the type of survey performed; lot number, block number, section number, and name of subdivision, as appropriate, or if not in a subdivision, the name(s) of the record owner; town or county, or city; date of survey; and scale of drawing.

13. Adjoining property identification.

14. Easements and other encumbrances set forth on the record subdivision plat, and those otherwise known to the professional.

15. A statement as to whether or not a current title report has been furnished to the professional.

16. The professional shall clearly note inconsistencies found in the research of common boundaries between the land being surveyed and the adjoining land(s) Inconsistencies found in the research or field work of common boundaries between the land being surveyed and the adjoining [ land(s) land or lands ] shall be clearly noted.

17. Professional's seal, signature and date.

18. Name and address of the land surveyor or registered business.

D. Notwithstanding the monumentation provisions of subsection B of this section or any other provision of these regulations, a professional, in performing a physical improvements survey, shall not be required to set corner monumentation on any property when corner monumentation is otherwise required to be set pursuant to the provisions of a local subdivision ordinance as mandated by § 15.2-2240 of the Code of Virginia, or by subdivision A 7 of § 15.2-2241 of the Code of Virginia, or where the placing of such monumentation is covered by a surety bond, cash escrow, set-aside letter, letter of credit, or other performance guaranty. When monumentation is not required, the surveyor shall clearly note on the plat "no corner markers set" and the reason to include name of guarantors.

E. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this chapter, this chapter shall be construed as to comply in all respects with § 54.1-407 of the Code of Virginia.

D. In performing a physical improvements survey, a professional shall not be required to set corner monumentation on any property when:

1. It is otherwise required to be set pursuant to the provisions of a local subdivision ordinance as mandated by § 15.2-2240 of the Code of Virginia or by subdivision A 7 of § 15.2-2241 of the Code of Virginia;

2. Its placement is covered by a surety bond, cash escrow, set-aside letter, letter of credit, or other performance guaranty; or

3. Exempt by § 54.1-407 of the Code of Virginia.

E. A professional performing a physical improvements survey when monumentation is not required as stated in subsection D of this section shall clearly note on the plat "no corner markers set," the reason why it is not required, and the name of guarantors.

18VAC10-20-382. Minimum standards and procedures for surveys determining topography; field procedures; office procedures.

A. The minimum standards and procedures set forth in this section are to be used for topographic surveys performed in the Commonwealth of Virginia pursuant to Chapter 4 (§ 54.1-400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia. The application of the professional's seal, signature, and date as required by these regulations shall be evidence that the topographic survey is correct to the best of the professional's knowledge and belief, and complies with the minimum standards and procedures.

B. Minimum field and office procedures. The following information shall be shown on, or contained in, all plats, maps, or digital geospatial data including metadata used to depict the results of the topographic survey:

1. Physical improvements on the property, all man-made or installed structures, as well as visible evidence of underground features (such as manholes, catch basins, telephone pedestals, power transformers, etc.), and utility lines and poles shall be shown or depicted when they are visible based on the methodology and scale. If the methodology or scale prevents the depiction of physical improvements on the property, all man-made or installed structures, as well as visible evidence of underground features (such as manholes, catch basins, telephone pedestals, power transformers, etc.), and utility lines and poles, then such notice shall be clearly stated on or contained in the map, plat, or digital geospatial data including metadata If the methodology or scale prevents depiction of the above, then notice shall be clearly stated on or contained in the map, plat, or digital geospatial data including metadata indicating the improvements that are not depicted.

2. Elevations shall be provided as spot elevations, contours, or digital terrain models.

3. Onsite, or in close proximity, bench mark(s) shall be established with reference to vertical datum, preferably North American Vertical Datum (NAVD), and shown in the correct location.

4. The title of the topographic survey identifying the land surveyed and showing the state, county or city in which property is located.

5. Name of the individual or entity for whom the survey is being performed.

6. Date, graphic scale, numerical scale, and contour interval of plat, map, or digital geospatial data including metadata.

7. Depiction and definition of north North arrow and source of meridian used for the survey.

8. Names of highways, streets and named waterways shall be shown.

9. The horizontal and vertical unit of measurement, coordinate system, and datums data, including adjustments if applicable.

10. The following minimum positional accuracies shall be met:

10. A statement, in the following form, shall be shown on or contained in plats, maps, or digital geospatial data including metadata:

This ________________ (provide description of the project) was completed under the direct and responsible charge of _______________________________ (Name of Professional) from an actual  Ground or  Airborne (check the one that is applicable) survey made under my supervision.; ] that the imagery and/or original data was obtained on ______________ (Date); and that this plat, map, or digital geospatial data including metadata meets minimum accuracy standards unless otherwise noted.

C. Minimum positional accuracies shall be met in accordance with the tables in subdivisions 1, 2, and 3 of this subsection. These tables are not intended to be acceptable in all situations, and the professional shall be responsible to perform the work to the appropriate quality and extent that is prudent or warranted under the existing field conditions and circumstances. Metric or other unit of measurements shall meet an equivalent positional accuracy. Map or plat scales, or contour intervals, other than those defined in these tables shall meet an equivalent positional accuracy. The minimum positional accuracy tables are as follows: ]

a. 1. Scale and contour interval combinations.

Map or Plat Scale

Contour Interval

1" = 20'

1 or 2 feet

1" = 30'

1 or 2 feet

1" = 40'

1 or 2 feet

1" = 50'

1 or 2 feet

1" = 100'

1 or 2 feet

1" = 200'

2, 4 or 5 feet

1" = 400'

4, 5 or 10 feet

b. 2. Vertical accuracy standards.

 

Contours - Vertical Positional Accuracy

Spot Elevations - Vertical Positional Accuracy

Contour line 1' interval

± 0.60 feet

± 0.30 feet

Contour line 2' interval

± 1.19 feet

± 0.60 feet

Contour line 4' interval

± 2.38 feet

± 1.19 feet

Contour line 5' interval

± 2.98 feet

± 1.49 feet

Contour line 10' interval

± 5.96 feet

± 2.98 feet

Positional Accuracy is given at the 95% confidence level.

c. 3. Horizontal accuracy standards.

Well defined ground points - Horizontal (Radial) Positional Accuracy

Map or Plat Scale

Absolute Horizontal Positional Accuracy

Relative Horizontal Positional Accuracy

1" = 20'

± 0.8 feet

± 0.20 feet

1" = 30'

± 1.1 feet

± 0.30 feet

1" = 40'

± 1.5 feet

± 0.40 feet

1" = 50'

± 1.9 feet

± 0.50 feet

1" = 100'

± 3.8 feet

± 1.00 feet

1" = 200'

± 7.6 feet

± 2.00 feet

1" = 400'

± 15.2 feet

± 4.00 feet

Positional Accuracy is given at the 95% confidence level.

The accuracy standards tables as shown are not intended to be acceptable in all situations. The professional shall be responsible to perform the work to the appropriate quality and extent that is prudent or warranted under the existing field conditions and circumstances.

Metric or other unit of measurements shall meet an equivalent positional accuracy.

Map or plat scales, or contour intervals, other than those defined in these tables shall meet an equivalent positional accuracy.

11. A statement, in the following form, shall be shown on or contained in plats, maps, or digital geospatial data including metadata:

This ________________ (provide description of the project) was completed under the direct and responsible charge of, _______________________________ (Name of Surveyor or Surveyor Photogrammetrist) Professional) from an actual  Ground or  Airborne (check the one that is applicable) survey made under my supervision; that the imagery and/or original data was obtained on ______________ (Date); and that this plat, map, or digital geospatial data including metadata meets minimum accuracy standards unless otherwise noted.

18VAC10-20-390. Geodetic surveys.

All geodetic surveys, including, but not limited to, the determination and publication of horizontal and vertical values utilizing Global Positioning Systems (GPS), which relate to the practice of land surveying as defined in § 54.1-400 of the Code of Virginia, shall be performed under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed land surveyor professional as defined in Part I (18VAC10-20-10 et seq.) of [ these regulations this chapter ].

18VAC10-20-395. Standard of care.

In no event may the requirements contained in 18VAC10-20-280 18VAC10-20-370 through 18VAC10-20-392 be interpreted or construed to require the professional to perform work of a lesser quality or quantity than that which is prudent or warranted under the existing field conditions and circumstances.

Part VI
Qualifications for Certification Licensing of Landscape Architects

18VAC10-20-400. Fee schedule.

All fees are nonrefundable and shall not be prorated.

Application for Initial Landscape Architect License

$125

Application for Landscape Architect License by Comity

$125

Renewal

$110

Out of state proctor

$100

18VAC10-20-420. Requirements for certification licensure.

The education or experience, or both, and examination requirements for licensure as a landscape architect are as follows: A. Applicants for licensure as a landscape architect shall satisfy the requirements of subsection B or C of this section.

1. B. An applicant who has graduated from an accredited a landscape architecture curriculum approved accredited by the Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board (LAAB) must meet the following requirements for licensure as a landscape architect shall have:

a. Passed a CLARB-prepared examination; and

b. 1. Obtained a minimum of 36 months of experience/training with a minimum of 12 months under the direct control and personal supervision of a landscape architect and the other 24 months under the direct control and personal supervision of a landscape architect, architect, professional engineer, or land surveyor, in accordance with the experience credits portion of the Landscape Architect Equivalency Table. An applicant who has graduated from an accredited landscape architecture curriculum approved by the Landscape Architectural Accreditation Board shall be admitted to a CLARB-prepared examination prior to completing the 36-month experience requirement, if the applicant is otherwise qualified. experience as follows:

a. A minimum of 12 months of experience under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed or certified landscape architect; and

b. The remaining 24 months of experience under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed or certified landscape architect or a licensed architect, professional engineer, or land surveyor, in accordance with the LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS EXPERIENCE CREDIT TABLE; and

2. Passed all sections of the Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Board (CLARB)-prepared exam.

2. An applicant who has obtained eight years of combined education and experience, evaluated in accordance with the Landscape Architect Equivalency Table, shall be admitted to a CLARB-prepared examination or equivalent approved by the board. Upon passing such examination, the applicant shall be licensed as a landscape architect, if otherwise qualified.

C. Applicants who have not graduated from a LAAB-accredited landscape architecture curriculum shall have obtained a minimum of eight years of combined education and work experience in accordance with this subsection.

1. Only semester and quarter hours with passing grades shall be accepted. Credit shall be calculated as follows:

a. 32 semester credit hours or 48 quarter credit hours shall be worth one year.

b. Fractions greater than or equal to one half-year, but less than one year, will be counted as one-half year.

c. Fractions smaller than one half-year will not be counted.

2. The maximum years indicated in subdivisions a through d of the LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS EDUCATION CREDIT TABLE shall apply regardless of the length of the degree program.

3. All applicants shall have a minimum of two years of experience under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed or certified landscape architect.

4. Education and experience shall be evaluated against the LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS EDUCATION CREDIT TABLE and the LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS EXPERIENCE CREDIT TABLE to determine if an applicant has met the minimum eight years required in this subsection.

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT EQUIVALENCY TABLE.

TABLE OF EQUIVALENTS FOR EDUCATION AND EXPERIENCE.

 

Education Credits

Experience Credits

DESCRIPTIONS

First 2 Years

Succeeding Years

Max. Credit Allowed

Credit Allowed

Max. Credit Allowed

A‑1. Degree from an LAAB-accredited landscape architectural curriculum.

100%

100%

5 years

 

 

A-2. Credits toward a degree in landscape architecture from an accredited school of landscape architecture.

100%

100%

4 years

 

 

A-3. Degree in landscape architecture or credits toward that degree from a nonaccredited school of landscape architecture.

100%

100%

4 years

 

 

A-4. Degree or credits toward that degree in an allied professional discipline, i.e., architecture, civil engineering, environmental science, approved by the board.

75%

100%

3 years

 

 

A-5. Any other bachelor degree or credits toward that degree.

50%

75%

2 years

 

 

A-6. Qualifying experience in landscape architecture under the direct supervision of a landscape architect.

 

 

 

100%

no limit

A-7. Qualifying experience directly related to landscape architecture when under the direct supervision of an architect, professional engineer, or land surveyor.

 

 

 

50%

4 years

EXPLANATION OF REQUIREMENTS

B-1. Education Credits. Education credits shall be subject to the following conditions:

B-1.1. Applicants with a degree specified in A-1 through A-5 will be allowed the credit shown in the Maximum Credit Allowed column, regardless of the length of the degree program.

B-1.2. With a passing grade, 32 semester credit hours or 48 quarter hours is considered to be one year. Fractions greater than one-half year will be counted one-half year and smaller fractions will not be counted.

B-2. Experience Credits. Experience credits shall be subject to the following conditions:

B-2.1. Every applicant without an LAAB-accredited degree must earn at least two years of experience credit under category A-6. Every applicant with an LAAB-accredited degree must earn at least one year of experience credit under category A-6.

 

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS EDUCATION CREDIT TABLE

Categories

Values

Examples

a. Credits completed applicable toward a LAAB-accredited degree.

Credit shall be given at the rate of 100% with a maximum of four years allowable.

An applicant has 86 semester hours of credit.

Calculation:

♦ 86/32 = 2.6875 years

♦ 100% credit for a maximum of four years (2.6875 x 100% = 2.6875 years).

♦ 0.6875 is ≥ 0.5 years, which is worth 0.5 years.

Final result: 86 semester hours equals 2.5 years.

b. A degree in landscape architecture, or credits completed applicable toward a degree in landscape architecture, from a non-LAAB-accredited curriculum.

c. A degree, or credits completed applicable toward a degree, in an allied professional discipline approved by the board (i.e., architecture, civil engineering, environmental science).

Credit shall be given at the rate of 75% for the first two years and 100% for succeeding years with a maximum of three years allowable.

An applicant has 101 semester hours of credit.

Calculation:

♦ 101/32 = 3.15625 years

♦ 75% credit for the first two years (2 x 75% = 1.5 years).

♦ 100% credit for succeeding years (1.15625 x 100% = 1.15625 years).

♦ 1.5 + 1.15625 = 2.65625 years.

♦ 0.65625 is ≥ 0.5 years, which is worth 0.5 years.

Final result: 101 semester hours equals 2.5 years.

d. Any other undergraduate degree or credits completed applicable toward that degree.

Credit shall be given at the rate of 50% for the first two years and 75% for succeeding years with a maximum of two years allowable.

An applicant has 95 semester hours of credit.

Calculation:

♦ 95/32 = 2.96875 years

♦ 50% credit for the first two years (2 x 50%= 1 year).

♦ 75% credit for succeeding years (.96875 x 75%= .72656 years).

♦ 1 + .72656 = 1.72656 years.

♦ 0.72656 is ≥ 0.5 years, which is worth 0.5 years.

Final result: 95 semester hours equals 1.5 years.

LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS EXPERIENCE CREDIT TABLE

Categories

Values

Examples

e. Experience gained under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed or certified landscape architect.

Credit shall be given at the rate of 100% of work experience gained with no maximum.

An applicant worked under a landscape architect for 3.7 years.

Calculation:

3.7 years x 100% = 3.7 years (no maximum).

Final result: An applicant with 3.7 years of work experience will be credited for the entire 3.7 years.

f. Experience gained under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed architect, professional engineer, or land surveyor.

Credit shall be given at the rate of 50% of work experience gained with a maximum of four years allowable.

An applicant has worked under a land surveyor for eight years or more.

Calculation:

8 years x 50% = 4 years.

Final result: eight years or more of experience is worth only four years based on the maximum allowable.

18VAC10-20-425. References.

In addition to the requirements found in 18VAC10-20-25, applicants shall submit three references with the application, each from a currently licensed landscape architect in another state or other jurisdiction of the United States. An applicant shall only submit references from landscape architects who have personal knowledge of his competence and integrity relative to his landscape architectural experience.

18VAC10-20-430. Experience standard.

Qualifying landscape architectural training and experience shall be progressive in complexity and based on a knowledge of natural, physical and mathematical sciences, and the principles and methodology of landscape architecture.

18VAC10-20-440. Examination.

A. All applicants for original licensure in Virginia are required to pass the CLARB-prepared examination.

A. Applicants with a LAAB-accredited degree may be approved to sit for the exam prior to completing the 36-month experience requirement contained in 18VAC10-20-420A B ] 1.

B. The Virginia board is a member of the Council of Landscape Architectural Registration Boards (CLARB) and as such is authorized to administer the CLARB examinations exams. All applicants for original licensure in Virginia are required to pass the CLARB-prepared exam.

C. The CLARB-prepared examination will be offered at least once per year at a time designated by the board.

C. Applicants approved to sit for the exam shall register and submit the required exam fee to be received in the board office, or by the board's designee. Applicants not properly registered will not be allowed to sit for the exam.

D. Grading of the examination exam shall be in accordance with the national grading procedures established by CLARB. The board shall adopt the scoring procedures recommended by CLARB.

E. Unless otherwise stated, applicants approved to sit for an examination shall register and submit the required examination fee to be received in the board office, or by the board's designee, at a time designated by the board. Applicants not properly registered will not be allowed into the examination site.

F. Examinees will E. Applicants shall be advised only of their passing or failing score and the CLARB minimum passing or failing score.

Only the board and its staff shall have access to examination papers, scores, and answer sheets.

G. F. Upon written request to the board within 30 days of receiving examination exam results, examinees applicants will be permitted to view the performance problems contained within the section that they failed. Examination Exam appeals are permitted in accordance with the CLARB score verification process.

H. Should an applicant fail to pass an examination within three years after being approved to sit for an examination, the applicant must reapply and meet all current entry requirements at the time of reapplication. If the applicant has not been taking the examination on a continuous basis during the three-year eligibility period, or fails to reapply within six months after the end of the three-year eligibility period, or both, then the applicant shall meet the entry requirements current at the time of reapplication.

G. Applicants approved to sit for the exam shall be eligible for a period of three years from the date of their initial approval. Applicants who do not pass all sections of the exam during their eligibility period are no longer eligible to sit for the exam. To become exam-eligible again, applicants shall reapply to the board as follows:

1. Applicants who have taken at least one section of the exam and who reapply to the board no later than six months after the end of their eligibility may be approved to sit for the exam for an additional three years. The original application requirements shall apply.

2. Applicants who do not meet the criteria of subdivision 1 of this subsection shall reapply to the board and meet all entry requirements current at the time of reapplication.

18VAC10-20-450. Certification Licensure by comity.

A person holding a current license to engage in the practice of landscape architecture, issued to the applicant by other states, the District of Columbia, or any territory or possession of the United States based on requirements that do not conflict with and are at least as rigorous as these regulations and supporting statutes of this board that were in effect at the time of original licensure, may be licensed without further examination. No person shall be so licensed, however, who has not passed an examination in another jurisdiction that was substantially equivalent to that approved by the board at that time. If the applicant does not meet the requirements for licensure in Virginia that were in effect at the time of original licensure, the applicant shall be required to meet the entry requirements current at the time the completed application for comity is received in the board's office or shall hold a CLARB certificate.

A. Applicants with a valid license in good standing to practice landscape architecture issued by another state or other jurisdiction of the United States may be licensed by the board without further examination provided they:

1. Were issued the original license based on requirements that do not conflict with and that are substantially equivalent to the board's regulations that were in effect at the time of original licensure; and

2. Passed an exam in another jurisdiction that was substantially equivalent to that approved by the board at that time; or

3. Possess a CLARB certificate.

B. Applicants who do not qualify under subsection A of this section shall be required to meet current entry requirements at the time the application for comity is received in the board's office.

Part VII
Qualifications for Certification Certifying of Interior Designers

18VAC10-20-460. Definitions.

The following words, terms, and phrases when used in this part shall have the meanings ascribed to them except where the context clearly indicates or requires different meanings.

"CIDA" means the Council for Interior Design Accreditation (CIDA), formerly known as the Foundation of Interior Design Education Research (FIDER).

"Diversified experience" includes the identification, research and creative solution of problems pertaining to the function and quality of the interior environment including, but not limited to, code analysis, fire safety consideration, and barrier free evaluations that relate to the health, safety, and welfare of the public.

"Monitored experience" means diversified experience in interior design under the direct control and personal supervision of a certified or licensed interior designer, an architect, or a professional engineer.

"Professional program approved by the board" means (i) a minimum of a four-year degree in an interior design program that has been evaluated and is deemed by the board to be substantially equivalent, at the time of the applicant's graduation, to a four-year interior design degree program from an institution accredited by the Council for Interior Design Accreditation (CIDA), formerly known as the Foundation of Interior Design Education Research (FIDER) or (ii) a master's degree in interior design plus a four-year degree, the combination of which has been evaluated and is deemed by the board to be substantially equivalent, at the time of the applicant's graduation, to a four-year degree program from an institution accredited by CIDA, formerly known as FIDER. Any cost of evaluation shall be borne by the applicant. The board reserves the right to reject, for good cause, any evaluation submitted. an evaluated degree or combination of evaluated degrees as follows:

1. A minimum of an undergraduate degree in an interior design program that is deemed by the board to be substantially equivalent to an undergraduate degree in interior design from a CIDA-accredited institution at the time of the applicant's graduation; or

2. A graduate degree in interior design plus an undergraduate degree that is a combination deemed by the board to be substantially equivalent to an undergraduate degree program from a CIDA-accredited institution at the time of the applicant's graduation.

For the purposes of this definition, a degree program that met CIDA accreditation requirements not later than two years after the date of the applicant's graduation shall be determined to be CIDA accredited.

18VAC10-20-470. Fee schedule.

All fees are nonrefundable and shall not be prorated.

Application for Initial Interior Designer Certification

$45

Application for Interior Designer Certification by Comity

$45

Renewal

$45

18VAC10-20-490. Requirements for certification.

The education, experience and examination requirements for certification as an interior designer are as follows:

A. Applicants shall meet one of the following education requirements:

1. The applicant shall be a graduate of a four-year professional degree program accredited by CIDA, formerly known as FIDER, not later than one year after the applicant's graduation from said program, or an equivalent accrediting organization, or a professional program approved by the board; have a minimum of two years of monitored experience;, and have passed the board-approved examination for certification as an interior designer.

2. Monitored experience gained under the direct control and personal supervision of a professional engineer shall be reduced by 50%. The total experience credit for such experience shall not exceed six months.

1. Have graduated from a program accredited by CIDA;

2. Have graduated from a program accredited by an organization equivalent to CIDA; or

3. Have graduated from a professional degree program approved by the board.

B. Applicants shall possess a minimum of two years of monitored experience. Any monitored experience gained under the direct control and personal supervision of a professional engineer shall be reduced by 50% and shall not account for more than six months of the two years required by this subsection.

C. Applicants shall have passed the board-approved exam and provide documentation acceptable to the board verifying that the exam has been passed.

D. Any cost of evaluation of degrees shall be borne by the applicant. The board reserves the right to reject, for good cause, any evaluation submitted.

18VAC10-20-495. Examination.

A. The National Council of Interior Design Qualification (NCIDQ) exam is approved by the board.

B. Applicants shall apply directly to NCIDQ for the exam.

18VAC10-20-505. Certification by comity.

A person in good standing and holding a valid license or certificate to engage in the practice of interior design in another state, the District of Columbia, or any territory or possession of the United States may be certified provided the applicant submits verifiable documentation to the board that the education, experience, and examination requirements by which the applicant was first licensed or certified in the original jurisdiction were equal to those existing in Virginia at the time of the applicant's original licensure or certification. No person shall be so certified, however, who has not passed an examination in another jurisdiction that was equivalent to that approved by the board at the time of the applicant's original licensure or certification. If the applicant does not meet the requirements for certification in this state that were in effect at the time of original licensure or certification, the applicant shall be required to meet the entry requirements current at the time the completed application for comity is received in the board's office. Upon receipt of such satisfactory evidence and provided all other requirements of this chapter are complied with, a certificate shall be issued to the applicant.

An applicant with a valid license or certificate in another state or country or the District of Columbia may be issued a certificate if he provides satisfactory evidence to the board that:

1. The license or certificate was issued based on qualifications equal to those required by this chapter as of the date the application is received by the board; and

2. The license or certificate is in good standing.

Part VIII
Qualifications for Registration as a Professional Corporation

18VAC10-20-510. Definitions.

Section 13.1-543 of the Code of Virginia provides the definition of the following term:

Professional Corporation ("P.C.")

The following words, terms, and phrases when used in this part shall have the meanings ascribed to them except where the context clearly indicates or requires different meanings:

"Employee" of a corporation, for purposes of stock ownership, is a person regularly employed by the corporation who devotes 60% or more of his gainfully employed time to that of the corporation.

"Registration" means a certificate of authority issued by the board to transact business in Virginia pursuant to § 13.1-549 of the Code of Virginia.

18VAC10-20-515. Registration required.

Any professional corporation offering or rendering professional services in the Commonwealth of Virginia shall register with the board. Professional services shall include architecture, engineering, land surveying, landscape architecture, or interior design.

18VAC10-20-520. Fee schedule.

All fees are nonrefundable and shall not be prorated.

Application for professional corporation registration

$30

Designation Application for professional corporation branch office registration

$30

Renewal of professional corporation registration

$25

Renewal of professional corporation branch office registration

$25

Reinstatement of branch office

$30

Part VIII
Qualifications for Registration as a Professional Corporation

18VAC10-20-530. Application requirements.

A. All applicants shall have been be incorporated in the Commonwealth of Virginia or, if a foreign professional corporation, shall have obtained a certificate of authority to conduct business in Virginia from the State Corporation Commission in accordance with § 13.1-544.2 of the Code of Virginia. The corporation shall be in good standing with the State Corporation Commission at the time of application to the board office and at all times when the board registration is in effect.

B. Each application shall include certified true copies of the certificate of incorporation issued by the state of incorporation (in Virginia, such certificate issued by the State Corporation Commission), articles of incorporation, bylaws and charter, and, if a foreign professional corporation, the certificate of authority issued by the State Corporation Commission.

B. Each application shall include:

1. For applicants incorporated in Virginia, the applicant shall provide a copy of its articles of incorporation, bylaws, or charter, and the certificate of incorporation issued by the Virginia State Corporation Commission.

2. For applicants incorporated in a state other than Virginia, the applicant shall provide a copy of its articles of incorporation, bylaws, or charter, the certificate of incorporation issued by the foreign state of incorporation, and the certificate of authority issued by the Virginia State Corporation Commission.

C. Articles of incorporation and or bylaws. The following statements are required:

1. The articles of incorporation or bylaws shall specifically state that cumulative voting is prohibited.

2. Pursuant to § 13.1-549 of the Code of Virginia, the bylaws of a corporation rendering the services of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, or landscape architects or using the title of certified interior designers, or any combination thereof, shall provide that not less than two-thirds of its capital stock shall be issued to individuals duly licensed to render the services of architect, professional engineer, land surveyor, or landscape architect or to individuals legally authorized to use the title of certified interior designer. Similarly, for those corporations using the title of certified interior designers and providing the services of architects, professional engineers or land surveyors, or any combination thereof, the bylaws shall provide that not less than two-thirds of the capital stock of the corporation shall be held by individuals who are duly licensed. The bylaws shall further provide that the remainder of said stock may be issued only to and held by individuals who are employees of the corporation whether or not such employees are licensed to render professional services or authorized to use a title. Notwithstanding the above limitations, the bylaws may provide that the corporation may issue its stock to a partnership each of the partners of which is duly licensed or otherwise legally authorized to render the same professional services as those for which the corporation was incorporated.

2. The bylaws shall affirmatively state that the professional corporation meets the requirements of § 13.1-549 of the Code of Virginia.

3. The bylaws shall state that nonlicensed or noncertified individuals will not have a voice or standing in any matter affecting the practice of the corporation requiring professional expertise, or in any matter constituting professional practice, or both.

D. Board of directors. A corporation may elect to its board of directors not more than one-third of its members who are employees of the corporation and are not authorized to render professional services.

At least two-thirds of the board of directors shall be licensed to render the services of an architect, professional engineer, land surveyor, or landscape architect or be duly certified to use the title of certified interior designer, or any combination thereof.

At least one director currently licensed or certified in each profession offered or practiced shall be resident at the business to provide effective supervision and control of the final professional product. D. The board of directors shall meet the following requirements:

1. A corporation may not elect to its board of directors more than one-third of its members who are employees of the corporation and are not authorized to render professional services;

2. At least two-thirds of the board of directors shall be licensed to render the services of an architect, professional engineer, land surveyor, or landscape architect or be duly certified to use the title of certified interior designer, or any combination thereof; and

3. At least one director, currently licensed or certified in each profession offered or practiced, shall be resident at the business to provide effective supervision and control of the final professional product.

E. Joint ownership of stock. Any type of joint ownership of the stock of the corporation is prohibited. Ownership of stock by nonlicensed or noncertified employees shall not entitle those employees to vote in any matter affecting the practice of the professions herein regulated.

F. The name of the business and any assumed, fictitious, trading as, or doing business as names of the firm shall be disclosed on the application.

G. Branch offices. If professional services are offered or rendered in a branch office, a separate branch office designation form shall be completed for each branch office. Responsible persons shall be designated in accordance with this chapter. At least one currently licensed or certified responsible person in each profession offered or practiced at each branch office shall be resident at each branch office to provide effective supervision and control of the final professional product Any branch office offering or rendering professional services shall complete a branch office registration application from the board. Each branch office shall have a responsible person resident at the branch office for each profession offered or rendered.

18VAC10-20-540. Certificates of authority. (Repealed.)

Certificates of authority shall be issued by the board. The certificate of authority will permit a corporation to practice only the professions shown on its certificate of authority.

18VAC10-20-550. Foreign corporations.

A. The bylaws shall state that the foreign corporation's activities in Virginia shall be limited to rendering the services of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, landscape architects and, certified interior designers, or any combination thereof. A foreign corporation must meet every requirement of this chapter except the requirement that two-thirds of its stockholders be licensed or certified to perform the professional service in Virginia.

B. Foreign corporations shall not be required to have two-thirds of its stockholders be licensed or certified to perform professional services in Virginia but must meet all other requirements of this chapter.

The corporation C. Foreign corporations shall provide the name, address, and Virginia license or certificate number of each stockholder or employee of the corporation who will be offering or providing the professional service(s) services in Virginia.

18VAC10-20-560. Amendments and changes.

A. Amendments to charter, articles of incorporation or bylaws. A corporation holding a certificate of authority registration to practice in one or in any combination of the professions covered in these regulations shall file with the board, within 30 days of its adoption, a certified true copy of any amendment to the articles of incorporation, bylaws or charter.

B. Change in directors or shareholders. In the event there is a change in corporate directors or shareholders, whether the change is temporary or permanent and whether it may be caused by death, resignation or otherwise, the certificate of authority shall be limited to that professional practice permitted by those pertinent licenses or certificates held by the remaining directors and shareholders of the corporation unless an employee of the firm holds the appropriate license or certificate and is competent to render such professional services. In the event that such change results in noncompliance with the requirements of this chapter and applicable statutes relating to ownership of capital stock or composition of the board of directors, the certificate of authority shall be suspended until such time as the corporation comes into compliance with this chapter. The corporation shall notify the board within 30 days of any such change. The following shall apply to the board-issued registration upon the event of any change in directors or shareholders whether the change is temporary or permanent, caused by death, resignation, or otherwise:

1. The professional corporation shall notify the board within 30 days of any change in its directors or shareholders;

2. In the event of a change in the corporate directors or shareholders, the board-issued registration shall be limited to the professional practices permitted by those pertinent licenses or certificates held by the remaining directors and shareholders of the corporation unless an employee of the firm holds the appropriate license or certificate and is competent to render such professional services; and

3. In the event that a change results in the professional corporation's noncompliance with the requirements of this chapter and applicable statutes relating to ownership of capital stock or composition of the board of directors, the board-issued registration shall be automatically suspended until such time as the corporation comes into compliance with this chapter.

C. Change of name, address and place of business. Any change of name (including assumed names), address, place of business in Virginia, or responsible person(s) of the profession(s) practiced or offered at each place of business shall be reported to the board by the registered entity within 30 days of such an occurrence. In addition, any licensed or certified employee responsible for such practice shall notify the board in writing of any changes of his employment status within 30 days of such change. The professional corporation shall notify the board, in writing, within 30 days of any of the following changes at each place of business:

1. Any change of name (including assumed names), address, place of business in Virginia, or responsible person of the profession offered or practiced; and

2. Any change in the employment status of a licensed or certified employee responsible for professional practice.

Part IX
Qualifications for Registration as a Professional Limited Liability Company

18VAC10-20-570. Definitions.

A. ] Section 13.1-1102 of the Code of Virginia provides the definition of the following term:

Professional Limited Liability Company ("P.L.C.," "PLC," "P.L.L.C.," or "PLLC")

B. ] The following words, terms, and phrases when used in this part shall have the meanings ascribed to them except where the context clearly indicates or requires different meanings:

"Manager" is a person or persons designated by the members of a limited liability company to manage the professional limited liability company as provided in the articles of organization or an operating agreement, and who is duly licensed or otherwise legally authorized to render one or more of the professional services of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, landscape architects, or certified interior designers in the Commonwealth of Virginia.

"Member" means an individual or professional business entity that owns an interest in a professional limited liability company.

"Registration" means a certificate of authority issued by the board to transact business in Virginia pursuant to § 13.1-1111 of the Code of Virginia.

18VAC10-20-575. Registration required.

Any professional limited liability company offering or rendering professional services in the Commonwealth of Virginia shall register with the board. Professional services shall include architecture, engineering, land surveying, landscape architecture, and interior design.

18VAC10-20-580. Fee schedule.

All fees are nonrefundable and shall not be prorated.

Application for professional limited liability company registration

$100

Designation Application for professional limited liability company branch office registration

$50

Renewal of professional limited liability company registration

$50

Renewal of professional limited liability company branch office registration

$50

Reinstatement of branch office

$30

18VAC10-20-590. Application requirements.

A. All applicants shall have obtained a certificate of organization in the Commonwealth of Virginia or, if a foreign professional limited liability company, shall have obtained a certificate of registration authority to conduct business in Virginia from the State Corporation Commission, in accordance with § 13.1-1105 of the Code of Virginia. The company shall be in good standing with the State Corporation Commission at the time of application to the board office and at all times when the board registration is in effect.

B. Each application shall include a certified true copy of the certificate of organization or, if a foreign professional limited liability company, a certificate of registration issued by the State Corporation Commission. Each application must also include certified true copies a copy of the articles of organization, or operating agreement, or both. Applications shall also include additional information as follows:

1. Applicants organized as a professional limited liability company in Virginia shall provide a copy of the certificate of organization.

2. Applicants organized as a professional limited liability company in a state other than Virginia shall provide a copy of the certificate of authority issued by the Virginia State Corporation Commission.

C. Each application shall include a written affirmative affidavit that attests to the following inclusions to the articles Articles of organization or operating agreement.

1. The articles of organization or operating agreement shall state the specific purpose of the professional limited liability company.

2. Pursuant to § 13.1-1111 of the Code of Virginia, the articles of organization or operating agreement shall provide that not less than two-thirds of the membership interests of a PLLC rendering the services of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, or landscape architects or using the title of certified interior designers, or any combination thereof, shall be held by individuals duly licensed or professional business entities legally authorized to render the services of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, or landscape architects or by individuals or professional business entities legally authorized to use the title of certified interior designers. Similarly, for those PLLCs using the title of certified interior designers and providing the services of architects, professional engineers, or land surveyors, or any combination thereof, the articles of organization or operating agreement shall provide that not less than two-thirds of the membership interests of the company shall be held by individuals who are duly licensed. The articles of organization or operating agreement shall further provide that the remainder of the membership interests of the PLLC may be held only by individuals who are employees of the PLLC whether or not those employees are licensed to render professional services or authorized to use a title

2. The articles of organization or operating agreement shall affirmatively state that the professional limited liability company meets the requirements of § 13.1-1111 of the Code of Virginia.

3. The articles of organization or operating agreement shall attest that all members, managers, employees and agents who render professional services of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, or landscape architects, or use the title of certified interior designers, are duly licensed or certified to provide those services.

4. The person executing the affidavit shall sign it and state beneath his signature his name and the capacity in which he signs. If the person signing the affidavit is not a manager of the PLLC, the affidavit shall also state that the individual has been authorized by the members of the PLLC to execute the affidavit for the benefit of the company.

D. Management of the PLLC.

1. Pursuant to § 13.1-1118 of the Code of Virginia, unless the articles of organization or operating agreement provides for management of the PLLC by a manager or managers, management of the PLLC shall be vested in its members.

If the articles of organization or an operating agreement provides for management of the PLLC by a manager or managers, the manager or managers 2. Any manager or member must be an individual or individuals duly licensed or otherwise legally authorized to render the same professional services within the Commonwealth for which the company was formed. These members or managers shall be the only members or managers authorized to supervise and direct the provision of professional services within the Commonwealth.

Only members or managers duly licensed or otherwise legally authorized to render the same professional services within this Commonwealth shall supervise and direct the provision of professional services within this Commonwealth.

3. At least one member or manager currently licensed or certified in each profession offered or practiced shall be resident at the business to provide effective supervision and control of the final professional product.

E. The name of the business and any assumed, fictitious, trading as, or doing business as names of the firm shall be disclosed on the application.

F. If professional services are offered or rendered in a branch office, a separate branch office designation form shall be completed for each branch office. Responsible persons shall be designated in accordance with this chapter. At least one currently licensed or certified responsible person in each profession offered or practiced at each branch office shall be resident at each branch office to provide effective supervision and control of the final professional product. Any branch office offering or rendering professional services shall complete a branch office registration application from the board. Each branch office shall have a resident responsible person at the branch office for each profession offered or rendered.

18VAC10-20-600. Certificates of authority. (Repealed.)

A certificate of authority shall be issued by the board. The certificate of authority will permit a PLLC to practice only the professions shown on its certificate of authority.

18VAC10-20-610. Foreign professional limited liability companies.

A. The articles of organization or operating agreement shall state that the PLLC's activities in Virginia shall be limited to rendering the professional services of architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, landscape architects, and certified interior designers, or any combination thereof.

B. The foreign company must PLLC shall meet every requirement of this chapter § 13.1-1111 of the Code of Virginia except for the requirement that two-thirds of its members and managers be licensed or certified to perform the professional service in this Commonwealth.

C. The PLLC shall provide the name, address, and Virginia license or certificate number of each manager or member who will be providing the professional service(s) in Virginia.

18VAC10-20-620. Amendments to articles of organization, operating agreements or certificate of organization; change in managers or members; change in name, address and place of business and changes.

A. A PLLC holding a certificate of authority registration to practice in one or in any combination of the professions covered in these regulations shall file with the board, within 30 days of its adoption, a certified true copy of any amendment to the articles of organization, operating agreement, or certificate of organization within 30 days of its adoption.

B. In the event there is a change of managers or members of the PLLC, whether the change is temporary or permanent and whether it may be caused by death, resignation, or otherwise, the certificate of authority shall be automatically modified to be limited to that professional practice permitted by those pertinent licenses or certificates held by the remaining managers or members of the PLLC unless an employee of the PLLC holds the appropriate license or certificate and is competent to render such professional services. Unless otherwise provided, in the event that such change results in noncompliance with the requirements of this chapter and applicable statutes relating to ownership of the membership interests, the certificate of authority shall be automatically suspended until such time as the PLLC comes into compliance with these regulations. The PLLC shall notify the board within 30 days of any such change.

No member of the PLLC may transfer or sell its membership interest in the company, except to the company, or unless at least two-thirds of the remaining membership interest is held by individuals or professional business entities duly licensed or otherwise authorized to render the professional services of the company.

B. Change of managers or members of the PLLC. The following shall apply to the board-issued registration upon the event of any change in members or managers whether the change is temporary or permanent, caused by death, resignation, or otherwise:

1. The PLLC shall notify the board within 30 days of any change in its members or managers;

2. In the event of a change in the members or managers, the board-issued registration shall be limited to the professional practices consistent with the licenses or certificates held by the remaining members or managers of the PLLC unless an employee of the firm holds the appropriate license or certificate and is competent to render such professional services; and

3. In the event that a change results in the PLLC's noncompliance with the requirements of this chapter and applicable statutes relating to ownership of the membership interests, the board-issued registration shall be automatically suspended until such time as the PLLC comes into compliance with this chapter.

C. Any change of name (including assumed names), address, place of business in Virginia, registered agent, or responsible person(s) of the profession(s) practiced or offered shall be reported by the registered entity to the board within 30 days of such an occurrence. In addition, any licensed or certified employee responsible for such practice shall notify the board in writing of any changes of his employment status within 30 days of such change.

C. Change of name, address, or place of business. The PLLC shall notify the board, in writing, within 30 days of any of the following changes at each place of business:

1. Any change of name (including assumed names), address, place of business in Virginia, or responsible person of the profession offered or practiced; and

2. Any change in the employment status of a licensed or certified employee responsible for professional practice.

Part X
Qualifications for Registration as a Business Entity Other Than a Professional Corporation and Professional Limited Liability Company

18VAC10-20-627. Registration required.

Any business entity, which is not a professional corporation or professional limited liability company but is offering or practicing architectural, engineering, surveying, landscape architectural, or interior design services in the Commonwealth of Virginia, shall register with the board.

18VAC10-20-630. Fee schedule.

All fees are nonrefundable and shall not be prorated.

Application for business entity registration

$100

Designation Application for business entity branch office registration

$50

Renewal of business entity registration

$50

Renewal of business entity branch office registration

$50

Reinstatement of branch office

$30

Part X
Qualifications for Registration as a Business Entity Other Than a Professional Corporation and Professional Limited Liability Company

18VAC10-20-640. Application requirements.

A. In accordance with § 54.1-411 of the Code of Virginia, any entity that is not a PC, PLLC, or sole proprietorship that does not employ other individuals for which licensing is required shall register with the board. This includes, but is not limited to, any corporation, partnership, limited liability company, or other entity, including but not limited to joint ventures, shall register with the board on a form approved by the board ornonprofits nonprofit ].

B. If a partnership or limited partnership, a Partnerships. Applicationsfor ] registration as a partnership shall include a copy of the partnership agreement shall be included with the application. The partnership agreement, which shall state that all professional services of the partnership shall be under the direct control and personal supervision of a licensed or certified professional.

The limited partnership application shall also include a C. Limited partnerships. Applications for registration as a limited partnership shall include:

1. A copy of the partnership agreement that shall state that all professional services of the limited partnership shall be under the direct control and personal supervision of duly licensed or certified professionals; and

2. A copy of the certificate of limited partnership issued by the Virginia State Corporation Commission. If a foreign limited partnership for applicants organized in Virginia or, if organized as a foreign limited partnership, a certification of registration of the foreign limited partnership issued by the Virginia State Corporation Commission shall be required in lieu of the certificate of limited partnership.

C. If a corporation, the application shall include copies D. Corporations. Applications for registration as a corporation shall include:

1. A copy of the certificate of incorporation issued by the Virginia State Corporation Commission articles of incorporation, bylaws and, or charter.; and

If a foreign corporation, a 2. A copy of the certificate of incorporation issued by the Virginia State Corporation Commission if organized in Virginia or, if organized as a foreign corporation, a copy of the certificate of authority issued by the Virginia State Corporation Commission shall be required in lieu of the certification of incorporation.

D. If a limited liability company, the application E. Limited liability companies. Applications for registration as a limited liability company shall include a copy of the certificate of organization issued by the State Corporation Commission if organized in Virginia or, and, if organized as a foreign limited liability company, a certified true copy of the certificate of authority issued by the Virginia State Corporation Commission.

E. F. If professional architectural, engineering, surveying, landscape architectural, or interior design services are offered or rendered in a branch office, a separate branch office designation form shall be completed for each branch office. Responsible persons resident Resident responsible persons shall be designated for each branch office in accordance with this chapter.

F. G. The name of the business and any assumed, fictitious, trading as, or doing business as names of the firm shall be disclosed on the application.

18VAC10-20-660. Change of status.

A. Any changes of status, including, but not limited to, change in entity, name (including assumed names), address, place of business or responsible persons at each place of business, shall be reported to the board by the registered entity within 30 days of such an the occurrence. In addition, any licensed or certified employee responsible for such practice shall notify the board in writing of any changes of his employment status within 30 days of such the change.

B. In the event there is a change in the responsible person, whether the change is temporary or permanent and whether it may be caused by death, resignation or otherwise, the registration shall be automatically modified to be limited to that professional practice permitted by the remaining licensed or certified employees, or shall be automatically suspended until such time as the entity comes into compliance with these regulations.

Part XI
Renewal and Reinstatement

18VAC10-20-670. Expiration and renewal Renewal.

A. Prior to the expiration date shown on the license, certificate or registration, licenses, certificates or registrations shall be renewed for a two-year period upon completion of a renewal application and payment of a fee established by the board. Registrations for professional corporations, professional limited liability companies and business entities shall expire on December 31 of each odd-numbered year. Branch office registrations expire the last day of February of each even-numbered year. If the renewal fee for a branch office is not received by the board within 30 days following the expiration date noted on the registration, a reinstatement fee of $25 will be required in addition to the renewal fee. Branch offices may not renew until the main office registration is properly renewed.

B. Failure to receive a renewal notice and application shall not relieve the regulant of the responsibility to renew. If the regulant fails to receive the renewal notice, a copy of the license, certificate or registration may be submitted with the required fee as an application for renewal.

C. By submitting the renewal fee, an applicant for renewal is certifying continued compliance with the Standards of Practice and Conduct as established by the board. In addition, by submitting the renewal fee, applicants to renew a license are certifying that they comply with the continuing education requirements as contained in this chapter.

D. Board discretion to deny renewal. The board may deny renewal of a license, certificate or registration for the same reasons as it may refuse initial licensure, certification or registration or discipline a regulant or for noncompliance with the continuing education requirements as contained in this chapter.

E. If the renewal fee is not received by the board within 30 days following the expiration date noted on the license, certificate or registration, a late renewal fee equal to the regular fee plus $25 shall be required, unless a reinstatement fee is otherwise noted.

A. Individuals and organizations shall not practice with an expired license, certificate, or registration. The followingtime frames timeframes ] shall determine the required fees for renewal based on the date the fee is received in the board's office:

1. If the renewal fee is received by the board by the expiration date of the license, certificate, or registration, no additional fee shall be required to renew.

2. If the renewal fee is not received by the board within 30 days following the expiration date of the branch office registration, the registration shall be subject to the requirements of 18VAC10-20-680.

3. If the renewal fee is not received by the board within 30 days following the expiration date of the license, certificate, or nonbranch office registration, a $25 late fee shall be required in addition to the renewal fee.

4. If the renewal fee and applicable late fee are not received by the board within six months following the expiration date of the license, certificate, or nonbranch office registration, the reinstatement fee shall be required pursuant to 18VAC10-20-680.

B. Upon receipt of the required fee, licenses, certificates, and registrations not currently sanctioned by the board shall be renewed for a two-year period from their previous expiration date.

C. Branch offices shall not renew or reinstate until the main office registration is properly renewed or reinstated.

D. The board may deny renewal of a license, certificate, or registration for the same reasons as it may refuse initial licensure, certification, or registration or for the same reasons that it may discipline a regulant for noncompliance with the standards of practice and conduct as well as the continuing education requirements contained in this chapter. The regulant has the right to request further review of any such action by the board under the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia).

E. By submitting the renewal fee, the regulant is certifying continued compliance with the standards of practice and conduct as established by the board. In addition, by submitting the renewal fee, licensees are certifying their compliance with the continuing education requirements as contained in this chapter.

F. Failure to receive a renewal notice shall not relieve the regulant of the responsibility to renew. In the absence of a renewal notice, the regulant may submit a copy of the license, certificate, or registration with the required fee for renewal.

G. A license, certificate, or registration that is renewed shall be regarded as having been current without interruption and under the authority of the board.

H. Failure to pay any monetary penalty, reimbursement of cost, or other fee assessed by consent order or final order shall result in a delay or withholding of services provided by the department such as, but not limited to, renewal, reinstatement, processing a new application, or exam administration.

18VAC10-20-680. Reinstatement.

A. If the license, certificate or registration has expired for six months or more, but less than five years, the regulant shall be required to submit a reinstatement application, which shall be evaluated by the board to determine if the applicant meets the renewal requirements. In addition, a reinstatement fee equal to the regular renewal fee plus $100 shall be required. In addition, individual license holders applying for reinstatement are required to provide evidence of compliance with the continuing education requirements as contained in this chapter.

B. If the license, certificate or registration has expired for five years or more, an application for reinstatement shall be required, which shall be evaluated by the board to determine if the applicant remains qualified to be a regulant of the board, and a reinstatement fee equal to the regular renewal fee plus $250 shall be submitted. In addition, the board may require an individual applicant to submit to an examination. In addition, individual license holders applying for reinstatement are required to provide evidence of compliance with the continuing education requirements as contained in this chapter.

C. Board discretion to deny reinstatement. The board may deny reinstatement of a license, certificate or registration for the same reasons as it may refuse initial licensure, certification or registration or discipline a regulant or for noncompliance with the continuing education requirements as contained in this chapter.

D. The date the renewal application and fee are received in the office of the board shall determine whether a license, certificate or registration shall be renewed without late renewal or reinstatement, or shall be subject to reinstatement application procedures.

E. A license, certificate or registration that is reinstated shall be regarded as having been continuously licensed, certified or registered without interruption. Therefore, the license, certificate or registration holder who is not subject to the licensure for life provisions of § 54.1-405 of the Code of Virginia shall remain under the disciplinary authority of the board during the entire period and shall be accountable for his activities during the period. A license, certificate or registration that is not reinstated and is not subject to the licensure for life provisions of § 54.1-405 of the Code of Virginia shall be regarded as unlicensed, uncertified or unregistered from the expiration date forward. Nothing in this chapter shall divest the board of its authority to discipline a license, certificate or registration holder for a violation of the law or regulation during the period of time for which the regulant was licensed, certified or registered.

A. Applicants whose license, certificate, or nonbranch office registration has expired for more than six months, and applicants whose branch office registration has expired for more than 30 days, shall be required to submit a reinstatement application, which shall be evaluated by the board to determine if the applicant remains qualified to be a regulant of the board.

B. The board may deny reinstatement of a license, certificate, or registration for the same reasons as it may refuse initial licensure, certification, or registration or for the same reasons that it may discipline a regulant for noncompliance with the standards of practice and conduct, as well as the continuing education requirements, contained in this chapter. The applicant has the right to request further review of any such action by the board under the Administrative Process Act (§ 2.2-4000 et seq. of the Code of Virginia).

C. The date the reinstatement fee is received in the board's office shall determine the amount to be paid pursuant to the following requirements:

1. Branch office registrations that have expired for more than 30 days shall require a reinstatement fee that shall equal the renewal fee plus $30.

2. Licenses, certificates, and nonbranch office registrations that have expired for more than six months, but less than five years, shall require a reinstatement fee that shall equal the renewal fee plus $100.

3. Licenses, certificates, and nonbranch office registrations that have expired for more than five years shall require a reinstatement fee that shall equal the renewal fee plus $250.

D. Architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, surveyor photogrammetrists, and landscape architects applying for reinstatement shall provide evidence of compliance with the continuing education requirements of this chapter.

E. The board may require an exam for architects, professional engineers, land surveyors, surveyor photogrammetrists, landscape architects, and interior designers whose license or certificate has expired for more than five years.

F. Licensees shall remain under the disciplinary authority of the board at all times, regardless of whether the license is reinstated, pursuant to § 54.1-405 of the Code of Virginia.

G. A certificate or registration holder who reinstates shall be regarded as having been current and without interruption and under the authority of the board.

H. Failure to pay any monetary penalty, reimbursement of cost, or other fee assessed by consent order or final order shall result in a delay or withholding of services provided by the department such as, but not limited to, renewal, reinstatement, processing a new application, or exam administration.

18VAC10-20-683. Continuing education requirements for renewal or reinstatement.

A. Individuals whose licenses expire or who apply to reinstate after March 31, 2010, shall be required to comply with the continuing education provisions of this chapter.

B. Individuals are required to complete at least 16 continuing education credit hours of approved continuing education activities for any license renewal or reinstatement.

C. Continuing education activities shall be deemed to be approved provided the following criteria are met:

1. Content and subject matter. Continuing education activities must be related to practice of the profession of the license being renewed, have a clear purpose and objective that will maintain, improve, or expand the skills and knowledge relevant to the licensee's area of practice as defined in Chapter 4 (§ 54.1-400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia. The required continuing education credit hours may be in areas related to business practices, including project management, risk management, and ethics, which have demonstrated relevance to the licensee's area of practice as defined in Chapter 4 of Title 54.1 of the Code of Virginia.

2. Curriculum. The curriculum of the continuing education activity must be consistent with the purpose and objective of the continuing education activity.

3. Sponsors and instructors. Sponsors of continuing education activities must have sufficient resources to provide the continuing education activity and documentation of completion of the continuing education activity to those individuals who successfully complete the continuing education activity. Course instructors must be competent in the subject being taught, either by education or experience.

4. Methods of instruction for continuing education courses. The method of instruction must be consistent with the purpose and objective of the continuing education activity.

5. Computation of credit.

a. Fifty contact minutes shall equal one continuing education credit hour. For a continuing education course or activity in which individual segments are less than 50 minutes, the sum of the segments shall be totaled for computation of continuing education credit hours for that continuing education course or activity.

b. The sponsor of the continuing education activity must have predetermined the number of continuing education credit hours that an activity shall take to complete. A licensee cannot claim credit for more than the predetermined number of continuing education credit hours if the licensee took more than the predetermined number of hours to complete the continuing education activity.

c. One semester credit hour of approved college credit shall equal 15 continuing education credit hours and one quarter credit hour of approved college credit shall equal 10 continuing education credit hours.

d. For self-directed continuing education activity, there must be an assessment by the sponsor at the conclusion of the activity to verify that the individual has achieved the purpose and objective of the continuing education activity; credit will not be awarded if the individual has not successfully achieved the purpose and objective of the continuing education activity based upon the results of the assessment.

e. A licensee may be granted credit for the initial development or substantial updating of a continuing education activity or his initial teaching of a course that otherwise meets the requirements of this chapter at twice the amount of credit that students of the course or activity would receive. Additional credit for subsequent offerings of the course or activity with the same content will not be permitted.

f. A licensee will not receive credit for completing the same continuing education activity with the same content more than once during the license period immediately prior to the expiration date of the license for renewal or during the two years immediately prior to the date of receipt of a complete reinstatement application.

D. 1. Only continuing education activities completed during the license period immediately prior to the expiration date of the license shall be acceptable in order to renew the license. Continuing education activities utilized to satisfy the continuing education requirements to renew a license shall be valid only for that renewal and shall not be accepted for any subsequent renewal cycles or reinstatement of that license.

2. Individuals shall maintain records of completion of continuing education activities that comply with the requirements of this chapter for three years from the date of expiration of the license for which the continuing education activities are being used to renew the license. Individuals shall provide such records to the board or its duly authorized agents upon request.

E. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection D of this section, continuing education activities completed during a licensing renewal cycle to satisfy the continuing education requirements of the preceding licensing renewal cycle shall be valid only for that preceding license renewal cycle and shall not be accepted for any subsequent renewal cycles or reinstatement.

F. 1. Each individual license holder applying for reinstatement shall provide, as part of his reinstatement application, evidence of compliance with the continuing education requirements of this chapter. The completion date of continuing education activities submitted in support of a reinstatement application shall not be more than two years old as of the date a complete reinstatement application is received by the board.

2. Continuing education activities utilized to satisfy the continuing education requirements in order to reinstate a license shall be valid only for that reinstatement and shall not be accepted for any subsequent renewal cycles or reinstatement.

G. Periodically, the board may conduct a random audit of its licensees who have applied for renewal to determine compliance. Licensees who are selected for audit shall provide all documentation of all continuing education activities utilized to renew their license within 21 calendar days of receiving notification of audit.

A. Licensees are required to complete 16 hours of continuing education (CE) pursuant to the provisions of this section for any renewal or reinstatement.

B. CE for renewal shall be completed during the two-year license period immediately prior to the expiration date of the license and shall be valid for that renewal only; additional hours over 16 hours shall not be valid for subsequent renewal.

C. CE for reinstatement shall be completed during the two years immediately prior to the date of the board's receipt of a reinstatement application and shall be valid for that reinstatement only; additional hours over 16 hours shall not be valid for subsequent reinstatement.

D. Licensees shall maintain records of completion of CE used to renew a license for three years from the date of expiration of the license. Licensees shall provide those records to the board or its authorized agents upon request.

E. CE activities completed by licensees may be accepted by the board provided the activity:

1. Consists of content and subject matter related to the practice of the profession;

2. Has a clear purpose and objective that will maintain, improve, or expand the skills and knowledge relevant to the licensee's area of practice and may be in areas related to business practices, including project management, risk management, and ethics, that have demonstrated relevance to the licensee's area of practice as defined in § 54.1-400 of the Code of Virginia;

3. Is taught by instructors who are competent in the subject matter, either by education or experience, for those activities involving an interaction with an instructor;

4. If self-directed, contains an assessment by the sponsor at the conclusion of the activity that verifies that the licensee has successfully achieved the purpose and objective of the activity; and

5. Results in documentation that verifies the licensee's successful completion of the activity.

F. Computation of credit.

1. Fifty contact minutes shall equal one hour of CE. For activities that consist of segments that are less than 50 minutes, those segments shall be totaled for computation of CE for that activity.

2. One semester hour of college credit shall equal 15 hours of CE and one-quarter hour of college credit shall equal 10 hours of CE.

3. The number of hours required to successfully complete any CE activity must have been predetermined by the sponsor. A licensee shall not claim more credit for any CE activity than the number of hours that was predetermined by the sponsor at the time the activity was completed.

4. CE may be granted for the initial development, substantial updating, or the initial teaching of a CE activity that meets the requirements of this chapter at twice the amount of credit that participants receive. CE claimed pursuant to this subdivision shall not be claimed for subsequent offerings of the same activity.

5. A licensee applying for renewal shall not receive credit for completing a CE activity with the same content more than once during the two years prior to license expiration.

6. A licensee applying for reinstatement shall not receive credit more than once for completing a CE activity with the same content during the two years immediately prior to the date of the board's receipt of his reinstatement application.

G. The board may periodically conduct a random audit of its licensees who have applied for renewal to determine compliance. Licensees who are selected for audit shall provide all documentation of all CE activities utilized to renew their license within 21 calendar days of the date of the board's notification of audit.

H. If the board determines that CE was not obtained properly to renew or reinstate a license, the licensee shall be required to make up the deficiency to satisfy the 16-hour CE requirement for that license renewal or reinstatement. Any CE activityuse used ] to satisfy the deficiency shall not be applied to his current license CE requirement or any subsequent renewal or reinstatement.

18VAC10-20-687. Exemptions and waivers.

Pursuant to § 54.1-404.2 of the Code of Virginia, the board may grant exemptions or to, waive, or reduce the number of continuing education activities required in cases of certified illness or undue hardship. However, such exemptions, waivers, or reductions shall not relieve the individual of their his obligation to comply with any other requirements of this chapter including, but not limited to, the provisions of 18VAC10-20-670, or 18VAC10-20-680, or 18VAC10-20-683.

Part XII
Standards of Practice and Conduct

18VAC10-20-690. Responsibility to the public.

The primary obligation of the professional regulant is to the public. The professional regulant shall recognize that the health, safety, and welfare of the general public are dependent upon professional judgments, decisions, and practices. If the professional judgment of the professional regulant is overruled under resulting in circumstances when the health, safety, and or welfare, or any combination thereof, of the public are is endangered, the professional regulant shall inform the employer or, client, and appropriate authorities in writing of the possible consequences and notify appropriate authorities.

18VAC10-20-700. Public statements.

A. The professional regulant shall be truthful in all professional matters. The professional and shall include all relevant and pertinent information in professional reports, statements, or testimony, which shall include the date indicating when such information was current.

B. When serving as an expert or technical witness, the professional regulant shall express an opinion only when it is based on an adequate knowledge of the facts in the issue, on and a background of competence in the subject matter, and upon honest conviction.

C. Except when appearing as an expert witness in court or in an administrative proceeding when the parties are represented by counsel, the professional regulant shall issue no statements, reports, criticisms, or arguments on matters relating to professional practice which that are inspired by or paid for by an interested party or parties persons, unless the regulant has prefaced the comment by disclosing any self-interest and the identities of [ the ] party or parties all persons on whose behalf the professional regulant is speaking, and by revealing any self-interest.

C. D. A professional regulant shall not knowingly make a materially false statement or fail deliberately to disclose withhold a material fact requested in connection with his application for licensure, certification, registration, renewal, or reinstatement.

D. A professional shall not knowingly make a materially false statement or fail to deliberately disclose a material fact requested in connection with an application submitted to the board by any individual or business entity for licensure, certification, registration, renewal or reinstatement.

18VAC10-20-710. Conflicts of interest.

A. The regulant shall promptly and fully inform an employer or client of any business association, interest, or circumstance which may influence the professional's regulant's judgment or the quality of service.

B. The regulant shall not accept compensation, financial or otherwise, from more than one [ party person ] for services on or pertaining to the same project, unless the circumstances are fully disclosed to, and agreed to in writing by, all interested. [ parties persons ] in writing.

C. The regulant shall neither not solicit nor or accept financial or other valuable consideration from material or equipment suppliers for specifying their products or services.

D. The regulant shall not solicit or accept gratuities, directly or indirectly, from contractors, their agents, or other [ parties persons ] dealing with a client or employer in connection with work for which the regulant is responsible.

18VAC10-20-720. Solicitation of work or employment.

A. In the course of soliciting work from, or employment by, a public authority the regulant shall not directly or indirectly:

1. The regulant shall not give Give, solicit, or receive, either directly or indirectly, any gratuity, contribution, or unlawful consideration to unlawfully influence the award of a contract by a public authority, or that may reasonably be construed as having the effect of intending to influence the awarding of such a contract. The regulant shall not offer or provide any gift or other valuable consideration in order to secure work. The regulant shall not pay a commission, percentage, or brokerage fee in order to secure work, except to a full-time employee or established commercial or marketing agency retained by them.;

2. Give, solicit, or receive any gratuity, contribution, or consideration that may reasonably be construed as an intention to influence the awarding of a contract; or

3. Offer or provide any gift or other valuable consideration in order to secure work.

B. The regulant shall not pay, directly or indirectly, a commission, percentage, or brokerage fee to a potential or existing client in order to secure work.

2. C. The regulant shall not falsify or permit knowingly allow misrepresentation of his or an associate's academic or professional qualifications or work, nor shall the regulant misrepresent the degree of responsibility for prior assignments. Materials used in the solicitation of employment shall not misrepresent facts concerning employers, employees, associates, joint ventures or past accomplishments of any kind.:

1. Academic or professional qualifications or work; or

2. Degree of responsibility for prior assignments.

D. Materials used in the solicitation of employment shall not misrepresent facts concerning employers, employees, associates, joint ventures, or past accomplishments of any kind.

18VAC10-20-730. Competency for assignments.

A. The [ professional regulant ] shall undertake to perform professional assignments only when qualified by education [ or, ] experience, or both, and licensed or certified in the profession involved. [ Licensed professionals Regulants ] may perform assignments related to interior design provided they do not hold themselves out as certified in this profession unless they are so certified by this board. The [ professional regulant ] may accept an assignment requiring education or experience outside of the field of the [ professional's regulant's ] competence, but only to the extent that services are restricted to those phases of the project in which the [ professional regulant ] is qualified. All other phases of such project shall be the responsibility of licensed or certified associates, consultants or employees.

B. A [  professional regulant ] shall not misrepresent to a prospective or existing client or employer his qualifications and the scope of his responsibility in connection with work for which he is claiming credit.

C. The [ professional regulant ] shall adhere to the minimum standards and requirements pertaining to the practice of his own profession, as well as other professions if incidental work is performed.

18VAC10-20-740. Professional responsibility.

A. Unless exempt by statute, all architectural, engineering, land surveying, landscape architectural, and interior design work must be completed by a professional or a person performing the work who is under the direct control and personal supervision of a professional.

B. A professional shall be able to clearly define his scope and degree of direct control and personal supervision, clearly define how it was exercised, and demonstrate that he was responsible within that capacity for the work that he has sealed, signed, and dated. For the work prepared under his supervision, a professional shall:

1. Have detailed professional knowledge of the work;

2. Exercise the degree of direct control over work that includes:

a. Having control over decisions on technical matters of policy and design;

b. Personally making professional decisions or the review and approval of proposed decisions prior to implementation, including the consideration of alternatives to be investigated and compared for designed work, whenever professional decisions are made that could affect the health, safety, and welfare of the public involving permanent or temporary work;

c. The selection or development of design standards and materials to be used; and

d. Determining the validity and applicability of recommendations prior to incorporation into the work, including the qualifications of those making the recommendations;

3. Have exercised his professional judgment in all professional matters that are embodied in the work and the drawings, specifications, or other documents involved in the work; and

4. Have exercised critical examination and evaluation of an employee's, consultant's, subcontractor's, or project team member's work product, during and after preparation, for purposes of compliance with applicable laws, codes, ordinances, regulations, and usual and customary standards of care pertaining to professional practice.

A. C. The regulant shall not knowingly associate in a business venture with, or permit the use of the regulant's his name, by any person or firm when there is reason to believe that person or firm is engaging in activity of a fraudulent or dishonest nature or is violating statutes or any of these regulations.

B. D. A regulant who has direct knowledge or reason to believe that any individual, or firm may have violated or may currently be violating any of these provisions, or the provisions of Chapters 7 (§ 13.1-542.1 et seq.) and 13 (§ 13.1-1100 et seq.) of Title 13.1 or Chapters 1 (§ 54.1-100 et seq.) through 4 (§ 54.1-400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 or Chapters 7 and 13 of Title 13.1 of the Code of Virginia, shall immediately inform the board in writing and shall cooperate in furnishing any further information or assistance that may be required by the board or any of its agents.

C. The E. Upon request by the board or any of its agents, the regulant shall, upon request or demand, produce to the board, or any of its agents, any plan, document, book, record or copy thereof in his or its possession any plan, plat, document, sketch, book, record, or copy thereof concerning a transaction covered by this chapter, and shall cooperate in the investigation of a complaint filed with the board against a regulant.

D. A F. Except as authorized by 18VAC10-20-760 A 2, a regulant shall not utilize the design, drawings, specifications, or work of another regulant to complete the design, drawings, specifications, or work, or to replicate like design, drawings, specifications, or any work without the knowledge and written consent of the person or organization that owns the design, drawings, specifications, or work.

E. A professional who has received permission to modify or otherwise utilize the designs, drawings, specifications, or work of another professional pursuant to subsection D of this section may seal that work only after a thorough review of the design, drawings, specifications, or work to the extent that full responsibility shall be assumed for all design, drawings, specifications, or work.

F. The information contained in recorded plats or surveys may be utilized by another professional without permission. If modifications are made to the plats or surveys, the professional must conduct a thorough review and verification of the work to the extent that full responsibility shall be assumed for any changes or modifications to the plats or surveys.

G. Utilization and modification of work.

1. A regulant who utilizes the designs, drawings, specifications, or work of another regulant pursuant to18VAC10-20-740 subsection ] Fof this section ] or 18VAC10-20-760 A 2, or who modifies any plats or surveys, shall conduct a thorough review of the work to verify that it has been accomplished to the same extent that would have been done under the direct control and personal supervision of the regulant affixing the professional seal, signature, and date. The regulant shall assume full responsibility forany changes or modifications to the work the utilization of any unsealed work or any changes or modifications to previously sealed work ].

2. The information contained in recorded plats or surveys may be utilized by another regulant without permission.

18VAC10-20-750. Good standing in other jurisdictions.

A. A regulant licensed, certified, or registered to practice architecture, engineering, land surveying, landscape architecture, or interior design in other jurisdictions any jurisdiction shall be in good standing in every jurisdiction where licensed, certified, or registered.

B. A regulant who has received a reprimand, civil penalty, or monetary penalty, or whose license, certificate or registration is revoked, suspended, denied, or surrendered as a result of a disciplinary action by another any jurisdiction, shall be subject to discipline by the board if the regulant's action constitutes a violation of the provisions of Chapters 1 (§ 54.1-100 et seq.) through 4 (§ 54.1-400 et seq.) of Title 54.1, or Chapters 7 (§ 13.1-542 et seq.) and 13 (§ 13.1-1100 et seq.) of Title 13.1 of the Code of Virginia, or the regulations adopted by the board notify the board of such action within 30 days.

C. A regulant who has received a reprimand, civil penalty, or monetary penalty, or whose license, certificate or registration is revoked, suspended, denied, or surrendered as a result of a disciplinary action by another jurisdiction, must notify the board of such action within 30 days.

18VAC10-20-760. Use of seal.

A. [ The application Affixing ] of a professional seal, signature, and date shall indicate that the professional has exercised direct control and personal supervision over the work to which it is affixed. Therefore, no professional shall affix a name, seal or certification to a plat, design, specification or other work constituting the practice of the professions regulated which has been prepared by an unlicensed or uncertified person unless such work was performed under the direct control and personal supervision of the professional while said unlicensed or uncertified person was an employee of the same firm as the professional or was under written contract to the same firm that employs the professional. If the original professional of record is no longer employed by the regulant or is otherwise unable to seal completed professional work, such work may be sealed by another professional, but only after a thorough review of the work by the professional affixing the professional seal to verify that the work has been accomplished to the same extent that would have been exercised if the work had been done under the direct control and personal supervision of the professional affixing the professional sealThe application Affixing ] of the seal, signature, and date also indicates the professional's acceptance of responsibility for the work shown thereon.

1. No professional shall affix a seal, signature, and date or certification to a plan, plat, document, sketch, or other work constituting the practice of the professions regulated that has been prepared by an unlicensed or uncertified person unless such work was performed under the direct control and personal supervision of the professional while the unlicensed or uncertified person was an employee of the same firm as the professional or was under written contract to the same firm that employs the professional.

2. If the original professional of record is no longer able to seal, sign, and date completed professional work, such work may be sealed, signed, and dated by another qualified professional pursuant to the standards established in 18VAC10-20-740 G 1.

B. An appropriately licensed or certified professional shall apply a seal to final and complete original cover sheets of plans, drawings, plats, technical reports and specifications and to each original sheet of plans, drawings or plats, prepared by the professional or someone under his direct control and personal supervision.

B. Documents to be sealed.

1. All seal imprints on the cover or first sheet of final documents shall bear an original signature and date. "Final Documents" are completed documents or copies submitted on a client's behalf for approval by authorities or recordation. In such cases, the cover sheet of the documents or copies shall contain a list of drawings or plats included in the set on which a seal, original signature and date shall be affixed for all regulated disciplines. Every page of the submission, other than the cover, may be reproduced from originals which contain the seal, original signature and date by each discipline responsible for the work.

1. All final documents, including original cover sheet of plans, plats, documents, sketches, technical reports, and specifications, and each original sheet of plans, plats, or drawings prepared by the professional, or someone under his direct control and personal supervision, shall be sealed, signed, and dated by the professional. All final documents shall also bear the professional's name or firm name, address, and project name. Final documents are completed documents or copies submitted on a client's behalf for approval by authorities, for construction, or for recordation.

2. For projects involving multiple sets of plans from multiple professionals involved in the same project, each professional shall seal, sign, and date the final documents for the work component that he completed or that was completed under his direct control and personal supervision.Any The ] professional responsible for theentire compilation of the ] project shall seal, sign, and date the cover sheet of the aggregate collection of final documents for the project.

a. C. An electronic seal, signature, and date are permitted to be used in lieu of an original seal, signature, and date when the following criteria, and all other requirements of this section, are met:

(1) 1. It is a unique identification of the professional;

(2) 2. It is verifiable; and

(3) 3. It is under the professional's direct control.

b. A professional should not seal original documents made of mylar, linen, sepia, or other materials, or that are transmitted electronically, which can be changed by the person or entity with whom the documents are filed, unless the professional accompanies such documents with a signed and sealed letter making the recipient of such documents aware that copies of the original documents as designed by the professional have been retained by the professional and that the professional cannot assume responsibility for any subsequent changes to the reproducible original documents that are not made by the professional or those working under his direct control and personal supervision.

2. D. Incomplete plans, plats, documents, and sketches, whether advance or preliminary copies, shall be so identified on the plan, plat, document, or sketch and need not be sealed, signed or dated. Advance or preliminary copies of incomplete plans, plats, documents, and sketches must be clearly identified as not complete but need not be sealed, signed, or dated.

3. All plans, drawings or plats prepared by the professional shall bear the professional's name or firm name, address and project name.

4. The seal of each professional responsible for each profession shall be used and shall be on each document that was prepared under the professional's direction and for which that professional is responsible. If one of the exemptions found in § 54.1-402 of the Code of Virginia is applicable, a professional licensed or certified by this board shall nevertheless apply his seal to the exempt work.

5. Application of the seal and signature indicates acceptance of responsibility for work shown thereon.

E. All work performed by a professional who is licensed or certified by this board, including work that is exempt from licensure pursuant to § 54.1-402 of the Code of Virginia, shall be sealed, signed, and dated pursuant to subsection B of this section.

6. F. The original seal shall conform in detail and size to the design illustrated below and shall be two inches in diameter. The designs below may not be shown to scale:

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*The number referred to is the last six-digit number as shown on the license or certificate. The number is permanent. Leading zeros contained in the six-digit number may be omitted from the seal.

18VAC10-20-770. Organization and styling of practice.

A. A firm shall offer or practice only the professions shown on its board-issued registration.

B. Nothing shall be contained in the name, letterhead or other styling of a professional practice implying a relationship, ability or condition which does not exist. Professional services that the firm is not properly registered to provide may shall not be included in the name.

C. An assumed, fictitious or corporate name shall not be misleading as to the identity, responsibility or status of those practicing thereunder professionals employed or contracted by the registrant. Advertisements, signs, letterheads, business cards, directories Any advertisement, sign, letterhead, business card, directory, or any other form of representation shall avoid any reference to any service that cannot be provided for under a resident responsible person.

18VAC10-20-780. Professional required at each place of business.

A. Any legal entity or professional regulant maintaining a place of business from which the entity or professional that offers or provides practices architectural, engineering, land surveying, landscape architectural, or certified interior design services in Virginia, shall name at least one responsible person for each profession offered or practiced at each place of business a resident, responsible person. The named resident, responsible person must hold a current valid Virginia license or certificate in the profession being offered or practiced.

Each named professional B.A Each ] resident responsible person designated by the firm shall exercise direct control and personal supervision of the work being offered or practiced at the each place of business for which he is named. Each named professional shall be responsible for only one location at a time. A named professionalA Each ] resident responsible person may be responsible for more than one location provided that he is resident at the each place of business during a majority of the its operating hours of operation at each location.

18VAC10-20-790. Sanctions.

A. No A license, certificate, or registration shall not be suspended or revoked, nor shall any regulant be fined sanctioned unless a majority of the eligible voting members of the entire board who are eligible to vote, vote for the action. The board may discipline or sanction, or both, any license holder, certificate holder, or the holder of a certificate of authority or registration regulant if the board finds that:

1. The regulant failed to maintain good moral character pursuant to the definition in 18VAC10-20-10;

2. The license, certification, or registration was obtained or renewed through fraud or misrepresentation;

2. 3. The regulant has been found guilty by the board, or by a court of [ competent legal ] jurisdiction, of any material misrepresentation in the course of professional practice, or has been convicted, pleaded guilty or has been found guilty, regardless of adjudication or deferred adjudication, of any felony or misdemeanor which that, in the judgment of the board, adversely affects the regulant's ability to perform satisfactorily within the regulated discipline. Any plea of nolo contendere shall be considered a conviction for the purposes of this chapter. The board shall review the conviction pursuant to the provisions of § 54.1-204 of the Code of Virginia;

3. 4. The regulant is guilty of professional incompetence, negligence, or gross negligence;

4. 5. The regulant has abused drugs or alcohol to the extent that professional competence is adversely affected;

5. 6. The licensee regulant fails to comply, or misrepresents any information pertaining to their compliance, with any of the continuing education requirements as contained in this chapter;

6. 7. The regulant violates any standard of practice and conduct, as defined in this chapter; or

7. 8. The regulant violates or induces others to violate any provision of Chapters 7 (§ 13.1-542.1 et seq.) and 13 (§ 13.1-1100 et seq.) of Title 13.1 or Chapters 1 (§ 54.1-100 et seq.) through 4 (§ 54.1-400 et seq.) of Title 54.1 or Chapters 7 and 13 of Title 13.1 of the Code of Virginia, or any other statute applicable to the practice of the professions herein regulated, or any provision of by this chapter.

B. If evidence is furnished to the board which creates doubt as to the competency of a regulant to perform professional assignments, the board may require the regulant to prove competence by interview, presentation or examination. Failure to appear before the board, pass an examination, or otherwise demonstrate competency to the board shall be grounds for revocation or suspension of the license, certification or registration.

18VAC10-20-795. Change of address.

All regulants shall notify the board in writing of any change of address, in writing, within 30 days of making the change. When submitting a change of address, any regulant regulants holding more than one license, certificate, or registration shall inform the board of all licenses, certificates or registrations each affected by the change. A physical address is required. A post office box will not be accepted in lieu of a physical address.

 [ FORMS (18VAC10-20)

Architect License Application (Architect Information Sheet), 0401LIC (rev. 6/30/09).

Verification of Architect Examination and Licensure Form, 0401EXVER (rev. 9/5/08).

Architect Experience Verification Form, 0401EXP (rev. 12/4/08).

Architect Client Experience Verification Form, 0401CEXP (rev. 12/4/08).

Architect Degree Verification Form, 0401DEG (rev. 12/4/08).

Architect Reference Form, 0401REF (rev. 12/4/08).

Architect License Reinstatement Application, 0401REI (rev. 4/1/09).

Architect License Renewal Form, 0401REN (rev. 4/1/09).

Professional Engineer License Application (Professional Engineer Information Sheet), 0402LIC (rev. 12/2/08).

Professional Engineer Reference Form, 0402REF (rev. 12/2/08).

Professional Engineer License Reinstatement Application, 0402REI (rev. 4/1/09).

Professional Engineer and Engineer-in-Training Degree Verification Form, 0402_20DEG (rev. 12/2/08).

Professional Engineer and Engineer-in-Training Experience Verification Form, 0402_20EXP (rev. 4/23/09).

Engineer Verification of Examination and Licensure Form, 0402-20ELV (rev. 12/2/08).

Engineer-in-Training Designation Application, (Engineer-in-Training Information Sheet) 0420DES (rev. 12/2/08).

Engineer-in-Training Reference Form, 0420REF (rev. 12/2/08).

Course Requirements for Engineering Technology Program, 0402_20CREQ (eff. 12/2/08).

Professional Engineer License Renewal Form, 0402REN (rev. 4/1/09).

Land Surveyor License Application (Land Surveyor Information Sheet), 0403LIC (rev. 5/21/09).

Land Surveyor License Reinstatement Application, 0403REI (rev. 4/1/09).

Land Surveyor B License Application (Land Surveyor B Information Sheet), 0404LIC (rev. 12/5/08).

Land Surveyor B License Reinstatement Application, 0404REI (rev. 4/1/09).

Land Surveyor License Renewal Form, 0403_04REN (rev. 4/1/09).

Land Surveyor and Surveyor-in-Training Degree Verification Form, 0403_30DEG (rev. 12/5/08).

Land Surveyor Verification of Examination and Licensure Form, 0403_30ELV (rev. 12/5/08).

Land Surveyor & Surveyor-in-Training Experience Verification Form, 0403_30EXP (rev. 12/5/08).

Surveyor Photogrammetrist License Application (Surveyor Photogrammetrist Information Sheet), 0408LIC (rev. 3/16/09).

Surveyor Photogrammetrist License Renewal Form, 0408REN (rev. 4/1/09).

"Grandfather" Surveyor Photogrammetrist Reference Form, 0408GREF (rev. 12/8/08).

Surveyor Photogrammetrist Experience Verification Form, 0408EXP (rev. 12/8/08).

"Grandfather" Surveyor Photogrammetrist Experience Verification Form, 0408GEXP (rev. 12/8/08).

Surveyor Photogrammetrist License Reinstatement Application, 0408REI (rev. 4/1/09).

Surveyor Photogrammetrist Degree Verification Form, 0408DEG (rev. 12/8/08).

Surveyor Photogrammetrist Verification of Examination and Licensure Form, 0408ELV (eff. 12/8/08).

Surveyor-In-Training Designation Application (Surveyor-in-Training Information Sheet), 0430DES (rev. 12/5/08).

Landscape Architect License Application (Landscape Architect Information Sheet), 0406LIC (rev. 7/1/10).

Verification of Landscape Architect Examination and Licensure Form, 0406ELV (rev. 6/23/09).

Landscape Architect Experience Verification Form for Examination and Comity Applicants, 0406EXP (rev. 12/8/08).

Landscape Architect Degree Verification Form, 0406DEG (rev. 12/8/08).

Landscape Architect License Reinstatement Application, 0406REI (rev. 7/1/10).

Landscape Architect License Renewal Form, 0406REN (rev. 7/1/10).

Interior Designer Certificate Application, (Interior Designer Information Sheet) 0412CERT (rev. 9/17/08).

Verification of Interior Designer Examination and Certification Form, 0412ELV (rev. 9/17/08).

Interior Designer Degree Verification Form, 0412DEG (rev. 9/17/08).

Interior Designer Experience Verification Form, 0412EXP (rev. 9/17/08).

Interior Designer Certificate Reinstatement Application, 0412REI (rev. 9/17/08).

Interior Designer Certificate Renewal Form, 0412REN (rev. 4/1/09).

Professional Corporation Registration Application (Professional Corporation Information Sheet), 04PCREG (rev. 9/25/08).

Professional Corporation Branch Office Registration Application, 04BRPCREG (eff. 9/25/08).

Business Entity Registration Application (Business Entity Information Sheet) 04BUSREG, (rev. 9/25/08).

Business Entity Branch Office Registration Application, 04BRBUSREG (rev. 9/25/08).

Professional Limited Liability Company Registration Application (Professional Limited Liability Company Information Sheet) 04PLCREG (rev. 9/25/08).

Professional Limited Liability Company Branch Office Registration Application, 04BRPLCREG (rev. 9/25/08).

License/Certificate Renewal Form (Architect, Professional Engineer, Land Surveyor, Surveyor Photogrammetrist, Landscape Architect, Interior Designer), A415-04REN-v1 (eff. 10/2011)

Architect License Application (Architect Information Sheet), 0401LIC (rev. 4/2012)

Verification of Architect Examination & Licensure Form, 0401ELV (rev. 4/2012)

Architect Experience Verification Form, 0401EXP (rev. 4/2012)

Architect Client Experience Verification Form, 0401CEXP (rev. 4/2012)

Architect Degree Verification Form, 0401DEG (rev. 4/2012)

Architect Reference Form, A416-0401REF-v1 (eff. 1/2016)

Architect License Reinstatement Application, 0401REI (rev. 4/2012)

Professional Engineer License Application (Professional Engineer Information Sheet), 0402LIC (rev. 4/2012)

Professional Engineer Reference Form, A416-0402REF-v1 (eff. 1/2016)

Professional Engineer License Reinstatement Application, 0402REI (rev. 4/2012)

Professional Engineer & Engineer-in-Training Degree Verification Form, 0402_20DEG (rev. 4/2012)

Professional Engineer & Engineer-in-Training Experience Verification Form, A416-0402_20EXP-v1 (eff. 11/2013)

Engineer Verification of Examination and Licensure Form, 0402_20ELV (rev. 4/2012)

Engineer-in-Training Designation Application, (Engineer-in-Training Information Sheet) A416-0420DES-v2 (rev. 12/2013)

Engineer-In-Training Reference Form, A416-0420REF-v1 (eff. 1/2016)

Course Requirements for Engineering Technology Program, 0402CREQ (rev. 4/2012)

Land Surveyor License Application (Land Surveyor Information Sheet), 0403LIC (rev. 4/2012)

Land Surveyor License Reinstatement Application, 0403REI (rev. 4/2012)

Land Surveyor B License Application (Land Surveyor B Information Sheet), 0404LIC (rev. 4/2012)

Land Surveyor B License Reinstatement Application, 0404REI (rev. 4/2012)

Land Surveyor & Surveyor-in-Training Degree Verification Form, 0403_30DEG (rev. 4/2012)

Land Surveyor Verification of Examination and Licensure Form, 0403_30ELV (rev. 4/2012)

Land Surveyor & Surveyor-in-Training Experience Verification Form, 0403_30EXP (rev. 4/2012)

Surveyor Photogrammetrist License Application (Surveyor Photogrammetrist Information Sheet), 0408LIC (rev. 4/2012)

Surveyor Photogrammetrist Reference Form, 0408REF (rev. 9/2014)

Surveyor Photogrammetrist Experience Verification Form, 0408EXP (rev. 4/2012)

Surveyor Photogrammetrist License Reinstatement Application, 0408REI (rev. 4/2012)

Surveyor Photogrammetrist Degree Verification Form, 0408DEG (rev. 4/2012)

Surveyor Photogrammetrist Verification of Examination and Licensure Form, 0408elvf (eff. 4/2012)

Surveyor-In-Training Designation Application (Surveyor-in-Training Information Sheet), A416-0430DES-v3 (rev. 12/2013)

Landscape Architect License Application (Landscape Architect Information Sheet), 0406LIC (rev. 9/2014)

Landscape Architect Reference Form, A416-0406REF-v1 (eff. 1/2016)

Verification of Landscape Architect Examination and Licensure Form, 0406ELV (rev. 4/2012)

Landscape Architect Experience Verification Form for Examination and Comity Applicants, 0406EXP (rev. 4/2012)

Landscape Architect Degree Verification Form, 0406DEG (rev. 4/2012)

Landscape Architect License Reinstatement Application, 0406REI (rev. 4/2012)

Interior Designer Certificate Application, (Interior Designer Information Sheet) 0412CERT (rev. 4/2012)

Verification of Interior Designer Examination and Certification Form, 0412ELV (rev. 4/2012)

Interior Designer Degree Verification Form, 0412DEG (rev. 4/2012)

Interior Designer Experience Verification Form, 0412EXP (rev. 4/2012)

Interior Designer Certificate Reinstatement Application, 0412REI (rev. 4/2012)

Professional Corporation Registration Application (Professional Corporation Information Sheet), 04PCREG (rev. 4/2012)

Professional Corporation Branch Office Registration Application, 04BRPCREG (rev. 4/2012)

Business Entity Registration Application (Business Entity Information Sheet) 04BUSREG, (rev. 4/2012)

Business Entity Branch Office Registration Application, 04BRBUSREG (rev. 4/2012)

Professional Limited Liability Company Registration Application (Professional Limited Liability Company Information Sheet) 04PLCREG (rev. 4/2012)

Professional Limited Liability Company Branch Office Registration Application, 04BRPLCREG (rev. 4/2012)

Criminal Conviction Reporting Form, A406-01CCR-v1 (eff. 5/2015)

Disciplinary Action Reporting Form, A406-01DAR-v1 (eff. 5/2015)

Criminal Conviction - Supplemental Form, Requesting an Informal Fact Finding (IFF) Conference, A713-01IFF-v1 (eff. 1/2016) ]

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE (18VAC10-20)

Handbook for Interns and Architects, 2008-2009 Edition, National Council of Architectural Registration Boards, 1801 K Street, NW, Suite 1100-K, Washington, DC 20006, www.ncarb.org.

Intern Development Program Guidelines, December 2013, National Council of Architectural Registration Boards, 1801 K Street NW, Suite 700 K, Washington, DC 20006 (http://www.ncarb.org)